[Congressional Bills 115th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]
[H.R. 2810 Reported in House (RH)]

<DOC>





                                                 Union Calendar No. 137
115th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                H. R. 2810

                          [Report No. 115-200]

     To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2018 for military 
activities of the Department of Defense and for military construction, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
                            other purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

                              June 7, 2017

   Mr. Thornberry (for himself and Mr. Smith of Washington) (both by 
   request) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the 
                      Committee on Armed Services

                              July 6, 2017

Reported with amendments, committed to the Committee of the Whole House 
          on the State of the Union, and ordered to be printed
 [Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed 
                               in italic]
[For text of introduced bill, see copy of bill as introduced on June 7, 
                                 2017]


_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
     To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2018 for military 
activities of the Department of Defense and for military construction, 
to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for 
                            other purposes.


 


    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2018''.

SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into four divisions as 
follows:
            (1) Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations.
            (2) Division B--Military Construction Authorizations.
            (3) Division C--Department of Energy National Security 
        Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
            (4) Division D--Funding Tables.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Report on acceleration of Increment 2 of the Warfighter 
                            Information Network-Tactical.

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Aircraft carriers.
Sec. 122. Procurement authority for icebreaker vessels.
Sec. 123. Limitation on availability of funds for procurement of 
                            icebreaker vessels.
Sec. 124. Multiyear procurement authority for Virginia class submarine 
                            program.
Sec. 125. Multiyear procurement authority for Arleigh Burke class 
                            destroyers and associated systems.
Sec. 126. Limitation on availability of funds for Arleigh Burke class 
                            destroyer.
Sec. 127. Extensions of authorities relating to construction of certain 
                            vessels.
Sec. 128. Multiyear procurement authority for V-22 Osprey aircraft.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 131. Streamlining acquisition of intercontinental ballistic 
                            missile security capability.
Sec. 132. Limitation on selection of single contractor for C-130H 
                            avionics modernization program increment 2.
Sec. 133. Limitation on availability of funds for EC-130H Compass Call 
                            recapitalization program.
Sec. 134. Cost-benefit analysis of upgrades to MQ-9 Reaper aircraft.

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 141. Authority for procurement of economic order quantities for 
                            the F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 142. Limitation on demilitarization of certain cluster munitions.
Sec. 143. Reinstatement of requirement to preserve certain C-5 
                            aircraft.
Sec. 144. Requirement that certain aircraft and unmanned aerial 
                            vehicles use specified standard data link.

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, And Limitations

Sec. 211. Cost controls for presidential aircraft recapitalization 
                            program.
Sec. 212. Capital investment authority.
Sec. 213. Modification of authority to award prizes for advanced 
                            technology achievements.
Sec. 214. Critical technologies for Columbia class submarine.
Sec. 215. Joint Hypersonics Transition Office.
Sec. 216. Hypersonic airbreathing weapons capabilities.
Sec. 217. Limitation on availability of funds for MQ-25 unmanned air 
                            system.
Sec. 218. Limitation on availability of funds for contract writing 
                            systems.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Codification of and improvements to Department of Defense 
                            clearinghouse to coordinate Department 
                            review of applications for certain projects 
                            that may have adverse impact on military 
                            operations and readiness.
Sec. 312. Energy performance goals and master plan.
Sec. 313. Payment to Environmental Protection Agency of stipulated 
                            penalty in connection with Umatilla 
                            Chemical Depot, Oregon.
Sec. 314. Payment to Environmental Protection Agency of stipulated 
                            penalty in connection with Longhorn Army 
                            Ammunition Plant, Texas.
Sec. 315. Department of Defense cleanup and removal of petroleum, oil, 
                            and lubricant associated with the Prinz 
                            Eugen.

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 321. Reauthorization of multi-trades demonstration project.
Sec. 322. Guidance regarding use of organic industrial base.

                          Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 331. Quarterly reports on personnel and unit readiness.
Sec. 332. Biennial report on core depot-level maintenance and repair 
                            capability.
Sec. 333. Annual report on personnel, training, and equipment needs of 
                            non-federalized National Guard.
Sec. 334. Annual report on military working dogs used by the Department 
                            of Defense.
Sec. 335. Annual briefings on Army explosive ordnance disposal.
Sec. 336. Report on effects of climate change on Department of Defense.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 341. Explosive safety board.
Sec. 342. Department of Defense support for military service memorials 
                            and museums that highlight the role of 
                            women in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 343. Limitation on availability of funds for advanced skills 
                            management software system of the Navy.
Sec. 344. Cost-benefit analysis of uniform specifications for Afghan 
                            military or security forces.

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
                            levels.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for reserves on active duty in support of the 
                            reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Fiscal year 2018 limitation on number of non-dual status 
                            technicians.
Sec. 415. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on 
                            active duty for operational support.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

          Subtitle A--Regular and Reserve Component Management

Sec. 501. Modification of requirements relating to conversion of 
                            certain military technician (dual status) 
                            positions to civilian positions.
Sec. 502. Pilot program on use of retired senior enlisted members of 
                            the Army National Guard as Army National 
                            Guard recruiters.
Sec. 503. Equal treatment of orders to serve on active duty under 
                            section 12304a and 12304b of title 10, 
                            United States Code.
Sec. 504. Direct employment pilot program for members of the National 
                            Guard and Reserve.

  Subtitle B--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                Records

Sec. 511. Consideration of additional medical evidence by Boards for 
                            the Correction of Military Records and 
                            liberal consideration of evidence relating 
                            to post-traumatic stress disorder or 
                            traumatic brain injury.
Sec. 512. Public availability of information related to disposition of 
                            claims regarding discharge or release of 
                            members of the Armed Forces when the claims 
                            involve sexual assault.
Sec. 513. Pilot program on use of video teleconferencing technology by 
                            boards for the correction of military 
                            records and discharge review boards.
Sec. 514. Inclusion of specific email address block on Certificate of 
                            Release or Discharge from Active Duty (DD 
                            Form 214).
Sec. 515. Provision of information on naturalization through military 
                            service.

          Subtitle C--Military Justice and Other Legal Issues

Sec. 521. Clarifying amendments related to the Uniform Code of Military 
                            Justice reform by the Military Justice Act 
                            of 2016.
Sec. 522. Minimum confinement period required for conviction of certain 
                            sex-related offenses committed by members 
                            of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 523. Prohibition on wrongful broadcast or distribution of intimate 
                            visual images.
Sec. 524. Information for the Special Victims' Counsel or Victims' 
                            Legal Counsel.
Sec. 525. Special Victims' Counsel training regarding the unique 
                            challenges often faced by male victims of 
                            sexual assault.
Sec. 526. Garnishment to satisfy judgment rendered for physically, 
                            sexually, or emotionally abusing a child.
Sec. 527. Inclusion of information in annual SAPRO reports regarding 
                            military sexual harassment and incidents 
                            involving nonconsensual distribution of 
                            private sexual images.
Sec. 528. Inclusion of information in annual SAPRO reports regarding 
                            sexual assaults committed by a member of 
                            the Armed Forces against the member's 
                            spouse or other family member.
Sec. 529. Notification of members of the Armed Forces undergoing 
                            certain administrative separations of 
                            potential eligibility for veterans 
                            benefits.
Sec. 530. Consistent access to Special Victims' Counsel for former 
                            dependents of members of the Armed Forces.

   Subtitle D--Member Education, Training, Resilience, and Transition

Sec. 541. Prohibition on release of military service academy graduates 
                            to participate in professional athletics.
Sec. 542. ROTC Cyber Institutes at the senior military colleges.
Sec. 543. Lieutenant Henry Ossian Flipper Leadership Scholarship 
                            Program.

Subtitle E--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                Matters

Sec. 551. Continuation of authority to assist local educational 
                            agencies that benefit dependents of members 
                            of the Armed Forces and Department of 
                            Defense civilian employees.
Sec. 552. Education for dependents of certain retired members of the 
                            Armed Forces.
Sec. 553. Codification of authority to conduct family support programs 
                            for immediate family members of members of 
                            the Armed Forces assigned to special 
                            operations forces.
Sec. 554. Reimbursement for State licensure and certification costs of 
                            a spouse of a member of the Armed Forces 
                            arising from relocation to another State.

                   Subtitle F--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 561. Replacement of military decorations at the request of 
                            relatives of deceased members of the Armed 
                            Forces.
Sec. 562. Congressional Defense Service Medal.
Sec. 563. Limitations on authority to revoke certain military 
                            decorations awarded to members of the Armed 
                            Forces.

          Subtitle G--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 571. Expansion of United States Air Force Institute of Technology 
                            enrollment authority to include civilian 
                            employees of the homeland security 
                            industry.
Sec. 572. Servicemembers' Group Life Insurance.
Sec. 573. Voter registration.
Sec. 574. Sense of Congress regarding section 504 of title 10, United 
                            States Code, on existing authority of the 
                            Department of Defense to enlist 
                            individuals, not otherwise eligible for 
                            enlistment, whose enlistment is vital to 
                            the national interest.

          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Annual adjustment of basic monthly pay.
Sec. 602. Limitation on basic allowance for housing modification 
                            authority for members of the uniformed 
                            services residing in Military Housing 
                            Privatization Initiative housing.
Sec. 603. Housing treatment for certain members of the Armed Forces, 
                            and their spouses and other dependents, 
                            undergoing a permanent change of station 
                            within the United States.
Sec. 604. Per diem allowance policies.

           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
                            authorities for reserve forces.
Sec. 612. One-year extension of certain bonus and special pay 
                            authorities for health care professionals.
Sec. 613. One-year extension of special pay and bonus authorities for 
                            nuclear officers.
Sec. 614. One-year extension of authorities relating to title 37 
                            consolidated special pay, incentive pay, 
                            and bonus authorities.
Sec. 615. One-year extension of authorities relating to payment of 
                            other title 37 bonuses and special pays.
Sec. 616. Reimbursement for State licensure and certification costs of 
                            a member of the Armed Forces arising from 
                            separation from the Armed Forces.
Sec. 617. Increase in maximum amount of aviation bonus for 12-month 
                            period of obligated service.
Sec. 618. Technical and clerical amendments relating to 2008 
                            consolidation of certain special pay 
                            authorities.

     Subtitle C--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

Sec. 621. Findings and sense of Congress regarding the Special Survivor 
                            Indemnity Allowance.

                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 631. Land conveyance authority, Army and Air Force Exchange 
                            Service property, Dallas, Texas.
Sec. 632. Advisory boards regarding military commissaries and 
                            exchanges.

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Physical examinations for members of a reserve component who 
                            are separating from the Armed Forces.
Sec. 702. Mental health examinations before members separate from the 
                            Armed Forces.
Sec. 703. Provision of hyperbaric oxygen therapy for certain members of 
                            the Armed Forces.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Clarification of roles of commanders of military medical 
                            treatment facilities and Surgeons General.
Sec. 712. Maintenance of inpatient capabilities of military medical 
                            treatment facilities located outside the 
                            United States.
Sec. 713. Regular update of prescription drug pricing standard under 
                            TRICARE retail pharmacy program.
Sec. 714. Residency requirements for podiatrists.

                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 721. One year extension of pilot program for prescription drug 
                            acquisition cost parity in the TRICARE 
                            Pharmacy Benefits Program.
Sec. 722. Pilot program on health care assistance system.
Sec. 723. Research of chronic traumatic encephalopathy.
Sec. 724. Sense of Congress on eligibility of victims of acts of terror 
                            for evaluation and treatment at military 
                            treatment facilities.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

     Subtitle A--Defense Acquisition Streamlining and Transparency

                Part I--Acquisition System Streamlining

Sec. 801. Procurement through online marketplaces.
Sec. 802. Performance of incurred cost audits.
Sec. 803. Modifications to cost or pricing data and reporting 
                            requirements.

           Part II--Early Investments in Acquisition Programs

Sec. 811. Requirement to emphasize reliability and maintainability in 
                            weapon system design.
Sec. 812. Licensing of appropriate intellectual property to support 
                            major weapon systems.
Sec. 813. Management of intellectual property matters within the 
                            Department of Defense.
Sec. 814. Improvement of planning for acquisition of services.
Sec. 815. Improvements to test and evaluation processes and tools.

              Part III--Acquisition Workforce Improvements

Sec. 821. Enhancements to the civilian program management workforce.
Sec. 822. Improvements to the hiring and training of the acquisition 
                            workforce.
Sec. 823. Extension and modifications to acquisition demonstration 
                            project.
Sec. 824. Acquisition positions in the Offices of the Secretaries of 
                            the Military Departments.

                   Part IV--Transparency Improvements

Sec. 831. Transparency of defense business system data.
Sec. 832. Major defense acquisition programs: display of budget 
                            information.
Sec. 833. Enhancements to transparency in test and evaluation processes 
                            and data.

     Subtitle B--Streamlining of Defense Acquisition Statutes and 
                              Regulations

Sec. 841. Modifications to the advisory panel on streamlining and 
                            codifying acquisition regulations.
Sec. 842. Extension of maximum duration of fuel storage contracts.
Sec. 843. Exception for business operations from requirement to accept 
                            $1 coins.
Sec. 844. Repeal of expired pilot program.

Subtitle C--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

Sec. 851. Limitation on unilateral definitization.
Sec. 852. Codification of requirements pertaining to assessment, 
                            management, and control of operating and 
                            support costs for major weapon systems.
Sec. 853. Use of program income by eligible entities that carry out 
                            procurement technical assistance programs.
Sec. 854. Amendment to sustainment reviews.
Sec. 855. Clarification to other transaction authority.
Sec. 856. Clarifying the use of lowest price technically acceptable 
                            source selection process.
Sec. 857. Amendment to nontraditional and small contractor innovation 
                            prototyping program.
Sec. 858. Modification to annual meeting requirement of Configuration 
                            Steering Boards.
Sec. 859. Change to definition of subcontract in certain circumstances.
Sec. 860. Amendment relating to applicability of inflation adjustments.

                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 861. Exemption from design-build selection procedures.
Sec. 862. Requirement that certain ship components be manufactured in 
                            the national technology and industrial 
                            base.
Sec. 863. Procurement of aviation critical safety items.
Sec. 864. Milestones and timelines for contracts for foreign military 
                            sales.
Sec. 865. Notification requirement for certain contracts for audit 
                            services.
Sec. 866. Training in acquisition of commercial items.
Sec. 867. Notice of cost-free Federal procurement technical assistance 
                            in connection with registration of small 
                            business concerns on procurement websites 
                            of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 868. Comptroller General report on contractor business system 
                            requirements.
Sec. 869. Standard guidelines for evaluation of requirements for 
                            services contracts.
Sec. 870. Temporary limitation on aggregate annual amount available for 
                            contract services.

      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

 Subtitle A--Organization and Management of the Department of Defense 
                               Generally

Sec. 901. Responsibility of the Chief Information Officer of the 
                            Department of Defense for risk management 
                            activities regarding supply chain for 
                            information technology systems.
Sec. 902. Repeal of Office of Corrosion Policy and Oversight.
Sec. 903. Designation of corrosion control and prevention executives 
                            for the military departments.
Sec. 904. Maintaining civilian workforce capabilities to sustain 
                            readiness, the all volunteer force, and 
                            operational effectiveness.

          Subtitle B--Designation of the Navy and Marine Corps

Sec. 911. Redesignation of the Department of the Navy as the Department 
                            of the Navy and Marine Corps.
Sec. 912. Conforming amendments to title 10, United States Code.
Sec. 913. Other provisions of law and other references.
Sec. 914. Effective date.

                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 921. Transition of the Office of the Secretary of Defense to 
                            reflect establishment of positions of Under 
                            Secretary of Defense for Research and 
                            Engineering, Under Secretary of Defense for 
                            Acquisition and Sustainment, and Chief 
                            Management Officer.
Sec. 922. Extension of deadlines for reporting and briefing 
                            requirements for Commission on the National 
                            Defense Strategy for the United States.
Sec. 923. Briefing on force management level policy.

                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Preparation of consolidated corrective action plan and 
                            implementation of centralized reporting 
                            system.
Sec. 1003. Additional requirements relating to Department of Defense 
                            audits.

                Subtitle B--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

Sec. 1011. National Defense Sealift Fund.
Sec. 1012. National Defense Sealift Fund: construction of national 
                            icebreaker vessels.
Sec. 1013. Use of National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund for multiyear 
                            procurement of certain critical components.
Sec. 1014. Restrictions on the overhaul and repair of vessels in 
                            foreign shipyards.
Sec. 1015. Availability of funds for retirement or inactivation of 
                            Ticonderoga-class cruisers or dock landing 
                            ships.
Sec. 1016. Policy of the United States on minimum number of battle 
                            force ships.

                      Subtitle C--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1021. Termination of requirement to submit annual budget 
                            justification display for Department of 
                            Defense combating terrorism program.
Sec. 1022. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
                            individuals detained at United States Naval 
                            Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba to the United 
                            States.
Sec. 1023. Prohibition on use of funds to construct or modify 
                            facilities in the United States to house 
                            detainees transferred from United States 
                            Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1024. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
                            individuals detained at United States Naval 
                            Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to certain 
                            countries.
Sec. 1025. Biannual report on support of special operations to combat 
                            terrorism.

         Subtitle D--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1031. Limitation on expenditure of funds for emergency and 
                            extraordinary expenses for intelligence and 
                            counter-intelligence activities and 
                            representation allowances.
Sec. 1032. Modifications to humanitarian demining assistance 
                            authorities.
Sec. 1033. Prohibition on charge of certain tariffs on aircraft 
                            traveling through channel routes.
Sec. 1034. Limitation on divestment of U-2 or RQ-4 aircraft.
Sec. 1035. Prohibition on use of funds for retirement of legacy 
                            maritime mine countermeasures platforms.
Sec. 1036. Restriction on use of certain funds pending solicitation of 
                            bids for Western Pacific dry dock.
Sec. 1037. National Guard flyovers of public events.
Sec. 1038. Transfer of funds to World War I Centennial Commission.
Sec. 1039. Rule of construction regarding use of Department of Defense 
                            funding of a border wall.

                    Subtitle E--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1051. Elimination of reporting requirements terminated after 
                            November 25, 2017, pursuant to section 1080 
                            of the National Defense Authorization Act 
                            for Fiscal Year 2016.
Sec. 1052. Report on Department of Defense arctic capability and 
                            resource gaps.
Sec. 1053. Review and assessment of Department of Defense personnel 
                            recovery and nonconventional assisted 
                            recovery mechanisms.
Sec. 1054. Mine warfare readiness inspection plan and report.
Sec. 1055. Report on civilian casualties from Department of Defense 
                            strikes.
Sec. 1056. Reports on infrastructure and capabilities of Lajes Field, 
                            Portugal.
Sec. 1057. Report on Joint Pacific Alaska Range Complex modernization.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 1061. Technical, conforming, and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1062. Workforce issues for relocation of Marines to Guam.
Sec. 1063. Protection of Second Amendment Rights of Military Families.
Sec. 1064. Transfer of surplus firearms to corporation for the 
                            promotion of rifle practice and firearms 
                            safety.
Sec. 1065. National Guard accessibility to Department of Defense issued 
                            unmanned aircraft.
Sec. 1066. Sense of Congress regarding aircraft carriers.
Sec. 1067. Notice to Congress of terms of Department of Defense 
                            settlement agreements.
Sec. 1068. Sense of Congress recognizing the United States Navy 
                            Seabees.
Sec. 1069. Recognition of the United States Special Operations Command.
Sec. 1070. Sense of Congress regarding World War I.
Sec. 1071. Findings and sense of Congress regarding the National Guard 
                            Youth Challenge Program.
Sec. 1072. Sense of Congress regarding National Purple Heart 
                            Recognition Day.

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

Sec. 1101. Extension of direct hire authority for domestic Defense 
                            Industrial Base Facilities and Major Range 
                            and Test Facilities Base.
Sec. 1102. Extension of authority to provide voluntary separation 
                            incentive pay for civilian employees of the 
                            Department of Defense.
Sec. 1103. Additional Department of Defense science and technology 
                            reinvention laboratories.
Sec. 1104. One year extension of authority to waive annual limitation 
                            on premium pay and aggregate limitation on 
                            pay for Federal civilian employees working 
                            overseas.
Sec. 1105. Appointment of retired members of the armed forces to 
                            positions in or under the Department of 
                            Defense.
Sec. 1106. Direct hire authority for financial management experts in 
                            the Department of Defense workforce.
Sec. 1107. Extension of authority for temporary personnel flexibilities 
                            for domestic defense industrial base 
                            facilities and Major Range and Test 
                            Facilities Base civilian personnel.
Sec. 1108. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
                            allowances, benefits, and gratuities to 
                            civilian personnel on official duty in a 
                            combat zone.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                  Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. One-year extension of logistical support for coalition 
                            forces supporting certain United States 
                            military operations.
Sec. 1202. Modification to Special Defense Acquisition Fund.
Sec. 1203. Modification to ministry of defense advisor authority.
Sec. 1204. Modification of authority to build capacity of foreign 
                            security forces.
Sec. 1205. Extension and modification of authority on training for 
                            Eastern European national military forces 
                            in the course of multilateral exercises.
Sec. 1206. Extension of participation in and support of the Inter-
                            American Defense College.

        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

Sec. 1211. Extension of authority to transfer defense articles and 
                            provide defense services to the military 
                            and security forces of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1212. Report on United States strategy in Afghanistan.
Sec. 1213. Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement of 
                            certain coalition nations for support 
                            provided to United States military 
                            operations.

         Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran

Sec. 1221. Report on United States strategy in Syria.
Sec. 1222. Extension and modification of authority to provide 
                            assistance to counter the Islamic State of 
                            Iraq and the Levant.
Sec. 1223. Extension and modification of authority to support 
                            operations and activities of the Office of 
                            Security Cooperation in Iraq.
Sec. 1224. Sense of Congress on threats posed by the Government of 
                            Iran.

         Subtitle D--Matters Relating to the Russian Federation

Sec. 1231. Extension of limitation on military cooperation between the 
                            United States and the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1232. Prohibition on availability of funds relating to sovereignty 
                            of the Russian Federation over Crimea.
Sec. 1233. Statement of policy on the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1234. Modification and extension of Ukraine Security Assistance 
                            Initiative.
Sec. 1235. Limitation on availability of funds relating to 
                            implementation of the Open Skies Treaty.
Sec. 1236. Sense of Congress on importance of nuclear capabilities of 
                            NATO.
Sec. 1237. Sense of Congress on support for Georgia.
Sec. 1238. Sense of Congress on support for Estonia, Latvia, and 
                            Lithuania.

Subtitle E--Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty Preservation 
                              Act of 2017

Sec. 1241. Short title.
Sec. 1242. Findings.
Sec. 1243. Compliance enforcement regarding Russian violations of the 
                            INF Treaty.
Sec. 1244. Development of INF range ground-launched missile system.
Sec. 1245. Notification requirement related to Russian Federation 
                            development of noncompliant systems and 
                            United States actions regarding material 
                            breach of INF Treaty by the Russian 
                            Federation.
Sec. 1246. Limitation on availability of funds to extend the 
                            implementation of the New START Treaty.
Sec. 1247. Review of RS-26 ballistic missile.
Sec. 1248. Definitions.

   Subtitle F--Fostering Unity Against Russian Aggression Act of 2017

Sec. 1251. Short title.
Sec. 1252. Findings and sense of Congress.
Sec. 1253. Strategy to counter threats by the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1254. Strategy to increase conventional precision strike weapon 
                            stockpiles in the United States European 
                            Command's areas of responsibility.
Sec. 1255. Plan to counter the military capabilities of the Russian 
                            Federation.
Sec. 1256. Plan to increase cyber and information operations, 
                            deterrence, and defense.
Sec. 1257. Sense of Congress on enhancing maritime capabilities.
Sec. 1258. Plan to reduce the risks of miscalculation and unintended 
                            consequences that could precipitate a 
                            nuclear war.
Sec. 1259. Definitions.

      Subtitle G--Matters Relating to the Indo-Asia-Pacific Region

Sec. 1261. Sense of Congress on the Indo-Asia-Pacific region.
Sec. 1262. Report on strategy to prioritize United States defense 
                            interests in the Indo-Asia-Pacific region.
Sec. 1263. Assessment of United States force posture and basing needs 
                            in the Indo-Asia-Pacific region.
Sec. 1264. Extended deterrence commitment to the Asia-Pacific region.
Sec. 1265. Authorization of appropriations to meet United States 
                            financial obligations under Compact of Free 
                            Association with Palau.
Sec. 1266. Sense of Congress reaffirming security commitments to the 
                            Governments of Japan and South Korea and 
                            trilateral cooperation between the United 
                            States, Japan, and South Korea.
Sec. 1267. Sense of Congress on freedom of navigation operations in the 
                            South China Sea.
Sec. 1268. Sense of Congress on strengthening the defense of Taiwan.
Sec. 1269. Sense of Congress on the Association of Southeast Asian 
                            Nations.
Sec. 1270. Sense of Congress on reaffirming the importance of the 
                            United States-Australia defense alliance.

                       Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 1271. NATO Cooperative Cyber Defense Center of Excellence.
Sec. 1272. NATO Strategic Communications Center of Excellence.
Sec. 1273. Security and stability strategy for Somalia.
Sec. 1274. Assessment of Global Theater Security Cooperation Management 
                            Information System.
Sec. 1275. Future years plan for the European Deterrence Initiative.
Sec. 1276. Extension of authority to enter into agreements with 
                            participating countries in the American, 
                            British, Canadian, and Australian Armies' 
                            Program.
Sec. 1277. Security strategy for Yemen.
Sec. 1278. Limitation on transfer of excess defense articles that are 
                            high mobility multi-purpose wheeled 
                            vehicles.
Sec. 1279. Department of Defense program to protect United States 
                            students against foreign agents.
Sec. 1280. Extension of United States-Israel anti-tunnel cooperation 
                            authority.
Sec. 1281. Anticorruption strategy.

                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

Sec. 1301. Specification of cooperative threat reduction funds.
Sec. 1302. Funding allocations.

                    TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                     Subtitle A--Military Programs

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1402. Chemical agents and munitions destruction, defense.
Sec. 1403. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities defense-wide.
Sec. 1404. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1405. Defense Health Program.
Sec. 1406. National Defense Sealift Fund.

                       Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 1411. Authority for transfer of funds to joint Department of 
                            Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs 
                            Medical Facility Demonstration Fund for 
                            Captain James A. Lovell Health Care Center, 
                            Illinois.
Sec. 1412. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
                            Home.

   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 1501. Purpose and treatment of certain authorizations of 
                            appropriations.
Sec. 1502. Procurement.
Sec. 1503. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1504. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1505. Military personnel.
Sec. 1506. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1507. Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide.
Sec. 1508. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1509. Defense Health program.

                     Subtitle B--Financial Matters

Sec. 1511. Treatment as additional authorizations.
Sec. 1512. Special transfer authority.

          Subtitle C--Limitations, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 1521. Afghanistan Security Forces Fund.
Sec. 1522. Joint Improvised-Threat Defeat Fund.

     TITLE XVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

       Subtitle A--Management and Organization of Space Programs

Sec. 1601. Establishment of Space Corps in the Department of the Air 
                            Force.
Sec. 1602. Establishment of subordinate unified command of the United 
                            States Strategic Command.

                      Subtitle B--Space Activities

Sec. 1611. Codification, extension, and modification of limitation on 
                            construction on United States territory of 
                            satellite positioning ground monitoring 
                            stations of foreign governments.
Sec. 1612. Foreign commercial satellite services: cybersecurity threats 
                            and launches.
Sec. 1613. Extension of pilot program on commercial weather data.
Sec. 1614. Conditional transfer of acquisition and funding authority of 
                            certain weather missions to National 
                            Reconnaissance Office.
Sec. 1615. Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle modernization and 
                            sustainment of assured access to space.
Sec. 1616. Commercial satellite communications pathfinder program.
Sec. 1617. Demonstration of backup and complementary positioning, 
                            navigation, and timing capabilities of 
                            Global Positioning System.
Sec. 1618. Enhancement of positioning, navigation, and timing capacity.
Sec. 1619. Establishment of Space Flag training event.
Sec. 1620. Report on operational and contingency plans for loss or 
                            degradation of space capabilities.
Sec. 1621. Limitation on availability of funding for Joint Space 
                            Operations Center mission system.
Sec. 1622. Limitation on availability of funds relating to advanced 
                            extremely high frequency program.

  Subtitle C--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related Activities

Sec. 1631. Security clearances for facilities of certain contractors.
Sec. 1632. Extension of authority to engage in certain commercial 
                            activities.
Sec. 1633. Submission of audits of commercial activity funds.
Sec. 1634. Clarification of annual briefing on the intelligence, 
                            surveillance, and reconnaissance 
                            requirements of the combatant commands.
Sec. 1635. Review of support provided by Defense intelligence elements 
                            to acquisition activities of the 
                            Department.
Sec. 1636. Limitation on availability of funds for certain offensive 
                            counterintelligence activities.
Sec. 1637. Prohibition on availability of funds for certain relocation 
                            activities for NATO intelligence fusion 
                            center.
Sec. 1638. Establishment of chairman's controlled activity within Joint 
                            Staff for intelligence, surveillance, and 
                            reconnaissance.
Sec. 1639. Sense of Congress and report on geospatial commercial 
                            activities for basic and applied research 
                            and development.
Sec. 1640. Department of Defense Counterintelligence polygraph program.
Sec. 1641. Security clearance for dual-nationals.
Sec. 1642. Suspension or revocation of security clearances based on 
                            unlawful or inappropriate contacts with 
                            representatives of a foreign government.

                 Subtitle D--Cyberspace-Related Matters

Sec. 1651. Notification requirements for sensitive military cyber 
                            operations and cyber weapons.
Sec. 1652. Modification to quarterly cyber operations briefings.
Sec. 1653. Cyber Scholarship Program.
Sec. 1654. Plan to increase cyber and information operations, 
                            deterrence, and defense.
Sec. 1655. Report on termination of dual-hat arrangement for Commander 
                            of the United States Cyber Command.

                       Subtitle E--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1661. Notifications regarding dual-capable F-35A aircraft.
Sec. 1662. Oversight of delayed acquisition programs by Council on 
                            Oversight of the National Leadership 
                            Command, Control, and Communications 
                            System.
Sec. 1663. Establishment of Nuclear Command and Control Intelligence 
                            Fusion Center.
Sec. 1664. Security of nuclear command, control, and communications 
                            system from commercial dependencies.
Sec. 1665. Oversight of aerial-layer programs by Council on Oversight 
                            of the National Leadership Command, 
                            Control, and Communications System.
Sec. 1666. Security classification guide for programs relating to 
                            nuclear command, control, and 
                            communications and nuclear deterrence.
Sec. 1667. Evaluation and enhanced security of supply chain for nuclear 
                            command, control, and communications and 
                            continuity of government programs.
Sec. 1668. Limitation on pursuit of certain command and control 
                            concept.
Sec. 1669. Procurement authority for certain parts of intercontinental 
                            ballistic missile fuzes.
Sec. 1670. Sense of Congress on importance of independent nuclear 
                            deterrent of United Kingdom.
Sec. 1671. Prohibition on availability of funds for mobile variant of 
                            ground-based strategic deterrent missile.
Sec. 1672. Report on impacts of nuclear proliferation.

                  Subtitle F--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 1681. Administration of missile defense and defeat programs.
Sec. 1682. Preservation of the ballistic missile defense capacity of 
                            the Army.
Sec. 1683. Modernization of Army lower tier air and missile defense 
                            sensor.
Sec. 1684. Enhancement of operational test and evaluation of ballistic 
                            missile defense system.
Sec. 1685. Defense of Hawaii from North Korean ballistic missile 
                            attack.
Sec. 1686. Aegis Ashore anti-air warfare capability.
Sec. 1687. Iron Dome short-range rocket defense system, Israeli 
                            cooperative missile defense program 
                            codevelopment and coproduction, and Arrow 3 
                            testing.
Sec. 1688. Review of proposed ground-based midcourse defense system 
                            contract.
Sec. 1689. Sense of Congress and plan for development of space-based 
                            sensor layer for ballistic missile defense.
Sec. 1690. Sense of Congress and plan for development of space-based 
                            ballistic missile intercept layer.
Sec. 1691. Limitation on availability of funds for ground-based 
                            midcourse defense element of the ballistic 
                            missile defense system.
Sec. 1692. Conventional prompt global strike weapons system.
Sec. 1693. Determination of location of continental United States 
                            interceptor site.

                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1695. Protection of certain facilities and assets from unmanned 
                            aircraft.
Sec. 1696. Use of commercial items in Distributed Common Ground 
                            Systems.
Sec. 1697. Independent assessment of costs relating to ammonium 
                            perchlorate.
Sec. 1698. Limitation and business case analysis regarding ammonium 
                            perchlorate.
Sec. 1699. Industrial base for large solid rocket motors and related 
                            technologies.
Sec. 1699A. Pilot program on enhancing information sharing for security 
                            of supply chain.
Sec. 1699B. Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States From 
                            Electromagnetic Pulse Attacks and Events.
Sec. 1699C. Pilot program on electromagnetic spectrum mapping.

       TITLE XVII--MATTERS RELATING TO SMALL BUSINESS PROCUREMENT

  Subtitle A--Improving Transparency and Clarity for Small Businesses

Sec. 1701. Improving reporting on small business goals.
Sec. 1702. Uniformity in procurement terminology.
Sec. 1703. Responsibilities of commercial market representatives.
Sec. 1704. Responsibilities of Business Opportunity Specialists.

                 Subtitle B--Women's Business Programs

Sec. 1711. Office of Women's Business Ownership.
Sec. 1712. Women's Business Center Program.
Sec. 1713. Matching requirements under Women's Business Center Program.

                       Subtitle C--SCORE Program

Sec. 1721. SCORE reauthorization.
Sec. 1722. SCORE program.
Sec. 1723. Online component.
Sec. 1724. Study and report on the future role of the SCORE program.
Sec. 1725. Technical and conforming amendments.

      Subtitle D--Small Business Development Centers Improvements

Sec. 1731. Use of authorized entrepreneurial development programs.
Sec. 1732. Marketing of services.
Sec. 1733. Data collection.
Sec. 1734. Fees from private partnerships and cosponsorships.
Sec. 1735. Equity for small business development centers.
Sec. 1736. Confidentiality requirements.
Sec. 1737. Limitation on award of grants to small business development 
                            centers.

                       Subtitle E--Miscellaneous

Sec. 1741. Modification of past performance pilot program to include 
                            consideration of past performance with 
                            allies of the United States.

            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
                            specified by law.
Sec. 2003. Effective date.

                 TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2104. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2105. Modification of authority to carry out certain Fiscal Year 
                            2014 project.
Sec. 2106. Modification of authority to carry out certain Fiscal Year 
                            2015 project.
Sec. 2107. Extension of authorization of certain Fiscal Year 2014 
                            project.
Sec. 2108. Extension of authorizations of certain Fiscal Year 2015 
                            projects.
Sec. 2109. Additional authority to carry out certain Fiscal Year 2000, 
                            2005, 2006, and 2007 projects.

                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing.
Sec. 2203. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2204. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.
Sec. 2205. Extension of authorizations for certain Fiscal Year 2014 
                            projects.
Sec. 2206. Extension of authorizations of certain Fiscal Year 2015 
                            projects.

              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
                            projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing.
Sec. 2303. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2304. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2305. Modification of authority to carry out certain Fiscal Year 
                            2017 projects.
Sec. 2306. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2015 
                            projects.

           TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2402. Authorized energy resiliency and conservation projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.
Sec. 2404. Modification of authority to carry out certain Fiscal Year 
                            2017 project.
Sec. 2405. Extension of authorizations of certain Fiscal Year 2014 
                            projects.
Sec. 2406. Extension of authorizations of certain Fiscal Year 2015 
                            projects.

                   TITLE XXV--INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS

  Subtitle A--North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment 
                                Program

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.

             Subtitle B--Host Country In-Kind Contributions

Sec. 2511. Republic of Korea funded construction projects.
Sec. 2512. Modification of authority to carry out certain Fiscal Year 
                            2017 projects.

            TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

Subtitle A--Project Authorizations and Authorizations of Appropriations

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
                            projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve 
                            construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
                            acquisition projects.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.

                       Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 2611. Modification of authority to carry out certain Fiscal Year 
                            2015 project.
Sec. 2612. Extension of authorizations of certain Fiscal Year 2014 
                            projects.
Sec. 2613. Extension of authorizations of certain Fiscal Year 2015 
                            projects.

          TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
                            closure activities funded through 
                            Department of Defense base closure account.
Sec. 2702. Prohibition on conducting additional base realignment and 
                            closure (BRAC) round.

         TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS

 Subtitle A--Military Construction Program and Military Family Housing

Sec. 2801. Elimination of written notice requirement for military 
                            construction activities and reliance on 
                            electronic submission of notifications and 
                            reports.
Sec. 2802. Modification of thresholds applicable to unspecified minor 
                            construction projects.
Sec. 2803. Extension of temporary, limited authority to use operation 
                            and maintenance funds for construction 
                            projects outside the United States.
Sec. 2804. Use of operation and maintenance funds for military 
                            construction projects to replace facilities 
                            damaged or destroyed by natural disasters 
                            or terrorism incidents.

        Subtitle B--Real Property and Facilities Administration

Sec. 2811. Elimination of written notice requirement for military real 
                            property transactions and reliance on 
                            electronic submission of notifications and 
                            reports.
Sec. 2812. Clarification of applicability of fair market value 
                            consideration in grants of easements on 
                            military lands for rights-of-way.
Sec. 2813. Criteria for exchanges of property at military 
                            installations.
Sec. 2814. Prohibiting use of updated assessment of public schools on 
                            Department of Defense installations to 
                            supersede funding of certain projects.
Sec. 2815. Requirements for window fall prevention devices in military 
                            family housing.
Sec. 2816. Authorizing reimbursement of States for costs of suppressing 
                            wildfires caused by Department of Defense 
                            activities on State lands; restoration of 
                            lands of other Federal agencies for damage 
                            caused by Department of Defense vehicle 
                            mishaps.
Sec. 2817. Prohibiting collection of additional amounts from members 
                            living in units under Military Housing 
                            Privatization Initiative.

                      Subtitle C--Land Conveyances

Sec. 2821. Land exchange, Naval Industrial Reserve Ordnance Plant, 
                            Sunnyvale, California.
Sec. 2822. Land conveyance, Naval Ship Repair Facility, Guam.
Sec. 2823. Lease of real property to the United States Naval Academy 
                            Alumni Association and Naval Academy 
                            Foundation at United States Naval Academy, 
                            Annapolis, Maryland.
Sec. 2824. Land Conveyance, Natick Soldier Systems Center, 
                            Massachusetts.
Sec. 2825. Imposition of additional conditions on land conveyance, 
                            Castner Range, Fort Bliss, Texas.
Sec. 2826. Land conveyance, Wasatch-Cache National Forest, Rich County, 
                            Utah.
Sec. 2827. Land conveyance, former missile alert facility known as 
                            Quebec-01, Laramie County, Wyoming.

                 Subtitle D--Military Land Withdrawals

Sec. 2831. Indefinite duration of certain military land withdrawals and 
                            reservations and improved management of 
                            withdrawn and reserved lands.
Sec. 2832. Temporary segregation from public land laws of property 
                            subject to proposed military land 
                            withdrawal; temporary use permits and 
                            transfers of small parcels of land between 
                            Departments of Interior and military 
                            departments; more efficient surveying of 
                            lands.

         Subtitle E--Military Memorials, Monuments, and Museums

Sec. 2841. Modification of prohibition on transfer of veterans memorial 
                            objects to foreign governments without 
                            specific authorization in law.
Sec. 2842. Recognition of the National Museum of World War II Aviation.
Sec. 2843. Principal office of Aviation Hall of Fame.

               Subtitle F--Shiloh National Military Park

Sec. 2851. Short title.
Sec. 2852. Definitions.
Sec. 2853. Areas to be added to Shiloh National Military Park.
Sec. 2854. Establishment of affiliated area.
Sec. 2855. Private Property Protection.

                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 2861. Modification of Department of Defense guidance on use of 
                            airfield pavement markings.
Sec. 2862. Authority of Chief Operating Officer of Armed Forces 
                            Retirement Home to acquire and lease 
                            property.

   TITLE XXIX--OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2901. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2902. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition project.
Sec. 2903. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
                            projects.
Sec. 2904. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land 
                            acquisition project.
Sec. 2905. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 2906. Extension of authorization of certain Fiscal Year 2015 
                            projects.

 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

      TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

         Subtitle A--National Security Programs Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.

   Subtitle B--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 3111. Nuclear security enterprise infrastructure recapitalization 
                            and repair.
Sec. 3112. Incorporation of integrated surety architecture in 
                            transportation.
Sec. 3113. Cost estimates for life extension program and major 
                            alteration projects.
Sec. 3114. Budget requests and certification regarding nuclear weapons 
                            dismantlement.
Sec. 3115. Improved information relating to defense nuclear 
                            nonproliferation research and development 
                            program.
Sec. 3116. Research and development of advanced naval reactor fuel 
                            based on low-enriched uranium.
Sec. 3117. Prohibition on availability of funds for programs in Russian 
                            Federation.
Sec. 3118. National Nuclear Security Administration pay and performance 
                            system.
Sec. 3119. Disposition of weapons-usable plutonium.
Sec. 3120. Modification of minor construction threshold for plant 
                            projects.
Sec. 3121. Design competition.
Sec. 3122. Department of Energy Counterintelligence polygraph program.
Sec. 3123. Security clearance for dual-nationals employed by National 
                            Nuclear Security Agency.

                     Subtitle C--Plans and Reports

Sec. 3131. Modification of certain reporting requirements.
Sec. 3132. Assessment of management and operating contracts of national 
                            security laboratories.
Sec. 3133. Evaluation of classification of certain defense nuclear 
                            waste.
Sec. 3134. Report on Critical Decision-1 on Material Staging Facility 
                            project.
Sec. 3135. Modification to stockpile stewardship, management, and 
                            responsiveness plan.
Sec. 3136. Improved reporting for anti-smuggling radiation detection 
                            systems.
Sec. 3137. Annual selected acquisition reports on certain hardware 
                            relating to defense nuclear 
                            nonproliferation.
Sec. 3138. Assessment of design trade options of W80-4 warhead.

          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.

                 TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES

Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.

                  TITLE XXXV--MARITIME ADMINISTRATION

Sec. 3501. Authorization of the Maritime Administration.
Sec. 3502. Merchant Ship Sales Act of 1946.
Sec. 3503. Maritime Security Fleet Program; restriction on operation 
                            for new entrants.
Sec. 3504. Codification of sections relating to acquisition, charter, 
                            and requisition of vessels.
Sec. 3505. Assistance for small shipyards.
Sec. 3506. Report on sexual assault victim recovery in the Coast Guard.
Sec. 3507. Centers of excellence.

                       DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.

                         TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 4101. Procurement.
Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 4103. Procurement for overseas contingency operations for base 
                            requirements.

        TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
                            contingency operations.
Sec. 4203. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
                            contingency operations for base 
                            requirements.

                 TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
                            operations.
Sec. 4303. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
                            operations for base requirements.

                     TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.
Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 4403. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations for 
                            base requirements.

                    TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.
Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.

                   TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 4601. Military construction.
Sec. 4602. Military construction for overseas contingency operations.

      TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 4701. Department of Energy national security programs.

SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES.

    In this Act, the term ``congressional defense committees'' has the 
meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of title 10, United 
States Code.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

              Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations

SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 
for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the Marine Corps, the Air 
Force, and Defense-wide activities, as specified in the funding table 
in section 4101.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

SEC. 111. REPORT ON ACCELERATION OF INCREMENT 2 OF THE WARFIGHTER 
              INFORMATION NETWORK-TACTICAL.

    (a) Report.--Not later than January 30, 2018, the Secretary of the 
Army shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
options for the acceleration of the procurement and fielding of 
Increment 2 of the Warfighter Information Network-Tactical program of 
the Army (referred to in this section as ``WIN-T Increment 2'').
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
            (1) An estimate of the level of funding required to procure 
        a sufficient quantity of WIN-T Increment 2 components to field 
        thirty Brigade Combat Teams or equivalent units in the period 
        beginning with fiscal year 2018 and ending with fiscal year 
        2022.
            (2) A plan for fielding WIN-T Increment 2 to all Armored 
        Brigade Combat Teams of the Army and associated combat 
        vehicles, including the Armored Multipurpose Vehicle.
            (3) A plan for integrating WIN-T Increment 2 on the Stryker 
        combat vehicles fielded to Stryker Brigade Combat Teams of the 
        Army.
            (4) A list of potential upgrades to WIN-T Increment 2 that 
        may improve program capabilities, including size, weight, and 
        complexity, and the impact of these improvements on the cost of 
        the program.
            (5) Options for fielding an Expeditionary Command Post 
        capability that effectively integrates WIN-T Increment 2 and 
        command post infrastructure.
            (6) A detailed plan for upgrading the existing WIN-T 
        Increment 1 system to the latest WIN-T Increment 2 
        configuration that includes--
                    (A) an estimate of the level of funding required to 
                implement the plan; and
                    (B) the effect of the plan on the fielding of 
                mobile mission command to the reserve components of the 
                Army.
            (7) Any other matters the Secretary determines to be 
        appropriate.

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

SEC. 121. AIRCRAFT CARRIERS.

    (a) Sense of Congress on Increase in Number of Operational Aircraft 
Carriers.--
            (1) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
                    (A) Aircraft carriers are an essential element of 
                the Navy's core missions of forward presence, sea 
                control, ensuring safe sea lanes, and power projection, 
                and provide the flexibility and versatility necessary 
                for the execution of a wide range of additional 
                missions.
                    (B) Forward airpower is integral to the security 
                and joint forces operations of the United States. 
                Carriers play a central role in delivering forward 
                airpower from sovereign territory of the United States 
                in both permissive and nonpermissive environments.
                    (C) Aircraft carriers provide the Nation the 
                ability to rapidly and decisively respond to national 
                threats, to conduct worldwide, on-station diplomacy, 
                and to deter threats to allies, partners, and friends 
                of the United States.
                    (D) Since the end of the cold war, aircraft carrier 
                deployments have increased while the aircraft carrier 
                force structure has declined.
                    (E) Due to the increased array of complex threats 
                across the globe, the Navy's aircraft carriers are 
                operating at maximum capacity, increasing deployment 
                lengths and decreasing maintenance periods in order to 
                meet operational requirements.
                    (F) To meet global peacetime and wartime 
                requirements, the Navy has indicated a requirement to 
                maintain two aircraft carriers deployed overseas and to 
                have three additional aircraft carriers capable of 
                deploying within 90 days. However, the Navy has 
                indicated that the existing aircraft carrier force 
                structure cannot support these military requirements.
                    (G) Despite the requirement to maintain an aircraft 
                carrier strike group in both the United States Central 
                Command and the United States Pacific Command, the Navy 
                has been unable to generate sufficient capacity to 
                support combatant commanders and has developed 
                significant carrier gaps in these critical areas.
                    (H) The continued use of a diminished aircraft 
                carrier force structure has resulted in extensive 
                maintenance availabilities which typically exceed 
                program costs and increase time in shipyards. These 
                expansive maintenance availabilities exacerbate 
                existing carrier gaps.
                    (I) Because of maintenance overhaul extensions, the 
                Navy is truncating basic aircraft carrier training to 
                expedite the deployment of available aircraft carriers. 
                Limiting aircraft carrier training decreases 
                operational capabilities and increases risks to 
                sailors.
                    (J) Despite the objections of the Navy, the Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics directed the Navy on August 7, 2015, to 
                perform shock trials on the U.S.S. Gerald R. Ford (CVN-
                78). The Assistant Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for 
                Operations, Plans and Strategy indicated that this 
                action could delay the introduction of the U.S.S. 
                Gerald R. Ford (CVN-78) to the fleet by up to two 
                years, exacerbating existing carrier gaps.
                    (K) The Navy has adopted a two-phase acquisition 
                strategy for the U.S.S. John F. Kennedy (CVN-79), an 
                action that will delay the introduction of this 
                aircraft carrier by up to two years, exacerbating 
                existing carrier gaps.
                    (L) Developing an alternative design to the Ford 
                class aircraft carrier is not cost beneficial. A 
                smaller design is projected to incur significant design 
                and engineering cost while significantly reducing 
                magazine size, carrier air wing size, sortie rate, and 
                on-station effectiveness among other vital factors as 
                compared to the Ford class. Furthermore, a new design 
                will delay the introduction of future aircraft 
                carriers, exacerbating existing carrier gaps and 
                threatening the national security of the United States.
                    (M) The 2016 Navy Force Structure Assessment states 
                ``A minimum of 12 aircraft carriers are required to 
                meet the increased warfighting response requirements of 
                the Defense Planning Guidance Defeat/Deny force sizing 
                direction.'' Furthermore, a new National Defense 
                Strategy is being prepared that will assess the defeat/
                deny force sizing direction and may increase the force 
                structure associated with aircraft carriers.
            (2) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
                    (A) the United States should expedite delivery of 
                12 aircraft carriers;
                    (B) an aircraft carrier should be authorized every 
                three years;
                    (C) shock trials should be conducted on the U.S.S. 
                John F. Kennedy (CVN-79), as initially proposed by the 
                Navy;
                    (D) construction for the U.S.S. John F. Kennedy 
                (CVN-79) should be accomplished in a single phase; and
                    (E) the United States should continue the Ford 
                class design for the aircraft carrier designated CVN-
                81.
    (b) Increase in Number of Operational Aircraft Carriers.--
            (1) Increase.--Section 5062(b) of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by striking ``11 operational aircraft 
        carriers'' and inserting ``12 operational aircraft carriers''.
            (2) Effective date.--The amendment made by paragraph (1) 
        shall take effect on September 30, 2023.
    (c) Shock Trials for CVN-78.--Section 128 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 
751) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsections (a) and (b); and
            (2) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
        (a) and (b), respectively.
    (d) Procurement Authority for Aircraft Carrier Programs.--
            (1) Procurement authority in support of construction of 
        ford class aircraft carriers.--
                    (A) Authority for economic order quantity.--The 
                Secretary of the Navy may procure materiel and 
                equipment in support of the construction of the Ford 
                class aircraft carriers designated CVN-81 and CVN-82 in 
                economic order quantities when cost savings are 
                achievable.
                    (B) Liability.--Any contract entered into under 
                subparagraph (A) shall provide that any obligation of 
                the United States to make a payment under the contract 
                is subject to the availability of appropriations for 
                that purpose, and that total liability to the 
                Government for termination of any contract entered into 
                shall be limited to the total amount of funding 
                obligated at time of termination.
            (2) Refueling and complex overhaul of nimitz class aircraft 
        carriers.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary of the Navy may 
                carry out the nuclear refueling and complex overhaul of 
                each of the following Nimitz class aircraft carriers:
                            (i) U.S.S. John C. Stennis (CVN-74).
                            (ii) U.S.S. Harry S. Truman (CVN-75).
                            (iii) U.S.S. Ronald Reagan (CVN-76).
                            (iv) U.S.S. George H.W. Bush (CVN-77).
                    (B) Use of incremental funding.--With respect to 
                any contract entered into under subparagraph (A) for 
                the nuclear refueling and complex overhaul of a Nimitz 
                class aircraft carrier, the Secretary may use 
                incremental funding for a period not to exceed six 
                years after advance procurement funds for such nuclear 
                refueling and complex overhaul effort are first 
                obligated.
                    (C) Condition for out-year contract payments.--Any 
                contract entered into under subparagraph (A) shall 
                provide that any obligation of the United States to 
                make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
                after fiscal year 2018 is subject to the availability 
                of appropriations for that purpose for that later 
                fiscal year.

SEC. 122. PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR ICEBREAKER VESSELS.

    (a) Authority.--The Secretary of the Department in which the Coast 
Guard is operating may enter into a contract or other agreement with 
the Secretary of the Navy under which the Navy shall act as general 
agent for the Department in which the Coast Guard is operating for the 
purpose of entering into a contract on behalf of such Department, 
beginning with the fiscal year 2018 program year, for the procurement 
of the following:
            (1) Not more than three heavy icebreaker vessels.
            (2) Not more than three medium icebreaker vessels.
    (b) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2018 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
for that purpose for such later fiscal year.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Heavy icebreaker vessel.--The term ``heavy icebreaker 
        vessel'' means a vessel that is able--
                    (A) to break through nonridged ice that is not less 
                than six feet thick at a speed of three knots;
                    (B) to break through ridged ice that is not less 
                than 21 feet thick; and
                    (C) to operate continuously for 80 days without 
                replenishment.
            (2) Medium icebreaker vessel.--The term ``medium icebreaker 
        vessel'' means a vessel that is able--
                    (A) to break through nonridged ice that is not less 
                than four and one-half feet thick at a speed of three 
                knots; and
                    (B) to operate continuously for 80 days without 
                replenishment.

SEC. 123. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR PROCUREMENT OF 
              ICEBREAKER VESSELS.

    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 2018 may be 
obligated or expended for the procurement of an icebreaker vessel.
    (b) Exception.--Notwithstanding the limitation in subsection (a), 
the Secretary of the Navy may use funds described in such subsection to 
act as general agent for the Department in which the Coast Guard is 
operating pursuant to a contract or other agreement entered into under 
section 122.

SEC. 124. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR VIRGINIA CLASS SUBMARINE 
              PROGRAM.

    (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to section 2306b 
of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of the Navy may enter 
into one or more multiyear contracts, beginning with the fiscal year 
2019 program year, for the procurement of up to 13 Virginia class 
submarines at a rate of not more than 3 submarines per year during the 
covered period.
    (b) Baseline Estimate.--Before entering into any contract for the 
procurement of a Virginia class submarine under subsection (a), the 
Secretary of Navy shall determine a baseline estimate for the submarine 
in accordance with section 2435 of title 10, United States Code.
    (c) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Navy may not enter into a 
contract for the procurement of a Virginia class submarine under 
subsection (a) if the contract would increase the cost of the submarine 
by more than 10 percent above the baseline estimate for the submarine 
determined under subsection (b).
    (d) Authority for Advance Procurement.--The Secretary may enter 
into one or more contracts, beginning in fiscal year 2018, for advance 
procurement--
            (1) associated with the vessels for which authorization to 
        enter into a multiyear procurement contract is provided under 
        subsection (a); and
            (2) for other equipment and subsystems associated with the 
        Virginia class submarine program.
    (e) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2018 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
or funds for that purpose for such later fiscal year.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Covered period.--The term ``covered period'' means the 
        5-year period beginning with the fiscal year 2019 program year 
        and ending with the fiscal year 2023 program year.
            (2) Virginia class submarine.--The term ``Virginia class 
        submarine'' means a block V configured Virginia class 
        submarine.

SEC. 125. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR ARLEIGH BURKE CLASS 
              DESTROYERS AND ASSOCIATED SYSTEMS.

    (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to section 2306b 
of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of the Navy may enter 
into one or more multiyear contracts, beginning with the fiscal year 
2018 program year, for the procurement of--
            (1) up to 15 Arleigh Burke class Flight III guided missile 
        destroyers at a rate of not more than three such destroyers per 
        year during the covered period; and
            (2) the Aegis weapon systems, AN/SPY-6(v) air and missile 
        defense radar systems, MK 41 vertical launching systems, and 
        commercial broadband satellite systems associated with such 
        vessels.
    (b) Baseline Estimate.--Before entering into any contract for the 
procurement of an Arleigh Burke class destroyer under subsection (a), 
the Secretary of Navy shall determine a baseline estimate for the 
destroyer in accordance with section 2435 of title 10, United States 
Code.
    (c) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Navy may not enter into a 
contract for the procurement of a Arleigh Burke class destroyer or any 
major subprogram under subsection (a) if the contract would increase 
the cost of the destroyer by more than 10 percent above the baseline 
estimate for the destroyer determined under subsection (b).
    (d) Authority for Advance Procurement.--The Secretary may enter 
into one or more contracts, beginning in fiscal year 2018, for advance 
procurement associated with the vessels and systems for which 
authorization to enter into a multiyear procurement contract is 
provided under subsection (a).
    (e) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2018 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
or funds for that purpose for such later fiscal year.
    (f) Covered Period Defined.--The term ``covered period'' means the 
5-year period beginning with the fiscal year 2018 program year and 
ending with the fiscal year 2022 program year.

SEC. 126. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR ARLEIGH BURKE CLASS 
              DESTROYER.

    (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2017 for 
procurement, that are unobligated as of the date of the enactment of 
this Act, may be obligated or expended to procure an Arleigh Burke 
class destroyer (DDG-51) unless not fewer than two covered destroyers 
include an AN/SPY-6(V) air and missile defense radar system.
    (b) Waiver.--The Secretary of the Navy may waive the limitation in 
subsection (a) if the Secretary determines that the cost or schedule 
risk associated with the integration of the AN/SPY-6(V) air and missile 
defense radar is unacceptable or incongruous with a business case that 
relies on stable design, technology maturity, and realistic cost and 
schedule estimates.
    (c) Covered Destroyer Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
destroyer'' means an Arleigh Burke class destroyer (DDG-51) for which 
funds were authorized to be appropriated by the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92) or the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 
114-328).

SEC. 127. EXTENSIONS OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO CONSTRUCTION OF CERTAIN 
              VESSELS.

    (a) Extension of Authority to Use Incremental Funding for LHA 
Replacement.--Section 122(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for fiscal year 2017 (114-328; 130 Stat. 2030) is amended by striking 
``for fiscal years 2017 and 2018'' and inserting ``for fiscal years 
2017, 2018, and 2019''.
    (b) Extension of Ford Class Aircraft Carrier Construction 
Authority.--Section 121(a) of the John Warner National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 120 Stat. 
2104), as most recently amended by section 121 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 
1654), is amended by striking ``five fiscal years'' and inserting 
``seven fiscal years''.

SEC. 128. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR V-22 OSPREY AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to section 2306b 
of title 10, United States Code (except as provided in subsection (b)), 
the Secretary of the Navy may enter into one or more multiyear 
contracts, beginning with the 2018 program year, for the procurement of 
the following:
            (1) V-22 Osprey aircraft.
            (2) Common configuration-readiness and modernization 
        upgrades for V-22 Osprey aircraft.
    (b) Contract Period.--Notwithstanding section 2306b(k) of title 10, 
United States Code, the period covered by a contract entered into on a 
multiyear basis under the authority of subsection (a) may exceed five 
years, but may not exceed seven years.
    (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2018 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
or funds for that purpose for such later fiscal year.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

SEC. 131. STREAMLINING ACQUISITION OF INTERCONTINENTAL BALLISTIC 
              MISSILE SECURITY CAPABILITY.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) On September 25, 2014, then Secretary of the Air Force, 
        Deborah Lee James, submitted a report to Congress on the 
        replacement strategy of the Air Force for the UH-1N helicopter, 
        which included the following information:
                    (A) On the age of the airframe: ``The UH-1N is a 
                versatile utility helicopter that was accepted into 
                service from 1968-1969.''.
                    (B) On the ability to meet requirements: ``The 
                entire fleet supports five general homeland security 
                missions. . .The ability of the UH-1N to accomplish 
                these missions was evaluated in 2006, and the aircraft 
                was found to be `not effective.' The shortcomings of 
                the UH-1N were derived from specific mission 
                requirements for carrying capacity, airspeed, 
                unrefueled endurance, mission range, force protection 
                for the floor, specific protection for all aircrew and 
                passengers, survivability, and materiel 
                availability.''.
                    (C) Regarding previous efforts to acquire a 
                replacement aircraft, the report identified efforts 
                that date back to 2006, including--
                            (i) an initial analysis of alternatives by 
                        Air Force Space Command in 2006;
                            (ii) the common vertical lift support 
                        platform program, which was cancelled in 2013;
                            (iii) two RAND corporation studies funded 
                        in 2013; and
                            (iv) the then-current proposal of the Air 
                        Force to procure modified Army UH-60 
                        helicopters.
            (2) On February 24, 2016, at a hearing before the Committee 
        on Armed Services of the House of Representatives, in response 
        to concerns related to lift, capacity, and hover time of the 
        UH-1N, then Commander of the United States Strategic Command, 
        Admiral Cecil Haney stated: ``Congressman, absolutely, in terms 
        of thinking very crisply associated with what we need to do to 
        improve security of our missile fields. . . the attributes you 
        listed are the attributes that concern me in terms of the 
        capability, not just now, but into the future.''.
            (3) On March 2, 2016, at a hearing before the Committee on 
        Armed Services of the House of Representatives, the Commander 
        of Air Force Global Strike Command, General Robin Rand stated: 
        ``We will not meet the emergency security response with the 
        present helicopter.''.
            (4) On April 4, 2017, at a hearing before the Committee on 
        Armed Services of the Senate, the Commander of the United 
        States Strategic Command, General John E. Hyten stated: ``Of 
        all the things in my portfolio, I can't even describe how upset 
        I get about the helicopter replacement program. It's a 
        helicopter, for gosh sakes. We ought to be able to go out and 
        buy a helicopter and put it in the hands of the people that 
        need it. And we should be able to do that quickly. We've been 
        building combat helicopters for a long time in this country. I 
        don't understand why the heck it is so hard to buy a 
        helicopter.''.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that, based on 
the findings under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense should have 
the authority to expedite the procurement of a replacement aircraft for 
the UH-1N helicopter.
    (c) Waiver and Contract Authority.--Subject to subsection (d), in 
procuring a replacement aircraft for the UH-1N helicopter, the 
Secretary of Defense may--
            (1) waive any provision of law requiring the use of 
        competitive procedures for the procurement; and
            (2) enter into a contract for the procurement on a sole-
        source basis.
    (d) Notice and Certification.--Not later than 15 days before 
exercising the authority under subsection (c), the Secretary shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees, in writing--
            (1) notice of the intent of the Secretary to exercise such 
        authority; and
            (2) a certification that--
                    (A) the Secretary has reviewed--
                            (i) the threshold requirements for the UH-
                        1N replacement aircraft program; and
                            (ii) any delays that may have occurred 
                        while the Air Force pursued strategies for the 
                        procurement of such aircraft on an other than 
                        sole-source basis; and
                    (B) after conducting such review, the Secretary has 
                determined that entering into a contract on a sole-
                source basis under subsection (c)--
                            (i) is in the national security interests 
                        of the United States; and
                            (ii) is necessary to ensure that a UH-1N 
                        replacement aircraft enters service by not 
                        later than September 30, 2020.

SEC. 132. LIMITATION ON SELECTION OF SINGLE CONTRACTOR FOR C-130H 
              AVIONICS MODERNIZATION PROGRAM INCREMENT 2.

    (a) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Air Force may not select only 
a single prime contractor to carry out increment 2 of the C-130H 
avionics modernization program until the Secretary submits to the 
congressional defense committees a written certification that, in 
selecting such a single prime contractor--
            (1) the Secretary will ensure, to the extent practicable, 
        that commercially available off-the-shelf items are used under 
        the program, including technology solutions and 
        nondevelopmental items; and
            (2) excessively restrictive military specification 
        standards will not be used to restrict or eliminate full and 
        open competition in the selection process.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``commercially 
available off-the-shelf item'', ``full and open competition'', and 
``nondevelopmental item'' have the meanings given the terms in chapter 
1 of title 41, United States Code.

SEC. 133. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR EC-130H COMPASS CALL 
              RECAPITALIZATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for any fiscal year for the EC-
130H Compass Call recapitalization program of the Air Force may be 
obligated or expended until a period of 30 days has elapsed following 
the date on which the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
Technology, and Logistics submits to the congressional defense 
committees the certification described in subsection (b).
    (b) Certification.--The certification described in this subsection 
is a written statement certifying that--
            (1) an independent review of the acquisition process for 
        the EC-130H Compass Call recapitalization program of the Air 
        Force has been conducted; and
            (2) as a result of such review, it has been determined that 
        the acquisition process for such program complies with all 
        applicable laws, guidelines, and best practices.

SEC. 134. COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS OF UPGRADES TO MQ-9 REAPER AIRCRAFT.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
Secretary of the Air Force, shall conduct an analysis that compares the 
costs and benefits of the following:
            (1) Upgrading fielded MQ-9 Reaper aircraft to a Block 5 
        configuration.
            (2) Proceeding with the procurement of MQ-9B aircraft 
        instead of upgrading fielded MQ-9 Reaper aircraft to a Block 5 
        configuration.
    (b) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
        includes the results of the cost-benefit analysis conducted 
        under subsection (a).
            (2) Form of report.--The report required by paragraph (1) 
        shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
        classified annex.

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

SEC. 141. AUTHORITY FOR PROCUREMENT OF ECONOMIC ORDER QUANTITIES FOR 
              THE F-35 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

    (a) Authority for Procurement of Economic Order Quantities.--
Subject to subsection (c), the Secretary of Defense may enter into one 
or more contracts, beginning with the fiscal year 2018 program year, 
for the procurement of economic order quantities of the material and 
equipment described in subsection (b).
    (b) Material and Equipment Described.--The material and equipment 
described in this subsection is material and equipment--
            (1) that has completed formal hardware qualification 
        testing for the F-35 aircraft program; and
            (2) is to be used in procurement contracts to be awarded 
        under the F-35 aircraft program in fiscal years 2019 and 2020.
    (c) Limitations.--
            (1) Maximum amount.--Of the funds authorized to be 
        appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for the 
        Department of Defense for fiscal year 2018 or any fiscal year 
        thereafter for the F-35 aircraft program, not more than 
        $661,000,000 may be obligated or expended to enter into 
        contracts under subsection (a).
            (2) Certification.--The Secretary of Defense may not enter 
        into a contract under subsection (a) until a period of 15 days 
        has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary submits 
        to the congressional defense committees a written certification 
        that the contract to be entered into under such subsection 
        meets the following conditions:
                    (A) The contract will result in significant cost 
                savings as compared to the total anticipated costs of 
                procuring the property through contracts that are not 
                for economic order quantities.
                    (B) The estimates of the cost of the contract and 
                the anticipated cost savings resulting from the 
                contract are realistic.
                    (C) The minimum need for the property that is to be 
                procured under the contract is expected to remain 
                substantially unchanged during the contract period.
                    (D) There is a reasonable expectation that, 
                throughout the contract period, the head of the 
                relevant military department or defense agency will 
                request funding for the contract at the level required 
                to avoid contract cancellation.
                    (E) The design of the property that is to be 
                procured under the contract is expected to remain 
                substantially unchanged and the technical risks 
                associated with such design are not excessive.
                    (F) Entering into the contract will promote the 
                national security interests of the United States.
                    (G) The contract satisfies the conditions described 
                in subparagraphs (C) through (F) of section 2306b(i)(3) 
                of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 142. LIMITATION ON DEMILITARIZATION OF CERTAIN CLUSTER MUNITIONS.

    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (c), the 
Secretary of Defense may not demilitarize any cluster munitions until 
the date on which the Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional 
defense committees the certification described in subsection (b).
    (b) Certification.--The certification described in this subsection 
is a written certification that the Department of Defense has an 
inventory of covered munitions that meets not less than 75 percent of 
the operational requirements of the Department with respect to cluster 
munitions across the full range of military operational environments.
    (c) Exception for Safety.--The limitation under subsection (a) 
shall not apply to the demilitarization of cluster munitions that the 
Secretary determines--
            (1) are unserviceable as a result of an inspection, test, 
        field incident, or other significant failure to meet 
        performance or logistics requirements; or
            (2) are unsafe or could pose a safety risk if not 
        demilitarized or destroyed.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Cluster munition.--The term ``cluster munition'' means 
        a munition that is composed of a nonreusable canister or 
        delivery body that contains multiple, conventional 
        submunitions, without regard to the mode by which the munition 
        is delivered. The term does not include--
                    (A) nuclear, chemical, or biological weapons;
                    (B) obscurants;
                    (C) pyrotechnics;
                    (D) non-lethal systems;
                    (E) non-explosive kinetic effect submunitions;
                    (F) electronic effects; or
                    (G) landmines.
            (2) Covered munitions.--The term ``covered munitions'' 
        means cluster munitions containing submunitions that, after 
        arming, do not result in more than 1 percent unexploded 
        ordnance (as that term is defined in section 101(e)(5) of title 
        10, United States Code) across the range of intended 
        operational environments.
            (3) Demilitarize.--The term ``demilitarize'', when used 
        with respect to a cluster munition or components of a cluster 
        munition--
                    (A) means to destroy the military offensive or 
                defensive advantages inherent in the munition or its 
                components; and
                    (B) includes any mutilation, scrapping, melting, 
                burning, or alteration that prevents the use of the 
                munition or its components for the military purposes 
                for which the munition or its components was designed 
                or for a lethal purpose.

SEC. 143. REINSTATEMENT OF REQUIREMENT TO PRESERVE CERTAIN C-5 
              AIRCRAFT.

    Section 141 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1659), as amended by section 
132 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
(Public Law 114-328), is amended by inserting after subsection (c) the 
following:
    ``(d) Preservation of Certain Retired C-5 Aircraft.--The Secretary 
of the Air Force shall preserve each C-5 aircraft that is retired by 
the Secretary during a period in which the total inventory of strategic 
airlift aircraft of the Secretary is less than 301, such that the 
retired aircraft--
            ``(1) is stored in flyable condition;
            ``(2) can be returned to service; and
            ``(3) is not used to supply parts to other aircraft unless 
        specifically authorized by the Secretary of Defense upon a 
        request by the Secretary of the Air Force.''.

SEC. 144. REQUIREMENT THAT CERTAIN AIRCRAFT AND UNMANNED AERIAL 
              VEHICLES USE SPECIFIED STANDARD DATA LINK.

    Section 157 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1667) is amended--
            (1) by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:
    ``(b) Solicitations.--The Secretary of Defense shall--
            ``(1) ensure that any solicitation issued for a Common Data 
        Link described in subsection (a), regardless of whether the 
        solicitation is issued by a military department or a contractor 
        with respect to a subcontract--
                    ``(A) conforms to a Department of Defense 
                specification standard, including interfaces and 
                waveforms, existing as of the date of the solicitation; 
                and
                    ``(B) does not include any proprietary or 
                undocumented waveforms or control interfaces or data 
                interfaces as a requirement or criterion for 
                evaluation; and
            ``(2) notify the congressional defense committees not later 
        than 15 days after issuing a solicitation for a Common Data 
        Link to be sunset (CDL-TBS) waveform.''; and
            (2) in subsection (c), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
                ``Deputy Secretary of Defense'';
                    (B) by striking ``Under Secretary'' and inserting 
                ``Deputy Secretary of Defense'' ; and
                    (C) by inserting ``before October 1, 2023'' after 
                ``committees''.

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

              Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations

SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 
for the use of the Department of Defense for research, development, 
test, and evaluation, as specified in the funding table in section 
4201.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, And Limitations

SEC. 211. COST CONTROLS FOR PRESIDENTIAL AIRCRAFT RECAPITALIZATION 
              PROGRAM.

    (a) Fixed Capability Requirements.--Except as provided in 
subsection (b), the capability requirements for aircraft procured under 
the presidential aircraft recapitalization program of the Air Force 
(referred to in this section as the ``PAR Program'') shall be the 
capability requirements identified in version 7.0 of the system 
requirement document for the PAR Program dated December 14, 2016.
    (b) Adjustments.--The Secretary of the Air Force may adjust the 
capability requirements described in subsection (a) only if the 
Secretary submits to the congressional defense committees a written 
determination that such adjustment is necessary--
            (1) to resolve an ambiguity relating to the capability 
        requirement;
            (2) to address a problem with the administration of the 
        capability requirement;
            (3) to lower the development cost or life-cycle cost of the 
        PAR program;
            (4) to comply with a change in international, Federal, 
        State, or local law or regulation that takes effect after 
        September 30, 2017;
            (5) to address a safety issue; or
            (6) subject to subsection (c), to address an emerging 
        threat or vulnerability.
    (c) Limitation on Adjustment for Emerging Threat or 
Vulnerability.--The Secretary of the Air Force may use the authority 
under paragraph (6) of subsection (b) to adjust the requirements 
described in subsection (a) only if the Secretary and the Chief of 
Staff of the Air Force, on a nondelegable basis--
            (1) jointly determine that such adjustment is necessary and 
        in the interests of the national security of the United States; 
        and
            (2) submit to the congressional defense committees notice 
        of such joint determination.
    (d) Form of Contracts.--
            (1) Requirement for fixed-price type contracts.--Of the 
        total amount of funds obligated or expended for contracts for 
        engineering and manufacturing development under the PAR 
        program, not less than 50 percent shall be for fixed-price type 
        contracts.
            (2) Other contract types.--Except as provided in paragraph 
        (1), a contract other than a fixed-price type contract may be 
        entered into under the PAR Program only if the service 
        acquisition executive of the Air Force, on a nondelegable 
        basis, approves the contract.
    (e) Quarterly Briefings.--
            (1) In general.--Beginning not later than October 1, 2017, 
        and on a quarterly basis thereafter through October 1, 2022, 
        the Secretary of the Air Force shall provide to the Committee 
        on Armed Services of the House of Representatives a briefing on 
        the efforts of the Secretary to control costs under the PAR 
        Program.
            (2) Elements.--Each briefing under paragraph (1) shall 
        include, with respect to the PAR Program, the following:
                    (A) An overview of the program schedule.
                    (B) A description of each contract awarded under 
                the program, including a description of the type of 
                contract and the status of the contract.
                    (C) An assessment of the status of the program with 
                respect to--
                            (i) modification;
                            (ii) testing;
                            (iii) delivery; and
                            (iv) sustainment.
    (f) Service Acquisition Executive Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``service acquisition executive'' has the meaning given that term 
in section 101(a)(10) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 212. CAPITAL INVESTMENT AUTHORITY.

    Section 2208(k)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``$250,000'' and inserting ``$500,000''.

SEC. 213. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO AWARD PRIZES FOR ADVANCED 
              TECHNOLOGY ACHIEVEMENTS.

    Section 2374a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``to award cash prizes'' 
        and inserting ``to award prizes, which may be cash prizes or 
        nonmonetary prizes,'';
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``cash prizes'' and 
        inserting ``prizes'';
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``cash prize of'' 
                and inserting ``prize valued at''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(3) No prize competition may result in the award of a nonmonetary 
prize valued at more than $10,000 without the approval of the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics.'';
            (4) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) by inserting ``or nonmonetary items'' after 
                ``accept funds''; and
                    (B) by striking ``and from State and local 
                governments,'' and inserting ``from State and local 
                governments, and from other nongovernmental sources,''; 
                and
            (5) by striking subsection (f).

SEC. 214. CRITICAL TECHNOLOGIES FOR COLUMBIA CLASS SUBMARINE.

    (a) In General.--For purposes of sections 2366b and 2448b(a)(2) of 
title 10, United States Code, the components identified in subsection 
(b) are deemed to be critical technologies for the Columbia class 
ballistic missile submarine construction program.
    (b) Critical Technologies.--The components identified in this 
subsection are--
            (1) the coordinated stern for the Columbia class ballistic 
        missile submarine;
            (2) the electric drive system for the submarine; and
            (3) the nuclear reactor for the submarine.

SEC. 215. JOINT HYPERSONICS TRANSITION OFFICE.

    (a) Redesignation.--The joint technology office on hypersonics in 
the Office of the Secretary of Defense is redesignated as the ``Joint 
Hypersonics Transition Office''. Any reference in a law (other than 
this section), map, regulation, document, paper, or other record of the 
United States to the joint technology office on hypersonics shall be 
deemed to be a reference to the Joint Hypersonics Transition Office.
    (b) Hypersonics Development.--Section 218 of the John Warner 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 
109-364; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note), as amended by section 1079(f) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 
114-192; 129 Stat. 999), is amended--
            (1) in the heading of subsection (a), by striking ``Joint 
        Technology Office on Hypersonics'' and inserting ``Joint 
        Hypersonics Transition Office'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in the first sentence, by striking ``joint 
                technology office on hypersonics'' and inserting 
                ``Joint Hypersonics Transition Office (in this section 
                referred to as the `Office')''; and
                    (B) in the second sentence, by striking ``office'' 
                and inserting ``Office'';
            (3) in subsection (b), by striking ``joint technology 
        office established under subsection (a)'' and inserting 
        ``Office''; and
            (4) by amending subsection (c) to read as follows:
    ``(c) Responsibilities.--In carrying out the program required by 
subsection (b), the Office shall do the following:
            ``(1) Coordinate and integrate current and future research, 
        development, test, and evaluation programs and system 
        demonstration programs of the Department of Defense on 
        hypersonics.
            ``(2) Undertake appropriate actions to ensure--
                    ``(A) close and continuous integration of the 
                programs on hypersonics of the military departments and 
                the Defense Agencies with the programs on hypersonics 
                across the Federal Government; and
                    ``(B) that both foundational research and 
                developmental testing resources are adequate and well 
                funded, and that facilities are made available in a 
                timely manner to support hypersonics research, 
                demonstration programs, and system development.
            ``(3) Approve demonstration programs on hypersonic systems 
        to speed the maturation and deployment of the systems to the 
        warfighter,.
            ``(4) Ensure that any demonstration program on hypersonic 
        systems that is carried out in any year after its approval 
        under paragraph (3) is carried out only if certified under 
        subsection (e) as being consistent with the roadmap under 
        subsection (d).
            ``(5) Develop a well-defined path for hypersonic 
        technologies to transition to operational capabilities for the 
        warfighter.'';
            (5) in subsection (d)(1), by striking ``joint technology 
        office established under subsection (a)'' and inserting 
        ``Office''; and
            (6) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``joint 
                technology office established under subsection (a)'' 
                and inserting ``Office''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``joint 
                technology office'' and inserting ``Office''.

SEC. 216. HYPERSONIC AIRBREATHING WEAPONS CAPABILITIES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may transfer oversight 
and management of the Hypersonic Airbreathing Weapons Concept from the 
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency to a responsible entity of 
the Air Force. The Secretary of the Air Force, acting through the head 
of the Air Force Research Laboratory, shall continue--
            (1) to develop a reusable hypersonics test bed to further 
        probe the high speed flight corridor and to facilitate the 
        testing and development of hypersonic airbreathing weapon 
        systems;
            (2) to explore emerging concepts and technologies for 
        reusable hypersonics weapons systems beyond current hypersonics 
        programs, focused on experimental flight test capabilities; and
            (3) to develop defensive technologies and countermeasures 
        against potential and identified hypersonic threats.
    (b) Hypersonic Airbreathing Weapon System Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``hypersonic airbreathing weapon system'' means a 
missile or platform with military utility that operates at speeds near 
or beyond approximately five times the speed of sound, and that is 
propelled through the atmosphere with an engine that burns fuel with 
oxygen from the atmosphere that is collected in an inlet.

SEC. 217. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR MQ-25 UNMANNED AIR 
              SYSTEM.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 for research, 
development, test, and evaluation, Navy, for the MQ-25 unmanned air 
system, not more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended until a 
period of 60 days has elapsed following the date on which the 
certification and report under subsection (b) have been submitted to 
the congressional defense committees.
    (b) Certification and Report.--
            (1) Certification.--The Secretary of the Navy shall submit 
        to the congressional defense committees a written certification 
        that--
                    (A) the MQ-25 unmanned air system is required to 
                fill a validated capability gap of the Department of 
                the Navy;
                    (B) the Chief of Naval Operations has reviewed and 
                approved the initial capability document and the 
                capability development document relating to such 
                system; and
                    (C) the initial capability document and the 
                capability development document have been provided to 
                the congressional defense committees.
            (2) Report.--The Assistant Secretary of the Navy for 
        Research, Development, and Acquisition shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report that includes--
                    (A) an identification of threshold and objective 
                key performance parameters for the MQ-25 unmanned air 
                system;
                    (B) a certification that the threshold and 
                objective key performance parameters for such system 
                have been established and are achievable; and
                    (C) a description of the requirements of such 
                system with respect to--
                            (i) fuel transfer;
                            (ii) equipment for intelligence, 
                        surveillance, and reconnaissance;
                            (iii) equipment for electronic attack and 
                        electronic protection;
                            (iv) communications equipment;
                            (v) weapons payload;
                            (vi) range;
                            (vii) mission endurance for unrefueled and 
                        aerial refueled operations;
                            (viii) affordability;
                            (ix) survivability; and
                            (x) interoperability with other Navy and 
                        joint-service unmanned aerial systems and 
                        mission control stations.

SEC. 218. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR CONTRACT WRITING 
              SYSTEMS.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds specified in subsection (c), not more 
than 75 percent may be obligated or expended until the date on which 
the Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional defense 
committees the assessment required under subsection (b).
    (b) Assessment Required.--The Secretary of Defense, in coordination 
with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a written assessment of the 
requirements for each contract writing information technology system of 
the Department of Defense and the military departments. Such assessment 
shall include the following:
            (1) Analysis of the requirements for each such contract 
        writing system, including identification of common requirements 
        and any requirements unique to each military department.
            (2) Identification of legacy systems that provide data to, 
        or receive data from, such contract writing systems.
            (3) Projected timelines showing when each contract writing 
        system is expected to become fully operationally capable and 
        when each legacy system is expected to terminate, based on 
        budget projections included in the most recent future-years 
        defense program submitted to Congress under section 221 of 
        title 10, United States Code.
            (4) Assessment of how a shared services model might be 
        applied to replace specific contract writing systems, including 
        analysis of the business process reengineering necessary to 
        move to a shared services model and how shared services can be 
        integrated into the business enterprise architecture of the 
        Department.
            (5) Identification of available shared services for 
        contract writing systems, such as those offered by the General 
        Services Administration or by other sources, that might provide 
        viable alternatives to current contract writing systems.
            (6) Identification of any gaps in the capabilities of 
        available shared services for contract writing systems, and 
        recommendations for addressing such gaps.
            (7) Identification of any policy, legal, or statutory 
        constraints that would have to be addressed in order to move to 
        a share services model for contract writing systems.
    (c) Funds Specified.--The funds specified in this subsection are 
the following--
            (1) Funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
        otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 for research, 
        development, test, and evaluation for each system described in 
        subsection (d).
            (2) Funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
        otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 for procurement 
        for each system described in subsection (d).
    (d) Systems Described.--The systems described in this subsection 
are the following:
            (1) The Contract Writing System of the Army.
            (2) The Electronic Procurement System of the Navy.
            (3) The Automated Contract Preparation System of the Air 
        Force.
            (4) The Contract Writing and Administration System of the 
        Defense Contract Management Agency.
            (5) The Standard Procurement System of the Defense 
        Logistics Agency.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are here by authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 
2018 for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies 
of the Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, 
for operation and maintenance, as specified in the funding table in 
section 4301.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

SEC. 311. CODIFICATION OF AND IMPROVEMENTS TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
              CLEARINGHOUSE TO COORDINATE DEPARTMENT REVIEW OF 
              APPLICATIONS FOR CERTAIN PROJECTS THAT MAY HAVE ADVERSE 
              IMPACT ON MILITARY OPERATIONS AND READINESS.

    (a) Establishment of Military Aviation, Range, and Installation 
Assurance Program Office.--
            (1) Codification and improvement of existing law.--Chapter 
        7 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
        after section 183 the following new section:
``Sec. 183a. Military Aviation, Range, and Installation Assurance 
              Program Office for review of mission obstructions
    ``(a) Establishment.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
a Military Aviation, Range, and Installation Assurance Program Office.
    ``(2) The Military Aviation, Range, and Installation Assurance 
Program Office shall be--
            ``(A) organized under the authority, direction, and control 
        of an Assistant Secretary of Defense designated by the 
        Secretary; and
            ``(B) assigned such personnel and resources as the 
        Secretary considers appropriate to carry out this section.
    ``(b) Functions.--(1)(A) The Military Aviation, Range, and 
Installation Assurance Program Office shall serve as a clearinghouse to 
coordinate Department of Defense review of applications for energy 
projects filed with the Secretary of Transportation pursuant to section 
44718 of title 49 and received by the Department of Defense from the 
Secretary of Transportation.
    ``(B) To facilitate the review of an application for an energy 
project submitted pursuant to such section, the Military Aviation, 
Range, and Installation Assurance Program Office shall accelerate the 
development, in coordination with other departments and agencies of the 
Federal Government, of--
            ``(i) an integrated review process to ensure timely 
        notification and consideration of any application that may have 
        an adverse impact on military operations and readiness; and
            ``(ii) planning tools necessary to determine the 
        acceptability to the Department of Defense of the energy 
        project proposal included in the application.
    ``(2) The Military Aviation, Range, and Installation Assurance 
Program Office shall establish procedures for the Department of Defense 
for the coordinated consideration of and response to a request for a 
review received from another Federal agency, a State government, an 
Indian tribal government, a local government, a landowner, or the 
developer of an energy project, including guidance to personnel at each 
military installation in the United States on how to initiate such 
procedures and ensure a coordinated Department response.
    ``(3) The Military Aviation, Range, and Installation Assurance 
Program Office shall consult with affected military installations for 
the review and consideration of proposed energy projects.
    ``(4) The Military Aviation, Range, and Installation Assurance 
Program Office shall develop procedures for conducting early outreach 
to parties carrying out energy projects that could have an adverse 
impact on military operations and readiness and to clearly communicate 
to such parties actions being taken by the Department under this 
section.
    ``(5) The Military Aviation, Range, and Installation Assurance 
Program Office shall perform such other functions as the Secretary of 
Defense assigns.
    ``(c) Review of Proposed Actions.--(1) Not later than 30 days after 
receiving from the Secretary of Transportation a proper application for 
an energy project under section 44718 of title 49 that may have an 
adverse impact on military operations and readiness, the Military 
Aviation, Range, and Installation Assurance Program Office shall 
conduct a preliminary review of such application. Such review shall--
            ``(A) assess the likely scope, duration, and level of risk 
        of any adverse impact of such energy project on military 
        operations and readiness; and
            ``(B) identify any feasible and affordable actions that 
        could be taken by the Department, the developer of such energy 
        project, or others to mitigate such adverse impact and to 
        minimize risks to national security while allowing such energy 
        project to proceed with development.
    ``(2) If the Military Aviation, Range, and Installation Assurance 
Program Office determines under paragraph (1) that an energy project 
will have an adverse impact on military operations and readiness, the 
Military Aviation, Range, and Installation Assurance Program Office, 
with the approval of the Secretary of Defense, shall issue to the 
applicant a notice of presumed risk that describes the concerns 
identified by the Department in the preliminary review and requests a 
discussion of possible mitigation actions.
    ``(d) Comprehensive Review.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
develop a comprehensive strategy for addressing the military impacts of 
projects filed with the Secretary of Transportation pursuant to section 
44718 of title 49.
    ``(2) In developing the strategy required by paragraph (1), the 
Secretary of Defense shall--
            ``(A) assess the magnitude of interference posed by 
        projects filed with the Secretary of Transportation pursuant to 
        section 44718 of title 49;
            ``(B) identify geographic areas in which projects filed, or 
        which may be filed in the future, with the Secretary of 
        Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 49, could 
        have an adverse impact on military operations and readiness, 
        including military training routes, and categorize the risk of 
        adverse impact in each geographic area for the purpose of 
        informing preliminary reviews under subsection (c)(1), early 
        outreach efforts under subsection (b)(4), and online 
        dissemination efforts under paragraph (3);
            ``(C) develop procedures to periodically review and modify 
        geographic areas identified under subparagraph (B) and to 
        solicit and identify additional geographic areas as 
        appropriate; and
            ``(D) specifically identify feasible and affordable long-
        term actions that may be taken to mitigate adverse impacts of 
        projects filed, or which may be filed in the future, with the 
        Secretary of Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 
        49, on military operations and readiness, including--
                    ``(i) investment priorities of the Department of 
                Defense with respect to research and development;
                    ``(ii) modifications to military operations to 
                accommodate applications for such projects;
                    ``(iii) recommended upgrades or modifications to 
                existing systems or procedures by the Department of 
                Defense;
                    ``(iv) acquisition of new systems by the Department 
                and other departments and agencies of the Federal 
                Government and timelines for fielding such new systems; 
                and
                    ``(v) modifications to the projects for which such 
                applications are filed, including changes in size, 
                location, or technology.
    ``(3) The Military Aviation, Range, and Installation Assurance 
Program Office shall make available online access to data reflecting 
geographic areas identified under subparagraph (B) of paragraph (2) and 
reviewed and modified under subparagraph (C) of such paragraph.
    ``(e) Department of Defense Determination of Unacceptable Risk.--
(1) The Secretary of Defense may not object to an energy project filed 
with the Secretary of Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 
49 unless the Secretary of Defense determines, after giving full 
consideration to mitigation actions identified pursuant to this 
section, that the project would result in an unacceptable risk to the 
national security of the United States. Such a determination shall 
constitute a finding pursuant to section 44718(f) of title 49.
    ``(2) Not later than 30 days after making a determination under 
paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees, the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a report on such 
determination and the basis for such determination. Such report shall 
include an explanation of the basis of the determination, a discussion 
of the mitigation options considered, and an explanation of why, in the 
case of a determination of unacceptable risk, the mitigation options 
were not feasible or did not resolve the conflict. The Secretary of 
Defense may provide public notice through the Federal Register of the 
determination.
    ``(3) The Secretary of Defense may only delegate the responsibility 
for making a determination under paragraph (1) to the Deputy Secretary 
of Defense, an Under Secretary of Defense, or a Principal Deputy Under 
Secretary of Defense.
    ``(f) Authority to Accept Contributions of Funds.--The Secretary of 
Defense is authorized to request and accept a voluntary contribution of 
funds from an applicant for a project filed with the Secretary of 
Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 49. Amounts so 
accepted shall remain available until expended for the purpose of 
offsetting the cost of measures undertaken by the Secretary of Defense 
to mitigate adverse impacts of such a project on military operations 
and readiness or to conduct studies of potential measures to mitigate 
such impacts.
    ``(g) Effect of Department of Defense Hazard Assessment.--An action 
taken pursuant to this section shall not be considered to be a 
substitute for any assessment or determination required of the 
Secretary of Transportation under section 44718 of title 49.
    ``(h) Savings Clause.--Nothing in this section shall be construed 
to affect or limit the application of, or any obligation to comply 
with, any environmental law, including the National Environmental 
Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).
    ``(i) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `adverse impact on military operations and 
        readiness' means any adverse impact upon military operations 
        and readiness, including flight operations, research, 
        development, testing, and evaluation, and training, that is 
        demonstrable and is likely to impair or degrade the ability of 
        the armed forces to perform their warfighting missions.
            ``(2) The term `energy project' means a project that 
        provides for the generation or transmission of electrical 
        energy.
            ``(3) The term `landowner' means a person that owns a fee 
        interest in real property on which a proposed energy project is 
        planned to be located.
            ``(4) The term `military installation' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 2801(c)(4) of this title.
            ``(5) The term `military readiness' includes any training 
        or operation that could be related to combat readiness, 
        including testing and evaluation activities.
            ``(6) The term `military training route' means a training 
        route developed as part of the Military Training Route Program, 
        carried out jointly by the Federal Aviation Administration and 
        the Secretary of Defense, for use by the armed forces for the 
        purpose of conducting low-altitude, high-speed military 
        training.
            ``(7) The term `unacceptable risk to the national security 
        of the United States' means the construction, alteration, 
        establishment, or expansion, or the proposed construction, 
        alteration, establishment, or expansion, of a structure or 
        sanitary landfill that would--
                    ``(A) endanger safety in air commerce, related to 
                the activities of the Department of Defense;
                    ``(B) interfere with the efficient use and 
                preservation of the navigable airspace and of airport 
                traffic capacity at public-use airports, related to the 
                activities of the Department of Defense; or
                    ``(C) impair or degrade the capability of the 
                Department of Defense to conduct training, research, 
                development, testing, evaluation, and operations or to 
                maintain military readiness.''.
            (2) Conforming and clerical amendments.--
                    (A) Repeal of existing provision.--Section 358 of 
                the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for 
                Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 49 U.S.C. 44718 
                note) is repealed.
                    (B) Reference to definitions.--Section 44718(g) of 
                title 49, United States Code, is amended by striking 
                ``211.3 of title 32, Code of Federal Regulations, as in 
                effect on January 6, 2014'' both places it appears and 
                inserting ``183a(i) of title 10''.
                    (C) Table of sections amendment.--The table of 
                sections at the beginning of chapter 7 of title 10, 
                United States Code, is amended by inserting after the 
                item relating to section 183 the following new item:

``183a. Military Aviation, Range, and Installation Assurance Program 
                            Office for review of mission 
                            obstructions.''.
            (3) Deadline for initial identification of geographic 
        areas.--The initial identification of geographic areas under 
        subsection (d)(2)(B) of section 183a of title 10, United States 
        Code, as added by paragraph (1), shall be completed not later 
        than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (4) Applicability of existing rules and regulations.--
        Notwithstanding the amendments made by paragraphs (1) and (2), 
        any rule or regulation promulgated to carry out section 358 of 
        the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 49 U.S.C. 44718 note) that is in 
        effect on the day before the date of the enactment of this Act 
        shall continue in effect and apply to the extent such rule or 
        regulation is consistent with the authority under section 183a 
        of title 10, United States Code, as added by paragraph (1), 
        until such rule or regulation is otherwise amended or repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment Regarding Critical Military-use Airspace 
Areas.--Section 44718 of title 49, United States Code, as amended by 
subsection (a)(2)(B), is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (h); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(g) Special Rule for Identified Geographic Areas.--In the case of 
a proposed structure to be located within a geographic area identified 
under subsection (d)(2)(B) of section 183a of title 10, the Secretary 
of Transportation may not issue a determination until the Secretary of 
Defense issues a determination under subsection (e) of such section as 
to whether or not the proposed structure represents an unacceptable 
risk to the national security of the United States (as defined in 
subsection (i)(7) of such section).''.

SEC. 312. ENERGY PERFORMANCE GOALS AND MASTER PLAN.

    Section 2911(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting before the period at the 
        end the following: ``, the future demand for energy, and the 
        requirements for the use of energy'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``reduce the future 
        demand and the requirements for the use of energy'' and 
        inserting ``enhance energy resilience to ensure the Department 
        of Defense has the ability to prepare for and recover from 
        energy disruptions that affect mission assurance on military 
        installations''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(13) Opportunities to leverage financing provided by a 
        non-Department entity to address installation energy needs.''.

SEC. 313. PAYMENT TO ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY OF STIPULATED 
              PENALTY IN CONNECTION WITH UMATILLA CHEMICAL DEPOT, 
              OREGON.

    (a) Authority to Transfer Funds.--
            (1) Transfer amount.--The Secretary of the Army may 
        transfer an amount of not more than $125,000 to the Hazardous 
        Substance Superfund established under subchapter A of chapter 
        98 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986. Any such transfer 
        shall be made without regard to section 2215 of title 10, 
        United States Code.
            (2) Source of funds.--Any transfer under subsection (a) 
        shall be made using funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
        Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 for Base 
        Realignment and Closure, Army.
    (b) Purpose of Transfer.--A transfer under subsection (a) shall be 
for the purpose of satisfying a stipulated penalty assessed by the 
Environmental Protection Agency in the settlement agreement approved by 
the Army on July 14, 2016, against the Umatilla Chemical Depot, Oregon 
under the Federal Facility Agreement between the Army and the 
Environmental Protection Agency dated September 19, 1989.
    (c) Acceptance of Payment.--If the Secretary of the Army makes a 
transfer under subsection (a), the Administrator of the Environmental 
Protection Agency shall accept the amount transferred as payment in 
full of the penalty referred to in subsection (b).

SEC. 314. PAYMENT TO ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY OF STIPULATED 
              PENALTY IN CONNECTION WITH LONGHORN ARMY AMMUNITION 
              PLANT, TEXAS.

    (a) Authority to Transfer Funds.--
            (1) Transfer amount.--The Secretary of the Army may 
        transfer an amount of not more than $1,185,000 to the Hazardous 
        Substance Superfund established under subchapter A of chapter 
        98 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986. Any such transfer 
        shall be made without regard to section 2215 of title 10, 
        United States Code.
            (2) Source of funds.--Any transfer under subsection (a) 
        shall be made using funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
        Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 for 
        Environmental Restoration, Army.
    (b) Purpose of Transfer.--A transfer under subsection (a) shall be 
for the purpose of satisfying a stipulated penalty assessed by the 
Environmental Protection Agency on April 5, 2013, against Longhorn Army 
Ammunition Plant, Texas, under the Federal Facility Agreement for 
Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant, which was entered into between the Army 
and the Environmental Protection Agency in 1991.
    (c) Acceptance of Payment.--If the Secretary of the Army makes a 
transfer under subsection (a), the Administrator of the Environmental 
Protection Agency shall accept the amount transferred as payment in 
full of the penalty referred to in subsection (b).

SEC. 315. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CLEANUP AND REMOVAL OF PETROLEUM, OIL, 
              AND LUBRICANT ASSOCIATED WITH THE PRINZ EUGEN.

    Amounts authorized to be appropriated for the Department of Defense 
may by used for all necessary expenses for the removal and cleanup of 
petroleum, oil, and lubricants associated with the heavy cruiser Prinz 
Eugen, which was transferred from the United States to the Republic of 
the Marshall Islands in 1986.

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

SEC. 321. REAUTHORIZATION OF MULTI-TRADES DEMONSTRATION PROJECT.

    Section 338 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136; 10 U.S.C. 5013 note), as most recently 
amended by section 321 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1694) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (d), by striking ``2018'' and inserting 
        ``2023''; and
            (2) in subsection (e), by striking ``2019'' and inserting 
        ``2024''.

SEC. 322. GUIDANCE REGARDING USE OF ORGANIC INDUSTRIAL BASE.

    The Secretary of the Army shall maintain the arsenals with 
sufficient workloads to ensure affordability and technical competence 
in all critical capability areas by establishing, not later than 90 
days after the enactment of this Act, clear, step-by-step, prescriptive 
guidance on the process for conducting make-or-buy analyses, including 
the use of the organic industrial base.

                          Subtitle D--Reports

SEC. 331. QUARTERLY REPORTS ON PERSONNEL AND UNIT READINESS.

    (a) Modification and Improvement.--Section 482 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``Each report'' and inserting ``The 
                reports for the first and third quarters of a calendar 
                year''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                sentence: ``The reports for the second and fourth 
                quarters of a calendar year shall contain the 
                information required by subsection (j).'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by striking ``and 
                Remedial Actions'';
                    (B) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``Each report'' and inserting ``A report for 
                the second or fourth quarter of a calendar year'';
                    (C) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``and'' after 
                the semicolon;
                    (D) by striking paragraph (2); and
                    (E) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph 
                (2);
            (3) in subsection (d)(1), by striking ``Each report'' and 
        inserting ``A report for the second or fourth quarter of a 
        calendar year'';
            (4) in subsection (e), by striking ``Each report'' and 
        inserting ``A report for the second or fourth quarter of a 
        calendar year'';
            (5) in subsection (f)(1), by striking ``Each report'' and 
        inserting ``A report for the second or fourth quarter of a 
        calendar year'';
            (6) in subsection (g)(1), by striking ``Each report'' and 
        inserting ``A report for the second or fourth quarter of a 
        calendar year''; and
            (7) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(j) Remedial Actions.--A report for the first or third quarter of 
a calendar year shall include--
            ``(1) a description of the mitigation plans of the 
        Secretary to address readiness shortfalls and operational 
        deficiencies identified in the report submitted for the 
        preceding calendar quarter; and
            ``(2) for each such shortfall or deficiency, a timeline for 
        resolution, the cost necessary for such resolution, the 
        mitigation strategy the Department will employ until the 
        resolution is in place, and any legislative remedies 
        required.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 117 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by striking 
                ``Quarterly''and inserting ``Semi-annual''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``quarterly'' 
                and inserting ``semi-annual''; and
            (2) in subsection (e), by striking ``each quarter'' and 
        inserting ``semi-annually''.

SEC. 332. BIENNIAL REPORT ON CORE DEPOT-LEVEL MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR 
              CAPABILITY.

    Section 2464(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(4) Any workload shortfalls at any work breakdown 
        structure category designated as a lower-level category 
        pursuant to Department of Defense Instruction 4151.20, or any 
        successor instruction.
            ``(5) A description of any workload executed at a category 
        designated as a first-level category pursuant to such 
        Instruction, or any successor instruction, that could be used 
        to mitigate shortfalls in similar categories.
            ``(6) A description of any progress made on implementing 
        mitigation plans developed pursuant to paragraph (3).
            ``(7) A description of core capability requirements and 
        corresponding workloads at the first level category.
            ``(8) In the case of any shortfall that is identified, a 
        description of the shortfall and an identification of the 
        subcategory of the work breakdown structure in which the 
        shortfall occurred.
            ``(9) In the case of any work breakdown structure category 
        designated as a special interest item or other pursuant to such 
        Instruction, or any successor instruction, an explanation for 
        such designation.
            ``(10) Whether the core depot-level maintenance and repair 
        capability requirements described in the report submitted under 
        this subsection for the preceding fiscal year have been 
        executed.''.

SEC. 333. ANNUAL REPORT ON PERSONNEL, TRAINING, AND EQUIPMENT NEEDS OF 
              NON-FEDERALIZED NATIONAL GUARD.

    (a) Annual Report Required.--Section 10504 of title 10, United 
States Code, as amended by section 1051, is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by striking 
                ``Report.--'' and inserting ``Report on State of the 
                National Guard.--(1)''; and
                    (B) by striking ``The report'''' and inserting the 
                following:
    ``(2) The annual report required by paragraph (1)''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(b) Annual Report on Non-Federalized Service National Guard 
Personnel, Training, and Equipment Requirements.--(1) Not later than 
January 31 of each of calendar years 2018 through 2022, the Chief of 
the National Guard Bureau shall submit to the recipients described in 
paragraph (3) a report that identifies the personnel, training, and 
equipment required by the non-federalized National Guard--
            ``(A) to support civilian authorities in connection with 
        natural and man-made disasters during the covered period; and
            ``(B) to carry out prevention, protection, mitigation, 
        response, and recovery activities relating to such disasters 
        during the covered period.
    ``(2) In preparing each report under paragraph (1), the Chief of 
the National Guard Bureau shall--
            ``(A) consult with the chief executive of each State, the 
        Council of Governors, and other appropriate civilian 
        authorities;
            ``(B) collect and validate information from each State 
        relating to the personnel, training, and equipment requirements 
        described in paragraph (1);
            ``(C) set forth separately the personnel, training, and 
        equipment requirements for--
                    ``(i) each of the emergency support functions of 
                the National Response Framework; and
                    ``(ii) each of the Federal Emergency Management 
                Agency regions;
            ``(D) assess core civilian capability gaps relating to 
        natural and man-made disasters, as identified by States in 
        submissions to the Department of Homeland Security; and
            ``(E) take into account threat and hazard identifications 
        and risk assessments of the Department of Defense, the 
        Department of Homeland Security, and the States.
    ``(3) The annual report required by paragraph (1) shall be 
submitted to the following officials:
            ``(A) The congressional defense committees, the Committee 
        on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives, and the 
        Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the 
        Senate.
            ``(B) The Secretary of Defense.
            ``(C) The Secretary of Homeland Security.
            ``(D) The Council of Governors.
            ``(E) The Secretary of the Army.
            ``(F) The Secretary of the Air Force.
            ``(G) The Commander of the United States Northern Command.
            ``(H) The Commander of the United States Pacific Command.
            ``(I) The Commander of the United States Cyber Command.
    ``(4) In this subsection, the term `covered period' means the 
fiscal year beginning after the date on which a report is submitted 
under paragraph (1).''.
    (b) Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Section heading.--The heading of such section is 
        amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 10504. Chief of National Guard Bureau: annual reports''.
            (2) Table of contents.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 1011 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking the item relating to section 10504 and 
        inserting the following:

``10504. Chief of National Guard Bureau: annual reports.''.

SEC. 334. ANNUAL REPORT ON MILITARY WORKING DOGS USED BY THE DEPARTMENT 
              OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Capacity.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Executive Agent for Military Working Dogs (hereinafter in this section 
referred to as the ``Executive Agent''), shall--
            (1) identify the number of military working dogs required 
        to fulfill the various missions of the Department of Defense 
        for which such dogs are used, including force protection, 
        facility and check point security, and explosives and drug 
        detection;
            (2) take such steps as are practicable to ensure an 
        adequate number of military working dog teams are available to 
        meet and sustain the mission requirements identified in 
        paragraph (1);
            (3) ensure that the Department's needs and performance 
        standards with respect to military working dogs are readily 
        available to dog breeders and trainers; and
            (4) coordinate with other Federal, State, and local 
        agencies, nonprofit organizations, universities, and private 
        sector entities, as appropriate, to increase the training 
        capacity for military working dog teams.
    (b) Military Working Dog Procurement.--The Secretary, acting 
through the Executive Agent, shall work to ensure that military working 
dogs are procured as efficiently as possible and at the best value to 
the Government, while maintaining the necessary level of quality and 
encouraging increased domestic breeding.
    (c) Annual Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2018, and annually thereafter until September 30, 2021, the Secretary, 
acting through the Executive Agent, shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on the procurement and retirement of 
military working dogs for the fiscal year preceding the fiscal year 
during which the report is submitted. Each report under this subsection 
shall include the following for the fiscal year covered by the report:
            (1) The number of military working dogs procured, by 
        source, by each military department or Defense Agency.
            (2) The cost of procuring military working dogs incurred by 
        each military department or Defense Agency.
            (3) The number of domestically bred and sourced military 
        working dogs procured by each military department or Defense 
        Agency, including a list of vendors, their location, cost, and 
        the quantity of dogs procured from each vendor.
            (4) The number of non-domestically bred military working 
        dogs procured from non-domestic sources by each military 
        department or Defense Agency, including a list of vendors, 
        their location, cost, and the quantity of dogs procured from 
        each vendor.
            (5) The cost of procuring pre-trained and green dogs for 
        force protection, facility and checkpoint security, and 
        improvised explosive device, other explosives, and drug 
        detection.
            (6) An analysis of the procurement practices of each 
        military department or Defense Agency that limit market access 
        for domestic canine vendors and breeders.
            (7) The total cost of procuring domestically bred military 
        working dogs versus the total cost of procuring dogs from non-
        domestic sources.
            (8) The total number of domestically bred dogs and the 
        number of dogs from foreign sources procured by each military 
        department or Defense Agency and the number and percentage of 
        those dogs that are ultimately deployed for their intended use.
            (9) An explanation for any significant difference in the 
        cost of procuring military working dogs from different sources.
            (10) An estimate of the number of military working dogs 
        expected to retire annually and an identification of the 
        primary cause of the retirement of such dogs.
            (11) An identification of the final disposition of military 
        working dogs no longer in service.
    (d) Military Working Dog Defined.--For purposes of this section, 
the term ``military working dog'' means a dog used in any official 
military capacity, as defined by the Secretary of Defense.

SEC. 335. ANNUAL BRIEFINGS ON ARMY EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL.

    Not later than 60 days after the last day of each of fiscal years 
2018 through 2021, the Secretary of the Army shall provide to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
briefings on the actions the Army has taken to address the following:
            (1) Programmed funding and manpower to establish and 
        implement the explosive ordnance disposal (hereinafter referred 
        to as ``EOD'') assistant commandant position in the Army 
        Ordnance School.
            (2) EOD personnel talent management, including command 
        opportunities and promotion within the Army logistics cohort, 
        and career broadening opportunities, including participation in 
        joint, interagency, and multinational EOD commissioned officer 
        and non-commissioned officer positions.
            (3) How the EOD career path ensures and maintains technical 
        proficiency for EOD-qualified personnel.
            (4) Efforts to improve EOD proponency and advocacy across 
        the Army, including activities of the EOD Board of Advisors.
            (5) Efforts to enhance synchronization of EOD with other 
        Army missions and functions and retain critical 
        interdependencies.
            (6) Annual funding programmed through the future-years 
        defense program and executed during the preceding fiscal year 
        for EOD requirements including personnel, training, and 
        equipment.

SEC. 336. REPORT ON EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) Secretary of Defense James Mattis has stated: ``It is 
        appropriate for the Combatant Commands to incorporate drivers 
        of instability that impact the security environment in their 
        areas into their planning.''.
            (2) Secretary of Defense James Mattis has stated: ``I agree 
        that the effects of a changing climate -- such as increased 
        maritime access to the Arctic, rising sea levels, 
        desertification, among others -- impact our security 
        situation.''.
            (3) Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Joseph Dunford 
        has stated: ``It's a question, once again, of being forward 
        deployed, forward engaged, and be in a position to respond to 
        the kinds of natural disasters that I think we see as a second 
        or third order effect of climate change.''.
            (4) Former Secretary of Defense Robert Gates has stated: 
        ``Over the next 20 years and more, certain pressures-
        population, energy, climate, economic, environmental-could 
        combine with rapid cultural, social, and technological change 
        to produce new sources of deprivation, rage, and 
        instability.''.
            (5) Former Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army Gordon Sullivan 
        has stated: ``Climate change is a national security issue. We 
        found that climate instability will lead to instability in 
        geopolitics and impact American military operations around the 
        world.''.
            (6) The Office of the Director of National Intelligence 
        (ODNI) has stated: ``Many countries will encounter climate-
        induced disruptions--such as weather-related disasters, 
        drought, famine, or damage to infrastructure--that stress their 
        capacity to respond, cope with, or adapt. Climate-related 
        impacts will also contribute to increased migration, which can 
        be particularly disruptive if, for example, demand for food and 
        shelter outstrips the resources available to assist those in 
        need.''.
            (7) The Government Accountability Office (GAO) has stated: 
        ``DOD links changes in precipitation patterns with potential 
        climate change impacts such as changes in the number of 
        consecutive days of high or low precipitation as well as 
        increases in the extent and duration of droughts, with an 
        associated increase in the risk of wildfire. . . this may 
        result in mission vulnerabilities such as reduced live-fire 
        training due to drought and increased wildfire risk.''.
            (8) A three-foot rise in sea levels will threaten the 
        operations of more than 128 United States military sites, and 
        it is possible that many of these at-risk bases could be 
        submerged in the coming years.
            (9) As global temperatures rise, droughts and famines can 
        lead to more failed states, which are breeding grounds of 
        extremist and terrorist organizations.
            (10) In the Marshall Islands, an Air Force radar 
        installation built on an atoll at a cost of $1,000,000,000 is 
        projected to be underwater within two decades.
            (11) In the western United States, drought has amplified 
        the threat of wildfires, and floods have damaged roads, 
        runways, and buildings on military bases.
            (12) In the Arctic, the combination of melting sea ice, 
        thawing permafrost, and sea-level rise is eroding shorelines, 
        which is damaging radar and communication installations, 
        runways, seawalls, and training areas.
            (13) In the Yukon Training Area, units conducting artillery 
        training accidentally started a wildfire despite observing the 
        necessary practices during red flag warning conditions.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) climate change is a direct threat to the national 
        security of the United States and is impacting stability in 
        areas of the world both where the United States Armed Forces 
        are operating today, and where strategic implications for 
        future conflict exist;
            (2) there are complexities in quantifying the cost of 
        climate change on mission resiliency, but the Department of 
        Defense must ensure that it is prepared to conduct operations 
        both today and in the future and that it is prepared to address 
        the effects of a changing climate on threat assessments, 
        resources, and readiness; and
            (3) military installations must be able to effectively 
        prepare to mitigate climate damage in their master planning and 
        infrastructure planning and design, so that they might best 
        consider the weather and natural resources most pertinent to 
        them.
    (c) Report.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than one year after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
        shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
        and the House of Representatives a report on vulnerabilities to 
        military installations and combatant commander requirements 
        resulting from climate change over the next 20 years.
            (2) Elements.--The report on vulnerabilities to military 
        installations and combatant commander requirements required by 
        paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) A list of the ten most vulnerable military 
                installations within each service based on the effects 
                of rising sea tides, increased flooding, drought, 
                desertification, wildfires, thawing permafrost, and any 
                other categories the Secretary determines necessary.
                    (B) An overview of mitigations that may be 
                necessary to ensure the continued operational viability 
                and to increase the resiliency of the identified 
                vulnerable military installations and the cost of such 
                mitigations.
                    (C) A discussion of the climate-change related 
                effects on the Department, including the increase in 
                the frequency of humanitarian assistance and disaster 
                relief missions and the theater campaign plans, 
                contingency plans, and global posture of the combatant 
                commanders.
                    (D) An overview of mitigations that may be 
                necessary to ensure mission resiliency and the cost of 
                such mitigations.
            (3) Form.--The report required subparagraph (1) shall be 
        submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a classified 
        annex.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

SEC. 341. EXPLOSIVE SAFETY BOARD.

    (a) Modification and Improvement of Ammunition Storage Board.--
Section 172 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Secretaries of the military departments'' 
        and inserting ``Secretary of Defense'';
            (2) by inserting ``that includes members'' after ``joint 
        board'';
            (3) by striking ``selected by them'' and inserting 
        ``selected by the Secretaries of the military departments,'';
            (4) by inserting ``military'' before ``officers'';
            (5) by inserting ``designated as the chair and voting 
        members of the board for each military department'' after 
        ``officers'';
            (6) by inserting ``and other'' before ``civilian 
        officers'';
            (7) by striking ``or both'' and inserting ``as necessary''; 
        and
            (8) by striking ``keep informed on stored'' and inserting 
        ``provide oversight on storage and transportation of''.
    (b) Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Section heading.--The heading of section 172 of title 
        10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``Ammunition 
        storage'' and inserting ``Explosive safety''.
            (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 7 of such title is amended by striking the 
        item relating to section 172 and inserting the following new 
        item:

``172. Explosive safety board.''.

SEC. 342. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SUPPORT FOR MILITARY SERVICE MEMORIALS 
              AND MUSEUMS THAT HIGHLIGHT THE ROLE OF WOMEN IN THE ARMED 
              FORCES.

    The Secretary of Defense may provide financial support for the 
acquisition, installation, and maintenance of exhibits, facilities, 
historical displays, and programs at military service memorials and 
museums that highlight the role of women in the Armed Forces. The 
Secretary may enter into a contract with a nonprofit organization for 
the purpose of performing such acquisition, installation, and 
maintenance.

SEC. 343. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR ADVANCED SKILLS 
              MANAGEMENT SOFTWARE SYSTEM OF THE NAVY.

    (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 for the 
Department of Defense may be obligated or expended for the enhancement 
of the advanced skills management software system of the Navy until a 
period of 60 days has elapsed following the date on which Secretary of 
the Navy makes the submission required under subsection (b)(3).
    (b) Briefing and Certification.--The Secretary of the Navy shall--
            (1) provide to the Committee on Armed Services of the House 
        of Representatives a briefing on any enhancements that are 
        needed for the advanced skills management software system of 
        the Navy;
            (2) after providing the briefing under paragraph (1), issue 
        a request for information for such enhancements in accordance 
        with part 15.2 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation; and
            (3) submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the House 
        of Representatives--
                    (A) the results of the request for information 
                issued under paragraph (2); and
                    (B) a written certification that--
                            (i) as part of the request for information, 
                        the Secretary solicited information on 
                        commercially available off-the-shelf software 
                        solutions that may be used to enhance the 
                        advanced skills management software system of 
                        the Navy; and
                            (ii) the Secretary has considered using 
                        such solutions.
    (c) Advanced Skills Management Software System Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``advanced skills management software system'' means 
a software application designed to--
            (1) identify job task requirements for Navy personnel;
            (2) assist in determining the proficiencies of such 
        personnel;
            (3) document qualifications and certifications of such 
        personnel; and
            (4) track the technical training completed by Navy aviation 
        maintenance personnel.

SEC. 344. COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS OF UNIFORM SPECIFICATIONS FOR AFGHAN 
              MILITARY OR SECURITY FORCES.

    Beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act, whenever the 
Secretary of Defense enters into a contract for the provision of 
uniforms for Afghan military or security forces, the Secretary shall 
require, as a condition of the contract, that the contract include a 
requirement that the contractor conduct a cost-benefit analysis of the 
uniform specification for the Afghan military or security forces 
uniform. Such analysis shall determine--
            (1) whether there is a more effective alternative uniform 
        specification, considering both operational environment and 
        cost, available to the Afghan military or security forces;
            (2) the efficacy of the existing pattern compared to other 
        alternatives (both proprietary and non-proprietary patterns); 
        and
            (3) the costs and feasibility of transitioning the uniforms 
        of the Afghan military or security forces to a pattern owned by 
        the United States, using existing excess inventory where 
        available, and acquiring the rights to the Spec4ce Forest 
        pattern.

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.

    The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty personnel 
as of September 30, 2018, as follows:
            (1) The Army, 486,000.
            (2) The Navy, 327,900.
            (3) The Marine Corps, 185,000.
            (4) The Air Force, 325,100.

SEC. 402. REVISIONS IN PERMANENT ACTIVE DUTY END STRENGTH MINIMUM 
              LEVELS.

    Section 691(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking paragraphs (1) through (4) and inserting the following new 
paragraphs:
            ``(1) For the Army, 486,000.
            ``(2) For the Navy, 327,900.
            ``(3) For the Marine Corps, 185,000.
            ``(4) For the Air Force, 325,100.''.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.

    (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for 
Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as of September 
30, 2018, as follows:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 347,000.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 202,000.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 59,000.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 38,500.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 106,600.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 69,800.
            (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 7,000.
    (b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed by 
subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve component shall 
be proportionately reduced by--
            (1) the total authorized strength of units organized to 
        serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such component which 
        are on active duty (other than for training) at the end of the 
        fiscal year; and
            (2) the total number of individual members not in units 
        organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such 
        component who are on active duty (other than for training or 
        for unsatisfactory participation in training) without their 
        consent at the end of the fiscal year.
    (c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual members 
of the Selected Reserve for any reserve component are released from 
active duty during any fiscal year, the end strength prescribed for 
such fiscal year for the Selected Reserve of such reserve component 
shall be increased proportionately by the total authorized strengths of 
such units and by the total number of such individual members.

SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF THE 
              RESERVES.

    Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the reserve 
components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of September 30, 
2018, the following number of Reserves to be serving on full-time 
active duty or full-time duty, in the case of members of the National 
Guard, for the purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, 
instructing, or training the reserve components:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 30,155.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 16,261.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 10,101.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,261.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,260.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 3,588.

SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS).

    (a) In General.--The authorized number of military technicians 
(dual status) as of September 30, 2018, for the reserve components of 
the Army and the Air Force (notwithstanding section 129 of title 10, 
United States Code) shall be the following:
            (1) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 
        25,507.
            (2) For the Army Reserve, 7,427.
            (3) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 
        21,893.
            (4) For the Air Force Reserve, 10,160.
    (b) Variance.--Notwithstanding section 115 of title 10, United 
States Code, the end strength prescribed by subsection (a) for a 
reserve component specified in that subsection may be increased--
            (1) by 3 percent, upon determination by the Secretary of 
        Defense that such action is in the national interest; and
            (2) by 2 percent, upon determination by the Secretary of 
        the military department concerned that such action would 
        enhance manning and readiness in essential units or in critical 
        specialties or ratings.

SEC. 414. FISCAL YEAR 2018 LIMITATION ON NUMBER OF NON-DUAL STATUS 
              TECHNICIANS.

    (a) Limitations.--
            (1) National guard.--Within the limitation provided in 
        section 10217(c)(2) of title 10, United States Code, the number 
        of non-dual status technicians employed by the National Guard 
        as of September 30, 2018, may not exceed the following:
                    (A) For the Army National Guard of the United 
                States, 1,600.
                    (B) For the Air National Guard of the United 
                States, 350.
            (2) Army reserve.--The number of non-dual status 
        technicians employed by the Army Reserve as of September 30, 
        2018, may not exceed 420.
            (3) Air force reserve.--The number of non-dual status 
        technicians employed by the Air Force Reserve as of September 
        30, 2018, may not exceed 90.
    (b) Non-dual Status Technicians Defined.--In this section, the term 
``non-dual status technician'' has the meaning given that term in 
section 10217(a) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 415. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO BE ON 
              ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.

    During fiscal year 2018, the maximum number of members of the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving at any time 
on full-time operational support duty under section 115(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is the following:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 17,000.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,000.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby authorized 
to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 for the use of the Armed Forces 
and other activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for 
expenses, not otherwise provided for, for military personnel, as 
specified in the funding table in section 4401.
    (b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
appropriations in subsection (a) supersedes any other authorization of 
appropriations (definite or indefinite) for such purpose for fiscal 
year 2018.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

          Subtitle A--Regular and Reserve Component Management

SEC. 501. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO CONVERSION OF 
              CERTAIN MILITARY TECHNICIAN (DUAL STATUS) POSITIONS TO 
              CIVILIAN POSITIONS.

    (a) Revised Reduction and Deadline.--Section 1053(a)(1) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 
114-92; 10 U.S.C. 10216 note), as amended by section 1084(a)(1) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 
114-328; 130 Stat. 2421), is further amended--
            (1) by striking ``October 1, 2017'' and inserting ``October 
        1, 2018''; and
            (2) by striking ``20 percent'' and inserting ``10 
        percent''.
    (b) Reporting Requirement.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report containing such 
recommendations as the Secretary considers appropriate for revising 
section 709 of title 32, United States Code, regarding the employment, 
use, and status of military technicians in the National Guard. The 
Secretary shall prepare the recommendations in consultation with the 
Secretary of the Army, the Secretary of the Air Force, and the Chief of 
the National Guard Bureau.

SEC. 502. PILOT PROGRAM ON USE OF RETIRED SENIOR ENLISTED MEMBERS OF 
              THE ARMY NATIONAL GUARD AS ARMY NATIONAL GUARD 
              RECRUITERS.

    (a) Pilot Program Authorized.--The Secretary of the Army may carry 
out a pilot program for the Army National Guard under which retired 
senior enlisted members of the Army National Guard would serve as 
contract recruiters for the Army National Guard.
    (b) Objectives of Pilot Program.--The Secretary of the Army shall 
design any pilot program conducted under this section to determine the 
following:
            (1) The feasibility and effectiveness of hiring retired 
        senior enlisted members of the Army National Guard who have 
        retired within the previous two years to serve as recruiters.
            (2) The merits of hiring such retired senior enlisted 
        members as contractors or as employees of the Department of 
        Defense.
            (3) The best method of providing a competitive compensation 
        package for such retired senior enlisted members.
            (4) The merits of requiring such retired senior enlisted 
        members to wear a military uniform while performing recruiting 
        duties under the pilot program.
    (c) Consultation.--In developing a pilot program under this 
section, the Secretary of the Army shall consult with the operators of 
a previous pilot program carried out by the Army involving the use of 
contract recruiters.
    (d) Commencement and Duration.--The Secretary of the Army may 
commence a pilot program under this section on or after January 1, 
2018, and all activities under such a pilot program shall terminate no 
later than December 31, 2022.
    (e) Reporting Requirement.--If a pilot program is conducted under 
this section, the Secretary of the Army shall submit to the Committees 
on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a 
report containing an evaluation of the success of the pilot program, 
including the determinations described in subsection (b). The report 
shall be submitted not later than January 1, 2020.

SEC. 503. EQUAL TREATMENT OF ORDERS TO SERVE ON ACTIVE DUTY UNDER 
              SECTION 12304A AND 12304B OF TITLE 10, UNITED STATES 
              CODE.

    (a) Eligibility of Reserve Component Members for Pre-mobilization 
Health Care.--Section 1074(d)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``in support of a contingency operation under'' and 
inserting ``under section 12304b of this title or''.
    (b) Eligibility of Reserve Component Members for Transitional 
Health Care.--Section 1145(a)(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``in support of a contingency operation'' and 
inserting ``under section 12304b of this title or a provision of law 
referred to in section 101(a)(13)(B) of this title''.

SEC. 504. DIRECT EMPLOYMENT PILOT PROGRAM FOR MEMBERS OF THE NATIONAL 
              GUARD AND RESERVE.

    (a) Program Authority.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out a 
pilot program to enhance the efforts of the Department of Defense to 
provide job placement assistance and related employment services 
directly to members in the National Guard and Reserves.
    (b) Administration.--The pilot program shall be offered to, and 
administered by, the adjutants general appointed under section 314 of 
title 32, United States Code.
    (c) Cost-sharing Requirement.--As a condition on the provision of 
funds under this section to a State to support the operation of the 
pilot program in the State, the State must agree to contribute an 
amount, derived from non-Federal sources, equal to at least 30 percent 
of the funds provided by the Secretary of Defense under this section.
    (d) Direct Employment Program Model.--The pilot program should 
follow a job placement program model that focuses on working one-on-one 
with a member of a reserve component to cost-effectively provide job 
placement services, including services such as identifying unemployed 
and under employed members, job matching services, resume editing, 
interview preparation, and post-employment follow up. Development of 
the pilot program should be informed by State direct employment 
programs for members of the reserve components, such as the programs 
conducted in California and South Carolina.
    (e) Evaluation.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop outcome 
measurements to evaluate the success of the pilot program.
    (f) Reporting Requirements.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than January 31, 2022, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
        report describing the results of the pilot program. The 
        Secretary shall prepare the report in coordination with the 
        Chief of the National Guard Bureau.
            (2) Elements of report.--A report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A description and assessment of the 
                effectiveness and achievements of the pilot program, 
                including the number of members of the reserve 
                components hired and the cost-per-placement of 
                participating members.
                    (B) An assessment of the impact of the pilot 
                program and increased reserve component employment 
                levels on the readiness of members of the reserve 
                components.
                    (C) Any other matters considered appropriate by the 
                Secretary.
    (g) Duration of Authority.--
            (1) In general.--The authority to carry out the pilot 
        program expires September 30, 2020.
            (2) Extension.--Upon the expiration of the authority under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense may extend the pilot 
        program for not more than two additional fiscal years.

  Subtitle B--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                Records

SEC. 511. CONSIDERATION OF ADDITIONAL MEDICAL EVIDENCE BY BOARDS FOR 
              THE CORRECTION OF MILITARY RECORDS AND LIBERAL 
              CONSIDERATION OF EVIDENCE RELATING TO POST-TRAUMATIC 
              STRESS DISORDER OR TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY.

    (a) In General.--Section 1552 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (h) and (i) as subsections 
        (i) and (j), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (g) the following new 
        subsection (h):
    ``(h)(1) This subsection applies to a former member of the armed 
forces whose claim under this section for review of a discharge or 
dismissal is based in whole or in part on matters relating to post-
traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain injury as supporting 
rationale, or as justification for priority consideration, and whose 
post-traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain injury is related to 
combat or military sexual trauma, as determined by the Secretary 
concerned.
    ``(2) In the case of a claimant described in paragraph (1), a board 
established under subsection (a)(1) shall--
            ``(A) review medical evidence of the Secretary of Veterans 
        Affairs or a civilian health care provider that is presented by 
        the claimant; and
            ``(B) review the claim with liberal consideration to the 
        claimant that post-traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain 
        injury potentially contributed to the circumstances resulting 
        in the discharge or dismissal or to the original 
        characterization of the claimant's discharge or dismissal.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1553(d)(3)(A)(ii) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``discharge of a lesser 
characterization'' and inserting ``discharge or dismissal or to the 
original characterization of the member's discharge or dismissal''.

SEC. 512. PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION RELATED TO DISPOSITION OF 
              CLAIMS REGARDING DISCHARGE OR RELEASE OF MEMBERS OF THE 
              ARMED FORCES WHEN THE CLAIMS INVOLVE SEXUAL ASSAULT.

    (a) Boards for the Correction of Military Records.--Subsection (i) 
of section 1552, United States Code, as redesignated by section 511, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(4) The number and disposition of claims decided during 
        the calendar quarter preceding the calendar quarter in which 
        such information is made available in which sexual assault is 
        alleged to have contributed, whether in whole or in part, to 
        the original characterization of the discharge or release of 
        the claimant.''.
    (b) Discharge Review Boards.--Section 1553(f) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
            ``(4) The number and disposition of claims decided during 
        the calendar quarter preceding the calendar quarter in which 
        such information is made available in which sexual assault is 
        alleged to have contributed, whether in whole or in part, to 
        the original characterization of the discharge or release of 
        the claimant.''.

SEC. 513. PILOT PROGRAM ON USE OF VIDEO TELECONFERENCING TECHNOLOGY BY 
              BOARDS FOR THE CORRECTION OF MILITARY RECORDS AND 
              DISCHARGE REVIEW BOARDS.

    (a) Pilot Program Authorized.--The Secretary of Defense may carry 
out a pilot program under which boards for the correction of military 
records established under section 1552 of title 10, United States Code, 
and discharge review boards established under section 1553 of such 
title are authorized to utilize video teleconferencing technology in 
the performance of their duties.
    (b) Purpose.--The purpose of the pilot program is to evaluate the 
feasibility and cost-effectiveness of utilizing video teleconferencing 
technology to allow persons who raise a claim before a board for the 
correction of military records, persons who request a review by a 
discharge review board, and witnesses who present evidence to such a 
board to appear before such a board without being physically present.
    (c) Implementation.--As part of the pilot program, the Secretary of 
Defense shall make funds available to develop the capabilities of 
boards for the correction of military records and discharge review 
boards to effectively use video teleconferencing technology.
    (d) No Expansion of Eligibility.--Nothing in the pilot program is 
intended to alter the eligibility criteria of persons who may raise a 
claim before a board for the correction of military records, request a 
review by a discharge review board, or present evidence to such a 
board.
    (e) Termination.--The authority of the Secretary of Defense to 
carry out the pilot program shall terminate on December 31, 2020.

SEC. 514. INCLUSION OF SPECIFIC EMAIL ADDRESS BLOCK ON CERTIFICATE OF 
              RELEASE OR DISCHARGE FROM ACTIVE DUTY (DD FORM 214).

    (a) Modification Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall modify 
the Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty (DD Form 214) 
to include a specific block explicitly identified as the location in 
which a member of the Armed Forces may provide one or more email 
addresses by which the member may be contacted after discharge or 
release from active duty in the Armed Forces.
    (b) Deadline for Modification.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
release a revised Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty 
(DD Form 214), modified as required by subsection (a), not later than 
one year after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 515. PROVISION OF INFORMATION ON NATURALIZATION THROUGH MILITARY 
              SERVICE.

    The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that members of the Army, 
Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps who are aliens lawfully admitted to 
the United States for permanent residence are informed of the 
availability of naturalization through service in the Armed Forces 
under section 328 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
1439) and the process by which to pursue naturalization. The Secretary 
shall ensure that resources are available to assist qualified members 
of the Armed Forces to navigate the application and naturalization 
process.

          Subtitle C--Military Justice and Other Legal Issues

SEC. 521. CLARIFYING AMENDMENTS RELATED TO THE UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY 
              JUSTICE REFORM BY THE MILITARY JUSTICE ACT OF 2016.

    (a) Enforcement of Rights of Victims of Offenses Under UCMJ.--
Section 806b(e)(3) of title 10, United States Code (article 6b(e)(3) of 
the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(3)'';
            (2) by striking ``President, and, to the extent 
        practicable, shall have priority over all other proceedings 
        before the court.'' and inserting the following; ``President, 
        subject to section 830a of this title (article 30a).''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
    ``(B) To the extent practicable, a petition for a writ of mandamus 
described in this subsection shall have priority over all other 
proceedings before the Court of Criminal Appeals.
    ``(C) Review of any decision by the Court of Criminal Appeals on a 
petition for a writ of mandamus described in this subsection shall have 
priority in the Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces, as determined 
under the rules of the Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces.''.
    (b) Review of Certain Matters Before Referral of Charges and 
Specifications.--Subsection (a)(1) of section 830a of title 10, United 
States Code (article 30a of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), as 
added by section 5202 of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E 
of Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2904), is amended by adding at the end 
the following new subparagraph:
            ``(D) Pre-referral matters under subsection (c) or (e) of 
        section 806b of this title (article 6b).''.
    (c) Defense Counsel Assistance in Post-trial Matters for Accused 
Convicted by Court-martial.--Section 838(c)(2) of title 10, United 
States Code (article 38(c)(2) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), 
is amended by striking ``section 860 of this title (article 60)'' and 
inserting ``section 860, 860a, or 860b of this title (article 60, 60a, 
or 60b)''.
    (d) Limitation on Acceptance of Plea Agreements.--Subsection (b) of 
section 853a of title 10, United States Code (article 53a of the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), as added by section 5237 of the 
Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-328; 130 
Stat. 2917), is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``or'' after the 
        semicolon;
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking the period and inserting 
        a semicolon; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(4) is prohibited by law; or
            ``(5) is contrary to, or is inconsistent with, a regulation 
        prescribed by the President with respect to terms, conditions, 
        or other aspects of plea agreements.''.
    (e) Applicability of Standards and Procedures to Sentence Appeal by 
the United States.--Subsection (d)(1) of section 856 of title 10, 
United States Code (article 56 of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), as added by section 5301 of the Military Justice Act of 2016 
(division E of Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2919), is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by inserting 
        after ``concerned,'' the following: ``and consistent with 
        standards and procedures set forth in regulations prescribed by 
        the President,''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (B), by inserting before the period at 
        the end the following: ``, as determined in accordance with 
        standards and procedures prescribed by the President''.
    (f) Sentence of Reduction in Enlisted Grade.--
            (1) In general.--Subsection (a) of section 858a of title 
        10, United States Code (article 58a of the Uniform Code of 
        Military Justice), as amended by section 5303(1) of the 
        Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-328; 
        130 Stat. 2923), is further amended in the matter after 
        paragraph (3) by striking ``, effective on the date'' and 
        inserting the following: ``, if such a reduction is authorized 
        by regulation prescribed by the President. The reduction in pay 
        grade shall take effect on the date''.
            (2) Section heading.--The heading of section 858a of title 
        10, United States Code (article 58a of the Uniform Code of 
        Military Justice), is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 858a. Art 58a. Sentences: reduction in enlisted grade''.
            (3) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of subchapter VIII of chapter 47 of title 10, United 
        States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice) is amended 
        by striking the item relating to section 858a (article 58a) and 
        inserting the following new item:

``858a. 58a. Sentences: reduction in enlisted grade.''.
    (g) Convening Authority Authorities.--Section 858b(b) of title 10, 
United States Code (article 58b(b) of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), is amended in the first sentence by striking ``section 860 of 
this title (article 60)'' and inserting ``section 860a or 860b of this 
title (article 60a or 60b)''.
    (h) Appeal by the United State.--Section 862(b) of title 10, United 
States Code (article 62(b) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
amended by striking ``, notwithstanding section 866(c) of this title 
(article 66(c))''.
    (i) Rehearing and Sentencing.--Subsection (b) of section 863 of 
title 10, United States Code (article 63 of the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice), as added by section 5327 of the Military Justice Act 
of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2929), is amended 
by inserting before the period at the end the following: ``, subject to 
such limitations as the President may prescribe by regulation''.
    (j) Courts of Criminal Appeals.--Section 866 of title 10, United 
States Code (article 66 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), as 
amended by section 5330 of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E 
of Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2932), is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (e)(2)(C), by inserting after 
        ``required'' the following: ``by regulation prescribed by the 
        President or''; and
            (2) in subsection (f)(3), by adding at the end the 
        following new sentence: ``If the Court of Appeals for the Armed 
        Forces determines that additional proceedings are warranted, 
        the Court of Criminal Appeals shall order a hearing or other 
        proceeding in accordance with the direction of the Court of 
        Appeals for the Armed Forces.''.
    (k) Military Justice Review Panel.--Subsection (f) of section 946 
of title 10, United States Code (article 146 of the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice), as added by section 5521 of the Military Justice Act 
of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2962), is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``fiscal year 2020'' in 
        the first sentence and inserting ``fiscal year 2021'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the sentence beginning 
        ``Not later than'' and inserting the following new sentence: 
        ``The analysis under this paragraph shall be included in the 
        assessment required by paragraph (1).''; and
            (3) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the following 
        new paragraph (5):
            ``(5) Reports.--With respect to each review and assessment 
        under this subsection, the Panel shall submit a report to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives. Each report--
                    ``(A) shall set forth the results of the review and 
                assessment concerned, including the findings and 
                recommendations of the Panel; and
                    ``(B) shall be submitted not later than December 31 
                of the calendar year in which the review and assessment 
                is concluded.''.
    (l) Transitional Compensation for Dependents of Members Separated 
for Dependent Abuse.--Section 1059(e) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(A)(ii), by striking ``the approval 
        of'' and all that follows through ``as approved,'' and 
        inserting ``entry of judgment under section 860c of this title 
        (article 60c of the Uniform Code of Military Justice) if the 
        sentence''; and
            (2) in paragraph (3)(A), by striking ``by a court-martial'' 
        the second place it appears and all that follows through 
        ``include any such punishment,'' and inserting ``for a 
        dependent-abuse offense and the conviction is disapproved or is 
        otherwise not part of the judgment under section 860c of this 
        title (article 60c of the Uniform Code of Military Justice) or 
        the punishment is disapproved or is otherwise not part of the 
        judgment under such section (article),''.
    (m) Benefits for Dependents Who Are Victims of Abuse by Members 
Losing Right to Retired Pay.--Section 1408(h)(10)(A) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``the approval'' and all 
that follows through the end of the subparagraph and inserting ``entry 
of judgment under section 860c of this title (article 60c of the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice).''.
    (n) Treatment of Certain Offenses Pending Execution of Military 
Justice Act of 2016 Amendments.--
            (1) Child abuse offenses.--With respect to offenses 
        committed before the date designated by the President under 
        section 5542(a) of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E 
        of Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2967), subsection (b)(2)(B) of 
        section 843 of title 10, United States Code (article 43 of the 
        Uniform Code of Military Justice), shall be applied as in 
        effect on December 22, 2016.
            (2) Fraudulent enlistment or appointment offenses.--With 
        respect to the period beginning on December 23, 2016, and 
        ending on the day before the date designated by the President 
        under section 5542(a) of the Military Justice Act of 2016 
        (division E of Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2967), in the 
        application of subsection (h) of section 843 of title 10, 
        United States Code (article 43 of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice), as added by section 5225(b) of that Act (130 Stat. 
        2909), the reference in such subsection (h) to section 904a(1) 
        of title 10, United States Code (article 104a(1) of the Uniform 
        Code of Military Justice), shall be deemed to be a reference to 
        section 883(1) of title 10, United States Code (article 83(1) 
        of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).
    (o) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect immediately after the amendments made by the Military Justice 
Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-328) take effect as provided 
for in section 5542 of that Act (130 Stat. 2967).

SEC. 522. MINIMUM CONFINEMENT PERIOD REQUIRED FOR CONVICTION OF CERTAIN 
              SEX-RELATED OFFENSES COMMITTED BY MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
              FORCES.

    (a) Mandatory Punishments.--Section 856(b)(1) of title 10, United 
States Code (article 56(b)(1) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), 
as amended by section 5301 of the Military Justice Act of 2016 
(division E of Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2919), is further amended 
by striking ``shall include dismissal or dishonorable discharge, as 
applicable.'' and inserting the following: ``shall include, at a 
minimum--
            ``(A) dismissal or dishonorable discharge, as applicable; 
        and
            ``(B) confinement for two years.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect immediately after the amendments made by the Military 
Justice Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-328) take effect as 
provided for in section 5542 of that Act (130 Stat. 2967).

SEC. 523. PROHIBITION ON WRONGFUL BROADCAST OR DISTRIBUTION OF INTIMATE 
              VISUAL IMAGES.

    (a) Prohibition.--Subchapter X of chapter 47 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting after section 917 (article 117 of 
the Uniform Code of Military Justice) the following new section 
(article):
``Sec. 917a. Art. 117a. Wrongful broadcast or distribution of intimate 
              visual images
    ``(a) Prohibition.--Any person subject to this chapter who--
            ``(1) knowingly and wrongfully broadcasts or distributes an 
        intimate visual image of a private area of another person who--
                    ``(A) is at least 18 years of age at the time the 
                intimate visual image was created;
                    ``(B) is identifiable from the image itself or from 
                information displayed in connection with the image; and
                    ``(C) does not explicitly consent to the broadcast 
                or distribution of the intimate visual image;
            ``(2) knows or reasonably should have known that the 
        intimate visual image was made under circumstances in which the 
        person depicted in the intimate visual image retained a 
        reasonable expectation of privacy regarding any broadcast or 
        distribution of the intimate visual image; and
            ``(3) knows or reasonably should have known that the 
        broadcast or distribution of the intimate visual image is 
        likely--
                    ``(A) to cause harm, harassment, intimidation, 
                emotional distress, or financial loss for the person 
                depicted in the intimate visual image; or
                    ``(B) to harm substantially the depicted person 
                with respect to that person's health, safety, business, 
                calling, career, financial condition, reputation, or 
                personal relationships;
is guilty of wrongful distribution of intimate visual images and shall 
by punished as a court-martial may direct.
    ``(b) Definitions.--In this section (article):
            ``(1) Broadcast.--The term `broadcast' means to 
        electronically transmit a visual image with the intent that it 
        be viewed by a person or persons.
            ``(2) Distribute.--The term `distribute' means to deliver 
        to the actual or constructive possession of another person, 
        including transmission by mail or electronic means.
            ``(3) Intimate visual image.--The term `intimate visual 
        image' means a photograph, video, film, or recording made by 
        any means that depicts a private area of a person.
            ``(4) Private area.--The term `private area' means the 
        naked or underwear-clad genitalia, anus, buttocks, or female 
        areola or nipple.
            ``(5) Reasonable expectation of privacy.--The term 
        `reasonable expectation of privacy' refers to circumstances in 
        which a reasonable person would believe that an intimate visual 
        image of a private area of the person would not be broadcast or 
        distributed to another person.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
subchapter X of chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform 
Code of Military Justice), is amended by inserting after the item 
relating to section 917 (article 117) the following new item:

``917a. 117a. Wrongful broadcast or distribution of intimate visual 
                            images.''.

SEC. 524. INFORMATION FOR THE SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL OR VICTIMS' 
              LEGAL COUNSEL.

    Section 1044e(b)(6) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new sentence: ``If there is a military 
prosecution of the alleged sex-related offense, the Special Victims' 
Counsel or Victims' Legal Counsel shall be entitled to a copy of all 
case information and documentation that is in the possession of the 
prosecutor, relevant to such military prosecution, and not 
privileged.''

SEC. 525. SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL TRAINING REGARDING THE UNIQUE 
              CHALLENGES OFTEN FACED BY MALE VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT.

    The baseline Special Victims' Counsel training established under 
section 1044e(d)(2) of title 10, United States Code, shall include 
training for Special Victims' Counsel to recognize and deal with the 
unique challenges often faced by male victims of sexual assault.

SEC. 526. GARNISHMENT TO SATISFY JUDGMENT RENDERED FOR PHYSICALLY, 
              SEXUALLY, OR EMOTIONALLY ABUSING A CHILD.

    (a) Garnishment Authority.--Section 1408 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(l) Garnishment to Satisfy a Judgment Rendered for Physically, 
Sexually, or Emotionally Abusing a Child.--(1) Subject to paragraph 
(2), any payment of retired pay that would otherwise be made to a 
member shall be paid (in whole or in part) by the Secretary concerned 
to another person if and to the extent expressly provided for in the 
terms of a child abuse garnishment order.
    ``(2) A court order providing for the payment of child support or 
alimony or, with respect to a division of property, specifically 
providing for the payment of an amount of the disposable retired pay 
from a member to the spouse or a former spouse of the member, shall be 
given priority over a child abuse garnishment order. However, the 
limitations on the amount of disposable retired pay available for 
payments set forth in paragraphs (1) and (4)(B) of subsection (e) do 
not apply to a child abuse garnishment order.
    ``(3) In this section, the term `court order' includes a child 
abuse garnishment order.
    ``(4) In this subsection, the term `child abuse garnishment order' 
means a final decree issued by a court that--
            ``(A) is issued in accordance with the laws of the 
        jurisdiction of that court; and
            ``(B) provides in the nature of garnishment for the 
        enforcement of a judgment rendered against the member for 
        physically, sexually, or emotionally abusing a child.
    ``(5) For purposes of this subsection, a judgment rendered for 
physically, sexually, or emotionally abusing a child is any legal claim 
perfected through a final enforceable judgment, which claim is based in 
whole or in part upon the physical, sexual, or emotional abuse of an 
individual under 18 years of age, whether or not that abuse is 
accompanied by other actionable wrongdoing, such as sexual exploitation 
or gross negligence.
    ``(6) If the Secretary concerned is served with more than one court 
order with respect to the retired pay of a member, the disposable 
retired pay of the member shall be available to satisfy such court 
orders on a first-come, first-served basis, with any such process being 
satisfied out of such moneys as remain after the satisfaction of all 
such processes which have been previously served.
    ``(7) The Secretary concerned shall not be required to vary normal 
pay and disbursement cycles for retired pay in order to comply with a 
child abuse garnishment order.''.
    (b) Application of Amendment.--Subsection (l) of section 1408 of 
title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall apply 
with respect to a court order received by the Secretary concerned on or 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, regardless of the date of 
the court order.

SEC. 527. INCLUSION OF INFORMATION IN ANNUAL SAPRO REPORTS REGARDING 
              MILITARY SEXUAL HARASSMENT AND INCIDENTS INVOLVING 
              NONCONSENSUAL DISTRIBUTION OF PRIVATE SEXUAL IMAGES.

    (a) Additional Reporting Requirements.--Section 1631(b) of the Ike 
Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public 
Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new paragraphs:
            ``(13) Information and data collected on official and 
        unofficial reports of sexual harassment involving members of 
        the Armed Forces during the year covered by the report, as 
        follows:
                    ``(A) The number of substantiated and 
                unsubstantiated reports.
                    ``(B) A synopsis of each substantiated report.
                    ``(C) The action taken in the case of each 
                substantiated report, including the type of 
                disciplinary or administrative sanction imposed, if 
                any, such as--
                            ``(i) conviction and sentence by court-
                        martial;
                            ``(ii) imposition of non-judicial 
                        punishment under section 815 of title 10, 
                        United States Code (article 15 of the Uniform 
                        Code of Military Justice); or
                            ``(iii) administrative separation or other 
                        type of administrative action imposed.
            ``(14) Information and data collected during the year 
        covered by the report on each reported incident involving the 
        nonconsensual distribution by a person subject to chapter 47 of 
        title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice) of a private sexual image of another person, including 
        the following:
                    ``(A) The number of substantiated and 
                unsubstantiated reports.
                    ``(B) A synopsis of each substantiated report.
                    ``(C) The action taken in the case of each 
                substantiated report, including the type of 
                disciplinary or administrative sanction imposed, if 
                any, such as--
                            ``(i) conviction and sentence by court-
                        martial;
                            ``(ii) imposition of non-judicial 
                        punishment under section 815 of title 10, 
                        United States Code (article 15 of the Uniform 
                        Code of Military Justice); or
                            ``(iii) administrative separation or other 
                        type of administrative action imposed.''.
    (b) Application of Amendment.--The amendment made by this section 
shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and apply 
beginning with the reports required to be submitted by March 1, 2018, 
under section 1631 of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note).

SEC. 528. INCLUSION OF INFORMATION IN ANNUAL SAPRO REPORTS REGARDING 
              SEXUAL ASSAULTS COMMITTED BY A MEMBER OF THE ARMED FORCES 
              AGAINST THE MEMBER'S SPOUSE OR OTHER FAMILY MEMBER.

    Beginning with the reports required to be submitted by March 1, 
2018, under section 1631 of the Ike Skelton National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 
1561 note), information regarding a sexual assault committed by a 
member of the Armed Forces against the spouse or intimate partner of 
the member or another dependent of the member shall be included in such 
reports in addition to the annual Family Advocacy Program report. The 
information shall be provided in such reports in the same manner as 
information is provided with respect to other official and unofficial 
reports of sexual assault.

SEC. 529. NOTIFICATION OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES UNDERGOING 
              CERTAIN ADMINISTRATIVE SEPARATIONS OF POTENTIAL 
              ELIGIBILITY FOR VETERANS BENEFITS.

    (a) Notification Required.--A member of the Armed Forces who 
receives an administrative separation or mandatory discharge under 
conditions other than honorable shall be provided written notification 
that the member may petition the Veterans Benefits Administration of 
the Department of Veterans Affairs to receive, despite the 
characterization of the member's service, certain benefits under the 
laws administered by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
    (b) Deadline for Notification.--Notification under subsection (a) 
shall be provided to a member described in such subsection in 
conjunction with the member's notification of the administrative 
separation or mandatory discharge or as soon thereafter as practicable.

SEC. 530. CONSISTENT ACCESS TO SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL FOR FORMER 
              DEPENDENTS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall revise Navy policy regarding the 
eligibility of former dependents of members of the Armed Forces to 
representation by a Victims' Legal Counsel so that Navy policy is 
consistent with Army and Air Force policy regarding Special Victims' 
Counsel, which provides that a former dependent is eligible for such 
representation if, while entitled to legal assistance, the dependent 
was the victim of an alleged sex-related offense by a member of the 
Armed Forces.

   Subtitle D--Member Education, Training, Resilience, and Transition

SEC. 541. PROHIBITION ON RELEASE OF MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMY GRADUATES 
              TO PARTICIPATE IN PROFESSIONAL ATHLETICS.

    (a) United States Military Academy.--Section 4348(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
            ``(5) That the cadet will not seek release from the 
        commissioned service obligation of the cadet to pursue a career 
        as a professional athlete and understands that the appointment 
        alternative described in paragraph (3) will not be used to 
        allow the cadet to pursue such a career.''.
    (b) United States Naval Academy.--Section 6959(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
            ``(5) That the midshipman will not seek release from the 
        commissioned service obligation of the midshipman to pursue a 
        career as a professional athlete and understands that the 
        appointment alternative described in paragraph (3) will not be 
        used to allow the midshipman to pursue such a career.''.
    (c) United States Air Force Academy.--Section 9348(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
            ``(5) That the cadet will not seek release from the 
        commissioned service obligation of the cadet to pursue a career 
        as a professional athlete and understands that the appointment 
        alternative described in paragraph (2) will not be used to 
        allow the cadet to pursue such a career.''.
    (d) Application of Amendments.--The Secretaries of the military 
departments shall promptly revise the cadet and midshipman service 
agreements under sections 4348, 6959, and 9348 of title 10, United 
States Code, to reflect the amendments made by this section. The 
revised agreement shall apply to cadets and midshipmen who are 
attending the United States Military Academy, the United States Naval 
Academy, or the United States Air Force Academy on the date of the 
enactment of this Act and to persons who begin attendance at such 
military service academies on or after that date.

SEC. 542. ROTC CYBER INSTITUTES AT THE SENIOR MILITARY COLLEGES.

    (a) Program Authorized.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out a 
program to establish a Reserve Officers' Training Corps Cyber Institute 
(referred to in this Act as an ``ROTC Cyber Institute'') at each of the 
senior military colleges for purposes of accelerating the development 
of foundational expertise in critical cyber operational skills for 
future military and civilian leaders of the Armed Forces and Department 
of Defense including such leaders of the reserve components.
    (b) Elements.--Each ROTC Cyber Institute established under the 
program authorized by subsection (a) shall include the following:
            (1) Programs to provide future military and civilian 
        leaders of the Armed Forces or the Department of Defense, as 
        the case may be, who possess cyber operational expertise from 
        beginning through advanced skill levels. Such programs shall 
        include instruction and practical experiences that lead to 
        recognized certifications in the cyber field.
            (2) Programs of targeted strategic foreign language 
        proficiency training for such future leaders that--
                    (A) are designed to significantly enhance critical 
                cyber operational capabilities; and
                    (B) are tailored to current and anticipated 
                readiness requirements.
            (3) Programs related to mathematical foundations of 
        cryptography and courses in cryptographic theory and practice 
        designed to complement and reinforce cyber education along with 
        the strategic language programs critical to cyber operations.
            (4) Programs designed to develop early interest and cyber 
        talent through summer programs for elementary school and 
        secondary school students and dual enrollment opportunities for 
        cyber, strategic language, and cryptography related courses.
            (5) Training and education programs to expand the pool of 
        qualified cyber instructors necessary to support cyber 
        education in regional school systems.
    (c) Partnerships With Department of Defense and the Armed Forces.--
Any ROTC Cyber Institute established under the program authorized by 
subsection (a) may enter into a partnership with one or more components 
of the Armed Forces, active or reserve, or any agency of the Department 
of Defense to facilitate the development of critical cyber skills for 
students who may pursue a military career.
    (d) Partnerships With Other Schools.--Any ROTC Cyber Institute 
established under the program authorized by subsection (a) may enter 
into a partnership with one or more local educational agencies to 
facilitate the development of critical cyber skills under the program 
among students attending the elementary schools and secondary schools 
of such agencies who may pursue a military career.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) ESEA terms.--The terms ``elementary school'', 
        ``secondary school'', and ``local educational agency'' have the 
        meanings given the terms in section 8101 of the Elementary and 
        Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801).
            (2) Senior military colleges.--The term ``senior military 
        colleges'' means the senior military colleges described in 
        section 2111a(f) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 543. LIEUTENANT HENRY OSSIAN FLIPPER LEADERSHIP SCHOLARSHIP 
              PROGRAM.

    (a) Authority.--The Secretary of the Army shall carry out a program 
to be known as the ``Lieutenant Henry Ossian Flipper Leadership 
Scholarship Program'' under which the Secretary may provide financial 
assistance, in accordance with this section, to a person--
            (1) who is pursuing a recognized postsecondary credential 
        at a minority-serving institution; and
            (2) who enters into an agreement with the Secretary as 
        described in subsection (b).
    (b) Service Agreement for Scholarship Recipients.--
            (1) In general.--To receive financial assistance under this 
        section--
                    (A) a member of the Army shall enter into an 
                agreement to serve on active duty in the Army for the 
                period of obligated service determined under paragraph 
                (2); and
                    (B) a person who is not a member of the Army shall 
                enter into an agreement to enlist or accept a 
                commission in the Army and to serve on active duty in 
                Army for the period of obligated service determined 
                under paragraph (2).
            (2) Period of obligated service.--The period of obligated 
        service for a recipient of financial assistance under this 
        section shall be the period determined by the Secretary of Army 
        as being appropriate to obtain adequate service in exchange for 
        the financial assistance. The period of service required of a 
        recipient shall be not less than the period equal to three-
        fourths of the total period of pursuit of a credential for 
        which the Secretary agrees to provide the recipient with 
        financial assistance under this section. The period of 
        obligated service is in addition to any other period for which 
        the recipient is obligated to serve on active duty.
            (3) Terms of agreement.--An agreement entered into under 
        this section by a person pursuing a recognized postsecondary 
        credential shall include the following terms:
                    (A) Service start date.--The period of obligated 
                service will begin on a date after the award of the 
                credential, as determined by the Secretary of the Army.
                    (B) Academic progress.--The person will maintain 
                satisfactory academic progress, as determined by the 
                Secretary, and that failure to maintain such progress 
                constitutes grounds for termination of the financial 
                assistance for the person under this section.
                    (C) Other terms.--Any other terms and conditions 
                that the Secretary determines to be appropriate for 
                carrying out this section.
    (c) Amount of Assistance.--The amount of the financial assistance 
provided for a person under this section shall be the amount determined 
by the Secretary of the Army as being necessary to pay the person's 
cost of attendance at the minority-serving institution.
    (d) Use of Assistance for Support of Internships.--The financial 
assistance for a person under this section may also be provided to 
support internship activities of the person at the Department of 
Defense in periods between the academic years leading to the credential 
for which assistance is provided the person under this section.
    (e) Repayment for Period of Unserved Obligated Service.--A member 
of the Army who does not complete the period of active duty specified 
in the service agreement under subsection (b) shall be subject to the 
repayment provisions of section 303a(e) of title 37.
    (f) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Army shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report that includes--
            (1) an assessment of the progress of the Secretary in 
        carrying out the scholarship program under this section;
            (2) the number of scholarships that the Secretary intends 
        to award in the academic year beginning after the date of the 
        submission of the report; and
            (3) a description of the Secretary's efforts to promote the 
        scholarship program at minority-serving institutions.
    (g) Definitions.--In this Act:
            (1) Cost of attendance.--The term ``cost of attendance'' 
        has the meaning given the term in section 472 of the Higher 
        Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1087ll).
            (2) Minority-serving institution.--The term ``minority-
        serving institution'' means an institution of higher education 
        described in section 371(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 
        (20 U.S.C. 1067q(a)).
            (3) Recognized postsecondary credential.--The term 
        ``recognized postsecondary credential'' has the meaning given 
        the term in section 3 of the Workforce Innovation and 
        Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3102).

Subtitle E--Defense Dependents' Education and Military Family Readiness 
                                Matters

SEC. 551. CONTINUATION OF AUTHORITY TO ASSIST LOCAL EDUCATIONAL 
              AGENCIES THAT BENEFIT DEPENDENTS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
              FORCES AND DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES.

    (a) Assistance to Schools With Significant Numbers of Military 
Dependent Students.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 2018 by section 301 and available for operation and 
maintenance for Defense-wide activities as specified in the funding 
table in division D, $30,000,000 shall be available only for the 
purpose of providing assistance to local educational agencies under 
subsection (a) of section 572 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 20 U.S.C. 7703b).
    (b) Local Educational Agency Defined.--In this section, the term 
``local educational agency'' has the meaning given that term in section 
7013(9) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 
U.S.C. 7713(9)).

SEC. 552. EDUCATION FOR DEPENDENTS OF CERTAIN RETIRED MEMBERS OF THE 
              ARMED FORCES.

    Section 2164(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by inserting ``, dependents of retirees,'' 
                after ``dependents of members of the armed forces''; 
                and
                    (B) by inserting ``and the dependents of such 
                retirees'' after ``such members of the armed forces''; 
                and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(4) For purposes of this subsection, the term `retiree' means a 
member or former member of the armed forces, not including a member or 
former member of the Coast Guard, who is entitled to retired or 
retainer pay under this title, or who, but for age, would be eligible 
for retired or retainer pay under chapter 1223 of this title.''.

SEC. 553. CODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO CONDUCT FAMILY SUPPORT PROGRAMS 
              FOR IMMEDIATE FAMILY MEMBERS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
              FORCES ASSIGNED TO SPECIAL OPERATIONS FORCES.

    (a) Codification of Existing Authority.--Chapter 88 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 1788 a new 
section 1788a consisting of--
            (1) a heading as follows:
``Sec. 1788a. Family support programs: immediate family members of 
              members of special operations forces''; and
            (2) a text consisting of subsections (a), (b), (d), and (e) 
        of section 554 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 10 U.S.C. 1788 note), 
        redesignated as subsections (a), (b), (c), and (d), 
        respectively.
    (b) Funding.--Subsection (c) of section 1788a of title 10, United 
States Code, as added and redesignated by subsection (a) of this 
section, is amended by striking ``specified'' and all that follows 
through the end of the subsection and inserting ``, from funds 
available for Major Force Program 11, to carry out family support 
programs under this section.''.
    (c) Elimination of Pilot Program References and Other Conforming 
Amendments.--Section 1788a of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
subsection (a) of this section, is further amended--
            (1) by striking ``Armed Forces'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``armed forces'';
            (2) by striking ``pilot'' each place it appears;
            (3) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by striking 
                ``Pilot''; and
                    (B) by striking ``up to three'' and all that 
                follows through ``providing'' and inserting ``programs 
                to provide''; and
            (4) in subsection (d), as redesignated by subsection (a) of 
        this section--
                    (A) in paragraph (2). by striking ``title 10, 
                United States Code'' and inserting ``this title''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``such title'' 
                and inserting ``this title''.
    (d) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
subchapter I of chapter 88 of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by inserting after the item relating to section 1788 the following new 
item:

``1788a. Family support programs: immediate family members of members 
                            of special operations forces.''.
    (e) Conforming Repeal.--Section 554 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 10 U.S.C. 
1788 note) is repealed.

SEC. 554. REIMBURSEMENT FOR STATE LICENSURE AND CERTIFICATION COSTS OF 
              A SPOUSE OF A MEMBER OF THE ARMED FORCES ARISING FROM 
              RELOCATION TO ANOTHER STATE.

    (a) Reimbursement Authorized.--Section 476 of title 37, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(p)(1) The Secretary concerned may reimburse a member of the 
armed forces for qualified relicensing costs of the spouse of the 
member when--
            ``(A) the member is reassigned, either as a permanent 
        change of station or permanent change of assignment, from a 
        duty station in one State to a duty station in another State; 
        and
            ``(B) the movement of the member's dependents is authorized 
        at the expense of the United States under this section as part 
        of the reassignment.
    ``(2) Reimbursement provided to a member under this subsection may 
not exceed $500 in connection with each reassignment described in 
paragraph (1).
    ``(3) In this subsection, the term `qualified relicensing costs' 
means costs, including exam and registration fees, that--
            ``(A) are imposed by the State of the new duty station to 
        secure a license or certification to engage in the same 
        profession that the spouse of the member engaged in while in 
        the State of the original duty station; and
            ``(B) are paid or incurred by the member or spouse to 
        secure the license or certification from the State of the new 
        duty station after the date on which the orders directing the 
        reassignment described in paragraph (1) are issued.''.
    (b) Development of Recommendations to Expedite License Portability 
for Military Spouses.--
            (1) Consultation with states.--The Secretary of Defense, 
        and the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the 
        Coast Guard, shall consult with States--
                    (A) to identify barriers to the portability between 
                States of a license, certification, or other grant of 
                permission held by the spouse of a member of the Armed 
                Forces to engage in an occupation when the spouse moves 
                between States as part of a permanent change of station 
                or permanent change of assignment of the member; and
                    (B) to develop recommendations for the Federal 
                Government and the States, together or separately, to 
                expedite the portability of such licenses, 
                certifications, and other grants of permission for 
                military spouses.
            (2) Specific considerations.--In conducting the 
        consultation and preparing the recommendations under paragraph 
        (1), the Secretaries shall consider the feasibility of--
                    (A) States accepting licenses, certifications, and 
                other grants of permission described in paragraph (1) 
                issued by another State and in good standing in that 
                State;
                    (B) the issuance of a temporary license pending 
                completion of State-specific requirements; and
                    (C) the establishment of an expedited review 
                process for military spouses.
            (3) Report required.--Not later than March 15, 2018, the 
        Secretaries shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
        committees and the States a report containing the 
        recommendations developed under this subsection.
            (4) Appropriate congressional committees.--In this 
        subsection, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
        means the congressional defense committees, the Committee on 
        Homeland Security and Government Affairs of the Senate, and the 
        Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of 
        Representatives.

                   Subtitle F--Decorations and Awards

SEC. 561. REPLACEMENT OF MILITARY DECORATIONS AT THE REQUEST OF 
              RELATIVES OF DECEASED MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    Subsection (a) of section 1135 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) Replacement.--(1) The Secretary concerned shall replace, on a 
one-time basis, a military decoration upon the request of--
            ``(A) the recipient of the military decoration;
            ``(B) the immediate next of kin of a deceased recipient of 
        a military decoration; or
            ``(C) a relative of a deceased recipient of a military 
        decoration who is related within the second or third degree of 
        consanguinity to the deceased recipient.
    ``(2) The replacement of a military decoration under subparagraph 
(A) or (B) of paragraph (1) shall be provided without charge. The 
replacement of a military decoration under subparagraph (C) of such 
paragraph shall be provided at no cost to the Department of Defense.
    ``(3) The authority provided by this subsection is in addition to 
any other authority available to the Secretary concerned to replace a 
military decoration.''.

SEC. 562. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE SERVICE MEDAL.

    (a) Establishment.--Chapter 57 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 1136. Congressional Defense Service Medal
    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall award, at the 
behest of and on behalf of Congress, a Congressional Defense Service 
Medal to a group or other entity to recognize, subject to subsection 
(c)(1), the exemplary service or significant achievement of the group 
or other entity in furtherance of the defense and national security of 
the United States.
    ``(b) Design and Content.--A Congressional Defense Service Medal 
shall be a gold medal of appropriate design, with suitable emblems, 
devices, and inscriptions. The Secretary of Defense may design a 
Congressional Defense Service Medal to recognize the specific group or 
other entity and the service or achievement for which the Congressional 
Defense Service Medal is being awarded.
    ``(c) Eligibility Limitations.--
            ``(1) Nature of service or achievement.--For a group or 
        other entity to be eligible for the award of a Congressional 
        Defense Service Medal, the service or achievement to be 
        recognized must--
                    ``(A) be in the field of endeavor of the group or 
                other entity; and
                    ``(B) represent either a lengthy period of 
                continuous superior service or achievement or a single 
                act of service or achievement so significant that the 
                group or other entity is recognized and acclaimed by 
                others in the same field of endeavor, as evidenced by 
                the recipient having received the highest honors in the 
                field.
            ``(2) Effect of other federal recognition.--A group or 
        other entity may not receive a Congressional Defense Service 
        Medal in recognition of service or achievement for which the 
        group or other entity received a medal from the United States 
        previously for the same or substantially the same service or 
        achievement.
            ``(3) Prohibition on award to an individual.--A 
        Congressional Defense Service Medal may not be awarded to a 
        single individual.
    ``(d) Time Limitations.--A Congressional Defense Service Medal may 
not be awarded to a group or entity--
            ``(1) until at least five years after the conclusion of the 
        exemplary service or significant achievement for which the 
        Congressional Defense Service Medal is being awarded; and
            ``(2) unless the award is made within 25 years after the 
        conclusion of the exemplary service or significant achievement 
        for which the Congressional Defense Service Medal is being 
        awarded.
    ``(e) Duplicate Medals.--The Secretary of Defense may arrange for 
the striking and sale of duplicates in bronze of a Congressional 
Defense Service Medal, at a price sufficient to cover the cost thereof, 
including labor, materials, dies, use of machinery, and overhead 
expenses, and the cost of the gold Congressional Defense Service 
Medal.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 57 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the 
end the following new item:

``1136. Congressional Defense Service Medal.''.

SEC. 563. LIMITATIONS ON AUTHORITY TO REVOKE CERTAIN MILITARY 
              DECORATIONS AWARDED TO MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Army.--
            (1) Limitations.--Chapter 357 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        section:
``Sec. 3757. Military decorations: limitations on revocation
    ``(a) Limitations.--Except as provided in subsection (b), the 
President or the Secretary of the Army may not authorize the revocation 
of a military decoration after the actual award of the military 
decoration to a member of the armed forces under the jurisdiction of 
the Secretary.
    ``(b) Exceptions.--(1) Subsection (a) does not apply to the 
revocation of a military decoration if the revocation is ordered on 
account of --
            ``(A) the acquisition of new or additional information that 
        calls into question the service for which the member was 
        awarded the military decoration; or
            ``(B) the conviction of the member for a serious violent 
        felony.
    ``(2) In applying the exception described in paragraph (1)(B), the 
President and the Secretary of the Army shall take into account, as an 
extenuating factor, whether the member has been diagnosed with 
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) or Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `military decoration' means the 
        distinguished-service cross, distinguished-service medal, 
        silver star, distinguished flying cross, or Soldier's Medal. 
        The term does not include the medal of honor.
            ``(2) The term `serious violent felony' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 3559(c)(2)(F) of title 18.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new item:

``3757. Military decorations: limitations on revocation.''.
    (b) Navy and Marine Corps.--
            (1) Limitations.--Chapter 567 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        section:
``Sec. 6259. Military decorations: limitations on revocation
    ``(a) Limitations.--Except as provided in subsection (b), the 
President or the Secretary of the Navy may not authorize the revocation 
of a military decoration after the actual award of the military 
decoration to a member of the armed forces under the jurisdiction of 
the Secretary.
    ``(b) Exceptions.--(1) Subsection (a) does not apply to the 
revocation of a military decoration if the revocation is ordered on 
account of --
            ``(A) the acquisition of new or additional information that 
        calls into question the service for which the member was 
        awarded the military decoration; or
            ``(B) the conviction of the member for a serious violent 
        felony.
    ``(2) In applying the exception described in paragraph (1)(B), the 
President and the Secretary of the Navy shall take into account, as an 
extenuating factor, whether the member has been diagnosed with 
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) or Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `military decoration' means the Navy cross, 
        distinguished-service medal, silver star medal, distinguished 
        flying cross, or Navy and Marine Corps Medal. The term does not 
        include the medal of honor.
            ``(2) The term `serious violent felony' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 3559(c)(2)(F) of title 18.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new item:

``6259. Military decorations: limitations on revocation.''.
    (c) Air Force.--
            (1) Limitations.--Chapter 857 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        section:
``Sec. 8757. Military decorations: limitations on revocation
    ``(a) Limitations.--Except as provided in subsection (b), the 
President or the Secretary of the Air Force may not authorize the 
revocation of a military decoration after the actual award of the 
military decoration to a member of the armed forces under the 
jurisdiction of the Secretary.
    ``(b) Exceptions.--(1) Subsection (a) does not apply to the 
revocation of a military decoration if the revocation is ordered on 
account of --
            ``(A) the acquisition of new or additional information that 
        calls into question the service for which the member was 
        awarded the military decoration; or
            ``(B) the conviction of the member for a serious violent 
        felony.
    ``(2) In applying the exception described in paragraph (1)(B), the 
President and the Secretary of the Air Force shall take into account, 
as an extenuating factor, whether the member has been diagnosed with 
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) or Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `military decoration' means the Air Force 
        cross, distinguished-service medal, silver star, distinguished 
        flying cross, or Airman's Medal. The term does not include the 
        medal of honor.
            ``(2) The term `serious violent felony' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 3559(c)(2)(F) of title 18.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new item:

``8757. Military decorations: limitations on revocation.''.

          Subtitle G--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

SEC. 571. EXPANSION OF UNITED STATES AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY 
              ENROLLMENT AUTHORITY TO INCLUDE CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES OF THE 
              HOMELAND SECURITY INDUSTRY.

    (a) Definition.--Subsection (b) of section 9314a of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(b) Covered Private Sector Employee Defined.--(1) In this 
section, the term `covered private sector employee' means--
            ``(A) an individual employed by a private firm that is 
        engaged in providing to the Department of Defense significant 
        and substantial defense-related systems, products, or services; 
        or
            ``(B) an individual employed by a private firm in one of 
        the critical infrastructure sectors identified in Presidential 
        Policy Directive 21 (Critical Infrastructure Security and 
        Resilience).
    ``(2) A covered private sector employee admitted for instruction at 
the United States Air Force Institute of Technology remains eligible 
for such instruction only so long as the person remains employed by the 
same firm.''.
    (b) Use of Defined Term.--Section 9314a of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``defense industry 
                        employees described in subsection (b)'' and 
                        inserting ``a covered private sector 
                        employee''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``Any such defense 
                        industry employee'' and inserting ``A covered 
                        private sector employee''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``defense 
                industry employees'' and inserting ``covered private 
                sector employees''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``defense 
                industry employee'' both places it appears and 
                inserting ``covered private sector employee'';
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking ``Defense industry employees'' and 
                inserting ``A covered private sector employee''; and
                    (B) by striking ``defense industry employees'' and 
                inserting ``covered private sector employees'';
            (3) in subsection (d)(1), by striking ``defense industry 
        employees'' and inserting ``a covered private sector 
        employee''; and
            (4) in subsection (f), by striking ``defense industry 
        employees'' and inserting ``covered private sector employees''.
    (c) Other Conforming Amendments.--Section 9314a of title 10, United 
States Code, is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``a defense focused'' 
        and inserting ``a defense-focused or homeland security-
        focused''; and
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``or homeland 
                security'' after ``and defense''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by inserting before the 
                period at the end the following: ``or the Department of 
                Homeland Security, as applicable''.
    (d) Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Section heading.--The heading of section 9314a of title 
        10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 9314a. United States Air Force Institute of Technology: 
              admission of certain private sector civilians''.
            (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 901 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking the item relating to section 9314a and 
        inserting the following new item:

``9314a. United States Air Force Institute of Technology: admission of 
                            certain private sector civilians.''.

SEC. 572. SERVICEMEMBERS' GROUP LIFE INSURANCE.

    Section 1967(f)(4) of title 38, United States Code, is amended by 
striking the second sentence.

SEC. 573. VOTER REGISTRATION.

    Section 705 of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 
4025(a)), is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Registration.--
            ``(1) In general.--For the purposes of voting in any 
        election for Federal office (as defined in section 301 of the 
        Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (52 U.S.C. 30101)) or 
        State or local office, a servicemember who registers to vote in 
        a State in which the servicemember is present in compliance 
        with military orders for a permanent change of station shall 
        not, solely by reason of that registration--
                    ``(A) be deemed to have acquired a residence or 
                domicile in that State;
                    ``(B) be deemed to have become a resident in or a 
                resident of that State; or
                    ``(C) be deemed to have lost a residence or 
                domicile in any other State, without regard to whether 
                or not the person intends to return to that State.
            ``(2) Notification by the servicemember.--A servicemember 
        who elects to register to vote in the State in which the 
        servicemember is present in compliance with military orders for 
        a permanent change of station shall notify the Service Voting 
        Action Officer of the military department concerned not later 
        than 10 days after such registration.
            ``(3) Notification by the service voting action officer.--A 
        Service Voting Action Officer who receives a notification under 
        paragraph (2) shall notify the chief State election official of 
        the State in which the servicemember resides or is domiciled of 
        such registration not later than 10 days after such 
        registration.''.

SEC. 574. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING SECTION 504 OF TITLE 10, UNITED 
              STATES CODE, ON EXISTING AUTHORITY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE TO ENLIST INDIVIDUALS, NOT OTHERWISE ELIGIBLE FOR 
              ENLISTMENT, WHOSE ENLISTMENT IS VITAL TO THE NATIONAL 
              INTEREST.

    It is the sense of Congress that a statute currently exists, 
specifically paragraph (2) of subsection (b) of section 504 of title 
10, United States Code, which states that ``the Secretary concerned may 
authorize the enlistment of a person not described in paragraph (1) [of 
that subsection] if the Secretary determines that such enlistment is 
vital to the national interest''.

          TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

SEC. 601. ANNUAL ADJUSTMENT OF BASIC MONTHLY PAY.

    The adjustment in the rates of monthly basic pay required by 
subsection (a) of section 1009 of title 37, United States Code, to be 
made on January 1, 2018, shall take effect, notwithstanding any 
determination made by the President under subsection (e) of such 
section with respect to an alternative pay adjustment to be made on 
such date.

SEC. 602. LIMITATION ON BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING MODIFICATION 
              AUTHORITY FOR MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED SERVICES RESIDING 
              IN MILITARY HOUSING PRIVATIZATION INITIATIVE HOUSING.

    (a) In General.--Paragraph (3) of section 403(b) of title 37, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subparagraph:
    ``(C) The Secretary of Defense may not reduce the rate of basic 
allowance for housing in effect on December 31, 2017, for a member of a 
uniformed service who resides in a housing unit acquired or constructed 
under the alternative authority of subchapter IV of chapter 169 of 
title 10 (known as the Military Housing Privatization Initiative) until 
January 1, 2019.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Subparagraph (B) of such paragraph is 
amended in clause (iv) by striking ``Four'' and inserting ``Subject to 
subparagraph (C), four''.
    (c) GAO Review.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the Comptroller 
General of the United States shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a review of the 
following:
            (1) An analysis of the impact of reductions in the rate of 
        the basic allowance for housing under section 403 of title 37, 
        United States Code, on the long-term viability of the Military 
        Housing Privatization Initiative (MHPI).
            (2) An analysis of projected revenue for the MHPI, 
        considering projected reductions in such basic allowance for 
        housing, which compares projected revenue under the assumption 
        that members of the armed forces will make out-of-pocket 
        payments in addition to rent and under the assumption that 
        members will not make such out-of-pocket payments.
            (3) An analysis of the extent to which the Department of 
        Defense has relied and continues to rely on the assumption that 
        members of the armed forces who live in housing units acquired 
        or constructed under the MHPI will make out-of-pocket payments 
        in addition to basic rent in order to offset reductions in such 
        basic housing allowance.
            (4) An analysis of the future military construction costs 
        that will be necessary to offset reduced reinvestment account 
        distributions as a result of reductions in such basic housing 
        allowance, consistent with the requirement included in project 
        ground leases under the MHPI that all assets will be in like-
        new condition at the end of the lease.
            (5) The impact on maintenance of housing units acquired or 
        constructed under the MHPI because of the reductions in revenue 
        for the MHPI that will result from reductions in such basic 
        housing allowance.
            (6) The impacts of the costs described in paragraph (4) and 
        the reduction in revenue described in paragraph (5) on 
        occupancy and revenue generated by occupancy under the MHPI, 
        and the impact of changes in occupancy and associated revenue 
        on the costs described in paragraph (4) and the reduction in 
        revenue described in paragraph (5).
            (7) The process for establishing the criteria for and the 
        execution of market surveys used to establish the rates of such 
        basic housing allowance.

SEC. 603. HOUSING TREATMENT FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES, 
              AND THEIR SPOUSES AND OTHER DEPENDENTS, UNDERGOING A 
              PERMANENT CHANGE OF STATION WITHIN THE UNITED STATES.

    (a) Housing Treatment.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 7 of title 37, United States Code, 
        is amended by inserting after section 403 the following new 
        section:
``Sec. 403a. Housing treatment for certain members of the Armed Forces, 
              and their spouses and other dependents, undergoing a 
              permanent change of station within the United States
    ``(a) Housing Treatment for Certain Members Who Have a Spouse or 
Other Dependents.--
            ``(1) Housing treatment regulations.--The Secretary of 
        Defense shall prescribe regulations that permit a member of the 
        armed forces described in paragraph (2) who is undergoing a 
        permanent change of station within the United States to request 
        the housing treatment described in subsection (b) during the 
        covered relocation period of the member.
            ``(2) Eligible members.--A member described in this 
        paragraph is any member who--
                    ``(A) has a spouse who is gainfully employed or 
                enrolled in a degree, certificate or license granting 
                program at the beginning of the covered relocation 
                period;
                    ``(B) has one or more dependents attending an 
                elementary or secondary school at the beginning of the 
                covered relocation period;
                    ``(C) has one or more dependents enrolled in the 
                Exceptional Family Member Program; or
                    ``(D) is caring for an immediate family member with 
                a chronic or long-term illness at the beginning of the 
                covered relocation period.
    ``(b) Housing Treatment.--
            ``(1) Continuation of housing for the spouse and other 
        dependents.--If a spouse or other dependent of a member whose 
        request under subsection (a) is approved resides in Government-
        owned or Government-leased housing at the beginning of the 
        covered relocation period, the spouse or other dependent may 
        continue to reside in such housing during a period determined 
        in accordance with the regulations prescribed pursuant to this 
        section.
            ``(2) Early housing eligibility.--If a spouse or other 
        dependent of a member whose request under subsection (a) is 
        approved is eligible to reside in Government-owned or 
        Government-leased housing following the member's permanent 
        change of station within the United States, the spouse or other 
        dependent may commence residing in such housing at any time 
        during the covered relocation period.
            ``(3) Temporary use of government-owned or government-
        leased housing intended for members without a spouse or 
        dependent.--If a spouse or other dependent of a member 
        relocates at a time different from the member in accordance 
        with a request approved under subsection (a), the member may be 
        assigned to Government-owned or Government-leased housing 
        intended for the permanent housing of members without a spouse 
        or dependent until the member's detachment date or the spouse 
        or other dependent's arrival date, but only if such Government-
        owned or Government-leased housing is available without 
        displacing a member without a spouse or dependent at such 
        housing.
            ``(4) Equitable basic allowance for housing.--If a spouse 
        or other dependent of a member relocates at a time different 
        from the member in accordance with a request approved under 
        subsection (a), the amount of basic allowance for housing 
        payable may be based on whichever of the following areas the 
        Secretary concerned determines to be the most equitable:
                    ``(A) The area of the duty station to which the 
                member is reassigned.
                    ``(B) The area in which the spouse or other 
                dependent resides, but only if the spouse or other 
                dependent resides in that area when the member departs 
                for the duty station to which the member is reassigned, 
                and only for the period during which the spouse or 
                other dependent resides in that area.
                    ``(C) The area of the former duty station of the 
                member, but only if that area is different from the 
                area in which the spouse or other dependent resides.
    ``(c) Rule of Construction Related to Certain Basic Allowance for 
Housing Payments.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit 
the payment or the amount of basic allowance for housing payable under 
section 403(d)(3)(A) of this title to a member whose request under 
subsection (a) is approved.
    ``(d) Housing Treatment Education.--The regulations prescribed 
pursuant to this section shall ensure the relocation assistance 
programs under section 1056 of title 10 include, as part of the 
assistance normally provided under such section, education about the 
housing treatment available under this section.
    ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Covered relocation period.--(A) Subject to 
        subparagraph (B), the term `covered relocation period', when 
        used with respect to a permanent change of station of a member 
        of the armed forces, means the period that--
                    ``(i) begins 180 days before the date of the 
                permanent change of station; and
                    ``(ii) ends 180 days after the date of the 
                permanent change of station.
            ``(B) The regulations prescribed pursuant to this section 
        may provide for a lengthening of the covered relocation period 
        of a member for purposes of this section.
            ``(2) Dependent.--The term `dependent' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 401 of this title.
            ``(3) Permanent change of station.--The term `permanent 
        change of station' means a permanent change of station 
        described in section 452(b)(2) of this title.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 7 such title is amended by inserting after 
        the item relating to section 403 the following new item:

``403a. Housing treatment for certain members of the armed forces, and 
                            their spouses and other dependents, 
                            undergoing a permanent change of station 
                            within the United States.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by this section shall take 
effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall apply with 
respect to permanent changes of station of members of the Armed Forces 
that occur on or after October 1 of the fiscal year that begins after 
such date of enactment.

SEC. 604. PER DIEM ALLOWANCE POLICIES.

    (a) Policy and Regulations.--
            (1) Existing policy and regulations.--The Secretary of each 
        military department may not implement the policy in the 
        memorandum dated October 1, 2014, titled ``UTD/CTS for MAP 118-
        13/CAP 118-13 - Flat Rate Per Diem for Long Term TDY'', 
        regarding per diem allowances, or any regulations prescribed 
        pursuant to such memorandum, on or after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act.
            (2) Future policy and regulations.--(A) The Secretary of 
        each military department concerned may not implement a new 
        policy regarding per diem allowances under section 474 of title 
        37, United States Code, until after the Secretary of Defense 
        issues the report under subsection (b).
            (B) The Secretary of the military department concerned 
        shall notify the appropriate congressional committees not less 
        than 30 days before implementing a new policy regarding per 
        diem allowances under section 474 of title 37, United States 
        Code.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall issue a report to 
the appropriate congressional committees regarding options to reduce 
travel costs incurred by the Department of Defense, including the 
adoption of practices used by private entities.
    (c) Appropriate Congressional Committees.--In this section, the 
term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the congressional 
defense committees, the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
Affairs of the Senate, and the Committee on Oversight and Government 
Reform of the House of Representatives.

           Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special and Incentive Pays

SEC. 611. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN BONUS AND SPECIAL PAY 
              AUTHORITIES FOR RESERVE FORCES.

    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and inserting ``December 31, 2018'':
            (1) Section 308b(g), relating to Selected Reserve 
        reenlistment bonus.
            (2) Section 308c(i), relating to Selected Reserve 
        affiliation or enlistment bonus.
            (3) Section 308d(c), relating to special pay for enlisted 
        members assigned to certain high-priority units.
            (4) Section 308g(f)(2), relating to Ready Reserve 
        enlistment bonus for persons without prior service.
            (5) Section 308h(e), relating to Ready Reserve enlistment 
        and reenlistment bonus for persons with prior service.
            (6) Section 308i(f), relating to Selected Reserve 
        enlistment and reenlistment bonus for persons with prior 
        service.
            (7) Section 478a(e), relating to reimbursement of travel 
        expenses for inactive-duty training outside of normal commuting 
        distance.
            (8) Section 910(g), relating to income replacement payments 
        for reserve component members experiencing extended and 
        frequent mobilization for active duty service.

SEC. 612. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN BONUS AND SPECIAL PAY 
              AUTHORITIES FOR HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS.

    (a) Title 10 Authorities.--The following sections of title 10, 
United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2018'':
            (1) Section 2130a(a)(1), relating to nurse officer 
        candidate accession program.
            (2) Section 16302(d), relating to repayment of education 
        loans for certain health professionals who serve in the 
        Selected Reserve.
    (b) Title 37 Authorities.--The following sections of title 37, 
United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2018'':
            (1) Section 302c-1(f), relating to accession and retention 
        bonuses for psychologists.
            (2) Section 302d(a)(1), relating to accession bonus for 
        registered nurses.
            (3) Section 302e(a)(1), relating to incentive special pay 
        for nurse anesthetists.
            (4) Section 302g(e), relating to special pay for Selected 
        Reserve health professionals in critically short wartime 
        specialties.
            (5) Section 302h(a)(1), relating to accession bonus for 
        dental officers.
            (6) Section 302j(a), relating to accession bonus for 
        pharmacy officers.
            (7) Section 302k(f), relating to accession bonus for 
        medical officers in critically short wartime specialties.
            (8) Section 302l(g), relating to accession bonus for dental 
        specialist officers in critically short wartime specialties.

SEC. 613. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF SPECIAL PAY AND BONUS AUTHORITIES FOR 
              NUCLEAR OFFICERS.

    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and inserting ``December 31, 2018'':
            (1) Section 312(f), relating to special pay for nuclear-
        qualified officers extending period of active service.
            (2) Section 312b(c), relating to nuclear career accession 
        bonus.
            (3) Section 312c(d), relating to nuclear career annual 
        incentive bonus.

SEC. 614. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO TITLE 37 
              CONSOLIDATED SPECIAL PAY, INCENTIVE PAY, AND BONUS 
              AUTHORITIES.

    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and inserting ``December 31, 2018'':
            (1) Section 331(h), relating to general bonus authority for 
        enlisted members.
            (2) Section 332(g), relating to general bonus authority for 
        officers.
            (3) Section 333(i), relating to special bonus and incentive 
        pay authorities for nuclear officers.
            (4) Section 334(i), relating to special aviation incentive 
        pay and bonus authorities for officers.
            (5) Section 335(k), relating to special bonus and incentive 
        pay authorities for officers in health professions.
            (6) Section 336(g), relating to contracting bonus for 
        cadets and midshipmen enrolled in the Senior Reserve Officers' 
        Training Corps.
            (7) Section 351(h), relating to hazardous duty pay.
            (8) Section 352(g), relating to assignment pay or special 
        duty pay.
            (9) Section 353(i), relating to skill incentive pay or 
        proficiency bonus.
            (10) Section 355(h), relating to retention incentives for 
        members qualified in critical military skills or assigned to 
        high priority units.

SEC. 615. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO PAYMENT OF 
              OTHER TITLE 37 BONUSES AND SPECIAL PAYS.

    The following sections of title 37, United States Code, are amended 
by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and inserting ``December 31, 2018'':
            (1) Section 301b(a), relating to aviation officer retention 
        bonus.
            (2) Section 307a(g), relating to assignment incentive pay.
            (3) Section 308(g), relating to reenlistment bonus for 
        active members.
            (4) Section 309(e), relating to enlistment bonus.
            (5) Section 316a(g), relating to incentive pay for members 
        of precommissioning programs pursuing foreign language 
        proficiency.
            (6) Section 324(g), relating to accession bonus for new 
        officers in critical skills.
            (7) Section 326(g), relating to incentive bonus for 
        conversion to military occupational specialty to ease personnel 
        shortage.
            (8) Section 327(h), relating to incentive bonus for 
        transfer between Armed Forces.
            (9) Section 330(f), relating to accession bonus for officer 
        candidates.

SEC. 616. REIMBURSEMENT FOR STATE LICENSURE AND CERTIFICATION COSTS OF 
              A MEMBER OF THE ARMED FORCES ARISING FROM SEPARATION FROM 
              THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Reimbursement Authorized.--Section 1143 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(f) Reimbursement for State Licensure and Certification Costs.--
(1) The Secretary concerned may reimburse a member of the armed forces 
who separates from the armed forces for qualified relicensing costs of 
the member.
    ``(2) Reimbursement provided to a member under this subsection may 
not exceed $500.
    ``(3) In this subsection, the term `qualified relicensing costs' 
means costs, including exam and registration fees, that--
            ``(A) are imposed by the State in which the member resides 
        after separation from the armed forces to secure a license or 
        certification to engage in a profession; and
            ``(B) are paid or incurred by the member to secure the 
        license or certification from the State in which the member 
        resides after separation from the armed forces.''.
    (b) Development of Recommendations to Expedite License Portability 
for Members of the Armed Forces.--
            (1) Consultation with states.--The Secretary of Defense, 
        and the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to the 
        Coast Guard, shall consult with States--
                    (A) to identify barriers to the portability between 
                States of a license, certification, or other grant of 
                permission held by a member of the Armed Forces to 
                engage in an occupation when the member separates from 
                the Armed Forces; and
                    (B) to develop recommendations for the Federal 
                Government and the States, together or separately, to 
                expedite the portability of such licenses, 
                certifications, and other grants of permission for 
                separated members of the Armed Forces.
            (2) Specific considerations.--In conducting the 
        consultation and preparing the recommendations under paragraph 
        (1), the Secretaries shall consider the feasibility of--
                    (A) States accepting licenses, certifications, and 
                other grants of permission described in paragraph (1) 
                issued by another State and in good standing in that 
                State;
                    (B) the issuance of a temporary license pending 
                completion of State-specific requirements; and
                    (C) the establishment of an expedited review 
                process for separated members of the Armed Forces.
            (3) Report required.--Not later than March 15, 2018, the 
        Secretaries shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
        committees and the States a report containing the 
        recommendations developed under this subsection.
            (4) Appropriate congressional committees.--In this 
        subsection, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
        means the congressional defense committees, the Committee on 
        Homeland Security and Government Affairs of the Senate, and the 
        Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the House of 
        Representatives.

SEC. 617. INCREASE IN MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF AVIATION BONUS FOR 12-MONTH 
              PERIOD OF OBLIGATED SERVICE.

    Section 334(c)(1)(B) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``$35,000'' and inserting ``$50,000''.

SEC. 618. TECHNICAL AND CLERICAL AMENDMENTS RELATING TO 2008 
              CONSOLIDATION OF CERTAIN SPECIAL PAY AUTHORITIES.

    (a) Repayment Provisions.--
            (1) Title 10.--Section 510(i), subsections (a)(3) and (c) 
        of section 2005, paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 2007(e), 
        section 2105, section 2123(e)(1)(C), section 2128(c), section 
        2130a(d), section 2171(g), section 2173(g)(2), paragraphs (1) 
        and (2) of section 2200a(e), section 4348(f), section 6959(f), 
        section 9348(f), subsections (a)(2) and (b) of section 16135, 
        section 16203(a)(1)(B), section 16301(h), section 16303(d), and 
        the matter preceding subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1) and the 
        matter preceding subparagraph (A) of paragraph (2) of section 
        16401(f) of title 10, United States Code, are each amended by 
        inserting ``or 373'' before ``of title 37''.
            (2) Title 14.--Section 182(g) of title 14, United States 
        Code, is amended by inserting ``or 373'' before ``of title 
        37''.
    (b) Officers Appointed Pursuant to an Agreement Under Section 329 
of Title 37.--Section 641 of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by striking paragraph (6).
    (c) Reenlistment Leave.--The matter preceding paragraph (1) of 
section 703(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
``or paragraph (1) or (3) of section 351(a)'' after ``section 
310(a)(2)''.
    (d) Rest and Recuperation Absence: Qualified Members Extending Duty 
at a Designated Location Overseas.--The matter following paragraph (4) 
of section 705(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``or 352'' after ``section 314''.
    (e) Rest and Recuperation Absence: Certain Members Undergoing 
Extended Deployment to a Combat Zone.--Section 705a(b)(1)(B) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by inserting or ``352(a)'' after 
``section 305''.
    (f) Military Pay and Allowances Continuance While in a Missing 
Status.--Section 552(a)(2) of title 37, United States Code, is amended 
by inserting ``or paragraph (2) of section 351(a)'' after ``section 
301''.
    (g) Military Pay and Allowances.--Section 907(d) of title 37, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``or 351'' 
                after ``section 301'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``or 352'' 
                after ``section 301c'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (C), by inserting ``or 353(a)'' 
                after ``section 304'';
                    (D) in subparagraph (D), by inserting ``or 352'' 
                after ``section 305'';
                    (E) in subparagraph (E), by inserting ``or 352'' 
                after ``section 305a'';
                    (F) in subparagraph (F), by inserting ``or 352'' 
                after ``section 305b'';
                    (G) in subparagraph (G), by inserting ``or 352'' 
                after ``section 307a'';
                    (H) in subparagraph (I), by inserting ``or 352'' 
                after ``section 314'';
                    (I) in subparagraph (J), by striking ``316'' and 
                inserting ``353(b)''; and
                    (J) in subparagraph (K), by striking ``323'' and 
                inserting ``355''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``or 352'' 
                after ``section 307'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``308'' and 
                inserting ``331'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``309'' and 
                inserting ``331''; and
                    (D) in subparagraph (D), by inserting ``or 353'' 
                after ``section 320''.
    (h) Pay and Allowances.--Section 208(a)(2) of the Public Health 
Service Act (42 U.S.C. 210(a)(2)) is amended by inserting ``or 373'' 
after ``303a(b)''.

     Subtitle C--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Survivor Benefits

SEC. 621. FINDINGS AND SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING THE SPECIAL SURVIVOR 
              INDEMNITY ALLOWANCE.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) Dependency and indemnity compensation administered by 
        the Department of Veterans Affairs provides financial support 
        to the surviving spouses, children, and dependent parents of 
        deceased veterans.
            (2) The survivor benefit plan administered by the 
        Department of Defense provides an inflation-adjusted annuity to 
        the eligible survivors of certain deceased military personnel.
            (3) The amount of compensation a surviving spouse may 
        receive under the survivor benefit plan is offset on a dollar-
        for-dollar basis by any amount of dependency and indemnity 
        compensation the surviving spouse receives.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the special survivor indemnity allowance was created to 
        assist surviving spouses and begin to repay the offset 
        described in subsection (a)(3); and
            (2) such offset should be repealed as soon as possible.

                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

SEC. 631. LAND CONVEYANCE AUTHORITY, ARMY AND AIR FORCE EXCHANGE 
              SERVICE PROPERTY, DALLAS, TEXAS.

    (a) Conveyance Authorized.--The Army and Air Force Exchange Service 
may convey, by sale, exchange, or a combination thereof, all right, 
title, and interest of the United States in and to a parcel of real 
property, including improvements thereon, that is located at 8901 
Autobahn Drive in Dallas, Texas, and was purchased using 
nonappropriated funds of the Army and Air Force Exchange Service.
    (b) Consideration.--
            (1) In general.--Consideration for the real property 
        conveyed under subsection (a) shall be at least equal to the 
        fair market value of the property, as determined by the Army 
        and Air Force Exchange Service.
            (2) Treatment of cash consideration.--Any cash 
        consideration received from the conveyance of the property 
        under subsection (a) may be retained by the Army and Air Force 
        Exchange Service since the property was acquired using 
        nonappropriated funds.
    (c) Description of Property.--The exact acreage and legal 
description of the real property to be conveyed under subsection (a) 
shall be determined by a survey satisfactory to the Army and Air Force 
Exchange Service. The recipient of the property shall be required to 
cover the cost of the survey.
    (d) Additional Terms and Conditions.--The Army and Air Force 
Exchange Service may require such additional terms and conditions in 
connection with the conveyance under subsection (a) as the Army and Air 
Force Exchange Service considers appropriate to protect the interests 
of the United States.

SEC. 632. ADVISORY BOARDS REGARDING MILITARY COMMISSARIES AND 
              EXCHANGES.

    The Secretary of Defense shall direct each commanding officer of a 
military base on which there is a military commissary or exchange to 
establish an advisory board, comprised of representatives of military 
or veterans service organizations, to advise the commanding officer 
regarding the interests of patrons and beneficiaries of military 
commissaries and exchanges.

                   TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

SEC. 701. PHYSICAL EXAMINATIONS FOR MEMBERS OF A RESERVE COMPONENT WHO 
              ARE SEPARATING FROM THE ARMED FORCES.

    Section 1145 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections 
        (e) and (f), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsection (d):
    ``(d) Physical Examinations for Certain Members of a Reserve 
Component.--(1) The Secretary concerned shall provide a physical 
examination pursuant to subsection (a)(5) to each member of a reserve 
component who--
            ``(A) during the two-year period before the date on which 
        the member is scheduled to be separated from the armed force 
        served on active duty in support of a contingency operation for 
        a period of more than 30 days;
            ``(B) will not otherwise receive such an examination under 
        such subsection; and
            ``(C) elects to receive such a physical examination.
    ``(2) The Secretary concerned shall--
            ``(A) provide the physical examination under paragraph (1) 
        to a member during the 90-day period before the date on which 
        the member is scheduled to be separated from the armed forces; 
        and
            ``(B) issue orders to such a member to receive such 
        physical examination.
    ``(3) A member may not be entitled to health care benefits pursuant 
to subsection (a), (b), or (c) solely by reason of being provided a 
physical examination under paragraph (1).
    ``(4) In providing to a member a physical examination under 
paragraph (1), the Secretary concerned shall provide to the member a 
record of the physical examination.''.

SEC. 702. MENTAL HEALTH EXAMINATIONS BEFORE MEMBERS SEPARATE FROM THE 
              ARMED FORCES.

    (a) In General.--Section 1145(a)(5)(A) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting ``and a mental health examination 
conducted pursuant to section 1074n of this title'' after ``a physical 
examination''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1074n(a) of such title is 
amended by inserting ``(and before separation from active duty pursuant 
to section 1145(a)(5)(A) of this title)'' after ``each calendar year''.

SEC. 703. PROVISION OF HYPERBARIC OXYGEN THERAPY FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS OF 
              THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) HBOT Treatment.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 55 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by inserting after section 1074n the following 
        new section:
``Sec. 1074o. Provision of hyperbaric oxygen therapy for certain 
              members
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may furnish hyperbaric oxygen 
therapy available at a military medical treatment facility to a covered 
member if such therapy is prescribed by a physician to treat post-
traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain injury.
    ``(b) Covered Member Defined.--In this section, the term `covered 
member' means a member of the armed forces who is--
            ``(1) serving on active duty; and
            ``(2) diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder or 
        traumatic brain injury.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
        item relating to section 1074n the following new item:

``1074o. Provision of hyperbaric oxygen therapy for certain members.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

SEC. 711. CLARIFICATION OF ROLES OF COMMANDERS OF MILITARY MEDICAL 
              TREATMENT FACILITIES AND SURGEONS GENERAL.

    (a) Role of Commanders.--Section 1073c(a)(2) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as 
        subparagraphs (B) and (C), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting before subparagraph (B) the following new 
        subparagraph (A):
            ``(A) the operation of such facility;''.
    (b) Role of Surgeons General.--
            (1) Surgeon general of the army.--Section 3036(f) of title 
        10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new paragraph:
    ``(4)(A) The Surgeon General is responsible--
            ``(i) for the medical readiness provided by the military 
        medical treatment facilities of the Army; and
            ``(ii) for maintaining a ready medical force of the Army.
    ``(B) In carrying out subparagraph (A), the Surgeon General shall 
provide operational oversight of readiness matters of the military 
medical treatment facilities of the Army.''.
            (2) Surgeon general of the navy.--Section 5137(b) of title 
        10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new paragraph:
    ``(4)(A) The Surgeon General is responsible--
            ``(i) for the medical readiness provided by the military 
        medical treatment facilities of the Navy; and
            ``(ii) for maintaining a ready medical force of the Navy.
    ``(B) In carrying out subparagraph (A), the Surgeon General shall 
provide operational oversight of readiness matters of the military 
medical treatment facilities of the Navy.''.
            (3) Surgeon general of the air force.--Section 8036(b) of 
        title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
        the following new paragraph:
    ``(4)(A) The Surgeon General is responsible--
            ``(i) for the medical readiness provided by the military 
        medical treatment facilities of the Air Force; and
            ``(ii) for maintaining a ready medical force of the Air 
        Force.
    ``(B) In carrying out subparagraph (A), the Surgeon General shall 
provide operational oversight of readiness matters of the military 
medical treatment facilities of the Air Force.''.

SEC. 712. MAINTENANCE OF INPATIENT CAPABILITIES OF MILITARY MEDICAL 
              TREATMENT FACILITIES LOCATED OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES.

    In carrying out section 1073d of title 10, United States Code, the 
Secretary of Defense shall ensure that each military medical treatment 
facility located outside the United States maintains, at a minimum, the 
inpatient capabilities of such facility as of September 30, 2016.

SEC. 713. REGULAR UPDATE OF PRESCRIPTION DRUG PRICING STANDARD UNDER 
              TRICARE RETAIL PHARMACY PROGRAM.

    Section 1074g(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) With respect to the TRICARE retail pharmacy program described 
in subsection (a)(2)(E)(ii), the Secretary shall ensure that a contract 
entered into with a TRICARE pharmacy program contractor includes 
requirements described in section 1860D-12(b)(6) of the Social Security 
Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w-112(b)(6)) to ensure the provision of information 
regarding the pricing standard for prescription drugs.''.

SEC. 714. RESIDENCY REQUIREMENTS FOR PODIATRISTS.

    (a) Requirement.--In addition to any other qualification required 
by law or regulation, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that to 
serve as a podiatrist in the Armed Forces, an individual must have 
successfully completed a three-year podiatric medicine and surgical 
residency.
    (b) Application.--Subsection (a) shall apply with respect to an 
individual who is commissioned as an officer in the Armed Forces on or 
after the date that is one year after the date of the enactment of this 
Act.

                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

SEC. 721. ONE YEAR EXTENSION OF PILOT PROGRAM FOR PRESCRIPTION DRUG 
              ACQUISITION COST PARITY IN THE TRICARE PHARMACY BENEFITS 
              PROGRAM.

    Section 743(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``October 1, 2017'' and inserting ``October 
        1, 2018''; and
            (2) by striking ``September 30, 2018'' and inserting 
        ``September 30, 2019''.

SEC. 722. PILOT PROGRAM ON HEALTH CARE ASSISTANCE SYSTEM.

    (a) Pilot Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a 
pilot program to provide a health care assistance service to certain 
covered beneficiaries enrolled in TRICARE Prime or TRICARE Select to 
improve the health outcomes and patient experience for covered 
beneficiaries with complex medical conditions.
    (b) Elements.--The pilot program under subsection (a) may include 
the following elements:
            (1) Assisting families with complex medical conditions to 
        understand and use the health benefits under the TRICARE 
        program.
            (2) Supporting such families in accessing and navigating 
        the health care delivery system.
            (3) Providing such families with information to allow the 
        families to make informed decisions with health care providers.
            (4) Improving the health outcomes for such families.
    (c) Duration.--The Secretary shall carry out the pilot program for 
an amount of time determined appropriate by the Secretary during the 
five-year period beginning January 1, 2018.
    (d) Report.--Not later than January 1, 2021, the Secretary shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and the Senate a report containing an evaluation of the 
success of the pilot program under subsection (a), including an 
analysis of the implementation of the elements under subsection (b).
    (e) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``covered 
beneficiary'', ``TRICARE Prime'', ``TRICARE program'', and ``TRICARE 
Select'' have the meaning given those terms in section 1072 of title 
10, United States Code.

SEC. 723. RESEARCH OF CHRONIC TRAUMATIC ENCEPHALOPATHY.

    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise 
made available for fiscal year 2018 for advanced development for 
research, development, test, and evaluation for the Defense Health 
Program, not more than $25,000,000 may be used to award grants to 
medical researchers and universities to support research into early 
detection of chronic traumatic encephalopathy.

SEC. 724. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON ELIGIBILITY OF VICTIMS OF ACTS OF TERROR 
              FOR EVALUATION AND TREATMENT AT MILITARY TREATMENT 
              FACILITIES.

    Section 717 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) is amended by striking subsection (d) 
and inserting the following new subsections:
    ``(d) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
civilians covered by this section include United States victims of 
domestic and international terrorism.
    ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `act of terror' means an act of domestic 
        terrorism or international terrorism, as those terms are 
        defined in section 2331 of title 18, United States Code.
            ``(2) The term `covered beneficiary' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.
            ``(3) The term `victim', with respect to an act of terror, 
        means an individual who suffered physical injury as a direct 
        result of the act of terror.''.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                MATTERS

     Subtitle A--Defense Acquisition Streamlining and Transparency

                PART I--ACQUISITION SYSTEM STREAMLINING

SEC. 801. PROCUREMENT THROUGH ONLINE MARKETPLACES.

    (a) Establishment of Program.--The Administrator of General 
Services shall establish a program to procure commercial products 
through online marketplaces for purposes of expediting procurement and 
ensuring reasonable pricing of commercial products. The Administrator 
shall carry out the program in accordance with this section, through 
more than one contract with more than one online marketplace provider, 
and shall design the program to enable Government-wide use of such 
marketplaces.
    (b) Use of Program by Secretary of Defense.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall purchase, as appropriate, commercial products for the 
Department of Defense using the program established pursuant to 
subsection (a).
    (c) Criteria for Online Marketplaces.--The Administrator shall 
ensure that an online marketplace used under the program established 
pursuant to subsection (a)--
            (1) is used widely in the private sector, including in 
        business-to-business e-commerce;
            (2) provides dynamic selection, in which suppliers and 
        products may be frequently updated, and dynamic pricing, in 
        which product prices may be frequently updated;
            (3) enables offers from multiple suppliers on the same or 
        similar products to be sorted or filtered based on product and 
        shipping price, delivery date, and reviews of suppliers or 
        products;
            (4) does not feature or prioritize a product of a supplier 
        based on any compensation or fee paid to the online marketplace 
        by the supplier that is exclusively for such featuring or 
        prioritization on the online marketplace;
            (5) provides the capability for procurement oversight 
        controls, including spending limits, order approval, and order 
        tracking;
            (6) provides consolidated invoicing, payment, and customer 
        service functions for all transactions;
            (7) satisfies requirements for supplier and product 
        screening in subsection (d); and
            (8) collects information necessary to fulfill the 
        information requirements in subsection (h).
    (d) Supplier and Product Screening.--The Administrator shall--
            (1) provide or ensure electronic availability to an online 
        marketplace provider awarded a contract pursuant to subsection 
        (a), no less frequently than the first day of each month--
                    (A) the list of suspended and debarred contractors 
                contained in the System of Award Management maintained 
                by the General Services Administration, or any 
                successor system;
                    (B) a list of suppliers, by product, that certify 
                compliance with the requirements of section 2533a or 
                2533b of title 10, United States Code;
                    (C) a list of suppliers, by product, that comply 
                with the requirements of, or are subject to an 
                exception under, chapter 83 of title 41, United States 
                Code;
                    (D) a list of suppliers, by product, with respect 
                to which the President has issued a waiver under 
                section 301 of the Trade Agreements Act of 1979 (19 
                U.S.C. 2511);
                    (E) a list of products, by supplier, that are 
                suitable for the Federal Government to procure pursuant 
                to section 2410n of title 10, United States Code, or 
                section 8503 of title 41, United States Code; and
                    (F) a list of suppliers, by product, that are small 
                business concerns;
            (2) conduct reviews of suppliers to establish the lists 
        required under paragraph (1);
            (3) ensure that an online marketplace used under the 
        program established pursuant to subsection (a) provides the 
        ability to search suppliers and products and identify such 
        suppliers and products as authorized or not authorized for 
        purchase during the procurement and order approval process 
        based on the most recent lists provided pursuant to paragraph 
        (1).
    (e) Relationship to Other Provisions of Law.--(1) Notwithstanding 
any other provision of law, a procurement of a product made through an 
online marketplace under the program established pursuant to subsection 
(a)--
            (A) is deemed to satisfy requirements for full and open 
        competition pursuant to section 2304 of title 10, United States 
        Code, and section 3301 of title 41, United States Code, if 
        there are offers from two or more suppliers of such a product 
        or similar product with substantially the same physical, 
        functional, or performance characteristics on the online 
        marketplace; and
            (B) is deemed to be an award of a prime contract for 
        purposes of the goals established under section 15(g) of the 
        Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644(g)), if the purchase is from 
        a supplier that is a small business concern.
    (2) Nothing in this subsection shall be construed as limiting the 
authority of a department or agency to restrict competition to small 
business concerns.
    (f) Requirement to Use Standard Terms and Conditions of Online 
Marketplaces.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a 
procurement of a product through a commercial online marketplace used 
under the program established pursuant to subsection (a) shall be made 
under the standard terms and conditions of the marketplace relating to 
purchasing on the marketplace, and the Administrator shall not require 
an online marketplace to modify its standard terms and conditions as a 
condition of receiving a contract pursuant to subsection (a).
    (g) Procedures for Award of Contract.--Notwithstanding section 2304 
of title 10, United States Code, or any other provision of law, the 
award of a contract to an online marketplace provider pursuant to 
subsection (a) may be made without the use of full and open 
competition.
    (h) Order Information.--
            (1) In general.--The Administrator shall require each 
        online marketplace provider awarded a contract pursuant to 
        subsection (a) to provide to the General Services 
        Administration, not less frequently than the first day of each 
        month, the ability to electronically access the following 
        information with respect to each product ordered during the 
        preceding month:
                    (A) The product name and description.
                    (B) The date and time of the order.
                    (C) The product price.
                    (D) The person or entity within the department or 
                agency that purchased the product and, if appropriate, 
                the official who authorized the purchase.
                    (E) The delivery address specified in the order for 
                the product.
                    (F) The number of suppliers that offered the same 
                product or a similar product with substantially the 
                same physical, functional, or performance 
                characteristics on the same date and time that the 
                product was ordered.
            (2) Data system.--The Administrator shall ensure that order 
        information listed in paragraph (1) is entered into the Federal 
        Procurement Data System described in section 1122 of title 41, 
        United States Code.
    (i) Limitation on Information Disclosure.--In any contract awarded 
to an online marketplace provider pursuant to subsection (a), the 
Administrator shall require that the provider agree not to sell or 
otherwise make available to any third party any of the information 
listed in subsection (h)(1) in a manner that identifies the Federal 
Government, or any of its departments or agencies, as the purchaser, 
except with written consent of the Administrator.
    (j) Comptroller General Review of Small Business Participation.--
            (1) Report requirement.--Not later than three years after a 
        contract with an online marketplace provider is awarded 
        pursuant to subsection (a), the Comptroller General of the 
        United States shall submit to the committees listed in 
        paragraph (2) a report on small business participation in the 
        program established pursuant to subsection (a). The report 
        shall include--
                    (A) the number of small business concerns that have 
                registered or that have sold goods with at least one 
                online marketplace provider;
                    (B) trends in small business participation;
                    (C) the effect, if any, of the program on the 
                ability of agencies to meet goals established under 
                section 15(g) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
                644(g)); and
                    (D) a discussion of the limitations, if any, to 
                small business participation in the program.
            (2) Committees.--The committees listed in this paragraph 
        are the following:
                    (A) The Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
                and House of Representatives.
                    (B) The Committee on Homeland Security and 
                Governmental Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on 
                Oversight and Government Reform of the House of 
                Representatives.
                    (C) The Committee on Small Business and 
                Entrepreneurship of the Senate and the Committee on 
                Small Business of the House of Representatives.
    (k) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Online marketplace provider.--The term ``online 
        marketplace provider'' means a commercial, non-Government 
        entity providing an online portal for the purchase of 
        commercial products aggregated, distributed, sold, or 
        manufactured by such entity. The term does not include an 
        online portal managed by the Government for, or predominantly 
        for use by, Government agencies.
            (2) Commercial product.--The term ``commercial product'' 
        means a commercially available off-the-shelf item, as defined 
        in section 104 of title 41, United States Code, except the term 
        does not include services.
            (3) Small business concern.--The term ``small business 
        concern'' has the meaning given such term under section 3 of 
        the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632).

SEC. 802. PERFORMANCE OF INCURRED COST AUDITS.

    (a) Performance of Incurred Cost Audits.--Chapter 137 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 2313a the 
following new section:
``Sec. 2313b. Performance of incurred cost audits
    ``(a) Compliance With Standards of Risk and Materiality.--For 
purposes of performing an incurred cost audit of costs associated with 
a contract of the Department of Defense, the Secretary of Defense shall 
comply with commercially accepted standards of risk and materiality.
    ``(b) Selection of Auditing Entity to Perform Incurred Cost 
Audits.--(1) For an incurred cost audit of a contract of the Department 
of Defense, the Defense Contract Management Agency or a contract 
administration office of a military department shall have the authority 
to select the Defense Contract Audit Agency or a qualified private 
auditor to perform an incurred cost audit, based upon guidelines that--
            ``(A) are issued by an audit planning committee that is 
        comprised of one representative from each of the office of the 
        Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, the 
        Defense Contract Management Agency, a contract administration 
        office of a military department, and the Defense Contract Audit 
        Agency;
            ``(B) ensure that, after September 1, 2020, not less than 
        25 percent of incurred costs on flexibly priced contracts are 
        audited by qualified private auditors; and
            ``(C) ensure that multi-year auditing is conducted only to 
        address outstanding incurred cost audits for which a qualified 
        incurred cost submission was submitted to the Defense Contract 
        Audit Agency more than 12 months before the date of the 
        enactment of this section.
    ``(2)(A) Not later than September 1, 2020, the Secretary of Defense 
shall award an indefinite delivery-indefinite quantity task order 
contract to two or more qualified private auditors to perform incurred 
cost audits of costs associated with contracts of the Department of 
Defense.
    ``(B) The Defense Contract Management Agency, a contract 
administration office of a military department, or an authorized entity 
outside the Department of the Defense may issue a task order to perform 
an incurred cost audit to a qualified private auditor under a task 
order contract awarded under subparagraph (A). Such task order may be 
issued only to a qualified private auditor that certifies that the 
qualified private auditor possesses the necessary independence to 
perform such an audit.
    ``(C) The Defense Contract Audit Agency may not conduct further 
audit or review of an incurred cost audit performed by a qualified 
private auditor pursuant to this section, unless requested to do so as 
part of conducting contract quality assurance functions in accordance 
with the Federal Acquisition Regulation.
    ``(3)(A) Effective September 1, 2022, the Defense Contract Audit 
Agency may issue unqualified audit findings for an incurred cost audit 
only if the Defense Contract Audit Agency is peer reviewed by a 
commercial auditor and passes such peer review. Such peer review shall 
be conducted in accordance with the peer review requirements of the 
generally accepted government auditing standards of the Comptroller 
General of the United States and shall be deemed to meet the 
requirements of the Defense Contract Audit Agency for a peer review 
under such standards.
    ``(B) The peer review referred to in subparagraph (A) shall occur 
not less frequently than once every three years.
    ``(C) Not later than September 1, 2019, the Secretary of Defense 
shall provide to the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives an update on the process of securing a commercial 
auditor to perform the peer review referred to in subparagraph (A).
    ``(4) The Secretary of Defense shall consider the results of an 
incurred cost audit performed under this section without regard to 
whether the Defense Contract Audit Agency or a qualified private 
auditor performed the audit.
    ``(5) The contracting officer for a contract that is the subject of 
an incurred cost audit shall have the sole discretion to accept or 
reject an audit finding on direct costs of the contract.
    ``(c) Materiality Standards for Incurred Cost Audits.--(1) Not 
later than September 1, 2020, and except as provided in paragraph (2), 
the minimum materiality standard used by an auditor shall--
                    ``(A) for a incurred cost audit of costs in an 
                amount less than or equal to $100,000, be 4 percent of 
                such costs;
                    ``(B) for a incurred cost audit of costs in an 
                amount greater than $100,000 but less than $500,000, be 
                $2,000 plus 2 percent of such costs;
                    ``(C) for a incurred cost audit of costs in an 
                amount greater than $500,000 but less than $1,000,000, 
                be $5,000 plus 1 percent of such costs;
                    ``(D) for a incurred cost audit of costs in an 
                amount greater than $1,000,000 but less than 
                $5,000,000, be $8,000 plus 0.9 percent of such costs;
                    ``(E) for a incurred cost audit of costs in an 
                amount greater than $5,000,000 but less than 
                $10,000,000, be $13,000 plus 0.8 percent of such costs;
                    ``(F) for a incurred cost audit of costs in an 
                amount greater than $10,000,000 but less than 
                $50,000,000, be $23,000 plus 0.7 percent of such costs;
                    ``(G) for a incurred cost audit of costs in an 
                amount greater than $50,000,000 but less than 
                $100,000,000, be $73,000 plus 0.6 percent of such 
                costs;
                    ``(H) for a incurred cost audit of costs in an 
                amount greater than $100,000,000 but less than 
                $500,000,000, be $153,000 plus 0.52 percent of such 
                costs; and
                    ``(I) for a incurred cost audit of costs in an 
                amount greater than $500,000,000, be $503,000 plus 0.45 
                percent of such costs.
    ``(2) An auditor that performs an incurred cost audit under this 
section may use a materiality standard of a lesser amount than the 
materiality standard described under paragraph (1) with respect to a 
particular qualified incurred cost submission from a contractor based 
on an assessment of risk presented by such qualified incurred cost 
submission. The risk shall be assessed by the auditor in accordance 
with generally accepted government auditing standards and guidance 
issued by the Secretary of Defense.
    ``(3) Not later than March 1, 2019, the Comptroller General of the 
United States shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report on practices for assessing risk and materiality in auditing, 
which shall include--
            ``(A) a summary of commercially accepted standards of risk 
        and materiality and Government standards for risk and 
        materiality as related to incurred cost audits;
            ``(B) examples of how commercial auditing firms apply such 
        standards in developing methodologies for conducting incurred 
        cost audits; and
            ``(C) recommendations, if appropriate, to modify the 
        minimum materiality standards under paragraph (1) to be 
        consistent with commercially accepted standards of risk and 
        materiality.
    ``(4) Not later than September 1, 2019, and every 5 years 
thereafter, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on commercially accepted standards of risk 
and materiality as related to incurred cost audits. The report may 
contain recommendations to modify the materiality standards under 
paragraph (1) to be consistent with such commercially accepted 
standards of risk and materiality.
    ``(d) Timeliness of Incurred Cost Audits.--(1) The Secretary of 
Defense shall ensure that all incurred cost audits performed pursuant 
to subsection (b) are performed in a timely manner.
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense shall notify a contractor within 60 
days after receipt of an incurred cost submission from the contractor 
whether the submission is a qualified incurred cost submission.
    ``(3) With respect to qualified incurred cost submissions received 
on or after the date of the enactment of this section, audit findings 
shall be issued for an incurred cost audit not later than one year 
after the date of receipt of such qualified incurred cost submission.
    ``(4) If audit findings are not issued within one year after the 
date of receipt of a qualified incurred cost submission, such qualified 
incurred cost submission shall be considered accepted in its entirety 
unless the Secretary of Defense can demonstrate that the contractor 
unreasonably withheld information necessary to perform the incurred 
cost audit.
    ``(e) Review of Audit Performance.--Not later than April 1, 2025, 
the Comptroller General of the United States shall provide a report to 
the congressional defense committees that evaluates for the period 
beginning on September 1, 2020, and ending on August 31, 2023--
            ``(1) the timeliness, individual cost, and quality of 
        incurred cost audits, set forth separately by incurred cost 
        audits performed by the Defense Contract Audit Agency and by 
        qualified private auditors;
            ``(2) the cost to contractors of the Department of Defense 
        for incurred cost audits, set forth separately by incurred cost 
        audits performed by the Defense Contract Audit Agency and by 
        qualified private auditors;
            ``(3) the effect, if any, on other types of audits 
        conducted by the Defense Contract Audit Agency that results 
        from incurred cost audits conducted by qualified private 
        auditors; and
            ``(4) the capability and capacity of commercial auditors to 
        conduct incurred cost audits for the Department of Defense.
    ``(f) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `commercial auditor' means a private entity 
        engaged in the business of performing audits.
            ``(2) The term `flexibly priced contract' means--
                    ``(A) a cost-type contract, fixed-price incentive 
                fee contract, or price-redeterminable contract, or a 
                task order issued under an indefinite delivery-
                indefinite quantity task order contract, for which 
                final payment is based on actual costs incurred; or
                    ``(B) the materials portion of a time-and-materials 
                contract or labor-hour contract of the Department of 
                Defense.
            ``(3) The term `incurred cost audit' means an audit of 
        charges to the Government by a contractor under a flexibly 
        priced contract.
            ``(4) The term `materiality standard' means a dollar amount 
        of misstatements, including omissions, contained in an incurred 
        cost audit that would be material if the misstatements, 
        individually or in the aggregate, could reasonably be expected 
        to influence the economic decisions of the Government made on 
        the basis of the incurred cost audit.
            ``(5) The term `qualified incurred cost submission' means a 
        submission by a contractor of costs incurred under a flexibly 
        priced contract that has been qualified by the Department of 
        Defense as sufficient to conduct an incurred cost audit.
            ``(6) The term `qualified private auditor' means a 
        commercial auditor--
                    ``(A) that performs audits in accordance with 
                generally accepted government auditing standards of the 
                Comptroller General of the United States; and
                    ``(B) that has received a passing peer review 
                rating, as defined under the generally accepted 
                government auditing standards.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
2313a the following new item:

``2313b. Performance of incurred cost audits.''.

SEC. 803. MODIFICATIONS TO COST OR PRICING DATA AND REPORTING 
              REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Modifications to Submissions of Cost or Pricing Data.--
            (1) Title 10.--Subsection (a) of section 2306a of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``December 5, 1990'' each place it 
                appears and inserting ``June 30, 2018'';
                    (B) by striking ``December 5, 1991'' each place it 
                appears and inserting ``July 1, 2018'';
                    (C) by striking ``$100,000'' each place it appears 
                and inserting ``$750,000'';
                    (D) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in subparagraphs (A)(i), (B)(i), 
                        (C)(i), (C)(ii), and (D)(i), by striking 
                        ``$500,000'' and inserting ``$2,500,000''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B)(ii), by striking 
                        ``$500,000'' and inserting ``$750,000'';
                    (E) in paragraph (6), by striking ``December 5, 
                1990'' and inserting ``June 30, 2018''; and
                    (F) in paragraph (7), by striking ``to the amount'' 
                and all that follows through ``higher multiple of 
                $50,000.'' and inserting ``in accordance with section 
                1908 of title 41.''.
            (2) Title 41.--Section 3502 of title 41, United States 
        Code, is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) by striking ``October 13, 1994'' each 
                        place it appears and inserting ``June 30, 
                        2018'';
                            (ii) by striking ``$100,000'' each place it 
                        appears and inserting ``$750,000'';
                            (iii) in paragraphs (1)(A), (2)(A), (3)(A), 
                        (3)(B), and (4)(A), by striking ``$500,000'' 
                        and inserting ``$2,500,000''; and
                            (iv) in paragraph (2)(B), by striking 
                        ``$500,000'' and inserting ``$750,000'';
                    (B) in subsection (f), by striking ``October 13, 
                1994'' and inserting ``June 30, 2018''; and
                    (C) in subsection (g), by striking ``to the 
                amount'' and all that follows through ``higher multiple 
                of $50,000.'' and inserting ``in accordance with 
                section 1908.''.
    (b) Modification to Authority to Require Submission.--Paragraph (1) 
of section 2306a(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``the contracting officer shall require submission of'' and 
all the follows through ``to the extent necessary'' and inserting ``the 
offeror shall be required to submit to the contracting officer data 
other than certified cost or pricing data (if requested by the 
contracting officer), to the extent necessary''.
    (c) Comptroller General Review of Modifications to Cost or Pricing 
Data Submission Requirements.--Not later than March 1, 2022, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the implementation and 
effect of the amendments made by subsections (a) and (b).
    (d) Requirements for Defense Contract Audit Agency Report.--
            (1) In general.--Section 2313a of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) by inserting ``and dollar 
                                value'' after ``number''; and
                                    (II) by inserting ``, set forth 
                                separately by type of audit'' after 
                                ``pending'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (C), by inserting ``, 
                        both from the date of receipt of a qualified 
                        incurred cost submission and from the date the 
                        audit begins'' after ``audit'';
                            (iii) by amending subparagraph (D) to read 
                        as follows:
                    ``(D) the sustained questioned costs, set forth 
                separately by type of audit, both as a total value and 
                as a percentage of the total questioned costs for the 
                audit;'';
                            (iv) by striking subparagraph (E); and
                            (v) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the 
                        following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(E) the total number and dollar value of incurred 
                cost audits completed, and the method by which such 
                incurred cost audits were completed;
                    ``(F) the aggregate cost of performing audits, set 
                forth separately by type of audit;
                    ``(G) the ratio of sustained questioned costs to 
                the aggregate costs of performing audits, set forth 
                separately by type of audit; and
                    ``(H) the total number and dollar value of audits 
                that are pending for a period longer than one year as 
                of the end of the fiscal year covered by the report, 
                and the fiscal year in which the qualified submission 
                was received, set forth separately by type of audit;''; 
                and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                subsection:
    ``(d) Definitions.--
            ``(1) The terms `incurred cost audit' and `qualified 
        incurred cost submission' have the meaning given those terms in 
        section 2313b of this title.
            ``(2) The term `sustained questioned costs' means 
        questioned costs that were recovered by the Federal Government 
        as a result of contract negotiations related to such questioned 
        costs.''.
            (2) Exemption to report termination requirements.--Section 
        1080 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1000; 10 U.S.C. 111 note), 
        as amended by section 1061(j) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328), 
        does not apply to the report required to be submitted to 
        Congress under section 2313a of title 10, United States Code.
    (e) Adjustment to Value of Covered Contracts for Requirements 
Relating to Allowable Costs.--Subparagraph (B) of section 2324(l)(1) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``to the 
equivalent'' and all that follows through ``higher multiple of 
$50,000.'' and inserting ``in accordance with section 1908 of title 
41.''.

           PART II--EARLY INVESTMENTS IN ACQUISITION PROGRAMS

SEC. 811. REQUIREMENT TO EMPHASIZE RELIABILITY AND MAINTAINABILITY IN 
              WEAPON SYSTEM DESIGN.

    (a) Sustainment Factors in Weapon System Design.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 144 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        section:
``Sec. 2442. Sustainment factors in weapon system design
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the 
defense acquisition system gives ample emphasis to sustainment factors, 
particularly those factors that are affected principally by the design 
of a weapon system, in the development of a weapon system.
    ``(b) Requirements Process.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
reliability and maintainability are included in the performance 
attributes of the key performance parameter on sustainment during the 
development of capabilities requirements.
    ``(c) Solicitation and Award of Contracts.--
            ``(1) Requirement.--The program manager of a weapon system 
        shall include in the solicitation for and terms of a covered 
        contract for the weapon system clearly defined and measurable 
        requirements for engineering activities and design 
        specifications for reliability and maintainability.
            ``(2) Exception.--If the program manager determines that 
        engineering activities and design specifications for 
        reliability or maintainability should not be a requirement in a 
        covered contract, the program manager shall document in writing 
        the justification for the decision.
            ``(3) Source selection criteria.--The Secretary shall 
        ensure that sustainment factors, including reliability and 
        maintainability, are given ample emphasis in the process for 
        source selection. The Secretary shall encourage the use of 
        objective reliability and maintainability criteria in the 
        evaluation of competitive proposals.
    ``(d) Contract Performance.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall ensure that the 
        Department of Defense uses best practices for responding to the 
        positive or negative performance of a contractor in meeting the 
        sustainment requirements of a covered contract for a weapon 
        system. The Secretary shall encourage the use of incentive fees 
        authorized in paragraph (2) in all covered contracts for 
        weapons systems. The Secretary shall take the necessary actions 
        to enable program offices to execute the recovery options 
        required for each covered contract under paragraph (3).
            ``(2) Authority for incentive fees.--The Secretary of 
        Defense is authorized to pay an incentive fee to a contractor 
        that exceeds the design specification requirements for 
        reliability or maintainability for a covered contract. In 
        exercising the authority provided in this paragraph, the 
        Secretary may provide in the terms of the contract for the 
        payment of an incentive fee to a contractor not later than the 
        date of acceptance of the last item under the contract.
            ``(3) Recovery options.--(A) Any covered contract for a 
        weapon system shall include terms for amounts to be paid by the 
        contractor to the Government for failure to meet the design 
        specification requirements for reliability and maintainability 
        of the contract by the date of acceptance of the last item 
        under the contract. Terms for such amounts shall be included in 
        the solicitation for the contract. Such terms shall include 
        provisions providing that--
                    ``(i) the contractor, at no or minimal cost to the 
                Government as determined by the Secretary and included 
                in the contract, identifies the cause of the failure in 
                the system design, develops an engineering change, and, 
                in the case of a production contract, modifies all end 
                items to be delivered or already delivered under the 
                contract; or
                    ``(ii) the contractor provides the Government--
                            ``(I) a refund in the amount required to 
                        identify the cause of the failure in the system 
                        design, develop an engineering change, and 
                        modify all end items delivered under the 
                        contract; and
                            ``(II) associated technical data required 
                        to make the necessary modifications.
            ``(B) The Secretary may waive the requirement in 
        subparagraph (A) with respect to a covered contract if the 
        Secretary determines that such requirement is not in the 
        national security interests of the United States.
            ``(4) Measurement of reliability and maintainability.--In 
        carrying out paragraphs (2) and (3), the program manager shall 
        base determinations of a contractor's performance on 
        reliability and maintainability data collected during 
        developmental testing and operational testing.
    ``(e) Covered Contract Defined.--In this section, the term `covered 
contract', with respect to a weapon system, means a contract--
            ``(1) for the engineering and manufacturing development of 
        a weapon system; or
            ``(2) for the production of a weapon system.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of subchapter I of such chapter is amended by adding 
        at the end the following new item:

``2442. Sustainment factors in weapon system design.''.
    (b) Effective Date for Certain Provisions.--Subsections (c) and (d) 
of section 2442 of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection 
(a), shall apply with respect to any covered contract (as defined in 
that section) for which the contract solicitation is issued on or after 
the date occurring one year after the date of the enactment of this 
Act.
    (c) Investment Program Authorized.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
        an investment program for funding engineering changes to the 
        design of a weapon system in the engineering and manufacturing 
        development phase or in the production phase of an acquisition 
        program to improve reliability or maintainability of the weapon 
        system and reduce projected operating and support costs. The 
        program may be funded from the Defense Modernization Account 
        authorized in section 2216 of title 10, United States Code. A 
        program manager may apply for available funds by presenting a 
        business case analysis of the anticipated return on investment 
        of such funds.
            (2) Briefing required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in 
        consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments, 
        shall provide a briefing to the Committees on Armed Services in 
        the Senate and the House of Representatives on an 
        implementation plan for the program authorized under paragraph 
        (1). The implementation plan shall set forth the process by 
        which program managers apply for available funds, including 
        information on the validation of business case analyses and the 
        evaluation of applications. The briefing shall also include the 
        results of a review of past or existing programs to improve 
        reliability and maintainability and reduce operating and 
        support costs of weapon systems, an assessment of best 
        practices and lessons learned from these programs, and an 
        assessment of the opportunities for consolidation of existing 
        similar programs.

SEC. 812. LICENSING OF APPROPRIATE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY TO SUPPORT 
              MAJOR WEAPON SYSTEMS.

    (a) Negotiation of Price for Technical Data Before Development or 
Production of Major Weapon System.--
            (1) Requirement.--Chapter 144 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by inserting after section 2438 the following 
        new section:
``Sec. 2439. Negotiation of price for technical data before development 
              or production of major weapon systems
    ``The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the Department of 
Defense, before selecting a contractor for the engineering and 
manufacturing development of a major weapon system, or for the 
production of a major weapon system, negotiates a price for technical 
data to be delivered under a contract for such development or 
production.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
        item relating to section 2438 the following new item:

``2439. Negotiation of price for technical data before development or 
                            production of major weapon systems.''.
            (3) Effective date.--Section 2439 of title 10, United 
        States Code, as added by paragraph (1), shall apply with 
        respect to any contract for engineering and manufacturing 
        development of a major weapon system, or for the production of 
        a major weapon system, for which the contract solicitation is 
        issued on or after the date occurring one year after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Written Determination for Milestone B Approval.--
            (1) In general.--Subsection (a)(3) of section 2366b of 
        title 10, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``and'' at the end of subparagraph 
                (M); and
                    (B) by inserting after subparagraph (N) the 
                following new subparagraph:
                    ``(O) appropriate actions have been taken to 
                negotiate and enter into a contract or contract options 
                for the technical data required to support the program; 
                and''.
            (2) Effective date.--Section 2366b(a)(3)(O) of title 10, 
        United States Code, as added by paragraph (1), shall apply with 
        respect to any major defense acquisition program receiving 
        Milestone B approval on or after the date occurring one year 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (c) Preference for Negotiation of Customized License Agreements.--
Section 2320 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections 
        (g) and (h), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
        subsection (f):
    ``(f) Preference for Specially Negotiated Licenses.--The Secretary 
of Defense shall, to the maximum extent practicable, negotiate and 
enter into a contract with a contractor for a specially negotiated 
license for technical data to support the product support strategy of a 
major weapon system or subsystem of a major weapon system. In 
performing the assessment and developing the corresponding strategy 
required under subsection (e) for such a system or subsystem, a program 
manager shall consider the use of specially negotiated licenses to 
acquire customized technical data appropriate for the particular 
elements of the product support strategy.''.

SEC. 813. MANAGEMENT OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MATTERS WITHIN THE 
              DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Management of Intellectual Property.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 137 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by inserting after section 2321 the following 
        new section:
``Sec. 2322. Management of intellectual property matters within the 
              Department of Defense
    ``(a) Office and Director of Intellectual Property.--(1) There is 
an Office of Intellectual Property within the Office of the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment.
    ``(2) The Office shall be headed by a Director of Intellectual 
Property, who shall have the qualifications described in paragraph (3). 
The Director is responsible in the Department of Defense to the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment for policy and 
oversight of the acquisition and licensing of intellectual property 
within the Department of Defense. The Director shall report directly to 
the Under Secretary.
    ``(3) In order to qualify to be assigned to the position of 
Director, an individual shall--
            ``(A) have management expertise in, and professional 
        experience with, intellectual property matters, including an 
        understanding of intellectual property law, regulations, and 
        policies, especially with respect to regulations and policies 
        of the Federal Government and the Department of Defense for 
        acquiring or licensing intellectual property, and best 
        practices for negotiating and executing business arrangements 
        with industry for the acquisition or licensing of intellectual 
        property;
            ``(B) have an understanding of Department of Defense weapon 
        system acquisition; and
            ``(C) have an understanding of the commercial marketplace; 
        commercial industry operations, including supply chain 
        operations; business strategies; and private investment in 
        research and development.
    ``(4) The Secretary of Defense shall designate the position of 
Director as a critical acquisition position under section 1733(b)(1)(C) 
of this title.
    ``(b) Duties.--(1) The Director of Intellectual Property (in this 
section referred to as the `Director') shall oversee and coordinate 
efforts throughout the Department of Defense to acquire or license 
intellectual property within the Department of Defense. The duties 
under this paragraph shall include the duties specified in paragraphs 
(2) through (8).
    ``(2) The Director shall develop and recommend any policy guidance 
on the acquisition or licensing of intellectual property to be issued 
by the Secretary of Defense.
    ``(3) The Director shall provide oversight and coordination of the 
efforts within the Department of Defense to acquire or license 
intellectual property--
            ``(A) to ensure that program managers are aware of the 
        rights afforded the Federal Government and contractors in 
        intellectual property and that program managers fully consider 
        and use all available techniques and best practices for 
        acquiring or licensing intellectual property early in the 
        acquisition process;
            ``(B) to enable consistency across the military departments 
        and the Department of Defense in strategies for obtaining 
        intellectual property and communicating with industry; and
            ``(C) to raise awareness within the acquisition, science 
        and technology, and logistics communities within the Department 
        of intellectual property issues.
    ``(4) The Director shall assist program managers in developing 
customized intellectual property strategies for each weapon system 
based on, at a minimum, the unique characteristics of the weapon system 
and its components, the product support strategy for the weapon system, 
the organic industrial base strategy of the military department 
concerned, and the commercial market.
    ``(5) The Director shall develop resources, including guidelines on 
intellectual property matters and, as appropriate, templates for 
specially negotiated licenses, and make them available to the 
acquisition workforce.
    ``(6) The Director shall establish, maintain, supervise, and assign 
to program offices the cadre of intellectual property experts 
established under subsection (c).
    ``(7) The Director, in coordination with the Defense Acquisition 
University and in consultation with industry, shall--
            ``(A) develop a career path, including development 
        opportunities, talent management programs, and training, for 
        the cadre of intellectual property experts established under 
        subsection (c); and
            ``(B) develop, update, and coordinate intellectual property 
        training provided to the acquisition workforce.
    ``(8) The Director shall foster communications with industry and 
serve as a central point of contact within the Department of Defense 
for communications with contractors on intellectual property matters. 
The Director may interact directly with industry, trade associations, 
other Government agencies, academic research and educational 
institutions, and scientific organizations engaged in intellectual 
property matters.
    ``(c) Cadre of Intellectual Property Experts.--(1) The Director 
shall establish within the Office of Intellectual Property a cadre of 
personnel who are experts in intellectual property matters. The purpose 
of the cadre is to ensure a consistent, strategic, and highly 
knowledgeable approach to acquiring or licensing intellectual property 
by providing expert advice, assistance, and resources to the 
acquisition workforce on intellectual property matters, including 
acquiring or licensing intellectual property.
    ``(2) The cadre of experts shall be assigned to a weapons system 
program office or an acquisition command within a military department 
to advise, assist, and provide resources to a program manager or 
program executive officer on intellectual property matters at various 
stages of the life cycle of a weapon system. In performing such duties, 
the experts shall--
            ``(A) interpret and provide counsel on laws, regulations, 
        and policies relating to intellectual property;
            ``(B) advise and assist in the development of an 
        acquisition strategy, product support strategy, and 
        intellectual property strategy for a weapon system;
            ``(C) conduct or assist with financial analysis and 
        valuation of intellectual property;
            ``(D) assist in the drafting of a contract solicitation or 
        contract;
            ``(E) interact with or assist in interactions with 
        contractors, including communications and negotiations with 
        contractors on contract solicitations and contract awards; and
            ``(F) conduct or assist with mediation if technical data 
        delivered pursuant to a contract is incomplete or does not 
        comply with the terms of the contract.
    ``(3)(A) In order to achieve the purpose set forth in paragraph 
(1), the Director shall ensure the cadre has the appropriate number of 
staff and such staff possesses the necessary skills, knowledge, and 
experience to carry out the duties under paragraph (2), including in 
relevant areas of law, contracting, acquisition, logistics, 
engineering, financial analysis, and valuation. The Director may use 
existing authorities to staff the cadre, including those in 
subparagraphs (B), (C), (D), and (F).
    ``(B) Civilian personnel from within the Office of the Secretary of 
Defense, Joint Staff, military departments, Defense Agencies, and 
combatant commands may be assigned to serve as members of the cadre, 
upon request of the Director.
    ``(C) The Director may use the authorities for highly qualified 
experts under section 9903 of title 5, to hire experts as members of 
the cadre who are skilled professionals in intellectual property and 
related matters.
    ``(D) The Director may enter into a contract with a private-sector 
entity for specialized expertise to support the cadre. Such entity may 
be considered a covered Government support contractor, as defined in 
section 2320 of this title.
    ``(E) In establishing the cadre, the Director shall give preference 
to civilian employees of the Department of Defense, rather than members 
of the armed forces, to maintain continuity in the cadre.
    ``(F) The Director is authorized to use funding from the Defense 
Acquisition Workforce Development Fund for the purpose of recruitment, 
training, and retention of the cadre, including paying salaries of 
newly hired members of the cadre for up to three years.
    ``(G) Members of the cadre shall report to the Director.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new item:

``2322. Management of intellectual property matters within the 
                            Department of Defense.''.
    (b) Placement in the Office of the Secretary of Defense.--
Subsection 131(b)(8) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(J) The Director of the Office of Intellectual 
                Property assigned pursuant to section 2322(a) of this 
                title.''.
    (c) Additional Acquisition Position.--Subsection 1721(b) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following 
new paragraph:
            ``(12) Intellectual property.''.
    (d) Review of Acquisition Workforce Training.--Not later than one 
year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense shall revise the education and training programs provided to 
the acquisition workforce under chapter 87 of title 10, United States 
Code--
            (1) to ensure the acquisition workforce maintains a basic 
        familiarity with the fundamental aspects of the acquisition and 
        licensing of intellectual property; and
            (2) to establish and maintain advanced expertise in the 
        acquisition and licensing of intellectual property to staff the 
        cadre of intellectual property experts required under section 
        2322 of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection 
        (a).

SEC. 814. IMPROVEMENT OF PLANNING FOR ACQUISITION OF SERVICES.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Improvement of planning for acquisition of services.--
        Chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
        inserting after section 2328 the following new section:
``Sec. 2329. Procurement of services: data analysis and requirements 
              validation
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that--
            ``(1) appropriate and sufficiently detailed data are 
        collected and analyzed to support the validation of 
        requirements for services contracts and inform the planning, 
        programming, budgeting, and execution process of the Department 
        of Defense;
            ``(2) requirements for services contracts are evaluated 
        appropriately and in a timely manner to inform decisions 
        regarding the procurement of services; and
            ``(3) decisions regarding the procurement of services 
        consider available resources and total force management 
        policies and procedures.
    ``(b) Specification of Amounts Requested in Budget.--Effective 
October 1, 2022, the Secretary of Defense shall annually submit to 
Congress information on services contracts that clearly and separately 
identifies the amount requested for each category of services to be 
procured for each Defense Agency, Department of Defense Field Activity, 
command, or military installation. Such information shall--
            ``(1) be submitted at or about the time of the budget 
        submission by the President under section 1105(a) of title 31;
            ``(2) cover the fiscal year covered by such budget 
        submission by the President;
            ``(3) be consistent with total amounts of estimated 
        expenditures and proposed appropriations necessary to support 
        the programs, projects, and activities of the Department of 
        Defense included in such budget submission by the President for 
        that fiscal year; and
            ``(4) be organized using a common enterprise data structure 
        developed under section 2222 of this title.
    ``(c) Data Analysis.--(1) Each Secretary of a military department 
shall regularly analyze past spending patterns and anticipated future 
requirements with respect to the procurement of services within such 
military department.
    ``(2)(A) The Secretary of Defense shall regularly analyze past 
spending patterns and anticipated future requirements with respect to 
the procurement of services--
            ``(i) within each Defense Agency and Department of Defense 
        Field Activity; and
            ``(ii) across military departments, Defense Agencies, and 
        Department of Defense Field Activities.
    ``(B) The Secretaries of the military departments shall make data 
on services contracts available to the Secretary of Defense for 
purposes of conducting the analysis required under subparagraph (A).
    ``(3) The analyses conducted under this subsection shall--
            ``(A) identify contracts for similar services that are 
        procured for three or more consecutive years at each Defense 
        Agency, Department of Defense Field Activity, command, or 
        military installation;
            ``(B) evaluate patterns in the procurement of services, to 
        the extent practicable, at each Defense Agency, Department of 
        Defense Field Activity, command, or military installation and 
        by category of services procured;
            ``(C) be used to validate requirements for services 
        contracts entered into after the date of the enactment of this 
        subsection; and
            ``(D) be used to inform decisions on the award of and 
        funding for such services contracts.
    ``(d) Requirements Evaluation.--Each Services Requirements Review 
Board shall evaluate each requirement for a services contract, taking 
into consideration total force management policies and procedures, 
available resources, the analyses conducted under subsection (c), and 
contracting efficacy and efficiency. An evaluation of a services 
contract for compliance with contracting policies and procedures may 
not be considered to be an evaluation of a requirement for such 
services contract.
    ``(e) Timely Planning to Avoid Bridge Contracts.--(1) Effective 
October 1, 2018, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that a 
requirements owner shall, to the extent practicable, plan appropriately 
before the date of need of a service at a Defense Agency, Department of 
Defense Field Activity, command, or military installation to avoid the 
use of a bridge contract to provide for continuation of a service to be 
performed through a services contract. Such planning shall include 
allowing time for a requirement to be validated, a services contract to 
be entered into, and funding for the services contract to be secured.
    ``(2)(A) Upon the first use, due to inadequate planning (as 
determined by the Secretary of Defense), of a bridge contract to 
provide for continuation of a service to be performed through a 
services contract, the requirements owner, along with the contracting 
officer or a designee of the contracting officer for the contract, 
shall--
            ``(i) for a services contract in an amount less than 
        $10,000,000, provide an update on the status of the bridge 
        contract (including the rationale for using the bridge 
        contract) to the commander or the senior civilian official of 
        the Defense Agency concerned, Department of Defense Field 
        Activity concerned, command concerned, or military installation 
        concerned, as applicable; or
            ``(ii) for a services contract in an amount equal to or 
        greater than $10,000,000, provide an update on the status of 
        the bridge contract (including the rationale for using the 
        bridge contract) to the service acquisition executive for the 
        military department concerned, the head of the Defense Agency 
        concerned, the combatant commander concerned, or the Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, as 
        applicable.
    ``(B) Upon the second use, due to inadequate planning (as 
determined by the Secretary of Defense), of a bridge contract to 
provide for continuation of a service to be performed through a 
services contract in an amount less than $10,000,000, the commander or 
senior civilian official referred to in subparagraph (A)(i) shall 
provide notification of such second use to the Vice Chief of Staff of 
the armed force concerned and the service acquisition executive of the 
military department concerned, the head of the Defense Agency 
concerned, the combatant commander concerned, or the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, as applicable.
    ``(f) Exception.--Except with respect to the analyses required 
under subsection (c), this section shall not apply to--
            ``(1) services contracts in support of contingency 
        operations, humanitarian assistance, disaster relief, or 
        national security emergencies; or
            ``(2) services contracts entered into pursuant to an 
        international agreement.
    ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `bridge contact' means--
                    ``(A) an extension to an existing contract beyond 
                the period of performance to avoid a lapse in service 
                caused by a delay in awarding a subsequent contract; or
                    ``(B) a new short-term contract awarded on a sole-
                source basis to avoid a lapse in service caused by a 
                delay in awarding a subsequent contract.
            ``(2) The term `requirements owner' means a member of the 
        armed forces (other than the Coast Guard) or a civilian 
        employee of the Department of Defense responsible for a 
        requirement for a service to be performed through a services 
        contract.
            ``(3) The term `Services Requirements Review Board' has the 
        meaning given in Department of Defense Instruction 5000.74, 
        titled `Defense Acquisition of Services' and dated January 5, 
        2016, or a successor instruction.''
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
        item relating to section 2328 the following new item:

``2329. Procurement of services: data analysis and requirements 
                            validation.''.
    (b) Conforming Repeal.--Effective October 1, 2022--
            (1) section 235 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        repealed; and
            (2) the table of sections at the beginning of chapter 9 of 
        such title is amended by striking the item relating to section 
        235.

SEC. 815. IMPROVEMENTS TO TEST AND EVALUATION PROCESSES AND TOOLS.

    (a) Developmental Test Plan Sufficiency Assessments.--
            (1) Addition to milestone b brief summary report.--Section 
        2366b(c)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by redesignating subparagraph (G) as 
                subparagraph (H); and
                    (B) by inserting after subparagraph (F) the 
                following new subparagraph (G):
                    ``(G) An assessment of the sufficiency of 
                developmental test and evaluation plans, including the 
                use of automated data analytics or modeling and 
                simulation tools.''.
            (2) Addition to milestone c brief summary report.--Section 
        2366c(a) of such title is amended by inserting after paragraph 
        (3) the following new paragraph:
            ``(4) An assessment of the sufficiency of the developmental 
        test and evaluation completed, including the use of automated 
        data analytics or modeling and simulation tools.''.
            (3) Responsibility for conducting assessments.--For 
        purposes of the sufficiency assessments required by section 
        2366b(c)(1) and section 2366c(a)(4) of such title, as added by 
        paragraphs (1) and (2), with respect to a major defense 
        acquisition program--
                    (A) if the milestone decision authority for the 
                program is the service acquisition executive of the 
                military department that is managing the program, the 
                sufficiency assessment shall be conducted by the senior 
                official within the military department with 
                responsibility for developmental testing; and
                    (B) if the milestone decision authority for the 
                program is the Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Acquisition and Sustainment, the sufficiency assessment 
                shall be conducted by the senior Department of Defense 
                official with responsibility for developmental testing.
            (4) Guidance required.--Within one year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the senior Department of Defense 
        official with responsibility for developmental testing shall 
        develop guidance for the sufficiency assessments required by 
        section 2366b(c)(1) and section 2366c(a)(4) of title 10, United 
        States Code, as added by paragraphs (1) and (2). At a minimum, 
        the guidance shall require--
                    (A) for the sufficiency assessment required by 
                section 2366b(c)(1) of such title, that the assessment 
                address the sufficiency of--
                            (i) the developmental test and evaluation 
                        plan;
                            (ii) the developmental test and evaluation 
                        schedule, including a comparison to historic 
                        analogous systems;
                            (iii) the developmental test and evaluation 
                        resources (facilities, personnel, test assets, 
                        data analytics tools, and modeling and 
                        simulation capabilities);
                            (iv) the risks of developmental test and 
                        production concurrency; and
                            (v) the developmental test criteria for 
                        entering the production phase; and
                    (B) for the sufficiency assessment required by 
                section 2366c(a)(4) of such title, that the assessment 
                address--
                            (i) the sufficiency of the developmental 
                        test and evaluation completed;
                            (ii) the sufficiency of the plans and 
                        resources available for remaining developmental 
                        test and evaluation;
                            (iii) the risks identified during 
                        developmental testing to the production and 
                        deployment phase;
                            (iv) the sufficiency of the plans and 
                        resources for remaining developmental test and 
                        evaluation; and
                            (v) the readiness of the system to perform 
                        scheduled initial operational test and 
                        evaluation.
    (b) Evaluation of Department of Defense Need for Centralized Tools 
for Developmental Test and Evaluation.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall evaluate 
        the strategy of the Department of Defense for developing and 
        expanding the use of tools designed to facilitate the cost 
        effectiveness and efficiency of developmental testing, 
        including automated test methods and tools, modeling and 
        simulation tools, and big data analytics technologies. The 
        evaluation shall include a determination of the appropriate 
        role of the senior Department of Defense official with 
        responsibility for developmental testing in developing 
        enterprise level strategies related to such types of testing 
        tools.
            (2) Briefing required.--Not later than one year after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall provide 
        a briefing to the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
        Representatives on the results of the evaluation required by 
        paragraph (1).

              PART III--ACQUISITION WORKFORCE IMPROVEMENTS

SEC. 821. ENHANCEMENTS TO THE CIVILIAN PROGRAM MANAGEMENT WORKFORCE.

    (a) Establishment of Program Manager Development Program.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
        with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall 
        implement a program manager development program to provide for 
        the professional development of high-potential, experienced 
        civilian personnel. Personnel shall be competitively selected 
        for the program based on their potential to become a program 
        manager of a major defense acquisition program, as defined in 
        section 2430 of title 10, United States Code. The program shall 
        be administered and overseen by the Secretary of each military 
        department, acting through the service acquisition executive 
        for the department concerned.
            (2) Plan required.--Not later than one year after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
        the House of Representatives a comprehensive plan to implement 
        the program established under paragraph (1). In developing the 
        plan, the Secretary of Defense shall seek the input of relevant 
        external parties, including professional associations, other 
        government entities, and industry. The plan shall include the 
        following elements:
                    (A) An assessment of the minimum level of subject 
                matter experience, education, years of experience, 
                certifications, and other qualifications required to be 
                selected into the program, set forth separately for 
                current Department of Defense employees and for 
                personnel hired into the program from outside the 
                Department of Defense.
                    (B) A description of hiring flexibilities to be 
                used to recruit qualified personnel from outside the 
                Department of Defense.
                    (C) A description of the extent to which mobility 
                agreements will be required to be signed by personnel 
                selected for the program during their participation in 
                the program and after their completion of the program. 
                The use of mobility agreements shall be applied to help 
                maximize the flexibility of the Department of Defense 
                in assigning personnel, while not inhibiting the 
                participation of the most capable candidates.
                    (D) A description of the tenure obligation required 
                of personnel selected for the program.
                    (E) A plan for training during the course of the 
                program, including training in leadership, program 
                management, engineering, finance and budgeting, market 
                research, business acumen, contracting, supplier 
                management, requirement setting and tradeoffs, 
                intellectual property matters, and software.
                    (F) A description of career paths to be followed by 
                personnel in the program in order to ensure that 
                personnel in the program gain expertise in the program 
                management functional career field competencies 
                identified by the Department in existing guidance and 
                the topics listed in subparagraph (E), including--
                            (i) a determination of the types of 
                        advanced educational degrees that enhance 
                        program management skills and the mechanisms 
                        available to the Department of Defense to 
                        facilitate the attainment of those degrees by 
                        personnel in the program;
                            (ii) a determination of required 
                        assignments to positions within acquisition 
                        programs, including position type and 
                        acquisition category of the program office;
                            (iii) a determination of required or 
                        encouraged rotations to career broadening 
                        positions outside of acquisition programs; and
                            (iv) a determination of how the program 
                        will ensure the opportunity for a required 
                        rotation to industry of at least six months to 
                        develop an understanding of industry motivation 
                        and business acumen, such as by developing an 
                        industry exchange program for civilian program 
                        managers, similar to the Corporate Fellows 
                        Program of the Secretary of Defense.
                    (G) A general description of the number of 
                personnel anticipated to be selected into the program, 
                how frequently selections will occur, how long 
                personnel selected into the program will participate in 
                the program, and how personnel will be placed into an 
                assignment at the completion of the program.
                    (H) A description of benefits that will be offered 
                under the program using existing human capital 
                flexibilities to retain qualified employees, such as 
                student loan repayments.
                    (I) An assessment of personnel flexibilities needed 
                to allow the military departments and the Defense 
                Agencies to reassign or remove program managers that do 
                not perform effectively.
                    (J) A description of how the program will be 
                administered and overseen by the Secretaries of each 
                military department, acting through the service 
                acquisition executive for the department concerned.
                    (K) A description of how the program will be 
                integrated with existing program manager development 
                efforts at each military department.
            (3) Use of defense acquisition workforce development 
        fund.--Amounts in the Department of Defense Acquisition 
        Workforce Development Fund (established under section 1705 of 
        title 10, United States Code) may be used to pay the base 
        salary of personnel in the program established under paragraph 
        (1) during the period of time such personnel are temporarily 
        assigned to a developmental rotation or training program 
        anticipated to last at least six months.
            (4) Implementation.--The program established under 
        paragraph (1) shall be implemented not later than September 30, 
        2019.
    (b) Independent Study of Incentives for Program Managers.--
            (1) Requirement for study.--Not later than 30 days after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
        shall enter into a contract with an independent research entity 
        described in paragraph (2) to carry out a comprehensive study 
        of incentives for Department of Defense civilian and military 
        program managers for major defense acquisition programs, 
        including--
                    (A) additional pay options for program managers to 
                provide incentives to senior civilian employees and 
                military officers to accept and remain in program 
                manager roles;
                    (B) a financial incentive structure to reward 
                program managers for delivering capabilities on budget 
                and on time; and
                    (C) a comparison between financial and non-
                financial incentive structures for program managers in 
                the Department of Defense and an appropriate comparison 
                group of private industry companies.
            (2) Independent research entity.--The entity described in 
        this subsection is an independent research entity that is a 
        not-for-profit entity or a federally funded research and 
        development center with appropriate expertise and analytical 
        capability.
            (3) Reports.--
                    (A) To secretary.--Not later than nine months after 
                the date of the enactment of this Act, the independent 
                research entity shall provide to the Secretary a report 
                containing--
                            (i) the results of the study required by 
                        paragraph (1); and
                            (ii) such recommendations to improve the 
                        financial incentive structure of program 
                        managers for major defense acquisition programs 
                        as the independent research entity considers to 
                        be appropriate.
                    (B) To congress.--Not later than 30 days after 
                receipt of the report under subparagraph (A), the 
                Secretary of Defense shall submit such report, together 
                with any additional views or recommendations of the 
                Secretary, to the congressional defense committees.

SEC. 822. IMPROVEMENTS TO THE HIRING AND TRAINING OF THE ACQUISITION 
              WORKFORCE.

    (a) Use of Funds From the Defense Acquisition Workforce Development 
Fund to Pay Salaries of Personnel to Manage the Fund.--
            (1) In general.--Subsection 1705(e) of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by inserting ``(A)'' before ``Subject 
                        to the provisions of this subsection''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the following new 
                        subparagraph:
            ``(B) Amounts in the Fund also may be used to pay salaries 
        of personnel at the Office of the Secretary of Defense, 
        military departments, and Defense Agencies to manage the 
        Fund.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) by striking ``and'' at the end of 
                        subparagraph (C);
                            (ii) by striking the period and inserting 
                        ``; and'' at the end of subparagraph (D); and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the following 
                        new subparagraph:
                    ``(E) describing the amount from the Fund that may 
                be used to pay salaries of personnel at the Office of 
                the Secretary of Defense, military departments, and 
                Defense Agencies to manage the Fund and the 
                circumstances under which such amounts may be used for 
                such purpose.''.
            (2) Guidance.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        issue, and submit to the congressional defense committees, the 
        policy guidance required by subparagraph (E) of section 
        1705(e)(3) of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
        paragraph (1).
    (b) Comptroller General Review of Effectiveness of Hiring and 
Retention Flexibilities for Acquisition Workforce Personnel.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than June 30, 2019, the 
        Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on the effectiveness 
        of hiring and retention flexibilities for the acquisition 
        workforce.
            (2) Elements.--The report under this subsection shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A determination of the extent to which the 
                Department of Defense experiences challenges with 
                recruitment and retention of the acquisition workforce, 
                such as post-employment restrictions.
                    (B) A description of the hiring and retention 
                flexibilities available to the Department to fill 
                civilian acquisition positions and the extent to which 
                the Department has used the flexibilities available to 
                it to target critical or understaffed career fields.
                    (C) A determination of the extent to which the 
                Department has the necessary data on its use of hiring 
                and retention flexibilities for the civilian 
                acquisition workforce to strategically manage the use 
                of such flexibilities.
                    (D) An identification of the factors that affect 
                the use of hiring and retention flexibilities for the 
                civilian acquisition workforce.
                    (E) Recommendations for any necessary changes to 
                the hiring and retention flexibilities available to the 
                Department to fill civilian acquisition positions.
                    (F) A description of the flexibilities available to 
                the Department to remove underperforming members of the 
                acquisition workforce and the extent to which any such 
                flexibilities are used.
    (c) Assessment and Report Required on Business-related Training for 
the Acquisition Workforce.--
            (1) Assessment.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment shall conduct an assessment of the 
        following:
                    (A) The effectiveness of industry certifications 
                and other industry training programs, including 
                fellowships, available to defense acquisition workforce 
                personnel.
                    (B) Gaps in knowledge of industry operations, 
                industry motivation, and business acumen in the 
                acquisition workforce.
            (2) Report.--Not later than December 31, 2018, the Under 
        Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
        the Senate and the House of Representatives a report containing 
        the results of the assessment conducted under this subsection.
            (3) Elements.--The assessment and report under paragraphs 
        (1) and (2) shall address the following:
                    (A) Current sources of training and career 
                development opportunities, industry rotations, and 
                other career development opportunities related to 
                knowledge of industry operations, industry motivation, 
                and business acumen for each acquisition position, as 
                designated under section 1721 of title 10, United 
                States Code.
                    (B) Gaps in training, industry rotations, and other 
                career development opportunities related to knowledge 
                of industry operations, industry motivation, and 
                business acumen for each such acquisition position.
                    (C) Plans to address those gaps for each such 
                acquisition position.
                    (D) Consideration of the role industry-taught 
                classes and classes taught at educational institutions 
                outside of the Defense Acquisition University could 
                play in addressing gaps.
    (d) Comptroller General Review of Acquisition Training for Non-
acquisition Workforce Personnel.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than June 30, 2019, the 
        Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on acquisition-
        related training for personnel working on acquisitions but not 
        considered to be part of the acquisition workforce (as defined 
        in section 101(18) of title 10, United States Code) (hereafter 
        in this subsection referred to as ``non-acquisition workforce 
        personnel'').
            (2) Elements.--The report shall address the following:
                    (A) The extent to which non-acquisition workforce 
                personnel play a significant role in defining 
                requirements, conducting market research, participating 
                in source selection and contract negotiation efforts, 
                and overseeing contract performance.
                    (B) The extent to which the Department is able to 
                identify and track non-acquisition workforce personnel 
                performing the roles identified in subparagraph (A).
                    (C) The extent to which non-acquisition workforce 
                personnel are taking acquisition training.
                    (D) The extent to which the Defense Acquisition 
                Workforce Development Fund has been used to provide 
                acquisition training to non-acquisition workforce 
                personnel.
                    (E) A description of sources of funding other than 
                the Fund that are available to and used by the 
                Department to provide non-acquisition workforce 
                personnel with acquisition training.
                    (F) The extent to which additional acquisition 
                training is needed for non-acquisition workforce 
                personnel, including the types of training needed, the 
                positions that need the training, and any challenges to 
                delivering necessary additional training.
    (e) Briefing on Improvements to the Defense Contract Audit Agency 
Workforce.--
            (1) Briefing required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of the Defense 
        Contract Audit Agency, in consultation with the Under Secretary 
        of Defense (Comptroller), shall provide a briefing to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives.
            (2) Elements.--The briefing required by paragraph (1) shall 
        address the following:
                    (A) The current education, certifications, and 
                qualifications of the Defense Contract Audit Agency 
                workforce, by supervisory and non-supervisory levels 
                and type of position.
                    (B) Shortfalls (if any) in education, 
                qualification, or training in the Defense Contract 
                Audit Agency workforce, by supervisory and non-
                supervisory levels and type of position, and the 
                reasons for those shortfalls.
                    (C) The link (if any) between Defense Contract 
                Audit Agency workforce skill and experience gaps and 
                the Agency's backlog of audits.
                    (D) The link (if any) between the effectiveness of 
                Defense Contract Audit Agency regional directors and 
                their education, certifications, and qualifications.
                    (E) The number of Defense Contract Audit Agency 
                auditors who have relevant private sector experience, 
                including from industry exchanges while at the Defense 
                Contract Audit Agency and from prior employment 
                experiences, and the perspective of the Defense 
                Contract Audit Agency on the benefits of those 
                experiences.
                    (F) Ongoing efforts and future plans by the Defense 
                Contract Audit Agency to improve the 
                professionalization of its audit workforce, including 
                changes in hiring, training, required certifications or 
                qualifications, compensation structure, and increased 
                opportunities for industry exchanges or rotations.

SEC. 823. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATIONS TO ACQUISITION DEMONSTRATION 
              PROJECT.

    (a) Extension.--Section 1762(g) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``December 31, 2020'' and inserting ``December 31, 
2023''.
    (b) Implementation Strategy for Improvements in Acquisition 
Demonstration Project.--
            (1) Strategy required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        develop an implementation strategy to address areas for 
        improvement in the demonstration project required by section 
        1762 of title 10, United States Code, as identified in the 
        second assessment of such demonstration project required by 
        section 1762(e) of such title.
            (2) Elements.--The strategy shall include the following 
        elements:
                    (A) Actions that have been or will be taken to 
                assess whether the flexibility to set starting salaries 
                at different levels is being used appropriately by 
                supervisors and managers to compete effectively for 
                highly skilled and motivated employees.
                    (B) Actions that have been or will be taken to 
                assess reasons for any disparities in career outcomes 
                across race and gender for employees in the 
                demonstration project.
                    (C) Actions that have been or will be taken to 
                strengthen the link between employee contribution and 
                compensation for employees in the demonstration 
                project.
                    (D) Actions that have been or will be taken to 
                enhance the transparency of the pay system for 
                employees in the demonstration project.
                    (E) A time frame and individual responsible for 
                each action identified under subparagraphs (A) through 
                (D).
            (3) Briefing required.--Not later than one year after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
        shall provide a briefing to the Committees on Armed Services of 
        the Senate and House of Representatives and the Committee on 
        Oversight and Government Reform of the House of Representatives 
        on the implementation strategy required by paragraph (1).

SEC. 824. ACQUISITION POSITIONS IN THE OFFICES OF THE SECRETARIES OF 
              THE MILITARY DEPARTMENTS.

    (a) Office of the Secretary of the Army Maximum Number of 
Personnel.--Section 3014(f) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(6) The limitation in paragraph (1) may be exceeded if a civilian 
employee is assigned on permanent duty in the Office of the Secretary 
of the Army or on the Army Staff and--
            ``(A) the employee was employed immediately preceding that 
        assignment either--
                    ``(i) in a position within the Office of the Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics that had responsibility for oversight of 
                acquisition programs or processes prior to February 1, 
                2018, and that was determined to be no longer needed as 
                a result of section 901 of the National Defense 
                Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-
                328; 130 Stat. 2339) and the amendments made by that 
                section; or
                    ``(ii) in a Joint Staff position that supported the 
                Joint Requirements Oversight Council prior to December 
                23, 2016, and that was determined to be no longer 
                needed as a result of section 925 of the National 
                Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public 
                Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2359) and the amendments made by 
                that section; and
            ``(B) the position described in subparagraph (A) is not 
        filled by the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment or the Joint Staff after the 
        employee's permanent duty assignment.''.
    (b) Office of the Secretary of the Navy Maximum Number of 
Personnel.--Section 5014(f) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(6) The limitation in paragraph (1) may be exceeded if a civilian 
employee is assigned on permanent duty in the Department of the Navy or 
assigned or detailed to permanent duty in the Office of the Secretary 
of the Navy, the Office of Chief of Naval Operations, or the 
Headquarters, Marine Corps, and--
            ``(A) the employee was employed immediately preceding that 
        assignment either--
                    ``(i) in a position within the Office of the Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics that had responsibility for oversight of 
                acquisition programs or processes prior to February 1, 
                2018, and that was determined to be no longer needed as 
                a result of section 901 of the National Defense 
                Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-
                328; 130 Stat. 2339) and the amendments made by that 
                section; or
                    ``(ii) in a Joint Staff position that supported the 
                Joint Requirements Oversight Council prior to December 
                23, 2016, and that was determined to be no longer 
                needed as a result of section 925 of the National 
                Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public 
                Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2359) and the amendments made by 
                that section; and
            ``(B) the position described in subparagraph (A) is not 
        filled by the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment or the Joint Staff after the 
        employee's permanent duty assignment.''.
    (c) Office of the Secretary of the Air Force Maximum Number of 
Personnel.--Section 8014(f) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(6) The limitation in paragraph (1) may be exceeded if a civilian 
employee is assigned on permanent duty in the Office of the Secretary 
of the Air Force or on the Air Staff and--
            ``(A) the employee was employed immediately preceding that 
        assignment either--
                    ``(i) in a position within the Office of the Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                Logistics that had responsibility for oversight of 
                acquisition programs or processes prior to February 1, 
                2018, and that was determined to be no longer needed as 
                a result of section 901 of the National Defense 
                Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-
                328; 130 Stat. 2339) and the amendments made by that 
                section; or
                    ``(ii) in a Joint Staff position that supported the 
                Joint Requirements Oversight Council prior to December 
                23, 2016, and that was determined to be no longer 
                needed as a result of section 925 of the National 
                Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public 
                Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2359) and the amendments made by 
                that section; and
            ``(B) the position described in subparagraph (A) is not 
        filled by the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment or the Joint Staff after the 
        employee's permanent duty assignment.''.

                   PART IV--TRANSPARENCY IMPROVEMENTS

SEC. 831. TRANSPARENCY OF DEFENSE BUSINESS SYSTEM DATA.

    (a) Establishment of Common Enterprise Data Structures.--Section 
2222 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (d), by adding at the end the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(7) Policy requiring that any data contained in a defense 
        business system is an asset of the Department of Defense, and 
        that such data should be made readily available to members of 
        the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Staff, and 
        the military departments (except as otherwise provided by law 
        or regulation).'';
            (2) in subsection (e), by adding at the end the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(5) Common enterprise data structures.--(A) The defense 
        business enterprise architecture shall include one or more 
        common enterprise data structures which can be used to code 
        data that are automatically extracted from the relevant defense 
        business systems to facilitate Department of Defense-wide 
        analysis and management of such data.
            ``(B) The Deputy Chief Management Officer shall--
                    ``(i) in consultation with the Defense Business 
                Council established under subsection (f), develop one 
                or more common enterprise data structures and an 
                associated data governance process; and
                    ``(ii) have primary decision-making authority with 
                respect to the development of any such common 
                enterprise data structure.
            ``(C) The Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
        Evaluation shall--
                    ``(i) in consultation with the Defense Business 
                Council established under subsection (f), document and 
                maintain any common enterprise data structure developed 
                under subparagraph (B);
                    ``(ii) extract data from defense business systems 
                using the appropriate common data enterprise structure 
                on a specified schedule;
                    ``(iii) provide access to such data to the Office 
                of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Staff, and the 
                military departments (except as otherwise provided by 
                law or regulation) on a specified schedule developed in 
                consultation with the Defense Business Council 
                established under subsection (f); and
                    ``(iv) have primary decision-making authority with 
                respect to the maintenance of any such common 
                enterprise data structure.
            ``(D) Common enterprise data structures shall be 
        established and maintained for the following types of data of 
        the Department of Defense:
                    ``(i) An accounting of expenditures of the 
                Department of Defense, set forth separately for each 
                type of expenditure.
                    ``(ii) Data from the future-years defense program 
                established under section 221 and budget data.
                    ``(iii) Acquisition cost data and earned value 
                management data.
                    ``(iv) Operating and support costs for weapon 
                systems, including data on maintenance procedures 
                conducted on each major weapon system (as defined in 
                section 2379 of this title).
                    ``(v) Data on contracts and task orders of the 
                Department of Defense, including goods and services 
                acquired under such contracts or task orders and 
                associated obligations and expenditures.
            ``(E) The Secretary of Defense, the Chairman of the Joint 
        Chiefs of Staff, the Secretaries of the military departments, 
        the Commanders of the combatant commands, the heads of the 
        Defense Agencies, the heads of the Department of Defense Field 
        Activities, and the heads of all other organizations of the 
        Department of Defense shall provide access to the relevant 
        defense business system of such department, combatant command, 
        Defense Agency, Field Activity, or organization, as applicable, 
        and data extracted from such system, for purposes of 
        automatically populating data sets coded with common enterprise 
        data structures.'';
            (3) in subsection (f)(2), by adding at the end the 
        following new clause:
                            ``(iv) The Director of Cost Assessment and 
                        Program Evaluation with respect to common 
                        enterprise data structures.''; and
            (4) in subsection (i), by adding at the end the following 
        new paragraphs:
            ``(10) Common enterprise data structure.--The term `common 
        enterprise data structure' means a mapping and organization of 
        data from defense business systems into a common data set.
            ``(11) Data governance process.--The term `data governance 
        process' means a system to manage the timely Department of 
        Defense-wide sharing of data described under paragraph 
        (5)(A).''.
    (b) Additional Duties of the Director of Cost Assessment and 
Program Evaluation.--Section 139a(d) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(9) Maintenance of common enterprise data structures 
        established pursuant to section 2222 of this title, including 
        establishing and maintaining access to any data contained in a 
        defense business system (as defined in such section) and used 
        in a common enterprise data structure, as determined 
        appropriate by the Secretary of Defense or the Director of Cost 
        Assessment and Program Evaluation.''.
    (c) Implementation Plan for Common Enterprise Data Structures.--
            (1) Plan required.--Not later than six months after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Deputy Chief Management 
        Officer and the Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
        Evaluation shall jointly develop a plan to implement the 
        requirements of subsection (a).
            (2) Elements.--At a minimum, the implementation plan 
        required by paragraph (1) shall include the following elements:
                    (A) The major tasks required to implement the 
                requirements of subsection (a) and the recommended time 
                frames for each task.
                    (B) The estimated resources required to complete 
                each major task identified pursuant to subparagraph 
                (A).
                    (C) Any challenges associated with each major task 
                identified pursuant to subparagraph (A) and related 
                steps to mitigate such challenge.
                    (D) A description of how data security issues will 
                be appropriately addressed in the implementation of the 
                requirements of subsection (a).
            (3) Submission to congress.--Upon completion of the plan 
        required under paragraph (1), the Deputy Chief Management 
        Officer and the Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
        Evaluation shall submit such plan to the congressional defense 
        committees.

SEC. 832. MAJOR DEFENSE ACQUISITION PROGRAMS: DISPLAY OF BUDGET 
              INFORMATION.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 144 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 2433a the following new section:
``Sec. 2434. Major defense acquisition programs: display of budget 
              information
    ``(a) In General.--In the defense budget materials for fiscal year 
2020 and each subsequent fiscal year, the Secretary of Defense shall 
ensure that the funding requirements listed in subsection (b) are 
displayed separately for major defense acquisition programs, as defined 
in section 2340 of title 10, United States Code.
    ``(b) Requirements for Budget Display.--The budget justification 
display for a fiscal year shall include the funding requirement for 
each major defense acquisition program, including all sources of 
appropriations--
            ``(1) for developmental test and evaluation;
            ``(2) for operational test and evaluation;
            ``(3) for the purchase of cost data from contractors; and
            ``(4) for the purchase or license of technical data.
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section, the terms `budget' and 
`defense budget materials' have the meaning given those terms in 
section 234 of this title.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
2433a following new item:

``2434. Major defense acquisition programs: display of budget 
                            information.''.

SEC. 833. ENHANCEMENTS TO TRANSPARENCY IN TEST AND EVALUATION PROCESSES 
              AND DATA.

    (a) Additional Requirements Relating to Designation of a Major 
Defense Acquisition Program.--Section 139 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2)(B), by inserting before the period 
        at the end the following: ``and in accordance with subsection 
        (l).'';
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(l) For purposes of subsection (a)(2)(B), before designating a 
program that is not a major defense acquisition program for the 
purposes of section 2430 of this title as a major defense acquisition 
program for the purposes of this section, the Director shall provide in 
writing to the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
Sustainment, and the test and evaluation executive of the military 
department or departments executing the program, the specific 
circumstances of the program that led to the designation decision.''; 
and
            (3) by adding at the end of subsection (h)(4) the 
        following: ``The report shall also include a brief statement of 
        the rationale for placing on the oversight list of the Director 
        each program that is not a major defense acquisition program 
        for the purposes of section 2430 of this title but has been 
        designated as a major defense acquisition program for the 
        purposes of this section.''.
    (b) Consideration of Legacy Items or Components in Operational Test 
and Evaluation Reports.--Section 2399(b)(2) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``and'' at the end of subparagraph (A)(ii);
            (2) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as subparagraph (C); 
        and
            (3) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following new 
        subparagraph:
            ``(B) a description of the performance of the items or 
        components tested in relation to comparable legacy items or 
        components, if such items or components exist and relevant data 
        are available without requiring additional testing; and''.
    (c) Opportunity for Military Department Comments on Annual Report 
on Operational Test and Evaluation.--Section 139(h) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (6), and in 
        that paragraph by striking ``and the Secretaries of the 
        military departments''; and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new 
        paragraph (5):
            ``(5) Within 45 days after the submission of an annual 
        report by the Director to Congress, the Secretaries of the 
        military departments may each submit a report to the 
        congressional defense committees addressing any concerns 
        related to information included in the annual report, or 
        providing updated or additional information as appropriate.''.
    (d) Guidelines for Collection of Cost Data on Test and 
Evaluation.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Director of Operational Test and 
        Evaluation and the senior Department of Defense official with 
        responsibility for developmental testing shall jointly develop 
        policies, procedures, guidance, and a collection method to 
        ensure that consistent, high quality data are collected on the 
        full range of estimated and actual developmental, live fire, 
        and operational testing costs for major defense acquisition 
        programs. Data on estimated and actual developmental, live 
        fire, and operational testing costs shall be maintained in an 
        electronic database maintained by the Director for Cost 
        Assessment and Program Evaluation.
            (2) Concurrence and coordination.--In carrying out 
        paragraph (1), the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation 
        and the senior Department of Defense official with 
        responsibility for developmental testing shall obtain the 
        concurrence of the Director for Cost Assessment and Program 
        Evaluation and shall coordinate with the Director of the Test 
        Resource Management Center and the Secretaries of the military 
        departments.
            (3) Major defense acquisition program defined.--In this 
        section, the term ``major defense acquisition program'' has the 
        meaning provided in section 2430 of title 10, United States 
        Code.
    (e) Report on Enterprise Approach to Test and Evaluation Knowledge 
Management.--
            (1) Report required.--Within one year after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Director of the Test Resource 
        Management Center and the senior Department of Defense official 
        with responsibility for developmental testing shall provide to 
        the congressional defense committees a report on the 
        development of an approach for managing test and evaluation 
        knowledge across the entire Department of Defense.
            (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following elements:
                    (A) The detailed concepts, requirements, 
                technologies, methodologies, and architecture necessary 
                for an enterprise approach to knowledge management for 
                test and evaluation, including data, data analysis 
                tools, and modeling and simulation capabilities.
                    (B) Resources needed to develop and adopt an 
                enterprise approach to knowledge management for test 
                and evaluation.
                    (C) Roles and responsibilities of various 
                Department of Defense entities to develop and adopt an 
                enterprise approach to knowledge management for test 
                and evaluation.
                    (D) Time frames required to develop and adopt an 
                enterprise approach to knowledge management for test 
                and evaluation.
                    (E) A description of pilot studies ongoing at the 
                time of the date of the enactment of this Act or 
                previously conducted related to developing an 
                enterprise approach to test and evaluation knowledge 
                management, including results of the pilot studies (if 
                available) and lessons learned.

     Subtitle B--Streamlining of Defense Acquisition Statutes and 
                              Regulations

SEC. 841. MODIFICATIONS TO THE ADVISORY PANEL ON STREAMLINING AND 
              CODIFYING ACQUISITION REGULATIONS.

    (a) Extension of Date for Final Report.--
            (1) Transmittal of panel final report.--Subsection (e)(1) 
        of section 809 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 889), as amended 
        by section 863(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2303), is 
        amended--
                    (A) by striking ``Not later than two years after 
                the date on which the Secretary of Defense establishes 
                the advisory panel'' and inserting ``Not later than 
                January 15, 2019''; and
                    (B) by striking ``the Secretary'' and inserting 
                ``the Secretary of Defense and the congressional 
                defense committees''.
            (2) Secretary of defense action on final report.--
        Subsection (e)(4) of such section is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``Not later than 30 days'' and 
                inserting ``Not later than 60 days''; and
                    (B) by striking ``the final report, together with 
                such comments as the Secretary determines 
                appropriate,'' and inserting ``such comments as the 
                Secretary determines appropriate''.
    (b) Termination of Panel.--Such section is further amended by 
adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Termination of Panel.--The advisory panel shall terminate 180 
days after the date on which the final report of the panel is 
transmitted pursuant to subsection (e)(1) or on such later date as may 
be specified by the Secretary of Defense.''.

SEC. 842. EXTENSION OF MAXIMUM DURATION OF FUEL STORAGE CONTRACTS.

    (a) Extension.--Section 2922(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``20 years'' and inserting ``30 years''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
apply with respect to contracts entered into on or after the date of 
the enactment of this Act and may be applied to a contract entered into 
before that date if the total contract period under the contract 
(including options) has not expired as of the date of any extension of 
such contract period by reason of such amendment.

SEC. 843. EXCEPTION FOR BUSINESS OPERATIONS FROM REQUIREMENT TO ACCEPT 
              $1 COINS.

    Paragraph (1) of section 5112(p) of title 31, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following new flush sentence:
        ``This paragraph does not apply with respect to business 
        operations conducted by any entity under a contract with an 
        agency or instrumentality of the United States, including any 
        nonappropriated fund instrumentality established under title 
        10, United States Code.''.

SEC. 844. REPEAL OF EXPIRED PILOT PROGRAM.

    Section 807(c) of Public Law 104-106 (10 U.S.C. 2401a note) is 
repealed.

Subtitle C--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                            and Limitations

SEC. 851. LIMITATION ON UNILATERAL DEFINITIZATION.

    (a) Limitation.--Section 2326 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (c), (d), (e), (f), (g), 
        (h), and (i) as subsections (d), (e), (f), (g), (h), (i), and 
        (j) respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection (c):
    ``(c) Limitation on Unilateral Definitization by Contracting 
Officer.--With respect to any undefinitized contractual action with a 
value greater than $1,000,000,000, if agreement is not reached on 
contractual terms, specifications, and price within the period or by 
the date provided in subsection (b)(1), the contracting officer may not 
unilaterally definitize those terms, specifications, or price over the 
objection of the contractor until--
            ``(1) the head of the agency approves the definitization in 
        writing;
            ``(2) the contracting officer provides a copy of the 
        written approval to the contractor; and
            ``(3) a period of 30 calendar days has elapsed after the 
        written approval is provided to the contractor.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 2326(b)(3) of such title is 
amended by striking ``subsection (g)'' and inserting ``subsection 
(h)''.
    (c) Conforming Regulations.--Not later than 120 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall revise the 
Department of Defense Supplement to the Federal Acquisition Regulation 
to implement section 2326 of title 10, United States Code, as amended 
by this section.

SEC. 852. CODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS PERTAINING TO ASSESSMENT, 
              MANAGEMENT, AND CONTROL OF OPERATING AND SUPPORT COSTS 
              FOR MAJOR WEAPON SYSTEMS.

    (a) Codification and Amendment.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 137 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by inserting after section 2337 the following 
        new section:
``Sec. 2337a. Assessment, management, and control of operating and 
              support costs for major weapon systems
    ``(a) Guidance Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall issue and 
maintain guidance on actions to be taken to assess, manage, and control 
Department of Defense costs for the operation and support of major 
weapon systems.
    ``(b) Elements.--The guidance required by subsection (a) shall, at 
a minimum--
            ``(1) be issued in conjunction with the comprehensive 
        guidance on life-cycle management and the development and 
        implementation of product support strategies for major weapon 
        systems required by section 2337 of this title;
            ``(2) require the military departments to retain each 
        estimate of operating and support costs that is developed at 
        any time during the life cycle of a major weapon system, 
        together with supporting documentation used to develop the 
        estimate;
            ``(3) require the military departments to update estimates 
        of operating and support costs periodically throughout the life 
        cycle of a major weapon system, to determine whether 
        preliminary information and assumptions remain relevant and 
        accurate, and identify and record reasons for variances;
            ``(4) establish policies and procedures for the collection, 
        organization, maintenance, and availability of standardized 
        data on operating and support costs for major weapon systems in 
        accordance with section 2222 of this title;
            ``(5) establish standard requirements for the collection 
        and reporting of data on operating and support costs for major 
        weapon systems by contractors performing weapon system 
        sustainment functions in an appropriate format, and develop 
        contract clauses to ensure that contractors comply with such 
        requirements;
            ``(6) require the military departments--
                    ``(A) to collect and retain data from operational 
                and developmental testing and evaluation on the 
                reliability and maintainability of major weapon 
                systems; and
                    ``(B) to use such data to inform system design 
                decisions, provide insight into sustainment costs, and 
                inform estimates of operating and support costs for 
                such systems;
            ``(7) require the military departments to ensure that 
        sustainment factors are fully considered at key life cycle 
        management decision points and that appropriate measures are 
        taken to reduce operating and support costs by influencing 
        system design early in development, developing sound 
        sustainment strategies, and addressing key drivers of costs;
            ``(8) require the military departments to conduct an 
        independent logistics assessment of each major weapon system 
        prior to key acquisition decision points (including milestone 
        decisions) to identify features that are likely to drive future 
        operating and support costs, changes to system design that 
        could reduce such costs, and effective strategies for managing 
        such costs;
            ``(9) include--
                    ``(A) reliability metrics for major weapon systems; 
                and
                    ``(B) requirements on the use of metrics under 
                subparagraph (A) as triggers--
                            ``(i) to conduct further investigation and 
                        analysis into drivers of those metrics; and
                            ``(ii) to develop strategies for improving 
                        reliability, availability, and maintainability 
                        of such systems at an affordable cost; and
            ``(10) require the military departments to conduct periodic 
        reviews of operating and support costs of major weapon systems 
        after such systems achieve initial operational capability to 
        identify and address factors resulting in growth in operating 
        and support costs and adapt support strategies to reduce such 
        costs.
    ``(c) Retention of Data on Operating and Support Costs.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Director of Cost Assessment and 
        Program Evaluation shall be responsible for developing and 
        maintaining a database on operating and support estimates, 
        supporting documentation, and actual operating and support 
        costs for major weapon systems.
            ``(2) Support.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
        the Director, in carrying out such responsibility--
                    ``(A) promptly receives the results of all cost 
                estimates and cost analyses conducted by the military 
                departments with regard to operating and support costs 
                of major weapon systems;
                    ``(B) has timely access to any records and data of 
                the military departments (including classified and 
                proprietary information) that the Director considers 
                necessary to carry out such responsibility; and
                    ``(C) with the concurrence of the Under Secretary 
                of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, may direct 
                the military departments to collect and retain 
                information necessary to support the database.
    ``(d) Major Weapon System Defined.--In this section, the term 
`major weapon system' has the meaning given that term in section 
2379(f) of title 10, United States Code.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 137 of such title is amended by adding 
        after the item relating to section 2337 the following new item:

``2337a. Assessment, management, and control of operating and support 
                            costs for major weapon systems.''.
    (b) Repeal of Superseded Section.--
            (1) Repeal.--Section 832 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 
        U.S.C. 2430 note) is repealed.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 2441(c) of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended by striking ``section 2337 of 
        this title'' and all that follows through the period and 
        inserting ``sections 2337 and 2337a of this title.''.

SEC. 853. USE OF PROGRAM INCOME BY ELIGIBLE ENTITIES THAT CARRY OUT 
              PROCUREMENT TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS.

    Section 2414 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``limitation'' and 
        inserting ``funding''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Use of Program Income.--
            ``(1) An eligible entity that earned income in a specified 
        fiscal year from activities carried out pursuant to a 
        procurement technical assistance program funded under this 
        chapter may expend an amount of such income not to exceed 25 
        percent of the cost of furnishing procurement technical 
        assistance in such specified fiscal year, during the fiscal 
        year following the specified fiscal year, to carry out a 
        procurement technical assistance program funded under this 
        chapter.
            ``(2) An eligible entity that does not enter into a 
        cooperative agreement with the Secretary for a fiscal year--
                    ``(A) shall notify the Secretary of the amount of 
                any income the eligible entity carried over from the 
                previous fiscal year; and
                    ``(B) may retain an amount of such income equal to 
                10 percent of the value of assistance furnished by the 
                Secretary under this section during the previous fiscal 
                year.
            ``(3) In determining the value of assistance furnished by 
        the Secretary under this section for any fiscal year, the 
        Secretary shall account for the amount of any income the 
        eligible entity carried over from the previous fiscal year.''.

SEC. 854. AMENDMENT TO SUSTAINMENT REVIEWS.

    Section 2441(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following: ``The Secretary concerned shall make 
the memorandum and supporting documentation for each sustainment review 
available to the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
Sustainment within 30 days after the review is completed.''.

SEC. 855. CLARIFICATION TO OTHER TRANSACTION AUTHORITY.

    (a) Clarification to Requirement for Written Determinations for 
Prototype Projects.--Section 2371b(a)(2) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``for a prototype project'' each place 
such term appears and inserting ``for a transaction (for a prototype 
project)''.
    (b) Clarification of Inclusion of Small Businesses Participating in 
SBIR or STTR.--Section 2371b(d)(1)(B) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by inserting ``(including small businesses participating in 
a program described under section 9 of the Small Business Act (15 
U.S.C. 638))'' after ``small businesses''.

SEC. 856. CLARIFYING THE USE OF LOWEST PRICE TECHNICALLY ACCEPTABLE 
              SOURCE SELECTION PROCESS.

    Section 813 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2270; 10 U.S.C. 2305 note) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (5), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in paragraph (6), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting a semicolon; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraphs:
            ``(7) the Department of Defense would realize minimal or no 
        additional innovation or future technological advantage; and
            ``(8) with respect to a contract for procurement of goods, 
        the goods procured are predominately expendable in nature, 
        nontechnical, or have a short life expectancy or short shelf 
        life.''; and
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``or'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; or''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(4) electronic test and measurement equipment for which 
        calibration or repair costs are expected to substantially 
        affect full life-cycle costs.''.

SEC. 857. AMENDMENT TO NONTRADITIONAL AND SMALL CONTRACTOR INNOVATION 
              PROTOTYPING PROGRAM.

    Section 884(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2318; 10 U.S.C.2301 note) is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (9) as paragraph (10); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (8) the following new 
        paragraph (9):
    ``(9) Unmanned ground logistics and unmanned air logistics 
capabilities enhancement.''.

SEC. 858. MODIFICATION TO ANNUAL MEETING REQUIREMENT OF CONFIGURATION 
              STEERING BOARDS.

    Section 814(c)(4) of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 
4529; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note) is amended by striking ``year.'' and 
inserting ``year, unless the senior acquisition executive of the 
military department concerned determines in writing that there have 
been no changes to the program requirements of a major defense 
acquisition program during the preceding year.''.

SEC. 859. CHANGE TO DEFINITION OF SUBCONTRACT IN CERTAIN CIRCUMSTANCES.

    Section 1906(c)(1) of title 41, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following: ``The term does not include agreements 
entered into by a contractor for the supply of commodities that are 
intended for use in the performance of multiple contracts with the 
Government and other parties and are not identifiable to any particular 
contract.''.

SEC. 860. AMENDMENT RELATING TO APPLICABILITY OF INFLATION ADJUSTMENTS.

    Subsection 1908(d) of title 41, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting before the period at the end the following: ``, and shall 
apply, in the case of the procurement of property or services by 
contract, to a contract, and any subcontract at any tier under the 
contract, in effect on that date without regard to the date of award of 
the contract or subcontract.''.

                       Subtitle D--Other Matters

SEC. 861. EXEMPTION FROM DESIGN-BUILD SELECTION PROCEDURES.

    Subsection (d) of section 2305a of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking the second and third sentences and inserting the 
following: ``If the contract value exceeds $4,000,000, the maximum 
number specified in the solicitation shall not exceed 5 unless--
            ``(1) the solicitation is issued pursuant to a indefinite 
        delivery-indefinite quantity contract for design-build 
        construction; or
            ``(2)(A) the head of the contracting activity, delegable to 
        a level no lower than the senior contracting official within 
        the contracting activity, approves the contracting officer's 
        justification with respect to an individual solicitation that a 
        number greater than 5 is in the Federal Government's interest; 
        and
            ``(B) the contracting officer shall provide written 
        documentation of how a maximum number exceeding 5 is consistent 
        with the purposes and objectives of the two-phase selection 
        procedures.''.

SEC. 862. REQUIREMENT THAT CERTAIN SHIP COMPONENTS BE MANUFACTURED IN 
              THE NATIONAL TECHNOLOGY AND INDUSTRIAL BASE.

    (a) Additional Procurement Limitation.--Section 2534(a) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following 
new paragraph:
            ``(6) Components for auxiliary ships.--Subject to 
        subsection (k), the following components:
                    ``(A) Auxiliary equipment, including pumps, for all 
                shipboard services.
                    ``(B) Propulsion system components, including 
                engines, reduction gears, and propellers.
                    ``(C) Shipboard cranes.
                    ``(D) Spreaders for shipboard cranes.''.
    (b) Implementation.--Such section is further amended by adding at 
the end the following new subsection:
    ``(k) Implementation of Auxiliary Ship Component Limitation.--
Subsection (a)(6) applies only with respect to contracts awarded by the 
Secretary of a military department for new construction of an auxiliary 
ship after the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 using funds available for 
National Defense Sealift Fund programs or Shipbuilding and Conversion, 
Navy.''.

SEC. 863. PROCUREMENT OF AVIATION CRITICAL SAFETY ITEMS.

    Section 814(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2271; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by inserting ``or an aviation critical safety 
                item (as defined in section 2319(g) of this title)'' 
                after ``personal protective equipment''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``equipment or'' after ``failure 
                of the''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``or item'' after 
        ``equipment''.

SEC. 864. MILESTONES AND TIMELINES FOR CONTRACTS FOR FOREIGN MILITARY 
              SALES.

    (a) Establishment of Standard Timelines for Foreign Military 
Sales.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish specific milestones 
and standard timelines to achieve such milestones for a foreign 
military sale (as authorized under chapter 2 of the Arms Export Control 
Act (22 U.S.C. 2761 et seq.)), including milestones and timelines for 
actions that occur after a letter of offer and acceptance (as described 
in chapter 5 of the Security Assistance Management Manual of the 
Defense Security Cooperation Agency) for such foreign military sale is 
completed. Such milestones and timelines--
            (1) may vary depending on the complexity of the foreign 
        military sale; and
            (2) shall cover the period beginning on the date of receipt 
        of a complete letter of request (as described in such chapter 
        5) from a foreign country and ending on the date of the final 
        delivery of a defense article or defense service sold through 
        the foreign military sale.
    (b) Submissions to Congress.--
            (1) Quarterly notification.--During the period beginning on 
        the date of the enactment of this Act and ending on December 
        31, 2021, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees, the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the 
        House of Representatives, and the Committee on Foreign 
        Relations of the Senate, on a quarterly basis, a report that 
        includes a list of each foreign military sale with a value 
        greater than or equal to the dollar threshold for congressional 
        notification under section 36 of the Arms Export Control Act 
        (22 U.S.C. 2776)--
                    (A) for which the final delivery of a defense 
                article or defense service has not been completed; and
                    (B) that failed to meet a standard timeline to 
                achieve a milestone as established under subsection 
                (a).
            (2) Annual report.--Not later than November 1, 2019, and 
        annually thereafter until December 31, 2021, the Secretary 
        shall submit to the committees described in paragraph (1) a 
        report that summarizes--
                    (A) the number, set forth separately by dollar 
                value and milestone, of foreign military sales that met 
                the standard timeline to achieve a milestone 
                established under subsection (a) during the preceding 
                fiscal year; and
                    (B) the number, set forth separately by dollar 
                value, milestone, and case development extenuating 
                factor, of foreign military sales that failed to meet 
                the standard timeline to achieve a milestone 
                established under subsection (a).
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Defense article; defense service.--The terms ``defense 
        article'' and ``defense service'' have the meanings given those 
        terms, respectively, in section 47 of the Arms Export Control 
        Act (22 U.S.C. 2794).
            (2) Case development extenuating factor.--The term ``case 
        development extenuating factor'' means a reason from a list of 
        reasons developed by the Secretary (such as a change in 
        requirements, delay in performance, or failure to receive 
        funding) for the failure of a foreign military sale to meet a 
        standard timeline to achieve a milestone established under 
        subsection (a).

SEC. 865. NOTIFICATION REQUIREMENT FOR CERTAIN CONTRACTS FOR AUDIT 
              SERVICES.

    (a) Notification to Congress.--If the Under Secretary of Defense 
(Comptroller) makes a written finding that a delay in performance of a 
covered contract while a protest is pending would hinder the annual 
preparation of audited financial statements for the Department of 
Defense, and the head of the procuring activity responsible for the 
award of the covered contract does not authorize the award of the 
contract (pursuant to section 3553(c)(2) of title 31, United States 
Code) or the performance of the contract (pursuant to section 
3553(d)(3)(C) of such title), the Secretary of Defense shall--
            (1) notify the congressional defense committees within 10 
        days after such finding is made; and
            (2) describe any steps the Department of Defense plans to 
        take to mitigate any hindrance identified in such finding to 
        the annual preparation of audited financial statements for the 
        Department.
    (b) Covered Contract Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
contract'' means a contract for services to perform an audit to comply 
with the requirements of section 3515 of title 31, United States Code.

SEC. 866. TRAINING IN ACQUISITION OF COMMERCIAL ITEMS.

    (a) Training.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the President of the Defense Acquisition 
University shall establish a comprehensive training program on the 
acquisition of commercial items, including part 12 of the Federal 
Acquisition Regulation. The curriculum shall include, at a minimum, the 
following:
            (1) The reasons for and appropriate uses of part 12 of the 
        Federal Acquisition Regulation, including the preference for 
        the acquisition of commercial items under section 2377 of title 
        10, United States Code.
            (2) The definition of a commercial item, including the 
        interpretation of the phrase ``of a type''.
            (3) Price analysis and negotiations.
            (4) Market research and analysis.
            (5) Independent cost estimates.
            (6) Parametric estimating methods.
            (7) Value analysis.
            (8) Other topics on the acquisition of commercial items 
        necessary to ensure a well-educated acquisition workforce.
    (b) Student Enrollment.--The President of the Defense Acquisition 
University shall set goals for student enrollment for the training 
program established under subsection (a).

SEC. 867. NOTICE OF COST-FREE FEDERAL PROCUREMENT TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE 
              IN CONNECTION WITH REGISTRATION OF SMALL BUSINESS 
              CONCERNS ON PROCUREMENT WEBSITES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
procedures to ensure that any notice or direct communication regarding 
the registration of a small business concern on a website maintained by 
the Department of Defense relating to contracting opportunities 
contains information about cost-free Federal procurement technical 
assistance services that are available through a procurement technical 
assistance program established under chapter 142 of title 10, United 
States Code.
    (b) Small Business Concern Defined.--The term ``small business 
concern'' has the meaning given such term under section 3 of the Small 
Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632).

SEC. 868. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REPORT ON CONTRACTOR BUSINESS SYSTEM 
              REQUIREMENTS.

    Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the feasibility and 
effects of an increase to the percentage of total gross revenue 
included in the definition of the term ``covered contractor'' in 
section 893(g)(2) of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note). Such 
report shall include--
            (1) an assessment of the effects of the amendment to such 
        definition made by subsection (c) of section 893 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public 
        Law 114-328); and
            (2) the feasibility and effects of a subsequent increase to 
        the percentage of total gross revenue included in such 
        definition.

SEC. 869. STANDARD GUIDELINES FOR EVALUATION OF REQUIREMENTS FOR 
              SERVICES CONTRACTS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall encourage the use 
of standard guidelines within the Department of Defense for the 
evaluation of requirements for services contracts. Such guidelines 
shall be available to the Services Requirements Review Boards 
(established under Department of Defense Instruction 5000.74, titled 
``Defense Acquisition of Services'' and dated January 5, 2016, or a 
successor instruction) within each Defense Agency, each Department of 
Defense Field Activity, and each military department for the purpose of 
standardizing the requirements evaluation required under section 2329 
of title 10, United States Code, as added by this Act. Such guidelines 
may provide policy guidance or tools, including a comprehensive 
checklist of total force management policies and procedures that is 
modeled after the checklist used by the Army, to aid uniform decision-
making during the requirements evaluation process.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section--
            (1) the terms ``Defense Agency'', ``Department of Defense 
        Field Activity'', and ``military department'' have the meanings 
        given those terms in section 101 of title 10, United States 
        Code; and
            (2) the term ``total force management policies and 
        procedures'' means the policies and procedures established 
        under section 129a of such title.

SEC. 870. TEMPORARY LIMITATION ON AGGREGATE ANNUAL AMOUNT AVAILABLE FOR 
              CONTRACT SERVICES.

    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), the total 
amount obligated by the Department of Defense for contract services in 
fiscal year 2018 may not exceed the total amount requested for the 
Department for contract services in the budget of the President for 
fiscal year 2010 (as submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1105(a) 
of title 31, United States Code) adjusted for net transfers from 
funding for overseas contingency operations.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Contract services.--The term ``contract services'' has 
        the meaning given that term in section 235 of title 10, United 
        States Code, except that the term does not include services 
        that are funded out of amounts available for overseas 
        contingency operations.
            (2) Transfers from funding for overseas contingency 
        operations.--The term ``transfers from funding for overseas 
        contingency operations'' means amounts funded out of amounts 
        available for overseas contingency operations in fiscal year 
        2010 that are funded out of amounts other than amounts so 
        available in fiscal year 2018.

      TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

 Subtitle A--Organization and Management of the Department of Defense 
                               Generally

SEC. 901. RESPONSIBILITY OF THE CHIEF INFORMATION OFFICER OF THE 
              DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FOR RISK MANAGEMENT ACTIVITIES 
              REGARDING SUPPLY CHAIN FOR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY 
              SYSTEMS.

    Section 142(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (H), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in subparagraph (I), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting a semicolon; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(J) has the responsibilities for policy, oversight, 
        guidance, and coordination for risk management activities for 
        the Department regarding the supply chain for information 
        technology systems.''.

SEC. 902. REPEAL OF OFFICE OF CORROSION POLICY AND OVERSIGHT.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 2228 of title 10, United States Code, is 
repealed.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 131 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking the 
item relating to section 2228.

SEC. 903. DESIGNATION OF CORROSION CONTROL AND PREVENTION EXECUTIVES 
              FOR THE MILITARY DEPARTMENTS.

    (a) Department of the Army.--
            (1) Designation.--Chapter 303 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        section:
``Sec. 3025. Corrosion control and prevention executive
    ``(a) Designation.--(1) There is a corrosion control and prevention 
executive in the Department of the Army. The Assistant Secretary of the 
Army for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics shall designate the 
corrosion control and prevention executive.
    ``(2) In addition to the duties assigned under subsection (c), the 
principal responsibility of the civilian employee designated as the 
corrosion control and prevention executive shall be coordinating 
Department of the Army corrosion control and prevention program 
activities (including budget programming) with the Department and the 
Office of the Secretary of Defense, the program executive officers of 
the Department, and relevant major subordinate commands of the 
Department.
    ``(3) The corrosion control and prevention executive shall be a 
civilian employee of the Department in the grade GS-15 or higher of the 
General Schedule.
    ``(b) Qualifications.--In order to qualify for designation as the 
corrosion control and prevention executive in the Department of the 
Army, an individual shall, at a minimum--
            ``(1) have a working knowledge of corrosion prevention and 
        control;
            ``(2) have strong program management and communication 
        skills; and
            ``(3) understand the acquisition, research and development, 
        test and evaluation, and sustainment policies and procedures 
        across the Department, including sustainment of infrastructure.
    ``(c) Duties.--(1) The corrosion control and prevention executive 
in the Department of the Army shall ensure that corrosion control and 
prevention is maintained in the Department's policy and guidance for 
management of each of the following:
            ``(A) System acquisition and production, including design 
        and maintenance.
            ``(B) Research, development, test, and evaluation programs 
        and activities.
            ``(C) Equipment standardization programs, including 
        international standardization agreements.
            ``(D) Logistics research and development initiatives.
            ``(E) Logistics support analysis as it relates to 
        integrated logistic support in the materiel acquisition 
        process.
            ``(F) Military infrastructure design, construction, and 
        maintenance.
    ``(2) The corrosion control and prevention executive in the 
Department shall be responsible for identifying the funding levels 
necessary to accomplish the items specified in paragraph (1).
    ``(3) In cooperation with the appropriate staff of the Department, 
the corrosion control and prevention executive in the Department shall, 
develop, support, and provide the rationale for resources--
            ``(A) to initiate and sustain an effective corrosion 
        control and prevention program in the Department;
            ``(B) to evaluate the program's effectiveness; and
            ``(C) to ensure that corrosion control and prevention 
        requirements for materiel are reflected in budgeting and 
        policies of the Department for the formulation, management, and 
        evaluation of personnel and programs for the entire Department, 
        including the Army Reserve and the Army National Guard.
    ``(4) The corrosion control and prevention executive in the 
Department shall submit an annual report, not later than December 31 of 
each year, to the Secretary of the Army and the Secretary of Defense 
containing recommendations pertaining to the corrosion control and 
prevention program of the Department, including corrosion-related 
funding levels to carry out all of the duties of the executive under 
this section.
    ``(5) The corrosion control and prevention executive in the 
Department may not be assigned other duties that may interfere with the 
duties specified in this subsection and the principal responsibility 
assigned under subsection (a)(2).''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 303 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``3025. Corrosion control and prevention executive.''.
    (b) Department of the Navy.--
            (1) Designation.--Chapter 503 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        section:
``Sec. 5029. Corrosion control and prevention executive
    ``(a) Designation.--(1) There is a corrosion control and prevention 
executive in the Department of the Navy. The Assistant Secretary of the 
Navy for Research, Development, and Acquisition shall designate the 
corrosion control and prevention executive.
    ``(2) In addition to the duties assigned under subsection (c), the 
principal responsibility of the civilian employee designated as the 
corrosion control and prevention executive shall be coordinating 
Department of the Navy corrosion control and prevention program 
activities (including budget programming) with the Department and the 
Office of the Secretary of Defense, the program executive officers of 
the Department, and relevant major subordinate commands of the 
Department.
    ``(3) The corrosion control and prevention executive shall be a 
civilian employee of the Department in the grade GS-15 or higher of the 
General Schedule.
    ``(b) Qualifications.--In order to qualify for designation as the 
corrosion control and prevention executive in the Department of the 
Navy, an individual shall, at a minimum--
            ``(1) have a working knowledge of corrosion prevention and 
        control;
            ``(2) have strong program management and communication 
        skills; and
            ``(3) understand the acquisition, research and development, 
        test and evaluation, and sustainment policies and procedures 
        across the Department, including sustainment of infrastructure.
    ``(c) Duties.--(1) The corrosion control and prevention executive 
in the Department of the Navy shall ensure that corrosion control and 
prevention is maintained in the Department's policy and guidance for 
management of each of the following:
            ``(A) System acquisition and production, including design 
        and maintenance.
            ``(B) Research, development, test, and evaluation programs 
        and activities.
            ``(C) Equipment standardization programs, including 
        international standardization agreements.
            ``(D) Logistics research and development initiatives.
            ``(E) Logistics support analysis as it relates to 
        integrated logistic support in the materiel acquisition 
        process.
            ``(F) Military infrastructure design, construction, and 
        maintenance.
    ``(2) The corrosion control and prevention executive in the 
Department shall be responsible for identifying the funding levels 
necessary to accomplish the items specified in paragraph (1).
    ``(3) In cooperation with the appropriate staff of the Department, 
the corrosion control and prevention executive in the Department shall, 
develop, support, and provide the rationale for resources--
            ``(A) to initiate and sustain an effective corrosion 
        control and prevention program in the Department;
            ``(B) to evaluate the program's effectiveness; and
            ``(C) to ensure that corrosion control and prevention 
        requirements for materiel are reflected in budgeting and 
        policies of the Department for the formulation, management, and 
        evaluation of personnel and programs for the entire Department, 
        including the Navy Reserve and the Marine Corps Reserve.
    ``(4) The corrosion control and prevention executive in the 
Department shall submit an annual report, not later than December 31 of 
each year, to the Secretary of the Navy and the Secretary of Defense 
containing recommendations pertaining to the corrosion control and 
prevention program of the Department, including corrosion-related 
funding levels to carry out all of the duties of the executive under 
this section.
    ``(5) The corrosion control and prevention executive in the 
Department may not be assigned other duties that may interfere with the 
duties specified in this subsection and the principal responsibility 
assigned under subsection (a)(2).''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 503 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``5029. Corrosion control and prevention executive.''.
    (c) Department of the Air Force.--
            (1) Designation.--Chapter 803 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        section:
``Sec. 8025. Corrosion control and prevention executive
    ``(a) Designation.--(1) There is a corrosion control and prevention 
executive in the Department of the Air Force. The Assistant Secretary 
of the Air Force for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics shall 
designate the corrosion control and prevention executive.
    ``(2) In addition to the duties assigned under subsection (c), the 
principal responsibility of the civilian employee designated as the 
corrosion control and prevention executive shall be coordinating 
Department of the Air Force corrosion control and prevention program 
activities (including budget programming) with the Department and the 
Office of the Secretary of Defense, the program executive officers of 
the Department, and relevant major subordinate commands of the 
Department.
    ``(3) The corrosion control and prevention executive shall be a 
civilian employee of the Department in the grade GS-15 or higher of the 
General Schedule.
    ``(b) Qualifications.--In order to qualify for designation as the 
corrosion control and prevention executive in the Department of the Air 
Force, an individual shall, at a minimum--
            ``(1) have a working knowledge of corrosion prevention and 
        control;
            ``(2) have strong program management and communication 
        skills; and
            ``(3) understand the acquisition, research and development, 
        test and evaluation, and sustainment policies and procedures 
        across the Department, including sustainment of infrastructure.
    ``(c) Duties.--(1) The corrosion control and prevention executive 
in the Department of the Air Force shall ensure that corrosion control 
and prevention is maintained in the Department's policy and guidance 
for management of each of the following:
            ``(A) System acquisition and production, including design 
        and maintenance.
            ``(B) Research, development, test, and evaluation programs 
        and activities.
            ``(C) Equipment standardization programs, including 
        international standardization agreements.
            ``(D) Logistics research and development initiatives.
            ``(E) Logistics support analysis as it relates to 
        integrated logistic support in the materiel acquisition 
        process.
            ``(F) Military infrastructure design, construction, and 
        maintenance.
    ``(2) The corrosion control and prevention executive in the 
Department shall be responsible for identifying the funding levels 
necessary to accomplish the items specified in paragraph (1).
    ``(3) In cooperation with the appropriate staff of the Department, 
the corrosion control and prevention executive in the Department shall, 
develop, support, and provide the rationale for resources--
            ``(A) to initiate and sustain an effective corrosion 
        control and prevention program in the Department;
            ``(B) to evaluate the program's effectiveness; and
            ``(C) to ensure that corrosion control and prevention 
        requirements for materiel are reflected in budgeting and 
        policies of the Department for the formulation, management, and 
        evaluation of personnel and programs for the entire Department, 
        including the Air Force Reserve and the Air National Guard.
    ``(4) The corrosion control and prevention executive in the 
Department shall submit an annual report, not later than December 31 of 
each year, to the Secretary of the Air Force and the Secretary of 
Defense containing recommendations pertaining to the corrosion control 
and prevention program of the Department, including corrosion-related 
funding levels to carry out all of the duties of the executive under 
this section.
    ``(5) The corrosion control and prevention executive in the 
Department may not be assigned other duties that may interfere with the 
duties specified in this subsection and the principal responsibility 
assigned under subsection (a)(2).''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 803 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``8025. Corrosion control and prevention executive.''.
    (d) Repeal of Replaced Provision.--Effective 90 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, section 903 of the Duncan Hunter National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-117; 10 
U.S.C. 2228 note) is repealed.
    (e) Deadline for Designation.--Corrosion control and prevention 
executives who satisfy the qualifications specified in subsection (b) 
of sections 3025, 5029, and 8025 of title 10, United States Code, as 
added by this section, shall be designated not later than 90 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 904. MAINTAINING CIVILIAN WORKFORCE CAPABILITIES TO SUSTAIN 
              READINESS, THE ALL VOLUNTEER FORCE, AND OPERATIONAL 
              EFFECTIVENESS.

    Section 912(a)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) is amended by adding at the end 
the following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(D) The minimum civilian end strength specified 
                in section 691 of title 10, United States Code, needed 
                to support the national military strategy.
                    ``(E) A civilian operating force structure sized 
                for operational effectiveness, that is manned, equipped 
                and trained to support deployment time and rotation 
                ratios sized to sustain the readiness and needed 
                retention levels for the regular and reserve components 
                according to the judgment of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
                in fulfillment of their responsibilities under sections 
                151, 3033, 5033, 8033 and 5044 of title 10, United 
                States Code.
                    ``(F) The development of civilian workforce levels 
                to ensure that every proposal to change military force 
                structure is accompanied with the associated civilian 
                force structure changes needed to support that military 
                force structure.
                    ``(G) The hiring authorities and other actions that 
                the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of the 
                military department will take to eliminate any gaps 
                between desired programmed civilian workforce levels 
                and the existing size of the civilian workforce by 
                mission and functional area.
                    ``(H) A civilian workforce plan that is consistent 
                with the total force management requirements of 
                sections 129 and 129a of title 10, United States 
                Code.''.

          Subtitle B--Designation of the Navy and Marine Corps

SEC. 911. REDESIGNATION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY AS THE DEPARTMENT 
              OF THE NAVY AND MARINE CORPS.

    (a) Redesignation of Military Department.--The military department 
designated as the Department of the Navy is redesignated as the 
Department of the Navy and Marine Corps.
    (b) Redesignation of Secretary and Other Statutory Offices.--
            (1) Secretary.--The position of the Secretary of the Navy 
        is redesignated as the Secretary of the Navy and Marine Corps.
            (2) Other statutory offices.--The positions of the Under 
        Secretary of the Navy, the four Assistant Secretaries of the 
        Navy, and the General Counsel of the Department of the Navy are 
        redesignated as the Under Secretary of the Navy and Marine 
        Corps, the Assistant Secretaries of the Navy and Marine Corps, 
        and the General Counsel of the Department of the Navy and 
        Marine Corps, respectively.

SEC. 912. CONFORMING AMENDMENTS TO TITLE 10, UNITED STATES CODE.

    (a) Definition of ``Military Department''.--Paragraph (8) of 
section 101(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:
            ``(8) The term `military department' means the Department 
        of the Army, the Department of the Navy and Marine Corps, and 
        the Department of the Air Force.''.
    (b) Organization of Department.--The text of section 5011 of such 
title is amended to read as follows: ``The Department of the Navy and 
Marine Corps is separately organized under the Secretary of the Navy 
and Marine Corps.''.
    (c) Position of Secretary.--Section 5013(a)(1) of such title is 
amended by striking ``There is a Secretary of the Navy'' and inserting 
``There is a Secretary of the Navy and Marine Corps''.
    (d) Chapter Headings.--
            (1) The heading of chapter 503 of such title is amended to 
        read as follows:

       ``CHAPTER 503--DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY AND MARINE CORPS''.

            (2) The heading of chapter 507 of such title is amended to 
        read as follows:

  ``CHAPTER 507--COMPOSITION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY AND MARINE 
                                CORPS''.

    (e) Other Amendments.--
            (1) Title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
        ``Department of the Navy'' and ``Secretary of the Navy'' each 
        place they appear other than as specified in subsections (a), 
        (b), (c), and (d) (including in section headings, subsection 
        captions, tables of chapters, and tables of sections) and 
        inserting ``Department of the Navy and Marine Corps'' and 
        ``Secretary of the Navy and Marine Corps'', respectively, in 
        each case with the matter inserted to be in the same typeface 
        and typestyle as the matter stricken.
            (2)(A) Sections 5013(f), 5014(b)(2), 5016(a), 5017(2), 
        5032(a), and 5042(a) of such title are amended by striking 
        ``Assistant Secretaries of the Navy'' and inserting ``Assistant 
        Secretaries of the Navy and Marine Corps''.
            (B) The heading of section 5016 of such title, and the item 
        relating to such section in the table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 503 of such title, are each amended by 
        inserting ``and Marine Corps'' after ``of the Navy'', with the 
        matter inserted in each case to be in the same typeface and 
        typestyle as the matter amended.

SEC. 913. OTHER PROVISIONS OF LAW AND OTHER REFERENCES.

    (a) Title 37, United States Code.--Title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``Department of the Navy'' and ``Secretary of the 
Navy'' each place they appear and inserting ``Department of the Navy 
and Marine Corps'' and ``Secretary of the Navy and Marine Corps'', 
respectively.
    (b) Other References.--Any reference in any law other than in title 
10 or title 37, United States Code, or in any regulation, document, 
record, or other paper of the United States, to the Department of the 
Navy shall be considered to be a reference to the Department of the 
Navy and Marine Corps. Any such reference to an office specified in 
section 911(b) shall be considered to be a reference to that office as 
redesignated by that section.

SEC. 914. EFFECTIVE DATE.

    This subtitle and the amendments made by this subtitle shall take 
effect on the first day of the first month beginning more than 60 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act.

                       Subtitle C--Other Matters

SEC. 921. TRANSITION OF THE OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE TO 
              REFLECT ESTABLISHMENT OF POSITIONS OF UNDER SECRETARY OF 
              DEFENSE FOR RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING, UNDER SECRETARY OF 
              DEFENSE FOR ACQUISITION AND SUSTAINMENT, AND CHIEF 
              MANAGEMENT OFFICER.

    (a) References to Positions Pending Execution of Amendments.--Until 
February 1, 2018, any reference in this Act, or an amendment made by 
this Act--
            (1) to the position of Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Research and Engineering, to be established by the amendment 
        made by section 901(a) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2339), 
        shall be deemed to be a reference to the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics under 
        section 133 of title 10, United States Code;
            (2) to the position of Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment, to be established by the amendment 
        made by section 901(b) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2340), 
        shall be deemed to be a reference to the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics under 
        section 133 of title 10, United States Code; and
            (3) to the position of Chief Management Officer of the 
        Department of Defense, to be established by section 901(c) of 
        the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
        (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2341; 10 U.S.C. 131 note), shall 
        be deemed to be a reference to the Deputy Secretary of Defense 
        under section 132 of title 10, United States Code.
    (b) Service of Incumbents.--
            (1) Principal deputy under secretary of defense for 
        acquisition, technology, and logistics.--The individual serving 
        as Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
        Technology, and Logistics under section 137a(c)(1) of title 10, 
        United States Code, as of February 1, 2018, may continue to 
        serve as Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment commencing as of that date, without further 
        appointment under section 133b of such title, as added by 
        section 901(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2340).
            (2) Deputy chief management officer.--The individual 
        serving as Deputy Chief Management Officer of the Department of 
        Defense under section 132a of title 10, United States Code, as 
        of February 1, 2018, may continue to serve as Chief Management 
        Officer commencing as of that date, without further appointment 
        under section 901(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2341; 10 
        U.S.C. 131 note).

SEC. 922. EXTENSION OF DEADLINES FOR REPORTING AND BRIEFING 
              REQUIREMENTS FOR COMMISSION ON THE NATIONAL DEFENSE 
              STRATEGY FOR THE UNITED STATES.

    Section 942(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2368) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``December 1, 2017'' and 
        inserting ``January 31, 2018''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``June 1, 2017'' and 
        inserting ``September 1, 2017''.

SEC. 923. BRIEFING ON FORCE MANAGEMENT LEVEL POLICY.

    (a) Findings; Sense of Congress.--
            (1) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
                    (A) The force management level policy that 
                previously restricted the total number of members of 
                the Armed Forces of the United States deployed to 
                Afghanistan increased the cost of operations in 
                Afghanistan.
                    (B) The restriction meant that the Department of 
                Defense had to substitute available military personnel 
                for costlier contract support.
            (2) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
        the Department of Defense should discourage the practice of 
        substituting contractor personnel for available members of the 
        Armed Forces when a unit deploys overseas and should revise 
        this practice as it pertains to unit deployment to Afghanistan.
    (b) Briefing.--Not later than March 31, 2018, the Secretary of 
Defense shall provide to the congressional defense committees a 
briefing detailing--
            (1) the steps that the Secretary is taking to revise 
        deployment guidelines to ensure that readiness, unit cohesion, 
        and maintenance are prioritized; and
            (2) the plan of the Secretary to establish a policy that 
        will avoid to the extent practicable these costly practices in 
        the future.

                      TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                     Subtitle A--Financial Matters

SEC. 1001. GENERAL TRANSFER AUTHORITY.

    (a) Authority to Transfer Authorizations.--
            (1) Authority.--Upon determination by the Secretary of 
        Defense that such action is necessary in the national interest, 
        the Secretary may transfer amounts of authorizations made 
        available to the Department of Defense in this division for 
        fiscal year 2018 between any such authorizations for that 
        fiscal year (or any subdivisions thereof). Amounts of 
        authorizations so transferred shall be merged with and be 
        available for the same purposes as the authorization to which 
        transferred.
            (2) Limitation.--Except as provided in paragraph (3), the 
        total amount of authorizations that the Secretary may transfer 
        under the authority of this section may not exceed 
        $5,000,000,000.
            (3) Exception for transfers between military personnel 
        authorizations.--A transfer of funds between military personnel 
        authorizations under title IV shall not be counted toward the 
        dollar limitation in paragraph (2).
    (b) Limitations.--The authority provided by subsection (a) to 
transfer authorizations--
            (1) may only be used to provide authority for items that 
        have a higher priority than the items from which authority is 
        transferred; and
            (2) may not be used to provide authority for an item that 
        has been denied authorization by Congress.
    (c) Effect on Authorization Amounts.--A transfer made from one 
account to another under the authority of this section shall be deemed 
to increase the amount authorized for the account to which the amount 
is transferred by an amount equal to the amount transferred.
    (d) Notice to Congress.--The Secretary shall promptly notify 
Congress of each transfer made under subsection (a).

SEC. 1002. PREPARATION OF CONSOLIDATED CORRECTIVE ACTION PLAN AND 
              IMPLEMENTATION OF CENTRALIZED REPORTING SYSTEM.

    (a) Establishment.--In accordance with the recommendations included 
in the Government Accountability Office report numbered GAO-17-85 and 
entitled ``DOD Financial Management: Significant Efforts Still Needed 
for Remediating Audit Readiness Deficiencies'', the Under Secretary of 
Defense (Comptroller) of the Department of Defense shall--
            (1) on a bimonthly basis, prepare a consolidated corrective 
        action plan management summary on the status of all corrective 
        actions plans related to critical capabilities for the military 
        services and for the service providers and other defense 
        organizations; and
            (2) develop and implement a centralized monitoring and 
        reporting process that captures and maintains up-to-date 
        information, including the standard data elements recommended 
        in the implementation guide for Office of Management and Budget 
        Circular A-123, for all corrective action plans and findings 
        and recommendations Department-wide that pertain to critical 
        capabilities.
    (b) Effective Date.--Subsection (a) shall take effect on October 1, 
2017.

SEC. 1003. ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
              AUDITS.

    (a)  Financial Improvement Audit Readiness Plan.--Section 
1003(a)(2)(A)(ii) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2222 note) is amended by 
striking ``are validated as ready for audit by not later than September 
30, 2017'' and inserting ``go under full financial statement audit 
beginning September 30, 2017, and that the department leadership make 
every effort to reach an unmodified opinion as soon as possible''.
    (b) Audit of Fiscal Year 2018 Financial Statements.--Section 
1003(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 
(Public Law 113-66; 10 U.S.C. 2222 note) is amended by striking ``are 
validated as ready for audit by not later than'' and inserting ``go 
under full financial statement audit beginning''.

                Subtitle B--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

SEC. 1011. NATIONAL DEFENSE SEALIFT FUND.

    (a) Fund Purposes; Deposits.--Section 2218 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking subparagraph (D); and
                            (ii) by redesignating subparagraph (E) as 
                        subparagraph (D);
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``or (D)''; and
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (B), by inserting 
                        ``and'' after the semicolon;
                            (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``; 
                        and'' and inserting a period; and
                            (iii) by striking subparagraph (D);
                    (B) by striking paragraph (2);
                    (C) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph 
                (2); and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph (3):
            ``(3) Any other funds made available to the Department of 
        Defense to carry out any of the purposes described in 
        subsection (c).''.
    (b) Authority to Purchase Used Vessels.--Subsection (f) of such 
section is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3)(A) Notwithstanding the limitations under subsection (c)(1)(E) 
and paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense may, as part of a program 
to recapitalize the Ready Reserve Force component of the national 
defense reserve fleet and the Military Sealift Command surge fleet, 
purchase any used vessel, regardless of where such vessel was 
constructed if such vessel--
            ``(i) participated in the Maritime Security Fleet; and
            ``(ii) is available for purchase at a reasonable cost, as 
        determined by the Secretary.
    ``(B) If the Secretary determines that no used vessel meeting the 
requirements under clauses (i) and (ii) of subparagraph (A) is 
available, the Secretary may purchase a used vessel comparable to a 
vessel described in clause (i) of subparagraph (A), regardless of the 
source of the vessel or where the vessel was constructed, if such 
vessel is available for purchase at a reasonable cost, as determined by 
the Secretary.
    ``(C) The Secretary may not use the authority under this paragraph 
to purchase more than five additional foreign constructed ships. Any 
such ships may not be purchased at a rate that exceeds one vessel 
constructed outside the United States for every new Department of 
Defense sealift vessel authorized by law to be constructed.
    ``(D) Prior to the purchase of any vessel that was not constructed 
in the United States, the Secretary, in consultation with the Maritime 
Administrator, shall certify that there is no vessel available for 
purchase at a reasonable price that--
            ``(i) was constructed in the United States; and
            ``(ii) is suitable for use by the United States for 
        national defense or military purposes in a time of war or 
        national emergency.''.
    (c) Definition of Maritime Security Fleet.--Subsection (k) of such 
section is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(5) The term `Maritime Security Fleet' means the fleet 
        established under section 53102(a) of title 46.''.
    (d) Technical Amendment.--Such section is further amended by 
striking ``(50 U.S.C. App. 1744)'' each place it appears and inserting 
``(50 U.S.C. 4405)''.

SEC. 1012. NATIONAL DEFENSE SEALIFT FUND: CONSTRUCTION OF NATIONAL 
              ICEBREAKER VESSELS.

    Section 2218 of title 10, United States Code, as amended by section 
2211, is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(1), by adding at the end the 
        following new subparagraph:
            ``(E) Construction (including design of vessels), purchase, 
        alteration, and conversion of national icebreaker vessels.''; 
        and
            (2) in subsection (d)(1),
                    (A) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' and 
                the end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period and 
                inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
            ``(D) construction (including design of vessels), purchase, 
        alteration, and conversion of national icebreaker vessels.''.

SEC. 1013. USE OF NATIONAL SEA-BASED DETERRENCE FUND FOR MULTIYEAR 
              PROCUREMENT OF CERTAIN CRITICAL COMPONENTS.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (i) of section 2218a of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``the common missile compartment'' each 
        place it appears and inserting ``critical components''; and
            (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``critical parts, 
        components, systems, and subsystems'' and inserting ``critical 
        components''.
    (b) Definition of Critical Component.--Subsection (k) of such 
section is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) The term `critical component' means any--
                    ``(A) any item that is high volume or high value; 
                or
                    ``(B) any common missile compartment component, 
                shipyard manufactured component, valve, torpedo tube, 
                or Government furnished equipment, including propulsors 
                and strategic weapons system launchers.''.
    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The subsection heading for subsection (i) 
of such section is amended by striking ``of the Common Missile 
Compartment''.

SEC. 1014. RESTRICTIONS ON THE OVERHAUL AND REPAIR OF VESSELS IN 
              FOREIGN SHIPYARDS.

    (a) In General.--Section 7310(b)(1) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``In the case'' and inserting ``(A) Except 
        as provided in subparagraph (B), in the case'';
            (2) by striking ``during the 15-month'' and all that 
        follows through ``United States)'';
            (3) by inserting before the period at the end the 
        following: ``, other than in the case of voyage repairs''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(B) The Secretary of the Navy may waive the application of 
subparagraph (A) to a contract award if the Secretary determines that 
the waiver is essential to the national security interests of the 
United States.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on the later of the following dates:
            (1) The date of the enactment of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019.
            (2) October 1, 2018.

SEC. 1015. AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OR INACTIVATION OF 
              TICONDEROGA-CLASS CRUISERS OR DOCK LANDING SHIPS.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 
2018 may be obligated or expended--
            (1) to retire, prepare to retire, or inactivate a cruiser 
        or dock landing ship; or
            (2) to place more than six cruisers and one dock landing 
        ship in the modernization program under section 1026(a)(2) of 
        the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 
        Stat. 3490).

SEC. 1016. POLICY OF THE UNITED STATES ON MINIMUM NUMBER OF BATTLE 
              FORCE SHIPS.

    It shall be the policy of the United States to have available, as 
soon as practicable, not fewer than 355 battle force ships, with 
funding subject to the annual authorization of appropriation and the 
annual appropriation of funds.

                      Subtitle C--Counterterrorism

SEC. 1021. TERMINATION OF REQUIREMENT TO SUBMIT ANNUAL BUDGET 
              JUSTIFICATION DISPLAY FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE COMBATING 
              TERRORISM PROGRAM.

    Section 229 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Termination.--The requirement to submit a budget 
justification display under this section shall terminate on December 
31, 2020.''.

SEC. 1022. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR TRANSFER OR RELEASE OF 
              INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, 
              GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA TO THE UNITED STATES.

    No amounts authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made 
available for the Department of Defense may be used during the period 
beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act and ending on 
December 31, 2018, to transfer, release, or assist in the transfer or 
release to or within the United States, its territories, or possessions 
of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed or any other detainee who--
            (1) is not a United States citizen or a member of the Armed 
        Forces of the United States; and
            (2) is or was held on or after January 20, 2009, at United 
        States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, by the Department 
        of Defense.

SEC. 1023. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS TO CONSTRUCT OR MODIFY 
              FACILITIES IN THE UNITED STATES TO HOUSE DETAINEES 
              TRANSFERRED FROM UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO 
              BAY, CUBA.

    (a) In General.--No amounts authorized to be appropriated or 
otherwise made available for the Department of Defense may be used 
during the period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act 
and ending on December 31, 2018, to construct or modify any facility in 
the United States, its territories, or possessions to house any 
individual detained at Guantanamo for the purposes of detention or 
imprisonment in the custody or under the control of the Department of 
Defense.
    (b) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not apply 
to any modification of facilities at United States Naval Station, 
Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
    (c) Individual Detained at Guantanamo Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``individual detained at Guantanamo'' has the meaning given 
that term in section 1034(f)(2) of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 971; 10 U.S.C. 
801 note).

SEC. 1024. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR TRANSFER OR RELEASE OF 
              INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, 
              GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA, TO CERTAIN COUNTRIES.

    No amounts authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made 
available for the Department of Defense may be used during the period 
beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act and ending on 
December 31, 2018, to transfer, release, or assist in the transfer or 
release of any individual detained in the custody or under the control 
of the Department of Defense at United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
Bay, Cuba, to the custody or control of any country, or any entity 
within such country, as follows:
            (1) Libya.
            (2) Somalia.
            (3) Syria.
            (4) Yemen.

SEC. 1025. BIANNUAL REPORT ON SUPPORT OF SPECIAL OPERATIONS TO COMBAT 
              TERRORISM.

    Section 127e(g) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``March 1'' and inserting 
        ``120 days after the last day of a fiscal year''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2) by striking ``September 1'' and 
        inserting ``six months after the date of the submittal of the 
        report most recently submitted under paragraph (1)''.

         Subtitle D--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

SEC. 1031. LIMITATION ON EXPENDITURE OF FUNDS FOR EMERGENCY AND 
              EXTRAORDINARY EXPENSES FOR INTELLIGENCE AND COUNTER-
              INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES AND REPRESENTATION ALLOWANCES.

    (a) Recurring Expenses.--The first sentence of subsection (a) of 
section 127 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
before the period at the end the following: ``, and is not a recurring 
expense''.
    (b) Limitation.--Subsection (c) of such section is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(4) Funds may not be obligated or expended in an amount in excess 
of $25,000 under the authority of subsection (a) or (b) for 
intelligence or counter-intelligence activities or representation 
allowances until the Secretary of Defense has notified the 
congressional defense committees and the congressional intelligence 
committees of the intent to obligate or expend the funds, and--
            ``(A) in the case of an obligation or expenditure in excess 
        of $100,000, 15 days have elapsed since the date of the 
        notification; or
            ``(B) in the case of an obligation or expenditure in excess 
        of $25,000, but not in excess of $100,000, five days have 
        elapsed since the date of the notification.''.
    (c) Annual Report.--Subsection (d) of such section is amended--
            (1) by striking ``to the congressional defense committees'' 
        and all that follows through the period at the end and 
        inserting an em dash; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(1) to the congressional defense committees a report on 
        all expenditures during the preceding fiscal year under 
        subsections (a) and (b); and
            ``(2) to the congressional intelligence committees a report 
        on expenditures relating to intelligence and counter-
        intelligence during the preceding fiscal year under subsections 
        (a) and (b).''.
    (d) Definition.--Such section is further amended by adding at the 
end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Definition of Congressional Intelligence Committees.--In this 
section, the term `congressional intelligence committees' means the 
Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
Representatives and the Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
Senate.''.

SEC. 1032. MODIFICATIONS TO HUMANITARIAN DEMINING ASSISTANCE 
              AUTHORITIES.

    (a) Modification to the Role of Armed Forces in Providing 
Humanitarian Demining Assistance.--Subsection (a)(3) of section 407 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking 
        ``or stockpiled conventional munitions assistance''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (A)--
                    (A) by inserting ``, unexploded explosive 
                ordnance,'' after ``landmines''; and
                    (B) by striking ``, or stockpiled conventional 
                munitions, as applicable''.
    (b) Modification to Definition of Humanitarian Demining 
Assistance.--Subsection (e)(1) of such section is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``, unexploded explosive ordnance,'' after 
        ``landmines'' in each place it appears; and
            (2) by striking ``, and the disposal'' and all that follows 
        and inserting a period.
    (c) Modification to Definition of Stockpiled Conventional Munitions 
Assistance.--Subsection (e)(2) of such section is amended, in the 
second sentence, by striking ``, the detection and clearance of 
landmines and other explosive remnants of war,''.

SEC. 1033. PROHIBITION ON CHARGE OF CERTAIN TARIFFS ON AIRCRAFT 
              TRAVELING THROUGH CHANNEL ROUTES.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 157 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2652. Prohibition on charge of certain tariffs on aircraft 
              traveling through channel routes
    ``The United States Transportation Command may not charge a tariff 
by reason of the use by a military service of an aircraft of that 
military service on a route designated by the United States 
Transportation Command as a channel route.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``2652. Prohibition on charge of certain tariffs on aircraft traveling 
                            through channel routes''.

SEC. 1034. LIMITATION ON DIVESTMENT OF U-2 OR RQ-4 AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Limitation.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), none 
        of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
        otherwise made available for the Department of Defense for any 
        fiscal year before fiscal year 2024 may be obligated or 
        expended to prepare to divest, divest, place in storage, or 
        place in a status awaiting further disposition of the 
        possessing commander any U-2 or RQ-4 aircraft of the Department 
        of Defense.
            (2) Exception.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to an 
        individual U-2 or RQ-4 aircraft that the Secretary of the Air 
        Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be non-returnable 
        to flying service due to any mishap, other damage, or being 
        uneconomical to repair.
    (b) Conforming Repeal.--Section 133 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81) is hereby 
repealed.

SEC. 1035. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF LEGACY 
              MARITIME MINE COUNTERMEASURES PLATFORMS.

    (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided in subsection (b), the 
Secretary of the Navy may not obligate or expend funds to--
            (1) ) retire, prepare to retire, transfer, or place in 
        storage any AVENGER-class mine countermeasures ship or 
        associated equipment;
            (2) retire, prepare to retire, transfer, or place in 
        storage any SEA DRAGON (MH-53) helicopter or associated 
        equipment;
            (3) make any reductions to manning levels with respect to 
        any AVENGER-class mine countermeasures ship; or
            (4) make any reductions to manning levels with respect to 
        any SEA DRAGON (MH-53) helicopter squadron or detachment.
    (b) Waiver.--The Secretary of the Navy may waive the prohibition 
under subsection (a) if the Secretary certifies to the congressional 
defense committees that the Secretary has--
            (1) identified a replacement capability and the necessary 
        quantity of such systems to meet all combatant commander mine 
        countermeasures operational requirements that are currently 
        being met by any AVENGER-class ship or SEA DRAGON helicopter to 
        be retired, transferred, or placed in storage;
            (2) achieved initial operational capability of all systems 
        described in paragraph (1); and
            (3) deployed a sufficient quantity of systems described in 
        paragraph (1) that have achieved initial operational capability 
        to continue to meet or exceed all combatant commander mine 
        countermeasures operational requirements currently being met by 
        the AVENGER-class ships and SEA DRAGON helicopters to be 
        retired, transferred, or placed in storage.

SEC. 1036. RESTRICTION ON USE OF CERTAIN FUNDS PENDING SOLICITATION OF 
              BIDS FOR WESTERN PACIFIC DRY DOCK.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) Following closure of the Department of the Navy ship 
        repair facility in Guam in 1997 following the Base Realignment 
        and Closure round of 1995, operation of the facility was turned 
        over to a private company.
            (2) While streamlining operations, resulting in savings to 
        the Navy of approximately $38,000,000 each year, the company 
        was able to maintain the depot-level capabilities of the 
        facility with dry-docking capability that had existed in Apra 
        Harbor since World War II.
            (3) From 1997 to 2012, the private operator successfully 
        performed 28 major overhauls with dry-dockings of Navy, 
        Military Sealift Command, and Coast Guard vessels, 27 mid-term 
        availabilities, as well as the emergency dry-docking of USS San 
        Francisco (SSN-711) after the nuclear powered submarine 
        collided with a seamount off the coast of Guam in 2005.
            (4) While the privately owned dry-dock, Machinist, was 
        undergoing upgrades and refurbishment in 2013, the Navy 
        announced that it would split the long-standing depot-level 
        capability in Guam into two pieces, awarding an initial 
        contract for pier-side ship repair, to be followed by a 
        contract for dry-dock ship repair.
            (5) At this time, the Committee on Armed Services of the 
        House of Representatives, including the Delegate from Guam, as 
        well as the Governor of Guam, objected to this plan, and a 
        conditional agreement was made wherein the Navy committed to 
        restoring dry-docking capabilities expeditiously following 
        issuance of the pier-side contract.
            (6) Despite repeated requests from the Committee on Armed 
        Services of the House of Representatives, the Delegate from 
        Guam, and the Governor of Guam over the past four years, the 
        Secretary of the Navy has failed to issue the dry-dock 
        contract.
            (7) The Navy conducted a business case analysis to assess 
        options for a dry-docking capability in Guam in 2014 and agreed 
        to provide a copy of the report to Congress upon completion. 
        The draft business case analysis was provided to the Committee 
        on Armed Services of the House of Representatives on March 3, 
        2016, but a final document was not produced.
            (8) The draft business case analysis evaluated 200 
        potential options for restoring a dry-docking capability in 
        Guam, recommending seven potential courses of action, with 
        estimated costs ranging from $324,000,000 to $398,000,000 over 
        a 50-year life cycle. The business case analysis concluded that 
        any of these options are significant savings when compared with 
        the cost of not having a dry-docking capability in Guam, which 
        exceeds $700,000,000 over a 50-year period.
            (9) The Navy has removed machinery and equipment needed to 
        perform major overhauls from the former ship repair facility, 
        and shifted ship repair work previously performed in Guam to 
        various foreign locations in the Western Pacific. The total 
        cost of Navy ship repair contracts in Guam have gone from 
        $45,00,000 in 2010 to $16,000,000 in 2016.
            (10) As a result of Navy actions over the past five years, 
        the number of skilled workers engaged in ship repair in Guam 
        has been reduced from a combined total of approximately 550 at 
        three ship-repair companies in Guam to the current level of 
        150. Due to this degraded workforce and equipment capabilities, 
        the Navy is now forced to rely almost exclusively on foreign 
        ship repair instead at a time when the Committee believes 
        tensions and threats of crisis in the Western Pacific can put 
        access to foreign shipyards at risk.
            (11) Navy leadership has long acknowledged the importance 
        of a depot-level, dry-docking capability in Guam, as evidenced 
        by the following:
                    (A) ``Robust depot-level ship repair capability in 
                Guam is a matter of strategic importance and remains an 
                operational necessity because ships of the 7th Fleet 
                have high operational tempo and experience vast 
                distances between repair facilities.'' (Letter from the 
                Commander of the Pacific Fleet to the Governor of Guam, 
                dated February 15, 2013).
                    (B) ``We must maintain a viable ship maintenance 
                capability in Guam to include dry-docking in support of 
                operations and contingency plans (OPLANs and CONPLANs) 
                and the U.S. Navy rebalance to the Pacific. Guam is a 
                strategic in-theater location for depot-level ship 
                maintenance on sovereign U.S. territory. This is a 
                significant factor given that commercial dry docks 
                available in foreign countries considered friendly to 
                the United States may become unavailable to SEVENTH 
                Fleet ships in time of crisis or war. Availability of 
                CPF ships would be stressed if assets are required to 
                dry dock in CONUS due to the non-availability of a 
                secure dry docking capability in the Western Pacific. 
                Dry-docking in Guam is a critical component of depot-
                level ship repair. The capability must be maintained 
                and regularly exercised so that a capability and 
                expertise are available to support ships of the SEVENTH 
                Fleet in peace and war.'' (Letter from the Commander of 
                the Pacific Fleet to the Chief of Naval Operations, 
                dated February 7, 2014).
                    (C) On February 24, 2016, in testimony before the 
                Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
                Representatives, Admiral Harry Harris, Commander of the 
                United States Pacific Command, affirmed that he 
                continues to view robust ship repair capabilities as a 
                matter of strategic importance and an operational 
                priority for United States Pacific Fleet.
            (12) The Navy currently has four fast-attack nuclear 
        submarines homeported in Guam.
            (13) The Navy homeports submarine squadrons at seven 
        locations in the United States, each of which has a dry-docking 
        capability, with the exception of Guam.
            (14) The Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
        Representatives believes that dry-docking capability in Guam is 
        a strategic requirement and a cost-effective means of ensuring 
        the Forward Deployed Fleet has depot-level repair capabilities 
        at a United States port in the Western Pacific.
            (15) Amounts were authorized to be appropriated in the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public 
        Law 114-328) and appropriated in the Consolidated 
        Appropriations Act, 2017 (Public Law 115-31) for funds be 
        applied to chartering a dry dock to meet fleet maintenance 
        requirements in the Western Pacific.
    (b) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Not more than 75 percent of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made available for the 
Office of the Secretary of the Navy may be obligated or expended until 
the Secretary submits to Congress notice that a request for proposals 
has been issued to solicit bids for the chartering of a dry dock in the 
Western Pacific that satisfies the minimum requirements for heavy ship 
depot-level repair.

SEC. 1037. NATIONAL GUARD FLYOVERS OF PUBLIC EVENTS.

    (a) Statement of Policy.--It shall be the policy of the Department 
of Defense that flyovers of public events in support of community 
relations activities may only be flown as part of an approved training 
mission at no additional expense to the Federal Government.
    (b) National Guard Flyover Approval Process.--The Adjutant General 
of a State or territory in which an Army National Guard or Air National 
Guard unit is based will be the approval authority for all Air National 
Guard and Army National Guard flyovers in that State or territory, 
including any request for a flyover in any civilian domain at a 
nonaviation related event.
    (c) Flyover Record Maintenance; Report.--
            (1) Record maintenance.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        keep and maintain records of flyover requests and approvals in 
        a publicly accessible database that is updated annually.
            (2) GAO report.--Not later than one year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the 
        United States shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services 
        of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Armed 
        Services of the Senate a report on flyovers and the process 
        whereby flyover requests are made and evaluated, including--
                    (A) whether there is any cost to taxpayers 
                associated with flyovers;
                    (B) whether there is any appreciable public 
                relations or recruitment value that comes from 
                flyovers; and
                    (C) the impact flyovers have to aviator training 
                and readiness.
    (d) Flyover Defined.--In this section, the term ``flyover'' means 
aviation support--
            (1) in which a straight and level flight limited to one 
        pass by a single military aircraft, or by a single formation of 
        four or fewer military aircraft of the same type, from the same 
        military department over a predetermined point on the ground at 
        a specific time;
            (2) that does not involve aerobatics or demonstrations; and
            (3) uses bank angles of up to 90 degrees if required to 
        improve the spectator visibility of the aircraft.

SEC. 1038. TRANSFER OF FUNDS TO WORLD WAR I CENTENNIAL COMMISSION.

    (a) Authority To Transfer Funds.--The Secretary of Defense may 
transfer to the World War I Centennial Commission, from amounts 
described in subsection (b), such amount as the Secretary and the Chair 
of the World War I Centennial Commission consider appropriate to assist 
the Commission in carrying out activities under paragraphs (2) through 
(5) of section 5(a) of the World War I Centennial Commission Act 
(Public Law 112-272; 36 U.S.C. prec. 101 note) after fiscal year 2017.
    (b) Designated Account.--Funds transferred pursuant to subsection 
(a) shall be maintained in a specially designated account and may not 
be obligated or expended for the designation, establishment, or 
enhancement of a memorial or commemorative work by the World War I 
Centennial Commission.
    (c) Covered Funds.--The funds transferrable by the Secretary 
pursuant to subsection (a) shall be derived from amounts authorized to 
be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 for Civil Military Programs as 
provided in section 4301 of this Act.
    (d) Treatment as Gift.--Any amounts transferred to the World War I 
Centennial Commission pursuant to subsection (a) shall be treated as a 
gift to the Commission for purposes of sections 6(g) and 7(f) of the 
World War I Centennial Commission Act.
    (e) Limitation.--The total amount provided by the Secretary 
pursuant to subsection (a) shall not exceed $5,000,000.
    (f) World War I Centennial Commission Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``World War I Centennial Commission'' means the Commission 
established by section 4 of the World War I Centennial Commission Act.

SEC. 1039. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION REGARDING USE OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
              FUNDING OF A BORDER WALL.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 for the Department of 
Defense may be used to plan, develop, or construct any barriers, 
including walls or fences, along the international border of the United 
States.

                    Subtitle E--Studies and Reports

SEC. 1051. ELIMINATION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS TERMINATED AFTER 
              NOVEMBER 25, 2017, PURSUANT TO SECTION 1080 OF THE 
              NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2016.

    (a) Title 10, United States Code.--Title 10, United States Code, is 
amended as follows:
            (1) Section 113 reports.--
                    (A) Reserve forces policy board report.--Section 
                113(c) is amended--
                            (i) by striking paragraph (2);
                            (ii) by striking ``(1)'' after ``(c)''; and
                            (iii) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), 
                        (B), and (C) as paragraphs (1), (2), and (3), 
                        respectively.
                    (B) Total force management report.--Section 113 is 
                amended by striking subsection (l).
            (2) Annual defense manpower requirements report.--
                    (A) Elimination.--Section 115a is repealed.
                    (B) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
                the beginning of chapter 2 is amended by striking the 
                item relating to section 115a.
            (3) Information on procurement of contract services.--
                    (A) Elimination.--Section 235 is repealed.
                    (B) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
                the beginning of chapter 9 is amended by striking the 
                item relating to section 235.
            (4) Defense industrial security report.--Section 428 is 
        amended by striking subsection (f).
            (5) Military musical units gift report.--Section 974(d) is 
        amended by striking paragraph (3).
            (6) Health protection quality report.--Section 1073b is 
        amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (a); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as 
                subsections (a) and (b), respectively.
            (7) Master plans for reductions in civilian positions.--
                    (A) In general.--Section 1597 is amended--
                            (i) by striking subsection (c);
                            (ii) by striking subsections (d), (e), and 
                        (f) as subsections (c), (d), and (e), 
                        respectively; and
                            (iii) in subsection (c), as redesignated, 
                        by striking ``or a master plan prepared under 
                        subsection (c)''.
                    (B) Conforming amendments.--Section 129a(d) is 
                amended--
                            (i) by striking paragraphs (1) and (2); and
                            (ii) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and 
                        (4) as paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively.
            (8) Acquisition workforce development fund report.--Section 
        1705 is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (e)(1), by striking ``subsection 
                (h)(2)'' and inserting ``subsection (g)(2)'';
                    (B) by striking subsection (f); and
                    (C) by redesignating subsections (g) and (h) as 
                subsections (f) and (g), respectively.
            (9) Acquisition corps report.--Section 1722b is amended by 
        striking subsection (c).
            (10) Military family readiness report.--Section 1781b is 
        amended by striking subsection (d).
            (11) Professional military education report.--
                    (A) Elimination.--Section 2157 is repealed.
                    (B) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
                the beginning of chapter 107 is amended by striking the 
                item relating to section 2157.
            (12) Starbase program report.--Section 2193b is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (g); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (h) as subsection 
                (g).
            (13) Department of defense conferences fee-collection 
        report.--Section 2262 is amended by striking subsection (d).
            (14) United states contributions to nato common-funded 
        budgets report.--Section 2263 is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (b); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection 
                (b).
            (15) Foreign counter-space programs report.--
                    (A) Elimination.--Section 2277 is repealed.
                    (B) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
                the beginning of chapter 135 is amended by striking the 
                item relating to section 2277.
            (16) Use of multiyear contracts report.--Section 
        2306b(l)(4) is amended by striking ``Not later than'' and all 
        that follows through the colon and inserting the following: 
        ``Each report required by paragraph (5) with respect to a 
        contract (or contract extension) shall contain the 
        following:''.
            (17) Burden sharing contributions report.--Section 2350j is 
        amended by striking subsection (f).
            (18) Contract prohibition waiver report.--Section 2410i(c) 
        is amended by striking the second sentence.
            (19) Strategic sourcing plan of action report.--Subsection 
        (a) of section 2475 is amended to read as follows:
    ``(a) Strategic Sourcing Plan of Action Defined.--In this section, 
the term `Strategic Sourcing Plan of Action' means a Strategic Sourcing 
Plan of Action for the Department of Defense (as identified in the 
Department of Defense Interim Guidance dated February 29, 2000, or any 
successor Department of Defense guidance or directive) in effect for a 
fiscal year.''.
            (20) Technology and industrial base policy guidance 
        report.--Section 2506 is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (b); and
                    (B) in subsection (a), by striking ``Such 
                guidance'' and inserting the following:
    ``(b) Purpose of Guidance.--The guidance prescribed pursuant to 
subsection (a)''.
            (21) Foreign-controlled contractors report.--Section 2537 
        is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (b); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (c).
            (22) Support for sporting events report.--Section 2564 is 
        amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (e); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as 
                subsections (e) and (f), respectively.
            (23) General and flag officer quarters report.--Section 
        2831 is amended by striking subsection (e).
            (24) Military installations vulnerability assessment 
        reports.--Section 2859 is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (c); and
                    (B) by designating subsection (d) as subsection 
                (c).
            (25) Industrial facility investment program construction 
        report.--Section 2861 is amended by striking subsection (d).
            (26) Statement of amounts available for water conservation 
        at military installations.--Section 2866(b) is amended by 
        striking paragraph (3).
            (27) Acquisition or construction of military unaccompanied 
        housing pilot projects report.--Section 2881a is amended by 
        striking subsection (e).
            (28) Statement of amounts available from energy cost 
        savings.--Section 2912 is amended by striking subsection (d).
            (29) Army training report.--
                    (A) Elimination.--Section 4316 is repealed.
                    (B) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
                the beginning of chapter 401 is amended by striking the 
                item relating to section 4316.
            (30) State of the army reserve report.--Section 3038(f) is 
        amended--
                    (A) by striking ``(1)'' before ``The''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (2).
            (31) State of the marine corps reserve report.--Section 
        5144(d) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``(1)'' before ``The''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (2).
            (32) State of the air force reserve report.--Section 
        8038(f) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``(1)'' before ``The''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (2).
    (b) Title 32, United States Code.--Section 509 of title 32, United 
States Code, relating to an annual report on the National Guard Youth 
Challenge Program, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (k); and
            (2) by redesignating subsections (l) and (m) as subsections 
        (k) and (l).
    (c) Department of Defense Authorization Act, 1985.--Section 1003 of 
the Department of Defense Authorization Act, 1985 (Public Law 98-525; 
22 U.S.C. 1928 note), relating to an annual report on allied 
contributions to the common defense, is amended by striking subsections 
(c) and (d).
    (d) National Defense Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1989.--Section 
1009 of the National Defense Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 1989 
(Public Law 100-456; 22 U.S.C. 1928 note), relating to an annual report 
on the official development assistance program of Japan, is amended by 
striking subsection (b).
    (e) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991.--
Section 1518 of the Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 
(Public Law 101-510; 24 U.S.C. 418), relating to reports on the results 
of inspection of Armed Forces Retirement Homes, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(1), by striking ``Congress and''; and
            (2) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (2);
                    (B) by striking ``(1)'' before ``Not later''; and
                    (C) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as 
                paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively.
    (f) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Years 1992 and 
1993.--Section 1046 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-190; 22 U.S.C. 1928 note), 
relating to an annual report on defense cost-sharing, is amended by 
striking subsections (e) and (f).
    (g) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994.--
Section 1603 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
1994 (Public Law 103-160; 22 U.S.C. 2751 note), relating to an annual 
report on counterproliferation policy and programs of the United 
States, is amended by striking subsection (d).
    (h) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995.--
Section 533 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
1995 (Public Law 103-337; 10 U.S.C. 113 note), relating to an annual 
report on personnel readiness factors by race and gender, is repealed.
    (i) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000.--
Section 366 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2000 (Public Law 106-65; 10 U.S.C. 113 note), relating to an annual 
report on spare parts, logistics, and sustainment standards, is amended 
by striking subsection (f).
    (j) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2002.--The 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2002 (Public Law 
107-107) is amended as follows:
            (1) Army workload and performance system report.--Section 
        346 (115 Stat. 1062) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsections (b) and (c); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection 
                (b).
            (2) Reliability of financial statements report.--Section 
        1008(d) (10 U.S.C. 113 note) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``(1)'' before ``On each''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (2).
    (k) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003.--
Section 817 of the Bob Stump National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 10 U.S.C. 2306a note), relating 
to an annual report on commercial item and exceptional case exceptions 
and waivers, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (d); and
            (2) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d).
    (l) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2004.--
Section 1022 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2004 (Public Law 108-136), relating to an annual report on support to 
law enforcement agencies conducting counter-terrorism activities, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (c); and
            (2) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections 
        (c) and (d).
    (m) National Defense Authorization Act for 2006.--The National 
Defense Authorization Act for 2006 (Public Law 109-163) is amended as 
follows:
            (1) Notification of adjustment in limitation amount for 
        next-generation destroyer program.--Section 123 (119 Stat. 
        3156) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (d); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection 
                (d).
            (2) Certification of budgets for joint tactical radio 
        system report.--Section 218(c) (119 Stat. 3171) is amended by 
        striking paragraph (3).
            (3) Department of defense costs to carry out united nations 
        resolutions report.--Section 1224 (10 U.S.C. 113 note) is 
        repealed.
    (n) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007.--
Section 357(b) of the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 22 U.S.C. 4865 note), 
relating to an annual report on Department of Defense overseas 
personnel subject to chief of mission authority, is amended by striking 
``shall submit to the congressional defense committees'' and inserting 
``shall prepare''.
    (o) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008.--The 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 
110-181) is amended as follows:
            (1) Army industrial facilities cooperative activities 
        report.--Section 328 (10 U.S.C. 4544 note) is amended by 
        striking subsection (b).
            (2) Army product improvement report.--Section 330 (122 
        Stat. 68) is amended by striking subsection (e).
    (p) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009.--The 
Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 
(Public Law 110-417) is amended as follows:
            (1) Support for non-conventional assisted recovery 
        activities report.--Section 943 (122 Stat. 4578) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (e); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsections (f), (g), and (h) 
                as subsections (e), (f), and (g), respectively.
            (2) Reimbursement of navy mess expenses report.--Section 
        1014 (122 Stat. 4585) is amended by striking subsection (c).
            (3) Electromagnetic pulse attack report.--Section 1048 (122 
        Stat. 4603) is repealed.
    (q) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010.--
Section 121 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2211), relating to an annual report 
on the Littoral Combat Ship Program, is amended by striking subsection 
(e).
    (r) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011.--The 
Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 
(Public Law 111-383) is amended as follows:
            (1) Navy airborne signals intelligence, surveillance, and 
        reconnaissance capabilities report.--Section 112(b) (124 Stat. 
        4153) is amended--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (3); and
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph 
                (3).
            (2) Inclusion of technology protection features during 
        research and development of defense systems report.--Section 
        243 (10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (c); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as 
                subsections (c) and (d), respectively.
            (3) Acquisition of military purpose nondevelopmental items 
        report.--Section 866 (10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (d); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection 
                (d).
            (4) Nuclear triad report.--Section 1054 (10 U.S.C. 113 
        note) is repealed.
    (s) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012.--The 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 
112-81) is amended as follows:
            (1) Performance management system and appointment 
        procedures report.--Section 1102 (5 U.S.C. 9902 note) is 
        amended by striking subsection (b).
            (2) Global security contingency fund report.--Section 1207 
        (22 U.S.C. 2151 note) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (n); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsections (o) and (p) as 
                subsections (n) and (o).
            (3) Data servers and centers cost savings report.--Section 
        2867 (10 U.S.C. 2223a note) is amended by striking subsection 
        (d).
    (t) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013.--The 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 
112-239) is amended as follows:
            (1) F-22A raptor modernization program report.--Section 144 
        (126 Stat. 1663) is amended by striking subsection (c).
            (2) TRICARE mail-order pharmacy program report.--Section 
        716 (10 U.S.C. 1074g note) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (e); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as 
                subsections (e) and (f).
            (3) Warriors in transition programs report.--Section 738 
        (10 U.S.C. 1071 note) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (e); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection 
                (e).
            (4) Use of indemnification agreements report.--Section 865 
        (126 Stat. 1861) is repealed.
            (5) Counter space technology report.--Section 917 (126 
        Stat. 1878) is repealed.
            (6) Imagery intelligence and geospatial information support 
        report.--Section 921 (126 Stat. 1878) is amended by striking 
        subsection (c).
            (7) Computer network operations coordination report.--
        Section 1079 (10 U.S.C. 221 note) is amended by striking 
        subsection (c).
            (8) Updates of activities of office of security cooperation 
        in iraq report.--Section 1211 (126 Stat. 1983) is amended by 
        striking paragraph (3).
            (9) United states participation in the atares program 
        report.--Section 1276 (10 U.S.C. 2350c note) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsections (e) and (f); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection 
                (e).
    (u) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014.--The 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 
113-66) is amended as follows:
            (1) Modernizing personnel security strategy metrics 
        report.--Section 907(c)(3) (10 U.S.C. 1564 note) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``(A) Metrics required.--In'' and 
                inserting ``In''; and
                    (B) by striking subparagraph (B).
            (2) Defense clandestine service report.--Section 923 (10 
        U.S.C. prec. 421 note) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (b); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsections (c), (d), and (e) 
                as subsection (b), (c), and (d), respectively.
            (3) International agreements relating to dod report.--
        Section 1249 (127 Stat. 925) is repealed.
            (4) Small business growth report.--Section 1611 (127 Stat. 
        946) is amended by striking subsection (d).
    (v) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015.--The 
Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291) is amended as follows:
            (1) Assignment of private sector personnel to defense 
        advanced research projects agency report.--Section 232 (10 
        U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (e); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as 
                subsections (e) and (f), respectively.
            (2) Government lodging program report.--Section 914 (5 
        U.S.C. 5911 note) is amended by striking subsection (d).
            (3) DOD response to compromises of classified information 
        report.--Section 1052 (128 Stat. 3497) is repealed.
            (4) Personnel protection and personnel survivability 
        equipment loan report.--Section 1207 (10 U.S.C. 2342 note) is 
        amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (d); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection 
                (d).
            (5) DOD assistance to counter isis report.--Section 1236 
        (128 Stat. 3558) is amended by striking subsection (d).
            (6) Cooperative threat reduction program use of 
        contributions report.--Section 1325 (50 U.S.C. 3715) is 
        amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (e); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as 
                subsections (e) and (f), respectively.
            (7) Cooperative threat reduction program facilities 
        certification report.--Section 1341 (50 U.S.C. 3741) is 
        repealed.
            (8) Cooperative threat reduction program project category 
        report.--Section 1342 (50 U.S.C. 3742) is repealed.
            (9) Statement on allocation of funds for space security and 
        defense program.--Section 1607 (128 Stat. 3625) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``(a) Allocation of Funds.--'';
                    (B) by striking subsections (b), (c), and (d); and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                sentence: ``This requirement shall terminate on 
                December 19, 2019.''.
    (w) Preservation of Certain Additional Reports.--Effective as of 
December 23, 2016, and as if included therein as enacted, section 
1061(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
(Public Law 114-328) is amended as follows:
            (1) General defense reports.--Paragraph (1) is amended by 
        striking ``113(i)'' and inserting ``113(c), (e), and (i)''.
            (2) Annual operations and maintenance report.--Paragraph 
        (2) is amended by inserting after ``Section'' the following: 
        ``116 and section''.
            (3) Selected acquisition reports.--Paragraph (44) is 
        amended by inserting after ``Section'' the following: ``2432 
        and section''.
            (4) National guard bureau report.--By inserting after 
        paragraph (63) the following new paragraph:
            ``(64) Section 10504(b).''.
    (x) Preservation of Vetted Syrian Opposition Report.--Effective as 
of December 23, 2016, and as if included therein as enacted, section 
1061(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
(Public Law 114-328) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
            ``(18) Section 1209(d) (127 Stat. 3542).''.
    (y) Effective Date.--Except as provided in subsections (w) and (x), 
the amendments made by this section shall take effect on the later of--
            (1) the date of the enactment of this Act; or
            (2) November 25, 2017.

SEC. 1052. REPORT ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ARCTIC CAPABILITY AND 
              RESOURCE GAPS.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report regarding necessary steps the 
Department of Defense is undertaking to resolve arctic security 
capability and resource gaps.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall include an 
analysis of each of the following:
            (1) The infrastructure needed to ensure national security 
        in the arctic region.
            (2) Any shortfalls in observation, remote sensing 
        capabilities, ice prediction, and weather forecasting.
            (3) Any shortfalls of the Department in navigational aids.
            (4) Any additional, necessary high-latitude electronic and 
        communications infrastructure requirements.
            (5) Any gaps in intelligence, surveillance, and 
        reconnaissance coverage and recommendations for additional 
        intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance capabilities
            (6) Any shortfalls in personnel recovery capabilities.
            (7) Any additional capabilities the Secretary determines 
        should be incorporated into future Navy surface combatants.
    (c) Form of Report.--The report under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

SEC. 1053. REVIEW AND ASSESSMENT OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PERSONNEL 
              RECOVERY AND NONCONVENTIONAL ASSISTED RECOVERY 
              MECHANISMS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a review 
and assessment of personnel recovery and nonconventional assisted 
recovery programs, authorities, and policies.
    (b) Elements.--The assessment required under subsection (a) shall 
include each of the following elements:
            (1) An overall strategy defining personnel recovery and 
        nonconventional assisted recovery programs and activities, 
        including how such programs and activities support the 
        requirements of the geographic combatant commanders.
            (2) A comprehensive review and assessment of statutory 
        authorities, policies, and interagency coordination mechanisms, 
        including limitations and shortfalls, for personnel recovery 
        and nonconventional assisted recovery programs and activities.
            (3) A comprehensive description of current and anticipated 
        future personnel recovery and nonconventional assisted recovery 
        requirements across the future years defense program, as 
        validated by the Joint Staff.
            (4) An overview of validated current and expected future 
        force structure requirements necessary to meet near-, mid-, and 
        long-term personnel recovery and nonconventional assisted 
        recovery programs and activities of the geographic combatant 
        commanders.
            (5) Any other matters the Secretary considers appropriate.
    (c) Form of Assessment.--The assessment required under subsection 
(a) shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
classified annex.
    (d) Comptroller General Review.--Not later than 90 days after the 
date on which the assessment required under subsection (a) is 
submitted, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a review of such assessment.

SEC. 1054. MINE WARFARE READINESS INSPECTION PLAN AND REPORT.

    (a) Inspection Plan.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this subsection, the Chief of Naval Operations, in 
consultation with the Combatant Commanders, shall submit a plan for 
inspections of each unit and organization tasked with delivering 
operational capability, missions and mission essential tasks, 
functions, supporting roles, organization, manning, training, and 
materiel for naval mine warfare. At a minimum, inspected units and 
organizations shall include those required in the Joint Strategic 
Capabilities Plan and those assigned in the Forces For Unified Commands 
document or have the potential to support, by deployment or otherwise, 
a directed Operation Plan, Concept Plan, contingency operation, 
homeland security operation, or Defense Support of Civil Authorities 
requirements for naval offensive or defensive mine warfare.
    (b) Criteria.--This inspection plan shall propose methods to 
analytically assess, evaluate, improve and assure mission readiness of 
each unit or organization with required operational capabilities for 
naval mine warfare. Inspection shall include--
            (1) an assessment or verification of material condition;
            (2) unit wide training and personnel readiness as measured 
        by established tasks, conditions and standards that demonstrate 
        the unit readiness to perform their wartime or homeland defense 
        mission;
            (3) force through unit level training;
            (4) readiness to support multi-echelon, joint service mine 
        warfare operations as part of an offensive, defensive mining or 
        mine countermeasures task;
            (5) readiness to support combatant commander campaign 
        plans, operational plan, concept plan, or the Joint Strategic 
        Capabilities Plan;
            (6) required operational capability;
            (7) inspection and reinspection process; and
            (8) inspection periodicy.
    (c) Applicability.--The inspection requirements under this 
subsection apply to the following units and organizations:
            (1) Surface MCM vessels or vessels performing MCM tasks.
            (2) Airborne MCM squadrons.
            (3) Mobile mine assembly groups and mobile mine assembly 
        units.
            (4) Fleet patrol squadrons with mine laying capabilities.
            (5) LCS and LCS MCM mission modules upon reaching IOC.
            (6) Mine countermeasures squadrons.
            (7) Units exercising command and control over MIW forces.
            (8) MCM operational support ships.
            (9) Attack and guided missile submarines with mine laying 
        capabilities.
            (10) Magnetic and acoustic silencing facilities.
            (11) EOD MCM or VSW Companies and Platoons.
            (12) SEAL (ESG / CSG) USMC units with VSW capability.
    (d) Certification.--The Chief of Naval Operations shall submit to 
the Secretary of Defense, the Combatant Commanders, the Chairman of the 
Joint Chiefs of Staff and to Congress a report on the program under 
this subsection. The report shall contain a classified section which 
addresses capability and capacity to meet JSCP, OPLAN, CONPLAN and 
contingency requirements and unclassified section with general summary 
and readiness trends.
    (e) Conforming Repeal.--Section 1090 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92) is repealed.

SEC. 1055. REPORT ON CIVILIAN CASUALTIES FROM DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
              STRIKES.

    (a) Report Required.--For each calendar year, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
on strikes carried out by the Department of Defense against terrorist 
targets located outside Government-designated areas of active 
hostilities and against enemy combatants located inside Government-
designated areas of active hostilities during the period beginning on 
January 1 and ending on December 31 of the year covered by the report. 
Such report shall include each of the following, for the period covered 
by the report:
            (1) The number of such strikes carried out in--
                    (A) locations outside Government-designated areas 
                of active hostilities; and
                    (B) locations inside Government-designated areas of 
                active hostilities.
            (2) An assessment of the combatant and non-combatant deaths 
        resulting from those strikes, including the number of such 
        deaths--
                    (A) occurring outside of Government-designated 
                areas of active hostilities; and
                    (B) occurring within Government-designated areas of 
                active hostilities, with the number of such deaths 
                displayed to indicate the Government-designated country 
                or location within the Government-designated country 
                where such deaths occurred.
            (3) To the extent feasible and appropriate, the general 
        reasons for any discrepancies between post-strike assessments 
        from the Department of Defense and credible reporting from 
        nongovernmental organizations regarding non-combatant deaths 
        resulting from such strikes.
            (4) A description of steps taken by the Department of 
        Defense to mitigate harm to civilians in conducting such 
        strikes.
            (5) Definitions of the terms ``combatant'' and 
        ``noncombatant'' as used in the report.
            (6) The monthly tabulations collected by the Department of 
        Defense of combatant and non-combatant casualties occurring 
        inside of areas of active hostilities, and any revisions to 
        previously reported tabulations.
            (7) A specification of the countries where strikes 
        occurred, or locations within countries where strikes 
        occurred--
                    (A) designated as areas of active hostilities; and
                    (B) not designated as areas of active hostilities.
    (b) Deadline for Reports.--The reports required by subsection (a) 
shall be submitted as follows:
            (1) The report for 2018 shall be submitted not later than 
        December 31, 2018.
            (2) The report for 2019, and for each subsequent year, 
        shall be submitted by not later than March 1 of the year 
        following the year covered by the report.
    (c) Review of Reporting.--In preparing a report under this section, 
the Secretary of Defense shall review relevant and credible post-strike 
all-source reporting, including such information from nongovernmental 
sources.
    (d) Form of Report.--The reports required under subsection (a) 
shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
annex.
    (e) Public Availability.--The Secretary of Defense shall make the 
unclassified form of the reports publicly available.

SEC. 1056. REPORTS ON INFRASTRUCTURE AND CAPABILITIES OF LAJES FIELD, 
              PORTUGAL.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) Lajes Field, Portugal, is an enabler of United States 
        operations in Europe, Africa, and the Atlantic.
            (2) Lajes field has capabilities and infrastructure that 
        reflect significant long-term investments by the United States, 
        including a 10,000 foot runway, housing for more than 650 
        personnel and their families, a power plant and water 
        facilities, significant communication capability, and an award-
        winning medical clinic.
            (3) Lajes Field provides a strategic location to monitor 
        the activities of foreign powers in the Atlantic and 
        Mediterranean, including Russia's increased naval presence and 
        China's efforts to establish a military presence in the 
        Atlantic.
            (4) The Department of Defense has not fully utilized the 
        infrastructure at Lajes Field.
    (b) Infrastructure and Capabilities Report.--Not later than 90 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
House of Representatives a report on the infrastructure and 
capabilities of Lajes Field, Portugal. Such report shall include each 
of the following:
            (1) An assessment of the communications infrastructure at 
        Lajes Field, including the estimated cost to--
                    (A) upgrade the existing infrastructure to add 
                additional bandwidth of 56 giga-bits-per-second; and
                    (B) connect the existing infrastructure to any 
                currently planned additional undersea cables to 
                increase the available bandwidth by at least 56 giga-
                bits-per-second.
            (2) A justification for the current status of Lajes Field 
        as an unaccompanied tour location and an assessment of the 
        estimated costs of converting assignments at Lajes Field to an 
        accompanied tour location.
            (3) An assessment of the estimated cost of allowing members 
        of the Armed Forces of the United States to occupy the on-base 
        housing owned by the United States.
            (4) An update to the Housing Requirements and Market 
        Analysis for Lajes Field to assess the housing availability for 
        a base population of up to 2000 military and civilian 
        personnel.
            (5) The cost to establish Lajes Field as a location for 
        air-to-air training or anti-submarine warfare missions, 
        including the costs of any necessary infrastructure upgrades, 
        as well as any potential operational benefits.
    (c) Fuel Storage System Report.--Not later than one year after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives a report on the environmental impact of fuel storage 
systems at Lajes Field, Portugal. Such report shall include an impact 
assessment of the soil contamination from Department of Defense fuel 
storage systems at Lajes Field, including an assessment of the causes 
of the leak of the Cabrito Pipeline.

SEC. 1057. REPORT ON JOINT PACIFIC ALASKA RANGE COMPLEX MODERNIZATION.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report regarding proposed 
improvements to the Joint Pacific Alaska Range Complex.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
            (1) An analysis of existing JPARC infrastructure.
            (2) A summary of improvements to the range infrastructure 
        the Secretary determines are necessary--
                    (A) for fifth generation fighters to train at 
                maximum potential; and
                    (B) to provide a realistic air warfare environment 
                versus a near-peer adversary for--
                            (i) four squadrons of fifth generation 
                        fighters;
                            (ii) annual Red Flag-Alaska exercises; and
                            (iii) biannual Operation Northern Edge 
                        exercises.

                       Subtitle F--Other Matters

SEC. 1061. TECHNICAL, CONFORMING, AND CLERICAL AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Title 10, United States Code.--Title 10, United States Code, is 
amended as follows:
            (1) Section 113(j)(1) is amended by striking ``the 
        Committee on'' the first place it appears and all that follows 
        through ``of Representatives'' and inserting ``congressional 
        defense committees''.
            (2) Section 115(i)(9) is amended by striking ``section 
        1203(b) of the Cooperative Threat Reduction Act of 1993 (22 
        U.S.C. 5952(b))'' and inserting ``section 1321(a) of the 
        Department of Defense Cooperative Threat Reduction Act (50 
        U.S.C. 3711(a))''.
            (3) Section 122a(a) is amended by striking ``acting through 
        the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Public 
        Affairs'' and inserting ``acting through the Assistant to the 
        Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs''.
            (4) Section 127(c)(1) is amended by striking ``the 
        Committee on'' the first place it appears and all that follows 
        through ``of Representatives'' and inserting ``congressional 
        defense committees''.
            (5) Section 129a is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (b), by striking ``(as identified 
                pursuant to section 118b of this title)''; and
                    (B) in subsection (d)--
                            (i) by striking paragraph (1); and
                            (ii) by redesignating paragraphs (2), (3), 
                        and (4) as paragraphs (1), (2), and (3), 
                        respectively.
            (6) Section 130f(b)(1) is amended by adding a period at the 
        end.
            (7) Section 139b(c)(2) is amended by inserting a period at 
        the end of subparagraph (K).
            (8) Section 153(a) is amended by inserting a colon after 
        ``the following'' in the matter preceding paragraph (1).
            (9) Section 162(a)(4) is amended by striking the comma 
        after ``command of''.
            (10) Section 164(a)(1)(B) is amended by striking ``section 
        664(f)'' and inserting ``section 664(d)''.
            (11) Section 166(c) is amended by striking ``section 2011'' 
        and inserting ``section 322''.
            (12) Section 167b(e)(2)(A)(iii)(II) is amended by striking 
        ``Fiscal Year 2014'' and inserting ``Fiscal Year 2016''.
            (13) Section 171a is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (f), by striking ``(4))'' and 
                inserting ``(4)))''; and
                    (B) in subsection (i)(3), by striking ``section 
                2366(e)'' and inserting ``sections 2366(e) and 
                2366a(d)''.
            (14) Section 179(f)(3)(B)(iii) is amended by striking 
        ``Joints'' and inserting ``Joint''.
            (15) Section 181(b)(1) is amended by striking ``section 
        118'' and inserting ``section 113(g)''.
            (16) Section 222(b) is amended by striking ``both'' through 
        the period at the end and inserting ``major force programs.''.
            (17) Section 342(j)(2) is amended by striking the second 
        period at the end.
            (18) Section 347(a)(1)(A) is amended by inserting 
        ``section'' in clauses (i) and (iii) after ``Academy under''.
            (19) Section 494(b)(2)(B) is amended by striking ``of title 
        10'' and inserting ``of this title''.
            (20) Section 661(c) is amended by striking ``section 
        664(f)'' in paragraphs (1)(B)(i) and (3)(A) and inserting 
        ``section 664(d)''.
            (21) Section 801 (article 1 of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice) is amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by 
        striking ``chapter:'' and inserting ``chapter (the Uniform Code 
        of Military Justice):''.
            (22) Section 806b(b) (article 6b(b) of the Uniform Code of 
        Military Justice) is amended by striking ``(the Uniform Code of 
        Military Justice)''.
            (23) Section 1073c(a)(1)(E) is amended by striking 
        ``miliary'' and inserting ``military''.
            (24) Section 1074g(a)(9) is amended by moving subparagraphs 
        (B) and (C) two ems to the left.
            (25) Section 1451 is amended in subsections (a) and (b) by 
        striking ``section 1450(a)(4)'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``section 1450(a)(5)''.
            (26) Section 1452(c) is amended in paragraphs (1) and (3) 
        by striking ``section 1450(a)(4)'' both places it appears and 
        inserting ``section 1450(a)(5)''.
            (27) Section 1552(h) is amended by striking ``calender'' 
        each place it appears and inserting ``calendar''.
            (28) Section 1553(f) is amended by striking ``calender'' 
        each place it appears and inserting ``calendar''.
            (29) Section 2264(b)(3) is amended by striking ``the date 
        of the'' and all the follows through ``2015'' and inserting 
        ``December 19, 2014''.
            (30) Section 2330a is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (d)(1)(C), by striking 
                ``management.;'' and inserting ``management;''; and
                    (B) in subsection (h)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by inserting 
                        ``Performance-based.--'' after ``(1)'';
                            (ii) by designating the four paragraphs 
                        after paragraph (4) as paragraphs (5), (6), 
                        (7), and (8), respectively;
                            (iii) in paragraph (5), as redesignated, by 
                        inserting ``Service acquisition portfolio 
                        groups.--'' after ``(5)''; and
                            (iv) in paragraph (6), as redesignated, by 
                        inserting ``Staff augmentation contracts.--'' 
                        after ``(6)''.
            (31) Section 2334(a)(6)(B) is amended by adding a semicolon 
        at the end.
            (32) Section 2335 is amended by striking ``(2 U.S.C. 431 et 
        seq.)'' in subsections (c)(1) and (d)(3) and inserting ``(52 
        U.S.C. 30101 et seq.)''.
            (33) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 139 
        is amended by inserting at period at the end of the items 
        relating to sections 2372 and 2372a.
            (34) Section 2364(a)(6) is amended by striking ``conveys'' 
        and inserting ``convey''.
            (35) Section 2411(1)(D) is amended by striking ``(Public 
        Law 93-638; 25 U.S.C. 450b(l))'' and inserting ``(25 U.S.C. 
        5304(1))''.
            (36) The item relating to section 2431b in the table of 
        sections at the beginning of chapter 144 is amended to read as 
        follows:

``2431b. Risk management and mitigation in major defense acquisition 
                            programs and major systems.''.
            (37) Section 2430 is amended by striking ``subsection 
        (a)(2)'' in subsections (b) and (c) and inserting ``subsection 
        (a)(1)(B)''.
            (38) Section 2431a(d) is amended by inserting ``(1)'' after 
        ``Review.--''.
            (39) Section 2446b(e) is amended--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``in writing that--'' and inserting ``in 
                writing--''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, that'' after 
                ``open system approach''.
            (40) Section 2548(e) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``Requirements'' and all that 
                follows through ``by the Secretary'' and inserting 
                ``Requirement.--The annual report prepared by the 
                Secretary'';
                    (B) by striking ``system; and'' and inserting 
                ``system.''; and
                    (C) by striking paragraph (2).
            (41) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 152 
        is amended by inserting a period at the end of the item 
        relating to section 2567.
            (42) Section 2564 is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (b)(3), by striking ``section 
                377'' and inserting ``section 277''; and
                    (B) in subsection (f), by striking ``sections 375 
                and 376'' and inserting ``sections 275 and 276''.
            (43) Section 2576a(b) is amended by striking ``and'' at the 
        end of paragraph (4).
            (44) Section 2612(a) is amended by striking ``section 
        2166(f)(4)'' and inserting ``section 343(f)(4)''.
            (45) Section 2662(f)(1)(D) is amended by striking ``section 
        334'' and inserting ``section 254''.
            (46) Section 2667(e) is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(E), by striking ``military 
                museum described in section 489(a) of this title'' and 
                inserting ``military museum'';
                    (B) in paragraph (4), by striking ``before January 
                1, 2005, shall be deposited into the account'' and 
                inserting ``shall be deposited into the Department of 
                Defense Base Closure Account''; and
                    (C) by striking paragraph (5).
            (47) Section 2667(k) is amended by striking ``section 
        9101'' and inserting ``section 8101''.
            (48) Section 2674(f)(2) is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new sentence: ``The term includes the Raven Rock 
        Mountain Complex.''.
            (49) Section 2925(b)(1) is amended by striking ``section 
        138c'' and inserting ``section 2926(b)''.
            (50) Chapter 449 is amended--
                    (A) by striking the second section 4781; and
                    (B) in the table of sections, by striking the item 
                relating to the second section 4781.
            (51) Section 7235(e)(1) is amended by striking ``24 months 
        after the date of the enactment of this section'' and inserting 
        ``November 25, 2017,''.
            (52) The item relating to section 9517 in the table of 
        sections at the beginning of chapter 931 is amended by making 
        the first letter of the third word lower case.
    (b) Amendments Related to Repeal of Pending Authority To Establish 
Under Secretary of Defense for Business Management and Information.--
            (1) National defense authorization act for fiscal year 
        2015.--Effective as of December 23, 2016, section 901 of the 
        Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 
        Stat. 3462), as amended by section 901(d) of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-
        328; 130 Stat. 2342), is further amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (j);
                    (B) in subsection (l)(1), by striking subparagraph 
                (A);
                    (C) in subsection (m), by striking paragraphs (1) 
                and (2); and
                    (D) in subsection (n), by striking paragraph (1).
            (2) National defense authorization act for fiscal year 
        2016.--Effective as of November 25, 2015, subsection (f) of 
        section 883 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92), as added by section 
        1081(c)(5) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328), is amended by striking 
        paragraph (1).
    (c) Technical Corrections Related to Uniform Code of Military 
Justice Reform.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code 
        (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), as amended by the 
        Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-
        328), is further amended as follows:
                    (A) Subsection (a)(4) of section 839 (article 39), 
                as added by section 5222(1) of the Military Justice Act 
                of 2016 (130 Stat. 2909), is amended by striking ``in 
                non-capital cases unless the accused requests 
                sentencing by members under section 825 of this title 
                (article 25)'' and inserting ``under section 853(b)(1) 
                of this title (article 53(b)(1))''.
                    (B) Subsection (i) of section 843 (article 43), as 
                added by section 5225(c) of the Military Justice Act of 
                2016 (130 Stat. 2909), is amended by striking ``Dna 
                Evidence.--'' and inserting ``DNA Evidence.--''.
                    (C) Section 848(c)(1) (article 48(c)(1)), as 
                amended by section 5230 of the Military Justice Act of 
                2016 (130 Stat. 2913), is further amended by striking 
                ``section 866(g) of this title (article 66(g))'' and 
                inserting ``section 866(h) of this title (article 
                66(h))''.
                    (D) Section 853(b)(1)(B) (article 53(b)(1)(B)), as 
                amended by section 5236 of the Military Justice Act of 
                2016 (130 Stat. 2937), is further amended by striking 
                ``in a trial''.
                    (E) Subsection (d) of section 853a (article 53a), 
                as added by section 5237 of the Military Justice Act of 
                2016 (130 Stat. 2917), is amended by striking 
                ``military judge'' the second place it appears and 
                inserting ``court-martial''.
                    (F) Section 864(a) (article 64(a)), as amended by 
                section 5328(a) of the Military Justice Act of 2016 
                (130 Stat. 2929), is further amended by striking ``(a) 
                (a) In General.--'' and inserting ``(a) In General.--
                ''.
                    (G) Subsection (b)(1) of section 865 (article 65), 
                as added by section 5329 of the Military Justice Act of 
                2016 (130 Stat. 2930), is amended by striking ``section 
                866(b)(2) of this title (article 66(b)(2))'' and 
                inserting ``section 866(b)(3) of this title (article 
                66(b)(3))''.
                    (H) Subsection (f)(3) of section 866 (article 66), 
                as added by section 5330 of the Military Justice Act of 
                2016 (130 Stat. 2932), is amended by inserting after 
                ``Court'' the first place it appears the following: 
                ``of Criminal Appeals''.
                    (I) Section 869(c)(1)(A) (article 69(c)(1)(A)), as 
                amended by section 5333 of the Military Justice Act of 
                2016 (130 Stat. 2935), is further amended by inserting 
                a comma after ``in part''.
                    (J) Section 882(b) (article 82(b)), as amended by 
                section 5403 of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (130 
                Stat. 2939), is further amended by striking ``section 
                99'' and inserting ``section 899''.
                    (K) Section 919a(b) (article 119a(b)), as amended 
                by section 5401(13)(B) of the Military Justice Act of 
                2016 (130 Stat. 2939), is further amended--
                            (i) by striking ``928a, 926, and 928'' and 
                        inserting ``926, 928, and 928a''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``128a 126, and 128'' and 
                        inserting ``126, 128, and 128a''.
                    (L) Section 920(g)(2) (article 120(g)(2)), as 
                amended by section 5430(b) of the Military Justice Act 
                of 2016 (130 Stat. 2949), is further amended in the 
                first sentence by striking ``brest'' and inserting 
                ``breast''.
                    (M) Section 928(b)(2) (article 128(b)(2)), as 
                amended by section 5441 of the Military Justice Act of 
                2016 (130 Stat. 2954), is further amended by striking 
                the comma after ``substantial bodily harm''.
                    (N) Subsection (b)(2) of section 932 (article 132), 
                as added by section 5450 of the Military Justice Act of 
                2016 (130 Stat. 2957), is amended by striking ``section 
                1034(h)'' and inserting ``section 1034(j)''.
                    (O) Section 937 (article 137), as amended by 
                section 5503 of the Military Justice Act of 2016 (130 
                Stat. 2960), is further amended by striking ``(the 
                Uniform Code of Military Justice)'' each place it 
                appears as follows:
                            (i) In subsection (a)(1), in the matter 
                        preceding subparagraph (A).
                            (ii) In subsection (b), in the matter 
                        preceding subparagraph (A).
                            (iii) In subsection (d), in the matter 
                        preceding paragraph (1).
            (2) Cross-references to stalking.--Title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended as follows:
                    (A) Section 673(a) is amended--
                            (i) by striking ``920a, or 920c'' and 
                        inserting ``920c, or 930''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``120a, or 120c'' and 
                        inserting ``120c, or 130''.
                    (B) Section 674(a) is amended--
                            (i) by striking ``920a, 920b, 920c, or 
                        925'' and inserting ``920b, 920c, 125, or 
                        930''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``120a, 120b, 120c, or 
                        125'' and inserting ``120b, 120c, 125, or 
                        130''.
                    (C) Section 1034(c)(2)(A) is amended by striking 
                ``sections 920 through 920c of this title (articles 120 
                through 120c of the Uniform Code of Military Justice)'' 
                and inserting ``section 920, 920b, 920c, or 930 of this 
                title (article 120, 120b, 120c, or 130 of the Uniform 
                Code of Military Justice)''.
                    (D) Section 1044e(g)(1) is amended--
                            (i) by striking ``920a, 920b, 920c, or 
                        925'' and inserting ``920b, 920c, 125, or 
                        930''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``120a, 120b, 120c, or 
                        125'' and inserting ``120b, 120c, 125, or 
                        130''.
            (3) Effective date.--The amendments made by this subsection 
        shall take effect immediately after the amendments made by the 
        Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-328) 
        take effect as provided for in section 5542 of that Act (130 
        Stat. 2967).
    (d) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017.--
Effective as of December 23, 2016, and as if included therein as 
enacted, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
(Public Law 114-328) is amended as follows:
            (1) Section 217(a)(2) (130 Stat. 2051) is amended by 
        striking ``section 821b'' and inserting ``section 821(b)''.
            (2) Section 233 (10 U.S.C. 2358 note; 130 Stat. 2061) is 
        amended in subsections (a)(1) and (b)(1), by striking 
        ``secretaries'' and inserting ``Secretaries''.
            (3) Section 728(b)(1) (130 Stat. 2234) is amended by 
        inserting ``(c)'' after ``Section 1073b''.
            (4) Section 805(a)(2) (130 Stat. 2255) is amended by 
        striking ``The table of chapters for title 10, United States 
        Code, is'' and inserting ``The tables of chapters at the 
        beginning of subtitle A, and at the beginning of part IV of 
        subtitle A, of title 10, United States Code, are''.
            (5) The matter to be inserted by section 824(d)(1)(B) (130 
        Stat. 2279) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``(3)'' and inserting ``(4)''; and
                    (B) by striking ``(4)'' and inserting ``(5)''.
            (6) Section 833(b)(2)(C) (130 Stat. 2284) is amended--
                    (A) in clause (ii), by striking ``Section 2330a(j) 
                of title 10, United States Code,'' and inserting 
                ``Section 2330a(h) of title 10, United States Code, as 
                redesignated by section 812(d),''; and
                    (B) in clause (iii), in the matter proposed to be 
                inserted, by striking ``section 2330a(j)'' and 
                inserting ``section 2330a(h)''.
            (7) Section 865(b)(2) (130 Stat. 2305) is amended by 
        striking ``section 2330a(g)(5)'' and inserting ``section 
        2330a(h)(6)''.
            (8) Section 893(c) (130 Stat. 2324) is amended by inserting 
        ``paragraph (2) of'' after ``is further amended in''.
            (9) Section 902(b) (130 Stat. 2344) is amended by striking 
        ``Section 151(b)(5)'' and inserting ``Section 131(b)(5)''.
            (10) Section 921(c) (130 Stat. 2351) is amended by 
        inserting after ``The text of'' the following: ``subsection (a) 
        (after the subsection heading)''.
            (11) Section 1061(c)(23) (130 Stat. 2400) is amended by 
        striking ``488(c)'' and inserting ``488''.
            (12) Section 1061(i) (130 Stat. 2404) is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (23), by striking ``2010 (Public 
                Law 110-417)'' and inserting ``2009 (Public Law 110-
                417; 10 U.S.C. prec. 701 note)''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (24), by striking ``2010'' and 
                inserting ``2009''.
            (13) Section 1064(b) (130 Stat. 2409) is amended by 
        striking ``Public Law 113-239'' and inserting ``Public Law 112-
        239''.
            (14) Section 1253(b) (130 Stat. 2532) is amended by 
        striking ``this subchapter'' both places it appears and 
        inserting ``this subtitle''.
            (15) Section 2811(c) (130 Stat. 2716) is amended by 
        striking ``, and the provisions of law amended by subsections 
        (a) and (b) of that section shall be restored as if such 
        section had not been enacted into law''.
            (16) Section 2829E(a) (130 Stat. 2733) is amended by 
        striking paragraph (3).
            (17) Section 5225(f) (130 Stat. 2910) is amended by 
        striking ``this subsection'' and inserting ``this section''.
            (18) The table of sections to be inserted by section 5452 
        (130 Stat. 2958) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``Art.'' each place it appears, 
                except the first place it appears;
                    (B) in the item relating to section 887a, by 
                striking ``Resistence'' and inserting ``Resistance'';
                    (C) in the item relating to section 908, by 
                striking ``of the United States-Loss'' and inserting 
                ``of United States-Loss,'';
                    (D) in the item relating to section 909, by 
                striking ``of the'' and inserting ``of''; and
                    (E) in the item relating to section 909a, by 
                striking the second period at the end.
            (19) The matters to be inserted by section 5541 (130 Stat. 
        2965) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``Art.'' each place it appears;
                    (B) by striking ``825.'' and inserting ``825a.''; 
                and
                    (C) by striking ``830.'' and inserting ``830a.''.
    (e) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016.--
Effective as of November 25, 2015, and as if included therein as 
enacted, section 574 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 831) is amended by 
striking ``1785 note'' both places it appears and inserting ``1788 
note''.
    (f) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015.--
Effective as of December 19, 2014, and as if included therein as 
enacted, section 1044(a)(2)(A) of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3493) is 
amended by striking ``October 28'' and inserting ``September 30''.
    (g) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011.--
Effective as of January 7, 2011, and as if included therein as enacted, 
section 896(b) of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-398; 124 Stat. 4315) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Chapter'' and inserting 
        ``Subchapter II of chapter''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``chapter'' and inserting 
        ``subchapter''.
    (h) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009.--
Section 943(d)(1) of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417), as amended by section 
1205(c)(2) of Public Law 112-81 (125 Stat. 1623), is further amended by 
striking the second period at the end of the first sentence.
    (i) National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2004.--
Section 1022(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136; 10 U.S.C. 271 note) is amended by 
striking ``section 1004(j)'' and all that follows through the end of 
the subsection and inserting ``section 284(i) of title 10, United 
States Code''.
    (j) Coordination With Other Amendments Made by This Act.--For 
purposes of applying amendments made by provisions of this Act other 
than this section, the amendments made by this section shall be treated 
as having been enacted immediately before any such amendments by other 
provisions of this Act.

SEC. 1062. WORKFORCE ISSUES FOR RELOCATION OF MARINES TO GUAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 6(b) of the Joint Resolution entitled ``A 
Joint Resolution to approve the `Covenant To Establish a Commonwealth 
of the Northern Mariana Islands in Political Union With the United 
States of America', and for other purposes'', approved March 24, 1976 
(48 U.S.C. 1806(b)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(b) Numerical Limitations for Nonimmigrant Workers.--An alien, if 
otherwise qualified, may seek admission to Guam or to the Commonwealth 
during the transition program as a nonimmigrant worker under section 
101(a)(15)(H) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 
1101(a)(15)(H)) without counting against the numerical limitations set 
forth in section 214(g) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1184(g)). An alien, if 
otherwise qualified, may, before October 1, 2020, be admitted under 
section 101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(b) of such Act for a period of up to 3 years 
(which may be extended by the Secretary of Homeland Security before 
October 1, 2020, for an additional period or periods not to exceed 3 
years each) to perform services or labor on Guam pursuant to any 
agreement entered into by a prime contractor or subcontractor calling 
for services or labor required for performance of the contract or 
subcontract in direct support of all military-funded construction, 
repairs, renovation, and facilities services, or to perform services or 
labor on Guam as a health-care worker, notwithstanding the requirement 
of such section that the service or labor be temporary. This subsection 
does not apply to any employment to be performed outside of Guam or the 
Commonwealth.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on the date that is 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.

SEC. 1063. PROTECTION OF SECOND AMENDMENT RIGHTS OF MILITARY FAMILIES.

    (a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the ``Protect Our 
Military Families' 2nd Amendment Rights Act''.
    (b) Residency of Spouses of Members of the Armed Forces to Be 
Determined on the Same Basis as the Residency of Such Members for 
Purposes of Federal Firearms Laws.--Section 921(b) of title 18, United 
States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(b) For purposes of this chapter:
            ``(1) A member of the Armed Forces on active duty and the 
        spouse of such a member are residents of the State in which the 
        permanent duty station of the member is located.
            ``(2) The spouse of such a member may satisfy the 
        identification document requirements of this chapter by 
        presenting--
                    ``(A) the military identification card issued to 
                the spouse; and
                    ``(B) the official Permanent Change of Station 
                Orders annotating the spouse as being authorized for 
                collocation, or an official letter from the commanding 
                officer of the member verifying that the member and the 
                spouse are collocated at the permanent duty station of 
                the member.''.
    (c) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (b) shall 
apply to conduct engaged in after the 6-month period that begins with 
the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 1064. TRANSFER OF SURPLUS FIREARMS TO CORPORATION FOR THE 
              PROMOTION OF RIFLE PRACTICE AND FIREARMS SAFETY.

    (a) In General.--Section 40728(h) of title 36, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(1) Subject to paragraph (2), the 
        Secretary may transfer'' and inserting ``The Secretary shall 
        transfer'';
            (2) by striking ``The Secretary shall determine a 
        reasonable schedule for the transfer of such surplus 
        pistols.''; and
            (3) by striking paragraph (2).
    (b) Termination of Pilot Program.--Section 1087 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 
Stat. 1012) is amended by striking subsections (b) and (c).

SEC. 1065. NATIONAL GUARD ACCESSIBILITY TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ISSUED 
              UNMANNED AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Review Required.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with 
the Chief of the National Guard Bureau, the Commander of United States 
Northern Command, and the Commander of United States Pacific Command, 
shall conduct an efficiency and effectiveness review of the governance 
structure, coordination processes, documentation, and timing and 
deadline requirements stipulated in Department of Defense Policy 
Memorandum 15-002, entitled ``Guidance for the Domestic Use of Unmanned 
Aircraft Systems'' and dated February 17, 2015. In conducting the 
review, the Secretary shall take into account information and data 
points provided by State governors and State adjutant generals in 
assessing the efficiency and effectiveness of accessing Department of 
Defense issued unmanned aircraft systems for State and National Guard 
operations.
    (b) Submittal to Congress.--Not later than 30 days after the 
completion of the review required by subsection (a), the Secretary 
shall submit the review to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and House of Representatives.

SEC. 1066. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING AIRCRAFT CARRIERS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) Naval aviation was born in the United States when 
        Eugene Ely launched from the deck of a United States Navy ship 
        on November 14, 1910, in a Curtiss Model D.
            (2) In 1915, Cpt. Henry C. Mustin made the first catapult 
        launch and first take off in a ship underway in a Curtiss Model 
        AB-2, beginning a century of technological advancements that 
        have led to today's Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch System 
        which has replaced the steam pistons with powerful magnets to 
        launch jet aircraft.
            (3) In 1924, Lt. Dixie Kiefer made the first night catapult 
        launch in a Vought UO-1 in San Diego harbor, leading to today's 
        aircraft carriers being a floating city at sea with a 24-hour 
        airport.
            (4) The first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier, USS 
        Enterprise (CVN 65), was commissioned in 1961, ushering in a 
        new era of the world's most dominant and capable warships.
            (5) In 2013, the first of the next generation of aircraft 
        carriers, Gerald R. Ford, was christened, marking a 
        continuation of the innovative naval aviation spirit, 
        technological advancement, and war fighting capabilities of 
        aircraft carriers.
            (6) In 2013, aircraft carrier USS George Washington (CVN 
        73) provided humanitarian assistance, medical supplies, food, 
        and water to the victims in the Philippines of Super Typhoon 
        Haiyan, once again demonstrating versatility of the aircraft 
        carrier for combat, diplomatic and humanitarian operations.
            (7) For over 70 years, aircraft carriers have been employed 
        in every major and many smaller conflicts, including World War 
        II, Korea, Vietnam, Grenada, Lebanon, Libya, Operation Desert 
        Storm, Afghanistan, Iraq, and the fight against terrorism.
            (8) The United States Navy's aircraft carriers are a 
        cornerstone of the Nation's ability to project its power and 
        strength.
            (9) When aircraft carriers sail the globe they are a 
        statement of national purpose and a symbol of the Nation's 
        industrial strength, competitive edge, and economic prosperity.
            (10) Aircraft carriers are 4.5 acres of sovereign United 
        States territory enabling the Nation to reduce its dependency 
        on other nations while it pursues its national security 
        interests.
            (11) Aircraft carriers enable the United States Armed 
        Forces to carry out operations from international waters, 
        avoiding the complications of securing fly-over rights and 
        land-base rights from other nations.
            (12) Aircraft carriers are a modern, very mobile United 
        States military base complete with airfield, hospital, and 
        communications systems from which the United States can strike 
        at its enemies.
            (13) Over 90 percent of world trade is moved by sea, 
        including much of the world's gas and oil supply, and aircraft 
        carriers and their strike forces are constantly on patrol in 
        vital regions of the world to keep shipping lanes open and 
        protect the interests of the United States and its allies.
            (14) There are more than 2,450 companies in 48 States and 
        over 364 congressional districts, and more than 13,100 
        shipbuilders who proudly contribute to the construction and 
        maintenance of these complex and technologically advanced 
        ships.
            (15) Thousands of members of the United States Armed Forces 
        have served the Nation aboard aircraft carriers in war, peace, 
        and times of crisis.
            (16) When crisis occurs the first question that comes to 
        everyone's lips is ``Where is the nearest carrier?''.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) United States aircraft carriers are the preeminent 
        power projection platform and have served the Nation's 
        interests in times of war and in times of peace, adapting to 
        the immediate and ever-changing nature of the world for over 90 
        years;
            (2) aircraft carrier contributions and heritage should be 
        celebrated; and
            (3) the people of the United States should be encouraged to 
        celebrate the history of aircraft carriers in the United States 
        and to always remember the vital role these vessels play in 
        defending the Nation's freedom.

SEC. 1067. NOTICE TO CONGRESS OF TERMS OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
              SETTLEMENT AGREEMENTS.

    (a) In General.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law or any 
court order, at the request of the Chairman of the Committee on Armed 
Services of the Senate or the House of Representatives or the Chairman 
of the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate or the House of 
Representatives, the Secretary of Defense shall make available (in an 
appropriate manner with respect to classified information, if 
necessary) to such chairman a settlement agreement (including a consent 
decree) in any civil action involving the Department of Defense, a 
military department, or a Defense Agency, if, in the opinion of the 
Secretary, in consultation with the Attorney General, the terms of the 
settlement agreement affect the congressional authorization or 
appropriations process with respect to the Department of Defense.
    (b) Consultation Requirement.--Before making a request under 
subsection (a)--
            (1) the Chairman of the Committee on Armed Services or the 
        Committee on Appropriations of the Senate shall consult with 
        the Chairman of the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate; 
        and
            (2) the Chairman of the Committee on Armed Services or the 
        Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives 
        shall consult with the Chairman of the Committee on the 
        Judiciary of the House of Representatives.

SEC. 1068. SENSE OF CONGRESS RECOGNIZING THE UNITED STATES NAVY 
              SEABEES.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) On March 5, 1942, Navy Construction Battalion personnel 
        were officially named Seabees by the Navy Department.
            (2) The purpose of the Navy Seabees is to build, maintain, 
        and support base infrastructure in remote locations for the 
        Navy and Marine Corps, while simultaneously being capable of 
        engaging in combat operations.
            (3) The Navy Seabees dual-role is exemplified by the Seabee 
        motto Construimus, Batuimus: We Build, We Fight.
            (4) Throughout their history, the Navy Seabees have 
        answered the call of duty to protect the United States and its 
        democratic values both in times of war and peace.
            (5) The Navy Seabees support United States national 
        security at combatant commands worldwide, through the 
        construction, both on land and underwater, of bases, airfields, 
        roads, bridges, and other infrastructure.
            (6) Members of the Navy Seabees and their families have 
        demonstrated unmatched courage and dedication to sacrifice for 
        the United States, from service in World War II, Korea, and 
        Vietnam to the recent conflicts in Afghanistan, Iraq, and 
        elsewhere.
            (7) The Navy Seabees exhibit honor, personal courage, and 
        commitment as they sacrifice their personal comfort to keep the 
        United States safe from threats.
            (8) The Navy Seabees continue to display strength, 
        professionalism, and bravery in the all-volunteer force.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--Congress recognizes the United States Navy 
Seabees and the Navy personnel who comprise the construction force for 
the Navy and the Marine Corps as critical elements in deterring 
conflict, overcoming aggression, and rebuilding democratic 
institutions.

SEC. 1069. RECOGNITION OF THE UNITED STATES SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) On April 16, 1987, Congress required the establishment 
        of a Special Operations Command, which was to be an elite 
        fighting force drawn from all of the branches of the Armed 
        Forces.
            (2) As a headquarters organization, USSOCOM comprises four 
        service-component commands, consisting of the United States 
        Army Special Operations Command, United States Naval Special 
        Warfare Command, United States Marine Corps Forces Special 
        Operations Command, and United States Air Force Special 
        Operations Command, and includes various sub-unified commands.
            (3) Each service-component command has sub-component 
        commands consisting of--
                    (A) Army Special Forces (Green Berets), Rangers, 
                Special Operations Aviation, Civil Affairs, Military 
                Information Support Operations;
                    (B) Navy SEALS and Special Warfare Combatant-Craft 
                Crewmen;
                    (C) Air Force Commandos and Special Tactics Airmen;
                    (D) Marine Raiders; and
                    (E) other Joint Special Operations Forces;
            (4) USSOCOM protects and defends the United States in a 
        variety of ways, including direct action, special 
        reconnaissance, unconventional warfare, foreign internal 
        defense, civil affairs operations, counterterrorism, military 
        information support operations, counter-proliferation of 
        weapons of mass destruction, security force assistance, 
        counterinsurgency, hostage rescue and recovery, foreign 
        humanitarian assistance, and other missions as assigned.
            (5) USSOCOM has an unequaled ability to analyze and respond 
        to terrorist threats and USSOCOM has led many successful 
        missions globally.
            (6) Many USSOCOM missions are classified, so the American 
        people may never know the details and extent of the bravery of 
        Special Operations Forces, but a sample of missions provide a 
        glimpse into the bravery and talents of these members of the 
        Armed Forces:
                    (A) On May 2, 2011, Osama bin Laden was killed in a 
                special operations mission in Pakistan, for which the 
                outstanding men and women in America's intelligence and 
                Armed Forces, especially those from SOCOM, remained 
                focused on bringing Osama bin Laden to justice, and on 
                May 2, 2011, justice was done.
                    (B) On April 12, 2009, the Maersk Alabama was 
                rescued unharmed in a special operations mission in the 
                Indian Ocean, after a five-day standoff between the 
                United States Navy and Somalian pirates.
                    (C) On April 1, 2003, Jessica Lynch, a United 
                States Army clerk taken prisoner for nine days in Iraq, 
                was rescued by Special Operations Forces during a night 
                raid in the hospital where she was being held.
                    (D) On December 13, 2003, in Operation Red Dawn, 
                Special Operations Forces captured deposed Iraqi 
                president Saddam Hussein, who was hiding in a spider 
                hole.
                    (E) On January 17, 1991, as Operation Desert Storm 
                began, Special Operations Forces slipped hundreds of 
                miles into Iraq to identify Iraqi Scud missiles as 
                targets for American fighter jets.
                    (F) On December 20, 1989, in Operation Just Cause 
                and Operation Nifty Package, Special Operations Forces 
                ventured into Panama to bring its then President Manuel 
                Noriega to justice for drug-trafficking.
            (7) Approximately 70,000 Regular component, National Guard, 
        and reserve component personnel from all four services and 
        Department of Defense civilians are assigned to USSOCOM 
        headquarters in Tampa, its four service-component commands, and 
        eight sub-unified commands.
            (8) The heroism, skill, and patriotism of USSOCOM personnel 
        and their families are without parallel.
            (9) The responsibilities of USSOCOM are growing and its 
        mission is now and will continue to be central to the defense 
        of the United States in future decades.
            (10) The sacrifices of many, the service of all, and the 
        talents of the Special Operations Forces are cause for 
        confidence and optimism.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the 
soldiers, sailors, airmen, Marines, and civilians who, together with 
their family members, comprise the United States Special Operations 
Forces community should be honored for their service and commitment to 
keeping the United States safe.

SEC. 1070. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING WORLD WAR I.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) The United States declared war against Germany on April 
        6, 1917, to redress wrongs, including Germany's resumption of 
        unrestricted submarine warfare, violation of United States 
        neutrality, and denial of freedom of the seas to nonbelligerent 
        nations.
            (2) The United States associated itself with the allied 
        powers of the United Kingdom and its Commonwealth, France and 
        its colonies, Russia, Italy, and Japan to defeat the German 
        Empire
            (3) The United States Army, consisting of the Regular Army, 
        National Guard, and Reserve Corps, with the addition of 
        volunteers and the draftees of the National Army, underwent a 
        transformation from a frontier constabulary and coastal defense 
        force to a modern land warfare force.
            (4) Early 20th century military and technological advances 
        resulted in the incorporation of motor transport, aviation, 
        anti-aircraft artillery, tanks, chemical weapons, aircraft 
        carriers, submarines and anti-submarine warfare, sonar, 
        underwater mines, and other innovations into the military 
        arsenal of the United States.
            (5) The need to quickly build a military strength of four 
        million soldiers and half a million sailors required the 
        mobilization of the human resources of the United States, 
        during which members of diverse ethnic groups, races, and 
        creeds, both native-born and immigrant, forged a new American 
        identity.
            (6) The United States Army maintained its defense of 
        American seacoasts, southern border, and overseas possessions, 
        while the Army American Expeditionary Forces deployed ``Over 
        There'' for combat operations in Europe starting in June 1917.
            (7) By the end of World War I, almost two million members 
        of the Army served overseas in the American Expeditionary 
        Forces; Whereas, during World War I, the United States Navy 
        increased in strength from approximately 69,000 officers and 
        sailors and 342 vessels to more than 533,000 officers and 
        sailors and 774 vessels.
            (8) The Navy operated in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, 
        and the North and Mediterranean Seas in cooperation with allied 
        navies.
            (9) The Navy began the fight against the German U-boat 
        menace by dispatching destroyers, which eventually totaled 70 
        in number, and 169 other vessels to counter the submarine 
        threat.
            (10) Navy vessels escorted troop transports carrying 
        1,250,000 passengers and escorted supply transports carrying 27 
        percent of all cargo shipped to Europe.
            (11) The Navy deployed five batteries of large-caliber 
        battleship guns mounted on railroad trains to France for 
        service as long-range artillery for the Army;.
            (12) The United States Coast Guard transferred to the 
        operational control of the Navy, and augmented that service 
        with approximately 5,000 officers and sailors, 47 vessels of 
        all types, and 279 shore stations;.
            (13) The United States Marine Corps, with an eventual 
        wartime strength of 75,000 officers and men, detached two 
        regiments and a machine gun battalion to constitute an infantry 
        brigade integrated into the Army's 2d Division for service in 
        France;.
            (14) On July 4, 1917, Colonel Charles E. Stanton, one of 
        the officers on the staff of General John Pershing, commander 
        of the American Expeditionary Forces in Europe, famously 
        announced America's commitment to the fight when Colonel 
        Stanton proclaimed upon his arrival in France, ``Lafayette, we 
        are here!''.
            (15) Whereas the American Expeditionary Forces formed three 
        field armies, nine corps and forty-three divisions, plus 
        various units of the Services of Supply.
            (16) The American Expeditionary Forces suffered 244,000 
        casualties in fighting in thirteen named campaigns in World War 
        I;.
            (17) Participation in World War I resulted in the 
        completion of a period of reform and professionalism that 
        transformed the Armed Forces from a small dispersed 
        organization to a modern industrialized fighting force capable 
        of global reach and influence.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--Congress--
            (1) honors the memory of the fallen heroes who wore the 
        uniform of the United States Armed Forces during World War I;
            (2) commends the Unites States Armed Forces for preserving 
        and protecting the interests of the United States during World 
        War I;
            (3) commends the brave members of the United States Armed 
        Forces for their efforts in ``making the world safe for 
        democracy,'' and preserving the founding principles of the 
        United States at home and abroad during World War I;
            (4) commends the brave members of the United States Armed 
        Forces for preserving and protecting the sea lanes of commerce 
        and communications during World War I that ensured the 
        continued prosperity of the United States;
            (5) celebrates and congratulates the United States Army, 
        Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard during the 
        commemoration of the centennial of World War I for a job well 
        done; and
            (6) calls on all people of the United States to join in the 
        commemoration of the centennial of World War I in events 
        throughout the United States and overseas.

SEC. 1071. FINDINGS AND SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING THE NATIONAL GUARD 
              YOUTH CHALLENGE PROGRAM.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) Fewer than 30 percent of youth in the United States 
        qualify for military service, either because of poor physical 
        health, a criminal record, or lack of a high school degree.
            (2) The National Guard Youth Challenge Program provides the 
        Department of Defense an opportunity to work with State and 
        local governments to engage with the youth of the nation, 
        providing military-based training, the opportunity to earn a 
        high school degree, and high physical fitness standards.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that it is 
critical to allocate the necessary resources to the National Guard 
Youth Challenge Program of the Department of Defense as it plays a 
critical role in preparing the next generation of qualified youth for 
military service.

SEC. 1072. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING NATIONAL PURPLE HEART 
              RECOGNITION DAY.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) On August 7, 1782, during the Revolutionary War, 
        General George Washington established what is now known as the 
        Purple Heart medal when he issued an order establishing the 
        Badge of Military Merit.
            (2) The Badge of Military Merit was designed in the shape 
        of a heart in purple cloth or silk.
            (3) While the award of the Badge of Military Merit ceased 
        with the end of the Revolutionary War, the Purple Heart medal 
        was authorized in 1932 as the official successor decoration to 
        the Badge of Military Merit.
            (4) The Purple Heart medal is the oldest United States 
        military decoration in present use.
            (5) The Purple Heart medal is awarded in the name of the 
        President of the United States to recognize members of the 
        Armed Forces who are killed or wounded in action against an 
        enemy of the United States or are killed or wounded while held 
        as prisoners of war.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--Congress--
            (1) supports the goals and ideals of National Purple Heart 
        Recognition Day; and
            (2) encourages all people of the United States--
                    (A) to learn about the history of the Purple Heart 
                medal;
                    (B) to honor recipients of the Purple Heart medal; 
                and
                    (C) to conduct appropriate ceremonies, activities, 
                and programs to demonstrate support for people who have 
                been awarded the Purple Heart medal.

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

SEC. 1101. EXTENSION OF DIRECT HIRE AUTHORITY FOR DOMESTIC DEFENSE 
              INDUSTRIAL BASE FACILITIES AND MAJOR RANGE AND TEST 
              FACILITIES BASE.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 1125 of subtitle B of 
title XI of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
(Public Law 114-328) is amended by striking ``During fiscal years 2017 
and 2018,'' and inserting ``During each of fiscal years 2017 through 
2021,''.
    (b) Briefing.--Not later than 90 days after the end of each of 
fiscal years 2018 through 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall provide 
a briefing to the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of 
the House of Representatives including--
            (1) a description of the effect of such section 1125 (as 
        amended by subsection (a)) on the management of the Department 
        of Defense civilian workforce during the most recently ended 
        fiscal year; and
            (2) the number of employees--
                    (A) hired under such section during such fiscal 
                year; and
                    (B) expected to be hired under such section during 
                the fiscal year in which the briefing is provided.

SEC. 1102. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE VOLUNTARY SEPARATION 
              INCENTIVE PAY FOR CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE.

    (a) In General.--Section 1107 of subtitle A of title XI of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 
114-328) is amended by striking ``September 30, 2018'' and inserting 
``September 30, 2021''.
    (b) Briefing.--Not later than 90 days after the end of each of 
fiscal years 2018 through 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall provide 
a briefing to the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of 
the House of Representatives including--
            (1) a description of the effect of such section 1107 (as 
        amended by subsection (a)) on the management of the Department 
        of Defense civilian workforce during the most recently ended 
        fiscal year;
            (2) the number of employees offered voluntary separation 
        incentive payments during such fiscal year by operation of such 
        section; and
            (3) the number of such employees that accepted such 
        payments.

SEC. 1103. ADDITIONAL DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 
              REINVENTION LABORATORIES.

    Section 1105(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2487; 10 U.S.C. 2358 
note) is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(20) The Naval Medical Research Center.
            ``(21) The Joint Warfighting Analysis Center.''.

SEC. 1104. ONE YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO WAIVE ANNUAL LIMITATION 
              ON PREMIUM PAY AND AGGREGATE LIMITATION ON PAY FOR 
              FEDERAL CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES WORKING OVERSEAS.

    Subsection (a) of section 1101 of the Duncan Hunter National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 
Stat. 4615), as most recently amended by section 1137 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 
Stat. 2460), is amended by striking ``through 2017'' and inserting 
``through 2018''.

SEC. 1105. APPOINTMENT OF RETIRED MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES TO 
              POSITIONS IN OR UNDER THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) In General.--During fiscal years 2017 through 2021, in addition 
to the authority provided under paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection 
(b) of section 3326 of title 5, United States Code, and consistent with 
the requirements of such section, a retired member of the armed forces 
may be appointed under such subsection if--
            (1) the Department of Defense has been granted direct hire 
        authority to fill the position;
            (2) the appointment is to fill an emergency appointment for 
        which the Secretary concerned determines competitive 
        appointment is not appropriate or reasonable due to the need to 
        fill the emergency need as quickly as possible; or
            (3) the appointment is for a highly qualified expert under 
        section 9903 of such title.
    (b) Briefing.--Not later than 90 days after the end of each of 
fiscal years 2017 through 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall provide 
a briefing to the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of 
the House of Representatives including--
            (1) with respect to the waiver process under section 
        3326(b)(1) of title 5, United States Code--
                    (A) the number of individuals appointed during the 
                most recently ended fiscal year under such process; and
                    (B) the Department of Defense's plan on the use of 
                such process during the fiscal year in which the report 
                is submitted;
            (2) the number of individuals--
                    (A) appointed under the authority provided by 
                subsection (a) during the most recently ended fiscal 
                year; and
                    (B) expected to be appointed under such subsection 
                during the fiscal year in which the briefing is 
                provided; and
            (3) the impact of subsection (a) on the management of the 
        Department civilian workforce during the most recently ended 
        fiscal year.

SEC. 1106. DIRECT HIRE AUTHORITY FOR FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT EXPERTS IN 
              THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE WORKFORCE.

    (a) In General.--Section 1110 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for 2017 (Public Law 114-328) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``the Defense Agencies 
        or the applicable military Department'' and inserting ``a 
        Department of Defense component'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(1), by striking ``the Defense 
        Agencies'' and inserting ``each Department of Defense component 
        listed in subsection (f)(2) other than the Department of the 
        Army, the Department of the Navy, and the Department of the Air 
        Force'';
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) by striking ``any Defense Agency or military 
                department'' and inserting ``any Department of Defense 
                component''; and
                    (B) by striking ``such Defense Agency or military 
                department'' and inserting ``such Department of Defense 
                component''; and
            (4) by striking subsection (f) and inserting the following:
    ``(f) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Employee.--The term `employee' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 2105 of title 5, United States Code.
            ``(2) Department of defense component.--The term 
        `Department of Defense component' means the following:
                    ``(A) A Defense Agency.
                    ``(B) The Office of the Chairman of the Joint 
                Chiefs of Staff.
                    ``(C) The Joint Staff.
                    ``(D) A combatant command.
                    ``(E) The Office of the Inspector General of the 
                Department of Defense.
                    ``(F) A Field Activity of the Department of 
                Defense.
                    ``(G) The Department of the Army.
                    ``(H) The Department of the Navy.
                    ``(I) The Department of the Air Force.
                    ``(J) Any organizational entity within the 
                Department of Defense that is not described in 
                subparagraphs (A) through (I).''.
    (b) Briefing.--Not later than 90 days after the end of each of 
fiscal years 2017 through 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall provide 
a briefing to the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of 
the House of Representatives including--
            (1) a description of the effect of section 1110 of subtitle 
        A of title XI of the National Defense Authorization Act, 2017 
        (Public Law 114-328), as amended by subsection (a), on the 
        management of the Department of Defense civilian workforce 
        during the most recently ended fiscal year; and
            (2) the number of employees--
                    (A) hired under such section during such fiscal 
                year; and
                    (B) expected to be hired under such section during 
                the fiscal year in which the briefing is provided.

SEC. 1107. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR TEMPORARY PERSONNEL FLEXIBILITIES 
              FOR DOMESTIC DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL BASE FACILITIES AND MAJOR 
              RANGE AND TEST FACILITIES BASE CIVILIAN PERSONNEL.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 1132 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 
Stat. 2457) is amended by striking ``and 2018'' and inserting ``through 
2021''.
    (b) Briefing.--Not later than 90 days after the end of each of 
fiscal years 2017 through 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall provide 
a briefing to the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of 
the House of Representatives including--
            (1) a description of the effect of such section 1132 (as 
        amended by subsection (a)) on the management of civilian 
        personnel at domestic defense industrial base facilities and 
        Major Range and Test Facilities Base during the most recently 
        ended fiscal year; and
            (2) the number of employees--
                    (A) hired under such section during such fiscal 
                year; and
                    (B) expected to be hired under such section during 
                the fiscal year in which the briefing is provided.

SEC. 1108. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO GRANT 
              ALLOWANCES, BENEFITS, AND GRATUITIES TO CIVILIAN 
              PERSONNEL ON OFFICIAL DUTY IN A COMBAT ZONE.

    Paragraph (2) of section 1603(a) of the Emergency Supplemental 
Appropriations Act for Defense, the Global War on Terror, and Hurricane 
Recovery, 2006 (Public Law 109-234; 120 Stat. 443), as added by section 
1102 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 4616) and as most recently 
amended by section 1133 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2459), is further 
amended by striking ``2018'' and inserting ``2019''.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                  Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

SEC. 1201. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF LOGISTICAL SUPPORT FOR COALITION 
              FORCES SUPPORTING CERTAIN UNITED STATES MILITARY 
              OPERATIONS.

    Section 1234 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 394), as most recently amended 
by section 1201 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2473), is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``fiscal year 2017'' and 
        inserting ``fiscal year 2018'';
            (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``during the period 
        beginning on October 1, 2016, and ending on December 31, 2017'' 
        and inserting ``during the period beginning on October 1, 2017, 
        and ending on December 31, 2018''; and
            (3) in subsection (e)(1), by striking ``December 31, 2017'' 
        and inserting ``December 31, 2018''.

SEC. 1202. MODIFICATION TO SPECIAL DEFENSE ACQUISITION FUND.

    (a) In General.--Effective as of October 1, 2017, paragraph (1) of 
section 114(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
``$2,500,000,000'' and inserting ``$2,000,000,000''.
    (b) Increase in Size of Fund.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``The size'' and 
        inserting ``Except as provided in paragraph (3), the size''; 
        and
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``Of the amount available 
        in the Special Defense Acquisition Fund in any fiscal year 
        after fiscal year 2016, $500,000,000'' and inserting ``The size 
        of the Special Defense Acquisition Fund in any fiscal year 
        after fiscal year 2017 may exceed the dollar amount limitation 
        described in paragraph (1) by an amount not to exceed 
        $500,000,000 and such excess amount''.

SEC. 1203. MODIFICATION TO MINISTRY OF DEFENSE ADVISOR AUTHORITY.

    (a) Ministry of Defense Advisor Authority.--Subsection (a) of 
section 332 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
``and members of the armed forces'' after ``civilian employees of the 
Department of Defense''.
    (b) Training of Personnel of Foreign Ministries With Security 
Missions.--Subsection (b) of such section is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``to assign civilian 
        employees of the Department of Defense and members of the armed 
        forces as advisors or trainers'' after ``carry out a program''; 
        and
            (2) in paragraph (2)(B)--
                    (A) by striking ``employees'' in each place it 
                appears and inserting ``advisors or trainers''; and
                    (B) by striking ``each assigned employee's 
                activities'' and inserting ``the activities of each 
                assigned advisor or trainer''.
    (c) Congressional Notice.--Subsection (c) of such section is 
amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting 
        ``or a member of the armed forces'' after ``a civilian employee 
        of the Department of Defense'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``employee as an 
        advisor'' and inserting ``advisor or trainer''; and
            (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``employee'' and 
        inserting ``advisor or trainer''.

SEC. 1204. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO BUILD CAPACITY OF FOREIGN 
              SECURITY FORCES.

    Subsection (c) of section 333 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) Institutional capacity building to organize, 
                administer, employ, manage, maintain, sustain, or 
                oversee national security forces.'';
            (2) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``or the Department of 
        State'' after ``Department of Defense'';
            (3) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) in the heading, by striking ``Institutional 
                capacity building'' and inserting ``Respect for 
                civilian control of the military'';
                    (B) in the first sentence, by striking ``that the 
                Department is already undertaking, or will undertake as 
                part of the program'' and all that follows and 
                inserting ``that the Department of Defense or another 
                department or agency is already undertaking, or will 
                undertake as part of the security sector assistance 
                provided to the foreign country concerned, a program to 
                enhance the capacity of such foreign country to 
                exercise responsible civilian control of the national 
                security forces of such foreign country.''; and
                    (C) by striking the second sentence; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Institutional capacity building.--In order to meet 
        the requirement in paragraph (2)(C) with respect to a 
        particular foreign country under a program under subsection 
        (a), the Secretary shall certify, prior to the initiation of 
        the program, that the Department of Defense or another 
        department or agency is already undertaking, or will undertake 
        as part of the security sector assistance provided to the 
        foreign country concerned, a program of institutional capacity 
        building with appropriate institutions of such foreign country 
        to enhance the capacity of such foreign country to organize, 
        administer, employ, manage, maintain, sustain, or oversee the 
        national security forces of such foreign country.''.

SEC. 1205. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY ON TRAINING FOR 
              EASTERN EUROPEAN NATIONAL MILITARY FORCES IN THE COURSE 
              OF MULTILATERAL EXERCISES.

    (a) One-Year Extension.--Subsection (h) of section 1251 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 
114-92; 129 Stat. 1070; 10 U.S.C. 2282 note), as amended by section 
1233 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
(Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2489), is further amended--
            (1) by striking ``September 30, 2018'' and inserting 
        ``December 31, 2019''; and
            (2) by striking ``fiscal years 2016 through 2018'' and 
        inserting ``for the period beginning on October 1, 2015, and 
        ending on December 31, 2019''.
    (b) Regulations for Administration of Incremental Expenses.--
Subsection (d) of such section, as so amended, is further amended by 
adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Regulations.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
                prescribe regulations for payment of incremental 
                expenses under subsection (a). Not later than 120 days 
                after the date of the enactment of this paragraph, the 
                Secretary shall submit the regulations to the Committee 
                on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on 
                Armed Services of the House of Representatives.
                    ``(B) Procedures to be included.--The regulations 
                required under subparagraph (A) shall include the 
                following:
                            ``(i) Procedures to limit the payment of 
                        incremental expenses to developing countries 
                        determined pursuant to subsection (c) to be 
                        eligible for the provision of training under 
                        subsection (a), except in the case of 
                        exceptional circumstances as specified in the 
                        regulations.
                            ``(ii) Procedures to require reimbursement 
                        of incremental expenses from non-developing 
                        countries determined pursuant to subsection (c) 
                        to be eligible for the provision of training 
                        under subsection (a), except in the case of 
                        exceptional circumstances as specified in the 
                        regulations.
                    ``(C) Developing country defined.--In this 
                paragraph, the term `developing country' has the 
                meaning given such term in section 301(4) of title 10, 
                United States Code.''.
    (c) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--Such section, as so 
amended, is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (e), by striking ``that'' and inserting 
        ``than'';
            (2) in subsection (f), by striking ``section 2282'' and 
        inserting ``chapter 16''; and
            (3) in subsection (g), by striking ``means'' and all that 
        follows and inserting ``has the meaning given such term in 
        section 301(5) of title 10, United States Code.''.

SEC. 1206. EXTENSION OF PARTICIPATION IN AND SUPPORT OF THE INTER-
              AMERICAN DEFENSE COLLEGE.

    Subsection (c) of section 1243 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 
2516; 10 U.S.C. 1050 note) is amended--
            (1) in the heading, by striking ``Fiscal Year 2017'' and 
        inserting ``Fiscal Years 2017 and 2018''; and
            (2) by striking ``fiscal year 2017'' and inserting ``fiscal 
        years 2017 and 2018''.

        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

SEC. 1211. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO TRANSFER DEFENSE ARTICLES AND 
              PROVIDE DEFENSE SERVICES TO THE MILITARY AND SECURITY 
              FORCES OF AFGHANISTAN.

    (a) Extension of Expiration.--Subsection (h) of section 1222 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 
112-239; 126 Stat. 1992), as most recently amended by section 1213 of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 
114-328; 130 Stat. 2478), is further amended by striking ``December 31, 
2017'' and inserting ``December 31, 2018''.
    (b) Excess Defense Articles.--Subsection (i)(2) of such section, as 
so amended, is further amended by striking ``December 31, 2017,'' in 
each place it appears and inserting ``December 31, 2018''.

SEC. 1212. REPORT ON UNITED STATES STRATEGY IN AFGHANISTAN.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than February 15, 2018, the 
Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the Secretary of State, 
shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report that 
describes the United States strategy in Afghanistan.
    (b) Matters to Be Included.--The report required by subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
            (1) A description of United States assumptions, security 
        interests, and corresponding objectives in Afghanistan.
            (2) A description of how current military efforts align to 
        such objectives and, given current or projected progress, a 
        realistic prognosis for a timeline necessary to achieve such 
        objectives.
            (3) An explanation of the conditions necessary for the 
        Afghan National Defense and Security Forces to become self-
        sufficient.
            (4) A description of the projected long-term and 
        sustainable United States role in Afghanistan.
            (5) A description of the threat of harm to United States 
        forces in Afghanistan and a justification based on the threat 
        to United States interests.
    (c) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the congressional defense committees; and
            (2) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and 
        the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
        Representatives.

SEC. 1213. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY FOR REIMBURSEMENT OF 
              CERTAIN COALITION NATIONS FOR SUPPORT PROVIDED TO UNITED 
              STATES MILITARY OPERATIONS.

    (a) Extension.--
            (1) In general.--Subsection (a) of section 1233 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public 
        Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 393), as most recently amended by 
        section 1218(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2482), is 
        further amended--
                    (A) by striking ``October 1, 2016'' and inserting 
                ``October 1, 2017''; and
                    (B) by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and inserting 
                ``December 31, 2018''.
            (2) Report required.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than December 31, 2018, 
                the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
                appropriate congressional committees a report on the 
                expenditure of funds under the authority in subsection 
                (a)(2) of section 1233 of the National Defense 
                Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-
                181; 122 Stat. 393), including a description of the 
                following:
                            (i) The purpose for which such funds were 
                        expended.
                            (ii) Each organization on whose behalf such 
                        funds were expended, including the amount 
                        expended on such organization and the number of 
                        members of such organization supported by such 
                        amount.
                            (iii) Any limitation imposed on the 
                        expenditure of funds under such subsection, 
                        including on any recipient of funds or any use 
                        of funds expended.
                    (B) Appropriate congressional committees defined.--
                In this paragraph, the term ``appropriate congressional 
                committees'' means--
                            (i) the congressional defense committees; 
                        and
                            (ii) the Committee on Foreign Affairs of 
                        the House of Representatives and the Committee 
                        on Foreign Relations of the Senate.
    (b) Notice Requirement.--Section 1232(b)(6) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 
393), as most recently amended by section 1218(e) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 
Stat. 2484), is further amended by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2018''.
    (c) Limitation on Reimbursement Pending Certification.--Section 
1227(d)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 2001), as most recently amended by 
section 1218(f) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2484), is further amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2017'' and inserting ``December 31, 2018''.
    (d) Additional Limitations on Reimbursement.--
            (1) Extension of limitations on amounts.--Subsection (d)(1) 
        of section 1233 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 393), as most 
        recently amended by section 1218(c) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 
        Stat. 2483), is further amended--
                    (A) in the first sentence, by striking 
                ``$1,100,000,000'' and inserting ``$1,000,000,000'';
                    (B) in the second sentence, by striking 
                ``$900,000,000'' and inserting ``$800,000,000'';
                    (C) by striking ``October 1, 2016'' in each place 
                it appears and inserting ``October 1, 2017''; and
                    (D) by striking ``December 31, 2017'' in each place 
                it appears and inserting ``December 31, 2018''.
            (2) Extension of limitation on amounts eligible for 
        waiver.--Subsection (g) of section 1218 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 
        Stat. 2484) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``October 1, 2016'' and inserting 
                ``October 1, 2017''; and
                    (B) by striking ``December 31, 2017'' and inserting 
                ``December 31, 2018''.

         Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran

SEC. 1221. REPORT ON UNITED STATES STRATEGY IN SYRIA.

    (a) In General.--Not later than February 1, 2018, the Secretary of 
Defense, in coordination with the Secretary of State, shall submit to 
the appropriate congressional committees a report that describes the 
strategy of the United States in Syria.
    (b) Matters to Be Included.--The report required by subsection (a) 
shall include each of the following:
            (1) A description of the key security and geopolitical 
        interests, objectives, and long-term goals in Syria for the 
        United States and indicators for the effectiveness of efforts 
        to achieve such objectives and goals.
            (2) A description of United States assumptions regarding 
        the current intelligence picture, the roles and ambitions of 
        other countries, and the interests of relevant Syrian groups 
        with respect to such objectives.
            (3) A description of how current military and diplomatic 
        efforts in Syria align with such objectives, and a realistic 
        projection of the timeline necessary to achieve such 
        objectives.
            (4) The resources required to achieve such objectives.
            (5) An analysis of the threats posed to United States 
        interests by Russian and Iranian influences in Syria, as well 
        as the threats posed to such interests by the Islamic State of 
        Iraq and the Levant, Al Qaeda, Hezbollah, and other violent 
        extremist organizations in Syria.
            (6) A description of long-term and sustainable United 
        States involvement in Syria and the conclusion of the current 
        United States effort in Syria.
            (7) A description of the coordination between the 
        Department of Defense and the Department of State regarding the 
        transition from military operations to stabilization 
        programming, including a description of how local governance 
        and civil society will be restored in areas secured through 
        United States military operations in Syria.
            (8) A description of the threat of harm to United States 
        forces in Syria and a justification based on the threat to 
        United States interests.
    (c) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the congressional defense committees; and
            (2) the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
        Senate.

SEC. 1222. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE 
              ASSISTANCE TO COUNTER THE ISLAMIC STATE OF IRAQ AND THE 
              LEVANT.

    (a) Authority.--Subsection (a) of section 1236 of the Carl Levin 
and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3559), as most recently 
amended by section 1222 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2485), is further 
amended by striking ``December 31, 2018'' and inserting ``December 31, 
2019''.
    (b) Quarterly Progress Report.--Subsection (d) of such section is 
further amended--
            (1) in the first sentence of the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by adding at the end before the period the following: ``, 
        which shall be provided in unclassified form with a classified 
        annex if necessary''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(12) An assessment of--
                    ``(A) security in liberated areas in Iraq;
                    ``(B) the extent to which security forces trained 
                and equipped, directly or indirectly, through the 
                Office of Security Cooperation in Iraq (OSC-I) are 
                prepared to provide post-conflict stabilization and 
                security in such liberated areas; and
                    ``(C) the effectiveness of security forces in the 
                post-conflict environment and an identification of 
                which such forces will provide post-conflict 
                stabilization and security in such liberated areas.''.
    (c) Funding.--Subsection (g) of such section is further amended--
            (1) by striking ``National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2017'' and inserting ``National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018'';
            (2) by striking ``fiscal year 2017'' and inserting ``fiscal 
        year 2018''; and
            (3) by striking ``$630,000,000'' and inserting 
        ``$1,269,000,000''.
    (d) Sense of Congress.--Recognizing the important role of the Iraqi 
Christian militias within the military campaign against ISIL in Iraq, 
and the specific threat to the Christian population in Iraq, it is the 
sense of Congress that the United States should provide arms, training, 
and appropriate equipment to vetted elements of the Nineveh Plain 
Council.

SEC. 1223. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO SUPPORT 
              OPERATIONS AND ACTIVITIES OF THE OFFICE OF SECURITY 
              COOPERATION IN IRAQ.

    (a) Extension of Authority.--Subsection (f)(1) of section 1215 of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 
112-81; 125 Stat. 1631; 10 U.S.C. 113 note), as most recently amended 
by section 1223 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2486), is further amended by 
striking ``fiscal year 2017'' and inserting ``fiscal year 2018''.
    (b) Limitation on Amount.--Subsection (c) of such section is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``fiscal year 2017'' and inserting ``fiscal 
        year 2018'' ; and
            (2) by striking ``$70,000,000'' and inserting 
        ``$42,000,000''.
    (c) Source of Funds.--Subsection (d) of such section is amended by 
striking ``fiscal year 2017'' and inserting ``fiscal year 2018''.

SEC. 1224. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THREATS POSED BY THE GOVERNMENT OF 
              IRAN.

    (a) Finding.--Congress expressed concerns over state-sponsored 
threats posed by Iran and over Iran's integration of conventional 
warfare, cyber and information operations, intelligence operations, and 
other activities to undermine United States national security 
interests.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the United States should counter the malign activities 
        of the Government of Iran;
            (2) the United States should maintain a capable military 
        presence in the Arabian Gulf region to deter, and, if 
        necessary, respond to Iranian aggression;
            (3) the United States should strengthen ballistic missile 
        defense capabilities;
            (4) the United States should ensure freedom of navigation 
        at the Bab al Mandab strait and the Strait of Hormuz; and
            (5) the United States should counter Iranian efforts to 
        illicitly proliferate weapons, including cruise and ballistic 
        missiles.

         Subtitle D--Matters Relating to the Russian Federation

SEC. 1231. EXTENSION OF LIMITATION ON MILITARY COOPERATION BETWEEN THE 
              UNITED STATES AND THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

    Section 1232(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2488) is amended by 
striking ``fiscal year 2017'' and inserting ``fiscal year 2018''.

SEC. 1232. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS RELATING TO SOVEREIGNTY 
              OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION OVER CRIMEA.

    (a) Prohibition.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 for the 
Department of Defense may be obligated or expended to implement any 
activity that recognizes the sovereignty of the Russian Federation over 
Crimea.
    (b) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense, with the concurrence of the 
Secretary of State, may waive the restriction on the obligation or 
expenditure of funds required by subsection (a) if the Secretary--
            (1) determines that to do so is in the national security 
        interest of the United States; and
            (2) submits a notification of the waiver, at the time the 
        waiver is invoked, to the Committee on Armed Services and the 
        Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives 
        and the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations of the Senate.

SEC. 1233. STATEMENT OF POLICY ON THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) The Russian Federation, under the leadership of 
        President Vladimir Putin, continues to demonstrate its malign 
        activities to expand its sphere of influence and undermine 
        international norms and institutions both regionally and 
        globally, including through the following activities:
                    (A) An assessment of the United States intelligence 
                community stated ``. . .Russian President Vladimir 
                Putin ordered an influence campaign in 2016 aimed at 
                the U.S. presidential election'', presented in the 
                intelligence community's January 6, 2017, declassified 
                report, ``Assessing Russian Activities and Intentions 
                in Recent U.S. Elections''.
                    (B) The Russian Federation has interfered in the 
                April 2017 election and runoff election in May 2017 of 
                the French Presidential elections. As confirmed by 
                Admiral Mike Rogers, Director of the National Security 
                Agency, at a Senate Committee on Armed Services hearing 
                on May 9, 2017, ``If you look at the French elections . 
                . . we had become aware of Russian activity.''
                    (C) The Russian Federation has threatened stability 
                in their sphere of influence. As stated by General 
                Curtis M. Scaparrotti, Commander of the United States 
                European Command, in testimony at a House Committee on 
                Armed Services hearing on March 28, 2017, ``In the 
                east, a resurgent Russia has turned from partner to 
                antagonist. Countries along Russia's periphery, 
                especially Ukraine and Georgia, are under threat from 
                Moscow's malign influence and military aggression.''.
                    (D) The Russian Federation has occupied and 
                attempted to annex Crimea from Ukraine.
                    (E) The Russian Federation has employed hybrid 
                warfare tactics, including cyber warfare, electronic 
                warfare, and information warfare to gain influence. 
                This includes the use of hybrid tactics in assisting 
                combined Russian-separatist forces in eastern Ukraine 
                and, in 2008, the Russian incursion in Georgia.
                    (F) Military intervention in the civil war in 
                Syria.
            (2) Both the Secretary of Defense, James Mattis, and the 
        Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Joseph Dunford, 
        highlight the Russian Federation as the number one geo-
        strategic threat to the United States.
            (3) The Government of the Russian Federation continues its 
        decades' long modernization of its conventional military force 
        with the buildup of large numbers of professionalized forces on 
        Russia's borders with Europe, re-establishing military presence 
        in the Arctic, investment in its nuclear triad, advanced 
        weapons systems, fighter jets, and naval vessels.
            (4) In June 2016, the Center for Strategic and 
        International Studies released its report, ``Evaluating U.S. 
        Army Force Posture in Europe: Phase II'', which included the 
        recommendation that an Armed Brigade Combat Team and a combat 
        aviation brigade should be permanently assigned to Europe. The 
        report also recommends additional prepositioned equipment in 
        Western Europe.
            (5) In January 2016, the National Commission on the Future 
        of the Army released its findings and recommendations, which 
        included Recommendation 14, calling for permanently stationing 
        an Armored Brigade Combat Team Forward in Europe and 
        Recommendation 15 calling for the conversion of Army Europe 
        Aviation Headquarters to a warfighting mission command.
            (6) In the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291), the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92), and 
        the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
        (Public Law 114-328), Congress authorized approximately 
        $5,200,000 for the European Reassurance Initiative, now the 
        European Deterrence Initiative, to reassure partners and allies 
        and begin building a credible deterrence to the Russian 
        Federation through--
                    (A) large increases in conventional resources, 
                including additional rotational deployments of United 
                States troops and prepositioning of equipment into 
                Europe; and
                    (B) increased funding for unconventional warfare 
                resources, including cyber and special operations 
                forces, and for intelligence and indicators and 
                warnings.
    (b) Statement of Policy.--
            (1) In general.--It is the policy of the United States to 
        develop, implement, and sustain credible deterrence against 
        aggression by the Government of the Russian Federation, in 
        order to enhance regional and global security and stability.
            (2) Conduct of policy.--The policy described in paragraph 
        (1) shall, among other things, be carried out through a 
        comprehensive defense strategy and guidance to outline and 
        resource the necessary defense capabilities in the European 
        theater. Such policy shall include the following:
                    (A) Increased United States presence in Europe 
                through additional permanently stationed forces.
                    (B) Continued United States presence in Europe 
                through additional rotational forces.
                    (C) Increased United States prepositioned military 
                equipment to include logistics enablers and a division 
                headquarters.
                    (D) Sufficient and necessary infrastructure 
                additions and improvements throughout the European 
                theater.
                    (E) Increased investment and priority to counter 
                unconventional methods of warfare, including sufficient 
                cyber warfare resources, information operations 
                resources, and intelligence resources.
                    (F) Effective security cooperation resources and 
                opportunities with partners and allies, including NATO 
                member countries.

SEC. 1234. MODIFICATION AND EXTENSION OF UKRAINE SECURITY ASSISTANCE 
              INITIATIVE.

    Section 1250 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1068), as amended by section 
1237 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
(Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2494), is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``$175,000,000 of 
                the funds available for fiscal year 2017 pursuant to 
                subsection (f)(2)'' and inserting ``$75,000,000 of the 
                funds available for fiscal year 2018 pursuant to 
                subsection (f)(3)''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) by striking ``fiscal year 2017'' and 
                        inserting ``fiscal year 2018''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``$100,000,000'' and 
                        inserting ``$50,000,000'';
            (2) in subsection (f), by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) For fiscal year 2018, $150,000,000.''; and
            (3) in subsection (h), by striking ``December 31, 2018'' 
        and inserting ``December 31, 2019''.

SEC. 1235. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS RELATING TO 
              IMPLEMENTATION OF THE OPEN SKIES TREATY.

    (a) Limitation on Conduct of Flights.--
            (1) In general.--None of the funds authorized to be 
        appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for any 
        fiscal year after fiscal year 2017 for the Department of 
        Defense for operation and maintenance, Defense-wide, or 
        operation and maintenance, Air Force, may be obligated or 
        expended to conduct any flight during such fiscal year for 
        purposes of implementing the Open Skies Treaty until the date 
        that is seven days after the date on which the President 
        submits to the appropriate congressional committees a plan 
        described in paragraph (2) with respect to such fiscal year.
            (2) Plan described.--The plan described in this paragraph 
        is a plan developed by the Secretary of Defense, in 
        coordination with the Secretary of State, the Chairman of the 
        Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Director of National 
        Intelligence, that contains a description of the objectives for 
        all planned flights described in paragraph (1) during such 
        fiscal year.
            (3) Update.--To the extent necessary and appropriate, the 
        Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the Secretary of 
        State, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the 
        Director of National Intelligence, may update the plan 
        described in paragraph (2) with respect to a fiscal year and 
        submit the updated plan to the appropriate congressional 
        committees.
            (4) Appropriate congressional committees defined.--In this 
        section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
        means--
                    (A) the congressional defense committees; and
                    (B) the Select Committee on Intelligence and 
                Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the 
                Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence and the 
                Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
                Representatives.
            (5) Sunset.--The requirements of this subsection shall 
        terminate on the date that is five years after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act.
    (b) Prohibition on Activities to Modify United States Aircraft.--
None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 for research, 
development, test, and evaluation, Air Force, for arms control 
implementation (PE 0305145F) or procurement, Air Force, for digital 
visual imaging system (BA-05, Line Item #1900) may be obligated or 
expended to carry out any activities to modify any United States 
aircraft for purposes of implementing the Open Skies Treaty.
    (c) Open Skies Treaty Defined.--In this section, the term ``Open 
Skies Treaty'' means the Treaty on Open Skies, done at Helsinki March 
24, 1992, and entered into force January 1, 2002.

SEC. 1236. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON IMPORTANCE OF NUCLEAR CAPABILITIES OF 
              NATO.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) The Warsaw Summit Communique, issued on July 9, 2016, 
        by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (in this section 
        referred to as ``NATO'') clearly defines the need for, and the 
        importance of, the nuclear mission of NATO.
            (2) The Warsaw Summit Communique states--
                    (A) with respect to the nuclear deterrence 
                capability of NATO, ``As a means to prevent conflict 
                and war, credible deterrence and defence is essential. 
                Therefore, deterrence and defence, based on an 
                appropriate mix of nuclear, conventional, and missile 
                defence capabilities, remains a core element of our 
                overall strategy. . . The fundamental purpose of NATO's 
                nuclear capability is to preserve peace, prevent 
                coercion, and deter aggression. Nuclear weapons are 
                unique. Any employment of nuclear weapons against NATO 
                would fundamentally alter the nature of a conflict. The 
                circumstances in which NATO might have to use nuclear 
                weapons are extremely remote'';
                    (B) with respect to the nature of the nuclear 
                deterrence posture of NATO, ``NATO must continue to 
                adapt its strategy in line with trends in the security 
                environment-including with respect to capabilities and 
                other measures required-to ensure that NATO's overall 
                deterrence and defence posture is capable of addressing 
                potential adversaries' doctrine and capabilities, and 
                that it remains credible, flexible, resilient, and 
                adaptable.''; and
                    (C) with respect to the importance of contributions 
                to the nuclear deterrence mission from across the NATO 
                alliance, ``The strategic forces of the Alliance, 
                particularly those of the United States, are the 
                supreme guarantee of the security of the Allies. The 
                independent strategic nuclear forces of the United 
                Kingdom and France have a deterrent role of their own 
                and contribute to the overall security of the Alliance. 
                These Allies' separate centres of decision-making 
                contribute to deterrence by complicating the 
                calculations of potential adversaries. NATO's nuclear 
                deterrence posture also relies, in part, on United 
                States' nuclear weapons forward-deployed in Europe and 
                on capabilities and infrastructure provided by Allies 
                concerned. These Allies will ensure that all components 
                of NATO's nuclear deterrent remain safe, secure, and 
                effective. That requires sustained leadership focus and 
                institutional excellence for the nuclear deterrence 
                mission and planning guidance aligned with 21st century 
                requirements. The Alliance will ensure the broadest 
                possible participation of Allies concerned in their 
                agreed nuclear burden-sharing arrangements.''.
            (3) Secretary of Defense James Mattis, in response to the 
        advance policy questions for his Senate confirmation hearing on 
        January 12, 2017, stated that--
                    (A) ``NATO's nuclear deterrence posture relies in 
                part on U.S. nuclear weapons forward-deployed in Europe 
                and on capabilities and infrastructure provided by NATO 
                allies. These capabilities include dual-capable 
                aircraft that contribute to current burden-sharing 
                arrangements within NATO. In general, we must take care 
                to maintain this particular capability, and to 
                modernize it appropriately and in a timely fashion.''; 
                and
                    (B) the role of the nuclear weapons of the United 
                States is ``to deter nuclear war and to serve as last 
                resort weapons of self-defense. In this sense, U.S. 
                nuclear weapons are fundamental to our nation's 
                security and have historically provided a deterrent 
                against aggression and security assurance to U.S. 
                allies. A robust, flexible, and survivable U.S. nuclear 
                arsenal underpins the U.S. ability to deploy 
                conventional forces worldwide.''.
            (4) On March 28, 2017, General Curtis Scaparrotti, 
        Commander of the United States European Command and the Supreme 
        Allied Commander, Europe, testified to the Committee on Armed 
        Services of the House of Representatives that ``NATO and U.S. 
        nuclear forces continue to be a vital component of our 
        deterrence. Our modernization efforts are crucial; we must 
        preserve a ready, credible, and safe nuclear capability.''.
            (5) The Russian Federation is currently undergoing 
        significant modernization and recapitalization of all three 
        legs of its nuclear triad, continues to field and modernize a 
        large variety of non-strategic nuclear weapons, and is 
        developing and deploying new and unique nuclear capabilities.
            (6) Russia remains in violation of the INF Treaty due to 
        the development, testing, and, most recently, the operational 
        deployment of ground-launched cruise missiles in violation of 
        the INF Treaty.
            (7) On March 28, 2017, General Paul Selva, Vice Chairman of 
        the Joint Chiefs of Staff, described the security consequences 
        of the deployment of such INF Treaty-violating missiles, 
        testifying to the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
        Representatives that ``our assessment of the impact is that it 
        more threatens NATO and infrastructure within the European 
        continent than any other...area of the world that we have 
        national interests in or alliance interests in.''.
            (8) On March 28, 2017, General Curtis Scaparrotti, in 
        testimony before the Committee on Armed Services of the House 
        of Representatives, responded to a question asking if Russia 
        intends to return to compliance with the INF Treaty by stating, 
        ``I don't have any indication that they will at this time.''.
            (9) Rhetoric from Russian officials has demonstrated that 
        Moscow has sought to leverage its nuclear arsenal to threaten 
        and intimidate neighboring countries, including members of 
        NATO, as was the case when the Russian Ambassador to Denmark 
        stated, ``Danish warships will be targets for Russian nuclear 
        missiles'' in response to Denmark's potential cooperation in 
        the NATO missile defense system.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the nuclear and conventional deterrence capabilities of 
        NATO are of critical importance to the security of the United 
        States and of the NATO alliance, and must continue to adapt to 
        the changed security environment in Europe;
            (2) the ability of the United States to forward-deploy 
        dual-capable aircraft and nuclear weapons, and of select 
        members of NATO to participate in the nuclear deterrence 
        mission of NATO by hosting forward-deployed nuclear weapons of 
        the United States or operating dual-capable aircraft, is 
        central to the credibility of the nuclear deterrence and 
        defense posture of NATO;
            (3) the strategic forces of the United States, the 
        independent nuclear forces of the United Kingdom and the French 
        Republic, and the dual-capable aircraft operated by the United 
        States and other members of NATO constitute foundational 
        elements of the nuclear deterrence and defense posture of NATO;
            (4) NATO should modernize its nuclear-related 
        infrastructure to ensure the highest-level of safety and 
        security;
            (5) effective deterrence requires NATO to conduct nuclear 
        planning and exercises aligned with 21st century requirements 
        and modernize nuclear-related capabilities and infrastructure, 
        including dual-capable aircraft, command and control networks, 
        and facilities; and
            (6) to ensure the continued credibility of the deterrence 
        and defense posture of NATO, the planned completion of F-35A 
        aircraft development and testing, as well as the delivery of 
        such aircraft to members of NATO, must not be delayed.
    (c) INF Treaty Defined.--In this section, the term ``INF Treaty'' 
means the Treaty Between the United States of America and the Union of 
Soviet Socialist Republics on the Elimination of Their Intermediate-
Range and Shorter-Range Missiles, commonly referred to as the 
``Intermediate- Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty'', signed at 
Washington December 8, 1987, and entered into force June 1, 1988.

SEC. 1237. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON SUPPORT FOR GEORGIA.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) Georgia is a valued friend of the United States and has 
        repeatedly demonstrated its commitment to advancing the mutual 
        interests of both countries, including the deployment of 
        Georgian forces as part of the NATO-led International Security 
        Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan and the Multi-National 
        Force in Iraq.
            (2) The European Deterrence Initiative builds the 
        partnership capacity of Georgia so it can work more closely 
        with the United States and NATO, as well as provide for its own 
        defense.
            (3) In addition to the European Deterrence Initiative, 
        Georgia's participation in the NATO initiative Partnership for 
        Peace is paramount to interoperability with the United States 
        and NATO, and establishing a more peaceful environment in the 
        region.
            (4) Despite the losses suffered, as a NATO partner of ISAF, 
        Georgia is engaged in the Resolute Support Mission in 
        Afghanistan with the second largest contingent on the ground.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--Congress--
            (1) reaffirms United States support for Georgia's 
        sovereignty and territorial integrity within its 
        internationally-recognized borders, and does not recognize the 
        independence of the Abkhazia and South Ossetia regions 
        currently occupied by the Russian Federation; and
            (2) supports continued cooperation between the United 
        States and Georgia and the efforts of the Government of Georgia 
        to provide for the defense of its people and sovereign 
        territory.

SEC. 1238. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON SUPPORT FOR ESTONIA, LATVIA, AND 
              LITHUANIA.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) The Baltic States of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania are 
        highly valued allies of the United States, and they have 
        repeatedly demonstrated their commitment to advancing our 
        mutual interests as well as those of the NATO Alliance.
            (2) Operation Atlantic Resolve is a series of exercises and 
        coordinating efforts demonstrating the United States' 
        commitment to its European partners and allies, including the 
        Baltic States of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, with the 
        shared goal of peace and stability in the region. Operation 
        Atlantic Resolve strengthens communication and understanding, 
        and is an important effort to deter Russian aggression in the 
        region.
            (3) Through Operation Atlantic Resolve, the European 
        Deterrence Initiative undertakes exercises, training, and 
        rotational presence necessary to reassure and integrate our 
        allies, including the Baltic States, into a common defense 
        framework.
            (4) All three Baltic States contributed to the NATO-led 
        International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan, sending 
        disproportionate numbers of troops and operating with few 
        caveats. The Baltic States continue to engage in Operation 
        Resolute Support in Afghanistan.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--Congress--
            (1) reaffirms its support for the principle of collective 
        defense in Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty for our NATO 
        allies, including Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania;
            (2) supports the sovereignty, independence, territorial 
        integrity, and inviolability of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania 
        as well as their internationally recognized borders, and 
        expresses concerns over increasingly aggressive military 
        maneuvering by the Russian Federation near their borders and 
        airspace;
            (3) expresses concern over and condemns subversive and 
        destabilizing activities by the Russian Federation within the 
        Baltic States; and
            (4) encourages the Administration to further enhance 
        defense cooperation efforts with Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania 
        and supports the efforts of their Governments to provide for 
        the defense of their people and sovereign territory.

Subtitle E--Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty Preservation 
                              Act of 2017

SEC. 1241. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the ``Intermediate-Range Nuclear 
Forces (INF) Treaty Preservation Act of 2017''.

SEC. 1242. FINDINGS.

    Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) The 2014, 2015, and 2016 Department of State reports 
        entitled, ``Adherence to and Compliance with Arms Control, 
        Nonproliferation, and Disarmament Agreements and Commitments'', 
        all stated that the United States has determined that ``the 
        Russian Federation is in violation of its obligations under the 
        INF Treaty not to possess, produce, or flight-test a ground-
        launched cruise missile (GLCM) with a range capability of 500 
        km to 5,500 km, or to possess or produce launchers of such 
        missiles''.
            (2) The 2016 report also noted that ``the cruise missile 
        developed by Russia meets the INF Treaty definition of a 
        ground-launched cruise missile with a range capability of 500 
        km to 5,500 km, and as such, all missiles of that type, and all 
        launchers of the type used or tested to launch such a missile, 
        are prohibited under the provisions of the INF Treaty''.
            (3) Potential consistency and compliance concerns regarding 
        the INF Treaty noncompliant GLCM have existed since 2008, were 
        not officially raised with the Russian Federation until 2013, 
        and were not briefed to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
        (NATO) until January 2014.
            (4) The United States Government is aware of other 
        consistency and compliance concerns regarding Russia actions 
        vis-a-vis its INF Treaty obligations.
            (5) Since 2013, senior United States officials, including 
        the President, the Secretary of State, and the Chairman of the 
        Joint Chiefs of Staff, have raised Russian noncompliance with 
        the INF Treaty to their counterparts, but no progress has been 
        made in bringing the Russian Federation back into compliance 
        with the INF Treaty.
            (6) In April 2014, General Breedlove, the Supreme Allied 
        Commander Europe, correctly stated, ``A weapon capability that 
        violates the INF, that is introduced into the greater European 
        land mass, is absolutely a tool that will have to be dealt with 
        . . . It can't go unanswered.''.
            (7) The Department of Defense in its September 2013 report, 
        Report on Conventional Prompt Global Strike Options if Exempt 
        from the Restrictions of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces 
        Treaty Between the United States of America and the Union of 
        Soviet Socialist Republics, stated that it has multiple 
        validated military requirement gaps due to the prohibitions 
        imposed on the United States as a result of its compliance with 
        the INF Treaty.
            (8) It is not in the national security interests of the 
        United States to be unilaterally legally prohibited from 
        developing dual-capable ground-launched cruise missiles with 
        ranges between 500 and 5,500 kilometers, while Russia makes 
        advances in developing and fielding this class of weapon 
        systems, and such unilateral limitation cannot be allowed to 
        continue indefinitely.
            (9) Admiral Harry Harris, Jr., Commander of the United 
        States Pacific Command, testified before the Senate Armed 
        Services Committee on April 27, 2017, that ``[W]e're in a 
        multi-polar world where we have a lot of countries who are 
        developing these weapons, including China, that I worry about. 
        And I worry about their DF-21 and DF-26 missile programs, their 
        anti-carrier ballistic missile programs, if you will. INF 
        doesn't address missiles launched from ships or airplanes, but 
        it focuses on those land-based systems. I think there's 
        goodness in the INF treaty, anything you can do to limit 
        nuclear weapons writ-large is generally good. But the aspects 
        of the INF Treaty that limit our ability to counter Chinese and 
        other countries' land-based missiles, I think, is 
        problematic.''.
            (10) A material breach of the INF Treaty by the Russian 
        Federation affords the United States the right to invoke legal 
        countermeasures which include suspension of the treaty in whole 
        or in part.
            (11) Article XV of the INF Treaty provides that ``Each 
        Party shall, in exercising its national sovereignty, have the 
        right to withdraw from this Treaty if it decides that 
        extraordinary events related to the subject matter of this 
        Treaty have jeopardized its supreme interests.''.

SEC. 1243. COMPLIANCE ENFORCEMENT REGARDING RUSSIAN VIOLATIONS OF THE 
              INF TREATY.

    (a) Statement of United States Policy.--It is the policy of the 
United States as follows:
            (1) The actions undertaken by the Russian Federation in 
        violation of the INF Treaty constitute a material breach of the 
        treaty.
            (2) In light of the Russian Federation's material breach of 
        the INF Treaty, the United States is legally entitled to 
        suspend the operation of the INF Treaty in whole or in part for 
        so long as the Russian Federation continues to be in material 
        breach.
            (3) For so long as the Russian Federation remains in 
        noncompliance with the INF Treaty, the United States should 
        take actions to encourage the Russian Federation return to 
        compliance, including by--
                    (A) providing additional funds for the capabilities 
                identified in section 1243(d) of the National Defense 
                Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-
                92; 129 Stat. 1062); and
                    (B) seeking additional missile defense assets in 
                the European theater to protect United States and NATO 
                forces from ground-launched missile systems of the 
                Russian Federation that are in noncompliance with the 
                INF Treaty.
    (b) Authorization of Additional Appropriations.--
            (1) In general.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
        by this Act for fiscal year 2018 for research, development, 
        test, and evaluation, as specified in the funding table in 
        division D, $50,000,000 shall be made available for--
                    (A) the development of active defenses to counter 
                ground-launched missile systems with ranges between 500 
                and 5,500 kilometers;
                    (B) counterforce capabilities to prevent attacks 
                from these missiles; and
                    (C) countervailing strike capabilities to enhance 
                the capabilities of the United States identified in 
                section 1243(d) of the National Defense Authorization 
                Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 
                1062).
            (2) Development.--Of the amount authorized to be 
        appropriated by paragraph (1), $25,000,000 is authorized to be 
        appropriated for activities undertaken to carry out section 
        1244(a), including with respect to research and development 
        activities.

SEC. 1244. DEVELOPMENT OF INF RANGE GROUND-LAUNCHED MISSILE SYSTEM.

    (a) Establishment of a Program of Record.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall establish a program of record to develop a conventional road-
mobile ground-launched cruise missile system with a range of between 
500 to 5,500 kilometers.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees, the Committee on Foreign Affairs of 
the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Foreign Relations of 
the Senate a report on the cost, schedule, and feasibility to modify 
existing and planned missile systems, including the tomahawk land 
attack cruise missile, the standard missile-3, the standard missile-6, 
and Army tactical missile system missiles for ground launch with a 
range of between 500 and 5,500 kilometers in order to provide any of 
the capabilities identified in section 1243(d) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 
1062).

SEC. 1245. NOTIFICATION REQUIREMENT RELATED TO RUSSIAN FEDERATION 
              DEVELOPMENT OF NONCOMPLIANT SYSTEMS AND UNITED STATES 
              ACTIONS REGARDING MATERIAL BREACH OF INF TREATY BY THE 
              RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

    (a) Declaration of Policy.--Congress declares that because of the 
Russian Federation's violations of the INF Treaty, including the 
flight-test, production, and possession of prohibited systems, its 
actions have defeated the object and purpose of the INF Treaty, and 
thus constitute a material breach of the INF Treaty.
    (b) Notifiction by Director of National Intelligence.--
            (1) In general.--The Director of National Intelligence 
        shall notify the appropriate congressional committees of any 
        development, deployment, or test of a system by the Russian 
        Federation that the Director determines is inconsistent with 
        the INF Treaty.
            (2) Deadline.--A notification under this subsection shall 
        be made not later than 15 days after the date on which the 
        Director makes the determination under this subsection with 
        respect to which the notification is required.
    (c) Report by President.--Not later than 15 months after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the President shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a report that contains a 
determination of the President of whether the Russian Federation has 
flight-tested, produced, or is in possession of a ground-launched 
cruise missile or ground-launched ballistic missile with a range of 
between 500 and 5,500 kilometers during each of the three consecutive 
120-day periods beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (d) United States Actions.--If the determination of the President 
contained in the report required to be submitted under subsection (c) 
is that the Russian Federation has flight-tested, produced, or is in 
possession of any missile described in subsection (c) during each of 
the periods described in subsection (c), the prohibitions set forth in 
Article VI of the INF Treaty shall no longer be binding on the United 
States as a matter of United States law.

SEC. 1246. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS TO EXTEND THE 
              IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NEW START TREATY.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2018 for the Department of Defense may be 
obligated or expended to extend the implementation of the New START 
Treaty unless the President certifies to the appropriate congressional 
committees that the Russian Federation has verifiably eliminated all 
missiles that are in violation of or may be inconsistent with the INF 
Treaty.

SEC. 1247. REVIEW OF RS-26 BALLISTIC MISSILE.

    (a) In General.--The President, in consultation with the Secretary 
of State, the Secretary of Defense, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
Staff, and the Director of National Intelligence, shall conduct a 
review of the RS-26 ballistic missile of the Russian Federation.
    (b) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the President, in consultation with the 
Secretary of State, the Secretary of Defense, the Chairman of the Joint 
Chiefs of Staff, and the Director of National Intelligence, shall 
submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report on the 
review conducted under subsection (a). The report shall include--
            (1) a determination whether the RS-26 ballistic missile is 
        covered under the New START Treaty or would be a violation of 
        the INF Treaty because Russia has flight-tested such missile to 
        ranges covered by the INF Treaty in more than one warhead 
        configuration; and
            (2) if the President determines that the RS-26 ballistic 
        missile is covered under the New START Treaty, a determination 
        whether the Russian Federation--
                    (A) has agreed through the Bilateral Consultative 
                Commission that such a system is limited under the New 
                START Treaty central limits; and
                    (B) has agreed to an exhibition of such a system.
    (c) Effect of Determination.--If the President, with the 
concurrence of the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Defense, the 
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Director of National 
Intelligence, determines that the RS-26 ballistic missile is covered 
under the New START Treaty and that the Russian Federation has not 
taken the steps described under subsection (b)(2), the United States 
Government shall consider for purposes of all policies and decisions 
that the RS-26 ballistic missile of the Russian Federation is a 
violation of the INF Treaty.

SEC. 1248. DEFINITIONS.

    In this subtitle:
            (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
        ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
                    (A) the Select Committee on Intelligence, the 
                Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on Armed 
                Services, and the Committee on Appropriations of the 
                Senate; and
                    (B) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, 
                the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on 
                Armed Services, and the Committee on Appropriations of 
                the House of Representatives.
            (2) INF treaty.--The term ``INF Treaty'' means the Treaty 
        between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet 
        Socialist Republics on the Elimination of Their Intermediate-
        Range and Shorter-Range Missiles, signed at Washington December 
        8, 1987, and entered into force June 1, 1988.
            (3) Intelligence community.--The term ``intelligence 
        community'' has the meaning given the term in section 3(4) of 
        the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3003(4)).
            (4) New start treaty.--The term ``New START Treaty'' means 
        the Treaty between the United States of America and the Russian 
        Federation on Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation 
        of Strategic Offensive Arms, signed at Prague April 8, 2010, 
        and entered into force February 5, 2011.
            (5) Open skies treaty.--The term ``Open Skies Treaty'' 
        means the Treaty on Open Skies, done at Helsinki March 24, 
        1992, and entered into force January 1, 2002.

   Subtitle F--Fostering Unity Against Russian Aggression Act of 2017

SEC. 1251. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the ``Fostering Unity Against Russian 
Aggression Act of 2017''.

SEC. 1252. FINDINGS AND SENSE OF CONGRESS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) General Curtis M. Scaparrotti, Commander of the United 
        States European Command, testified before the House Armed 
        Services Committee on March 27, 2017, that ``Today we face the 
        most dynamic European security environment in history.'' and 
        that ``Russia's malign actions are supported by its diplomatic, 
        information, economic, and military initiatives.''.
            (2) The Russian Federation has shifted to a military 
        doctrine that envisions using nuclear weapons in an attempt to 
        end a failing regional conventional conflict. On June 25, 2015, 
        Deputy Secretary of Defense Robert Work and then-Vice-Chairman 
        of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Admiral James Winnefeld testified 
        before the House Armed Services Committee that ``Russian 
        military doctrine includes what some have called an `escalate 
        to de-escalate' strategy--a strategy that purportedly seeks to 
        deescalate a conventional conflict through coercive threats, 
        including limited nuclear use. We think that this label is 
        dangerously misleading. Anyone who thinks they can control 
        escalation through the use of nuclear weapons is literally 
        playing with fire. Escalation is escalation, and nuclear use 
        would be the ultimate escalation.''.
            (3) General Scaparrotti noted in his March 27, 2017, 
        testimony before the House Armed Services Committee that 
        ``Moscow's provocative rhetoric and nuclear threats increase 
        the likelihood of misunderstanding and miscalculation.''.
            (4) The Russian Federation continues to conduct ongoing 
        influence campaigns aimed at undermining democracies around the 
        world. According to an assessment by the intelligence 
        community, ``Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered an 
        influence campaign in 2016 aimed at the U.S. presidential 
        election'', which included the use of the Russian military 
        intelligence organization. The intelligence community also 
        assessed that Russia would apply lessons learned to future 
        influence efforts worldwide, including against United States 
        allies and their election systems.
            (5) The Russian Federation continues its aggression on its 
        periphery. In 2008, the Russian Federation fomented conflict in 
        Georgia. Further, the Russian Federation is directing combined 
        Russian-Separatist units in eastern Ukraine, actively inciting 
        violence and prolonging the most significant conflict in 
        Europe.
            (6) The investment of over $5 billion in the European 
        Reassurance Initiative (ERI), now the European Deterrence 
        Initiative (EDI), has proven successful in significantly 
        enhancing the ability of United States forces, NATO allies, and 
        regional partners to deter Russian aggression. EDI has not only 
        assured our European allies and partners but supported 
        essential investments in NATO's military capacity, 
        interoperability, and agility.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the risks of miscalculation in a crisis are exacerbated 
        by the Russian Federation's shift to a military doctrine of 
        ``escalate to de-escalate'', lowering the threshold for Russian 
        use of nuclear weapons and thereby increasing the risk of using 
        nuclear weapons, potentially escalating in to a massive nuclear 
        exchange;
            (2) subversive and destabilizing activities by the Russian 
        Federation targeting NATO allies and partners causes concern 
        and should be condemned;
            (3) European Deterrence Initiative (EDI) investments are 
        long-term and, as such, Congress expects future budgets to 
        reflect United States commitment by planning for funding in the 
        base budget, and further EDI should build on United States 
        presence by increasing the United States permanent force 
        posture; and
            (4) credible deterrence requires steadfast cooperation and 
        joint action with NATO allies and partners and other United 
        States allies and partners in Europe.

SEC. 1253. STRATEGY TO COUNTER THREATS BY THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

    (a) Strategy Required.--The Secretary of Defense, in coordination 
with the Secretary of State and in consultation with each of the 
Secretaries of the military departments, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and 
the commanders of each of the regional and functional combatant 
commands, shall develop and implement a comprehensive strategy to 
counter threats by the Russian Federation.
    (b) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report on 
        the strategy required by subsection (a).
            (2) Elements.--The report required by this subsection shall 
        include the following elements:
                    (A) An evaluation of strategic objectives and 
                motivations of the Russian Federation.
                    (B) A detailed description of Russian threats to 
                the national security of the United States, including 
                threats that may pose challenges below the threshold of 
                armed conflict.
                    (C) A discussion of how the strategy complements 
                the National Defense Strategy and the National Military 
                Strategy.
                    (D) A discussion of the ends, ways, and means 
                inherent to the strategy.
                    (E) A discussion of the strategy's objectives with 
                respect to deterrence, escalation control, and conflict 
                resolution.
                    (F) A description of the military activities across 
                geographic regions and military functions and domains 
                that are inherent to the strategy.
                    (G) A description of the posture, forward presence, 
                and readiness requirements inherent to the strategy.
                    (H) A description of the roles of the United States 
                Armed Forces in implementing the strategy, including--
                            (i) the role of United States nuclear 
                        capabilities;
                            (ii) the role of United States space 
                        capabilities;
                            (iii) the role of United States cyber 
                        capabilities;
                            (iv) the role of United States conventional 
                        ground forces;
                            (v) the role of United States naval forces;
                            (vi) the role of United States air forces; 
                        and
                            (vii) the role of United States special 
                        operations forces.
                    (I) An assessment of the force requirements needed 
                to implement and sustain the strategy.
                    (J) A description of the logistical requirements 
                needed to implement and sustain the strategy.
                    (K) An assessment of the technological research and 
                development requirements needed to implement and 
                sustain the strategy.
                    (L) An assessment of the training and exercise 
                requirements needed to implement and sustain the 
                strategy.
                    (M) An assessment of the budgetary resource 
                requirements needed to implement and sustain the 
                strategy through December 31, 2030.
                    (N) A discussion of how the strategy provides a 
                framework for future planning and investments in 
                regional defense initiatives, including the European 
                Deterrence Initiative.
            (3) Form.--The report required by this subsection shall be 
        submitted in unclassified form but may contain a classified 
        annex.

SEC. 1254. STRATEGY TO INCREASE CONVENTIONAL PRECISION STRIKE WEAPON 
              STOCKPILES IN THE UNITED STATES EUROPEAN COMMAND'S AREAS 
              OF RESPONSIBILITY.

    (a) Strategy Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, in coordination 
        with the Secretary of State, shall develop and implement a 
        strategy to increase conventional precision strike weapon 
        stockpiles in the United States European Command's areas of 
        responsibility.
            (2) Elements.--The strategy required by this subsection 
        shall include necessary increases in the quantities of such 
        stockpiles that the Secretary determines will enhance 
        deterrence and warfighting capability of the North Atlantic 
        Treaty Organization forces.
    (b) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than April 1, 2018, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the appropriate 
        congressional committees a report on the strategy required by 
        subsection (a).
            (2) Form.--The report required by this subsection shall be 
        submitted in unclassified form but may contain a classified 
        annex.

SEC. 1255. PLAN TO COUNTER THE MILITARY CAPABILITIES OF THE RUSSIAN 
              FEDERATION.

    (a) Plan Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop and 
        implement a plan to counter the military capabilities of the 
        Russian Federation.
            (2) Elements.--The plan required by this subsection shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) Accelerating programs to improve the capability 
                of United States military forces to operate in a Global 
                Positioning System (GPS)-denied or GPS-degraded 
                environment.
                    (B) Accelerating programs of the Department of the 
                Army to counter Russian unmanned aircraft systems, 
                electronic warfare, and long-range precision strike 
                capabilities.
                    (C) Countering unconventional capabilities and 
                hybrid threats from the Russian Federation.
                    (D) Any other elements that the Secretary 
                determines to be appropriate.
    (b) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than April 1, 2018, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the appropriate 
        congressional committees a report on the plan required by 
        subsection (a).
            (2) Form.--The report required by this subsection shall be 
        submitted in unclassified form but may contain a classified 
        annex.
    (c) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that concerns 
persist over the growing sophistication of unconventional and hybrid 
state-sponsored threats by the Russian Federation as demonstrated 
through its advancement and integration of conventional warfare, 
economic warfare, cyber and information operations, intelligence 
operations, and other activities to undermine United States national 
security objectives.

SEC. 1256. PLAN TO INCREASE CYBER AND INFORMATION OPERATIONS, 
              DETERRENCE, AND DEFENSE.

    (a) Plan.--The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State 
shall jointly develop a plan to--
            (1) increase inclusion of regional cyber planning within 
        larger United States joint planning exercises in the European 
        region;
            (2) enhance joint, regional, and combined information 
        operations and strategic communication strategies to counter 
        Russian Federation information warfare, malign influence, and 
        propaganda activities; and
            (3) identify potential areas of cybersecurity collaboration 
        and partnership capabilities with NATO and other European 
        allies and partners of the United States.
    (b) Briefing.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the 
appropriate congressional committees a briefing on the plan required 
under subsection (a).

SEC. 1257. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON ENHANCING MARITIME CAPABILITIES.

    Congress notes the 2016 Force Structure Assessment (FSA) that 
increased the requirement for fast attack submarine (SSN) from 48 to 66 
and supports an acquisition plan that enhances maritime capabilities 
that address this requirement.

SEC. 1258. PLAN TO REDUCE THE RISKS OF MISCALCULATION AND UNINTENDED 
              CONSEQUENCES THAT COULD PRECIPITATE A NUCLEAR WAR.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds that--
            (1) the Russian Federation has adopted a dangerous nuclear 
        doctrine that includes a strategy of ``escalate to de-
        escalate'', which could lower the threshold for Russian use of 
        nuclear weapons in a regional conflict; and
            (2) such nuclear doctrine exacerbates the risks of 
        miscalculation and unintended consequences that could 
        precipitate a nuclear war.
    (b) Plan Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the 
        Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the Chairman of the 
        Joint Chief of Staff, the Commander of the United States 
        Strategic Command, and the Commander of the United States 
        European Command, shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a plan that includes options to reduce the risk of 
        miscalculation and unintended consequences that could 
        precipitate a nuclear war.
            (2) Elements.--The plan required under this subsection 
        shall include--
                    (A) an assessment of the value of military-to-
                military dialog to reduce such risk; and
                    (B) any other recommendations the Secretary 
                determines to be appropriate.

SEC. 1259. DEFINITIONS.

    In this subtitle:
            (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
        ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
                    (A) the congressional defense committees; and
                    (B) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
                Senate and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the 
                House of Representatives.
            (2) NATO.--The term ``NATO'' means the North Atlantic 
        Treaty Organization.

      Subtitle G--Matters Relating to the Indo-Asia-Pacific Region

SEC. 1261. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE INDO-ASIA-PACIFIC REGION.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the security, stability, and prosperity of the Indo-
        Asia-Pacific region are vital to the national interests of the 
        United States;
            (2) the United States should maintain a military capability 
        in the region that is able to project power, deter acts of 
        aggression, and respond, if necessary, to regional threats;
            (3) continuing efforts by the Department of Defense to 
        realign forces, commit additional assets, and increase 
        investments to the Indo-Asia-Pacific region are necessary to 
        maintain a robust United States commitment to the region;
            (4) the Secretary of Defense should--
                    (A) assess the current United States force posture 
                in the Indo-Asia-Pacific region to ensure that the 
                United States maintains an appropriate forward presence 
                in the region;
                    (B) invest in critical munitions, undersea warfare 
                capabilities, amphibious capabilities, resilient space 
                architectures, missile defense, offensive and defensive 
                cyber capabilities, and other capabilities conducive to 
                operating effectively in contested environments; and
                    (C) enhance regional force readiness through joint 
                training and exercises, considering contingencies 
                ranging from grey zone to high-end near-peer conflict; 
                and
            (5) the United States should continue to engage in the 
        Indo-Asia-Pacific region by strengthening alliances and 
        partnerships, supporting regional institutions and bodies such 
        as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), building 
        cooperative security arrangements, addressing shared 
        challenges, and reinforcing the role of international law.

SEC. 1262. REPORT ON STRATEGY TO PRIORITIZE UNITED STATES DEFENSE 
              INTERESTS IN THE INDO-ASIA-PACIFIC REGION.

    (a) Required Report.--Not later than February 1, 2018, the 
Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of State, 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees, the Committee on 
Foreign Relations of the Senate, and the Committee on Foreign Affairs 
of the House of Representatives a report that contains a strategy to 
prioritize United States defense interests in the Indo-Asia-Pacific 
region. The strategy shall address the following:
            (1) The security challenges, including threats, emanating 
        from the Indo-Asia-Pacific region.
            (2) The primary objectives and priorities in the Indo-Asia-
        Pacific region, including--
                    (A) the military missions necessary to address 
                threats on the Korean Peninsula;
                    (B) the role of the Department of Defense in the 
                Indo-Asia-Pacific region regarding security challenges 
                posed by China;
                    (C) the primary objectives and priorities for 
                combating terrorism in the Indo-Asia-Pacific region;
            (3) Department of Defense plans, force posture, 
        capabilities, and resources to address any gaps.
            (4) The roles of allies, partners, and other countries in 
        achieving United States defense objectives and priorities.
            (5) Actions the Department of Defense could take, in 
        cooperation with other Federal departments or agencies, to 
        advance United Sates national security interests in the Indo-
        Asia-Pacific region.
            (6) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense determines 
        to be appropriate.
    (b) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be submitted 
in unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex.
    (c) Annual Budget.--The President, acting through the Director of 
the Office of Management and Budget, shall ensure that the annual 
budget submitted to Congress under section 1105 of title 31, United 
States Code, clearly highlights programs and projects that are being 
funded in the annual budget of the United States Government that relate 
to the strategy referred to in subsection (a).
    (d) Repeal.--Section 1251 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public 
Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3570) is hereby repealed.

SEC. 1263. ASSESSMENT OF UNITED STATES FORCE POSTURE AND BASING NEEDS 
              IN THE INDO-ASIA-PACIFIC REGION.

    (a) Assessment Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct an 
        assessment of United States force posture and basing needs in 
        the Indo-Asia-Pacific region.
            (2) Elements.--The assessment required under paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following:
                    (A) A review of military requirements based on 
                operation and contingency plans, scenarios, 
                capabilities of potential adversaries, and any assessed 
                gaps or shortfalls of the Armed Forces.
                    (B) A review of current United States military 
                force posture and deployment plans of the United States 
                Pacific Command.
                    (C) An analysis of potential future realignments of 
                United States forces in the region, including options 
                for strengthening United States presence, access, 
                readiness, training, exercises, logistics, and pre-
                positioning.
                    (D) A discussion of any factors that may influence 
                the United States posture.
                    (E) Any recommended changes to the United States 
                posture in the region.
                    (F) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense 
                determines to be appropriate.
    (b) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report that includes the assessment required under 
        subsection (a).
            (2) Form.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall be 
        submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a classified 
        annex.

SEC. 1264. EXTENDED DETERRENCE COMMITMENT TO THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) The 2010 Nuclear Posture Review reaffirmed the 
        commitment of the United States to extended deterrence and 
        continued protection of the treaty allies of the United States 
        under the United States nuclear umbrella.
            (2) The United States-Republic of Korea Deterrence Strategy 
        Committee and the United States-Japan Extended Deterrence 
        Dialogue provide valuable communication channels for ensuring 
        the commitment of the United States to the policy of extended 
        nuclear deterrence and allow for bilateral discussions on how 
        United States capabilities can be leveraged to credibly deter, 
        and if necessary, defeat, North Korean nuclear weapons, weapons 
        of mass destruction, and missile threats and aggression.
            (3) Statements by officials of the United States have 
        consistently emphasized the United States commitment to 
        providing extended deterrence and defense across the full 
        spectrum of military capabilities, including nuclear 
        capabilities.
            (4) On September 9, 2016, President Obama responded to a 
        North Korean nuclear test by issuing the following statement, 
        ``I restated to President Park and Prime Minister Abe the 
        unshakable U.S. commitment to take necessary steps to defend 
        our allies in the region, including through our deployment of a 
        Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) battery to the ROK, 
        and the commitment to extended deterrence, guaranteed by the 
        full spectrum of U.S. defense capabilities.''.
            (5) On October 14, 2016, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
        Staff, General Joseph Dunford, ``reaffirmed the ironclad 
        commitment of the U.S. to defend both the ROK and Japan and 
        provide extended deterrence guaranteed by the full spectrum of 
        U.S. military capabilities, including conventional, nuclear, 
        and missile defense capabilities''.
            (6) On October 19, 2016, Secretary of Defense Ashton 
        Carter, stated, ``the U.S. commitment to the defense of South 
        Korea is unwavering. This includes our commitment to provide 
        extended deterrence, guaranteed by the full spectrum of U.S. 
        defense capabilities. Make no mistake: Any attack on America or 
        our allies will not only be defeated, but any use of nuclear 
        weapons will be met with an overwhelming and effective 
        response.''.
            (7) On October 19, 2016, Secretary of State John Kerry, 
        during a joint press conference with the South Korean Foreign 
        Minister, confirmed the United States would ``defend South 
        Korea through a robust combined defense posture and through 
        extended deterrence, including the US nuclear umbrella, 
        conventional strike and missile defense capabilities.''.
            (8) On February 3, 2017, Secretary of Defense James Mattis, 
        during a visit to South Korea, stated, ``America's commitments 
        to defending our allies and to upholding our extended 
        deterrence guarantees remain ironclad: Any attack on the United 
        States, or our allies, will be defeated, and any use of nuclear 
        weapons would be met with a response that would be effective 
        and overwhelming.''.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the defense of the Republic of Korea and Japan must 
        remain a top priority for the administration;
            (2) the United States maintains an unwavering and steadfast 
        commitment to the policy of extended deterrence, especially 
        with respect to South Korea and Japan;
            (3) bilateral extended deterrence dialogues and discussions 
        with South Korea and Japan are of great value to the United 
        States and its partners and must remain a central component of 
        these relationships;
            (4) the United States must sustain and modernize current 
        United States nuclear capabilities to ensure the extended 
        deterrence commitments of the United States remain credible and 
        executable; and
            (5) the timely development, production, and deployment of 
        modern nuclear-capable aircraft are fundamental to ensure that 
        the United States remains able to meet extended deterrence 
        requirements in the Asia-Pacific region far into the future.
    (c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be construed 
to alter the shared goal of the United States, South Korea, and Japan 
for a denuclearized Korean Peninsula or to change the United States 
nuclear posture in the Asia-Pacific region.

SEC. 1265. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS TO MEET UNITED STATES 
              FINANCIAL OBLIGATIONS UNDER COMPACT OF FREE ASSOCIATION 
              WITH PALAU.

    There is authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 
$123,900,000 to the Secretary of the Interior, to remain available 
until expended, for use in meeting the financial obligations of the 
Government of the United States under the Agreement between the 
Government of the United States of America and the Government of the 
Republic of Palau under section 432 of the Compact of Free Association 
with Palau (48 U.S.C. 1931 note; Public Law 99-658).

SEC. 1266. SENSE OF CONGRESS REAFFIRMING SECURITY COMMITMENTS TO THE 
              GOVERNMENTS OF JAPAN AND SOUTH KOREA AND TRILATERAL 
              COOPERATION BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES, JAPAN, AND SOUTH 
              KOREA.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the United States values its alliances with the 
        Governments of Japan and the Republic of Korea, based on shared 
        values of democracy, the rule of law, free and open markets, 
        and respect for human rights;
            (2) the United States reaffirms its commitment to these 
        alliances with Japan and South Korea, which are critical for 
        the preservation of peace and stability in the Asia-Pacific 
        region and throughout the world;
            (3) the United States recognizes the substantial financial 
        commitments of Japan and South Korea to the maintenance of 
        United States forces in these countries, making them among the 
        most significant burden-sharing partners of the United States;
            (4) the United States reaffirms its commitment to Article V 
        of the Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the 
        United States of America and Japan, which applies to the 
        Japanese-administered Senkaku Islands;
            (5) the United States supports continued implementation and 
        expansion of defense cooperation with Japan in accordance with 
        the 2015 U.S.-Japan Defense Guidelines and additional measures 
        to strengthen this defense cooperation, including by expanding 
        foreign military sales, establishing new cooperative technology 
        development programs, increasing military exercises, or other 
        actions as appropriate;
            (6) the United States and South Korea share deep concerns 
        that the nuclear and ballistic missile programs of North Korea 
        and its repeated provocations pose great threats to peace and 
        stability on the Korean Peninsula, and the United States 
        recognizes that South Korea has made important commitments to 
        the bilateral security alliance, including by hosting a 
        Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) system;
            (7) the United States and South Korea should continue 
        further defense cooperation, by enhancing mutual security based 
        on the Mutual Defense Treaty between the United States and the 
        Republic of Korea and investing in capabilities critical to the 
        combined defense;
            (8) the United States welcomes greater security cooperation 
        with, and among, Japan and South Korea to promote mutual 
        interests and address shared concerns, including the bilateral 
        military intelligence-sharing pact between Japan and South 
        Korea, signed on November 23, 2016, and the trilateral 
        intelligence sharing agreement between the United States, 
        Japan, and South Korea, signed on December 29, 2015; and
            (9) recognizing that North Korea poses a threat to the 
        United States, Japan, and South Korea, and that the security of 
        the three countries is intertwined, the United States welcomes 
        and encourages deeper trilateral defense cooperation, including 
        through expanded exercises, training, and information sharing 
        that strengthens integration.

SEC. 1267. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON FREEDOM OF NAVIGATION OPERATIONS IN THE 
              SOUTH CHINA SEA.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the United States has a national interest in 
        maintaining freedom of navigation, respect for international 
        law, and unimpeded lawful commerce in the South China Sea;
            (2) the United States should condemn any assertion that 
        limits the right to freedom of navigation and overflight; and
            (3) the United States should keep to a regular and routine 
        schedule for freedom of navigation operations in the sea and 
        air.

SEC. 1268. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON STRENGTHENING THE DEFENSE OF TAIWAN.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Taiwan Relations Act (Public Law 96-8; 22 U.S.C. 
        3301 et seq.) codified the basis for commercial, cultural, and 
        other relations between the United States and Taiwan, and the 
        Six Assurances are an important aspect in guiding bilateral 
        relations;
            (2) Section 3(a) of that Act states that ``the United 
        States will make available to Taiwan such defense articles and 
        defense services in such quantity as may be necessary to enable 
        Taiwan to maintain a sufficient self-defense capability'';
            (3) the United States, in accordance with such section, 
        should make available and provide timely review of requests for 
        defense articles and defense services that may be necessary for 
        Taiwan to maintain a sufficient self-defense capability;
            (4) Taiwan should significantly increase its defense budget 
        to maintain a sufficient self-defense capability;
            (5) the United States should support expanded exchanges 
        focused on practical training for Taiwan personnel by and with 
        United States military units, including exchanges between 
        services, to empower senior military officers to identify and 
        develop asymmetric and innovative capabilities that strengthen 
        Taiwan's ability to deter aggression;
            (6) the United States should seek opportunities for 
        expanded training and exercises with Taiwan;
            (7) the United States should encourage Taiwan's continued 
        investments in asymmetric self-defense capabilities that are 
        mobile, survivable against threatening forces, and able to take 
        full advantage of Taiwan's geography; and
            (8) the United States should continue to--
                    (A) support humanitarian assistance and disaster 
                relief exercises that increase Taiwan's resiliency and 
                ability to respond to and recover from natural 
                disasters; and
                    (B) recognize Taiwan's already valuable military 
                contributions to such efforts.

SEC. 1269. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE ASSOCIATION OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN 
              NATIONS.

    (a) Finding.--Congress finds that 2017 is the 50th anniversary of 
the formation of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), 
which includes Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, 
Thailand, Brunei, Vietnam, Laos, Burma, and Cambodia.
    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the United States supports the development of regional 
        institutions and bodies, including the ASEAN Regional Forum, 
        the ASEAN Defense Ministers Meeting Plus, the East Asia Summit, 
        and the expanded ASEAN Maritime Forum, to increase regional 
        cooperation and ensure that disputes are managed without 
        intimidation, coercion, or force;
            (2) the United States recognizes ASEAN efforts to promote 
        peace, stability, and prosperity in the region, including the 
        steps taken to highlight the importance of peaceful dispute 
        resolution and the need for adherence to international rules 
        and standards.
            (3) United States defense engagement with ASEAN and the 
        ASEAN Defense Ministers Meeting Plus should continue to be 
        forums to discuss shared challenges in the maritime domain and 
        the need for greater information sharing among ASEAN nations; 
        and
            (4) the United States welcomes continued work with ASEAN 
        and other regional partners to establish more reliable and 
        routine crisis communication mechanisms.

SEC. 1270. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON REAFFIRMING THE IMPORTANCE OF THE 
              UNITED STATES-AUSTRALIA DEFENSE ALLIANCE.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the United States values its alliance with the 
        Government of Australia, and the shared values and interests 
        between both countries are essential to promoting peace, 
        security, stability, and economic prosperity in the Indo-Asia-
        Pacific region;
            (2) the annual rotations of United States Marine Corps 
        forces to Darwin, Australia and enhanced rotations of United 
        States Air Force aircraft to Australia pave the way for even 
        closer defense and security cooperation;
            (3) the Treaty Between the Government of the United States 
        of America and the Government of Australia Concerning Defense 
        Trade Cooperation, done at Sydney, September 5, 2007, should 
        continue to facilitate industry collaboration and innovation to 
        meet shared security challenges and reinforce military ties;
            (4) as described by Australian Prime Minister Malcolm 
        Turnbull, North Korea is ``a threat to the peace of the 
        region'' and the United States and Australia should continue to 
        cooperate to defend against the threat of North Korea's nuclear 
        and missile capabilities; and
            (5) the United States and Australia also should continue to 
        address the threat of terrorism and strengthen information 
        sharing.

                       Subtitle H--Other Matters

SEC. 1271. NATO COOPERATIVE CYBER DEFENSE CENTER OF EXCELLENCE.

    (a) Authorization.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act for fiscal year 2018 for support of North Atlantic Treaty 
Organization (in this section referred to as ``NATO'') operations, as 
specified in the funding tables in division D, not more than $5,000,000 
may be obligated or expended for the purposes described in subsection 
(b).
    (b) Purposes.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide funds for the 
NATO Cooperative Cyber Defense Center of Excellence (in this section 
referred to as the ``Center'') to--
            (1) enhance the capability, cooperation, and information 
        sharing among NATO, NATO member nations, and partners, with 
        respect to cyber defense and warfare; and
            (2) facilitate education, research and development, lessons 
        learned and consultation in cyber defense and warfare.
    (c) Certification.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall certify to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the 
Senate that the Secretary has assigned executive agent responsibility 
for the Center to an appropriate organization within the Department of 
Defense, and detail the steps being undertaken to strengthen the role 
of the Center in fostering cyber defense and warfare capabilities 
within NATO.
    (d) Briefing Requirement.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
periodically brief the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and the Senate on the efforts of the Department of 
Defense to strengthen the role of the Center in fostering cyber defense 
and warfare capabilities within NATO.

SEC. 1272. NATO STRATEGIC COMMUNICATIONS CENTER OF EXCELLENCE.

    (a) Authorization.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act for fiscal year 2018 for support of North Atlantic Treaty 
Organization (in this section referred to as ``NATO'') operations, as 
specified in the funding tables in division D, not more than $5,000,000 
may be obligated or expended for the purposes described in subsection 
(b).
    (b) Purposes.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide funds for the 
NATO Strategic Communications Center of Excellence (in this section 
referred to as the ``Center'') to--
            (1) enhance the capability, cooperation, and information 
        sharing among NATO, NATO member nations, and partners, with 
        respect to strategic communications and information operations; 
        and
            (2) facilitate education, research and development, lessons 
        learned, and consultation in strategic communications and 
        information operations.
    (c) Certification.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall certify to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the 
Senate that the Secretary has assigned executive agent responsibility 
for the Center to an appropriate organization within the Department of 
Defense, and detail the steps being undertaken to strengthen the role 
of Center in fostering strategic communications and information 
operations within NATO.
    (d) Briefing Requirement.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        periodically brief the committees listed in paragraph (2) on 
        the efforts of the Department of Defense to strengthen the role 
        of the Center in fostering strategic communications and 
        information operations within NATO.
            (2) Committees.--The committees listed in this paragraph 
        are the following:
                    (A) The Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
                Representatives.
                    (B) The Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate.

SEC. 1273. SECURITY AND STABILITY STRATEGY FOR SOMALIA.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the President shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report that contains a comprehensive United 
States strategy to achieve long-term security and stability in Somalia 
and includes each of the following elements:
            (1) A description of United States strategic objectives in 
        Somalia and the benchmarks for assessing progress toward such 
        objectives.
            (2) An assessment of the threats posed to Somalia, the 
        broader region, the United States, and partners of the United 
        States, by al-Shabaab and organizations affiliated with the 
        Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in Somalia, including the 
        origins, strategic aims, tactical methods, funding sources, and 
        leadership of each organization.
            (3) A description of the key international and United 
        States governance, diplomatic, development, military, and 
        intelligence resources available to address instability in 
        Somalia.
            (4) A plan to improve coordination among, and effectiveness 
        of, United States governance, diplomatic, development, 
        military, and intelligence resources to counter the threat of 
        al-Shabaab and organizations affiliated with the Islamic State 
        of Iraq and the Levant in Somalia.
            (5) A description of the role the United States is playing 
        or will play to address political instability and support long-
        term security and stability in Somalia.
            (6) A description of the contributions made by the African 
        Union Mission in Somalia (in this section referred to as 
        ``AMISOM'') to security in Somalia and an assessment of the 
        anticipated duration of support provided to AMISOM by troop 
        contributing countries.
            (7) A plan to train the Somali National Army and other 
        Somali security forces, that also includes--
                    (A) a description of the assistance provided by 
                other countries for such training; and
                    (B) a description of the efforts to integrate 
                regional militias into the uniformed Somali security 
                forces; and
                    (C) a description of the security assistance 
                authorities under which any such training would be 
                provided by the United States and the recommendations 
                of the Secretary to address any gaps under such 
                authorities to advise, assist, or accompany the Somali 
                National Army or other Somali security forces within 
                appropriate roles and responsibilities that are not 
                fulfilled by other countries or by international 
                organizations.
            (8) A description of the steps the United States, AMISOM, 
        and any forces trained by the United States are taking in 
        Somalia to minimize civilian casualties and other harm to 
        civilians.
            (9) Any other matters the President considers appropriate.
    (b) Form.--The report required under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form but may include a classified annex.
    (c) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Appropriations, and the 
        Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
        Representatives; and
            (2) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations, the Committee on Appropriations, and the 
        Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate.

SEC. 1274. ASSESSMENT OF GLOBAL THEATER SECURITY COOPERATION MANAGEMENT 
              INFORMATION SYSTEM.

    (a) Report.--Not later than 6 months after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report setting forth an assessment, 
obtained by the Secretary for purposes of the report, of the 
effectiveness of measures taken to improve the functionality of the 
Global Theater Security Cooperation Management Information System (in 
this section referred to as the ``G-TSCMIS'').
    (b) Independent Assessment.--
            (1) In general.--The assessment obtained for purposes of 
        subsection (a) shall be conducted by a federally funded 
        research and development center (FFRDC), or another appropriate 
        independent entity with expertise in security cooperation 
        programs and activities of the Department of Defense, selected 
        by the Secretary for purposes of the assessment.
            (2) Use of previous studies.--The entity conducting the 
        assessment may use and incorporate information from previous 
        studies on matters appropriate to the assessment.
    (c) Elements.--The assessment obtained for purposes of subsection 
(a) shall include the following:
            (1) An assessment of the extent to which security 
        cooperation organizations are entering consistent, full, and 
        accurate information into G-TSCMIS in a timely manner, and the 
        impacts of inconsistent, incomplete, inaccurate, and tardy data 
        entry on the functionality of the G-TSCMIS as a tool for 
        security cooperation planning, resource allocation, and program 
        adjustment.
            (2) An assessment of any measures taken by the Department 
        of Defense to ensure the full scope of security cooperation 
        activities are entered into the G-TSCMIS in a timely manner, 
        including any guidance issued or resource allocation 
        determinations.
            (3) An assessment of the effectiveness of oversight 
        measures to ensure the full scope of security cooperation 
        activities are entered into the G-TSCMIS in a timely manner.
            (4) An assessment of utilization by and functionality for 
        users of the G-TSCMIS across the Department of Defense, 
        including the extent of G-TSCMIS business process reengineering 
        that was conducted to best align needs from the functional 
        community with the capabilities of the information management 
        tool.
            (5) Such other matters as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.
    (d) Form.--The report required under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

SEC. 1275. FUTURE YEARS PLAN FOR THE EUROPEAN DETERRENCE INITIATIVE.

    (a) Plan Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in 
        consultation with the Commander of the United States European 
        Command, shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
        future years plan on activities and resources of the European 
        Deterrence Initiative (in this section referred to as the 
        ``EDI'').
            (2) Applicability.--The plan shall apply with respect 
        fiscal year 2018 and at least the four succeeding fiscal years.
    (b) Matters to Be Included.--The plan required under subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
            (1) A description of the objectives of the EDI.
            (2) An assessment of resource requirements to achieve the 
        objectives of the EDI.
            (3) An assessment of capabilities requirements to achieve 
        the objectives of the EDI.
            (4) An assessment of logistics requirements, including 
        force enablers, equipment, supplies, storage, and maintenance 
        requirements, to achieve the objectives of the EDI.
            (5) An identification and assessment of required 
        infrastructure investments to achieve the objectives of the 
        EDI, including potential infrastructure investments by host 
        nations and new construction or modernization of existing sites 
        that would be funded by the United States.
            (6) An assessment of security cooperation investments 
        required to achieve the objectives of the EDI.
            (7) A plan to fully resource United States force posture 
        and capabilities, including--
                    (A) details regarding the strategy to balance the 
                force structure of the United States forces to source 
                additional permanently stationed United States forces 
                in Europe as a part of any planned growth in end 
                strength and force posture;
                    (B) the infrastructure capacity of existing 
                locations and their ability to accommodate additional 
                permanently stationed United States forces in Europe;
                    (C) the potential new locations for additional 
                permanently stationed United States forces in Europe, 
                including an assessment of infrastructure and military 
                construction resources necessary to accommodate 
                additional United States forces in Europe;
                    (D) a detailed timeline to achieve desired 
                permanent posture requirements;
                    (E) a reevaluation of sites identified for 
                divestiture but not yet divested under the European 
                Infrastructure Consolidation initiative, accounting for 
                updated military requirements; and
                    (F) any changes and associated costs incurred with 
                retaining each site identified for divestiture but not 
                yet divested under the European Infrastructure 
                Consolidation initiative, including possible leasing 
                agreements, sustainment, and maintenance.
    (c) Form.--The plan required under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    (d) Limitations.--
            (1) General limitation.--The Secretary of Defense may not 
        take any action to divest any site identified for divestiture 
        but not yet divested under the European Infrastructure 
        Consolidation initiative until the Secretary submits to the 
        congressional defense committees the plan required under 
        subsection (a).
            (2) Site-specific limitation.--In the case of a proposed 
        divestiture of a site under the European Infrastructure 
        Consolidation initiative, the Secretary of Defense may not take 
        any action to divest the site unless prior to taking such 
        action, the Secretary certifies to the congressional defense 
        committees that no military requirement for future use of the 
        site is foreseeable.

SEC. 1276. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO ENTER INTO AGREEMENTS WITH 
              PARTICIPATING COUNTRIES IN THE AMERICAN, BRITISH, 
              CANADIAN, AND AUSTRALIAN ARMIES' PROGRAM.

    Section 1274(g) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 2026; 10 U.S.C. 2350a 
note) is amended by striking ``five years'' and inserting ``ten 
years''.

SEC. 1277. SECURITY STRATEGY FOR YEMEN.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the President shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report that contains a security strategy for 
Yemen.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following elements:
            (1) A discussion of the strategy's compliance with 
        applicable legal authorities.
            (2) A detailed description of the security environment.
            (3) A detailed description of the threats posed by Al Qaeda 
        in the Arabian Peninsula and the Islamic State in Iraq and the 
        Levant-Yemen Province, including the origins, leadership, 
        strategic aims, tactical methods, and resources attributable to 
        each organization.
            (4) A detailed description of the threats posed to freedom 
        of navigation through the Bab al Mandab Strait and waters in 
        proximity to Yemen as well as any United States efforts to 
        mitigate those threats.
            (5) A discussion of the ends, ways, and means inherent to 
        the strategy.
            (6) A discussion of the strategy's objectives regarding 
        counterterrorism and long-term stability in Yemen.
            (7) A plan to coordinate the United States diplomatic, 
        development, military, and intelligence resources necessary to 
        implement the strategy.
            (8) A detailed description of the roles of the United 
        States Armed Forces in implementing the strategy.
    (c) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be submitted 
in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    (d) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations, the Committee on Appropriations, and the 
        Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate; and
            (2) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Appropriations, and the 
        Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
        Representatives.

SEC. 1278. LIMITATION ON TRANSFER OF EXCESS DEFENSE ARTICLES THAT ARE 
              HIGH MOBILITY MULTI-PURPOSE WHEELED VEHICLES.

    (a) Limitation.--The President may not transfer excess defense 
articles that are high mobility multi-purpose wheeled vehicles under 
the authority of section 516 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 
U.S.C. 2321j) to foreign countries until 30 days after the date on 
which the Comptroller General of the United States has submitted the 
report required under subsection (b) to the appropriate congressional 
committees.
    (b) Report Required.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report on 
all proposed and completed transfers of excess defense articles that 
are high mobility multi-purpose wheeled vehicles under the authority of 
section 516 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2321j) 
during fiscal years 2012 through 2016. Such report shall include the 
following:
            (1) An assessment of the timing, rigorousness, and 
        procedures used in conducting the analysis of the impact of 
        each such transfer on the national technology and industrial 
        base and, particularly, the impact on opportunities of entities 
        in the national technology and industrial base to sell new or 
        used equipment to the countries to which such articles were to 
        be or were transferred in accordance with section 516(b)(1)(E) 
        of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 
        2321j(b)(1)(E)).
            (2) Any other related matters the Comptroller General 
        determines to be appropriate.
    (c) Waiver.--The President may waive the limitation in subsection 
(a) with respect to a proposed transfer of excess defense articles if 
the President--
            (1) determines that such transfer is in the national 
        interest of the United States; and
            (2) notifies the appropriate congressional committees of 
        such waiver in writing not less than 30 days prior to such 
        transfer.
    (d) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the congressional defense committees; and
            (2) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and 
        the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
        Representatives.
    (e) Effective Date.--This section shall take effect on the date of 
the enactment of this Act and shall apply with respect to letters of 
offer to transfer excess defense articles that are high mobility multi-
purpose wheeled vehicles issued on or after such date of enactment.

SEC. 1279. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PROGRAM TO PROTECT UNITED STATES 
              STUDENTS AGAINST FOREIGN AGENTS.

    (a) Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop and implement 
a program to prepare United States students studying abroad through 
Department of Defense National Security Education Programs to recognize 
and protect themselves against recruitment efforts by intelligence 
agents.
    (b) Briefing.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the 
Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on Armed 
Services of the House of Representatives a briefing on the program 
required under subsection (a).

SEC. 1280. EXTENSION OF UNITED STATES-ISRAEL ANTI-TUNNEL COOPERATION 
              AUTHORITY.

    Section 1279(f) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1079; 22 U.S.C. 8606 
note) is amended by striking ``December 31, 2018'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2020''.

SEC. 1281. ANTICORRUPTION STRATEGY.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 120 days after the United States 
engages in a contingency operation, the Secretary of Defense, the 
Secretary of State, and the Administrator of the United States Agency 
for International Development, in consultation with the heads of other 
relevant Federal agencies, shall jointly develop a strategy to prevent 
corruption in any reconstruction efforts associated with such operation 
and submit such strategy to--
            (1) the congressional defense committees;
            (2) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate; and
            (3) the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
        Representatives.
    (b) Benchmarks.--The strategy described in subsection (a) shall 
include measurable benchmarks to be met as a condition for disbursement 
of any funds for reconstruction efforts associated with such operation.
    (c) Report.--For the duration of a contingency operation for which 
the Secretary of Defense has submitted a strategy pursuant to 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit to Congress an annual report 
evaluating the implementation and effectiveness of such strategy and 
describing any necessary adjustments to the strategy.

                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

SEC. 1301. SPECIFICATION OF COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION FUNDS.

    (a) Fiscal Year 2018 Cooperative Threat Reduction Funds Defined.--
In this title, the term ``fiscal year 2018 Cooperative Threat Reduction 
funds'' means the funds appropriated pursuant to the authorization of 
appropriations in section 301 and made available by the funding table 
in division D for the Department of Defense Cooperative Threat 
Reduction Program established under section 1321 of the Department of 
Defense Cooperative Threat Reduction Act (50 U.S.C. 3711).
    (b) Availability of Funds.--Funds appropriated pursuant to the 
authorization of appropriations in section 301 and made available by 
the funding table in division D for the Department of Defense 
Cooperative Threat Reduction Program shall be available for obligation 
for fiscal years 2018, 2019, and 2020.

SEC. 1302. FUNDING ALLOCATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Of the $324,600,000 authorized to be appropriated 
to the Department of Defense for fiscal year 2018 in section 301 and 
made available by the funding table in division D for the Department of 
Defense Cooperative Threat Reduction Program established under section 
1321 of the Department of Defense Cooperative Threat Reduction Act (50 
U.S.C. 3711), the following amounts may be obligated for the purposes 
specified:
            (1) For strategic offensive arms elimination, $12,100,000.
            (2) For chemical weapons destruction, $5,000,000.
            (3) For global nuclear security, $17,900,000.
            (4) For cooperative biological engagement, $172,800,000.
            (5) For proliferation prevention, $89,800,000.
            (6) For activities designated as Other Assessments/
        Administrative Costs, $27,000,000.
    (b) Modification to Certain Requirements.--The Department of 
Defense Cooperative Threat Reduction Act (50 U.S.C. 3701 et seq.) is 
amended as follows:
            (1) Section 1321(g)(1) (50 U.S.C. 3711(g)(1)) is amended by 
        striking ``45 days'' and inserting ``15 days''.
            (2) Section 1324 (50 U.S.C. 3714) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(1)(C), by striking ``45 
                days'' and inserting ``15 days''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b)(3), by striking ``45 days'' 
                and inserting ``15 days''.
            (3) Section 1335(a) (50 U.S.C. 3735(a)) is amended by 
        striking ``or expended''.

                    TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                     Subtitle A--Military Programs

SEC. 1401. WORKING CAPITAL FUNDS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
the Department of Defense for providing capital for working capital and 
revolving funds, as specified in the funding table in section 4501.

SEC. 1402. CHEMICAL AGENTS AND MUNITIONS DESTRUCTION, DEFENSE.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby authorized 
to be appropriated for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 2018 
for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for Chemical Agents and 
Munitions Destruction, Defense, as specified in the funding table in 
section 4501.
    (b) Use.--Amounts authorized to be appropriated under subsection 
(a) are authorized for--
            (1) the destruction of lethal chemical agents and munitions 
        in accordance with section 1412 of the Department of Defense 
        Authorization Act, 1986 (50 U.S.C. 1521); and
            (2) the destruction of chemical warfare materiel of the 
        United States that is not covered by section 1412 of such Act.

SEC. 1403. DRUG INTERDICTION AND COUNTER-DRUG ACTIVITIES DEFENSE-WIDE.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for the Department 
of Defense for fiscal year 2018 for expenses, not otherwise provided 
for, for Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide, 
as specified in the funding table in section 4501.

SEC. 1404. DEFENSE INSPECTOR GENERAL.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for the Department 
of Defense for fiscal year 2018 for expenses, not otherwise provided 
for, for the Office of the Inspector General of the Department of 
Defense, as specified in the funding table in section 4501.

SEC. 1405. DEFENSE HEALTH PROGRAM.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 
for the Defense Health Program, as specified in the funding table in 
section 4501, for use of the Armed Forces and other activities and 
agencies of the Department of Defense in providing for the health of 
eligible beneficiaries.

SEC. 1406. NATIONAL DEFENSE SEALIFT FUND.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 
for the National Defense Sealift Fund, as specified in the funding 
table in section 4501.

                       Subtitle B--Other Matters

SEC. 1411. AUTHORITY FOR TRANSFER OF FUNDS TO JOINT DEPARTMENT OF 
              DEFENSE-DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL FACILITY 
              DEMONSTRATION FUND FOR CAPTAIN JAMES A. LOVELL HEALTH 
              CARE CENTER, ILLINOIS.

    (a) Authority for Transfer of Funds.--Of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated by section 1405 and available for the Defense Health 
Program for operation and maintenance, $115,500,000 may be transferred 
by the Secretary of Defense to the Joint Department of Defense-
Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility Demonstration Fund 
established by subsection (a)(1) of section 1704 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 
Stat. 2571). For purposes of subsection (a)(2) of such section 1704, 
any funds so transferred shall be treated as amounts authorized and 
appropriated specifically for the purpose of such a transfer.
    (b) Use of Transferred Funds.--For the purposes of subsection (b) 
of such section 1704, facility operations for which funds transferred 
under subsection (a) may be used are operations of the Captain James A. 
Lovell Federal Health Care Center, consisting of the North Chicago 
Veterans Affairs Medical Center, the Navy Ambulatory Care Center, and 
supporting facilities designated as a combined Federal medical facility 
under an operational agreement covered by section 706 of the Duncan 
Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public 
Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 4500).

SEC. 1412. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR ARMED FORCES RETIREMENT 
              HOME.

    There is hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 
from the Armed Forces Retirement Home Trust Fund the sum of $64,300,000 
for the operation of the Armed Forces Retirement Home.

   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 1501. PURPOSE AND TREATMENT OF CERTAIN AUTHORIZATIONS OF 
              APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) Purpose.--The purpose of this subtitle is to authorize 
appropriations for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 2018 to 
provide additional funds--
            (1) for overseas contingency operations being carried out 
        by the Armed Forces; and
            (2) pursuant to sections 1502, 1503, 1504, and 1505 for 
        expenses, not otherwise provided for, for procurement, 
        research, development, test, and evaluation, operation and 
        maintenance, and military personnel, as specified in the 
        funding tables in sections 4103, 4203, 4303, and 4403.
    (b) Treatment of Funds.--The Director of the Office of Management 
and Budget shall apportion the funds identified in subsection (a)(2) to 
the Department of Defense without restriction, limitation, or 
constraint on the execution of such funds in support of base 
requirements, including any restriction, limitation, or constraint 
imposed by, or described in, the document entitled ``Criteria for War/
Overseas Contingency Operations Funding Requests'' transmitted by the 
Director to the Department of Defense on September 9, 2010, or any 
successor or related guidance.

SEC. 1502. PROCUREMENT.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 
for procurement accounts for the Army, the Navy and the Marine Corps, 
the Air Force, and Defense-wide activities, as specified in--
            (1) the funding table in section 4102; or
            (2) the funding table in section 4103.

SEC. 1503. RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 
for the use of the Department of Defense for research, development, 
test, and evaluation, as specified in--
            (1) the funding table in section 4202; or
            (2) the funding table in section 4203.

SEC. 1504. OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
the Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for 
operation and maintenance, as specified in--
            (1) the funding table in section 4302, or
            (2) the funding table in section 4303.

SEC. 1505. MILITARY PERSONNEL.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
the Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for 
military personnel, as specified in--
            (1) the funding table in section 4402; or
            (2) the funding table in section 4403..

SEC. 1506. WORKING CAPITAL FUNDS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of 
the Department of Defense for providing capital for working capital and 
revolving funds, as specified in the funding table in section 4502.

SEC. 1507. DRUG INTERDICTION AND COUNTER-DRUG ACTIVITIES, DEFENSE-WIDE.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for the Department 
of Defense for fiscal year 2018 for expenses, not otherwise provided 
for, for Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense-wide, 
as specified in the funding table in section 4502.

SEC. 1508. DEFENSE INSPECTOR GENERAL.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for the Department 
of Defense for fiscal year 2018 for expenses, not otherwise provided 
for, for the Office of the Inspector General of the Department of 
Defense, as specified in the funding table in section 4502.

SEC. 1509. DEFENSE HEALTH PROGRAM.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for the Department 
of Defense for fiscal year 2018 for expenses, not otherwise provided 
for, for the Defense Health Program, as specified in the funding table 
in section 4502.

                     Subtitle B--Financial Matters

SEC. 1511. TREATMENT AS ADDITIONAL AUTHORIZATIONS.

    The amounts authorized to be appropriated by this title are in 
addition to amounts otherwise authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act.

SEC. 1512. SPECIAL TRANSFER AUTHORITY.

    (a) Authority to Transfer Authorizations.--
            (1) Authority.--Upon determination by the Secretary of 
        Defense that such action is necessary in the national interest, 
        the Secretary may transfer amounts of authorizations made 
        available to the Department of Defense in this title for fiscal 
        year 2018 between any such authorizations for that fiscal year 
        (or any subdivisions thereof).
            (2) Effect of transfer.--Amounts of authorizations 
        transferred under this subsection shall be merged with and be 
        available for the same purposes as the authorization to which 
        transferred.
            (3) Limitations.--The total amount of authorizations that 
        the Secretary may transfer under the authority of this 
        subsection may not exceed $2,500,000,000.
            (4) Exception.--In the case of the authorizations of 
        appropriations contained in sections 1502, 1503, 1504, and 1505 
        that are provided for the purpose specified in section 1501(2), 
        the transfer authority provided under section 1001, rather than 
        the transfer authority provided by this subsection, shall apply 
        to any transfer of amounts of such authorizations.
    (b) Terms and Conditions.--Transfers under this section shall be 
subject to the same terms and conditions as transfers under section 
1001.
    (c) Additional Authority.--The transfer authority provided by this 
section is in addition to the transfer authority provided under section 
1001.

          Subtitle C--Limitations, Reports, and Other Matters

SEC. 1521. AFGHANISTAN SECURITY FORCES FUND.

    (a) Continuation Of Prior Authorities And Notice And Reporting 
Requirements.--Funds available to the Department of Defense for the 
Afghanistan Security Forces Fund for fiscal year 2018 shall be subject 
to the conditions contained in subsections (b) through (g) of section 
1513 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 
(Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 428), as amended by section 1531(b) of 
the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 
(Public Law 111-383; 124 Stat. 4424).
    (b) Equipment Disposition.--
            (1) Acceptance of certain equipment.--Subject to paragraph 
        (2), the Secretary of Defense may accept equipment that is 
        procured using amounts in the Afghanistan Security Forces Fund 
        authorized under this Act and is intended for transfer to the 
        security forces of Afghanistan, but is not accepted by such 
        security forces.
            (2) Conditions on acceptance of equipment.--Before 
        accepting any equipment under the authority provided by 
        paragraph (1), the Commander of United States forces in 
        Afghanistan shall make a determination that the equipment was 
        procured for the purpose of meeting requirements of the 
        security forces of Afghanistan, as agreed to by both the 
        Government of Afghanistan and the United States, but is no 
        longer required by such security forces or was damaged before 
        transfer to such security forces.
            (3) Elements of determination.--In making a determination 
        under paragraph (2) regarding equipment, the Commander of 
        United States forces in Afghanistan shall consider alternatives 
        to Secretary of Defense acceptance of the equipment. An 
        explanation of each determination, including the basis for the 
        determination and the alternatives considered, shall be 
        included in the relevant quarterly report required under 
        paragraph (5).
            (4) Treatment as department of defense stocks.--Equipment 
        accepted under the authority provided by paragraph (1) may be 
        treated as stocks of the Department of Defense upon 
        notification to the congressional defense committees of such 
        treatment.
            (5) Quarterly reports on equipment disposition.--Not later 
        than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act and 
        every 90-day period thereafter during which the authority 
        provided by paragraph (1) is exercised, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
        report describing the equipment accepted under this subsection, 
        section 1531(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 127 Stat. 938; 10 U.S.C. 
        2302 note), section 1532(b) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. 
        ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3612), section 1531(b) 
        of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
        (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 1088), and section 1521(b) of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public 
        Law 114-328) during the period covered by the report. Each 
        report shall include a list of all equipment that was accepted 
        during the period covered by the report and treated as stocks 
        of the Department and copies of the determinations made under 
        paragraph (2), as required by paragraph (3).
    (c) Allocation of Funds.--
            (1) In general.--Of the funds available to the Department 
        of Defense for the Afghan Security Forces Fund for fiscal year 
        2018, it is the goal that $41,000,000 shall be used for--
                    (A) the recruitment, integration, retention, 
                training, and treatment of women in the Afghan National 
                Security Forces; and
                    (B) the recruitment, training, and contracting of 
                female security personnel for future elections.
            (2) Types of programs and activities.--Such programs and 
        activities may include--
                    (A) efforts to recruit women into the Afghan 
                National Security Forces, including the special 
                operations forces;
                    (B) programs and activities of the Afghan Ministry 
                of Defense Directorate of Human Rights and Gender 
                Integration and the Afghan Ministry of Interior Office 
                of Human Rights, Gender and Child Rights;
                    (C) development and dissemination of gender and 
                human rights educational and training materials and 
                programs within the Afghan Ministry of Defense and the 
                Afghan Ministry of Interior;
                    (D) efforts to address harassment and violence 
                against women within the Afghan National Security 
                Forces;
                    (E) improvements to infrastructure that address the 
                requirements of women serving in the Afghan National 
                Security Forces, including appropriate equipment for 
                female security and police forces, and transportation 
                for policewomen to their station;
                    (F) support for Afghanistan National Police Family 
                Response Units; and
                    (G) security provisions for high-profile female 
                police and army officers.
    (d) Assessment of Afghanistan Progress on Security Objectives.--
            (1) Assessment required.--Not later than June 1, 2018, the 
        Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of 
        State, shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services and the 
        Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives 
        and the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
        Foreign Relations of the Senate an assessment describing the 
        progress of the government of the Islamic Republic of 
        Afghanistan toward meeting shared security objectives. In 
        conducting such assessment the Secretary shall consider each of 
        the following:
                    (A) The extent to which the government of 
                Afghanistan has taken steps toward increased 
                accountability and reducing corruption within the 
                Ministries of Defense and Interior.
                    (B) The extent to which the capability and capacity 
                of the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces have 
                improved as a result of Afghan Security Forces Fund 
                investment, including through training.
                    (C) The extent to which the Afghan National Defense 
                and Security Forces have been able to increase pressure 
                on the Taliban, al-Qaeda, the Haqqani network, and 
                other terrorist organizations, including by re-taking 
                territory, defending territory, and disrupting attacks.
                    (D) Whether or not the government of Afghanistan is 
                ensuring that supplies, equipment, and weaponry 
                supplied by the United States are appropriately 
                distributed to security forces charged with fighting 
                the Taliban and other terrorist organizations.
                    (E) Such other factors as the Secretaries consider 
                appropriate.
            (2) Withholding of assistance for insufficient progress.--
                    (A) In general.--If the Secretary of Defense, in 
                consultation with the Secretary of State, determines 
                pursuant to the assessment under paragraph (1) that the 
                government of Afghanistan has made insufficient 
                progress, the Secretary of Defense may withhold 
                assistance for the Afghan National Defense and Security 
                Forces until such time as the Secretary determines 
                sufficient progress has been made.
                    (B) Notice to congress.--If the Secretary of 
                Defense withholds assistance under subparagraph (A), 
                the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of 
                State, shall provide notice to Congress not later than 
                30 days after making the decision to withhold such 
                assistance.

SEC. 1522. JOINT IMPROVISED-THREAT DEFEAT FUND.

    (a) Use and Transfer of Funds.--Subsections (b) and (c) of section 
1514 of the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 120 Stat. 2439), as in effect before the 
amendments made by section 1503 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 
4649), shall apply to the funds made available for fiscal year 2018 to 
the Department of Defense for the Joint Improvised-Threat Defeat Fund.
    (b) Interdiction of Improvised Explosive Device Precursor 
Chemicals.--
            (1) Availability of funds.--Of the funds made available to 
        the Department of Defense for the Joint Improvised-Threat 
        Defeat Fund for fiscal year 2018, $15,000,000 may be available 
        to the Secretary of Defense, with the concurrence of the 
        Secretary of State, to provide training, equipment, supplies, 
        and services to ministries and other entities of foreign 
        governments that the Secretary has identified as critical for 
        countering the flow of improvised explosive device precursor 
        chemicals.
            (2) Provision through other us agencies.--If jointly agreed 
        upon by the Secretary of Defense and the head of another 
        department or agency of the United States Government, the 
        Secretary of Defense may transfer funds available under 
        paragraph (1) to such department or agency for the provision by 
        such department or agency of training, equipment, supplies, and 
        services to ministries and other entities of foreign 
        governments as described in that paragraph.
            (3) Notice to congress.--None of the funds made available 
        pursuant to paragraph (1) may be obligated or expended to 
        supply training, equipment, supplies, or services to a foreign 
        country before the date that is 15 days after the date on which 
        the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the Secretary of 
        State, submits to the Committee on Armed Services and the 
        Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee 
        on Armed Services and the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the 
        House of Representatives a notice that contains--
                    (A) the foreign country for which training, 
                equipment, supplies, or services are proposed to be 
                supplied;
                    (B) a description of the training, equipment, 
                supplies, and services to be provided using such funds;
                    (C) a detailed description of the amount of funds 
                proposed to be obligated or expended to supply such 
                training, equipment, supplies or services, including 
                any funds proposed to be obligated or expended to 
                support the participation of another department or 
                agency of the United States and a description of the 
                training, equipment, supplies, or services proposed to 
                be supplied;
                    (D) an evaluation of the effectiveness of the 
                efforts of the foreign country identified under 
                subparagraph (A) to counter the flow of improvised 
                explosive device precursor chemicals; and
                    (E) an overall plan for countering the flow of 
                precursor chemicals in the foreign country identified 
                under subparagraph (A).
            (4) Expiration.--The authority provided by this subsection 
        expires on December 31, 2018.

     TITLE XVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

       Subtitle A--Management and Organization of Space Programs

SEC. 1601. ESTABLISHMENT OF SPACE CORPS IN THE DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR 
              FORCE.

    (a) Certification.--Not later than January 1, 2019, the Secretary 
of the Air Force shall certify to the congressional defense committees 
that the Space Corps under chapter 809 of title 10, United States Code, 
as added by subsection (b), is established.
    (b) Establishment.--
            (1) In general.--Part I of subtitle D of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        chapter:

                       ``CHAPTER 809--SPACE CORPS

``Subchapter                                                       Sec.
``I. General Matters........................................       8091
``II. Organization..........................................       8096

                    ``SUBCHAPTER I--GENERAL MATTERS

``Sec.
``8091. Establishment.
``8092. Authorities and Responsibilities.
``8093. Research and development and procurement of satellites and 
                            terminals.
``8094. Space functions of other elements of Department of Defense.
``Sec. 8091. Establishment
    ``(a) Establishment.--Not later than January 1, 2019, the Secretary 
of Defense shall establish in the executive part of the Department of 
the Air Force a Space Corps. The function of the Space Corps shall be 
to assist the Secretary of the Air Force in carrying out the duties 
described in subsection (c).
    ``(b) Composition.--The Space Corps shall be composed of the 
following:
            ``(1) The Chief of Staff of the Space Corps.
            ``(2) Such other offices and officials as may be 
        established by law or as the Secretary of the Air Force, in 
        consultation with the Chief of Staff of the Space Corps, may 
        establish or designate.
    ``(c) Duties.--Except as otherwise specifically prescribed by law, 
the Space Corps shall be organized in such manner, and the members of 
the Space Corps shall perform, such duties and have such titles, as the 
Secretary may prescribe. Such duties shall include--
            ``(1) protecting the interests of the United States in 
        space;
            ``(2) deterring aggression in, from, and through space;
            ``(3) providing combat-ready space forces that enable the 
        commanders of the combatant commands to fight and win wars;
            ``(4) organizing, training, and equipping space forces; and
            ``(5) conducting space operations of the Space Corps under 
        the command of the Commander of the United States Space 
        Command.
``Sec. 8092. Authorities and responsibilities
    ``(a) Professional Assistance.--The Chief of Staff of the Space 
Corps shall furnish professional assistance to the Secretary, the Under 
Secretary, and the Assistant Secretaries of the Air Force.
    ``(b) Authorities.--Under the authority, direction, and control of 
the Secretary of the Air Force, the Chief of Staff of the Space Corps, 
shall--
            ``(1) subject to subsections (c) and (d) of section 8014 of 
        this title, prepare for such employment of the Space Corps, and 
        for such recruiting, organizing, supplying, equipping 
        (including research and development), training, servicing, 
        mobilizing, demobilizing, administering, and maintaining of the 
        Space Corps, as will assist in the execution of any power, 
        duty, or function of the Secretary or the Chief of Staff;
            ``(2) investigate and report upon the efficiency of the 
        Space Corps and its preparation to support military operations 
        by commanders of the combatant commands;
            ``(3) prepare detailed instructions for the execution of 
        approved plans and supervise the execution of those plans and 
        instructions;
            ``(4) as directed by the Secretary, coordinate the action 
        of organizations of the Space Corps; and
            ``(5) perform such other duties, not otherwise assigned by 
        law, as may be prescribed by the Secretary.
    ``(c) Functions.--To the extent practicable, the Secretary shall 
provide to the Space Corps the functions of the Department of the Air 
Force that may be feasibly shared with the Space Corps, including with 
respect to the United States Air Force Academy, recruitment, and basic 
training.
``Sec. 8093. Research and development and procurement of satellites and 
              terminals
    ``(a) Research and Development.--The Secretary of the Air Force 
shall serve as the primary agent of the Department of Defense with 
respect to the research, development, test, and evaluation of 
satellites and user satellite terminals used by the Air Force, the 
Space Corps, and the Defense Agencies (except as otherwise provided by 
section 8094 of this title).
    ``(b) Procurement.--The Secretary shall serve as the primary agent 
of the Department of Defense with respect to the procurement of 
satellites and user satellite terminals used by the military 
departments and the Defense Agencies (except as otherwise provided by 
section 8094 of this title).
    ``(c) Milestone Decision Authority.--(1) Notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, and except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
Secretary shall serve as the milestone decision authority (as defined 
in section 2366a of this title) for major defense acquisition programs 
or major subprograms relating to space.
    ``(2) The Secretary may not serve as the milestone decision 
authority for the user satellite terminal programs of--
            ``(A) the military departments other than the Air Force and 
        the Space Corps; and
            ``(B) the Defense Agencies specified in section 8094(c)(1) 
        of this title.
    ``(d) Requirements.--The Chief of Staff of the Space Corps shall 
develop the requirements for the satellites and user satellite 
terminals for which the Secretary has the authority for research, 
development, test, and evaluation, procurement, and milestone decisions 
pursuant to this section.
``Sec. 8094. Space functions of other elements of Department of Defense
    ``(a) Military Departments.--Nothing in this chapter shall affect 
the authority of each Secretary concerned to--
            ``(1) carry out the research, development, test, and 
        evaluation of satellites and user satellite terminals of the 
        military department of the Secretary concerned;
            ``(2) operate such terminals; and
            ``(3) develop requirements to ensure that the space 
        programs of the Department of Defense support the mission of 
        the Secretary concerned.
    ``(b) Certain Defense Agencies.--Nothing in this chapter shall 
affect the authority of each Director concerned to--
            ``(1) carry out the research, development, test, and 
        evaluation and procurement of satellites and user satellite 
        terminals of the Defense Agency of the Director concerned;
            ``(2) operate such terminals; and
            ``(3) develop requirements to ensure that the space 
        programs of the Department of Defense support the mission of 
        the Director concerned.
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `Director concerned' means--
                    ``(A) the Director of the National Reconnaissance 
                Office, with respect to matters concerning the National 
                Reconnaissance Office; and
                    ``(B) the Director of the National Geospatial-
                Intelligence Agency, with respect to matters concerning 
                the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency.
            ``(2) The term `Secretary concerned' means--
                    ``(A) the Secretary of the Army, with respect to 
                matters concerning the Army; and
                    ``(B) the Secretary of the Navy, with respect to 
                matters concerning the Navy, the Marine Corps, and the 
                Coast Guard when it is operating as a service in the 
                Department of the Navy.

                     ``SUBCHAPTER II--ORGANIZATION

``Sec.
``8096. Chief of Staff of the Space Corps.
``Sec. 8096. Chief of Staff of the Space Corps
    ``(a) Appointment.--(1) There shall be a Chief of Staff of the 
Space Corps, appointed by the President, by and with the advice and 
consent of the Senate. The Chief of Staff shall serve at the pleasure 
of the President.
    ``(2) The Chief of Staff shall be appointed for a term of six 
years. In time of war or during a national emergency declared by 
Congress, the Chief of Staff may be reappointed for a term of not more 
than six years.
    ``(3)(A) The first Chief of Staff appointed after the date of the 
enactment of this section shall be appointed from the general officers 
of the Air Force. The President may appoint the incumbent Commander of 
the Air Force Space Command as the first such Chief of Staff without 
regard to the requirement in paragraph (1) for the advice and consent 
of the Senate.
    ``(B) Each subsequent Chief of Staff shall be appointed from the 
general officers of the Space Corps.
    ``(4) The President may appoint an officer as Chief of Staff only 
if--
            ``(A) the officer has had significant experience in joint 
        duty assignments; and
            ``(B) such experience includes at least one full tour of 
        duty in a joint duty assignment (as defined in section 664(d) 
        of this title) as a general officer.
    ``(5) The President may waive paragraph (4) in the case of an 
officer if the President determines such action is necessary in the 
national interest.
    ``(b) Grade.--The Chief of Staff of the Space Corps, while so 
serving, has the grade of general without vacating the permanent grade 
of the officer.
    ``(c) Reporting.--Except as otherwise prescribed by law and subject 
to section 8013(f) of this title, the Chief of Staff of the Space Corps 
performs the duties of such position under the authority, direction, 
and control of the Secretary of the Air Force and is directly 
responsible to the Secretary.
    ``(d) Duties.--Subject to the authority, direction, and control of 
the Secretary of the Air Force, the Chief of Staff of the Space Corps 
shall--
            ``(1) preside over the Space Corps;
            ``(2) transmit the plans and recommendations of the Space 
        Corps to the Secretary and advise the Secretary with regard to 
        such plans and recommendations;
            ``(3) after approval of the plans or recommendations of the 
        Space Corps by the Secretary, act as the agent of the Secretary 
        in carrying them into effect;
            ``(4) exercise supervision, consistent with the authority 
        assigned to commanders of unified or specified combatant 
        commands under chapter 6 of this title, over such of the 
        members and organizations of the Space Corps and the Air Force 
        as the Secretary determines;
            ``(5) perform the duties prescribed for the Chief of Staff 
        by sections 171 and 2547 of this title and other provisions of 
        law; and
            ``(6) perform such other military duties, not otherwise 
        assigned by law, as are assigned to the Chief of Staff by the 
        President, the Secretary of Defense, or the Secretary of the 
        Air Force.
    ``(e) Joint Chiefs of Staff.--(1) The Chief of Staff of the Space 
Corps shall also perform the duties prescribed for the Chief of Staff 
as a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff under section 151 of this 
title.
    ``(2) To the extent that such action does not impair the 
independence of the Chief of Staff in the performance of the duties of 
the Chief of Staff as a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Chief 
of Staff shall inform the Secretary regarding military advice rendered 
by members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff on matters affecting the 
Department of the Air Force.
    ``(3) Subject to the authority, direction, and control of the 
Secretary of Defense, the Chief of Staff shall keep the Secretary of 
the Air Force fully informed of significant military operations 
affecting the duties and responsibilities of the Secretary.''.
            (2) Clerical amendments.--The table of chapters at the 
        beginning of subtitle D of title 10, United States Code, and at 
        the beginning of part I of such subtitle, are each amended by 
        inserting after the item relating to chapter 807 the following 
        new item:

``809. Space Corps..........................................   8091.''.
    (c) Joint Chiefs of Staff.--Chapter 5 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended as follows:
            (1) In section 151(a), by adding at the end the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(8) The Chief of Staff of the Space Corps.''.
            (2) In section 152(b)(1)(B), by striking ``or the 
        Commandant of the Marine Corps'' and inserting ``the Commandant 
        of the Marine Corps, or the Chief of Staff of the Space 
        Corps''.
    (d) Armed Forces Policy Council.--Section 171 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (12), by striking ``; and'';
            (2) in paragraph (13), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(14) the Chief of Staff of the Space Corps.''.
    (e) Chief of Service.--Section 1406(i)(3)(A) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new clause:
                            ``(vi) Chief of Staff of the Space 
                        Corps.''.
    (f) Acquisition-related Functions of Chiefs of the Armed Forces.--
Section 2547(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
``and the Commandant of the Marine Corps'' and inserting ``the 
Commandant of the Marine Corps, and the Chief of Staff of the Space 
Corps''.
    (g) Successors to Duties.--Section 8017 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the following:
            ``(4) The Chief of Staff of the Air Force.
            ``(5) The Chief of Staff of the Space Corps.''.
    (h) Termination of Principal Department of Defense Space Advisor 
and Defense Space Council.--Effective on the date on which the Space 
Corps is established under section 8091 of title 10, United States 
Code, as added by subsection (a)(1)--
            (1) the position, and the office of, the Principal 
        Department of Defense Space Advisor (previously known as the 
        Department of Defense Executive Agent for Space) shall be 
        terminated;
            (2) the personnel of such office shall be transferred to 
        the Air Force and to the Space Corps, as determined appropriate 
        by the Secretary of Defense;
            (3) any reference in Federal law, regulations, guidance, 
        instructions, or other documents of the Federal Government to 
        the Principal Department of Defense Space Advisor or the 
        Department of Defense Executive Agent for Space shall be deemed 
        to be a reference to the Secretary of the Air Force or the 
        Chief of Staff of the Space Corps, as appropriate; and
            (4) the Defense Space Council shall be terminated.
    (i) Military Installations.--Nothing in this section, or the 
amendments made by this section, shall be construed to authorize or 
require the relocation of any facility, infrastructure, or military 
installation of the Air Force.
    (j) Reports.--
            (1) Interim report.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees an interim report on the Space Corps established 
        under chapter 809 of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
        subsection (a)(1), that includes--
                    (A) a review of the organizational and management 
                structure of the Space Corps; and
                    (B) recommendations for the modification and 
                improvement of such organizational and management 
                structure.
            (2) Final report.--Not later than August 1, 2018, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a final report on the Space Corps that includes--
                    (A) an update of the review and recommendations 
                described in paragraph (1), including recommendations 
                for any necessary revisions to appointments and 
                qualifications, duties and powers, and precedent in the 
                Department of Defense;
                    (B) recommendations for the appropriate sharing of 
                functions between the Air Force and the Space Corps, 
                including functions with respect to personnel matters 
                and uniforms;
                    (C) a plan for implementing the recommendations 
                described in subparagraphs (A) and (B), which shall 
                include proposed legislative and administrative 
                actions, including conforming and other amendments to 
                law, that the Secretary determines to be appropriate 
                for carrying out such plan;
                    (D) the estimated number of general officers of the 
                Space Corps, including an identification of the current 
                positions of such general officers that will be 
                transferred to the Space Corps and whether the 
                Secretary determines it necessary for the number of 
                general officers authorized in chapter 32 of title 10, 
                United States Code, to be increased; and
                    (E) any other matters that the Secretary determines 
                to be appropriate.

SEC. 1602. ESTABLISHMENT OF SUBORDINATE UNIFIED COMMAND OF THE UNITED 
              STATES STRATEGIC COMMAND.

    (a) Subordinate Unified Command.--Not later than January 1, 2019, 
the Secretary of Defense shall establish a subordinate unified command 
to be known as the United States Space Command under the United States 
Strategic Command.
    (b) Commander.--The Commander of the United States Space Command 
shall hold the grade of general or, in the case of an officer of the 
Navy, admiral while serving in that position, without vacating the 
permanent grade of the officer. The Commander shall be appointed to 
that grade by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the 
Senate, for service in that position.
    (c) Command of Joint Space Activity or Missions.--Unless otherwise 
directed by the President or the Secretary of Defense, the Commander of 
the United States Space Command shall exercise command of joint space 
activities or missions.
    (d) Jointly Staffed.--The United States Space Command shall be 
jointly staffed.

                      Subtitle B--Space Activities

SEC. 1611. CODIFICATION, EXTENSION, AND MODIFICATION OF LIMITATION ON 
              CONSTRUCTION ON UNITED STATES TERRITORY OF SATELLITE 
              POSITIONING GROUND MONITORING STATIONS OF FOREIGN 
              GOVERNMENTS.

    (a) Codification, Extension, and Modification.--Chapter 135 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new section:
``Sec. 2279c. Limitation on construction on United States territory of 
              satellite positioning ground monitoring stations of 
              certain foreign governments.
    ``(b) Exception.--The limitation in subsection (a) shall not apply 
to foreign governments that are allies of the United States.
    ``(c) Sunset.--The limitation in subsection (a) shall terminate on 
December 31, 2023.''.
    (b) Transfer of Provision.--Subsection (b) of section 1602 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 
113-66; 10 U.S.C. 2281 note) is--
            (1) transferred to section 2279c of title 10, United States 
        Code, as added by subsection (a);
            (2) inserted as the first subsection of such section;
            (3) redesignated as subsection (a); and
            (4) amended--
                    (A) by amending the subsection heading to read as 
                follows: ``Limitation''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (6).

SEC. 1612. FOREIGN COMMERCIAL SATELLITE SERVICES: CYBERSECURITY THREATS 
              AND LAUNCHES.

    (a) Cybersecurity Risks.--Subsection (a) of section 2279 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``; or'' and inserting a 
        semicolon;
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting: ``; or''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) entering into such contract would create a 
        cybersecurity risk for the Department of Defense.''.
    (b) Launches.--
            (1) In general.--Such section is amended--
                    (A) by redesignating subsections (b) through (e) as 
                subsections (c) through (f), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after subsection (a) the following 
                new subsection (b):
    ``(b) Launches and Manufacturers.--
            ``(1) Limitation.--In addition to the prohibition in 
        subsection (a), and except as provided in subsection (c), the 
        Secretary may not enter into a contract for satellite services 
        with any entity if the Secretary reasonably believes that such 
        satellite services will be provided using satellites that will 
        be--
                    ``(A) designed or manufactured in a covered foreign 
                country, or by an entity controlled in whole or in part 
                by, or acting on behalf of, the government of a covered 
                foreign country; or
                    ``(B) launched using a launch vehicle that is 
                designed or manufactured in a covered foreign country, 
                or that is provided by the government of a covered 
                foreign country or by an entity controlled in whole or 
                in part by, or acting on behalf of, the government of a 
                covered foreign country, regardless of the location of 
                the launch (unless such location is in the United 
                States).
            ``(2) United states launches.--The limitation in paragraph 
        (1) shall not--
                    ``(A) apply to launches in the United States using 
                launch vehicles with engines designed or manufactured 
                in or provided by any entity of the Russian Federation; 
                or
                    ``(B) affect any other provision of law authorizing 
                the use of Russian rocket engines within a United 
                States launch vehicle.
            ``(3) Launch vehicle defined.--In this subsection, the term 
        `launch vehicle' means a fully integrated space launch 
        vehicle.''.
            (2) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (b) of 
        section 2279 of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
        paragraph (1), shall not apply with respect to--
                    (A) a launch that occurred prior to the date that 
                is six months after the date of the enactment of this 
                Act; or
                    (B) a contract or other agreement relating to 
                launch services that, prior to the date that is six 
                months after the date of the enactment of this Act, was 
                either fully paid for by the contractor or covered by a 
                legally binding commitment of the contractor to pay for 
                such services.
    (c) Definitions.--Subsection (f) of section 2279 of title 10, 
United States Code, as redesignated by subsection (b)(1)(A), is amended 
to read as follows:
    ``(f) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `covered foreign country' means any of the 
        following:
                    ``(A) A country described in section 1261(c)(2) of 
                the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
                2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 2019).
                    ``(B) The Russian Federation.
            ``(2) The term `cybersecurity risk' means threats to and 
        vulnerabilities of information or information systems and any 
        related consequences caused by or resulting from unauthorized 
        access, use, disclosure, degradation, disruption, modification, 
        or destruction of such information or information systems, 
        including such related consequences caused by an act of 
        terrorism.''.
    (d) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Conforming amendments.--Such section 2279 is further 
        amended--
                    (A) in the section heading, by striking 
                ``services'' and inserting ``services and foreign 
                launches'';
                    (B) by striking ``subsection (b)'' each place it 
                appears and inserting ``subsection (c)'';
                    (C) in subsection (a)(2), by striking ``launch or 
                other'';
                    (D) in subsection (c), as redesignated by 
                subsection (b)(1), by striking ``prohibition in 
                subsection (a)'' and inserting ``prohibitions in 
                subsection (a) and (b)''; and
                    (E) in subsection (d), as so redesignated, by 
                striking ``prohibition under subsection (a)'' and 
                inserting ``prohibition under subsection (a) or (b)''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 135 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking the item relating to section 2279 and 
        inserting the following:

``2279. Foreign commercial satellite services and foreign launches.''.
    (e) Application.--Except as provided by subsection (b)(2), the 
amendments made by this section shall apply with respect to contracts 
for satellite services awarded by the Secretary of Defense on or after 
the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 1613. EXTENSION OF PILOT PROGRAM ON COMMERCIAL WEATHER DATA.

    Section 1613 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``one year'' and 
        inserting ``two years'';
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking ``Committees on Armed Services of 
                the House of Representatives and the Senate'' each 
                place it appears and inserting ``appropriate 
                congressional committees''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(3) Appropriate congressional committees defined.--In 
        this subsection, the term `appropriate congressional 
        committees' means--
                    ``(A) the Committees on Armed Services of the 
                Senate and the House of Representatives; and
                    ``(B) the Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
                Senate and the Permanent Select Committee on 
                Intelligence of the House of Representatives.''.

SEC. 1614. CONDITIONAL TRANSFER OF ACQUISITION AND FUNDING AUTHORITY OF 
              CERTAIN WEATHER MISSIONS TO NATIONAL RECONNAISSANCE 
              OFFICE.

    Section 1614 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsection (d):
    ``(d) Implementation of Plans.--The Secretary of the Air Force 
shall implement the plan developed under paragraph (1) of subsection 
(b), and the Director of the National Reconnaissance Office shall 
implement the plan developed under paragraph (2) of such subsection, 
unless the Secretary and the Director each make a waiver under 
subsection (c).''.

SEC. 1615. EVOLVED EXPENDABLE LAUNCH VEHICLE MODERNIZATION AND 
              SUSTAINMENT OF ASSURED ACCESS TO SPACE.

    (a) Development.--
            (1) Evolved expendable launch vehicle.--Using funds 
        described in paragraph (3), the Secretary of Defense may only 
        obligate or expend funds to carry out the evolved expendable 
        launch vehicle program to--
                    (A) develop a domestic rocket propulsion system to 
                replace non-allied space launch engines;
                    (B) develop the necessary interfaces to, or 
                integration of, such domestic rocket propulsion system 
                with an existing or new launch vehicle;
                    (C) develop capabilities necessary to enable 
                commercially available space launch vehicles or 
                infrastructure to meet any requirements that are unique 
                to national security space missions to meet the assured 
                access to space requirements pursuant to section 2273 
                of title 10, United States Code, with respect to only--
                            (i) modifications to such vehicles required 
                        for national security space missions, 
                        including--
                                    (I) certification and compliance of 
                                such vehicles for use in national 
                                security space missions;
                                    (II) fairings necessary for the 
                                launch of national security space 
                                payloads to orbit; and
                                    (III) other upgrades to meet 
                                performance, reliability, and orbital 
                                requirements that cannot otherwise be 
                                met through the use of commercially 
                                available launch vehicles; and
                            (ii) the development of infrastructure 
                        unique to national security space missions, 
                        such as infrastructure for the use of heavy 
                        launch vehicles, including--
                                    (I) facilities and equipment for 
                                the vertical integration of payloads;
                                    (II) secure facilities for the 
                                processing of classified payloads; and
                                    (III) other facilities and 
                                equipment, including ground systems and 
                                expanded capabilities, unique to 
                                national security space launches and 
                                the launch of national security 
                                payloads;
                    (D) conduct activities to modernize and improve 
                existing certified launch vehicles, or existing launch 
                vehicles previously contracted for use by the Air 
                Force, including restarting a dormant supply chain, and 
                infrastructure to increase the cost effectiveness of 
                the launch system;
                    (E) certify new, modified, or existing launch 
                vehicle systems; or
                    (F) develop, design, and integrate parts for new 
                launch vehicle systems to the extent such parts are 
                developed primarily for national security use.
            (2) Prohibition.--Except as provided in this section, none 
        of the funds described in paragraph (3) shall be obligated or 
        expended for the evolved expendable launch vehicle program, 
        including the development of new launch vehicles under such 
        program.
            (3) Funds described.--The funds described in this paragraph 
        are the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
        otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 for research, 
        development, test, and evaluation, Air Force, for the evolved 
        expendable launch vehicle program.
    (b) Other Authorities.--Nothing in this section shall affect or 
prohibit the Secretary from procuring launch services of evolved 
expendable launch vehicle launch systems, including with respect to any 
associated operation and maintenance of capabilities and infrastructure 
relating to such systems.
    (c) Notification.--Not later than 30 days before any date on which 
the Secretary publishes a draft or final request for proposals, or 
obligates funds, for the development under subsection (a)(1), the 
Secretary shall notify the congressional defense committees of such 
proposed draft or final request for proposals or proposed obligation, 
as the case may be. If such proposed draft or final request for 
proposals or proposed obligation relates to intelligence requirements, 
the Secretary shall also notify the Permanent Select Committee on 
Intelligence of the House of Representatives and the Select Committee 
on Intelligence of the Senate.
    (d) Assessment.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in coordination with the Director 
of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation, shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees, the Permanent Select Committee on 
Intelligence of the House of Representatives, and the Select Committee 
on Intelligence of the Senate a report containing an assessment of the 
most cost-effective method to meet the assured access to space 
requirements pursuant to section 2273 of title 10, United States Code, 
with respect to each of the following periods:
            (1) The five-year period beginning on the date of the 
        report.
            (2) The 10-year period beginning on the date of the report.
            (3) The period consisting of the full lifecycle of the 
        evolved expendable launch vehicle program.
    (e) Rocket Propulsion System Defined.--In this section, the term 
``rocket propulsion system'' means, with respect to the development 
authorized by subsection (a)(1), a main booster, first-stage rocket 
engine (including such an engine using kerosene or methane-based or 
other propellant) or motor. The term does not include a launch vehicle, 
an upper stage, a strap-on motor, or related infrastructure.

SEC. 1616. COMMERCIAL SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS PATHFINDER PROGRAM.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the Sense of Congress that the 
Secretary of the Air Force should--
            (1) use the acquisition authority under the pathfinder 
        program to acquire, from commercial providers, satellite 
        bandwidth, ground services, and advanced services; and
            (2) use the transaction authority provided by section 2371 
        of title 10, United States Code, to make a portion of such 
        acquisitions.
    (b) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the Secretary of the Air 
Force shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a report that includes the views and 
plans of the Secretary with respect to making a portion of the 
acquisitions described in subsection (a)(1) using the transaction 
authority provided by section 2371 of title 10, United States Code.
    (c) Definition.--In this section, the term ``pathfinder program'' 
means the commercial satellite communications programs of the Air Force 
designed to demonstrate the feasibility of new, alternative acquisition 
and procurement models for commercial satellite communications.

SEC. 1617. DEMONSTRATION OF BACKUP AND COMPLEMENTARY POSITIONING, 
              NAVIGATION, AND TIMING CAPABILITIES OF GLOBAL POSITIONING 
              SYSTEM.

    (a) Plan.--During fiscal year 2018, the Secretary of Defense, the 
Secretary of Transportation, and the Secretary of Homeland Security 
(referred to in this section as the ``Secretaries'') shall jointly 
develop a plan for carrying out a backup GPS capability demonstration. 
The plan shall--
            (1) be based on the results of the study conducted under 
        section 1618 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2595); and
            (2) include the activities that the Secretaries determine 
        necessary to carry out such demonstration.
    (b) Briefing.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretaries shall provide to the appropriate 
congressional committees a briefing on the plan developed under 
subsection (a). The briefing shall include--
            (1) identification of the sectors that would be expected to 
        participate in the backup GPS capability demonstration 
        described in the plan;
            (2) an estimate of the costs of implementing the 
        demonstration in each sector identified in paragraph (1); and
            (3) an explanation of the extent to which the demonstration 
        may be carried out with the funds appropriated for such 
        purpose.
    (c) Implementation.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to the availability of 
        appropriations and beginning not earlier than the day after the 
        date on which the briefing is provided under subsection (b), 
        the Secretaries shall jointly initiate the backup GPS 
        capability demonstration to the extent described under 
        subsection (b)(3).
            (2) Termination.--The authority to carry out the backup GPS 
        capability demonstration under paragraph (1) shall terminate on 
        the date that is 18 months after the date of the enactment of 
        this Act.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretaries shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report on the backup GPS capability 
demonstration carried out under subsection (c) that includes--
            (1) a description of the opportunities and challenges 
        learned from such demonstration; and
            (2) a description of the next actions the Secretaries 
        determine appropriate to backup and complement the positioning, 
        navigation, and timing capabilities of the Global Positioning 
        System for national security and critical infrastructure, 
        including, at a minimum, the timeline and funding required to 
        issue a request for proposals for such capabilities.
    (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section for fiscal year 2018 not more 
than $10,000,000 for the Department of Defense, as specified in the 
funding tables in division D.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
        means--
                    (A) the congressional defense committees;
                    (B) the Committee on Science, Space, and 
                Technology, the Committee on Transportation and 
                Infrastructure, and the Committee on Homeland Security 
                of the House of Representatives; and
                    (C) the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
                Transportation and the Committee on Homeland Security 
                and Governmental Affairs of the Senate.
            (2) The term ``backup GPS capability demonstration'' means 
        a proof-of-concept demonstration of capabilities to backup and 
        complement the positioning, navigation, and timing capabilities 
        of the Global Positioning System for national security and 
        critical infrastructure.

SEC. 1618. ENHANCEMENT OF POSITIONING, NAVIGATION, AND TIMING CAPACITY.

    (a) Plan.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop and implement a 
plan to increase the positioning, navigation, and timing capacity of 
the Department of Defense to provide resilience to the positioning, 
navigation, and timing capabilities of the Department. Such plan 
shall--
            (1) ensure that military Global Positioning System user 
        equipment terminals have the capability to receive signals from 
        the Galileo satellites of the European Union and the QZSS 
        satellites of Japan, beginning with increment 2 of the 
        acquisition of such terminals;
            (2) include an assessment of the feasibility, benefits, and 
        risks of military Global Positioning System user equipment 
        terminals having the capability to receive foreign positioning, 
        navigation, and timing signals (with respect to such signals 
        described in the classified annex accompanying this Act), 
        beginning with increment 2 of the acquisition of such 
        terminals;
            (3) include an assessment of options to use hosted payloads 
        to provide redundancy for the Global Positioning System signal;
            (4) ensure that the Secretary, with the concurrence of the 
        Secretary of State, engages with relevant allies of the United 
        States to--
                    (A) enable military Global Positioning System user 
                equipment terminals to receive the positioning, 
                navigation, and timing signals of such allies; and
                    (B) negotiate other potential agreements relating 
                to the enhancement of positioning, navigation, and 
                timing;
            (5) include any other options the Secretary of Defense 
        determines appropriate; and
            (6) include an evaluation by the Director of National 
        Intelligence of the benefits and risks, if any, of using 
        foreign positioning, navigation, and timing signals.
    (b) Submission.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall--
            (1) submit to the congressional defense committees, the 
        Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives, 
        and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate the plan 
        under subsection (a); and
            (2) submit to the Permanent Select Committee on 
        Intelligence of the House of Representatives and the Select 
        Committee on Intelligence of the Senate the evaluation 
        described in paragraph (6) of such subsection.

SEC. 1619. ESTABLISHMENT OF SPACE FLAG TRAINING EVENT.

    (a) Establishment.--Not later than December 31, 2020, the Secretary 
of Defense shall establish an annual capstone training event titled 
``Space Flag'' for space professionals to--
            (1) develop and test doctrine, concepts of operation, and 
        tactics, techniques, and procedures, for--
                    (A) protecting and defending assets and interests 
                of the United States through the spectrum of space 
                control activities;
                    (B) operating in the event of degradation or loss 
                of space capabilities;
                    (C) conducting space operations in a conflict that 
                extends to space;
                    (D) deterring conflict in space; and
                    (E) other areas the Secretary determines necessary; 
                and
            (2) inform and develop the appropriate design of the 
        operational training infrastructure of the space domain, 
        including with respect to appropriate and dedicated ranges, 
        threat replication, test community support, advanced space 
        training requirements, training simulators, and multi-domain 
        force packaging.
    (b) Training.--In establishing the Space Flag training event under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall--
            (1) model the training event on the Red Flag and Cyber Flag 
        exercises; and
            (2) ensure that Space Flag includes live, virtual, and 
        constructive training and on-orbit threat replication, as 
        appropriate.
    (c) Plan.--Not later than one year after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary, in coordination with the Commander of the 
Air Force Space Command, the Commander of the Army Space and Missile 
Defense Command, and the Commander of the Navy Space and Naval Warfare 
Systems Command, shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
plan to establish the Space Flag training under subsection (a), 
including a description of each objective of the training.

SEC. 1620. REPORT ON OPERATIONAL AND CONTINGENCY PLANS FOR LOSS OR 
              DEGRADATION OF SPACE CAPABILITIES.

    (a) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense and the Chairman of the 
Joint Chiefs of Staff, in coordination with each commander of a 
combatant command, shall jointly submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report evaluating all operational and 
contingency plans to assess the implications for mission performance in 
the event of a loss or degradation of space capabilities of the United 
States (including with respect to space control) either through the 
loss or degradation of on-orbit assets or through the disabling of 
ground components.
    (b) Matters Included.--The report under subsection (a) shall 
address and describe the extent to which the operational and 
contingency plans described in such subsection--
            (1) depend upon space capabilities to achieve successful 
        execution;
            (2) account for the loss or degradation of space 
        capabilities;
            (3) appropriately reflect intelligence concerning current 
        and projected adversary counter-space capabilities and 
        vulnerabilities of the space systems of the United States;
            (4) include measures to mitigate any loss or degradation of 
        space capabilities;
            (5) include specific guidance for the short- and long-term 
        loss or disruption of space capabilities;
            (6) include specific guidance for the period in which there 
        is a total loss of space capabilities before replacement assets 
        are able to be brought online and operational; and
            (7) assess the extent to which adversaries rely on space, 
        including the potential effects of a short or long term loss 
        of, or disruption to, the space capabilities of such 
        adversaries.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means 
        the following:
                    (A) With respect to the full report under 
                subsection (a), the Committees on Armed Services of the 
                House of Representatives and the Senate.
                    (B) With respect to the matters in the report 
                described in subsection (b)(3), and for any other 
                matters in the report relating to the limitations, 
                impacts, and vulnerabilities of the capabilities and 
                systems of the intelligence community, the Permanent 
                Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
                Representatives and the Select Committee on 
                Intelligence of the Senate.
            (2) The term ``intelligence community'' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 3(4) of the National Security Act of 
        1947 (50 U.S.C. 3003(4)).

SEC. 1621. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDING FOR JOINT SPACE 
              OPERATIONS CENTER MISSION SYSTEM.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 for the Joint 
Space Operations Center mission system, not more than 75 percent may be 
obligated or expended until the date on which the Secretary of the Air 
Force certifies to the congressional defense committees that the 
Secretary has developed the plan under subsection (b).
    (b) Plan.--The Secretary shall develop and implement a plan to 
operationalize existing commercial space situational awareness 
capabilities to address warfighter requirements, consistent with the 
best-in-breed concept. The Secretary shall commence such implementation 
by not later than March 30, 2018.

SEC. 1622. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS RELATING TO ADVANCED 
              EXTREMELY HIGH FREQUENCY PROGRAM.

    (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 for research, 
development, test, and evaluation, Air Force, for protected tactical 
enterprise (PE 1206760F), protected tactical service (PE 1206761F), or 
protected satellite communication services (PE 1206855F) for the 
Evolved Strategic SATCOM (EES) system, may be obligated or expended on 
a final request for proposals, other than evolution of the AEHF program 
of record until the date on which the reports required under subsection 
(b) are submitted to the congressional defense committees.
    (b) Assessments and Certifications.--
            (1) The Commanders of STRATCOM and NORTHCOM jointly 
        certifies a protected satcom system other than the AEHF program 
        of record or an evolution of the same will meet all applicable 
        requirements for Nuclear Command and Control and continuity of 
        government, and all other functions related to protected 
        communications of the National Command Authority and the 
        Combatant Commands, to include operational forces in a peer-
        near-peer jamming environment;
            (2) The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff submits the 
        validated military requirement for resilience and mission 
        assurance, and the criteria to measure and evaluate the same, 
        of each and any alternative to an evolved advanced extremely 
        high frequency program; how each alternative affects deterrence 
        and full spectrum warfighting, warfighter requirements and 
        relative costs, including with respect to ground station and 
        user terminals; the assessed order of battle of adversaries; 
        and the required capabilities of the broader space security and 
        defense enterprise;
            (3) The Secretary of the Air Force submits a detailed plan 
        for the ground control system and all user terminals developed 
        and acquired by the Air Force will be synchronized through 
        development and deployment to meet all applicable requirements 
        for Nuclear Command and Control and continuity of government, 
        and other functions related to protected communications of the 
        National Command Authority and the Combatant Commands; and
            (4) The Chairmen of the Joint Chiefs of Staff completes an 
        assessment concerning the impact of developing and fielding all 
        the waveforms and terminals required to utilize the proposed 
        alternative systems to the AEHF program of record or an 
        evolution of the same.
    (c) Exception.--The limitation in paragraph (a) shall not apply to 
efforts to examine and develop technology insertion opportunities for 
the satellite communications programs of record.
    (d) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be construed 
as delaying the request for proposals for the Enhanced Advanced 
Extremely High Frequency (E-AEHF) program.

  Subtitle C--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related Activities

SEC. 1631. SECURITY CLEARANCES FOR FACILITIES OF CERTAIN CONTRACTORS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 141 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2410s. Security clearances for facilities of certain 
              contractors.
    ``If the senior management official of a contractor of the 
Department of Defense does not have a security clearance, the Secretary 
of Defense may grant a security clearance to a facility of such 
contractor only if the following criteria are met:
            ``(1) The contractor has appointed a senior officer, 
        director, or employee of the contractor who has a security 
        clearance at the level of the security clearance of the 
        facility to act as the senior management official of the 
        contractor with respect to such facility.
            ``(2) Any senior management official, senior officer, or 
        director of the contractor who does not have such a security 
        clearance will not have access to any classified information, 
        including with respect to such facility.
            ``(3) The contractor has certified to the Secretary that 
        the senior officer, director, or employee appointed under 
        paragraph (1) has the authority to act on behalf of the 
        contractor with respect to such facility independent of any 
        senior management official, senior officer, or director 
        described in paragraph (2).
            ``(4) The facility meets all of the requirements to be 
        granted a security clearance other than any requirement 
        relating to the senior management official of the contractor 
        having an appropriate security clearance.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``2410s. Security clearances for facilities of certain contractors''.

SEC. 1632. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO ENGAGE IN CERTAIN COMMERCIAL 
              ACTIVITIES.

    Section 431(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2017'' and inserting ``December 31, 2023''.

SEC. 1633. SUBMISSION OF AUDITS OF COMMERCIAL ACTIVITY FUNDS.

    Section 432(b)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``promptly''; and
            (2) by inserting before the period at the end the 
        following: ``by not later than December 31 of each year''.

SEC. 1634. CLARIFICATION OF ANNUAL BRIEFING ON THE INTELLIGENCE, 
              SURVEILLANCE, AND RECONNAISSANCE REQUIREMENTS OF THE 
              COMBATANT COMMANDS.

    Section 1626 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 
113-291; 128 Stat. 3635) is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(including with respect to space-based 
        intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance)'' after 
        ``intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance requirements'' 
        both places it appears; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``critical intelligence, 
        surveillance and reconnaissance requirements'' and inserting 
        ``critical intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
        requirements (including with respect to space-based 
        intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance)''.

SEC. 1635. REVIEW OF SUPPORT PROVIDED BY DEFENSE INTELLIGENCE ELEMENTS 
              TO ACQUISITION ACTIVITIES OF THE DEPARTMENT.

    (a) Review.--The Secretary of Defense shall review the support 
provided by Defense intelligence elements to the acquisition activities 
conducted by the Secretary, with a specific focus on such support--
            (1) consisting of planning, prioritizing, and resourcing 
        relating to developmental weapon systems; and
            (2) for existing weapon systems throughout the program 
        lifecycle of such systems.
    (b) Budget Structure.--The Secretary shall develop a specific 
budget structure for a sustainable funding profile to ensure the 
support provided by Defense intelligence elements described in 
subsection (a). The Secretary shall implement such structure beginning 
with the defense budget materials for fiscal year 2020.
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than May 1, 2018, the Secretary of Defense 
shall provide to the appropriate congressional committees a briefing on 
the results of the review under subsection (a) and a plan to carry out 
subsection (b).
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
        means--
                    (A) the congressional defense committees; and
                    (B) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence 
                of the House of Representatives and the Select 
                Committee on Intelligence of the Senate.
            (2) The term ``defense budget materials'' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 231(f) of title 10, United States 
        Code.
            (3) The term ``Defense intelligence element'' means any of 
        the agencies, offices, and elements of the Department of 
        Defense included within the definition of ``intelligence 
        community'' under section 3(4) of the National Security Act of 
        1947 (50 U.S.C. 3003(4)).

SEC. 1636. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR CERTAIN OFFENSIVE 
              COUNTERINTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES.

    (a) Limitation on Offensive Counterintelligence Activities.--
            (1) In general.--Of the funds described in paragraph (2), 
        not more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended until--
                    (A) the Secretary of Defense submits to the 
                appropriate congressional committees the report under 
                subsection (b);
                    (B) the Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency 
                submits to such committees the report under subsection 
                (c); and
                    (C) the Director and the Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Intelligence jointly provide to such committees the 
                briefing under subsection (d).
            (2) Funds described.--The funds described in this paragraph 
        are the following:
                    (A) Funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
                or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 under 
                the General Defense Intelligence Program for any 
                operations and maintenance account for offensive 
                counterintelligence activities.
                    (B) Funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
                or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 under 
                the Military Intelligence Program for any operations 
                and maintenance account for offensive 
                counterintelligence activities.
    (b) Report on Oversight Processes.--Not later than March 1, 2018, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
committees a report certifying that each Defense intelligence element 
with offensive counterintelligence authorities has the appropriate 
oversight processes necessary to ensure compliance with the regulations 
of the Department of Defense.
    (c) Report on Certain Resources.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the 
Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency shall submit to the 
appropriate congressional committees a report that includes an 
accounting of the counterintelligence enterprise management resources 
transferred from the Counterintelligence Field Activity to the Defense 
Intelligence Agency that identifies such resources that are no longer 
dedicated to counterintelligence activities, as of the date of the 
report.
    (d) Briefing on Functional Management.--Not later than March 1, 
2018, the Director and the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence 
shall jointly provide to the appropriate congressional committees a 
briefing on how the Director and the Under Secretary plan to improve 
the functional management of offensive counterintelligence activities.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
        means--
                    (A) the congressional defense committees; and
                    (B) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence 
                of the House of Representatives and the Select 
                Committee on Intelligence of the Senate.
            (2) The term ``Defense intelligence element'' means any of 
        the Department of Defense agencies, offices, and elements 
        included within the definition of ``intelligence community'' 
        under section 3(4) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 
        U.S.C. 3003(4)).

SEC. 1637. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR CERTAIN RELOCATION 
              ACTIVITIES FOR NATO INTELLIGENCE FUSION CENTER.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 for operation and 
maintenance may be obligated or expended for the procurement of fit-out 
supplies and equipment to support the relocation of the NATO 
Intelligence Fusion Center from Royal Air Force Molesworth, United 
Kingdom, to Royal Air Force Croughton, United Kingdom.

SEC. 1638. ESTABLISHMENT OF CHAIRMAN'S CONTROLLED ACTIVITY WITHIN JOINT 
              STAFF FOR INTELLIGENCE, SURVEILLANCE, AND RECONNAISSANCE.

    (a) Chairman's Controlled Activity.--The Chairman of the Joint 
Chiefs of Staff shall--
            (1) undertake the roles, missions, and responsibilities of, 
        and an equal or greater number of personnel billets than the 
        amount of such billets previously prescribed for the Joint 
        Functional Component Command for Intelligence, Surveillance, 
        and Reconnaissance of United States Strategic Command; and
            (2) not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment 
        of this Act, establish an organization within the Joint Staff--
                    (A) that is designated as a chairman's controlled 
                activity;
                    (B) for which the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
                Staff shall serve as the joint functional manager; and
                    (C) which shall synchronize cross-combatant command 
                intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance plans 
                and develop strategies integrating all joint service-
                provided and allied intelligence, surveillance, and 
                reconnaissance capabilities to satisfy combatant 
                command intelligence needs for the Department of 
                Defense.
    (b) Executive Agent.--The Secretary of Defense shall designate the 
Secretary of the Air Force as the executive agent and sponsor for 
funding for the organization established under subsection (a)(2).

SEC. 1639. SENSE OF CONGRESS AND REPORT ON GEOSPATIAL COMMERCIAL 
              ACTIVITIES FOR BASIC AND APPLIED RESEARCH AND 
              DEVELOPMENT.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) rapid technology change and a significant increase in 
        data collection by the intelligence community has outpaced the 
        ability of the intelligence community to exploit vast 
        quantities of intelligence data;
            (2) the data collection capabilities of the intelligence 
        community and the Department of Defense have outpaced to 
        exploit vast quantities of data;
            (3) furthermore, international competitors may be catching 
        up, and in some cases leading, in key technology areas;
            (4) many U.S. companies have talent and technological 
        capability that the Federal Government could harness; and
            (5) these companies would be able to more effectively 
        develop automation, artificial intelligence, and associated 
        algorithms if given access to data of the National Geospatial-
        Intelligence Agency, consistent with the protection of sources 
        and methods.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Director of the National Geospatial-Intelligence 
Agency shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
report on the authorities necessary to conduct commercial activities 
relating to geospatial intelligence that the Director determines 
necessary to engage in basic research, applied research, data 
transfers, and development projects, with respect to automation, 
artificial intelligence, and associated algorithms, including how the 
Director would use such authorities, consistent with applicable laws 
and procedures relating to the protection of sources and methods.
    (c) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
        Representatives and the Senate; and
            (2) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
        House of Representatives and the Select Committee on 
        Intelligence of the Senate.

SEC. 1640. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE COUNTERINTELLIGENCE POLYGRAPH PROGRAM.

    Section 1564a(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(5) Any person who is a United States national who also 
        has the nationality of a foreign state.''.

SEC. 1641. SECURITY CLEARANCE FOR DUAL-NATIONALS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 80 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 1564a the following new section:
``Sec. 1564b. Security clearance for dual nationals
    ``(a) In General.--In the case of an individual who is a United 
States national who also has the nationality of a foreign state who is 
appointed to or hired for a position designated by the Office of 
Personnel Management as critical sensitive or special sensitive, the 
Secretary shall provide additional review before approving a security 
clearance for such individual.
    ``(b) Waiver.--
            ``(1) Waiver authority.--In the case of a person who is a 
        United States national who also has the nationality of a 
        foreign state identified under paragraph (2), the Secretary may 
        waive the requirement under subsection (a).
            ``(2) Foreign states.--The Director of National 
        Intelligence shall identify foreign states that permit citizens 
        or nationals of the United States to serve in positions of 
        trust equivalent to positions identified by the Office of 
        Personnel Management as critical sensitive or special 
        sensitive.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
1564a the following new item:

``1564b. Security clearance for dual nationals of high threat foreign 
                            states.''.

SEC. 1642. SUSPENSION OR REVOCATION OF SECURITY CLEARANCES BASED ON 
              UNLAWFUL OR INAPPROPRIATE CONTACTS WITH REPRESENTATIVES 
              OF A FOREIGN GOVERNMENT.

    The Secretary of Defense may suspend or revoke any security 
clearance granted by the Department of Defense if the holder of that 
security clearance has engaged in unlawful or inappropriate contacts 
with representatives of the government of a foreign country.

                 Subtitle D--Cyberspace-Related Matters

SEC. 1651. NOTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS FOR SENSITIVE MILITARY CYBER 
              OPERATIONS AND CYBER WEAPONS.

    (a) Notification.--Chapter 3 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new sections:
``Sec. 130j. Notification requirements for sensitive military cyber 
              operations
    ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (d), the 
Secretary of Defense shall promptly submit to the congressional defense 
committees notice in writing of any sensitive military cyber operation 
conducted under this title no later than 48 hours following such 
operation.
    ``(b) Procedures.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall establish and 
submit to the congressional defense committees procedures for complying 
with the requirements of subsection (a) consistent with the national 
security of the United States and the protection of operational 
integrity. The Secretary shall promptly notify the congressional 
defense committees in writing of any changes to such procedures at 
least 14 days prior to the adoption of any such changes.
    ``(2) The congressional defense committees shall ensure that 
committee procedures designed to protect from unauthorized disclosure 
classified information relating to national security of the United 
States are sufficient to protect the information that is submitted to 
the committees pursuant to this section.
    ``(3) In the event of an unauthorized disclosure of a sensitive 
military cyber operation covered by this section, the Secretary shall 
ensure, to the maximum extent practicable, that the congressional 
defense committees are notified immediately of the sensitive military 
cyber operation concerned. The notification under this paragraph may be 
verbal or written, but in the event of a verbal notification a written 
notification shall be provided by not later than 48 hours after the 
provision of the verbal notification.
    ``(c) Sensitive Military Cyber Operation Defined.--(1) In this 
section, the term `sensitive military cyber operation' means an action 
described in paragraph (2) that--
            ``(A) is carried out by the armed forces or by a foreign 
        partner in coordination with the armed forces; and
            ``(B) is intended to cause effects outside a geographic 
        location where United States armed forces are involved in 
        hostilities (as that term is used in section 1543 of title 50, 
        United States Code).
    ``(2) The actions described in this paragraph are the following:
            ``(A) An offensive cyber operation.
            ``(B) A defensive cyber operation outside the Department of 
        Defense Information Networks to defeat an ongoing or imminent 
        threat.
    ``(d) Exceptions.--The notification requirement under subsection 
(a) does not apply--
            ``(1) to a training exercise conducted with the consent of 
        all nations where the intended effects of the exercise will 
        occur; or
            ``(2) to a covert action (as that term is defined in 
        section 3093 of title 50, United States Code).
    ``(e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to provide any new authority or to alter or otherwise affect 
the War Powers Resolution (50 U.S.C. 1541 et seq.), the Authorization 
for Use of Military Force (Public Law 107-40; 50 U.S.C. 1541 note), or 
any requirement under the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3001 
et seq.).
``Sec. 130k. Notification requirements for cyber weapons
    ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (c), the 
Secretary of Defense shall promptly submit to the congressional defense 
committees notice in writing of the following:
            ``(1) With respect to a cyber capability that is intended 
        for use as a weapon, the results of any review of the 
        capability for legality under international law pursuant to 
        Department of Defense Directive 5000.01 no later than 48 hours 
        after any military department concerned has completed such 
        review.
            ``(2) The use as a weapon of any cyber capability that has 
        been approved for such use under international law by a 
        military department no later than 48 hours following such use.
    ``(b) Procedures.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall establish and 
submit to the congressional defense committees procedures for complying 
with the requirements of subsection (a) consistent with the national 
security of the United States and the protection of operational 
integrity. The Secretary shall promptly notify the congressional 
defense committees in writing of any changes to such procedures at 
least 14 days prior to the adoption of any such changes.
    ``(2) The congressional defense committees shall ensure that 
committee procedures designed to protect from unauthorized disclosure 
classified information relating to national security of the United 
States are sufficient to protect the information that is submitted to 
the committees pursuant to this section.
    ``(3) In the event of an unauthorized disclosure of a cyber 
capability covered by this section, the Secretary shall ensure, to the 
maximum extent practicable, that the congressional defense committees 
are notified immediately of the cyber capability concerned. The 
notification under this paragraph may be verbal or written, but in the 
event of a verbal notification a written notification shall be provided 
by not later than 48 hours after the provision of the verbal 
notification.
    ``(c) Exceptions.--The notification requirement under subsection 
(a) does not apply--
            ``(1) to a training exercise conducted with the consent of 
        all nations where the intended effects of the exercise will 
        occur; or
            ``(2) to a covert action (as that term is defined in 
        section 3093 of title 50, United States Code).
    ``(d) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to provide any new authority or to alter or otherwise affect 
the War Powers Resolution (50 U.S.C. 1541 et seq.), the Authorization 
for Use of Military Force (Public Law 107-40; 50 U.S.C. 1541 note), or 
any requirement under the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3001 
et seq.).''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter is amended by adding at the end the following new items:

``130j. Notification requirements for sensitive military cyber 
                            operations.
``130k. Notification requirements for cyber weapons.''.

SEC. 1652. MODIFICATION TO QUARTERLY CYBER OPERATIONS BRIEFINGS.

    (a) In General.--Section 484 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``The Secretary of Defense shall provide to 
        the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
        Representatives and the Senate'' and inserting the following:
    ``(a) Briefings Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide 
to the congressional defense committees''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(b) Elements.--Each briefing under subsection (a) shall include, 
with respect to the military operations in cyberspace described in such 
subsection, the following:
            ``(1) An update, set forth separately for each geographic 
        and functional command, that describes the operations carried 
        out by the command and any hostile cyber activity directed at 
        the command.
            ``(2) An overview of authorities and legal issues 
        applicable to the operations, including any relevant legal 
        limitations.
            ``(3) An outline of any interagency activities and 
        initiatives relating to the operations.
            ``(4) Any other matters the Secretary determines to be 
        appropriate.''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall apply 
with respect to briefings required be provided under section 484 of 
title 10, United States Code, on or after that date.

SEC. 1653. CYBER SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM.

    (a) Name of Program.--Section 2200 of title 10, Unites States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(c) Name of Program.--The programs authorized under this chapter 
shall be known as the `Cyber Scholarship Program'.''.
    (b) Modification to Allocation of Funding for Cyber Scholarship 
Program.--Section 2200a(f) of title 10, Unites States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``Not less''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(2) Not less than five percent of the amount available for 
financial assistance under this section for a fiscal year shall be 
available for providing financial assistance for the pursuit of an 
associate degree at an institution described in paragraph (1).''.
    (c) Cyber Definition.--Section 2200e of title 10, Unites States 
Code, is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 2200e. Definitions
    ``In this chapter:
            ``(1) The term `cyber' includes the following:
                    ``(A) Offensive cyber operations.
                    ``(B) Defensive cyber operations.
                    ``(C) Department of Defense information network 
                operations and defense.
                    ``(D) Any other information technology that the 
                Secretary of Defense considers to be related to the 
                cyber activities of the Department of Defense.
            ``(2) The term `institution of higher education' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 101 of the Higher Education 
        Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).
            ``(3) The term `Center of Academic Excellence in Cyber 
        Education' means an institution of higher education that is 
        designated by the Director of the National Security Agency as a 
        Center of Academic Excellence in Cyber Education.''.
    (d) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Chapter 112 of title 10, United States Code, is further 
        amended--
                    (A) in the chapter heading, by striking 
                ``INFORMATION SECURITY'' and inserting ``CYBER'';
                    (B) in section 2200 (as amended by subsection 
                (a))--
                            (i) in subsection (a), by striking 
                        ``Department of Defense information assurance 
                        requirements'' and inserting ``the cyber 
                        requirements of the Department of Defense''; 
                        and
                            (ii) in subsection (b)(1), by striking 
                        ``information assurance'' and inserting ``cyber 
                        disciplines'';
                    (C) in section 2200a (as amended by subsection 
                (b))--
                            (i) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``an 
                        information assurance discipline'' and 
                        inserting ``a cyber discipline'';
                            (ii) in subsection (f)(1), by striking 
                        ``information assurance'' and inserting ``cyber 
                        disciplines''; and
                            (iii) in subsection (g)(1), by striking 
                        ``an information technology position'' and 
                        inserting ``a cyber position'';
                    (D) in section 2200b, by striking ``information 
                assurance disciplines'' and inserting ``cyber 
                disciplines''; and
                    (E) in section 2200c, by striking ``Information 
                Assurance'' each place it appears and inserting 
                ``Cyber''.
            (2) The table of sections at the beginning of chapter 112 
        of title 10, Unites States Code, is amended by striking the 
        item relating to section 2200c and inserting the following:

``2200c. Centers of Academic Excellence in Cyber Education.''.
            (3) Section 7045 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) by striking ``Information Security Scholarship 
                program'' each place it appears and inserting ``Cyber 
                Scholarship program''; and
                    (B) in subsection (a)(2)(B), by striking 
                ``information assurance'' and inserting ``a cyber 
                discipline''.
            (4) Section 7904(4) of title 38, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``Information Assurance'' and inserting 
        ``Cyber''.
    (e) Redesignations.--
            (1) Scholarship program.--The Information Security 
        Scholarship program under chapter 112 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is redesignated as the ``Cyber Scholarship 
        program''. Any reference in a law (other than this section), 
        map, regulation, document, paper, or other record of the United 
        States to the Information Security Scholarship program shall be 
        deemed to be a reference to the Cyber Scholarship Program.
            (2) Centers of academic excellence.--Any institution of 
        higher education designated by the Director of the National 
        Security Agency as a Center of Academic Excellence in 
        Information Assurance Education is redesignated as a Center of 
        Academic Excellence in Cyber Education. Any reference in a law 
        (other than this section), map, regulation, document, paper, or 
        other record of the United States to a Center of Academic 
        Excellence in Information Assurance Education shall be deemed 
        to be a reference to a Center of Academic Excellence in Cyber 
        Education.
    (f) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to the Secretary of Defense to provide financial 
assistance under section 2200a of title 10, United States Code (as 
amended by this section), and grants under section 2200b of such title 
(as so amended), $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2018.

SEC. 1654. PLAN TO INCREASE CYBER AND INFORMATION OPERATIONS, 
              DETERRENCE, AND DEFENSE.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds following:
            (1) Cyber threats originating from the Asia-Pacific region 
        targeting the United States and the allies of the United States 
        have grown through the use of cyber intrusions, exfiltration, 
        and espionage by China and North Korea.
            (2) In February 2016, Admiral Harry Harris Jr., Commander 
        of the United States Pacific Command, in his testimony noted 
        ``increased cyber capacity and nefarious activity, especially 
        by China, North Korea, and Russia underscore the growing 
        requirement to evolve command, control, and operational 
        authorities''.
            (3) Admiral Harris stated ``that in order to fully leverage 
        the cyber domain, PACOM requires an enduring theater cyber 
        capability able to provide cyber planning, integration, 
        synchronization, and direction of cyber forces.''.
    (b) Plan.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a plan to--
            (1) increase inclusion of regional cyber planning within 
        larger United States joint planning exercises in the Indo-Asia-
        Pacific region;
            (2) enhance joint, regional, and combined information 
        operations and strategic communication strategies to counter 
        Chinese and North Korean information warfare, malign influence, 
        and propaganda activities; and
            (3) identify potential areas of cybersecurity collaboration 
        and partnership capabilities with Asian allies and partners of 
        the United States.
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the 
congressional defense committees a briefing on the plan required under 
subsection (b).

SEC. 1655. REPORT ON TERMINATION OF DUAL-HAT ARRANGEMENT FOR COMMANDER 
              OF THE UNITED STATES CYBER COMMAND.

    (a) Report.--Not later than December 1, 2017, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
report on the progress of the Department of Defense in meeting the 
requirements of section 1642 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2601).
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall include, with 
respect to any decision to terminate the dual-hat arrangement as 
described in section 1642 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2601), the following:
            (1) Metrics and milestones for meeting the conditions 
        described in subsection (b)(2)(C) of such section 1642.
            (2) Identification of any challenges to meeting such 
        conditions.
            (3) Identification of entities or persons requiring 
        additional resources as a result of any decision to terminate 
        the dual-hat arrangement.
            (4) Identification of any updates to statutory authorities 
        needed as a result of any decision to terminate the dual-hat 
        arrangement.
    (c) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the congressional defense committees;
            (2) the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate; and
            (3) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
        House of Representatives.

                       Subtitle E--Nuclear Forces

SEC. 1661. NOTIFICATIONS REGARDING DUAL-CAPABLE F-35A AIRCRAFT.

    Section 179(f) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (6) as paragraph (7); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following new 
        paragraph (6):
    ``(6) If a House of Congress adopts a bill authorizing or 
appropriating funds for the Department of Defense that, as determined 
by the Council, provides funds in an amount that will result in a delay 
in the nuclear certification or delivery of F-35A dual-capable 
aircraft, the Council shall notify the congressional defense committees 
of the determination.''.

SEC. 1662. OVERSIGHT OF DELAYED ACQUISITION PROGRAMS BY COUNCIL ON 
              OVERSIGHT OF THE NATIONAL LEADERSHIP COMMAND, CONTROL, 
              AND COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM.

    (a) Status Updates.--Section 171a of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (k) as subsection (l); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (j) the following new 
        subsection (k):
    ``(k) Status of Acquisition Programs.--(1) On a quarterly basis, 
each program manager of a covered acquisition program shall transmit to 
the co-chairs of the Council, acting through the senior steering group 
of the Council, a report that identifies--
            ``(A) the covered acquisition program;
            ``(B) the requirements of the program;
            ``(C) the development timeline of the program; and
            ``(D) the status of the program, including whether the 
        program is delayed and, if so, whether such delay will result 
        in a program schedule delay.
    ``(2) Not later than seven days after the end of each quarter, the 
co-chairs of the Council shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report that identifies, with respect to the reports 
transmitted to the Council under paragraph (1) for that quarter--
            ``(A) each covered acquisition program that is delayed more 
        than 180 days; and
            ``(B) any covered acquisition program that should have been 
        included in such reports but was excluded, and the reasons for 
        such exclusion.
    ``(3) In this subsection, the term `covered acquisition program' 
means each acquisition program of the Department of Defense that 
materially contributes to--
            ``(A) the nuclear command, control, and communications 
        systems of the United States; or
            ``(B) the continuity of government systems of the United 
        States.''.
    (b) Instructions.--The Secretary of Defense shall issue a 
Department of Defense Instruction, or revise such an Instruction, to 
ensure that program managers carry out subsection (k)(1) of section 
171a of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a).

SEC. 1663. ESTABLISHMENT OF NUCLEAR COMMAND AND CONTROL INTELLIGENCE 
              FUSION CENTER.

    (a) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense and the Director of 
National Intelligence shall jointly establish an intelligence fusion 
center to enhance the protection of nuclear command, control, and 
communications programs, systems, and processes and continuity of 
government programs, systems, and processes.
    (b) Charter.--In establishing the fusion center under subsection 
(a), the Secretary and the Director shall develop a charter for the 
fusion center that includes the following:
            (1) To carry out the duties of the fusion center, a 
        description of--
                    (A) the roles and responsibilities of officials and 
                elements of the Federal Government, including a 
                detailed description of the organizational 
                relationships of such officials and the elements of the 
                Federal Government that are key stakeholders;
                    (B) the organization reporting chain of the fusion 
                center;
                    (C) the staffing of the fusion center;
                    (D) the processes of the fusion center; and
                    (E) how the fusion center integrates with other 
                elements of the Federal Government;
            (2) The management and administration processes required to 
        carry out the fusion center, including with respect to 
        facilities and security authorities.
            (3) Procedures to ensure that the appropriate number of 
        staff of the fusion center have the security clearance 
        necessary to access information on the programs, systems, and 
        processes that relate, either wholly or substantially, to 
        nuclear command, control, and communications or continuity of 
        government, including with respect to both the programs, 
        systems, and processes that are designated as special access 
        programs (as described in section 4.3 of Executive Order 13526 
        (50 U.S.C. 3161 note) or any successor Executive order) and the 
        programs, systems, and processes that contain sensitive 
        compartmented information.
    (c) Coordination.--In establishing the fusion center under 
subsection (a), the Secretary and the Director shall coordinate with 
the elements of the Federal Government that the Secretary and Director 
determine appropriate.
    (d) Reports.--
            (1) Initial report.--Not later than 120 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary and the Director 
        shall jointly submit to the appropriate congressional 
        committees a report containing--
                    (A) the charter for the fusion center developed 
                under subsection (b); and
                    (B) a plan on the budget and staffing of the fusion 
                center.
            (2) Annual reports.--At the same time as the President 
        submits to Congress the annual budget request under section 
        1105 of title 31, United States Code, for fiscal year 2019 and 
        each fiscal year thereafter, the Secretary and the Director 
        shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
        report on the fusion center, including, with respect to the 
        period covered by the report--
                    (A) any updates to the plan on the budget and 
                staffing of the fusion center;
                    (B) any updates to the charter developed under 
                subsection (b); and
                    (C) a summary of the activities and accomplishments 
                of the fusion center.
            (3) Sunset.--No report is required under this subsection 
        after December 31, 2021.
    (e) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the congressional defense committees; and
            (2) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
        House of Representatives and the Select Committee on 
        Intelligence of the Senate.

SEC. 1664. SECURITY OF NUCLEAR COMMAND, CONTROL, AND COMMUNICATIONS 
              SYSTEM FROM COMMERCIAL DEPENDENCIES.

    (a) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
            (1) At a hearing before the Committee on Armed Services of 
        the House of Representatives on September 30, 2015, Deputy 
        Secretary of Defense Robert Work, responding to a question 
        about the use of Huawei telecommunications equipment, stated, 
        ``In the Office of the Secretary of Defense, absolutely not. 
        And I know of no other--I don't believe we operate in the 
        Pentagon, any [Huawei] systems in the Pentagon.''.
            (2) At such hearing, the Commander of the United States 
        Cyber Command, Admiral Mike Rogers, responding to a question 
        about why such Huawei telecommunications equipment is not used, 
        stated, ``as we look at supply chain and we look at potential 
        vulnerabilities within the system, that it is a risk we felt 
        was unacceptable.''.
            (3) At a hearing before the Committee on Armed Services of 
        the House of Representatives on June 22, 2016, Acting Assistant 
        Secretary of Defense for Homeland Defense and Global Security 
        Thomas Atkin, stated, ``There are currently no Huawei or ZTE 
        products on the DoD Unified Capabilities Approved Products List 
        (APL).''.
    (b) Certification.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall certify to the 
congressional defense committees whether the Secretary uses covered 
telecommunications equipment or services as a substantial or essential 
component of any system, or as critical technology as part of any 
system, to carry out--
            (1) the nuclear deterrence mission of the Department of 
        Defense, including with respect to nuclear command, control, 
        and communications, integrated tactical warning and attack 
        assessment, and continuity of government; or
            (2) the homeland defense mission of the Department, 
        including with respect to ballistic missile defense.
    (c) Prohibition and Mitigation.--
            (1) Prohibition.--Except as provided by paragraph (2), 
        beginning on the date that is one year after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense may not procure 
        or obtain, or extend or renew a contract to procure or obtain, 
        any equipment, system, or service to carry out the missions 
        described in paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (b) that uses 
        covered telecommunications equipment or services as a 
        substantial or essential component of any system, or as 
        critical technology as part of any system.
            (2) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the prohibition in 
        paragraph (1) on a case-by-case basis for a single one-year 
        period if the Secretary--
                    (A) determines such waiver to be in the national 
                security interests of the United States; and
                    (B) certifies to the congressional committees 
                that--
                            (i) there are sufficient mitigations in 
                        place to guarantee the ability of the Secretary 
                        to carry out the missions described in 
                        paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (b); and
                            (ii) the Secretary is removing the use of 
                        covered telecommunications equipment or 
                        services in carrying out such missions.
            (3) Delegation.--The Secretary may not delegate the 
        authority to make a waiver under paragraph (2) to any official 
        other than the Deputy Secretary of Defense or the co-chairs of 
        the Council on Oversight of the National Leadership Command, 
        Control, and Communications System established by section 171a 
        of title 10, United States Code.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``congressional defense committees'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of title 10, 
        United States Code.
            (2) The term ``covered foreign country'' means any of the 
        following:
                    (A) The People's Republic of China.
                    (B) The Russian Federation.
            (3) The term ``covered telecommunications equipment or 
        services'' means any of the following:
                    (A) Telecommunications equipment produced by Huawei 
                Technologies Company or ZTE Corporation (or any 
                subsidiary or affiliate of such entities).
                    (B) Telecommunications services provided by such 
                entities or using such equipment.
                    (C) Telecommunications equipment or services 
                produced or provided by an entity that the Secretary of 
                Defense reasonably believes to be an entity owned or 
                controlled by, or otherwise connected to, the 
                government of a covered foreign country.

SEC. 1665. OVERSIGHT OF AERIAL-LAYER PROGRAMS BY COUNCIL ON OVERSIGHT 
              OF THE NATIONAL LEADERSHIP COMMAND, CONTROL, AND 
              COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM.

    Any analysis of alternatives for the Senior Leader Airborne 
Operations Center, the executive airlift program of the Air Force, and 
the E-6B modernization program may not receive final approval by the 
Joint Requirements Oversight Council, and the Director of Cost 
Assessment and Program Evaluation may not conduct any sufficiency 
review of such an analysis of alternatives, unless--
            (1) the Council on Oversight of the National Leadership 
        Command, Control, and Communications System established by 
        section 171a of title 10, United States Code, determines that 
        the alternatives for such programs are capable of meeting the 
        requirements for senior leadership communications in support of 
        the nuclear command, control, and communications mission of the 
        Department of Defense and the continuity of government mission 
        of the Department;
            (2) the Council submits to the congressional defense 
        committees such determination; and
            (3) a period of 30 days elapses following the date of such 
        submission.

SEC. 1666. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION GUIDE FOR PROGRAMS RELATING TO 
              NUCLEAR COMMAND, CONTROL, AND COMMUNICATIONS AND NUCLEAR 
              DETERRENCE.

    (a) Requirement for Security Classification Guide.--Not later than 
90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense shall require the issuance of a security classification guide 
for each covered program to ensure the protection of sensitive 
information from public disclosure.
    (b) Requirements.--Each security classification guide issued 
pursuant to subsection (a) shall be--
            (1) approved by--
                    (A) the Council on Oversight of the National 
                Leadership Command, Control, and Communications System 
                with respect to covered programs under paragraph (1) or 
                (2) of subsection (c); or
                    (B) the Nuclear Weapons Council with respect to 
                covered programs under paragraph (3) of such 
                subsection; and
            (2) issued not later than March 19, 2019, with respect to a 
        covered program in existence as of such date.
    (c) Covered Program Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
program'' means programs of the Department of Defense in existence on 
or after the date of the enactment of this Act relating to any of the 
following:
            (1) Continuity of government.
            (2) Nuclear command, control, and communications.
            (3) Nuclear deterrence.

SEC. 1667. EVALUATION AND ENHANCED SECURITY OF SUPPLY CHAIN FOR NUCLEAR 
              COMMAND, CONTROL, AND COMMUNICATIONS AND CONTINUITY OF 
              GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS.

    (a) Evaluations of Supply Chain Vulnerabilities.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than December 31, 2019, and in 
        accordance with the plan under paragraph (2)(A), the Secretary 
        of Defense shall conduct evaluations of the supply chain 
        vulnerabilities of each covered program.
            (2) Plan.--
                    (A) Development.--The Secretary shall develop a 
                plan to carry out the evaluations under paragraph (1).
                    (B) Submission.--Not later than 180 days after the 
                date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
                submit to the congressional defense committees the plan 
                under subparagraph (A).
            (3) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive, on a case-by-case 
        basis with respect to a weapons system, a program, or a system 
        of systems, of a covered program, either the requirement to 
        conduct an evaluation under paragraph (1) or the deadline 
        specified in such paragraph if the Secretary certifies to the 
        congressional defense committees before such date that all 
        known supply chain vulnerabilities of such weapons system, 
        program, or system of systems have minimal consequences for the 
        capability of such weapons system, program, or system of 
        systems to meet operational requirements or otherwise satisfy 
        mission requirements.
            (4) Risk mitigation strategies.--In carrying out an 
        evaluation under paragraph (1) with respect to a covered 
        program specified in subparagraph (B) or (C) of subsection 
        (c)(2), the Secretary shall develop strategies for mitigating 
        the risks of supply chain vulnerabilities identified in the 
        course of such evaluation.
    (b) Prioritization of Certain Supply Chain Risk Management 
Efforts.--
            (1) Instructions.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall issue a 
        Department of Defense Instruction, or update such an 
        Instruction, establishing the prioritization of supply chain 
        risk management programs, including supply chain risk 
        management threat assessment reporting, to ensure that 
        acquisition and sustainment programs relating to covered 
        programs receive the highest priority of such supply chain risk 
        management programs and reporting.
            (2) Requirements.--
                    (A) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish 
                requirements to carry out supply chain risk management 
                threat assessment collections and analyses under 
                acquisition and sustainment programs relating to 
                covered programs.
                    (B) Submission.--Not later than 120 days after the 
                date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
                submit to the appropriate congressional committees the 
                requirements established under subparagraph (A).
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
        means--
                    (A) the congressional defense committees; and
                    (B) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence 
                of the House of Representatives and the Select 
                Committee on Intelligence of the Senate.
            (2) The term ``covered programs'' means programs relating 
        to any of the following:
                    (A) Nuclear weapons.
                    (B) Nuclear command, control, and communications.
                    (C) Continuity of government.
                    (D) Ballistic missile defense.

SEC. 1668. LIMITATION ON PURSUIT OF CERTAIN COMMAND AND CONTROL 
              CONCEPT.

    (a) Limitation on Command and Control Concept.--The Secretary of 
the Air Force may not award a contract for engineering and 
manufacturing development for the ground-based strategic deterrent 
program that would result in a command and control concept for such 
program that consists of less than 15 fixed launch control centers per 
missile wing unless the Commander of the United States Strategic 
Command--
            (1) determines that--
                    (A) the plans of the Secretary for a command and 
                control concept consisting of less than 15 fixed launch 
                control centers per missile wing are appropriate, meet 
                requirements, and do not contain excessive risk;
                    (B) the risks to schedules and costs from such 
                concept are minimized and manageable;
                    (C) the strategy and plan of the Secretary for 
                addressing cyber threats for such concept are robust; 
                and
                    (D) with respect to such concept, the Secretary has 
                established an appropriate process for considering and 
                managing trade-offs among requirements relating to 
                survivability, long-term operations and sustainment 
                costs, procurement costs, and military personnel needs; 
                and
            (2) submits, in writing, to the Secretary and the 
        congressional defense committees such determination.
    (b) Inability to Make Determination.--If the Secretary proposes to 
award a contract specified in subsection (a) and the Commander is 
unable to make the determination under such subsection, the Commander 
shall submit, in writing, to the Secretary and the congressional 
defense committees the reasons for not making such determination.
    (c) No Effect on Competition.--Nothing in subsection (a) or (b) 
shall be construed to affect or prohibit the ability of the Secretary 
to use fair and open competition procedures in soliciting, evaluating, 
and awarding contracts for the ground-based strategic deterrent 
program.

SEC. 1669. PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR CERTAIN PARTS OF INTERCONTINENTAL 
              BALLISTIC MISSILE FUZES.

    (a) Availability of Funds.--Notwithstanding section 1502(a) of 
title 31, United States Code, of the amount authorized to be 
appropriated for fiscal year 2018 by section 101 and available for 
Missile Procurement, Air Force, as specified in the funding table in 
division D, $6,334,000 shall be available for the procurement of 
covered parts pursuant to contracts entered into under section 1645(a) 
of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 
3651).
    (b) Covered Parts Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
parts'' means commercially available off-the-shelf items as defined in 
section 104 of title 41, United States Code.

SEC. 1670. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON IMPORTANCE OF INDEPENDENT NUCLEAR 
              DETERRENT OF UNITED KINGDOM.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) nuclear deterrence is foundational to the defense and 
        security of the United States and the security of the United 
        States is enhanced by a nuclear-armed ally with common values 
        and security priorities;
            (2) the United States sees the nuclear deterrent of the 
        United Kingdom as central to transatlantic security and 
        welcomes the commitment of the United Kingdom to the North 
        Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) to continue to spend two 
        percent of gross domestic product on defense;
            (3) in the face of increasing threats, the presence of 
        credible nuclear deterrent forces of the United Kingdom is 
        essential to international stability and for NATO;
            (4) the commitment of the United Kingdom to sustaining an 
        independent nuclear deterrent, deployed continuously at sea, 
        provides a vital second decision-making point within the 
        deterrent capability of NATO, creating essential uncertainty in 
        the mind of any potential adversary;
            (5) the United States Navy must continue to execute the 
        Columbia-class submarine program on time and within budget to 
        ensure that the sea-based leg of the nuclear triad of the 
        United States is sustained and the program delivers a Common 
        Missile Compartment, the Trident II (D5) Strategic Weapon 
        System, and associated equipment and production capabilities, 
        to support the successful development and deployment of the 
        Dreadnought submarines of the United Kingdom;
            (6) the support that the United Kingdom provides to 
        deployments of strategic ships and aircraft of the United 
        States at specialized facilities enables a vital part of the 
        deterrence posture of the United States as well as mutual 
        deterrence of adversaries and assurance to the allies and 
        partners of the United States; and
            (7) the collaboration of the United Kingdom with the United 
        States on the military use of atomic energy ensures a peer in 
        the technology and science of nuclear weapons and provides 
        independent expert peer review of the nuclear programs of the 
        United States, ensuring resilience, and cost effectiveness to 
        the nuclear defense programs of both nations.

SEC. 1671. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR MOBILE VARIANT OF 
              GROUND-BASED STRATEGIC DETERRENT MISSILE.

    (a) Prohibition.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated 
by this Act or otherwise made available for any of fiscal years 2017 
through 2019 may be obligated or expended to retain the option for, or 
develop, a mobile variant of the ground-based strategic deterrent 
missile.
    (b) Conforming Repeal.--Section 1664 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 
2615) is repealed.

SEC. 1672. REPORT ON IMPACTS OF NUCLEAR PROLIFERATION.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) nuclear proliferation continues to be a serious threat 
        to the security of the United States;
            (2) it is critical for the United States to understand the 
        impacts of nuclear proliferation and ensure the necessary 
        policies and resources are in place to prevent the 
        proliferation of nuclear materials and weapons;
            (3) effectively addressing the danger of states and non-
        state actors acquiring nuclear weapons or nuclear-weapons-
        usable material should be a clear priority for United States 
        national security; and
            (4) Secretary of Defense James Mattis testified before 
        Congress on June 12, 2017, that ``nuclear nonproliferation has 
        not received enough attention over quite a few years''.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report containing--
            (1) a description of the impacts of nuclear proliferation 
        on the security of the United States;
            (2) a description of how the Department of Defense is 
        contributing to the current strategy to respond to the threat 
        of nuclear proliferation, and what resources are being applied 
        to this effort, including whether there are any funding gaps; 
        and
            (3) if and how nuclear proliferation is being addressed in 
        the Nuclear Posture Review and other pertinent strategy 
        reviews.

                  Subtitle F--Missile Defense Programs

SEC. 1681. ADMINISTRATION OF MISSILE DEFENSE AND DEFEAT PROGRAMS.

    (a) Major Force Program.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 9 of title 10, United States Code, 
        is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 239a. Missile defense and defeat programs: major force program 
              and budget assessment
    ``(a) Establishment of Major Force Program.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall establish a unified major force program for missile 
defense and defeat programs pursuant to section 222(b) of this title to 
prioritize missile defense and defeat programs in accordance with the 
requirements of the Department of Defense and national security.
    ``(b) Budget Assessment.--(1) The Secretary shall include with the 
defense budget materials for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023 a 
report on the budget for missile defense and defeat programs of the 
Department of Defense.
    ``(2) Each report on the budget for missile defense and defeat 
programs of the Department under paragraph (1) shall include the 
following:
            ``(A) An overview of the budget, including--
                    ``(i) a comparison between that budget, the 
                previous budget, the most recent and prior future-years 
                defense program submitted to Congress under section 221 
                of this title (such comparison shall exclude the 
                responsibility for research and development of the 
                continuing improvement of such missile defense and 
                defeat program), and the amounts appropriated for such 
                missile defense and defeat programs during the previous 
                fiscal year; and
                    ``(ii) the specific identification, as a budgetary 
                line item, for the funding under such programs.
            ``(B) An assessment of the budget, including significant 
        changes, priorities, challenges, and risks.
            ``(C) Any additional matters the Secretary determines 
        appropriate.
    ``(3) Each report under paragraph (1) shall be submitted in 
unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `budget', with respect to a fiscal year, 
        means the budget for that fiscal year that is submitted to 
        Congress by the President under section 1105(a) of title 31.
            ``(2) The term `defense budget materials', with respect to 
        a fiscal year, means the materials submitted to Congress by the 
        Secretary of Defense in support of the budget for that fiscal 
        year.
            ``(3) The term `missile defense and defeat programs' means 
        active and passive ballistic missile defense programs, cruise 
        missile defense programs for the homeland, and missile defeat 
        programs.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
        item relating to section 239 the following new item:

``239a. Missile defense and defeat programs: major force program and 
                            budget assessment.''.
    (b) Transition of Ballistic Missile Defense Programs to Military 
Departments.--
            (1) Requirement.--Not later than the date on which the 
        budget of the President for fiscal year 2020 is submitted under 
        section 1105 of title 31, United States Code, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall transfer the acquisition authority and the total 
        obligational authority for each missile defense program 
        described in paragraph (2) from the Missile Defense Agency to a 
        military department.
            (2) Missile defense program described.--A missile defense 
        program described in this paragraph is a missile defense 
        program of the Missile Defense Agency that, as of the date 
        specified in paragraph (1), has received Milestone C approval 
        (as defined in section 2366 of title 10, United States Code).
            (3) Report.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than one year after the 
                date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
                Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
                committees a report on the plans of the Department of 
                Defense for the transition of missile defense programs 
                from the Missile Defense Agency to the military 
                departments pursuant to paragraph (1).
                    (B) Scope.--The report under subparagraph (A) shall 
                cover the period covered by the future-years defense 
                program that is submitted under section 221 of title 
                10, United States Code, in the year in which such 
                report is submitted.
                    (C) Matters included.--The report under 
                subparagraph (A) shall include the following:
                            (i) An identification of--
                                    (I) the missile defense programs 
                                planned to be transitioned from the 
                                Missile Defense Agency to the military 
                                departments; and
                                    (II) the missile defense programs, 
                                if any, not planned for transition to 
                                the military departments.
                            (ii) The schedule for transition of each 
                        missile defense program planned to be 
                        transitioned to a military department, and an 
                        explanation of such schedule.
                            (iii) A description of--
                                    (I) the status of the plans of the 
                                Missile Defense Agency and the military 
                                departments for the transition of 
                                missile defense programs from that 
                                agency to the military departments; and
                                    (II) the status of any agreement 
                                between the Missile Defense Agency and 
                                one or more of the military departments 
                                on the transition of any such program 
                                from that agency to the military 
                                departments, including any agreement on 
                                the operational test criteria that must 
                                be achieved before such transition.
                            (iv) An identification of the element of 
                        the Department of Defense (whether the Missile 
                        Defense Agency, a military department, or both) 
                        that will be responsible for funding each 
                        missile defense program to be transitioned to a 
                        military department, and at what date.
                            (v) A description of the type of funds that 
                        will be used (whether funds for research, 
                        development, test, and evaluation, procurement, 
                        military construction, or operation and 
                        maintenance) for each missile defense program 
                        to be transitioned to a military department.
                            (vi) An explanation of the number of 
                        systems planned for procurement for each 
                        missile defense program to be transitioned to a 
                        military department, and the schedule for 
                        procurement of each such system.
                            (vii) A description of how the Missile 
                        Defense Agency will continue the responsibility 
                        for the research and development of 
                        improvements to missile defense programs.
    (c) Role of Missile Defense Agency.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 8 of title 10, United States Code, 
        is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 205. Missile Defense Agency
    ``(a) Term of Director.--The Director of the Missile Defense Agency 
shall be appointed for a six-year term.
    ``(b) Reporting.--The Missile Defense Agency shall be under the 
authority, direction, and control of the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Research and Engineering.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of subchapter II of such chapter is amended by adding 
        at the end the following new item:

``205. Missile Defense Agency.''.
            (3) Application.--
                    (A) Terms.--Subsection (a) of section 205 of title 
                10, United States Code, as added by paragraph (1), 
                shall apply the day following the date on which the 
                present incumbent in the office of the Director of the 
                Missile Defense Agency, as of the date of the enactment 
                of this Act, ceases to serve as such.
                    (B) Reporting.--Subsection (b) of such section 205 
                shall apply beginning on February 1, 2018. In carrying 
                out such subsection, the Missile Defense Agency shall 
                be under the authority, direction, and control of the 
                Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering 
                in the same manner as the Missile Defense Agency was 
                under the authority, direction, and control of the 
                Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, 
                and Logistics pursuant to Department of Defense 
                Directive 5134.09. Any reference in such Instruction to 
                the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
                Technology, and Logistics shall be deemed to be a 
                reference to the Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Research and Engineering, including with respect to the 
                Under Secretary serving as the chairman of the Missile 
                Defense Executive Board.

SEC. 1682. PRESERVATION OF THE BALLISTIC MISSILE DEFENSE CAPACITY OF 
              THE ARMY.

    (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 or any fiscal 
year thereafter for the Army may be obligated or expended to 
demilitarize any GEM-T interceptor or remove any such interceptor from 
the operational inventory of the Army until the date on which the 
Secretary of the Army submits to the congressional defense committees 
the evaluation conducted under subsection (b).
    (b) Evaluation.--The Secretary and the Chief of Staff of the Army 
shall jointly conduct an evaluation of the ability of the Army to meet 
warfighter requirements and operational needs if GEM-T interceptors are 
removed from the operational inventory of the Army. In conducting such 
evaluation, the Secretary and the Chief of Staff shall evaluate whether 
the Army can maintain an inventory of interceptors necessary to retain 
the capability provided by GEM-T interceptors and to meet such 
operational needs by either--
            (1) recertifying GEM-T interceptors (either with or without 
        modification); or
            (2) developing, testing, and fielding a new low-cost 
        interceptor that can be placed on the operational inventory of 
        the Army prior to the retirement of GEM-T interceptors.
    (c) Exception.--The limitation in subsection (a) shall not apply to 
activities that the Secretary determines are critical to the safety of 
GEM-T interceptors.
    (d) GEM-T Interceptor Defined.--In this section, the term ``GEM-T 
interceptor'' means the Patriot guidance enhanced missile TBM.

SEC. 1683. MODERNIZATION OF ARMY LOWER TIER AIR AND MISSILE DEFENSE 
              SENSOR.

    (a) Approval of Acquisition Strategy.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than April 15, 2018, the 
        Secretary of the Army shall issue an acquisition strategy for a 
        360-degree lower tier air and missile defense sensor that 
        achieves initial operating capability by not later than January 
        1, 2022.
            (2) Requirements.--The acquisition strategy under paragraph 
        (1) shall--
                    (A) ensure the use of competitive procedures;
                    (B) clearly describe the open-architecture design 
                to be used;
                    (C) provide a comprehensive fielding plan that 
                provides 360-degree lower tier air and missile defense 
                sensor capability to all units of the Army by not later 
                than January 1, 2026;
                    (D) define the operation and sustainment cost 
                savings of the acquisition strategy and other 
                acquisition options of the Army;
                    (E) identify any programmatic cost avoidance that 
                could be achieved through co-production, co-
                development, or foreign military sales;
                    (F) ensure the fielding of an interim gap-filler 
                capability to the highest priority forces (consisting 
                of not less than three battalions) for imminent 
                threats; and
                    (G) identify the estimated cost to field both the 
                360-degree lower tier air and missile defense sensor 
                capability and the interim capability pursuant to 
                subparagraph (E).
            (3) Limitation.--If the Secretary of the Army does not 
        issue the acquisition strategy under subsection (a) by April 
        15, 2018, none of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
        this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 for 
        the lower tier air and missile defense sensor of the Army that 
        are unobligated as of such date may be obligated or expended.
    (b) Conditional Transfer.--
            (1) MDA.--If the Secretary of the Army does not issue the 
        acquisition strategy under subsection (a) by April 15, 2018, 
        the Secretary of Defense shall transfer from the Secretary of 
        the Army to the Director of the Missile Defense Agency--
                    (A) the responsibility to issue the acquisition 
                strategy described in subsection (a) by not later than 
                December 15, 2018; and
                    (B) beginning on the date of such approval, the 
                responsibility to implement such acquisition strategy 
                to procure a 360-degree lower tier air and missile 
                defense sensor.
            (2) Army.--If the Secretary of Defense carries out the 
        transfer under paragraph (1), after the 360-degree lower tier 
        air and missile defense sensor achieves Milestone B approval 
        (or equivalent), but before such sensor achieves Milestone C 
        approval (or equivalent), the Secretary of Defense shall 
        transfer from the Director of the Missile Defense Agency to the 
        Secretary of the Army the responsibility to procure such 
        sensor.
    (c) Definitions.--The terms ``Milestone B approval'' and 
``Milestone C approval'' have the meanings given those terms in section 
2366 of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 1684. ENHANCEMENT OF OPERATIONAL TEST AND EVALUATION OF BALLISTIC 
              MISSILE DEFENSE SYSTEM.

    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Director of the Missile Defense Agency, the Director of Operational 
Test and Evaluation, the Secretary of the Army, and the Secretary of 
the Navy shall jointly ensure that--
            (1) the test plans of the Integrated Master Test Plan of 
        the ballistic missile defense system include planned tests 
        activity of the lower tier ballistic missile defenses of the 
        Army;
            (2) such plans prioritize the integration of such defenses 
        with elements of the ballistic missile defense system; and
            (3) such plans are clearly described in such Integrated 
        Master Test Plan.

SEC. 1685. DEFENSE OF HAWAII FROM NORTH KOREAN BALLISTIC MISSILE 
              ATTACK.

    (a) Findings; Sense of Congress.--
            (1) Findings.--Congress finds the following:
                    (A) The North Korean ballistic missile threat to 
                the United States, including Hawaii, is growing 
                rapidly.
                    (B) Since Kim Jong-un took power in 2012, North 
                Korea has conducted 78 ballistic missile tests, of 
                which 61 are considered to have been successful.
                    (C) The existing ballistic missile defense 
                protection for Hawaii, including the ground-based 
                midcourse defense system in Alaska, and the sea-based 
                x-band radar, provide limited ballistic missile defense 
                capabilities today.
                    (D) Through use of existing ballistic missile 
                defense assets, including AN/TPY-2 radars and the Aegis 
                Ashore Site located on the Pacific Missile Range 
                Facility, the ballistic missile defense of Hawaii could 
                benefit from a near-term improvement by adding a layer 
                of defense.
                    (E) The proposed program of record for a medium 
                range discriminating radar to be fully mission capable 
                after 2023 would leave the defense of Hawaii dependent 
                only on the ground-based midcourse defense system in 
                Alaska, and the sea-based x-band radar until that time, 
                while the threat to the United States, including 
                Hawaii, from North Korean ballistic missiles continues 
                to grow.
                    (F) The National Defense Authorization Act for 
                Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328) required that the 
                Missile Defense Agency plan to provide additional 
                ballistic missile defense sensor coverage for the 
                defense of Hawaii and ``field such radar or equivalent 
                sensor by not later than December 31, 2021''.
                    (G) When asked at a hearing of the Committee on 
                Armed Services of the House of Representatives on April 
                26, 2017, about the threat to Hawaii from North Korean 
                ballistic missiles, the Commander of the United States 
                Pacific Command, Admiral Harry Harris, testified that 
                ``Kim Jong-un is clearly in a position to threaten 
                Hawaii today. . .I believe that our ballistic missile 
                (defense) architecture is sufficient to protect Hawaii 
                today. But it can be overwhelmed'' and ``I think that 
                we would be better served, my personal opinion, is that 
                we would be better served with a defensive Hawaii radar 
                and interceptors in Hawaii. I know that is being 
                discussed''.
            (2) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
        Congress supports assessing the feasibility of improving the 
        missile defense of Hawaii from the evolving ballistic missile 
        threat, including from North Korea, through a permanent missile 
        defense sensor capability and the possible introduction of 
        interim missile defense coverage.
    (b) Sequenced Approach.--The Secretary of Defense shall protect the 
test and training operations of the Pacific Missile Range Facility, and 
assess the siting and functionality of a discrimination radar for 
homeland defense throughout the Hawaiian Islands before assessing the 
feasibility of improving the missile defense of Hawaii by using 
existing missile defense assets that could materially improve the 
defense of Hawaii.
    (c) Test.--The Director of the Missile Defense Agency shall--
            (1) not later than 270 days after the date of the enactment 
        of this Act, conduct a test to evaluate and demonstrate, if 
        technologically feasible, the capability to defeat a simple 
        intercontinental ballistic missile threat using the standard 
        missile 3 block IIA missile interceptor; and
            (2) as part of the integrated master test plan for the 
        ballistic missile defense system, develop a plan to demonstrate 
        a capability to defeat a complex intercontinental ballistic 
        missile threat, including a complex threat posed by the 
        intercontinental ballistic missiles of North Korea.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report--
            (1) that indicates whether demonstrating an 
        intercontinental ballistic missile defense capability against 
        North Korean ballistic missiles by the standard missile 3 block 
        IIA missile interceptor poses any risks to strategic stability; 
        and
            (2) if the Secretary determines under paragraph (1) that 
        such demonstration poses such risks to strategic stability, a 
        description of any plan developed and implemented by the 
        Secretary to address and mitigate such risks, as determined 
        appropriate by the Secretary.

SEC. 1686. AEGIS ASHORE ANTI-AIR WARFARE CAPABILITY.

    (a) Authorization.--Using funds authorized to be appropriated by 
sections 101 and 201 of this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal 
year 2018 for procurement and research, development, test, and 
evaluation, as specified in the funding tables in division D, the 
Secretary of Defense shall continue the development, procurement, and 
deployment of anti-air warfare capabilities at each Aegis Ashore site 
in Romania and Poland. The Secretary shall ensure the deployment of 
such capabilities--
            (1) at such sites in Romania by not later than one year 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act; and
            (2) at such sites in Poland by not later than one year 
        after the declaration of operational status for such sites.
    (b) Reprogramming and Transfers.--Any reprogramming or transfer 
made to carry out subsection (a) shall be carried out in accordance 
with established procedures for reprogramming or transfers.

SEC. 1687. IRON DOME SHORT-RANGE ROCKET DEFENSE SYSTEM, ISRAELI 
              COOPERATIVE MISSILE DEFENSE PROGRAM CODEVELOPMENT AND 
              COPRODUCTION, AND ARROW 3 TESTING.

    (a) Iron Dome Short-range Rocket Defense System.--
            (1) Availability of funds.--Of the funds authorized to be 
        appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal 
        year 2018 for procurement, Defense-wide, and available for the 
        Missile Defense Agency, not more than $92,000,000 may be 
        provided to the Government of Israel to procure Tamir 
        interceptors for the Iron Dome short-range rocket defense 
        system through coproduction of such interceptors in the United 
        States by industry of the United States.
            (2) Conditions.--
                    (A) Agreement.--Funds described in paragraph (1) 
                for the Iron Dome short-range rocket defense program 
                shall be available subject to the terms and conditions 
                in the Agreement Between the Department of Defense of 
                the United States of America and the Ministry of 
                Defense of the State of Israel Concerning Iron Dome 
                Defense System Procurement, signed on March 5, 2014, 
                subject to an amended bilateral international agreement 
                for coproduction for Tamir interceptors. In 
                negotiations by the Missile Defense Agency and the 
                Missile Defense Organization of the Government of 
                Israel regarding such production, the goal of the 
                United States is to maximize opportunities for 
                coproduction of the Tamir interceptors described in 
                paragraph (1) in the United States by industry of the 
                United States.
                    (B) Certification.--Not later than 30 days prior to 
                the initial obligation of funds described in paragraph 
                (1), the Director of the Missile Defense Agency and the 
                Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, 
                and Logistics shall jointly submit to the appropriate 
                congressional committees--
                            (i) a certification that the amended 
                        bilateral international agreement specified in 
                        subparagraph (A) is being implemented as 
                        provided in such agreement; and
                            (ii) an assessment detailing any risks 
                        relating to the implementation of such 
                        agreement.
    (b) Israeli Cooperative Missile Defense Program Codevelopment and 
Coproduction.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), of the funds 
        authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2018 for 
        procurement, Defense-wide, and available for the Missile 
        Defense Agency--
                    (A) not more than $221,500,000 may be provided to 
                the Government of Israel to procure the David's Sling 
                Weapon System, including for coproduction of parts and 
                components in the United States by United States 
                industry; and
                    (B) not more than $287,300,000 may be provided to 
                the Government of Israel for the Arrow 3 Upper Tier 
                Interceptor Program, including for coproduction of 
                parts and components in the United States by United 
                States industry.
            (2) Certification.--
                    (A) Criteria.--Except as provided by paragraph (3), 
                the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
                Technology, and Logistics shall submit to the 
                appropriate congressional committees a certification 
                that--
                            (i) the Government of Israel has 
                        demonstrated the successful completion of the 
                        knowledge points, technical milestones, and 
                        production readiness reviews required by the 
                        research, development, and technology 
                        agreements for the David's Sling Weapon System 
                        and the Arrow 3 Upper Tier Development Program, 
                        respectively;
                            (ii) funds specified in subparagraphs (A) 
                        and (B) of paragraph (1) will be provided on 
                        the basis of a one-for-one cash match made by 
                        Israel for such respective systems or in 
                        another matching amount that otherwise meets 
                        best efforts (as mutually agreed to by the 
                        United States and Israel);
                            (iii) the United States has entered into a 
                        bilateral international agreement with Israel 
                        that establishes, with respect to the use of 
                        such funds--
                                    (I) in accordance with clause (iv), 
                                the terms of coproduction of parts and 
                                components of such respective systems 
                                on the basis of the greatest 
                                practicable coproduction of parts, 
                                components, and all-up rounds (if 
                                appropriate) by United States industry 
                                and minimizes nonrecurring engineering 
                                and facilitization expenses to the 
                                costs needed for coproduction;
                                    (II) complete transparency on the 
                                requirement of Israel for the number of 
                                interceptors and batteries of such 
                                respective systems that will be 
                                procured, including with respect to the 
                                procurement plans, acquisition 
                                strategy, and funding profiles of 
                                Israel;
                                    (III) technical milestones for 
                                coproduction of parts and components 
                                and procurement of such respective 
                                systems; and
                                    (IV) joint approval processes for 
                                third-party sales of such respective 
                                systems and the components of such 
                                respective systems;
                            (iv) the level of coproduction described in 
                        clause (iii)(I) for the Arrow 3 Upper Tier 
                        Interceptor Program and the David's Sling 
                        Weapon System is not less than 50 percent; and
                            (v) there is a separate, clear plan for 
                        each of the David's Sling Weapon System and the 
                        Arrow 3 Upper Tier Interceptor Program for 
                        improving the affordability of the respective 
                        system, and each such plan is approved by a 
                        United States-Israeli joint working group on 
                        cost-reduction for such respective system.
                    (B) Number.--In carrying out subparagraph (A), the 
                Under Secretary may submit--
                            (i) one certification covering both the 
                        David's Sling Weapon System and the Arrow 3 
                        Upper Tier Interceptor Program; or
                            (ii) separate certifications for each 
                        respective system.
                    (C) Timing.--The Under Secretary shall submit to 
                the congressional defense committees the certification 
                under subparagraph (A) by not later than 60 days before 
                the funds specified in paragraph (1) for the respective 
                system covered by the certification are provided to the 
                Government of Israel.
            (3) Waiver.--The Under Secretary may waive the 
        certification required by paragraph (2) if the Under Secretary 
        certifies to the appropriate congressional committees that the 
        Under Secretary has received sufficient data from the 
        Government of Israel to demonstrate--
                    (A) the funds specified in subparagraphs (A) and 
                (B) of paragraph (1) are provided to Israel solely for 
                funding the procurement of long-lead components and 
                critical hardware in accordance with a production plan, 
                including a funding profile detailing Israeli 
                contributions for production, including long-lead 
                production, of either David's Sling Weapon System or 
                the Arrow 3 Upper Tier Interceptor Program;
                    (B) such long-lead components have successfully 
                completed knowledge points, technical milestones, and 
                production readiness reviews; and
                    (C) the long-lead procurement will be conducted in 
                a manner that maximizes coproduction in the United 
                States without incurring nonrecurring engineering 
                activity or cost other than such activity or cost 
                required for suppliers of the United States to start or 
                restart production in the United States.
            (4) Briefing.--Not later than 30 days after the date on 
        which both plans described in paragraph (2)(A)(v) are 
        completed, the Under Secretary shall provide to the appropriate 
        congressional committees a joint briefing on such plans.
    (c) Limitation on Availability of Funding for Certain Arrow 3 
Testing.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 for the Missile Defense 
Agency, not more than $105,000,000 may be obligated or expended for--
            (1) testing of the Arrow 3 Upper Tier Development Program 
        that is carried out at ranges located in the United States; and
            (2) expenses relating to such testing that the Director 
        determines to be required and appropriate.
    (d) Cross Reference.--The amounts and purposes referred to in this 
section correspond to amounts specified for such purposes in the 
funding tables in division D.
    (e) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the following:
            (1) The congressional defense committees.
            (2) The Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
        Senate.

SEC. 1688. REVIEW OF PROPOSED GROUND-BASED MIDCOURSE DEFENSE SYSTEM 
              CONTRACT.

    (a) Limitation on Changes to Contracting Strategy.--The Director of 
the Missile Defense Agency may not change the contracting strategy for 
the systems integration, operations, and test of the ground-based 
midcourse defense system until the date on which--
            (1) the report under subsection (b)(3) is submitted to the 
        congressional defense committees; and
            (2) a period of 30 days has elapsed following the date of 
        such submission.
    (b) Review.--
            (1) In general.--The Director of Cost Assessment and 
        Program Evaluation shall conduct a review of the contract for 
        the systems integration, operations, and test of the ground-
        based midcourse defense system. Such review shall include the 
        following:
                    (A) Contract performance of current industry-led 
                prime contract approach, including with respect to--
                            (i) system readiness performance and 
                        reliability growth;
                            (ii) development, integration, and fielding 
                        of new homeland defense capabilities; and
                            (iii) cost performance against baseline 
                        contract.
                    (B) With respect to alternate contracting 
                approaches--
                            (i) an enumeration and detailing of any 
                        specific benefits for each such alternate 
                        approach;
                            (ii) an identification of specific costs to 
                        switching to each such alternate approach; and
                            (iii) detailing of the specific risks of 
                        each such alternate approach to homeland 
                        defense, including regarding schedule, costs, 
                        and the sustainment, maintenance, development, 
                        and fielding, of integrated capabilities.
                    (C) With respect to contracting approaches that 
                transition to Federal Government-led systems 
                engineering integration and test--
                            (i) an enumeration of the processes, 
                        procedures, and command media that have been 
                        established by the Missile Defense Agency and 
                        proven to be effective for the execution of 
                        programs that are of the scale of the ground-
                        based midcourse defense system; and
                            (ii) the manner in which a new contract 
                        will control for growth in the personnel and 
                        support contracts of the Federal Government to 
                        support cost growth and minimize the risk of 
                        schedule delay.
                    (D) A baseline for historical and current staffing 
                of the ground-based midcourse defense system program, 
                specifically with respect to personnel of the Federal 
                Government, personnel of federally funded research and 
                development centers, personnel of departments and 
                agencies of the Federal Government, and support 
                contractors.
                    (E) Projections of the staffing categories 
                specified in subparagraph (D) under a new contracting 
                strategy and how such staffing categories will be 
                limited to prevent significant cost growth and to 
                minimize the risk of schedule delays.
                    (F) The views and recommendations of the Director 
                for any changes the current ground-based midcourse 
                defense system contract or a new contract, including 
                the proposed contracting strategy of the Missile 
                Defense Agency.
                    (G) Any other such matters the Director determines 
                appropriate.
            (2) Transmission.--The Director of Cost Assessment and 
        Program Evaluation shall transmit to the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Research and Engineering and the Missile Defense 
        Executive Board the review under paragraph (1).
            (3) Report.--Not later than 30 days after the date on which 
        the Under Secretary and the Missile Defense Executive Board 
        receive the review under paragraph (1), the Under Secretary and 
        Board shall jointly submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report containing--
                    (A) the review, without change; and
                    (B) any views and recommendations of the Under 
                Secretary and the Board on such review.

SEC. 1689. SENSE OF CONGRESS AND PLAN FOR DEVELOPMENT OF SPACE-BASED 
              SENSOR LAYER FOR BALLISTIC MISSILE DEFENSE.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the defense of the homeland, the deployed members of 
        the Armed Forces, and the allies of the United States against 
        the threat of attack by ballistic and hypersonic missiles is 
        the highest priority of the Missile Defense Agency;
            (2) the Missile Defense Agency, and the Defense Agencies 
        and combat support agencies, must prioritize the design, 
        development, and deployment of the space-based missile defense 
        sensor layer;
            (3) a space-based missile defense sensor layer is essential 
        for the future of the missile defense of the homeland, the 
        deployed members of the Armed Forces, and the allies of the 
        United States; and
            (4) such a space-based layer can, and should, benefit a 
        multitude of other important defense and intelligence 
        requirements, including targeting and space situational 
        awareness.
    (b) Development.--After the date on which the Director of the 
Missile Defense Agency submits the plan under subsection (c), the 
Director, in coordination with the Secretary of the Air Force and the 
heads of the Defense Agencies and combat support agencies that the 
Director determines appropriate, shall develop a space-based ballistic 
missile defense sensor layer that--
            (1) provides missile defense engagement quality precision 
        tracking data of the United States beginning in the boost phase 
        and continuing throughout subsequent flight regimes; and
            (2) serves other defense and intelligence requirements for 
        intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance, including 
        targeting and space situational awareness; and
            (3) achieves an operational prototype payload at the 
        earliest practicable date.
    (c) Space-based Missile Defense Sensor Layer Plan.--Not later than 
one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Director 
shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a plan that 
includes--
            (1) how the Director will carry out subsection (b), 
        including with respect to the estimated costs--
                    (A) for the operational prototype payload specified 
                in paragraph (3) of such subsection; and
                    (B) to develop, acquire, and deploy, and the 
                lifecycle costs to operate and sustain, a space-based 
                sensor layer and support systems to provide global 
                missile defense coverage;
            (2) an assessment of the maturity of critical technologies 
        necessary to make operational such a space-based sensor layer, 
        and recommendations for any research and development activities 
        to rapidly mature such technologies;
            (3) an assessment of what capabilities such a space-based 
        sensor layer can contribute that other sensor layers do not 
        contribute;
            (4) how the Director will leverage the use of national 
        technical means, commercially available space and terrestrial 
        capabilities, hosted payloads, small satellites, and other 
        capabilities to carry out subsection (b); and
            (5) any other matters the Director determines appropriate.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
        means--
                    (A) the congressional defense committees; and
                    (B) the Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
                Senate and the Permanent Select Committee on 
                Intelligence of the House of Representatives.
            (2) The term ``combat support agency'' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 193(f) of title 10, United States 
        Code.
            (3) The term ``Defense Agency'' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 101(a)(11) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 1690. SENSE OF CONGRESS AND PLAN FOR DEVELOPMENT OF SPACE-BASED 
              BALLISTIC MISSILE INTERCEPT LAYER.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) a space-based missile defense layer will exploit the 
        natural advantages of space systems and integrate them into the 
        ballistic missile defense system; and
            (2) these advantages include--
                    (A) a 24/7 global presence to defend against 
                asymmetric threats;
                    (B) access to geographically denied areas;
                    (C) an ability to close a global fire control loop 
                for such system;
                    (D) complementing existing terrestrial 
                capabilities; and
                    (E) increasing the overall survivability and 
                resilience of the entire national missile defense 
                system.
    (b) Development.--The Director of the Missile Defense Agency shall 
develop a space-based ballistic missile intercept layer to the 
ballistic missile defense system that is--
            (1) regionally focused;
            (2) capable of providing boost-phase defense; and
            (3) achieves an operational capability at the earliest 
        practicable date.
    (c) Space-based Ballistic Missile Intercept Layer Plan.--Not later 
than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Director 
shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a plan to 
carry out subsection (b) during the five-year period following the date 
of the plan. Such plan shall include the following:
            (1) A concept definition phase consisting of multiple 
        awarded contracts to identify feasible solutions consistent 
        with architectural principles, performance goals, and price 
        points established by the Director, such as contracts relating 
        to--
                    (A) refined requirements;
                    (B) conceptual designs;
                    (C) technology readiness assessments;
                    (D) critical technical and operational issues;
                    (E) cost, schedule, performance estimates; and
                    (F) risk reduction plans.
            (2) A technology risk reduction phase consisting of up to 
        three competitively awarded contracts focused on maturing, 
        integrating, and characterizing key technologies, algorithms, 
        components, and sub-systems, such as contracts relating to--
                    (A) refined concepts and designs;
                    (B) engineering trade studies;
                    (C) medium-to-high fidelity digital representations 
                of the space-based ballistic missile intercept weapon 
                system; and
                    (D) a proposed integration and test sequence that 
                could potentially lead to a live-fire boost phase 
                intercept during fiscal year 2022.
            (3) During the technology risk reduction phase, contractors 
        will define proposed demonstrations to a preliminary design 
        review level prior to a technology development phase down-
        select.
            (4) A technology development phase consisting of two 
        competitively awarded contracts to mature the preferred space-
        based ballistic missile intercept weapon system concepts and to 
        potentially conduct a live-fire boost phase intercept fly-off 
        during fiscal year 2022 with brassboard hardware and prototype 
        software on a path to the operational goal.
            (5) A concurrent space-based ballistic missile intercept 
        weapon system fire control test bed activity that incrementally 
        incorporates modeling and simulation elements, real-world data, 
        hardware, algorithms, and systems to evaluate with increasing 
        confidence the performance of evolving designs and concepts of 
        such weapon system from target detection to intercept.
            (6) Any other matters the Director determines appropriate.
    (d) Establishment of Space Test Bed.--In carrying out subsection 
(b), the Director of the Missile Defense Agency shall establish a space 
test bed to--
            (1) conduct research and development regarding options for 
        a space-based defensive layer, including with respect to space-
        based interceptors and directed energy platforms; and
            (2) identify the most cost-efficient and promising 
        technological solutions to implementing such layer.
    (e) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the congressional defense committees; and
            (2) the Select Committee on Intelligence of the Senate and 
        the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
        Representatives.

SEC. 1691. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR GROUND-BASED 
              MIDCOURSE DEFENSE ELEMENT OF THE BALLISTIC MISSILE 
              DEFENSE SYSTEM.

    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise 
made available for fiscal year 2018 for the ground-based midcourse 
defense element of the ballistic missile defense system, $50,000,000 
may not be obligated or expended until the date on which the Secretary 
of Defense provides to the congressional defense committees--
            (1) a written certification that the risk of mission 
        failure of ground-based midcourse interceptor enhanced kill 
        vehicles due to foreign object debris has been minimized; or
            (2) if the certification under paragraph (1) cannot be 
        made, a briefing on the corrective measures that will be 
        carried out to minimize such risk, including--
                    (A) a timeline for the implementation of the 
                measures; and
                    (B) the estimated cost of implementing the 
                measures.

SEC. 1692. CONVENTIONAL PROMPT GLOBAL STRIKE WEAPONS SYSTEM.

    (a) Early Operational Capability.--The Secretary of Defense, in 
coordination with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, shall plan 
to reach early operational capability for the conventional prompt 
strike weapon system by not later than September 30, 2022.
    (b) Limitation on Availability of Funds.--Of the funds authorized 
to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal 
year 2018 for research, development, test, and evaluation, Defense-
wide, for the conventional prompt global strike weapons system, not 
more than 50 percent may be obligated or expended until the date on 
which the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in consultation with 
the Chief of Staff of the Army, the Commander of the United States 
European Command, the Commander of the United States Pacific Command, 
and the Commander of the United States Strategic Command, submits to 
the congressional defense committees, a report on--
            (1) the required level of resources that is consistent with 
        the level of priority assigned to the associated capability 
        gap;
            (2) the estimated period for the delivery of a medium-range 
        early operational capability, the required level of resources 
        necessary to field a medium-range conventional prompt global 
        strike weapon within the United States (including the 
        territories and possessions of the United States), and a 
        detailed plan consistent with the urgency of the associated 
        capability gap across multiple platforms;
            (3) the joint performance requirements that--
                    (A) ensure interoperability, where appropriate, 
                between and among joint military capabilities; and
                    (B) are necessary, as designated by the Chairman of 
                the Joint Chiefs of Staff, to fulfill capability gaps 
                of more than one military department, Defense Agency, 
                or other element of the Department; and
            (4) in coordination with the Secretary of Defense, any plan 
        (including policy options) considered appropriate to address 
        any potential risks of ambiguity from the launch or employment 
        of such a capability.

SEC. 1693. DETERMINATION OF LOCATION OF CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES 
              INTERCEPTOR SITE.

    (a) Determination.--Not later than 30 days after the date on which 
the Ballistic Missile Defense Review is issued, the Secretary of 
Defense shall determine the location of a potential additional 
continental United States interceptor site. In making such 
determination, the Secretary shall consider the full spectrum of 
contributing factors, including with respect to each of the following:
            (1) Strategic and operational effectiveness, including with 
        respect to the location that is the most advantageous site to 
        the continental United States, including by having the 
        capability to provide shoot-assess-shoot coverage to the entire 
        continental United States.
            (2) Existing infrastructure at the location.
            (3) Economic impacts.
            (4) Public support.
            (5) Cost to construct and operate.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 30 days after making the determination 
described in subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report detailing all of the 
contributing factors considered by the Secretary in making such 
determination, including any other factors that the Secretary 
considered, including any relevant recommendations of the Ballistic 
Missile Defense Review.

                       Subtitle G--Other Matters

SEC. 1695. PROTECTION OF CERTAIN FACILITIES AND ASSETS FROM UNMANNED 
              AIRCRAFT.

    Subparagraph (C) of section 130i(e)(1) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended to read as follows:
                            ``(C)(i) relates to--
                                            ``(I) the nuclear 
                                        deterrence mission of the 
                                        Department of Defense, 
                                        including with respect to 
                                        nuclear command and control, 
                                        integrated tactical warning and 
                                        attack assessment, and 
                                        continuity of government;
                                            ``(II) the missile defense 
                                        mission of the Department; or
                                            ``(III) the national 
                                        security space mission of the 
                                        Department; or
                                    ``(ii) is part of a Major Range and 
                                Test Facility Base (as defined in 
                                section 196(i) of this title).''.

SEC. 1696. USE OF COMMERCIAL ITEMS IN DISTRIBUTED COMMON GROUND 
              SYSTEMS.

    (a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (b), the 
procurement process for each covered Distributed Common Ground System 
shall be carried out in accordance with section 2377 of title 10, 
United States Code.
    (b) Exceptions.--Section 2377 of title 10, United States Code, 
shall not apply to the procurement of an item or service for a covered 
Distributed Common Ground System if the item or service--
            (1) is used to integrate the capabilities of the system 
        with another information system, in a case in which such 
        integration is required; or
            (2) is not available in an existing commercial product.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Appropriate congressional committees defined.--The term 
        ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
                    (A) the congressional defense committees; and
                    (B) the Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
                Senate and the Permanent Select Committee on 
                Intelligence of the House of Representatives.
            (2) Covered dcgs system.--The term ``covered Distributed 
        Common Ground System'' includes the following:
                    (A) The Distributed Common Ground System of the 
                Army.
                    (B) The Distributed Common Ground System of the 
                Navy.
                    (C) The Distributed Common Ground System of the 
                Marine Corps.
                    (D) The Distributed Common Ground System of the Air 
                Force.
                    (E) The Distributed Common Ground System of the 
                Special Operations Forces.

SEC. 1697. INDEPENDENT ASSESSMENT OF COSTS RELATING TO AMMONIUM 
              PERCHLORATE.

    (a) Assessment.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter 
into a contract with a federally funded research and development center 
to conduct an assessment of the costs to the Department of Defense 
relating to contractors and subcontractors of the Department using a 
new supplier of ammonium perchlorate for weapon systems.
    (b) Elements.--The assessment under subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
            (1) For each weapon system that must be requalified by 
        reason of the new supplier of ammonium perchlorate as described 
        in subsection (a), an estimate of the requalification costs.
            (2) The types and number of tests that are needed for any 
        such requalification, including whether any currently planned 
        tests, as of the date of the assessment, may be leveraged, or 
        testing across programs may be used, to decrease 
        requalification costs while retaining and ensuring 
        qualification standards.
            (3) Estimates of any other costs relating to ammonium 
        perchlorate that the Secretary determines appropriate.
    (c) Submission.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees the assessment under subsection (a), without change, 
together with any comments or views of the Secretary regarding the 
assessment.

SEC. 1698. LIMITATION AND BUSINESS CASE ANALYSIS REGARDING AMMONIUM 
              PERCHLORATE.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation, shall conduct a 
business case analysis regarding the options of the Federal Government 
to ensure a robust domestic industrial base to supply ammonium 
perchlorate for use in solid rocket motors. Such analysis should 
include assessments of the near and long-term costs, program impacts, 
opportunities for competition, opportunities for redundant or 
complementary capabilities, and national security implications of--
            (1) continuing to rely on one domestic provider;
            (2) supporting development of a second domestic source;
            (3) procuring ammonium perchlorate as Government-furnished 
        material and providing it to all necessary programs; and
            (4) such other options as the Secretary determines 
        appropriate.
    (b) Elements.--The analysis under subsection (a) shall, at minimum, 
include--
            (1) an estimate of all associated costs, including 
        development, procurement, and qualification costs, as 
        applicable;
            (2) an assessment of options, under various scenarios, for 
        the quantity of ammonium perchlorate that would be required by 
        the Department of Defense; and
            (3) the assessment of the Secretary of how the requirements 
        for ammonium perchlorate of other Federal agencies impact the 
        requirements of the Department of Defense.
    (c) Report.--The Secretary shall submit the business case analysis 
required by subsection (a) to the Comptroller General of the United 
States and the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives by March 1, 2018, along with any views of the 
Secretary.
    (d) Review.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct a review of the report submitted by the Secretary under 
subsection (c) and, not later than 30 days after receiving such report, 
provide a briefing on such review to the Committees on Armed Services 
of the Senate and House of Representatives.
    (e) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2018 for the 
Department of Defense may be obligated or expended for the development 
or construction of a new source for ammonium perchlorate until 45 days 
after the date on which the report under subsection (c) is submitted to 
the Comptroller General and the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and House of Representatives.
    (f) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the limitation 
under subsection (e) if the Secretary--
            (1) determines such waiver to be in the national security 
        interest of the United States; and
            (2) submits written notification of such determination to 
        the congressional defense committees and waits 15 days.

SEC. 1699. INDUSTRIAL BASE FOR LARGE SOLID ROCKET MOTORS AND RELATED 
              TECHNOLOGIES.

    (a) Plan.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 
shall develop a plan to ensure a robust domestic industrial base for 
large solid rocket motors, including with respect to the critical 
technologies, subsystems, components, and materials within and relating 
to such rocket motors.
    (b) Sustainment of Domestic Suppliers.--The Secretary shall develop 
the plan under subsection (a) in a manner that, if carried out, 
sustains not less than two domestic suppliers for each of the 
following:
            (1) Large solid rocket motors.
            (2) Small liquid-fueled rocket engines.
            (3) Aeroshells for reentry vehicles (or reentry bodies).
            (4) Strategic radiation-hardened microelectronics.
            (5) Any other critical technologies, subsystems, 
        components, and materials within and relating to large solid 
        rocket motors that the Secretary determines appropriate.
    (c) Report.--
            (1) Submission.--Not later than February 1, 2018, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services and 
        the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Armed Services of the 
        Senate a report that includes the plan under subsection (a).
            (2) Matters included.--With respect to the sustainment of 
        domestic suppliers as described in subsection (b), the report 
        under paragraph (1) shall include the views of the Secretary on 
        the following:
                    (A) Such sustainment of not less than two domestic 
                suppliers for each item specified in paragraphs (1) 
                through (5) of such subsection.
                    (B) The risks within the industrial base for each 
                such item.
                    (C) The estimated costs for such sustainment.
                    (D) The opportunities to ensure or promote 
                competition within the industrial base for each such 
                item.

SEC. 1699A. PILOT PROGRAM ON ENHANCING INFORMATION SHARING FOR SECURITY 
              OF SUPPLY CHAIN.

    (a) Establishment.--Not later than June 1, 2019, the Secretary of 
Defense shall establish a pilot program to enhance information sharing 
with cleared defense contractors to ensure all source information is 
appropriately, singularly, and exclusively shared for the purpose of 
ensuring the security of the supply chain of covered programs.
    (b) Selection.--The Secretary shall select 10 acquisition or 
sustainment programs of the Department of Defense to participate in the 
pilot program under subsection (a), of which--
            (1) not fewer than one program shall be related to nuclear 
        weapons;
            (2) not fewer than one program shall be related to nuclear 
        command, control, and communications;
            (3) not fewer than one program shall be related to 
        continuity of government;
            (4) not fewer than one program shall be related to 
        ballistic missile defense;
            (5) not fewer than one program shall be related to other 
        command and control systems; and
            (6) not fewer than one program shall be related to 
        logistics.
    (c) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2018, the Secretary shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report that includes--
            (1) details on how the Secretary will establish the pilot 
        program under subsection (a) to ensure all source information 
        is appropriately, singularly, and exclusively shared for the 
        purpose of ensuring the security of the supply chain of covered 
        programs; and
            (2) the identification of any legislative action or 
        administrative action required to provide the Secretary with 
        specific additional authorities required to fully implement the 
        pilot program.
    (d) Cleared Defense Contractors Defined.--In this section, the term 
``cleared defense contractors'' means contractors of the Department of 
Defense who have a security clearance, including contractor facilities 
that have a security clearance.

SEC. 1699B. COMMISSION TO ASSESS THE THREAT TO THE UNITED STATES FROM 
              ELECTROMAGNETIC PULSE ATTACKS AND EVENTS.

    (a) Establishment.--There is hereby established a commission to be 
known as the ``Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States 
from Electromagnetic Pulse Attacks and Events'' (hereafter in this 
section referred to as the ``Commission''). The purpose of the 
Commission is to assess and make recommendations with respect to the 
threat to the United States from electromagnetic pulse attacks and 
events.
    (b) Composition.--
            (1) Membership.--The Commission shall be composed of 12 
        members appointed as follows:
                    (A) Three members appointed by the chair of the 
                Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
                Representatives.
                    (B) Three members appointed by the ranking minority 
                member of the Committee on Armed Services of the House 
                of Representatives.
                    (C) Three members appointed by the chair of the 
                Committee on Armed Services of the Senate.
                    (D) Three members appointed by the ranking minority 
                member of the Committee on Armed Services of the 
                Senate.
            (2) Chair and vice chair.--
                    (A) Chair.--The chair of the Committee on Armed 
                Services of the House of Representative and the chair 
                of the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate shall 
                jointly designate one member of the Commission to serve 
                as chair of the Commission.
                    (B) Vice chair.--The ranking minority member of the 
                Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
                Representative and the ranking minority member of the 
                Committee on Armed Services of the Senate shall jointly 
                designate one member of the Commission to serve as vice 
                chair of the Commission.
            (3) Security clearance required.--Each individual appointed 
        as a member of the Commission shall possess (or have recently 
        possessed before the date of such appointment) the appropriate 
        security clearance necessary to carry out the duties of the 
        Commission.
            (4) Qualification.--Members of the Commission shall be 
        appointed from among private United States citizens with 
        knowledge and expertise in the scientific, technical, and 
        defense aspects of electromagnetic pulse threats and 
        vulnerabilities.
            (5) Period of appointment; vacancies.--Members shall be 
        appointed for the life of the Commission. Any vacancy in the 
        Commission shall be filled in the same manner as the original 
        appointment.
    (c) Duties.--
            (1) Review and assessment.--The Commission shall review and 
        assess--
                    (A) the nature, magnitude, and likelihood of 
                potential electromagnetic pulse (hereafter in section 
                referred to as ``EMP'') attacks and events, both 
                manmade and natural, that could be directed at or 
                affect the United States within the next 20 years;
                    (B) the vulnerability of United States military and 
                civilian systems to EMP attacks and events, including 
                with respect to emergency preparedness and immediate 
                response;
                    (C) the capability of the United States to repair 
                and recover from damage inflicted on United States 
                military and civilian systems by EMP attacks and 
                events; and
                    (D) the feasibility and cost of hardening critical 
                military and civilian systems against EMP attack and 
                events.
            (2) Recommendations.--The Commission shall recommend any 
        actions it believes should be taken by the United States to 
        better prepare, prevent, mitigate, or recover military and 
        civilian systems with respect to EMP attacks and events.
    (d) Cooperation From Government.--
            (1) Cooperation.--In carrying out its duties, the 
        Commission shall receive the full and timely cooperation of the 
        Secretary of Defense and the pertinent heads of any other 
        Federal agency in providing the Commission with analysis, 
        briefings, and other information necessary for the fulfillment 
        of its responsibilities.
            (2) Liaison.--The Secretary shall designate at least one 
        officer or employee of the Department of Defense to serve as a 
        liaison officer between the Department and the Commission.
    (e) Report.--
            (1) Final report.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than December 1, 2018, 
                the Commission shall submit to the President, the 
                Secretary of Defense, the Committee on Armed Services 
                of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on 
                Armed Services of the Senate a report on the findings, 
                conclusions, and recommendations of the Commission.
                    (B) Form of report.--The report submitted to 
                Congress under subparagraph (A) shall be submitted in 
                unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
            (2) Views of the secretary.--Not later than 90 days after 
        the submittal of the report under paragraph (1), the Secretary 
        of Defense shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services of 
        the House of Representatives and the Committee on Armed 
        Services of the Senate a report that contains the views of the 
        Secretary with respect to the findings, conclusions, and 
        recommendations of the Commission and any actions the Secretary 
        intends to take as a result.
            (3) Interim briefing.--Not later than June 1, 2018, the 
        Commission shall provide to the Committee on Armed Services of 
        the House of Representatives and the Committee on Armed 
        Services of the Senate a briefing on the status of the 
        activities of the Commission, including a discussion of any 
        interim recommendations.
    (f) Funding.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act for the Department of Defense, $3,000,000 is available to fund the 
activities of the Commission, as specified in the funding tables in 
division D.
    (g) Application of Federal Advisory Committee Act.--The Federal 
Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) shall apply to the Commission.
    (h) Termination.--The Commission shall terminate three months after 
the date on which the Secretary of Defense submits the report under 
subsection (e)(2).
    (i) Repeal.--Title XIV of Floyd D. Spence National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001 (Public Law 106-398) is 
repealed.

SEC. 1699C. PILOT PROGRAM ON ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM MAPPING.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish a pilot 
program to assess the viability of space-based mapping of the 
electromagnetic spectrum used by the Department of Defense.
    (b) Duration.--The authority of the Secretary to carry out the 
pilot program under subsection (a) shall terminate on the date that is 
one year after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (c) Interim Briefing.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide a 
briefing to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and the Senate (and to any other congressional defense 
committee upon request) demonstrating how the Secretary plans to 
implement the pilot program under subsection (a).
    (d) Final Briefing.--Not later than 90 days after the pilot program 
under subsection (a) is completed, the Secretary shall provide a 
briefing to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and the Senate (and to any other congressional defense 
committee upon request) on the utility, cost, and other considerations 
regarding the mapping of the electromagnetic spectrum used by the 
Department of Defense.

       TITLE XVII--MATTERS RELATING TO SMALL BUSINESS PROCUREMENT

  Subtitle A--Improving Transparency and Clarity for Small Businesses

SEC. 1701. IMPROVING REPORTING ON SMALL BUSINESS GOALS.

    (a) In General.--Section 15(h)(2)(E) of the Small Business Act (15 
U.S.C. 644(h)(2)(E)) is amended--
            (1) in clause (i)--
                    (A) in subclause (III), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                subclauses:
                                    ``(V) that were purchased by 
                                another entity after the initial 
                                contract was awarded and as a result of 
                                the purchase, would no longer be deemed 
                                to be small business concerns for 
                                purposes of the initial contract; and
                                    ``(VI) that were awarded using a 
                                procurement method that restricted 
                                competition to small business concerns 
                                owned and controlled by service-
                                disabled veterans, qualified HUBZone 
                                small business concerns, small business 
                                concerns owned and controlled by 
                                socially and economically disadvantaged 
                                individuals, small business concerns 
                                owned and controlled by women, or a 
                                subset of any such concerns;'';
            (2) in clause (ii)--
                    (A) in subclause (IV), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                subclauses:
                                    ``(VI) that were purchased by 
                                another entity after the initial 
                                contract was awarded and as a result of 
                                the purchase, would no longer be deemed 
                                to be small business concerns owned and 
                                controlled by service-disabled veterans 
                                for purposes of the initial contract; 
                                and
                                    ``(VII) that were awarded using a 
                                procurement method that restricted 
                                competition to qualified HUBZone small 
                                business concerns, small business 
                                concerns owned and controlled by 
                                socially and economically disadvantaged 
                                individuals, small business concerns 
                                owned and controlled by women, or a 
                                subset of any such concerns;'';
            (3) in clause (iii)--
                    (A) in subclause (V), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                subclauses:
                                    ``(VII) that were purchased by 
                                another entity after the initial 
                                contract was awarded and as a result of 
                                the purchase, would no longer be deemed 
                                to be qualified HUBZone small business 
                                concerns for purposes of the initial 
                                contract; and
                                    ``(VIII) that were awarded using a 
                                procurement method that restricted 
                                competition to small business concerns 
                                owned and controlled by service-
                                disabled veterans, small business 
                                concerns owned and controlled by 
                                socially and economically disadvantaged 
                                individuals, small business concerns 
                                owned and controlled by women, or a 
                                subset of any such concerns;'';
            (4) in clause (iv)--
                    (A) in subclause (V), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                subclauses:
                                    ``(VII) that were purchased by 
                                another entity after the initial 
                                contract was awarded and as a result of 
                                the purchase, would no longer be deemed 
                                to be small business concerns owned and 
                                controlled by socially and economically 
                                disadvantaged individuals for purposes 
                                of the initial contract; and
                                    ``(VIII) that were awarded using a 
                                procurement method that restricted 
                                competition to small business concerns 
                                owned and controlled by service-
                                disabled veterans, qualified HUBZone 
                                small business concerns, small business 
                                concerns owned and controlled by women, 
                                or a subset of any such concerns;'';
            (5) in clause (v)--
                    (A) in subclause (IV), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in subclause (V), by inserting ``and'' at the 
                end; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subclause:
                                    ``(VI) that were purchased by 
                                another entity after the initial 
                                contract was awarded and as a result of 
                                the purchase, would no longer be deemed 
                                to be small business concerns owned by 
                                an Indian tribe other than an Alaska 
                                Native Corporation for purposes of the 
                                initial contract;'';
            (6) in clause (vi)--
                    (A) in subclause (IV), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in subclause (V), by inserting ``and'' at the 
                end; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subclause:
                                    ``(VI) that were purchased by 
                                another entity after the initial 
                                contract was awarded and as a result of 
                                the purchase, would no longer be deemed 
                                to be small business concerns owned by 
                                a Native Hawaiian Organization for 
                                purposes of the initial contract;'';
            (7) in clause (vii)--
                    (A) in subclause (IV), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                subclause:
                                    ``(VI) that were purchased by 
                                another entity after the initial 
                                contract was awarded and as a result of 
                                the purchase, would no longer be deemed 
                                to be small business concerns owned by 
                                an Alaska Native Corporation for 
                                purposes of the initial contract; 
                                and''; and
            (8) in clause (viii)--
                    (A) in subclause (VII), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (B) in subclause (VIII), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subclauses:
                                    ``(IX) that were purchased by 
                                another entity after the initial 
                                contract was awarded and as a result of 
                                the purchase, would no longer be deemed 
                                to be small business concerns owned and 
                                controlled by women for purposes of the 
                                initial contract; and
                                    ``(X) that were awarded using a 
                                procurement method that restricted 
                                competition to small business concerns 
                                owned and controlled by service-
                                disabled veterans, qualified HUBZone 
                                small business concerns, small business 
                                concerns owned and controlled by 
                                socially and economically disadvantaged 
                                individuals, or a subset of any such 
                                concerns; and''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The Administrator of the Small Business 
Administration shall be required to report on the information required 
by clauses (i)(V), (ii)(VI), (iii)(VII), (iv)(VII), (v)(VI), (vi)(VI), 
(vii)(VI), and (viii)(IX) of section 15(h)(2)(E) of the Small Business 
Act (15 U.S.C. 644(h)(2)(E)) beginning on the date that such 
information is available in the Federal Procurement Data System, the 
System for Award Management, or any new or successor system.

SEC. 1702. UNIFORMITY IN PROCUREMENT TERMINOLOGY.

    (a) In General.--Section 15(j)(1) of the Small Business Act (15 
U.S.C. 644(j)(1)) is amended by striking ``greater than $2,500 but not 
greater than $100,000'' and inserting ``greater than the micro-purchase 
threshold, but not greater than the simplified acquisition threshold''.
    (b) Technical Amendment.--Section 3(m) of the Small Business Act 
(15 U.S.C. 632(m)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(m) Definitions Relating to Contracting.--In this Act:
            ``(1) Prime contract.--The term `prime contract' has the 
        meaning given such term in section 8701(4) of title 41, United 
        States Code.
            ``(2) Prime contractor.--The term `prime contractor' has 
        the meaning given such term in section 8701(5) of title 41, 
        United States Code.
            ``(3) Simplified acquisition threshold.--The term 
        `simplified acquisition threshold' has the meaning given such 
        term in section 134 of title 41, United States Code.
            ``(4) Micro-purchase threshold.--The term `micro-purchase 
        threshold' has the meaning given such term in section 1902 of 
        title 41, United States Code.
            ``(5) Total purchases and contracts for property and 
        services.--The term `total purchases and contracts for property 
        and services' shall mean total number and total dollar amount 
        of contracts and orders for property and services.''.

SEC. 1703. RESPONSIBILITIES OF COMMERCIAL MARKET REPRESENTATIVES.

    Section 4(h) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 633(h)) is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(h) Commercial Market Representatives.--
            ``(1) Duties.--The principal duties of a commercial market 
        representative employed by the Administrator and reporting to 
        the senior official appointed by the Administrator with 
        responsibilities under sections 8, 15, 31, and 36 (or the 
        designee of such official) shall be to advance the policies 
        established in section 8(d)(1) relating to subcontracting. Such 
        duties shall include--
                    ``(A) helping prime contractors to find small 
                business concerns that are capable of performing 
                subcontracts;
                    ``(B) for contractors awarded contracts containing 
                the clause described in section 8(d)(3), providing--
                            ``(i) counseling on the contractor's 
                        responsibility to maximize subcontracting 
                        opportunities for small business concerns;
                            ``(ii) instruction on methods and tools to 
                        identify potential subcontractors that are 
                        small business concerns; and
                            ``(iii) assistance to increase awards to 
                        subcontractors that are small business concerns 
                        through visits, training, and reviews of past 
                        performance;
                    ``(C) providing counseling on how a small business 
                concern may promote its capacity to contractors awarded 
                contracts containing the clause described in section 
                8(d)(3); and
                    ``(D) conducting periodic reviews of contractors 
                awarded contracts containing the clause described in 
                section 8(d)(3) to assess compliance with 
                subcontracting plans required under section 8(d)(6).
            ``(2) Certification requirements.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Consistent with the requirements 
                of subparagraph (B), a commercial market representative 
                referred to in section 15(q)(3) shall have a Level I 
                Federal Acquisition Certification in Contracting (or 
                any successor certification) or the equivalent 
                Department of Defense certification.
                    ``(B) Delay of certification requirement.--The 
                certification described in subparagraph (A) is not 
                required--
                            ``(i) for any person serving as a 
                        commercial market representative on the date of 
                        the enactment of this subsection, until the 
                        date that is one calendar year after the date 
                        such person was appointed as a commercial 
                        market representative; or
                            ``(ii) for any person serving as a 
                        commercial market representative on or before 
                        November 25, 2015, until November 25, 2020.
            ``(3) Job posting requirements.--The duties and 
        certification requirements described in this subsection shall 
        be included in any initial job posting for the position of a 
        commercial market representative.''.

SEC. 1704. RESPONSIBILITIES OF BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY SPECIALISTS.

    Section 4(g) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 633(g)) is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(g) Business Opportunity Specialists.--
            ``(1) Duties.--The exclusive duties of a Business 
        Opportunity Specialist employed by the Administrator and 
        reporting to the senior official appointed by the Administrator 
        with responsibilities under sections 8, 15, 31, and 36 (or the 
        designee of such official) shall be to implement sections 7, 8, 
        and 45 and to complete other duties related to contracting 
        programs under this Act. Such duties shall include--
                    ``(A) with respect to small business concerns 
                eligible to receive contracts and subcontracts pursuant 
                to section 8(a)--
                            ``(i) providing guidance, counseling, and 
                        referrals for assistance with technical, 
                        management, financial, or other matters that 
                        will improve the competitive viability of such 
                        concerns;
                            ``(ii) identifying causes of success or 
                        failure of such concerns;
                            ``(iii) providing comprehensive assessments 
                        of such concerns, including identifying the 
                        strengths and weaknesses of such concerns;
                            ``(iv) monitoring and documenting 
                        compliance with the requirements of sections 7 
                        and 8 and any regulations implementing those 
                        sections;
                            ``(v) explaining the requirements of 
                        sections 7, 8, 15, 31, 36, and 45; and
                            ``(vi) advising on compliance with 
                        contracting regulations (including the Federal 
                        Acquisition Regulation) after award of such a 
                        contract or subcontract;
                    ``(B) reviewing and monitoring compliance with 
                mentor-protege agreements under section 45;
                    ``(C) representing the interests of the 
                Administrator and small business concerns in the award, 
                modification, and administration of contracts and 
                subcontracts awarded pursuant to section 8(a); and
                    ``(D) reporting fraud or abuse under section 7, 8, 
                15, 31, 36, or 45 or any regulations implementing such 
                sections.
            ``(2) Certification requirements.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Consistent with the requirements 
                of subparagraph (B), a Business Opportunity Specialist 
                described under section 7(j)(10)(D) shall have a Level 
                I Federal Acquisition Certification in Contracting (or 
                any successor certification) or the equivalent 
                Department of Defense certification.
                    ``(B) Delay of certification requirement.--The 
                certification described in subparagraph (A) is not 
                required--
                            ``(i) for any person serving as a Business 
                        Opportunity Specialist on the date of the 
                        enactment of this subsection, until the date 
                        that is one calendar year after the date such 
                        person was appointed as a Business Opportunity 
                        Specialist; or
                            ``(ii) for any person serving as a Business 
                        Opportunity Specialist on or before January 3, 
                        2013, until January 3, 2020.
            ``(3) Job posting requirements.--The duties and 
        certification requirements described in this subsection shall 
        be included in any initial job posting for the position of a 
        Business Opportunity Specialist.''.

                 Subtitle B--Women's Business Programs

SEC. 1711. OFFICE OF WOMEN'S BUSINESS OWNERSHIP.

    Section 29(g) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 656(g)) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by striking subparagraphs (B) and (C) 
        and inserting the following:
                    ``(B) Responsibilities.--The responsibilities of 
                the Assistant Administrator shall be to administer the 
                programs and services of the Office of Women's Business 
                Ownership.
                    ``(C) Duties.--The Assistant Administrator shall 
                perform the following functions with respect to the 
                Office of Women's Business Ownership:
                            ``(i) Recommend the annual administrative 
                        and program budgets of the Office and eligible 
                        entities receiving a grant under the Women's 
                        Business Center Program.
                            ``(ii) Review the annual budgets submitted 
                        by each eligible entity receiving a grant under 
                        the Women's Business Center Program.
                            ``(iii) Select applicants to receive grants 
                        to operate a women's business center after 
                        reviewing information required by this section, 
                        including the budget of each applicant.
                            ``(iv) Collaborate with other Federal 
                        departments and agencies, State and local 
                        governments, not-for-profit organizations, and 
                        for-profit enterprises to maximize utilization 
                        of taxpayer dollars and reduce (or eliminate) 
                        any duplication among the programs overseen by 
                        the Office of Women's Business Ownership and 
                        those of other entities that provide similar 
                        services to women entrepreneurs.
                            ``(v) Maintain a clearinghouse to provide 
                        for the dissemination and exchange of 
                        information between women's business centers.
                            ``(vi) Serve as the vice chairperson of the 
                        Interagency Committee on Women's Business 
                        Enterprise and as the liaison for the National 
                        Women's Business Council.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Mission.--The mission of the Office of Women's 
        Business Ownership shall be to assist women entrepreneurs to 
        start, grow, and compete in global markets by providing quality 
        support with access to capital, access to markets, job 
        creation, growth, and counseling by--
                    ``(A) fostering participation of women 
                entrepreneurs in the economy by overseeing a network of 
                women's business centers throughout States and 
                territories;
                    ``(B) creating public-private partnerships to 
                support women entrepreneurs and conducting outreach and 
                education to startup and existing small business 
                concerns owned and controlled by women; and
                    ``(C) working with other programs overseen by the 
                Administrator to ensure women are well-represented and 
                being served and identifying gaps where participation 
                by women could be increased.
            ``(4) Accreditation program.--
                    ``(A) Establishment.--Not later than 270 days after 
                the date of enactment of this paragraph, the 
                Administrator shall establish standards for an 
                accreditation program for accrediting eligible entities 
                receiving a grant under this section.
                    ``(B) Transition provision.--Before the date on 
                which standards are established under subparagraph (A), 
                the Administrator may not terminate a grant under this 
                section absent evidence of fraud or other criminal 
                misconduct by the recipient.
                    ``(C) Contracting authority.--The Administrator may 
                provide financial assistance, by contract or otherwise, 
                to a relevant national women's business center 
                representative association to provide assistance in 
                establishing the standards required under subparagraph 
                (A) or for carrying out an accreditation program 
                pursuant to such standards.''.

SEC. 1712. WOMEN'S BUSINESS CENTER PROGRAM.

    (a) Definitions.--Section 29(a) of the Small Business Act (15 
U.S.C. 656(a)) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (4);
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs 
        (3) and (4), respectively;
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
            ``(2) the term `eligible entity' means--
                    ``(A) an organization described in section 501(c) 
                of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and exempt from 
                taxation under section 501(a) of such Code;
                    ``(B) a State, regional, or local economic 
                development organization, so long as the organization 
                certifies that grant funds received under this section 
                will not be commingled with other funds;
                    ``(C) an institution of higher education, unless 
                such institution is currently receiving a grant under 
                section 21;
                    ``(D) a development, credit, or finance corporation 
                chartered by a State, so long as the corporation 
                certifies that grant funds received under this section 
                will not be commingled with other funds; or
                    ``(E) any combination of entities listed in 
                subparagraphs (A) through (D);''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) the term `women's business center' means the location 
        at which counseling and training on the management, operations 
        (including manufacturing, services, and retail), access to 
        capital, international trade, Government procurement 
        opportunities, and any other matter is needed to start, 
        maintain, or expand a small business concern owned and 
        controlled by women.''.
    (b) Authority.--Section 29(b) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
656(b)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) as 
        subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C), respectively, and adjusting 
        the margins accordingly;
            (2) by striking ``The Administration'' and all that follows 
        through ``5-year projects'' and inserting the following:
            ``(1) In general.--There is established a Women's Business 
        Center Program under which the Administrator may provide a 
        grant to any eligible entity to operate one or more women's 
        business centers'';
            (3) by striking ``The projects shall'' and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(2) Use of funds.--The women's business centers shall be 
        designed to provide counseling and training that meets the 
        needs of women, especially socially or economically 
        disadvantaged women, and shall''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Amount of grants.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The amount of a grant provided 
                under this subsection to an eligible entity per project 
                year shall be not more than $185,000 (as such amount is 
                annually adjusted by the Administrator to reflect the 
                change in inflation).
                    ``(B) Additional grants.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Notwithstanding 
                        subparagraph (A), with respect to an eligible 
                        entity that has received $185,000 under this 
                        subsection in a project year, the Administrator 
                        may award an additional grant under this 
                        subsection of up to $65,000 during such project 
                        year if the Administrator determines that the 
                        eligible entity--
                                    ``(I) agrees to obtain, after its 
                                application has been approved and 
                                notice of award has been issued, cash 
                                contributions from non-Federal sources 
                                of 1 non-Federal dollar for each 
                                Federal dollar;
                                    ``(II) is in good standing with the 
                                Women's Business Center Program; and
                                    ``(III) has met performance goals 
                                for the previous project year, if 
                                applicable.
                            ``(ii) Limitations.--The Administrator may 
                        only award additional grants under clause (i)--
                                    ``(I) during the 3rd and 4th 
                                quarters of the fiscal year; and
                                    ``(II) from unobligated amounts 
                                made available to the Administrator to 
                                carry out this section.
            ``(4) Notice and comment required.--The Administrator may 
        only make a change to the standards by which an eligible entity 
        obtains or maintains grants under this section, the standards 
        for accreditation, or any other requirement for the operation 
        of a women's business center if the Administrator first 
        provides notice and the opportunity for public comment, as set 
        forth in section 553(b) of title 5, United States Code, without 
        regard to any exceptions provided for under such section.''.
    (c) Conditions of Participation.--Section 29(c) of the Small 
Business Act (15 U.S.C. 656(c)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``the recipient organization'' and 
                inserting ``an eligible entity''; and
                    (B) by striking ``financial assistance'' and 
                inserting ``a grant'';
            (2) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) by striking ``financial assistance authorized 
                pursuant to this section may be made by grant, 
                contract, or cooperative agreement and'' and inserting 
                ``grants authorized pursuant to this section''; and
                    (B) in the second sentence, by striking ``a 
                recipient organization'' and inserting ``an eligible 
                entity'';
            (3) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) by striking ``recipient of assistance'' and 
                inserting ``eligible entity'';
                    (B) by striking ``during any project, it shall not 
                be eligible thereafter'' and inserting ``during any 
                project for 2 consecutive years, the eligible entity 
                shall not be eligible at any time after that 2-year 
                period'';
                    (C) by striking ``such organization'' and inserting 
                ``the eligible entity''; and
                    (D) by striking ``the recipient'' and inserting 
                ``the eligible entity''; and
            (4) by adding at end the following:
            ``(5) Separation of project and funds.--An eligible entity 
        shall--
                    ``(A) carry out a project under this section 
                separately from other projects, if any, of the eligible 
                entity; and
                    ``(B) separately maintain and account for any 
                grants under this section.
            ``(6) Examination of eligible entities.--
                    ``(A) Required site visit.--Each applicant, prior 
                to receiving a grant under this section, shall have a 
                site visit by an employee of the Administration, in 
                order to ensure that the applicant has sufficient 
                resources to provide the services for which the grant 
                is being provided.
                    ``(B) Annual review.--An employee of the 
                Administration shall--
                            ``(i) conduct an annual review of the 
                        compliance of each eligible entity receiving a 
                        grant under this section with the grant 
                        agreement, including a financial examination; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) provide such review to the eligible 
                        entity as required under subsection (l).
            ``(7) Remediation of problems.--
                    ``(A) Plan of action.--If a review of an eligible 
                entity under paragraph (6)(B) identifies any problems, 
                the eligible entity shall, within 45 calendar days 
                after receiving such review, provide the Assistant 
                Administrator with a plan of action, including specific 
                milestones, for correcting such problems.
                    ``(B) Plan of action review by the assistant 
                administrator.--The Assistant Administrator shall 
                review each plan of action submitted under subparagraph 
                (A) within 30 calendar days after receiving such plan 
                and--
                            ``(i) if the Assistant Administrator 
                        determines that such plan will bring the 
                        eligible entity into compliance with all the 
                        terms of the grant agreement, approve such 
                        plan; or
                            ``(ii) if the Assistant Administrator 
                        determines that such plan is inadequate to 
                        remedy the problems identified in the annual 
                        review to which the plan of action relates, the 
                        Assistant Administrator shall set forth such 
                        reasons in writing and provide such 
                        determination to the eligible entity within 15 
                        calendar days after such determination.
                    ``(C) Amendment to plan of action.--An eligible 
                entity receiving a determination under subparagraph 
                (B)(ii) shall have 30 calendar days after the receipt 
                of the determination to amend the plan of action to 
                satisfy the problems identified by the Assistant 
                Administrator and resubmit such plan to the Assistant 
                Administrator.
                    ``(D) Amended plan review by the assistant 
                administrator.--Within 15 calendar days after the 
                receipt of an amended plan of action under subparagraph 
                (C), the Assistant Administrator shall either approve 
                or reject such plan and provide such approval or 
                rejection in writing to the eligible entity.
                    ``(E) Appeal of assistant administrator 
                determination.--
                            ``(i) In general.--If the Assistant 
                        Administrator rejects an amended plan under 
                        subparagraph (D), the eligible entity shall 
                        have the opportunity to appeal such decision to 
                        the Administrator, who may delegate such appeal 
                        to an appropriate officer of the 
                        Administration.
                            ``(ii) Opportunity for explanation.--Any 
                        appeal described under clause (i) shall provide 
                        an opportunity for the eligible entity to 
                        provide, in writing, an explanation of why the 
                        eligible entity's plan remedies the problems 
                        identified in the annual review.
                            ``(iii) Notice of determination.--The 
                        determination of the appeal shall be provided 
                        to the eligible entity, in writing, within 15 
                        calendar days after the eligible entity's 
                        filing of the appeal.
                            ``(iv) Effect of failure to act.--If the 
                        Administrator fails to act on an appeal made 
                        under this subparagraph within the 15 calendar 
                        day period specified under clause (iii), the 
                        eligible entity's amended plan of action 
                        submitted under subparagraph (C) shall be 
                        deemed to be approved.
            ``(8) Termination of grant.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Administrator shall require 
                that, if an eligible entity fails to comply with a plan 
                of action approved by the Assistant Administrator under 
                paragraph (7)(B)(i) or an amended plan of action 
                approved by the Assistant Administrator under paragraph 
                (7)(D) or approved on appeal under paragraph (7)(E), 
                the Assistant Administrator terminate the grant 
                provided to the eligible entity under this section.
                    ``(B) Appeal of termination.--An eligible entity 
                that has a grant terminated under subparagraph (A) 
                shall have the opportunity to challenge the termination 
                on the record and after an opportunity for a hearing.
                    ``(C) Final agency action.--The determination made 
                pursuant to subparagraph (B) shall be considered final 
                agency action for the purposes of chapter 7 of title 5, 
                United States Code.''.
    (d) Submission of 5-Year Plan.--Section 29(e) of the Small Business 
Act (15 U.S.C. 656(e)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``applicant organization'' and inserting 
        ``eligible entity'';
            (2) by striking ``a recipient organization'' and inserting 
        ``an eligible entity'';
            (3) by striking ``financial assistance'' and inserting 
        ``grants''; and
            (4) by striking ``site''.
    (e) Applications and Criteria for Initial Grant.--Subsection (f) of 
section 29 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 656) is amended to read 
as follows:
    ``(f) Applications and Criteria for Initial Grant.--
            ``(1) Application.--Each eligible entity desiring a grant 
        under subsection (b) shall submit to the Administrator an 
        application that contains--
                    ``(A) a certification that the eligible entity--
                            ``(i) has designated an executive director 
                        or program manager, who may be compensated 
                        using grant funds under subsection (b) or other 
                        sources, to manage the women's business center 
                        for which a grant under subsection (b) is 
                        sought; and
                            ``(ii) meets the accounting and reporting 
                        requirements established by the Director of the 
                        Office of Management and Budget;
                    ``(B) information demonstrating that the eligible 
                entity has the ability and resources to meet the needs 
                of the market to be served by the women's business 
                center, including the ability to obtain the non-Federal 
                contribution required under subsection (c);
                    ``(C) information relating to the assistance to be 
                provided by the women's business center in the area in 
                which the women's business center is located;
                    ``(D) information demonstrating the experience and 
                effectiveness of the eligible entity in--
                            ``(i) conducting the services described 
                        under subsection (a)(5);
                            ``(ii) providing training and services to a 
                        representative number of women who are socially 
                        or economically disadvantaged; and
                            ``(iii) working with resource partners of 
                        the Administration and other entities, such as 
                        universities; and
                    ``(E) a 5-year plan that describes the ability of 
                the eligible entity to provide the services described 
                under subsection (a)(3), including to a representative 
                number of women who are socially or economically 
                disadvantaged.
            ``(2) Review and approval of applications for initial 
        grants.--
                    ``(A) Review and selection of eligible entities.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The Administrator shall 
                        review applications to determine whether the 
                        applicant can meet obligations to perform the 
                        activities required by a grant under this 
                        section, including--
                                    ``(I) the experience of the 
                                applicant in conducting activities 
                                required by this section;
                                    ``(II) the amount of time needed 
                                for the applicant to commence 
                                operations should it be awarded a 
                                grant;
                                    ``(III) the capacity of the 
                                applicant to meet the accreditation 
                                standards established by the 
                                Administrator in a timely manner;
                                    ``(IV) the ability of the applicant 
                                to sustain operations for more than 5 
                                years (including its ability to obtain 
                                sufficient non-Federal funds for that 
                                period);
                                    ``(V) the location of the women's 
                                business center and its proximity to 
                                other grant recipients under this 
                                section; and
                                    ``(VI) the population density of 
                                the area to be served by the women's 
                                business center.
                            ``(ii) Selection criteria.--
                                    ``(I) Guidance.--The Administrator 
                                shall issue guidance (after providing 
                                an opportunity for notice and comment) 
                                to specify the criteria for review and 
                                selection of applicants under this 
                                subsection.
                                    ``(II) Modifications prohibited 
                                after announcement.--With respect to a 
                                public announcement of any opportunity 
                                to be awarded a grant under this 
                                section made by the Administrator 
                                pursuant to subsection (l)(1), the 
                                Administrator may not modify guidance 
                                issued pursuant to subclause (I) with 
                                respect to such opportunity unless 
                                required to do so by an Act of Congress 
                                or an order of a Federal court.
                                    ``(III) Rule of construction.--
                                Nothing in this clause may be construed 
                                as prohibiting the Administrator from 
                                modifying the guidance issued pursuant 
                                to subclause (I) (after providing an 
                                opportunity for notice and comment) as 
                                such guidance applies to an opportunity 
                                to be awarded a grant under this 
                                section that the Administrator has not 
                                yet publicly announced pursuant to 
                                subsection (l)(1).
                    ``(B) Record retention.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The Administrator shall 
                        maintain a copy of each application submitted 
                        under this subsection for not less than 5 
                        years.
                            ``(ii) Paperwork reduction.--The 
                        Administrator shall take steps to reduce, to 
                        the maximum extent practicable, the paperwork 
                        burden associated with carrying out clause 
                        (i).''.
    (f) Notification Requirements Under the Women's Business Center 
Program.--Section 29 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 656) is 
amended by inserting after subsection (k) the following:
    ``(l) Notification Requirements Under the Women's Business Center 
Program.--The Administrator shall provide--
            ``(1) a public announcement of any opportunity to be 
        awarded grants under this section, and such announcement shall 
        include the standards by which such award will be made, 
        including the guidance issued pursuant to subsection 
        (f)(2)(A)(ii);
            ``(2) the opportunity for any applicant for a grant under 
        this section that failed to obtain such a grant a debriefing 
        with the Assistant Administrator to review the reasons for the 
        applicant's failure; and
            ``(3) with respect to any site visit or evaluation of an 
        eligible entity receiving a grant under this section that is 
        carried out by an officer or employee of the Administration 
        (other than the Inspector General), a copy of the site visit 
        report or evaluation, as applicable, within 30 calendar days 
        after the completion of such visit or evaluation.''.
    (g) Continued Funding for Centers.--Section 29(m) of the Small 
Business Act (15 U.S.C. 656(m)) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the following:
            ``(3) Application and approval for continuation grants.--
                    ``(A) Solicitation of applications.--The 
                Administrator shall solicit applications and award 
                continuation grants under this subsection for the first 
                fiscal year beginning after the date of enactment of 
                this paragraph, and every third fiscal year thereafter.
                    ``(B) Contents of application.--Each eligible 
                entity desiring a grant under this subsection shall 
                submit to the Administrator an application that 
                contains--
                            ``(i) a certification that the applicant--
                                    ``(I) is an eligible entity;
                                    ``(II) has designated an executive 
                                director or program manager to manage 
                                the women's business center operated by 
                                the applicant; and
                                    ``(III) as a condition of receiving 
                                a grant under this subsection, agrees--
                                            ``(aa) to receive a site 
                                        visit as part of the final 
                                        selection process, at the 
                                        discretion of the 
                                        Administrator; and
                                            ``(bb) to remedy any 
                                        problem identified pursuant to 
                                        the site visit under item (aa);
                            ``(ii) information demonstrating that the 
                        applicant has the ability and resources to meet 
                        the needs of the market to be served by the 
                        women's business center for which a grant under 
                        this subsection is sought, including the 
                        ability to obtain the non-Federal contribution 
                        required under paragraph (4)(C);
                            ``(iii) information relating to assistance 
                        to be provided by the women's business center 
                        in the geographic area served by the women's 
                        business center for which a grant under this 
                        subsection is sought;
                            ``(iv) information demonstrating that the 
                        applicant has worked with resource partners of 
                        the Administration and other entities;
                            ``(v) a 3-year plan that describes the 
                        services provided by the women's business 
                        center for which a grant under this subsection 
                        is sought--
                                    ``(I) to serve women who are 
                                business owners or potential business 
                                owners by conducting training and 
                                counseling activities; and
                                    ``(II) to provide training and 
                                services to a representative number of 
                                women who are socially or economically 
                                disadvantaged; and
                            ``(vi) any additional information that the 
                        Administrator may reasonably require.
                    ``(C) Review and approval of applications for 
                grants.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The Administrator--
                                    ``(I) shall review each application 
                                submitted under subparagraph (B), based 
                                on the information described in such 
                                subparagraph and the criteria set forth 
                                under clause (ii) of this subparagraph; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) as part of the final 
                                selection process, may conduct a site 
                                visit to each women's business center 
                                for which a grant under this subsection 
                                is sought to evaluate the women's 
                                business center using the selection 
                                criteria described in clause (ii)(II).
                            ``(ii) Selection criteria.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--The 
                                Administrator shall evaluate applicants 
                                for grants under this subsection in 
                                accordance with selection criteria that 
                                are--
                                            ``(aa) established before 
                                        the date on which applicants 
                                        are required to submit the 
                                        applications;
                                            ``(bb) stated in terms of 
                                        relative importance; and
                                            ``(cc) publicly available 
                                        and stated in each solicitation 
                                        for applications for grants 
                                        under this subsection made by 
                                        the Administrator.
                                    ``(II) Required criteria.--The 
                                selection criteria for a grant under 
                                this subsection shall include--
                                            ``(aa) the total number of 
                                        entrepreneurs served by the 
                                        applicant;
                                            ``(bb) the total number of 
                                        new startup companies assisted 
                                        by the applicant;
                                            ``(cc) the percentage of 
                                        clients of the applicant that 
                                        are socially or economically 
                                        disadvantaged;
                                            ``(dd) the percentage of 
                                        individuals in the community 
                                        served by the applicant who are 
                                        socially or economically 
                                        disadvantaged;
                                            ``(ee) the successful 
                                        accreditation of the applicant 
                                        under the accreditation program 
                                        developed under subsection 
                                        (g)(5); and
                                            ``(ff) any additional 
                                        criteria that the Administrator 
                                        may reasonably require.
                            ``(iii) Conditions for continued funding.--
                        In determining whether to make a grant under 
                        this subsection, the Administrator--
                                    ``(I) shall consider the results of 
                                the most recent evaluation of the 
                                women's business center for which a 
                                grant under this subsection is sought, 
                                and, to a lesser extent, previous 
                                evaluations; and
                                    ``(II) may withhold a grant under 
                                this subsection, if the Administrator 
                                determines that the applicant has 
                                failed to provide the information 
                                required to be provided under this 
                                paragraph, or the information provided 
                                by the applicant is inadequate.
                    ``(D) Notification.--Not later than 60 calendar 
                days after the date of each deadline to submit 
                applications under this paragraph, the Administrator 
                shall approve or deny each submitted application and 
                notify the applicant for each such application of the 
                approval or denial.
                    ``(E) Record retention.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The Administrator shall 
                        maintain a copy of each application submitted 
                        under this paragraph for not less than 5 years.
                            ``(ii) Paperwork reduction.--The 
                        Administrator shall take steps to reduce, to 
                        the maximum extent practicable, the paperwork 
                        burden associated with carrying out clause 
                        (i).''; and
            (2) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the following:
            ``(5) Award to previous recipients.--There shall be no 
        limitation on the number of times the Administrator may award a 
        grant to an applicant under this subsection.''.
    (h) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--Section 29 of the Small 
Business Act (15 U.S.C. 656) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (h)(2), by striking ``to award a contract 
        (as a sustainability grant) under subsection (l) or'';
            (2) in subsection (j)(1), by striking ``The 
        Administration'' and inserting ``Not later than November 1 of 
        each year, the Administrator'';
            (3) in subsection (k)--
                    (A) by striking paragraphs (1) and (4);
                    (B) by inserting before paragraph (2) the 
                following:
            ``(1) In general.--There are authorized to be appropriated 
        to the Administration to carry out this section, to remain 
        available until expended, $21,750,000 for each of fiscal years 
        2018 through 2021.''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (2), by striking subparagraph (B) 
                and inserting the following:
                    ``(B) Exceptions.--Of the amount made available 
                under this subsection for a fiscal year, the following 
                amounts shall be available for selection panel costs, 
                costs associated with maintaining an accreditation 
                program, and post-award conference costs:
                            ``(i) For the first fiscal year beginning 
                        after the date of the enactment of this 
                        subparagraph, 2.65 percent.
                            ``(ii) For the second fiscal year beginning 
                        after the date of the enactment of this 
                        subparagraph and each fiscal year thereafter 
                        through fiscal year 2021, 2.5 percent.''; and
            (4) in subsection (m)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``subsection (b) 
                or (l)'' and inserting ``this subsection or subsection 
                (b)''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (4)(D), by striking ``or 
                subsection (l)''.
    (i) Effect on Existing Grants.--
            (1) Terms and conditions.--A nonprofit organization 
        receiving a grant under section 29(m) of the Small Business Act 
        (15 U.S.C. 656(m)), as in effect on the day before the date of 
        enactment of this Act, shall continue to receive the grant 
        under the terms and conditions in effect for the grant on the 
        day before the date of enactment of this Act, except that the 
        nonprofit organization may not apply for a continuation of the 
        grant under section 29(m)(5) of the Small Business Act (15 
        U.S.C. 656(m)(5)), as in effect on the day before the date of 
        enactment of this Act.
            (2) Length of continuation grant.--The Administrator of the 
        Small Business Administration may award a grant under section 
        29(m) of the Small Business Act to a nonprofit organization 
        receiving a grant under section 29(m) of the Small Business Act 
        (15 U.S.C. 656(m)), as in effect on the day before the date of 
        enactment of this Act, for the period--
                    (A) beginning on the day after the last day of the 
                grant agreement under such section 29(m); and
                    (B) ending at the end of the third fiscal year 
                beginning after the date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 1713. MATCHING REQUIREMENTS UNDER WOMEN'S BUSINESS CENTER PROGRAM.

    Section 29(c) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 656(c)), as 
amended by this Act, is further amended by adding at the end the 
following new paragraph:
            ``(9) Waiver of non-federal share.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Upon request by an eligible 
                entity, and in accordance with this paragraph, the 
                Administrator may waive, in whole or in part, the 
                requirement to obtain non-Federal funds under this 
                subsection for counseling and training activities of 
                the eligible entity carried out using a grant under 
                this section for a fiscal year. The Administrator may 
                not waive the requirement for an eligible entity to 
                obtain non-Federal funds under this paragraph for more 
                than a total of 2 consecutive fiscal years.
                    ``(B) Considerations.--In determining whether to 
                waive the requirement to obtain non-Federal funds under 
                this paragraph, the Administrator shall consider--
                            ``(i) the economic conditions affecting the 
                        eligible entity;
                            ``(ii) the impact a waiver under this 
                        paragraph would have on the credibility of the 
                        Women's Business Center Program under this 
                        section;
                            ``(iii) the demonstrated ability of the 
                        eligible entity to raise non-Federal funds; and
                            ``(iv) the performance of the eligible 
                        entity.
                    ``(C) Limitation.--The Administrator may not waive 
                the requirement to obtain non-Federal funds under this 
                paragraph if granting the waiver would undermine the 
                credibility of the Women's Business Center Program.
            ``(10) Solicitation.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
        of law, an eligible entity may--
                    ``(A) solicit cash and in-kind contributions from 
                private individuals and entities to be used to carry 
                out the activities of the eligible entity under a 
                project conducted under this section; and
                    ``(B) use amounts made available by the 
                Administrator under this section for the cost of such 
                solicitation and management of the contributions 
                received.
            ``(11) Excess non-federal dollars.--The amount of non-
        Federal dollars obtained by an eligible entity that is above 
        the amount that is required to be obtained by the eligible 
        entity under this subsection shall not be subject to the 
        requirements of part 200 of title 2, Code of Federal 
        Regulations, or any successor thereto, if such amount of non-
        Federal dollars--
                    ``(A) is not used as matching funds for purposes of 
                implementing the Women's Business Center Program; and
                    ``(B) was not obtained using funds from the Women's 
                Business Center Program.''.

                       Subtitle C--SCORE Program

SEC. 1721. SCORE REAUTHORIZATION.

    Section 20 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 631 note) is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (j) as subsection (f); and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) SCORE Program.--There are authorized to be appropriated to 
the Administrator to carry out the SCORE program authorized by section 
8(b)(1) such sums as may be necessary for the Administrator to make 
grants or enter into cooperative agreements in a total amount that does 
not exceed $10,500,000 in each of fiscal years 2018 and 2019.''.

SEC. 1722. SCORE PROGRAM.

    Section 8 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(1)(B), by striking ``a Service Corps 
        of Retired Executives (SCORE)'' and inserting ``the SCORE 
        program described in subsection (c)''; and
            (2) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the following 
        new subsection:
    ``(c) SCORE Program.--
            ``(1) Definition.--In this subsection:
                    ``(A) SCORE association.--The term `SCORE 
                Association' means the Service Corps of Retired 
                Executives Association or any successor or other 
                organization that receives a grant from the 
                Administrator to operate the SCORE program under 
                paragraph (2)(A).
                    ``(B) SCORE program.--The term `SCORE program' 
                means the SCORE program authorized by subsection 
                (b)(1)(B).
            ``(2) Management and volunteers.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Administrator shall provide 
                a grant to the SCORE Association to manage the SCORE 
                program.
                    ``(B) Volunteers.--A volunteer participating in the 
                SCORE program shall--
                            ``(i) based on the business experience and 
                        knowledge of the volunteer--
                                    ``(I) provide at no cost to 
                                individuals who own, or aspire to own, 
                                small business concerns personal 
                                counseling, mentoring, and coaching 
                                relating to the process of starting, 
                                expanding, managing, buying, and 
                                selling a business; and
                                    ``(II) facilitate low-cost 
                                educational workshops for individuals 
                                who own, or aspire to own, small 
                                business concerns; and
                            ``(ii) as appropriate, use tools, 
                        resources, and expertise of other organizations 
                        to carry out the SCORE program.
            ``(3) Plans and goals.--The Administrator, in consultation 
        with the SCORE Association, shall ensure that the SCORE program 
        and each chapter of the SCORE program develop and implement 
        plans and goals to more effectively and efficiently provide 
        services to individuals in rural areas, economically 
        disadvantaged communities, and other traditionally underserved 
        communities, including plans for electronic initiatives, web-
        based initiatives, chapter expansion, partnerships, and the 
        development of new skills by volunteers participating in the 
        SCORE program.
            ``(4) Annual report.--The SCORE Association shall submit to 
        the Administrator an annual report that contains--
                    ``(A) the number of individuals counseled or 
                trained under the SCORE program;
                    ``(B) the number of hours of counseling provided 
                under the SCORE program; and
                    ``(C) to the extent possible--
                            ``(i) the number of small business concerns 
                        formed with assistance from the SCORE program;
                            ``(ii) the number of small business 
                        concerns expanded with assistance from the 
                        SCORE program; and
                            ``(iii) the number of jobs created with 
                        assistance from the SCORE program.
            ``(5) Privacy requirements.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Neither the Administrator nor 
                the SCORE Association may disclose the name, address, 
                or telephone number of any individual or small business 
                concern receiving assistance from the SCORE Association 
                without the consent of such individual or small 
                business concern, unless--
                            ``(i) the Administrator is ordered to make 
                        such a disclosure by a court in any civil or 
                        criminal enforcement action initiated by a 
                        Federal or State agency; or
                            ``(ii) the Administrator determines such a 
                        disclosure to be necessary for the purpose of 
                        conducting a financial audit of the SCORE 
                        program, in which case disclosure shall be 
                        limited to the information necessary for the 
                        audit.
                    ``(B) Administrator use of information.--This 
                paragraph shall not--
                            ``(i) restrict the access of the 
                        Administrator to program activity data; or
                            ``(ii) prevent the Administrator from using 
                        client information to conduct client surveys.
                    ``(C) Standards.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The Administrator shall, 
                        after the opportunity for notice and comment, 
                        establish standards for--
                                    ``(I) disclosures with respect to 
                                financial audits under subparagraph 
                                (A)(ii); and
                                    ``(II) conducting client surveys, 
                                including standards for oversight of 
                                the surveys and for dissemination and 
                                use of client information.
                            ``(ii) Maximum privacy protection.--The 
                        standards issued under this subparagraph shall, 
                        to the extent practicable, provide for the 
                        maximum amount of privacy protection.''.

SEC. 1723. ONLINE COMPONENT.

    (a) In General.--Section 8(c) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
637(c)), as amended by this Act, is further amended by adding at the 
end the following:
            ``(6) Online component.--In carrying out this subsection, 
        the SCORE Association shall make use of online counseling, 
        including by developing and implementing webinars and an 
        electronic mentoring platform to expand access to services 
        provided under this subsection and to further support 
        entrepreneurs.''.
    (b) Online Component Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than September 30, 2018, the 
        SCORE Association shall issue a report to the Committee on 
        Small Business of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship of the Senate 
        on the effectiveness of the electronic mentoring and webinars 
        required as part of the SCORE program, including--
                    (A) how the SCORE Association determines electronic 
                mentoring and webinar needs, develops training for 
                electronic mentoring, establishes webinar curricula, 
                and evaluates webinar and electronic mentoring results;
                    (B) describing the internal controls that are used 
                and a summary of the topics covered by the webinars; 
                and
                    (C) performance metrics, including the number of 
                small business concerns counseled by, the number of 
                small business concerns created by, the number of jobs 
                created and retained by, and the funding amounts 
                directed towards such online counseling and webinars.
            (2) Definitions.--For purposes of this subsection, the 
        terms ``SCORE Association'' and ``SCORE program'' have the 
        meaning given those terms, respectively, under section 8(c)(1) 
        of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(c)(1)).

SEC. 1724. STUDY AND REPORT ON THE FUTURE ROLE OF THE SCORE PROGRAM.

    (a) Study.--The SCORE Association shall carry out a study on the 
future role of the SCORE program and develop a strategic plan for how 
the SCORE program will evolve to meet the needs of small business 
concerns over the course of the 5 years following the date of enactment 
of this Act, with markers and specific objectives for the first, third, 
and final year of the 5-year period.
    (b) Report.--Not later than the end of the 6-month period beginning 
on the date of the enactment of this Act, the SCORE Association shall 
submit a report to the Committee on Small Business of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Small Business and 
Entrepreneurship of the Senate containing--
            (1) all findings and determination made in carrying out the 
        study required under subsection (a);
            (2) the strategic plan developed under subsection (a);
            (3) an explanation of how the SCORE Association plans to 
        achieve the strategic plan, assuming both stagnant and 
        increased funding levels.
    (c) Definitions.--For purposes of this section, the terms ``SCORE 
Association'' and ``SCORE program'' have the meaning given those terms, 
respectively, under section 8(c)(1) of the Small Business Act (15 
U.S.C. 637(c)(1)).

SEC. 1725. TECHNICAL AND CONFORMING AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Small Business Act.--The Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 631 et 
seq.) is amended--
            (1) in section 7 (15 U.S.C. 636)--
                    (A) in subsection (b)(12)(A), by striking ``Service 
                Corps of Retired Executives'' and inserting ``SCORE 
                program''; and
                    (B) in subsection (m)(3)(A)(i)(VIII), by striking 
                ``Service Corps of Retired Executives'' and inserting 
                ``SCORE program'';
            (2) in section 22 (15 U.S.C. 649)--
                    (A) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Service 
                        Corps of Retired Executives'' and inserting 
                        ``SCORE program''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (3), by striking 
                        ``Service Corps of Retired Executives'' and 
                        inserting ``SCORE program''; and
                    (B) in subsection (c)(12), by striking ``Service 
                Corps of Retired Executives'' and inserting ``SCORE 
                program''.
    (b) Other Laws.--
            (1) Children's health insurance program reauthorization act 
        of 2009.--Section 621 of the Children's Health Insurance 
        Program Reauthorization Act of 2009 (15 U.S.C. 657p) is 
        amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking paragraph (4) 
                and inserting the following:
            ``(4) the term `SCORE program' means the SCORE program 
        authorized by section 8(b)(1)(B) of the Small Business Act (15 
        U.S.C. 637(b)(1)(B));''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b)(4)(A)(iv), by striking 
                ``Service Corps of Retired Executives'' and inserting 
                ``SCORE program''.
            (2) Energy policy and conservation act.--Section 
        337(d)(2)(A) of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (42 
        U.S.C. 6307(d)(2)(A)) is amended by striking ``Service Corps of 
        Retired Executives (SCORE)'' and inserting ``SCORE program''.

      Subtitle D--Small Business Development Centers Improvements

SEC. 1731. USE OF AUTHORIZED ENTREPRENEURIAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS.

    The Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 631 et seq.) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating section 47 as section 48; and
            (2) by inserting after section 46 the following new 
        section:

``SEC. 47. USE OF AUTHORIZED ENTREPRENEURIAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS.

    ``(a) Expanded Support for Entrepreneurs.--
            ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        law, the Administrator shall only use the programs authorized 
        in sections 7(j), 7(m), 8(a), 8(b)(1), 21, 22, 29, and 32 of 
        this Act, and sections 358 and 389 of the Small Business 
        Investment Act of 1958 to deliver entrepreneurial development 
        services, entrepreneurial education, support for the 
        development and maintenance of clusters, or business training.
            ``(2) Exception.--This section shall not apply to services 
        provided to assist small business concerns owned by an Indian 
        tribe (as such term is defined in section 8(a)(13)).
    ``(b) Annual Report.--Beginning on the first December 1 after the 
date of the enactment of this subsection, and annually thereafter, the 
Administrator shall report to the Committee on Small Business of the 
House of Representatives and the Committee on Small Business and 
Entrepreneurship of the Senate on all entrepreneurial development 
activities undertaken in the current fiscal year. This report shall 
include--
            ``(1) a description and operating details for each 
        activity;
            ``(2) operating circulars, manuals, and standard operating 
        procedures for each activity;
            ``(3) a description of the process used to award grants 
        under each activity;
            ``(4) a list of all awardees, contractors, and vendors 
        (including organization name and location) and the amount of 
        awards for the current fiscal year for each activity;
            ``(5) the amount of funding obligated for the current 
        fiscal year for each activity; and
            ``(6) the names and titles for those individuals 
        responsible for each activity.''.

SEC. 1732. MARKETING OF SERVICES.

    Section 21 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 648) is amended by 
adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(o) No Prohibition of Marketing of Services.--The Administrator 
may not prohibit applicants receiving grants under this section from 
marketing and advertising their services to individuals and small 
business concerns.''.

SEC. 1733. DATA COLLECTION.

    (a) In General.--Section 21(a)(3)(A) of the Small Business Act (15 
U.S.C. 648(a)(3)(A)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``as provided in this section and'' and 
        inserting ``as provided in this section,''; and
            (2) by inserting before the period at the end the 
        following: ``, and (iv) governing data collection activities 
        related to applicants receiving grants under this section''.
    (b) Annual Report on Data Collection.--Section 21 of the Small 
Business Act (15 U.S.C. 648), as amended by this Act, is further 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(p) Annual Report on Data Collection.--The Administrator shall 
report annually to the Committee on Small Business of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Small Business and 
Entrepreneurship of the Senate on any data collection activities 
related to the Small Business Development Center Program.''.
    (c) Working Group To Improve Data Collection.--
            (1) Establishment and study.--The Administrator of the 
        Small Business Administration shall establish a group to be 
        known as the ``Data Collection Working Group'' consisting of 
        members from entrepreneurial development grant recipient 
        associations and organizations and Administration officials, to 
        carry out a study to determine the best way to capture data 
        collection and create or revise existing systems dedicated to 
        data collection.
            (2) Report.--Not later than the end of the 180-day period 
        beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act, the Data 
        Collection Working Group shall submit a report to the Committee 
        on Small Business of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship of the Senate 
        containing the findings and determinations made in carrying out 
        the study required under paragraph (1), including--
                    (A) recommendations for revising existing data 
                collection practices; and
                    (B) a proposed plan for the Administrator of the 
                Small Business Administration to implement such 
                recommendations.

SEC. 1734. FEES FROM PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS AND COSPONSORSHIPS.

    Section 21(a)(3) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
648(a)(3)(C)), as amended by this Act, is further amended by adding at 
the end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(D) Fees From Private Partnerships and Cosponsorships.--
Participation in private partnerships and cosponsorships with the 
Administration shall not limit small business development centers from 
collecting fees or other income related to the operation of such 
private partnerships and cosponsorships.''.

SEC. 1735. EQUITY FOR SMALL BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT CENTERS.

    Subclause (I) of section 21(a)(4)(C)(v) of the Small Business Act 
(15 U.S.C. 648(a)(4)(C)(v)(I)) is amended to read as follows:
                                    ``(I) In general.--Of the amounts 
                                made available in any fiscal year to 
                                carry out this section, not more than 
                                $600,000 may be used by the 
                                Administration to pay expenses 
                                described under subparagraphs (B) 
                                through (D) of section 20(a)(1).''.

SEC. 1736. CONFIDENTIALITY REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 21(a)(7)(A) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
648(a)(7)(A)) is amended by inserting after ``under this section'' the 
following: ``to any State, local, or Federal agency, or to any third 
party''.

SEC. 1737. LIMITATION ON AWARD OF GRANTS TO SMALL BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT 
              CENTERS.

    (a) In General.--Section 21 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
648), as amended by this Act, is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``any women's 
        business center operating pursuant to section 29,'';
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(q) Limitation on Award of Grants.--Except for not-for-profit 
institutions of higher education, and notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, the Administrator may not award grants (including 
contracts and cooperative agreements) under this section to any entity 
other than those that received grants (including contracts and 
cooperative agreements) under this section prior to the date of the 
enactment of this subsection, and that seek to renew such grants 
(including contracts and cooperative agreements) after such date.''.
    (b) Rule of Construction.--The amendments made by this section may 
not be construed as prohibiting a women's business center from 
receiving a subgrant from an entity receiving a grant under section 21 
of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 648).

                       Subtitle E--Miscellaneous

SEC. 1741. MODIFICATION OF PAST PERFORMANCE PILOT PROGRAM TO INCLUDE 
              CONSIDERATION OF PAST PERFORMANCE WITH ALLIES OF THE 
              UNITED STATES.

    (a) In General.--Section 8(d)(17) of the Small Business Act (15 
U.S.C. 637(d)(17)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (G)--
                    (A) in clause (i), by inserting ``and, set forth 
                separately, the number of small business exporters,'' 
                after ``small business concerns''; and
                    (B) in clause (ii), by inserting ``, set forth 
                separately by applications from small business concerns 
                and from small business exporters,'' after 
                ``applications''; and
            (2) by amending subparagraph (H) to read as follows:
            ``(H) Definitions.--In this paragraph--
                    ``(i) the term `appropriate official' means--
                            ``(I) a commercial market representative;
                            ``(II) another individual designated by the 
                        senior official appointed by the Administrator 
                        with responsibilities under sections 8, 15, 31, 
                        and 36; or
                            ``(III) the Office of Small and 
                        Disadvantaged Business Utilization of a Federal 
                        agency, if the head of the Federal agency and 
                        the Administrator agree;
                    ``(ii) the term `defense item' has the meaning 
                given that term in section 38(j)(4)(A) of the Arms 
                Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2778(j)(4)(A));
                    ``(iii) the term `major non-NATO ally' means a 
                country designated as a major non-NATO ally under 
                section 517 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 
                U.S.C. 2321k);
                    ``(iv) the term `past performance' includes 
                performance of a contract for a sale of defense items 
                (under section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 
                U.S.C. 2778)) to the government of a member nation of 
                North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the government of a 
                major non-NATO ally, or the government of a country 
                with which the United States has a defense cooperation 
                agreement (as certified by the Secretary of State); and
                    ``(v) the term `small business exporter' means a 
                small business concern that exports defense items under 
                section 38 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 
                2778) to the government of a member nation of the North 
                Atlantic Treaty Organization, the government of a major 
                non-NATO ally, or the government of a country with 
                which the United States has a defense cooperation 
                agreement (as certified by the Secretary of State).''.
    (b) Technical Amendment.--Section 8(d)(17)(A) of the Small Business 
Act (15 U.S.C. 637(d)(17)(A)) is amended by striking ``paragraph 
13(A)'' and inserting ``paragraph (13)(A)''.

            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

SEC. 2001. SHORT TITLE.

    This division may be cited as the ``Military Construction 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018''.

SEC. 2002. EXPIRATION OF AUTHORIZATIONS AND AMOUNTS REQUIRED TO BE 
              SPECIFIED BY LAW.

    (a) Expiration of Authorizations After Three Years.--Except as 
provided in subsection (b), all authorizations contained in titles XXI 
through XXVII and title XXIX for military construction projects, land 
acquisition, family housing projects and facilities, and contributions 
to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment Program 
(and authorizations of appropriations therefor) shall expire on the 
later of--
            (1) October 1, 2020; or
            (2) the date of the enactment of an Act authorizing funds 
        for military construction for fiscal year 2021.
    (b) Exception.--Subsection (a) shall not apply to authorizations 
for military construction projects, land acquisition, family housing 
projects and facilities, and contributions to the North Atlantic Treaty 
Organization Security Investment Program (and authorizations of 
appropriations therefor), for which appropriated funds have been 
obligated before the later of--
            (1) October 1, 2020; or
            (2) the date of the enactment of an Act authorizing funds 
        for fiscal year 2021 for military construction projects, land 
        acquisition, family housing projects and facilities, or 
        contributions to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
        Security Investment Program.

SEC. 2003. EFFECTIVE DATE.

    Titles XXI through XXVII and title XXIX shall take effect on the 
later of--
            (1) October 1, 2017; or
            (2) the date of the enactment of this Act.

                 TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

SEC. 2101. AUTHORIZED ARMY CONSTRUCTION AND LAND ACQUISITION PROJECTS.

    (a) Inside the United States.--Using amounts appropriated pursuant 
to the authorization of appropriations in section 2104(a) and available 
for military construction projects inside the United States as 
specified in the funding table in section 4601, the Secretary of the 
Army may acquire real property and carry out military construction 
projects for the installations or locations inside the United States, 
and in the amounts, set forth in the following table:

                     Army: Inside the United States
------------------------------------------------------------------------
             State                   Installation            Amount
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alabama.......................  Fort Rucker...........       $38,000,000
Arizona.......................  Davis-Monthan Air            $22,000,000
                                 Force Base...........
                                Fort Huachuca.........       $30,000,000
California....................  Fort Irwin............        $3,000,000
Colorado......................  Fort Carson...........       $29,300,000
Florida.......................  Eglin Air Force Base..       $18,000,000
Georgia.......................  Fort Benning..........       $38,800,000
                                Fort Gordon...........       $51,500,000
Indiana.......................  Crane Army Ammunition        $24,000,000
                                 Plant................
New York......................  U.S. Military Academy.       $22,000,000
South Carolina................  Fort Jackson..........       $60,000,000
                                Shaw Air Force Base...       $25,000,000
Texas.........................  Camp Bullis...........       $13,600,000
                                Fort Hood.............       $70,000,000
Virginia......................  Joint Base Langley-          $34,000,000
                                 Eustis...............
                                Joint Base Myer-             $20,000,000
                                 Henderson............
Washington....................  Joint Base Lewis-            $66,000,000
                                 McChord..............
                                Yakima................       $19,500,000
------------------------------------------------