[Congressional Bills 114th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]
[S. 2012 Placed on Calendar Senate (PCS)]

                                                       Calendar No. 218
114th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                S. 2012

                          [Report No. 114-138]

  To provide for the modernization of the energy policy of the United 
                    States, and for other purposes.


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                           September 9, 2015

  Ms. Murkowski, from the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, 
 reported the following original bill; which was read twice and placed 
                            on the calendar

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
  To provide for the modernization of the energy policy of the United 
                    States, and for other purposes.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Short Title.--This Act may be cited as the ``Energy Policy 
Modernization Act of 2015''.
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Definitions.
                          TITLE I--EFFICIENCY

                         Subtitle A--Buildings

Sec. 1001. Greater energy efficiency in building codes.
Sec. 1002. Budget-neutral demonstration program for energy and water 
                            conservation improvements at multifamily 
                            residential units.
Sec. 1003. Coordination of energy retrofitting assistance for schools.
Sec. 1004. Energy efficiency retrofit pilot program.
Sec. 1005. Utility energy service contracts.
Sec. 1006. Use of energy and water efficiency measures in Federal 
                            buildings.
Sec. 1007. Building training and assessment centers.
Sec. 1008. Career skills training.
Sec. 1009. Energy-efficient and energy-saving information technologies.
Sec. 1010. Availability of funds for design updates.
Sec. 1011. Energy efficient data centers.
Sec. 1012. Weatherization Assistance Program.
Sec. 1013. Reauthorization of State energy program.
Sec. 1014. Smart building acceleration.
Sec. 1015. Repeal of fossil phase-out.
Sec. 1016. Federal building energy efficiency performance standards.
Sec. 1017. Codification of Executive Order.
Sec. 1018. Certification for green buildings.
Sec. 1019. High performance green federal buildings.
Sec. 1020. Evaluation of potentially duplicative green building 
                            programs within Department of Energy.
Sec. 1021. Study and report on energy savings benefits of operational 
                            efficiency programs and services.
                         Subtitle B--Appliances

Sec. 1101. Extended product system rebate program.
Sec. 1102. Energy efficient transformer rebate program.
Sec. 1103. Standards for certain furnaces.
Sec. 1104. Third-party certification under Energy Star program.
Sec. 1105. Energy conservation standards for commercial refrigeration 
                            equipment.
Sec. 1106. Voluntary verification programs for air conditioning, 
                            furnace, boiler, heat pump, and water 
                            heater products.
                       Subtitle C--Manufacturing

Sec. 1201. Manufacturing energy efficiency.
Sec. 1202. Leveraging existing Federal agency programs to assist small 
                            and medium manufacturers.
Sec. 1203. Leveraging smart manufacturing infrastructure at National 
                            Laboratories.
                          Subtitle D--Vehicles

Sec. 1301. Short title.
Sec. 1302. Objectives.
Sec. 1303. Coordination and nonduplication.
Sec. 1304. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 1305. Reporting.
                PART I--Vehicle Research and Development

Sec. 1306. Program.
Sec. 1307. Manufacturing.
    PART II--Medium- and Heavy-Duty Commercial and Transit Vehicles

Sec. 1308. Program.
Sec. 1309. Class 8 truck and trailer systems demonstration.
Sec. 1310. Technology testing and metrics.
Sec. 1311. Nonroad systems pilot program.
                        PART III--Administration

Sec. 1312. Repeal of existing authorities.
                        TITLE II--INFRASTRUCTURE

                       Subtitle A--Cybersecurity

Sec. 2001. Cybersecurity threats.
Sec. 2002. Enhanced grid security.
                Subtitle B--Strategic Petroleum Reserve

Sec. 2101. Strategic Petroleum Reserve test drawdown and sale 
                            notification and definition change.
Sec. 2102. Strategic Petroleum Reserve mission readiness optimization.
Sec. 2103. Strategic Petroleum Reserve modernization.
                           Subtitle C--Trade

Sec. 2201. Action on applications to export liquefied natural gas.
Sec. 2202. Public disclosure of liquefied natural gas export 
                            destinations.
Sec. 2203. Energy data collaboration.
               Subtitle D--Electricity and Energy Storage

Sec. 2301. Grid storage program.
Sec. 2302. Electric system grid architecture, scenario development, and 
                            modeling.
Sec. 2303. Technology demonstration on the distribution system.
Sec. 2304. Hybrid micro-grid systems for isolated and resilient 
                            communities.
Sec. 2305. Voluntary model pathways.
Sec. 2306. Performance metrics for electricity infrastructure 
                            providers.
Sec. 2307. State and regional electricity distribution planning.
Sec. 2308. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 2309. Electric transmission infrastructure permitting.
Sec. 2310. Report by transmission organizations on distributed energy 
                            resources and micro-grid systems.
Sec. 2311. Net metering study guidance.
                         Subtitle E--Computing

Sec. 2401. Exascale computer research program.
                           TITLE III--SUPPLY

                         Subtitle A--Renewables

                         PART I--Hydroelectric

Sec. 3001. Hydropower regulatory improvements.
Sec. 3002. Hydroelectric production incentives and efficiency 
                            improvements.
Sec. 3003. Extension of time for a Federal Energy Regulatory Commission 
                            project involving Clark Canyon Dam.
Sec. 3004. Extension of time for a Federal Energy Regulatory Commission 
                            project involving Gibson Dam.
                          PART II--Geothermal

                      subpart a--geothermal energy

Sec. 3005. National goals for production and site identification.
Sec. 3006. Priority areas for development on Federal land.
Sec. 3007. Facilitation of coproduction of geothermal energy on oil and 
                            gas leases.
Sec. 3008. Noncompetitive leasing of adjoining areas for development of 
                            geothermal resources.
Sec. 3009. Large-scale geothermal energy.
Sec. 3010. Report to Congress.
Sec. 3011. Authorization of appropriations.
                   subpart b--geothermal exploration

Sec. 3012. Geothermal exploration test projects.
                     PART III--Marine Hydrokinetic

Sec. 3013. Definition of marine and hydrokinetic renewable energy.
Sec. 3014. Marine and hydrokinetic renewable energy research and 
                            development.
Sec. 3015. National Marine Renewable Energy Research, Development, and 
                            Demonstration Centers.
Sec. 3016. Authorization of appropriations.
                            PART IV--Biomass

Sec. 3017. Bio-power.
                        Subtitle B--Oil and Gas

Sec. 3101. Amendments to the Methane Hydrate Research and Development 
                            Act of 2000.
Sec. 3102. Liquefied natural gas study.
Sec. 3103. FERC process coordination with respect to regulatory 
                            approval of gas projects.
Sec. 3104. Pilot program.
                           Subtitle C--Helium

Sec. 3201. Rights to helium.
                     Subtitle D--Critical Minerals

Sec. 3301. Definitions.
Sec. 3302. Policy.
Sec. 3303. Critical mineral designations.
Sec. 3304. Resource assessment.
Sec. 3305. Permitting.
Sec. 3306. Federal Register process.
Sec. 3307. Recycling, efficiency, and alternatives.
Sec. 3308. Analysis and forecasting.
Sec. 3309. Education and workforce.
Sec. 3310. National geological and geophysical data preservation 
                            program.
Sec. 3311. Administration.
Sec. 3312. Authorization of appropriations.
                            Subtitle E--Coal

Sec. 3401. Fossil energy.
Sec. 3402. Establishment of coal technology program.
                          Subtitle F--Nuclear

Sec. 3501. Report on fusion and fission reactor prototypes.
Sec. 3502. Next generation nuclear plant project.
                   Subtitle G--Workforce Development

Sec. 3601. 21st Century Energy Workforce Advisory Board.
Sec. 3602. Energy workforce pilot grant program.
                         Subtitle H--Recycling

Sec. 3701. Recycled carbon fiber.
Sec. 3702. Energy generation and regulatory relief study regarding 
                            recovery and conversion of nonrecycled 
                            mixed plastics.
Sec. 3703. Eligible projects.
                        TITLE IV--ACCOUNTABILITY

                       Subtitle A--Loan Programs

Sec. 4001. Terms and conditions for incentives for innovative 
                            technologies.
Sec. 4002. State loan eligibility.
Sec. 4003. GAO Study on fossil loan guarantee incentive program.
Sec. 4004. Program eligibility for vessels.
Sec. 4005. Additional reforms.
Sec. 4006. Department of Energy Indian energy education planning and 
                            management assistance program.
                     Subtitle B--Energy-Water Nexus

Sec. 4101. Nexus of energy and water for sustainability.
Sec. 4102. Smart energy and water efficiency pilot program.
                         Subtitle C--Innovation

Sec. 4201. America COMPETES programs.
Sec. 4202. Inclusion of early stage technology demonstration in 
                            authorized technology transfer activities.
Sec. 4203. Supporting access of small business concerns to National 
                            Laboratories.
Sec. 4204. Microlab technology commercialization.
                      Subtitle D--Grid Reliability

Sec. 4301. Bulk-power system reliability impact statement.
Sec. 4302. Report by transmission organizations on diversity of supply.
Sec. 4303. Activities carried out during an authorization during war or 
                            emergency.
                         Subtitle E--Management

Sec. 4401. Federal land management.
Sec. 4402. Quadrennial Energy Review.
Sec. 4403. State oversight of oil and gas programs.
Sec. 4404. Under Secretary for Science and Energy.
                          Subtitle F--Markets

Sec. 4501. Enhanced information on critical energy supplies.
Sec. 4502. Working Group on Energy Markets.
Sec. 4503. Study of regulatory framework for energy markets.
                       Subtitle G--Affordability

Sec. 4601. E-prize competition pilot program.
                      Subtitle H--Code Maintenance

Sec. 4701. Repeal of off-highway motor vehicles study.
Sec. 4702. Repeal of methanol study.
Sec. 4703. Repeal of authorization of appropriations provision.
Sec. 4704. Repeal of residential energy efficiency standards study.
Sec. 4705. Repeal of weatherization study.
Sec. 4706. Repeal of report to Congress.
Sec. 4707. Repeal of report by General Services Administration.
Sec. 4708. Repeal of intergovernmental energy management planning and 
                            coordination workshops.
Sec. 4709. Repeal of Inspector General audit survey and President's 
                            Council on Integrity and Efficiency report 
                            to Congress.
Sec. 4710. Repeal of procurement and identification of energy efficient 
                            products program.
Sec. 4711. Repeal of national action plan for demand response.
Sec. 4712. Repeal of national coal policy study.
Sec. 4713. Repeal of study on compliance problem of small electric 
                            utility systems.
Sec. 4714. Repeal of study of socioeconomic impacts of increased coal 
                            production and other energy development.
Sec. 4715. Repeal of study of the use of petroleum and natural gas in 
                            combustors.
Sec. 4716. Repeal of submission of reports.
Sec. 4717. Repeal of electric utility conservation plan.
Sec. 4718. Emergency Energy Conservation repeals.
Sec. 4719. Energy Security Act repeals.
Sec. 4720. Nuclear Safety Research, Development, and Demonstration Act 
                            of 1980 repeals.
Sec. 4721. Elimination and consolidation of certain America COMPETES 
                            programs.
Sec. 4722. Repeal of state utility regulatory assistance.
Sec. 4723. Repeal of survey of energy saving potential.
Sec. 4724. Repeal of photovoltaic energy program.
Sec. 4725. Repeal of energy auditor training and certification.
Sec. 4726. Repeal of authorization of appropriations.
                 TITLE V--CONSERVATION REAUTHORIZATION

Sec. 5001. National Park Service Maintenance and Revitalization 
                            Conservation Fund.
Sec. 5002. Land and Water Conservation Fund.
Sec. 5003. Historic Preservation Fund.

SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.

    In this Act:
            (1) Department.--The term ``Department'' means the 
        Department of Energy.
            (2) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of Energy.

                          TITLE I--EFFICIENCY

                         Subtitle A--Buildings

SEC. 1001. GREATER ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN BUILDING CODES.

    (a) Definitions.--Section 303 of the Energy Conservation and 
Production Act (42 U.S.C. 6832) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (14) and inserting the following:
            ``(14) Model building energy code.--The term `model 
        building energy code' means a voluntary building energy code 
        and standards developed and updated through a consensus process 
        among interested persons, such as the IECC or the code used 
        by--
                    ``(A) the Council of American Building Officials, 
                or its legal successor, International Code Council, 
                Inc.;
                    ``(B) the American Society of Heating, 
                Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers; or
                    ``(C) other appropriate organizations.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(17) IECC.--The term `IECC' means the International 
        Energy Conservation Code.
            ``(18) Indian tribe.--The term `Indian tribe' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 4 of the Native American 
        Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act of 1996 (25 
        U.S.C. 4103).''.
    (b) State Building Energy Efficiency Codes.--Section 304 of the 
Energy Conservation and Production Act (42 U.S.C. 6833) is amended to 
read as follows:

``SEC. 304. UPDATING STATE BUILDING ENERGY EFFICIENCY CODES.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall--
            ``(1) encourage and support the adoption of building energy 
        codes by States, Indian tribes, and, as appropriate, by local 
        governments that meet or exceed the model building energy 
        codes, or achieve equivalent or greater energy savings; and
            ``(2) support full compliance with the State and local 
        codes.
    ``(b) State and Indian Tribe Certification of Building Energy Code 
Updates.--
            ``(1) Review and updating of codes by each state and indian 
        tribe.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not later than 2 years after the 
                date on which a model building energy code is updated, 
                each State or Indian tribe shall certify whether or not 
                the State or Indian tribe, respectively, has reviewed 
                and updated the energy provisions of the building code 
                of the State or Indian tribe, respectively.
                    ``(B) Demonstration.--The certification shall 
                include a demonstration of whether or not the energy 
                savings for the code provisions that are in effect 
                throughout the State or Indian tribal territory meet or 
                exceed--
                            ``(i) the energy savings of the updated 
                        model building energy code; or
                            ``(ii) the targets established under 
                        section 307(b)(2).
                    ``(C) No model building energy code update.--If a 
                model building energy code is not updated by a target 
                date established under section 307(b)(2)(D), each State 
                or Indian tribe shall, not later than 2 years after the 
                specified date, certify whether or not the State or 
                Indian tribe, respectively, has reviewed and updated 
                the energy provisions of the building code of the State 
                or Indian tribe, respectively, to meet or exceed the 
                target in section 307(b)(2).
            ``(2) Validation by secretary.--Not later than 90 days 
        after a State or Indian tribe certification under paragraph 
        (1), the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) determine whether the code provisions of the 
                State or Indian tribe, respectively, meet the criteria 
                specified in paragraph (1); and
                    ``(B) if the determination is positive, validate 
                the certification.
    ``(c) Improvements in Compliance With Building Energy Codes.--
            ``(1) Requirement.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not later than 3 years after the 
                date of a certification under subsection (b), each 
                State and Indian tribe shall certify whether or not the 
                State and Indian tribe, respectively, has--
                            ``(i) achieved full compliance under 
                        paragraph (3) with the applicable certified 
                        State and Indian tribe building energy code or 
                        with the associated model building energy code; 
                        or
                            ``(ii) made significant progress under 
                        paragraph (4) toward achieving compliance with 
                        the applicable certified State and Indian tribe 
                        building energy code or with the associated 
                        model building energy code.
                    ``(B) Repeat certifications.--If the State or 
                Indian tribe certifies progress toward achieving 
                compliance, the State or Indian tribe shall repeat the 
                certification until the State or Indian tribe certifies 
                that the State or Indian tribe has achieved full 
                compliance, respectively.
            ``(2) Measurement of compliance.--A certification under 
        paragraph (1) shall include documentation of the rate of 
        compliance based on--
                    ``(A) independent inspections of a random sample of 
                the buildings covered by the code in the preceding 
                year; or
                    ``(B) an alternative method that yields an accurate 
                measure of compliance.
            ``(3) Achievement of compliance.--A State or Indian tribe 
        shall be considered to achieve full compliance under paragraph 
        (1) if--
                    ``(A) at least 90 percent of building space covered 
                by the code in the preceding year substantially meets 
                all the requirements of the applicable code specified 
                in paragraph (1), or achieves equivalent or greater 
                energy savings level; or
                    ``(B) the estimated excess energy use of buildings 
                that did not meet the applicable code specified in 
                paragraph (1) in the preceding year, compared to a 
                baseline of comparable buildings that meet this code, 
                is not more than 5 percent of the estimated energy use 
                of all buildings covered by this code during the 
                preceding year.
            ``(4) Significant progress toward achievement of 
        compliance.--A State or Indian tribe shall be considered to 
        have made significant progress toward achieving compliance for 
        purposes of paragraph (1) if the State or Indian tribe--
                    ``(A) has developed and is implementing a plan for 
                achieving compliance during the 8-year-period beginning 
                on the date of enactment of this paragraph, including 
                annual targets for compliance and active training and 
                enforcement programs; and
                    ``(B) has met the most recent target under 
                subparagraph (A).
            ``(5) Validation by secretary.--Not later than 90 days 
        after a State or Indian tribe certification under paragraph 
        (1), the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) determine whether the State or Indian tribe 
                has demonstrated meeting the criteria of this 
                subsection, including accurate measurement of 
                compliance; and
                    ``(B) if the determination is positive, validate 
                the certification.
    ``(d) States or Indian Tribes That Do Not Achieve Compliance.--
            ``(1) Reporting.--A State or Indian tribe that has not made 
        a certification required under subsection (b) or (c) by the 
        applicable deadline shall submit to the Secretary a report on--
                    ``(A) the status of the State or Indian tribe with 
                respect to meeting the requirements and submitting the 
                certification; and
                    ``(B) a plan for meeting the requirements and 
                submitting the certification.
            ``(2) Federal support.--For any State or Indian tribe for 
        which the Secretary has not validated a certification by a 
        deadline under subsection (b) or (c), the lack of the 
        certification may be a consideration for Federal support 
        authorized under this section for code adoption and compliance 
        activities.
            ``(3) Local government.--In any State or Indian tribe for 
        which the Secretary has not validated a certification under 
        subsection (b) or (c), a local government may be eligible for 
        Federal support by meeting the certification requirements of 
        subsections (b) and (c).
            ``(4) Annual reports by secretary.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall annually 
                submit to Congress, and publish in the Federal 
                Register, a report on--
                            ``(i) the status of model building energy 
                        codes;
                            ``(ii) the status of code adoption and 
                        compliance in the States and Indian tribes;
                            ``(iii) the implementation of this section; 
                        and
                            ``(iv) improvements in energy savings over 
                        time as a result of the targets established 
                        under section 307(b)(2).
                    ``(B) Impacts.--The report shall include estimates 
                of impacts of past action under this section, and 
                potential impacts of further action, on--
                            ``(i) upfront financial and construction 
                        costs, cost benefits and returns (using 
                        investment analysis), and lifetime energy use 
                        for buildings;
                            ``(ii) resulting energy costs to 
                        individuals and businesses; and
                            ``(iii) resulting overall annual building 
                        ownership and operating costs.
    ``(e) Technical Assistance to States and Indian Tribes.--The 
Secretary shall provide technical assistance to States and Indian 
tribes to implement the goals and requirements of this section, 
including procedures and technical analysis for States and Indian 
tribes--
            ``(1) to improve and implement State residential and 
        commercial building energy codes;
            ``(2) to demonstrate that the code provisions of the States 
        and Indian tribes achieve equivalent or greater energy savings 
        than the model building energy codes and targets;
            ``(3) to document the rate of compliance with a building 
        energy code; and
            ``(4) to otherwise promote the design and construction of 
        energy efficient buildings.
    ``(f) Availability of Incentive Funding.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall provide incentive 
        funding to States and Indian tribes--
                    ``(A) to implement the requirements of this 
                section;
                    ``(B) to improve and implement residential and 
                commercial building energy codes, including increasing 
                and verifying compliance with the codes and training of 
                State, local, and tribal building code officials to 
                implement and enforce the codes; and
                    ``(C) to promote building energy efficiency through 
                the use of the codes.
            ``(2) Additional funding.--Additional funding shall be 
        provided under this subsection for implementation of a plan to 
        achieve and document full compliance with residential and 
        commercial building energy codes under subsection (c)--
                    ``(A) to a State or Indian tribe for which the 
                Secretary has validated a certification under 
                subsection (b) or (c); and
                    ``(B) in a State or Indian tribe that is not 
                eligible under subparagraph (A), to a local government 
                that is eligible under this section.
            ``(3) Training.--Of the amounts made available under this 
        subsection, the State or Indian tribe may use amounts required, 
        but not to exceed $750,000 for a State, to train State and 
        local building code officials to implement and enforce codes 
        described in paragraph (2).
            ``(4) Local governments.--States may share grants under 
        this subsection with local governments that implement and 
        enforce the codes.
    ``(g) Stretch Codes and Advanced Standards.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall provide technical 
        and financial support for the development of stretch codes and 
        advanced standards for residential and commercial buildings for 
        use as--
                    ``(A) an option for adoption as a building energy 
                code by State, local, or tribal governments; and
                    ``(B) guidelines for energy-efficient building 
                design.
            ``(2) Targets.--The stretch codes and advanced standards 
        shall be designed--
                    ``(A) to achieve substantial energy savings 
                compared to the model building energy codes; and
                    ``(B) to meet targets under section 307(b), if 
                available, at least 3 to 6 years in advance of the 
                target years.
    ``(h) Studies.--The Secretary, in consultation with building 
science experts from the National Laboratories and institutions of 
higher education, designers and builders of energy-efficient 
residential and commercial buildings, code officials, and other 
stakeholders, shall undertake a study of the feasibility, impact, 
economics, and merit of--
            ``(1) code improvements that would require that buildings 
        be designed, sited, and constructed in a manner that makes the 
        buildings more adaptable in the future to become zero-net-
        energy after initial construction, as advances are achieved in 
        energy-saving technologies;
            ``(2) code procedures to incorporate measured lifetimes, 
        not just first-year energy use, in trade-offs and performance 
        calculations; and
            ``(3) legislative options for increasing energy savings 
        from building energy codes, including additional incentives for 
        effective State and local action, and verification of 
        compliance with and enforcement of a code other than by a State 
        or local government.
    ``(i) Effect on Other Laws.--Nothing in this section or section 307 
supersedes or modifies the application of sections 321 through 346 of 
the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6291 et seq.).
    ``(j) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section and section 307 $200,000,000, to 
remain available until expended.''.
    (c) Federal Building Energy Efficiency Standards.--Section 305 of 
the Energy Conservation and Production Act (42 U.S.C. 6834) is amended 
by striking ``voluntary building energy code'' each place it appears in 
subsections (a)(2)(B) and (b) and inserting ``model building energy 
code''.
    (d) Model Building Energy Codes.--Section 307 of the Energy 
Conservation and Production Act (42 U.S.C. 6836) is amended to read as 
follows:

``SEC. 307. SUPPORT FOR MODEL BUILDING ENERGY CODES.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall support the updating of 
model building energy codes.
    ``(b) Targets.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall support the updating 
        of the model building energy codes to enable the achievement of 
        aggregate energy savings targets established under paragraph 
        (2).
            ``(2) Targets.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall work with 
                States, local governments, and Indian tribes, 
                nationally recognized code and standards developers, 
                and other interested parties to support the updating of 
                model building energy codes by establishing one or more 
                aggregate energy savings targets to achieve the 
                purposes of this section.
                    ``(B) Separate targets.--The Secretary may 
                establish separate targets for commercial and 
                residential buildings.
                    ``(C) Baselines.--The baseline for updating model 
                building energy codes shall be the 2009 IECC for 
                residential buildings and ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2010 for 
                commercial buildings.
                    ``(D) Specific years.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Targets for specific 
                        years shall be established and revised by the 
                        Secretary through rulemaking and coordinated 
                        with nationally recognized code and standards 
                        developers at a level that--
                                    ``(I) is at the maximum level of 
                                energy efficiency that is 
                                technologically feasible and life-cycle 
                                cost effective, while accounting for 
                                the economic considerations under 
                                paragraph (4);
                                    ``(II) is higher than the preceding 
                                target; and
                                    ``(III) promotes the achievement of 
                                commercial and residential high-
                                performance buildings through high-
                                performance energy efficiency (within 
                                the meaning of section 401 of the 
                                Energy Independence and Security Act of 
                                2007 (42 U.S.C. 17061)).
                            ``(ii) Initial targets.--Not later than 1 
                        year after the date of enactment of this 
                        clause, the Secretary shall establish initial 
                        targets under this subparagraph.
                            ``(iii) Different target years.--Subject to 
                        clause (i), prior to the applicable year, the 
                        Secretary may set a later target year for any 
                        of the model building energy codes described in 
                        subparagraph (A) if the Secretary determines 
                        that a target cannot be met.
                            ``(iv) Small business.--When establishing 
                        targets under this paragraph through 
                        rulemaking, the Secretary shall ensure 
                        compliance with the Small Business Regulatory 
                        Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996 (5 U.S.C. 601 
                        note; Public Law 104-121).
            ``(3) Appliance standards and other factors affecting 
        building energy use.--In establishing building code targets 
        under paragraph (2), the Secretary shall develop and adjust the 
        targets in recognition of potential savings and costs relating 
        to--
                    ``(A) efficiency gains made in appliances, 
                lighting, windows, insulation, and building envelope 
                sealing;
                    ``(B) advancement of distributed generation and on-
                site renewable power generation technologies;
                    ``(C) equipment improvements for heating, cooling, 
                and ventilation systems;
                    ``(D) building management systems and SmartGrid 
                technologies to reduce energy use; and
                    ``(E) other technologies, practices, and building 
                systems that the Secretary considers appropriate 
                regarding building plug load and other energy uses.
            ``(4) Economic considerations.--In establishing and 
        revising building code targets under paragraph (2), the 
        Secretary shall consider the economic feasibility of achieving 
        the proposed targets established under this section and the 
        potential costs and savings for consumers and building owners, 
        including a return on investment analysis.
    ``(c) Technical Assistance to Model Building Energy Code-Setting 
and Standard Development Organizations.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall, on a timely basis, 
        provide technical assistance to model building energy code-
        setting and standard development organizations consistent with 
        the goals of this section.
            ``(2) Assistance.--The assistance shall include, as 
        requested by the organizations, technical assistance in--
                    ``(A) evaluating code or standards proposals or 
                revisions;
                    ``(B) building energy analysis and design tools;
                    ``(C) building demonstrations;
                    ``(D) developing definitions of energy use 
                intensity and building types for use in model building 
                energy codes to evaluate the efficiency impacts of the 
                model building energy codes;
                    ``(E) performance-based standards;
                    ``(F) evaluating economic considerations under 
                subsection (b)(4); and
                    ``(G) developing model building energy codes by 
                Indian tribes in accordance with tribal law.
            ``(3) Amendment proposals.--The Secretary may submit timely 
        model building energy code amendment proposals to the model 
        building energy code-setting and standard development 
        organizations, with supporting evidence, sufficient to enable 
        the model building energy codes to meet the targets established 
        under subsection (b)(2).
            ``(4) Analysis methodology.--The Secretary shall make 
        publicly available the entire calculation methodology 
        (including input assumptions and data) used by the Secretary to 
        estimate the energy savings of code or standard proposals and 
        revisions.
    ``(d) Determination.--
            ``(1) Revision of model building energy codes.--If the 
        provisions of the IECC or ASHRAE Standard 90.1 regarding 
        building energy use are revised, the Secretary shall make a 
        preliminary determination not later than 90 days after the date 
        of the revision, and a final determination not later than 15 
        months after the date of the revision, on whether or not the 
        revision will--
                    ``(A) improve energy efficiency in buildings 
                compared to the existing model building energy code; 
                and
                    ``(B) meet the applicable targets under subsection 
                (b)(2).
            ``(2) Codes or standards not meeting targets.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If the Secretary makes a 
                preliminary determination under paragraph (1)(B) that a 
                code or standard does not meet the targets established 
                under subsection (b)(2), the Secretary may at the same 
                time provide the model building energy code or standard 
                developer with proposed changes that would result in a 
                model building energy code that meets the targets and 
                with supporting evidence, taking into consideration--
                            ``(i) whether the modified code is 
                        technically feasible and life-cycle cost 
                        effective;
                            ``(ii) available appliances, technologies, 
                        materials, and construction practices; and
                            ``(iii) the economic considerations under 
                        subsection (b)(4).
                    ``(B) Incorporation of changes.--
                            ``(i) In general.--On receipt of the 
                        proposed changes, the model building energy 
                        code or standard developer shall have an 
                        additional 270 days to accept or reject the 
                        proposed changes of the Secretary to the model 
                        building energy code or standard for the 
                        Secretary to make a final determination.
                            ``(ii) Final determination.--A final 
                        determination under paragraph (1) shall be on 
                        the modified model building energy code or 
                        standard.
    ``(e) Administration.--In carrying out this section, the Secretary 
shall--
            ``(1) publish notice of targets and supporting analysis and 
        determinations under this section in the Federal Register to 
        provide an explanation of and the basis for such actions, 
        including any supporting modeling, data, assumptions, 
        protocols, and cost-benefit analysis, including return on 
        investment; and
            ``(2) provide an opportunity for public comment on targets 
        and supporting analysis and determinations under this section.
    ``(f) Voluntary Codes and Standards.--Notwithstanding any other 
provision of this section, any model building code or standard 
established under section 304 shall not be binding on a State, local 
government, or Indian tribe as a matter of Federal law.''.

SEC. 1002. BUDGET-NEUTRAL DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM FOR ENERGY AND WATER 
              CONSERVATION IMPROVEMENTS AT MULTIFAMILY RESIDENTIAL 
              UNITS.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development 
(referred to in this section as the ``Secretary'') shall establish a 
demonstration program under which, during the period beginning on the 
date of enactment of this Act, and ending on September 30, 2018, the 
Secretary may enter into budget-neutral, performance-based agreements 
that result in a reduction in energy or water costs with such entities 
as the Secretary determines to be appropriate under which the entities 
shall carry out projects for energy or water conservation improvements 
at not more than 20,000 residential units in multifamily buildings 
participating in--
            (1) the project-based rental assistance program under 
        section 8 of the United States Housing Act of 1937 (42 U.S.C. 
        1437f), other than assistance provided under section 8(o) of 
        that Act;
            (2) the supportive housing for the elderly program under 
        section 202 of the Housing Act of 1959 (12 U.S.C. 1701q); or
            (3) the supportive housing for persons with disabilities 
        program under section 811(d)(2) of the Cranston-Gonzalez 
        National Affordable Housing Act (42 U.S.C. 8013(d)(2)).
    (b) Requirements.--
            (1) Payments contingent on savings.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall provide to an 
                entity a payment under an agreement under this section 
                only during applicable years for which an energy or 
                water cost savings is achieved with respect to the 
                applicable multifamily portfolio of properties, as 
                determined by the Secretary, in accordance with 
                subparagraph (B).
                    (B) Payment methodology.--
                            (i) In general.--Each agreement under this 
                        section shall include a pay-for-success 
                        provision--
                                    (I) that will serve as a payment 
                                threshold for the term of the 
                                agreement; and
                                    (II) pursuant to which the 
                                Department of Housing and Urban 
                                Development shall share a percentage of 
                                the savings at a level determined by 
                                the Secretary that is sufficient to 
                                cover the administrative costs of 
                                carrying out this section.
                            (ii) Limitations.--A payment made by the 
                        Secretary under an agreement under this section 
                        shall--
                                    (I) be contingent on documented 
                                utility savings; and
                                    (II) not exceed the utility savings 
                                achieved by the date of the payment, 
                                and not previously paid, as a result of 
                                the improvements made under the 
                                agreement.
                    (C) Third party verification.--Savings payments 
                made by the Secretary under this section shall be based 
                on a measurement and verification protocol that 
                includes at least--
                            (i) establishment of a weather-normalized 
                        and occupancy-normalized utility consumption 
                        baseline established preretrofit;
                            (ii) annual third party confirmation of 
                        actual utility consumption and cost for owner-
                        paid utilities;
                            (iii) annual third party validation of the 
                        tenant utility allowances in effect during the 
                        applicable year and vacancy rates for each unit 
                        type; and
                            (iv) annual third party determination of 
                        savings to the Secretary.
            (2) Term.--The term of an agreement under this section 
        shall be not longer than 12 years.
            (3) Entity eligibility.--The Secretary shall--
                    (A) establish a competitive process for entering 
                into agreements under this section; and
                    (B) enter into such agreements only with entities 
                that demonstrate significant experience relating to--
                            (i) financing and operating properties 
                        receiving assistance under a program described 
                        in subsection (a);
                            (ii) oversight of energy and water 
                        conservation programs, including oversight of 
                        contractors; and
                            (iii) raising capital for energy and water 
                        conservation improvements from charitable 
                        organizations or private investors.
            (4) Geographical diversity.--Each agreement entered into 
        under this section shall provide for the inclusion of 
        properties with the greatest feasible regional and State 
        variance.
    (c) Plan and Reports.--
            (1) Plan.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        Committees on Appropriations of the House of Representatives 
        and the Senate, the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources 
        of the Senate, and the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the 
        House of Representatives a detailed plan for the implementation 
        of this section.
            (2) Reports.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the Secretary 
        shall--
                    (A) conduct an evaluation of the program under this 
                section; and
                    (B) submit to Congress a report describing each 
                evaluation conducted under subparagraph (A).
    (d) Funding.--For each fiscal year during which an agreement under 
this section is in effect, the Secretary may use to carry out this 
section any funds appropriated to the Secretary for the renewal of 
contracts under a program described in subsection (a).

SEC. 1003. COORDINATION OF ENERGY RETROFITTING ASSISTANCE FOR SCHOOLS.

    (a) Definition of School.--In this section, the term ``school'' 
means--
            (1) an elementary school or secondary school (as defined in 
        section 9101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 
        1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801));
            (2) an institution of higher education (as defined in 
        section 102(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
        1002(a));
            (3) a school of the defense dependents' education system 
        under the Defense Dependents' Education Act of 1978 (20 U.S.C. 
        921 et seq.) or established under section 2164 of title 10, 
        United States Code;
            (4) a school operated by the Bureau of Indian Affairs;
            (5) a tribally controlled school (as defined in section 
        5212 of the Tribally Controlled Schools Act of 1988 (25 U.S.C. 
        2511)); and
            (6) a Tribal College or University (as defined in section 
        316(b) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
        1059c(b))).
    (b) Designation of Lead Agency.--The Secretary, acting through the 
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, shall act as the lead 
Federal agency for coordinating and disseminating information on 
existing Federal programs and assistance that may be used to help 
initiate, develop, and finance energy efficiency, renewable energy, and 
energy retrofitting projects for schools.
    (c) Requirements.--In carrying out coordination and outreach under 
subsection (b), the Secretary shall--
            (1) in consultation and coordination with the appropriate 
        Federal agencies, carry out a review of existing programs and 
        financing mechanisms (including revolving loan funds and loan 
        guarantees) available in or from the Department of Agriculture, 
        the Department of Energy, the Department of Education, the 
        Department of the Treasury, the Internal Revenue Service, the 
        Environmental Protection Agency, and other appropriate Federal 
        agencies with jurisdiction over energy financing and 
        facilitation that are currently used or may be used to help 
        initiate, develop, and finance energy efficiency, renewable 
        energy, and energy retrofitting projects for schools;
            (2) establish a Federal cross-departmental collaborative 
        coordination, education, and outreach effort to streamline 
        communication and promote available Federal opportunities and 
        assistance described in paragraph (1) for energy efficiency, 
        renewable energy, and energy retrofitting projects that enables 
        States, local educational agencies, and schools--
                    (A) to use existing Federal opportunities more 
                effectively; and
                    (B) to form partnerships with Governors, State 
                energy programs, local educational, financial, and 
                energy officials, State and local government officials, 
                nonprofit organizations, and other appropriate entities 
                to support the initiation of the projects;
            (3) provide technical assistance for States, local 
        educational agencies, and schools to help develop and finance 
        energy efficiency, renewable energy, and energy retrofitting 
        projects--
                    (A) to increase the energy efficiency of buildings 
                or facilities;
                    (B) to install systems that individually generate 
                energy from renewable energy resources;
                    (C) to establish partnerships to leverage economies 
                of scale and additional financing mechanisms available 
                to larger clean energy initiatives; or
                    (D) to promote--
                            (i) the maintenance of health, 
                        environmental quality, and safety in schools, 
                        including the ambient air quality, through 
                        energy efficiency, renewable energy, and energy 
                        retrofit projects; and
                            (ii) the achievement of expected energy 
                        savings and renewable energy production through 
                        proper operations and maintenance practices;
            (4) develop and maintain a single online resource website 
        with contact information for relevant technical assistance and 
        support staff in the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable 
        Energy for States, local educational agencies, and schools to 
        effectively access and use Federal opportunities and assistance 
        described in paragraph (1) to develop energy efficiency, 
        renewable energy, and energy retrofitting projects; and
            (5) establish a process for recognition of schools that--
                    (A) have successfully implemented energy 
                efficiency, renewable energy, and energy retrofitting 
                projects; and
                    (B) are willing to serve as resources for other 
                local educational agencies and schools to assist 
                initiation of similar efforts.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report describing 
the implementation of this section.

SEC. 1004. ENERGY EFFICIENCY RETROFIT PILOT PROGRAM.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Applicant.--The term ``applicant'' means a nonprofit 
        organization that applies for a grant under this section.
            (2) Energy-efficiency improvement.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``energy-efficiency 
                improvement'' means an installed measure (including a 
                product, equipment, system, service, or practice) that 
                results in a reduction in use by a nonprofit 
                organization for energy or fuel supplied from outside 
                the nonprofit building.
                    (B) Inclusions.--The term ``energy-efficiency 
                improvement'' includes an installed measure described 
                in subparagraph (A) involving--
                            (i) repairing, replacing, or installing--
                                    (I) a roof or lighting system, or 
                                component of a roof or lighting system;
                                    (II) a window;
                                    (III) a door, including a security 
                                door; or
                                    (IV) a heating, ventilation, or air 
                                conditioning system or component of the 
                                system (including insulation and wiring 
                                and plumbing improvements needed to 
                                serve a more efficient system);
                            (ii) a renewable energy generation or 
                        heating system, including a solar, 
                        photovoltaic, wind, geothermal, or biomass 
                        (including wood pellet) system or component of 
                        the system; and
                            (iii) any other measure taken to modernize, 
                        renovate, or repair a nonprofit building to 
                        make the nonprofit building more energy 
                        efficient.
            (3) Nonprofit building.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``nonprofit building'' 
                means a building operated and owned by a nonprofit 
                organization.
                    (B) Inclusions.--The term ``nonprofit building'' 
                includes a building described in subparagraph (A) that 
                is--
                            (i) a hospital;
                            (ii) a youth center;
                            (iii) a school;
                            (iv) a social-welfare program facility;
                            (v) a faith-based organization; and
                            (vi) any other nonresidential and 
                        noncommercial structure.
    (b) Establishment.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish a pilot program to 
award grants for the purpose of retrofitting nonprofit buildings with 
energy-efficiency improvements.
    (c) Grants.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary may award grants under the 
        program established under subsection (b).
            (2) Application.--The Secretary may award a grant under 
        this section if an applicant submits to the Secretary an 
        application at such time, in such form, and containing such 
        information as the Secretary may prescribe.
            (3) Criteria for grant.--In determining whether to award a 
        grant under this section, the Secretary shall apply 
        performance-based criteria, which shall give priority to 
        applications based on--
                    (A) the energy savings achieved;
                    (B) the cost-effectiveness of the energy-efficiency 
                improvement;
                    (C) an effective plan for evaluation, measurement, 
                and verification of energy savings;
                    (D) the financial need of the applicant; and
                    (E) the percentage of the matching contribution by 
                the applicant.
            (4) Limitation on individual grant amount.--Each grant 
        awarded under this section shall not exceed--
                    (A) an amount equal to 50 percent of the energy-
                efficiency improvement; and
                    (B) $200,000.
            (5) Cost sharing.--
                    (A) In general.--A grant awarded under this section 
                shall be subject to a minimum non-Federal cost-sharing 
                requirement of 50 percent.
                    (B) In-kind contributions.--The non-Federal share 
                may be provided in the form of in-kind contributions of 
                materials or services.
    (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $10,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2016 through 2020, to remain available until expended.

SEC. 1005. UTILITY ENERGY SERVICE CONTRACTS.

    Section 546 of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act (42 
U.S.C. 8256) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Utility Energy Service Contracts.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each Federal agency may use, to the 
        maximum extent practicable, measures provided by law to meet 
        energy efficiency and conservation mandates and laws, including 
        through utility energy service contracts.
            ``(2) Contract period.--The term of a utility energy 
        service contract entered into by a Federal agency may have a 
        contract period that extends beyond 10 years, but not to exceed 
        25 years.
            ``(3) Requirements.--The conditions of a utility energy 
        service contract entered into by a Federal agency shall include 
        requirements for measurement, verification, and performance 
        assurances or guarantees of the savings.''.

SEC. 1006. USE OF ENERGY AND WATER EFFICIENCY MEASURES IN FEDERAL 
              BUILDINGS.

    (a) Energy Management Requirements.--Section 543(f)(4) of the 
National Energy Conservation Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 8253(f)(4)) is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as clauses 
        (i) and (ii), respectively, and indenting appropriately;
            (2) by striking ``Not later than'' and inserting the 
        following:
                    ``(A) In general.--Not later than''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(B) Measures not implemented.--Each energy 
                manager, as part of the certification system under 
                paragraph (7) and using guidelines developed by the 
                Secretary, shall provide an explanation regarding any 
                life-cycle cost-effective measures described in 
                subparagraph (A)(i) that have not been implemented.''.
    (b) Reports.--Section 548(b) of the National Energy Conservation 
Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 8258(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (4), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5)(A) the status of the energy savings performance 
        contracts and utility energy service contracts of each agency;
            ``(B) the investment value of the contracts;
            ``(C) the guaranteed energy savings for the previous year 
        as compared to the actual energy savings for the previous year;
            ``(D) the plan for entering into the contracts in the 
        coming year; and
            ``(E) information explaining why any previously submitted 
        plans for the contracts were not implemented.''.
    (c) Definition of Energy Conservation Measures.--Section 551(4) of 
the National Energy Conservation Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 8259(4)) is 
amended by striking ``or retrofit activities'' and inserting ``retrofit 
activities, or energy consuming devices and required support 
structures''.
    (d) Authority To Enter Into Contracts.--Section 801(a)(2)(F) of the 
National Energy Conservation Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 8287(a)(2)(F)) is 
amended--
            (1) in clause (i), by striking ``or'' at the end;
            (2) in clause (ii), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; or''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
                            ``(iii) limit the recognition of operation 
                        and maintenance savings associated with systems 
                        modernized or replaced with the implementation 
                        of energy conservation measures, water 
                        conservation measures, or any combination of 
                        energy conservation measures and water 
                        conservation measures.''.
    (e) Miscellaneous Authority.--Section 801(a)(2) of the National 
Energy Conservation Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 8287(a)(2)) is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
                    ``(H) Miscellaneous authority.--Notwithstanding any 
                other provision of law, a Federal agency may sell or 
                transfer energy savings and apply the proceeds of the 
                sale or transfer to fund a contract under this 
                title.''.
    (f) Payment of Costs.--Section 802 of the National Energy 
Conservation Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 8287a) is amended by striking ``(and 
related operation and maintenance expenses)'' and inserting ``, 
including related operations and maintenance expenses''.
    (g) Definition of Federal Building.--Section 551(6) of the National 
Energy Conservation Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 8259(6)) is amended by 
striking the semicolon at the end and inserting ``the term does not 
include a dam, reservoir, or hydropower facility owned or operated by a 
Federal agency;''.
    (h) Definition of Energy Savings.--Section 804(2) of the National 
Energy Conservation Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 8287c(2)) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``federally owned 
        building or buildings or other federally owned facilities'' and 
        inserting ``Federal building (as defined in section 551)'' each 
        place it appears;
            (2) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``; and'' and 
        inserting a semicolon;
            (3) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting a semicolon; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(E) the use, sale, or transfer of energy 
                incentives, rebates, or credits (including renewable 
                energy credits) from Federal, State, or local 
                governments or utilities; and
                    ``(F) any revenue generated from a reduction in 
                energy or water use, more efficient waste recycling, or 
                additional energy generated from more efficient 
                equipment.''.

SEC. 1007. BUILDING TRAINING AND ASSESSMENT CENTERS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall provide grants to institutions 
of higher education (as defined in section 101 of the Higher Education 
Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)) and Tribal Colleges or Universities (as 
defined in section 316(b) of that Act (20 U.S.C. 1059c(b))) to 
establish building training and assessment centers--
            (1) to identify opportunities for optimizing energy 
        efficiency and environmental performance in buildings;
            (2) to promote the application of emerging concepts and 
        technologies in commercial and institutional buildings;
            (3) to train engineers, architects, building scientists, 
        building energy permitting and enforcement officials, and 
        building technicians in energy-efficient design and operation;
            (4) to assist institutions of higher education and Tribal 
        Colleges or Universities in training building technicians;
            (5) to promote research and development for the use of 
        alternative energy sources and distributed generation to supply 
        heat and power for buildings, particularly energy-intensive 
        buildings; and
            (6) to coordinate with and assist State-accredited 
        technical training centers, community colleges, Tribal Colleges 
        or Universities, and local offices of the National Institute of 
        Food and Agriculture and ensure appropriate services are 
        provided under this section to each region of the United 
        States.
    (b) Coordination and Nonduplication.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall coordinate the program 
        with the industrial research and assessment centers program and 
        with other Federal programs to avoid duplication of effort.
            (2) Collocation.--To the maximum extent practicable, 
        building, training, and assessment centers established under 
        this section shall be collocated with Industrial Assessment 
        Centers.
    (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $10,000,000, to remain available 
until expended.

SEC. 1008. CAREER SKILLS TRAINING.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall pay grants to eligible 
entities described in subsection (b) to pay the Federal share of 
associated career skills training programs under which students 
concurrently receive classroom instruction and on-the-job training for 
the purpose of obtaining an industry-related certification to install 
energy efficient buildings technologies, including technologies 
described in section 307(b)(3) of the Energy Conservation and 
Production Act (42 U.S.C. 6836(b)(3)).
    (b) Eligibility.--To be eligible to obtain a grant under subsection 
(a), an entity shall be a nonprofit partnership described in section 
171(e)(2)(B)(ii) of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (29 U.S.C. 
2916(e)(2)(B)(ii)).
    (c) Federal Share.--The Federal share of the cost of carrying out a 
career skills training program described in subsection (a) shall be 50 
percent.
    (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $10,000,000, to remain available 
until expended.

SEC. 1009. ENERGY-EFFICIENT AND ENERGY-SAVING INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES.

    Section 543 of the National Energy Conservation Policy Act (42 
U.S.C. 8253) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(h) Federal Implementation Strategy for Energy-Efficient and 
Energy-Saving Information Technologies.--
            ``(1) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    ``(A) Director.--The term `Director' means the 
                Director of the Office of Management and Budget.
                    ``(B) Information technology.--The term 
                `information technology' has the meaning given the term 
                in section 11101 of title 40, United States Code.
            ``(2) Development of implementation strategy.--Not later 
        than 1 year after the date of enactment of this subsection, 
        each Federal agency shall collaborate with the Director to 
        develop an implementation strategy (including best-practices 
        and measurement and verification techniques) for the 
        maintenance, purchase, and use by the Federal agency of energy-
        efficient and energy-saving information technologies.
            ``(3) Administration.--In developing an implementation 
        strategy, each Federal agency shall consider--
                    ``(A) advanced metering infrastructure;
                    ``(B) energy efficient data center strategies and 
                methods of increasing asset and infrastructure 
                utilization;
                    ``(C) advanced power management tools;
                    ``(D) building information modeling, including 
                building energy management; and
                    ``(E) secure telework and travel substitution 
                tools.
            ``(4) Performance goals.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not later than September 30, 
                2015, the Director, in consultation with the Secretary, 
                shall establish performance goals for evaluating the 
                efforts of Federal agencies in improving the 
                maintenance, purchase, and use of energy-efficient and 
                energy-saving information technology systems.
                    ``(B) Best practices.--The Chief Information 
                Officers Council established under section 3603 of 
                title 44, United States Code, shall supplement the 
                performance goals established under this paragraph with 
                recommendations on best practices for the attainment of 
                the performance goals, to include a requirement for 
                agencies to consider the use of--
                            ``(i) energy savings performance 
                        contracting; and
                            ``(ii) utility energy services contracting.
            ``(5) Reports.--
                    ``(A) Agency reports.--Each Federal agency subject 
                to the requirements of this subsection shall include in 
                the report of the agency under section 527 of the 
                Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 
                17143) a description of the efforts and results of the 
                agency under this subsection.
                    ``(B) OMB government efficiency reports and 
                scorecards.--Effective beginning not later than October 
                1, 2015, the Director shall include in the annual 
                report and scorecard of the Director required under 
                section 528 of the Energy Independence and Security Act 
                of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17144) a description of the efforts 
                and results of Federal agencies under this subsection.
                    ``(C) Use of existing reporting structures.--The 
                Director may require Federal agencies to submit any 
                information required to be submitted under this 
                subsection though reporting structures in use as of the 
                date of enactment of the Energy Policy Modernization 
                Act of 2015.''.

SEC. 1010. AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR DESIGN UPDATES.

    Section 3307 of title 40, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (d) through (h) as 
        subsections (e) through (i), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following:
    ``(d) Availability of Funds for Design Updates.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), for any 
        project for which congressional approval is received under 
        subsection (a) and for which the design has been substantially 
        completed but construction has not begun, the Administrator of 
        General Services may use appropriated funds to update the 
        project design to meet applicable Federal building energy 
        efficiency standards established under section 305 of the 
        Energy Conservation and Production Act (42 U.S.C. 6834) and 
        other requirements established under section 3312.
            ``(2) Limitation.--The use of funds under paragraph (1) 
        shall not exceed 125 percent of the estimated energy or other 
        cost savings associated with the updates as determined by a 
        life cycle cost analysis under section 544 of the National 
        Energy Conservation Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 8254).''.

SEC. 1011. ENERGY EFFICIENT DATA CENTERS.

    Section 453 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (42 
U.S.C. 17112) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)(D)(iv), by striking ``the 
                organization'' and inserting ``an organization''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (3); and
            (2) by striking subsections (c) through (g) and inserting 
        the following:
    ``(c) Stakeholder Involvement.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary and the Administrator 
        shall carry out subsection (b) in consultation with the 
        information technology industry and other key stakeholders, 
        with the goal of producing results that accurately reflect the 
        best knowledge in the most pertinent domains.
            ``(2) Considerations.--In carrying out consultation 
        described in paragraph (1), the Secretary and the Administrator 
        shall pay particular attention to organizations that--
                    ``(A) have members with expertise in energy 
                efficiency and in the development, operation, and 
                functionality of data centers, information technology 
                equipment, and software, including representatives of 
                hardware manufacturers, data center operators, and 
                facility managers;
                    ``(B) obtain and address input from the National 
                Laboratories (as that term is defined in section 2 of 
                the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 15801)) or any 
                institution of higher education, research institution, 
                industry association, company, or public interest group 
                with applicable expertise;
                    ``(C) follow--
                            ``(i) commonly accepted procedures for the 
                        development of specifications; and
                            ``(ii) accredited standards development 
                        processes; or
                    ``(D) have a mission to promote energy efficiency 
                for data centers and information technology.
    ``(d) Measurements and Specifications.--The Secretary and the 
Administrator shall consider and assess the adequacy of the 
specifications, measurements, and benchmarks described in subsection 
(b) for use by the Federal Energy Management Program, the Energy Star 
Program, and other efficiency programs of the Department of Energy or 
the Environmental Protection Agency.
    ``(e) Study.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
Administrator, not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of 
the Energy Policy Modernization Act of 2015, shall make available to 
the public an update to the report submitted to Congress pursuant to 
section 1 of the Act of December 20, 2006 (Public Law 109-431; 120 
Stat. 2920), entitled `Report to Congress on Server and Data Center 
Energy Efficiency' and dated August 2, 2007, that provides--
            ``(1) a comparison and gap analysis of the estimates and 
        projections contained in the original report with new data 
        regarding the period from 2007 through 2014;
            ``(2) an analysis considering the impact of information 
        technologies, including virtualization and cloud computing, in 
        the public and private sectors;
            ``(3) an evaluation of the impact of the combination of 
        cloud platforms, mobile devices, social media, and big data on 
        data center energy usage;
            ``(4) an evaluation of water usage in data centers and 
        recommendations for reductions in such water usage; and
            ``(5) updated projections and recommendations for best 
        practices through fiscal year 2020.
    ``(f) Data Center Energy Practitioner Program.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary, in consultation with key 
        stakeholders and the Director of the Office of Management and 
        Budget, shall maintain a data center energy practitioner 
        program that provides for the certification of energy 
        practitioners qualified to evaluate the energy usage and 
        efficiency opportunities in Federal data centers.
            ``(2) Evaluations.--Each Federal agency shall consider 
        having the data centers of the agency evaluated once every 4 
        years by energy practitioners certified pursuant to the 
        program, whenever practicable using certified practitioners 
        employed by the agency.
    ``(g) Open Data Initiative.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary, in consultation with key 
        stakeholders and the Director of the Office of Management and 
        Budget, shall establish an open data initiative for Federal 
        data center energy usage data, with the purpose of making the 
        data available and accessible in a manner that encourages 
        further data center innovation, optimization, and 
        consolidation.
            ``(2) Consideration.--In establishing the initiative under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consider using the online 
        Data Center Maturity Model.
    ``(h) International Specifications and Metrics.--The Secretary, in 
consultation with key stakeholders, shall actively participate in 
efforts to harmonize global specifications and metrics for data center 
energy and water efficiency.
    ``(i) Data Center Utilization Metric.--The Secretary, in 
collaboration with key stakeholders, shall facilitate in the 
development of an efficiency metric that measures the energy efficiency 
of a data center (including equipment and facilities).
    ``(j) Protection of Proprietary Information.--The Secretary and the 
Administrator shall not disclose any proprietary information or trade 
secrets provided by any individual or company for the purposes of 
carrying out this section or the programs and initiatives established 
under this section.''.

SEC. 1012. WEATHERIZATION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    (a) Reauthorization of Weatherization Assistance Program.--Section 
422 of the Energy Conservation and Production Act (42 U.S.C. 6872) is 
amended by striking ``appropriated--'' and all that follows through the 
period at the end and inserting ``appropriated $350,000,000 for each of 
fiscal years 2016 through 2020.''.
    (b)  Grants for New, Self-sustaining Low-income, Single-family and 
Multifamily Housing Energy Retrofit Model Programs to Eligible 
Multistate Housing and Energy Nonprofit Organizations.--The Energy 
Conservation and Production Act is amended by inserting after section 
414B (42 U.S.C. 6864b) the following:

``SEC. 414C. GRANTS FOR NEW, SELF-SUSTAINING LOW-INCOME, SINGLE-FAMILY 
              AND MULTIFAMILY HOUSING ENERGY RETROFIT MODEL PROGRAMS TO 
              ELIGIBLE MULTISTATE HOUSING AND ENERGY NONPROFIT 
              ORGANIZATIONS.

    ``(a) Purposes.--The purposes of this section are--
            ``(1) to expand the number of low-income, single-family and 
        multifamily homes that receive energy efficiency retrofits;
            ``(2) to promote innovation and new models of retrofitting 
        low-income homes through new Federal partnerships with covered 
        organizations that leverage substantial donations, donated 
        materials, volunteer labor, homeowner labor equity, and other 
        private sector resources;
            ``(3) to assist the covered organizations in demonstrating, 
        evaluating, improving, and replicating widely the model low-
        income energy retrofit programs of the covered organizations; 
        and
            ``(4) to ensure that the covered organizations make the 
        energy retrofit programs of the covered organizations self-
        sustaining by the time grant funds have been expended.
    ``(b) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Covered organization.--The term `covered 
        organization' means an organization that--
                    ``(A) is described in section 501(c)(3) of the 
                Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and exempt from taxation 
                under 501(a) of that Code; and
                    ``(B) has an established record of constructing, 
                renovating, repairing, or making energy efficient a 
                total of not less than 250 owner-occupied, single-
                family or multifamily homes per year for low-income 
                households, either directly or through affiliates, 
                chapters, or other direct partners (using the most 
                recent year for which data are available).
            ``(2) Low-income.--The term `low-income' means an income 
        level that is not more than 200 percent of the poverty level 
        (as determined in accordance with criteria established by the 
        Director of the Office of Management and Budget) applicable to 
        a family of the size involved, except that the Secretary may 
        establish a higher or lower level if the Secretary determines 
        that a higher or lower level is necessary to carry out this 
        section.
            ``(3) Weatherization assistance program for low-income 
        persons.--The term `Weatherization Assistance Program for Low-
        Income Persons' means the program established under this part 
        (including part 440 of title 10, Code of Federal Regulations, 
        or successor regulations).
    ``(c) Competitive Grant Program.--The Secretary shall make grants 
to covered organizations through a national competitive process for use 
in accordance with this section.
    ``(d) Award Factors.--In making grants under this section, the 
Secretary shall consider--
            ``(1) the number of low-income homes the applicant--
                    ``(A) has built, renovated, repaired, or made more 
                energy efficient as of the date of the application; and
                    ``(B) can reasonably be projected to build, 
                renovate, repair, or make energy efficient during the 
                10-year period beginning on the date of the 
                application;
            ``(2) the qualifications, experience, and past performance 
        of the applicant, including experience successfully managing 
        and administering Federal funds;
            ``(3) the number and diversity of States and climates in 
        which the applicant works as of the date of the application;
            ``(4) the amount of non-Federal funds, donated or 
        discounted materials, discounted or volunteer skilled labor, 
        volunteer unskilled labor, homeowner labor equity, and other 
        resources the applicant will provide;
            ``(5) the extent to which the applicant could successfully 
        replicate the energy retrofit program of the applicant and 
        sustain the program after the grant funds have been expended;
            ``(6) regional diversity;
            ``(7) urban, suburban, and rural localities; and
            ``(8) such other factors as the Secretary determines to be 
        appropriate.
    ``(e) Applications.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        of enactment of this section, the Secretary shall request 
        proposals from covered organizations.
            ``(2) Administration.--To be eligible to receive a grant 
        under this section, an applicant shall submit to the Secretary 
        an application at such time, in such manner, and containing 
        such information as the Secretary may require.
            ``(3) Awards.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        issuance of a request for proposals, the Secretary shall award 
        grants under this section.
    ``(f) Eligible Uses of Grant Funds.--A grant under this section may 
be used for--
            ``(1) energy efficiency audits, cost-effective retrofit, 
        and related activities in different climatic regions of the 
        United States;
            ``(2) energy efficiency materials and supplies;
            ``(3) organizational capacity--
                    ``(A) to significantly increase the number of 
                energy retrofits;
                    ``(B) to replicate an energy retrofit program in 
                other States; and
                    ``(C) to ensure that the program is self-sustaining 
                after the Federal grant funds are expended;
            ``(4) energy efficiency, audit and retrofit training, and 
        ongoing technical assistance;
            ``(5) information to homeowners on proper maintenance and 
        energy savings behaviors;
            ``(6) quality control and improvement;
            ``(7) data collection, measurement, and verification;
            ``(8) program monitoring, oversight, evaluation, and 
        reporting;
            ``(9) management and administration (up to a maximum of 10 
        percent of the total grant);
            ``(10) labor and training activities; and
            ``(11) such other activities as the Secretary determines to 
        be appropriate.
    ``(g) Maximum Amount.--
            ``(1) In general.--The amount of a grant provided under 
        this section shall not exceed--
                    ``(A) if the amount made available to carry out 
                this section for a fiscal year is $225,000,000 or more, 
                $5,000,000; and
                    ``(B) if the amount made available to carry out 
                this section for a fiscal year is less than 
                $225,000,000, $1,500,000.
            ``(2) Technical and training assistance.--The total amount 
        of a grant provided under this section shall be reduced by the 
        cost of any technical and training assistance provided by the 
        Secretary that relates to the grant.
    ``(h) Guidelines.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        enactment of this section, the Secretary shall issue guidelines 
        to implement the grant program established under this section.
            ``(2) Administration.--The guidelines--
                    ``(A) shall not apply to the Weatherization 
                Assistance Program for Low-Income Persons, in whole or 
                major part; but
                    ``(B) may rely on applicable provisions of law 
                governing the Weatherization Assistance Program for 
                Low-Income Persons to establish--
                            ``(i) standards for allowable expenditures;
                            ``(ii) a minimum savings-to-investment 
                        ratio;
                            ``(iii) standards--
                                    ``(I) to carry out training 
                                programs;
                                    ``(II) to conduct energy audits and 
                                program activities;
                                    ``(III) to provide technical 
                                assistance;
                                    ``(IV) to monitor program 
                                activities; and
                                    ``(V) to verify energy and cost 
                                savings;
                            ``(iv) liability insurance requirements; 
                        and
                            ``(v) recordkeeping requirements, which 
                        shall include reporting to the Office of 
                        Weatherization and Intergovernmental Programs 
                        of the Department of Energy applicable data on 
                        each home retrofitted.
    ``(i) Review and Evaluation.--The Secretary shall review and 
evaluate the performance of any covered organization that receives a 
grant under this section (which may include an audit), as determined by 
the Secretary.
    ``(j) Compliance With State and Local Law.--Nothing in this section 
or any program carried out using a grant provided under this section 
supersedes or otherwise affects any State or local law, to the extent 
that the State or local law contains a requirement that is more 
stringent than the applicable requirement of this section.
    ``(k) Annual Reports.--The Secretary shall submit to Congress 
annual reports that provide--
            ``(1) findings;
            ``(2) a description of energy and cost savings achieved and 
        actions taken under this section; and
            ``(3) any recommendations for further action.
    ``(l) Funding.--Of the amount of funds that are made available to 
carry out the Weatherization Assistance Program for each of fiscal 
years 2016 through 2020 under section 422, the Secretary shall use to 
carry out this section for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2020 not 
less than--
            ``(1) 2 percent of the amount if the amount is less than 
        $225,000,000;
            ``(2) 5 percent of the amount if the amount is $225,000,000 
        or more but less than $260,000,000; and
            ``(3) 10 percent of the amount if the amount is 
        $260,000,000 or more.''.
    (c) Standards Program.--Section 415 of the Energy Conservation and 
Production Act (42 U.S.C. 6865) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(f) Standards Program.--
            ``(1) Contractor qualification.--Effective beginning 
        January 1, 2016, to be eligible to carry out weatherization 
        using funds made available under this part, a contractor shall 
        be selected through a competitive bidding process and be--
                    ``(A) accredited by the Building Performance 
                Institute;
                    ``(B) an Energy Smart Home Performance Team 
                accredited under the Residential Energy Services 
                Network; or
                    ``(C) accredited by an equivalent accreditation or 
                program accreditation-based State certification program 
                approved by the Secretary.
            ``(2) Grants for energy retrofit model programs.--
                    ``(A) In general.--To be eligible to receive a 
                grant under section 414C, a covered organization (as 
                defined in section 414C(b)) shall use a crew chief 
                who--
                            ``(i) is certified or accredited in 
                        accordance with paragraph (1); and
                            ``(ii) supervises the work performed with 
                        grant funds.
                    ``(B) Volunteer labor.--A volunteer who performs 
                work for a covered organization that receives a grant 
                under section 414C shall not be required to be 
                certified under this subsection if the volunteer is not 
                directly installing or repairing mechanical equipment 
                or other items that require skilled labor.
                    ``(C) Training.--The Secretary shall use training 
                and technical assistance funds available to the 
                Secretary to assist covered organizations under section 
                414C in providing training to obtain certification 
                required under this subsection, including provisional 
                or temporary certification.
            ``(3) Minimum efficiency standards.--Effective beginning 
        October 1, 2016, the Secretary shall ensure that--
                    ``(A) each retrofit for which weatherization 
                assistance is provided under this part meets minimum 
                efficiency and quality of work standards established by 
                the Secretary after weatherization of a dwelling unit;
                    ``(B) at least 10 percent of the dwelling units are 
                randomly inspected by a third party accredited under 
                this subsection to ensure compliance with the minimum 
                efficiency and quality of work standards established 
                under subparagraph (A); and
                    ``(C) the standards established under this 
                subsection meet or exceed the industry standards for 
                home performance work that are in effect on the date of 
                enactment of this subsection, as determined by the 
                Secretary.''.

SEC. 1013. REAUTHORIZATION OF STATE ENERGY PROGRAM.

    Section 365(f) of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 
6325(f)) is amended by striking ``$125,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
2007 through 2012'' and inserting ``$90,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2016 through 2020, of which not greater than 5 percent may be 
used to provide competitively awarded financial assistance''.

SEC. 1014. SMART BUILDING ACCELERATION.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Program.--The term ``program'' means the Federal Smart 
        Building Program established under subsection (b)(1).
            (2) Smart building.--The term ``smart building'' means a 
        building, or collection of buildings, with an energy system 
        that--
                    (A) is flexible and automated;
                    (B) has extensive operational monitoring and 
                communication connectivity, allowing remote monitoring 
                and analysis of all building functions;
                    (C) takes a systems-based approach in integrating 
                the overall building operations for control of energy 
                generation, consumption, and storage;
                    (D) communicates with utilities and other third-
                party commercial entities, if appropriate; and
                    (E) is cybersecure.
            (3) Smart building accelerator.--The term ``smart building 
        accelerator'' means an initiative that is designed to 
        demonstrate specific innovative policies and approaches--
                    (A) with clear goals and a clear timeline; and
                    (B) that, on successful demonstration, would 
                accelerate investment in energy efficiency.
    (b) Federal Smart Building Program.--
            (1) Establishment.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish a program 
        to be known as the ``Federal Smart Building Program''--
                    (A) to implement smart building technology; and
                    (B) to demonstrate the costs and benefits of smart 
                buildings.
            (2) Selection.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall coordinate the 
                selection of not fewer than 1 building from among each 
                of several key Federal agencies, as described in 
                paragraph (4), to compose an appropriately diverse set 
                of smart buildings based on size, type, and geographic 
                location.
                    (B) Inclusion of commercially operated buildings.--
                In making selections under subparagraph (A), the 
                Secretary may include buildings that are owned by the 
                Federal Government but are commercially operated.
            (3) Targets.--Not later than 18 months after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish targets 
        for the number of smart buildings to be commissioned and 
        evaluated by key Federal agencies by 3 years and 6 years after 
        the date of enactment of this Act.
            (4) Federal agency described.--The key Federal agencies 
        referred to in this subsection shall include buildings operated 
        by--
                    (A) the Department of the Army;
                    (B) the Department of the Navy;
                    (C) the Department of the Air Force;
                    (D) the Department;
                    (E) the Department of the Interior;
                    (F) the Department of Veterans Affairs; and
                    (G) the General Services Administration.
            (5) Requirement.--In implementing the program, the 
        Secretary shall leverage existing financing mechanisms 
        including energy savings performance contracts, utility energy 
        service contracts, and annual appropriations.
            (6) Evaluation.--Using the guidelines of the Federal Energy 
        Management Program relating to whole-building evaluation, 
        measurement, and verification, the Secretary shall evaluate the 
        costs and benefits of the buildings selected under paragraph 
        (2), including an identification of--
                    (A) which advanced building technologies--
                            (i) are most cost-effective; and
                            (ii) show the most promise for--
                                    (I) increasing building energy 
                                savings;
                                    (II) increasing service performance 
                                to building occupants;
                                    (III) reducing environmental 
                                impacts; and
                                    (IV) establishing cybersecurity; 
                                and
                    (B) any other information the Secretary determines 
                to be appropriate.
            (7) Awards.--The Secretary may expand awards made under the 
        Federal Energy Management Program and the Better Building 
        Challenge to recognize specific agency achievements in 
        accelerating the adoption of smart building technologies.
    (c) Survey of Private Sector Smart Buildings.--
            (1) Survey.--The Secretary shall conduct a survey of 
        privately owned smart buildings throughout the United States, 
        including commercial buildings, laboratory facilities, 
        hospitals, multifamily residential buildings, and buildings 
        owned by nonprofit organizations and institutions of higher 
        education.
            (2) Selection.--From among the smart buildings surveyed 
        under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall select not fewer than 
        1 building each from an appropriate range of building sizes, 
        types, and geographic locations.
            (3) Evaluation.--Using the guidelines of the Federal Energy 
        Management Program relating to whole-building evaluation, 
        measurement, and verification, the Secretary shall evaluate the 
        costs and benefits of the buildings selected under paragraph 
        (2), including an identification of--
                    (A) which advanced building technologies and 
                systems--
                            (i) are most cost-effective; and
                            (ii) show the most promise for--
                                    (I) increasing building energy 
                                savings;
                                    (II) increasing service performance 
                                to building occupants;
                                    (III) reducing environmental 
                                impacts; and
                                    (IV) establishing cybersecurity; 
                                and
                    (B) any other information the Secretary determines 
                to be appropriate.
    (d) Leveraging Existing Programs.--
            (1) Better building challenge.--As part of the Better 
        Building Challenge of the Department, the Secretary, in 
        consultation with major private sector property owners, shall 
        develop smart building accelerators to demonstrate innovative 
        policies and approaches that will accelerate the transition to 
        smart buildings in the public, institutional, and commercial 
        buildings sectors.
            (2) Research and development.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall conduct 
                research and development to address key barriers to the 
                integration of advanced building technologies and to 
                accelerate the transition to smart buildings.
                    (B) Inclusion.--The research and development 
                conducted under subparagraph (A) shall include research 
                and development on--
                            (i) achieving whole-building, systems-level 
                        efficiency through smart system and component 
                        integration;
                            (ii) improving physical components, such as 
                        sensors and controls, to be adaptive, 
                        anticipatory, and networked;
                            (iii) reducing the cost of key components 
                        to accelerate the adoption of smart building 
                        technologies;
                            (iv) data management, including the capture 
                        and analysis of data and the interoperability 
                        of the energy systems;
                            (v) protecting against cybersecurity 
                        threats and addressing security vulnerabilities 
                        of building systems or equipment;
                            (vi) business models, including how 
                        business models may limit the adoption of smart 
                        building technologies and how to support 
                        transactive energy;
                            (vii) integration and application of 
                        combined heat and power systems and energy 
                        storage for resiliency;
                            (viii) characterization of buildings and 
                        components;
                            (ix) consumer and utility protections;
                            (x) continuous management, including the 
                        challenges of managing multiple energy systems 
                        and optimizing systems for disparate 
                        stakeholders; and
                            (xi) other areas of research and 
                        development, as determined appropriate by the 
                        Secretary.
    (e) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of 
this Act, and every 2 years thereafter until a total of 3 reports have 
been made, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Energy and 
Natural Resources of the Senate and the Committee on Energy and 
Commerce of the House of Representatives a report on--
            (1) the establishment of the Federal Smart Building Program 
        and the evaluation of Federal smart buildings under subsection 
        (b);
            (2) the survey and evaluation of private sector smart 
        buildings under subsection (c); and
            (3) any recommendations of the Secretary to further 
        accelerate the transition to smart buildings.

SEC. 1015. REPEAL OF FOSSIL PHASE-OUT.

    Section 305(a)(3) of the Energy Conservation and Production Act (42 
U.S.C. 6834(a)(3)) is amended by striking subparagraph (D).

SEC. 1016. FEDERAL BUILDING ENERGY EFFICIENCY PERFORMANCE STANDARDS.

    (a) Definitions.--Section 303 of the Energy Conservation and 
Production Act (42 U.S.C. 6832) (as amended by section 1001(a)) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (6), by striking ``to be constructed'' and 
        inserting ``constructed or altered''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(19) Major renovation.--The term `major renovation' means 
        a modification of building energy systems sufficiently 
        extensive that the whole building can meet energy standards for 
        new buildings, based on criteria to be established by the 
        Secretary through notice and comment rulemaking.''.
    (b) Federal Building Efficiency Standards.--Section 305(a)(3) of 
the Energy Conservation and Production Act (42 U.S.C. 6834(a)(3)) (as 
amended by section 1015) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(3)(A) Not later than'' and all that 
        follows through subparagraph (B) and inserting the following:
            ``(3) Revised federal building energy efficiency 
        performance standards.--
                    ``(A) Revised federal building energy efficiency 
                performance standards.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Not later than 1 year 
                        after the date of enactment of the Energy 
                        Policy Modernization Act of 2015, the Secretary 
                        shall establish, by rule, revised Federal 
                        building energy efficiency performance 
                        standards that require that--
                                    ``(I) new Federal buildings and 
                                alterations and additions to existing 
                                Federal buildings--
                                            ``(aa) meet or exceed the 
                                        most recent revision of the 
                                        International Energy 
                                        Conservation Code (in the case 
                                        of residential buildings) or 
                                        ASHRAE Standard 90.1 (in the 
                                        case of commercial buildings) 
                                        as of the date of enactment of 
                                        the Energy Policy Modernization 
                                        Act of 2015; and
                                            ``(bb) meet or exceed the 
                                        energy provisions of State and 
                                        local building codes applicable 
                                        to the building, if the codes 
                                        are more stringent than the 
                                        International Energy 
                                        Conservation Code or ASHRAE 
                                        Standard 90.1, as applicable;
                                    ``(II) unless demonstrated not to 
                                be life-cycle cost effective for new 
                                Federal buildings and Federal buildings 
                                with major renovations--
                                            ``(aa) the buildings be 
                                        designed to achieve energy 
                                        consumption levels that are at 
                                        least 30 percent below the 
                                        levels established in the 
                                        version of the ASHRAE Standard 
                                        or the International Energy 
                                        Conservation Code, as 
                                        appropriate, that is applied 
                                        under subclause (I)(aa), 
                                        including updates under 
                                        subparagraph (B); and
                                            ``(bb) sustainable design 
                                        principles are applied to the 
                                        location, siting, design, and 
                                        construction of all new Federal 
                                        buildings and replacement 
                                        Federal buildings;
                                    ``(III) if water is used to achieve 
                                energy efficiency, water conservation 
                                technologies shall be applied to the 
                                extent that the technologies are life-
                                cycle cost effective; and
                                    ``(IV) if life-cycle cost 
                                effective, as compared to other 
                                reasonably available technologies, not 
                                less than 30 percent of the hot water 
                                demand for each new Federal building or 
                                Federal building undergoing a major 
                                renovation be met through the 
                                installation and use of solar hot water 
                                heaters.
                            ``(ii) Limitation.--Clause (i)(I) shall not 
                        apply to unaltered portions of existing Federal 
                        buildings and systems that have been added to 
                        or altered.
                    ``(B) Updates.--Not later than 1 year after the 
                date of approval of each subsequent revision of the 
                ASHRAE Standard or the International Energy 
                Conservation Code, as appropriate, the Secretary shall 
                determine whether the revised standards established 
                under subparagraph (A) should be updated to reflect the 
                revisions, based on the energy savings and life-cycle 
                cost-effectiveness of the revisions.''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``(C) In the budget 
        request'' and inserting the following:
                    ``(C) Budget request.--In the budget request''.

SEC. 1017. CODIFICATION OF EXECUTIVE ORDER.

    Beginning in fiscal year 2016 and each fiscal year thereafter 
through fiscal year 2025, the head of each Federal agency shall, unless 
otherwise specified and where life-cycle cost-effective, promote 
building energy conservation, efficiency, and management by reducing, 
in Federal buildings of the agency, building energy intensity, as 
measured in British thermal units per gross square foot, by 2.5 percent 
each fiscal year, relative to the baseline of the building energy use 
of the applicable Federal buildings in fiscal year 2015 and after 
taking into account the progress of the Federal agency in preceding 
fiscal years.

SEC. 1018. CERTIFICATION FOR GREEN BUILDINGS.

    Section 305 of the Energy Conservation and Production Act (42 
U.S.C. 6834) (as amended by sections 1015 and 1016(b)) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(3), by adding at the end the 
        following:
                    ``(D) Certification for green buildings.--
                            ``(i) Sustainable design principles.--
                        Sustainable design principles shall be applied 
                        to the siting, design, and construction of 
                        buildings covered by this subparagraph.
                            ``(ii) Selection of certification 
                        systems.--The Secretary, after reviewing the 
                        findings of the Federal Director under section 
                        436(h) of the Energy Independence and Security 
                        Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17092(h)), in 
                        consultation with the Administrator of General 
                        Services, and in consultation with the 
                        Secretary of Defense relating to those 
                        facilities under the custody and control of the 
                        Department of Defense, shall determine those 
                        certification systems for green commercial and 
                        residential buildings that the Secretary 
                        determines to be the most likely to encourage a 
                        comprehensive and environmentally sound 
                        approach to certification of green buildings.
                            ``(iii) Basis for selection.--The 
                        determination of the certification systems 
                        under clause (ii) shall be based on ongoing 
                        review of the findings of the Federal Director 
                        under section 436(h) of the Energy Independence 
                        and Security Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17092(h)) 
                        and the criteria described in clause (v).
                            ``(iv) Administration.--In determining 
                        certification systems under this subparagraph, 
                        the Secretary shall--
                                    ``(I) make a separate determination 
                                for all or part of each system;
                                    ``(II) confirm that the criteria 
                                used to support the selection of 
                                building products, materials, brands, 
                                and technologies--
                                            ``(aa) are fair and neutral 
                                        (meaning that the criteria are 
                                        based on an objective 
                                        assessment of relevant 
                                        technical data);
                                            ``(bb) do not prohibit, 
                                        disfavor, or discriminate 
                                        against selection based on 
                                        technically inadequate 
                                        information to inform human or 
                                        environmental risk; and
                                            ``(cc) are expressed to 
                                        prefer performance measures 
                                        whenever performance measures 
                                        may reasonably be used in lieu 
                                        of prescriptive measures; and
                                    ``(III) use environmental and 
                                health criteria that are based on risk 
                                assessment methodology that is 
                                generally accepted by the applicable 
                                scientific disciplines.
                            ``(v) Considerations.--In determining the 
                        green building certification systems under this 
                        subparagraph, the Secretary shall take into 
                        consideration--
                                    ``(I) the ability and availability 
                                of assessors and auditors to 
                                independently verify the criteria and 
                                measurement of metrics at the scale 
                                necessary to implement this 
                                subparagraph;
                                    ``(II) the ability of the 
                                applicable certification organization 
                                to collect and reflect public comment;
                                    ``(III) the ability of the standard 
                                to be developed and revised through a 
                                consensus-based process;
                                    ``(IV) an evaluation of the 
                                robustness of the criteria for a high-
                                performance green building, which shall 
                                give credit for promoting--
                                            ``(aa) efficient and 
                                        sustainable use of water, 
                                        energy, and other natural 
                                        resources;
                                            ``(bb) the use of renewable 
                                        energy sources;
                                            ``(cc) improved indoor 
                                        environmental quality through 
                                        enhanced indoor air quality, 
                                        thermal comfort, acoustics, day 
                                        lighting, pollutant source 
                                        control, and use of low-
                                        emission materials and building 
                                        system controls; and
                                            ``(dd) such other criteria 
                                        as the Secretary determines to 
                                        be appropriate; and
                                    ``(V) national recognition within 
                                the building industry.
                            ``(vi) Review.--The Secretary, in 
                        consultation with the Administrator of General 
                        Services and the Secretary of Defense, shall 
                        conduct an ongoing review to evaluate and 
                        compare private sector green building 
                        certification systems, taking into account--
                                    ``(I) the criteria described in 
                                clause (v); and
                                    ``(II) the identification made by 
                                the Federal Director under section 
                                436(h) of the Energy Independence and 
                                Security Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 
                                17092(h)).
                            ``(vii) Exclusions.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--Subject to 
                                subclause (II), if a certification 
                                system fails to meet the review 
                                requirements of clause (v), the 
                                Secretary shall--
                                            ``(aa) identify the 
                                        portions of the system, whether 
                                        prerequisites, credits, points, 
                                        or otherwise, that meet the 
                                        review criteria of clause (v);
                                            ``(bb) determine the 
                                        portions of the system that are 
                                        suitable for use; and
                                            ``(cc) exclude all other 
                                        portions of the system from 
                                        identification and use.
                                    ``(II) Entire systems.--The 
                                Secretary shall exclude an entire 
                                system from use if an exclusion under 
                                subclause (I)--
                                            ``(aa) impedes the 
                                        integrated use of the system;
                                            ``(bb) creates disparate 
                                        review criteria or unequal 
                                        point access for competing 
                                        materials; or
                                            ``(cc) increases agency 
                                        costs of the use.
                            ``(viii) Internal certification 
                        processes.--The Secretary may by rule allow 
                        Federal agencies to develop internal 
                        certification processes, using certified 
                        professionals, in lieu of certification by 
                        certification entities identified under clause 
                        (ii).
                            ``(ix) Privatized military housing.--With 
                        respect to privatized military housing, the 
                        Secretary of Defense, after consultation with 
                        the Secretary may, through rulemaking, develop 
                        alternative certification systems and levels 
                        than the systems and levels identified under 
                        clause (ii) that achieve an equivalent result 
                        in terms of energy savings, sustainable design, 
                        and green building performance.
                            ``(x) Water conservation technologies.--In 
                        addition to any use of water conservation 
                        technologies otherwise required by this 
                        section, water conservation technologies shall 
                        be applied to the extent that the technologies 
                        are life-cycle cost-effective.
                            ``(xi) Effective date.--
                                    ``(I) Determinations made after 
                                december 31, 2015.--This subparagraph 
                                shall apply to any determination made 
                                by a Federal agency after December 31, 
                                2015.
                                    ``(II) Determinations made on or 
                                before december 31, 2015.--This 
                                subparagraph (as in effect on the day 
                                before the date of enactment of the 
                                Energy Policy Modernization Act of 
                                2015) shall apply to any use of a 
                                certification system for green 
                                commercial and residential buildings by 
                                a Federal agency on or before December 
                                31, 2015.''; and
            (2) by striking subsections (c) and (d) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(c) Periodic Review.--The Secretary shall--
            ``(1) once every 5 years, review the Federal building 
        energy standards established under this section; and
            ``(2) on completion of a review under paragraph (1), if the 
        Secretary determines that significant energy savings would 
        result, upgrade the standards to include all new energy 
        efficiency and renewable energy measures that are 
        technologically feasible and economically justified.''.

SEC. 1019. HIGH PERFORMANCE GREEN FEDERAL BUILDINGS.

    Section 436(h) of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 
(42 U.S.C. 17092(h)) is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``System'' and 
        inserting ``Systems'';
            (2) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
            ``(1) In general.--Based on an ongoing review, the Federal 
        Director shall identify and shall provide to the Secretary 
        pursuant to section 305(a)(3)(D) of the Energy Conservation and 
        Production Act (42 U.S.C. 6834(a)(3)(D)), a list of those 
        certification systems that the Director identifies as the most 
        likely to encourage a comprehensive and environmentally sound 
        approach to certification of green buildings.''; and
            (3) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``system'' and inserting ``systems'';
                    (B) by striking subparagraph (A) and inserting the 
                following:
                    ``(A) an ongoing review provided to the Secretary 
                pursuant to section 305(a)(3)(D) of the Energy 
                Conservation and Production Act (42 U.S.C. 
                6834(a)(3)(D)), which shall--
                            ``(i) be carried out by the Federal 
                        Director to compare and evaluate standards; and
                            ``(ii) allow any developer or administrator 
                        of a rating system or certification system to 
                        be included in the review;'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (E)(v), by striking ``and'' 
                after the semicolon at the end;
                    (D) in subparagraph (F), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting a semicolon; and
                    (E) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(G) a finding that, for all credits addressing 
                grown, harvested, or mined materials, the system does 
                not discriminate against the use of domestic products 
                that have obtained certifications of responsible 
                sourcing; and
                    ``(H) a finding that the system incorporates life-
                cycle assessment as a credit pathway.''.

SEC. 1020. EVALUATION OF POTENTIALLY DUPLICATIVE GREEN BUILDING 
              PROGRAMS WITHIN DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Administrative expenses.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``administrative 
                expenses'' has the meaning given the term by the 
                Director of the Office of Management and Budget under 
                section 504(b)(2) of the Energy and Water Development 
                and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010 (31 
                U.S.C. 1105 note; Public Law 111-85).
                    (B) Inclusions.--The term ``administrative 
                expenses'' includes, with respect to an agency--
                            (i) costs incurred by--
                                    (I) the agency; or
                                    (II) any grantee, subgrantee, or 
                                other recipient of funds from a grant 
                                program or other program administered 
                                by the agency; and
                            (ii) expenses relating to personnel 
                        salaries and benefits, property management, 
                        travel, program management, promotion, reviews 
                        and audits, case management, and communication 
                        regarding, promotion of, and outreach for 
                        programs and program activities administered by 
                        the agency.
            (2) Applicable program.--The term ``applicable program'' 
        means any program that is--
                    (A) listed in Table 9 (pages 348-350) of the report 
                of the Government Accountability Office entitled ``2012 
                Annual Report: Opportunities to Reduce Duplication, 
                Overlap and Fragmentation, Achieve Savings, and Enhance 
                Revenue''; and
                    (B) administered by the Secretary.
            (3) Service.--
                    (A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), the 
                term ``service'' has the meaning given the term by the 
                Director of the Office of Management and Budget.
                    (B) Requirements.--For purposes of subparagraph 
                (A), the term ``service'' shall be limited to 
                activities, assistance, or other aid that provides a 
                direct benefit to a recipient, such as--
                            (i) the provision of technical assistance;
                            (ii) assistance for housing or tuition; or
                            (iii) financial support (including grants, 
                        loans, tax credits, and tax deductions).
    (b) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than January 1, 2016, the 
        Secretary shall submit to Congress and make available on the 
        public Internet website of the Department a report that 
        describes the applicable programs.
            (2) Requirements.--In preparing the report under paragraph 
        (1), the Secretary shall--
                    (A) determine the approximate annual total 
                administrative expenses of each applicable program;
                    (B) determine the approximate annual expenditures 
                for services for each applicable program;
                    (C) describe the intended market for each 
                applicable program, including the--
                            (i) estimated the number of clients served 
                        by each applicable program; and
                            (ii) beneficiaries who received services or 
                        information under the applicable program (if 
                        applicable and if data is readily available);
                    (D) estimate--
                            (i) the number of full-time employees who 
                        administer each applicable program; and
                            (ii) the number of full-time equivalents 
                        (the salary of whom is paid in part or full by 
                        the Federal Government through a grant or 
                        contract, a subaward of a grant or contract, a 
                        cooperative agreement, or another form of 
                        financial award or assistance) who assist in 
                        administering the applicable program;
                    (E) briefly describe the type of services each 
                applicable program provides, such as information, 
                grants, technical assistance, loans, tax credits, or 
                tax deductions;
                    (F) identify the type of recipient who is intended 
                to benefit from the services or information provided 
                under the applicable program, such as individual 
                property owners or renters, local governments, 
                businesses, nonprofit organizations, or State 
                governments; and
                    (G) identify whether written program goals are 
                available for each applicable program.
    (c) Recommendations.--Not later than January 1, 2016, the Secretary 
shall submit to Congress a report that includes--
            (1) a recommendation of whether any applicable program 
        should be eliminated or consolidated, including any legislative 
        changes that would be necessary to eliminate or consolidate 
        applicable programs; and
            (2) methods to improve the applicable programs by 
        establishing program goals or increasing collaboration to 
        reduce any potential overlap or duplication, taking into 
        account--
                    (A) the 2011 report of the Government 
                Accountability Office entitled ``Federal Initiatives 
                for the NonFederal Sector Could Benefit from More 
                Interagency Collaboration''; and
                    (B) the report of the Government Accountability 
                Office entitled ``2012 Annual Report: Opportunities to 
                Reduce Duplication, Overlap and Fragmentation, Achieve 
                Savings, and Enhance Revenue''.
    (d) Analyses.--Not later than January 1, 2016, the Secretary shall 
identify--
            (1) which applicable programs were specifically authorized 
        by Congress; and
            (2) which applicable programs are carried out solely under 
        the discretionary authority of the Secretary.

SEC. 1021. STUDY AND REPORT ON ENERGY SAVINGS BENEFITS OF OPERATIONAL 
              EFFICIENCY PROGRAMS AND SERVICES.

    (a) Definition of Operational Efficiency Programs and Services.--In 
this section, the term ``operational efficiency programs and services'' 
means programs and services that use information and communications 
technologies (including computer hardware, energy efficiency software, 
and power management tools) to operate buildings and equipment in the 
optimum manner at the optimum times.
    (b) Study and Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall conduct a study and issue a 
report that quantifies the potential energy savings of operational 
efficiency programs and services for commercial, institutional, 
industrial, and governmental entities, including Federal agencies.
    (c) Measurement and Verification of Energy Savings.--The report 
required under this section shall include potential methodologies or 
protocols for utilities, utility regulators, and Federal agencies to 
evaluate, measure, and verify energy savings from operational 
efficiency programs and services.

                         Subtitle B--Appliances

SEC. 1101. EXTENDED PRODUCT SYSTEM REBATE PROGRAM.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Electric motor.--The term ``electric motor'' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 431.12 of title 10, Code of 
        Federal Regulations (as in effect on the date of enactment of 
        this Act).
            (2) Electronic control.--The term ``electronic control'' 
        means--
                    (A) a power converter; or
                    (B) a combination of a power circuit and control 
                circuit included on 1 chassis.
            (3) Extended product system.--The term ``extended product 
        system'' means an electric motor and any required associated 
        electronic control and driven load that--
                    (A) offers variable speed or multispeed operation;
                    (B) offers partial load control that reduces input 
                energy requirements (as measured in kilowatt-hours) as 
                compared to identified base levels set by the 
                Secretary; and
                    (C)(i) has greater than 1 horsepower; and
                    (ii) uses an extended product system technology, as 
                determined by the Secretary.
            (4) Qualified extended product system.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``qualified extended 
                product system'' means an extended product system 
                that--
                            (i) includes an electric motor and an 
                        electronic control; and
                            (ii) reduces the input energy (as measured 
                        in kilowatt-hours) required to operate the 
                        extended product system by not less than 5 
                        percent, as compared to identified base levels 
                        set by the Secretary.
                    (B) Inclusions.--The term ``qualified extended 
                product system'' includes commercial or industrial 
                machinery or equipment that--
                            (i)(I) did not previously make use of the 
                        extended product system prior to the redesign 
                        described in subclause (II); and
                            (II) incorporates an extended product 
                        system that has greater than 1 horsepower into 
                        redesigned machinery or equipment; and
                            (ii) was previously used prior to, and was 
                        placed back into service during, calendar year 
                        2016 or 2017.
    (b) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish a program to 
provide rebates for expenditures made by qualified entities for the 
purchase or installation of a qualified extended product system.
    (c) Qualified Entities.--
            (1) Eligibility requirements.--A qualified entity under 
        this section shall be--
                    (A) in the case of a qualified extended product 
                system described in subsection (a)(4)(A), the purchaser 
                of the qualified extended product that is installed; 
                and
                    (B) in the case of a qualified extended product 
                system described in subsection (a)(4)(B), the 
                manufacturer of the commercial or industrial machinery 
                or equipment that incorporated the extended product 
                system into that machinery or equipment.
            (2) Application.--To be eligible to receive a rebate under 
        this section, a qualified entity shall submit to the 
        Secretary--
                    (A) an application in such form, at such time, and 
                containing such information as the Secretary may 
                require; and
                    (B) a certification that includes demonstrated 
                evidence--
                            (i) that the entity is a qualified entity; 
                        and
                            (ii)(I) in the case of a qualified entity 
                        described in paragraph (1)(A)--
                                    (aa) that the qualified entity 
                                installed the qualified extended 
                                product system during the 2 fiscal 
                                years following the date of enactment 
                                of this Act;
                                    (bb) that the qualified extended 
                                product system meets the requirements 
                                of subsection (a)(4)(A); and
                                    (cc) showing the serial number, 
                                manufacturer, and model number from the 
                                nameplate of the installed motor of the 
                                qualified entity on which the qualified 
                                extended product system was installed; 
                                or
                            (II) in the case of a qualified entity 
                        described in paragraph (1)(B), demonstrated 
                        evidence--
                                    (aa) that the qualified extended 
                                product system meets the requirements 
                                of subsection (a)(4)(B); and
                                    (bb) showing the serial number, 
                                manufacturer, and model number from the 
                                nameplate of the installed motor of the 
                                qualified entity with which the 
                                extended product system is integrated.
    (d) Authorized Amount of Rebate.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary may provide to a qualified 
        entity a rebate in an amount equal to the product obtained by 
        multiplying--
                    (A) an amount equal to the sum of the nameplate 
                rated horsepower of--
                            (i) the electric motor to which the 
                        qualified extended product system is attached; 
                        and
                            (ii) the electronic control; and
                    (B) $25.
            (2) Maximum aggregate amount.--A qualified entity shall not 
        be entitled to aggregate rebates under this section in excess 
        of $25,000 per calendar year.
    (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $5,000,000 for each of the first 
2 full fiscal years following the date of enactment of this Act, to 
remain available until expended.

SEC. 1102. ENERGY EFFICIENT TRANSFORMER REBATE PROGRAM.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Qualified energy efficient transformer.--The term 
        ``qualified energy efficient transformer'' means a transformer 
        that meets or exceeds the applicable energy conservation 
        standards described in the tables in subsection (b)(2) and 
        paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (c) of section 431.196 of 
        title 10, Code of Federal Regulations (as in effect on the date 
        of enactment of this Act).
            (2) Qualified energy inefficient transformer.--The term 
        ``qualified energy inefficient transformer'' means a 
        transformer with an equal number of phases and capacity to a 
        transformer described in any of the tables in subsection (b)(2) 
        and paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (c) of section 431.196 
        of title 10, Code of Federal Regulations (as in effect on the 
        date of enactment of this Act) that--
                    (A) does not meet or exceed the applicable energy 
                conservation standards described in paragraph (1); and
                    (B)(i) was manufactured between January 1, 1985, 
                and December 31, 2006, for a transformer with an equal 
                number of phases and capacity as a transformer 
                described in the table in subsection (b)(2) of section 
                431.196 of title 10, Code of Federal Regulations (as in 
                effect on the date of enactment of this Act); or
                    (ii) was manufactured between January 1, 1990, and 
                December 31, 2009, for a transformer with an equal 
                number of phases and capacity as a transformer 
                described in the table in paragraph (1) or (2) of 
                subsection (c) of that section (as in effect on the 
                date of enactment of this Act).
            (3) Qualified entity.--The term ``qualified entity'' means 
        an owner of industrial or manufacturing facilities, commercial 
        buildings, or multifamily residential buildings, a utility, or 
        an energy service company that fulfills the requirements of 
        subsection (d).
    (b) Establishment.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish a program to 
provide rebates to qualified entities for expenditures made by the 
qualified entity for the replacement of a qualified energy inefficient 
transformer with a qualified energy efficient transformer.
    (c) Requirements.--To be eligible to receive a rebate under this 
section, an entity shall submit to the Secretary an application in such 
form, at such time, and containing such information as the Secretary 
may require, including demonstrated evidence--
            (1) that the entity purchased a qualified energy efficient 
        transformer;
            (2) of the core loss value of the qualified energy 
        efficient transformer;
            (3) of the age of the qualified energy inefficient 
        transformer being replaced;
            (4) of the core loss value of the qualified energy 
        inefficient transformer being replaced--
                    (A) as measured by a qualified professional or 
                verified by the equipment manufacturer, as applicable; 
                or
                    (B) for transformers described in subsection 
                (a)(2)(B)(i), as selected from a table of default 
                values as determined by the Secretary in consultation 
                with applicable industry; and
            (5) that the qualified energy inefficient transformer has 
        been permanently decommissioned and scrapped.
    (d) Authorized Amount of Rebate.--The amount of a rebate provided 
under this section shall be--
            (1) for a 3-phase or single-phase transformer with a 
        capacity of not less than 10 and not greater than 2,500 
        kilovolt-amperes, twice the amount equal to the difference in 
        Watts between the core loss value (as measured in accordance 
        with paragraphs (2) and (4) of subsection (c)) of--
                    (A) the qualified energy inefficient transformer; 
                and
                    (B) the qualified energy efficient transformer; or
            (2) for a transformer described in subsection (a)(2)(B)(i), 
        the amount determined using a table of default rebate values by 
        rated transformer output, as measured in kilovolt-amperes, as 
        determined by the Secretary in consultation with applicable 
        industry.
    (e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $5,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2016 and 2017, to remain available until expended.
    (f) Termination of Effectiveness.--The authority provided by this 
section terminates on December 31, 2017.

SEC. 1103. STANDARDS FOR CERTAIN FURNACES.

    Section 325(f)(4) of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (42 
U.S.C. 6295(f)(4)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(E) Restriction on final rule for residential 
                non-weatherized gas furnaces and mobile home 
                furnaces.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Notwithstanding any 
                        other provision of this Act, the Secretary 
                        shall not prescribe a final rule amending the 
                        efficiency standards for residential non-
                        weatherized gas furnaces or mobile home 
                        furnaces until each of the following has 
                        occurred:
                                    ``(I) The Secretary convenes a 
                                representative advisory group of 
                                interested stakeholders, including the 
                                manufacturers, distributors, and 
                                contractors of residential non-
                                weatherized gas furnaces and mobile 
                                home furnaces, home builders, building 
                                owners, energy efficiency advocates, 
                                natural gas utilities, electric 
                                utilities, and consumer groups.
                                    ``(II) Not later than 1 year after 
                                the date of enactment of this 
                                subparagraph, the advisory group 
                                described in subclause (I) completes an 
                                analysis of a nationwide requirement of 
                                a condensing furnace efficiency 
                                standard including--
                                            ``(aa) a complete analysis 
                                        of current market trends 
                                        regarding the transition of 
                                        sales from non-condensing 
                                        furnaces to condensing 
                                        furnaces;
                                            ``(bb) the projected net 
                                        loss in the industry of the 
                                        present value of original 
                                        equipment manufactured after 
                                        adoption of the standard;
                                            ``(cc) the projected 
                                        consumer payback period and 
                                        life cycle cost savings after 
                                        adoption of the standard;
                                            ``(dd) a determination of 
                                        whether the standard is 
                                        economically justified, based 
                                        solely on the definition of 
                                        energy under section 321; and
                                            ``(ee) other common 
                                        economic principles.
                                    ``(III) The advisory group 
                                described in subclause (I) reviews the 
                                analysis and determines whether a 
                                nationwide requirement of a condensing 
                                furnace efficiency standard is 
                                technically feasible and economically 
                                justified.
                                    ``(IV) The final determination of 
                                the advisory group under subclause 
                                (III) is published in the Federal 
                                Register.
                            ``(ii) Amended standards.--If the advisory 
                        group determines under clause (i)(III) that a 
                        nationwide requirement of a condensing furnace 
                        efficiency standard is not technically feasible 
                        and economically justified, the Secretary 
                        shall, not later than 180 days after the date 
                        on which the final determination of the 
                        advisory group is published in the Federal 
                        Register under clause (i)(IV), establish 
                        amended standards through the negotiated 
                        rulemaking procedure provided for under 
                        subchapter III of chapter 5 of title 5, United 
                        States Code (commonly known as the `Negotiated 
                        Rulemaking Act of 1990').''.

SEC. 1104. THIRD-PARTY CERTIFICATION UNDER ENERGY STAR PROGRAM.

    Section 324A of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 
6294a) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Third-Party Certification.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), not later than 
        180 days after the date of enactment of this subsection, the 
        Administrator shall revise the certification requirements for 
        the labeling of consumer, home, and office electronic products 
        for program partners that have complied with all requirements 
        of the Energy Star program for a period of at least 18 months.
            ``(2) Administration.--In the case of a program partner 
        described in paragraph (1), the new requirements under 
        paragraph (1)--
                    ``(A) shall not require third-party certification 
                for a product to be listed; but
                    ``(B) may require that test data and other product 
                information be submitted to facilitate product listing 
                and performance verification for a sample of products.
            ``(3) Third parties.--Nothing in this subsection prevents 
        the Administrator from using third parties in the course of the 
        administration of the Energy Star program.
            ``(4) Termination.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), an 
                exemption from third-party certification provided to a 
                program partner under paragraph (1) shall terminate if 
                the program partner is found to have violated program 
                requirements with respect to at least 2 separate models 
                during a 2-year period.
                    ``(B) Resumption.--A termination for a program 
                partner under subparagraph (A) shall cease if the 
                program partner complies with all Energy Star program 
                requirements for a period of at least 3 years.''.

SEC. 1105. ENERGY CONSERVATION STANDARDS FOR COMMERCIAL REFRIGERATION 
              EQUIPMENT.

    (a) Deadline.--The requirements of the final rule entitled ``Energy 
Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial 
Refrigeration Equipment'' (79 Fed. Reg. 17725 (March 28, 2014)), shall 
take effect on January 1, 2020, for equipment covered by the final rule 
that--
            (1) uses natural refrigerants with a global warming 
        potential of 10 or less that are approved for use by the 
        Environmental Protection Agency under the Significant New 
        Alternatives Program;
            (2) is within 1 of the following product categories:
                    (A) VCT.SC.M vertical cooler with transparent door 
                self contained medium temperature; or
                    (B) HCT.SC.M horizontal cooler with transparent 
                door self contained medium temperature; and
            (3) uses not more than 115 percent of the energy use 
        allowed by applicable standards under Energy Star 3.0.
    (b) Future Rulemakings.--Nothing in this section changes the 
criteria to be considered during future rulemakings undertaken by the 
Department under title III of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act 
(42 U.S.C. 6291 et seq.).
    (c) Review.--Notwithstanding subsection (a), the next review 
required under section 342(c)(6)(B) of the Energy Policy and 
Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6313(c)(6)(B)) shall be conducted based on 
an effective date of March 27, 2017.

SEC. 1106. VOLUNTARY VERIFICATION PROGRAMS FOR AIR CONDITIONING, 
              FURNACE, BOILER, HEAT PUMP, AND WATER HEATER PRODUCTS.

    Section 326(b) of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 
6296(b)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(6) Voluntary verification programs for air conditioning, 
        furnace, boiler, heat pump, and water heater products.--
                    ``(A) Reliance on voluntary programs.--For the 
                purpose of periodic testing to verify compliance with 
                energy conservation standards and Energy Star 
                specifications established under sections 324A, 325, 
                and 342 for covered products described in paragraphs 
                (3), (4), (5), (9), and (11) of section 322(a) and 
                covered equipment described in subparagraphs (B), (C), 
                (D), (F), (I), (J), and (K) of section 340(1), the 
                Secretary and the Administrator of the Environmental 
                Protection Agency shall rely on testing conducted by 
                voluntary verification programs that are recognized by 
                the Secretary in accordance with subparagraph (B).
                    ``(B) Recognition of voluntary verification 
                programs.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Not later than 180 days 
                        after the date of enactment of this paragraph, 
                        the Secretary shall initiate a negotiated 
                        rulemaking in accordance with subchapter III of 
                        chapter 5 of title 5, United States Code 
                        (commonly known as the `Negotiated Rulemaking 
                        Act of 1990') to develop criteria that have 
                        consensus support for achieving recognition by 
                        the Secretary as an approved voluntary 
                        verification program.
                            ``(ii) Minimum requirements.--The criteria 
                        developed under clause (i) shall, at a minimum, 
                        ensure that the voluntary verification 
                        program--
                                    ``(I) is nationally recognized;
                                    ``(II) is operated by a third party 
                                and not directly operated by a program 
                                participant;
                                    ``(III) satisfies any applicable 
                                elements of--
                                            ``(aa) International 
                                        Organization for 
                                        Standardization standard 
                                        numbered 17025; and
                                            ``(bb) any other relevant 
                                        International Organization for 
                                        Standardization standards 
                                        identified and agreed to 
                                        through the negotiated 
                                        rulemaking under clause (i);
                                    ``(IV) at least annually tests 
                                independently obtained products 
                                following the test procedures 
                                established under this title to verify 
                                the certified rating of a 
                                representative sample of products and 
                                equipment within the scope of the 
                                program;
                                    ``(V) maintains a publicly 
                                available list of all ratings of 
                                products subject to verification;
                                    ``(VI) requires the changing of the 
                                performance rating or removal of the 
                                product or equipment from the program 
                                if testing determines that the 
                                performance rating does not meet the 
                                levels the manufacturer has certified 
                                to the Secretary;
                                    ``(VII) requires new program 
                                participants to substantiate ratings 
                                through test data generated in 
                                accordance with DOE regulations;
                                    ``(VIII) allows for challenge 
                                testing of products and equipment 
                                within the scope of the program;
                                    ``(IX) requires program 
                                participants to disclose the 
                                performance rating of all covered 
                                products and equipment within the scope 
                                of the program for the covered product 
                                or equipment;
                                    ``(X) provides to the Secretary--
                                            ``(aa) an annual report of 
                                        all test results, the contents 
                                        of which shall be determined 
                                        through the negotiated 
                                        rulemaking process under clause 
                                        (i); and
                                            ``(bb) test reports, on the 
                                        request of the Secretary or the 
                                        Administrator of the 
                                        Environmental Protection 
                                        Agency, that note any 
                                        instructions specified by the 
                                        manufacturer or the 
                                        representative of the 
                                        manufacturer for the purpose of 
                                        conducting the verification 
                                        testing, to be exempted from 
                                        disclosure to the extent 
                                        provided under section 
                                        552(b)(4) of title 5, United 
                                        States Code (commonly known as 
                                        the `Freedom of Information 
                                        Act'); and
                                    ``(XI) satisfies any additional 
                                requirements or standards that the 
                                Secretary and Administrator of the 
                                Environmental Protection Agency shall 
                                establish consistent with this 
                                subparagraph.
                            ``(iii) Finding required for cessation of 
                        recognition.--The Secretary may only cease 
                        recognition of a voluntary verification program 
                        as an approved program described in 
                        subparagraph (A) on a finding that the program 
                        is not meeting its obligations for compliance 
                        through program review criteria established 
                        under this subparagraph.
                            ``(iv) Revisions.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--Major revisions 
                                to voluntary verification program 
                                criteria established under this 
                                subparagraph shall only be made 
                                pursuant to a subsequent negotiated 
                                rulemaking in accordance with 
                                subchapter III of chapter 5 of title 5, 
                                United States Code (commonly known as 
                                the `Negotiated Rulemaking Act of 
                                1990').
                                    ``(II) Nonmajor revisions.--
                                            ``(aa) In general.--The 
                                        Secretary may make all other 
                                        nonmajor criteria revisions by 
                                        initiating a direct final rule 
                                        in accordance with section 
                                        553(b)(3)(B) of title 5, United 
                                        States Code, on a determination 
                                        published in the Federal 
                                        Register that revisions to the 
                                        criteria are necessary and that 
                                        substantive opposition to the 
                                        proposed revisions is not 
                                        expected.
                                            ``(bb) Conditions for 
                                        effectiveness.--If the 
                                        Secretary does not receive 
                                        adversarial comments with 
                                        respect to the determination 
                                        published under item (aa) 
                                        during the 30-day-period 
                                        following publication of that 
                                        determination in the Federal 
                                        Register, the direct final rule 
                                        shall have the force and effect 
                                        of law.
                                            ``(cc) Withdrawal of final 
                                        rule.--Receipt of any 
                                        adversarial comment with 
                                        respect to the determination 
                                        published under item (aa) shall 
                                        require the Secretary to 
                                        withdraw the direct final rule 
                                        and publish--

                                                    ``(AA) a notice of 
                                                proposed rulemaking 
                                                pursuant to section 553 
                                                of title 5, United 
                                                States Code; or

                                                    ``(BB) a notice of 
                                                proposed rulemaking 
                                                pursuant to section 553 
                                                of title 5, United 
                                                States Code, that 
                                                includes a 
                                                determination that 
                                                revisions to the 
                                                criteria are necessary.

                    ``(C) Administration.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The Secretary and the 
                        Administrator of the Environmental Protection 
                        Agency shall not require--
                                    ``(I) manufacturers to participate 
                                in a voluntary verification program 
                                described in subparagraph (A); or
                                    ``(II) participating manufacturers 
                                to provide information that has already 
                                been provided to the Secretary or the 
                                Administrator.
                            ``(ii) List of covered products.--The 
                        Secretary or the Administrator of the 
                        Environmental Protection Agency may maintain a 
                        publicly available list of covered products and 
                        equipment that distinguishes between products 
                        that are, and are not covered products and 
                        equipment verified through a voluntary 
                        verification program described in subparagraph 
                        (A);
                            ``(iii) Periodic verification testing.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--The Secretary--
                                            ``(aa) shall not subject 
                                        products or equipment that have 
                                        been verification tested under 
                                        a voluntary verification 
                                        program described in 
                                        subparagraph (A) to periodic 
                                        verification testing that 
                                        verifies the accuracy of the 
                                        certified performance rating of 
                                        the products or equipment; but
                                            ``(bb) may test products or 
                                        equipment described in 
                                        subclause (I) if the testing is 
                                        necessary--

                                                    ``(AA) to assess 
                                                the overall performance 
                                                of a voluntary 
                                                verification program;

                                                    ``(BB) to address 
                                                specific performance 
                                                issues;

                                                    ``(CC) for use in 
                                                updating test 
                                                procedures and 
                                                standards; or

                                                    ``(DD) for other 
                                                purposes consistent 
                                                with this title.

                                    ``(II) Additional testing.--The 
                                Secretary may subject products or 
                                equipment described in subclause (I) to 
                                periodic verification testing outside 
                                the restrictions of subclause (I)(bb), 
                                if agreed to during the rulemaking 
                                described in subparagraph (B)
                    ``(D) Effect on other authority.--Nothing in this 
                paragraph limits the authority of the Secretary or the 
                Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency to 
                enforce compliance with any law.''.

                       Subtitle C--Manufacturing

SEC. 1201. MANUFACTURING ENERGY EFFICIENCY.

    (a) Purposes.--The purposes of this section are--
            (1) to reform and reorient the industrial efficiency 
        programs of the Department;
            (2) to establish a clear and consistent authority for 
        industrial efficiency programs of the Department;
            (3) to accelerate the deployment of technologies and 
        practices that will increase industrial energy efficiency and 
        improve productivity;
            (4) to accelerate the development and demonstration of 
        technologies that will assist the deployment goals of the 
        industrial efficiency programs of the Department and increase 
        manufacturing efficiency;
            (5) to stimulate domestic economic growth and improve 
        industrial productivity and competitiveness; and
            (6) to strengthen partnerships between Federal and State 
        governmental agencies and the private and academic sectors.
    (b) Future of Industry Program.--
            (1) In general.--Section 452 of the Energy Independence and 
        Security Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17111) is amended by striking 
        the section heading and inserting the following: ``future of 
        industry program''.
            (2) Definition of energy service provider.--Section 452(a) 
        of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 
        17111(a)) is amended--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through (5) as 
                paragraphs (4) through (6), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following:
            ``(3) Energy service provider.--The term `energy service 
        provider' means any business providing technology or services 
        to improve the energy efficiency, water efficiency, power 
        factor, or load management of a manufacturing site or other 
        industrial process in an energy-intensive industry, or any 
        utility operating under a utility energy service project.''.
            (3) Industrial research and assessment centers.--Section 
        452(e) of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (42 
        U.S.C. 17111(e)) is amended--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (5) as 
                subparagraphs (A) through (E), respectively, and 
                indenting appropriately;
                    (B) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (A) (as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (A)), by inserting before the semicolon at 
                the end the following: ``, including assessments of 
                sustainable manufacturing goals and the implementation 
                of information technology advancements for supply chain 
                analysis, logistics, system monitoring, industrial and 
                manufacturing processes, and other purposes''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Coordination.--To increase the value and capabilities 
        of the industrial research and assessment centers, the centers 
        shall--
                    ``(A) coordinate with Manufacturing Extension 
                Partnership Centers of the National Institute of 
                Standards and Technology;
                    ``(B) coordinate with the Building Technologies 
                Program of the Department of Energy to provide building 
                assessment services to manufacturers;
                    ``(C) increase partnerships with the National 
                Laboratories of the Department of Energy to leverage 
                the expertise and technologies of the National 
                Laboratories for national industrial and manufacturing 
                needs;
                    ``(D) increase partnerships with energy service 
                providers and technology providers to leverage private 
                sector expertise and accelerate deployment of new and 
                existing technologies and processes for energy 
                efficiency, power factor, and load management;
                    ``(E) identify opportunities for reducing 
                greenhouse gas emissions; and
                    ``(F) promote sustainable manufacturing practices 
                for small- and medium-sized manufacturers.
            ``(3) Outreach.--The Secretary shall provide funding for--
                    ``(A) outreach activities by the industrial 
                research and assessment centers to inform small- and 
                medium-sized manufacturers of the information, 
                technologies, and services available; and
                    ``(B) coordination activities by each industrial 
                research and assessment center to leverage efforts 
                with--
                            ``(i) Federal and State efforts;
                            ``(ii) the efforts of utilities and energy 
                        service providers;
                            ``(iii) the efforts of regional energy 
                        efficiency organizations; and
                            ``(iv) the efforts of other industrial 
                        research and assessment centers.
            ``(4) Workforce training.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall pay the 
                Federal share of associated internship programs under 
                which students work with or for industries, 
                manufacturers, and energy service providers to 
                implement the recommendations of industrial research 
                and assessment centers.
                    ``(B) Federal share.--The Federal share of the cost 
                of carrying out internship programs described in 
                subparagraph (A) shall be 50 percent.
            ``(5) Small business loans.--The Administrator of the Small 
        Business Administration shall, to the maximum extent 
        practicable, expedite consideration of applications from 
        eligible small business concerns for loans under the Small 
        Business Act (15 U.S.C. 631 et seq.) to implement 
        recommendations of industrial research and assessment centers 
        established under paragraph (1).
            ``(6) Advanced manufacturing steering committee.--The 
        Secretary shall establish an advisory steering committee to 
        provide recommendations to the Secretary on planning and 
        implementation of the Advanced Manufacturing Office of the 
        Department of Energy.''.
    (c) Sustainable Manufacturing Initiative.--
            (1) In general.--Part E of title III of the Energy Policy 
        and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6341) is amended by adding at 
        the end the following:

``SEC. 376. SUSTAINABLE MANUFACTURING INITIATIVE.

    ``(a) In General.--As part of the Office of Energy Efficiency and 
Renewable Energy, the Secretary, on the request of a manufacturer, 
shall conduct on-site technical assessments to identify opportunities 
for--
            ``(1) maximizing the energy efficiency of industrial 
        processes and cross-cutting systems;
            ``(2) preventing pollution and minimizing waste;
            ``(3) improving efficient use of water in manufacturing 
        processes;
            ``(4) conserving natural resources; and
            ``(5) achieving such other goals as the Secretary 
        determines to be appropriate.
    ``(b) Coordination.--The Secretary shall carry out the initiative 
in coordination with the private sector and appropriate agencies, 
including the National Institute of Standards and Technology, to 
accelerate adoption of new and existing technologies and processes that 
improve energy efficiency.
    ``(c) Research and Development Program for Sustainable 
Manufacturing and Industrial Technologies and Processes.--As part of 
the industrial efficiency programs of the Department of Energy, the 
Secretary shall carry out a joint industry-government partnership 
program to research, develop, and demonstrate new sustainable 
manufacturing and industrial technologies and processes that maximize 
the energy efficiency of industrial plants, reduce pollution, and 
conserve natural resources.''.
            (2) Table of contents.--The table of contents of the Energy 
        Policy and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. prec. 6201) is amended 
        by adding at the end of the items relating to part E of title 
        III the following:

``Sec. 376. Sustainable manufacturing initiative.''.
    (d) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 106 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 
        15811) is repealed.
            (2) Sections 131, 132, 133, 2103, and 2107 of the Energy 
        Policy Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 6348, 6349, 6350, 13453, 13456) 
        are repealed.
            (3) Section 2101(a) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (42 
        U.S.C. 13451(a)) is amended in the third sentence by striking 
        ``sections 2102, 2103, 2104, 2105, 2106, 2107, and 2108'' and 
        inserting ``sections 2102, 2104, 2105, 2106, and 2108 of this 
        Act and section 376 of the Energy Policy and Conservation 
        Act,''.

SEC. 1202. LEVERAGING EXISTING FEDERAL AGENCY PROGRAMS TO ASSIST SMALL 
              AND MEDIUM MANUFACTURERS.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section and section 1203:
            (1) Energy management system.--The term ``energy management 
        system'' means a business management process based on standards 
        of the American National Standards Institute that enables an 
        organization to follow a systematic approach in achieving 
        continual improvement of energy performance, including energy 
        efficiency, security, use, and consumption.
            (2) Industrial assessment center.--The term ``industrial 
        assessment center'' means a center located at an institution of 
        higher education that--
                    (A) receives funding from the Department;
                    (B) provides an in-depth assessment of small- and 
                medium-size manufacturer plant sites to evaluate the 
                facilities, services, and manufacturing operations of 
                the plant site; and
                    (C) identifies opportunities for potential savings 
                for small- and medium-size manufacturer plant sites 
                from energy efficiency improvements, waste 
                minimization, pollution prevention, and productivity 
                improvement.
            (3) National laboratory.--The term ``National Laboratory'' 
        has the meaning given the term in section 2 of the Energy 
        Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 15801).
            (4) Small and medium manufacturers.--The term ``small and 
        medium manufacturers'' means manufacturing firms--
                    (A) classified in the North American Industry 
                Classification System as any of sectors 31 through 33;
                    (B) with gross annual sales of less than 
                $100,000,000;
                    (C) with fewer than 500 employees at the plant 
                site; and
                    (D) with annual energy bills totaling more than 
                $100,000 and less than $2,500,000.
            (5) Smart manufacturing.--The term ``smart manufacturing'' 
        means a set of advanced sensing, instrumentation, monitoring, 
        controls, and process optimization technologies and practices 
        that merge information and communication technologies with the 
        manufacturing environment for the real-time management of 
        energy, productivity, and costs across factories and companies.
    (b) Expansion of Technical Assistance Programs.--The Secretary 
shall expand the scope of technologies covered by the Industrial 
Assessment Centers of the Department--
            (1) to include smart manufacturing technologies and 
        practices; and
            (2) to equip the directors of the Industrial Assessment 
        Centers with the training and tools necessary to provide 
        technical assistance in smart manufacturing technologies and 
        practices, including energy management systems, to 
        manufacturers.
    (c) Funding.--The Secretary shall use unobligated funds of the 
Department to carry out this section.

SEC. 1203. LEVERAGING SMART MANUFACTURING INFRASTRUCTURE AT NATIONAL 
              LABORATORIES.

    (a) Study.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall conduct a study on 
        ways in which the Department can increase access to existing 
        high-performance computing resources in the National 
        Laboratories, particularly for small and medium manufacturers.
            (2) Inclusions.--In identifying ways to increase access to 
        National Laboratories under paragraph (1), the Secretary 
        shall--
                    (A) focus on increasing access to the computing 
                facilities of the National Laboratories; and
                    (B) ensure that--
                            (i) the information from the manufacturer 
                        is protected; and
                            (ii) the security of the National 
                        Laboratory facility is maintained.
            (3) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a 
        report describing the results of the study.
    (b) Actions for Increased Access.--The Secretary shall facilitate 
access to the National Laboratories studied under subsection (a) for 
small and medium manufacturers so that small and medium manufacturers 
can fully use the high-performance computing resources of the National 
Laboratories to enhance the manufacturing competitiveness of the United 
States.

                          Subtitle D--Vehicles

SEC. 1301. SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the ``Vehicle Innovation Act of 
2015''.

SEC. 1302. OBJECTIVES.

    The objectives of this subtitle are--
            (1) to establish a consistent and consolidated authority 
        for the vehicle technology program at the Department;
            (2) to develop United States technologies and practices 
        that--
                    (A) improve the fuel efficiency and emissions of 
                all vehicles produced in the United States; and
                    (B) reduce vehicle reliance on petroleum-based 
                fuels;
            (3) to support domestic research, development, engineering, 
        demonstration, and commercial application and manufacturing of 
        advanced vehicles, engines, and components;
            (4) to enable vehicles to move larger volumes of goods and 
        more passengers with less energy and emissions;
            (5) to develop cost-effective advanced technologies for 
        wide-scale utilization throughout the passenger, commercial, 
        government, and transit vehicle sectors;
            (6) to allow for greater consumer choice of vehicle 
        technologies and fuels;
            (7) shorten technology development and integration cycles 
        in the vehicle industry;
            (8) to ensure a proper balance and diversity of Federal 
        investment in vehicle technologies; and
            (9) to strengthen partnerships between Federal and State 
        governmental agencies and the private and academic sectors.

SEC. 1303. COORDINATION AND NONDUPLICATION.

    The Secretary shall ensure, to the maximum extent practicable, that 
the activities authorized by this subtitle do not duplicate those of 
other programs within the Department or other relevant research 
agencies.

SEC. 1304. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary for 
research, development, engineering, demonstration, and commercial 
application of vehicles and related technologies in the United States, 
including activities authorized under this subtitle--
            (1) for fiscal year 2016, $313,567,000;
            (2) for fiscal year 2017, $326,109,000;
            (3) for fiscal year 2018, $339,154,000;
            (4) for fiscal year 2019, $352,720,000; and
            (5) for fiscal year 2020, $366,829,000.

SEC. 1305. REPORTING.

    (a) Technologies Developed.--Not later than 18 months after the 
date of enactment of this Act and annually thereafter through 2020, the 
Secretary shall submit to Congress a report regarding the technologies 
developed as a result of the activities authorized by this subtitle, 
with a particular emphasis on whether the technologies were 
successfully adopted for commercial applications, and if so, whether 
products relying on those technologies are manufactured in the United 
States.
    (b) Additional Matters.--At the end of each fiscal year through 
2020, the Secretary shall submit to the relevant Congressional 
committees of jurisdiction an annual report describing activities 
undertaken in the previous year under this Act, active industry 
participants, the status of public private partnerships, progress of 
the program in meeting goals and timelines, and a strategic plan for 
funding of activities across agencies.

                PART I--VEHICLE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

SEC. 1306. PROGRAM.

    (a) Activities.--The Secretary shall conduct a program of basic and 
applied research, development, engineering, demonstration, and 
commercial application activities on materials, technologies, and 
processes with the potential to substantially reduce or eliminate 
petroleum use and the emissions of the Nation's passenger and 
commercial vehicles, including activities in the areas of--
            (1) electrification of vehicle systems;
            (2) batteries, ultracapacitors, and other energy storage 
        devices;
            (3) power electronics;
            (4) vehicle, component, and subsystem manufacturing 
        technologies and processes;
            (5) engine efficiency and combustion optimization;
            (6) waste heat recovery;
            (7) transmission and drivetrains;
            (8) hydrogen vehicle technologies, including fuel cells and 
        internal combustion engines, and hydrogen infrastructure, 
        including hydrogen energy storage to enable renewables and 
        provide hydrogen for fuel and power;
            (9) natural gas vehicle technologies;
            (10) aerodynamics, rolling resistance (including tires and 
        wheel assemblies), and accessory power loads of vehicles and 
        associated equipment;
            (11) vehicle weight reduction, including lightweighting 
        materials and the development of manufacturing processes to 
        fabricate, assemble, and use dissimilar materials;
            (12) friction and wear reduction;
            (13) engine and component durability;
            (14) innovative propulsion systems;
            (15) advanced boosting systems;
            (16) hydraulic hybrid technologies;
            (17) engine compatibility with and optimization for a 
        variety of transportation fuels including natural gas and other 
        liquid and gaseous fuels;
            (18) predictive engineering, modeling, and simulation of 
        vehicle and transportation systems;
            (19) refueling and charging infrastructure for alternative 
        fueled and electric or plug-in electric hybrid vehicles, 
        including the unique challenges facing rural areas;
            (20) gaseous fuels storage systems and system integration 
        and optimization;
            (21) sensing, communications, and actuation technologies 
        for vehicle, electrical grid, and infrastructure;
            (22) efficient use, substitution, and recycling of 
        potentially critical materials in vehicles, including rare 
        earth elements and precious metals, at risk of supply 
        disruption;
            (23) aftertreatment technologies;
            (24) thermal management of battery systems;
            (25) retrofitting advanced vehicle technologies to existing 
        vehicles;
            (26) development of common standards, specifications, and 
        architectures for both transportation and stationary battery 
        applications;
            (27) advanced internal combustion engines;
            (28) mild hybrid;
            (29) engine down speeding;
            (30) vehicle-to-vehicle, vehicle-to-pedestrian, and 
        vehicle-to-infrastructure technologies; and
            (31) other research areas as determined by the Secretary.
    (b) Transformational Technology.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
the Department continues to support research, development, engineering, 
demonstration, and commercial application activities and maintains 
competency in mid- to long-term transformational vehicle technologies 
with potential to achieve reductions in emissions, including activities 
in the areas of--
            (1) hydrogen vehicle technologies, including fuel cells, 
        hydrogen storage, infrastructure, and activities in hydrogen 
        technology validation and safety codes and standards;
            (2) multiple battery chemistries and novel energy storage 
        devices, including nonchemical batteries and electromechanical 
        storage technologies such as hydraulics, flywheels, and 
        compressed air storage;
            (3) communication and connectivity among vehicles, 
        infrastructure, and the electrical grid; and
            (4) other innovative technologies research and development, 
        as determined by the Secretary.
    (c) Industry Participation.--To the maximum extent practicable, 
activities under this Act shall be carried out in partnership or 
collaboration with automotive manufacturers, heavy commercial, 
vocational, and transit vehicle manufacturers, qualified plug-in 
electric vehicle manufacturers, compressed natural gas vehicle 
manufacturers, vehicle and engine equipment and component 
manufacturers, manufacturing equipment manufacturers, advanced vehicle 
service providers, fuel producers and energy suppliers, electric 
utilities, universities, national laboratories, and independent 
research laboratories. In carrying out this Act the Secretary shall--
            (1) determine whether a wide range of companies that 
        manufacture or assemble vehicles or components in the United 
        States are represented in ongoing public private partnership 
        activities, including firms that have not traditionally 
        participated in federally sponsored research and development 
        activities, and where possible, partner with such firms that 
        conduct significant and relevant research and development 
        activities in the United States;
            (2) leverage the capabilities and resources of, and 
        formalize partnerships with, industry-led stakeholder 
        organizations, nonprofit organizations, industry consortia, and 
        trade associations with expertise in the research and 
        development of, and education and outreach activities in, 
        advanced automotive and commercial vehicle technologies;
            (3) develop more effective processes for transferring 
        research findings and technologies to industry;
            (4) support public-private partnerships, dedicated to 
        overcoming barriers in commercial application of 
        transformational vehicle technologies, that utilize such 
        industry-led technology development facilities of entities with 
        demonstrated expertise in successfully designing and 
        engineering pre-commercial generations of such transformational 
        technology; and
            (5) promote efforts to ensure that technology research, 
        development, engineering, and commercial application activities 
        funded under this Act are carried out in the United States.
    (d) Interagency and Intraagency Coordination.--To the maximum 
extent practicable, the Secretary shall coordinate research, 
development, demonstration, and commercial application activities 
among--
            (1) relevant programs within the Department, including--
                    (A) the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable 
                Energy;
                    (B) the Office of Science;
                    (C) the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy 
                Reliability;
                    (D) the Office of Fossil Energy;
                    (E) the Advanced Research Projects Agency--Energy; 
                and
                    (F) other offices as determined by the Secretary; 
                and
            (2) relevant technology research and development programs 
        within other Federal agencies, as determined by the Secretary.
    (e) Federal Demonstration of Technologies.--The Secretary shall 
make information available to procurement programs of Federal agencies 
regarding the potential to demonstrate technologies resulting from 
activities funded through programs under this Act.
    (f) Intergovernmental Coordination.--The Secretary shall seek 
opportunities to leverage resources and support initiatives of State 
and local governments in developing and promoting advanced vehicle 
technologies, manufacturing, and infrastructure.
    (g) Criteria.--When awarding grants under this program, the 
Secretary shall give priority to those technologies (either 
individually or as part of a system) that--
            (1) provide the greatest aggregate fuel savings based on 
        the reasonable projected sales volumes of the technology; and
            (2) provide the greatest increase in United States 
        employment.

SEC. 1307. MANUFACTURING.

    The Secretary shall carry out a research, development, engineering, 
demonstration, and commercial application program of advanced vehicle 
manufacturing technologies and practices, including innovative 
processes--
            (1) to increase the production rate and decrease the cost 
        of advanced battery and fuel cell manufacturing;
            (2) to vary the capability of individual manufacturing 
        facilities to accommodate different battery chemistries and 
        configurations;
            (3) to reduce waste streams, emissions, and energy 
        intensity of vehicle, engine, advanced battery and component 
        manufacturing processes;
            (4) to recycle and remanufacture used batteries and other 
        vehicle components for reuse in vehicles or stationary 
        applications;
            (5) to develop manufacturing processes to effectively 
        fabricate, assemble, and produce cost-effective lightweight 
        materials such as advanced aluminum and other metal alloys, 
        polymeric composites, and carbon fiber for use in vehicles;
            (6) to produce lightweight high pressure storage systems 
        for gaseous fuels;
            (7) to design and manufacture purpose-built hydrogen fuel 
        cell vehicles and components;
            (8) to improve the calendar life and cycle life of advanced 
        batteries; and
            (9) to produce permanent magnets for advanced vehicles.

    PART II--MEDIUM- AND HEAVY-DUTY COMMERCIAL AND TRANSIT VEHICLES

SEC. 1308. PROGRAM.

    The Secretary, in partnership with relevant research and 
development programs in other Federal agencies, and a range of 
appropriate industry stakeholders, shall carry out a program of 
cooperative research, development, demonstration, and commercial 
application activities on advanced technologies for medium- to heavy-
duty commercial, vocational, recreational, and transit vehicles, 
including activities in the areas of--
            (1) engine efficiency and combustion research;
            (2) onboard storage technologies for compressed and 
        liquefied natural gas;
            (3) development and integration of engine technologies 
        designed for natural gas operation of a variety of vehicle 
        platforms;
            (4) waste heat recovery and conversion;
            (5) improved aerodynamics and tire rolling resistance;
            (6) energy and space-efficient emissions control systems;
            (7) mild hybrid, heavy hybrid, hybrid hydraulic, plug-in 
        hybrid, and electric platforms, and energy storage 
        technologies;
            (8) drivetrain optimization;
            (9) friction and wear reduction;
            (10) engine idle and parasitic energy loss reduction;
            (11) electrification of accessory loads;
            (12) onboard sensing and communications technologies;
            (13) advanced lightweighting materials and vehicle designs;
            (14) increasing load capacity per vehicle;
            (15) thermal management of battery systems;
            (16) recharging infrastructure;
            (17) compressed natural gas infrastructure;
            (18) advanced internal combustion engines;
            (19) complete vehicle and power pack modeling, simulation, 
        and testing;
            (20) hydrogen vehicle technologies, including fuel cells 
        and internal combustion engines, and hydrogen infrastructure, 
        including hydrogen energy storage to enable renewables and 
        provide hydrogen for fuel and power;
            (21) retrofitting advanced technologies onto existing truck 
        fleets;
            (22) advanced boosting systems;
            (23) engine down speeding; and
            (24) integration of these and other advanced systems onto a 
        single truck and trailer platform.

SEC. 1309. CLASS 8 TRUCK AND TRAILER SYSTEMS DEMONSTRATION.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall conduct a competitive grant 
program to demonstrate the integration of multiple advanced 
technologies on Class 8 truck and trailer platforms, including a 
combination of technologies listed in section 1308.
    (b) Applicant Teams.--Applicant teams may be comprised of truck and 
trailer manufacturers, engine and component manufacturers, fleet 
customers, university researchers, and other applicants as appropriate 
for the development and demonstration of integrated Class 8 truck and 
trailer systems.

SEC. 1310. TECHNOLOGY TESTING AND METRICS.

    The Secretary, in coordination with the partners of the interagency 
research program described in section 1308--
            (1) shall develop standard testing procedures and 
        technologies for evaluating the performance of advanced heavy 
        vehicle technologies under a range of representative duty 
        cycles and operating conditions, including for heavy hybrid 
        propulsion systems;
            (2) shall evaluate heavy vehicle performance using work 
        performance-based metrics other than those based on miles per 
        gallon, including those based on units of volume and weight 
        transported for freight applications, and appropriate metrics 
        based on the work performed by nonroad systems; and
            (3) may construct heavy duty truck and bus testing 
        facilities.

SEC. 1311. NONROAD SYSTEMS PILOT PROGRAM.

    The Secretary shall undertake a pilot program of research, 
development, demonstration, and commercial applications of technologies 
to improve total machine or system efficiency for nonroad mobile 
equipment including agricultural, construction, air, and sea port 
equipment, and shall seek opportunities to transfer relevant research 
findings and technologies between the nonroad and on-highway equipment 
and vehicle sectors.

                        PART III--ADMINISTRATION

SEC. 1312. REPEAL OF EXISTING AUTHORITIES.

    (a) In General.--Sections 706, 711, 712, and 933 of the Energy 
Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16051, 16061, 16062, 16233) are repealed.
    (b) Energy Efficiency.--Section 911 of the Energy Policy Act of 
2005 (42 U.S.C. 16191) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``vehicles, 
                buildings,'' and inserting ``buildings''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by striking subparagraph (A); and
                            (ii) by redesignating subparagraphs (B) 
                        through (E) as subparagraphs (A) through (D), 
                        respectively; and
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (3);
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph 
                (3); and
                    (C) in paragraph (3) (as so redesignated), by 
                striking ``(a)(2)(D)'' and inserting ``(a)(2)(C)''.

                        TITLE II--INFRASTRUCTURE

                       Subtitle A--Cybersecurity

SEC. 2001. CYBERSECURITY THREATS.

    Part II of the Federal Power Act (16 U.S.C. 824 et seq.) is amended 
by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 224. CYBERSECURITY THREATS.

    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Bulk-power system.--The term `bulk-power system' has 
        the meaning given the term in section 215.
            ``(2) Critical electric infrastructure.--The term `critical 
        electric infrastructure' means a system or asset of the bulk-
        power system, whether physical or virtual, the incapacity or 
        destruction of which would negatively affect national security, 
        economic security, public health or safety, or any combination 
        of those matters.
            ``(3) Critical electric infrastructure information.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `critical electric 
                infrastructure information' means information related 
                to critical electric infrastructure, or proposed 
                critical electric infrastructure, generated by or 
                provided to the Commission or other Federal agency, 
                other than classified national security information, 
                that is designated as critical electric infrastructure 
                information by the Commission under subsection (d)(2).
                    ``(B) Inclusions.--The term `critical electric 
                infrastructure information' includes information that 
                qualifies as critical energy infrastructure information 
                under regulations promulgated by the Commission.
            ``(4) Cybersecurity threat.--The term `cybersecurity 
        threat' means the imminent danger of an act that severely 
        disrupts, attempts to severely disrupt, or poses a significant 
        risk of severely disrupting the operation of programmable 
        electronic devices or communications networks (including 
        hardware, software, and data) essential to the reliable 
        operation of the bulk-power system.
            ``(5) Electric reliability organization.--The term 
        `Electric Reliability Organization' has the meaning given the 
        term in section 215.
            ``(6) Regional entity.--The term `regional entity' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 215.
            ``(7) Secretary.--The term `Secretary' means the Secretary 
        of Energy.
    ``(b) Emergency Authority of Secretary.--
            ``(1) In general.--If the President notifies the Secretary 
        that the President has made a determination that immediate 
        action is necessary to protect the bulk-power system from a 
        cybersecurity threat, the Secretary may require, by order and 
        with or without notice, any entity that is registered with the 
        Electric Reliability Organization as an owner, operator, or 
        user of the bulk-power system to take such actions as the 
        Secretary determines will best avert or mitigate the 
        cybersecurity threat.
            ``(2) Written explanation.--As soon as practicable after 
        notifying the Secretary under paragraph (1), the President 
        shall--
                    ``(A) provide to the Secretary, in writing, a 
                record of the determination and an explanation of the 
                reasons for the determination; and
                    ``(B) promptly notify, in writing, congressional 
                committees of relevant jurisdiction, including the 
                Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of 
                Representatives and the Committee on Energy and Natural 
                Resources of the Senate, of the contents of, and 
                justification for, the directive or determination.
            ``(3) Coordination with canada and mexico.--In exercising 
        the authority pursuant to this subsection, the Secretary is 
        encouraged to consult and coordinate with the appropriate 
        officials in Canada and Mexico responsible for the protection 
        of cybersecurity of the interconnected North American 
        electricity grid.
            ``(4) Consultation.--Before exercising authority pursuant 
        to this subsection, to the maximum extent practicable, taking 
        into consideration the nature of an identified cybersecurity 
        threat and the urgency of need for action, the Secretary shall 
        consult regarding implementation of actions that will 
        effectively address the cybersecurity threat with--
                    ``(A) any entities potentially subject to the 
                cybersecurity threat that own, control, or operate 
                bulk-power system facilities;
                    ``(B) the Electric Reliability Organization;
                    ``(C) the Electricity Sub-sector Coordinating 
                Council (as established by the Electric Reliability 
                Organization); and
                    ``(D) officials of other Federal departments and 
                agencies, as appropriate.
            ``(5) Cost recovery.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Commission shall adopt 
                regulations that permit entities subject to an order 
                under paragraph (1) to seek recovery of prudently 
                incurred costs required to implement actions ordered by 
                the Secretary under this subsection.
                    ``(B) Requirements.--Any rate or charge approved 
                under regulations adopted pursuant to this paragraph--
                            ``(i) shall be just and reasonable; and
                            ``(ii) shall not be unduly discriminatory 
                        or preferential.
    ``(c) Duration of Emergency Orders.--An order issued by the 
Secretary pursuant to subsection (b) shall remain in effect for not 
longer than the 30-day period beginning on the effective date of the 
order, unless, during that 30 day-period, the Secretary--
            ``(1) provides to interested persons an opportunity to 
        submit written data, recommendations, and arguments; and
            ``(2) affirms, amends, or repeals the order, subject to the 
        condition that an amended order shall not exceed a total 
        duration of 90 days.
    ``(d) Protection and Sharing of Critical Electric Infrastructure.--
            ``(1) Protection of critical electric infrastructure.--
        Critical electric infrastructure information--
                    ``(A) shall be exempt from disclosure under section 
                552(b)(3) of title 5, United States Code; and
                    ``(B) shall not be made available by any State, 
                political subdivision, or tribal authority pursuant to 
                any State, political subdivision, or tribal law 
                requiring disclosure of information or records.
            ``(2) Designation and sharing of critical electric 
        infrastructure information.--Not later than 1 year after the 
        date of enactment of this section, the Commission, in 
        consultation with the Secretary of Energy, shall promulgate 
        such regulations and issue such orders as necessary--
                    ``(A) to designate critical electric infrastructure 
                information;
                    ``(B) to prohibit the unauthorized disclosure of 
                critical electric infrastructure information; and
                    ``(C) to ensure there are appropriate sanctions in 
                place for Commissioners, officers, employees, or agents 
                of the Commission who knowingly and willfully disclose 
                critical electric infrastructure information in a 
                manner that is not authorized under this section;
            ``(3) Considerations.--In promulgating regulations and 
        issuing orders under paragraph (2), the Commission shall take 
        into consideration the role of State commissions in--
                    ``(A) reviewing the prudence and cost of 
                investments;
                    ``(B) determining the rates and terms of conditions 
                for electric services; and
                    ``(C) ensuring the safety and reliability of the 
                bulk-power system and distribution facilities within 
                the respective jurisdictions of the State commissions.
            ``(4) No required sharing of information.--Nothing in this 
        section requires a person or entity in possession of critical 
        electric infrastructure information to share the information 
        with Federal, State, political subdivision, or tribal 
        authorities, or any other person or entity.
            ``(5) Disclosure of noncritical electric infrastructure 
        information.--In carrying out this section, the Commission 
        shall segregate critical electric infrastructure information 
        within documents and electronic communications, wherever 
        feasible, to facilitate disclosure of information that is not 
        designated as critical electric infrastructure information.''.

SEC. 2002. ENHANCED GRID SECURITY.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Electric utility.--The term ``electric utility'' has 
        the meaning given the term in section 3 of the Federal Power 
        Act (16 U.S.C. 796).
            (2) ES-ISAC.--The term ``ES-ISAC'' means the Electricity 
        Sector Information Sharing and Analysis Center.
            (3) National laboratory.--The term ``National Laboratory'' 
        has the meaning given the term in section 2 of the Energy 
        Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 15801).
            (4) Sector-specific agency.--The term ``Sector-Specific 
        Agency'' has the meaning given the term in the Presidential 
        policy directive entitled ``Critical Infrastructure Security 
        and Resilience'', numbered 21, and dated February 12, 2013.
    (b) Sector-Specific Agency for Cybersecurity for the Energy 
Sector.--
            (1) In general.--The Department shall be the lead Sector-
        Specific Agency for cybersecurity for the energy sector.
            (2) Duties.--As the designated Sector-Specific Agency for 
        cybersecurity, the duties of the Department shall include--
                    (A) coordinating with the Department of Homeland 
                Security and other relevant Federal departments and 
                agencies;
                    (B) collaborating with--
                            (i) critical infrastructure owners and 
                        operators; and
                            (ii) as appropriate--
                                    (I) independent regulatory 
                                agencies; and
                                    (II) State, local, tribal and 
                                territorial entities;
                    (C) serving as a day-to-day Federal interface for 
                the dynamic prioritization and coordination of sector-
                specific activities;
                    (D) carrying out incident management 
                responsibilities consistent with applicable law 
                (including regulations) and other appropriate policies 
                or directives;
                    (E) providing, supporting, or facilitating 
                technical assistance and consultations for the energy 
                sector to identify vulnerabilities and help mitigate 
                incidents, as appropriate; and
                    (F) supporting the reporting requirements of the 
                Department of Homeland Security under applicable law by 
                providing, on an annual basis, sector-specific critical 
                infrastructure information.
    (c) Cybersecurity for the Energy Sector Research, Development, and 
Demonstration Program.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary, in consultation with 
        appropriate Federal agencies, the energy sector, the States, 
        and other stakeholders, shall carry out a program--
                    (A) to develop advanced cybersecurity applications 
                and technologies for the energy sector--
                            (i) to identify and mitigate 
                        vulnerabilities, including--
                                    (I) dependencies on other critical 
                                infrastructure; and
                                    (II) impacts from weather and fuel 
                                supply; and
                            (ii) to advance the security of field 
                        devices and third-party control systems, 
                        including--
                                    (I) systems for generation, 
                                transmission, distribution, end use, 
                                and market functions;
                                    (II) specific electric grid 
                                elements including advanced metering, 
                                demand response, distributed 
                                generation, and electricity storage;
                                    (III) forensic analysis of infected 
                                systems; and
                                    (IV) secure communications;
                    (B) to leverage electric grid architecture as a 
                means to assess risks to the energy sector, including 
                by implementing an all-hazards approach to 
                communications infrastructure, control systems 
                architecture, and power systems architecture;
                    (C) to perform pilot demonstration projects with 
                the energy sector to gain experience with new 
                technologies; and
                    (D) to develop workforce development curricula for 
                energy sector-related cybersecurity.
            (2) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
        to be appropriated to carry out this subsection $65,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2017 through 2025.
    (d) Energy Sector Component Testing for Cyberresilience Program.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall carry out a program--
                    (A) to establish a cybertesting and mitigation 
                program to identify vulnerabilities of energy sector 
                supply chain products to known threats;
                    (B) to oversee third-party cybertesting; and
                    (C) to develop procurement guidelines for energy 
                sector supply chain components.
            (2) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
        to be appropriated to carry out this subsection $15,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2017 through 2025.
    (e) Energy Sector Operational Support for Cyberresilience 
Program.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary may carry out a program--
                    (A) to enhance and periodically test--
                            (i) the emergency response capabilities of 
                        the Department; and
                            (ii) the coordination of the Department 
                        with other agencies, the National Laboratories, 
                        and private industry;
                    (B) to expand cooperation of the Department with 
                the intelligence communities for energy sector-related 
                threat collection and analysis;
                    (C) to enhance the tools of the Department and ES-
                ISAC for monitoring the status of the energy sector;
                    (D) to expand industry participation in ES-ISAC; 
                and
                    (E) to provide technical assistance to small 
                electric utilities for purposes of assessing 
                cybermaturity level.
            (2) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
        to be appropriated to carry out this subsection $10,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2017 through 2025.
    (f) Modeling and Assessing Energy Infrastructure Risk.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall develop an advanced 
        energy security program to secure energy networks, including 
        electric, natural gas, and oil exploration, transmission, and 
        delivery.
            (2) Security and resiliency objective.--The objective of 
        the program developed under paragraph (1) is to increase the 
        functional preservation of the electric grid operations or 
        natural gas and oil operations in the face of natural and 
        human-made threats and hazards, including electric magnetic 
        pulse and geomagnetic disturbances.
            (3) Eligible activities.--In carrying out the program 
        developed under paragraph (1), the Secretary may--
                    (A) develop capabilities to identify 
                vulnerabilities and critical components that pose major 
                risks to grid security if destroyed or impaired;
                    (B) provide modeling at the national level to 
                predict impacts from natural or human-made events;
                    (C) develop a maturity model for physical security 
                and cybersecurity;
                    (D) conduct exercises and assessments to identify 
                and mitigate vulnerabilities to the electric grid, 
                including providing mitigation recommendations;
                    (E) conduct research hardening solutions for 
                critical components of the electric grid;
                    (F) conduct research mitigation and recovery 
                solutions for critical components of the electric grid; 
                and
                    (G) provide technical assistance to States and 
                other entities for standards and risk analysis.
            (4) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
        to be appropriated to carry out this subsection $10,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2017 through 2025.
    (g) Leveraging Existing Programs.--The programs established under 
this section shall be carried out consistent with--
            (1) the report of the Department entitled ``Roadmap to 
        Achieve Energy Delivery Systems Cybersecurity'' and dated 2011;
            (2) existing programs of the Department; and
            (3) any associated strategic framework that links together 
        academic and National Laboratory researchers, electric 
        utilities, manufacturers, and any other relevant private 
        industry organizations, including the Electricity Sub-sector 
        Coordinating Council.
    (h) Study.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in consultation with the 
        Federal Energy Regulatory Commission and the North American 
        Electric Reliability Corporation, shall conduct a study to 
        explore alternative management structures and funding 
        mechanisms to expand industry membership and participation in 
        ES-ISAC.
            (2) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to the appropriate 
        committees of Congress a report describing the results of the 
        study conducted under paragraph (1).

                Subtitle B--Strategic Petroleum Reserve

SEC. 2101. STRATEGIC PETROLEUM RESERVE TEST DRAWDOWN AND SALE 
              NOTIFICATION AND DEFINITION CHANGE.

    (a) Notice to Congress.--Section 161(g) of the Energy Policy and 
Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6241(g)) is amended by striking paragraph 
(8) and inserting the following:
            ``(8) Notice to congress.--
                    ``(A) Prior notice.--Not less than 14 days before 
                the date on which a test is carried out under this 
                subsection, the Secretary shall notify both Houses of 
                Congress of the test.
                    ``(B) Emergency.--The prior notice requirement in 
                subparagraph (A) shall not apply if the Secretary 
                determines that an emergency exists which requires a 
                test to be carried out, in which case the Secretary 
                shall notify both Houses of Congress of the test as 
                soon as possible.
                    ``(C) Detailed description.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Not later than 180 days 
                        after the date on which a test is completed 
                        under this subsection, the Secretary shall 
                        submit to both Houses of Congress a detailed 
                        description of the test.
                            ``(ii) Report.--A detailed description 
                        submitted under clause (i) may be included as 
                        part of a report made to the President and 
                        Congress under section 165.''.
    (b) Definition Change.--Section 3(8)(C)(iii) of the Energy Policy 
and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6202(8)(C)(iii)) is amended by striking 
``sabotage or an act of God'' and inserting ``sabotage, an act of 
terrorism, or an act of God''.

SEC. 2102. STRATEGIC PETROLEUM RESERVE MISSION READINESS OPTIMIZATION.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary shall--
            (1) complete a long-range strategic review of the Strategic 
        Petroleum Reserve; and
            (2) develop and submit to Congress a proposed action plan, 
        including a proposed implementation schedule, that--
                    (A) specifies near- and long-term roles of the 
                Strategic Petroleum Reserve relative to the energy and 
                economic security goals and objectives of the United 
                States;
                    (B) describes whether existing legal authorities 
                that govern the policies, configuration, and 
                capabilities of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve are 
                adequate to ensure that the Strategic Petroleum Reserve 
                can meet the current and future energy and economic 
                security goals and objectives of the United States;
                    (C) identifies the configuration and performance 
                capabilities of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve and 
                recommends an action plan to achieve the optimal --
                            (i) capacity, location, and composition of 
                        petroleum products in the Strategic Petroleum 
                        Reserve; and
                            (ii) storage and distributional 
                        capabilities; and
                    (D) estimates the resources required to attain and 
                maintain the long-term sustainability and operational 
                effectiveness of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve.

SEC. 2103. STRATEGIC PETROLEUM RESERVE MODERNIZATION.

    (a) Reaffirmation of Policy.--Congress reaffirms the continuing 
strategic importance and need for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve as 
found and declared in section 151 of the Energy Policy and Conservation 
Act (42 U.S.C. 6231).
    (b) Spr Petroleum Account.--Section 167(b) of the Energy Policy and 
Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6247(b)) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(b) Obligation of Funds for the Acquisition, Transportation, and 
Injection of Petroleum Products Into SPR and for Other Purposes.--
            ``(1) Purposes.--Amounts in the Account may be obligated by 
        the Secretary of Energy for--
                    ``(A) the acquisition, transportation, and 
                injection of petroleum products into the Reserve;
                    ``(B) test sales of petroleum products from the 
                Reserve;
                    ``(C) the drawdown, sale, and delivery of petroleum 
                products from the Reserve;
                    ``(D) the construction, maintenance, repair, and 
                replacement of storage facilities and related 
                facilities; and
                    ``(E) carrying out non-Reserve projects needed to 
                enhance the energy security of the United States by 
                increasing the resilience, reliability, safety, and 
                security of energy supply, transmission, storage, or 
                distribution infrastructure.
            ``(2) Amounts.--Amounts in the Account may be obligated by 
        the Secretary of Energy for purposes of paragraph (1), in the 
        case of any fiscal year--
                    ``(A) subject to section 660 of the Department of 
                Energy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7270), in such 
                aggregate amounts as may be appropriated in advance in 
                appropriations Acts; and
                    ``(B) notwithstanding section 660 of the Department 
                of Energy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7270), in an 
                aggregate amount equal to the aggregate amount of the 
                receipts to the United States from the sale of 
                petroleum products in any drawdown and a distribution 
                of the Reserve under section 161, including--
                            ``(i) a drawdown and distribution carried 
                        out under subsection (g) of that section; or
                            ``(ii) from the sale of petroleum products 
                        under section 160(f).
            ``(3) Availability of funds.--Funds available to the 
        Secretary of Energy for obligation under this subsection may 
        remain available without fiscal year limitation.''.
    (c) Definition of Related Facility.--Section 152(8) of the Energy 
Policy and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6232(8)) is amended by inserting 
``terminals,'' after ``reservoirs,''.

                           Subtitle C--Trade

SEC. 2201. ACTION ON APPLICATIONS TO EXPORT LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS.

    (a) Decision Deadline.--For proposals that must also obtain 
authorization from the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission or the 
Maritime Administration to site, construct, expand, or operate 
liquefied natural gas export facilities, the Secretary shall issue a 
final decision on any application for the authorization to export 
natural gas under section 3(a) of the Natural Gas Act (15 U.S.C. 
717b(a)) not later than 45 days after the later of--
            (1) the conclusion of the review to site, construct, 
        expand, or operate the liquefied natural gas export facilities 
        required by the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
        U.S.C. 4321 et seq.); or
            (2) the date of enactment of this Act.
    (b) Conclusion of Review.--For purposes of subsection (a), review 
required by the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 
4321 et seq.) shall be considered concluded when the lead agency--
            (1) for a project requiring an Environmental Impact 
        Statement, publishes a Final Environmental Impact Statement;
            (2) for a project for which an Environmental Assessment has 
        been prepared, publishes a Finding of No Significant Impact; or
            (3) determines that an application is eligible for a 
        categorical exclusion pursuant to National Environmental Policy 
        Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) implementing regulations.
    (c) Judicial Review.--
            (1) In general.--Except for review in the Supreme Court, 
        the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia 
        Circuit or the circuit in which the liquefied natural gas 
        export facility will be located pursuant to an application 
        described in subsection (a) shall have original and exclusive 
        jurisdiction over any civil action for the review of--
                    (A) an order issued by the Secretary with respect 
                to such application; or
                    (B) the failure of the Secretary to issue a final 
                decision on such application.
            (2) Order.--If the Court in a civil action described in 
        paragraph (1) finds that the Secretary has failed to issue a 
        final decision on the application as required under subsection 
        (a), the Court shall order the Secretary to issue the final 
        decision not later than 30 days after the order of the Court.
            (3) Expedited consideration.--The Court shall--
                    (A) set any civil action brought under this 
                subsection for expedited consideration; and
                    (B) set the matter on the docket as soon as 
                practicable after the filing date of the initial 
                pleading.
            (4) Transfers.--In the case of an application described in 
        subsection (a) for which a petition for review has been filed--
                    (A) upon motion by an applicant, the matter shall 
                be transferred to the United States Court of Appeals 
                for the District of Columbia Circuit or the circuit in 
                which a liquefied natural gas export facility will be 
                located pursuant to an application described in section 
                3(a) of the Natural Gas Act (15 U.S.C. 717b(a)); and
                    (B) the provisions of this section shall apply.

SEC. 2202. PUBLIC DISCLOSURE OF LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS EXPORT 
              DESTINATIONS.

    Section 3 of the Natural Gas Act (15 U.S.C. 717b) is amended by 
adding at the end the following:
    ``(g) Public Disclosure of LNG Export Destinations.--
            ``(1) In general.--In the case of any authorization to 
        export liquefied natural gas, the Secretary of Energy shall 
        require the applicant to report to the Secretary of Energy the 
        names of the 1 or more countries of destination to which the 
        exported liquefied natural gas is delivered.
            ``(2) Timing.--The applicant shall file the report required 
        under paragraph (1) not later than--
                    ``(A) in the case of the first export, the last day 
                of the month following the month of the first export; 
                and
                    ``(B) in the case of subsequent exports, the date 
                that is 30 days after the last day of the applicable 
                month concerning the activity of the previous month.
            ``(3) Disclosure.--The Secretary of Energy shall publish 
        the information reported under this subsection on the website 
        of the Department of Energy and otherwise make the information 
        available to the public.''.

SEC. 2203. ENERGY DATA COLLABORATION.

    (a) In General.--The Administrator of the Energy Information 
Administration (referred to in this section as the ``Administrator'') 
shall collaborate with the appropriate officials in Canada and Mexico, 
as determined by the Administrator, to improve--
            (1) the quality and transparency of energy data in North 
        America through reconciliation of data on energy trade flows 
        among the United States, Canada, and Mexico;
            (2) the extension of energy mapping capabilities in the 
        United States, Canada, and Mexico; and
            (3) the development of common energy data terminology among 
        the United States, Canada, and Mexico.
    (b) Periodic Updates.--The Administrator shall periodically submit 
to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate and the 
Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives an 
update on--
            (1) the extent to which energy data is being shared under 
        subsection (a); and
            (2) whether forward-looking projections for regional energy 
        flows are improving in accuracy as a result of the energy data 
        sharing under that subsection.

               Subtitle D--Electricity and Energy Storage

SEC. 2301. GRID STORAGE PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall conduct a program of research, 
development, and demonstration of electric grid energy storage that 
addresses the principal challenges identified in the 2013 Department of 
Energy Strategic Plan for Grid Energy Storage.
    (b) Areas of Focus.--The program under this section shall focus 
on--
            (1) materials and electrochemical systems research;
            (2) power conversion technologies research;
            (3) developing--
                    (A) empirical and science-based industry standards 
                to compare the storage capacity, cycle length and 
                capabilities, and reliability of different types of 
                electricity storage; and
                    (B) validation and testing techniques;
            (4) other fundamental and applied research critical to 
        widespread deployment of electricity storage;
            (5) device development that builds on results from research 
        described in paragraphs (1), (2), and (4), including 
        combinations of power electronics, advanced optimizing 
        controls, and energy storage as a general purpose element of 
        the electric grid;
            (6) grid-scale testing and analysis of storage devices, 
        including test-beds and field trials;
            (7) cost-benefit analyses that inform capital expenditure 
        planning for regulators and owners and operators of components 
        of the electric grid;
            (8) electricity storage device safety and reliability, 
        including potential failure modes, mitigation measures, and 
        operational guidelines;
            (9) standards for storage device performance, control 
        interface, grid interconnection, and interoperability; and
            (10) maintaining a public database of energy storage 
        projects, policies, codes, standards, and regulations.
    (c) Assistance to States.--The Secretary may provide technical and 
financial assistance to States, Indian tribes, or units of local 
government to participate in or use research, development, or 
deployment of technology developed under this section.
    (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this section $50,000,000 for 
each of fiscal years 2017 through 2026.
    (e) No Effect on Other Provisions of Law.--Nothing in this subtitle 
or an amendment made by this subtitle authorizes regulatory actions 
that would duplicate or conflict with regulatory requirements, 
mandatory standards, or related processes under section 215 of the 
Federal Power Act (16 U.S.C. 824o).

SEC. 2302. ELECTRIC SYSTEM GRID ARCHITECTURE, SCENARIO DEVELOPMENT, AND 
              MODELING.

    (a) Grid Architecture and Scenario Development.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary 
        shall establish and facilitate a collaborative process to 
        develop model grid architecture and a set of future scenarios 
        for the electric system to examine the impacts of different 
        combinations of resources (including different quantities of 
        distributed energy resources and large-scale, central 
        generation) on the electric grid.
            (2) Market structure.--The grid architecture and scenarios 
        developed under paragraph (1) shall account for differences in 
        market structure, including an examination of the potential for 
        stranded costs in each type of market structure.
            (3) Findings.--Based on the findings of grid architecture 
        developed under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
                    (A) determine whether any additional standards are 
                necessary to ensure the interoperability of grid 
                systems and associated communications networks; and
                    (B) if the Secretary makes a determination that 
                additional standards are necessary under subparagraph 
                (A), make recommendations for additional standards, 
                including, as may be appropriate, to the Electric 
                Reliability Organization under section 215 of the 
                Federal Power Act (16 U.S.C. 824o).
    (b) Modeling.--Subject to subsection (c), the Secretary shall--
            (1) conduct modeling based on the scenarios developed under 
        subsection (a); and
            (2) analyze and evaluate the technical and financial 
        impacts of the models to assist States, utilities, and other 
        stakeholders in--
                    (A) enhancing strategic planning efforts;
                    (B) avoiding stranded costs; and
                    (C) maximizing the cost-effectiveness of future 
                grid-related investments.
    (c) Input.--The Secretary shall develop the scenarios and conduct 
the modeling and analysis under subsections (a) and (b) with 
participation or input, as appropriate, from--
            (1) the National Laboratories;
            (2) States;
            (3) State regulatory authorities;
            (4) transmission organizations;
            (5) representatives of the electric industry;
            (6) academic institutions;
            (7) independent research institutes; and
            (8) other entities.

SEC. 2303. TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATION ON THE DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary shall establish a grant program to 
carry out eligible projects related to the modernization of the 
electric grid, including the application of technologies to improve 
observability, advanced controls, and prediction of system performance 
on the distribution system.
    (b) Eligible Projects.--To be eligible for a grant under subsection 
(a), a project shall--
            (1) be designed to improve the performance and efficiency 
        of the future electric grid, while ensuring the continued 
        provision of safe, secure, reliable, and affordable power; and
            (2) demonstrate--
                    (A) secure integration and management of 2 or more 
                energy resources, including distributed energy 
                generation, combined heat and power, micro-grids, 
                energy storage, electric vehicles, energy efficiency, 
                demand response, and intelligent loads; and
                    (B) secure integration and interoperability of 
                communications and information technologies.
    (c) Participation.--Projects conducted under subsection (b) shall 
include the participation of a partnership consisting of 2 or more 
entities that--
            (1) may include
                    (A) any institution of higher education;
                    (B) a National Laboratory;
                    (C) a representative of a State or local 
                government;
                    (D) a representative of an Indian tribe; or
                    (E) a Federal power marketing administration; and
            (2) shall include at least 1 of any of--
                    (A) an investor-owned electric utility;
                    (B) a publicly owned utility;
                    (C) a technology provider;
                    (D) a rural electric cooperative;
                    (E) a regional transmission organization; or
                    (F) an independent system operator
    (d) Cybersecurity Plan.--Each demonstration project conducted under 
subsection (a) shall include the development of a cybersecurity plan 
approved by the Secretary.
    (e) Privacy Risk Analysis.--Each demonstration project conducted 
under subsection (a) shall include a privacy impact assessment that 
evaluates the project against the 5 core concepts in the Voluntary Code 
of Conduct of the Department, commonly known as the ``DataGuard Energy 
Data Privacy Program'', or the most recent revisions to the privacy 
program of the Department.

SEC. 2304. HYBRID MICRO-GRID SYSTEMS FOR ISOLATED AND RESILIENT 
              COMMUNITIES.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Hybrid micro-grid system.--The term ``hybrid micro-grid 
        system'' means a stand-alone electrical system that--
                    (A) is comprised of conventional generation and at 
                least 1 alternative energy resource; and
                    (B) may use grid-scale energy storage.
            (2) Isolated community.--The term ``isolated community'' 
        means a community that is powered by a stand-alone electric 
        generation and distribution system without the economic and 
        reliability benefits of connection to a regional electric grid.
            (3) Micro-grid system.--The term ``micro-grid system'' 
        means a standalone electrical system that uses grid-scale 
        energy storage.
            (4) Strategy.--The term ``strategy'' means the strategy 
        developed pursuant to subsection (b)(2)(B).
    (b) Program.--
            (1) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a program 
        to promote the development of--
                    (A) hybrid micro-grid systems for isolated 
                communities; and
                    (B) micro-grid systems to increase the resilience 
                of critical infrastructure.
            (2) Phases.--The program established under paragraph (1) 
        shall be divided into the following phases:
                    (A) Phase I, which shall consist of the development 
                of a feasibility assessment for--
                            (i) hybrid micro-grid systems in isolated 
                        communities; and
                            (ii) micro-grid systems to enhance the 
                        resilience of critical infrastructure.
                    (B) Phase II, which shall consist of the 
                development of an implementation strategy, in 
                accordance with paragraph (3), to promote the 
                development of hybrid micro-grid systems for isolated 
                communities, particularly for those communities exposed 
                to extreme weather conditions and high energy costs, 
                including electricity, space heating and cooling, and 
                transportation.
                    (C) Phase III, which shall be carried out in 
                parallel with Phase II and consist of the development 
                of an implementation strategy to promote the 
                development of micro-grid systems that increase the 
                resilience of critical infrastructure.
                    (D) Phase IV, which shall consist of cost-shared 
                demonstration projects, based upon the strategies 
                developed under subparagraph (B) that include the 
                development of physical and cybersecurity plans to take 
                appropriate measures to protect and secure the electric 
                grid.
                    (E) Phase V, which shall establish a benefits 
                analysis plan to help inform regulators, policymakers, 
                and industry stakeholders about the affordability, 
                environmental and resilience benefits associated with 
                Phases II, III and IV.
            (3) Requirements for strategy.--In developing the strategy 
        under paragraph (2)(B), the Secretary shall consider--
                    (A) establishing future targets for the economic 
                displacement of conventional generation using hybrid 
                micro-grid systems, including displacement of 
                conventional generation used for electric power 
                generation, heating and cooling, and transportation;
                    (B) the potential for renewable resources, 
                including wind, solar, and hydropower, to be integrated 
                into a hybrid micro-grid system;
                    (C) opportunities for improving the efficiency of 
                existing hybrid micro-grid systems;
                    (D) the capacity of the local workforce to operate, 
                maintain, and repair a hybrid micro-grid system;
                    (E) opportunities to develop the capacity of the 
                local workforce to operate, maintain, and repair a 
                hybrid micro-grid system;
                    (F) leveraging existing capacity within local or 
                regional research organizations, such as organizations 
                based at institutions of higher education, to support 
                development of hybrid micro-grid systems, including by 
                testing novel components and systems prior to field 
                deployment;
                    (G) the need for basic infrastructure to develop, 
                deploy, and sustain a hybrid micro-grid system;
                    (H) input of traditional knowledge from local 
                leaders of isolated communities in the development of a 
                hybrid micro-grid system;
                    (I) the impact of hybrid micro-grid systems on 
                defense, homeland security, economic development, and 
                environmental interests;
                    (J) opportunities to leverage existing interagency 
                coordination efforts and recommendations for new 
                interagency coordination efforts to minimize 
                unnecessary overhead, mobilization, and other project 
                costs; and
                    (K) any other criteria the Secretary determines 
                appropriate.
    (c) Collaboration.--The program established under subsection (b)(1) 
shall be carried out in collaboration with relevant stakeholders, 
including, as appropriate--
            (1) States;
            (2) Indian tribes;
            (3) regional entities and regulators;
            (4) units of local government;
            (5) institutions of higher education; and
            (6) private sector entities.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate and the 
Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives a 
report on the efforts to implement the program established under 
subsection (b)(1) and the status of the strategy developed under 
subsection (b)(2)(B).

SEC. 2305. VOLUNTARY MODEL PATHWAYS.

    (a) Establishment of Voluntary Model Pathways.--
            (1) Establishment.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
        of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall initiate the 
        development of voluntary model pathways for modernizing the 
        electric grid through a collaborative, public-private effort 
        that--
                    (A) produces illustrative policy pathways that can 
                be adapted for State and regional applications by 
                regulators and policymakers;
                    (B) facilitates the modernization of the electric 
                grid to achieve the objectives described in paragraph 
                (2);
                    (C) ensures a reliable, resilient, affordable, 
                safe, and secure electric system; and
                    (D) acknowledges and provides for different 
                priorities, electric systems, and rate structures 
                across States and regions.
            (2) Objectives.--The pathways established under paragraph 
        (1) shall facilitate achievement of the following objectives:
                    (A) Near real-time situational awareness of the 
                electric system.
                    (B) Data visualization.
                    (C) Advanced monitoring and control of the advanced 
                electric grid.
                    (D) Enhanced certainty for private investment in 
                the electric system.
                    (E) Increased innovation.
                    (F) Greater consumer empowerment.
                    (G) Enhanced grid resilience, reliability, and 
                robustness.
                    (H) Improved--
                            (i) integration of distributed energy 
                        resources;
                            (ii) interoperability of the electric 
                        system; and
                            (iii) predictive modeling and capacity 
                        forecasting.
            (3) Steering committee.--Not later than 90 days after the 
        date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall establish a 
        steering committee to facilitate the development of the 
        pathways under paragraph (1), to be composed of members 
        appointed by the Secretary, consisting of persons with 
        appropriate expertise representing a diverse range of interests 
        in the public, private, and academic sectors, including 
        representatives of--
                    (A) the Smart Grid Task Force; and
                    (B) the Smart Grid Advisory Committee.
    (b) Technical Assistance.--The Secretary may provide technical 
assistance to States, Indian tribes, or units of local government to 
adopt 1 or more elements of the pathways developed under subsection 
(a)(1).

SEC. 2306. PERFORMANCE METRICS FOR ELECTRICITY INFRASTRUCTURE 
              PROVIDERS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate committees 
of Congress a report that includes--
            (1) an evaluation of the performance of the electric grid 
        as of the date of the report; and
            (2) a description of the quantified costs and benefits 
        associated with the changes evaluated under the scenarios 
        developed under section 2302.
    (b) Considerations for Development of Metrics.--In developing 
metrics for evaluating and quantifying the electric grid under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall consider--
            (1) standard methodologies for calculating improvements or 
        deteriorations in the performance metrics, such as reliability, 
        grid efficiency, power quality, consumer satisfaction, 
        sustainability, and financial incentives;
            (2) standard methodologies for calculating value to 
        ratepayers, including broad economic and related impacts from 
        improvements to the performance metrics;
            (3) appropriate ownership and operating roles for electric 
        utilities that would enable improved performance through the 
        adoption of emerging, commercially available or advanced grid 
        technologies or solutions, including--
                    (A) multicustomer micro-grids;
                    (B) distributed energy resources;
                    (C) energy storage;
                    (D) electric vehicles;
                    (E) electric vehicle charging infrastructure;
                    (F) integrated information and communications 
                systems;
                    (G) transactive energy systems; and
                    (H) advanced demand management systems; and
            (4) with respect to States, the role of the grid operator 
        in enabling a robust future electric system to ensure that--
                    (A) electric utilities remain financially viable;
                    (B) electric utilities make the needed investments 
                that ensure a reliable, secure, and resilient grid; and
                    (C) costs incurred to transform to an integrated 
                grid are allocated and recovered responsibly, 
                efficiently, and equitably.

SEC. 2307. STATE AND REGIONAL ELECTRICITY DISTRIBUTION PLANNING.

    (a) In General.--Upon the request of a State or regional 
organization, the Secretary shall partner with States and regional 
organizations to facilitate the development of State and regional 
electricity distribution plans by--
            (1) conducting a resource assessment and analysis of future 
        demand and distribution requirements; and
            (2) developing open source tools for State and regional 
        planning and operations.
    (b) Risk and Security Analysis.--The assessment under subsection 
(a)(1) shall include--
            (1) the evaluation of the physical and cybersecurity needs 
        of an advanced distribution management system and the 
        integration of distributed energy resources; and
            (2) advanced use of grid architecture to analyze risks in 
        an all-hazards approach that includes communications 
        infrastructure, control systems architecture, and power systems 
        architecture.
    (c) Technical Assistance.--For the purpose of developing State and 
regional electricity distribution plans, the Secretary shall provide 
technical assistance to--
            (1) States;
            (2) regional reliability entities; and
            (3) other distribution asset owners and operators.

SEC. 2308. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There is authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry 
out sections 2302 through 2307 $200,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
2017 through 2026.

SEC. 2309. ELECTRIC TRANSMISSION INFRASTRUCTURE PERMITTING.

    (a) Interagency Rapid Response Team for Transmission.--
            (1) Establishment.--There is established an interagency 
        rapid response team, to be known as the ``Interagency Rapid 
        Response Team for Transmission'' (referred to in this 
        subsection as the ``Team''), to expedite and improve the 
        permitting process for electric transmission infrastructure on 
        Federal land and non-Federal land.
            (2) Mission.--The mission of the Team shall be--
                    (A) to improve the timeliness and efficiency of 
                electric transmission infrastructure permitting; and
                    (B) to facilitate the performance of maintenance 
                and upgrades to electric transmission lines on Federal 
                land and non-Federal land.
            (3) Membership.--The Team shall be comprised of 
        representatives of--
                    (A) the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission;
                    (B) the Department;
                    (C) the Department of the Interior;
                    (D) the Department of Defense;
                    (E) the Department of Agriculture;
                    (F) the Council on Environmental Quality;
                    (G) the Department of Commerce;
                    (H) the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation; 
                and
                    (I) the Environmental Protection Agency.
            (4) Duties.--The Team shall--
                    (A) facilitate coordination and unified 
                environmental documentation among electric transmission 
                infrastructure project applicants, Federal agencies, 
                States, and Indian tribes involved in the siting and 
                permitting process;
                    (B) establish clear timelines for the review and 
                coordination of electric transmission infrastructure 
                projects by the applicable agencies;
                    (C) ensure that each electric transmission 
                infrastructure project is posted on the Federal 
                permitting transmission tracking system known as ``e-
                Trans'', including information on the status and 
                anticipated completion date of each project; and
                    (D) regularly notify all participating members of 
                the Team involved in any specific permit of--
                            (i) any outstanding agency action that is 
                        required with respect to the permit; and
                            (ii) any approval or required comment that 
                        has exceeded statutory or agency timelines for 
                        completion, including an identification of any 
                        Federal agency, department, or field office 
                        that has not met the applicable timeline.
            (5) Annual reports.--Annually, the Team shall submit to the 
        Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate and the 
        Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of 
        Representatives a report that describes the average completion 
        time for specific categories of regionally and nationally 
        significant transmission projects, based on information 
        obtained from the applicable Federal agencies.
            (6) Use of data by omb.--Using data provided by the Team, 
        the Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall 
        prioritize inclusion of individual electric transmission 
        infrastructure projects on the website operated by the Office 
        of Management and Budget in accordance with section 1122 of 
        title 31, United States Code.
    (b) Transmission Ombudsperson.--
            (1) Establishment.--To enhance and ensure the reliability 
        of the electric grid, there is established within the Council 
        on Environmental Quality the position of Transmission 
        Ombudsperson (referred to in this subsection as the 
        ``Ombudsperson''), to provide a unified point of contact for--
                    (A) resolving interagency or intra-agency issues or 
                delays with respect to electric transmission 
                infrastructure permits; and
                    (B) receiving and resolving complaints from parties 
                with outstanding or in-process applications relating to 
                electric transmission infrastructure.
            (2) Duties.--The Ombudsperson shall--
                    (A) establish a process for--
                            (i) facilitating the permitting process for 
                        performance of maintenance and upgrades to 
                        electric transmission lines on Federal land and 
                        non-Federal land, with a special emphasis on 
                        facilitating access for immediate maintenance, 
                        repair, and vegetation management needs;
                            (ii) resolving complaints filed with the 
                        Ombudsperson with respect to in-process 
                        electric transmission infrastructure permits; 
                        and
                            (iii) issuing recommended resolutions to 
                        address the complaints filed with the 
                        Ombudsperson; and
                    (B) hear, compile, and share any complaints filed 
                with Ombudsperson relating to in-process electric 
                transmission infrastructure permits.
    (c) Agreements.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Interior, with 
        respect to public lands (as defined in section 103(e) of the 
        Federal Land Policy and Management Act (43 U.S.C. 1702(e)), and 
        the Secretary of Agriculture, with respect to National Forest 
        System land, shall provide for continuity of the existing use 
        and occupancy for the transmission of electric energy by any 
        Federal department or agency granted across public lands or 
        National Forest System land.
            (2) Agreements.--The Secretary of the Interior or the 
        Secretary of Agriculture, as applicable, within 30 days after 
        receiving a request from the Federal department or agency 
        administering the electric energy transmission facilities, 
        shall, in consultation with that department or agency, initiate 
        agreements regarding the use and occupancy or right-of-way 
        (including vegetation management agreements, where applicable).

SEC. 2310. REPORT BY TRANSMISSION ORGANIZATIONS ON DISTRIBUTED ENERGY 
              RESOURCES AND MICRO-GRID SYSTEMS.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Distributed energy resource.--The term ``distributed 
        energy resource'' means an electricity supply resource that, as 
        permitted by State law--
                    (A)(i) is interconnected to the electric system 
                operated by a transmission organization at or below 
                69kV; and
                    (ii) is subject to dispatch by the transmission 
                organization; and
                    (B)(i) generates electricity using any primary 
                energy source, including solar energy and other 
                renewable resources; or
                    (ii) stores energy and is capable of supplying 
                electricity to the electric system operated by the 
                transmission organization from the storage reservoir.
            (2) Electric generating capacity resource.--The term 
        ``electric generating capacity resource'' means an electric 
        generating resource, as measured by the maximum load-carrying 
        ability of the resource, exclusive of station use and planned, 
        unplanned, or other outage or derating, that is subject to 
        dispatch by a transmission organization to meet the resource 
        adequacy needs of the systems operated by the transmission 
        organization.
            (3) Micro-grid system.--The term ``micro-grid system'' 
        means an electrically distinct system under common control 
        that--
                    (A) serves an electric load at or below 69kV from a 
                distributed energy resource or electric generating 
                capacity resource; and
                    (B) is subject to dispatch by a transmission 
                organization.
            (4) Transmission organization.--The term ``transmission 
        organization'' has the meaning given the term in section 3 of 
        the Federal Power Act (16 U.S.C. 796).
    (b) Report.--
            (1) Notice.--Not later than 14 days after the date of 
        enactment of this section, the Commission shall submit to each 
        transmission organization notice that the transmission 
        organization is required to file with the Commission a report 
        in accordance with paragraph (2).
            (2) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date on 
        which a transmission organization receives a notice under 
        paragraph (1), the transmission organization shall submit to 
        the Commission a report that--
                    (A)(i) identifies distributed energy resources and 
                micro-grid systems that are subject to dispatch by the 
                transmission organization as of the date of the report; 
                and
                    (ii) describes the fuel sources and operational 
                characteristics of such distributed energy resources 
                and micro-grid systems, including, to the extent 
                practicable, a discussion of the benefits and costs 
                associated with the distributed energy resources and 
                micro-grid systems identified under clause (i);
                    (B) evaluates, with due regard for operational and 
                economic benefits and costs, the potential for 
                distributed energy resources and micro-grid systems to 
                be deployed to the transmission organization over the 
                short- and long-term periods in the planning cycle of 
                the transmission organization; and
                    (C) identifies--
                            (i) over the short- and long-term periods 
                        in the planning cycle of the transmission 
                        organization, barriers to the deployment to the 
                        transmission organization of distributed energy 
                        resources and micro-grid systems; and
                            (ii) potential changes to the operational 
                        requirements for, or charges associated with, 
                        the interconnection of distributed energy 
                        resources and micro-grid systems to the 
                        transmission organization that would reduce the 
                        barriers identified under clause (i).

SEC. 2311. NET METERING STUDY GUIDANCE.

    Title XVIII of Energy Policy Act of 2005 (Public Law 109-58; 119 
Stat. 1122) is amended by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 1841. NET ENERGY METERING STUDY.

    ``(a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) issue guidance on criteria required to be included in 
        studies of net metering conducted by the Department; and
            ``(2) undertake a study of net energy metering.
    ``(b) Requirements and Contents.--The model guidance issued under 
subsection (a) shall clarify without prejudice to other study criteria 
that any study of net energy metering, including the study conducted by 
the Department under subsection (a) shall--
            ``(1) be publicly available; and
            ``(2) assess benefits and costs of net energy metering, 
        including--
                    ``(A) load data, including hourly profiles;
                    ``(B) distributed generation production data;
                    ``(C) best available technology, including inverter 
                capability; and
                    ``(D) benefits and costs of distributed energy 
                deployment, including--
                            ``(i) environmental benefits;
                            ``(ii) changes in electric system 
                        reliability;
                            ``(iii) changes in peak power requirements;
                            ``(iv) provision of ancillary services, 
                        including reactive power;
                            ``(v) changes in power quality;
                            ``(vi) changes in land-use effects;
                            ``(vii) changes in right-of-way acquisition 
                        costs;
                            ``(viii) changes in vulnerability to 
                        terrorism; and
                            ``(ix) changes in infrastructure 
                        resilience.''.

                         Subtitle E--Computing

SEC. 2401. EXASCALE COMPUTER RESEARCH PROGRAM.

    (a) Renaming of Act.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1 of the Department of Energy 
        High-End Computing Revitalization Act of 2004 (15 U.S.C. 5501 
        note; Public Law 108-423) is amended by striking ``Department 
        of Energy High-End Computing Revitalization Act of 2004'' and 
        inserting ``Exascale Computing Act of 2015''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 976(a)(1) of the Energy 
        Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16316(1)) is amended by striking 
        ``Department of Energy High-End Computing Revitalization Act of 
        2004'' and inserting ``Exascale Computing Act of 2015''.
    (b) Definitions.--Section 2 of the Exascale Computing Act of 2015 
(15 U.S.C. 5541) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (5) as 
        paragraphs (3) through (6), respectively;
            (2) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the following:
            ``(1) Department.--The term `Department' means the 
        Department of Energy.
            ``(2) Exascale computing.--The term `exascale computing' 
        means computing through the use of a computing machine that 
        performs near or above 10 to the 18th power floating point 
        operations per second.''; and
            (3) in paragraph (6) (as redesignated by paragraph (1)), by 
        striking ``, acting through the Director of the Office of 
        Science of the Department of Energy''.
    (c) Department of Energy High-End Computing Research and 
Development Program.--Section 3 of the Exascale Computing Act of 2015 
(15 U.S.C. 5542) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``program'' and 
        inserting ``coordinated program across the Department'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``, which may'' and 
        all that follows through ``architectures''; and
            (3) by striking subsection (d) and inserting the following:
    ``(d) Exascale Computing Program.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall conduct a research 
        program (referred to in this subsection as the `Program') to 
        develop 2 or more exascale computing machine architectures to 
        promote the missions of the Department.
            ``(2) Implementation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In carrying out the Program, the 
                Secretary shall--
                            ``(i) establish 2 or more National 
                        Laboratory partnerships with industry partners 
                        and institutions of higher education for the 
                        research and development of 2 or more exascale 
                        computing architectures across all applicable 
                        organizations of the Department; and
                            ``(ii) provide, as appropriate, on a 
                        competitive, merit-reviewed basis, access for 
                        researchers in industries in the United States, 
                        institutions of higher education, National 
                        Laboratories, and other Federal agencies to the 
                        exascale computing systems developed pursuant 
                        to clause (i).
                    ``(B) Selection of partners.--The Secretary shall 
                select members for the partnerships with the computing 
                facilities of the Department under subparagraph (A) 
                through a competitive, peer-review process.
            ``(3) Codesign and application development.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall carry out 
                the Program through an integration of applications, 
                computer science, applied mathematics, and computer 
                hardware architecture using the partnerships 
                established pursuant to paragraph (2) to ensure that, 
                to the maximum extent practicable, 2 or more exascale 
                computing machine architectures are capable of solving 
                Department target applications and broader scientific 
                problems.
                    ``(B) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to 
                Congress a report on how the integration under 
                subparagraph (A) is furthering application science data 
                and computational workloads across application 
                interests, including national security, material 
                science, physical science, cybersecurity, biological 
                science, the Materials Genome and BRAIN Initiatives of 
                the President, advanced manufacturing, and the national 
                electric grid.
            ``(4) Project review.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The exascale architectures 
                developed pursuant to partnerships established pursuant 
                to paragraph (2) shall be reviewed through a project 
                review process.
                    ``(B) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the 
                date of enactment of this subsection, the Secretary 
                shall submit to Congress a report on--
                            ``(i) the results of the review conducted 
                        under subparagraph (A); and
                            ``(ii) the coordination and management of 
                        the Program to ensure an integrated research 
                        program across the Department.
            ``(5) Annual reports.--At the time of the budget submission 
        of the Department for each fiscal year, the Secretary, in 
        consultation with the members of the partnerships established 
        pursuant to paragraph (2), shall submit to Congress a report 
        that describes funding for the Program as a whole by functional 
        element of the Department and critical milestones.''.
    (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--Section 4 of the Exascale 
Computing Act of 2015 (15 U.S.C. 5543) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``this Act'' and inserting ``section 
        3(d)''; and
            (2) by striking paragraphs (1) through (3) and inserting 
        the following:
            ``(1) $272,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
            ``(2) $340,000,000 for fiscal year 2017; and
            ``(3) $360,000,000 for fiscal year 2018.''.

                           TITLE III--SUPPLY

                         Subtitle A--Renewables

                         PART I--HYDROELECTRIC

SEC. 3001. HYDROPOWER REGULATORY IMPROVEMENTS.

    (a) Sense of Congress on the Use of Hydropower Renewable 
Resources.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) hydropower is a renewable resource for purposes of all 
        Federal programs and is an essential source of energy in the 
        United States; and
            (2) the United States should increase substantially the 
        capacity and generation of clean, renewable hydropower 
        resources that would improve environmental quality in the 
        United States.
    (b) Modifying the Definition of Renewable Energy to Include 
Hydropower.--Section 203 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 
15852) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``the following 
        amounts'' and all that follows through paragraph (3) and 
        inserting ``not less than 15 percent in fiscal year 2016 and 
        each fiscal year thereafter shall be renewable energy.'' ; and
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking paragraph (2) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(2) Renewable energy.--The term `renewable energy' means 
        energy produced from solar, wind, biomass, landfill gas, ocean 
        (including tidal, wave, current, and thermal), geothermal, 
        municipal solid waste, or hydropower.''.
    (c) Licenses for Construction.--Section 4(e) of the Federal Power 
Act (16 U.S.C. 797(e)) is amended, in the first proviso, by striking 
``deem'' and inserting ``determine to be''.
    (d) Preliminary Permits.--Section 5 of the Federal Power Act (16 
U.S.C. 798) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``three'' and inserting 
        ``4''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking ``Commission may extend the period 
                of a preliminary permit once for not more than 2 
                additional years beyond the 3 years'' and inserting the 
                following: ``Commission may--
            ``(1) extend the period of a preliminary permit once for 
        not more than 4 additional years beyond the 4 years'';
                    (B) by striking the period at the end and inserting 
                ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) after the end of an extension period granted under 
        paragraph (1), issue an additional permit to the permittee if 
        the Commission determines that there are extraordinary 
        circumstances that warrant the issuance of the additional 
        permit.''.
    (e) Time Limit for Construction of Project Works.--Section 13 of 
the Federal Power Act (16 U.S.C. 806) is amended in the second sentence 
by striking ``once but not longer than two additional years'' and 
inserting ``for not more than 8 additional years,''.
    (f) License Term.--Section 15(e) of the Federal Power Act (16 
U.S.C. 808(e)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(e) Except'' and inserting the following:
    ``(e) License Term on Relicensing.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Consideration.--In determining the term of a license 
        under paragraph (1), the Commission shall consider project-
        related investments by the licensee over the term of the 
        existing license (including any terms under annual licenses) 
        that resulted in new development, construction, capacity, 
        efficiency improvements, or environmental measures, but which 
        did not result in the extension of the term of the license by 
        the Commission.''.
    (g) Operation of Navigation Facilities.--Section 18 of the Federal 
Power Act (16 U.S.C. 811) is amended by striking the second, third, and 
fourth sentences.
    (h) Alternative Conditions and Prescriptions.--Section 33 of the 
Federal Power Act (16 U.S.C. 823d) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``deems'' and 
                inserting ``determines'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(B), in the matter preceding 
                clause (i), by inserting ``determined to be necessary'' 
                before ``by the Secretary'';
                    (C) by striking paragraph (4); and
                    (D) by striking paragraph (5);
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (4); and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (5); and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(c) Further Conditions.--This section applies to any further 
conditions or prescriptions proposed or imposed pursuant to section 
4(e), 6, or 18.''.
    (i) Licensing Process Improvements and Coordination.--Part I of the 
Federal Power Act (16 U.S.C. 792 et seq.) is amended by adding at the 
end the following:

``SEC. 34. LICENSING PROCESS IMPROVEMENTS.

    ``(a) License Studies.--
            ``(1) In general.--To facilitate the timely and efficient 
        completion of the license proceedings under this part, the 
        Commission shall--
                    ``(A) conduct an investigation of best practices in 
                performing licensing studies, including methodologies 
                and the design of studies to assess the full range of 
                environmental impacts of a project;
                    ``(B) compile a comprehensive collection of studies 
                and data accessible to the public that could be used to 
                inform license proceedings under this paragraph; and
                    ``(C) encourage license applicants and cooperating 
                agencies to develop and use, for the purpose of 
                fostering timely and efficient consideration of license 
                applications, a limited number of open-source 
                methodologies and tools applicable across a wide array 
                of projects, including water balance models and 
                streamflow analyses.
            ``(2) Use of existing studies.--To the maximum extent 
        practicable, the Commission shall use existing studies and data 
        in individual licensing proceedings under this part in 
        accordance with paragraph (1).
            ``(3) Nonduplication requirement.--To the maximum extent 
        practicable, the Commission shall ensure that studies and data 
        required for any Federal authorization (as defined in section 
        35(a)) applicable to a particular project or facility are not 
        duplicated in other licensing proceedings under this part.
            ``(4) Biological opinions.--To the maximum extent 
        practicable, the Secretary of Commerce shall ensure that 
        relevant offices within the National Marine Fisheries Service 
        prepare any biological opinion under section 7 of the 
        Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1536) that forms the 
        basis for a prescription under section 18 on a concurrent 
        rather than sequential basis.
            ``(5) Water quality certification deadline.--
                    ``(A) In general.--For purposes of issuing a 
                license under this part, the deadline for a certifying 
                agency to act under section 401(a) of the Federal Water 
                Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1341(a)) shall take 
                effect only on the submission of a request for 
                certification determined to be complete by the 
                certifying agency.
                    ``(B) Notice of complete request.--The certifying 
                agency shall inform the Commission when a request for 
                certification is determined to be complete.

``SEC. 35. LICENSING PROCESS COORDINATION.

    ``(a) Definition of Federal Authorization.--In this section, the 
term `Federal authorization' means any authorization required under 
Federal law (including any license, permit, special use authorization, 
certification, opinion, consultation, determination, or other approval) 
with respect to--
            ``(1) a project licensed under section 4 or 15; or
            ``(2) a facility exempted under--
                    ``(A) section 30; or
                    ``(B) section 405(d) of the Public Utility 
                Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2705(d)).
    ``(b) Designation as Lead Agency.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Commission shall act as the lead 
        agency for the purposes of coordinating all applicable Federal 
        authorizations.
            ``(2) Other agencies.--Each Federal and State agency 
        considering an aspect of an application for Federal 
        authorization shall cooperate with the Commission.
    ``(c) Schedule.--
            ``(1) Timing for issuance.--It is the sense of Congress 
        that all Federal authorizations required for a project or 
        facility, including a license or exemption order of the 
        Commission, should be issued by the date that is 3 years after 
        the date on which an application is considered to be complete 
        by the Commission.
            ``(2) Commission schedule.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Commission shall establish a 
                schedule for the issuance of all Federal 
                authorizations.
                    ``(B) Requirements.--In establishing the schedule 
                under subparagraph (A), the Commission shall--
                            ``(i) consult and cooperate with the 
                        Federal and State agencies responsible for a 
                        Federal authorization;
                            ``(ii) ensure the expeditious completion of 
                        all proceedings relating to a Federal 
                        authorization; and
                            ``(iii) comply with applicable schedules 
                        established by Federal law with respect to a 
                        Federal authorization.
            ``(3) Resolution of interagency disputes.--If the Federal 
        agency fails to adhere to the schedule established by the 
        Commission under paragraph (2), or if the final condition of 
        the Secretary under section 4(e) or prescription under section 
        18 has been unreasonably delayed in derogation of the schedule 
        established under paragraph (2), or if a proposed alternative 
        condition or prescription has been unreasonably denied, or if a 
        final condition or prescription would be inconsistent with the 
        purposes of this part or other applicable law, the Commission 
        may refer the matter to the Chairman of the Council on 
        Environmental Quality--
                    ``(A) to ensure timely participation;
                    ``(B) to ensure a timely decision;
                    ``(C) to mediate the dispute; or
                    ``(D) to refer the matter to the President.
    ``(d) Consolidated Record.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Commission shall maintain official 
        consolidated records of all license proceedings under this 
        part.
            ``(2) Submission of recommendations.--Any Federal or State 
        agency that is providing recommendations with respect to a 
        license proceeding under this part shall submit to the 
        Commission for inclusion in the consolidated record relating to 
        the license proceeding maintained under paragraph (1)--
                    ``(A) the recommendations;
                    ``(B) the rationale for the recommendations; and
                    ``(C) any supporting materials relating to the 
                recommendations.
            ``(3) Written statement.--In a case in which a Federal 
        agency is making a determination with respect to a covered 
        measure (as defined in section 36(a)), the head of the Federal 
        agency shall include in the consolidated record a written 
        statement demonstrating that the Federal agency gave equal 
        consideration to the effects of the covered measure on--
                    ``(A) energy supply, distribution, cost, and use;
                    ``(B) flood control;
                    ``(C) navigation;
                    ``(D) water supply; and
                    ``(E) air quality and the preservation of other 
                aspects of environmental quality.

``SEC. 36. TRIAL-TYPE HEARINGS.

    ``(a) Definition of Covered Measure.--In this section, the term 
`covered measure' means--
            ``(1) a condition prescribed under section 4(e), including 
        an alternative condition proposed under section 33(a);
            ``(2) fishways prescribed under section 18, including an 
        alternative prescription proposed under section 33(b); or
            ``(3) any further condition pursuant to section 4(e), 6, or 
        18.
    ``(b) Authorization of Trial-type Hearing.--The license applicant 
(including an applicant for a license under section 15) and any party 
to the proceeding shall be entitled to a determination on the record, 
after opportunity for a trial-type hearing of not more than 120 days, 
on any disputed issues of material fact with respect to an applicable 
covered measure.
    ``(c) Deadline for Request.--A request for a trial-type hearing 
under this section shall be submitted not later than 60 days after the 
date on which, as applicable--
            ``(1) the Secretary submits the condition under section 
        4(e) or prescription under section 18; or
            ``(2)(A) the Commission publishes notice of the intention 
        to use the reserved authority of the Commission to order a 
        further condition under section 6; or
            ``(B) the Secretary exercises reserved authority under the 
        license to prescribe, submit, or revise any condition to a 
        license under the first proviso of section 4(e) or fishway 
        prescribed under section 18, as appropriate.
    ``(d) No Requirement to Exhaust.--By electing not to request a 
trial-type hearing under subsection (d), a license applicant and any 
other party to a license proceeding shall not be considered to have 
waived the right of the applicant or other party to raise any issue of 
fact or law in a non-trial-type proceeding, but no issue may be raised 
for the first time on rehearing or judicial review of the license 
decision of the Commission.
    ``(e) Administrative Law Judge.--All disputed issues of material 
fact raised by a party in a request for a trial-type hearing submitted 
under subsection (d) shall be determined in a single trial-type hearing 
to be conducted by an Administrative Law Judge within the Office of 
Administrative Law Judges and Dispute Resolution of the Commission, in 
accordance with the Commission rules of practice and procedure under 
part 385 of title 18, Code of Federal Regulations (or successor 
regulations), and within the timeframe established by the Commission 
for each license proceeding (including a proceeding for a license under 
section 15) under section 35(c).
    ``(f) Stay.--The Administrative Law Judge may impose a stay of a 
trial-type hearing under this section for a period of not more than 120 
days to facilitate settlement negotiations relating to resolving the 
disputed issues of material fact with respect to the covered measure.
    ``(g) Decision of the Administrative Law Judge.--
            ``(1) Contents.--The decision of the Administrative Law 
        Judge shall contain--
                    ``(A) findings of fact on all disputed issues of 
                material fact;
                    ``(B) conclusions of law necessary to make the 
                findings of fact, including rulings on materiality and 
                the admissibility of evidence; and
                    ``(C) reasons for the findings and conclusions.
            ``(2) Limitation.--The decision of the Administrative Law 
        Judge shall not contain conclusions as to whether--
                    ``(A) any condition or prescription should be 
                adopted, modified, or rejected; or
                    ``(B) any alternative condition or prescription 
                should be adopted, modified, or rejected.
            ``(3) Finality.--A decision of an Administrative Law Judge 
        under this section with respect to a disputed issue of material 
        fact shall not be subject to further administrative review.
            ``(4) Service.--The Administrative Law Judge shall serve 
        the decision on each party to the hearing and forward the 
        complete record of the hearing to the Commission and the 
        Secretary that proposed the original condition or prescription.
    ``(h) Secretarial Determination.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the date on 
        which the Administrative Law Judge issues the decision under 
        subsection (g) and in accordance with the schedule established 
        by the Commission under section 35(c), the Secretary proposing 
        a condition under section 4(e) or a prescription under section 
        18 shall file with the Commission a final determination to 
        adopt, modify, or withdraw any condition or prescription that 
        was the subject of a hearing under this section, based on the 
        decision of the Administrative Law Judge.
            ``(2) Record of determination.--The final determination of 
        the Secretary filed with the Commission shall identify the 
        reasons for the decision and any considerations taken into 
        account that were not part of, or inconsistent with, the 
        findings of the Administrative Law Judge and shall be included 
        in the consolidated record in section 35(d).
    ``(i) Licensing Decision of the Commission.--Notwithstanding 
sections 4(e) and 18, if the Commission finds that the final condition 
or prescription of the Secretary is inconsistent with the purposes of 
this part or other applicable law, the Commission may refer the matter 
to the Chairman of the Council on Environmental Quality under section 
35(c).
    ``(j) Judicial Review.--The decision of the Administrative Law 
Judge and the record of determination of the Secretary shall be 
included in the record of the applicable licensing proceeding and 
subject to judicial review of the final licensing decision of the 
Commission under section 313(b).

``SEC. 37. PUMPED STORAGE PROJECTS.

    ``In carrying out section 6(a) of the Hydropower Regulatory 
Efficiency Act of 2013 (16 U.S.C. 797 note; Public Law 113-23), the 
Commission shall consider a closed loop pumped storage project to 
include a project--
            ``(1) in which the upper and lower reservoirs do not 
        impound or directly withdraw water from a navigable stream; or
            ``(2) that is not continuously connected to a naturally 
        flowing water feature.

``SEC. 38. ANNUAL REPORTS.

    ``(a) Commission Annual Report.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Commission shall submit to the 
        Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate and the 
        Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of 
        Representatives an annual report that--
                    ``(A) describes and quantifies, for each licensed, 
                exempted, or proposed project under this part or 
                section 405(d) of the Public Utility Regulatory 
                Policies Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2705(d)) (referred to 
                in this subsection as the `covered project'), the 
                quantity of energy and capacity authorized for new 
                development and reauthorized for continued operation 
                during the reporting year, including an assessment of 
                the economic, climactic, air quality, and other 
                environmental benefits achieved by the new and 
                reauthorized energy and capacity;
                    ``(B) describes and quantifies the loss of energy, 
                capacity, or ancillary services as a result of any 
                licensing action under this part or other requirement 
                under Federal law during the reporting year;
                    ``(C) identifies any application to license, 
                relicense, or expand a covered project pending as of 
                the date of the annual report, including a 
                quantification of the new energy and capacity with the 
                potential to be gained or lost by action relating to 
                the covered project; and
                    ``(D) lists all proposed covered projects that, as 
                of the date of the annual report, are subject to a 
                preliminary permit issued under section 4(f), including 
                a description of the quantity of new energy and 
                capacity that would be achieved through the development 
                of each proposed covered project.
            ``(2) Availability.--The Commission shall establish and 
        maintain a publicly available website or comparable resource 
        that tracks all information required for the annual report 
        under paragraph (1).
    ``(b) Resource Agency Annual Report.--
            ``(1) In general.--Any Federal or State resource agency 
        that is participating in any Commission proceeding under this 
        part or that has responsibilities for any Federal authorization 
        shall submit to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources 
        of the Senate and the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the 
        House of Representatives a report that--
                    ``(A) describes each term, condition, or other 
                requirement prepared by the resource agency during the 
                reporting year with respect to a Commission proceeding 
                under this part, including--
                            ``(i) an assessment of whether 
                        implementation of the term, condition, or other 
                        requirement would result in the loss of energy, 
                        capacity, or ancillary services at the project, 
                        including a quantification of the losses;
                            ``(ii) an analysis of economic, air 
                        quality, climactic and other environmental 
                        effects associated with implementation of the 
                        term, condition, or other requirement;
                            ``(iii) a demonstration, based on evidence 
                        in the record of the Commission, that the 
                        resource agency prepared the term, condition, 
                        or other requirement in a manner that meets the 
                        policy established by this part while 
                        discharging the responsibilities of the 
                        resource agency under this part or any other 
                        applicable requirement under Federal law; and
                            ``(iv) a statement of whether the head of 
                        the applicable Federal agency has rendered 
                        final approval of the term, condition, or other 
                        requirement, or whether the term, condition, or 
                        other requirement remains a preliminary 
                        recommendation of staff of the resource agency; 
                        and
                    ``(B) identifies all pending, scheduled, and 
                anticipated proceedings under this part that, as of the 
                date of the annual report, the resource agency expects 
                to participate in, or has any approval or participatory 
                responsibilities for under Federal law, including--
                            ``(i) an accounting of whether the resource 
                        agency met all deadlines or other milestones 
                        established by the resource agency or the 
                        Commission during the reporting year; and
                            ``(ii) the specific plans of the resource 
                        agency for allocating sufficient resources for 
                        each project during the upcoming year.
            ``(2) Availability.--Any resource agency preparing an 
        annual report to Congress under paragraph (1) shall establish 
        and maintain a publicly available website or comparable 
        resource that tracks all information required for the annual 
        report.''.
    (j) Pilot Program.--
            (1) In general.--The Commission (as the term is defined in 
        section 3 of the Federal Power Act (16 U.S.C. 796)) shall 
        establish a voluntary pilot program covering at least 1 region 
        in which the Commission, in consultation with the heads of 
        cooperating agencies, shall direct a set of region-wide studies 
        to inform subsequent project-level studies within each region.
            (2) Designation.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, if the conditions under paragraph (3) 
        are met, the Commission, in consultation with the heads of 
        cooperating agencies, shall designate 1 or more regions to be 
        studied under this subsection.
            (3) Voluntary basis.--The Commission may only designate 
        regions under paragraph (2) in which every licensee, on a 
        voluntary basis and in writing, agrees--
                    (A) to be included in the pilot program; and
                    (B) to any cost-sharing arrangement with other 
                licensees and applicable Federal and State agencies 
                with respect to conducting basin-wide studies.
            (4) Scale.--The regions designated under paragraph (2) 
        shall--
                    (A) be at an adequately large scale to cover at 
                least 5 existing projects that--
                            (i) are licensed under this part; and
                            (ii) the licenses of which shall expire not 
                        later than 15 years after the date of enactment 
                        of this section; and
                    (B) be likely to yield region-wide studies and 
                information that will significantly reduce the need for 
                and scope of subsequent project-level studies and 
                information.
            (5) Project license terms.--The Commission may extend the 
        term of any existing license within a region designated under 
        paragraph (2) by up to 8 years to provide sufficient time for 
        relevant region-wide studies to inform subsequent project-level 
        studies.

SEC. 3002. HYDROELECTRIC PRODUCTION INCENTIVES AND EFFICIENCY 
              IMPROVEMENTS.

    (a) Hydroelectric Production Incentives.--Section 242 of the Energy 
Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 15881) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c), by striking ``10'' and inserting 
        ``20'';
            (2) in subsection (f), by striking ``20'' and inserting 
        ``30''; and
            (3) in subsection (g), by striking ``each of the fiscal 
        years 2006 through 2015'' and inserting ``each of fiscal years 
        2016 through 2025''.
    (b) Hydroelectric Efficiency Improvement.--Section 243(c) of the 
Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 15882(c)) is amended by striking 
``each of the fiscal years 2006 through 2015'' and inserting ``each of 
fiscal years 2016 through 2025''.

SEC. 3003. EXTENSION OF TIME FOR A FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION 
              PROJECT INVOLVING CLARK CANYON DAM.

    Notwithstanding the time period described in section 13 of the 
Federal Power Act (16 U.S.C. 806) that would otherwise apply to the 
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission project numbered 12429, the 
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (referred to in this section as 
the ``Commission'') shall, at the request of the licensee for the 
project, and after reasonable notice and in accordance with the 
procedures of the Commission under that section, reinstate the license 
and extend the time period during which the licensee is required to 
commence construction of project works for the 3-year period beginning 
on the date of enactment of this Act.

SEC. 3004. EXTENSION OF TIME FOR A FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION 
              PROJECT INVOLVING GIBSON DAM.

    (a) In General.--Notwithstanding the requirements of section 13 of 
the Federal Power Act (16 U.S.C. 806) that would otherwise apply to the 
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission project numbered 12478-003, the 
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (referred to in this section as 
the ``Commission'') may, at the request of the licensee for the 
project, and after reasonable notice and in accordance with the 
procedures of the Commission under that section, extend the time period 
during which the licensee is required to commence construction of the 
project for a 6-year period that begins on the date described in 
subsection (b).
    (b) Date Described.--The date described in this subsection is the 
date of the expiration of the extension of the period required for 
commencement of construction for the project described in subsection 
(a) that was issued by the Commission prior to the date of enactment of 
this Act under section 13 of the Federal Power Act (16 U.S.C. 806).

                          PART II--GEOTHERMAL

                      Subpart A--Geothermal Energy

SEC. 3005. NATIONAL GOALS FOR PRODUCTION AND SITE IDENTIFICATION.

    It is the sense of Congress that, not later than 10 years after the 
date of enactment of this Act--
            (1) the Secretary of the Interior shall seek to approve a 
        significant increase in new geothermal energy capacity on 
        public land across a geographically diverse set of States using 
        the full range of available technologies; and
            (2) the Director of the Geological Survey and the Secretary 
        should identify sites capable of producing a total of 50,000 
        megawatts of geothermal power, using the full range of 
        available technologies.

SEC. 3006. PRIORITY AREAS FOR DEVELOPMENT ON FEDERAL LAND.

    The Director of the Bureau of Land Management, in consultation with 
other appropriate Federal agencies, shall--
            (1) identify high priority areas for new geothermal 
        development; and
            (2) take any actions the Director determines necessary to 
        facilitate that development, consistent with applicable laws.

SEC. 3007. FACILITATION OF COPRODUCTION OF GEOTHERMAL ENERGY ON OIL AND 
              GAS LEASES.

    Section 4(b) of the Geothermal Steam Act of 1970 (30 U.S.C. 
1003(b)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Land subject to oil and gas lease.--Land under an oil 
        and gas lease issued pursuant to the Mineral Leasing Act (30 
        U.S.C. 181 et seq.) or the Mineral Leasing Act for Acquired 
        Lands (30 U.S.C. 351 et seq.) that is subject to an approved 
        application for permit to drill and from which oil and gas 
        production is occurring may be available for noncompetitive 
        leasing under this section to the holder of the oil and gas 
        lease--
                    ``(A) on a determination that--
                            ``(i) geothermal energy will be produced 
                        from a well producing or capable of producing 
                        oil and gas; and
                            ``(ii) national energy security will be 
                        improved by the issuance of such a lease; and
                    ``(B) to provide for the coproduction of geothermal 
                energy with oil and gas.''.

SEC. 3008. NONCOMPETITIVE LEASING OF ADJOINING AREAS FOR DEVELOPMENT OF 
              GEOTHERMAL RESOURCES.

    Section 4(b) of the Geothermal Steam Act of 1970 (30 U.S.C. 
1003(b)) (as amended by section 3007) is amended by adding at the end 
the following:
            ``(5) Adjoining land.--
                    ``(A) Definitions.--In this paragraph:
                            ``(i) Fair market value per acre.--The term 
                        `fair market value per acre' means a dollar 
                        amount per acre that--
                                    ``(I) except as provided in this 
                                clause, shall be equal to the market 
                                value per acre (taking into account the 
                                determination under subparagraph 
                                (B)(iii) regarding a valid discovery on 
                                the adjoining land), as determined by 
                                the Secretary under regulations issued 
                                under this paragraph;
                                    ``(II) shall be determined by the 
                                Secretary with respect to a lease under 
                                this paragraph, by not later than the 
                                end of the 180-day period beginning on 
                                the date the Secretary receives an 
                                application for the lease; and
                                    ``(III) shall be not less than the 
                                greater of--
                                            ``(aa) 4 times the median 
                                        amount paid per acre for all 
                                        land leased under this Act 
                                        during the preceding year; or
                                            ``(bb) $50.
                            ``(ii) Industry standards.--The term 
                        `industry standards' means the standards by 
                        which a qualified geothermal professional 
                        assesses whether downhole or flowing 
                        temperature measurements with indications of 
                        permeability are sufficient to produce energy 
                        from geothermal resources, as determined 
                        through flow or injection testing or 
                        measurement of lost circulation while drilling.
                            ``(iii) Qualified federal land.--The term 
                        `qualified Federal land' means land that is 
                        otherwise available for leasing under this Act.
                            ``(iv) Qualified geothermal professional.--
                        The term `qualified geothermal professional' 
                        means an individual who is an engineer or 
                        geoscientist in good professional standing with 
                        at least 5 years of experience in geothermal 
                        exploration, development, or project 
                        assessment.
                            ``(v) Qualified lessee.--The term 
                        `qualified lessee' means a person that is 
                        eligible to hold a geothermal lease under this 
                        Act (including applicable regulations).
                            ``(vi) Valid discovery.--The term `valid 
                        discovery' means a discovery of a geothermal 
                        resource by a new or existing slim hole or 
                        production well, that exhibits downhole or 
                        flowing temperature measurements with 
                        indications of permeability that are sufficient 
                        to meet industry standards.
                    ``(B) Authority.--An area of qualified Federal land 
                that adjoins other land for which a qualified lessee 
                holds a legal right to develop geothermal resources may 
                be available for a noncompetitive lease under this 
                section to the qualified lessee at the fair market 
                value per acre, if--
                            ``(i) the area of qualified Federal land--
                                    ``(I) consists of not less than 1 
                                acre and not more than 640 acres; and
                                    ``(II) is not already leased under 
                                this Act or nominated to be leased 
                                under subsection (a);
                            ``(ii) the qualified lessee has not 
                        previously received a noncompetitive lease 
                        under this paragraph in connection with the 
                        valid discovery for which data has been 
                        submitted under clause (iii)(I); and
                            ``(iii) sufficient geological and other 
                        technical data prepared by a qualified 
                        geothermal professional has been submitted by 
                        the qualified lessee to the applicable Federal 
                        land management agency that would lead 
                        individuals who are experienced in the subject 
                        matter to believe that--
                                    ``(I) there is a valid discovery of 
                                geothermal resources on the land for 
                                which the qualified lessee holds the 
                                legal right to develop geothermal 
                                resources; and
                                    ``(II) that thermal feature extends 
                                into the adjoining areas.
                    ``(C) Determination of fair market value.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The Secretary shall--
                                    ``(I) publish a notice of any 
                                request to lease land under this 
                                paragraph;
                                    ``(II) determine fair market value 
                                for purposes of this paragraph in 
                                accordance with procedures for making 
                                those determinations that are 
                                established by regulations issued by 
                                the Secretary;
                                    ``(III) provide to a qualified 
                                lessee and publish, with an opportunity 
                                for public comment for a period of 30 
                                days, any proposed determination under 
                                this subparagraph of the fair market 
                                value of an area that the qualified 
                                lessee seeks to lease under this 
                                paragraph; and
                                    ``(IV) provide to the qualified 
                                lessee and any adversely affected party 
                                the opportunity to appeal the final 
                                determination of fair market value in 
                                an administrative proceeding before the 
                                applicable Federal land management 
                                agency, in accordance with applicable 
                                law (including regulations).
                            ``(ii) Limitation on nomination.--After 
                        publication of a notice of request to lease 
                        land under this paragraph, the Secretary may 
                        not accept under subsection (a) any nomination 
                        of the land for leasing unless the request has 
                        been denied or withdrawn.
                            ``(iii) Annual rental.--For purposes of 
                        section 5(a)(3), a lease awarded under this 
                        paragraph shall be considered a lease awarded 
                        in a competitive lease sale.
                    ``(D) Regulations.--Not later than 270 days after 
                the date of enactment of the Energy Policy 
                Modernization Act of 2015, the Secretary shall issue 
                regulations to carry out this paragraph.''.

SEC. 3009. LARGE-SCALE GEOTHERMAL ENERGY.

    Title VI of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 is 
amended by inserting after section 616 (42 U.S.C. 17195) the following:

``SEC. 616A. LARGE-SCALE GEOTHERMAL ENERGY.

    ``(a) Purposes.--The purposes of this section are--
            ``(1) to improve the components, processes, and systems 
        used for geothermal heat pumps and the direct use of geothermal 
        energy; and
            ``(2) to increase the energy efficiency, lower the cost, 
        increase the use, and improve and demonstrate the applicability 
        of geothermal heat pumps to, and the direct use of geothermal 
        energy in, large buildings, commercial districts, residential 
        communities, and large municipal, agricultural, or industrial 
        projects.
    ``(b) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Direct use of geothermal energy.--The term `direct 
        use of geothermal energy' means systems that use water that is 
        at a temperature between approximately 38 degrees Celsius and 
        149 degrees Celsius directly or through a heat exchanger to 
        provide--
                    ``(A) heating to buildings; or
                    ``(B) heat required for industrial processes, 
                agriculture, aquaculture, and other facilities.
            ``(2) Geothermal heat pump.--The term `geothermal heat 
        pump' means a system that provides heating and cooling by 
        exchanging heat from shallow ground or surface water using--
                    ``(A) a closed loop system, which transfers heat by 
                way of buried or immersed pipes that contain a mix of 
                water and working fluid; or
                    ``(B) an open loop system, which circulates ground 
                or surface water directly into the building and returns 
                the water to the same aquifer or surface water source.
            ``(3) Large-scale application.--The term `large-scale 
        application' means an application for space or process heating 
        or cooling for large entities with a name-plate capacity, 
        expected resource, or rating of 10 or more megawatts, such as a 
        large building, commercial district, residential community, or 
        a large municipal, agricultural, or industrial project.
    ``(c) Program.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a program 
        of research, development, and demonstration for geothermal heat 
        pumps and the direct use of geothermal energy.
            ``(2) Areas.--The program may include research, 
        development, demonstration, and commercial application of--
                    ``(A) geothermal ground loop efficiency 
                improvements through more efficient heat transfer 
                fluids;
                    ``(B) geothermal ground loop efficiency 
                improvements through more efficient thermal grouts for 
                wells and trenches;
                    ``(C) geothermal ground loop installation cost 
                reduction through--
                            ``(i) improved drilling methods;
                            ``(ii) improvements in drilling equipment;
                            ``(iii) improvements in design methodology 
                        and energy analysis procedures; and
                            ``(iv) improved methods for determination 
                        of ground thermal properties and ground 
                        temperatures;
                    ``(D) installing geothermal ground loops near the 
                foundation walls of new construction to take advantage 
                of existing structures;
                    ``(E) using gray or black wastewater as a method of 
                heat exchange;
                    ``(F) improving geothermal heat pump system 
                economics through integration of geothermal systems 
                with other building systems, including providing hot 
                and cold water and rejecting or circulating industrial 
                process heat through refrigeration heat rejection and 
                waste heat recovery;
                    ``(G) advanced geothermal systems using variable 
                pumping rates to increase efficiency;
                    ``(H) geothermal heat pump efficiency improvements;
                    ``(I) use of hot water found in mines and mine 
                shafts and other surface waters as the heat exchange 
                medium;
                    ``(J) heating of districts, neighborhoods, 
                communities, large commercial or public buildings 
                (including office, retail, educational, government, and 
                institutional buildings and multifamily residential 
                buildings and campuses), and industrial and 
                manufacturing facilities;
                    ``(K) geothermal system integration with solar 
                thermal water heating or cool roofs and solar-
                regenerated desiccants to balance loads and use 
                building hot water to store geothermal energy;
                    ``(L) use of hot water coproduced from oil and gas 
                recovery;
                    ``(M) use of water sources at a temperature of less 
                than 150 degrees Celsius for direct use;
                    ``(N) system integration of direct use with 
                geothermal electricity production; and
                    ``(O) coproduction of heat and power, including on-
                site use.
            ``(3) Environmental impacts.--In carrying out the program, 
        the Secretary shall identify and mitigate potential 
        environmental impacts in accordance with section 614(c).
    ``(d) Grants.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall make grants 
        available to State and local governments, institutions of 
        higher education, nonprofit entities, utilities, and for-profit 
        companies (including manufacturers of heat-pump and direct-use 
        components and systems) to promote the development of 
        geothermal heat pumps and the direct use of geothermal energy.
            ``(2) Priority.--In making grants under this subsection, 
        the Secretary shall give priority to proposals that apply to 
        large buildings (including office, retail, educational, 
        government, institutional, and multifamily residential 
        buildings and campuses and industrial and manufacturing 
        facilities), commercial districts, and residential communities.
            ``(3) National solicitation.--Not later than 180 days after 
        the date of enactment of this section, the Secretary shall 
        conduct a national solicitation for applications for grants 
        under this section.
    ``(e) Reports.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
        enactment of this section and annually thereafter, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Energy and Natural 
        Resources of the Senate and the Committee on Science, Space, 
        and Technology of the House of Representatives a report on 
        progress made and results obtained under this section to 
        develop geothermal heat pumps and direct use of geothermal 
        energy.
            ``(2) Areas.--Each of the reports required under this 
        subsection shall include--
                    ``(A) an analysis of progress made in each of the 
                areas described in subsection (c)(2); and
                    ``(B)(i) a description of any relevant 
                recommendations made during a review of the program; 
                and
                    ``(ii) any plans to address the recommendations 
                under clause (i).''.

SEC. 3010. REPORT TO CONGRESS.

    Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of this Act and 
not less frequently than once every 5 years thereafter, the Secretary 
of the Interior and the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report 
describing the progress made towards achieving the goals described in 
section 3005.

SEC. 3011. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subpart--
            (1) $65,000,000 for fiscal year 2017; and
            (2) $75,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2018 through 2021.

                   Subpart B--Geothermal Exploration

SEC. 3012. GEOTHERMAL EXPLORATION TEST PROJECTS.

    The Geothermal Steam Act of 1970 (30 U.S.C. 1001 et seq.) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 30. GEOTHERMAL EXPLORATION TEST PROJECTS.

    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Covered land.--The term `covered land' means land 
        that is--
                    ``(A) subject to geothermal leasing in accordance 
                with section 3; and
                    ``(B) not excluded from the development of 
                geothermal energy under--
                            ``(i) a final land use plan established 
                        under the Federal Land Policy and Management 
                        Act of 1976 (43 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.);
                            ``(ii) a final land and resource management 
                        plan established under the National Forest 
                        Management Act of 1976 (16 U.S.C. 1600 et 
                        seq.); or
                            ``(iii) any other applicable law.
            ``(2) Secretary concerned.--The term `Secretary concerned' 
        means--
                    ``(A) the Secretary of Agriculture (acting through 
                the Chief of the Forest Service), with respect to 
                National Forest System land; and
                    ``(B) the Secretary, with respect to land managed 
                by the Bureau of Land Management (including land held 
                for the benefit of an Indian tribe).
    ``(b) NEPA Review of Geothermal Exploration Test Projects.--
            ``(1) In general.--An eligible activity described in 
        paragraph (2) carried out on covered land shall be considered 
        an action categorically excluded from the requirements for an 
        environmental assessment or an environmental impact statement 
        under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 
        4321 et seq.) or section 1508.4 of title 40, Code of Federal 
        Regulations (or a successor regulation) if--
                    ``(A) the action is for the purpose of geothermal 
                resource exploration operations; and
                    ``(B) the action is conducted pursuant to this Act.
            ``(2) Eligible activity.--An eligible activity referred to 
        in paragraph (1) is--
                    ``(A) a geophysical exploration activity that does 
                not require drilling, including a seismic survey;
                    ``(B) the drilling of a well to test or explore for 
                geothermal resources on land leased by the Secretary 
                concerned for the development and production of 
                geothermal resources that--
                            ``(i) is carried out by the holder of the 
                        lease;
                            ``(ii) causes--
                                    ``(I) fewer than 5 acres of soil or 
                                vegetation disruption at the location 
                                of each geothermal exploration well; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) not more than an additional 
                                5 acres of soil or vegetation 
                                disruption during access or egress to 
                                the project site;
                            ``(iii) is completed in fewer than 90 days, 
                        including the removal of any surface 
                        infrastructure from the project site; and
                            ``(iv) requires the restoration of the 
                        project site not later than 3 years after the 
                        date of completion of the project to 
                        approximately the condition that existed at the 
                        time the project began, unless--
                                    ``(I) the project site is 
                                subsequently used as part of energy 
                                development on the lease; or
                                    ``(II) the project--
                                            ``(aa) yields geothermal 
                                        resources; and
                                            ``(bb) the use of the 
                                        geothermal resources will be 
                                        carried out under another 
                                        geothermal generation project 
                                        in existence at the time of the 
                                        discovery of the geothermal 
                                        resources; or
                    ``(C) the drilling of a well to test or explore for 
                geothermal resources on land leased by the Secretary 
                concerned for the development and production of 
                geothermal resources that--
                            ``(i) causes an individual surface 
                        disturbance of fewer than 5 acres if--
                                    ``(I) the total surface disturbance 
                                on the leased land is not more than 150 
                                acres; and
                                    ``(II) a site-specific analysis has 
                                been prepared under the National 
                                Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
                                U.S.C. 4321 et seq.);
                            ``(ii) involves the drilling of a 
                        geothermal well at a location or well pad site 
                        at which drilling has occurred within 5 years 
                        before the date of spudding the well; or
                            ``(iii) involves the drilling of a 
                        geothermal well in a developed field for 
                        which--
                                    ``(I) an approved land use plan or 
                                any environmental document prepared 
                                under the National Environmental Policy 
                                Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) 
                                analyzed the drilling as a reasonably 
                                foreseeable activity; and
                                    ``(II) the land use plan or 
                                environmental document was approved 
                                within 10 years before the date of 
                                spudding the well.
            ``(3) Limitation based on extraordinary circumstances.--The 
        categorical exclusion established under paragraph (1) shall be 
        subject to extraordinary circumstances in accordance with the 
        Departmental Manual, 516 DM 2.3A(3) and 516 DM 2, Appendix 2 
        (or successor provisions).
    ``(c) Notice of Intent; Review and Determination.--
            ``(1) Requirement to provide notice.--Not later than 30 
        days before the date on which drilling begins, a leaseholder 
        intending to carry out an eligible activity shall provide 
        notice to the Secretary concerned.
            ``(2) Review of project.--Not later than 10 days after 
        receipt of a notice of intent provided under paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary concerned shall--
                    ``(A) review the project described in the notice 
                and determine whether the project is an eligible 
                activity; and
                    ``(B)(i) if the project is an eligible activity, 
                notify the leaseholder that under subsection (b), the 
                project is considered a categorical exclusion under the 
                National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 
                4321 et seq.) and section 1508.4 of title 40, Code of 
                Federal Regulations (or a successor regulation); or
                    ``(ii) if the project is not an eligible activity--
                            ``(I) notify the leaseholder that section 
                        102(2)(C) of the National Environmental Policy 
                        Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4332(2)(C)) applies to 
                        the project;
                            ``(II) include in that notification clear 
                        and detailed findings on any deficiencies in 
                        the project that prevent the application of 
                        subsection (b) to the project; and
                            ``(III) provide an opportunity to the 
                        leaseholder to remedy the deficiencies 
                        described in the notification before the date 
                        on which the leaseholder plans to begin the 
                        project under paragraph (1).''.

                     PART III--MARINE HYDROKINETIC

SEC. 3013. DEFINITION OF MARINE AND HYDROKINETIC RENEWABLE ENERGY.

    Section 632 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (42 
U.S.C. 17211) is amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by 
striking ``electrical''.

SEC. 3014. MARINE AND HYDROKINETIC RENEWABLE ENERGY RESEARCH AND 
              DEVELOPMENT.

    Section 633 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (42 
U.S.C. 17212) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 633. MARINE AND HYDROKINETIC RENEWABLE ENERGY RESEARCH AND 
              DEVELOPMENT.

    ``The Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of the 
Interior, the Secretary of Commerce, and the Federal Energy Regulatory 
Commission, shall carry out a program of research, development, 
demonstration, and commercial application to accelerate the 
introduction of marine and hydrokinetic renewable energy production 
into the United States energy supply, giving priority to fostering 
accelerated research, development, and commercialization of technology, 
including programs--
            ``(1) to assist technology development to improve the 
        components, processes, and systems used for power generation 
        from marine and hydrokinetic renewable energy resources;
            ``(2) to establish critical testing infrastructure 
        necessary--
                    ``(A) to cost effectively and efficiently test and 
                prove marine and hydrokinetic renewable energy devices; 
                and
                    ``(B) to accelerate the technological readiness and 
                commercialization of those devices;
            ``(3) to support efforts to increase the efficiency of 
        energy conversion, lower the cost, increase the use, improve 
        the reliability, and demonstrate the applicability of marine 
        and hydrokinetic renewable energy technologies by participating 
        in demonstration projects;
            ``(4) to investigate variability issues and the efficient 
        and reliable integration of marine and hydrokinetic renewable 
        energy with the utility grid;
            ``(5) to identify and study critical short- and long-term 
        needs to create a sustainable marine and hydrokinetic renewable 
        energy supply chain based in the United States;
            ``(6) to increase the reliability and survivability of 
        marine and hydrokinetic renewable energy technologies;
            ``(7) to verify the performance, reliability, 
        maintainability, and cost of new marine and hydrokinetic 
        renewable energy device designs and system components in an 
        operating environment, and consider the protection of critical 
        infrastructure, such as adequate separation between marine and 
        hydrokinetic devices and projects and submarine 
        telecommunications cables, including consideration of 
        established industry standards;
            ``(8) to coordinate and avoid duplication of activities 
        across programs of the Department and other applicable Federal 
        agencies, including National Laboratories and to coordinate 
        public-private collaboration in all programs under this 
        section;
            ``(9) to identify opportunities for joint research and 
        development programs and development of economies of scale 
        between--
                    ``(A) marine and hydrokinetic renewable energy 
                technologies; and
                    ``(B) other renewable energy and fossil energy 
                programs, offshore oil and gas production activities, 
                and activities of the Department of Defense; and
            ``(10) to support in-water technology development with 
        international partners using existing cooperative procedures 
        (including memoranda of understanding)--
                    ``(A) to allow cooperative funding and other 
                support of value to be exchanged and leveraged; and
                    ``(B) to encourage the participation of 
                international research centers and companies within the 
                United States and the participation of United States 
                research centers and companies in international 
                projects.''.

SEC. 3015. NATIONAL MARINE RENEWABLE ENERGY RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND 
              DEMONSTRATION CENTERS.

    Section 634 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (42 
U.S.C. 17213) is amended by striking subsection (b) and inserting the 
following:
    ``(b) Purposes.--A Center (in coordination with the Department and 
National Laboratories) shall--
            ``(1) advance research, development, demonstration, and 
        commercial application of marine and hydrokinetic renewable 
        energy technologies;
            ``(2) support in-water testing and demonstration of marine 
        and hydrokinetic renewable energy technologies, including 
        facilities capable of testing--
                    ``(A) marine and hydrokinetic renewable energy 
                systems of various technology readiness levels and 
                scales;
                    ``(B) a variety of technologies in multiple test 
                berths at a single location; and
                    ``(C) arrays of technology devices; and
            ``(3) serve as information clearinghouses for the marine 
        and hydrokinetic renewable energy industry by collecting and 
        disseminating information on best practices in all areas 
        relating to developing and managing marine and hydrokinetic 
        renewable energy resources and energy systems.''.

SEC. 3016. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Section 636 of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (42 
U.S.C. 17215) is amended by striking ``$50,000,000 for each of the 
fiscal years 2008 through 2012'' and inserting ``$55,000,000 for each 
of fiscal years 2017 and 2018 and $60,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
2019 through 2021''.

                            PART IV--BIOMASS

SEC. 3017. BIO-POWER.

    (a) Woody Biomass Heat and Bio-power Initiative.--
            (1) Definitions of woody biomass heat and bio-power.--
        Section 9008(a) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act 
        of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 8108(a)) is amended--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as 
                paragraphs (4) and (5), respectively;
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
            ``(2) Bio-power.--The term `bio-power' means the use of 
        woody biomass to generate electricity.
            ``(3) Board.--The term `Board' means the Biomass Research 
        and Development Board.''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(6) Woody biomass heat.--The term `woody biomass heat' 
        means the use of woody biomass to generate heat.''.
            (2) Biomass research and development board.--Section 
        9008(c)(3)(A) of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 
        2002 (7 U.S.C. 8108(c)(3)(A)) is amended by striking ``biofuels 
        and biobased products'' and inserting ``biofuels, biobased 
        products, bio-power, and woody biomass heat projects''.
            (3) Woody biomass heat and bio-power grants.--Section 9008 
        of the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (7 U.S.C. 
        8108) is amended--
                    (A) by redesignating subsections (f), (g), and (h) 
                as subsections (g), (h), and (i), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after subsection (e) the 
                following:
    ``(f) Woody Biomass Heat and Bio-power Grants.--
            ``(1) Establishment.--The Secretary of Agriculture and the 
        Secretary of Energy, in consultation with the Board, shall 
        establish a program under which the Secretary of Agriculture 
        and the Secretary of Energy shall provide grants to relevant 
        projects to support innovation and market development in woody 
        biomass heat and bio-power.
            ``(2) Applications.--To be eligible to receive a grant 
        under this subsection, the owner or operator of a relevant 
        project shall submit to the Secretary of Agriculture and the 
        Secretary of Energy an application at such time, in such 
        manner, and containing such information as the Secretary of 
        Agriculture and the Secretary of Energy may require.
            ``(3) Allocation.--Of the amounts appropriated to carry out 
        this subsection, the Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary 
        of Energy shall not provide more than--
                    ``(A) $15,000,000 for projects that develop 
                innovative techniques for preprocessing biomass for 
                woody biomass heat and bio-power, with the goals of 
                lowering the costs of--
                            ``(i) distributed preprocessing 
                        technologies, including technologies designed 
                        to promote densification, torrefaction, and the 
                        broader commoditization of bioenergy 
                        feedstocks; and
                            ``(ii) transportation; and
                    ``(B) $15,000,000 for innovative woody biomass heat 
                and bio-power demonstration projects, including--
                            ``(i) district energy projects;
                            ``(ii) innovation in transportation; and
                            ``(iii) projects addressing the challenges 
                        of retrofitting existing coal-fired electricity 
                        generation facilities to use biomass.
            ``(4) Regional distribution.--In selecting projects to 
        receive grants under this subsection, the Secretary of 
        Agriculture and the Secretary of Energy shall ensure, to the 
        maximum extent practicable, diverse geographical distribution 
        among the projects.
            ``(5) Cost share.--The Federal share of the cost of a 
        project carried out using a grant under this subsection shall 
        be 50 percent.
            ``(6) Duties of recipients.--As a condition of receiving a 
        grant under this subsection, the owner or operator of a project 
        shall--
                    ``(A) participate in the applicable working group 
                under paragraph (7);
                    ``(B) submit to the Secretary of Agriculture and 
                the Secretary of Energy a report that includes--
                            ``(i) a description of the project and any 
                        relevant findings; and
                            ``(ii) such other information as the 
                        Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of 
                        Energy determine to be necessary to complete 
                        the report of the Secretary under paragraph 
                        (9); and
                    ``(C) carry out such other activities as the 
                Secretary of Agriculture and the Secretary of Energy 
                determine to be necessary.
            ``(7) Working groups.--The Secretary of Agriculture and the 
        Secretary of Energy shall establish 2 working groups to share 
        best practices and collaborate in project implementation, of 
        which--
                    ``(A) 1 shall be comprised of representatives of 
                projects that receive grants under paragraph (3)(A); 
                and
                    ``(B) 1 shall be comprised of representatives of 
                projects that receive grants under paragraph (3)(B).
            ``(8) Inclusion of oilseed crops.--A grant may be provided 
        under this subsection to relevant projects to support 
        innovation and market development in oilseed crops.
            ``(9) Reports.--Not later than 5 years after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Agriculture and the 
        Secretary of Energy shall submit to Congress a report 
        describing--
                    ``(A) each project for which a grant has been 
                provided under this subsection;
                    ``(B) any findings as a result of those projects; 
                and
                    ``(C) the state of market and technology 
                development, including market barriers and 
                opportunities.''.
    (b) Loan Programs; Strategic Analysis and Research.--
            (1) Low-interest loans.--
                    (A) Establishment.--The Secretary of Agriculture 
                shall establish, within the Rural Development Office, a 
                low-interest loan program to support construction of 
                residential, commercial or institutional, and 
                industrial woody biomass heat and bio-power systems.
                    (B) Requirements.--The program under this 
                subsection shall be carried out in accordance with such 
                requirements as the Secretary of Agriculture may 
                establish, by regulation, in taking into consideration 
                best practices.
                    (C) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
                authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of 
                Agriculture to carry out this subsection $50,000,000.
            (2) Energy efficiency and conservation loan program.--In 
        addition to loans under paragraph (1), woody biomass heat 
        residential, commercial or institutional, and industrial wood 
        energy systems shall be eligible to receive loans under the 
        energy efficiency and conservation loan program of the 
        Department of Agriculture under section 2 of the Rural 
        Electrification Act of 1936 (7 U.S.C. 902).

                        Subtitle B--Oil and Gas

SEC. 3101. AMENDMENTS TO THE METHANE HYDRATE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 
              ACT OF 2000.

    (a) Methane Hydrate Research and Development Program.--
            (1) In general.--Section 4 of the Methane Hydrate Research 
        and Development Act of 2000 (30 U.S.C. 2003) is amended by 
        striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
    ``(b) Grants, Contracts, Cooperative Agreements, Interagency Funds 
Transfer Agreements, and Field Work Proposals.--
            ``(1) Assistance and coordination.--In carrying out the 
        program of methane hydrate research and development authorized 
        by this section, the Secretary may award grants to, or enter 
        into contracts or cooperative agreements with, institutions--
                    ``(A) to conduct basic and applied research--
                            ``(i) to identify, explore, assess, and 
                        develop methane hydrate as a commercially 
                        viable source of energy; and
                            ``(ii) to identify the environmental, 
                        health, and safety impacts of methane hydrate 
                        development;
                    ``(B) to identify and characterize methane hydrate 
                resources using remote sensing and seismic data, 
                including the characterization of hydrate 
                concentrations in marine reservoirs in the Gulf of 
                Mexico or the Atlantic Ocean Basin by the date that is 
                4 years after the date of enactment of the Energy 
                Policy Modernization Act of 2015;
                    ``(C) to develop technologies required for 
                efficient and environmentally sound development of 
                methane hydrate resources;
                    ``(D) to conduct basic and applied research to 
                assess and mitigate the environmental impact of hydrate 
                degassing (including natural degassing and degassing 
                associated with commercial development);
                    ``(E) to develop technologies to reduce the risks 
                of drilling through methane hydrates;
                    ``(F) to conduct exploratory drilling, well 
                testing, and production testing operations on 
                permafrost and nonpermafrost gas hydrates in support of 
                the activities authorized by this paragraph, 
                including--
                            ``(i) drilling of a test well and 
                        performing a long-term hydrate production test 
                        on land in the United States Arctic region by 
                        the date that is 4 years after the date of 
                        enactment of the Energy Policy Modernization 
                        Act of 2015;
                            ``(ii) drilling of a test well and 
                        performing a long-term hydrate production test 
                        in a marine environment by the date that is 10 
                        years after the date of enactment of the Energy 
                        Policy Modernization Act of 2015; and
                            ``(iii) drilling a full-scale production 
                        test well at a location to be determined by the 
                        Secretary; or
                    ``(G) to expand education and training programs in 
                methane hydrate resource research and resource 
                development through fellowships or other means for 
                graduate education and training.
            ``(2) Environmental monitoring and research.--The Secretary 
        shall conduct a long-term environmental monitoring and research 
        program to study the effects of production from methane hydrate 
        reservoirs.
            ``(3) Competitive peer review.--Funds made available under 
        paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be made available based on a 
        competitive process using external scientific peer review of 
        proposed research.''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 4(e) of the Methane 
        Hydrate Research and Development Act of 2000 (30 U.S.C. 
        2003(e)) is amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by 
        striking ``subsection (b)(1)'' and inserting ``paragraphs (1) 
        and (2) of subsection (b)''.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--The Methane Hydrate Research 
and Development Act of 2000 is amended by striking section 7 (30 U.S.C. 
2006) and inserting the following:

``SEC. 7. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this Act 
$35,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2017 through 2021.''.

SEC. 3102. LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS STUDY.

    (a) Study.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in consultation with the 
        National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners and 
        the National Association of State Energy Officials, shall 
        conduct a study of the State, regional, and national 
        implications of exporting liquefied natural gas with respect to 
        consumers and the economy.
            (2) Contents.--The study conducted under paragraph (1) 
        shall include an analysis of--
                    (A) the economic impact that exporting liquefied 
                natural gas will have in regions that currently import 
                liquefied natural gas;
                    (B) job creation in the manufacturing sectors; and
                    (C) such other issues as the Secretary considers 
                appropriate.
    (b) Report to Congress.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to Congress a 
report on the results of the study conducted under subsection (a).

SEC. 3103. FERC PROCESS COORDINATION WITH RESPECT TO REGULATORY 
              APPROVAL OF GAS PROJECTS.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Commission.--The term ``Commission'' means the Federal 
        Energy Regulatory Commission.
            (2) Federal authorization.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``Federal authorization'' 
                means any authorization required under Federal law with 
                respect to an application for authorization or a 
                certificate of public convenience and necessity 
                relating to gas transportation subject to the 
                jurisdiction of the Commission.
                    (B) Inclusions.--The term ``Federal authorization'' 
                includes any permits, special use authorizations, 
                certifications, opinions, or other approvals as may be 
                required under Federal law with respect to an 
                application for authorization or a certificate of 
                public convenience and necessity relating to gas 
                transportation subject to the jurisdiction of the 
                Commission.
    (b) Designation as Lead Agency.--
            (1) In general.--The Commission shall act as the lead 
        agency for the purposes of--
                    (A) coordinating all applicable Federal 
                authorizations; and
                    (B) compliance with the National Environmental 
                Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).
            (2) Other agencies.--Each Federal and State agency 
        considering an aspect of an application for Federal 
        authorization shall cooperate with the Commission.
    (c) Schedule.--
            (1) Timing for issuance.--It is the sense of Congress that 
        all Federal authorizations required for a project or facility 
        should be issued by not later than the date that is 90 days 
        after the date on which an application is considered to be 
        complete by the Commission.
            (2) Commission schedule.--
                    (A) In general.--The Commission shall establish a 
                schedule for the issuance of all Federal 
                authorizations.
                    (B) Requirements.--In establishing the schedule 
                under subparagraph (A), the Commission shall--
                            (i) consult and cooperate with the Federal 
                        and State agencies responsible for a Federal 
                        authorization;
                            (ii) ensure the expeditious completion of 
                        all proceedings relating to a Federal 
                        authorization; and
                            (iii) comply with applicable schedules 
                        established under Federal law with respect to a 
                        Federal authorization.
            (3) Resolution of interagency disputes.--If the Federal 
        agency with responsibility fails to adhere to the schedule 
        established by the Commission under paragraph (2), or if a 
        Federal authorization has been unreasonably denied, or if a 
        Federal authorization would be inconsistent with the purposes 
        of this section or other applicable law, the Commission shall 
        refer the matter to the Chairman of the Council on 
        Environmental Quality--
                    (A) to ensure timely participation;
                    (B) to ensure a timely decision;
                    (C) to mediate the dispute; or
                    (D) to refer the matter to the President.
    (d) Consolidated Record.--The Commission shall maintain official 
consolidated records of all license proceedings under this section.
    (e) Deference to Commission.--In making a decision with respect to 
a Federal authorization, each agency shall give deference, to the 
maximum extent authorized by law, to the scope of environmental review 
that the Commission determines to be appropriate.
    (f) Concurrent Reviews.--Pursuant to the schedule established under 
subsection (c)(2), each agency considering an aspect of an application 
for Federal authorization shall--
            (1) to the maximum extent authorized by law, carry out the 
        obligations of that agency under applicable law concurrently 
        and in conjunction with the review required by the National 
        Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), 
        unless doing so would impair the ability of the agency to 
        conduct needed analysis or otherwise carry out those 
        obligations;
            (2) formulate and implement administrative, policy, and 
        procedural mechanisms to enable the agency to complete the 
        required Federal authorizations in accordance with the schedule 
        described in subsection (c); and
            (3) transmit to the Commission a statement--
                    (A) acknowledging notice of the schedule described 
                in subsection (c); and
                    (B) describing the plan formulated under paragraph 
                (2).
    (g) Failure to Meet Deadline.--If an agency does not complete a 
proceeding for an approval that is required for a Federal authorization 
in accordance with the schedule described in subsection (c), the head 
of the relevant Federal agency (including, in the case of a failure by 
the State agency or unit of local government, the Federal agency 
overseeing the delegated authority) shall--
            (1) notify Congress and the Commission of the failure; and
            (2) describe in that notification an implementation plan to 
        ensure completion.
    (h) Accountability; Transparency; Efficiency.--
            (1) In general.--For applications requiring multiple 
        Federal authorizations, the Commission, in consultation with 
        any agency considering an aspect of the application, shall 
        track and make available to the public on the website of the 
        Commission information relating to the actions required to 
        complete permitting, reviews, and other requirements.
            (2) Inclusions.--Information tracked under paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following:
                    (A) The schedule described in subsection (c).
                    (B) A list of all the actions required by each 
                applicable agency to complete permitting, reviews, and 
                other requirements necessary to obtain a final decision 
                on the Federal authorization.
                    (C) The expected completion date for each action 
                listed under subparagraph (B).
                    (D) A point of contact at the agency accountable 
                for each action listed under subparagraph (B).
                    (E) In the event that an action is still pending as 
                of the expected date of completion, a brief explanation 
                of the reason for the delay.

SEC. 3104. PILOT PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of the Interior, acting through 
the Director of the Bureau of Land Management (referred to in this 
section as the ``Director''), shall establish a pilot program in 1 
State with at least 2,000 oil and gas drilling spacing units (as 
defined under State law), in which--
            (1) 25 percent or less of the minerals are owned or held in 
        trust by the Federal Government; and
            (2) there is no surface land owned or held in trust by the 
        Federal Government.
    (b) Activities.--In carrying out the pilot program, the Director 
shall identify and implement ways to streamline the review and approval 
of Applications for Permits to Drill for oil and gas drilling spacing 
units of the State in order to achieve a processing time for those oil 
and gas drilling spacing units similar to that of spacing units that 
require an Application for Permit to Drill and are not part of the 
pilot program in the same State.
    (c) Funding.--Beginning in fiscal year 2016, and for a period of 3 
years thereafter, to carry out the pilot program efficiently, the 
Director may fund up to 10 full-time equivalents at appropriate field 
offices using fees collected under section 35(d) of the Mineral Leasing 
Act (30 U.S.C. 191(d)) and not otherwise expended.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 4 years after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Director shall submit to Congress a report on the results 
of the pilot program.
    (e) Waiver.--The Secretary of the Interior may waive the 
requirement for an Application for Permit to Drill if the Director 
determines that the mineral interest of the United States in the 
spacing units in land covered by this section is adequately protected, 
if otherwise in accordance with applicable laws, regulations, and lease 
terms.

                           Subtitle C--Helium

SEC. 3201. RIGHTS TO HELIUM.

    (a) Definition of Helium-related Project.--The term ``helium-
related project'' means a project--
            (1) to explore or produce crude helium; and
            (2) to sell crude or refined helium.
    (b) Expedited Completion.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
law, applicable environmental reviews under the National Environmental 
Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.) for helium-related projects 
shall be completed on an expeditious basis and the shortest existing 
applicable process under that Act shall be used for such projects.
    (c) Repeal of Reservation of Helium Rights.--The first section of 
the Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 181) is amended by striking the 
flush text that follows the last undesignated subsection.
    (d) Rights to Helium Under Leases Under Mineral Leasing Act for 
Acquired Lands.--The Mineral Leasing Act for Acquired Lands (30 U.S.C. 
351 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 12. RIGHTS TO HELIUM.

    ``Any lease issued under this Act that authorizes exploration for, 
or development or production of, gas shall be considered to grant to 
the lessee a right of first refusal to engage in exploration for, and 
development and production of, helium on land that is subject to the 
lease in accordance with regulations issued by the Secretary.''.

                     Subtitle D--Critical Minerals

SEC. 3301. DEFINITIONS.

    In this subtitle:
            (1) Critical mineral.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``critical mineral'' 
                means any mineral, element, substance, or material 
                designated as critical pursuant to section 3303.
                    (B) Exclusions.--The term ``critical mineral'' does 
                not include--
                            (i) fuel minerals, including oil, natural 
                        gas, or any other fossil fuels; or
                            (ii) water, ice, or snow.
            (2) Critical mineral manufacturing.--The term ``critical 
        mineral manufacturing'' means--
                    (A) the production, processing, refining, alloying, 
                separation, concentration, magnetic sintering, melting, 
                or beneficiation of critical minerals within the United 
                States;
                    (B) the fabrication, assembly, or production, 
                within the United States, of equipment, components, or 
                other goods with energy technology-, defense-, 
                agriculture-, consumer electronics-, or health care-
                related applications; or
                    (C) any other value-added, manufacturing-related 
                use of critical minerals undertaken within the United 
                States.
            (3) Indian tribe.--The term ``Indian tribe'' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 4 of the Indian Self-
        Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b).
            (4) State.--The term ``State'' means--
                    (A) a State;
                    (B) the District of Columbia;
                    (C) the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico;
                    (D) Guam;
                    (E) American Samoa;
                    (F) the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana 
                Islands; and
                    (G) the United States Virgin Islands.

SEC. 3302. POLICY.

    (a) In General.--Section 3 of the National Materials and Minerals 
Policy, Research and Development Act of 1980 (30 U.S.C. 1602) is 
amended in the second sentence--
            (1) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the following:
            ``(3) establish an analytical and forecasting capability 
        for identifying critical mineral demand, supply, and other 
        factors to allow informed actions to be taken to avoid supply 
        shortages, mitigate price volatility, and prepare for demand 
        growth and other market shifts;'';
            (2) in paragraph (6), by striking ``and'' after the 
        semicolon at the end; and
            (3) by striking paragraph (7) and inserting the following:
            ``(7) encourage Federal agencies to facilitate the 
        availability, development, and environmentally responsible 
        production of domestic resources to meet national material or 
        critical mineral needs;
            ``(8) avoid duplication of effort, prevent unnecessary 
        paperwork, and minimize delays in the administration of 
        applicable laws (including regulations) and the issuance of 
        permits and authorizations necessary to explore for, develop, 
        and produce critical minerals and to construct critical mineral 
        manufacturing facilities in accordance with applicable 
        environmental and land management laws;
            ``(9) strengthen educational and research capabilities and 
        workforce training;
            ``(10) bolster international cooperation through technology 
        transfer, information sharing, and other means;
            ``(11) promote the efficient production, use, and recycling 
        of critical minerals;
            ``(12) develop alternatives to critical minerals; and
            ``(13) establish contingencies for the production of, or 
        access to, critical minerals for which viable sources do not 
        exist within the United States.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 2(b) of the National Materials 
and Minerals Policy, Research and Development Act of 1980 (30 U.S.C. 
1601(b)) is amended by striking ``(b) As used in this Act, the term'' 
and inserting the following:
    ``(b) Definitions.--In this Act:
            ``(1) Critical mineral.--The term `critical mineral' means 
        any mineral or element designated as a critical mineral 
        pursuant to section 3303 of the Energy Policy Modernization Act 
        of 2015.
            ``(2) Materials.--The term''.

SEC. 3303. CRITICAL MINERAL DESIGNATIONS.

    (a) Draft Methodology.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Interior (acting through 
the Director of the United States Geological Survey) (referred to in 
this subtitle as the ``Secretary''), in consultation with relevant 
Federal agencies and entities, shall publish in the Federal Register 
for public comment a draft methodology for determining which minerals 
qualify as critical minerals based on an assessment of whether the 
minerals are--
            (1) subject to potential supply restrictions (including 
        restrictions associated with foreign political risk, abrupt 
        demand growth, military conflict, violent unrest, anti-
        competitive or protectionist behaviors, and other risks 
        throughout the supply chain); and
            (2) important in use (including energy technology-, 
        defense-, currency-, agriculture-, consumer electronics-, and 
        health care-related applications).
    (b) Availability of Data.--If available data is insufficient to 
provide a quantitative basis for the methodology developed under this 
section, qualitative evidence may be used to the extent necessary.
    (c) Final Methodology.--After reviewing public comments on the 
draft methodology under subsection (a) and updating the draft 
methodology as appropriate, not later than 270 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall publish in the Federal 
Register a description of the final methodology for determining which 
minerals qualify as critical minerals.
    (d) Designations.--
            (1) In general.--For purposes of carrying out this 
        subtitle, the Secretary shall maintain a list of minerals and 
        elements designated as critical, pursuant to the methodology 
        under subsection (c).
            (2) Initial list.--Subject to paragraph (1), not later than 
        1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
        shall publish in the Federal Register an initial list of 
        minerals designated as critical pursuant to the final 
        methodology under subsection (c) for the purpose of carrying 
        out this subtitle.
            (3) Inclusions.--Notwithstanding the criteria under 
        subsection (c), the Secretary may designate and include on the 
        list any mineral or element determined by another Federal 
        agency to be strategic and critical to the defense or national 
        security of the United States.
    (e) Subsequent Review.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall review the methodology 
        and designations under subsections (c) and (d) at least every 3 
        years, or more frequently as the Secretary considers to be 
        appropriate.
            (2) Revisions.--Subject to subsection (d)(1), the Secretary 
        may--
                    (A) revise the methodology described in this 
                section;
                    (B) determine that minerals or elements previously 
                determined to be critical minerals are no longer 
                critical minerals; and
                    (C) designate additional minerals or elements as 
                critical minerals.
    (f) Notice.--On finalization of the methodology under subsection 
(c), the list under subsection (d), or any revision to the methodology 
or list under subsection (e), the Secretary shall submit to Congress 
written notice of the action.

SEC. 3304. RESOURCE ASSESSMENT.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 4 years after the date of enactment 
of this Act, in consultation with applicable State (including 
geological surveys), local, academic, industry, and other entities, the 
Secretary shall complete a comprehensive national assessment of each 
critical mineral that--
            (1) identifies and quantifies known critical mineral 
        resources, using all available public and private information 
        and datasets, including exploration histories; and
            (2) provides a quantitative and qualitative assessment of 
        undiscovered critical mineral resources throughout the United 
        States, including probability estimates of tonnage and grade, 
        using all available public and private information and 
        datasets, including exploration histories.
    (b) Supplementary Information.--In carrying out this section, the 
Secretary may carry out surveys and field work (including drilling, 
remote sensing, geophysical surveys, geological mapping, and 
geochemical sampling and analysis) to supplement existing information 
and datasets available for determining the existence of critical 
minerals in the United States.
    (c) Technical Assistance.--At the request of the Governor of a 
State or the head of an Indian tribe, the Secretary may provide 
technical assistance to State governments and Indian tribes conducting 
critical mineral resource assessments on non-Federal land.
    (d) Prioritization.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary may sequence the completion 
        of resource assessments for each critical mineral such that 
        critical minerals considered to be most critical under the 
        methodology established under section 3303 are completed first.
            (2) Reporting.--During the period beginning not later than 
        1 year after the date of enactment of this Act and ending on 
        the date of completion of all of the assessments required under 
        this section, the Secretary shall submit to Congress on an 
        annual basis an interim report that--
                    (A) identifies the sequence and schedule for 
                completion of the assessments if the Secretary 
                sequences the assessments; or
                    (B) describes the progress of the assessments if 
                the Secretary does not sequence the assessments.
    (e) Updates.--The Secretary may periodically update the assessments 
conducted under this section based on--
            (1) the generation of new information or datasets by the 
        Federal Government; or
            (2) the receipt of new information or datasets from 
        critical mineral producers, State geological surveys, academic 
        institutions, trade associations, or other persons.
    (f) Additional Surveys.--The Secretary shall complete a resource 
assessment for each additional mineral or element subsequently 
designated as a critical mineral under section 3303(e)(2) not later 
than 2 years after the designation of the mineral or element.
    (g) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report describing 
the status of geological surveying of Federal land for any mineral 
commodity--
            (1) for which the United States was dependent on a foreign 
        country for more than 25 percent of the United States supply, 
        as depicted in the report issued by the United States 
        Geological Survey entitled ``Mineral Commodity Summaries 
        2015''; but
            (2) that is not designated as a critical mineral under 
        section 3303.

SEC. 3305. PERMITTING.

    (a) Performance Improvements.--To improve the quality and 
timeliness of decisions, the Secretary (acting through the Director of 
the Bureau of Land Management) and the Secretary of Agriculture (acting 
through the Chief of the Forest Service) (referred to in this section 
as the ``Secretaries'') shall, to the maximum extent practicable, with 
respect to critical mineral production on Federal land, complete 
Federal permitting and review processes with maximum efficiency and 
effectiveness, while supporting vital economic growth, by--
            (1) establishing and adhering to timelines and schedules 
        for the consideration of, and final decisions regarding, 
        applications, operating plans, leases, licenses, permits, and 
        other use authorizations for mineral-related activities on 
        Federal land;
            (2) establishing clear, quantifiable, and temporal 
        permitting performance goals and tracking progress against 
        those goals;
            (3) engaging in early collaboration among agencies, project 
        sponsors, and affected stakeholders--
                    (A) to incorporate and address the interests of 
                those parties; and
                    (B) to minimize delays;
            (4) ensuring transparency and accountability by using cost-
        effective information technology to collect and disseminate 
        information regarding individual projects and agency 
        performance;
            (5) engaging in early and active consultation with State, 
        local, and Indian tribal governments to avoid conflicts or 
        duplication of effort, resolve concerns, and allow for 
        concurrent, rather than sequential, reviews;
            (6) providing demonstrable improvements in the performance 
        of Federal permitting and review processes, including lower 
        costs and more timely decisions;
            (7) expanding and institutionalizing permitting and review 
        process improvements that have proven effective;
            (8) developing mechanisms to better communicate priorities 
        and resolve disputes among agencies at the national, regional, 
        State, and local levels; and
            (9) developing other practices, such as preapplication 
        procedures.
    (b) Review and Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretaries shall submit to Congress a 
report that--
            (1) identifies additional measures (including regulatory 
        and legislative proposals, as appropriate) that would increase 
        the timeliness of permitting activities for the exploration and 
        development of domestic critical minerals;
            (2) identifies options (including cost recovery paid by 
        permit applicants) for ensuring adequate staffing and training 
        of Federal entities and personnel responsible for the 
        consideration of applications, operating plans, leases, 
        licenses, permits, and other use authorizations for critical 
        mineral-related activities on Federal land;
            (3) quantifies the amount of time typically required 
        (including range derived from minimum and maximum durations, 
        mean, median, variance, and other statistical measures or 
        representations) to complete each step (including those aspects 
        outside the control of the executive branch, such as judicial 
        review, applicant decisions, or State and local government 
        involvement) associated with the development and processing of 
        applications, operating plans, leases, licenses, permits, and 
        other use authorizations for critical mineral-related 
        activities on Federal land, which shall serve as a baseline for 
        the performance metric under subsection (c); and
            (4) describes actions carried out pursuant to subsection 
        (a).
    (c) Performance Metric.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
submission of the report under subsection (b), the Secretaries, after 
providing public notice and an opportunity to comment, shall develop 
and publish a performance metric for evaluating the progress made by 
the executive branch to expedite the permitting of activities that will 
increase exploration for, and development of, domestic critical 
minerals, while maintaining environmental standards.
    (d) Annual Reports.--Beginning with the first budget submission by 
the President under section 1105 of title 31, United States Code, after 
publication of the performance metric required under subsection (c), 
and annually thereafter, the Secretaries shall submit to Congress a 
report that--
            (1) summarizes the implementation of recommendations, 
        measures, and options identified in paragraphs (1) and (2) of 
        subsection (b);
            (2) using the performance metric under subsection (c), 
        describes progress made by the executive branch, as compared to 
        the baseline established pursuant to subsection (b)(3), on 
        expediting the permitting of activities that will increase 
        exploration for, and development of, domestic critical 
        minerals; and
            (3) compares the United States to other countries in terms 
        of permitting efficiency and any other criteria relevant to the 
        globally competitive critical minerals industry.
    (e) Individual Projects.--Using data from the Secretaries generated 
under subsection (d), the Director of the Office of Management and 
Budget shall prioritize inclusion of individual critical mineral 
projects on the website operated by the Office of Management and Budget 
in accordance with section 1122 of title 31, United States Code.
    (f) Report of Small Business Administration.--Not later than 1 year 
and 300 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator 
of the Small Business Administration shall submit to the applicable 
committees of Congress a report that assesses the performance of 
Federal agencies with respect to--
            (1) complying with chapter 6 of title 5, United States Code 
        (commonly known as the ``Regulatory Flexibility Act''), in 
        promulgating regulations applicable to the critical minerals 
        industry; and
            (2) performing an analysis of regulations applicable to the 
        critical minerals industry that may be outmoded, inefficient, 
        duplicative, or excessively burdensome.

SEC. 3306. FEDERAL REGISTER PROCESS.

    (a) Departmental Review.--Absent any extraordinary circumstance, 
and except as otherwise required by law, the Secretary and the 
Secretary of Agriculture shall ensure that each Federal Register notice 
described in subsection (b) shall be--
            (1) subject to any required reviews within the Department 
        of the Interior or the Department of Agriculture; and
            (2) published in final form in the Federal Register not 
        later than 45 days after the date of initial preparation of the 
        notice.
    (b) Preparation.--The preparation of Federal Register notices 
required by law associated with the issuance of a critical mineral 
exploration or mine permit shall be delegated to the organizational 
level within the agency responsible for issuing the critical mineral 
exploration or mine permit.
    (c) Transmission.--All Federal Register notices regarding official 
document availability, announcements of meetings, or notices of intent 
to undertake an action shall be originated in, and transmitted to the 
Federal Register from, the office in which, as applicable--
            (1) the documents or meetings are held; or
            (2) the activity is initiated.

SEC. 3307. RECYCLING, EFFICIENCY, AND ALTERNATIVES.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Energy (referred to in this 
section as the ``Secretary'') shall conduct a program of research and 
development--
            (1) to promote the efficient production, use, and recycling 
        of critical minerals throughout the supply chain; and
            (2) to develop alternatives to critical minerals that do 
        not occur in significant abundance in the United States.
    (b) Cooperation.--In carrying out the program, the Secretary shall 
cooperate with appropriate--
            (1) Federal agencies and National Laboratories;
            (2) critical mineral producers;
            (3) critical mineral processors;
            (4) critical mineral manufacturers;
            (5) trade associations;
            (6) academic institutions;
            (7) small businesses; and
            (8) other relevant entities or individuals.
    (c) Activities.--Under the program, the Secretary shall carry out 
activities that include the identification and development of--
            (1) advanced critical mineral extraction, production, 
        separation, alloying, or processing technologies that decrease 
        the energy consumption, environmental impact, and costs of 
        those activities, including--
                    (A) efficient water and wastewater management 
                strategies;
                    (B) technologies and management strategies to 
                control the environmental impacts of radionuclides in 
                ore tailings; and
                    (C) technologies for separation and processing;
            (2) technologies or process improvements that minimize the 
        use, or lead to more efficient use, of critical minerals across 
        the full supply chain;
            (3) technologies, process improvements, or design 
        optimizations that facilitate the recycling of critical 
        minerals, and options for improving the rates of collection of 
        products and scrap containing critical minerals from post-
        consumer, industrial, or other waste streams;
            (4) commercial markets, advanced storage methods, energy 
        applications, and other beneficial uses of critical minerals 
        processing byproducts;
            (5) alternative minerals, metals, and materials, 
        particularly those available in abundance within the United 
        States and not subject to potential supply restrictions, that 
        lessen the need for critical minerals; and
            (6) alternative energy technologies or alternative designs 
        of existing energy technologies, particularly those that use 
        minerals that--
                    (A) occur in abundance in the United States; and
                    (B) are not subject to potential supply 
                restrictions.
    (d) Reports.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of 
this Act, and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to 
Congress a report summarizing the activities, findings, and progress of 
the program.

SEC. 3308. ANALYSIS AND FORECASTING.

    (a) Capabilities.--In order to evaluate existing critical mineral 
policies and inform future actions that may be taken to avoid supply 
shortages, mitigate price volatility, and prepare for demand growth and 
other market shifts, the Secretary, in consultation with the Energy 
Information Administration, academic institutions, and others in order 
to maximize the application of existing competencies related to 
developing and maintaining computer-models and similar analytical 
tools, shall conduct and publish the results of an annual report that 
includes--
            (1) as part of the annually published Mineral Commodity 
        Summaries from the United States Geological Survey, a 
        comprehensive review of critical mineral production, 
        consumption, and recycling patterns, including--
                    (A) the quantity of each critical mineral 
                domestically produced during the preceding year;
                    (B) the quantity of each critical mineral 
                domestically consumed during the preceding year;
                    (C) market price data or other price data for each 
                critical mineral;
                    (D) an assessment of--
                            (i) critical mineral requirements to meet 
                        the national security, energy, economic, 
                        industrial, technological, and other needs of 
                        the United States during the preceding year;
                            (ii) the reliance of the United States on 
                        foreign sources to meet those needs during the 
                        preceding year; and
                            (iii) the implications of any supply 
                        shortages, restrictions, or disruptions during 
                        the preceding year;
                    (E) the quantity of each critical mineral 
                domestically recycled during the preceding year;
                    (F) the market penetration during the preceding 
                year of alternatives to each critical mineral;
                    (G) a discussion of international trends associated 
                with the discovery, production, consumption, use, costs 
                of production, prices, and recycling of each critical 
                mineral as well as the development of alternatives to 
                critical minerals; and
                    (H) such other data, analyses, and evaluations as 
                the Secretary finds are necessary to achieve the 
                purposes of this section; and
            (2) a comprehensive forecast, entitled the ``Annual 
        Critical Minerals Outlook'', of projected critical mineral 
        production, consumption, and recycling patterns, including--
                    (A) the quantity of each critical mineral projected 
                to be domestically produced over the subsequent 1-year, 
                5-year, and 10-year periods;
                    (B) the quantity of each critical mineral projected 
                to be domestically consumed over the subsequent 1-year, 
                5-year, and 10-year periods;
                    (C) an assessment of--
                            (i) critical mineral requirements to meet 
                        projected national security, energy, economic, 
                        industrial, technological, and other needs of 
                        the United States;
                            (ii) the projected reliance of the United 
                        States on foreign sources to meet those needs; 
                        and
                            (iii) the projected implications of 
                        potential supply shortages, restrictions, or 
                        disruptions;
                    (D) the quantity of each critical mineral projected 
                to be domestically recycled over the subsequent 1-year, 
                5-year, and 10-year periods;
                    (E) the market penetration of alternatives to each 
                critical mineral projected to take place over the 
                subsequent 1-year, 5-year, and 10-year periods;
                    (F) a discussion of reasonably foreseeable 
                international trends associated with the discovery, 
                production, consumption, use, costs of production, and 
                recycling of each critical mineral as well as the 
                development of alternatives to critical minerals; and
                    (G) such other projections relating to each 
                critical mineral as the Secretary determines to be 
                necessary to achieve the purposes of this section.
    (b) Proprietary Information.--In preparing a report described in 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall ensure, consistent with section 
5(f) of the National Materials and Minerals Policy, Research and 
Development Act of 1980 (30 U.S.C. 1604(f)), that--
            (1) no person uses the information and data collected for 
        the report for a purpose other than the development of or 
        reporting of aggregate data in a manner such that the identity 
        of the person or firm who supplied the information is not 
        discernible and is not material to the intended uses of the 
        information;
            (2) no person discloses any information or data collected 
        for the report unless the information or data has been 
        transformed into a statistical or aggregate form that does not 
        allow the identification of the person or firm who supplied 
        particular information; and
            (3) procedures are established to require the withholding 
        of any information or data collected for the report if the 
        Secretary determines that withholding is necessary to protect 
        proprietary information, including any trade secrets or other 
        confidential information.

SEC. 3309. EDUCATION AND WORKFORCE.

    (a) Workforce Assessment.--Not later than 1 year and 300 days after 
the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Labor (in 
consultation with the Secretary, the Director of the National Science 
Foundation, institutions of higher education with substantial expertise 
in mining, institutions of higher education with significant expertise 
in minerals research, including fundamental research into alternatives, 
and employers in the critical minerals sector) shall submit to Congress 
an assessment of the domestic availability of technically trained 
personnel necessary for critical mineral exploration, development, 
assessment, production, manufacturing, recycling, analysis, 
forecasting, education, and research, including an analysis of--
            (1) skills that are in the shortest supply as of the date 
        of the assessment;
            (2) skills that are projected to be in short supply in the 
        future;
            (3) the demographics of the critical minerals industry and 
        how the demographics will evolve under the influence of factors 
        such as an aging workforce;
            (4) the effectiveness of training and education programs in 
        addressing skills shortages;
            (5) opportunities to hire locally for new and existing 
        critical mineral activities;
            (6) the sufficiency of personnel within relevant areas of 
        the Federal Government for achieving the policies described in 
        section 3 of the National Materials and Minerals Policy, 
        Research and Development Act of 1980 (30 U.S.C. 1602); and
            (7) the potential need for new training programs to have a 
        measurable effect on the supply of trained workers in the 
        critical minerals industry.
    (b) Curriculum Study.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary and the Secretary of Labor 
        shall jointly enter into an arrangement with the National 
        Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering 
        under which the Academies shall coordinate with the National 
        Science Foundation on conducting a study--
                    (A) to design an interdisciplinary program on 
                critical minerals that will support the critical 
                mineral supply chain and improve the ability of the 
                United States to increase domestic, critical mineral 
                exploration, development, production, manufacturing, 
                research, including fundamental research into 
                alternatives, and recycling;
                    (B) to address undergraduate and graduate 
                education, especially to assist in the development of 
                graduate level programs of research and instruction 
                that lead to advanced degrees with an emphasis on the 
                critical mineral supply chain or other positions that 
                will increase domestic, critical mineral exploration, 
                development, production, manufacturing, research, 
                including fundamental research into alternatives, and 
                recycling;
                    (C) to develop guidelines for proposals from 
                institutions of higher education with substantial 
                capabilities in the required disciplines for activities 
                to improve the critical mineral supply chain and 
                advance the capacity of the United States to increase 
                domestic, critical mineral exploration, research, 
                development, production, manufacturing, and recycling; 
                and
                    (D) to outline criteria for evaluating performance 
                and recommendations for the amount of funding that will 
                be necessary to establish and carry out the program 
                described in subsection (c).
            (2) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a 
        description of the results of the study required under 
        paragraph (1).
    (c) Program.--
            (1) Establishment.--The Secretary and the Secretary of 
        Labor shall jointly conduct a competitive grant program under 
        which institutions of higher education may apply for and 
        receive 4-year grants for--
                    (A) startup costs for newly designated faculty 
                positions in integrated critical mineral education, 
                research, innovation, training, and workforce 
                development programs consistent with subsection (b);
                    (B) internships, scholarships, and fellowships for 
                students enrolled in programs related to critical 
                minerals;
                    (C) equipment necessary for integrated critical 
                mineral innovation, training, and workforce development 
                programs; and
                    (D) research of critical minerals and their 
                applications, particularly concerning the manufacture 
                of critical components vital to national security.
            (2) Renewal.--A grant under this subsection shall be 
        renewable for up to 2 additional 3-year terms based on 
        performance criteria outlined under subsection (b)(1)(D).

SEC. 3310. NATIONAL GEOLOGICAL AND GEOPHYSICAL DATA PRESERVATION 
              PROGRAM.

    Section 351(k) of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 
15908(k)) is amended by striking ``$30,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
2006 through 2010'' and inserting ``$5,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
2017 through 2026, to remain available until expended''.

SEC. 3311. ADMINISTRATION.

    (a) In General.--The National Critical Materials Act of 1984 (30 
U.S.C. 1801 et seq.) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 3(d) of the National 
Superconductivity and Competitiveness Act of 1988 (15 U.S.C. 5202(d)) 
is amended in the first sentence by striking ``, with the assistance of 
the National Critical Materials Council as specified in the National 
Critical Materials Act of 1984 (30 U.S.C. 1801 et seq.),''.
    (c) Savings Clauses.--
            (1) In general.--Nothing in this subtitle or an amendment 
        made by this subtitle modifies any requirement or authority 
        provided by--
                    (A) the matter under the heading ``geological 
                survey'' of the first section of the Act of March 3, 
                1879 (43 U.S.C. 31(a)); or
                    (B) the first section of Public Law 87-626 (43 
                U.S.C. 31(b)).
            (2) Potash.--Nothing in this subtitle affects any aspect of 
        Secretarial Order 3324, issued by the Secretary of the Interior 
        on December 3, 2012, with respect to potash and oil and gas 
        operators.

SEC. 3312. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subtitle 
$50,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2017 through 2026.

                            Subtitle E--Coal

SEC. 3401. FOSSIL ENERGY.

    Section 961(a) of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 
16291(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(8) Improving the conversion, use, and storage of carbon 
        dioxide produced from fossil fuels.''.

SEC. 3402. ESTABLISHMENT OF COAL TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeals.--
            (1) In general.--
                    (A) Sections 962 and 963 of the Energy Policy Act 
                of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16292, 16293) are repealed.
                    (B) Subtitle A of title IV of the Energy Policy Act 
                of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 15961 et seq.) is repealed.
            (2) Savings clause.--Notwithstanding the amendments made by 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall continue to manage any 
        program activities that are outstanding as of the date of 
        enactment of this Act under the terms and conditions of 
        sections 962 and 963 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 
        U.S.C. 16292, 16293) or subtitle A of title IV of the Energy 
        Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 15961 et seq.) (as in effect on 
        the day before the date of enactment of this Act), as 
        applicable.
            (3) Conforming amendments.--
                    (A) Section 703(a)(3) of the Energy Independence 
                and Security Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17251(a)(3)) is 
                amended--
                            (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                        (A), by striking the first and second 
                        sentences; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``including'' in the matter preceding clause 
                        (i) and all that follows through the period at 
                        the end and inserting ``, including such 
                        geologic sequestration projects as are approved 
                        by the Secretary''.
                    (B) Section 704 of the Energy Independence and 
                Security Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17252) is amended in 
                the first sentence by striking ``under section 
                963(c)(3) of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 
                16293(c)(3)), as added by section 702 of this subtitle, 
                and''.
    (b) Establishment of Coal Technology Program.--
            (1) In general.--The Energy Policy Act of 2005 (as amended 
        by subsection (a)) is amended by inserting after section 961 
        (42 U.S.C. 16291) the following:

``SEC. 962. COAL TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM.

    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Large-scale pilot project.--The term `large-scale 
        pilot project' means a pilot project that--
                    ``(A) represents the scale of technology 
                development beyond laboratory development and bench 
                scale testing, but not yet advanced to the point of 
                being tested under real operational conditions at 
                commercial scale;
                    ``(B) represents the scale of technology necessary 
                to gain the operational data needed to understand the 
                technical and performance risks of the technology 
                before the application of that technology at commercial 
                scale or in commercial-scale demonstration; and
                    ``(C) is large enough--
                            ``(i) to validate scaling factors; and
                            ``(ii) to demonstrate the interaction 
                        between major components so that control 
                        philosophies for a new process can be developed 
                        and enable the technology to advance from 
                        large-scale pilot plant application to 
                        commercial scale demonstration or application.
            ``(2) Program.--The term `program' means the program 
        established under subsection (b).
            ``(3) Transformational technology.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `transformational 
                technology' means a power generation technology that 
                represents an entirely new way to convert energy that 
                will enable a step change in performance, efficiency, 
                and cost of electricity as compared to the technology 
                in existence on the date of enactment of this Act.
                    ``(B) Inclusions.--The term `transformational 
                technology' includes a broad range of technology 
                improvements, including--
                            ``(i) thermodynamic improvements in energy 
                        conversion and heat transfer, including--
                                    ``(I) oxygen combustion;
                                    ``(II) chemical looping; and
                                    ``(III) the replacement of steam 
                                cycles with supercritical carbon 
                                dioxide cycles;
                            ``(ii) improvements in turbine technology;
                            ``(iii) improvements in carbon capture 
                        systems technology; and
                            ``(iv) any other technology the Secretary 
                        recognizes as transformational technology.
    ``(b) Coal Technology Program.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a coal 
        technology program to ensure the continued use of the abundant, 
        domestic coal resources of the United States through the 
        development of technologies that will significantly improve the 
        efficiency, effectiveness, costs, and environmental performance 
        of coal use.
            ``(2) Requirements.--The program shall include--
                    ``(A) a research and development program;
                    ``(B) large-scale pilot projects; and
                    ``(C) demonstration projects.
            ``(3) Program goals and objectives.--In consultation with 
        the interested entities described in paragraph (4)(C), the 
        Secretary shall develop goals and objectives for the program to 
        be applied to the technologies developed within the program, 
        taking into consideration the following objectives:
                    ``(A) Ensure reliable, low cost power from new and 
                existing coal plants.
                    ``(B) Achieve high conversion efficiencies.
                    ``(C) Address emissions of carbon dioxide through 
                high efficiency platforms and carbon capture from new 
                and existing coal plants.
                    ``(D) Support small-scale and modular technologies 
                to enable incremental capacity additions and load 
                growth and large-scale generation technologies.
                    ``(E) Support flexible baseload operations for new 
                and existing applications of coal generation.
                    ``(F) Further reduce emissions of criteria 
                pollutants and reduce the use and manage the discharge 
                of water in power plant operations.
                    ``(G) Accelerate the development of technologies 
                that have transformational energy conversion 
                characteristics.
                    ``(H) Validate geologic storage of large volumes of 
                anthropogenic sources of carbon dioxide and support the 
                development of the infrastructure needed to support a 
                carbon dioxide use and storage industry.
                    ``(I) Examine methods of converting coal to other 
                valuable products and commodities in addition to 
                electricity.
            ``(4) Consultations required.--In carrying out the program, 
        the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) undertake international collaborations, as 
                recommended by the National Coal Council;
                    ``(B) use existing authorities to encourage 
                international cooperation; and
                    ``(C) consult with interested entities, including -
                            ``(i) coal producers;
                            ``(ii) industries that use coal;
                            ``(iii) organizations that promote coal and 
                        advanced coal technologies;
                            ``(iv) environmental organizations;
                            ``(v) organizations representing workers; 
                        and
                            ``(vi) organizations representing 
                        consumers.
    ``(c) Report.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 18 months after the date 
        of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to 
        Congress a report describing the performance standards adopted 
        under subsection (b)(3).
            ``(2) Update.--Once every 2 years after the initial report 
        is submitted under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall submit to 
        Congress a report describing the progress made towards 
        achieving the objectives and performance standards adopted 
        under subsection (b)(3).
    ``(d) Funding.--
            ``(1) Authorization of appropriations.--There are 
        authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out 
        this Act, to remain available until expended--
                    ``(A) $610,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2017 
                through 2020; and
                    ``(B) $560,000,000 for fiscal year 2021.
            ``(2) Allocations.--The amounts made available under 
        paragraph (1) shall be allocated as follows:
                    ``(A) For activities under the research and 
                development program component described in subsection 
                (b)(2)(A)--
                            ``(i) $275,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                        2017 through 2020; and
                            ``(ii) $200,000,000 for fiscal year 2021.
                    ``(B) For activities under the demonstration 
                projects program component described in subsection 
                (b)(2)(C)--
                            ``(i) $50,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                        2017 through 2020; and
                            ``(ii) $75,000,000 for fiscal year 2021.
                    ``(C) For activities under the large-scale pilot 
                projects program component described in subsection 
                (b)(2)(B), $285,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2017 
                through 2021.''.
            (2) Cost sharing for large-scale pilot projects.--
        Activities under subsection (b)(2)(B) shall be subject to the 
        cost-sharing requirements of section 988(b) of the Energy 
        Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16352(b)).

                          Subtitle F--Nuclear

SEC. 3501. REPORT ON FUSION AND FISSION REACTOR PROTOTYPES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in consultation with the National 
Laboratories, relevant Federal agencies, and other stakeholders, shall 
submit to the Committees on Energy and Natural Resources and 
Environment and Public Works of the Senate and the Committee on 
Science, Space, and Technology of the House of Representatives a report 
assessing the capability of the Department to host privately funded 
fusion and fission reactor prototypes up to 20 megawatts thermal output 
and related demonstration facilities at sites owned by the Department.
    (b) Content.--The report submitted under subsection (a) shall 
describe the results of an assessment of--
            (1) the safety review, oversight capabilities, and 
        potential liability of the Department;
            (2) potential sites capable of hosting research, 
        development, and demonstration of prototype reactors and 
        related facilities for the purpose of reducing technical risk;
            (3) the existing physical and technical capabilities of the 
        Department and the National Laboratories relevant to research, 
        development, and oversight;
            (4) the efficacy of the available contractual mechanisms of 
        the Department, including--
                    (A) cooperative research and development 
                agreements;
                    (B) work for others agreements; and
                    (C) agreements for commercializing technology;
            (5) potential cost structures relating to physical 
        security, decommissioning, liability, and other long-term 
        project costs;
            (6) the feasibility of the Department providing technical 
        assistance to developers of privately funded fusion and 
        advanced fission reactors in connection with obtaining a 
        license from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission for 
        demonstration reactors or commercial reactors of varying size 
        and readiness levels up to 2 gigawatts of thermal output; and
            (7) other challenges or considerations identified by the 
        Secretary, including issues relating to potential cases of 
        demonstration reactors up to 2 gigawatts of thermal output.

SEC. 3502. NEXT GENERATION NUCLEAR PLANT PROJECT.

    Section 642(b) of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 
16022(b)) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (3); and
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (4) and (5) as paragraphs 
        (3) and (4), respectively.

                   Subtitle G--Workforce Development

SEC. 3601. 21ST CENTURY ENERGY WORKFORCE ADVISORY BOARD.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish the 21st Century 
Energy Workforce Advisory Board (referred to in this section as the 
``Board''), to develop a strategy for the support and development of a 
skilled energy workforce that--
            (1) meets the current and future industry and labor needs 
        of the energy sector;
            (2) provides opportunities for students to become qualified 
        for placement in traditional energy sector and clean energy 
        sector jobs;
            (3) aligns apprenticeship programs and workforce 
        development programs to provide industry recognized 
        certifications and credentials;
            (4) encourages leaders in the education system of the 
        United States to equip students with the skills, mentorships, 
        training, and technical expertise necessary to fill the 
        employment opportunities vital to managing and operating the 
        energy- and manufacturing-related industries of the United 
        States;
            (5) appropriately supports other Federal agencies;
            (6) strengthens and more fully engages workforce training 
        programs of the Department and the National Laboratories in 
        carrying out the Minorities in Energy Initiative of the 
        Department and other Department workforce priorities;
            (7) supports the design and replication of existing model 
        energy curricula, particularly in new and emerging 
        technologies, that leads to industry-wide credentials;
            (8) develops plans to support and retrain displaced and 
        unemployed energy sector workers; and
            (9) makes a Department priority to provide education and 
        job training to underrepresented groups, including ethnic 
        minorities, Indian tribes (as defined in section 4 of the 
        Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 
        U.S.C. 450b)), women, veterans, and socioeconomically 
        disadvantaged individuals.
    (b) Membership.--
            (1) In general.--The Board shall be composed of 9 members, 
        with the initial members of the Board to be appointed by the 
        Secretary not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
        this Act.
            (2) Nominations.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the President's Council of Advisors on 
        Science and Technology shall nominate for appointment to the 
        Board under paragraph (1) not less than 18 individuals who meet 
        the qualifications described in paragraph (3).
            (3) Qualifications.--Each individual nominated for 
        appointment to the Board under paragraph (1) shall--
                    (A) be eminent in the field of economics or 
                workforce development;
                    (B) have expertise in relevant traditional energy 
                industries and clean energy industries;
                    (C) have expertise in secondary and postsecondary 
                education;
                    (D) have expertise in energy workforce development 
                or apprentice programs of States and units of local 
                government;
                    (E) have expertise in relevant organized labor 
                organizations; or
                    (F) have expertise in bringing underrepresented 
                groups, including ethnic minorities, women, veterans, 
                and socioeconomically disadvantaged individuals, into 
                the workforce.
            (4) Representation.--The membership of the Board shall be 
        representative of the broad range of the energy industry, labor 
        organizations, workforce development, education, minority 
        participation, and economics disciplines related to activities 
        carried out under this section.
            (5) Limitation.--No individual shall be nominated for 
        appointment to the Board who is an employee of an entity 
        applying for a grant under section 3602.
    (c) Advisory Board Review and Recommendations.--
            (1) Determination by board.--In developing the strategy 
        required under subsection (a), the Board shall--
                    (A) determine whether there are opportunities to 
                more effectively and efficiently use the capabilities 
                of the Department in the development of a skilled 
                energy workforce;
                    (B) identify ways in which the Department could 
                work with other relevant Federal agencies, States, 
                units of local government, educational institutions, 
                labor, and industry in the development of a skilled 
                energy workforce;
                    (C) identify ways in which the Department and 
                National Laboratories can--
                            (i) increase outreach to minority-serving 
                        institutions; and
                            (ii) make resources available to increase 
                        the number of skilled minorities and women 
                        trained to go into the energy- and 
                        manufacturing-related sectors;
                    (D) identify ways in which the Department and 
                National Laboratories can --
                            (i) increase outreach to displaced and 
                        unemployed energy sector workers; and
                            (ii) make resources available to provide 
                        training to displaced and unemployed energy 
                        sector workers to reenter the energy workforce; 
                        and
                    (E) identify the energy sectors in greatest need of 
                workforce training and develop guidelines for the 
                skills necessary to develop a workforce trained to work 
                in those energy sectors.
            (2) Required analysis.--In developing the strategy required 
        under subsection (a), the Board shall analyze the effectiveness 
        of--
                    (A) existing Department directed support; and
                    (B) developing energy workforce training programs.
            (3) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date on which 
        the Board is established under this section, and each year 
        thereafter, the Board shall submit to the Secretary and 
        Congress, and make public, a report containing the findings of 
        the Board and model energy curricula with respect to the 
        strategy required to be developed under subsection (a).
    (d) Report by Secretary.--Not later than 18 months after the date 
on which the Board is established under this section, the Secretary 
shall submit to the Committees on Appropriations of Senate and the 
House of Representatives, the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources 
of the Senate, and the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of 
Representatives a report that--
            (1) describes whether the Secretary approves or disapproves 
        the recommendations of the Board under subsection (c)(3); and
            (2) provides an implementation plan for recommendations 
        approved by the Board under paragraph (1).
    (e) Clearinghouse.--Based on the recommendations of the Board, the 
Secretary shall establish a clearinghouse--
            (1) to maintain and update information and resources on 
        training and workforce development programs for energy- and 
        manufacturing-related jobs; and
            (2) to act as a resource, and provide guidance, for 
        secondary schools, institutions of higher education (including 
        community colleges and minority-serving institutions), 
        workforce development organizations, labor management 
        organizations, and industry organizations that would like to 
        develop and implement energy- and manufacturing-related 
        training programs.
    (f) Sunset.--The Board established under this section shall remain 
in effect until September 30, 2020.

SEC. 3602. ENERGY WORKFORCE PILOT GRANT PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Labor 
and the Secretary of Education, shall establish a pilot program to 
award grants on a competitive basis to eligible entities for job 
training programs that lead to an industry-recognized credential.
    (b) Eligibility.--To be eligible to receive a grant under this 
section, an entity shall be a public or nonprofit organization or a 
consortium of public or nonprofit organizations that--
            (1) includes an advisory board of proportional 
        participation, as determined by the Secretary, of relevant 
        organizations, including--
                    (A) relevant energy industry organizations, 
                including public and private employers;
                    (B) labor organizations;
                    (C) postsecondary education organizations; and
                    (D) workforce development boards;
            (2) demonstrates experience in implementing and operating 
        job training and education programs;
            (3) demonstrates the ability to recruit and support 
        individuals who plan to work in the energy industry in the 
        successful completion of relevant job training and education 
        programs; and
            (4) provides students who complete the job training and 
        education program with an industry-recognized credential.
    (c) Applications.--Eligible entities desiring a grant under this 
section shall submit to the Secretary an application at such time, in 
such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary may 
require.
    (d) Priority.--In selecting eligible entities to receive grants 
under this section, the Secretary shall prioritize applicants that--
            (1) house the job training and education programs in--
                    (A) a community college or institution of higher 
                education that includes basic science and math 
                education in the curriculum of the community college, 
                institution of higher education; or
                    (B) an apprenticeship program registered with the 
                Department of Labor or a State;
            (2) work with the Secretary of Defense or veterans 
        organizations to transition members of the Armed Forces and 
        veterans to careers in the energy sector;
            (3) work with Indian tribes (as defined in section 4 of the 
        Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 
        U.S.C. 450b));
            (4) apply as a State or regional consortia to leverage best 
        practices already available in the State or region in which the 
        community college or institution of higher education is 
        located;
            (5) have a State-supported entity included in the 
        consortium applying for the grant;
            (6) include an apprenticeship program registered with the 
        Department of Labor or a State as part of the job training and 
        education program;
            (7) provide support services and career coaching;
            (8) provide introductory energy workforce development 
        training;
            (9) work with minority-serving institutions to provide job 
        training to increase the number of skilled minorities and women 
        in the energy sector; or
            (10) provide job training for displaced and unemployed 
        workers in the energy sector.
    (e) Additional Consideration.--In making grants under this section, 
the Secretary shall consider regional diversity.
    (f) Limitation on Applications.--An eligible entity may not submit, 
either individually or as part of a joint application, more than 1 
application for a grant under this section during any 1 fiscal year.
    (g) Limitations on Amount of Grant.--The amount of an individual 
grant for any 1 year shall not exceed $1,000,000.
    (h) Cost Sharing.--
            (1) Federal share.--The Federal share of the cost of a job 
        training and education program carried out using a grant under 
        this section shall be not greater than 65 percent.
            (2) Non-federal share.--
                    (A) In general.--The non-Federal share of the cost 
                of a job training and education program carried out 
                using a grant under this section shall consist of not 
                less than 50 percent cash.
                    (B) Limitation.--Not greater than 50 percent of the 
                non-Federal contribution of the total cost of a job 
                training and education program carried out using a 
                grant under this section shall be in the form of in-
                kind contributions of goods or services fairly valued.
    (i) Reduction of Duplication.--Prior to submitting an application 
for a grant under this section, each applicant shall consult with the 
appropriate agencies of the Federal Government and coordinate the 
proposed activities of the applicant with existing State and local 
programs.
    (j) Technical Assistance.--The Secretary shall provide technical 
assistance and capacity building to national and State energy 
partnerships, including the entities described in subsection (b)(1), to 
leverage the existing job training and education programs of the 
Department.
    (k) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to Congress and make 
publicly available on the website of the Department an annual report on 
the program established under this section, including a description 
of--
            (1) the entities receiving grants;
            (2) the activities carried out using the grants;
            (3) best practices used to leverage the investment of the 
        Federal Government;
            (4) the rate of employment for participants after 
        completing a job training and education program carried out 
        using a grant; and
            (5) an assessment of the results achieved by the program.
    (l) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $20,000,000 for each of fiscal 
years 2017 through 2020.

                         Subtitle H--Recycling

SEC. 3701. RECYCLED CARBON FIBER.

    (a) Study.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall conduct a study on--
                    (A) the technology of recycled carbon fiber and 
                production waste carbon fiber; and
                    (B) the potential lifecycle energy savings and 
                economic impact of recycled carbon fiber.
            (2) Factors for consideration.--In conducting the study 
        under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consider--
                    (A) the quantity of recycled carbon fiber or 
                production waste carbon fiber that would make the use 
                of recycled carbon fiber or production waste carbon 
                fiber economically viable;
                    (B) any existing or potential barriers to recycling 
                carbon fiber or using recycled carbon fiber;
                    (C) any financial incentives that may be necessary 
                for the development of recycled carbon fiber or 
                production waste carbon fiber;
                    (D) the potential lifecycle savings in energy from 
                producing recycled carbon fiber, as compared to 
                producing new carbon fiber;
                    (E) the best and highest use for recycled carbon 
                fiber;
                    (F) the potential reduction in carbon dioxide 
                emissions from producing recycled carbon fiber, as 
                compared to producing new carbon fiber;
                    (G) any economic benefits gained from using 
                recycled carbon fiber or production waste carbon fiber;
                    (H) workforce training and skills needed to address 
                labor demands in the development of recycled carbon 
                fiber or production waste carbon fiber; and
                    (I) how the Department can leverage existing 
                efforts in the industry on the use of production waste 
                carbon fiber.
            (3) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a 
        report describing the results of the study conducted under 
        paragraph (1).
    (b) Recycled Carbon Fiber Demonstration Project.--On completion of 
the study required under subsection (a)(1), the Secretary shall consult 
with the aviation and automotive industries and existing programs of 
the Advanced Manufacturing Office of the Department to develop a carbon 
fiber recycling demonstration project.
    (c) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this section $10,000,000, to 
remain available until expended.

SEC. 3702. ENERGY GENERATION AND REGULATORY RELIEF STUDY REGARDING 
              RECOVERY AND CONVERSION OF NONRECYCLED MIXED PLASTICS.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Engineered fuel.--The term ``engineered fuel'' means a 
        solid fuel that is manufactured from nonrecycled constituents 
        of municipal solid waste or other secondary materials.
            (2) Gasification.--The term ``gasification'' means a 
        process through which nonrecycled waste is heated and converted 
        to synthesis gas in an oxygen-deficient atmosphere, which can 
        be converted into fuels such as ethanol or other chemical 
        feedstocks.
            (3) Pyrolysis.--The term ``pyrolysis'' means a process 
        through which nonrecycled plastics are heated in the absence of 
        oxygen until melted and thermally decomposed, and are then 
        cooled, condensed, and converted into synthetic crude oil or 
        refined into synthetic fuels and feedstocks such as diesel or 
        naphtha.
    (b) Study.--With respect to nonrecycled mixed plastics that are 
part of municipal solid waste or other secondary materials in the 
United States (and are often deposited in landfills), the Secretary 
shall conduct a study to determine the manner in which the United 
States can make progress toward a cost-effective system (including with 
respect to environmental issues) through which pyrolysis, gasification, 
and other innovative technologies such as engineered fuels are used to 
convert such plastics, alone or in combination with other municipal 
solid waste or secondary materials, into materials that can be used to 
generate electric energy or fuels or as chemical feedstocks.
    (c) Completion of Study.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall complete the study described 
in subsection (b) and submit to the appropriate committees of Congress 
reports providing findings and recommendations developed through the 
study.
    (d) Funding.--The Secretary may use unobligated funds of the 
Department to carry out this section.

SEC. 3703. ELIGIBLE PROJECTS.

    Section 1703(b)(1) of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 
16513(b)(1)) is amended by inserting ``(excluding the burning of 
commonly recycled paper that has been segregated from solid waste to 
generate electricity)'' after ``systems''.

                        TITLE IV--ACCOUNTABILITY

                       Subtitle A--Loan Programs

SEC. 4001. TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR INCENTIVES FOR INNOVATIVE 
              TECHNOLOGIES.

    (a) Borrower Payment of Subsidy Cost.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1702 of the Energy Policy Act of 
        2005 (42 U.S.C. 16512) is amended by adding at the end the 
        following:
    ``(l) Borrower Payment of Subsidy Cost.--
            ``(1) In general.--In addition to the requirement in 
        subsection (b)(1), no guarantee shall be made unless the 
        Secretary has received from the borrower not less than 25 
        percent of the cost of the guarantee.
            ``(2) Estimate.--The Secretary shall provide to the 
        borrower, as soon as practicable, an estimate or range of the 
        cost of the guarantee under paragraph (1).''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--Section 1702(b) of the Energy 
        Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16512(b)) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``(1) In general.--No guarantee'' 
                and inserting the following: ``Subject to subsection 
                (l), no guarantee'';
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), and 
                (C) as paragraphs (1), (2), and (3), respectively, and 
                indenting appropriately; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3) (as so redesignated)--
                            (i) by striking ``subparagraph (A)'' and 
                        inserting ``paragraph (1)''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``subparagraph (B)'' and 
                        inserting ``paragraph (2)''.
    (b) Prohibition on Subordination of Debt.--Section 1702(d)(3) of 
the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16512(d)(3)) is amended by 
striking ``is not subordinate'' and inserting ``(including any 
reorganization, restructuring, or termination of the obligation) shall 
not at any time be subordinate''.
    (c) Loan Program Transparency.--Section 1703 of the Energy Policy 
Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16513) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(f) Loan Status.--
            ``(1) Request.--If the Secretary does not make a final 
        decision on an application for a loan guarantee under this 
        section by the date that is 270 days after receipt of the 
        application by the Secretary, on that date and every 90 days 
        thereafter until the final decision is made, the applicant may 
        request that the Secretary provide to the applicant a 
        description of the status of the application.
            ``(2) Response.--Not later than 10 days after receiving a 
        request from an applicant under paragraph (1), the Secretary 
        shall provide to the applicant a response that includes--
                    ``(A) a summary of any factors that are delaying a 
                final decision on the application; and
                    ``(B) an estimate of when review of the application 
                will be completed.''.
    (d) Temporary Program for Rapid Deployment of Renewable Energy and 
Electric Power Transmission Projects.--
            (1) Repeal.--Section 1705 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 
        (42 U.S.C. 16516) is repealed.
            (2) Rescission.--There is rescinded the unobligated balance 
        of amounts made available to carry out the loan guarantee 
        program established under section 1705 of the Energy Policy Act 
        of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16516) (before the amendment made by 
        paragraph (1)).
            (3) Management.--The Secretary shall ensure rigorous 
        continued management and oversight of all outstanding loans 
        guaranteed under the program described in subsection (b) until 
        those loans have been repaid in full.

SEC. 4002. STATE LOAN ELIGIBILITY.

    (a) Definitions.--Section 1701 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 
U.S.C. 16511) is amended by adding at the end the following:
            ``(6) State.--The term `State' has the meaning given the 
        term in section 202 of the Energy Conservation and Production 
        Act (42 U.S.C. 6802).
            ``(7) State energy financing institution.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `State energy financing 
                institution' means a quasi-independent entity or an 
                entity within a State agency or financing authority 
                established by a State--
                            ``(i) to provide financing support or 
                        credit enhancements, including loan guarantees 
                        and loan loss reserves, for eligible projects; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) to create liquid markets for 
                        eligible projects, including warehousing and 
                        securitization, or take other steps to reduce 
                        financial barriers to the deployment of 
                        existing and new eligible projects.
                    ``(B) Inclusion.--The term `State energy financing 
                institution' includes an entity or organization 
                established to achieve the purposes described in 
                clauses (i) and (ii) of subparagraph (A) by an Indian 
                tribal entity or an Alaska Native Corporation.''.
    (b) Terms and Conditions.--Section 1702 of the Energy Policy Act of 
2005 (42 U.S.C. 16512) (as amended by section 4001(a)(1)) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``or to a State energy 
        financing institution'' after ``for projects''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(m) State Energy Financing Institutions.--
            ``(1) Eligibility.--To be eligible for a guarantee under 
        this title, a State energy financing institution--
                    ``(A) shall meet the requirements of section 
                1703(a)(1); and
                    ``(B) shall not be required to meet the 
                requirements of section 1703(a)(2).
            ``(2) Partnerships authorized.--In carrying out a project 
        receiving a loan guarantee under this title, State energy 
        financing institutions may enter into partnerships with private 
        entities, tribal entities, and Alaska Native corporations.''.

SEC. 4003. GAO STUDY ON FOSSIL LOAN GUARANTEE INCENTIVE PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall carry out, and submit to Congress a report describing the results 
of, a study on the effectiveness of the advanced fossil loan guarantee 
incentive program and other incentive programs for advanced fossil 
energy of the Department.
    (b) Contents.--In carrying out the study under subsection (a), the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall--
            (1) solicit industry and stakeholder input;
            (2) evaluate the effectiveness of the advanced fossil loan 
        guarantee incentive program, alone or in combination with other 
        incentives, in advancing carbon capture and storage technology;
            (3) review each Federal incentive provided by the 
        Department and other Federal agencies for carbon capture and 
        storage demonstration projects to determine the adequacy and 
        effectiveness of the combined Federal incentives in advancing 
        carbon capture and storage and advanced fossil energy 
        technologies;
            (4) assess whether combinations of the incentive programs 
        in existence as of the date of enactment of this Act could be 
        effective to advance carbon capture and storage and advanced 
        fossil energy technologies; and
            (5) evaluate the impact and costs of implementing the 
        recommendations described in the January 2015 National Coal 
        Council report entitled ``Fossil Forward: Revitalizing CCS, 
        Bringing Scale and Speed to CCS Deployment'' on the 
        effectiveness of the advanced fossil loan guarantee program.

SEC. 4004. PROGRAM ELIGIBILITY FOR VESSELS.

    Subtitle B of title I of the Energy Independence and Security Act 
of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17011 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:

``SEC. 137. ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY VEHICLES MANUFACTURING INCENTIVE 
              PROGRAM ELIGIBILITY FOR VESSELS.

    ``(a) Definition of Vessel.--In this section, the term `vessel' 
means a vessel (as defined in section 3 of title 1, United States 
Code), whether in existence or under construction, that has been issued 
a certificate of documentation as a United States flagged vessel under 
chapter 121 of title 46, United States Code and that meets the 
standards established under section 4005(a) of the Energy Policy 
Modernization Act of 2015.
    ``(b) Eligibility.--Subject to the terms and conditions of 
subsections (d) and (f) of section 136, projects for the reequipping, 
expanding, or establishing of a manufacturing facility in the United 
States to produce vessels shall be considered eligible for direct loans 
under section 136(d).
    ``(c) Funding.--
            ``(1) Prohibition on use of existing credit subsidy.--None 
        of the projects made eligible under this section shall be 
        eligible to receive any credit subsidy provided under section 
        136 before the date of enactment of this section.
            ``(2) Specific appropriation or contribution.--The 
        authority under this section to incur indebtedness, or enter 
        into contracts, obligating amounts to be expended by the 
        Federal Government shall be effective for any fiscal year 
        only--
                    ``(A)(i) to such extent or in such amounts as are 
                provided in advance by appropriation Acts; and
                    ``(ii) if the borrower has agreed to pay a 
                reasonable percentage of the cost of the obligation; or
                    ``(B) if the Secretary has received from the 
                borrower a payment in full for the cost of the 
                obligation and deposited the payment into the 
                Treasury.''.

SEC. 4005. ADDITIONAL REFORMS.

    (a) Issuance of Rule.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act and after consultation with, and taking into 
account comments from, the vessel industry, the Secretary shall issue a 
rule that specifies which energy efficiency improvement standards shall 
apply to applicants for loans under section 137 of the Energy 
Independence and Security Act of 2007 (as added by section 4004) for 
the manufacturing, retrofitting, or repowering vessels that have been 
issued certificates of documentation as United States flagged vessels 
under chapter 121 of title 46, United States Code.
    (b) Fees.--Section 136 of the Energy Independence and Security Act 
of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17013) is amended by striking subsection (f) and 
inserting the following:
    ``(f) Fees.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall charge and collect 
        fees for loans provided under this section in amounts that the 
        Secretary determines are sufficient to cover applicable 
        administrative expenses associated with the loans, including 
        reasonable closing fees on the loans.
            ``(2) Availability.--Fees collected under paragraph (1) 
        shall--
                    ``(A) be deposited by the Secretary into the 
                Treasury; and
                    ``(B) remain available until expended, subject to 
                such other conditions as are contained in annual 
                appropriations Acts.''.

SEC. 4006. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY INDIAN ENERGY EDUCATION PLANNING AND 
              MANAGEMENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 2602(b)(6) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (25 U.S.C. 
3502(b)(6)) is amended by striking ``2016'' and inserting ``2026''.

                     Subtitle B--Energy-Water Nexus

SEC. 4101. NEXUS OF ENERGY AND WATER FOR SUSTAINABILITY.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Energy-water nexus.--The term ``energy-water nexus'' 
        means the links between--
                    (A) the water needed to produce fuels, electricity, 
                and other forms of energy; and
                    (B) the energy needed to transport, reclaim, and 
                treat water and wastewater.
            (2) Interagency coordination committee.--The term 
        ``Interagency Coordination Committee'' means the Committee on 
        the Nexus of Energy and Water for Sustainability (or the ``NEWS 
        Committee'') established under subsection (b)(1).
            (3) Nexus of energy and water sustainability office; news 
        office.--The term ``Nexus of Energy and Water Sustainability 
        Office'' or the ``NEWS Office'' means an office located at the 
        Department and managed in cooperation with the Department of 
        the Interior pursuant to an agreement between the 2 agencies to 
        carry out leadership and administrative functions for the 
        Interagency Coordination Committee.
            (4) RD&D activities.--The term ``RD&D activities'' means 
        research, development, and demonstration activities.
    (b) Interagency Coordination Committee.--
            (1) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        of enactment of this Act, the Secretary and the Secretary of 
        the Interior shall establish the joint NEWS Office and 
        Interagency Coordination Committee on the Nexus of Energy and 
        Water for Sustainability (or the ``NEWS Committee'') to carry 
        out the duties described in paragraph (3).
            (2) Administration.--
                    (A) Chairs.--The Secretary and the Secretary of the 
                Interior shall jointly manage the NEWS Office and serve 
                as co-chairs of the Interagency Coordination Committee.
                    (B) Membership; staffing.--Membership and staffing 
                shall be determined by the co-chairs.
            (3) Duties.--The Interagency Coordination Committee shall--
                    (A) serve as a forum for developing common Federal 
                goals and plans on energy-water nexus RD&D activities 
                in coordination with the National Science and 
                Technology Council;
                    (B) not later than 1 year after the date of 
                enactment of this Act, and biannually thereafter, issue 
                a strategic plan on energy-water nexus RD&D activities 
                priorities and objectives;
                    (C) convene and promote coordination of the 
                activities of Federal departments and agencies on 
                energy-water nexus RD&D activities, including the 
                activities of--
                            (i) the Department;
                            (ii) the Department of the Interior;
                            (iii) the Corps of Engineers;
                            (iv) the Department of Agriculture;
                            (v) the Department of Defense;
                            (vi) the Department of State;
                            (vii) the Environmental Protection Agency;
                            (viii) the Council on Environmental 
                        Quality;
                            (ix) the National Institute of Standards 
                        and Technology;
                            (x) the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
                        Administration;
                            (xi) the National Science Foundation;
                            (xii) the Office of Management and Budget;
                            (xiii) the Office of Science and Technology 
                        Policy;
                            (xiv) the National Aeronautics and Space 
                        Administration; and
                            (xv) such other Federal departments and 
                        agencies as the Interagency Coordination 
                        Committee considers appropriate;
                    (D)(i) coordinate and develop capabilities and 
                methodologies for data collection, management, and 
                dissemination of information related to energy-water 
                nexus RD&D activities from and to other Federal 
                departments and agencies; and
                    (ii) promote information exchange between Federal 
                departments and agencies--
                            (I) to identify and document Federal and 
                        non-Federal programs and funding opportunities 
                        that support basic and applied research, 
                        development, and demonstration proposals to 
                        advance energy-water nexus related science and 
                        technologies;
                            (II) to leverage existing programs by 
                        encouraging joint solicitations, block grants, 
                        and matching programs with non-Federal 
                        entities; and
                            (III) to identify opportunities for 
                        domestic and international public-private 
                        partnerships, innovative financing mechanisms, 
                        information and data exchange;
                    (E) promote the integration of energy-water nexus 
                considerations into existing Federal water, energy, and 
                other natural resource, infrastructure, and science 
                programs at the national and regional levels and with 
                programs administered in partnership with non-Federal 
                entities; and
                    (F) not later than 1 year after the date of 
                enactment of this Act, issue a report on the potential 
                benefits and feasibility of establishing an energy-
                water center of excellence within the National 
                Laboratories (as that term is defined in section 2 of 
                the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 15801)).
            (4) No regulation.--Nothing in this subsection grants to 
        the Interagency Coordination Committee the authority to 
        promulgate regulations or set standards.
            (5) Review; report.--At the end of the 5-year period 
        beginning on the date on which the Interagency Coordination 
        Committee and NEWS Office are established, the NEWS Office 
        shall--
                    (A) review the activities, relevance, and 
                effectiveness of the Interagency Coordination 
                Committee; and
                    (B) submit to the Committee on Energy and Natural 
                Resources of the Senate and the Committees on Science, 
                Space, and Technology, Energy and Commerce, and Natural 
                Resources of the House of Representatives a report 
                that--
                            (i) describes the results of the review 
                        conducted under subparagraph (A); and
                            (ii) includes a recommendation on whether 
                        the Interagency Coordination Committee should 
                        continue.
    (c) Crosscut Budget.--Not later than 30 days after the President 
submits the budget of the United States Government under section 1105 
of title 31, United States Code, the co-chairs of the Interagency 
Coordination Committee (acting through the NEWS Office) shall submit to 
the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate and the 
Committees on Science, Space, and Technology, Energy and Commerce, and 
Natural Resources of the House of Representatives, an interagency 
budget crosscut report that displays at the program-, project-, and 
activity-level for each of the Federal agencies that carry out or 
support (including through grants, contracts, interagency and 
intraagency transfers, and multiyear and no-year funds) basic and 
applied RD&D activities to advance the energy-water nexus related 
science and technologies--
            (1) the budget proposed in the budget request of the 
        President for the upcoming fiscal year;
            (2) expenditures and obligations for the prior fiscal year; 
        and
            (3) estimated expenditures and obligations for the current 
        fiscal year.

SEC. 4102. SMART ENERGY AND WATER EFFICIENCY PILOT PROGRAM.

    Subtitle A of title IX of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 
16191 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 918. SMART ENERGY AND WATER EFFICIENCY PILOT PROGRAM.

    ``(a) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means--
                    ``(A) a utility;
                    ``(B) a municipality;
                    ``(C) a water district;
                    ``(D) an Indian tribe or Alaska Native village; and
                    ``(E) any other authority that provides water, 
                wastewater, or water reuse services.
            ``(2) Smart energy and water efficiency pilot program.--The 
        term `smart energy and water efficiency pilot program' or 
        `pilot program' means the pilot program established under 
        subsection (b).
    ``(b) Smart Energy and Water Efficiency Pilot Program.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish and carry 
        out a smart energy and water efficiency pilot program in 
        accordance with this section.
            ``(2) Purpose.--The purpose of the smart energy and water 
        efficiency pilot program is to award grants to eligible 
        entities to demonstrate unique, advanced, or innovative 
        technology-based solutions that will--
                    ``(A) increase the energy efficiency of water, 
                wastewater, and water reuse systems;
                    ``(B) improve energy efficiency of water, 
                wastewater, and water reuse systems to help communities 
                across the United States make measurable progress in 
                conserving water, saving energy, and reducing costs;
                    ``(C) support the implementation of innovative and 
                unique processes and the installation of established 
                advanced automated systems that provide real-time data 
                on energy and water; and
                    ``(D) improve energy-water conservation and quality 
                and predictive maintenance through technologies that 
                utilize internet connected technologies, including 
                sensors, intelligent gateways, and security embedded in 
                hardware.
            ``(3) Project selection.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall make 
                competitive, merit-reviewed grants under the pilot 
                program to not less than 3, but not more than 5, 
                eligible entities.
                    ``(B) Selection criteria.--In selecting an eligible 
                entity to receive a grant under the pilot program, the 
                Secretary shall consider--
                            ``(i) energy and cost savings;
                            ``(ii) the uniqueness, commercial 
                        viability, and reliability of the technology to 
                        be used;
                            ``(iii) the degree to which the project 
                        integrates next-generation sensors software, 
                        analytics, and management tools;
                            ``(iv) the anticipated cost-effectiveness 
                        of the pilot project through measurable energy 
                        efficiency savings, water savings or reuse, and 
                        infrastructure costs averted;
                            ``(v) whether the technology can be 
                        deployed in a variety of geographic regions and 
                        the degree to which the technology can be 
                        implemented in a wide range of applications 
                        ranging in scale from small towns to large 
                        cities, including tribal communities;
                            ``(vi) whether the technology has been 
                        successfully deployed elsewhere;
                            ``(vii) whether the technology was sourced 
                        from a manufacturer based in the United States; 
                        and
                            ``(viii) whether the project will be 
                        completed in 5 years or less.
                    ``(C) Applications.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Subject to clause (ii), 
                        an eligible entity seeking a grant under the 
                        pilot program shall submit to the Secretary an 
                        application at such time, in such manner, and 
                        containing such information as the Secretary 
                        determines to be necessary.
                            ``(ii) Contents.--An application under 
                        clause (i) shall, at a minimum, include--
                                    ``(I) a description of the project;
                                    ``(II) a description of the 
                                technology to be used in the project;
                                    ``(III) the anticipated results, 
                                including energy and water savings, of 
                                the project;
                                    ``(IV) a comprehensive budget for 
                                the project;
                                    ``(V) the names of the project lead 
                                organization and any partners;
                                    ``(VI) the number of users to be 
                                served by the project;
                                    ``(VII) a description of the ways 
                                in which the proposal would meet 
                                performance measures established by the 
                                Secretary; and
                                    ``(VIII) any other information that 
                                the Secretary determines to be 
                                necessary to complete the review and 
                                selection of a grant recipient.
            ``(4) Administration.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not later than 300 days after 
                the date of enactment of this section, the Secretary 
                shall select grant recipients under this section.
                    ``(B) Evaluations.--
                            ``(i) Annual evaluations.--The Secretary 
                        shall annually carry out an evaluation of each 
                        project for which a grant is provided under 
                        this section that meets performance measures 
                        and benchmarks developed by the Secretary, 
                        consistent with the purposes of this section.
                            ``(ii) Requirements.--Consistent with the 
                        performance measures and benchmarks developed 
                        under clause (i), in carrying out an evaluation 
                        under that clause, the Secretary shall --
                                    ``(I) evaluate the progress and 
                                impact of the project; and
                                    ``(II) assesses the degree to which 
                                the project is meeting the goals of the 
                                pilot program.
                    ``(C) Technical and policy assistance.--On the 
                request of a grant recipient, the Secretary shall 
                provide technical and policy assistance.
                    ``(D) Best practices.--The Secretary shall make 
                available to the public through the Internet and other 
                means the Secretary considers to be appropriate--
                            ``(i) a copy of each evaluation carried out 
                        under subparagraph (B); and
                            ``(ii) a description of any best practices 
                        identified by the Secretary as a result of 
                        those evaluations.
                    ``(E) Report to congress.--The Secretary shall 
                submit to Congress a report containing the results of 
                each evaluation carried out under subparagraph (B).
    ``(c) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section $15,000,000, to remain available 
until expended.''.

                         Subtitle C--Innovation

SEC. 4201. AMERICA COMPETES PROGRAMS.

    (a) Basic Research.--Section 971(b) of the Energy Policy Act of 
2005 (42 U.S.C. 16311(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (6), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (7), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting a semicolon; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(8) $5,271,000,000 for fiscal year 2016;
            ``(9) $5,485,000,000 for fiscal year 2017;
            ``(10) $5,704,000,000 for fiscal year 2018;
            ``(11) $5,932,000,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
            ``(12) $6,178,000,000 for fiscal year 2020.''.
    (b) Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy.--Section 5012 of the 
America COMPETES Act (42 U.S.C. 16538) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(3), by striking ``subsection (n)(1)'' 
        and inserting ``subsection (o)(1)'';
            (2) in subsection (i), by striking paragraph (1) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(1) In general.--To the maximum extent practicable, the 
        Director shall ensure that--
                    ``(A) the activities of ARPA-E are coordinated 
                with, and do not duplicate the efforts of, programs and 
                laboratories within the Department and other relevant 
                research agencies; and
                    ``(B) ARPA-E does not provide funding for a project 
                unless the prospective grantee demonstrates sufficient 
                attempts to secure private financing or indicates that 
                the project is not independently commercially 
                viable.'';
            (3) by redesignating subsection (n) as subsection (o);
            (4) by inserting after subsection (m) the following:
    ``(n) Protection of Information.--The following types of 
information collected by the ARPA-E from recipients of financial 
assistance awards shall be considered commercial and financial 
information obtained from a person and privileged or confidential and 
not subject to disclosure under section 552(b)(4) of title 5, United 
States Code:
            ``(1) Plans for commercialization of technologies developed 
        under the award, including business plans, technology-to-market 
        plans, market studies, and cost and performance models.
            ``(2) Investments provided to an awardee from third parties 
        (such as venture capital firms, hedge funds, and private equity 
        firms), including amounts and the percentage of ownership of 
        the awardee provided in return for the investments.
            ``(3) Additional financial support that the awardee--
                    ``(A) plans to or has invested into the technology 
                developed under the award; or
                    ``(B) is seeking from third parties.
            ``(4) Revenue from the licensing or sale of new products or 
        services resulting from research conducted under the award.''; 
        and
            (5) in subsection (o) (as redesignated by paragraph (3))--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                        (A), by striking ``paragraphs (4) and (5)'' and 
                        inserting ``paragraph (4)'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (D), by striking 
                        ``and'' at the end;
                            (iii) in subparagraph (E), by striking the 
                        period at the end and inserting a semicolon; 
                        and
                            (iv) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(F) $291,200,000 for fiscal year 2016;
                    ``(G) $303,600,000 for fiscal year 2017;
                    ``(H) $314,700,000 for fiscal year 2018;
                    ``(I) $327,300,000 for fiscal year 2019; and
                    ``(J) $340,600,000 for fiscal year 2020 .''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (4)(B), by striking ``(c)(2)(D)'' 
                and inserting ``(c)(2)(C)''.

SEC. 4202. INCLUSION OF EARLY STAGE TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATION IN 
              AUTHORIZED TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER ACTIVITIES.

    Section 1001 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16391) is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (h); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following:
    ``(g) Early Stage Technology Demonstration.--The Secretary shall 
permit the directors of the National Laboratories to use funds 
authorized to support technology transfer within the Department to 
carry out early stage and precommercial technology demonstration 
activities to remove technology barriers that limit private sector 
interest and demonstrate potential commercial applications of any 
research and technologies arising from National Laboratory 
activities.''.

SEC. 4203. SUPPORTING ACCESS OF SMALL BUSINESS CONCERNS TO NATIONAL 
              LABORATORIES.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) National laboratory.--The term ``National Laboratory'' 
        has the meaning given the term in section 2 of the Energy 
        Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 15801).
            (2) Small business concern.--The term ``small business 
        concern'' has the same meaning as in section 3 of the Small 
        Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632).
    (b) Actions for Increased Access at National Laboratories for Small 
Business Concerns.--To promote the technology transfer of innovative 
energy technologies and enhance the competitiveness of the United 
States, the Secretary shall take such actions as are appropriate to 
facilitate access to the National Laboratories for small business 
concerns.
    (c) Information on the DOE Website Relating to National Laboratory 
Programs Available to Small Business Concerns.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary, in coordination with the 
        Directors of the National Laboratories, shall--
                    (A) publish in a consolidated manner on the website 
                of the Department information relating to National 
                Laboratory programs that are available to small 
                business concerns;
                    (B) provide for the information published under 
                subparagraph (A) to be kept up-to-date; and
                    (C) include in the information published under 
                subparagraph (A), information on each available program 
                under which small business concerns are eligible to 
                enter into agreements to work with the National 
                Laboratories.
            (2) Components.--The information published on the 
        Department website under paragraph (1) shall include--
                    (A) a brief description of each agreement available 
                to small business concerns to work with National 
                Laboratories;
                    (B) a step-by-step guide for completing agreements 
                to work with National Laboratories;
                    (C) best practices for working with National 
                Laboratories;
                    (D) individual National Laboratory websites that 
                provide information specific to technology transfer and 
                working with small business concerns;
                    (E) links to funding opportunity announcements, 
                nonfinancial resources, and other programs available to 
                small business concerns; and
                    (F) any other information that the Secretary 
                determines to be appropriate.
            (3) Accessibility.--The information published on the 
        Department website under paragraph (1) shall be--
                    (A) readily accessible and easily found on the 
                Internet by the public and members and committees of 
                Congress; and
                    (B) presented in a searchable, machine-readable 
                format.
            (4) Guidance.--The Secretary shall issue Departmental 
        guidance to ensure that the information published on the 
        Department website under paragraph (1) is provided in a manner 
        that presents a coherent picture of all National Laboratory 
        programs that are relevant to small business concerns.

SEC. 4204. MICROLAB TECHNOLOGY COMMERCIALIZATION.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Microlab.--The term ``microlab'' means a small 
        laboratory established by the Secretary under subsection (b).
            (2) National laboratory.--The term ``national laboratory'' 
        means--
                    (A) a National Laboratory, as defined in section 2 
                of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 15801); and
                    (B) a national security laboratory, as defined in 
                section 3281 of the National Nuclear Security 
                Administration Act (50 U.S.C. 2471).
    (b) Establishment of Microlab Program.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary, in collaboration with the 
        directors of national laboratories, may establish a microlab 
        program under which the Secretary establishes microlabs that 
        are located in close proximity to national laboratories and 
        that are accessible to the public for the purposes of--
                    (A) enhancing collaboration with regional research 
                groups, such as institutions of higher education and 
                industry groups;
                    (B) accelerating technology transfer from national 
                laboratories to the marketplace; and
                    (C) promoting regional workforce development 
                through science, technology, engineering, and 
                mathematics (``STEM'') instruction and training.
            (2) Criteria.--In determining the placement of microlabs 
        under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consider--
                    (A) the commitment of a national laboratory to 
                establishing a microlab;
                    (B) the existence of a joint research institute or 
                a new facility that--
                            (i) is not on the main site of a national 
                        laboratory;
                            (ii) is in close proximity to a national 
                        laboratory; and
                            (iii) has the capability to house a 
                        microlab;
                    (C) whether employees of a national laboratory and 
                persons from academia, industry, and government are 
                available to be assigned to the microlab; and
                    (D) cost-sharing or in-kind contributions from 
                State and local governments and private industry.
            (3) Timing.--If the Secretary, in collaboration with the 
        directors of national laboratories, elects to establish a 
        microlab program under this subsection, the Secretary, in 
        collaboration with the directors of national laboratories, 
        shall--
                    (A) not later than 60 days after the date of 
                enactment of this Act, begin the process of determining 
                the placement of microlabs under paragraph (1); and
                    (B) not later than 180 days after the date of 
                enactment of this Act, implement the microlab program 
                under this subsection.
    (c) Reports.--
            (1) Initial report.--Not later than 60 days after the date 
        of implementation of the microlab program under subsection (b), 
        the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services 
        of the Senate, the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
        Representatives, the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources 
        of the Senate, and the Committee on Science, Space, and 
        Technology of the House of Representatives a report that 
        provides an update on the implementation of the microlab 
        program under subsection (b).
            (2) Progress report.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
        of implementation of the microlab program under subsection (b), 
        the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services 
        of the Senate, the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
        Representatives, the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources 
        of the Senate, and the Committee on Science, Space, and 
        Technology of the House of Representatives a report on the 
        microlab program under subsection (b), including findings and 
        recommendations of the Secretary.
    (d) Authorization of Appropriations.--
    There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this Act 
$50,000,000 for fiscal year 2016.

                      Subtitle D--Grid Reliability

SEC. 4301. BULK-POWER SYSTEM RELIABILITY IMPACT STATEMENT.

    (a) Reliability Reports.--Section 215(g) of the Federal Power Act 
(16 U.S.C. 824o(g)) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``The ERO'' and inserting the following:
            ``(1) In general.--The ERO''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Regional entities.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of enactment of this paragraph and not less than every 3 
        years thereafter, each regional entity shall submit to the 
        appropriate committees of Congress and the Commission a report 
        that describes, as of the date of the report--
                    ``(A) the state of and prospects for the 
                reliability of electricity within the geographic area 
                covered by the regional entity; and
                    ``(B) the most significant risks to the reliability 
                of the bulk-power system that might arise or need to be 
                monitored within the geographic area covered by the 
                regional entity, including risks from proposed or final 
                Federal regulations.''.
    (b) Reliability Impact Statement.--Section 215 of the Federal Power 
Act (16 U.S.C. 824o) is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(l) Reliability Impact Statement.--
            ``(1) Solicitation by commission.--Not later than 15 days 
        after the date on which the head of a Federal agency proposes a 
        major rule (as defined in section 804 of title 5, United States 
        Code) that may significantly affect the reliable operation of 
        the bulk-power system, the Commission shall solicit from any 
        applicable regional entity affected by the proposed rule a 
        reliability impact statement with respect to the proposed rule.
            ``(2) Voluntary submission by regional entity.--A regional 
        entity may prepare, on the initiative of the regional entity, a 
        reliability impact statement for any proposed major Federal 
        rule that the regional entity determines would significantly 
        affect the reliable operation of the bulk-power system within 
        the area covered by the regional entity.
            ``(3) Multijurisdictional coordination.--If a proposed rule 
        subject to a reliability impact statement under paragraph (1) 
        or (2) affects an area broader than the area covered by a 
        single regional entity, the ERO shall convene a committee of 
        the affected regional entities to produce a single reliability 
        impact statement that demonstrates for each affected area the 
        reliability impact of the proposed rule.
            ``(4) Requirements.--A reliability impact statement under 
        paragraph (1) or (2) shall include a detailed statement on--
                    ``(A) the impact of the proposed rule on the 
                reliable operation of the bulk-power system;
                    ``(B) any adverse effects on the reliable operation 
                of the bulk-power system if the proposed rule was 
                implemented; and
                    ``(C) alternatives to cure the identified adverse 
                reliability impacts, including, at the discretion of 
                the regional entity, a no-action alternative.
            ``(5) Submission to commission.--On completion of a 
        reliability impact statement under paragraph (1) or (2), the 
        regional entity or a committee of affected regional entities 
        convened under paragraph (3) shall submit to the Commission the 
        reliability impact statement.
            ``(6) Transmittal to head of federal agency.--On receipt of 
        a reliability impact statement submitted to the Commission 
        under paragraph (5), the Commission shall transmit to the head 
        of the applicable Federal agency the reliability impact 
        statement prepared under this subsection for inclusion in the 
        public record.
            ``(7) Inclusion of detailed response in final rule.--With 
        respect to a final major rule subject to a reliability impact 
        statement prepared under paragraph (1) or (2), the head of the 
        Federal agency shall--
                    ``(A) consider the reliability impact statement;
                    ``(B) give due weight to the technical expertise of 
                the regional entity with respect to matters that are 
                the subject of the reliability impact statement; and
                    ``(C) include in the final rule a detailed response 
                to the reliability impact statement that reasonably 
                addresses the detailed statements required under 
                paragraph (4).''.

SEC. 4302. REPORT BY TRANSMISSION ORGANIZATIONS ON DIVERSITY OF SUPPLY.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Electric generating capacity resource.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``electric generating 
                capacity resource'' means an electric generating 
                resource, as measured by the maximum load-carrying 
                ability of the resource, exclusive of station use and 
                planned, unplanned, or other outage or derating subject 
                to dispatch by the transmission organization to meet 
                the resource adequacy needs of the systems operated by 
                the transmission organization.
                    (B) Effect.--The term ``electric generating 
                capacity resource'' does not address non-electric 
                generating resources that are qualified as capacity 
                resources in the tariffs of various transmission 
                organizations as of the date of enactment of this Act.
            (2) Transmission organization.--The term ``transmission 
        organization'' has the meaning given the term in section 3 of 
        the Federal Power Act (16 U.S.C. 796).
    (b) Report.--
            (1) Notice.--Not later than 14 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Commission (as the term is defined 
        in section 3 of the Federal Power Act (16 U.S.C. 796)) shall 
        submit to each transmission organization that has a tariff on 
        file with the Commission that includes provisions addressing 
        the procurement of electric generating capacity resources, a 
        notice that the transmission organization is required to file 
        with the Commission a report in accordance with paragraph (2).
            (2) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date on 
        which a transmission organization receives a notice under 
        paragraph (1), the transmission organization shall submit to 
        the Commission a report that, to the maximum extent 
        practicable--
                    (A)(i) identifies electric generating capacity 
                resources that are available to the transmission 
                organization as of the date of the report; and
                    (ii) describes the primary energy sources and 
                operational characteristics of electric capacity 
                resources available, in the aggregate, to the 
                transmission organization;
                    (B) evaluates, using generally accepted metrics, 
                the current operational performance, in the aggregate, 
                of electric capacity resources;
                    (C) identifies, for the aggregate of electric 
                generating capacity resources available to the 
                transmission organization--
                            (i) over the short- and long-term periods 
                        in the planning cycle of the transmission 
                        organization, reasonable projections concerning 
                        the operational and economic risk profile of 
                        electric generating capacity resources;
                            (ii) the projected future needs of the 
                        transmission organization for electric 
                        generating capacity resources; and
                            (iii) the availability of transmission 
                        facilities and transmission support services 
                        necessary to provide for the transmission 
                        organization reasonable assurances of essential 
                        reliability services, including adequate 
                        voltage support; and
                    (D) assesses whether and to what extent the market 
                rules of the transmission organization--
                            (i) yield capacity auction clearing prices 
                        that promote necessary and prudent investment;
                            (ii) yield energy market clearing prices 
                        that reflect the marginal cost of supply, 
                        taking into account transmission constraints 
                        and other factors needed to ensure reliable 
                        grid operation;
                            (iii) produce meaningful price signals that 
                        clearly indicate where new supply and 
                        investment are needed;
                            (iv) reduce uncertainty or instability 
                        resulting from changes to market rules, 
                        processes, or protocols;
                            (v) promote transparency and communication 
                        by the market operator to market participants;
                            (vi) support a diverse generation portfolio 
                        and the availability of transmission facilities 
                        and transmission support services on a short- 
                        and long-term basis necessary to provide 
                        reasonable assurances of a continuous supply of 
                        electricity for customers of the transmission 
                        organization at the proper voltage and 
                        frequency; and
                            (vii) provide an enhanced opportunity for 
                        self-supply of electric generating capacity 
                        resources by electric cooperatives, Federal 
                        power marketing agencies, and State utilities 
                        with a service obligation (as those terms are 
                        defined in section 217(a)) of the Federal Power 
                        Act (16 U.S.C. 824q(a))) in a manner that is 
                        consistent with traditional utility business 
                        models and does not unduly affect wholesale 
                        market prices.

SEC. 4303. ACTIVITIES CARRIED OUT DURING AN AUTHORIZATION DURING WAR OR 
              EMERGENCY.

    Section 202(c) of the Federal Power Act (16 U.S.C. 824a(c)) is 
amended--
            (1) in the first sentence, by striking ``(c) During'' and 
        inserting the following:
    ``(c) Authorization During War or Emergency.--
            ``(1) In general.--During''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) No liability.--Subject to paragraph (3), any party 
        subject to an order issued under this subsection or under 
        subsection 224(b)(1) shall not be liable for actions carried 
        out in compliance with the order.
            ``(3) Exceptions.--The waiver of liability under paragraph 
        (2) shall not apply in a case of gross negligence or willful 
        misconduct.''.

                         Subtitle E--Management

SEC. 4401. FEDERAL LAND MANAGEMENT.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Cadastre.--The term ``cadastre'' means an inventory of 
        buildings and other real property (including associated 
        infrastructure such as roads and utility transmission lines and 
        pipelines) located on land administered by the Secretary, which 
        is developed through collecting, storing, retrieving, or 
        disseminating graphical or digital data and any information 
        related to the data, including surveys, maps, charts, images, 
        and services.
            (2) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of the Interior.
    (b) Cadastre of Federal Real Property.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary is authorized--
                    (A) to develop and maintain a current and accurate 
                multipurpose cadastre to support Federal land 
                management activities for the Department of the 
                Interior;
                    (B) to incorporate any related inventories of 
                Federal real property, including any inventories 
                prepared under applicable land or resource management 
                plans; and
                    (C) to enter into discussions with other Federal 
                agencies to make the cadastre available for use by the 
                agency to support agency management activities.
            (2) Cost-sharing agreements.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary may enter into cost-
                sharing agreements with other Federal agencies, and 
                with States, Indian tribes, and local governments, to 
                include any non-Federal land in a State in the 
                cadastre.
                    (B) Cost share.--The Federal share of any cost 
                agreement described in subparagraph (A) shall not 
                exceed 50 percent of the total cost to a State, Indian 
                tribe, or local government for the development of the 
                cadastre of non-Federal land.
            (3) Consolidation and report.--Not later than 180 days 
        after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
        submit to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the 
        Senate and the Committee on Natural Resources of the House of 
        Representatives a report on the real property inventories or 
        any components of any cadastre or related inventories that--
                    (A) exist as of the date of enactment of this Act;
                    (B) are authorized by law or conducted by the 
                Secretary; and
                    (C) are of sufficient accuracy to be included in 
                the cadastre authorized under paragraph (1).
            (4) Coordination.--In carrying out this subsection, the 
        Secretary shall--
                    (A) participate (in accordance with section 216 of 
                the E-Government Act of 2002 (44 U.S.C. 3501 note; 
                Public Law 107-347)) in the establishment of such 
                standards and common protocols as are necessary to 
                ensure the interoperability of geospatial information 
                pertaining to the cadastre for all users of the 
                information;
                    (B) coordinate with, seek assistance and 
                cooperation of, and provide liaison to the Federal 
                Geographic Data Committee pursuant to Office of 
                Management and Budget Circular A-16 and Executive Order 
                12906 (43 U.S.C. 1457 note; relating to coordinating 
                geographic data acquisition and access: the National 
                Spatial Data Infrastructure) for the implementation of 
                and compliance with such standards as may be applicable 
                to the cadastre;
                    (C) make the cadastre interoperable with the 
                Federal Real Property Profile established pursuant to 
                Executive Order 13327 (40 U.S.C. 121 note; relating to 
                Federal real property asset management);
                    (D) integrate with and leverage, to the maximum 
                extent practicable, cadastre activities of units of 
                State and local government; and
                    (E) use contracts with the private sector, if 
                practicable, to provide such products and services as 
                are necessary to develop the cadastre.
    (c) Transparency and Public Access.--The Secretary shall--
            (1) make the cadastre required under this section 
        publically available on the Internet in a graphically 
        geoenabled and searchable format; and
            (2) in consultation with the Secretary of Defense and the 
        Secretary of Homeland Security, prevent the disclosure of the 
        identity of any buildings or facilities, or information related 
        to the buildings or facilities, if the disclosure would impair 
        or jeopardize the national security or homeland defense of the 
        United States.
    (d) Effect.--Nothing in this section--
            (1) creates any substantive or procedural right or benefit;
            (2) authorizes any new surveying or mapping of Federal real 
        property, except that a Federal agency may conduct a new survey 
        to update the accuracy of the inventory data of the agency 
        before storage on a cadaster; or
            (3) authorizes--
                    (A) the evaluation of any real property owned by 
                the United States for disposal; or
                    (B) new appraisals or assessments of the value of--
                            (i) real property; or
                            (ii) cultural or archaeological resources 
                        on any parcel of Federal land or other real 
                        property.

SEC. 4402. QUADRENNIAL ENERGY REVIEW.

    (a) In General.--Section 801 of the Department of Energy 
Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7321) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 801. QUADRENNIAL ENERGY REVIEW.

    ``(a) Quadrennial Energy Review Task Force.--
            ``(1) Establishment.--The President shall establish a 
        Quadrennial Energy Review Task Force (referred to in this 
        section as the `Task Force') to coordinate the Quadrennial 
        Energy Review.
            ``(2) Cochairpersons.--The President shall designate 
        appropriate senior Federal Government officials to be 
        cochairpersons of the Task Force.
            ``(3) Membership.--The Task Force may be comprised of 
        representatives at level I or II of the Executive Schedule of--
                    ``(A) the Department of Energy;
                    ``(B) the Department of Commerce;
                    ``(C) the Department of Defense;
                    ``(D) the Department of State;
                    ``(E) the Department of the Interior;
                    ``(F) the Department of Agriculture;
                    ``(G) the Department of the Treasury;
                    ``(H) the Department of Transportation;
                    ``(I) the Department of Homeland Security;
                    ``(J) the Office of Management and Budget;
                    ``(K) the National Science Foundation;
                    ``(L) the Environmental Protection Agency; and
                    ``(M) such other Federal agencies, and entities 
                within the Executive Office of the President, as the 
                President considers to be appropriate.
    ``(b) Conduct of Review.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each Quadrennial Energy Review shall be 
        conducted to--
                    ``(A) provide an integrated view of important 
                national energy objectives and Federal energy policy; 
                and
                    ``(B) identify the maximum practicable alignment of 
                research programs, incentives, regulations, and 
                partnerships.
            ``(2) Elements.--A Quadrennial Energy Review shall--
                    ``(A) establish integrated, governmentwide national 
                energy objectives in the context of economic, 
                environmental, and security priorities;
                    ``(B) recommend coordinated actions across Federal 
                agencies;
                    ``(C) assess and recommend priorities for research, 
                development, and demonstration;
                    ``(D) provide a strong analytical base for Federal 
                energy policy decisions;
                    ``(E) consider reasonable estimates of future 
                Federal budgetary resources when making 
                recommendations; and
                    ``(F) be conducted with substantial input from--
                            ``(i) Congress;
                            ``(ii) the energy industry;
                            ``(iii) academia;
                            ``(iv) State, local, and tribal 
                        governments;
                            ``(v) nongovernmental organizations; and
                            ``(vi) the public.
    ``(c) Submission of Quadrennial Energy Review to Congress.--
            ``(1) In general.--The President--
                    ``(A) shall publish and submit to Congress a report 
                on the Quadrennial Energy Review once every 4 years; 
                and
                    ``(B) more frequently than once every 4 years, as 
                the President determines to be appropriate, may prepare 
                and publish interim reports as part of the Quadrennial 
                Energy Review.
            ``(2) Inclusions.--The reports described in paragraph (1) 
        shall address or consider, as appropriate--
                    ``(A) an integrated view of short-term, 
                intermediate-term, and long-term objectives for Federal 
                energy policy in the context of economic, 
                environmental, and security priorities;
                    ``(B) potential executive actions (including 
                programmatic, regulatory, and fiscal actions) and 
                resource requirements--
                            ``(i) to achieve the objectives described 
                        in subparagraph (A); and
                            ``(ii) to be coordinated across multiple 
                        agencies;
                    ``(C) analysis of the existing and prospective 
                roles of parties (including academia, industry, 
                consumers, the public, and Federal agencies) in 
                achieving the objectives described in subparagraph (A), 
                including--
                            ``(i) an analysis by energy use sector, 
                        including--
                                    ``(I) commercial and residential 
                                buildings;
                                    ``(II) the industrial sector;
                                    ``(III) transportation; and
                                    ``(IV) electric power;
                            ``(ii) requirements for invention, 
                        adoption, development, and diffusion of energy 
                        technologies as they relate to each of the 
                        energy use sectors; and
                            ``(iii) other research that informs 
                        strategies to incentivize desired actions;
                    ``(D) assessment of policy options to increase 
                domestic energy supplies and energy efficiency;
                    ``(E) evaluation of national and regional energy 
                storage, transmission, and distribution requirements, 
                including requirements for renewable energy;
                    ``(F) portfolio assessments that describe the 
                optimal deployment of resources, including prioritizing 
                financial resources for energy-relevant programs;
                    ``(G) mapping of the linkages among basic research 
                and applied programs, demonstration programs, and other 
                innovation mechanisms across the Federal agencies;
                    ``(H) identification of demonstration projects;
                    ``(I) identification of public and private funding 
                needs for various energy technologies, systems, and 
                infrastructure, including consideration of public-
                private partnerships, loans, and loan guarantees;
                    ``(J) assessment of global competitors and an 
                identification of programs that can be enhanced with 
                international cooperation;
                    ``(K) identification of policy gaps that need to be 
                filled to accelerate the adoption and diffusion of 
                energy technologies, including consideration of--
                            ``(i) Federal tax policies; and
                            ``(ii) the role of Federal agencies as 
                        early adopters and purchasers of new energy 
                        technologies;
                    ``(L) priority listing for implementation of 
                objectives and actions taking into account estimated 
                Federal budgetary resources;
                    ``(M) analysis of--
                            ``(i) points of maximum leverage for policy 
                        intervention to achieve outcomes; and
                            ``(ii) areas of energy policy that can be 
                        most effective in meeting national goals for 
                        the energy sector; and
                    ``(N) recommendations for executive branch 
                organization changes to facilitate the development and 
                implementation of Federal energy policies.
    ``(d) Report Development.--The Secretary of Energy shall provide 
such support for the Quadrennial Energy Review with the necessary 
analytical, financial, and administrative support for the conduct of 
each Quadrennial Energy Review required under this section as may be 
requested by the cochairpersons designated under subsection (a)(2).
    ``(e) Cooperation.--The heads of applicable Federal agencies shall 
cooperate with the Secretary and provide such assistance, information, 
and resources as the Secretary may require to assist in carrying out 
this section.''.
    (b) Table of Contents Amendment.--The item relating to section 801 
in the table of contents of such Act is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 801. Quadrennial Energy Review.''.
    (c) Administration.--Nothing in this section or an amendment made 
by this section supersedes, modifies, amends, or repeals any provision 
of Federal law not expressly superseded, modified, amended, or repealed 
by this section.

SEC. 4403. STATE OVERSIGHT OF OIL AND GAS PROGRAMS.

    On request of the Governor of a State, the Secretary of the 
Interior shall establish a program under which the Director of the 
Bureau of Land Management shall enter into a memorandum of 
understanding with the State to consider the costs and benefits of 
consistent rules and processes for the measurement of oil and gas 
production activities, inspection of meters or other measurement 
methodologies, and other operational activities, as determined by the 
Secretary of the Interior.

SEC. 4404. UNDER SECRETARY FOR SCIENCE AND ENERGY.

    (a) In General.--Section 202(b) of the Department of Energy 
Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7132(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``for Science'' and 
        inserting ``for Science and Energy (referred to in this 
        subsection as the `Under Secretary')'';
            (2) in paragraph (3), in the matter preceding subparagraph 
        (A), by striking ``for Science''; and
            (3) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``for Science'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                    (C) in subparagraph (G), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting a semicolon; and
                    (D) by inserting after subparagraph (G) the 
                following:
                    ``(H) establish appropriate linkages between 
                offices under the jurisdiction of the Under Secretary; 
                and
                    ``(I) perform such functions and duties as the 
                Secretary shall prescribe, consistent with this 
                section.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 641(h)(2) of the United States 
Energy Storage Competitiveness Act of 2007 (42 U.S.C. 17231(h)(2)) is 
amended by striking ``Under Secretary for Science'' and inserting 
``Under Secretary for Science and Energy''.

                          Subtitle F--Markets

SEC. 4501. ENHANCED INFORMATION ON CRITICAL ENERGY SUPPLIES.

    (a) In General.--Section 205 of the Department of Energy 
Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7135) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(n) Collection of Information on Critical Energy Supplies.--
            ``(1) In general.--To ensure transparency of information 
        relating to energy infrastructure and product ownership in the 
        United States and improve the ability to evaluate the energy 
        security of the United States, the Administrator, in 
        consultation with other Federal agencies (as necessary), 
        shall--
                    ``(A) not later than 120 days after the date of 
                enactment of this subsection, develop and provide 
                notice of a plan to collect, in cooperation with the 
                Commodity Futures Trade Commission, information 
                identifying all oil inventories, and other physical oil 
                assets (including all petroleum-based products and the 
                storage of such products in off-shore tankers), that 
                are owned by the 50 largest traders of oil contracts 
                (including derivative contracts), as determined by the 
                Commodity Futures Trade Commission; and
                    ``(B) not later than 90 days after the date on 
                which notice is provided under subparagraph (A), 
                implement the plan described in that subparagraph.
            ``(2) Information.--The plan required under paragraph (1) 
        shall include a description of the plan of the Administrator 
        for collecting company-specific data, including--
                    ``(A) volumes of product under ownership; and
                    ``(B) storage and transportation capacity 
                (including owned and leased capacity).
            ``(3) Protection of proprietary information.--Section 12(f) 
        of the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (15 U.S.C. 
        771(f)) shall apply to information collected under this 
        subsection.
    ``(o) Collection of Information on Storage Capacity for Oil and 
Natural Gas.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        enactment of this subsection, the Administrator of the Energy 
        Information Administration shall collect information 
        quantifying the commercial storage capacity for oil and natural 
        gas in the United States.
            ``(2) Updates.--The Administrator shall update annually the 
        information required under paragraph (1).
            ``(3) Protection of proprietary information.--Section 12(f) 
        of the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (15 U.S.C. 
        771(f)) shall apply to information collected under this 
        subsection.
    ``(p) Financial Market Analysis Office.--
            ``(1) Establishment.--There shall be within the Energy 
        Information Administration a Financial Market Analysis Office.
            ``(2) Duties.--The Office shall--
                    ``(A) be responsible for analysis of the financial 
                aspects of energy markets;
                    ``(B) review the reports required by section 
                4503(c) of the Energy Policy Modernization Act of 2015 
                in advance of the submission of the reports to 
                Congress; and
                    ``(C) not later than 1 year after the date of 
                enactment of this subsection--
                            ``(i) make recommendations to the 
                        Administrator of the Energy Information 
                        Administration that identify and quantify any 
                        additional resources that are required to 
                        improve the ability of the Energy Information 
                        Administration to more fully integrate 
                        financial market information into the analyses 
                        and forecasts of the Energy Information 
                        Administration, including the role of energy 
                        futures contracts, energy commodity swaps, and 
                        derivatives in price formation for oil;
                            ``(ii) conduct a review of implications of 
                        policy changes (including changes in export or 
                        import policies) and changes in how crude oil 
                        and refined petroleum products are transported 
                        with respect to price formation of crude oil 
                        and refined petroleum products; and
                            ``(iii) notify the Committee on Energy and 
                        Natural Resources, and the Committee on 
                        Appropriations, of the Senate and the Committee 
                        on Energy and Commerce, and the Committee on 
                        Appropriations, of the House of Representatives 
                        of the recommendations described in clause (i).
            ``(3) Analyses.--The Administrator of the Energy 
        Information Administration shall take analyses by the Office 
        into account in conducting analyses and forecasting of energy 
        prices.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 645 of the Department of Energy 
Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7255) is amended by inserting ``(15 U.S.C. 
3301 et seq.) and the Natural Gas Act (15 U.S.C. 717 et seq.)'' after 
``Natural Gas Policy Act of 1978''.

SEC. 4502. WORKING GROUP ON ENERGY MARKETS.

    (a) Establishment.--There is established a Working Group on Energy 
Markets (referred to in this section as the ``Working Group'').
    (b) Composition.--The Working Group shall be composed of--
            (1) the Secretary;
            (2) the Secretary of the Treasury;
            (3) the Chairman of the Federal Energy Regulatory 
        Commission;
            (4) the Chairman of Federal Trade Commission;
            (5) the Chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission;
            (6) the Chairman of the Commodity Futures Trading 
        Commission; and
            (7) the Administrator of the Energy Information 
        Administration.
    (c) Chairperson.--The Secretary shall serve as the Chairperson of 
the Working Group.
    (d) Compensation.--A member of the Working Group shall serve 
without additional compensation for the work of the member of the 
Working Group.
    (e) Purpose and Function.--The Working Group shall--
            (1) investigate the effect of increased financial 
        investment in energy commodities on energy prices and the 
        energy security of the United States;
            (2) recommend to the President and Congress laws (including 
        regulations) that may be needed to prevent excessive 
        speculation in energy commodity markets in order to prevent or 
        minimize the adverse impact of excessive speculation on energy 
        prices on consumers and the economy of the United States; and
            (3) review energy security implications of developments in 
        international energy markets.
    (f) Administration.--The Secretary shall provide the Working Group 
with such administrative and support services as may be necessary for 
the performance of the functions of the Working Group.
    (g) Cooperation of Other Agencies.--The heads of Executive 
departments, agencies, and independent instrumentalities shall, to the 
extent permitted by law, provide the Working Group with such 
information as the Working Group requires to carry out this section.
    (h) Consultation.--The Working Group shall consult, as appropriate, 
with representatives of the various exchanges, clearinghouses, self-
regulatory bodies, other major market participants, consumers, and the 
general public.

SEC. 4503. STUDY OF REGULATORY FRAMEWORK FOR ENERGY MARKETS.

    (a) Study.--The Working Group shall conduct a study--
            (1) to identify the factors that affect the pricing of 
        crude oil and refined petroleum products, including an 
        examination of the effects of market speculation on prices; and
            (2) to review and assess--
                    (A) existing statutory authorities relating to the 
                oversight and regulation of markets critical to the 
                energy security of the United States; and
                    (B) the need for additional statutory authority for 
                the Federal Government to effectively oversee and 
                regulate markets critical to the energy security of the 
                United States.
    (b) Elements of Study.--The study shall include--
            (1) an examination of price formation of crude oil and 
        refined petroleum products;
            (2) an examination of relevant international regulatory 
        regimes; and
            (3) an examination of the degree to which changes in energy 
        market transparency, liquidity, and structure have influenced 
        or driven abuse, manipulation, excessive speculation, or 
        inefficient price formation.
    (c) Report and Recommendations.--The Secretary shall submit to the 
Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate and the 
Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives 
quarterly progress reports during the conduct of the study under this 
section, and a final report not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, that--
            (1) describes the results of the study; and
            (2) provides options and the recommendations of the Working 
        Group for appropriate Federal coordination of oversight and 
        regulatory actions to ensure transparency of crude oil and 
        refined petroleum product pricing and the elimination of 
        excessive speculation, including recommendations on data 
        collection and analysis to be carried out by the Financial 
        Market Analysis Office established by section 205(p) of the 
        Department of Energy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7135(p)).

                       Subtitle G--Affordability

SEC. 4601. E-PRIZE COMPETITION PILOT PROGRAM.

    Section 1008 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16396) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(g) E-prize Competition Pilot Program.--
            ``(1) Definitions.--In this section:
                    ``(A) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' 
                means--
                            ``(i) a private sector for-profit or 
                        nonprofit entity;
                            ``(ii) a public-private partnership; or
                            ``(iii) a local, municipal, or tribal 
                        governmental entity.
                    ``(B) High-cost region.--The term `high-cost 
                region' means a region in which the average annual 
                unsubsidized costs of electrical power retail rates or 
                household space heating costs per square foot exceed 
                150 percent of the national average, as determined by 
                the Secretary.
            ``(2) E-prize competition pilot program.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall establish an 
                e-prize competition or challenge pilot program to 
                broadly implement sustainable community and regional 
                energy solutions that seek to reduce energy costs 
                through increased efficiency, conservation, and 
                technology innovation in high-cost regions.
                    ``(B) Selection.--In carrying out the pilot program 
                under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall award a 
                prize purse, in amounts to be determined by the 
                Secretary, to each eligible entity selected through 1 
                or more of the following competitions or challenges:
                            ``(i) A point solution competition that 
                        rewards and spurs the development of solutions 
                        for a particular, well-defined problem.
                            ``(ii) An exposition competition that helps 
                        identify and promote a broad range of ideas and 
                        practices that may not otherwise attract 
                        attention, facilitating further development of 
                        the idea or practice by third parties.
                            ``(iii) A participation competition that 
                        creates value during and after the competition 
                        by encouraging contestants to change their 
                        behavior or develop new skills that may have 
                        beneficial effects during and after the 
                        competition.
                            ``(iv) Such other types of prizes or 
                        challenges as the Secretary, in consultation 
                        with relevant heads of Federal agencies, 
                        considers appropriate to stimulate innovation 
                        that has the potential to advance the mission 
                        of the applicable Federal agency.
            ``(3) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized 
        to be appropriated to carry out this subsection $10,000,000, to 
        remain available until expended.''.

                      Subtitle H--Code Maintenance

SEC. 4701. REPEAL OF OFF-HIGHWAY MOTOR VEHICLES STUDY.

    (a) Repeal.--Part I of title III of the Energy Policy and 
Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6373) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents for the Energy 
Policy and Conservation Act (Public Law 94-163; 89 Stat. 871) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking the item relating to part I of title III; 
        and
            (2) by striking the item relating to section 385.

SEC. 4702. REPEAL OF METHANOL STUDY.

    Section 400EE of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 
6374d) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (a); and
            (2) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as subsections 
        (a) and (b), respectively.

SEC. 4703. REPEAL OF AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS PROVISION.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 208 of the Energy Conservation and Production 
Act (42 U.S.C. 6808) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents for the Energy 
Conservation and Production Act (Public Law 94-385; 90 Stat. 1126) is 
amended by striking the item relating to section 208.

SEC. 4704. REPEAL OF RESIDENTIAL ENERGY EFFICIENCY STANDARDS STUDY.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 253 of the National Energy Conservation Policy 
Act (42 U.S.C. 8232) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents for the National 
Energy Conservation Policy Act (Public Law 95-619; 92 Stat. 3206) is 
amended by striking the item relating to section 253.

SEC. 4705. REPEAL OF WEATHERIZATION STUDY.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 254 of the National Energy Conservation Policy 
Act (42 U.S.C. 8233) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents for the National 
Energy Conservation Policy Act (Public Law 95-619; 92 Stat. 3206) is 
amended by striking the item relating to section 254.

SEC. 4706. REPEAL OF REPORT TO CONGRESS.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 273 of the National Energy Conservation Policy 
Act (42 U.S.C. 8236b) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents for the National 
Energy Conservation Policy Act (Public Law 95-619; 92 Stat. 3206) is 
amended by striking the item relating to section 273.

SEC. 4707. REPEAL OF REPORT BY GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 154 of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (42 
U.S.C. 8262a) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) The table of contents for the Energy Policy Act of 1992 
        (Public Law 102-486; 106 Stat. 2776) is amended by striking the 
        item relating to section 154.
            (2) Section 159 of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (42 U.S.C. 
        8262e) is amended by striking subsection (c).

SEC. 4708. REPEAL OF INTERGOVERNMENTAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PLANNING AND 
              COORDINATION WORKSHOPS.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 156 of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (42 
U.S.C. 8262b) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents for the Energy 
Policy Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-486; 106 Stat. 2776) is amended by 
striking the item relating to section 156.

SEC. 4709. REPEAL OF INSPECTOR GENERAL AUDIT SURVEY AND PRESIDENT'S 
              COUNCIL ON INTEGRITY AND EFFICIENCY REPORT TO CONGRESS.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 160 of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (42 
U.S.C. 8262f) is amended by striking the section designation and 
heading and all that follows through ``(c) Inspector General Review.--
Each Inspector General'' and inserting the following:

``SEC. 160. INSPECTOR GENERAL REVIEW.

    ``Each Inspector General''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents for the Energy 
Policy Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-486; 106 Stat. 2776) is amended by 
striking the item relating to section 160 and inserting the following:

``Sec. 160.  Inspector General review.......................        ''.

SEC. 4710. REPEAL OF PROCUREMENT AND IDENTIFICATION OF ENERGY EFFICIENT 
              PRODUCTS PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 161 of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (42 
U.S.C. 8262g) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents for the Energy 
Policy Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-486; 106 Stat. 2776) is amended by 
striking the item relating to section 161.

SEC. 4711. REPEAL OF NATIONAL ACTION PLAN FOR DEMAND RESPONSE.

    (a) Repeal.--Part 5 of title V of the National Energy Conservation 
Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 8279 et seq.) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents for the National 
Energy Conservation Policy Act (Public Law 95-619; 92 Stat. 3206; 121 
Stat. 1665) is amended--
            (1) by striking the item relating to part 5 of title V; and
            (2) by striking the item relating to section 571.

SEC. 4712. REPEAL OF NATIONAL COAL POLICY STUDY.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 741 of the Powerplant and Industrial Fuel Use 
Act of 1978 (42 U.S.C. 8451) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents for the Powerplant 
and Industrial Fuel Use Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-620; 92 Stat. 3289) 
is amended by striking the item relating to section 741.

SEC. 4713. REPEAL OF STUDY ON COMPLIANCE PROBLEM OF SMALL ELECTRIC 
              UTILITY SYSTEMS.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 744 of the Powerplant and Industrial Fuel Use 
Act of 1978 (42 U.S.C. 8454) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents for the Powerplant 
and Industrial Fuel Use Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-620; 92 Stat. 3289) 
is amended by striking the item relating to section 744.

SEC. 4714. REPEAL OF STUDY OF SOCIOECONOMIC IMPACTS OF INCREASED COAL 
              PRODUCTION AND OTHER ENERGY DEVELOPMENT.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 746 of the Powerplant and Industrial Fuel Use 
Act of 1978 (42 U.S.C. 8456) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents for the Powerplant 
and Industrial Fuel Use Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-620; 92 Stat. 3289) 
is amended by striking the item relating to section 746.

SEC. 4715. REPEAL OF STUDY OF THE USE OF PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS IN 
              COMBUSTORS.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 747 of the Powerplant and Industrial Fuel Use 
Act of 1978 (42 U.S.C. 8457) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents for the Powerplant 
and Industrial Fuel Use Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-620; 92 Stat. 3289) 
is amended by striking the item relating to section 747.

SEC. 4716. REPEAL OF SUBMISSION OF REPORTS.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 807 of the Powerplant and Industrial Fuel Use 
Act of 1978 (42 U.S.C. 8483) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents for the Powerplant 
and Industrial Fuel Use Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-620; 92 Stat. 3289) 
is amended by striking the item relating to section 807.

SEC. 4717. REPEAL OF ELECTRIC UTILITY CONSERVATION PLAN.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 808 of the Powerplant and Industrial Fuel Use 
Act of 1978 (42 U.S.C. 8484) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Table of contents.--The table of contents for the 
        Powerplant and Industrial Fuel Use Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-
        620; 92 Stat. 3289) is amended by striking the item relating to 
        section 808.
            (2) Report on implementation.--Section 712 of the 
        Powerplant and Industrial Fuel Use Act of 1978 (42 U.S.C. 8422) 
        is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``(a) Generally.--''; and
                    (B) by striking subsection (b).

SEC. 4718. EMERGENCY ENERGY CONSERVATION REPEALS.

    (a) Repeals.--
            (1) Section 201 of the Emergency Energy Conservation Act of 
        1979 (42 U.S.C. 8501) is amended--
                    (A) in the section heading, by striking ``findings 
                and''; and
                    (B) by striking subsection (a).
            (2) Section 221 of the Emergency Energy Conservation Act of 
        1979 (42 U.S.C. 8521) is repealed.
            (3) Section 222 of the Emergency Energy Conservation Act of 
        1979 (42 U.S.C. 8522) is repealed.
            (4) 241 of the Emergency Energy Conservation Act of 1979 
        (42 U.S.C. 8531) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents for the Emergency 
Energy Conservation Act of 1979 (Public Law 96-102; 93 Stat. 749) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking the item relating to section 201 and 
        inserting the following:

``Sec. 201. Purposes.''; and
            (2) by striking the items relating to sections 221, 222, 
        and 241.

SEC. 4719. ENERGY SECURITY ACT REPEALS.

    (a) Biomass Energy Development Plans.--Subtitle A of title II of 
the Energy Security Act (42 U.S.C. 8811 et seq.) is repealed.
    (b) Municipal Waste Biomass Energy.--Subtitle B of title II of the 
Energy Security Act (42 U.S.C. 8831 et seq.) is repealed.
    (c) Use of Gasohol in Federal Motor Vehicles.--Section 271 of the 
Energy Security Act (42 U.S.C. 8871) is repealed.
    (d) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) The table of contents for the Energy Security Act 
        (Public Law 96-294; 94 Stat. 611) is amended--
                    (A) by striking the items relating to subtitle A 
                and B of title II;
                    (B) by striking the item relating to section 204 
                and inserting the following:

``Sec. 204.  Funding........................................    ''; and
                    (C) by striking the item relating to section 271.
            (2) Section 203 of the Biomass Energy and Alcohol Fuels Act 
        of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 8802) is amended--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (16); and
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (17) through (19) 
                as paragraphs (16) through (18), respectively.
            (3) Section 204 of the Energy Security Act (42 U.S.C. 8803) 
        is amended--
                    (A) in the section heading, by striking ``for 
                subtitles a and b''; and
                    (B) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by adding ``and'' 
                        after the semicolon at the end;
                            (ii) in paragraph (2), by striking ``; 
                        and'' at the end and inserting a period; and
                            (iii) by striking paragraph (3).

SEC. 4720. NUCLEAR SAFETY RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND DEMONSTRATION ACT 
              OF 1980 REPEALS.

    Sections 5 and 6 of the Nuclear Safety Research, Development, and 
Demonstration Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9704, 9705) are repealed.

SEC. 4721. ELIMINATION AND CONSOLIDATION OF CERTAIN AMERICA COMPETES 
              PROGRAMS.

    (a) Elimination of Program Authorities.--
            (1) Nuclear science talent expansion program for 
        institutions of higher education.--Section 5004 of the America 
        COMPETES Act (42 U.S.C. 16532) is repealed.
            (2) Hydrocarbon systems science talent expansion program 
        for institutions of higher education.--
                    (A) In general.--Section 5005(e) of the America 
                COMPETES Act (42 U.S.C. 16533(e)) is repealed.
                    (B) Conforming amendments.--Section 5005(f) of the 
                America COMPETES Act (42 U.S.C. 16533(f)) is amended--
                            (i) by striking paragraph (2);
                            (ii) by striking the subsection designation 
                        and heading and all that follows through 
                        ``There are'' in paragraph (1) and inserting 
                        the following:
    ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are''; and
                            (iii) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) 
                        through (F) as paragraphs (1) through (6), 
                        respectively, and indenting appropriately.
            (3) Discovery science and engineering innovation 
        institutes.--Section 5008 of the America COMPETES Act (42 
        U.S.C. 16535) is repealed.
            (4) Elimination of duplicative authority for education 
        programs.--Sections 3181 and 3185 of the Department of Energy 
        Science Education Enhancement Act (42 U.S.C. 7381l, 42 U.S.C. 
        7381n) are repealed.
            (5) Mentoring program.--Section 3195 of the Department of 
        Energy Science Education Enhancement Act (42 U.S.C. 7381r) is 
        repealed.
    (b) Repeal of Authorizations.--
            (1) Department of energy early career awards for science, 
        engineering, and mathematics researchers.--Section 5006 of the 
        America COMPETES Act (42 U.S.C. 16534) is amended by striking 
        subsection (h).
            (2) Distinguished scientist program.--Section 5011 of the 
        America COMPETES Act (42 U.S.C. 16537) is amended by striking 
        subsection (j).
            (3) Protecting america's competitive edge (pace) graduate 
        fellowship program.--Section 5009 of the America COMPETES Act 
        (42 U.S.C. 16536) is amended by striking subsection (f).
    (c) Consolidation of Duplicative Program Authorities.--
            (1) University nuclear science and engineering support.--
        Section 954 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16274) 
        is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by inserting ``nuclear 
                chemistry,'' after ``nuclear engineering,''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through 
                        (5) as paragraphs (4) through (6), 
                        respectively; and
                            (ii) by inserting after paragraph (2) the 
                        following:
            ``(3) award grants, not to exceed 5 years in duration, to 
        institutions of higher education with existing academic degree 
        programs in nuclear sciences and related fields--
                    ``(A) to increase the number of graduates in 
                nuclear science and related fields;
                    ``(B) to enhance the teaching and research of 
                advanced nuclear technologies;
                    ``(C) to undertake collaboration with industry and 
                National Laboratories; and
                    ``(D) to bolster or sustain nuclear infrastructure 
                and research facilities of institutions of higher 
                education, such as research and training reactors and 
                laboratories;''.
            (2) Consolidation of department of energy early career 
        awards for science, engineering, and mathematics researchers 
        program and distinguished scientist program.--
                    (A) Funding.--Section 971(c) of the Energy Policy 
                Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16311(c)) is amended by adding 
                at the end the following:
            ``(8) For the Department of Energy early career awards for 
        science, engineering, and mathematics researchers program under 
        section 5006 of the America COMPETES Act (42 U.S.C. 16534) and 
        the distinguished scientist program under section 5011 of that 
        Act (42 U.S.C. 16537), $150,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
        2016 through 2020, of which not more than 65 percent of the 
        amount made available for a fiscal year under this paragraph 
        may be used to carry out section 5006 or 5011 of that Act.''.
                    (B) Department of energy early career awards for 
                science, engineering, and mathematics researchers.--
                Section 5006 of the America COMPETES Act (42 U.S.C. 
                16534) is amended--
                            (i) in subsection (b)(1)--
                                    (I) in the matter preceding 
                                subparagraph (A)--
                                            (aa) by inserting 
                                        ``average'' before ``amount''; 
                                        and
                                            (bb) by inserting ``for 
                                        each year'' before ``shall'';
                                    (II) in subparagraph (A), by 
                                striking ``$80,000'' and inserting 
                                ``$190,000''; and
                                    (III) in subparagraph (B), by 
                                striking ``$125,000'' and inserting 
                                ``$490,000'';
                            (ii) in subsection (c)(1)(C)--
                                    (I) in clause (i)--
                                            (aa) by striking 
                                        ``assistant professor or 
                                        equivalent title'' and 
                                        inserting ``untenured assistant 
                                        or associate professor''; and
                                            (bb) by inserting ``or'' 
                                        after the semicolon at the end;
                                    (II) by striking clause (ii); and
                                    (III) by redesignating clause (iii) 
                                as clause (ii);
                            (iii) in subsection (d), by striking ``on a 
                        competitive, merit-reviewed basis'' and 
                        inserting ``through a competitive process using 
                        merit-based peer review.'';
                            (iv) in subsection (e)--
                                    (I) by striking ``(e)'' and all 
                                that follows through ``To be eligible'' 
                                and inserting the following:
    ``(e) Selection Process and Criteria.--To be eligible''; and
                                    (II) by striking paragraph (2); and
                            (v) in subsection (f)(1), by striking 
                        ``nonprofit, nondegree-granting research 
                        organizations'' and inserting ``National 
                        Laboratories''.
            (3) Science education programs.--Section 3164 of the 
        Department of Energy Science Education Enhancement Act (42 
        U.S.C. 7381a) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and 
                        inserting the following:
            ``(1) In general.--The Director of the Office of Science 
        (referred to in this subsection as the `Director') shall 
        provide for appropriate coordination of science, technology, 
        engineering, and mathematics education programs across all 
        functions of the Department.
            ``(2) Administration.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the 
        Director shall--
                    ``(A) consult with--
                            ``(i) the Assistant Secretary of Energy 
                        with responsibility for energy efficiency and 
                        renewable energy programs; and
                            ``(ii) the Deputy Administrator for Defense 
                        Programs of the National Nuclear Security 
                        Administration; and
                    ``(B) seek to increase the participation and 
                advancement of women and underrepresented minorities at 
                every level of science, technology, engineering, and 
                mathematics education.''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (3)--
                                    (I) in subparagraph (D), by 
                                striking ``and'' at the end;
                                    (II) by redesignating subparagraph 
                                (E) as subparagraph (F); and
                                    (III) by inserting after 
                                subparagraph (D) the following:
                    ``(E) represent the Department as the principal 
                interagency liaison for all coordination activities 
                under the President for science, technology, 
                engineering, and mathematics education programs; and''; 
                and
                    (B) in subsection (d)--
                            (i) by striking ``The Secretary'' and 
                        inserting the following:
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        enactment of this subparagraph, the Director shall submit a 
        report describing the impact of the activities assisted with 
        the Fund established under paragraph (1) to--
                    ``(A) the Committee on Science, Space, and 
                Technology of the House of Representatives; and
                    ``(B) the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources 
                of the Senate.''.
            (4) Protecting america's competitive edge (pace) graduate 
        fellowship program.--Section 5009 of the America COMPETES Act 
        (42 U.S.C. 16536) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (c)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1) by striking ``, 
                        involving'' and all that follows through 
                        ``Secretary''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (2), by striking 
                        subparagraph (B) and inserting the following:
                    ``(B) to demonstrate excellent academic performance 
                and understanding of scientific or technical subjects; 
                and'';
                    (B) in subsection (d)(1)(B)(i), by inserting ``full 
                or partial'' before ``graduate tuition''; and
                    (C) in subsection (e), in the matter preceding 
                paragraph (1), by striking ``Director of Science, 
                Engineering, and Mathematics Education'' and inserting 
                ``Director of the Office of Science.''.
    (d) Conforming Amendments.--The table of contents for the America 
COMPETES ACT (Public Law 110-69; 121 Stat. 573) is amended by striking 
the items relating to sections 5004 and 5008.

SEC. 4722. REPEAL OF STATE UTILITY REGULATORY ASSISTANCE.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 207 of the Energy Conservation and Production 
Act (42 U.S.C. 6807) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents for the Energy 
Conservation and Production Act (Public Law 94-385; 90 Stat. 1126) is 
amended by striking the item relating to section 207.

SEC. 4723. REPEAL OF SURVEY OF ENERGY SAVING POTENTIAL.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 550 of the National Energy Conservation Policy 
Act (42 U.S.C. 8258b) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) The table of contents for the National Energy 
        Conservation Policy Act (Public Law 95-619; 92 Stat. 3206; 106 
        Stat. 2851) is amended by striking the item relating to section 
        550.
            (2) Section 543(d)(2) of the National Energy Conservation 
        Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 8253(d)(2)) is amended by striking ``, 
        incorporating any relevant information obtained from the survey 
        conducted pursuant to section 550''.

SEC. 4724. REPEAL OF PHOTOVOLTAIC ENERGY PROGRAM.

    (a) Repeal.--Part 4 of title V of the National Energy Conservation 
Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 8271 et seq.) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents for the National 
Energy Conservation Policy Act (Public Law 95-619; 92 Stat. 3206) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking the item relating to part 4 of title V; and
            (2) by striking the items relating to sections 561 through 
        569.

SEC. 4725. REPEAL OF ENERGY AUDITOR TRAINING AND CERTIFICATION.

    (a) Repeal.--Subtitle F of title V of the Energy Security Act (42 
U.S.C. 8285 et seq.) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents for the Energy 
Security Act (Public Law 96-294; 94 Stat. 611) is amended by striking 
the items relating to subtitle F of title V.

SEC. 4726. REPEAL OF AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    (a) Repeal.--Subtitle F of title VII of the Powerplant and 
Industrial Fuel Use Act of 1978 (42 U.S.C. 8461) is repealed.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--The table of contents for the Powerplant 
and Industrial Fuel Use Act of 1978 (Public Law 95-620; 92 Stat. 3289) 
is amended by striking the item relating to subtitle F of title VII.

                 TITLE V--CONSERVATION REAUTHORIZATION

SEC. 5001. NATIONAL PARK SERVICE MAINTENANCE AND REVITALIZATION 
              CONSERVATION FUND.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 1049 of title 54, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 104908. National Park Service Maintenance and Revitalization 
              Conservation Fund
    ``(a) In General.--There is established in the Treasury a fund, to 
be known as the `National Park Service Critical Maintenance and 
Revitalization Conservation Fund' (referred to in this section as the 
`Fund').
    ``(b) Deposits to Fund.--Notwithstanding any provision of law 
providing that the proceeds shall be credited to miscellaneous receipts 
of the Treasury, for each fiscal year, there shall be deposited in the 
Fund, from revenues due and payable to the United States under section 
9 of the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (43 U.S.C. 1338) 
$150,000,000.
    ``(c) Use and Availability.--
            ``(1) In general.--Amounts deposited in the Fund shall--
                    ``(A) be used only for the purposes described in 
                subsection (d); and
                    ``(B) be available for expenditure only after the 
                amounts are appropriated for those purposes.
            ``(2) Availability.--Any amounts in the Fund not 
        appropriated shall remain available in the Fund until 
        appropriated.
            ``(3) No limitation.--Appropriations from the Fund pursuant 
        to this section may be made without fiscal year limitation.
    ``(d) National Park System Critical Deferred Maintenance.--The 
Secretary shall use amounts appropriated from the Fund for high-
priority deferred maintenance needs of the Service that support 
critical infrastructure and visitor services.
    ``(e) Land Acquisition Prohibition.--Amounts in the Fund shall not 
be used for land acquisition.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections for chapter 1049 of 
title 54, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item 
relating to section 104907 the following:

``Sec. 104908. National Park Service Maintenance and Revitalization 
                            Conservation Fund.''.

SEC. 5002. LAND AND WATER CONSERVATION FUND.

    (a) Reauthorization.--Section 200302 of title 54, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by striking ``During the period ending September 30, 2015, 
        there'' and inserting ``There''; and
            (2) in subsection (c)(1), by striking ``through September 
        30, 2015''.
    (b) Allocation of Funds.--Section 200304 of title 54, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``There'' and inserting ``(a) In General.--
        There''; and
            (2) by striking the second sentence and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(b) Allocation.--Of the appropriations from the Fund--
            ``(1) not less than 40 percent shall be used collectively 
        for Federal purposes under section 200306;
            ``(2) not less than 40 percent shall be used collectively--
                    ``(A) to provide financial assistance to States 
                under section 200305;
                    ``(B) for the Forest Legacy Program established 
                under section 7 of the Cooperative Forestry Assistance 
                Act of 1978 (16 U.S.C. 2103c);
                    ``(C) for cooperative endangered species grants 
                authorized under section 6 of the Endangered Species 
                Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1535); and
                    ``(D) for the American Battlefield Protection 
                Program established under chapter 3081; and
            ``(3) not less than 1.5 percent or $10,000,000, whichever 
        is greater, shall be used for projects that secure recreational 
        public access to Federal public land for hunting, fishing, or 
        other recreational purposes.''.
    (c) Conservation Easements.--Section 200306 of title 54, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(c) Conservation Easements.--The Secretary and the Secretary of 
Agriculture shall consider the acquisition of conservation easements 
and other similar interests in land where appropriate and feasible.''.
    (d) Acquisition Considerations.--Section 200306 of title 54, United 
States Code (as amended by subsection (c)), is amended by adding at the 
end of the following:
    ``(d) Acquisition Considerations.--The Secretary and the Secretary 
of Agriculture shall take into account the following in determining the 
land or interests in land to acquire:
            ``(1) Management efficiencies.
            ``(2) Management cost savings.
            ``(3) Geographic distribution.
            ``(4) Significance of the acquisition.
            ``(5) Urgency of the acquisition.
            ``(6) Threats to the integrity of the land to be acquired.
            ``(7) The recreational value of the land.''.

SEC. 5003. HISTORIC PRESERVATION FUND.

    Section 303102 of title 54, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``of fiscal years 2012 to 2015'' and inserting ``fiscal 
year''.
                                                       Calendar No. 218

114th CONGRESS

  1st Session

                                S. 2012

                          [Report No. 114-138]

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL

  To provide for the modernization of the energy policy of the United 
                    States, and for other purposes.

_______________________________________________________________________

                           September 9, 2015

                 Read twice and placed on the calendar