[Congressional Bills 114th Congress]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]
[S. 1177 Placed on Calendar Senate (PCS)]

                                                        Calendar No. 63
114th CONGRESS
  1st Session
                                S. 1177

 To reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 to 
                   ensure that every child achieves.


_______________________________________________________________________


                   IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

                             April 30, 2015

  Mr. Alexander, from the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and 
 Pensions, reported the following original bill; which was read twice 
                       and placed on the calendar

_______________________________________________________________________

                                 A BILL


 
 To reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 to 
                   ensure that every child achieves.

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Every Child Achieves Act of 2015''.

SEC. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Table of contents.
Sec. 3. References.
Sec. 4. Statement of purpose.
Sec. 5. Table of contents of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act 
                            of 1965.
     TITLE I--IMPROVING BASIC PROGRAMS OPERATED BY STATE AND LOCAL 
                          EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES

Sec. 1001. Statement of purpose.
Sec. 1002. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 1003. School improvement and State administration.
Sec. 1004. Basic program requirements.
Sec. 1005. Parent and family engagement.
Sec. 1006. Participation of children enrolled in private schools.
Sec. 1007. Supplement, not supplant.
Sec. 1008. Coordination requirements.
Sec. 1009. Grants for the outlying areas and the Secretary of the 
                            Interior.
Sec. 1010. Allocations to States.
Sec. 1011. Maintenance of effort.
Sec. 1012. Academic assessments.
Sec. 1013. Education of migratory children.
Sec. 1014. Prevention and intervention programs for children and youth 
                            who are neglected, delinquent, or at-risk.
Sec. 1015. General provisions.
Sec. 1016. Report on educational stability of children in foster care.
Sec. 1017. Report on subgroup sample size.
 TITLE II--HIGH-QUALITY TEACHERS, PRINCIPALS, AND OTHER SCHOOL LEADERS

Sec. 2001. Transfer of certain provisions.
Sec. 2002. Fund for the improvement of teaching and learning.
Sec. 2003. American history and civics education.
Sec. 2004. Literacy education.
Sec. 2005. Improving science, technology, engineering, and mathematics 
                            instruction and student achievement.
Sec. 2006. General provisions.
  TITLE III--LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION FOR ENGLISH LEARNERS AND IMMIGRANT 
                                STUDENTS

Sec. 3001. General provisions.
Sec. 3002. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 3003. English language acquisition, language enhancement, and 
                            academic achievement.
Sec. 3004. Other provisions.
                  TITLE IV--SAFE AND HEALTHY STUDENTS

Sec. 4001. General provisions.
Sec. 4002. Grants to States and local educational agencies.
Sec. 4003. 21st century community learning centers.
Sec. 4004. Elementary school and secondary school counseling programs.
Sec. 4005. Physical education program.
     TITLE V--EMPOWERING PARENTS AND EXPANDING OPPORTUNITY THROUGH 
                               INNOVATION

Sec. 5001. General provisions.
Sec. 5002. Public charter schools.
Sec. 5003. Magnet schools assistance.
Sec. 5004. Supporting high-ability learners and learning.
Sec. 5005. Education innovation and research.
Sec. 5006. Accelerated learning.
Sec. 5007. Ready-to-Learn Television.
Sec. 5008. Innovative technology expands children's horizons (I-TECH).
Sec. 5009. Literacy and arts education.
Sec. 5010. Early learning alignment and improvement grants.
                  TITLE VI--INNOVATION AND FLEXIBILITY

Sec. 6001. Purposes.
Sec. 6002. Improving academic achievement.
Sec. 6003. Rural education initiative.
Sec. 6004. General provisions.
    TITLE VII--INDIAN, NATIVE HAWAIIAN, AND ALASKA NATIVE EDUCATION

Sec. 7001. Indian education.
Sec. 7002. Native Hawaiian education.
Sec. 7003. Alaska Native education.
Sec. 7004. Native American language immersion schools and programs.
                         TITLE VIII--IMPACT AID

Sec. 8001. Purpose.
Sec. 8002. Amendment to Impact Aid Improvement Act of 2012.
Sec. 8003. Payments relating to Federal acquisition of real property.
Sec. 8004. Payments for eligible federally connected children.
Sec. 8005. Policies and procedures relating to children residing on 
                            Indian lands.
Sec. 8006. Application for payments under sections 8002 and 8003.
Sec. 8007. Construction.
Sec. 8008. State consideration of payments in providing State aid.
Sec. 8009. Definitions.
Sec. 8010. Authorization of appropriations.
                      TITLE IX--GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 9101. Definitions.
Sec. 9102. Applicability to Bureau of Indian education operated 
                            schools.
Sec. 9103. Consolidation of funds for local administration.
Sec. 9104. Rural consolidated plan.
Sec. 9105. Waivers of statutory and regulatory requirements.
Sec. 9106. Plan approval process.
Sec. 9107. Participation by private school children and teachers.
Sec. 9108. Maintenance of effort.
Sec. 9109. School prayer.
Sec. 9110. Prohibitions on Federal Government and use of Federal funds.
Sec. 9111. Armed forces recruiter access to students and student 
                            recruiting information.
Sec. 9112. Prohibition on federally sponsored testing.
Sec. 9113. Limitations on national testing or certification for 
                            teachers.
Sec. 9114. Consultation with Indian tribes and tribal organizations.
Sec. 9115. Outreach and technical assistance for rural local 
                            educational agencies.
Sec. 9116. Evaluations.
   TITLE X--EDUCATION FOR HOMELESS CHILDREN AND YOUTHS; OTHER LAWS; 
                             MISCELLANEOUS

           PART A--Education for Homeless Children and Youth

Sec. 10101. Statement of policy.
Sec. 10102. Grants for State and local activities.
Sec. 10103. Local educational agency subgrants.
Sec. 10104. Secretarial responsibilities.
Sec. 10105. Definitions.
Sec. 10106. Authorization of appropriations.
                   PART B--Other Laws; Miscellaneous

Sec. 10201. Use of term highly qualified in other laws.

SEC. 3. REFERENCES.

    Except as otherwise expressly provided, whenever in this Act an 
amendment or repeal is expressed in terms of an amendment to, or repeal 
of, a section or other provision, the reference shall be considered to 
be made to a section or other provision of the Elementary and Secondary 
Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.).

SEC. 4. STATEMENT OF PURPOSE.

    The purpose of this Act is to enable States and local communities 
to improve and support our Nation's public schools and ensure that 
every child has an opportunity to achieve.

SEC. 5. TABLE OF CONTENTS OF THE ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION ACT 
              OF 1965.

    Section 2 is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    ``The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

``Sec. 1. Short title.
``Sec. 2. Table of contents.
   ``TITLE I--IMPROVING THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF THE DISADVANTAGED

``Sec. 1001. Statement of purpose.
``Sec. 1002. Authorization of appropriations.
``Sec. 1003. State administration.
   ``PART A--Improving Basic Programs Operated by Local Educational 
                                Agencies

                ``subpart 1--basic program requirements

``Sec. 1111. State plans.
``Sec. 1112. Local educational agency plans.
``Sec. 1113. Eligible school attendance areas; schoolwide programs; 
                            targeted assistance programs.
``Sec. 1114. School identification, interventions, and supports.
``Sec. 1115. Parent and family engagement.
``Sec. 1116. Participation of children enrolled in private schools.
``Sec. 1117. Fiscal requirements.
``Sec. 1118. Coordination requirements.
                        ``subpart 2--allocations

``Sec. 1121. Grants for the outlying areas and the Secretary of the 
                            Interior.
``Sec. 1122. Allocations to States.
``Sec. 1124. Basic grants to local educational agencies.
``Sec. 1124A. Concentration grants to local educational agencies.
``Sec. 1125. Targeted grants to local educational agencies.
``Sec. 1125AA. Adequacy of funding of targeted grants to local 
                            educational agencies in fiscal years after 
                            fiscal year 2001.
``Sec. 1125A. Education finance incentive grant program.
``Sec. 1126. Special allocation procedures.
``Sec. 1127. Carryover and waiver.
                     ``PART B--Academic Assessments

``Sec. 1201. Grants for State assessments and related activities.
``Sec. 1202. Grants for enhanced assessment instruments.
``Sec. 1203. Audits of assessment systems.
``Sec. 1204. Funding.
``Sec. 1205. Innovative assessment and accountability demonstration 
                            authority.
               ``PART C--Education of Migratory Children

``Sec. 1301. Program purpose.
``Sec. 1302. Program authorized.
``Sec. 1303. State allocations.
``Sec. 1304. State applications; services.
``Sec. 1305. Secretarial approval; peer review.
``Sec. 1306. Comprehensive needs assessment and service-delivery plan; 
                            authorized activities.
``Sec. 1307. Bypass.
``Sec. 1308. Coordination of migrant education activities.
``Sec. 1309. Definitions.
 ``PART D--Prevention and Intervention Programs for Children and Youth 
               Who Are Neglected, Delinquent, or At-Risk

``Sec. 1401. Purpose and program authorization.
``Sec. 1402. Payments for programs under this part.
                   ``subpart 1--state agency programs

``Sec. 1411. Eligibility.
``Sec. 1412. Allocation of funds.
``Sec. 1413. State reallocation of funds.
``Sec. 1414. State plan and State agency applications.
``Sec. 1415. Use of funds.
``Sec. 1416. Institution-wide projects.
``Sec. 1417. Three-year programs or projects.
``Sec. 1418. Transition services.
``Sec. 1419. Evaluation; technical assistance; annual model program.
                   ``subpart 2--local agency programs

``Sec. 1421. Purpose.
``Sec. 1422. Programs operated by local educational agencies.
``Sec. 1423. Local educational agency applications.
``Sec. 1424. Uses of funds.
``Sec. 1425. Program requirements for correctional facilities receiving 
                            funds under this section.
``Sec. 1426. Accountability.
                    ``subpart 3--general provisions

``Sec. 1431. Program evaluations.
``Sec. 1432. Definitions.
                      ``PART E--General Provisions

``Sec. 1501. Federal regulations.
``Sec. 1502. Agreements and records.
``Sec. 1503. State administration.
``Sec. 1504. Prohibition against Federal mandates, direction, or 
                            control.
``Sec. 1505. Rule of construction on equalized spending.
``TITLE II--PREPARING, TRAINING, AND RECRUITING HIGH-QUALITY TEACHERS, 
                  PRINCIPALS, AND OTHER SCHOOL LEADERS

``Sec. 2001. Purpose.
``Sec. 2002. Definitions.
``Sec. 2003. Authorization of appropriations.
      ``PART A--Fund for the Improvement of Teaching and Learning

``Sec. 2101. Formula grants to States.
``Sec. 2102. Subgrants to local educational agencies.
``Sec. 2103. Local use of funds.
``Sec. 2104. Reporting.
``Sec. 2105. National activities of demonstrated effectiveness.
``Sec. 2106. Supplement, not supplant.
         ``PART B--Teacher and School Leader Incentive Program

``Sec. 2201. Purposes; definitions.
``Sec. 2202. Teacher and school leader incentive fund grants.
``Sec. 2203. Reports.
            ``PART C--American History and Civics Education

``Sec. 2301. Program authorized.
``Sec. 2302. Teaching of traditional American history.
``Sec. 2303. Presidential and congressional academies for American 
                            history and civics.
``Sec. 2304. National activities.
``Sec. 2305. Authorization of appropriations.
      ``PART D--Literacy Education For All, Results For the Nation

``Sec. 2401. Purposes; definitions.
``Sec. 2402. Comprehensive literacy State development grants.
``Sec. 2403. Subgrants to eligible entities in support of birth through 
                            kindergarten entry literacy.
``Sec. 2404. Subgrants to eligible entities in support of kindergarten 
                            through grade 12 literacy.
``Sec. 2405. National evaluation and information dissemination.
``Sec. 2406. Supplement, not supplant.
 ``PART E--Improving Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics 
                  Instruction and Student Achievement.

``Sec. 2451. Purpose.
``Sec. 2452. Definitions.
``Sec. 2453. Grants; allotments.
``Sec. 2454. Applications.
``Sec. 2455. Authorized activities.
``Sec. 2456. Performance metrics; report; evaluation.
``Sec. 2406. Supplement, not supplant.
                      ``PART F--General Provisions

``Sec. 2501. Rules of construction.
 ``TITLE III--LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION FOR ENGLISH LEARNERS AND IMMIGRANT 
                                STUDENTS

``Sec. 3001. Authorization of appropriations.
   ``PART A--English Language Acquisition, Language Enhancement, and 
                        Academic Achievement Act

``Sec. 3101. Short title.
``Sec. 3102. Purposes.
``subpart 1--grants and subgrants for english language acquisition and 
                          language enhancement

``Sec. 3111. Formula grants to States.
``Sec. 3112. Native American and Alaska Native children in school.
``Sec. 3113. State and specially qualified agency plans.
``Sec. 3114. Within-State allocations.
``Sec. 3115. Subgrants to eligible entities.
``Sec. 3116. Local plans.
             ``subpart 2--accountability and administration

``Sec. 3121. Reporting.
``Sec. 3122. Reporting requirements.
``Sec. 3123. Coordination with related programs.
``Sec. 3124. Rules of construction.
``Sec. 3125. Legal authority under State law.
``Sec. 3126. Civil rights.
``Sec. 3127. Programs for Native Americans and Puerto Rico.
``Sec. 3128. Prohibition.
                    ``subpart 3--national activities

``Sec. 3131. National professional development project.
                        ``subpart 4--definitions

``Sec. 3141. Definitions.
                      ``PART B--General Provisions

``Sec. 3201. Definitions.
``Sec. 3202. National clearinghouse.
``Sec. 3203. Regulations.
                 ``TITLE IV--SAFE AND HEALTHY STUDENTS

       ``PART A--Grants to States and Local Educational Agencies

``Sec. 4101. Purpose.
``Sec. 4102. Definitions.
``Sec. 4103. Formula grants to States.
``Sec. 4104. Subgrants to local educational agencies.
``Sec. 4105. Local educational agency authorized activities.
``Sec. 4106. Supplement, not supplant.
``Sec. 4107. Prohibitions.
``Sec. 4108. Authorization of appropriations.
           ``PART B--21st Century Community Learning Centers

``Sec. 4201. Purpose; definitions.
``Sec. 4202. Allotments to States.
``Sec. 4203. State application.
``Sec. 4204. Local competitive grant program.
``Sec. 4205. Local activities.
``Sec. 4206. Authorization of appropriations.
  ``PART C--Elementary School and Secondary School Counseling Programs

``Sec. 4301. Elementary school and secondary school counseling 
                            programs.
                  ``PART D--Physical Education Program

``Sec. 4401. Purpose.
``Sec. 4402. Program authorized.
``Sec. 4403. Applications.
``Sec. 4404. Requirements.
``Sec. 4405. Administrative provisions.
``Sec. 4406. Supplement, not supplant.
``Sec. 4407. Authorization of appropriations.
    ``TITLE V--EMPOWERING PARENTS AND EXPANDING OPPORTUNITY THROUGH 
                               INNOVATION

                    ``PART A--Public Charter Schools

``Sec. 5101. Purpose.
``Sec. 5102. Program authorized.
``Sec. 5103. Grants to support high-quality charter schools.
``Sec. 5104. Facilities financing assistance.
``Sec. 5105. National activities.
``Sec. 5106. Federal formula allocation during first year and for 
                            successive enrollment expansions.
``Sec. 5107. Solicitation of input from charter school operators.
``Sec. 5108. Records transfer.
``Sec. 5109. Paperwork reduction.
``Sec. 5110. Definitions.
``Sec. 5111. Authorization of appropriations.
                  ``PART B--Magnet Schools Assistance

``Sec. 5201. Findings and purpose.
``Sec. 5202. Definition.
``Sec. 5203. Program authorized.
``Sec. 5204. Eligibility.
``Sec. 5205. Applications and requirements.
``Sec. 5206. Priority.
``Sec. 5207. Use of funds.
``Sec. 5208. Limitations.
``Sec. 5209. Authorization of appropriations; reservation.
        ``PART C--Supporting High-ability Learners and Learning

``Sec. 5301. Short title.
``Sec. 5302. Purpose.
``Sec. 5303. Rule of construction.
``Sec. 5304. Authorized programs.
``Sec. 5305. Program priorities.
``Sec. 5306. General provisions.
``Sec. 5307. Authorization of appropriations.
              ``PART D--Education Innovation and Research

``Sec. 5401. Grants for education innovation and research.
                     ``PART E--Accelerated Learning

``Sec. 5501. Short title.
``Sec. 5502. Purposes.
``Sec. 5503. Funding distribution rule.
``Sec. 5504. Accelerated learning examination fee program.
``Sec. 5505. Accelerated learning incentive program grants.
``Sec. 5506. Supplement, not supplant.
``Sec. 5507. Definitions.
``Sec. 5508. Authorization of appropriations.
                  ``PART F--Ready-to-Learn Television

``Sec. 5601. Ready-To-Learn.
  ``PART G--Innovative Technology Expands Children's Horizons (I-TECH)

``Sec. 5701. Purposes.
``Sec. 5702. Definitions.
``Sec. 5703. Technology grants program authorized.
``Sec. 5704. State applications.
``Sec. 5705. State use of grant funds.
``Sec. 5706. Local subgrants.
``Sec. 5707. Reporting.
``Sec. 5708. Authorization.
                 ``PART H--Literacy and Arts Education

``Sec. 5801. Literacy and arts education.
       ``PART I--Early Learning Alignment and Improvement Grants

``Sec. 5901. Purposes; definitions.
``Sec. 5902. Early learning alignment and improvement grants.
``Sec. 5903. Authorization of appropriations.
               ``TITLE VI--FLEXIBILITY AND ACCOUNTABILITY

``Sec. 6001. Purposes.
                ``PART A--Improving Academic Achievement

 ``subpart 1--funding transferability for state and local educational 
                                agencies

``Sec. 6111. Short title.
``Sec. 6112. Purpose.
``Sec. 6113. Transferability of funds.
    ``subpart 2--weighted student funding flexibility pilot program

``Sec. 6121. Weighted student funding flexibility pilot program.
                  ``PART B--Rural Education Initiative

``Sec. 6201. Short title.
``Sec. 6202. Purpose.
          ``subpart 1--small, rural school achievement program

``Sec. 6211. Use of applicable funding.
``Sec. 6212. Grant program authorized.
``Sec. 6213. Academic achievement assessments.
            ``subpart 2--rural and low-income school program

``Sec. 6221. Program authorized.
``Sec. 6222. Uses of funds.
``Sec. 6223. Applications.
``Sec. 6224. Accountability.
``Sec. 6225. Choice of participation.
                    ``subpart 3--general provisions

``Sec. 6231. Annual average daily attendance determination.
``Sec. 6232. Supplement, not supplant.
``Sec. 6233. Rule of construction.
``Sec. 6234. Authorization of appropriations.
                      ``PART C--General Provisions

``Sec. 6301. Prohibition against Federal mandates, direction, or 
                            control.
``Sec. 6302. Rule of construction on equalized spending.
   ``TITLE VII--INDIAN, NATIVE HAWAIIAN, AND ALASKA NATIVE EDUCATION

                       ``PART A--Indian Education

``Sec. 7101. Statement of policy.
``Sec. 7102. Purpose.
       ``subpart 1--formula grants to local educational agencies

``Sec. 7111. Purpose.
``Sec. 7112. Grants to local educational agencies and tribes.
``Sec. 7113. Amount of grants.
``Sec. 7114. Applications.
``Sec. 7115. Authorized services and activities.
``Sec. 7116. Integration of services authorized.
``Sec. 7117. Student eligibility forms.
``Sec. 7118. Payments.
``Sec. 7119. State educational agency review.
   ``subpart 2--special programs and projects to improve educational 
                   opportunities for indian children

``Sec. 7121. Improvement of educational opportunities for Indian 
                            children and youth.
``Sec. 7122. Professional development for teachers and education 
                            professionals.
                    ``subpart 3--national activities

``Sec. 7131. National research activities.
``Sec. 7132. Grants to tribes for education administrative planning, 
                            development, and coordination.
                  ``subpart 4--federal administration

``Sec. 7141. National Advisory Council on Indian Education.
``Sec. 7142. Peer review.
``Sec. 7143. Preference for Indian applicants.
``Sec. 7144. Minimum grant criteria.
       ``subpart 5--definitions; authorizations of appropriations

``Sec. 7151. Definitions.
``Sec. 7152. Authorizations of appropriations.
                  ``PART B--Native Hawaiian Education

``Sec. 7201. Short title.
``Sec. 7202. Findings.
``Sec. 7203. Purposes.
``Sec. 7204. Native Hawaiian Education Council.
``Sec. 7205. Program authorized.
``Sec. 7206. Administrative provisions.
``Sec. 7207. Definitions.
                   ``PART C--Alaska Native Education

``Sec. 7301. Short title.
``Sec. 7302. Findings.
``Sec. 7303. Purposes.
``Sec. 7304. Program authorized.
``Sec. 7305. Funds for administrative purposes.
``Sec. 7306. Definitions.
``PART D--Native American and Alaska Native Language Immersion Schools 
                              and Programs

``Sec. 7401. Native American and Alaska Native language immersion 
                            schools.
                        ``TITLE VIII--IMPACT AID

``Sec. 8001. Purpose.
``Sec. 8002. Payments relating to Federal acquisition of real property.
``Sec. 8003. Payments for eligible federally connected children.
``Sec. 8004. Policies and procedures relating to children residing on 
                            Indian lands.
``Sec. 8005. Application for payments under sections 8002 and 8003.
``Sec. 8007. Construction.
``Sec. 8008. Facilities.
``Sec. 8009. State consideration of payments in providing State aid.
``Sec. 8010. Federal administration.
``Sec. 8011. Administrative hearings and judicial review.
``Sec. 8012. Forgiveness of overpayments.
``Sec. 8013. Definitions.
``Sec. 8014. Authorization of appropriations.
                     ``TITLE IX--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                         ``PART A--Definitions

``Sec. 9101. Definitions.
``Sec. 9102. Applicability of title.
``Sec. 9103. Applicability to Bureau of Indian Education operated 
                            schools.
   ``PART B--Flexibility in the Use of Administrative and Other Funds

``Sec. 9201. Consolidation of State administrative funds for elementary 
                            and secondary education programs.
``Sec. 9202. Single local educational agency States.
``Sec. 9203. Consolidation of funds for local administration.
``Sec. 9204. Consolidated set-aside for Department of the Interior 
                            funds.
``PART C--Coordination of Programs; Consolidated State and Local Plans 
                            and Applications

``Sec. 9301. Purpose.
``Sec. 9302. Optional consolidated State plans or applications.
``Sec. 9303. Consolidated reporting.
``Sec. 9304. General applicability of State educational agency 
                            assurances.
``Sec. 9305. Consolidated local plans or applications.
``Sec. 9306. Other general assurances.
                           ``PART D--Waivers

``Sec. 9401. Waivers of statutory and regulatory requirements.
      ``PART E--Approval and Disapproval of State Plans and Local 
                              Applications

``Sec. 9451. Approval and disapproval of State plans.
``Sec. 9452. Approval and disapproval of local educational agency 
                            applications.
                      ``PART F--Uniform Provisions

                      ``subpart 1--private schools

``Sec. 9501. Participation by private school children and teachers.
``Sec. 9502. Standards for by-pass.
``Sec. 9503. Complaint process for participation of private school 
                            children.
``Sec. 9504. By-pass determination process.
``Sec. 9505. Prohibition against funds for religious worship or 
                            instruction.
``Sec. 9506. Private, religious, and home schools.
                     ``subpart 2--other provisions

``Sec. 9521. Maintenance of effort.
``Sec. 9522. Prohibition regarding State aid.
``Sec. 9523. Privacy of assessment results.
``Sec. 9524. School prayer.
``Sec. 9525. Equal access to public school facilities.
``Sec. 9526. General prohibitions.
``Sec. 9527. Prohibitions on Federal Government and use of Federal 
                            funds.
``Sec. 9528. Armed Forces recruiter access to students and student 
                            recruiting information.
``Sec. 9529. Prohibition on federally sponsored testing.
``Sec. 9530. Limitations on national testing or certification for 
                            teachers.
``Sec. 9531. Prohibition on nationwide database.
``Sec. 9532. Unsafe school choice option.
``Sec. 9533. Prohibition on discrimination.
``Sec. 9534. Civil rights.
``Sec. 9535. Rulemaking.
``Sec. 9536. Severability.
``Sec. 9537. Transfer of school disciplinary records.
``Sec. 9538. Consultations with Indian tribes and tribal organizations.
               ``subpart 3--teacher liability protection

``Sec. 9541. Short title.
``Sec. 9542. Purpose.
``Sec. 9543. Definitions.
``Sec. 9544. Applicability.
``Sec. 9545. Preemption and election of State nonapplicability.
``Sec. 9546. Limitation on liability for teachers.
``Sec. 9547. Allocation of responsibility for noneconomic loss.
``Sec. 9548. Effective date.
                      ``subpart 4--internet safety

``Sec. 9551. Internet safety.
                      ``subpart 5--gun possession

``Sec. 9561. Gun-free requirements.
                ``subpart 6--environmental tobacco smoke

``Sec. 9571. Short title.
``Sec. 9572. Definitions.
``Sec. 9573. Nonsmoking policy for children's services.
``Sec. 9574. Preemption.
                         ``PART G--Evaluations

``Sec. 9601. Evaluations.''.

     TITLE I--IMPROVING BASIC PROGRAMS OPERATED BY STATE AND LOCAL 
                          EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES

SEC. 1001. STATEMENT OF PURPOSE.

    Section 1001 (20 U.S.C. 6301) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 1001. STATEMENT OF PURPOSE.

    ``The purpose of this title is to ensure that all children have a 
fair, equitable, and significant opportunity to receive a high-quality 
education that prepares them for postsecondary education or the 
workforce, without the need for postsecondary remediation, and to close 
educational achievement gaps.''.

SEC. 1002. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Section 1002 (20 U.S.C. 6302) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 1002. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``(a) Local Educational Agency Grants.--For the purpose of carrying 
out part A, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be 
necessary for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2021.
    ``(b) State Assessments.--For the purpose of carrying out part B, 
there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary 
for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2021.
    ``(c) Education of Migratory Children.--For the purpose of carrying 
out part C, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be 
necessary for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2021.
    ``(d) Prevention and Intervention Programs for Children and Youth 
Who Are Neglected, Delinquent, or At-risk.--For the purpose of carrying 
out part D, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be 
necessary for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2021.
    ``(e) Federal Activities.--For the purpose of carrying out 
evaluation activities related to title I under section 9601, there are 
authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of 
fiscal years 2016 through 2021.
    ``(f) School Intervention and Support.--For the purpose of carrying 
out section 1114, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as 
may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2021.''.

SEC. 1003. SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT AND STATE ADMINISTRATION.

    The Act (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.) is amended--
            (1) by striking section 1003;
            (2) by redesignating section 1004 as section 1003; and
            (3) in section 1003, as redesignated by paragraph (2), by 
        adding at the end the following:
    ``(c) Technical Assistance and Support.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each State may reserve not more than 4 
        percent of the amount the State receives under subpart 2 of 
        part A for a fiscal year to carry out paragraph (2) and to 
        carry out the State educational agency's responsibilities under 
        section 1114(a), including carrying out the State educational 
        agency's statewide system of technical assistance and support 
        for local educational agencies.
            ``(2) Uses.--Of the amount reserved under paragraph (1) for 
        any fiscal year, the State educational agency--
                    ``(A) shall use not less than 95 percent of such 
                amount by allocating such sums directly to local 
                educational agencies for activities required under 
                section 1114; or
                    ``(B) may, with the approval of the local 
                educational agency, directly provide for such 
                activities or arrange for their provision through other 
                entities such as school support teams, educational 
                service agencies, or other nonprofit or for-profit 
                organizations that use evidence-based strategies to 
                improve student achievement, teaching, and schools.
            ``(3) Priority.--The State educational agency, in 
        allocating funds to local educational agencies under this 
        subsection, shall give priority to local educational agencies 
        that--
                    ``(A) serve the lowest performing elementary 
                schools and secondary schools, as identified by the 
                State under section 1114;
                    ``(B) demonstrate the greatest need for such funds, 
                as determined by the State; and
                    ``(C) demonstrate the strongest commitment to using 
                evidence-based interventions to enable the lowest-
                performing schools to improve student achievement and 
                student outcomes.
            ``(4) Unused funds.--If, after consultation with local 
        educational agencies in the State, the State educational agency 
        determines that the amount of funds reserved to carry out this 
        subsection for a fiscal year is greater than the amount needed 
        to provide the assistance described in this subsection, the 
        State educational agency shall allocate the excess amount to 
        local educational agencies in accordance with--
                    ``(A) the relative allocations the State 
                educational agency made to those agencies for that 
                fiscal year under subpart 2 of part A; or
                    ``(B) section 1126(c).
            ``(5) Special rule.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        this subsection, the amount of funds reserved by the State 
        educational agency under this subsection in any fiscal year 
        shall not decrease the amount of funds each local educational 
        agency receives under subpart 2 of part A below the amount 
        received by such local educational agency under such subpart 
        for the preceding fiscal year.
            ``(6) Reporting.--Each State educational agency shall make 
        publicly available a list of those schools that have received 
        funds or services pursuant to this subsection and the 
        percentage of students from each such school from families with 
        incomes below the poverty line.''.

SEC. 1004. BASIC PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS.

    Subpart 1 of part A of title I (20 U.S.C. 6311 et seq.) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking sections 1111 through 1117 and inserting 
        the following:

``SEC. 1111. STATE PLANS.

    ``(a) Plans Required.--
            ``(1) In general.--For any State desiring to receive a 
        grant under this part, the State educational agency shall 
        submit to the Secretary a plan, developed by the State 
        educational agency with timely and meaningful consultation with 
        the Governor, local educational agencies (including those 
        located in rural areas), representatives of Indian tribes 
        located in the State, teachers, principals, other school 
        leaders, specialized instructional support personnel, 
        paraprofessionals (including organizations representing such 
        individuals), administrators, other staff, and parents, that--
                    ``(A) is coordinated with other programs under this 
                Act, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 
                the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the Carl D. Perkins 
                Career and Technical Education Act of 2006, the 
                Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act, the Head 
                Start Act, the Child Care and Development Block Grant 
                Act of 1990, the Education Sciences Reform Act of 2002, 
                the Education Technical Assistance Act, the NAEP 
                Authorization Act, the McKinney-Vento Homeless 
                Assistance Act, and the Adult Education and Family 
                Literacy Act; and
                    ``(B) describes how the State will implement 
                evidence-based strategies for improving student 
                achievement under this title and disseminate that 
                information to local educational agencies.
            ``(2) Consolidated plan.--A State plan submitted under 
        paragraph (1) may be submitted as part of a consolidated plan 
        under section 9302.
            ``(3) Peer review and secretarial approval.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall--
                            ``(i) establish a peer-review process to 
                        assist in the review of State plans;
                            ``(ii) establish multidisciplinary peer 
                        review teams and appoint members of such teams 
                        that--
                                    ``(I) are representative of 
                                teachers, principals, other school 
                                leaders, specialized instructional 
                                support personnel, State educational 
                                agencies, local educational agencies, 
                                and individuals and researchers with 
                                practical experience in implementing 
                                academic standards, assessments, or 
                                accountability systems, and meeting the 
                                needs of disadvantaged students, 
                                children with disabilities, students 
                                who are English learners, the needs of 
                                low-performing schools, and other 
                                educational needs of students;
                                    ``(II) include a balanced 
                                representation of individuals who have 
                                practical experience in the classroom, 
                                school administration, or State or 
                                local government, such as direct 
                                employees of a school, local 
                                educational agency, or State 
                                educational agency within the preceding 
                                5 years; and
                                    ``(III) represent a regionally 
                                diverse cross-section of States;
                            ``(iii) make available to the public, 
                        including by such means as posting to the 
                        Department's website, the list of peer 
                        reviewers who will review State plans under 
                        this section;
                            ``(iv) ensure that the peer review teams 
                        are comprised of varied individuals so that the 
                        same peer reviewers are not reviewing all of 
                        the State plans; and
                            ``(v) deem a State plan as approved within 
                        90 days of its submission unless the Secretary 
                        presents substantial evidence that clearly 
                        demonstrates that such State plan does not meet 
                        the requirements of this section.
                    ``(B) Purpose of peer review.--The peer-review 
                process shall be designed to--
                            ``(i) maximize collaboration with each 
                        State;
                            ``(ii) promote effective implementation of 
                        the challenging State academic standards 
                        through State and local innovation; and
                            ``(iii) provide publicly available, timely, 
                        and objective feedback to States designed to 
                        strengthen the technical and overall quality of 
                        the State plans.
                    ``(C) Standard and nature of review.--Peer 
                reviewers shall conduct an objective review of State 
                plans in their totality and out of respect for State 
                and local judgments, with the goal of supporting State- 
                and local-led innovation and providing objective 
                feedback on the technical and overall quality of a 
                State plan.
                    ``(D) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this 
                paragraph shall be construed as prohibiting the 
                Secretary from appointing an individual to serve as a 
                peer reviewer on more than one peer review team under 
                subparagraph (A) or to review more than one State plan.
            ``(4) State plan determination, demonstration, and 
        revision.--If the Secretary determines that a State plan does 
        not meet the requirements of this subsection or subsection (b) 
        or (c), the Secretary shall, prior to declining to approve the 
        State plan--
                    ``(A) immediately notify the State of such 
                determination;
                    ``(B) provide a detailed description of the 
                specific requirements of this subsection or subsection 
                (b) or (c) of the State plan that the Secretary 
                determines fails to meet such requirements;
                    ``(C) provide all peer review comments, 
                suggestions, recommendations, or concerns in writing to 
                the State;
                    ``(D) offer the State an opportunity to revise and 
                resubmit its plan within 60 days of such determination, 
                including the chance for the State to present 
                substantial evidence to clearly demonstrate that the 
                State plan meets the requirements of this section;
                    ``(E) provide technical assistance, upon request of 
                the State, in order to assist the State to meet the 
                requirements of this subsection or subsection (b) or 
                (c); and
                    ``(F) conduct a public hearing within 30 days of 
                such resubmission, with public notice provided not less 
                than 15 days before such hearing, unless the State 
                declines the opportunity for such public hearing.
            ``(5) State plan disapproval.--The Secretary shall have the 
        authority to disapprove a State plan if the State has been 
        notified and offered an opportunity to revise and submit with 
        technical assistance under paragraph (4), and--
                    ``(A) the State does not revise and resubmit its 
                plan; or
                    ``(B) the State revises and resubmits a plan that 
                the Secretary determines does not meet the requirements 
                of this part after a hearing conducted under paragraph 
                (4)(F), if applicable.
            ``(6) Limitations.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall not have the 
                authority to require a State, as a condition of 
                approval of the State plan or revisions or amendments 
                to the State plan, to--
                            ``(i) include in, or delete from, such plan 
                        1 or more specific elements of the challenging 
                        State academic standards;
                            ``(ii) use specific academic assessment 
                        instruments or items;
                            ``(iii) set specific State-designed annual 
                        goals or specific timelines for such goals for 
                        all students or each of the categories of 
                        students, as defined in subsection (b)(3)(A);
                            ``(iv) assign any specific weight or 
                        specific significance to any measures or 
                        indicators of student academic achievement or 
                        growth within State-designed accountability 
                        systems;
                            ``(v) include in, or delete from, such a 
                        plan any criterion that specifies, defines, or 
                        prescribes--
                                    ``(I) the standards or measures 
                                that States or local educational 
                                agencies use to establish, implement, 
                                or improve challenging State academic 
                                standards, including the content of, or 
                                achievement levels within, such 
                                standards;
                                    ``(II) the specific types of 
                                academic assessments or assessment 
                                items that States and local educational 
                                agencies use to meet the requirements 
                                of this part;
                                    ``(III) any requirement that States 
                                shall measure student growth, the 
                                specific metrics used to measure 
                                student academic growth if a State 
                                chooses to measure student growth, or 
                                the specific indicators or methods to 
                                measure student readiness to enter 
                                postsecondary education or the 
                                workforce;
                                    ``(IV) any specific benchmarks, 
                                targets, goals, or metrics to measure 
                                nonacademic measures or indicators;
                                    ``(V) the specific weight or 
                                specific significance of any measure or 
                                indicator of student academic 
                                achievement within State-designed 
                                accountability systems;
                                    ``(VI) the specific annual goals 
                                States establish for student academic 
                                achievement or high school graduation 
                                rates, as described in subclauses (I) 
                                and (II) of subsection (b)(3)(B)(i);
                                    ``(VII) any aspect or parameter of 
                                a teacher, principal, or other school 
                                leader evaluation system within a State 
                                or local educational agency; or
                                    ``(VIII) indicators or specific 
                                measures of teacher, principal, or 
                                other school leader effectiveness or 
                                quality; or
                            ``(vi) require data collection beyond data 
                        derived from existing Federal, State, and local 
                        reporting requirements and data sources.
                    ``(B) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this 
                paragraph shall be construed as authorizing, requiring, 
                or allowing any additional reporting requirements, data 
                elements, or information to be reported to the 
                Secretary not otherwise explicitly authorized under 
                Federal law.
            ``(7) Public review.--All written communications, feedback, 
        and notifications under this subsection shall be conducted in a 
        manner that is transparent and immediately made available to 
        the public through the website of the Department, including--
                    ``(A) plans submitted or resubmitted by a State;
                    ``(B) peer-review comments;
                    ``(C) State plan determinations by the Secretary, 
                including approvals or disapprovals; and
                    ``(D) notices and transcripts of public hearings 
                under this section.
            ``(8) Duration of the plan.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each State plan shall--
                            ``(i) remain in effect for the duration of 
                        the State's participation under this part or 7 
                        years, whichever is shorter; and
                            ``(ii) be periodically reviewed and revised 
                        as necessary by the State educational agency to 
                        reflect changes in the State's strategies and 
                        programs under this part.
                    ``(B) Additional information.--
                            ``(i) In general.--If a State makes 
                        significant changes to its plan at any time, 
                        such as the adoption of new challenging State 
                        academic standards, new academic assessments, 
                        or changes to its accountability system under 
                        subsection (b)(3), such information shall be 
                        submitted to the Secretary in the form of 
                        revisions or amendments to the State plan.
                            ``(ii) Review of revised plans.--The 
                        Secretary shall review the information 
                        submitted under clause (i) and approve or 
                        disapprove changes to the State plan within 90 
                        days in accordance with paragraphs (4) through 
                        (6) without undertaking the peer-review process 
                        under paragraph (3).
                            ``(iii) Special rule for standards.--If a 
                        State makes changes to its challenging State 
                        academic standards, the requirements of 
                        subsection (b)(1), including the requirement 
                        that such standards need not be submitted to 
                        the Secretary pursuant to subsection (b)(1)(A), 
                        shall still apply.
                    ``(C) Renewal.--A State educational agency shall 
                submit a revised plan every 7 years subject to the 
                peer-review process under paragraph (3).
                    ``(D) Limitation.--The Secretary shall not have the 
                authority to place any new conditions, requirements, or 
                criteria for approval of a plan submitted for renewal 
                under subparagraph (C) that are not otherwise 
                authorized under this part.
            ``(9) Failure to meet requirements.--If a State fails to 
        meet any of the requirements of this section, then the 
        Secretary may withhold funds for State administration under 
        this part until the Secretary determines that the State has 
        fulfilled those requirements.
    ``(b) Challenging State Academic Standards, Academic Assessments, 
and Accountability Systems.--
            ``(1) Challenging state academic standards.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each State shall provide an 
                assurance that the State has adopted challenging 
                academic content standards and aligned academic 
                achievement standards (referred to in this Act as 
                `challenging State academic standards'), which 
                achievement standards shall include not less than 3 
                levels of achievement, that will be used by the State, 
                its local educational agencies, and its schools to 
                carry out this part. A State shall not be required to 
                submit such challenging State academic standards to the 
                Secretary.
                    ``(B) Same standards.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (E), the standards required by 
                subparagraph (A) shall be the same standards that the 
                State applies to all public schools and public school 
                students in the State.
                    ``(C) Subjects.--The State shall have such 
                standards in mathematics, reading or language arts, and 
                science, and any other subjects as determined by the 
                State, which shall include the same knowledge, skills, 
                and levels of achievement expected of all public school 
                students in the State.
                    ``(D) Alignment.--Each State shall demonstrate that 
                the challenging State academic standards are aligned 
                with--
                            ``(i) entrance requirements, without the 
                        need for academic remediation, for the system 
                        of public higher education in the State;
                            ``(ii) relevant State career and technical 
                        education standards; and
                            ``(iii) relevant State early learning 
                        guidelines, as required under section 
                        658E(c)(2)(T) of the Child Care and Development 
                        Block Grant Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 
                        9858c(c)(2)(T)).
                    ``(E) Alternate academic achievement standards for 
                students with the most significant cognitive 
                disabilities.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The State may, through a 
                        documented and validated standards-setting 
                        process, adopt alternate academic achievement 
                        standards for students with the most 
                        significant cognitive disabilities, provided 
                        those standards--
                                    ``(I) are aligned with the 
                                challenging State academic content 
                                standards under subparagraph (A);
                                    ``(II) promote access to the 
                                general curriculum, consistent with the 
                                purposes of the Individuals with 
                                Disabilities Education Act, as stated 
                                in section 601(d) of such Act;
                                    ``(III) reflect professional 
                                judgment of the highest achievement 
                                standards attainable by those students;
                                    ``(IV) are designated in the 
                                individualized education program 
                                developed under section 614(d)(3) of 
                                the Individuals with Disabilities 
                                Education Act for each such student as 
                                the academic achievement standards that 
                                will be used for the student; and
                                    ``(V) are aligned to ensure that a 
                                student who meets the alternate 
                                academic achievement standards is on 
                                track for further education or 
                                employment.
                            ``(ii) Prohibition on any other alternate 
                        or modified academic achievement standards.--A 
                        State shall not develop, or implement for use 
                        under this part, any alternate academic 
                        achievement standards for children with 
                        disabilities that are not alternate academic 
                        achievement standards that meet the 
                        requirements of clause (i).
                    ``(F) English language proficiency standards.--Each 
                State plan shall demonstrate that the State has adopted 
                English language proficiency standards that are aligned 
                with the challenging State academic standards under 
                subparagraph (A). Such standards shall--
                            ``(i) ensure proficiency in each of the 
                        domains of speaking, listening, reading, and 
                        writing;
                            ``(ii) address the different proficiency 
                        levels of children who are English learners; 
                        and
                            ``(iii) be aligned with the challenging 
                        State academic standards in reading or language 
                        arts, so that achieving proficiency in the 
                        State's English language proficiency standards 
                        indicates a sufficient knowledge of English to 
                        measure validly and reliably the student's 
                        achievement on the State's reading or language 
                        arts standards.
                    ``(G) Prohibitions.--
                            ``(i) Standards review or approval.--A 
                        State shall not be required to submit any 
                        standards developed under this subsection to 
                        the Secretary for review or approval.
                            ``(ii) Federal control.--The Secretary 
                        shall not have the authority to mandate, 
                        direct, control, coerce, or exercise any 
                        direction or supervision over any of the 
                        challenging State academic standards adopted or 
                        implemented by a State.
                    ``(H) Existing standards.--Nothing in this part 
                shall prohibit a State from revising, consistent with 
                this section, any standard adopted under this part 
                before or after the date of enactment of the Every 
                Child Achieves Act of 2015.
            ``(2) Academic assessments.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each State plan shall 
                demonstrate that the State educational agency, in 
                consultation with local educational agencies, has 
                implemented a set of high-quality statewide academic 
                assessments that--
                            ``(i) includes, at a minimum, academic 
                        statewide assessments in mathematics, reading 
                        or language arts, and science; and
                            ``(ii) meets the requirements of 
                        subparagraph (B).
                    ``(B) Requirements.--The assessments under 
                subparagraph (A) shall--
                            ``(i) except as provided in subparagraph 
                        (D), be--
                                    ``(I) the same academic assessments 
                                used to measure the achievement of all 
                                public elementary school and secondary 
                                school students in the State; and
                                    ``(II) administered to all public 
                                elementary school and secondary school 
                                students in the State;
                            ``(ii) be aligned with the challenging 
                        State academic standards, and provide coherent 
                        and timely information about student attainment 
                        of such standards and whether the student is 
                        performing at the student's grade level;
                            ``(iii) be used for purposes for which such 
                        assessments are valid and reliable, consistent 
                        with relevant, nationally recognized 
                        professional and technical testing standards, 
                        and objectively measure academic achievement, 
                        knowledge, and skills;
                            ``(iv) be of adequate technical quality for 
                        each purpose required under this Act and 
                        consistent with the requirements of this 
                        section, the evidence of which is made public, 
                        including on the website of the State 
                        educational agency;
                            ``(v)(I) measure the annual academic 
                        achievement of all students against the 
                        challenging State academic standards in, at a 
                        minimum, mathematics and reading or language 
                        arts, and be administered--
                                    ``(aa) in each of grades 3 through 
                                8; and
                                    ``(bb) at least once in grades 9 
                                through 12; and
                            ``(II) measure the academic achievement of 
                        all students against the challenging State 
                        academic standards in science, and be 
                        administered not less than one time, during--
                                    ``(aa) grades 3 through 5;
                                    ``(bb) grades 6 through 9; and
                                    ``(cc) grades 10 through 12;
                            ``(vi) involve multiple up-to-date measures 
                        of student academic achievement, including 
                        measures that assess higher-order thinking 
                        skills and understanding, which may include 
                        measures of student academic growth and may be 
                        partially delivered in the form of portfolios, 
                        projects, or extended performance tasks;
                            ``(vii) provide for--
                                    ``(I) the participation in such 
                                assessments of all students;
                                    ``(II) the appropriate 
                                accommodations for children with 
                                disabilities and students with a 
                                disability who are provided 
                                accommodations under another Act, 
                                necessary to measure the academic 
                                achievement of such children relative 
                                to the challenging State academic 
                                standards;
                                    ``(III) the inclusion of English 
                                learners, who shall be assessed in a 
                                valid and reliable manner and provided 
                                appropriate accommodations on 
                                assessments administered to such 
                                students under this paragraph, 
                                including, to the extent practicable, 
                                assessments in the language and form 
                                most likely to yield accurate data on 
                                what such students know and can do in 
                                academic content areas, until such 
                                students have achieved English language 
                                proficiency, as determined under 
                                paragraph (1)(F);
                            ``(viii) at the State's choosing--
                                    ``(I) be administered through a 
                                single summative assessment; or
                                    ``(II) be administered through 
                                multiple statewide assessments during 
                                the course of the year if the State can 
                                demonstrate that the results of these 
                                multiple assessments, taken in their 
                                totality, provide a summative score 
                                that provides valid and reliable 
                                information on individual student 
                                achievement or growth;
                            ``(ix) notwithstanding clause (vii)(III), 
                        provide for assessments (using tests in 
                        English) of reading or language arts of any 
                        student who has attended school in the United 
                        States (not including the Commonwealth of 
                        Puerto Rico) for 3 or more consecutive school 
                        years, except that if the local educational 
                        agency determines, on a case-by-case individual 
                        basis, that academic assessments in another 
                        language or form would likely yield more 
                        accurate and reliable information on what such 
                        student knows and can do, the local educational 
                        agency may make a determination to assess such 
                        student in the appropriate language other than 
                        English for a period that does not exceed 2 
                        additional consecutive years, provided that 
                        such student has not yet reached a level of 
                        English language proficiency sufficient to 
                        yield valid and reliable information on what 
                        such student knows and can do on tests (written 
                        in English) of reading or language arts;
                            ``(x) produce individual student 
                        interpretive, descriptive, and diagnostic 
                        reports, consistent with clause (iii), that 
                        allow parents, teachers, principals, and other 
                        school leaders to understand and address the 
                        specific academic needs of students, and 
                        include information regarding achievement on 
                        academic assessments aligned with challenging 
                        State academic achievement standards, and that 
                        are provided to parents, teachers, principals, 
                        and other school leaders as soon as is 
                        practicable after the assessment is given, in 
                        an understandable and uniform format, and, to 
                        the extent practicable, in a language that the 
                        parents can understand;
                            ``(xi) enable results to be disaggregated 
                        within each State, local educational agency, 
                        and school, by--
                                    ``(I) each major racial and ethnic 
                                group;
                                    ``(II) economically disadvantaged 
                                students as compared to students who 
                                are not economically disadvantaged;
                                    ``(III) children with disabilities 
                                as compared to children without 
                                disabilities;
                                    ``(IV) English proficiency status;
                                    ``(V) gender; and
                                    ``(VI) migrant status;
                            ``(xii) enable itemized score analyses to 
                        be produced and reported, consistent with 
                        clause (iii), to local educational agencies and 
                        schools, so that parents, teachers, principals, 
                        other school leaders, and administrators can 
                        interpret and address the specific academic 
                        needs of students as indicated by the students' 
                        achievement on assessment items; and
                            ``(xiii) be developed, to the extent 
                        practicable, using the principles of universal 
                        design for learning.
                    ``(C) Exception to disaggregation.--Notwithstanding 
                subparagraph (B)(xi), the disaggregated results of 
                assessments shall not be required in the case of a 
                local educational agency or school if--
                            ``(i) the number of students in a category 
                        described under subparagraph (B)(xi) is 
                        insufficient to yield statistically reliable 
                        information; or
                            ``(ii) the results would reveal personally 
                        identifiable information about an individual 
                        student.
                    ``(D) Alternate assessments for students with the 
                most significant cognitive disabilities.--
                            ``(i) Alternate assessments aligned with 
                        alternate academic achievement standards.--A 
                        State may provide for alternate assessments 
                        aligned with the challenging State academic 
                        content standards and alternate academic 
                        achievement standards described in paragraph 
                        (1)(E) for students with the most significant 
                        cognitive disabilities, if the State--
                                    ``(I) ensures that for each 
                                subject, the total number of students 
                                assessed in such subject using the 
                                alternate assessments does not exceed 1 
                                percent of the total number of all 
                                students in the State who are assessed 
                                in such subject;
                                    ``(II) establishes and monitors 
                                implementation of clear and appropriate 
                                guidelines for individualized education 
                                program teams (as defined in section 
                                614(d)(1)(B) of the Individuals with 
                                Disabilities Education Act) to apply in 
                                determining, individually for each 
                                subject, when a child's significant 
                                cognitive disability justifies 
                                assessment based on alternate academic 
                                achievement standards;
                                    ``(III) ensures that, consistent 
                                with the requirements of the 
                                Individuals with Disabilities Education 
                                Act, parents are involved in the 
                                decision to use the alternate 
                                assessment for their child;
                                    ``(IV) ensures that, consistent 
                                with the requirements of the 
                                Individuals with Disabilities Education 
                                Act, students with the most significant 
                                cognitive disabilities are involved in 
                                and make progress in the general 
                                education curriculum;
                                    ``(V) describes in the State plan 
                                the appropriate accommodations provided 
                                to ensure access to the alternate 
                                assessment;
                                    ``(VI) describes in the State plan 
                                the steps the State has taken to 
                                incorporate universal design for 
                                learning, to the extent feasible, in 
                                alternate assessments;
                                    ``(VII) ensures that general and 
                                special education teachers and other 
                                appropriate staff know how to 
                                administer assessments, including 
                                making appropriate use of 
                                accommodations, to children with 
                                disabilities;
                                    ``(VIII) develops, disseminates 
                                information on, and promotes the use of 
                                appropriate accommodations to increase 
                                the number of students with significant 
                                cognitive disabilities participating in 
                                academic instruction and assessments 
                                and increase the number of students 
                                with significant cognitive disabilities 
                                who are tested against challenging 
                                State academic achievement standards; 
                                and
                                    ``(IX) ensures that students who 
                                take alternate assessments based on 
                                alternate academic achievement 
                                standards are not precluded from 
                                attempting to complete the requirements 
                                for a regular high school diploma.
                            ``(ii) Students with the most significant 
                        cognitive disabilities.--In determining the 
                        achievement of students in the State 
                        accountability system, a State educational 
                        agency shall include, for all schools in the 
                        State, the performance of the State's students 
                        with the most significant cognitive 
                        disabilities on alternate assessments as 
                        described in this subparagraph in the subjects 
                        included in the State's accountability system, 
                        consistent with the 1 percent limitation of 
                        clause (i)(I).
                    ``(E) State authority.--If a State educational 
                agency provides evidence, which is satisfactory to the 
                Secretary, that neither the State educational agency 
                nor any other State government official, agency, or 
                entity has sufficient authority, under State law, to 
                adopt challenging State academic standards, and 
                academic assessments aligned with such standards, which 
                will be applicable to all students enrolled in the 
                State's public elementary schools and secondary 
                schools, then the State educational agency may meet the 
                requirements of this subsection by--
                            ``(i) adopting academic standards and 
                        academic assessments that meet the requirements 
                        of this subsection, on a statewide basis, and 
                        limiting their applicability to students served 
                        under this part; or
                            ``(ii) adopting and implementing policies 
                        that ensure that each local educational agency 
                        in the State that receives grants under this 
                        part will adopt academic content and student 
                        academic achievement standards, and academic 
                        assessments aligned with such standards, 
                        which--
                                    ``(I) meet all of the criteria in 
                                this subsection and any regulations 
                                regarding such standards and 
                                assessments that the Secretary may 
                                publish; and
                                    ``(II) are applicable to all 
                                students served by each such local 
                                educational agency.
                    ``(F) Language assessments.--Each State plan shall 
                identify the languages other than English that are 
                present to a significant extent in the participating 
                student population of the State and indicate the 
                languages for which annual student academic assessments 
                are not available and are needed, and such State shall 
                make every effort to develop such assessments as 
                necessary.
                    ``(G) Assessments of english language 
                proficiency.--Each State plan shall demonstrate that 
                local educational agencies in the State will provide 
                for an annual assessment of English proficiency, which 
                is valid, reliable, and consistent with relevant 
                nationally recognized professional and technical 
                testing standards measuring students' speaking, 
                listening, reading, and writing skills in English, of 
                all children who are English learners in the schools 
                served by the State educational agency.
                    ``(H) Deferral.--A State may defer the 
                commencement, or suspend the administration, but not 
                cease the development, of the assessments described in 
                this paragraph, for 1 year for each year for which the 
                amount appropriated for grants under part B is less 
                than $378,000,000.
                    ``(I) Rule of construction regarding use of 
                assessments for student promotion or graduation.--
                Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to 
                prescribe or prohibit the use of the academic 
                assessments described in this part for student 
                promotion or graduation purposes.
                    ``(J) Rule of construction regarding assessments.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in 
                        clause (ii), nothing in this paragraph shall be 
                        construed to prohibit a State from developing 
                        and administering computer adaptive assessments 
                        as the assessments described in this paragraph, 
                        as long as the computer adaptive assessments--
                                    ``(I) meet the requirements of this 
                                paragraph; and
                                    ``(II) assess the student's 
                                academic achievement in order to 
                                measure, in the subject being assessed, 
                                whether the student is performing above 
                                or below the student's grade level.
                            ``(ii) Applicability to alternate 
                        assessments for students with the most 
                        significant cognitive disabilities.--In 
                        developing and administering computer adaptive 
                        assessments as the assessments allowed under 
                        subparagraph (D), a State shall ensure that 
                        such computer adaptive assessments--
                                    ``(I) meet the requirements of this 
                                paragraph, including subparagraph (D), 
                                except such assessments shall not be 
                                required to meet the requirements of 
                                clause (i)(II); and
                                    ``(II) assess the student's 
                                academic achievement in order to 
                                measure, in the subject being assessed, 
                                whether the student is performing at 
                                the student's grade level.
                    ``(K) Rule of construction on parent and guardian 
                rights.--Nothing in this part shall be construed as 
                preempting a State or local law regarding the decision 
                of a parent or guardian to not have the parent or 
                guardian's child participate in the statewide academic 
                assessments under this paragraph.
            ``(3) State accountability system.--
                    ``(A) Category of students.--In this paragraph, the 
                term `category of students' means--
                            ``(i) economically disadvantaged students;
                            ``(ii) students from major racial and 
                        ethnic groups;
                            ``(iii) children with disabilities; and
                            ``(iv) English learner students.
                    ``(B) Description of system.--Each State plan shall 
                describe a single, statewide State accountability 
                system that will be based on the challenging State 
                academic standards adopted by the State to ensure that 
                all students graduate from high school prepared for 
                postsecondary education or the workforce without the 
                need for postsecondary remediation and at a minimum 
                complies with the following:
                            ``(i) Annually establishes State-designed 
                        goals for all students and each of the 
                        categories of students in the State that take 
                        into account the progress necessary for all 
                        students and each of the categories of students 
                        to graduate from high school prepared for 
                        postsecondary education or the workforce 
                        without the need for postsecondary remediation, 
                        for, at a minimum each of the following:
                                    ``(I) Academic achievement, which 
                                may include student growth, on the 
                                State assessments under paragraph (2).
                                    ``(II) High school graduation 
                                rates, including--
                                            ``(aa) the 4-year adjusted 
                                        cohort graduation rate; and
                                            ``(bb) at the State's 
                                        discretion, the extended-year 
                                        adjusted cohort graduation 
                                        rate.
                            ``(ii) Annually measures and reports on the 
                        following indicators:
                                    ``(I) The academic achievement of 
                                all public school students in all 
                                public schools and local educational 
                                agencies in the State towards meeting 
                                the goals described in clause (i) and 
                                the challenging State academic 
                                standards for all students and for each 
                                of the categories of students using 
                                student performance on State 
                                assessments required under paragraph 
                                (2), which may include measures of 
                                student academic growth to such 
                                standards.
                                    ``(II) The academic success of all 
                                public school students in all public 
                                schools and local educational agencies 
                                in the State, that is with respect to--
                                            ``(aa) elementary schools 
                                        and secondary schools that are 
                                        not high schools, an academic 
                                        indicator, as determined by the 
                                        State, that is the same 
                                        statewide for all public 
                                        elementary school students and 
                                        all students at such secondary 
                                        schools, and each category of 
                                        students; and
                                            ``(bb) high schools, the 
                                        high school graduation rates of 
                                        all public high school students 
                                        in all public high schools in 
                                        the State toward meeting the 
                                        goals described in clause (i), 
                                        for all students and for each 
                                        of the categories of students, 
                                        including the 4-year adjusted 
                                        cohort graduation rate and at 
                                        the State's discretion, the 
                                        extended-year adjusted cohort 
                                        graduation rate.
                                    ``(III) English language 
                                proficiency of all English learners in 
                                all public schools and local 
                                educational agencies, which may include 
                                measures of student growth.
                                    ``(IV) Not less than one other 
                                valid and reliable indicator of school 
                                quality, success, or student supports, 
                                as determined appropriate by the State, 
                                that will be applied to all local 
                                educational agencies and schools 
                                consistently throughout the State for 
                                all students and for each of the 
                                categories of students, which may 
                                include measures of--
                                            ``(aa) student readiness to 
                                        enter postsecondary education 
                                        or the workforce without the 
                                        need for postsecondary 
                                        remediation;
                                            ``(bb) student engagement, 
                                        such as attendance rates and 
                                        chronic absenteeism;
                                            ``(cc) educator engagement, 
                                        such as educator satisfaction 
                                        (including working conditions 
                                        within the school), teacher 
                                        quality and effectiveness, and 
                                        teacher absenteeism;
                                            ``(dd) results from 
                                        student, parent, and educator 
                                        surveys;
                                            ``(ee) school climate and 
                                        safety, such as incidents of 
                                        school violence, bullying, and 
                                        harassment, and disciplinary 
                                        rates, including rates of 
                                        suspension, expulsion, 
                                        referrals to law enforcement, 
                                        school-based arrests, 
                                        disciplinary transfers 
                                        (including placements in 
                                        alternative schools), and 
                                        student detentions;
                                            ``(ff) student access to or 
                                        success in advanced coursework 
                                        or educational programs or 
                                        opportunities; and
                                            ``(gg) any other State-
                                        determined measure of school 
                                        quality or student success.
                            ``(iii) Establishes a system of annually 
                        identifying and meaningfully differentiating 
                        among all public schools in the State, which 
                        shall--
                                    ``(I) be based on all indicators in 
                                the State's accountability system for 
                                all students and for each of the 
                                categories of students; and
                                    ``(II) use the indicators described 
                                in subclauses (I) and (II) of clause 
                                (ii) as substantial factors in the 
                                annual identification of schools, and 
                                the weight of such factors shall be 
                                determined by the State.
                            ``(iv) For public schools receiving 
                        assistance under this part, meets the 
                        requirements of section 1114.
                            ``(v) Provides a clear and understandable 
                        explanation of the method of identifying and 
                        meaningfully differentiating schools under 
                        clause (iii).
                            ``(vi) Measures the annual progress of not 
                        less than 95 percent of all students, and 
                        students in each of the categories of students, 
                        who are enrolled in the school and are required 
                        to take the assessments under paragraph (2) and 
                        provides a clear and understandable explanation 
                        of how the State will factor this requirement 
                        into the State-designed accountability system 
                        determinations.
            ``(4) Exception for english learners.--A State may choose 
        to--
                    ``(A) exclude a recently arrived English learner 
                who has attended school in one of the 50 States in the 
                United States or in the District of Columbia for less 
                than 12 months from one administration of the reading 
                or language arts assessment required under paragraph 
                (2);
                    ``(B) exclude the results of a recently arrived 
                English learner who has attended school in one of the 
                50 States in the United States or in the District of 
                Columbia for less than 12 months on the assessments 
                under paragraph (2), except for the results on the 
                English language proficiency assessments required under 
                paragraph (2)(G), for the first year of the English 
                learner's enrollment in a school in the United States 
                for the purposes of the State-determined accountability 
                system under this subsection; and
                    ``(C) include the results on the assessments under 
                paragraph (2), except for results on the English 
                language proficiency assessments required under 
                paragraph (2)(G), of former English learners for not 
                more than 2 years after the student is no longer 
                identified as an English learner within the English 
                learner category of the categories of students, as 
                defined in paragraph (3)(A), for the purposes of the 
                State-determined accountability system.
            ``(5) Accountability for charter schools.--The 
        accountability provisions under this title shall be overseen 
        for charter schools in accordance with State charter school 
        law.
            ``(6) Prohibition on federal interference with state and 
        local decisions.--Nothing in this subsection shall be construed 
        to permit the Secretary to establish any criterion that 
        specifies, defines, or prescribes--
                    ``(A) the standards or measures that States or 
                local educational agencies use to establish, implement, 
                or improve challenging State academic standards, 
                including the content of, or achievement levels within, 
                such standards;
                    ``(B) the specific types of academic assessments or 
                assessment items that States or local educational 
                agencies use to meet the requirements of paragraph 
                (2)(B) or otherwise use to measure student academic 
                achievement or student growth;
                    ``(C) the specific goals that States establish 
                within State-designed accountability systems for all 
                students and for each of the categories of students, as 
                defined in paragraph (3)(A), for student academic 
                achievement or high school graduation rates, as 
                described in subclauses (I) and (II) of paragraph 
                (3)(B)(i);
                    ``(D) any requirement that States shall measure 
                student growth or the specific metrics used to measure 
                student academic growth if a State chooses to measure 
                student growth;
                    ``(E) the specific indicator under paragraph 
                (3)(B)(ii)(II)(aa), or any indicator under paragraph 
                (3)(B)(ii)(IV), that a State must use within the State-
                designed accountability system;
                    ``(F) setting specific benchmarks, targets, or 
                goals, for any other measures or indicators established 
                by a State under subclauses (III) and (IV) of paragraph 
                (3)(B)(ii), including progress or growth on such 
                measures or indicators;
                    ``(G) the specific weight or specific significance 
                of any measures or indicators used to measure, 
                identify, or differentiate schools in the State-
                determined accountability system, as described in 
                clauses (ii) and (iii) of paragraph (3)(B);
                    ``(H) the terms `meaningfully' or `substantially' 
                as used in this part;
                    ``(I) the specific methods used by States and local 
                educational agencies to identify and meaningfully 
                differentiate among public schools;
                    ``(J) any aspect or parameter of a teacher, 
                principal, or other school leader evaluation system 
                within a State or local educational agency; or
                    ``(K) indicators or measures of teacher, principal, 
                or other school leader effectiveness or quality.
    ``(c) Other Plan Provisions.--
            ``(1) Descriptions.--Each State plan shall describe--
                    ``(A) with respect to any accountability provisions 
                under this part that require disaggregation of 
                information by each of the categories of students, as 
                defined in subsection (b)(3)(A)--
                            ``(i) the minimum number of students that 
                        the State determines are necessary to be 
                        included in each such category of students to 
                        carry out such requirements and how that number 
                        is statistically sound;
                            ``(ii) how such minimum number of students 
                        was determined by the State, including how the 
                        State collaborated with teachers, principals, 
                        other school leaders, parents, and other 
                        stakeholders when setting the minimum number; 
                        and
                            ``(iii) how the State ensures that such 
                        minimum number does not reveal personally 
                        identifiable information about students;
                    ``(B) the State educational agency's system to 
                monitor and evaluate the intervention and support 
                strategies implemented by local educational agencies in 
                schools identified as in need of intervention and 
                support under section 1114, including the lowest-
                performing schools and schools identified for other 
                reasons, including schools with categories of students, 
                as defined in subsection (b)(3)(A), not meeting the 
                goals described in subsection (b)(3)(B)(i), and the 
                steps the State will take to further assist local 
                educational agencies, if such strategies are not 
                effective;
                    ``(C) in the case of a State that proposes to use 
                funds under this part to offer early childhood 
                education programs, how the State provides assistance 
                and support to local educational agencies and 
                individual elementary schools that are creating, 
                expanding, or improving such programs;
                    ``(D) in the case of a State that proposes to use 
                funds under this part to support a multi-tiered system 
                of supports, positive behavioral interventions and 
                supports, or early intervening services, how the State 
                educational agency will assist local educational 
                agencies in the development, implementation, and 
                coordination of such activities and services with 
                similar activities and services carried out under the 
                Individuals with Disabilities Education Act in schools 
                served by the local educational agency, including by 
                providing technical assistance, training, and 
                evaluation of the activities and services;
                    ``(E) how the State educational agency will provide 
                support to local educational agencies for the education 
                of homeless children and youths, and how the State will 
                comply with the requirements of subtitle B of title VII 
                of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act;
                    ``(F) how low-income and minority children enrolled 
                in schools assisted under this part are not served at 
                disproportionate rates by ineffective, out-of-field, 
                and inexperienced teachers, principals, or other school 
                leaders, and the measures the State educational agency 
                will use to evaluate and publicly report the progress 
                of the State educational agency with respect to such 
                description;
                    ``(G) how the State will make public the methods or 
                criteria the State or its local educational agencies 
                are using to measure teacher, principal, and other 
                school leader effectiveness for the purpose of meeting 
                the requirements described in subparagraph (F), however 
                nothing in this subparagraph shall be construed as 
                requiring a State to develop or implement a teacher, 
                principal, or other school leader evaluation system;
                    ``(H) how the State educational agency will protect 
                each student from physical or mental abuse, aversive 
                behavioral interventions that compromise student health 
                and safety, or any physical restraint or seclusion 
                imposed solely for purposes of discipline or 
                convenience, which may include how such agency will 
                identify and support, including through professional 
                development, training, and technical assistance, local 
                educational agencies and schools that have high levels 
                of seclusion and restraint or disproportionality in 
                rates of seclusion and restraint;
                    ``(I) how the State educational agency will address 
                school discipline issues, which may include how such 
                agency will identify and support, including through 
                professional development, training, and technical 
                assistance, local educational agencies and schools that 
                have high levels of exclusionary discipline or 
                disproportionality in rates of exclusionary discipline;
                    ``(J) how the State educational agency will address 
                school climate issues, which may include providing 
                technical assistance on effective strategies to reduce 
                the incidence of school violence, bullying, harassment, 
                drug and alcohol use and abuse, and rates of chronic 
                absenteeism;
                    ``(K) how the State determines, with timely and 
                meaningful consultation with local educational agencies 
                representing the geographic diversity of the State, the 
                timelines and annual goals for progress necessary to 
                move English learners from the lowest levels of English 
                proficiency to the State-defined proficient level in a 
                State-determined number of years, including an 
                assurance that such goals will be based on students' 
                initial language proficiency when first identified as 
                an English learner and may take into account the amount 
                of time that an individual child has been enrolled in a 
                language program and grade level;
                    ``(L) the steps a State educational agency will 
                take to ensure collaboration with the State agency 
                responsible for administering the State plans under 
                parts B and E of title IV of the Social Security Act 
                (42 U.S.C. 621 et seq. and 670 et seq.) to improve the 
                educational stability of children or youth in foster 
                care, including an assurance that--
                            ``(i) any such child or youth is 
                        immediately enrolled in a school, even if the 
                        child or youth is unable to produce records 
                        normally required for enrollment; and
                            ``(ii) the enrolling school shall 
                        immediately contact the school last attended by 
                        any such child or youth to obtain relevant 
                        academic and other records; and
                    ``(M) any other information on how the State 
                proposes to use funds under this part to meet the 
                purposes of this part, and that the State determines 
                appropriate to provide, which may include how the State 
                educational agency will--
                            ``(i) assist local educational agencies in 
                        identifying and serving gifted and talented 
                        students; and
                            ``(ii) encourage the offering of a variety 
                        of well-rounded education experiences to 
                        students.
            ``(2) Assurances.--Each State plan shall provide an 
        assurance that--
                    ``(A) the State educational agency will notify 
                local educational agencies, Indian tribes and tribal 
                organizations, schools, teachers, parents, and the 
                public of the challenging State academic standards, 
                academic assessments, and State accountability system, 
                developed under this section;
                    ``(B) the State educational agency will assist each 
                local educational agency and school affected by the 
                State plan to meet the requirements of this part;
                    ``(C) the State will participate in the biennial 
                State academic assessments in reading and mathematics 
                in grades 4 and 8 of the National Assessment of 
                Educational Progress carried out under section 
                303(b)(3) of the National Assessment of Educational 
                Progress Authorization Act if the Secretary pays the 
                costs of administering such assessments;
                    ``(D) the State educational agency will modify or 
                eliminate State fiscal and accounting barriers so that 
                schools can easily consolidate funds from other 
                Federal, State, and local sources in order to improve 
                educational opportunities and reduce unnecessary fiscal 
                and accounting requirements;
                    ``(E) the State educational agency will support the 
                collection and dissemination to local educational 
                agencies and schools of effective parent and family 
                engagement strategies, including those included in the 
                parent and family engagement policy under section 1115;
                    ``(F) the State educational agency will provide the 
                least restrictive and burdensome regulations for local 
                educational agencies and individual schools 
                participating in a program assisted under this part;
                    ``(G) the State educational agency will ensure that 
                local educational agencies, in developing and 
                implementing programs under this part, will, to the 
                extent feasible, work in consultation with outside 
                intermediary organizations, such as educational service 
                agencies, or individuals, that have practical expertise 
                in the development or use of evidence-based strategies 
                and programs to improve teaching, learning, and 
                schools;
                    ``(H) the State educational agency has appropriate 
                procedures and safeguards in place to ensure the 
                validity of the assessment process;
                    ``(I) the State educational agency will ensure that 
                all teachers and paraprofessionals working in a program 
                supported with funds under this part meet applicable 
                State certification and licensure requirements, 
                including alternative certification requirements;
                    ``(J) the State educational agency will coordinate 
                activities funded under this part with other Federal 
                activities as appropriate;
                    ``(K) the State educational agency has involved the 
                committee of practitioners established under section 
                1503(b) in developing the plan and monitoring its 
                implementation;
                    ``(L) the State has professional standards for 
                paraprofessionals working in a program supported with 
                funds under this part, including qualifications that 
                were in place on the day before the date of enactment 
                of the Every Child Achieves Act of 2015; and
                    ``(M) the State educational agency will assess the 
                system for collecting data from local educational 
                agencies, and the technical assistance provided to 
                local educational agencies on data collection, and will 
                evaluate the need to upgrade or change the system and 
                to provide additional support to help minimize the 
                burden on local educational agencies related to 
                reporting data required for the annual State report 
                card described in subsection (d)(1) and annual local 
                educational agency report cards described in subsection 
                (d)(2).
    ``(d) Reports.--
            ``(1) Annual state report card.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A State that receives assistance 
                under this part shall prepare and disseminate widely to 
                the public an annual State report card for the State as 
                a whole that meets the requirements of this paragraph.
                    ``(B) Implementation.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The State report card 
                        required under this paragraph shall be--
                                    ``(I) concise;
                                    ``(II) presented in an 
                                understandable and uniform format and, 
                                to the extent practicable, in a 
                                language that parents can understand; 
                                and
                                    ``(III) widely accessible to the 
                                public, which shall include making the 
                                State report card, along with all local 
                                educational agency and school report 
                                cards required under paragraph (2), and 
                                the annual report to the Secretary 
                                under paragraph (5), available on a 
                                single webpage of the State educational 
                                agency's website.
                            ``(ii) Ensuring privacy.--No State report 
                        card required under this paragraph shall 
                        include any personally identifiable information 
                        about any student. Each such report card shall 
                        be consistent with the privacy protections 
                        under section 444 of the General Education 
                        Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1232g, commonly known 
                        as the `Family Educational Rights and Privacy 
                        Act of 1974').
                    ``(C) Minimum requirements.--Each State report card 
                required under this subsection shall include the 
                following information:
                            ``(i) A clear and concise description of 
                        the State's accountability system under 
                        subsection (b)(3), including the goals for all 
                        students and for each of the categories of 
                        students, as defined in subsection (b)(3)(A), 
                        the indicators used in the accountability 
                        system to evaluate school performance described 
                        in subsection (b)(3)(B), and the weights of the 
                        indicators used in the accountability system to 
                        evaluate school performance.
                            ``(ii) For all students and disaggregated 
                        by each category of students described in 
                        subsection (b)(2)(B)(xi), homeless status, and 
                        status as a child in foster care, except that 
                        such disaggregation shall not be required in a 
                        case in which the number of students in a 
                        category is insufficient to yield statistically 
                        reliable information or the results would 
                        reveal personally identifiable information 
                        about an individual student, information on 
                        student achievement on the academic assessments 
                        described in subsection (b)(2) at each level of 
                        achievement, as determined by the State under 
                        subsection (b)(1).
                            ``(iii) For all students and disaggregated 
                        by each category of students described in 
                        subsection (b)(2)(B)(xi), the percentage of 
                        students assessed and not assessed.
                            ``(iv) For all students and disaggregated 
                        by each of the categories of students, as 
                        defined in subsection (b)(3)(A), except that 
                        such disaggregation shall not be required in a 
                        case in which the number of students in a 
                        category is insufficient to yield statistically 
                        reliable information or the results would 
                        reveal personally identifiable information 
                        about an individual student--
                                    ``(I) information on the 
                                performance on the other academic 
                                indicator under subsection 
                                (b)(3)(B)(ii)(II)(aa) used by the State 
                                in the State accountability system; and
                                    ``(II) high school graduation 
                                rates, including 4-year adjusted cohort 
                                graduation rates and, at the State's 
                                discretion, extended-year adjusted 
                                cohort graduation rates.
                            ``(v) Information on indicators or measures 
                        of school quality, climate and safety, and 
                        discipline, including the rates of in-school 
                        suspensions, out-of-school suspensions, 
                        expulsions, school-based arrests, referrals to 
                        law enforcement, chronic absenteeism, and 
                        incidences of violence, including bullying and 
                        harassment, that the State educational agency 
                        and each local educational agency in the State 
                        reported to the Civil Rights Data Collection 
                        biennial survey required by the Office for 
                        Civil Rights of the Department that is the most 
                        recent to the date of the determination in the 
                        same manner that such information is presented 
                        on such survey.
                            ``(vi) The minimum number of students that 
                        the State determines are necessary to be 
                        included in each of the categories of students, 
                        as defined in subsection (b)(3)(A), for use in 
                        the accountability system under subsection 
                        (b)(3).
                            ``(vii) The professional qualifications of 
                        teachers, principals, and other school leaders 
                        in the State, including information (that shall 
                        be presented in the aggregate and disaggregated 
                        by high-poverty compared to low-poverty schools 
                        which, for the purpose of this clause, means 
                        schools in each quartile based on school 
                        poverty level, and high-minority and low-
                        minority schools in the State) on the number, 
                        percentage, and distribution of--
                                    ``(I) inexperienced teachers, 
                                principals, and other school leaders;
                                    ``(II) teachers teaching with 
                                emergency or provisional credentials;
                                    ``(III) teachers who are not 
                                teaching in the subject or field for 
                                which the teacher is certified or 
                                licensed;
                                    ``(IV) teachers, principals, and 
                                other school leaders who are 
                                ineffective, as determined by the 
                                State, using the methods or criteria 
                                under subsection (c)(1)(G); and
                                    ``(V) the annual retention rates of 
                                effective and ineffective teachers, 
                                principals, and other school leaders, 
                                as determined by the State, using the 
                                methods or criteria under subsection 
                                (c)(1)(G).
                            ``(viii) Information on the performance of 
                        local educational agencies and schools in the 
                        State, including the number and names of each 
                        school identified for intervention and support 
                        under section 1114.
                            ``(ix) For a State that implements a 
                        teacher, principal, and other school leader 
                        evaluation system consistent with title II, the 
                        evaluation results of teachers, principals, and 
                        other school leaders, except that such 
                        information shall not provide personally 
                        identifiable information on individual 
                        teachers, principals, or other school leaders.
                            ``(x) The per-pupil expenditures of 
                        Federal, State, and local funds, including 
                        actual personnel expenditures and actual 
                        nonpersonnel expenditures of Federal, State, 
                        and local funds, disaggregated by source of 
                        funds, for each local educational agency and 
                        each school in the State for the preceding 
                        fiscal year.
                            ``(xi) The number and percentages of 
                        students with the most significant cognitive 
                        disabilities that take an alternate assessment 
                        under subsection (b)(2)(D), by grade and 
                        subject.
                            ``(xii) Information on the acquisition of 
                        English language proficiency by students who 
                        are English learners.
                            ``(xiii) Information that the State 
                        educational agency and each local educational 
                        agency in the State reported to the Civil 
                        Rights Data Collection biennial survey required 
                        by the Office for Civil Rights of the 
                        Department that is the most recent to the date 
                        of the determination in the same manner that 
                        such information is presented on such survey 
                        that includes--
                                    ``(I) the number and percentage 
                                of--
                                            ``(aa) students enrolled in 
                                        gifted and talented programs;
                                            ``(bb) students enrolled in 
                                        rigorous coursework to earn 
                                        postsecondary credit while 
                                        still in high school, such as 
                                        Advanced Placement and 
                                        International Baccalaureate 
                                        courses and examinations, and 
                                        dual enrollment and early 
                                        college high schools; and
                                            ``(cc) children enrolled in 
                                        preschool programs;
                                    ``(II) the average class size, by 
                                grade; and
                                    ``(III) any other indicators 
                                determined by the State.
                            ``(xiv) The number and percentage of 
                        students attaining career and technical 
                        proficiencies, as defined by section 113(b) of 
                        the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical 
                        Education Act of 2006 and reported by States 
                        only in a manner consistent with section 113(c) 
                        of that Act.
                            ``(xv) Results on the National Assessment 
                        of Educational Progress in reading and 
                        mathematics in grades 4 and 8 for the State, 
                        compared to the national average.
                            ``(xvi) Information on the percentage of 
                        students, including for each of the categories 
                        of students, as defined in subsection 
                        (b)(3)(A), who did not meet the annual State 
                        goals established under subsection (b)(3)(B).
                            ``(xvii) Information regarding the number 
                        of military-connected students (which, for 
                        purposes of this clause, shall mean students 
                        with parents who serve in the uniformed 
                        services, including the National Guard and 
                        Reserves), and information regarding the 
                        academic achievement of such students, except 
                        that such information shall not be used for 
                        school or local educational agency 
                        accountability purposes under sections 
                        1111(b)(3) and 1114.
                            ``(xviii) Any additional information that 
                        the State believes will best provide parents, 
                        students, and other members of the public with 
                        information regarding the progress of each of 
                        the State's public elementary schools and 
                        secondary schools.
                    ``(D) Rule of construction.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Nothing in clause (v) or 
                        (xiii) of subparagraph (C) shall be construed 
                        as requiring a State to report any data that 
                        are not otherwise required or voluntarily 
                        submitted to the Civil Rights Data Collection 
                        biennial survey required by the Office for 
                        Civil Rights of the Department.
                            ``(ii) Continuation of submission to 
                        department of information.--If, at any time 
                        after the date of enactment of the Every Child 
                        Achieves Act of 2015, the Civil Rights Data 
                        Collection biennial survey is no longer 
                        conducted by the Office for Civil Rights of the 
                        Department, a State educational agency shall 
                        still include the information under clauses (v) 
                        and (xiii) of subparagraph (C) in the State 
                        report card under this paragraph in the same 
                        manner that such information is presented on 
                        such survey.
            ``(2) Annual local educational agency report cards.--
                    ``(A) In general.--
                            ``(i) Preparation and dissemination.--A 
                        local educational agency that receives 
                        assistance under this part shall prepare and 
                        disseminate an annual local educational agency 
                        report card that includes--
                                    ``(I) information on such agency as 
                                a whole; and
                                    ``(II) for each school served by 
                                the agency, a school report card that 
                                meets the requirements of this 
                                paragraph.
                            ``(ii) No personally identifiable 
                        information.--No local educational agency 
                        report card required under this paragraph shall 
                        include any personally identifiable information 
                        about any student.
                            ``(iii) Consistent with ferpa.--Each local 
                        educational agency report card shall be 
                        consistent with the privacy protections under 
                        section 444 of the General Education Provisions 
                        Act (20 U.S.C. 1232g, commonly known as the 
                        `Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 
                        1974').
                    ``(B) Implementation.--Each local educational 
                agency report card shall be--
                            ``(i) concise;
                            ``(ii) presented in an understandable and 
                        uniform format, and to the extent practicable 
                        in a language that parents can understand; and
                            ``(iii) accessible to the public, which 
                        shall include--
                                    ``(I) placing such report card on 
                                the website of the local educational 
                                agency and on the website of each 
                                school served by the agency; and
                                    ``(II) in any case in which a local 
                                educational agency or school does not 
                                operate a website, providing the 
                                information to the public in another 
                                manner determined by the local 
                                educational agency.
                    ``(C) Minimum requirements.--Each local educational 
                agency report card required under this paragraph shall 
                include--
                            ``(i) the information described in 
                        paragraph (1)(C), disaggregated in the same 
                        manner as under paragraph (1)(C), except for 
                        clause (xv) of such paragraph, as applied to 
                        the local educational agency, and each school 
                        served by the local educational agency, 
                        including--
                                    ``(I) in the case of a local 
                                educational agency, information that 
                                shows how students served by the local 
                                educational agency achieved on the 
                                academic assessments described in 
                                subsection (b)(2) compared to students 
                                in the State as a whole; and
                                    ``(II) in the case of a school, 
                                information that shows how the school's 
                                students' achievement on the academic 
                                assessments described in subsection 
                                (b)(2) compared to students served by 
                                the local educational agency and the 
                                State as a whole;
                            ``(ii) any information required by the 
                        State under paragraph (1)(C)(xviii); and
                            ``(iii) any other information that the 
                        local educational agency determines is 
                        appropriate and will best provide parents, 
                        students, and other members of the public with 
                        information regarding the progress of each 
                        public school served by the local educational 
                        agency, whether or not such information is 
                        included in the annual State report card.
                    ``(D) Public dissemination.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in 
                        clause (ii), a local educational agency shall--
                                    ``(I) publicly disseminate the 
                                information described in this paragraph 
                                to all schools in the school district 
                                served by the local educational agency 
                                and to all parents of students 
                                attending such schools; and
                                    ``(II) make the information widely 
                                available through public means, 
                                including through electronic means, 
                                including posting in an easily 
                                accessible manner on the local 
                                educational agency's website, except in 
                                the case in which an agency does not 
                                operate a website, such agency shall 
                                determine how to make the information 
                                available, such as through distribution 
                                to the media, and distribution through 
                                public agencies.
                            ``(ii) Exception.--If a local educational 
                        agency issues a report card for all students, 
                        the local educational agency may include the 
                        information described in this paragraph as part 
                        of such report.
            ``(3) Preexisting report cards.--A State educational agency 
        or local educational agency that was providing public report 
        cards on the performance of students, schools, local 
        educational agencies, or the State prior to the date of 
        enactment of the Every Child Achieves Act of 2015, may use such 
        report cards for the purpose of disseminating information under 
        this subsection if the report card is modified, as may be 
        needed, to contain the information required by this subsection.
            ``(4) Cost reduction.--Each State educational agency and 
        local educational agency receiving assistance under this part 
        shall, wherever possible, take steps to reduce data collection 
        costs and duplication of effort by obtaining the information 
        required under this subsection through existing data collection 
        efforts.
            ``(5) Annual state report to the secretary.--Each State 
        educational agency receiving assistance under this part shall 
        report annually to the Secretary, and make widely available 
        within the State--
                    ``(A) information on student achievement on the 
                academic assessments described in subsection (b)(2) for 
                all students and disaggregated by each of the 
                categories of students, as defined in subsection 
                (b)(3)(A), including--
                            ``(i) the percentage of students who 
                        achieved at each level of achievement the State 
                        has set in subsection (b)(1);
                            ``(ii) the percentage of students who did 
                        not meet the annual State goals set in 
                        subsection (b)(3)(B); and
                            ``(iii) if applicable, the percentage of 
                        students making at least one year of academic 
                        growth over the school year, as determined by 
                        the State;
                    ``(B) the percentage of students assessed and not 
                assessed on the academic assessments described in 
                subsection (b)(2) for all students and disaggregated by 
                each category of students described in subsection 
                (b)(2)(B)(xi);
                    ``(C) for all students and disaggregated by each of 
                the categories of students, as defined in subsection 
                (b)(3)(A)--
                            ``(i) information on the performance on the 
                        other academic indicator under subsection 
                        (b)(3)(B)(ii)(II)(aa) used by the State in the 
                        State accountability system;
                            ``(ii) high school graduation rates, 
                        including 4-year adjusted cohort graduation 
                        rates and, at the State's discretion, extended-
                        year adjusted cohort graduation rates; and
                            ``(iii) information on each State-
                        determined indicator of school quality, 
                        success, or student support under subsection 
                        (b)(3)(B)(ii)(IV) selected by the State in the 
                        State accountability system;
                    ``(D) information on the acquisition of English 
                language proficiency by students who are English 
                learners;
                    ``(E) the per-pupil expenditures of Federal, State, 
                and local funds, including actual staff personnel 
                expenditures and actual nonpersonnel expenditures, 
                disaggregated by source of funds for each school served 
                by the agency for the preceding fiscal year;
                    ``(F) the number and percentage of students with 
                the most significant cognitive disabilities that take 
                an alternate assessment under subsection (b)(2)(D), by 
                grade and subject;
                    ``(G) the number and names of the schools 
                identified as in need of intervention and support under 
                section 1114, and the school intervention and support 
                strategies developed and implemented by the local 
                educational agency under section 1114(b) to address the 
                needs of students in each school;
                    ``(H) the number of students and schools that 
                participated in public school choice under section 
                1114(b)(4);
                    ``(I) information on the quality and effectiveness 
                of teachers for each quartile of schools based on the 
                school's poverty level and high-minority and low-
                minority schools in the local educational agencies in 
                the State, including the number, percentage, and 
                distribution of--
                            ``(i) inexperienced teachers;
                            ``(ii) teachers who are not teaching in the 
                        subject or field for which the teacher is 
                        certified or licensed; and
                            ``(iii) teachers who are not effective, as 
                        determined by the State if the State has a 
                        statewide teacher, principal, or other school 
                        leader evaluation system; and
                    ``(J) if the State has a statewide teacher, 
                principal, or other school leader evaluation system, 
                information on the results of such teacher, principal, 
                or other school leader evaluation systems that does not 
                reveal personally identifiable information.
            ``(6) Presentation of data.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A State educational agency or 
                local educational agency shall only include in its 
                annual report card described under paragraphs (1) and 
                (2) data that are sufficient to yield statistically 
                reliable information, and that do not reveal personally 
                identifiable information about an individual student, 
                teacher, principal, or other school leader.
                    ``(B) Student privacy.--In carrying out this 
                subsection, student education records shall not be 
                released without written consent consistent with 
                section 444 of the General Education Provisions Act (20 
                U.S.C. 1232g, commonly known as the `Family Educational 
                Rights and Privacy Act of 1974').
            ``(7) Report to congress.--The Secretary shall transmit 
        annually to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and 
        Pensions of the Senate and the Committee on Education and the 
        Workforce of the House of Representatives a report that 
        provides national and State level data on the information 
        collected under paragraph (5). Such report shall be submitted 
        through electronic means only.
            ``(8) Secretary's report card.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not later than July 1, 2017, and 
                annually thereafter, the Secretary, acting through the 
                Director of the Institute of Education Sciences, shall 
                transmit to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, 
                and Pensions of the Senate and the Committee on 
                Education and the Workforce of the House of 
                Representatives a national report card on the status of 
                elementary and secondary education in the United 
                States. Such report shall--
                            ``(i) analyze existing data from State 
                        reports required under this Act, the 
                        Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 
                        and the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical 
                        Education Act of 2006, and summarize major 
                        findings from such reports;
                            ``(ii) analyze data from the National 
                        Assessment of Educational Progress and 
                        comparable international assessments;
                            ``(iii) identify trends in student 
                        achievement and high school graduation rates 
                        (including 4-year adjusted cohort graduation 
                        rates and extended-year adjusted cohort 
                        graduation rates), by analyzing and reporting 
                        on the status and performance of students, 
                        disaggregated by achievement level and by each 
                        of the categories of students, as defined in 
                        subsection (b)(3)(A);
                            ``(iv) analyze data on Federal, State, and 
                        local expenditures on education, including per-
                        pupil spending, teacher salaries, school level 
                        spending, and other financial data publicly 
                        available, and report on current trends and 
                        major findings; and
                            ``(v) analyze information on the teaching, 
                        principal, and other school leader professions, 
                        including education and training, retention and 
                        mobility, and effectiveness in improving 
                        student achievement.
                    ``(B) Special rule.--The information used to 
                prepare the report described in subparagraph (A) shall 
                be derived from existing State and local reporting 
                requirements and data sources. Nothing in this 
                paragraph shall be construed as authorizing, requiring, 
                or allowing any additional reporting requirements, data 
                elements, or information to be reported to the 
                Secretary not otherwise explicitly authorized by any 
                other Federal law.
                    ``(C) Public recognition.--The Secretary may 
                identify and publicly recognize States, local 
                educational agencies, schools, programs, and 
                individuals for exemplary performance.
    ``(e) Voluntary Partnerships.--
            ``(1) In general.--Nothing in this section shall be 
        construed to prohibit a State from entering into a voluntary 
        partnership with another State to develop and implement the 
        academic assessments, challenging State academic standards, and 
        accountability systems required under this section.
            ``(2) Prohibition.--The Secretary shall be prohibited from 
        requiring or coercing a State to enter into a voluntary 
        partnership described in paragraph (1), including--
                    ``(A) as a condition of approval of a State plan 
                under this section;
                    ``(B) as a condition of an award of Federal funds 
                under any grant, contract, or cooperative agreement;
                    ``(C) as a condition of approval of a waiver under 
                section 9401; or
                    ``(D) by providing any priority, preference, or 
                special consideration during the application process 
                under any grant, contract, or cooperative agreement.
    ``(f) Special Rule With Respect to Bureau-funded Schools.--In 
determining the assessments to be used by each school operated or 
funded by the Bureau of Indian Education of the Department of the 
Interior that receives funds under this part, the following shall 
apply:
            ``(1) Each such school that is accredited by the State in 
        which it is operating shall use the assessments the State has 
        developed and implemented to meet the requirements of this 
        section, or such other appropriate assessment as approved by 
        the Secretary of the Interior.
            ``(2) Each such school that is accredited by a regional 
        accrediting organization shall adopt an appropriate assessment 
        in consultation with, and with the approval of, the Secretary 
        of the Interior and consistent with assessments adopted by 
        other schools in the same State or region, that meets the 
        requirements of this section.
            ``(3) Each such school that is accredited by a tribal 
        accrediting agency or tribal division of education shall use an 
        assessment developed by such agency or division, except that 
        the Secretary of the Interior shall ensure that such assessment 
        meets the requirements of this section.

``SEC. 1112. LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY PLANS.

    ``(a) Plans Required.--
            ``(1) Subgrants.--A local educational agency may receive a 
        subgrant under this part for any fiscal year only if such 
        agency has on file with the State educational agency a plan, 
        approved by the State educational agency, that--
                    ``(A) is developed with timely and meaningful 
                consultation with teachers, principals, other school 
                leaders, specialized instructional support personnel, 
                paraprofessionals (including organizations representing 
                such individuals), administrators (including 
                administrators of programs described in other parts of 
                this title), and other appropriate school personnel, 
                and with parents of children in schools served under 
                this part;
                    ``(B) satisfies the requirements of this section; 
                and
                    ``(C) as appropriate, is coordinated with other 
                programs under this Act, the Individuals with 
                Disabilities Education Act, the Rehabilitation Act of 
                1973, the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical 
                Education Act of 2006, the Workforce Innovation and 
                Opportunity Act, the Head Start Act, the Child Care and 
                Development Block Grant Act of 1990, the Education 
                Sciences Reform Act of 2002, the Education Technical 
                Assistance Act, the NAEP Authorization Act, the 
                McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, and the Adult 
                Education and Family Literacy Act.
            ``(2) Consolidated application.--The plan may be submitted 
        as part of a consolidated application under section 9305.
            ``(3) State review and approval.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each local educational agency 
                plan shall be filed according to a schedule established 
                by the State educational agency.
                    ``(B) Approval.--The State educational agency shall 
                approve a local educational agency's plan only if the 
                State educational agency determines that the local 
                educational agency's plan meets the requirements of 
                this part and enables children served under this part 
                to meet the challenging State academic standards 
                described in section 1111(b)(1).
            ``(4) Duration.--Each local educational agency plan shall 
        be submitted for the first year for which this part is in 
        effect following the date of enactment of the Every Child 
        Achieves Act of 2015 and shall remain in effect for the 
        duration of the agency's participation under this part.
            ``(5) Review.--Each local educational agency shall 
        periodically review and, as necessary, revise its plan to 
        reflect changes in the local educational agency's strategies 
        and programs under this part.
            ``(6) Renewal.--A local educational agency that desires to 
        continue participating in a program under this part shall 
        submit a renewed plan on a periodic basis, as determined by the 
        State.
    ``(b) Plan Provisions.--To ensure that all children receive a high-
quality education that prepares them for postsecondary education or the 
workforce without the need for postsecondary remediation, and to close 
the achievement gap between children meeting the challenging State 
academic standards and those who are not, each local educational agency 
plan shall describe--
            ``(1) how the local educational agency will work with each 
        of the schools served by the agency so that students meet the 
        challenging State academic standards by--
                    ``(A) developing and implementing a comprehensive 
                program of instruction to meet the academic needs of 
                all students;
                    ``(B) identifying quickly and effectively students 
                who may be at risk for academic failure;
                    ``(C) providing additional educational assistance 
                to individual students determined as needing help in 
                meeting the challenging State academic standards;
                    ``(D) identifying significant gaps in student 
                academic achievement and graduation rates between each 
                of the categories of students, as defined in section 
                1111(b)(3)(A), and developing strategies to reduce such 
                gaps in achievement and graduation rates; and
                    ``(E) identifying and implementing evidence-based 
                methods and instructional strategies intended to 
                strengthen the academic program of the school and 
                improve school climate;
            ``(2) how the local educational agency will monitor and 
        evaluate the effectiveness of school programs in improving 
        student academic achievement and academic growth, if 
        applicable, especially for students not meeting the challenging 
        State academic standards;
            ``(3) how the local educational agency will--
                    ``(A) ensure that all teachers and 
                paraprofessionals working in a program supported with 
                funds under this part meet applicable State 
                certification and licensure requirements, including 
                alternative certification requirements; and
                    ``(B) identify and address, as required under State 
                plans as described in section 1111(c)(1)(F), any 
                disparities that result in low-income students and 
                minority students being taught at higher rates than 
                other students by ineffective, inexperienced, and out-
                of-field teachers;
            ``(4) the actions the local educational agency will take to 
        assist schools identified as in need of intervention and 
        support under section 1114, including the lowest-performing 
        schools in the local educational agency, and schools identified 
        for other reasons, including schools with categories of 
        students, as defined in section 1111(b)(3)(A), not meeting the 
        goals described in section 1111(b)(3)(B), to improve student 
        academic achievement, the funds used to conduct such actions, 
        and how such agency will monitor such actions;
            ``(5) the poverty criteria that will be used to select 
        school attendance areas under section 1113;
            ``(6) the programs to be conducted by such agency's schools 
        under section 1113, and where appropriate, educational services 
        outside such schools for children living in local institutions 
        for neglected or delinquent children, and for neglected and 
        delinquent children in community day school programs;
            ``(7) the services the local educational agency will 
        provide homeless children, including services provided with 
        funds reserved under section 1113(a)(4)(A)(i);
            ``(8) the strategy the local educational agency will use to 
        implement effective parent and family engagement under section 
        1115;
            ``(9) if applicable, how the local educational agency will 
        coordinate and integrate services provided under this part with 
        preschool educational services at the local educational agency 
        or individual school level, such as Head Start programs, the 
        literacy program under part D of title II, State-funded 
        preschool programs, and other community-based early childhood 
        education programs, including plans for the transition of 
        participants in such programs to local elementary school 
        programs;
            ``(10) how the local educational agency will coordinate 
        programs and integrate services under this part with other 
        Federal, State, tribal, and local services and programs, 
        including programs supported under this Act, the Carl D. 
        Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 2006, the 
        Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, the Rehabilitation 
        Act of 1973, the Head Start Act, the Child Care and Development 
        Block Grant Act of 1990, the Workforce Innovation and 
        Opportunity Act, the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, 
        and the Education Sciences Reform Act of 2002, violence 
        prevention programs, nutrition programs, and housing programs;
            ``(11) how teachers and school leaders, in consultation 
        with parents, administrators, paraprofessionals, and 
        specialized instructional support personnel, in schools 
        operating a targeted assistance school program under section 
        1113, will identify the eligible children most in need of 
        services under this part;
            ``(12) in the case of a local educational agency that 
        proposes to use funds under this part to support a multi-tiered 
        system of supports, positive behavioral interventions and 
        supports, or early intervening services, how the local 
        educational agency will provide such activities and services 
        and coordinate them with similar activities and services 
        carried out under the Individuals with Disabilities Education 
        Act in schools served by the local educational agency, 
        including by providing technical assistance, training, and 
        evaluation of the activities and services;
            ``(13) how the local educational agency will provide 
        opportunities for the enrollment, attendance, and success of 
        homeless children and youths consistent with the requirements 
        of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act and the services 
        the local educational agency will provide homeless children and 
        youths;
            ``(14) how the local educational agency will implement 
        strategies to facilitate effective transitions for students 
        from middle school to high school and from high school to 
        postsecondary education;
            ``(15) how the local educational agency will address school 
        discipline issues, which may include identifying and supporting 
        schools with significant discipline disparities, or high rates 
        of discipline, disaggregated by each of the categories of 
        students, as defined in section 1111(b)(3)(A), including by 
        providing technical assistance on effective strategies to 
        reduce such disparities and high rates;
            ``(16) how the local educational agency will address school 
        climate issues, which may include identifying and improving 
        performance on school climate indicators related to student 
        achievement and providing technical assistance to schools; and
            ``(17) any other information on how the local educational 
        agency proposes to use funds to meet the purposes of this part, 
        and that the local educational agency determines appropriate to 
        provide, which may include how the local educational agency 
        will--
                    ``(A) assist schools in identifying and serving 
                gifted and talented students; and
                    ``(B) encourage the offering of a variety of well-
                rounded education experiences to students.
    ``(c) Assurances.--Each local educational agency plan shall provide 
assurances that the local educational agency will--
            ``(1) ensure that migratory children and formerly migratory 
        children who are eligible to receive services under this part 
        are selected to receive such services on the same basis as 
        other children who are selected to receive services under this 
        part;
            ``(2) provide services to eligible children attending 
        private elementary schools and secondary schools in accordance 
        with section 1116, and timely and meaningful consultation with 
        private school officials regarding such services;
            ``(3) participate, if selected, in the National Assessment 
        of Educational Progress in reading and mathematics in grades 4 
        and 8 carried out under section 303(b)(3) of the National 
        Assessment of Educational Progress Authorization Act; and
            ``(4) coordinate and integrate services provided under this 
        part with other educational services at the local educational 
        agency or individual school level, such as services for English 
        learners, children with disabilities, migratory children, 
        American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian children, 
        and homeless children, in order to increase program 
        effectiveness, eliminate duplication, and reduce fragmentation 
        of the instructional program.
    ``(d) Parents Right-to-know.--
            ``(1) Teacher qualifications.--
                    ``(A) In general.--At the beginning of each school 
                year, a local educational agency that receives funds 
                under this part shall notify the parents of each 
                student attending any school receiving funds under this 
                part that the parents may request, and the agency will 
                provide the parents on request (and in a timely 
                manner), information regarding the professional 
                qualifications of the student's classroom teachers, 
                including at a minimum, the following:
                            ``(i) Whether the teacher has met State 
                        qualification and licensing criteria for the 
                        grade levels and subject areas in which the 
                        teacher provides instruction.
                            ``(ii) Whether the teacher is teaching 
                        under emergency or other provisional status 
                        through which State qualification or licensing 
                        criteria have been waived.
                            ``(iii) The field of discipline of the 
                        certification of the teacher.
                            ``(iv) Whether the child is provided 
                        services by paraprofessionals and, if so, their 
                        qualifications.
                    ``(B) Additional information.--In addition to the 
                information that parents may request under subparagraph 
                (A), a school that receives funds under this part shall 
                provide to each individual parent of a child who is a 
                student in such school, with respect to such student--
                            ``(i) information on the level of 
                        achievement and academic growth of the student, 
                        if applicable and available, on each of the 
                        State academic assessments required under this 
                        part; and
                            ``(ii) timely notice that the student has 
                        been assigned, or has been taught for 4 or more 
                        consecutive weeks by, a teacher who does not 
                        meet applicable State certification or 
                        licensure requirements at the grade level and 
                        subject area in which the teacher has been 
                        assigned.
            ``(2) Language instruction.--
                    ``(A) Notice.--Each local educational agency using 
                funds under this part or title III to provide a 
                language instruction educational program as determined 
                under title III shall, not later than 30 days after the 
                beginning of the school year, inform a parent or 
                parents of a child who is an English learner identified 
                for participation or participating in such a program, 
                of--
                            ``(i) the reasons for the identification of 
                        their child as an English learner and in need 
                        of placement in a language instruction 
                        educational program;
                            ``(ii) the child's level of English 
                        proficiency, how such level was assessed, and 
                        the status of the child's academic achievement;
                            ``(iii) the methods of instruction used in 
                        the program in which their child is, or will be 
                        participating, and the methods of instruction 
                        used in other available programs, including how 
                        such programs differ in content, instructional 
                        goals, and the use of English and a native 
                        language in instruction;
                            ``(iv) how the program in which their child 
                        is, or will be participating, will meet the 
                        educational strengths and needs of their child;
                            ``(v) how such program will specifically 
                        help their child learn English and meet age-
                        appropriate academic achievement standards for 
                        grade promotion and graduation;
                            ``(vi) the specific exit requirements for 
                        the program, including the expected rate of 
                        transition from such program into classrooms 
                        that are not tailored for children who are 
                        English learners, and the expected rate of 
                        graduation from high school (including 4-year 
                        adjusted cohort graduation rates and extended-
                        year adjusted cohort graduation rates for such 
                        program) if funds under this part are used for 
                        children in high schools;
                            ``(vii) in the case of a child with a 
                        disability, how such program meets the 
                        objectives of the individualized education 
                        program of the child, as described in section 
                        614(d) of the Individuals with Disabilities 
                        Education Act; and
                            ``(viii) information pertaining to parental 
                        rights that includes written guidance--
                                    ``(I) detailing the right that 
                                parents have to have their child 
                                immediately removed from such program 
                                upon their request;
                                    ``(II) detailing the options that 
                                parents have to decline to enroll their 
                                child in such program or to choose 
                                another program or method of 
                                instruction, if available; and
                                    ``(III) assisting parents in 
                                selecting among various programs and 
                                methods of instruction, if more than 1 
                                program or method is offered by the 
                                eligible entity.
                    ``(B) Special rule applicable during the school 
                year.--For those children who have not been identified 
                as English learners prior to the beginning of the 
                school year but are identified as English learners 
                during such school year, the local educational agency 
                shall notify the children's parents during the first 2 
                weeks of the child being placed in a language 
                instruction educational program consistent with 
                subparagraph (A).
                    ``(C) Parental participation.--Each local 
                educational agency receiving funds under this part and 
                title III shall implement an effective means of 
                outreach to parents of children who are English 
                learners to inform the parents how the parents can be 
                involved in the education of their children, and be 
                active participants in assisting their children to 
                attain English proficiency, achieve at high levels in 
                core academic subjects, and meet the challenging State 
                academic standards expected of all students, including 
                holding, and sending notice of opportunities for, 
                regular meetings for the purpose of formulating and 
                responding to recommendations from parents of students 
                assisted under this part and title III.
                    ``(D) Basis for admission or exclusion.--A student 
                shall not be admitted to, or excluded from, any 
                federally assisted education program on the basis of a 
                surname or language-minority status.
            ``(3) Notice and format.--The notice and information 
        provided to parents under this subsection shall be in an 
        understandable and uniform format and, to the extent 
        practicable, provided in a language that the parents can 
        understand.

``SEC. 1113. ELIGIBLE SCHOOL ATTENDANCE AREAS; SCHOOLWIDE PROGRAMS; 
              TARGETED ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS.

    ``(a) Eligible School Attendance Areas.--
            ``(1) Determination.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A local educational agency shall 
                use funds received under this part only in eligible 
                school attendance areas.
                    ``(B) Eligible school attendance areas.--In this 
                part--
                            ``(i) the term `school attendance area' 
                        means, in relation to a particular school, the 
                        geographical area in which the children who are 
                        normally served by that school reside; and
                            ``(ii) the term `eligible school attendance 
                        area' means a school attendance area in which 
                        the percentage of children from low-income 
                        families is at least as high as the percentage 
                        of children from low-income families served by 
                        the local educational agency as a whole.
                    ``(C) Ranking order.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in 
                        clause (ii), if funds allocated in accordance 
                        with paragraph (3) are insufficient to serve 
                        all eligible school attendance areas, a local 
                        educational agency shall--
                                    ``(I) annually rank, without regard 
                                to grade spans, such agency's eligible 
                                school attendance areas in which the 
                                concentration of children from low-
                                income families exceeds 75 percent, or 
                                exceeds 50 percent in the case of the 
                                high schools served by such agency, 
                                from highest to lowest according to the 
                                percentage of children from low-income 
                                families; and
                                    ``(II) serve such eligible school 
                                attendance areas in rank order.
                            ``(ii) Rule of construction.--Nothing in 
                        this subparagraph shall be construed as 
                        requiring a local educational agency to reduce, 
                        in order to comply with clause (i), the amount 
                        of funding provided under this part to 
                        elementary schools and middle schools from the 
                        amount of funding provided under this part to 
                        such schools for the fiscal year preceding the 
                        date of enactment of the Every Child Achieves 
                        Act of 2015 in order to provide funding under 
                        this part to high schools pursuant to clause 
                        (i).
                    ``(D) Remaining funds.--If funds remain after 
                serving all eligible school attendance areas under 
                subparagraph (C), a local educational agency shall--
                            ``(i) annually rank such agency's remaining 
                        eligible school attendance areas from highest 
                        to lowest either by grade span or for the 
                        entire local educational agency according to 
                        the percentage of children from low-income 
                        families; and
                            ``(ii) serve such eligible school 
                        attendance areas in rank order either within 
                        each grade-span grouping or within the local 
                        educational agency as a whole.
                    ``(E) Measures.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in 
                        clause (ii), a local educational agency shall 
                        use the same measure of poverty, which measure 
                        shall be the number of children aged 5 through 
                        17 in poverty counted in the most recent census 
                        data approved by the Secretary, the number of 
                        children eligible for a free or reduced price 
                        lunch under the Richard B. Russell National 
                        School Lunch Act, the number of children in 
                        families receiving assistance under the State 
                        program funded under part A of title IV of the 
                        Social Security Act, or the number of children 
                        eligible to receive medical assistance under 
                        the Medicaid program established under title 
                        XIX of the Social Security Act, or a composite 
                        of such indicators, with respect to all school 
                        attendance areas in the local educational 
                        agency--
                                    ``(I) to identify eligible school 
                                attendance areas;
                                    ``(II) to determine the ranking of 
                                each area; and
                                    ``(III) to determine allocations 
                                under paragraph (3).
                            ``(ii) Secondary schools.--For measuring 
                        the number of students in low-income families 
                        in secondary schools, the local educational 
                        agency shall use the same measure of poverty, 
                        which shall be--
                                    ``(I) the calculation described 
                                under clause (i); or
                                    ``(II) an accurate estimate of the 
                                number of students in low-income 
                                families in a secondary school that is 
                                calculated by applying the average 
                                percentage of students in low-income 
                                families of the elementary school 
                                attendance areas as calculated under 
                                clause (i) that feed into the secondary 
                                school to the number of students 
                                enrolled in such school.
                    ``(F) Exception.--This subsection shall not apply 
                to a local educational agency with a total enrollment 
                of less than 1,000 children.
                    ``(G) Waiver for desegregation plans.--The 
                Secretary may approve a local educational agency's 
                written request for a waiver of the requirements of 
                this paragraph and paragraph (3) and permit such agency 
                to treat as eligible, and serve, any school that 
                children attend with a State-ordered, court-ordered 
                school desegregation plan or a plan that continues to 
                be implemented in accordance with a State-ordered or 
                court-ordered desegregation plan, if--
                            ``(i) the number of economically 
                        disadvantaged children enrolled in the school 
                        is at least 25 percent of the school's total 
                        enrollment; and
                            ``(ii) the Secretary determines on the 
                        basis of a written request from such agency and 
                        in accordance with such criteria as the 
                        Secretary establishes, that approval of that 
                        request would further the purposes of this 
                        part.
            ``(2) Local educational agency discretion.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding paragraph 
                (1)(B), a local educational agency may--
                            ``(i) designate as eligible any school 
                        attendance area or school in which at least 35 
                        percent of the children are from low-income 
                        families;
                            ``(ii) use funds received under this part 
                        in a school that is not in an eligible school 
                        attendance area, if the percentage of children 
                        from low-income families enrolled in the school 
                        is equal to or greater than the percentage of 
                        such children in a participating school 
                        attendance area of such agency;
                            ``(iii) designate and serve a school 
                        attendance area or school that is not eligible 
                        under this section, but that was eligible and 
                        that was served in the preceding fiscal year, 
                        but only for 1 additional fiscal year; and
                            ``(iv) elect not to serve an eligible 
                        school attendance area or eligible school that 
                        has a higher percentage of children from low-
                        income families if--
                                    ``(I) the school meets the 
                                comparability requirements of section 
                                1117(c);
                                    ``(II) the school is receiving 
                                supplemental funds from other State or 
                                local sources that are spent according 
                                to the requirements of this section; 
                                and
                                    ``(III) the funds expended from 
                                such other sources equal or exceed the 
                                amount that would be provided under 
                                this part.
                    ``(B) Special rule.--Notwithstanding subparagraph 
                (A)(iv), the number of children attending private 
                elementary schools and secondary schools who are to 
                receive services, and the assistance such children are 
                to receive under this part, shall be determined without 
                regard to whether the public school attendance area in 
                which such children reside is assisted under 
                subparagraph (A).
            ``(3) Allocations.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A local educational agency shall 
                allocate funds received under this part to eligible 
                school attendance areas or eligible schools, identified 
                under paragraphs (1) and (2) in rank order, on the 
                basis of the total number of children from low-income 
                families in each area or school.
                    ``(B) Special rule.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in 
                        clause (ii), the per-pupil amount of funds 
                        allocated to each school attendance area or 
                        school under subparagraph (A) shall be at least 
                        125 percent of the per-pupil amount of funds a 
                        local educational agency received for that year 
                        under the poverty criteria described by the 
                        local educational agency in the plan submitted 
                        under section 1112, except that this clause 
                        shall not apply to a local educational agency 
                        that only serves schools in which the 
                        percentage of such children is 35 percent or 
                        greater.
                            ``(ii) Exception.--A local educational 
                        agency may reduce the amount of funds allocated 
                        under clause (i) for a school attendance area 
                        or school by the amount of any supplemental 
                        State and local funds expended in that school 
                        attendance area or school for programs that 
                        meet the requirements of this section.
            ``(4) Reservation of funds.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A local educational agency shall 
                reserve such funds as are necessary under this part to 
                provide services comparable to those provided to 
                children in schools funded under this part to serve--
                            ``(i) homeless children, including 
                        providing educationally related support 
                        services to children in shelters and other 
                        locations where children may live;
                            ``(ii) children in local institutions for 
                        neglected children; and
                            ``(iii) if appropriate, children in local 
                        institutions for delinquent children, and 
                        neglected or delinquent children in community 
                        day programs.
                    ``(B) Homeless children and youth.--Funds reserved 
                under subparagraph (A)(i) may be--
                            ``(i) determined based on a needs 
                        assessment of homeless children and youths in 
                        the local educational agency, as conducted 
                        under section 723(b)(1) of the McKinney-Vento 
                        Homeless Assistance Act; and
                            ``(ii) used to provide homeless children 
                        and youths with services not ordinarily 
                        provided to other students under this part, 
                        including providing--
                                    ``(I) funding for the liaison 
                                designated pursuant to section 
                                722(g)(1)(J)(ii) of such Act; and
                                    ``(II) transportation pursuant to 
                                section 722(g)(1)(J)(iii) of such Act.
            ``(5) Early childhood education.--A local educational 
        agency may reserve funds made available to carry out this 
        section to provide early childhood education programs for 
        eligible children.
    ``(b) Schoolwide Programs and Targeted Assistance Schools.--
            ``(1) In general.--For each school that will receive funds 
        under this part, the local educational agency shall determine 
        whether the school shall operate a schoolwide program 
        consistent with subsection (c) or a targeted assistance school 
        program consistent with subsection (d).
            ``(2) Needs assessment.--The determination under paragraph 
        (1) shall be--
                    ``(A) based on a comprehensive needs assessment of 
                the entire school that takes into account information 
                on the academic achievement of children in relation to 
                the challenging State academic standards under section 
                1111(b)(1), particularly the needs of those children 
                failing or are at-risk of failing to meet the 
                challenging State academic standards and any other 
                factors as determined by the local educational agency; 
                and
                    ``(B) conducted with the participation of 
                individuals who would carry out the schoolwide plan, 
                including those individuals under subsection (c)(2)(B).
            ``(3) Coordination.--The needs assessment under paragraph 
        (2) may be undertaken as part of other related needs 
        assessments under this Act.
    ``(c) Schoolwide Programs.--
            ``(1) In general.--
                    ``(A) Eligibility.--A local educational agency may 
                consolidate and use funds under this part, together 
                with other Federal, State, and local funds, in order to 
                upgrade the entire educational program of a school that 
                serves an eligible school attendance area in which not 
                less than 40 percent of the children are from low-
                income families, or not less than 40 percent of the 
                children enrolled in the school are from such families.
                    ``(B) Exception.--A school that serves an eligible 
                school attendance area in which less than 40 percent of 
                the children are from low-income families, or a school 
                for which less than 40 percent of the children enrolled 
                in the school are from such families, may operate a 
                schoolwide program under this section if--
                            ``(i) the local educational agency in which 
                        the school is located allows such school to do 
                        so; and
                            ``(ii) the results of the comprehensive 
                        needs assessment conducted under subsection 
                        (b)(2) determine a schoolwide program will best 
                        serve the needs of the students in the school 
                        served under this part in improving academic 
                        achievement and other factors.
            ``(2) Schoolwide program plan.--An eligible school 
        operating a schoolwide program shall develop a comprehensive 
        plan, in consultation with the local educational agency, tribes 
        and tribal organizations present in the community, and other 
        individuals as determined by the school, that--
                    ``(A) is developed during a 1-year period, unless--
                            ``(i) the local educational agency 
                        determines in consultation with the school that 
                        less time is needed to develop and implement 
                        the schoolwide program; or
                            ``(ii) the school is operating a schoolwide 
                        program on the day before the date of enactment 
                        of the Every Child Achieves Act of 2015, in 
                        which case such school may continue to operate 
                        such program, but shall develop amendments to 
                        its existing plan during the first year of 
                        assistance after that date to reflect the 
                        provisions of this section;
                    ``(B) is developed with the involvement of parents 
                and other members of the community to be served and 
                individuals who will carry out such plan, including 
                teachers, principals, other school leaders, 
                paraprofessionals present in the school, and 
                administrators (including administrators of programs 
                described in other parts of this title), and, if 
                appropriate, specialized instructional support 
                personnel, technical assistance providers, school 
                staff, and students;
                    ``(C) remains in effect for the duration of the 
                school's participation under this part, except that the 
                plan and the implementation of, and results achieved 
                by, the schoolwide program shall be regularly monitored 
                and revised as necessary to ensure students are meeting 
                the challenging State academic standards;
                    ``(D) is available to the local educational agency, 
                parents, and the public, and the information contained 
                in such plan shall be in an understandable and uniform 
                format and, to the extent practicable, provided in a 
                language that the parents can understand;
                    ``(E) if appropriate and applicable, developed in 
                coordination and integration with other Federal, State, 
                and local services, resources, and programs, such as 
                programs supported under this Act, violence prevention 
                programs, nutrition programs, housing programs, Head 
                Start programs, adult education programs, career and 
                technical education programs, and interventions and 
                supports for schools identified as in need of 
                intervention and support under section 1114; and
                    ``(F) includes a description of--
                            ``(i) the results of the comprehensive 
                        needs assessments of the entire school required 
                        under subsection (b)(2);
                            ``(ii) the strategies that the school will 
                        be implementing to address school needs, 
                        including a description of how such strategies 
                        will--
                                    ``(I) provide opportunities for all 
                                children, including each of the 
                                categories of students, as defined in 
                                section 1111(b)(3)(A), to meet the 
                                challenging State academic standards 
                                under section 1111(b)(1);
                                    ``(II) use evidence-based methods 
                                and instructional strategies that 
                                strengthen the academic program in the 
                                school, increase the amount and quality 
                                of learning time, and help provide an 
                                enriched and accelerated curriculum;
                                    ``(III) address the needs of all 
                                children in the school, but 
                                particularly the needs of those at risk 
                                of not meeting the challenging State 
                                academic standards, which may include--
                                            ``(aa) counseling, 
                                        specialized instructional 
                                        support services, and mentoring 
                                        services;
                                            ``(bb) preparation for and 
                                        awareness of opportunities for 
                                        postsecondary education and the 
                                        workforce, including career and 
                                        technical education programs;
                                            ``(cc) implementation of a 
                                        schoolwide multi-tiered system 
                                        of supports, including positive 
                                        behavioral interventions and 
                                        supports and early intervening 
                                        services, including through 
                                        coordination with such 
                                        activities and services carried 
                                        out under the Individuals with 
                                        Disabilities Education Act;
                                            ``(dd) implementation of 
                                        supports for teachers and other 
                                        school personnel, which may 
                                        include professional 
                                        development and other 
                                        activities to improve 
                                        instruction, activities to 
                                        recruit and retain effective 
                                        teachers, particularly in high-
                                        need schools, and using data 
                                        from academic assessments under 
                                        section 1111(b)(2) and other 
                                        formative and summative 
                                        assessments to improve 
                                        instruction;
                                            ``(ee) programs, 
                                        activities, and courses in the 
                                        core academic subjects to 
                                        assist children in meeting the 
                                        challenging State academic 
                                        standards; and
                                            ``(ff) other strategies to 
                                        improve student's academic and 
                                        nonacademic skills essential 
                                        for success; and
                                    ``(IV) be monitored and improved 
                                over time based on student needs, 
                                including increased supports for those 
                                students who are lowest-achieving;
                            ``(iii) if programs are consolidated, a 
                        list of State educational agency and local 
                        educational agency programs and other Federal 
                        programs that will be consolidated in the 
                        schoolwide program; and
                            ``(iv) if appropriate, how funds will be 
                        used to establish or enhance early childhood 
                        education programs for children who are aged 5 
                        or younger, including how programs will help 
                        transition such children to local elementary 
                        school programs.
            ``(3) Identification of students not required.--
                    ``(A) In general.--No school participating in a 
                schoolwide program shall be required to identify--
                            ``(i) particular children under this part 
                        as eligible to participate in a schoolwide 
                        program; or
                            ``(ii) individual services as 
                        supplementary.
                    ``(B) Supplemental funds.--In accordance with the 
                method of determination described in section 1117, a 
                school participating in a schoolwide program shall use 
                funds available to carry out this paragraph only to 
                supplement the amount of funds that would, in the 
                absence of funds under this part, be made available 
                from non-Federal sources for the school, including 
                funds needed to provide services that are required by 
                law for children with disabilities and children who are 
                English learners.
            ``(4) Exemption from statutory and regulatory 
        requirements.--
                    ``(A) Exemption.--The Secretary may, through 
                publication of a notice in the Federal Register, exempt 
                schoolwide programs under this section from statutory 
                or regulatory provisions of any other noncompetitive 
                formula grant program administered by the Secretary 
                (other than formula or discretionary grant programs 
                under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 
                except as provided in section 613(a)(2)(D) of such 
                Act), or any discretionary grant program administered 
                by the Secretary, to support schoolwide programs if the 
                intent and purposes of such other programs are met.
                    ``(B) Requirements.--A school that chooses to use 
                funds from such other programs shall not be relieved of 
                the requirements relating to health, safety, civil 
                rights, student and parental participation and 
                involvement, services to private school children, 
                comparability of services, maintenance of effort, uses 
                of Federal funds to supplement, not supplant non-
                Federal funds (in accordance with the method of 
                determination described in section 1117), or the 
                distribution of funds to State educational agencies or 
                local educational agencies that apply to the receipt of 
                funds from such programs.
                    ``(C) Records.--A school that chooses to 
                consolidate and use funds from different Federal 
                programs under this paragraph shall not be required to 
                maintain separate fiscal accounting records, by 
                program, that identify the specific activities 
                supported by those particular funds as long as the 
                school maintains records that demonstrate that the 
                schoolwide program, considered as a whole, addresses 
                the intent and purposes of each of the Federal programs 
                that were consolidated to support the schoolwide 
                program.
            ``(5) Preschool programs.--A school that operates a 
        schoolwide program under this subsection may use funds made 
        available under this part to establish, expand, or enhance 
        preschool programs for children aged 5 or younger.
    ``(d) Targeted Assistance School Programs.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each school selected to receive funds 
        under subsection (a)(3) for which the local educational agency 
        serving such school, based on the results of the comprehensive 
        needs assessment conducted under subsection (b)(2), determines 
        the school shall operate a targeted assistance school program, 
        may use funds received under this part only for programs that 
        provide services to eligible children under paragraph (3) who 
        are identified as having the greatest need for special 
        assistance.
            ``(2) Targeted assistance school program.--Each school 
        operating a targeted assistance school program shall develop a 
        plan, in consultation with the local educational agency and 
        other individuals as determined by the school, that includes--
                    ``(A) a description of the results of the 
                comprehensive needs assessments of the entire school 
                required under subsection (b)(2);
                    ``(B) a description of the process for determining 
                which students will be served and the students to be 
                served;
                    ``(C) a description of how the activities supported 
                under this part will be coordinated with and 
                incorporated into the regular education program of the 
                school;
                    ``(D) a description of how the program will serve 
                participating students identified under subparagraph 
                (B), including by--
                            ``(i) using resources under this part, such 
                        as support for programs, activities, and 
                        courses in core academic subjects to help 
                        participating children meet the challenging 
                        State academic standards;
                            ``(ii) using methods and instructional 
                        strategies that are evidence-based to 
                        strengthen the core academic program of the 
                        school and that may include--
                                    ``(I) expanded learning time, 
                                before- and after-school programs, and 
                                summer programs and opportunities; or
                                    ``(II) a multi-tiered system of 
                                supports, positive behavioral 
                                interventions and supports, and early 
                                intervening services;
                            ``(iii) coordinating with and supporting 
                        the regular education program, which may 
                        include services to assist preschool children 
                        in the transition from early childhood 
                        education programs such as Head Start, the 
                        literacy program under part D of title II, or 
                        State-run preschool programs to elementary 
                        school programs;
                            ``(iv) supporting effective teachers, 
                        principals, other school leaders, 
                        paraprofessionals, and, if appropriate, 
                        specialized instructional support personnel, 
                        and other school personnel who work with 
                        participating children in programs under this 
                        subsection or in the regular education program 
                        with resources provided under this part, and, 
                        to the extent practicable, from other sources, 
                        through professional development;
                            ``(v) implementing strategies to increase 
                        parental involvement of parents of 
                        participating children in accordance with 
                        section 1115; and
                            ``(vi) if applicable, coordinating and 
                        integrating Federal, State, and local services 
                        and programs, such as programs supported under 
                        this Act, violence prevention programs, 
                        nutrition programs, housing programs, Head 
                        Start programs, adult education programs, 
                        career and technical education, and 
                        intervention and supports in schools identified 
                        as in need of intervention and support under 
                        section 1114; and
                    ``(E) assurances that the school will--
                            ``(i) help provide an accelerated, high-
                        quality curriculum;
                            ``(ii) minimize removing children from the 
                        regular classroom during regular school hours 
                        for instruction provided under this part; and
                            ``(iii) on an ongoing basis, review the 
                        progress of participating children and revise 
                        the plan under this section, if necessary, to 
                        provide additional assistance to enable such 
                        children to meet the challenging State academic 
                        standards.
            ``(3) Eligible children.--
                    ``(A) Eligible population.--
                            ``(i) In general.--The eligible population 
                        for services under this subsection shall be--
                                    ``(I) children not older than age 
                                21 who are entitled to a free public 
                                education through grade 12; and
                                    ``(II) children who are not yet at 
                                a grade level at which the local 
                                educational agency provides a free 
                                public education.
                            ``(ii) Eligible children from eligible 
                        population.--From the population described in 
                        clause (i), eligible children are children 
                        identified by the school as failing, or most at 
                        risk of failing, to meet the challenging State 
                        academic standards on the basis of multiple, 
                        educationally related, objective criteria 
                        established by the local educational agency and 
                        supplemented by the school, except that 
                        children from preschool through grade 2 shall 
                        be selected solely on the basis of criteria, 
                        including objective criteria, established by 
                        the local educational agency and supplemented 
                        by the school.
                    ``(B) Children included.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Children who are 
                        economically disadvantaged, children with 
                        disabilities, migrant children, or children who 
                        are English learners, are eligible for services 
                        under this subsection on the same basis as 
                        other children selected to receive services 
                        under this subsection.
                            ``(ii) Head start and preschool children.--
                        A child who, at any time in the 2 years 
                        preceding the year for which the determination 
                        is made, participated in a Head Start program, 
                        the literacy program under part D of title II, 
                        or in preschool services under this title, is 
                        eligible for services under this subsection.
                            ``(iii) Migrant children.--A child who, at 
                        any time in the 2 years preceding the year for 
                        which the determination is made, received 
                        services under part C is eligible for services 
                        under this subsection.
                            ``(iv) Neglected or delinquent children.--A 
                        child in a local institution for neglected or 
                        delinquent children and youth or attending a 
                        community day program for such children is 
                        eligible for services under this subsection.
                            ``(v) Homeless children.--A child who is 
                        homeless and attending any school served by the 
                        local educational agency is eligible for 
                        services under this subsection.
                    ``(C) Special rule.--Funds received under this 
                subsection may not be used to provide services that are 
                otherwise required by law to be made available to 
                children described in subparagraph (B) but may be used 
                to coordinate or supplement such services.
            ``(4) Integration of professional development.--To promote 
        the integration of staff supported with funds under this 
        subsection into the regular school program and overall school 
        planning and improvement efforts, public school personnel who 
        are paid with funds received under this subsection may--
                    ``(A) participate in general professional 
                development and school planning activities; and
                    ``(B) assume limited duties that are assigned to 
                similar personnel who are not so paid, including duties 
                beyond classroom instruction or that do not benefit 
                participating children, so long as the amount of time 
                spent on such duties is the same proportion of total 
                work time as prevails with respect to similar personnel 
                at the same school.
            ``(5) Special rules.--
                    ``(A) Simultaneous service.--Nothing in this 
                subsection shall be construed to prohibit a school from 
                serving students under this subsection simultaneously 
                with students with similar educational needs, in the 
                same educational settings where appropriate.
                    ``(B) Comprehensive services.--If health, 
                nutrition, and other social services are not otherwise 
                available to eligible children in a school operating a 
                targeted assistance school program and such school, if 
                appropriate, has established a collaborative 
                partnership with local service providers and funds are 
                not reasonably available from other public or private 
                sources to provide such services, then a portion of the 
                funds provided under this subsection may be used to 
                provide such services, including through--
                            ``(i) the provision of basic medical 
                        equipment and services, such as eyeglasses and 
                        hearing aids;
                            ``(ii) compensation of a coordinator;
                            ``(iii) family support and engagement 
                        services;
                            ``(iv) health care services and integrated 
                        student supports to address the physical, 
                        mental, and emotional well-being of children; 
                        and
                            ``(v) professional development necessary to 
                        assist teachers, specialized instructional 
                        support personnel, other staff, and parents in 
                        identifying and meeting the comprehensive needs 
                        of eligible children.
    ``(e) Prohibition.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to 
authorize the Secretary or any other officer or employee of the Federal 
Government to require a local educational agency or school to submit 
the results of a comprehensive needs assessment under subsection (b)(2) 
or a plan under subsection (c) or (d) for review or approval by the 
Secretary.

``SEC. 1114. SCHOOL IDENTIFICATION, INTERVENTIONS, AND SUPPORTS.

    ``(a) State Review and Responsibilities.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each State educational agency receiving 
        funds under this part shall use the system designed by the 
        State under section 1111(b)(3) to annually--
                    ``(A) identify the public schools that receive 
                funds under this part and are in need of intervention 
                and support using the method established by the State 
                in section 1111(b)(3)(B)(iii);
                    ``(B) require for inclusion--
                            ``(i) on each local educational agency 
                        report card required under section 1111(d), the 
                        names of schools served by the agency 
                        identified under subparagraph (A); and
                            ``(ii) on each school report card required 
                        under section 1111(d), whether the school was 
                        identified under subparagraph (A);
                    ``(C) ensure that all public schools that receive 
                funds under this part and are identified as in need of 
                intervention and support under subparagraph (A), 
                implement an evidence-based intervention or support 
                strategy designed by the State or local educational 
                agency described in subparagraph (A) or (B) of 
                subsection (b)(3);
                    ``(D) prioritize intervention and supports in the 
                identified schools most in need of intervention and 
                support, as determined by the State, using the results 
                of the accountability system under 1111(b)(3)(B)(iii); 
                and
                    ``(E) monitor and evaluate the implementation of 
                school intervention and support strategies by local 
                educational agencies, including in the lowest-
                performing elementary schools and secondary schools in 
                the State, and use the results of the evaluation to 
                take appropriate steps to change or improve 
                interventions or support strategies as necessary.
            ``(2) State educational agency responsibilities.--The State 
        educational agency shall--
                    ``(A) make technical assistance available to local 
                educational agencies that serve schools identified as 
                in need of intervention and support under paragraph 
                (1)(A);
                    ``(B) if the State educational agency determines 
                that a local educational agency failed to carry out its 
                responsibilities under this section, take such actions 
                as the State educational agency determines to be 
                appropriate and in compliance with State law to assist 
                the local educational agency and ensure that such local 
                educational agency is carrying out its 
                responsibilities;
                    ``(C) inform local educational agencies of schools 
                identified as in need of intervention and support under 
                paragraph (1)(A) in a timely and easily accessible 
                manner that is before the beginning of the school year; 
                and
                    ``(D) publicize and disseminate to the public, 
                including teachers, principals and other school 
                leaders, and parents, the results of the State review 
                under paragraph (1).
    ``(b) Local Educational Agency Review and Responsibilities.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each local educational agency with a 
        school identified as in need of intervention and support under 
        subsection (a)(1)(A) shall, in consultation with teachers, 
        principals and other school leaders, school personnel, parents, 
        and community members--
                    ``(A) conduct a review of such school, including by 
                examining the indicators and measures included in the 
                State-determined accountability system described in 
                section 1111(b)(3)(B) to determine the factors that led 
                to such identification;
                    ``(B) conduct a review of the policies, procedures, 
                personnel decisions, and budgetary decisions of the 
                local educational agency, including the measures on the 
                local educational agency and school report cards under 
                section 1111(d) that impact the school and could have 
                contributed to the identification of the school;
                    ``(C) develop and implement appropriate 
                intervention and support strategies, as described in 
                paragraph (3), that are proportional to the identified 
                needs of the school, for assisting the identified 
                school;
                    ``(D) develop a rigorous comprehensive plan that 
                will be publicly available and provided to parents, for 
                ensuring the successful implementation of the 
                intervention and support strategies described in 
                paragraph (3) in identified schools, which may 
                include--
                            ``(i) technical assistance that will be 
                        provided to the school;
                            ``(ii) improved delivery of services to be 
                        provided by the local educational agency;
                            ``(iii) increased support for stronger 
                        curriculum, program of instruction, wraparound 
                        services, or other resources provided to 
                        students in the school;
                            ``(iv) any changes to personnel necessary 
                        to improve educational opportunities for 
                        children in the school;
                            ``(v) redesigning how time for student 
                        learning or teacher collaboration is used 
                        within the school;
                            ``(vi) using data to inform instruction for 
                        continuous improvement;
                            ``(vii) providing increased coaching or 
                        support for principals and other school leaders 
                        and teachers;
                            ``(viii) improving school climate and 
                        safety;
                            ``(ix) providing ongoing mechanisms for 
                        family and community engagement to improve 
                        student learning; and
                            ``(x) establishing partnerships with 
                        entities, including private entities with a 
                        demonstrated record of improving student 
                        achievement, that will assist the local 
                        educational agency in fulfilling its 
                        responsibilities under this section; and
                    ``(E) collect and use data on an ongoing basis to 
                monitor the results of the intervention and support 
                strategies and adjust such strategies as necessary 
                during implementation in order to improve student 
                academic achievement.
            ``(2) Notice to parents.--A local educational agency shall 
        promptly provide to a parent or parents of each student 
        enrolled in a school identified as in need of intervention and 
        support under subsection (a)(1)(A) in an easily accessible and 
        understandable form and, to the extent practicable, in a 
        language that parents can understand--
                    ``(A) an explanation of what the identification 
                means, and how the school compares in terms of academic 
                achievement and other measures in the State 
                accountability system under section 1111(b)(3)(B) to 
                other schools served by the local educational agency 
                and the State educational agency involved;
                    ``(B) the reasons for the identification;
                    ``(C) an explanation of what the local educational 
                agency or State educational agency is doing to help the 
                school address student academic achievement and other 
                measures, including a description of the intervention 
                and support strategies developed under paragraph (1)(C) 
                that will be implemented in the school;
                    ``(D) an explanation of how the parents can become 
                involved in addressing academic achievement and other 
                measures that caused the school to be identified; and
                    ``(E) an explanation of the parents' option to 
                transfer their child to another public school under 
                paragraph (4), if applicable.
            ``(3) School intervention and support strategies.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Consistent with subsection 
                (a)(1) and paragraph (1), a local educational agency 
                shall develop and implement evidence-based intervention 
                and support strategies for an identified school that 
                the local educational agency determines appropriate to 
                address the needs of students in such identified 
                school, which shall--
                            ``(i) be designed to address the specific 
                        reasons for identification, as described in 
                        subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (1);
                            ``(ii) be implemented, at a minimum, in a 
                        manner that is proportional to the specific 
                        reasons for identification, as described in 
                        subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (1); and
                            ``(iii) distinguish between the lowest-
                        performing schools and other schools identified 
                        as in need of intervention and support for 
                        other reasons, including schools with 
                        categories of students, as defined in section 
                        1111(b)(3)(A), not meeting the goals described 
                        in section 1111(b)(3)(B)(i), as determined by 
                        the review in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of 
                        paragraph (1).
                    ``(B) State determined strategies.--Consistent with 
                State law, a State educational agency may establish 
                alternative evidence-based State determined strategies 
                that can be used by local educational agencies to 
                assist a school identified as in need of intervention 
                and support under subsection (a)(1)(A), in addition to 
                the assistance strategies developed by a local 
                educational agency under subparagraph (A).
            ``(4) Public school choice.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A local educational agency may 
                provide all students enrolled in a school identified as 
                in need of intervention and support under subsection 
                (a)(1)(A) with the option to transfer to another public 
                school served by the local educational agency, unless 
                such an option is prohibited by State law.
                    ``(B) Priority.--In providing students the option 
                to transfer to another public school, the local 
                educational agency shall give priority to the lowest 
                achieving children from low-income families, as 
                determined by the local educational agency for the 
                purposes of allocating funds to schools under section 
                1113(a)(3).
                    ``(C) Treatment.--Students who use the option to 
                transfer to another public school shall be enrolled in 
                classes and other activities in the public school to 
                which the students transfer in the same manner as all 
                other children at the public school.
                    ``(D) Special rule.--A local educational agency 
                shall permit a child who transfers to another public 
                school under this paragraph to remain in that school 
                until the child has completed the highest grade in that 
                school.
                    ``(E) Funding for transportation.--A local 
                educational agency may spend an amount equal to not 
                more than 5 percent of its allocation under subpart 2 
                to pay for the provision of transportation for students 
                who transfer under this paragraph to the public schools 
                to which the students transfer.
            ``(5) Prohibitions on federal interference with state and 
        local decisions.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to 
        authorize or permit the Secretary to establish any criterion 
        that specifies, defines, or prescribes--
                    ``(A) any school intervention or support strategy 
                that States or local educational agencies shall use to 
                assist schools identified as in need of intervention 
                and support under this section; or
                    ``(B) the weight of any indicator or measure that a 
                State shall use to identify schools under subsection 
                (a).
    ``(c) Funds for Local School Interventions and Supports.--
            ``(1) In general.--
                    ``(A) Grants authorized.--From the total amount 
                appropriated under section 1002(f) for a fiscal year, 
                the Secretary shall award grants to States and the 
                Bureau of Indian Education of the Department of the 
                Interior, through an allotment as determined under 
                subparagraph (B), to carry out the activities described 
                in this subsection.
                    ``(B) Allotments.--From the total amount 
                appropriated under section 1002(f) for a fiscal year, 
                the Secretary shall allot to each State, the Bureau of 
                Indian Education of the Department of the Interior, and 
                each outlying area for such fiscal year with an 
                approved application, an amount that bears the same 
                relationship to such total amount as the amount such 
                State, the Bureau of Indian Education of the Department 
                of the Interior, or such outlying area received under 
                parts A, C, and D of this title for the most recent 
                preceding fiscal year for which the data are available 
                bears to the amount received by all such States, the 
                Bureau of Indian Education of the Department of the 
                Interior, and all such outlying areas under parts A, C, 
                and D of this title for such most recent preceding 
                fiscal year.
            ``(2) State application.--A State that desires to receive 
        school improvement funds under this subsection shall submit an 
        application to the Secretary at such time and in such manner as 
        the Secretary may require, which shall include a description 
        of--
                    ``(A) the process and the criteria that the State 
                will use to award subgrants under paragraph (4)(A), 
                including how the subgrants will serve schools 
                identified by the State as the lowest-performing 
                schools under subsection (a)(1);
                    ``(B) the process and the criteria the State will 
                use to determine whether the local educational agency's 
                proposal for serving each identified school meets the 
                requirements of paragraph (6) and other provisions of 
                this section;
                    ``(C) how the State will ensure that local 
                educational agencies conduct a comprehensive review of 
                each identified school as required under subsection (b) 
                to identify evidence-based school intervention and 
                support strategies that are likely to be successful in 
                each particular school;
                    ``(D) how the State will ensure geographic 
                diversity in making subgrants;
                    ``(E) how the State will set priorities in awarding 
                subgrants to local educational agencies, including how 
                the State will prioritize local educational agencies 
                serving elementary schools and secondary schools 
                identified as the lowest-performing schools under 
                subsection (a)(1) that will use subgrants to serve such 
                schools;
                    ``(F) how the State will monitor and evaluate the 
                implementation of evidence-based school intervention 
                and support strategies supported by funds under this 
                subsection; and
                    ``(G) how the State will reduce barriers for 
                schools in the implementation of school intervention 
                and support strategies, including by providing 
                operational flexibility that would enable complete 
                implementation of the selected school improvement 
                strategy.
            ``(3) State administration; technical assistance; 
        exception.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A State that receives an 
                allotment under this subsection may reserve not more 
                than a total of 5 percent of such allotment for the 
                administration of this subsection to carry out its 
                responsibilities under subsection (a)(2) to support 
                school and local educational agency interventions and 
                supports, which may include activities aimed at 
                building State capacity to support and monitor the 
                local educational agency and school intervention and 
                supports.
                    ``(B) Exception.--Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), 
                a State educational agency may reserve from the amount 
                allotted under this subsection additional funds to meet 
                its responsibilities under subsection (a)(2)(B) if a 
                local educational agency fails to carry out its 
                responsibilities under subsection (b), but shall not 
                reserve more than necessary to meet such State 
                responsibilities.
            ``(4) Subgrants to local educational agencies.--
                    ``(A) In general.--From the amounts awarded to a 
                State under this subsection, the State educational 
                agency shall allocate not less than 95 percent to make 
                subgrants to local educational agencies, on a 
                competitive basis, to serve schools identified as in 
                need of intervention and support under subsection 
                (a)(1)(A).
                    ``(B) Duration.--The State educational agency shall 
                award subgrants under this paragraph for a period of 
                not more than 5 years, which period may include a 
                planning year.
                    ``(C) Criteria.--Subgrants awarded under this 
                section shall be of sufficient size to enable a local 
                educational agency to effectively implement the 
                selected intervention and support strategy.
                    ``(D) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this 
                subsection shall be construed as prohibiting a State 
                from allocating subgrants under this subsection to a 
                statewide school district, consortium of local 
                educational agencies, or an educational service agency 
                that serves schools identified as in need of 
                intervention and support under this section, if such 
                entities are legally constituted or recognized as local 
                educational agencies in the State.
            ``(5) Application.--In order to receive a subgrant under 
        this subsection, a local educational agency shall submit an 
        application to the State educational agency at such time, in 
        such form, and including such information as the State 
        educational agency may require. Each application shall include, 
        at a minimum--
                    ``(A) a description of the process the local 
                educational agency has used for selecting an 
                appropriate evidence-based school intervention and 
                support strategy for each school to be served, 
                including how the local educational agency has analyzed 
                the needs of each such school in accordance with 
                subsection (b)(1) and meaningfully consulted with 
                teachers, principals, and other school leaders in 
                selecting such intervention and support strategy;
                    ``(B) the specific evidence-based school 
                interventions and supports to be used in each school to 
                be served, how these interventions and supports will 
                address the needs identified in the review under 
                subsection (b)(1), and the timeline for implementing 
                such school interventions and supports in each school 
                to be served;
                    ``(C) a detailed budget covering the grant period, 
                including planned expenditures at the school level for 
                activities supporting full and effective implementation 
                of the selected school intervention and support 
                strategy;
                    ``(D) a description of how the local educational 
                agency will--
                            ``(i) design and implement the selected 
                        school intervention and support strategy, in 
                        accordance with the requirements under 
                        subsection (b)(1)(C), including the use of 
                        appropriate measures to monitor the 
                        effectiveness of implementation;
                            ``(ii) use a rigorous review process to 
                        recruit, screen, select, and evaluate any 
                        external partners with whom the local 
                        educational agency will partner;
                            ``(iii) align other Federal, State, and 
                        local resources with the intervention and 
                        support strategy to reduce duplication, 
                        increase efficiency, and assist identified 
                        schools in complying with reporting 
                        requirements of Federal and State programs;
                            ``(iv) modify practices and policies, if 
                        necessary, to provide operational flexibility 
                        that enables full and effective implementation 
                        of the selected school intervention and support 
                        strategy;
                            ``(v) collect and use data on an ongoing 
                        basis to adjust the intervention and support 
                        strategy during implementation, and if 
                        necessary, modify or implement a different 
                        strategy if implementation is not effective, in 
                        order to improve student academic achievement;
                            ``(vi) ensure that the implementation of 
                        the intervention and support strategy meets the 
                        needs of each of the categories of students, as 
                        defined in section 1111(b)(3)(A);
                            ``(vii) provide information to parents, 
                        guardians, teachers, and other stakeholders 
                        about the effectiveness of implementation, to 
                        the extent practicable, in a language that the 
                        parents can understand; and
                            ``(viii) sustain successful reforms and 
                        practices after the funding period ends;
                    ``(E) a description of the technical assistance and 
                other support that the local educational agency will 
                provide to ensure effective implementation of school 
                intervention and support strategies in identified 
                schools, in accordance with subsection (b)(1)(D), such 
                as ensuring identified schools have access to resources 
                like facilities, professional development, and 
                technology and adopting human resource policies that 
                prioritize recruitment, retention, and placement of 
                effective staff in identified schools; and
                    ``(F) an assurance that each school the local 
                educational agency proposes to serve will receive all 
                of the State and local funds it would have received in 
                the absence of funds received under this subsection.
            ``(6) Local activities.--A local educational agency that 
        receives a subgrant under this subsection--
                    ``(A) shall use the subgrant funds to implement 
                evidence-based school intervention and support 
                strategies in schools identified as in need of 
                intervention and support under subsection (a)(1)(A); 
                and
                    ``(B) may use the subgrant funds to carry out, at 
                the local educational agency level, activities that 
                directly support the implementation of the intervention 
                and support strategies such as--
                            ``(i) assistance in data collection and 
                        analysis;
                            ``(ii) recruiting and retaining staff;
                            ``(iii) high-quality, evidence-based 
                        professional development;
                            ``(iv) coordination of services to address 
                        students' non-academic needs; and
                            ``(v) progress monitoring.
            ``(7) Reporting.--A State that receives funds under this 
        subsection shall report to the Secretary a list of all the 
        local educational agencies that received a subgrant under this 
        subsection and for each local educational agency that received 
        a subgrant, a list of all the schools that were served, the 
        amount of funds each school received, and the intervention and 
        support strategies implemented in each school.
            ``(8) Supplement not supplant.--A local educational agency 
        or State shall use Federal funds received under this subsection 
        only to supplement the funds that would, in the absence of such 
        Federal funds, be made available from non-Federal sources for 
        the education of students participating in programs funded 
        under this subsection.
    ``(d) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to alter or otherwise affect the rights, remedies, and 
procedures afforded school or school district employees under Federal, 
State, or local laws (including applicable regulations or court orders) 
or under the terms of collective bargaining agreements, memoranda of 
understanding, or other agreements between such employees and their 
employers.'';
            (2) by striking section 1119; and
            (3) by redesignating sections 1118, 1120, 1120A, and 1120B 
        as sections 1115, 1116, 1117, and 1118, respectively.

SEC. 1005. PARENT AND FAMILY ENGAGEMENT.

    Section 1115, as redesignated by section 1004(3), is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``parental 
        involvement'' and inserting ``parent and family engagement'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by inserting ``conducts outreach to all 
                        parents and family members and'' after ``only 
                        if such agency''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``and family members'' 
                        after ``and procedures for the involvement of 
                        parents'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                        (A)--
                                    (I) by inserting ``and family 
                                members'' after ``, and distribute to, 
                                parents'';
                                    (II) by striking ``written parent 
                                involvement policy'' and inserting 
                                ``written parent and family engagement 
                                policy''; and
                                    (III) by striking ``expectations 
                                for parent involvement'' and inserting 
                                ``expectations and objectives for 
                                meaningful parent and family 
                                involvement''; and
                            (ii) by striking subparagraphs (A) through 
                        (F) and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) involve parents and family members in jointly 
                developing the local educational agency plan under 
                section 1112 and the process of school review and 
                intervention and support under section 1114;
                    ``(B) provide the coordination, technical 
                assistance, and other support necessary to assist and 
                build the capacity of all participating schools within 
                the local educational agency in planning and 
                implementing effective parent and family involvement 
                activities to improve student academic achievement and 
                school performance, which may include meaningful 
                consultation with employers, business leaders, and 
                philanthropic organizations, or individuals with 
                expertise in effectively engaging parents and family 
                members in education;
                    ``(C) coordinate and integrate parent and family 
                engagement strategies under this part with parent and 
                family engagement strategies, to the extent feasible 
                and appropriate, with other relevant Federal, State, 
                and local laws and programs;
                    ``(D) conduct, with the meaningful involvement of 
                parents and family members, an annual evaluation of the 
                content and effectiveness of the parent and family 
                engagement policy in improving the academic quality of 
                all schools served under this part, including 
                identifying--
                            ``(i) barriers to greater participation by 
                        parents in activities authorized by this 
                        section (with particular attention to parents 
                        who are economically disadvantaged, are 
                        disabled, are English learners, have limited 
                        literacy, or are of any racial or ethnic 
                        minority background);
                            ``(ii) the needs of parents and family 
                        members to assist with the learning of their 
                        children, including engaging with school 
                        personnel and teachers; and
                            ``(iii) strategies to support successful 
                        school and family interactions;
                    ``(E) use the findings of such evaluation in 
                subparagraph (D) to design evidence-based strategies 
                for more effective parental involvement, and to revise, 
                if necessary, the parent and family engagement policies 
                described in this section; and
                    ``(F) involve parents in the activities of the 
                schools served under this part, which may include 
                establishing a parent advisory board comprised of a 
                sufficient number and representative group of parents 
                or family members served by the local educational 
                agency to adequately represent the needs of the 
                population served by such agency for the purposes of 
                developing, revising, and reviewing the parent and 
                family engagement policy.''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``to 
                        carry out this section, including promoting 
                        family literacy and parenting skills,'' and 
                        insert ``to assist schools to carry out the 
                        activities described in this section,'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``(B) 
                        Parental input.--Parents of children'' and 
                        inserting ``(B) Parent and family member 
                        input.--Parents and family members of 
                        children'';
                            (iii) in subparagraph (C)--
                                    (I) by striking ``95 percent'' and 
                                inserting ``85 percent''; and
                                    (II) by inserting ``, with priority 
                                given to high-need schools'' after 
                                ``schools served under this part''; and
                            (iv) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) Use of funds.--Funds reserved under 
                subparagraph (A) by a local educational agency shall be 
                used to carry out activities and strategies consistent 
                with the local educational agency's parent and family 
                engagement policy, including not less than 1 of the 
                following:
                            ``(i) Supporting schools and nonprofit 
                        organizations in providing professional 
                        development for local educational agency and 
                        school personnel regarding parent and family 
                        engagement strategies, which may be provided 
                        jointly to teachers, school leaders, 
                        specialized instructional support personnel, 
                        paraprofessionals, early childhood educators, 
                        and parents and family members.
                            ``(ii) Supporting home visitation programs.
                            ``(iii) Disseminating information on best 
                        practices focused on parent and family 
                        engagement, especially best practices for 
                        increasing the engagement of economically 
                        disadvantaged parents and family members.
                            ``(iv) Collaborating or providing subgrants 
                        to schools to enable such schools to 
                        collaborate with community-based or other 
                        organizations or employers with a demonstrated 
                        track record of success in improving and 
                        increasing parent and family engagement.
                            ``(v) Engaging in any other activities and 
                        strategies that the local educational agency 
                        determines are appropriate and consistent with 
                        such agency's parent and family engagement 
                        policy, which may include adult education and 
                        literacy activities, as defined in section 203 
                        of the Adult Education and Family Literacy 
                        Act.'';
            (3) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by striking 
                ``Parental Involvement Policy'' and inserting 
                ``Parental and Family Engagement Policy'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by inserting ``and family members'' 
                        after ``distribute to, parents''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``written parental 
                        involvement policy'' and inserting ``written 
                        parent and family engagement policy'';
                    (C) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by striking ``parental involvement 
                        policy'' and inserting ``parent and family 
                        engagement policy''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``and family members'' 
                        after ``that applies to all parents''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) by striking ``school district-level 
                        parental involvement policy'' and inserting 
                        ``district-level parent and family engagement 
                        policy''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``and family members in 
                        all schools served by the local educational 
                        agency'' after ``policy that applies to all 
                        parents'';
            (4) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``parental 
                involvement policy'' and inserting ``parent and family 
                engagement policy'';
                    (B) in paragraph (4)(B), by striking ``the 
                proficiency levels students are expected to meet'' and 
                inserting ``the achievement levels of the challenging 
                State academic standards''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (5), by striking ``section 
                1114(b)(2)'' and inserting ``section 1113(c)(2)'';
            (5) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``parental involvement policy'' and inserting 
                ``parent and family engagement policy'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``the State's student 
                        academic achievement standards'' and inserting 
                        ``the challenging State academic standards''; 
                        and
                            (ii) by striking ``, such as monitoring 
                        attendance, homework completion, and television 
                        watching''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``and'' after the semicolon;
                            (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking the 
                        period and inserting ``; and''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(D) ensuring regular two-way, meaningful 
                communication between family members and school staff, 
                to the extent practicable, in a language that family 
                members can understand and access.'';
            (6) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``the State's 
                academic content standards and State student academic 
                achievement standards'' and inserting ``the challenging 
                State academic standards'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``pupil services 
                personnel, principals'' and inserting ``specialized 
                instructional support personnel, principals, and other 
                school leaders''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (4), by striking ``Head Start, 
                Reading First, Early Reading First, Even Start, the 
                Home Instruction Programs for Preschool Youngsters, the 
                Parents as Teachers Program,'' and inserting ``other 
                relevant Federal, State, and local laws,'';
            (7) by striking subsection (f) and inserting the following:
    ``(f) Accessibility.--In carrying out the parent and family 
engagement requirements of this part, local educational agencies and 
schools, to the extent practicable, shall provide opportunities for the 
full and informed participation of parents and family members 
(including parents and family members who are English learners, parents 
and family members with disabilities, and parents and family members of 
migratory children), including providing information and school reports 
required under section 1111 in a format and, to the extent practicable, 
in a language such parents understand.''; and
            (8) in subsection (h), by striking ``parental involvement 
        policies'' and inserting ``parent and family engagement 
        policies''.

SEC. 1006. PARTICIPATION OF CHILDREN ENROLLED IN PRIVATE SCHOOLS.

    Section 1116, as redesignated by section 1004(3), is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``section 1115(b)'' and 
                        inserting ``section 1113(d)(3)''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``sections 1118 and 1119'' 
                        and inserting ``section 1115''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(4) Expenditures.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Expenditures for educational 
                services and other benefits to eligible private school 
                children shall be equal to the proportion of funds 
                allocated to participating school attendance areas 
                based on the number of children from low-income 
                families who attend private schools.
                    ``(B) Term of determination.--The local educational 
                agency may determine the equitable share each year or 
                every 2 years.
                    ``(C) Method of determination.--The proportional 
                share of funds shall be determined--
                            ``(i) based on the total allocation 
                        received by the local educational agency; and
                            ``(ii) prior to any allowable expenditures 
                        or transfers by the local educational 
                        agency.''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (E)--
                                    (I) by striking ``and'' before 
                                ``the proportion of funds''; and
                                    (II) by inserting ``, and how that 
                                proportion of funds is determined'' 
                                after ``such services'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (F), by striking 
                        ``section 1113(c)(1)'' and inserting ``section 
                        1113(a)(3)'';
                            (iii) in subparagraph (G), by striking 
                        ``and'' after the semicolon;
                            (iv) in subparagraph (H), by striking the 
                        period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                            (v) by adding at the end the following:
                                    ``(I) whether the agency shall 
                                provide services directly or assign 
                                responsibility for the provision of 
                                services to a separate government 
                                agency, consortium, or entity, or to a 
                                third-party contractor.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (5)(A)--
                            (i) by striking ``or'' before ``did not 
                        give due consideration''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``, or did not make a 
                        decision that treats the private school 
                        students equitably as required by this 
                        section'' before the period at the end.

SEC. 1007. SUPPLEMENT, NOT SUPPLANT.

    Section 1117, as redesignated by section 1004(3), is amended by 
striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
    ``(b) Federal Funds to Supplement, Not Supplant, Non-Federal 
Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State educational agency or local 
        educational agency shall use Federal funds received under this 
        part only to supplement the funds that would, in the absence of 
        such Federal funds, be made available from non-Federal sources 
        for the education of students participating in programs 
        assisted under this part, and not to supplant such funds.
            ``(2) Compliance.--To demonstrate compliance with paragraph 
        (1), a local educational agency shall demonstrate that the 
        methodology used to allocate State and local funds to each 
        school receiving assistance under this part ensures that such 
        school receives all of the State and local funds it would 
        otherwise receive if it were not receiving assistance under 
        this part.
            ``(3) Special rule.--No local educational agency shall be 
        required to--
                    ``(A) identify that an individual cost or service 
                supported under this part is supplemental; and
                    ``(B) provide services under this part through a 
                particular instructional method or in a particular 
                instructional setting in order to demonstrate such 
                agency's compliance with paragraph (1).
            ``(4) Prohibition.--Nothing in this section shall be 
        construed to authorize or permit the Secretary to establish any 
        criterion that specifies, defines, or prescribes the specific 
        methodology a local educational agency uses to allocate State 
        and local funds to each school receiving assistance under this 
        part.
            ``(5) Timeline.--A local educational agency--
                    ``(A) shall meet the compliance requirement under 
                paragraph (2) not later than 2 years after the date of 
                enactment of the Every Child Achieves Act of 2015; and
                    ``(B) may demonstrate compliance with the 
                requirement under paragraph (1) before the end of such 
                2-year period using the method such local educational 
                agency used on the day before the date of enactment of 
                the Every Child Achieves Act of 2015.''.

SEC. 1008. COORDINATION REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 1118, as redesignated by section 1004(3), is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``early childhood 
        development programs such as the Early Reading First program'' 
        and inserting ``, early childhood education programs, including 
        by developing agreements with such Head Start agencies and 
        other entities to carry out such activities''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``early childhood development programs, such 
                as the Early Reading First program,'' and inserting 
                ``early childhood education programs'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``early childhood 
                development program such as the Early Reading First 
                program'' and inserting ``early childhood education 
                program'';
                    (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``early childhood 
                development programs such as the Early Reading First 
                program'' and inserting ``early childhood education 
                programs'';
                    (D) in paragraph (3), by striking ``early childhood 
                development programs such as the Early Reading First 
                program'' and inserting ``early childhood education 
                programs'';
                    (E) in paragraph (4)--
                            (i) by striking ``Early Reading First 
                        program staff,''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``early childhood 
                        development program'' and inserting ``early 
                        childhood education program'';
                    (F) in paragraph (5), by striking ``and entities 
                carrying out Early Reading First programs''.

SEC. 1009. GRANTS FOR THE OUTLYING AREAS AND THE SECRETARY OF THE 
              INTERIOR.

    Section 1121(b)(3)(C)(ii) (20 U.S.C. 6331(b)(3)(C)(ii)) is amended 
by striking ``challenging State academic content standards'' and 
inserting ``challenging State academic standards''.

SEC. 1010. ALLOCATIONS TO STATES.

    Section 1122(a) (20 U.S.C. 6332(a)) is amended by striking ``for 
each of fiscal years 2002-2007'' and inserting ``for each of fiscal 
years 2016 through 2021''.

SEC. 1011. MAINTENANCE OF EFFORT.

    Section 1125A (20 U.S.C. 6337) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c), by redesignating subparagraphs (A) 
        and (B) as paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively;
            (2) in subsection (d)(1)(A)(ii), by striking ``clause 
        ``(i)'' and inserting ``clause (i)'';
            (3) by striking subsection (e) and inserting the following:
    ``(e) Maintenance of Effort.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State is entitled to receive its full 
        allotment of funds under this section for any fiscal year if 
        the Secretary finds that the State's fiscal effort per student 
        or the aggregate expenditures of the State with respect to the 
        provision of free public education by the State for the 
        preceding fiscal year was not less than 90 percent of the 
        fiscal effort or aggregate expenditures for the second 
        preceding fiscal year, subject to the requirements of paragraph 
        (2).
            ``(2) Reduction in case of failure to meet.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall reduce the 
                amount of the allotment of funds under this section in 
                any fiscal year in the exact proportion by which a 
                State fails to meet the requirement of paragraph (1) by 
                falling below 90 percent of both the fiscal effort per 
                student and aggregate expenditures (using the measure 
                most favorable to the State), if such State has also 
                failed to meet such requirement (as determined using 
                the measure most favorable to the State) for 1 or more 
                of the 5 immediately preceding fiscal years.
                    ``(B) Special rule.--No such lesser amount shall be 
                used for computing the effort required under paragraph 
                (1) for subsequent years.
            ``(3) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the requirements of 
        this subsection if the Secretary determines that a waiver would 
        be equitable due to--
                    ``(A) exceptional or uncontrollable circumstances, 
                such as a natural disaster or a change in the 
                organizational structure of the State; or
                    ``(B) a precipitous decline in the financial 
                resources of the State.'';
            (4) in subsection (f), by striking ``fiscal year 2002'' and 
        inserting ``fiscal year 2016''; and
            (5) in subsection (g)(3), in the matter preceding 
        subparagraph (A), by striking ``shall be'' and inserting 
        ``shall be--''.

SEC. 1012. ACADEMIC ASSESSMENTS.

    Part B of title I (20 U.S.C. 6361 et seq.) is amended to read as 
follows:

                     ``PART B--ACADEMIC ASSESSMENTS

``SEC. 1201. GRANTS FOR STATE ASSESSMENTS AND RELATED ACTIVITIES.

    ``From amounts made available in accordance with section 1204, the 
Secretary shall make grants to States to enable the States to carry out 
1 or more of the following:
            ``(1) To pay the costs of the development of the State 
        assessments and standards adopted under section 1111(b), which 
        may include the costs of working in voluntary partnerships with 
        other States, at the sole discretion of each such State.
            ``(2) If a State has developed the assessments adopted 
        under section 1111(b), to administer those assessments or to 
        carry out other assessment activities described in this part, 
        such as the following:
                    ``(A) Expanding the range of appropriate 
                accommodations available to children who are English 
                learners and children with disabilities to improve the 
                rates of inclusion in regular assessments of such 
                children, including professional development activities 
                to improve the implementation of such accommodations in 
                instructional practice.
                    ``(B) Developing challenging State academic 
                standards and aligned assessments in academic subjects 
                for which standards and assessments are not required 
                under section 1111(b).
                    ``(C) Developing or improving assessments of 
                English language proficiency necessary to comply with 
                section 1111(b)(2)(G).
                    ``(D) Ensuring the continued validity and 
                reliability of State assessments.
                    ``(E) Refining State assessments to ensure their 
                continued alignment with the challenging State academic 
                standards and to improve the alignment of curricula and 
                instructional materials.
                    ``(F) Developing or improving the quality, 
                validity, and reliability of assessments for children 
                who are English learners, including alternative 
                assessments aligned with the challenging State academic 
                standards, testing accommodations for children who are 
                English learners, and assessments of English language 
                proficiency.
                    ``(G) Developing or improving balanced assessment 
                systems that include summative, interim, and formative 
                assessments, including supporting local educational 
                agencies in developing or improving such assessments.

``SEC. 1202. GRANTS FOR ENHANCED ASSESSMENT INSTRUMENTS.

    ``(a) Grant Program Authorized.--From amounts made available in 
accordance with section 1204, the Secretary shall award, on a 
competitive basis, grants to State educational agencies that have 
submitted applications at such time, in such manner, and containing 
such information as the Secretary may reasonably require, which 
demonstrate, to the satisfaction of the Secretary, that the 
requirements of this section will be met, for one of more of the 
following:
            ``(1) Allowing for collaboration with institutions of 
        higher education, other research institutions, or other 
        organizations to improve the quality, validity, and reliability 
        of State academic assessments beyond the requirements for such 
        assessments described in section 1111(b)(2).
            ``(2) Developing or improving assessments for students who 
        are children with disabilities, including using the principles 
        of universal design for learning, which may include developing 
        assessments aligned to alternate academic achievement standards 
        for students with the most significant cognitive disabilities 
        described in section 1111(b)(2)(D).
            ``(3) Measuring student progress or academic growth over 
        time, including by using multiple measures.
            ``(4) Evaluating student academic achievement through the 
        development of comprehensive academic assessment instruments, 
        such as performance and technology-based academic assessments 
        that emphasize the mastery of standards and aligned 
        competencies in a competency-based education model, technology-
        based academic assessments, computer adaptive assessments, and 
        portfolios, projects, or extended performance task assessments.
    ``(b) Annual Report.--Each State educational agency receiving a 
grant under this section shall submit an annual report to the Secretary 
describing its activities under the grant and the result of such 
activities.
    ``(c) Prohibition.--No funds provided under this section to the 
Secretary shall be used to mandate, direct, control, incentivize, or 
make financial awards conditioned upon States (or a consortia of 
States) developing any assessment common to a number of States, 
including testing activities prohibited under section 9529.

``SEC. 1203. AUDITS OF ASSESSMENT SYSTEMS.

    ``(a) In General.--From the amount reserved under section 
1204(b)(1)(C) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall make grants, from 
allotments in accordance with subsection (b), to States to enable the 
States to--
            ``(1) in the case of a grant awarded under this section to 
        a State for the first time--
                    ``(A) carry out audits of State assessment systems 
                and ensure that local educational agencies carry out 
                audits of local assessments under subsection (e)(1);
                    ``(B) prepare and carry out the State plan under 
                subsection (e)(6); and
                    ``(C) award subgrants under subsection (f); and
            ``(2) in the case of a grant awarded under this section to 
        a State that has previously received a grant under this 
        section--
                    ``(A) carry out the State plan under subsection 
                (e)(6); and
                    ``(B) award subgrants under subsection (f).
    ``(b) Minimum Amount.--Each State with an approved application 
shall receive a grant amount of not less than $1,500,000 per fiscal 
year.
    ``(c) Reallocation.--If a State chooses not to apply to receive a 
grant under this subsection, or if such State's application under 
subsection (d) is disapproved by the Secretary, the Secretary shall 
reallocate such grant amount to other States with approved 
applications.
    ``(d) Application.--A State desiring to receive a grant under this 
section shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in 
such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary may 
require.
    ``(e) Audits of State Assessment Systems and Local Assessments.--
            ``(1) Audit requirements.--Not later than 1 year after a 
        State receives a grant under this section for the first time, 
        the State shall--
                    ``(A) conduct an audit of the State assessment 
                system;
                    ``(B) ensure that each local educational agency 
                under the State's jurisdiction and receiving funds 
                under this Act--
                            ``(i) conducts an audit of each local 
                        assessment administered by the local 
                        educational agency; and
                            ``(ii) submits the results of such audit to 
                        the State; and
                    ``(C) report the results of each State and local 
                educational agency audit conducted under subparagraphs 
                (A) and (B), in a format that is--
                            ``(i) publicly available, such as a widely 
                        accessible online platform; and
                            ``(ii) with appropriate accessibility 
                        provisions for children with disabilities and 
                        English learners.
            ``(2) Resources for local educational agencies.--In 
        carrying out paragraph (1)(B), each State shall develop and 
        provide local educational agencies with resources, such as 
        guidelines and protocols, to assist the agencies in conducting 
        and reporting the results of the audit required under such 
        paragraph.
            ``(3) State assessment system description.--An audit of a 
        State assessment system conducted under paragraph (1) shall 
        include a description of each State assessment carried out in 
        the State, including--
                    ``(A) the grade and subject matter assessed;
                    ``(B) whether the assessment is required under 
                section 1111(b)(2) or allowed under section 
                1111(b)(2)(D);
                    ``(C) the annual cost to the State educational 
                agency involved in developing, purchasing, 
                administering, and scoring the assessment;
                    ``(D) the purpose for which the assessment was 
                designed and the purpose for which the assessment is 
                used, including assessments designed to contribute to 
                systems of improvement of teaching and learning;
                    ``(E) the time for disseminating assessment 
                results;
                    ``(F) a description of how the assessment is 
                aligned with the challenging State academic standards 
                under section 1111(b)(1);
                    ``(G) a description of any State law or regulation 
                that established the requirement for the assessment;
                    ``(H) the schedule and calendar for all State 
                assessments given; and
                    ``(I) a description of the State's policies for 
                inclusion of English learners and children with 
                disabilities participating in assessments, including 
                developing and promoting the use of appropriate 
                accommodations.
            ``(4) Local assessment description.--An audit of a local 
        assessment conducted under paragraph (1) shall include a 
        description of the local assessment carried out by the local 
        educational agency, including--
                    ``(A) the descriptions listed in subparagraphs (A), 
                (D), and (E) of paragraph (3);
                    ``(B) the annual cost to the local educational 
                agency of developing, purchasing, administering, and 
                scoring the assessment;
                    ``(C) the extent to which the assessment is aligned 
                to the challenging State academic standards under 
                section 1111(b)(1);
                    ``(D) a description of any State or local law or 
                regulation that establishes the requirement for the 
                assessment; and
                    ``(E) in the case of a summative assessment that is 
                used for accountability purposes, whether the 
                assessment is valid and reliable and consistent with 
                nationally recognized professional and technical 
                standards.
            ``(5) Stakeholder feedback.--Each audit of a State 
        assessment system or local assessment system conducted under 
        subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (1) shall include feedback 
        on such system from education stakeholders, which shall cover 
        information such as--
                    ``(A) how educators, school leaders, and 
                administrators use assessment data to improve and 
                differentiate instruction;
                    ``(B) the timing of release of assessment data;
                    ``(C) the extent to which assessment data is 
                presented in an accessible and understandable format 
                for educators, school leaders, parents, students (if 
                appropriate), and the community;
                    ``(D) the opportunities, resources, and training 
                educators and administrators are given to review 
                assessment results and make effective use of assessment 
                data;
                    ``(E) the distribution of technological resources 
                and personnel necessary to administer assessments;
                    ``(F) the amount of time educators spend on 
                assessment preparation;
                    ``(G) the assessments that administrators, 
                educators, parents, and students, if appropriate, do 
                and do not find useful;
                    ``(H) the amount of time students spend taking the 
                assessments; and
                    ``(I) other information as appropriate.
            ``(6) State plan on audit findings.--
                    ``(A) Preparing the state plan.--Not later than 6 
                months after a State conducts an audit under paragraph 
                (1) and based on the results of such audit, the State 
                shall, in coordination with the local educational 
                agencies under the jurisdiction of the State, prepare 
                and submit to the Secretary, a plan to improve and 
                streamline State assessment systems and local 
                assessment systems, including through activities such 
                as--
                            ``(i) eliminating any assessments that are 
                        not required by section 1111(b)(2) (such as by 
                        buying out the remainder of procurement 
                        contracts with assessment developers) and 
                        that--
                                    ``(I) are low-quality;
                                    ``(II) are not aligned to the 
                                challenging State academic standards 
                                under section 1111(b)(1));
                                    ``(III) in the case of summative 
                                assessments used for accountability 
                                purposes, are not valid or reliable and 
                                are inconsistent with nationally 
                                recognized professional and technical 
                                standards;
                                    ``(IV) do not contribute to systems 
                                of improvement for teaching and 
                                learning; or
                                    ``(V) are redundant;
                            ``(ii) supporting the dissemination of best 
                        practices from local educational agencies or 
                        other States that have successfully improved 
                        assessment quality and efficiency to improve 
                        teaching and learning;
                            ``(iii) supporting local educational 
                        agencies or consortia of local educational 
                        agencies to carry out efforts to streamline 
                        local assessment systems and implementing a 
                        regular process of review and evaluation of 
                        assessment use in local educational agencies;
                            ``(iv) disseminating the assessment data in 
                        an accessible and understandable format for 
                        educators, parents, and families; and
                            ``(v) decreasing time between administering 
                        such State assessments and releasing assessment 
                        data.
                    ``(B) Carry out the state plan.--A State shall 
                carry out a State plan as soon as practicable after the 
                State prepares such State plan under subparagraph (A) 
                and during each grant period of a grant described in 
                subsection (a)(2) that is awarded to the State.
    ``(f) Subgrants to Local Educational Agencies.--
            ``(1) In general.--From the amount awarded to a State under 
        this section, the State shall reserve not less than 20 percent 
        of funds to make subgrants to local educational agencies in the 
        State, or consortia of such local educational agencies, based 
        on demonstrated need in the agency's or consortium's 
        application to improve assessment quality, use, and alignment 
        with the challenging State academic standards under section 
        1111(b)(1).
            ``(2) Local educational agency application.--Each local 
        educational agency, or consortium of local educational 
        agencies, seeking a subgrant under this subsection shall submit 
        an application to the State at such time, in such manner, and 
        containing such other information as determined by the State. 
        The application shall include a description of the agency's or 
        consortium's needs to improve assessment quality, use, and 
        alignment (as described in paragraph (1)).
            ``(3) Use of funds.--A subgrant awarded under this 
        subsection to a local educational agency or consortium of such 
        agencies may be used to--
                    ``(A) conduct an audit of local assessments under 
                subsection (e)(1)(B);
                    ``(B) eliminate any assessments identified for 
                elimination by such audit, such as by buying out the 
                remainder of procurement contracts with assessment 
                developers;
                    ``(C) disseminate the best practices described in 
                subsection (e)(6)(A)(ii);
                    ``(D) improve the capacity of school leaders and 
                educators to disseminate assessment data in an 
                accessible and understandable format for parents and 
                families, including for children with disabilities or 
                English learners;
                    ``(E) improve assessment delivery systems and 
                schedules, including by increasing access to technology 
                and exam proctors, where appropriate;
                    ``(F) hire instructional coaches, or promote 
                educators who may receive increased compensation to 
                serve as instructional coaches, to support educators to 
                develop classroom-based assessments, interpret 
                assessment data, and design instruction; and
                    ``(G) provide for appropriate accommodations to 
                maximize inclusion of children with disabilities and 
                English learners participating in assessments.
    ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Local assessment.--The term `local assessment' means 
        an academic assessment selected and carried out by a local 
        educational agency that is separate from an assessment required 
        by section 1111(b)(2).
            ``(2) State.--The term `State' means each of the 50 States, 
        the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

``SEC. 1204. FUNDING.

    ``(a) National Assessment of Educational Progress.--For the purpose 
of administering the State assessments under the National Assessment of 
Educational Progress, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums 
as may be necessary for fiscal years 2016 through 2021.
    ``(b) Allotment of Appropriated Funds.--
            ``(1) From amounts made available for each fiscal year 
        under subsection 1002(b) that are equal to or less than the 
        amount described in section 1111(b)(2)(H), the Secretary 
        shall--
                    ``(A) reserve \1/2\ of 1 percent for the Bureau of 
                Indian Education;
                    ``(B) reserve \1/2\ of 1 percent for the outlying 
                areas;
                    ``(C) reserve not more than 20 percent to carry out 
                section 1203; and
                    ``(D) from the remainder, allocate to each State 
                for section 1201 an amount equal to--
                            ``(i) $3,000,000; and
                            ``(ii) with respect to any amounts 
                        remaining after the allocation is made under 
                        clause (i), an amount that bears the same 
                        relationship to such total remaining amounts as 
                        the number of students aged 5 through 17 in the 
                        State (as determined by the Secretary on the 
                        basis of the most recent satisfactory data) 
                        bears to the total number of such students in 
                        all States.
            ``(2) Remainder.--Any amounts made available for a fiscal 
        year under subsection 1002(b) that are remaining after the 
        Secretary carries out paragraph (1) shall be made available as 
        follows:
                    ``(A)(i) To award funds under section 1202 to 
                States selected for such grants, according to the 
                quality, needs, and scope of the State application 
                under that section.
                    ``(ii) In determining the grant amount under clause 
                (i), the Secretary shall ensure that a State's grant 
                shall include an amount that bears the same 
                relationship to the total funds available under this 
                paragraph for the fiscal year as the number of students 
                ages 5 through 17 in the State (as determined by the 
                Secretary on the basis of the most recent satisfactory 
                data) bears to the total number of such students in all 
                States.
                    ``(B) Any amounts remaining after the Secretary 
                awards funds under subparagraph (A) shall be allocated 
                to each State that did not receive a grant under such 
                subparagraph, in an amount that bears the same 
                relationship to the total funds available under this 
                subparagraph as the number of students ages 5 through 
                17 in the State (as determined by the Secretary on the 
                basis of the most recent satisfactory data) bears to 
                the total number of such students in all States.
    ``(c) State Defined.--In this section, the term `State' means each 
of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of 
Puerto Rico.

``SEC. 1205. INNOVATIVE ASSESSMENT AND ACCOUNTABILITY DEMONSTRATION 
              AUTHORITY.

    ``(a) Innovative Assessment System Defined.--The term `innovative 
assessment system' means a system of assessments that may include--
            ``(1) competency-based assessments, instructionally 
        embedded assessments, interim assessments, cumulative year-end 
        assessments, or performance-based assessments that combine into 
        an annual summative determination for a student, which may be 
        administered through computer adaptive assessments; and
            ``(2) assessments that validate when students are ready to 
        demonstrate mastery or proficiency and allow for differentiated 
        student support based on individual learning needs.
    ``(b) Demonstration Authority.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may provide a State 
        educational agency, in accordance with paragraph (3), with the 
        authority to establish an innovative assessment system.
            ``(2) Demonstration period.--Each authorization of 
        demonstration authority under this section shall be for a 
        period of 3 years.
            ``(3) Initial demonstration authority; expansion.--
                    ``(A) Initial period.--During the initial 3-year 
                period of demonstration authority under this section, 
                the Secretary shall provide 5 State educational 
                agencies, subject to meeting the application 
                requirements in subsection (c), with the authority 
                described in paragraph (1).
                    ``(B) Expansion of demonstration authority.--After 
                the end of the initial demonstration period described 
                in subparagraph (A), the Secretary may provide 
                additional State educational agencies with 
                demonstration authority described in paragraph (1), if 
                the Secretary determines that overall the innovative 
                assessment systems have--
                            ``(i) demonstrated progress for all 
                        students, including at-risk students, through 
                        such measures as--
                                    ``(I) increasing student 
                                achievement and improving academic 
                                outcomes;
                                    ``(II) increasing graduation rates 
                                for high schools;
                                    ``(III) increasing retention rates 
                                of students in school; or
                                    ``(IV) decreasing rates of 
                                remediation for students;
                            ``(ii) been developed in accordance with 
                        the requirements of subsection (c), including 
                        substantial evidence that such system meets 
                        such requirements; and
                            ``(iii) demonstrated that the same system 
                        of assessments was used to measure the 
                        achievement of all students that participated 
                        in the demonstration authority, and at least 95 
                        percent of such students overall and in each of 
                        the categories of students, as defined in 
                        section 1111(b)(3)(A), were assessed under the 
                        innovative assessment system.
    ``(c) Application.--A State educational agency that desires to 
participate in the program of demonstration authority under this 
section shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in 
such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary may 
reasonably require. Such application shall include a description of the 
innovative assessment system. In addition, the application shall 
include the following:
            ``(1) A demonstration that the innovative assessment system 
        will--
                    ``(A) meet all the requirements of section 
                1111(b)(2)(B), except the requirements of clauses (i) 
                and (v) of such section;
                    ``(B) be aligned to the standards under section 
                1111(b)(1) and address the depth and breadth of the 
                challenging State academic standards under such 
                section;
                    ``(C) express student results or student 
                competencies in terms consistent with the State aligned 
                academic achievement standards;
                    ``(D) be able to generate comparable, valid, and 
                reliable results for all students and for each category 
                of students described in section 1111(b)(2)(B)(xi), 
                compared to the results for such students on the State 
                assessments under section 1111(b)(2);
                    ``(E) be developed in collaboration with 
                stakeholders representing the interests of children 
                with disabilities, English learners, and other 
                vulnerable children, educators, including teachers, 
                principals, and other school leaders, local educational 
                agencies, and civil rights organizations in the State;
                    ``(F) be accessible to all students, such as by 
                incorporating the principles of universal design for 
                learning;
                    ``(G) provide educators, students, and parents with 
                timely data, disaggregated by each category of students 
                described in section 1111(b)(2)(B)(xi), to inform and 
                improve instructional practice and student supports;
                    ``(H) be able to identify which students are not 
                making progress toward the State's academic achievement 
                standards so that educators can provide instructional 
                support and targeted intervention to all students to 
                ensure every student is making progress;
                    ``(I) measure the annual progress of not less than 
                95 percent of all students and students in each of the 
                categories of students, as defined in section 
                1111(b)(3)(A), who are enrolled in each school that is 
                participating in the innovative assessment system and 
                are required to take assessments;
                    ``(J) generate an annual, summative achievement 
                determination based on annual data for each individual 
                student based on the challenging State academic 
                standards under section 1111(b)(1) and be able to 
                validly and reliably aggregate data from the innovative 
                assessment system for purposes of accountability, 
                consistent with the requirements of section 1111(b)(3), 
                and reporting, consistent with the requirements of 
                section 1111(d); and
                    ``(K) continue use of the high-quality statewide 
                academic assessments required under section 1111(b)(2) 
                if such assessments will be used for accountability 
                purposes for the duration of the demonstration.
            ``(2) A description of how the State educational agency 
        will--
                    ``(A) identify the distinct purposes for each 
                assessment that is part of the innovative assessment 
                system;
                    ``(B) provide support and training to local 
                educational agency and school staff to implement the 
                innovative assessment system described in this 
                subsection;
                    ``(C) inform parents of students in participating 
                local educational agencies about the innovative 
                assessment system at the beginning of each school year 
                during which the innovative assessment system will be 
                implemented;
                    ``(D) engage and support teachers in developing and 
                scoring assessments that are part of the innovative 
                assessment system, including through the use of high-
                quality professional development, standardized and 
                calibrated scoring rubrics, and other strategies, 
                consistent with relevant nationally recognized 
                professional and technical standards, to ensure inter-
                rater reliability and comparability;
                    ``(E) acclimate students to the innovative 
                assessment system;
                    ``(F) ensure that students with the most 
                significant cognitive disabilities may be assessed with 
                alternate assessments consistent with section 
                1111(b)(2)(D);
                    ``(G) if the State is proposing to administer the 
                innovative assessment system initially in a subset of 
                local educational agencies, scale up the innovative 
                assessment system to administer such system statewide 
                or with additional local educational agencies in the 
                initial demonstration and 2-year renewal period, if 
                applicable, including the timeline that explains the 
                process for scaling to statewide implementation by 
                either the end of the initial demonstration authority 
                or the 2-year renewal period;
                    ``(H) gather data, solicit regular feedback from 
                educators and parents, and assess the results of each 
                year of the program of demonstration authority under 
                this section, and respond by making needed changes to 
                the innovative assessment system; and
                    ``(I) report data from the innovative assessment 
                system annually to the Secretary, including--
                            ``(i) demographics of participating local 
                        educational agencies, if such system is not 
                        statewide, and additional local educational 
                        agencies if added to the system during the 
                        course of the initial demonstration or 2-year 
                        renewal period;
                            ``(ii) performance of all participating 
                        students and for each category of students, as 
                        defined in section 1111(b)(3)(A), on the 
                        innovative assessment, consistent with the 
                        requirements in section 1111(d); and
                            ``(iii) feedback from teachers, principals, 
                        other school leaders, and parents about their 
                        satisfaction with the innovative assessment 
                        system.
            ``(3) A description of the State educational agency's plan 
        to--
                    ``(A) ensure that all students and each of the 
                categories of students, as defined in section 
                1111(b)(3)(A)--
                            ``(i) are held to the same high standard as 
                        other students in the State; and
                            ``(ii) receive the instructional support 
                        needed to meet challenging State academic 
                        standards;
                    ``(B) ensure that each local educational agency has 
                the technological infrastructure to implement the 
                innovative assessment system; and
                    ``(C) hold all participating schools in the local 
                educational agencies participating in the program of 
                demonstration authority accountable for meeting the 
                State's expectations for student achievement.
            ``(4) If the innovative assessment system will initially be 
        administered in a subset of local educational agencies--
                    ``(A) a description of the local educational 
                agencies within the State educational agency that will 
                participate, including what criteria the State has for 
                approving any additional local educational agencies to 
                participate during the demonstration period;
                    ``(B) assurances from such local educational 
                agencies that such agencies will comply with the 
                requirements of this subsection; and
                    ``(C) a demonstration that the participating local 
                educational agencies, as a group, will be 
                demographically similar to the State as a whole.
    ``(d) Peer Review.--The Secretary shall--
            ``(1) implement a peer review process, which shall include 
        a review team comprised of practitioners and experts who are 
        knowledgeable about the assessment innovation being proposed 
        for all students, including English learners and children with 
        disabilities, to inform--
                    ``(A) the awarding, renewal, and expansion of the 
                demonstration authority under this section; and
                    ``(B) determinations about whether the innovative 
                assessment system--
                            ``(i) is comparable, valid, reliable, of 
                        high technical quality, and consistent with 
                        relevant, nationally recognized professional 
                        and technical standards; and
                            ``(ii) provides an unbiased, rational, and 
                        consistent determination of progress toward 
                        annual goals for all students and schools; and
            ``(2) make publicly available the applications submitted 
        under subsection (c) and the peer review comments and 
        recommendations regarding such applications.
    ``(e) Renewal.--The Secretary may renew an authorization of 
demonstration authority under this subsection for an additional 2 years 
if the State educational agency demonstrates with evidence that the 
State educational agency's innovative assessment system is continuing 
to meet the requirements of subsection (c).
    ``(f) Use of Innovative Assessment System.--A State may, during the 
initial 3-year demonstration period or 2-year renewal period, include 
results from the innovative assessment systems developed under this 
authority in accountability determinations for each student in the 
participating local educational agencies instead of, or in addition to, 
those from the assessment system under section 1111(b)(2), provided the 
State demonstrates that the State has met the requirements in 
subsection (c). The State shall continue to meet all other requirements 
of section 1111(b)(3).
    ``(g) Authority Withdrawn.--The Secretary shall withdraw the 
authorization for demonstration authority provided to a State 
educational agency under this section and any participating local 
educational agency or the State as a whole shall return to the 
statewide assessment system under section 1111(b)(2) if, at any point 
after the 3-year demonstration period described in subsection (b)(2) or 
2-year renewal period described in subsection (e), the State 
educational agency cannot present to the Secretary a body of 
substantial evidence that the innovative assessment system developed 
under this section--
            ``(1) meets requirements of subsection (c);
            ``(2) includes all students attending schools participating 
        in the demonstration authority, including each of the 
        categories of students, as defined in section 1111(b)(3)(A), in 
        the innovative assessment system demonstration;
            ``(3) provides an unbiased, rational, and consistent 
        determination of progress toward annual goals for schools, 
        which are comparable to determinations under section 
        1111(b)(3)(B)(iii) across the State in which the local 
        educational agencies are located;
            ``(4) presents a high-quality plan to transition to full 
        statewide use of the innovative assessment system by the end of 
        the initial demonstration period and 2-year renewal, if the 
        innovative assessment system will initially be administered in 
        a subset of local educational agencies; and
            ``(5) is equivalent to the statewide assessments under 
        section 1111(b)(2) in content coverage, difficulty, and 
        quality.
    ``(h) Transition.--
            ``(1) In general.--If, after the initial demonstration and 
        renewal period, the State educational agency has met all the 
        requirements of this section, such entity shall be permitted to 
        operate the innovative assessment system approved under the 
        program of demonstration authority under this section for the 
        purposes of paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 1111(b).
            ``(2) Waiver authority.--If, after the initial 
        demonstration and renewal period, the State has met all of the 
        requirements of this section, except transition to full 
        statewide use for States that will initially administer an 
        innovative assessment system in a subset of local educational 
        agencies, and continues to comply with the other requirements 
        of this section, and demonstrates a high-quality plan for 
        transition to statewide use in a reasonable period of time, the 
        State may request, and the Secretary shall review such request, 
        a delay of the withdrawal of authority under subsection (g) for 
        the purpose of providing the State time necessary to implement 
        the innovative assessment system statewide.
    ``(i) Available Funds.--A State may use funds available under 
section 1201 to carry out this section.
    ``(j) Rule of Construction.--A consortium of States may apply to 
participate in the program of demonstration authority under this 
section and the Secretary may provide each State member of such 
consortium with such authority if each such State member meets all of 
the requirements of this section.''.

SEC. 1013. EDUCATION OF MIGRATORY CHILDREN.

    Part C of title I (20 U.S.C. 6391 et seq.) is amended--
            (1) in section 1301--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``State academic 
                content and student academic achievement standards'' 
                and inserting ``challenging State academic standards'';
                    (B) in paragraph (4), by striking ``State academic 
                content and student academic achievement standards'' 
                and inserting ``State academic standards''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (5), by inserting ``without the 
                need for postsecondary remediation'' after 
                ``employment'';
            (2) in section 1303--
                    (A) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the 
                following:
    ``(a) State Allocations.--
            ``(1) Base amount.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subsection 
                (b) and subparagraph (B), each State (other than the 
                Commonwealth of Puerto Rico) is entitled to receive 
                under this part, for fiscal year 2003 and succeeding 
                fiscal years, an amount equal to--
                            ``(i) the amount that such State received 
                        under this part for fiscal year 2002; plus
                            ``(ii) the amount allocated to the State 
                        under paragraph (2).
                    ``(B) Nonparticipating states.--In the case of a 
                State (other than the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico) that 
                did not receive any funds for fiscal year 2002 under 
                this part, the State shall receive, for fiscal year 
                2003 and succeeding fiscal years, an amount equal to--
                            ``(i) the amount that such State would have 
                        received under this part for fiscal year 2002 
                        if its application under section 1304 for the 
                        year had been approved; plus
                            ``(ii) the amount allocated to the State 
                        under paragraph (2).
            ``(2) Allocation of additional amount.--For fiscal year 
        2003 and succeeding fiscal years, the amount (if any) by which 
        the funds appropriated to carry out this part for the year 
        exceed such funds for fiscal year 2002 shall be allocated to a 
        State (other than the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico) so that the 
        State receives an amount equal to--
                    ``(A) the sum of--
                            ``(i) the number of identified eligible 
                        migratory children, aged 3 through 21, residing 
                        in the State during the previous year; and
                            ``(ii) the number of identified eligible 
                        migratory children, aged 3 through 21, who 
                        received services under this part in summer or 
                        intercession programs provided by the State 
                        during such year; multiplied by
                    ``(B) 40 percent of the average per-pupil 
                expenditure in the State, except that the amount 
                determined under this subparagraph may not be less than 
                32 percent, or more than 48 percent, of the average 
                per-pupil expenditure in the United States.'';
                    (B) in subsection (c)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1)--
                                    (I) by striking ``(A) If, after'' 
                                and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) In general.--If, after''; and
                                    (II) in subparagraph (B)--
                                            (aa) by striking ``If 
                                        additional'' and inserting 
                                        ``Reallocation.--If 
                                        additional''; and
                                            (bb) by moving the margins 
                                        of such subparagraph 2 ems to 
                                        the right; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (2)--
                                    (I) by striking ``(A) The 
                                Secretary'' and inserting the 
                                following:
                    ``(A) Further reductions.--The Secretary''; and
                                    (II) in subparagraph (B)--
                                            (aa) by striking ``The 
                                        Secretary'' and inserting 
                                        ``Reallocation.--The 
                                        Secretary''; and
                                            (bb) by moving the margins 
                                        of such subparagraph 2 ems to 
                                        the right; and
                    (C) in subsection (d)(3)(B), by striking ``welfare 
                or educational attainment'' and inserting ``academic 
                achievement''; and
                    (D) in subsection (e)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
                        by striking ``estimated'' and inserting 
                        ``identified''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``the Secretary shall'' 
                        and all that follows through the period at the 
                        end and inserting ``the Secretary shall use 
                        such information as the Secretary finds most 
                        accurately reflects the actual number of 
                        migratory children.'';
            (3) in section 1304--
                    (A) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1)--
                                    (I) in the matter preceding 
                                subparagraph (A)--
                                            (aa) by striking ``special 
                                        educational needs'' and 
                                        inserting ``unique educational 
                                        needs''; and
                                            (bb) by inserting ``and out 
                                        of school migratory children'' 
                                        after ``including preschool 
                                        migratory children'';
                                    (II) in subparagraph (B), by 
                                striking ``part A or B of title III'' 
                                and inserting ``part A of title III''; 
                                and
                                    (III) by striking subparagraph (D) 
                                and inserting the following:
                    ``(D) measurable program objectives and 
                outcomes;'';
                            (ii) in paragraph (2), by striking 
                        ``challenging State academic content standards 
                        and challenging State student academic 
                        achievement standards'' and inserting 
                        ``challenging State academic standards'';
                            (iii) in paragraph (3), by striking ``, 
                        consistent with procedures the Secretary may 
                        require,'';
                            (iv) in paragraph (5), by inserting ``and'' 
                        after the semicolon;
                            (v) by striking paragraph (6); and
                            (vi) by redesignating paragraph (7) as 
                        paragraph (6);
                    (B) in subsection (c)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
                        by striking ``, satisfactory to the 
                        Secretary,'';
                            (ii) in paragraph (2), by striking ``in a 
                        manner consistent with the objectives of 
                        section 1114, subsections (b) and (d) of 
                        section 1115, subsections (b) and (c) of 
                        section 1120A, and part I'' and inserting ``in 
                        a manner consistent with the objectives of 
                        section 1113(c), paragraphs (3) and (4) of 
                        section 1113(d), subsections (b) and (c) of 
                        section 1117, and part E'';
                            (iii) in paragraph (3)--
                                    (I) in the matter before 
                                subparagraph (A), by striking ``parent 
                                advisory councils'' and inserting 
                                ``parents of migratory children, 
                                including parent advisory councils''; 
                                and
                                    (II) by striking ``section 1118'' 
                                and inserting ``section 1115'';
                            (iv) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``and 
                        out of school migratory children'' after 
                        ``addressing the unmet educational needs of 
                        preschool migratory children'';
                            (v) in paragraph (6)--
                                    (I) by striking ``to the extent 
                                feasible,'';
                                    (II) by striking subparagraph (C) 
                                and inserting the following:
                    ``(C) evidence-based family literacy programs;''; 
                and
                                    (III) in subparagraph (E), by 
                                inserting ``, without the need for 
                                postsecondary remediation'' after 
                                ``employment''; and
                            (vi) in paragraph (7), by striking 
                        ``paragraphs (1)(A) and (2)(B)(i) of section 
                        1303(a), through such procedures as the 
                        Secretary may require'' and inserting ``section 
                        1303(a)(2)(A)'';
                    (C) by striking subsection (d) and inserting the 
                following:
    ``(d) Priority for Services.--In providing services with funds 
received under this part, each recipient of such funds shall give 
priority to migratory children who have made a qualifying move within 
the previous 1-year period and who--
            ``(1) are failing, or most at risk of failing, to meet the 
        challenging State academic standards; or
            ``(2) have dropped out of school.''; and
                    (D) in subsection (e)(3), by striking ``secondary 
                school students'' and inserting ``students'';
            (4) in section 1305(a), by inserting ``, to the extent 
        practicable,'' after ``shall'';
            (5) in section 1306--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(1)--
                            (i) by striking ``special'' both places the 
                        term appears and inserting ``unique'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking 
                        ``challenging State academic content standards 
                        and challenging State student academic 
                        achievement standards'' and inserting 
                        ``challenging State academic standards''; and
                            (iii) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``or 
                        B''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b)(4)--
                            (i) by striking ``special'' and inserting 
                        ``unique''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``section 1114'' each 
                        place the term appears and inserting ``section 
                        1113(c)'';
            (6) in section 1307--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``nonprofit''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``welfare or 
                educational attainment'' and inserting ``educational 
                achievement'';
            (7) in section 1308--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(1), by inserting ``through'' 
                after ``including''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by striking 
                        ``developing effective methods for'';
                            (ii) in paragraph (2)--
                                    (I) in subparagraph (A)--
                                            (aa) in the matter 
                                        preceding clause (i), in the 
                                        first sentence--

                                                    (AA) by striking 
                                                ``ensure the linkage of 
                                                migrant student'' and 
                                                inserting ``maintain a 
                                                migratory'';

                                                    (BB) by striking 
                                                ``systems'' and 
                                                inserting ``system'';

                                                    (CC) by inserting 
                                                ``within and'' before 
                                                ``among the States''; 
                                                and

                                                    (DD) by striking 
                                                ``all migratory 
                                                students'' and 
                                                inserting ``all 
                                                migratory children 
                                                eligible under this 
                                                part'';

                                            (bb) in the matter 
                                        preceding clause (i), by 
                                        striking ``The Secretary shall 
                                        ensure'' and all that follows 
                                        through ``maintain.''; and
                                            (cc) in clause (ii), by 
                                        striking ``required'';
                                    (II) by redesignating subparagraph 
                                (B) as subparagraph (C);
                                    (III) by inserting after 
                                subparagraph (A) the following:
                    ``(B) Consultation.--The Secretary shall maintain 
                ongoing consultation with the States, local educational 
                agencies, and other migratory student service providers 
                on--
                            ``(i) the effectiveness of the system 
                        described in subparagraph (A); and
                            ``(ii) the ongoing improvement of such 
                        system.''; and
                                    (IV) in subparagraph (C), as 
                                redesignated by subclause (II)--
                                            (aa) by striking ``the 
                                        proposed data elements'' and 
                                        inserting ``any new proposed 
                                        data elements''; and
                                            (bb) by striking ``Such 
                                        publication shall occur not 
                                        later than 120 days after the 
                                        date of enactment of the No 
                                        Child Left Behind Act of 
                                        2001.''; and
                            (iii) by striking paragraph (4);
            (8) in section 1309--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``nonprofit''; 
                and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(2) Migratory agricultural worker.--The term `migratory 
        agricultural worker' means an individual who made a qualifying 
        move in the preceding 36 months and, after doing so, engaged in 
        new temporary or seasonal employment or personal subsistence in 
        agriculture, which may be dairy work or the initial processing 
        of raw agricultural products. If an individual did not engage 
        in such new employment soon after a qualifying move, such 
        individual may be considered a migratory agricultural worker if 
        the individual actively sought new employment and has a recent 
        history of moves for agricultural employment.
            ``(3) Migratory child.--The term `migratory child' means a 
        child or youth who made a qualifying move in the preceding 36 
        months--
                    ``(A) as a migratory agricultural worker or a 
                migratory fisher; or
                    ``(B) with, or to join, a parent or spouse who is a 
                migratory agricultural worker or a migratory fisher.
            ``(4) Migratory fisher.--The term `migratory fisher' means 
        an individual who made a qualifying move in the preceding 36 
        months and, after doing so, engaged in new temporary or 
        seasonal employment or personal subsistence in fishing. If the 
        individual did not engage in such new employment soon after the 
        move, the individual may be considered a migratory fisher if 
        the individual actively sought new employment and has a recent 
        history of moves for fishing work.
            ``(5) Qualifying move.--The term `qualifying move' means a 
        move due to economic necessity--
                    ``(A) from one residence to another residence; and
                    ``(B) from one school district to another school 
                district, except--
                            ``(i) in the case of a State that is 
                        comprised of a single school district, wherein 
                        a qualifying move is from one administrative 
                        area to another within such district;
                            ``(ii) in the case of a school district of 
                        more than 15,000 square miles, wherein a 
                        qualifying move is a distance of 20 miles or 
                        more to a temporary residence to engage in a 
                        fishing activity; or
                            ``(iii) in a case in which another 
                        exception applies, as defined by the 
                        Secretary.''.

SEC. 1014. PREVENTION AND INTERVENTION PROGRAMS FOR CHILDREN AND YOUTH 
              WHO ARE NEGLECTED, DELINQUENT, OR AT-RISK.

    Part D of title I (20 U.S.C. 6421 et seq.) is amended--
            (1) in section 1401(a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by inserting ``, tribal,'' after 
                        ``youth in local''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``challenging State 
                        academic content standards and challenging 
                        State student academic achievement standards'' 
                        and inserting ``challenging State academic 
                        standards''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``and the 
                involvement of their families and communities'' after 
                ``to ensure their continued education'';
            (2) in section 1412(b), by striking paragraph (2) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(2) Minimum percentage.--The percentage in paragraph 
        (1)(A) shall not be less than 85 percent.'';
            (3) in section 1414--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``from 
                        correctional facilities to locally operated 
                        programs'' and inserting ``between correctional 
                        facilities and locally operated programs''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (2)--
                                    (I) in subparagraph (A)--
                                            (aa) by striking ``the 
                                        program goals, objectives, and 
                                        performance measures 
                                        established by the State'' and 
                                        inserting ``the program 
                                        objectives and outcomes 
                                        established by the State''; and
                                            (bb) by striking 
                                        ``vocational'' and inserting 
                                        ``career'';
                                    (II) in subparagraph (B), by 
                                striking ``and'' after the semicolon; 
                                and
                                    (III) in subparagraph (C)--
                                            (aa) in clause (i), by 
                                        inserting ``and'' after the 
                                        semicolon;
                                            (bb) by striking clause 
                                        (ii) and redesignating clause 
                                        (iii) as clause (ii);
                                            (cc) by striking clause 
                                        (iv); and
                                            (dd) by adding at the end 
                                        the following:
                    ``(D) provide assurances that the State educational 
                agency has established--
                            ``(i) procedures to ensure the prompt re-
                        enrollment of each student who has been placed 
                        in the juvenile justice system in secondary 
                        school or in a re-entry program that best meets 
                        the needs of the student, including the 
                        transfer of credits that such students earn 
                        during placement; and
                            ``(ii) opportunities for such students to 
                        participate in higher education or career 
                        pathways.''; and
                    (B) in subsection (c)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1)--
                                    (I) by inserting ``and respond to'' 
                                after ``to assess''; and
                                    (II) by inserting ``and to the 
                                extent practicable, provide for an 
                                assessment upon entry into a 
                                correctional facility'' after ``to be 
                                served under this subpart'';
                            (ii) in paragraph (6)--
                                    (I) by striking ``carry out the 
                                evaluation requirements of section 9601 
                                and how'' and inserting ``use'';
                                    (II) by inserting ``under section 
                                9601'' after ``recent evaluation''; and
                                    (III) by striking ``will be used'';
                            (iii) in paragraph (8), by striking 
                        ``vocational'' and inserting ``career'';
                            (iv) in paragraph (9)--
                                    (I) by inserting ``and following'' 
                                after ``youth prior to''; and
                                    (II) by inserting ``and, to the 
                                extent practicable, to ensure that 
                                transition plans are in place'' after 
                                ``the local educational agency or 
                                alternative education program'';
                            (v) in paragraph (11), by striking 
                        ``transition of children and youth from such 
                        facility or institution to'' and inserting 
                        ``transition of such children and youth between 
                        such facility or institution and'';
                            (vi) in paragraph (16), by inserting ``and 
                        obtain a high school diploma'' after ``to 
                        encourage the children and youth to reenter 
                        school''; and
                            (vii) in paragraph (17), by inserting 
                        ``certified or licensed'' after ``provides an 
                        assurance that'';
            (4) in section 1415--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1)(B)--
                                    (I) by inserting ``, without the 
                                need for remediation,'' after 
                                ``transition to''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``vocational or 
                                technical training'' and inserting 
                                ``career and technical education''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (2)--
                                    (I) by striking subparagraph (A), 
                                and inserting:
                    ``(A) may include--
                            ``(i) the acquisition of equipment; and
                            ``(ii) pay for success initiatives that 
                        produce a measurable, clearly defined outcome 
                        that results in social benefit and direct cost 
                        savings to the local, State, or Federal 
                        Government;'';
                                    (II) in subparagraph (B)--
                                            (aa) in clause (i), by 
                                        striking ``content standards 
                                        and student academic 
                                        achievement''; and
                                            (bb) in clause (iii)--

                                                    (AA) by striking 
                                                ``challenging State 
                                                academic achievement 
                                                standards'' and 
                                                inserting ``challenging 
                                                State academic 
                                                standards''; and

                                                    (BB) by inserting 
                                                ``and'' after the 
                                                semicolon;

                                    (III) in subparagraph (C)--
                                            (aa) by striking ``section 
                                        1120A'' and inserting ``section 
                                        1117''; and
                                            (bb) by striking ``; and'' 
                                        and inserting a period; and
                                    (IV) by striking subparagraph (D); 
                                and
                    (B) in subsection (b), by striking ``section 
                1120A'' and inserting ``section 1117'';
            (5) in section 1416--
                    (A) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) by striking ``challenging State 
                        academic content standards and student academic 
                        achievement standards'' and inserting 
                        ``challenging State academic standards''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``complete secondary 
                        school, attain a secondary diploma'' and 
                        inserting ``attain a high school diploma'';
                    (B) in paragraph (4)--
                            (i) by striking ``pupil'' and inserting 
                        ``specialized instructional support''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``and, to the extent 
                        practicable, the development and implementation 
                        of transition plans'' after ``children and 
                        youth described in paragraph (1)''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (6), by striking ``student 
                progress'' and inserting ``and improve student 
                achievement'';
            (6) in section 1418(a)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(1) projects that facilitate the transition of children 
        and youth between State-operated institutions, or institutions 
        in the State operated by the Secretary of the Interior, and 
        schools served by local educational agencies or schools 
        operated or funded by the Bureau of Indian Education; or''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by striking ``vocational'' each place 
                        the term appears and inserting ``career''; and
                            (ii) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                        (A)--
                                    (I) by striking ``secondary'' and 
                                inserting ``high''; and
                                    (II) by inserting ``, without the 
                                need for remediation,'' after 
                                ``reentry'';
            (7) in section 1419, by striking ``for a fiscal year'' and 
        all that follows through ``to provide'' and inserting ``for a 
        fiscal year to provide'';
            (8) in section 1421--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, without the 
                need for remediation,'' after ``youth''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``, including 
                schools operated or funded by the Bureau of Indian 
                Education,'' after ``local schools'';
            (9) in section 1422(d)--
                    (A) by inserting ``, and may include the 
                nonacademic needs,'' after ``to meet the transitional 
                and academic needs''; and
                    (B) by striking ``impact on meeting the 
                transitional'' and inserting ``impact on meeting such 
                transitional'';
            (10) in section 1423--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)(B), by inserting ``, including 
                such facilities operated by the Secretary of the 
                Interior and Indian tribes'' after ``the juvenile 
                justice system'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (4) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(4) a description of the activities that the local 
        educational agency will carry out to facilitate the successful 
        transition of children and youth in locally operated 
        institutions for neglected and delinquent children and other 
        correctional institutions into schools served by the local 
        educational agency, or as appropriate, into career and 
        technical education and postsecondary education programs;'';
                    (C) in paragraph (8), by inserting ``and family 
                members'' after ``will involve parents'';
                    (D) in paragraph (9), by striking ``vocational'' 
                and inserting ``career'';
                    (E) by striking paragraph (11) and inserting the 
                following:
            ``(11) as appropriate, a description of how the local 
        educational agency and schools will address the educational 
        needs of children and youth who return from institutions for 
        neglected and delinquent children and youth or from 
        correctional institutions and attend regular or alternative 
        schools;''; and
                    (F) in paragraph (12), by striking ``participating 
                schools'' and inserting ``the local educational 
                agency'';
            (11) in section 1424--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``, including'' 
                and all that follows through ``gang members'';
                    (B) in paragraph (4)--
                            (i) by striking ``vocational'' and 
                        inserting ``career''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``and'' after the 
                        semicolon; and
                    (C) in paragraph (5), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting a semicolon; and
                    (D) by inserting the following after paragraph (5):
            ``(6) programs for at-risk Indian children and youth, 
        including such children and youth in correctional facilities in 
        the area served by the local educational agency that are 
        operated by the Secretary of the Interior or Indian tribes; and
            ``(7) pay for success initiatives that produce a 
        measurable, clearly defined outcome that results in social 
        benefit and direct cost savings to the local, State, or Federal 
        government.'';
            (12) in section 1425--
                    (A) in paragraph (4)--
                            (i) by inserting ``and obtain a high school 
                        diploma'' after ``reenter school''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``or seek a secondary 
                        school diploma or its recognized equivalent'';
                    (B) in paragraph (6), by striking ``high academic 
                achievement standards'' and inserting ``the challenging 
                State academic standards'';
                    (C) in paragraph (9), by striking ``vocational'' 
                and inserting ``career'';
                    (D) in paragraph (10), by striking ``and'' after 
                the semicolon;
                    (E) in paragraph (11), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting a semicolon; and
                    (F) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(12) to the extent practicable, develop an initial 
        educational services and transition plan for each child or 
        youth served under this subpart upon entry into the 
        correctional facility, in partnership with the child's or 
        youth's family members and the local educational agency that 
        most recently provided services to the child or youth (if 
        applicable), consistent with section 1414(a)(1); and
            ``(13) consult with the local educational agency for a 
        period jointly determined necessary by the correctional 
        facility and local educational agency upon discharge from that 
        facility, to coordinate educational services so as to minimize 
        disruption to the child's or youth's achievement.'';
            (13) in section 1426(2), by striking ``secondary'' and 
        inserting ``high'';
            (14) in section 1431(a)--
                    (A) by striking ``secondary'' each place the term 
                appears and inserting ``high'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``and to 
                graduate high school in the standard number of years'' 
                after ``educational achievement''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``or school 
                operated or funded by the Bureau of Indian Education'' 
                after ``local educational agency''; and
            (15) in section 1432(2)--
                    (A) by striking ``has limited English proficiency'' 
                and inserting ``is an English learner''; and
                    (B) by striking ``or has a high absenteeism rate at 
                school.'' and inserting ``has a high absenteeism rate 
                at school, or has other life conditions that make the 
                individual at high risk for dependency or delinquency 
                adjudication.''.

SEC. 1015. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

    Title I (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.) is amended--
            (1) by striking parts E, F, G, and H;
            (2) by redesignating part I as part E;
            (3) by striking sections 1907 and 1908;
            (4) by redesignating sections 1901, 1902, 1903, 1905, and 
        1906 as sections 1501, 1502, 1503, 1504, and 1505, 
        respectively;
            (5) in section 1501, as redesignated by paragraph (4)--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by inserting ``, in 
                accordance with subsections (b) through (d),'' after 
                ``may issue'';
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by inserting 
                        ``principals, other school leaders,'' after 
                        ``teachers,'';
                            (ii) in paragraph (2), by adding at the end 
                        the following: ``All information from such 
                        regional meetings and electronic exchanges 
                        shall be made public in an easily accessible 
                        manner to interested parties.'';
                            (iii) in paragraph (3)(A), by striking 
                        ``standards and assessments'' and inserting 
                        ``standards, assessments, the State 
                        accountability system under section 1111(b)(3), 
                        school intervention and support under section 
                        1114, and the requirement that funds be 
                        supplemented and not supplanted under section 
                        1117;'';
                            (iv) by striking paragraph (4) and 
                        inserting the following:
            ``(4) Process.--Such process shall not be subject to the 
        Federal Advisory Committee Act, but shall, unless otherwise 
        provided as described in subsection (c), follow the provisions 
        of the Negotiated Rulemaking Act of 1990 (5 U.S.C. 561 et 
        seq.).''; and
                            (v) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting 
                        the following:
            ``(5) Emergency situation.--In an emergency situation in 
        which regulations to carry out this title must be issued within 
        a very limited time to assist State educational agencies and 
        local educational agencies with the operation of a program 
        under this title, the Secretary may issue a proposed regulation 
        without following such process but shall--
                    ``(A) designate the proposed regulation as an 
                emergency with an explanation of the emergency in a 
                notice provided to Congress;
                    ``(B) publish the duration of the comment and 
                review period in such notice and in the Federal 
                Register; and
                    ``(C) conduct regional meetings to review such 
                proposed regulation before issuing any final 
                regulation.'';
                    (C) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection 
                (d);
                    (D) by inserting after subsection (b) the 
                following:
    ``(c) Alternative Process if Failure to Reach Consensus.--If 
consensus, as defined in section 562 of title 5, United States Code, on 
any proposed regulation is not reached by the individuals selected 
under paragraph (3)(B) for the negotiated rulemaking process, or if the 
Secretary determines that a negotiated rulemaking process is 
unnecessary, the Secretary may propose a regulation in the following 
manner:
            ``(1) Notice to congress.--Not less than 30 days prior to 
        issuing a notice of proposed rulemaking in the Federal 
        Register, the Secretary shall provide to the Committee on 
        Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate, the 
        Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House of 
        Representatives, and other relevant congressional committees, 
        notice of the Secretary's intent to issue a notice of proposed 
        rulemaking that shall include--
                    ``(A) a copy of the regulation to be proposed;
                    ``(B) a justification of the need to issue a 
                regulation;
                    ``(C) the anticipated burden, including the time, 
                cost, and paperwork burden, the regulations will have 
                on State educational agencies, local educational 
                agencies, schools, and other entities that may be 
                impacted by the regulation;
                    ``(D) the anticipated benefits to State educational 
                agencies, local educational agencies, schools, and 
                other entities that may be impacted by the regulation;
                    ``(E) any regulations that will be repealed when 
                the new regulations are issued; and
                    ``(F) an opportunity to comment on the information 
                in subparagraphs (A) through (E).
            ``(2) Comment period for congress.--The Secretary shall 
        provide Congress with a 15-day period, beginning after the date 
        on which the Secretary provided the notice of any proposed 
        rulemaking to Congress under paragraph (1), to make comments on 
        the proposed rule. After addressing all comments received from 
        Congress during such period, the Secretary may proceed with the 
        rulemaking process under section 553 of title 5, United States 
        Code, as modified by this section.
            ``(3) Public comment and review period.--The public comment 
        and review period for any proposed regulation shall be not less 
        than 90 days unless an emergency requires a shorter period, in 
        which case the Secretary shall comply with the process outlined 
        in subsection (b)(5).
            ``(4) Assessment.--No regulation shall be made final after 
        the comment and review period described in paragraph (3) until 
        the Secretary has published in the Federal Register--
                    ``(A) an assessment of the proposed regulation 
                that--
                            ``(i) includes a representative sampling of 
                        local educational agencies based on enrollment, 
                        geographic diversity (including suburban, 
                        urban, and rural local educational agencies), 
                        and other factors impacted by the proposed 
                        regulation;
                            ``(ii) addresses the burden, including the 
                        time, cost, and paperwork burden, that the 
                        regulation will impose on State educational 
                        agencies, local educational agencies, schools, 
                        and other entities that may be impacted by the 
                        regulation;
                            ``(iii) addresses the benefits to State 
                        educational agencies, local educational 
                        agencies, schools, and other entities that may 
                        be impacted by the regulation; and
                            ``(iv) thoroughly addresses, based on the 
                        comments received during the comment and review 
                        period under paragraph (3), whether the rule is 
                        financially and operationally viable at the 
                        local level; and
                    ``(B) an explanation of how the entities described 
                in subparagraph (A)(ii) may cover the cost of the 
                burden assessed under such subparagraph.''; and
                    (E) by inserting after subsection (d), as 
                redesignated by subparagraph (C), the following:
    ``(e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section affects the 
applicability of subchapter II of chapter 5, and chapter 7, of title 5, 
United States Code (commonly known as the `Administrative Procedure 
Act') or chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code (commonly known as 
the `Congressional Review Act').'';
            (6) in section 1502(a), as redesignated by paragraph (4),
                    (A) by striking ``section 1901'' and inserting 
                ``section 1501''; and
                    (B) by striking ``or provides a written'' and all 
                that follows through the period at the end and 
                inserting ``or where negotiated rulemaking is not 
                pursued, shall conform to section 1501(c).''; and
            (7) in section 1503, as redesignated by paragraph (4)--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(2), by striking ``student 
                academic achievement'' and inserting ``academic''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b)(2)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``, 
                        including vocational educators'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (F), by striking 
                        ``and'' after the semicolon; and
                            (iii) by striking subparagraph (G) and 
                        inserting the following:
                    ``(G) specialized instructional support personnel;
                    ``(H) representatives of charter schools, as 
                appropriate; and
                    ``(I) paraprofessionals.''.

SEC. 1016. REPORT ON EDUCATIONAL STABILITY OF CHILDREN IN FOSTER CARE.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 2 years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Education and the Secretary of 
Health and Human Services shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
Congress a report that--
            (1) describes any barriers to coordination between local 
        educational agencies and child welfare agencies, including in 
        Federal law or regulation, such as the Fostering Connections to 
        Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-
        351; 122 Stat. 3949);
            (2) describes the benefits and challenges of keeping a 
        foster care child in the school of origin when such child moves 
        to a new school attendance area as a result of being placed in 
        foster care, changing foster care placements, or leaving foster 
        care, including--
                    (A) the academic impact of increased stability as a 
                result of such child remaining in the school of origin;
                    (B) challenges for local educational agencies and 
                child welfare agencies as a result of such child 
                remaining in the school of origin, including challenges 
                associated with transportation;
                    (C) estimates of transportation costs if such child 
                stays in the school of origin; and
                    (D) an analysis of the most appropriate entity to 
                pay transportation costs for a foster care child who is 
                changing or leaving placements and remaining in the 
                school of origin;
            (3) examines barriers to credit transfer, including 
        awarding partial credit for coursework, for a child in foster 
        care who is changing schools;
            (4) examines the impact on local educational agencies of a 
        local educational agency designating an individual as a point 
        of contact for a child welfare agency, including--
                    (A) the entity most suited to having the 
                responsibility for outreach on behalf of the education 
                of a child in foster care enrolled in a school; and
                    (B) the benefits and limitations of designating the 
                local educational agency liaison under section 
                722(g)(1)(J)(ii) of the McKinney-Vento Homeless 
                Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11432(g)(1)(J)(ii)) as the 
                same point of contact at the local educational agency 
                for children in foster care;
            (5) describes the impact of removing children who are 
        awaiting foster care placement from coverage under subtitle B 
        of title VII of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 
        U.S.C. 11431 et seq.); and
            (6) examines the extent to which the child welfare system 
        takes into account a child's educational stability when 
        determining such child's foster care placement.
    (b) Definitions.--For the purposes of this section:
            (1) Child in foster care.--The term ``child in foster 
        care'' means a child whose care and placement is the 
        responsibility of the agency that administers a State plan 
        under part B or E of title IV of the Social Security Act (42 
        U.S.C. 621 et seq., 670 et seq.), without regard to whether 
        foster care maintenance payments are made under section 472 of 
        the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 672) on behalf of the child.
            (2) School of origin.--The term ``school of origin'' means, 
        with respect to a child in foster care, any of the following:
                    (A) The public school in which the child was 
                enrolled prior to entry into foster care.
                    (B) The public school in which the child is 
                enrolled when a change in foster care placement occurs.
                    (C) The public school the child attended when last 
                permanently housed, as such term is used in section 
                722(g)(3)(G) of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance 
                Act (42 U.S.C. 11432(g)(3)(G)), if such child was 
                eligible for assistance under such Act before the child 
                became a child in foster care.

SEC. 1017. REPORT ON SUBGROUP SAMPLE SIZE.

    (a) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Director of the Institute of Education Sciences shall 
publish a report on best practices for determining valid, reliable, and 
statistically significant minimum numbers of students for each of the 
categories of students, as defined in section 1111(b)(3)(A) of the 
Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
6311(b)(3)(A)) (as amended by this Act), for the purposes of inclusion 
as categories of students in an accountability system described in 
section 1111(b)(3) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 
1965 (20 U.S.C. 6311(b)(3)) (as amended by this Act) and how such 
minimum number that is determined will not reveal personally 
identifiable information about students.
    (b) Public Dissemination.--The Director of the Institute of 
Education Sciences shall work with the Department of Education's 
existing technical assistance providers and dissemination networks to 
ensure that the report described under subsection (a) is widely 
disseminated--
            (1) to the public, State educational agencies, local 
        educational agencies, and schools; and
            (2) through electronic transfer and other means, such as 
        posting the report on the website of the Institute of Education 
        Sciences or in another relevant place.

 TITLE II--HIGH-QUALITY TEACHERS, PRINCIPALS, AND OTHER SCHOOL LEADERS

SEC. 2001. TRANSFER OF CERTAIN PROVISIONS.

    The Act (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subpart 5 of part C of title II (20 
        U.S.C. 6731 et seq.) as subpart 3 of part F of title IX, as 
        redesignated by section 9106(1), and moving that subpart to the 
        end of part F of title IX;
            (2) by redesignating sections 2361 through 2368 as sections 
        9541 through 9548, respectively;
            (3) in section 9546(b), as redesignated by paragraph (2), 
        by striking the matter following paragraph (2) and inserting 
        the following:
            ``(3) A State law that makes a limitation of liability 
        inapplicable if the civil action was brought by an officer of a 
        State or local government pursuant to State or local law.'';
            (4) by redesignating subpart 4 of part D of title II as 
        subpart 4 of part F of title IX, as redesignated by section 
        9105(1), and moving that subpart to follow subpart 3 of part F 
        of title IX, as redesignated and moved by paragraph (1);
            (5) by redesignating section 2441 as section 9551; and
            (6) by striking the subpart heading of subpart 4 of part F 
        of title IX, as redesignated by paragraph (5), and inserting 
        the following:

                    ``Subpart 4--Internet Safety''.

SEC. 2002. FUND FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF TEACHING AND LEARNING.

    The Act (20 U.S.C. 6301 et seq.) is amended by striking title II 
(as amended by section 2001) and inserting the following:

``TITLE II--PREPARING, TRAINING, AND RECRUITING HIGH-QUALITY TEACHERS, 
                  PRINCIPALS, AND OTHER SCHOOL LEADERS

``SEC. 2001. PURPOSE.

    ``The purpose of this title is to improve student academic 
achievement by--
            ``(1) increasing the ability of local educational agencies, 
        schools, teachers, principals, and other school leaders to 
        provide a well-rounded and complete education for all students;
            ``(2) improving the quality and effectiveness of teachers, 
        principals, and other school leaders;
            ``(3) increasing the number of teachers, principals, and 
        other school leaders who are effective in improving student 
        academic achievement in schools; and
            ``(4) ensuring that low-income and minority students are 
        served by effective teachers, principals, and other school 
        leaders and have access to a high-quality instructional 
        program.

``SEC. 2002. DEFINITIONS.

    ``In this title:
            ``(1) School leader residency program.--The term `school 
        leader residency program' means a school-based principal, 
        school leader, or principal and school leader preparation 
        program in which a prospective principal or school leader--
                    ``(A) for 1 academic year, engages in sustained and 
                rigorous clinical learning with substantial leadership 
                responsibilities and an opportunity to practice and be 
                evaluated in an authentic school setting; and
                    ``(B) during that academic year--
                            ``(i) participates in research-based 
                        coursework that is integrated with the clinical 
                        residency experience; and
                            ``(ii) receives ongoing support from a 
                        mentor principal or school leader who is 
                        effective.
            ``(2) State.--The term `State' means each of the 50 States, 
        the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
            ``(3) Teacher residency program.--The term `teacher 
        residency program' means a school-based teacher preparation 
        program in which a prospective teacher--
                    ``(A) for not less than 1 academic year, teaches 
                alongside an effective teacher, as determined by a 
                teacher evaluation system implemented under part A (if 
                applicable), who is the teacher of record for the 
                classroom;
                    ``(B) receives concurrent instruction during the 
                year described in subparagraph (A)--
                            ``(i) through courses that may be taught by 
                        local educational agency personnel or by 
                        faculty of the teacher preparation program; and
                            ``(ii) in the teaching of the content area 
                        in which the teacher will become certified or 
                        licensed; and
                    ``(C) acquires effective teaching skills, as 
                demonstrated through completion of a residency program, 
                or other measure determined by the State, which may 
                include a teacher performance assessment.

``SEC. 2003. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``(a) Grants to States and Local Educational Agencies.--For the 
purposes of carrying out part A (other than section 2105), there are 
authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of 
fiscal years 2016 through 2021.
    ``(b) National Activities.--For the purposes of carrying out 
activities authorized under section 2105, there are authorized to be 
appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 
2016 through 2021.
    ``(c) Teacher and School Leader Incentive Fund.--For the purposes 
of carrying out part B, there are authorized to be appropriated such 
sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2021.
    ``(d) American History and Civics Education.--For the purposes of 
carrying out part C, there are authorized to be appropriated such sums 
as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2021.
    ``(e) Literacy Education for All, Results for the Nation.--For the 
purposes of carrying out part D, there are authorized to be 
appropriated such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 
2016 through 2021.
    ``(f) STEM Instruction and Student Achievement.--For the purposes 
of carrying out part E, there are authorized to be appropriated such 
sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2021.

      ``PART A--FUND FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF TEACHING AND LEARNING

``SEC. 2101. FORMULA GRANTS TO STATES.

    ``(a) Reservation of Funds.--From the total amount appropriated 
under section 2003(a) for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve--
            ``(1) one-half of 1 percent for allotments for the United 
        States Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the 
        Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, to be distributed 
        among those outlying areas on the basis of their relative need, 
        as determined by the Secretary, in accordance with the purpose 
        of this title; and
            ``(2) one-half of 1 percent for the Secretary of the 
        Interior for programs under this part in schools operated or 
        funded by the Bureau of Indian Education.
    ``(b) State Allotments.--
            ``(1) Hold harmless.--
                    ``(A) Fiscal years 2016 through 2021.--For each of 
                fiscal years 2016 through 2021, subject to paragraph 
                (2) and subparagraph (C), from the funds appropriated 
                under section 2003(a) for a fiscal year that remain 
                after the Secretary makes the reservations under 
                subsection (a), the Secretary shall allot to each State 
                an amount equal to the total amount that such State 
                received for fiscal year 2001 under--
                            ``(i) section 2202(b) of this Act (as in 
                        effect on the day before the date of enactment 
                        of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001); and
                            ``(ii) section 306 of the Department of 
                        Education Appropriations Act, 2001 (as enacted 
                        into law by section 1(a)(1) of Public Law 106-
                        554).
                    ``(B) Ratable reduction.--If the funds described in 
                subparagraph (A) are insufficient to pay the full 
                amounts that all States are eligible to receive under 
                subparagraph (A) for any fiscal year, the Secretary 
                shall ratably reduce those amounts for the fiscal year.
                    ``(C) Percentage reduction.--For each of fiscal 
                years 2016 through 2021, the amount in subparagraph (A) 
                shall be reduced by a percentage equal to the product 
                of 14.29 percent and the number of years between the 
                fiscal year for which the determination is being made 
                and fiscal year 2015.
            ``(2) Allotment of additional funds.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), for 
                any fiscal year for which the funds appropriated under 
                section 2003(a) and not reserved under subsection (a) 
                exceed the total amount required to make allotments 
                under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall allot to each 
                State the sum of--
                            ``(i) an amount that bears the same 
                        relationship to 20 percent of the excess amount 
                        as the number of individuals age 5 through 17 
                        in the State, as determined by the Secretary on 
                        the basis of the most recent satisfactory data, 
                        bears to the number of those individuals in all 
                        such States, as so determined; and
                            ``(ii) an amount that bears the same 
                        relationship to 80 percent of the excess amount 
                        as the number of individuals age 5 through 17 
                        from families with incomes below the poverty 
                        line in the State, as determined by the 
                        Secretary on the basis of the most recent 
                        satisfactory data, bears to the number of those 
                        individuals in all such States, as so 
                        determined.
                    ``(B) Exception.--No State receiving an allotment 
                under subparagraph (A) may receive less than one-half 
                of 1 percent of the total excess amount allotted under 
                such subparagraph for a fiscal year.
            ``(3) Fiscal year 2022 and succeeding fiscal years.--For 
        fiscal year 2022 and each of the succeeding fiscal years, the 
        Secretary shall allot funds appropriated under section 2003(a) 
        and not reserved under subsection (a) to each State in 
        accordance with paragraph (2).
            ``(4) Reallotment.--If any State does not apply for an 
        allotment under this subsection for any fiscal year, the 
        Secretary shall reallot the amount of the allotment to the 
        remaining States in accordance with this subsection.
    ``(c) State Use of Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided for under paragraph 
        (3), each State that receives an allotment under subsection (b) 
        for a fiscal year shall reserve not less than 95 percent of 
        such allotment to make subgrants to local educational agencies 
        for such fiscal year, as described in section 2102.
            ``(2) State administration.--A State educational agency may 
        use not more than 1 percent of the amount allotted to such 
        State under subsection (b) for the administrative costs of 
        carrying out such State educational agency's responsibilities 
        under this part.
            ``(3) Principals and other school leaders.--Notwithstanding 
        paragraph (1) and in addition to funds otherwise available for 
        activities under paragraph (4), a State educational agency may 
        reserve not more than 3 percent of the amount reserved for 
        subgrants to local educational agencies under paragraph (1) for 
        activities for principals and other school leaders described in 
        paragraph (4), if such reservation would not result in a lower 
        allocation to local educational agencies under section 2102, as 
        compared to such allocation for the preceding fiscal year.
            ``(4) State activities.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The State educational agency for 
                a State that receives an allotment under subsection (b) 
                may use funds not reserved under paragraph (1) to carry 
                out 1 or more of the activities described in 
                subparagraph (B), which may be implemented in 
                conjunction with a State agency of higher education (if 
                such agencies are separate) and carried out through a 
                grant or contract with a for-profit or nonprofit 
                entity, including an institution of higher education.
                    ``(B) Types of state activities.--The activities 
                described in this subparagraph are the following:
                            ``(i) Reforming teacher, principal, and 
                        other school leader certification, 
                        recertification, licensing, or tenure systems 
                        or preparation program standards and approval 
                        processes to ensure that--
                                    ``(I) teachers have the necessary 
                                subject matter knowledge and teaching 
                                skills, as demonstrated through 
                                measures determined by the State, which 
                                may include teacher performance 
                                assessments, in the academic subjects 
                                that the teachers teach to help 
                                students meet challenging State 
                                academic standards described in section 
                                1111(b)(1);
                                    ``(II) principals and other school 
                                leaders have the instructional 
                                leadership skills to help teachers 
                                teach and to help students meet such 
                                challenging State academic standards; 
                                and
                                    ``(III) teacher certification or 
                                licensing requirements are aligned with 
                                such challenging State academic 
                                standards.
                            ``(ii) Developing, improving, or providing 
                        assistance to local educational agencies to 
                        support the design and implementation of 
                        teacher, principal, and other school leader 
                        evaluation and support systems that are based 
                        in part on evidence of student academic 
                        achievement, which may include student growth, 
                        and shall include multiple measures of educator 
                        performance and provide clear, timely, and 
                        useful feedback to teachers, principals, and 
                        other schools leaders, such as by--
                                    ``(I) developing and disseminating 
                                high-quality evaluation tools, such as 
                                classroom observation rubrics, and 
                                methods, including training and 
                                auditing, for ensuring inter-rater 
                                reliability of evaluation results;
                                    ``(II) developing and providing 
                                training to principals, other school 
                                leaders, coaches, mentors, and 
                                evaluators on how to accurately 
                                differentiate performance, provide 
                                useful and timely feedback, and use 
                                evaluation results to inform 
                                decisionmaking about professional 
                                development, improvement strategies, 
                                and personnel decisions; and
                                    ``(III) developing a system for 
                                auditing the quality of evaluation and 
                                support systems.
                            ``(iii) Improving equitable access to 
                        effective teachers, principals, and other 
                        school leaders.
                            ``(iv) Carrying out programs that 
                        establish, expand, or improve alternative 
                        routes for State certification of teachers 
                        (especially for teachers of children with 
                        disabilities, English learners, science, 
                        technology, engineering, mathematics, or other 
                        areas where the State demonstrates a shortage 
                        of educators), principals, and other school 
                        leaders, for--
                                    ``(I) individuals with a 
                                baccalaureate or master's degree, or 
                                other advanced degree;
                                    ``(II) mid-career professionals 
                                from other occupations;
                                    ``(III) paraprofessionals;
                                    ``(IV) former military personnel; 
                                and
                                    ``(V) recent graduates of 
                                institutions of higher education with 
                                records of academic distinction who 
                                demonstrate the potential to become 
                                highly effective teachers, principals, 
                                or other school leaders.
                            ``(v) Developing, improving, and 
                        implementing mechanisms to assist local 
                        educational agencies and schools in effectively 
                        recruiting and retaining teachers, principals, 
                        and other school leaders who are effective in 
                        improving student academic achievement, 
                        including highly effective teachers from 
                        underrepresented minority groups and teachers 
                        with disabilities, such as through--
                                    ``(I) opportunities for a cadre of 
                                effective teachers to lead evidence-
                                based professional development for 
                                their peers;
                                    ``(II) career opportunities for 
                                teachers to grow as leaders, including 
                                hybrid roles that allow teachers to 
                                voluntarily serve as mentors or 
                                academic coaches while remaining in the 
                                classroom; and
                                    ``(III) providing training and 
                                support for teacher leaders and school 
                                leaders who are recruited as part of 
                                instructional leadership teams.
                            ``(vi) Fulfilling the State educational 
                        agency's responsibilities concerning proper and 
                        efficient administration and monitoring of the 
                        programs carried out under this part, including 
                        provision of technical assistance to local 
                        educational agencies.
                            ``(vii) Developing, or assisting local 
                        educational agencies in developing--
                                    ``(I) teacher advancement 
                                initiatives that promote professional 
                                growth and emphasize multiple career 
                                paths, such as school leadership, 
                                mentoring, involvement with school 
                                improvement, and instructional 
                                coaching;
                                    ``(II) strategies that provide 
                                differential pay, or other incentives, 
                                to recruit and retain teachers in high-
                                need academic subjects and teachers, 
                                principals, or other school leaders, in 
                                low-income schools and school 
                                districts, which may include 
                                performance-based pay systems; and
                                    ``(III) new teacher, principal, and 
                                other school leader induction and 
                                mentoring programs that are evidence-
                                based and designed to--
                                            ``(aa) improve classroom 
                                        instruction and student 
                                        learning and achievement;
                                            ``(bb) increase the 
                                        retention of effective 
                                        teachers, principals, and other 
                                        school leaders;
                                            ``(cc) improve school 
                                        leadership to improve classroom 
                                        instruction and student 
                                        learning and achievement; and
                                            ``(dd) provide 
                                        opportunities for teachers, 
                                        principals, and other school 
                                        leaders who are experienced, 
                                        effective, and have 
                                        demonstrated an ability to work 
                                        with adult learners to be 
                                        mentors.
                            ``(viii) Providing assistance to local 
                        educational agencies for--
                                    ``(I) the development and 
                                implementation of high-quality 
                                professional development programs for 
                                principals that enable the principals 
                                to be effective and prepare all 
                                students to meet the challenging State 
                                academic standards described in section 
                                1111(b)(1); and
                                    ``(II) the development and support 
                                of other school leadership programs to 
                                develop educational leaders.
                            ``(ix) Supporting efforts to train 
                        teachers, principals, and other school leaders 
                        to effectively integrate technology into 
                        curricula and instruction, which may include 
                        blended learning projects that include an 
                        element of online learning, combined with 
                        supervised learning time and student-led 
                        learning, in which the elements are connected 
                        to provide an integrated learning experience.
                            ``(x) Providing training, technical 
                        assistance, and capacity-building to local 
                        educational agencies that receive a subgrant 
                        under this part.
                            ``(xi) Supporting teacher, principal, and 
                        other school leader residency programs.
                            ``(xii) Reforming or improving teacher, 
                        principal, and other school leader preparation 
                        programs.
                            ``(xiii) Supporting the instructional 
                        services provided by school librarians.
                            ``(xiv) Supporting other activities 
                        identified by the State that are evidence-based 
                        and that meet the purpose of this title.
    ``(d) State Plan.--
            ``(1) In general.--In order to receive an allotment under 
        this section for any fiscal year, a State shall submit a plan 
        to the Secretary, at such time, in such manner, and containing 
        such information as the Secretary may reasonably require.
            ``(2) Contents.--Each plan described under paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following:
                    ``(A) A description of how the State educational 
                agency will use funds received under this title for 
                State-level activities described in subsection (c).
                    ``(B) A description of the State's system of 
                certification, licensing, and professional growth and 
                improvement, such as clinical experience for 
                prospective educators, support for new educators, 
                professional development, professional growth and 
                leadership opportunities, and compensation systems for 
                teachers, principals, and other educators.
                    ``(C) A description of how activities under this 
                part are aligned with challenging State academic 
                standards and State assessments under section 1111, 
                which may include, as appropriate, relevant State early 
                learning and developmental guidelines, as required 
                under section 658E(c)(2)(T) of the Child Care and 
                Development Block Grant Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 
                9858c(c)(2)(T)).
                    ``(D) A description of how the activities using 
                funds under this part are expected to improve student 
                achievement.
                    ``(E) If a State educational agency plans to use 
                funds under this part to improve equitable access to 
                effective teachers, principals, and other school 
                leaders, a description of how such funds will be used 
                to meet the State's commitment described in section 
                1111(c)(1)(F) to ensure equitable access to effective 
                teachers, principals, and school leaders.
                    ``(F) An assurance that the State educational 
                agency will monitor the implementation of activities 
                under this part and provide technical assistance to 
                local educational agencies in carrying out such 
                activities.
                    ``(G) An assurance that the State educational 
                agency will work in consultation with the entity 
                responsible for teacher and principal professional 
                standards, certification, and licensing for the State, 
                and encourage collaboration between educator 
                preparation programs, the State, and local educational 
                agencies to promote the readiness of new educators 
                entering the profession.
                    ``(H) A description of how the State educational 
                agency will improve the skills of teachers, principals, 
                and other school leaders in order to enable them to 
                identify students with specific learning needs, 
                particularly students with disabilities, English 
                learners, students who are gifted and talented, and 
                students with low literacy levels, and provide 
                instruction based on the needs of such students.
                    ``(I) A description of how the State will use data 
                and ongoing consultation with and input from teachers 
                and teacher organizations, principals, other school 
                leaders, specialized instructional support personnel, 
                parents, community partners, and (where applicable) 
                institutions of higher education, to continually update 
                and improve the activities supported under this part.
            ``(3) Consultation.--In developing the State plan under 
        this subsection, a State shall--
                    ``(A) involve teachers, teacher organizations, 
                principals, other school leaders, specialized 
                instructional support personnel, parents, community 
                partners, and other organizations or partners with 
                relevant and demonstrated expertise in programs and 
                activities designed to meet the purpose of this title; 
                and
                    ``(B) seek advice from the individuals, 
                organizations, or partners described in subparagraph 
                (A) regarding how best to improve the State's 
                activities to meet the purpose of this title; and
                    ``(C) coordinate the State's activities under this 
                part with other related strategies, programs, and 
                activities being conducted in the State.
    ``(e) Prohibition.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to 
authorize the Secretary or any other officer or employee of the Federal 
Government to mandate, direct, or control any of the following:
            ``(1) The development, improvement, or implementation of 
        elements of any teacher, principal, or school leader evaluation 
        systems.
            ``(2) Any State or local educational agency's definition of 
        teacher, principal, or other school leader effectiveness.
            ``(3) Any teacher, principal, or other school leader 
        professional standards, certification, or licensing.

``SEC. 2102. SUBGRANTS TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.

    ``(a) Allocation of Funds to Local Educational Agencies.--
            ``(1) In general.--From funds reserved by a State under 
        section 2101(c)(1) for a fiscal year, the State, acting through 
        the State educational agency, shall award subgrants to eligible 
        local educational agencies from allocations described in 
        paragraph (2).
            ``(2) Allocation formula.--From the funds described in 
        paragraph (1), the State educational agency shall allocate to 
        each of the eligible local educational agencies in the State 
        for a fiscal year the sum of--
                    ``(A) an amount that bears the same relationship to 
                20 percent of such funds for such fiscal year as the 
                number of individuals aged 5 through 17 in the 
                geographic area served by the agency, as determined by 
                the Secretary on the basis of the most recent 
                satisfactory data, bears to the number of those 
                individuals in the geographic areas served by all 
                eligible local educational agencies in the State, as so 
                determined; and
                    ``(B) an amount that bears the same relationship to 
                80 percent of the funds for such fiscal year as the 
                number of individuals aged 5 through 17 from families 
                with incomes below the poverty line in the geographic 
                area served by the agency, as determined by the 
                Secretary on the basis of the most recent satisfactory 
                data, bears to the number of those individuals in the 
                geographic areas served by all the eligible local 
                educational agencies in the State, as so determined.
            ``(3) Administrative costs.--Of the amounts allocated to a 
        local educational agency under paragraph (2), the local 
        educational agency may use not more than 2 percent for the 
        direct administrative costs of carrying out its 
        responsibilities under this part.
            ``(4) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this section shall 
        be construed to prohibit a consortium of local educational 
        agencies that are designated with a school locale code of 41, 
        42, or 43, or such local educational agencies designated with a 
        school locale code of 41, 42, or 43 that work in cooperation 
        with an educational service agency, from voluntarily combining 
        allocations received under this part for the collective use of 
        funding by the consortium for activities under this section.
    ``(b) Local Applications.--
            ``(1) In general.--To be eligible to receive a subgrant 
        under this section, a local educational agency shall conduct a 
        needs assessment described in paragraph (2) and submit an 
        application to the State educational agency at such time, in 
        such manner, and containing such information as the State 
        educational agency may reasonably require.
            ``(2) Needs assessment.--
                    ``(A) In general.--To be eligible to receive a 
                subgrant under this section, a local educational agency 
                shall periodically conduct a comprehensive needs 
                assessment of the local educational agency and of all 
                schools served by the local educational agency.
                    ``(B) Requirements.--The needs assessment under 
                subparagraph (A) shall be designed to determine the 
                schools with the most acute staffing needs related to--
                            ``(i) increasing the number of teachers, 
                        principals, and other school leaders who are 
                        effective in improving student academic 
                        achievement;
                            ``(ii) ensuring that low-income and 
                        minority students are not disproportionately 
                        served by ineffective teachers, principals, and 
                        other school leaders;
                            ``(iii) ensuring that low-income and 
                        minority students have access to a high-quality 
                        instructional program and appropriate class 
                        sizes that are evidence-based;
                            ``(iv) hiring, retention, and advancement 
                        and leadership opportunities for effective 
                        teachers, principals, and other school leaders;
                            ``(v) supporting and developing all 
                        educators, including preschool, kindergarten, 
                        elementary, middle, or high school teachers 
                        (including special education teachers), 
                        principals, other school leaders, early 
                        childhood directors, specialized instructional 
                        support personnel, paraprofessionals, or other 
                        staff members who provide or directly support 
                        instruction;
                            ``(vi) understanding and using data and 
                        assessments to improve student learning and 
                        classroom practice;
                            ``(vii) improving student behavior, 
                        including the response of teachers, principals, 
                        and other school leaders to student behavior, 
                        in the classroom and school, including the 
                        identification of early and appropriate 
                        interventions, which may include positive 
                        behavioral interventions and supports;
                            ``(viii) teaching students who are English 
                        learners, children who are in early childhood 
                        education programs, children with disabilities, 
                        American Indian children, Alaskan Native 
                        children, and gifted and talented students;
                            ``(ix) ensuring funds are used to support 
                        schools served by the local educational agency 
                        that are identified under section 1114(a)(1)(A) 
                        and schools with high percentages or numbers of 
                        children counted under section 1124(c);
                            ``(x) improving the academic and non-
                        academic skills of all students essential for 
                        learning readiness and academic success; and
                            ``(xi) any other evidence-based factors 
                        that the local educational agency determines 
                        are appropriate to meet the needs of schools 
                        within the jurisdiction of the local 
                        educational agency and meet the purpose of this 
                        title.
            ``(3) Consultation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In conducting a needs assessment 
                described in paragraph (2), a local educational agency 
                shall--
                            ``(i) involve teachers, teacher 
                        organizations, principals, and other school 
                        leaders, specialized instructional support 
                        personnel, parents, community partners, and 
                        others with relevant and demonstrated expertise 
                        in programs and activities designed to meet the 
                        purpose of this title; and
                            ``(ii) take into account the activities 
                        that need to be conducted in order to give 
                        teachers, principals, and other school leaders 
                        the skills to provide students with the 
                        opportunity to meet challenging State academic 
                        standards described in section 1111(b)(1).
                    ``(B) Continued consultation.--A local educational 
                agency receiving a subgrant under this section shall 
                consult with such individuals and organizations 
                described in subparagraph (A) on an ongoing basis in 
                order to--
                            ``(i) seek advice regarding how best to 
                        improve the local educational agency's 
                        activities to meet the purpose of this title; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) coordinate the local educational 
                        agency's activities under this part with other 
                        related strategies, programs, and activities 
                        being conducted in the community.
            ``(4) Contents of application.--Each application submitted 
        under paragraph (1) shall be based on the results of the needs 
        assessment required under paragraph (2) and shall include the 
        following:
                    ``(A) A description of the results of the 
                comprehensive needs assessment carried out under 
                paragraph (2).
                    ``(B) A description of the activities to be carried 
                out by the local educational agency under this section 
                and how these activities will be aligned with the 
                challenging State academic standards described in 
                section 1111(b)(1).
                    ``(C) A description of how such activities will 
                comply with the principles of effectiveness described 
                in section 2103(c).
                    ``(D) A description of the activities, including 
                professional development, that will be made available 
                to meet needs identified by the needs assessment 
                described in paragraph (2).
                    ``(E) A description of the local educational 
                agency's systems of hiring and professional growth and 
                improvement, such as induction for teachers, 
                principals, and other school leaders.
                    ``(F) A description of how the local educational 
                agency will support efforts to train teachers, 
                principals, and other school leaders to effectively 
                integrate technology into curricula and instruction.
                    ``(G) A description of how the local educational 
                agency will prioritize funds to schools served by the 
                agency that are identified under section 1114(a)(1)(A) 
                and have the highest percentage or number of children 
                counted under section 1124(c).
                    ``(H) Where a local educational agency has a 
                significant number of schools identified under section 
                1114(a)(1)(A), as determined by the State, a 
                description of how the local educational agency will 
                seek the input of the State educational agency in 
                planning and implementing activities under this part.
                    ``(I) An assurance that the local educational 
                agency will comply with section 9501 (regarding 
                participation by private school children and teachers).
                    ``(J) An assurance that the local educational 
                agency will coordinate professional development 
                activities authorized under this part with professional 
                development activities provided through other Federal, 
                State, and local programs.

``SEC. 2103. LOCAL USE OF FUNDS.

    ``(a) In General.--A local educational agency that receives a 
subgrant under section 2102 shall use the funds made available through 
the subgrant to develop, implement, and evaluate comprehensive, 
evidence-based programs and activities described in subsection (b), 
which may be carried out through a grant or contract with a for-profit 
or nonprofit entity, in partnership with an institution of higher 
education, or in partnership with an Indian tribe or tribal 
organization (as defined under section 4 of the Indian Self-
Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 450b)).
    ``(b) Types of Activities.--The activities described in this 
subsection--
            ``(1) shall meet the needs identified in the needs 
        assessment described in section 2102(b)(2);
            ``(2) shall be in accordance with the purpose of this 
        title, evidence-based, and consistent with the principles of 
        effectiveness described in subsection (c);
            ``(3) shall address the learning needs of all students, 
        including children with disabilities, English learners, and 
        gifted and talented students; and
            ``(4) may include, among other programs and activities--
                    ``(A) developing or improving a rigorous, 
                transparent, and fair evaluation and support system for 
                teachers, principals, and other school leaders that is 
                based in part on evidence of student achievement, which 
                may include student growth, and shall include multiple 
                measures of educator performance and provide clear, 
                timely, and useful feedback to teachers, principals, 
                and other schools leaders;
                    ``(B) developing and implementing initiatives to 
                assist in recruiting, hiring, and retaining highly 
                effective teachers, principals, and other school 
                leaders, particularly in low-income schools with high 
                percentages of ineffective teachers and high 
                percentages of students who do not meet the challenging 
                State academic standards described in section 
                1111(b)(1), to improve within-district equity in the 
                distribution of teachers, principals, and school 
                leaders consistent with the requirements of section 
                1111(c)(1)(F), such as initiatives that provide--
                            ``(i) expert help in screening candidates 
                        and enabling early hiring;
                            ``(ii) differential and incentive pay for 
                        teachers, principals, and other school leaders 
                        in high-need academic subject areas and 
                        specialty areas, which may include performance-
                        based pay systems;
                            ``(iii) teacher, paraprofessional, 
                        principal, and other school leader advancement 
                        and professional growth, and an emphasis on 
                        leadership opportunities, multiple career paths 
                        and pay differentiation;
                            ``(iv) new teacher, principal, and other 
                        school leader induction and mentoring programs 
                        that are designed to--
                                    ``(I) improve classroom instruction 
                                and student learning and achievement;
                                    ``(II) increase the retention of 
                                effective teachers, principals, and 
                                other school leaders;
                                    ``(III) improve school leadership 
                                to improve classroom instruction and 
                                student learning and achievement; and
                                    ``(IV) provide opportunities for 
                                mentor teachers, principals, and other 
                                educators who are experienced, 
                                effective, and have demonstrated an 
                                ability to work with adult learners;
                            ``(v) the development and provision of 
                        training for school leaders, coaches, mentors 
                        and evaluators on how to accurately 
                        differentiate performance, provide useful 
                        feedback, and use evaluation results to inform 
                        decisionmaking about professional development, 
                        improvement strategies, and personnel 
                        decisions; and
                            ``(vi) a system for auditing the quality of 
                        evaluation and support systems;
                    ``(C) recruiting qualified individuals from other 
                fields to become teachers, principals, or other school 
                leaders including mid-career professionals from other 
                occupations, former military personnel, and recent 
                graduates of institutions of higher education with a 
                record of academic distinction who demonstrate 
                potential to become effective teachers, principals, or 
                other school leaders;
                    ``(D) reducing class size to an evidence-based 
                level to improve student achievement through the 
                recruiting and hiring of additional effective teachers;
                    ``(E) providing high-quality, personalized 
                professional development for teachers, instructional 
                leadership teams, principals, and other school leaders, 
                focused on improving teaching and student learning and 
                achievement, including supporting efforts to train 
                teachers, principals, and other school leaders to--
                            ``(i) effectively integrate technology into 
                        curricula and instruction;
                            ``(ii) use data from such technology to 
                        improve student achievement;
                            ``(iii) effectively engage parents, 
                        families and community partners, and coordinate 
                        services between school and community; and
                            ``(iv) help all students develop the 
                        academic and nonacademic skills essential for 
                        learning readiness and academic success;
                    ``(F) developing programs and activities that 
                increase the ability of teachers to effectively teach 
                children with disabilities, including children with 
                significant cognitive disabilities, which may include 
                the use of multi-tier systems of support and positive 
                behavioral intervention and supports, and students who 
                are English learners, so that such children with 
                disabilities and students who are English learners can 
                meet the challenging State academic standards described 
                in section 1111(b)(1);
                    ``(G) providing programs and activities to increase 
                the knowledge base of teachers and principals on 
                instruction in the early grades, and strategies to 
                measure whether young children are progressing, which 
                may include providing joint professional learning 
                activities for school staff and educators in preschool 
                programs that address the transition to elementary 
                school;
                    ``(H) providing training, technical assistance, and 
                capacity-building in local educational agencies to 
                assist teachers and school leaders with selecting and 
                implementing formative assessments, designing 
                classroom-based assessments, and in using data from 
                such assessments to improve instruction and student 
                academic achievement, which may include providing 
                additional time for teachers to review student data and 
                respond, as appropriate;
                    ``(I) supporting teacher, principal, and school 
                leader residency programs;
                    ``(J) reforming or improving teacher, principal, 
                and other school leader preparation programs;
                    ``(K) carrying out in-service training for school 
                personnel in--
                            ``(i) the techniques and supports needed 
                        for early identification of children with 
                        trauma histories, and children with, or at risk 
                        of, mental illness;
                            ``(ii) the use of referral mechanisms that 
                        effectively link such children to appropriate 
                        treatment and intervention services in the 
                        school and in the community, where appropriate; 
                        and
                            ``(iii) forming partnerships between 
                        school-based mental health programs and public 
                        or private mental health organizations;
                    ``(L) providing training to support the 
                identification of students who are gifted and talented, 
                including high-ability students who have not been 
                formally identified for gifted education services, and 
                implementing instructional practices that support the 
                education of such students, such as early entrance to 
                kindergarten, enrichment, acceleration, and curriculum 
                compacting activities, and dual enrollment in secondary 
                school and postsecondary education;
                    ``(M) supporting the instructional services 
                provided by school librarians;
                    ``(N) providing general liability insurance 
                coverage for teachers related to actions performed in 
                the scope of their duties; and
                    ``(O) carrying out other evidence-based activities 
                identified by the local educational agencies that meet 
                the purpose of this title.
    ``(c) Principles of Effectiveness.--
            ``(1) In general.--For a program or activity supported with 
        funds provided under this part to meet the principles of 
        effectiveness, such program or activity shall--
                    ``(A) be based upon an assessment of objective data 
                regarding the need for programs and activities in the 
                schools to be served to--
                            ``(i) increase the number of teachers, 
                        principals, and other school leaders who are 
                        effective in improving student academic 
                        achievement;
                            ``(ii) ensure that low-income and minority 
                        students are served by effective teachers, 
                        principals, and other school leaders; and
                            ``(iii) ensure that low-income and minority 
                        students have access to a high-quality 
                        instructional program;
                    ``(B) be based upon established and evidence-based 
                criteria--
                            ``(i) aimed at ensuring that all students 
                        receive a high-quality education taught by 
                        effective teachers and attend schools led by 
                        effective principals and other school leaders; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) that result in improved student 
                        academic achievement in the school served by 
                        the program or activity; and
                    ``(C) include meaningful and ongoing consultation 
                with and input from teachers, teacher organizations, 
                principals, other school leaders, specialized 
                instructional support personnel, parents, community 
                partners, and (where applicable) institutions of higher 
                education, in the development of the application and 
                administration of the program or activity.
            ``(2) Periodic evaluation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A program or activity carried 
                out under this section shall undergo a periodic 
                evaluation to assess its progress toward achieving the 
                goal of providing students with a high-quality 
                education, taught by effective teachers, in schools led 
                by effective principals and school leaders that results 
                in improved student academic achievement.
                    ``(B) Use of results.--The results of an evaluation 
                described in subparagraph (A) shall be--
                            ``(i) used to refine, improve, and 
                        strengthen the program or activity, and to 
                        refine the criteria described in paragraph 
                        (1)(B); and
                            ``(ii) made available to the public upon 
                        request, with public notice of such 
                        availability provided.
            ``(3) Prohibition.--Nothing in this subsection shall be 
        construed to authorize the Secretary or any other officer or 
        employee of the Federal Government to mandate, direct, or 
        control the principles of effectiveness developed by local 
        educational agencies under paragraph (1) or the specific 
        programs or activities that will be implemented by a local 
        educational agency.

``SEC. 2104. REPORTING.

    ``(a) State Report.--Each State educational agency receiving funds 
under this part shall annually submit to the Secretary a report that 
provides--
            ``(1) the number and percent of teachers, principals, and 
        other school leaders in the State and each local educational 
        agency in the State who are licensed or certified, provided 
        such information does not reveal personally identifiable 
        information;
            ``(2) the first-time passage rate of teachers and 
        principals in the State and each local educational agency in 
        the State on teacher and principal licensure examinations, 
        provided such information does not reveal personally 
        identifiable information;
            ``(3) a description of how chosen professional development 
        activities improved teacher and principal performance; and
            ``(4) if funds are used under this part to improve 
        equitable access to teachers, principals, and other school 
        leaders for low-income and minority students, a description of 
        how funds have been used to improve such access.
    ``(b) Local Educational Agency Report.--Each local educational 
agency receiving funds under this part shall submit to the State 
educational agency such information that the State requires, which 
shall include the information described in subsection (a) for the local 
educational agency.
    ``(c) Availability.--The reports and information provided under 
subsections (a) and (b) shall be made readily available to the public.
    ``(d) Limitation.--The reports and information provided under 
subsections (a) and (b) shall not reveal personally identifiable 
information about any individual.

``SEC. 2105. NATIONAL ACTIVITIES OF DEMONSTRATED EFFECTIVENESS.

    ``(a) In General.--From the funds appropriated under section 
2003(b) to carry out this section, the Secretary--
            ``(1) may reserve not more than 20 percent to carry out 
        activities under subsection (b);
            ``(2) shall reserve not less than 40 percent to carry out 
        activities under subsection (c); and
            ``(3) shall reserve not less than 40 percent to carry out 
        activities under subsection (d).
    ``(b) Technical Assistance and National Evaluation.--From the funds 
reserved by the Secretary under subsection (a)(1), the Secretary may 
carry out--
            ``(1) technical assistance to States and local educational 
        agencies carrying out activities under this part, which may be 
        carried out directly or through grants and contracts; and
            ``(2) evaluations of activities carried out by States and 
        local educational agencies under this part, which shall be 
        conducted by a third party or by the Institute of Education 
        Sciences.
    ``(c) Programs of National Significance.--
            ``(1) In general.--From the funds reserved by the Secretary 
        under subsection (a)(2), the Secretary shall award grants, on a 
        competitive basis, to eligible entities for the purposes of--
                    ``(A) providing teachers, principals, and other 
                school leaders from nontraditional preparation and 
                certification routes or pathways to serve in 
                traditionally underserved local educational agencies;
                    ``(B) providing evidence-based professional 
                development activities that addresses literacy, 
                numeracy, remedial, or other needs of local educational 
                agencies and the students the agencies serve;
                    ``(C) making freely available services and learning 
                opportunities to local educational agencies, through 
                partnerships and cooperative agreements or by making 
                the services or opportunities publicly accessible 
                through electronic means; or
                    ``(D) providing teachers, principals, and other 
                school leaders with evidence-based professional 
                enhancement activities, which may include activities 
                that lead to an advanced credential.
            ``(2) Program periods and diversity of projects.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A grant awarded by the Secretary 
                to an eligible entity under this subsection shall be 
                for a period of not more than 3 years.
                    ``(B) Renewal.--The Secretary may renew a grant 
                awarded under this subsection for 1 additional 2-year 
                period.
                    ``(C) Diversity of projects.--In awarding grants 
                under this subsection, the Secretary shall ensure that, 
                to the extent practicable, grants are distributed among 
                eligible entities that will serve geographically 
                diverse areas, including urban, suburban, and rural 
                areas.
                    ``(D) Limitation.--The Secretary shall not award 
                more than 1 grant under this subsection to an eligible 
                entity during a grant competition.
            ``(3) Cost-sharing.--
                    ``(A) In general.--An eligible entity that receives 
                a grant under this subsection shall provide, from non-
                Federal sources, not less than 25 percent of the funds 
                for the total cost for each year of activities carried 
                out under this subsection.
                    ``(B) Acceptable contributions.--An eligible entity 
                that receives a grant under this subsection may meet 
                the requirement of subparagraph (A) by providing 
                contributions in cash or in-kind, fairly evaluated, 
                including plant, equipment, and services.
                    ``(C) Waivers.--The Secretary may waive or modify 
                the requirement of subparagraph (A) in cases of 
                demonstrated financial hardship.
            ``(4) Applications.--In order to receive a grant under this 
        subsection, an eligible entity shall submit an application to 
        the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and containing such 
        information that the Secretary may reasonably require. Such 
        application shall include, at a minimum, a certification that 
        the services provided by an eligible entity under the grant to 
        a local educational agency or to a school served by the local 
        educational agency will not result in direct fees for 
        participating students or parents.
            ``(5) Definition of eligible entity.--In this subsection, 
        the term `eligible entity' means--
                    ``(A) an institution of higher education that 
                provides course materials or resources that are 
                evidence-based in increasing academic achievement, 
                graduation rates, or rates of postsecondary education 
                matriculation;
                    ``(B) a national nonprofit entity with a 
                demonstrated track record of raising student academic 
                achievement, graduation rates, and rates of higher 
                education attendance, matriculation, or completion, or 
                of effectiveness in providing preparation and 
                professional development activities and programs for 
                teachers, principals, and other school leaders; or
                    ``(C) a partnership consisting of--
                            ``(i) 1 or more entities described in 
                        subparagraph (A) or (B); and
                            ``(ii) a for-profit entity.
    ``(d) School Leader Recruitment and Support Programs.--
            ``(1) In general.--From the funds reserved by the Secretary 
        under subsection (a)(3), the Secretary shall award grants, on a 
        competitive basis to eligible entities to enable such entities 
        to improve the recruitment, preparation, placement, support, 
        and retention of effective principals and other school leaders 
        in high-need schools, which may include--
                    ``(A) developing or implementing leadership 
                training programs designed to prepare and support 
                principals and other school leaders in high-need 
                schools, including through new or alternative pathways 
                and school leader residency programs;
                    ``(B) developing or implementing programs or 
                activities for recruiting, selecting, and developing 
                aspiring or current principals and other school leaders 
                to serve in high-need schools;
                    ``(C) developing or implementing programs for 
                recruiting, developing, and placing school leaders to 
                improve schools identified for intervention and support 
                under section 1114(a)(1)(A), including through cohort-
                based activities that build effective instructional and 
                school leadership teams and develop a school culture, 
                design, instructional program, and professional 
                development program focused on improving student 
                learning;
                    ``(D) providing continuous professional development 
                for principals and other school leaders in high-need 
                schools;
                    ``(E) developing and disseminating information on 
                best practices and strategies for effective school 
                leadership in high-need schools; and
                    ``(F) other evidence-based programs or activities 
                described in section 2101(c)(3) or section 2103(b)(4) 
                focused on principals and other school leaders in high-
                need schools.
            ``(2) Program periods and diversity of projects.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A grant awarded by the Secretary 
                to an eligible entity under this subsection shall be 
                for a period of not more than 5 years.
                    ``(B) Renewal.--The Secretary may renew a grant 
                awarded under this subsection for 1 additional 2-year 
                period.
                    ``(C) Diversity of projects.--In awarding grants 
                under this subsection, the Secretary shall ensure that, 
                to the extent practicable, grants are distributed among 
                eligible entities that will serve geographically 
                diverse areas, including urban, suburban, and rural 
                areas.
                    ``(D) Limitation.--The Secretary shall not award 
                more than 1 grant under this subsection to an eligible 
                entity during a grant competition.
            ``(3) Cost-sharing.--
                    ``(A) In general.--An eligible entity that receives 
                a grant under this subsection shall provide, from non-
                Federal sources, not less than 25 percent of the funds 
                for the total cost for each year of activities carried 
                out under this subsection.
                    ``(B) Acceptable contributions.--An eligible entity 
                that receives a grant under this subsection may meet 
                the requirement of subparagraph (A) by providing 
                contributions in cash or in-kind, fairly evaluated, 
                including plant, equipment, and services.
                    ``(C) Waivers.--The Secretary may waive or modify 
                the requirement of subparagraph (A) in cases of 
                demonstrated financial hardship.
            ``(4) Applications.--An eligible entity that desires a 
        grant under this subsection shall submit to the Secretary an 
        application at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by 
        such information as the Secretary may require.
            ``(5) Priority.--In awarding grants under this subsection, 
        the Secretary shall give priority to an eligible entity with a 
        record of preparing or developing principals who--
                    ``(A) have improved school-level student outcomes;
                    ``(B) have become principals in high-need schools; 
                and
                    ``(C) remain principals in high-need schools for 
                multiple years.
            ``(6) Definitions.--In this subsection--
                    ``(A) the term `eligible entity' means--
                            ``(i) a local educational agency, including 
                        an educational service agency, that serves a 
                        high-need school or a consortium of such 
                        agencies;
                            ``(ii) a State educational agency or a 
                        consortium of such agencies;
                            ``(iii) a State educational agency in 
                        partnership with 1 or more local educational 
                        agencies or educational service agencies that 
                        serve a high-need school; or
                            ``(iv) an entity described in clause (i), 
                        (ii), or (iii) in partnership with 1 or more 
                        nonprofit organizations or institutions of 
                        higher education; and
                    ``(B) the term `high-need school' means--
                            ``(i) an elementary school in which not 
                        less than 50 percent of the enrolled students 
                        are from families with incomes below the 
                        poverty line; or
                            ``(ii) a high school in which not less than 
                        40 percent of the enrolled students are from 
                        families with incomes below the poverty line.

``SEC. 2106. SUPPLEMENT, NOT SUPPLANT.

    ``Funds made available under this part shall be used to supplement, 
and not supplant, non-Federal funds that would otherwise be used for 
activities authorized under this part.

         ``PART B--TEACHER AND SCHOOL LEADER INCENTIVE PROGRAM

``SEC. 2201. PURPOSES; DEFINITIONS.

    ``(a) Purposes.--The purposes of this part are--
            ``(1) to assist States, local educational agencies, and 
        nonprofit organizations to develop, implement, improve, or 
        expand comprehensive performance-based compensation systems or 
        human capital management systems for teachers, principals, and 
        other school leaders (especially for teachers, principals, and 
        other school leaders in high-need schools) who raise student 
        academic achievement and close the achievement gap between 
        high- and low-performing students; and
            ``(2) to study and review performance-based compensation 
        systems or human capital management systems for teachers, 
        principals, and other school leaders to evaluate the 
        effectiveness, fairness, quality, consistency, and reliability 
        of the systems.
    ``(b) Definitions.--In this part:
            ``(1) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means--
                    ``(A) a local educational agency, including a 
                charter school that is a local educational agency, or a 
                consortium of local educational agencies;
                    ``(B) a State educational agency or other State 
                agency designated by the chief executive of a State to 
                participate under this part; or
                    ``(C) a partnership consisting of--
                            ``(i) 1 or more agencies described in 
                        subparagraph (A) or (B); and
                            ``(ii) at least 1 nonprofit or for-profit 
                        entity.
            ``(2) High-need local educational agency.--The term `high-
        need local educational agency' means a local educational 
        agency, public charter school, or charter management 
        organization--
                    ``(A) that serves not fewer than 10,000 children 
                from families with incomes below the poverty line; or
                    ``(B) for which not less than 20 percent of the 
                children served by the agency, school, or organization 
                are from families with incomes below the poverty line.
            ``(3) High-need school.--The term `high-need school' means 
        a public elementary school or secondary school that is located 
        in an area in which the percentage of students from families 
        with incomes below the poverty line is 30 percent or more.
            ``(4) Human capital management system.--The term `human 
        capital management system' means a system--
                    ``(A) by which a local educational agency makes and 
                implements human capital decisions, such as decisions 
                on preparation, recruitment, hiring, placement, 
                retention, dismissal, compensation, professional 
                development, tenure, and promotion; and
                    ``(B) that includes a performance-based 
                compensation system.
            ``(5) Performance-based compensation system.--The term 
        `performance-based compensation system' means a system of 
        compensation for teachers, principals, and other school leaders 
        that--
                    ``(A) differentiates levels of compensation based 
                in part on measurable increases in student academic 
                achievement; and
                    ``(B) may include--
                            ``(i) differentiated levels of 
                        compensation, which may include bonus pay, on 
                        the basis of the employment responsibilities 
                        and success of effective teachers, principals, 
                        and other school leaders in hard-to-staff 
                        schools or high-need subject areas; and
                            ``(ii) recognition of the skills and 
                        knowledge of teachers, principals, and other 
                        school leaders as demonstrated through--
                                    ``(I) successful fulfillment of 
                                additional responsibilities or job 
                                functions, such as teacher leadership 
                                roles; and
                                    ``(II) evidence of professional 
                                achievement and mastery of content 
                                knowledge and superior teaching and 
                                leadership skills.

``SEC. 2202. TEACHER AND SCHOOL LEADER INCENTIVE FUND GRANTS.

    ``(a) Grants Authorized.--From the amounts appropriated to carry 
out this part, the Secretary shall award grants, on a competitive 
basis, to eligible entities to enable the eligible entities to develop, 
implement, improve, or expand performance-based compensation systems or 
human capital management systems, in schools served by the eligible 
entity.
    ``(b) Duration of Grants.--
            ``(1) In general.--A grant awarded under this part shall be 
        for a period of not more than 3 years.
            ``(2) Renewal.--The Secretary may renew a grant awarded 
        under this part for a period of up to 2 years if the grantee 
        demonstrates to the Secretary that the grantee is effectively 
        utilizing funds. Such renewal may include allowing the grantee 
        to scale up or replicate the successful program.
            ``(3) Limitation.--A local educational agency may receive 
        (whether individually or as part of a consortium or 
        partnership) a grant under this part only twice, as of the date 
        of enactment of the Every Child Achieves Act of 2015.
    ``(c) Applications.--An eligible entity desiring a grant under this 
part shall submit an application to the Secretary, at such time, in 
such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary may 
reasonably require. The application shall include--
            ``(1) a description of the performance-based compensation 
        system or human capital management system that the eligible 
        entity proposes to develop, implement, improve, or expand 
        through the grant;
            ``(2) a description of the most pressing gaps or 
        insufficiencies in student access to effective teachers and 
        school leaders in high-need schools, including gaps or 
        inequities in how effective teachers and school leaders are 
        distributed across the local educational agency, as identified 
        using factors such as data on school resources, staffing 
        patterns, school environment, educator support systems and 
        other school level factors;
            ``(3) a description and evidence of the support and 
        commitment from teachers, principals, and other school leaders, 
        which may include charter school leaders, in the school 
        (including organizations representing teachers, principals, and 
        other school leaders), the community, and the local educational 
        agency to the activities proposed under the grant;
            ``(4) a description of how the eligible entity will develop 
        and implement a fair, rigorous, valid, reliable, and objective 
        process to evaluate teacher, principal, school leader, and 
        student performance under the system that is based in part on 
        measures of student academic achievement, including the 
        baseline performance against which evaluations of improved 
        performance will be made;
            ``(5) a description of the local educational agencies or 
        schools to be served under the grant, including such student 
        academic achievement, demographic, and socioeconomic 
        information as the Secretary may request;
            ``(6) a description of the quality of teachers, principals, 
        and other school leaders in the local educational agency and 
        the schools to be served under the grant and the extent to 
        which the system will increase the quality of teachers, 
        principals, and other school leaders in a high-need school;
            ``(7) a description of how the eligible entity will use 
        grant funds under this part in each year of the grant, 
        including a timeline for implementation of such activities;
            ``(8) a description of how the eligible entity will 
        continue the activities assisted under the grant after the 
        grant period ends;
            ``(9) a description of the State, local, or other public or 
        private funds that will be used to supplement the grant, 
        including funds under part A, and sustain the activities 
        assisted under the grant at the end of the grant period;
            ``(10) a description of how the proposed activities are 
        rational and evidence-based and, if applicable, the prior 
        experience of the eligible entity in developing and 
        implementing such activities; and
            ``(11) a description of how activities funded under this 
        part will be evaluated, monitored, and publically reported.
    ``(d) Award Basis.--
            ``(1) Priority.--In awarding a grant under this part, the 
        Secretary shall give priority to an eligible entity that 
        concentrates the activities proposed to be assisted under the 
        grant on teachers, principals, and other school leaders serving 
        in high-need schools.
            ``(2) Equitable distribution.--To the extent practicable, 
        the Secretary shall ensure an equitable geographic distribution 
        of grants under this part, including the distribution of such 
        grants between rural and urban areas.
    ``(e) Use of Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--An eligible entity that receives a grant 
        under this part shall use the grant funds to develop, 
        implement, improve, or expand, in collaboration with teachers, 
        principals, other school leaders, and members of the public, a 
        performance-based compensation system or human capital 
        management system consistent with this part.
            ``(2) Authorized activities.--Grant funds under this part 
        may be used for the following:
                    ``(A) Developing or improving an evaluation and 
                support system, including as part of a human capital 
                management system as applicable, that--
                            ``(i) reflects clear and fair measures of 
                        teacher, principal, and other school leader 
                        performance, based in part on demonstrated 
                        improvement in student academic achievement; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) provides teachers, principals, and 
                        other school leaders with ongoing, 
                        differentiated, targeted and personalized 
                        support and feedback for improvement, including 
                        professional development opportunities designed 
                        to increase effectiveness.
                    ``(B) Conducting outreach within a local 
                educational agency or a State to gain input on how to 
                construct an evaluation system described in 
                subparagraph (A) and to develop support for the 
                evaluation system, including by training appropriate 
                personnel in how to observe and evaluate teachers, 
                principals, and other school leaders.
                    ``(C) Providing principals and other school leaders 
                with--
                            ``(i) balanced autonomy to make budgeting, 
                        scheduling, and other school-level decisions in 
                        a manner that meets the needs of the school 
                        without compromising the intent or essential 
                        components of the policies of the local 
                        educational agency or State;
                            ``(ii) authority to make staffing decisions 
                        that meet the needs of the school, such as 
                        building an instructional leadership team that 
                        includes teacher leaders or offering 
                        opportunities for teams or pairs of effective 
                        teachers or candidates to teach or start 
                        teaching in high-need schools together.
                    ``(D) Paying, as part of a comprehensive 
                performance-based compensation system, a differentiated 
                salary structure, which may include bonuses and 
                stipends, to--
                            ``(i) teachers who--
                                    ``(I)(aa) teach in high-need 
                                schools; or
                                    ``(bb) teach in high-need subjects;
                                    ``(II) raise student academic 
                                achievement; or
                                    ``(III) take on additional 
                                leadership responsibilities; or
                            ``(ii) principals and other school leaders 
                        who serve in high-need schools and raise 
                        student academic achievement in the schools.
                    ``(E) Improving the local educational agency's 
                system and process for the recruitment, selection, 
                placement, and retention of effective teachers and 
                school leaders in high-need schools, such as by 
                improving local educational agency policies and 
                procedures to ensure that high-need schools are 
                competitive and timely in--
                            ``(i) attracting, hiring, and retaining 
                        effective educators;
                            ``(ii) offering bonuses or higher salaries 
                        to effective teachers; or
                            ``(iii) establishing or strengthening 
                        residency programs.
                    ``(F) Instituting career advancement opportunities 
                characterized by increased responsibility and pay that 
                reward and recognize effective teachers and school 
                leaders in high-need schools and enable them to expand 
                their leadership and results, such as through teacher-
                led professional development, mentoring, coaching, 
                hybrid roles, administrative duties, and career 
                ladders.
    ``(f) Matching Requirement.--Each eligible entity that receives a 
grant under this part shall provide, from non-Federal sources, an 
amount equal to 50 percent of the amount of the grant (which may be 
provided in cash or in-kind) to carry out the activities supported by 
the grant.
    ``(g) Supplement, Not Supplant.--Grant funds provided under this 
part shall be used to supplement, not supplant, other Federal or State 
funds available to carry out activities described in this part.

``SEC. 2203. REPORTS.

    ``(a) Activities Summary.--Each eligible entity receiving a grant 
under this part shall provide to the Secretary a summary of the 
activities assisted under the grant.
    ``(b) Report.--The Secretary shall provide to Congress an annual 
report on the implementation of the program carried out under this 
part, including--
            ``(1) information on eligible entities that received grant 
        funds under this part, including--
                    ``(A) information provided by eligible entities to 
                the Secretary in the applications submitted under 
                section 2202(c);
                    ``(B) the summaries received under subsection (a); 
                and
                    ``(C) grant award amounts; and
            ``(2) student academic achievement, and as applicable, 
        growth data from the schools participating in the programs 
        supported under the grant.
    ``(c) Evaluation and Technical Assistance.--
            ``(1) Reservation of funds.--Of the total amount reserved 
        under section 2003(c) for this part for a fiscal year, the 
        Secretary may reserve for such fiscal year not more than 1 
        percent for the cost of the evaluation under paragraph (2) and 
        for technical assistance in carrying out this part.
            ``(2) Evaluation.--From amounts reserved under paragraph 
        (1), the Secretary, acting through the Director of the 
        Institute of Education Sciences, shall carry out an independent 
        evaluation to measure the effectiveness of the program assisted 
        under this part.
            ``(3) Contents.--The evaluation under paragraph (2) shall 
        measure--
                    ``(A) the effectiveness of the program in improving 
                student academic achievement;
                    ``(B) the satisfaction of the participating 
                teachers, principals, and other school leaders; and
                    ``(C) the extent to which the program assisted the 
                eligible entities in recruiting and retaining high-
                quality teachers, principals, and other school leaders, 
                especially in high-need subject areas.''.

SEC. 2003. AMERICAN HISTORY AND CIVICS EDUCATION.

    Title II (20 U.S.C. 6601 et seq.), as amended by section 2002, is 
further amended by adding at the end the following:

            ``PART C--AMERICAN HISTORY AND CIVICS EDUCATION.

``SEC. 2301. PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

    ``(a) In General.--From amounts appropriated to carry out this 
part, the Secretary is authorized to carry out an American history and 
civics education program to improve--
            ``(1) the quality of American history, civics, and 
        government education by educating students about the history 
        and principles of the Constitution of the United States, 
        including the Bill of Rights; and
            ``(2) the quality of teaching American history, civics, and 
        government in elementary schools and secondary schools, 
        including the teaching of traditional American history.
    ``(b) Funding Allotment.--From amounts made available under section 
2305 for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) reserve not more than 85 percent for activities under 
        section 2302;
            ``(2) reserve not more than 10 percent for activities under 
        section 2303; and
            ``(3) reserve not more than 5 percent for activities under 
        section 2304.

``SEC. 2302. TEACHING OF TRADITIONAL AMERICAN HISTORY.

    ``(a) In General.--From the amounts reserved by the Secretary under 
section 2301(b)(1), the Secretary shall award grants, on a competitive 
basis, to local educational agencies--
            ``(1) to carry out activities to promote the teaching of 
        traditional American history in elementary schools and 
        secondary schools as a separate academic subject (not as a 
        component of social studies); and
            ``(2) for the development, implementation, and 
        strengthening of programs to teach traditional American history 
        as a separate academic subject (not as a component of social 
        studies) within elementary school and secondary school 
        curricula, including the implementation of activities--
                    ``(A) to improve the quality of instruction; and
                    ``(B) to provide professional development and 
                teacher education activities with respect to American 
                history.
    ``(b) Required Partnership.--A local educational agency that 
receives a grant under subsection (a) shall carry out activities under 
the grant in partnership with 1 or more of the following:
            ``(1) An institution of higher education.
            ``(2) A nonprofit history or humanities organization.
            ``(3) A library or museum.
    ``(c) Application.--To be eligible to receive a grant under this 
section, a local educational agency shall submit an application to the 
Secretary at such time, in such manner, and containing such information 
as the Secretary may reasonably require.
    ``(d) Grant Terms.--Grants awarded under subsection (a) shall be 
for a term of not more than 5 years.

``SEC. 2303. PRESIDENTIAL AND CONGRESSIONAL ACADEMIES FOR AMERICAN 
              HISTORY AND CIVICS.

    ``(a) In General.--From the amounts reserved under section 
2301(b)(2), the Secretary shall award not more than 12 grants on a 
competitive basis to--
            ``(1) eligible entities to establish Presidential Academies 
        for the Teaching of American History and Civics (in this 
        section referred to as the `Presidential Academies') in 
        accordance with subsection (e); and
            ``(2) eligible entities to establish Congressional 
        Academies for Students of American History and Civics (in this 
        section referred to as the `Congressional Academies') in 
        accordance with subsection (f).
    ``(b) Application.--An eligible entity that desires to receive a 
grant under subsection (a) shall submit an application to the Secretary 
at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the 
Secretary may reasonably require.
    ``(c) Eligible Entity.--The term `eligible entity' under this 
section means--
            ``(1) an institution of higher education or nonprofit 
        educational organization, museum, library, or research center 
        with demonstrated expertise in historical methodology or the 
        teaching of American history and civics; or
            ``(2) a consortium of entities described in paragraph (1).
    ``(d) Grant Terms.--Grants awarded to eligible entities under 
subsection (a) shall be for a term of not more than 5 years.
    ``(e) Presidential Academies.--
            ``(1) Use of funds.--Each eligible entity that receives a 
        grant under subsection (a)(1) shall use the grant funds to 
        establish a Presidential Academy that offers a seminar or 
        institute for teachers of American history and civics, which--
                    ``(A) provides intensive professional development 
                opportunities for teachers of American history and 
                civics to strengthen such teachers' knowledge of the 
                subjects of American history and civics;
                    ``(B) is led by a team of primary scholars and core 
                teachers who are accomplished in the field of American 
                history and civics;
                    ``(C) is conducted during the summer or other 
                appropriate time; and
                    ``(D) is of not less than 2 weeks and not more than 
                6 weeks in duration.
            ``(2) Selection of teachers.--Each year, each Presidential 
        Academy shall select between 50 and 300 teachers of American 
        history and civics from public or private elementary schools 
        and secondary schools to attend the seminar or institute under 
        paragraph (1).
            ``(3) Teacher stipends.--Each teacher selected to 
        participate in a seminar or institute under this subsection 
        shall be awarded a fixed stipend based on the length of the 
        seminar or institute to ensure that such teacher does not incur 
        personal costs associated with the teacher's participation in 
        the seminar or institute.
            ``(4) Priority.--In awarding grants under this subsection, 
        the Secretary shall give priority to eligible entities that 
        coordinate or align their activities with the National Park 
        Service National Centennial Parks initiative to develop 
        innovative and comprehensive programs using the resources of 
        the National Parks.
    ``(f) Congressional Academies.--
            ``(1) Use of funds.--Each eligible entity that receives a 
        grant under subsection (a)(2) shall use the grant funds to 
        establish a Congressional Academy that offers a seminar or 
        institute for outstanding students of American history and 
        civics, which--
                    ``(A) broadens and deepens such students' 
                understanding of American history and civics;
                    ``(B) is led by a team of primary scholars and core 
                teachers who are accomplished in the field of American 
                history and civics;
                    ``(C) is conducted during the summer or other 
                appropriate time; and
                    ``(D) is of not less than 2 weeks and not more than 
                6 weeks in duration.
            ``(2) Selection of students.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each year, each Congressional 
                Academy shall select between 100 and 300 eligible 
                students to attend the seminar or institute under 
                paragraph (1).
                    ``(B) Eligible students.--A student shall be 
                eligible to attend a seminar or institute offered by a 
                Congressional Academy under this subsection if the 
                student--
                            ``(i) is recommended by the student's 
                        secondary school principal or other school 
                        leader to attend the seminar or institute; and
                            ``(ii) will be a junior or senior in the 
                        academic year following attendance at the 
                        seminar or institute.
            ``(3) Student stipends.--Each student selected to 
        participate in a seminar or institute under this subsection 
        shall be awarded a fixed stipend based on the length of the 
        seminar or institute to ensure that such student does not incur 
        personal costs associated with the student's participation in 
        the seminar or institute.
    ``(g) Matching Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--An eligible entity that receives funds 
        under subsection (a) shall provide, toward the cost of the 
        activities assisted under the grant, from non-Federal sources, 
        an amount equal to 100 percent of the amount of the grant.
            ``(2) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive all or part of the 
        matching requirement described in paragraph (1) for any fiscal 
        year for an eligible entity if the Secretary determines that 
        applying the matching requirement would result in serious 
        hardship or an inability to carry out the activities described 
        in subsection (e) or (f).

``SEC. 2304. NATIONAL ACTIVITIES.

    ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to promote 
innovative strategies to promote innovative history, civic, and 
geography instruction, learning strategies, and professional 
development activities and programs for teachers, principals, and other 
school leaders, particularly for low-income students in underserved 
areas.
    ``(b) In General.--From the funds reserved by the Secretary under 
section 2301(b)(3), the Secretary shall award grants, on a competitive 
basis, to eligible entities for the purposes of--
            ``(1) developing, implementing, evaluating and 
        disseminating for voluntary use, innovative, evidenced-based 
        approaches to civic learning, geography, and American history, 
        which may include hands-on civic engagement activities for 
        teachers and low-income students, that demonstrate innovation, 
        scalability, accountability, and a focus on underserved 
        populations; or
            ``(2) other innovative evidence-based approaches to 
        improving the quality of student achievement and teaching of 
        American history, civics, geography, and government in 
        elementary schools and secondary schools.
    ``(c) Program Periods and Diversity of Projects.--
            ``(1) In general.--A grant awarded by the Secretary to an 
        eligible entity under this section shall be for a period of not 
        more than 3 years.
            ``(2) Renewal.--The Secretary may renew a grant awarded 
        under this section for 1 additional 2-year period.
            ``(3) Diversity of projects.--In awarding grants under this 
        section, the Secretary shall ensure that, to the extent 
        practicable, grants are distributed among eligible entities 
        that will serve geographically diverse areas, including urban, 
        suburban, and rural areas.
    ``(d) Applications.--In order to receive a grant under this 
section, an eligible entity shall submit an application to the 
Secretary at such time, and in such manner, and containing such 
information that the Secretary may reasonably require.
    ``(e) Eligible Entity.--In this section, the term `eligible entity' 
means an institution of higher education or other nonprofit or for-
profit organization with demonstrated expertise in the development of 
evidence-based approaches for improving the quality of American 
history, geography, and civics learning and teaching.

``SEC. 2305. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this part 
such sums as may be necessary for fiscal years 2016 through 2021.''.

SEC. 2004. LITERACY EDUCATION.

    Title II (20 U.S.C. 6601 et seq.), as amended by sections 2001 
through 2003, is further amended by adding at the end the following:

     ``PART D--LITERACY EDUCATION FOR ALL, RESULTS FOR THE NATION.

``SEC. 2401. PURPOSES; DEFINITIONS.

    ``(a) Purposes.--The purpose of this part is--
            ``(1) to improve student academic achievement in reading 
        and writing by providing Federal support to States to develop, 
        revise, or update comprehensive literacy instruction plans that 
        when implemented ensure high-quality instruction and effective 
        strategies in reading and writing from early education through 
        grade 12; and
            ``(2) for States to provide targeted subgrants to State-
        designated early childhood education programs and local 
        educational agencies and their public or private partners to 
        implement evidenced-based programs that ensure high-quality 
        comprehensive literacy instruction for students most in need.
    ``(b) Definitions.--In this part:
            ``(1) Comprehensive literacy instruction.--The term 
        `comprehensive literacy instruction' means instruction that--
                    ``(A) includes developmentally appropriate, 
                contextually explicit, and systematic instruction, and 
                frequent practice, in reading and writing across 
                content areas;
                    ``(B) includes age-appropriate, explicit, 
                systematic, and intentional instruction in phonological 
                awareness, phonic decoding, vocabulary, language 
                structure, reading fluency, and reading comprehension;
                    ``(C) includes age-appropriate, explicit 
                instruction in writing, including opportunities for 
                children to write with clear purposes, with critical 
                reasoning appropriate to the topic and purpose, and 
                with specific instruction and feedback from 
                instructional staff;
                    ``(D) makes available and uses diverse, high-
                quality print materials that reflect the reading and 
                development levels, and interests, of children;
                    ``(E) uses differentiated instructional approaches, 
                including individual and small group instruction and 
                discussion;
                    ``(F) provides opportunities for children to use 
                language with peers and adults in order to develop 
                language skills, including developing vocabulary;
                    ``(G) includes frequent practice of reading and 
                writing strategies;
                    ``(H) uses age-appropriate, valid, and reliable 
                screening assessments, diagnostic assessments, 
                formative assessment processes, and summative 
                assessments to identify a child's learning needs, to 
                inform instruction, and to monitor the child's progress 
                and the effects of instruction;
                    ``(I) uses strategies to enhance children's 
                motivation to read and write and children's engagement 
                in self-directed learning;
                    ``(J) incorporates the principles of universal 
                design for learning;
                    ``(K) depends on teachers' collaboration in 
                planning, instruction, and assessing a child's progress 
                and on continuous professional learning; and
                    ``(L) links literacy instruction to the challenging 
                State academic standards under section 1111(b)(1), 
                including the ability to navigate, understand, and 
                write about, complex print and digital subject matter.
            ``(2) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means an 
        entity that serves a high share or percentage of high-need 
        schools and consists of--
                    ``(A) one or more local educational agencies that--
                            ``(i) have the highest number or proportion 
                        of children who are counted under section 
                        1124(c), in comparison to other local 
                        educational agencies in the State;
                            ``(ii) are among the local educational 
                        agencies in the State with the highest number 
                        or percentages of children reading or writing 
                        below grade level, based on the most currently 
                        available State academic assessment data under 
                        section 1111(b)(2); or
                            ``(iii) serve a significant number or 
                        percentage of schools that are identified under 
                        section 1114(a)(1)(A);
                    ``(B) one or more State-designated early childhood 
                education programs, which may include home-based 
                literacy programs for preschool aged children, that 
                have a demonstrated record of providing comprehensive 
                literacy instruction for the age group such program 
                proposes to serve; or
                    ``(C) a local educational agency, described in 
                subparagraph (A), or consortium of such local 
                educational agencies, or a State-designated early 
                childhood education program, which may include home-
                based literacy programs for preschool aged children, 
                acting in partnership with 1 or more public or private 
                nonprofit organizations or agencies (which may include 
                State-designated early childhood education programs) 
                that have a demonstrated record of effectiveness in--
                            ``(i) improving literacy achievement of 
                        children, consistent with the purposes of their 
                        participation, from birth through grade 12; and
                            ``(ii) providing professional development 
                        in comprehensive literacy instruction.
            ``(3) High-need school.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The term `high-need school' 
                means--
                            ``(i) an elementary school or middle school 
                        in which not less than 50 percent of the 
                        enrolled students are children from low-income 
                        families; or
                            ``(ii) a high school in which not less than 
                        40 percent of the enrolled students are 
                        children from low-income families, which may be 
                        calculated using comparable data from the 
                        schools that feed into the high school.
                    ``(B) Low-income family.--For purposes of 
                subparagraph (A), the term `low-income family' means a 
                family--
                            ``(i) in which the children are eligible 
                        for a free or reduced price lunch under the 
                        Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act 
                        (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.);
                            ``(ii) receiving assistance under the 
                        program of block grants to States for temporary 
                        assistance for needy families established under 
                        part A of title IV of the Social Security Act 
                        (42 U.S.C. 601 et seq.); or
                            ``(iii) in which the children are eligible 
                        to receive medical assistance under the 
                        Medicaid program under title XIX of the Social 
                        Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396 et seq.).

``SEC. 2402. COMPREHENSIVE LITERACY STATE DEVELOPMENT GRANTS.

    ``(a) Grants Authorized.--From the amounts appropriated to carry 
out this part and not reserved under subsection (b), the Secretary 
shall award grants, on a competitive basis, to States to enable the 
States to--
            ``(1) provide subgrants to eligible entities serving a 
        diversity of geographic areas, giving priority to entities 
        serving greater numbers or percentages of disadvantaged 
        children; and
            ``(2) develop or enhance comprehensive literacy instruction 
        plans that ensure high-quality instruction and effective 
        strategies in reading and writing for children from early 
        childhood education through grade 12, including English 
        learners and children with disabilities.
    ``(b) Reservation.--From the amounts appropriated to carry out this 
part for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve--
            ``(1) not more than a total of 5 percent for national 
        activities including a national evaluation, technical 
        assistance and training, data collection, and reporting;
            ``(2) one-half of 1 percent for the Secretary of the 
        Interior to carry out a program described in this part at 
        schools operated or funded by the Bureau of Indian Education; 
        and
            ``(3) one-half of 1 percent for the outlying areas to carry 
        out a program under this part.
    ``(c) Duration of Grants.--A grant awarded under this part shall be 
awarded for a period of not more than 5 years. Such grant may be 
renewed for an additional 2-year period upon the termination of the 
initial period of the grant if the grant recipient demonstrates to the 
satisfaction of the Secretary that--
            ``(1) the State has made adequate progress; and
            ``(2) renewing the grant for an additional 2-year period is 
        necessary to carry out the objectives of the grant described in 
        subsection (d).
    ``(d) State Applications.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State educational agency desiring a 
        grant under this part shall submit an application to the 
        Secretary, at such time and in such manner as the Secretary may 
        require. The State educational agency shall collaborate with 
        the State agency responsible for administering early childhood 
        education programs and the State agency responsible for 
        administering child care programs in the State in writing and 
        implementing the early childhood education portion of the grant 
        application under this subsection.
            ``(2) Contents.--An application described in paragraph (1) 
        shall include, at a minimum, the following:
                    ``(A) A needs assessment that analyzes literacy 
                needs across the State and in high-need schools and 
                local educational agencies that serve high-need 
                schools, including identifying the most pressing gaps 
                in literacy proficiency and inequities in student 
                access to effective teachers of literacy, considering 
                each of the categories of students, as defined in 
                section 1111(b)(3)(A).
                    ``(B) A description of how the State educational 
                agency, in collaboration with the State literacy team, 
                if applicable, will develop a State comprehensive 
                literacy instruction plan or will revise and update an 
                already existing State comprehensive literacy 
                instruction plan.
                    ``(C) An implementation plan that includes a 
                description of how the State educational agency will 
                carry out the State activities described in subsection 
                (e).
                    ``(D) An assurance that the State educational 
                agency will use implementation grant funds described in 
                subsection (e)(1) for comprehensive literacy 
                instruction programs as follows:
                            ``(i) Not less than 15 percent of such 
                        grant funds shall be used for State and local 
                        programs and activities pertaining to children 
                        from birth through kindergarten entry.
                            ``(ii) Not less than 40 percent of such 
                        grant funds shall be used for State and local 
                        programs and activities, allocated equitably 
                        among the grades of kindergarten through grade 
                        5.
                            ``(iii) Not less than 40 percent of such 
                        grant funds shall be used for State and local 
                        programs and activities, allocated equitably 
                        among grades 6 through 12.
                    ``(E) An assurance that the State educational 
                agency shall give priority in awarding a subgrant under 
                section 2403 to an eligible entity that--
                            ``(i) serves children from birth through 
                        age 5 who are from families with income levels 
                        at or below 200 percent of the Federal poverty 
                        line; or
                            ``(ii) consists of a local educational 
                        agency serving a high number or percentage of 
                        high-need schools.
    ``(e) State Activities.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State educational agency receiving a 
        grant under this section shall use not less than 95 percent of 
        such grant funds to award subgrants to eligible entities, based 
        on their needs assessment and a competitive application 
        process.
            ``(2) Reservation.--A State educational agency receiving a 
        grant under this section may reserve not more than 5 percent 
        for activities identified through the needs assessment and 
        comprehensive literacy plan described in subparagraphs (A) and 
        (B) of subsection (d)(2), including the following activities:
                    ``(A) Providing technical assistance, or engaging 
                qualified providers to provide technical assistance, to 
                eligible entities to enable the eligible entities to 
                design and implement literacy programs.
                    ``(B) Coordinating with institutions of higher 
                education in the State to provide recommendations to 
                strengthen and enhance pre-service courses for students 
                preparing to teach children from birth through grade 12 
                in explicit, systematic, and intensive instruction in 
                evidence-based literacy methods.
                    ``(C) Reviewing and updating, in collaboration with 
                teachers, statewide educational and professional 
                organizations representing teachers, and statewide 
                educational and professional organizations representing 
                institutions of higher education, State licensure or 
                certification standards in the area of literacy 
                instruction in early education through grade 12.
                    ``(D) Making publicly available, including on the 
                State educational agency's website, information on 
                promising instructional practices to improve child 
                literacy achievement.
                    ``(E) Administering and monitoring the 
                implementation of subgrants by eligible entities.
            ``(3) Additional uses.--After carrying out the activities 
        described in paragraphs (1) and (2), a State educational agency 
        may use any remaining amount to carry out 1 or more of the 
        following activities:
                    ``(A) Developing literacy coach training programs 
                and training literacy coaches.
                    ``(B) Administration and evaluation of activities 
                carried out under this part.

``SEC. 2403. SUBGRANTS TO ELIGIBLE ENTITIES IN SUPPORT LITERACY FOR 
              CHILDREN FROM BIRTH THROUGH KINDERGARTEN ENTRY.

    ``(a) Subgrants.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State educational agency receiving a 
        grant under this part shall, in consultation with the State 
        agencies responsible for administering early childhood 
        education programs and services, including the State agency 
        responsible for administering child care programs, and, if 
        applicable, the State Advisory Council on Early Childhood 
        Education and Care designated or established pursuant to 
        section 642B(b)(1)(A)(i) of the Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 
        9837b(b)(1)(A)(i))), use a portion of the grant funds, in 
        accordance with section 2402(d)(2)(D)(i), to award subgrants, 
        on a competitive basis, to eligible entities to enable the 
        eligible entities to support high-quality early literacy 
        initiatives for children from birth through kindergarten entry.
            ``(2) Duration.--The term of a subgrant under this section 
        shall be determined by the State educational agency awarding 
        the subgrant and shall in no case exceed 5 years.
            ``(3) Sufficient size and scope.--Each subgrant awarded 
        under this section shall be of sufficient size and scope to 
        allow the eligible entity to carry out high-quality early 
        literacy initiatives for children from birth through 
        kindergarten entry.
    ``(b) Local Applications.--An eligible entity desiring to receive a 
subgrant under this section shall submit an application to the State 
educational agency, at such time, in such manner, and containing such 
information as the State educational agency may require. Such 
application shall include a description of--
            ``(1) how the subgrant funds will be used to enhance the 
        language and literacy development and school readiness of 
        children, from birth through kindergarten entry, in early 
        childhood education programs, which shall include an analysis 
        of data that support the proposed use of subgrant funds;
            ``(2) how the subgrant funds will be used to prepare and 
        provide ongoing assistance to staff in the programs, through 
        high-quality professional development;
            ``(3) how the activities assisted under the subgrant will 
        be coordinated with comprehensive literacy instruction at the 
        kindergarten through grade 12 levels;
            ``(4) how the subgrant funds will be used to evaluate the 
        success of the activities assisted under the subgrant in 
        enhancing the early language and literacy development of 
        children from birth through kindergarten entry; and
            ``(5) such other information as the State educational 
        agency may require.
    ``(c) Local Uses of Funds.--An eligible entity that receives a 
subgrant under this section shall use the subgrant funds, consistent 
with the entity's approved application under subsection (b), to--
            ``(1) carry out high-quality professional development 
        opportunities for early childhood educators, teachers, 
        principals, other school leaders, paraprofessionals, 
        specialized instructional support personnel, and instructional 
        leaders;
            ``(2) train providers and personnel to develop and 
        administer high-quality early childhood education literacy 
        initiatives; and
            ``(3) coordinate the involvement of families, early 
        childhood education program staff, principals, other school 
        leaders, and teachers in literacy development of children 
        served under the subgrant.

``SEC. 2404. SUBGRANTS TO ELIGIBLE ENTITIES IN SUPPORT OF KINDERGARTEN 
              THROUGH GRADE 12 LITERACY.

    ``(a) Subgrants to Eligible Entities.--
            ``(1) Subgrants.--A State educational agency receiving a 
        grant under this part shall use a portion of the grant funds, 
        in accordance with clauses (ii) and (iii) of section 
        2402(d)(2)(D), to award subgrants, on a competitive basis, to 
        eligible entities to enable the eligible entities to carry out 
        the authorized activities described in subsections (b) and (c).
            ``(2) Duration.--The term of a subgrant under this section 
        shall be determined by the State educational agency awarding 
        the subgrant and shall in no case exceed 5 years.
            ``(3) Sufficient size and scope.--A State educational 
        agency shall award subgrants under this section of sufficient 
        size and scope to allow the eligible entities to carry out 
        high-quality comprehensive literacy instruction in each grade 
        level for which the subgrant funds are provided.
            ``(4) Local applications.--An eligible entity desiring to 
        receive a subgrant under this section shall submit an 
        application to the State educational agency at such time, in 
        such manner, and containing such information as the State 
        educational agency may require. Such application shall include, 
        for each school that the eligible entity identifies as 
        participating in a subgrant program under this section, the 
        following information:
                    ``(A) A description of the eligible entity's needs 
                assessment conducted to identify how subgrant funds 
                will be used to inform and improve comprehensive 
                literacy instruction at the school.
                    ``(B) How the school, the local educational agency, 
                or a provider of high-quality professional development 
                will provide ongoing high-quality professional 
                development to all teachers, principals, other school 
                leaders, and other instructional leaders served by the 
                school.
                    ``(C) How the school will identify children in need 
                of literacy interventions or other support services.
                    ``(D) An explanation of how the school will 
                integrate comprehensive literacy instruction into core 
                academic subjects.
                    ``(E) A description of how the school will 
                coordinate comprehensive literacy instruction with 
                early childhood education and after-school programs and 
                activities in the area served by the local educational 
                agency.
    ``(b) Local Uses of Funds for Kindergarten Through Grade 5.--An 
eligible entity that receives a subgrant under this section shall use 
the subgrant funds to carry out the following activities pertaining to 
children in kindergarten through grade 5:
            ``(1) Developing and implementing a comprehensive literacy 
        instruction plan across content areas for such children that--
                    ``(A) serves the needs of all children, including 
                children with disabilities and English learners, 
                especially children who are reading or writing below 
                grade level;
                    ``(B) provides intensive, supplemental, 
                accelerated, and explicit intervention and support in 
                reading and writing for children whose literacy skills 
                are below grade level; and
                    ``(C) supports activities that are provided 
                primarily during the regular school day but which may 
                be augmented by after-school and out-of-school time 
                instruction.
            ``(2) Providing high-quality professional development 
        opportunities for teachers, literacy coaches, literacy 
        specialists, English as a second language specialists (as 
        appropriate), principals, other school leaders, specialized 
        instructional support personnel, paraprofessionals, and other 
        program staff.
            ``(3) Training principals, specialized instructional 
        support personnel, and other school district personnel to 
        support, develop, administer, and evaluate high-quality 
        kindergarten through grade 5 literacy initiatives.
            ``(4) Coordinating the involvement of early childhood 
        education program staff, principals, other instructional 
        leaders, teachers, teacher literacy teams, English as a second 
        language specialists (as appropriate), special educators, and 
        school librarians in the literacy development of children 
        served under this subsection.
            ``(5) Engaging families and encouraging family literacy 
        experiences and practices to support literacy development.
    ``(c) Local Uses of Funds for Grades 6 Through 12.--An eligible 
entity that receives a subgrant under this section shall use subgrant 
funds to carry out the following activities pertaining to children in 
grades 6 through 12:
            ``(1) Developing and implementing a comprehensive literacy 
        instruction plan described in subsection (b)(1) for children in 
        grades 6 through 12.
            ``(2) Training principals, specialized instruction support 
        personnel, and other school district personnel to support, 
        develop, administer, and evaluate high-quality comprehensive 
        literacy instruction initiatives for grades 6 through 12.
            ``(3) Assessing the quality of adolescent comprehensive 
        literacy instruction in core academic subjects, and career and 
        technical education subjects where such career and technical 
        education subjects provide for the integration of core academic 
        subjects.
            ``(4) Providing time for teachers to meet to plan research-
        based adolescent comprehensive literacy instruction in core 
        academic subjects, and career and technical education subjects 
        where such career and technical education subjects provide for 
        the integration of core academic subjects.
            ``(5) Coordinating the involvement of principals, other 
        instructional leaders, teachers, teacher literacy teams, 
        English as a second language specialists (as appropriate), 
        paraprofessionals, special educators, and school librarians in 
        the literacy development of children served under this 
        subsection.
    ``(d) Allowable Uses.--An eligible entity that receives a subgrant 
under this section may, in addition to carrying out the activities 
described in subsection (b) or (c), use subgrant funds to carry out the 
following activities pertaining to children in kindergarten through 
grade 12:
            ``(1) Recruiting, placing, training, and compensating 
        literacy coaches.
            ``(2) Connecting out-of-school learning opportunities to 
        in-school learning in order to improve the literacy achievement 
        of the children.
            ``(3) Training families and caregivers to support the 
        improvement of adolescent literacy.
            ``(4) Providing for a multitier system of support.
            ``(5) Forming a school literacy leadership team to help 
        implement, assess, and identify necessary changes to the 
        literacy initiatives in 1 or more schools to ensure success.
            ``(6) Providing time for teachers (and other literacy 
        staff, as appropriate, such as school librarians) to meet to 
        plan comprehensive literacy instruction.

``SEC. 2405. NATIONAL EVALUATION AND INFORMATION DISSEMINATION.

    ``(a) National Evaluation.--From funds reserved under section 
2402(b)(1), the Director of the Institute of Education Sciences shall 
conduct a national evaluation of the grant and subgrant programs 
assisted under this part. Such evaluation shall include evidence-based 
research that applies rigorous and systematic procedures to obtain 
valid knowledge relevant to the implementation and effect of the 
programs and shall directly coordinate with individual State 
evaluations of the programs' implementation and impact.
    ``(b) Program Improvement.--The Secretary shall--
            ``(1) provide the findings of the evaluation conducted 
        under this section to State educational agencies and subgrant 
        recipients for use in program improvement;
            ``(2) make such findings publicly available, including on 
        the websites of the Department and the Institute of Education 
        Sciences; and
            ``(3) submit such findings to the Committee on Health, 
        Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate and the Committee 
        on Education and the Workforce of the House of Representatives.

``SEC. 2406. SUPPLEMENT, NOT SUPPLANT.

    ``Grant funds provided under this part shall be used to supplement, 
and not supplant, other Federal or State funds available to carry out 
activities described in this part.''.

SEC. 2005. IMPROVING SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND MATHEMATICS 
              INSTRUCTION AND STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT.

    Title II (20 U.S.C. 6601 et seq.), as amended by sections 2001 
through 2004, is further amended by adding at the end the following:

 ``PART E--IMPROVING SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND MATHEMATICS 
                  INSTRUCTION AND STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT

``SEC. 2501. PURPOSE.

    ``The purpose of this part is to improve student academic 
achievement in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics, 
including computer science, by--
            ``(1) improving instruction in such subjects through grade 
        12;
            ``(2) improving student engagement in, and increasing 
        student access to, such subjects;
            ``(3) improving the quality and effectiveness of classroom 
        instruction by recruiting, training, and supporting highly 
        rated teachers and providing robust tools and supports for 
        students and teachers in such subjects; and
            ``(4) closing student achievement gaps, and preparing more 
        students to be college and career ready, in such subjects.

``SEC. 2502. DEFINITIONS.

    ``In this part:
            ``(1) Eligible subgrantee.--The term `eligible subgrantee' 
        means--
                    ``(A) a high-need local educational agency;
                    ``(B) an educational service agency serving more 
                than 1 high-need local educational agency;
                    ``(C) a consortium of high-need local educational 
                agencies; or
                    ``(D) an entity described in subparagraph (A) or 
                (C) of paragraph (2) that has signed a memorandum of 
                agreement with an entity described in subparagraph (A), 
                (B), or (C) of this paragraph to implement the 
                requirements of this part in partnership with such 
                entity.
            ``(2) Outside partner.--The term `outside partner' means an 
        entity that has expertise and a demonstrated record of success 
        in improving student learning and engagement in the identified 
        subjects described in section 2504(b)(2), including any of the 
        following:
                    ``(A) A nonprofit or community-based organization, 
                which may include a cultural organization, such as a 
                museum or learning center.
                    ``(B) A business.
                    ``(C) An institution of higher education.
                    ``(D) An educational service agency.
            ``(3) STEM master teacher corps.--The term `STEM master 
        teacher corps' means a State-led effort to elevate the status 
        of the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics 
        teaching profession by recognizing, rewarding, attracting, and 
        retaining outstanding science, technology, engineering, and 
        mathematic teachers, particularly in high-need and rural 
        schools, by offering such teachers additional compensation, 
        instructional resources, and instructional leadership roles.

``SEC. 2503. GRANTS; ALLOTMENTS.

    ``(a) In General.--From amounts made available to carry out this 
part for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall award grants to State 
educational agencies, through allotments described in subsection (b), 
to enable State educational agencies to carry out the activities 
described in section 2505.
    ``(b) Distribution of Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), for each 
        fiscal year, the Secretary shall allot to each State--
                    ``(A) an amount that bears the same relationship to 
                35 percent of the amount available to carry out this 
                part for such year, as the number of individuals ages 5 
                through 17 in the State, as determined by the Secretary 
                on the basis of the most recent satisfactory data, 
                bears to the number of those individuals in all such 
                States, as so determined; and
                    ``(B) an amount that bears the same relationship to 
                65 percent of the amount available to carry out this 
                part for such year as the number of individuals ages 5 
                through 17 from families with incomes below the poverty 
                line in the State, as determined by the Secretary on 
                the basis of the most recent satisfactory data, bears 
                to the number of those individuals in all such States, 
                as so determined.
            ``(2) Funding minimum.--No State receiving an allotment 
        under this subsection may receive less than one-half of 1 
        percent of the total amount allotted under paragraph (1) for a 
        fiscal year.
    ``(c) Reallotment of Unused Funds.--If a State does not 
successfully apply for an allotment under this part, the Secretary 
shall reallot the amount of the State's allotment to the remaining 
States in accordance with this section.

``SEC. 2504. APPLICATIONS.

    ``(a) In General.--Each State desiring an allotment under section 
2503(b) shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in 
such manner, and accompanied by such information as the Secretary may 
require.
    ``(b) Contents.--At a minimum, an application submitted under 
subsection (a) shall include the following:
            ``(1) A description of the needs, including assets, 
        identified by the State educational agency based on a State 
        analysis, which shall include--
                    ``(A) an analysis of science, technology, 
                engineering, and mathematics education quality and 
                outcomes in the State, which may include results from a 
                pre-existing analysis;
                    ``(B) labor market information regarding the 
                industry and business workforce needs within the State; 
                and
                    ``(C) an analysis of the quality of pre-service 
                preparation at all public institutions of higher 
                education (including alternative pathways to teacher 
                licensure or certification) for individuals preparing 
                to teach science, technology, engineering, and 
                mathematics subjects in the State.
            ``(2) An identification of the specific subjects that the 
        State educational agency will address through the activities 
        described in section 2505, consistent with the needs identified 
        under paragraph (1) (referred to in this part as `identified 
        subjects').
            ``(3) A description, in a manner that addresses any needs 
        identified under paragraph (1), of--
                    ``(A) how grant funds will be used by the State 
                educational agency to improve instruction in the 
                identified subjects;
                    ``(B) the process that the State educational agency 
                will use for awarding subgrants, including how relevant 
                stakeholders will be involved;
                    ``(C) how the State's proposed project will ensure 
                an increase in access for students who are members of 
                groups underrepresented in science, technology, 
                engineering, and mathematics subject fields to high-
                quality courses in 1 or more of the identified 
                subjects; and
                    ``(D) how the State educational agency will 
                continue to involve stakeholders in education reform 
                efforts related to science, technology, engineering, 
                and mathematics instruction.

``SEC. 2505. AUTHORIZED ACTIVITIES.

    ``(a) Required Activities.--Each State educational agency that 
receives an allotment under this part shall use the grant funds 
reserved under subsection (d)(2) to carry out each of the following 
activities:
            ``(1) Increasing access for students through grade 12 who 
        are members of groups underrepresented in science, technology, 
        engineering, and mathematics subject fields to high-quality 
        courses in the identified subjects.
            ``(2) Implementing evidence-based programs of instruction 
        based on high-quality standards and assessments in the 
        identified subjects.
            ``(3) Providing professional development and other 
        comprehensive systems of support for teachers and school 
        leaders to promote high-quality instruction and instructional 
        leadership in the identified subjects.
    ``(b) Permissible Activities.--Each State educational agency that 
receives an allotment under this part may use the grant funds reserved 
under subsection (d)(2) to carry out 1 or more of the following 
activities:
            ``(1) Recruiting qualified teachers and instructional 
        leaders who are trained in identified subjects, including 
        teachers who have transitioned into the teaching profession 
        from a careers in the science, technology, engineering, and 
        mathematics fields.
            ``(2) Providing induction and mentoring services to new 
        teachers in identified subjects.
            ``(3) Developing instructional supports for identified 
        subjects, such as curricula and assessments, which shall be 
        evidence-based and aligned with challenging State academic 
        standards under section 1111(b)(1).
            ``(4) Supporting the development of a State-wide STEM 
        master teacher corps.
    ``(c) Subgrants.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each State educational agency that 
        receives a grant under this part shall use the amounts not 
        reserved under subsection (d) to award subgrants, on a 
        competitive basis, to eligible subgrantees to enable the 
        eligible subgrantees to carry out the activities described in 
        paragraph (4).
            ``(2) Minimum subgrant.--A State educational agency shall 
        award subgrants under this subsection that are of sufficient 
        size and scope to support high-quality, evidence-based, 
        effective programs that are consistent with the purpose of this 
        part.
            ``(3) Subgrantee application.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Each eligible subgrantee 
                desiring a subgrant under this subsection shall submit 
                an application to the State educational agency at such 
                time, in such manner, and accompanied by such 
                information as the State educational agency may 
                require.
                    ``(B) Contents of subgrantee application.--At a 
                minimum, the application described in subparagraph (A) 
                shall include the following:
                            ``(i) A description of the activities that 
                        the eligible subgrantee will carry out, and how 
                        such activities will improve teaching and 
                        student academic achievement in the State's 
                        identified subjects, in a manner consistent 
                        with scientifically valid research.
                            ``(ii) A description of how the eligible 
                        subgrantee will use funds provided under this 
                        subsection to serve students and teachers in 
                        high-need schools.
                            ``(iii) A description of how funds provided 
                        under this subsection will be coordinated with 
                        other Federal, State, and local programs and 
                        activities, including career and technical 
                        education programs authorized under the Carl D. 
                        Perkins Career and Technical Education Act of 
                        2006.
                            ``(iv) If the eligible subgrantee is 
                        working with outside partners, a description of 
                        how such outside partners will be involved in 
                        improving instruction and increasing access to 
                        high-quality learning experiences in the 
                        State's identified subjects.
            ``(4) Subgrantee use of funds.--
                    ``(A) Required use of funds.--Each subgrantee under 
                this subsection shall use the subgrant funds to carry 
                out activities for students through grade 12, as 
                described in the subgrantee's application, which shall 
                include--
                            ``(i) high-quality teacher and 
                        instructional leader recruitment, support, and 
                        evaluation in the State's identified subjects;
                            ``(ii) professional development, which may 
                        include development and support for 
                        instructional coaches, to enable teachers and 
                        instructional leaders to increase student 
                        achievement in identified subjects;
                            ``(iii) activities to--
                                    ``(I) improve the content knowledge 
                                of teachers in the State's identified 
                                subjects;
                                    ``(II) facilitate professional 
                                collaboration, which may include 
                                providing time for such collaborations; 
                                and
                                    ``(III) improve the integration of 
                                informal and after school programs that 
                                target the identified subjects, with 
                                classroom instruction; and
                            ``(iv) the development, adoption, and 
                        improvement of high-quality curricula and 
                        instructional supports that--
                                    ``(I) are aligned with the 
                                challenging State academic standards 
                                under section 1111(b)(1); and
                                    ``(II) the eligible subgrantee will 
                                use to improve student academic 
                                achievement in the identified subjects.
                    ``(B) Allowable use of funds.--In addition to the 
                required activities described in subparagraph (A), each 
                eligible subgrantee that receives a subgrant under this 
                subsection may also use the subgrant funds to--
                            ``(i) support the participation of low-
                        income students in nonprofit competitions 
                        related to science, technology, engineering, 
                        and mathematics subjects (such as robotics, 
                        science research, invention, mathematics, 
                        computer science, and technology competitions);
                            ``(ii) broaden secondary school students' 
                        access to, and interest in, careers that 
                        require academic preparation in 1 or more 
                        identified subjects; and
                            ``(iii) broaden secondary school students' 
                        access to early college high schools, dual 
                        enrollment, or concurrent enrollment courses in 
                        science, technology, engineering, and 
                        mathematics subjects, including providing 
                        professional development to teachers and 
                        leaders related to this work.
                    ``(C) Matching funds.--A State may require an 
                eligible subgrantee receiving a subgrant under this 
                subsection to demonstrate that such subgrantee has 
                obtained a commitment from 1 or more outside partners 
                to match, using non-Federal funds, a portion of the 
                amount of subgrant funds, in an amount determined by 
                the State.
    ``(d) State Activities.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each State educational agency that 
        receives an allotment under this part may use not more than 5 
        percent of grant funds for--
                    ``(A) administrative costs;
                    ``(B) monitoring the implementation of subgrants;
                    ``(C) providing technical assistance to eligible 
                subgrantees; and
                    ``(D) evaluating subgrants in coordination with the 
                evaluation described in section 2506(c).
            ``(2) Reservation.--Each State educational agency that 
        receives an allotment under this part shall reserve not less 
        than 15 and not more than 20 percent of grant funds, inclusive 
        of the amount described in paragraph (1), for additional State 
        activities, consistent with subsections (a) and (b).

``SEC. 2506. PERFORMANCE METRICS; REPORT; EVALUATION.

    ``(a) Establishment of Performance Metrics.--The Secretary, acting 
through the Director of the Institute of Education Sciences, shall 
establish performance metrics to evaluate the effectiveness of the 
activities carried out under this part.
    ``(b) Annual Report.--Each State educational agency that receives 
an allotment under this part shall prepare and submit an annual report 
to the Secretary, which shall include information relevant to the 
performance metrics described in subsection (a).
    ``(c) Evaluation.--The Secretary shall--
            ``(1) acting through the Director of the Institute of 
        Education Sciences, and in consultation with the Director of 
        the National Science Foundation--
                    ``(A) evaluate the implementation and impact of the 
                activities supported under this part, including 
                progress measured by the metrics established under 
                subsection (a);
                    ``(B) identify best practices to improve 
                instruction in science, technology, engineering, and 
                mathematics subjects; and
                    ``(C) ensure that the Department is taking 
                appropriate action to avoid unnecessary duplication of 
                efforts between the activities being supported under 
                this part and other programmatic activities supported 
                by the Department or by other Federal agencies; and
            ``(2) disseminate, in consultation with the National 
        Science Foundation, research on best practices to improve 
        instruction in science, technology, engineering, and 
        mathematics subjects.

``SEC. 2507. SUPPLEMENT NOT SUPPLANT.

    ``Funds received under this part shall be used to supplement, and 
not supplant, funds that would otherwise be used for activities 
authorized under this part.''.

SEC. 2006. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

    Title II (20 U.S.C. 6601 et seq.), as amended by sections 2001 
through 2005, is further amended by adding at the end the following:

                      ``PART F--GENERAL PROVISIONS

``SEC. 2601. RULES OF CONSTRUCTION.

    ``(a) Prohibition Against Federal Mandates, Direction, or 
Control.--Nothing in this title shall be construed to authorize the 
Secretary or any other officer or employee of the Federal Government to 
mandate, direct, or control a State, local educational agency, or 
school's--
            ``(1) instructional content or materials, curriculum, 
        program of instruction, academic standards, or academic 
        assessments;
            ``(2) teacher, principal, or other school leader evaluation 
        system;
            ``(3) specific definition of teacher, principal, or other 
        school leader effectiveness; or
            ``(4) teacher, principal, or other school leader 
        professional standards, certification, or licensing.
    ``(b) School or District Employees.--Nothing in this title shall be 
construed to alter or otherwise affect the rights, remedies, and 
procedures afforded school or school district employees under Federal, 
State, or local laws (including applicable regulations or court orders) 
or under the terms of collective bargaining agreements, memoranda of 
understanding, or other agreements between such employees and their 
employers.''.

  TITLE III--LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION FOR ENGLISH LEARNERS AND IMMIGRANT 
                                STUDENTS

SEC. 3001. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

    Title III (20 U.S.C. 6801 et seq.) is amended--
            (1) in the title heading, by striking ``LIMITED ENGLISH 
        PROFICIENT'' and inserting ``ENGLISH LEARNERS'';
            (2) in part A--
                    (A) by striking section 3122; and
                    (B) redesignating sections 3123, 3124, 3125, 3126, 
                3127, 3128, and 3129 as sections 3122, 3123, 3124, 
                3125, 3126, 3127, and 3128, respectively;
            (3) by striking part B;
            (4) by redesignating part C as part B; and
            (5) in part B, as redesignated by paragraph (4)--
                    (A) by redesignating section 3301 as section 3201;
                    (B) by striking section 3302; and
                    (C) by redesignating sections 3303 and 3304 as 
                sections 3202 and 3203, respectively.

SEC. 3002. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Section 3001 (20 U.S.C. 6801) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 3001. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this title 
such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2016 through 
2021.''.

SEC. 3003. ENGLISH LANGUAGE ACQUISITION, LANGUAGE ENHANCEMENT, AND 
              ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT.

    Part A of title III (20 U.S.C. 6811 et seq.) is amended--
            (1) in section 3102, by striking paragraphs (1) through (9) 
        and inserting the following:
            ``(1) to help ensure that English learners, including 
        immigrant children and youth, attain English proficiency, and 
        develop high levels of academic achievement in English;
            ``(2) to assist all English learners, including immigrant 
        children and youth, to achieve at high levels in academic 
        subjects so that children who are English learners can meet the 
        same challenging State academic standards that all children are 
        expected to meet, consistent with section 1111(b)(1);
            ``(3) to assist early childhood educators, teachers, 
        principals and other school leaders, State educational 
        agencies, and local educational agencies in establishing, 
        implementing, and sustaining effective language instruction 
        educational programs designed to assist in teaching English 
        learners, including immigrant children and youth;
            ``(4) to assist early childhood educators, teachers, 
        principals and other school leaders, State educational 
        agencies, and local educational agencies to develop and enhance 
        their capacity to provide effective instruction programs 
        designed to prepare English learners, including immigrant 
        children and youth, to enter all English instruction settings;
            ``(5) to promote parental, family, and community 
        participation in language instruction educational programs for 
        the parents, families, and communities of English learners; and
            ``(6) to provide incentives to grantees to implement 
        policies and practices that will lead to significant 
        improvements in the instruction and achievement of English 
        learners.'';
            (2) in section 3111--
                    (A) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) in paragraph (2), by striking 
                        subparagraphs (A) through (D) and inserting the 
                        following:
                    ``(A) Establishing and implementing, with timely 
                and meaningful consultation with local educational 
                agencies representing the geographic diversity of the 
                State, standardized statewide entrance and exit 
                procedures, including a requirement that all students 
                who may be English learners are assessed for such 
                status within 30 days of enrollment in a school in the 
                State.
                    ``(B) Providing effective teacher and principal 
                preparation, professional development activities, and 
                other evidence-based activities related to the 
                education of English learners, which may include 
                assisting teachers, principals, and other educators 
                in--
                            ``(i) meeting State and local certification 
                        and licensing requirements for teaching English 
                        learners; and
                            ``(ii) improving teaching skills in meeting 
                        the diverse needs of English learners, 
                        including how to implement effective programs 
                        and curricula on teaching English learners.
                    ``(C) Planning, evaluation, administration, and 
                interagency coordination related to the subgrants 
                referred to in paragraph (1).
                    ``(D) Providing technical assistance and other 
                forms of assistance to eligible entities that are 
                receiving subgrants from a State educational agency 
                under this subpart, including assistance in--
                            ``(i) identifying and implementing 
                        effective language instruction educational 
                        programs and curricula for teaching English 
                        learners, including those in early childhood 
                        settings;
                            ``(ii) helping English learners meet the 
                        same State academic standards that all children 
                        are expected to meet;
                            ``(iii) identifying or developing, and 
                        implementing, measures of English proficiency; 
                        and
                            ``(iv) strengthening and increasing parent, 
                        family, and community engagement in programs 
                        that serve English learners.
                    ``(E) Providing recognition, which may include 
                providing financial awards, to recipients of subgrants 
                under section 3115 that have significantly improved the 
                achievement and progress of English learners in 
                meeting--
                            ``(i) annual timelines and goals for 
                        progress established under section 
                        1111(c)(1)(K) based on the State's English 
                        language proficiency assessment under section 
                        1111(b)(2)(G); and
                            ``(ii) the challenging State academic 
                        standards described in section 1111(b)(1).''; 
                        and
                            (ii) in paragraph (3)--
                                    (I) in the heading, by inserting 
                                ``Direct'' before ``Administrative''; 
                                and
                                    (II) by inserting ``direct'' before 
                                ``administrative costs''; and
                    (B) in subsection (c)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1)--
                                    (I) in the matter preceding 
                                subparagraph (A), by striking ``section 
                                3001(a)'' and inserting ``section 
                                3001'';
                                    (II) in subparagraph (B), by 
                                inserting ``and'' after the semicolon;
                                    (III) in subparagraph (C)--
                                            (aa) by striking ``3303'' 
                                        both places it appears and 
                                        inserting ``3202'';
                                            (bb) by striking ``not more 
                                        than 0.5 percent of such amount 
                                        shall be reserved for 
                                        evaluation activities conducted 
                                        by the Secretary and''; and
                                            (cc) by striking ``; and'' 
                                        and inserting a period; and
                                    (IV) by striking subparagraph (D);
                            (ii) by striking paragraphs (2) and (4);
                            (iii) by redesignating paragraph (3) as 
                        paragraph (2);
                            (iv) in paragraph (2)(A), as redesignated 
                        by clause (iii)--
                                    (I) in the matter preceding clause 
                                (i), by striking ``section 3001(a)'' 
                                and inserting ``section 3001''; and
                                    (II) in clause (i), by striking 
                                ``limited English proficient'' and all 
                                that follows through ``States;'' and 
                                inserting ``English learners in the 
                                State bears to the number of English 
                                learners in all States, as determined 
                                by the Secretary under paragraph 
                                (3);''; and
                            (v) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Use of data for determinations.--In making State 
        allotments under paragraph (2)(A) for each fiscal year, the 
        Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) determine the number of English learners in a 
                State and in all States, using the most accurate, up-
                to-date data, which shall be--
                            ``(i) data available from the American 
                        Community Survey conducted by the Department of 
                        Commerce, which may be multiyear estimates;
                            ``(ii) the number of students being 
                        assessed for English language proficiency, 
                        based on the State's English language 
                        proficiency assessment under section 
                        1111(b)(2)(G), which may be multiyear 
                        estimates; or
                            ``(iii) a combination of data available 
                        under clauses (i) and (ii); and
                    ``(B) determine the number of immigrant children 
                and youth in the State and in all States based only on 
                data available from the American Community Survey 
                conducted by the Department of Commerce, which may be 
                multiyear estimates.'';
            (3) in section 3113--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by inserting ``reasonably'' 
                before ``require'';
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by striking 
                        ``making'' and inserting ``awarding''; and
                            (ii) by striking paragraphs (2) through (6) 
                        and inserting the following:
            ``(2) describe how the agency will establish and implement, 
        with timely and meaningful consultation with local educational 
        agencies representing the geographic diversity of the State, 
        standardized, statewide entrance and exit procedures, including 
        an assurance that all students who may be English learners are 
        assessed for such status within 30 days of enrollment in a 
        school in the State;
            ``(3) provide an assurance that--
                    ``(A) the agency will ensure that eligible entities 
                receiving a subgrant under this subpart comply with the 
                requirement in section 1111(b)(2)(B)(ix) to annually 
                assess in English all English learners who have been in 
                the United States for 3 or more years;
                    ``(B) the agency will ensure that eligible entities 
                receiving a subgrant under this subpart annually assess 
                the English proficiency of all English learners 
                participating in a program funded under this subpart, 
                consistent with section 1111(b)(2)(G);
                    ``(C) in awarding subgrants under section 3114, the 
                agency will address the needs of school systems of all 
                sizes and in all geographic areas, including school 
                systems with rural and urban schools;
                    ``(D) subgrants to eligible entities under section 
                3114(d)(1) will be of sufficient size and scope to 
                allow such entities to carry out effective language 
                instruction educational programs for English learners;
                    ``(E) the agency will require an eligible entity 
                receiving a subgrant under this subpart to use the 
                subgrant in ways that will build such recipient's 
                capacity to continue to offer effective language 
                instruction educational programs that assist English 
                learners in meeting challenging State academic 
                standards described in section 1111(b)(1);
                    ``(F) the agency will monitor each eligible entity 
                receiving a subgrant under this subpart for compliance 
                with applicable Federal fiscal requirements; and
                    ``(G) the plan has been developed in consultation 
                with local educational agencies, teachers, 
                administrators of programs implemented under this 
                subpart, parents of English learners, and other 
                relevant stakeholders;
            ``(4) describe how the agency will coordinate its programs 
        and activities under this subpart with other programs and 
        activities under this Act and other Acts, as appropriate;
            ``(5) describe how each eligible entity will be given the 
        flexibility to teach English learners--
                    ``(A) using a high quality, effective language 
                instruction curriculum for teaching English learners; 
                and
                    ``(B) in the manner the eligible entities determine 
                to be the most effective;
            ``(6) describe how the agency will assist eligible entities 
        in meeting--
                    ``(A) annual timelines and goals for progress 
                established under section 1111(c)(1)(K) based on the 
                State's English language proficiency assessment under 
                section 1111(b)(2)(G); and
                    ``(B) the challenging State academic standards 
                described in section 1111(b)(1);
            ``(7) describe how the agency will assist eligible entities 
        in decreasing the number of English learners who have not yet 
        acquired English proficiency within 5 years of their initial 
        classification as an English learner;
            ``(8) describe how the agency will ensure that the unique 
        needs of the State's population of English learners and 
        immigrant children and youth are being addressed; and
            ``(9) describe how the agency will monitor and evaluate the 
        progress of each eligible entity receiving funds under this 
        part toward meeting the timelines and goals for English 
        proficiency required under section 1111(c)(1)(K) and the steps 
        the State will take to further assist eligible entities if such 
        strategies funded under this part are not effective in making 
        such progress and meeting academic goals established under 
        section 1111(b)(3)(B)(i) for English learners, such as 
        providing technical assistance and modifying such 
        strategies.'';
                    (C) in subsection (d)(2)(B), by striking ``part'' 
                and inserting ``subpart''; and
                    (D) in subsection (f), by striking ``, 
                objectives,'';
            (4) in section 3114--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) by striking ``section 3111(c)(3)'' and 
                        inserting ``section 3111(c)(2)''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``limited English 
                        proficient children'' both places the term 
                        appears and inserting ``English learners''; and
                    (B) in subsection (d)(1)--
                            (i) by striking ``section 3111(c)(3)'' and 
                        inserting ``section 3111(c)(2)''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``preceding the fiscal 
                        year'';
            (5) by striking section 3115 and inserting the following:

``SEC. 3115. SUBGRANTS TO ELIGIBLE ENTITIES.

    ``(a) Purposes of Subgrants.--A State educational agency may make a 
subgrant to an eligible entity from funds received by the agency under 
this subpart only if the entity agrees to expend the funds to improve 
the education of English learners by assisting the children to learn 
English and meet the challenging State academic standards described in 
section 1111(b)(1). In carrying out activities with such funds, the 
eligible entity shall use effective approaches and methodologies for 
teaching English learners and immigrant children and youth for the 
following purposes:
            ``(1) Developing and implementing new language instruction 
        educational programs and academic content instruction programs 
        for English learners and immigrant children and youth, 
        including early childhood education programs, elementary school 
        programs, and secondary school programs.
            ``(2) Carrying out highly focused, innovative, locally 
        designed activities to expand or enhance existing language 
        instruction educational programs and academic content 
        instruction programs for English learners and immigrant 
        children and youth.
            ``(3) Implementing, within an individual school, schoolwide 
        programs for restructuring, reforming, and upgrading all 
        relevant programs, activities, and operations relating to 
        language instruction educational programs and academic content 
        instruction for English learners and immigrant children and 
        youth.
            ``(4) Implementing, within the entire jurisdiction of a 
        local educational agency, agency-wide programs for 
        restructuring, reforming, and upgrading all relevant programs, 
        activities, and operations relating to language instruction 
        educational programs and academic content instruction for 
        English learners and immigrant children and youth.
    ``(b) Direct Administrative Expenses.--Each eligible entity 
receiving funds under section 3114(a) for a fiscal year may use not 
more than 2 percent of such funds for the cost of administering this 
subpart.
    ``(c) Required Subgrantee Activities.--An eligible entity receiving 
funds under section 3114(a) shall use the funds--
            ``(1) to increase the English language proficiency of 
        English learners by providing effective language instruction 
        educational programs that meet the needs of English learners 
        and are based on high-quality research demonstrating success in 
        increasing--
                    ``(A) English language proficiency; and
                    ``(B) student academic achievement;
            ``(2) to provide effective professional development to 
        classroom teachers (including teachers in classroom settings 
        that are not the settings of language instruction educational 
        programs), principals, other school leaders, administrators, 
        and other school or community-based organizational personnel, 
        that is--
                    ``(A) designed to improve the instruction and 
                assessment of English learners;
                    ``(B) designed to enhance the ability of such 
                teachers, principals, and other school leaders to 
                understand and implement appropriate curricula, 
                assessment practices, and instruction strategies for 
                English learners;
                    ``(C) effective in increasing children's English 
                language proficiency or substantially increasing the 
                subject matter knowledge, teaching knowledge, and 
                teaching skills of such teachers; and
                    ``(D) of sufficient intensity and duration (which 
                shall not include activities such as 1-day or short-
                term workshops and conferences) to have a positive and 
                lasting impact on the teachers' performance in the 
                classroom, except that this subparagraph shall not 
                apply to an activity that is one component of a long-
                term, comprehensive professional development plan 
                established by a teacher and the teacher's supervisor 
                based on an assessment of the needs of the teacher, the 
                supervisor, the students of the teacher, and any local 
                educational agency employing the teacher, as 
                appropriate; and
            ``(3) to provide and implement effective parent, family, 
        and community engagement activities in order to enhance or 
        supplement language instruction educational programs for 
        English Learners.
    ``(d) Authorized Subgrantee Activities.--Subject to subsection (c), 
an eligible entity receiving funds under section 3114(a) may use the 
funds to achieve 1 of the purposes described in subsection (a) by 
undertaking 1 or more of the following activities:
            ``(1) Upgrading program objectives and effective 
        instruction strategies.
            ``(2) Improving the instruction program for English 
        learners by identifying, acquiring, and upgrading curricula, 
        instruction materials, educational software, and assessment 
        procedures.
            ``(3) Providing to English learners--
                    ``(A) tutorials and academic or career and 
                technical education; and
                    ``(B) intensified instruction.
            ``(4) Developing and implementing effective preschool, 
        elementary school, or secondary school language instruction 
        educational programs that are coordinated with other relevant 
        programs and services.
            ``(5) Improving the English language proficiency and 
        academic achievement of English learners.
            ``(6) Providing community participation programs, family 
        literacy services, and parent and family outreach and training 
        activities to English learners and their families--
                    ``(A) to improve the English language skills of 
                English learners; and
                    ``(B) to assist parents and families in helping 
                their children to improve their academic achievement 
                and becoming active participants in the education of 
                their children.
            ``(7) Improving the instruction of English learners, 
        including English learners with a disability, by providing 
        for--
                    ``(A) the acquisition or development of educational 
                technology or instructional materials;
                    ``(B) access to, and participation in, electronic 
                networks for materials, training, and communication; 
                and
                    ``(C) incorporation of the resources described in 
                subparagraphs (A) and (B) into curricula and programs, 
                such as those funded under this subpart.
            ``(8) Carrying out other activities that are consistent 
        with the purposes of this section.
    ``(e) Activities by Agencies Experiencing Substantial Increases in 
Immigrant Children and Youth.--
            ``(1) In general.--An eligible entity receiving funds under 
        section 3114(d)(1) shall use the funds to pay for activities 
        that provide enhanced instructional opportunities for immigrant 
        children and youth, which may include--
                    ``(A) family literacy, parent and family outreach, 
                and training activities designed to assist parents and 
                families to become active participants in the education 
                of their children;
                    ``(B) recruitment of, and support for personnel, 
                including early childhood educators, teachers, 
                paraprofessionals who have been specifically trained, 
                or are being trained, to provide services to immigrant 
                children and youth;
                    ``(C) provision of tutorials, mentoring, and 
                academic or career counseling for immigrant children 
                and youth;
                    ``(D) identification and acquisition of curricular 
                materials, educational software, and technologies to be 
                used in the program carried out with funds;
                    ``(E) basic instruction services that are directly 
                attributable to the presence of immigrant children and 
                youth in the local educational agency involved, 
                including the payment of costs of providing additional 
                classroom supplies, costs of transportation, or such 
                other costs as are directly attributable to such 
                additional basic instruction services;
                    ``(F) other instruction services that are designed 
                to assist immigrant children and youth to achieve in 
                elementary schools and secondary schools in the United 
                States, such as programs of introduction to the 
                educational system and civics education; and
                    ``(G) activities, coordinated with community-based 
                organizations, institutions of higher education, 
                private sector entities, or other entities with 
                expertise in working with immigrants, to assist parents 
                and families of immigrant children and youth by 
                offering comprehensive community services.
            ``(2) Duration of subgrants.--The duration of a subgrant 
        made by a State educational agency under section 3114(d)(1) 
        shall be determined by the agency in its discretion.
    ``(f) Selection of Method of Instruction.--
            ``(1) In general.--To receive a subgrant from a State 
        educational agency under this subpart, an eligible entity shall 
        select one or more methods or forms of effective instruction to 
        be used in the programs and activities undertaken by the entity 
        to assist English learners to attain English language 
        proficiency and meet challenging State academic standards 
        described in section 1111(b)(1).
            ``(2) Consistency.--Such selection shall be consistent with 
        sections 3124 through 3126.
    ``(g) Supplement, Not Supplant.--Federal funds made available under 
this subpart shall be used so as to supplement the level of Federal, 
State, and local public funds that, in the absence of such 
availability, would have been expended for programs for English 
learners and immigrant children and youth and in no case to supplant 
such Federal, State, and local public funds.'';
            (6) in section 3116--
                    (A) in subsection (b), by striking paragraphs (1) 
                through (6) and inserting the following:
            ``(1) describe the high-quality programs and activities 
        proposed to be developed, implemented, and administered under 
        the subgrant and how these activities will help English 
        learners increase their English language proficiency and meet 
        the challenging State academic standards described in section 
        1111(b)(1);
            ``(2) describe how the eligible entity will ensure 
        elementary schools and secondary schools receiving funds under 
        this subpart assist English learners in meeting--
                    ``(A) annual timelines and goals for progress 
                established under 1111(c)(1)(K) based on the State's 
                English language proficiency assessment under section 
                1111(b)(2)(G); and
                    ``(B) the challenging State academic standards 
                described in section 1111(b)(1);
            ``(3) describe how the eligible entity will promote parent, 
        family, and community engagement in the education of English 
        learners;
            ``(4) describe how language instruction educational 
        programs carried out under the subgrant will ensure that 
        English learners being served by the programs develop English 
        proficiency and demonstrate such proficiency through academic 
        content mastery;
            ``(5) contain assurances that--
                    ``(A) each local educational agency that is 
                included in the eligible entity is complying with 
                section 1112(d)(2) prior to, and throughout, each 
                school year as of the date of application, and will 
                continue to comply with such section throughout each 
                school year for which the grant is received;
                    ``(B) the eligible entity complies with any State 
                law, including State constitutional law, regarding the 
                education of English learners, consistent with sections 
                3125 and 3126;
                    ``(C) the eligible entity has based its proposed 
                plan on high-quality research on teaching English 
                learners;
                    ``(D) the eligible entity consulted with teachers, 
                researchers, school administrators, parents and family 
                members, community members, public or private entities, 
                and institutions of higher education, in developing and 
                implementing such plan; and
                    ``(E) the eligible entity will, if applicable, 
                coordinate activities and share relevant data under the 
                plan with local Head Start and Early Head Start 
                agencies, including migrant and seasonal Head Start 
                agencies, and other early childhood education 
                providers.'';
                    (B) in subsection (c), by striking ``limited 
                English proficient children'' and inserting ``English 
                learners''; and
                    (C) by striking subsection (d);
            (7) by striking section 3121 and inserting the following:

``SEC. 3121. REPORTING.

    ``(a) In General.--Each eligible entity that receives a subgrant 
from a State educational agency under subpart 1 shall provide such 
agency, at the conclusion of every second fiscal year during which the 
subgrant is received, with a report, in a form prescribed by the 
agency, on the activities conducted and children served under such 
subpart that includes--
            ``(1) a description of the programs and activities 
        conducted by the entity with funds received under subpart 1 
        during the 2 immediately preceding fiscal years;
            ``(2) the number and percentage of English learners in the 
        programs and activities who meet the annual State-determined 
        goals for progress established under section 1111(c)(1)(K), 
        including disaggregated, at a minimum, by--
                    ``(A) long-term English learners; and
                    ``(B) English learners with a disability;
            ``(3) the number and percentage of English learners in the 
        programs and activities attaining English language proficiency 
        based on State English language proficiency standards 
        established under section 1111(b)(1)(F) by the end of each 
        school year, as determined by the State's English language 
        proficiency assessment under section 1111(b)(2)(G);
            ``(4) the number and percentage of English learners who 
        exit the language instruction educational programs based on 
        their attainment of English language proficiency;
            ``(5) the number and percentage of English learners meeting 
        challenging State academic standards described in section 
        1111(b)(1) for each of the 2 years after such children are no 
        longer receiving services under this part, including 
        disaggregated, at a minimum, by--
                    ``(A) long-term English learners; and
                    ``(B) English learners with a disability;
            ``(6) the number and percentage of English learners who 
        have not attained English language proficiency within 5 years 
        of initial classification as an English learner; and
            ``(7) any other information as the State educational agency 
        may require.
    ``(b) Report.--A report provided by an eligible entity under 
subsection (a) shall be used by the entity and the State educational 
agency for improvement or programs and activities under this part.
    ``(c) Special Rule for Specially Qualified Agencies.--Each 
specially qualified agency receiving a grant under this part shall 
provide the reports described in subsection (a) to the Secretary 
subject to the same requirements as apply to eligible entities 
providing such evaluations to State educational agencies under such 
subsection.'';
            (8) in section 3122, as redesignated by section 3001(2)--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) by striking ``evaluations'' and 
                        inserting ``reports''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``children who are limited 
                        English proficient'' and inserting ``English 
                        learners''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1)--
                                    (I) by striking ``limited English 
                                proficient children'' and inserting 
                                ``English learners''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``children who are 
                                limited English proficient'' and 
                                inserting ``English learners'';
                            (ii) in paragraph (4), by striking 
                        ``section 3111(b)(2)(C)'' and inserting 
                        ``section 3111(b)(2)(D)'';
                            (iii) in paragraph (6), by striking ``major 
                        findings of scientifically based research 
                        carried out under this part'' and inserting 
                        ``findings of the evaluation related to English 
                        learners carried out under section 9601'';
                            (iv) in paragraph (8)--
                                    (I) by striking ``of limited 
                                English proficient children'' and 
                                inserting ``of English learners''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``into classrooms 
                                where instruction is not tailored for 
                                limited English proficient children''; 
                                and
                            (v) in paragraph (9), by striking ``title'' 
                        and inserting ``part'';
            (9) in section 3123, as redesignated by section 3001(2)--
                    (A) by striking ``children of limited English 
                proficiency'' and inserting ``English learners''; and
                    (B) by striking ``limited English proficient 
                children'' and inserting ``English learners'';
            (10) in section 3124, as redesignated by section 3001(2)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``limited English 
                proficient children'' and inserting ``English 
                learners''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``limited English 
                proficient children'' and inserting ``English 
                learners'';
            (11) in section 3128, as redesignated by section 3001(2), 
        by striking ``limited English proficient children'' and 
        inserting ``English learners'';
            (12) by striking section 3131 and inserting the following:

``SEC. 3131. NATIONAL PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECT.

    ``The Secretary shall use funds made available under section 
3111(c)(1)(C) to award grants on a competitive basis, for a period of 
not more than 5 years, to institutions of higher education or public or 
private entities with relevant experience and capacity (in consortia 
with State educational agencies or local educational agencies) to 
provide for professional development, capacity building, or evidence-
based activities that will improve classroom instruction for English 
learners and assist educational personnel working with such children to 
meet high professional standards, including standards for certification 
and licensure as teachers who work in language instruction educational 
programs or serve English learners. Grants awarded under this section 
may be used--
            ``(1) for preservice or inservice effective professional 
        development programs that will assist local schools and may 
        assist institutions of higher education to upgrade the 
        qualifications and skills of educational personnel who are not 
        certified or licensed, especially educational 
        paraprofessionals, and for other activities to increase teacher 
        and school leader effectiveness;
            ``(2) for the development of curricula or other 
        instructional strategies appropriate to the needs of the 
        consortia participants involved;
            ``(3) to support strategies that strengthen and increase 
        parent, family, and community member engagement in the 
        education of English learners;
            ``(4) to develop, share, and disseminate effective 
        practices in the instruction of English learners and in 
        increasing the student academic achievement of English 
        learners, such as through the use of technology-based programs;
            ``(5) in conjunction with other Federal need-based student 
        financial assistance programs, for financial assistance, and 
        costs related to tuition, fees, and books for enrolling in 
        courses required to complete the degree involved, to meet 
        certification or licensing requirements for teachers who work 
        in language instruction educational programs or serve English 
        learners; and
            ``(6) as appropriate, to support strategies that promote 
        school readiness of English learners and their transition from 
        early childhood education programs, such as Head Start or 
        State-run preschool programs to elementary school programs.''; 
        and
            (13) by striking section 3141 and inserting the following:

``SEC. 3141. DEFINITIONS.

    ``In this part--
            ``(1) the term `eligible entity' means--
                    ``(A) one or more local educational agencies; or
                    ``(B) one or more local educational agencies, in 
                collaboration with an institution of higher education, 
                educational service agency, community-based 
                organization, or a State educational agency;
            ``(2) the term `English Learner with a disability' means an 
        English learner who is also a `child with a disability,' as 
        that term is defined in section 602 of the Individuals with 
        Disabilities Education Act; and
            ``(3) the term `long-term English learner' means an English 
        learner who has attended schools in the United States for not 
        less than 5 years and who has not yet been exited from English 
        learner status by the culmination of the fifth year of 
        services.''.

SEC. 3004. OTHER PROVISIONS.

    Part B of title III, as redesignated by section 3001(4), is 
amended--
            (1) in section 3201, as redesignated by section 3001(5)--
                    (A) in paragraph (5)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) in clause (i), by striking 
                                ``limited English proficient'' and 
                                inserting ``English learner''; and
                                    (II) in clause (ii), by inserting 
                                ``and'' after the semicolon;
                            (ii) by striking subparagraph (B); and
                            (iii) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as 
                        subparagraph (B); and
                    (B) in paragraph (8)(A), by striking ``a limited 
                English proficient child'' and inserting ``an English 
                learner'';
            (2) in section 3202, as redesignated by section 3001(5)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``limited English proficient children'' and 
                inserting ``English learners''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (4)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                        ``limited English proficient children'' and 
                        inserting ``English learners, including English 
                        learners with a disability, that includes 
                        information on best practices on instructing 
                        and serving English learners''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``limited English proficient children'' and 
                        inserting ``English learners''; and
            (3) in section 3203, as redesignated by section 3001(5)--
                    (A) by striking ``limited English proficient 
                individuals'' and inserting ``English learners''; and
                    (B) by striking ``limited English proficient 
                children'' and inserting ``English learners''.

                  TITLE IV--SAFE AND HEALTHY STUDENTS

SEC. 4001. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

    Title IV (20 U.S.C. 7101 et seq.) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subpart 3 of part A as subpart 5 of 
        part F of title IX, as redesignated by section 9106(1), and 
        moving that subpart to follow subpart 4 of part F of title IX, 
        as redesignated by sections 2001 and 9106(1);
            (2) by redesignating section 4141 as section 9561;
            (3) by redesignating section 4155 as section 9537 and 
        moving that section so as to follow section 9536;
            (4) by redesignating part C as subpart 6 of part F of title 
        IX, as redesignated by section 9106(1), and moving that subpart 
        to follow subpart 5 of part F of title IX, as redesignated by 
        section 9106(1) and paragraph (1);
            (5) by redesignating sections 4301, 4302, 4303, and 4304, 
        as sections 9571, 9572, 9573, and 9574, respectively; and
            (6) by striking the title heading and inserting the 
        following:

                ``TITLE IV--SAFE AND HEALTHY STUDENTS''.

SEC. 4002. GRANTS TO STATES AND LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.

    Part A of title IV (20 U.S.C. 7101 et seq.) is amended to read as 
follows:

       ``PART A--GRANTS TO STATES AND LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES

``SEC. 4101. PURPOSE.

    ``The purpose of this part is to improve students' safety, health, 
well-being, and academic achievement during and after the school day 
by--
            ``(1) increasing the capacity of local educational 
        agencies, schools, and local communities to improve conditions 
        for learning through the creation of safe, healthy, supportive, 
        and drug-free environments;
            ``(2) carrying out programs designed to improve school 
        safety and promote students' physical and mental health and 
        well-being;
            ``(3) preventing and reducing substance use and abuse, 
        school violence, harassment, and bullying; and
            ``(4) strengthening parent and community engagement to 
        ensure a healthy, safe, and supportive school environment.

``SEC. 4102. DEFINITIONS.

    ``In this part:
            ``(1) Controlled substance.--The term `controlled 
        substance' means a drug or other substance identified under 
        Schedule I, II, III, IV, or V in section 202(c) of the 
        Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 812(c)).
            ``(2) Drug.--The term `drug' includes controlled 
        substances, the illegal use of alcohol or tobacco, and the 
        harmful, abusive, or addictive use of substances, including 
        inhalants and anabolic steroids.
            ``(3) Drug and violence prevention.--The term `drug and 
        violence prevention' means--
                    ``(A) with respect to drugs, prevention, early 
                intervention, rehabilitation referral, or education 
                related to the illegal use of drugs; and
                    ``(B) with respect to violence, the promotion of 
                school safety, such that students and school personnel 
                are free from violent and disruptive acts, including 
                sexual harassment and abuse, and victimization 
                associated with prejudice and intolerance, on school 
                premises, going to and from school, and at school-
                sponsored activities, through the creation and 
                maintenance of a school environment that is free of 
                weapons and fosters individual responsibility and 
                respect for the rights of others.
            ``(4) School-based mental health services provider.--The 
        term `school-based mental health services provider' includes a 
        State licensed or State certified school counselor, school 
        psychologist, school social worker, or other State licensed or 
        certified mental health professional qualified under State law 
        to provide such mental health services to children and 
        adolescents, including children in early childhood education 
        programs.
            ``(5) State.--The term `State' means each of the 50 States, 
        the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

``SEC. 4103. FORMULA GRANTS TO STATES.

    ``(a) Reservations.--From the total amount appropriated under 
section 4108 for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve--
            ``(1) not more than 5 percent for national activities, 
        which the Secretary may carry out directly or through grants, 
        contracts, or agreements with public or private entities or 
        individuals, or other Federal agencies, such as providing 
        technical assistance to States and local educational agencies 
        carrying out activities under this part or conducting a 
        national evaluation;
            ``(2) one-half of 1 percent for allotments for the United 
        States Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the 
        Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, to be distributed 
        among those outlying areas on the basis of their relative need, 
        as determined by the Secretary, in accordance with the purpose 
        of this part;
            ``(3) one-half of 1 percent for the Secretary of the 
        Interior for programs under this part in schools operated or 
        funded by the Bureau of Indian Education; and
            ``(4) such funds as may be necessary for the Project School 
        Emergency Response to Violence program (referred to as `Project 
        SERV'), which is authorized to provide education-related 
        services to local educational agencies and institutions of 
        higher education in which the learning environment has been 
        disrupted due to a violent or traumatic crisis, and which funds 
        shall remain available for obligation until expended.
    ``(b) State Allotments.--
            ``(1) Allotment.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In accordance with subparagraph 
                (B), the Secretary shall allot among each of the States 
                the total amount made available to carry out this part 
                for any fiscal year and not reserved under subsection 
                (a).
                    ``(B) Determination of state allotment amounts.--
                Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary shall allot the 
                amount made available under subparagraph (A) for a 
                fiscal year among the States in proportion to the 
                number of individuals, aged 5 to 17, who reside within 
                the State and are from families with incomes below the 
                poverty line for the most recent fiscal year for which 
                satisfactory data are available, compared to the number 
                of such individuals who reside in all such States for 
                that fiscal year.
            ``(2) Small state minimum.--No State receiving an allotment 
        under paragraph (1) shall receive less than one-half of 1 
        percent of the total amount allotted under such paragraph.
            ``(3) Puerto rico.--The amount allotted under subparagraph 
        (A) to the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico for a fiscal year may 
        not exceed one-half of 1 percent of the total amount allotted 
        under such subparagraph.
            ``(4) Reallotment.--If a State does not receive an 
        allotment under this part for a fiscal year, the Secretary 
        shall reallot the amount of the State's allotment to the 
        remaining States in accordance with this section.
    ``(c) State Use of Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each State that receives an allotment 
        under this section shall reserve not less than 95 percent of 
        the amount allotted to such State under subsection (b), for 
        each fiscal year, for subgrants to local educational agencies, 
        which may include consortia of such agencies, under section 
        4104.
            ``(2) State administration.--A State educational agency 
        shall use not more than 1 percent of the amount made available 
        to the State under subsection (b) for the administrative costs 
        of carrying out its responsibilities under this part.
            ``(3) State activities.--A State educational agency shall 
        use the amount made available to the State under subsection (b) 
        and not reserved under paragraph (1) for activities and 
        programs designed to meet the purposes of this part, which--
                    ``(A) shall include--
                            ``(i) providing training, technical 
                        assistance, and capacity building to local 
                        educational agencies that are recipients of a 
                        subgrant under section 4104, which may include 
                        identifying and disseminating best practices 
                        for professional development and capacity 
                        building for teachers, administrators, and 
                        specialized instructional support personnel in 
                        schools that are served by local educational 
                        agencies under this part; and
                            ``(ii) publicly reporting on how funds made 
                        available under this part are being expended by 
                        local educational agencies under section 4104; 
                        and
                    ``(B) may include--
                            ``(i) identifying and eliminating State 
                        barriers to the coordination and integration of 
                        programs, initiatives, and funding streams that 
                        meet the purposes of this part, so that local 
                        educational agencies can better coordinate with 
                        other agencies, schools and community-based 
                        services and programs;
                            ``(ii) assisting local educational agencies 
                        to expand access to or coordination of 
                        resources for school-based counseling and 
                        mental health programs, such as through school-
                        based mental health services partnership 
                        programs described in section 4105(a)(4);
                            ``(iii) supporting programs and activities 
                        that offer a variety of well-rounded 
                        educational experiences to students;
                            ``(iv) supporting activities that promote 
                        physical and mental health and well-being for 
                        students and staff;
                            ``(v) designing and implementing a grant 
                        process for local entities that wish to use 
                        funds to reduce exclusionary discipline 
                        practices in elementary schools and secondary 
                        schools, in a manner consistent with State or 
                        federally identified best practices on the 
                        subject; and
                            ``(vi) other activities identified by the 
                        State that meet the purposes of this part.
    ``(d) State Plan.--
            ``(1) In general.--In order to receive an allotment under 
        this section for any fiscal year, a State shall submit a plan 
        to the Secretary, at such time and in such manner as the 
        Secretary may reasonably require.
            ``(2) Contents.--Each plan submitted by a State under this 
        section shall include the following:
                    ``(A) A description of how the State educational 
                agency will use funds received under this part for 
                State-level activities.
                    ``(B) A description of program objectives and 
                outcomes for activities under this part.
                    ``(C) An assurance that the State educational 
                agency will review existing resources and programs 
                across the State and will coordinate any new plans and 
                resources under this part with such existing programs 
                and resources.
                    ``(D) An assurance that the State educational 
                agency will monitor the implementation of activities 
                under this part and provide technical assistance to 
                local educational agencies in carrying out such 
                activities.
            ``(3) Annual report.--Each State receiving a grant under 
        this part shall annually prepare and submit a report to the 
        Secretary, which shall include--
                    ``(A) how the State and local educational agencies 
                used funds provided under this part; and
                    ``(B) the degree to which the State and local 
                educational agencies have made progress toward meeting 
                the objectives and outcomes described in the plan 
                submitted by the State under paragraph (2)(B).

``SEC. 4104. SUBGRANTS TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES.

    ``(a) Allocations to Local Educational Agencies.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State that receives an allotment under 
        this part for a fiscal year shall provide the amount made 
        available under section 4103(c)(1) for subgrants to local 
        educational agencies, which may include consortia of such 
        agencies, in accordance with this section.
            ``(2) Funds to local educational agencies.--From the funds 
        reserved by a State under section 4103(c)(1), the State shall 
        allocate to each local educational agency or consortium of such 
        agencies in the State an amount that bears the same 
        relationship to such funds as the number of individuals aged 5 
        to 17 from families with incomes below the poverty line in the 
        geographic area served by the agency, as determined by the 
        Secretary on the basis of the most recent satisfactory data, 
        bears to the number of such individuals in the geographic areas 
        served by all the local educational agencies in the State, as 
        so determined.
            ``(3) Administrative costs.--Of the amount received under 
        paragraph (2), a local educational agency or consortium of such 
        agencies may use not more than 2 percent for the direct 
        administrative costs of carrying out its responsibilities under 
        this part.
    ``(b) Local Applications.--
            ``(1) In general.--To be eligible to receive a subgrant 
        under this section, a local educational agency or consortium of 
        such agencies shall submit an application to the State 
        educational agency at such time, in such manner, and containing 
        such information as the State educational agency may reasonably 
        require.
            ``(2) Consultation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A local educational agency or 
                consortium of such agencies shall conduct a needs 
                assessment described in paragraph (3), and develop its 
                application, through consultation with parents, 
                teachers, principals, school leaders, specialized 
                instructional support personnel, early childhood 
                educators, students, community-based organizations, 
                local government representatives, Indian tribes or 
                tribal organizations (if applicable) that may be 
                located in the region served by the local educational 
                agency, and others with relevant and demonstrated 
                expertise in programs and activities designed to meet 
                the purpose of this part.
                    ``(B) Continued consultation.--On an ongoing basis, 
                the local educational agency or consortium of such 
                agencies shall consult with the individuals and 
                organizations described in subparagraph (A) in order to 
                seek advice regarding how best--
                            ``(i) to improve the local activities in 
                        order to meet the purpose of this part; and
                            ``(ii) to coordinate such activities under 
                        this part with other related strategies, 
                        programs, and activities being conducted in the 
                        community.
            ``(3) Needs assessment.--
                    ``(A) In general.--To be eligible to receive a 
                subgrant under this section, a local educational agency 
                or consortium of such agencies shall conduct a 
                comprehensive needs assessment of the local educational 
                agency or agencies proposed to be served and of all 
                schools within the jurisdiction of the local 
                educational agency or agencies proposed to be served.
                    ``(B) Requirements.--In conducting the needs 
                assessment required under subparagraph (A), the local 
                educational agency or consortium of such agencies shall 
                take into account--
                            ``(i) applicable and available school-level 
                        data on indicators or measures of school 
                        quality, climate and safety, and discipline, 
                        including those described in section 
                        1111(d)(1)(C)(v); and
                            ``(ii) risk factors in the community, 
                        school, family, or peer-individual domains that 
                        are known, through prospective, longitudinal 
                        research efforts, to be predictive of drug use, 
                        violent behavior, harassment, disciplinary 
                        issues, and having an effect on the physical 
                        and mental health and well-being of youth in 
                        the school and community.
            ``(4) Contents.--Each application submitted under this 
        subsection shall be based on the needs assessment described in 
        paragraph (3) and shall include the following:
                    ``(A) The results of the needs assessment described 
                in paragraph (3) and an identification of each school 
                that will be served by a subgrant under this section.
                    ``(B) A description of the activities that the 
                local educational agency or consortium of such agencies 
                will carry out under this part and how these activities 
                are aligned with the results of the needs assessment 
                conducted under paragraph (3).
                    ``(C) A description of the performance indicators 
                that the local educational agency or consortium of such 
                agencies will use to evaluate the effectiveness of the 
                activities carried out under this section.
                    ``(D) An assurance that such activities will comply 
                with the principles of effectiveness described in 
                section 4105(b), and foster a healthy, safe, and 
                supportive school environment that improves students' 
                safety, health, and well-being during and after the 
                school day.
                    ``(E) An assurance that the local educational 
                agency or consortium of such agencies will prioritize 
                the distribution of funds to schools served by the 
                local educational agency or consortium of such agencies 
                that--
                            ``(i) are among the schools with the 
                        greatest needs as identified through the needs 
                        assessment conducted under paragraph (3);
                            ``(ii) have the highest percentages or 
                        numbers of children counted under section 
                        1124(c);
                            ``(iii) are identified under section 
                        1114(a)(1)(A); or
                            ``(iv) are identified as a persistently 
                        dangerous public elementary school or secondary 
                        school under section 9532.
                    ``(F) An assurance that the local educational 
                agency or consortium of such agencies will comply with 
                section 9501 (regarding equitable participation by 
                private school children and teachers).

``SEC. 4105. LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY AUTHORIZED ACTIVITIES.

    ``(a) Local Educational Agency Activities.--A local educational 
agency or consortium of such agencies that receives a subgrant under 
section 4104 shall use the subgrant funds to develop, implement, and 
evaluate comprehensive programs and activities, which are coordinated 
with other schools and community-based services and programs and may be 
conducted in partnership with nonprofit organizations with a 
demonstrated track-record of success in implementing activities, that 
are in accordance with the purpose of this part and--
            ``(1) foster safe, healthy, supportive, and drug-free 
        environments that support student academic achievement;
            ``(2) are consistent with the principles of effectiveness 
        described in subsection (b);
            ``(3) promote the involvement of parents in the activity or 
        program, as appropriate; and
            ``(4) may include, among other programs and activities--
                    ``(A) drug and violence prevention activities and 
                programs, including professional development and 
                training for school and specialized instructional 
                support personnel and interested community members in 
                prevention, education, early identification, and 
                intervention mentoring, and, where appropriate, 
                rehabilitation referral, as related to drug and 
                violence prevention;
                    ``(B) programs that support extended learning 
                opportunities, including before and after school 
                programs and activities, programs during summer recess 
                periods, and expanded learning time;
                    ``(C) in accordance with subsections (c) and (d), 
                school-based mental health services, including early 
                identification of mental-health symptoms, drug use and 
                violence, and appropriate referrals to direct 
                individual or group counseling services provided by 
                qualified school or community-based mental health 
                services providers;
                    ``(D) in accordance with subsections (c) and (d), 
                school-based mental health services partnership 
                programs that--
                            ``(i) are conducted in partnership with a 
                        public or private mental-health entity or 
                        health care entity, which may also include a 
                        child welfare agency, family-based mental 
                        health entity, trauma network, or other 
                        community-based entity; and
                            ``(ii) provide comprehensive school-based 
                        mental health services and supports and staff 
                        development for school and community personnel 
                        working in the school that are based on trauma-
                        informed and evidence practices, are 
                        coordinated (where appropriate) with early 
                        intervening services carried out under the 
                        Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 
                        are provided by qualified mental and behavioral 
                        health professionals who are certified or 
                        licensed by the State involved and practicing 
                        within their area of expertise, and may 
                        include--
                                    ``(I) the early identification of 
                                social, emotional, or behavioral 
                                problems, or substance use disorders, 
                                and the provision of early intervening 
                                services;
                                    ``(II) notwithstanding section 
                                4107, the treatment or referral for 
                                treatment of students with social, 
                                emotional, or behavioral health 
                                problems, or substance use disorders;
                                    ``(III) the development and 
                                implementation of programs to assist 
                                children in dealing with trauma and 
                                violence; and
                                    ``(IV) the development of 
                                mechanisms, based on best practices, 
                                for children to report incidents of 
                                violence or plans by other children or 
                                adults to commit violence;
                    ``(E) emergency planning and intervention services 
                following traumatic crisis events;
                    ``(F) programs that train school personnel to 
                identify warning signs of youth drug abuse and suicide;
                    ``(G) mentoring programs and activities for 
                children who are at risk of academic failure, dropping 
                out of school, or involvement in criminal or delinquent 
                activities, drug use and abuse, or who lack strong 
                positive role models;
                    ``(H) early childhood, elementary school, and 
                secondary school counseling programs, including college 
                and career guidance programs, such as financial 
                literacy and Federal financial aid awareness efforts;
                    ``(I) programs or activities that support a 
                healthy, active lifestyle, including nutritional 
                education and regular, structured physical education 
                programs for early childhood, elementary school, and 
                secondary school students;
                    ``(J) implementation of schoolwide positive 
                behavioral interventions and supports, including 
                through coordination with similar activities carried 
                out under the Individuals with Disabilities Education 
                Act, in order to improve academic outcomes for students 
                and reduce the need for suspensions, expulsions, and 
                other actions that remove students from instruction;
                    ``(K) programs and activities that offer a variety 
                of well-rounded educational experience for students, 
                such as those that--
                            ``(i) use music and the arts as tools to 
                        promote constructive student engagement, 
                        problem solving, and conflict resolution; or
                            ``(ii) further students' understanding of 
                        and knowledge in computer science from 
                        elementary school through secondary school;
                    ``(L) systems of high-capacity, integrated student 
                supports;
                    ``(M) strategies that establish learning 
                environments to further students' academic and 
                nonacademic skills essential for school readiness and 
                academic success, such as by providing integrated 
                systems of student and family supports and building 
                teacher, principal, and other school leader capacity;
                    ``(N) bullying and harassment prevention programs 
                or activities, including professional development and 
                training for school and specialized instructional 
                support personnel in the prevention, early 
                identification, and early intervention, as related to 
                bullying and harassment;
                    ``(O) programs or activities designed to increase 
                school safety and climate, including conflict 
                resolution practices, crisis management techniques, and 
                other school-based violence prevention strategies;
                    ``(P) pay for success initiatives that produce a 
                measurable, clearly defined outcome that results in 
                social benefit and direct cost savings to the local, 
                State, or Federal Government; and
                    ``(Q) other activities and programs identified as 
                necessary by the local educational agency through the 
                needs assessment conducted under section 4104(b)(3) 
                that will increase student achievement and otherwise 
                meet the purpose of this part.
    ``(b) Principles of Effectiveness.--
            ``(1) In general.--For a program or activity developed or 
        carried out under this part to meet the principles of 
        effectiveness, such program or activity shall--
                    ``(A) be based upon an assessment of objective data 
                regarding the need for programs and activities in the 
                early childhood, elementary school, secondary school, 
                or community to be served to--
                            ``(i) improve school safety and promote 
                        students' physical and mental health and well-
                        being, healthy eating and nutrition, and 
                        physical fitness; and
                            ``(ii) strengthen parent and community 
                        engagement to ensure a healthy, safe, and 
                        supportive school environment;
                    ``(B) be based upon established State requirements 
                and evidence-based criteria aimed at ensuring a 
                healthy, safe, and supportive school environment for 
                students in the early childhood, elementary school, 
                secondary school, or community that will be served by 
                the program; and
                    ``(C) include meaningful and ongoing consultation 
                with and input from teachers, principals, school 
                leaders, and parents in the development of the 
                application and administration of the program or 
                activity.
            ``(2) Periodic evaluation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The program or activity shall 
                undergo a periodic independent, third party evaluation 
                to assess the extent to which the program or activity 
                has helped the local educational agency or school 
                provide students with a healthy, safe, and supportive 
                school environment that promotes school safety and 
                students' physical and mental health and well-being.
                    ``(B) Use of results.--The local educational agency 
                or consortium of such agencies shall ensure that the 
                results of the periodic evaluations described under 
                subparagraph (A) are--
                            ``(i) used to refine, improve, and 
                        strengthen the program or activity, and to 
                        refine locally determined criteria described 
                        under paragraph (1)(B); and
                            ``(ii) made available to the public and the 
                        State.
            ``(3) Prohibition.--Nothing in this subsection shall be 
        construed to authorize the Secretary or any other officer or 
        employee of the Federal Government to mandate, direct, or 
        control, the principles of effectiveness developed or utilized 
        by a local educational agency under this subsection.
    ``(c) Parental Consent.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each local educational agency receiving 
        a subgrant under this part shall obtain prior written, informed 
        consent from the parent of each child who is under 18 years of 
        age to participate in any mental-health assessment service or 
        treatment that is funded under this part and conducted in 
        connection with an elementary school or secondary school under 
        this part.
            ``(2) Exception.--Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the 
        written, informed consent described in such paragraph shall not 
        be required in--
                    ``(A) an emergency, where it is necessary to 
                protect the immediate health and safety of the student, 
                other students, or school personnel; or
                    ``(B) other instances where parental consent cannot 
                be reasonably obtained, as defined by the Secretary.
    ``(d) Privacy.--Each local educational agency receiving a subgrant 
under this part shall ensure that student mental health records are 
accorded the privacy protections provided under section 444 of the 
General Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1232g)(commonly referred to 
as the `Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974').

``SEC. 4106. SUPPLEMENT, NOT SUPPLANT.

    ``Funds made available under this part shall be used to supplement, 
and not supplant, non-Federal funds that would otherwise be used for 
activities authorized under this part.

``SEC. 4107. PROHIBITIONS.

    ``(a) Prohibited Use of Funds.--No funds under this part may be 
used for--
            ``(1) construction; or
            ``(2) medical services or drug treatment or rehabilitation, 
        except for integrated student supports or referral to treatment 
        for impacted students, which may include students who are 
        victims of, or witnesses to, crime or who illegally use drugs.
    ``(b) Prohibition on Mandatory Medication.--No child shall be 
required to obtain a prescription for a substance covered by the 
Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 801 et seq.) as a condition of 
receiving an evaluation, services, or attending a school receiving 
assistance under this part.

``SEC. 4108. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this part 
such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2016 through 
2021.''.

SEC. 4003. 21ST CENTURY COMMUNITY LEARNING CENTERS.

    (a) Program Authorized.--Part B of title IV (20 U.S.C. 7171 et 
seq.) is amended to read as follows:

           ``PART B--21ST CENTURY COMMUNITY LEARNING CENTERS

``SEC. 4201. PURPOSE; DEFINITIONS.

    ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of this part is to provide 
opportunities for communities to establish or expand activities in 
community learning centers that--
            ``(1) provide opportunities for academic enrichment, 
        including providing tutorial services to help students, 
        particularly students who attend low-performing schools, to 
        meet challenging State academic standards described in section 
        1111(b)(1);
            ``(2) offer students a broad array of additional services, 
        programs, and activities, such as youth development activities, 
        service learning, nutrition and health education, drug and 
        violence prevention programs, counseling programs, art, music, 
        physical fitness and wellness programs, technology education 
        programs, financial literacy programs, math, science, career 
        and technical programs, internship or apprenticeship programs, 
        and other ties to an in-demand industry sector or occupation 
        for high school students that are designed to reinforce and 
        complement the regular academic program of participating 
        students; and
            ``(3) offer families of students served by community 
        learning centers opportunities for active and meaningful 
        engagement in their children's education, including 
        opportunities for literacy and related educational development.
    ``(b) Definitions.--In this part:
            ``(1) Community learning center.--The term `community 
        learning center' means an entity that--
                    ``(A) assists students to meet challenging State 
                academic standards described in section 1111(b)(1) by 
                providing the students with academic enrichment 
                activities and a broad array of other activities (such 
                as programs and activities described in subsection 
                (a)(2)) during nonschool hours or periods when school 
                is not in session (such as before and after school or 
                during summer recess) that--
                            ``(i) reinforce and complement the regular 
                        academic programs of the schools attended by 
                        the students served; and
                            ``(ii) are targeted to the students' 
                        academic needs and aligned with the instruction 
                        students receive during the school day; and
                    ``(B) offers families of students served by such 
                center opportunities for literacy, and related 
                educational development and opportunities for active 
                and meaningful engagement in their children's 
                education.
            ``(2) Covered program.--The term `covered program' means a 
        program for which --
                    ``(A) the Secretary made a grant under part B of 
                title IV (as such part was in effect on the day before 
                the date of enactment of the Every Child Achieves Act 
                of 2015); and
                    ``(B) the grant period had not ended on that date 
                of enactment.
            ``(3) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means a 
        local educational agency, community-based organization, Indian 
        tribe or tribal organization (as such terms are defined in 
        section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Act 
        (25 U.S.C. 450b)), another public or private entity, or a 
        consortium of 2 or more such agencies, organizations, or 
        entities.
            ``(4) External organization.--The term `external 
        organization' means--
                    ``(A) a nonprofit organization with a record of 
                success in running or working with after school 
                programs; or
                    ``(B) in the case of a community where there is no 
                such organization, a nonprofit organization in the 
                community that enters into a formal agreement or 
                partnership with an organization described in 
                subparagraph (A) to receive mentoring and guidance.
            ``(5) Rigorous peer-review process.--The term `rigorous 
        peer-review process' means a process by which--
                    ``(A) employees of a State educational agency who 
                are familiar with the 21st century community learning 
                center program under this part review all applications 
                that the State receives for awards under this part for 
                completeness and applicant eligibility;
                    ``(B) the State educational agency selects peer 
                reviewers for such applications, who shall--
                            ``(i) be selected for their expertise in 
                        providing effective academic, enrichment, youth 
                        development, and related services to children; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) not include any applicant, or 
                        representative of an applicant, that has 
                        submitted an application under this part for 
                        the current application period; and
                    ``(C) the peer reviewers described in subparagraph 
                (B) review and rate the applications to determine the 
                extent to which the applications meet the requirements 
                under sections 4204(b) and 4205.
            ``(6) State.--The term `State' means each of the 50 States, 
        the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

``SEC. 4202. ALLOTMENTS TO STATES.

    ``(a) Reservation.--From the funds appropriated under section 4206 
for any fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve--
            ``(1) such amounts as may be necessary to make continuation 
        awards to grant recipients under covered programs (under the 
        terms of those grants);
            ``(2) not more than 1 percent for national activities, 
        which the Secretary may carry out directly or through grants 
        and contracts, such as providing technical assistance to 
        eligible entities carrying out programs under this part or 
        conducting a national evaluation; and
            ``(3) not more than 1 percent for payments to the outlying 
        areas and the Bureau of Indian Affairs, to be allotted in 
        accordance with their respective needs for assistance under 
        this part, as determined by the Secretary, to enable the 
        outlying areas and the Bureau to carry out the purpose of this 
        part.
    ``(b) State Allotments.--
            ``(1) Determination.--From the funds appropriated under 
        section 4206 for any fiscal year and remaining after the 
        Secretary makes reservations under subsection (a), the 
        Secretary shall allot to each State for the fiscal year an 
        amount that bears the same relationship to the remainder as the 
        amount the State received under subpart 2 of part A of title I 
        for the preceding fiscal year bears to the amount all States 
        received under that subpart for the preceding fiscal year, 
        except that no State shall receive less than an amount equal to 
        one-half of 1 percent of the total amount made available to all 
        States under this subsection.
            ``(2) Reallotment of unused funds.--If a State does not 
        receive an allotment under this part for a fiscal year, the 
        Secretary shall reallot the amount of the State's allotment to 
        the remaining States in accordance with this part.
    ``(c) State Use of Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each State that receives an allotment 
        under this part shall reserve not less than 93 percent of the 
        amount allotted to such State under subsection (b), for each 
        fiscal year for awards to eligible entities under section 4204.
            ``(2) State administration.--A State educational agency may 
        use not more than 2 percent of the amount made available to the 
        State under subsection (b) for--
                    ``(A) the administrative costs of carrying out its 
                responsibilities under this part;
                    ``(B) establishing and implementing a rigorous 
                peer-review process for grant applications described in 
                section 4204(b) (including consultation with the 
                Governor and other State agencies responsible for 
                administering youth development programs and adult 
                learning activities); and
                    ``(C) awarding of funds to eligible entities (in 
                consultation with the Governor and other State agencies 
                responsible for administering youth development 
                programs and adult learning activities).
            ``(3) State activities.--A State educational agency may use 
        not more than 5 percent of the amount made available to the 
        State under subsection (b) for the following activities:
                    ``(A) Monitoring and evaluation of programs and 
                activities assisted under this part.
                    ``(B) Providing capacity building, training, and 
                technical assistance under this part.
                    ``(C) Comprehensive evaluation (directly, or 
                through a grant or contract) of the effectiveness of 
                programs and activities assisted under this part.
                    ``(D) Providing training and technical assistance 
                to eligible entities who are applicants for or 
                recipients of awards under this part.
                    ``(E) Ensuring that any eligible entity that 
                receives an award under this part from the State aligns 
                the activities provided by the program with State 
                academic standards.
                    ``(F) Ensuring that any such eligible entity 
                identifies and partners with external organizations, if 
                available, in the community.
                    ``(G) Working with teachers, principals, parents, 
                the local workforce, the local community, and other 
                stakeholders to review and improve State policies and 
                practices to support the implementation of effective 
                programs under this part.
                    ``(H) Coordinating funds received under this part 
                with other Federal and State funds to implement high-
                quality programs.
                    ``(I) Providing a list of prescreened external 
                organizations, as described in section 4203(a)(11).

``SEC. 4203. STATE APPLICATION.

    ``(a) In General.--In order to receive an allotment under section 
4202 for any fiscal year, a State shall submit to the Secretary, at 
such time as the Secretary may require, an application that--
            ``(1) designates the State educational agency as the agency 
        responsible for the administration and supervision of programs 
        assisted under this part;
            ``(2) describes how the State educational agency will use 
        funds received under this part, including funds reserved for 
        State-level activities;
            ``(3) contains an assurance that the State educational 
        agency--
                    ``(A) will make awards under this part to eligible 
                entities that serve students who primarily attend 
                schools that have been identified under section 
                1114(a)(1)(A) and other schools determined by the local 
                educational agency to be in need of intervention and 
                support and the families of such students; and
                    ``(B) will further give priority to eligible 
                entities that propose in the application to serve 
                students described in subclauses (I) and (II) of 
                section 4204(i)(1)(A)(i);
            ``(4) describes the procedures and criteria the State 
        educational agency will use for reviewing applications and 
        awarding funds to eligible entities on a competitive basis, 
        which shall include procedures and criteria that take into 
        consideration the likelihood that a proposed community learning 
        center will help participating students meet State and local 
        content and student academic achievement standards;
            ``(5) describes how the State educational agency will 
        ensure that awards made under this part are--
                    ``(A) of sufficient size and scope to support high-
                quality, effective programs that are consistent with 
                the purpose of this part; and
                    ``(B) in amounts that are consistent with section 
                4204(h);
            ``(6) describes the steps the State educational agency will 
        take to ensure that programs implement effective strategies, 
        including providing ongoing technical assistance and training, 
        evaluation, dissemination of promising practices, and 
        coordination of professional development for staff in specific 
        content areas as well as youth development;
            ``(7) describes how programs under this part will be 
        coordinated with programs under this Act, and other programs as 
        appropriate;
            ``(8) contains an assurance that the State educational 
        agency--
                    ``(A) will make awards for programs for a period of 
                not less than 3 years and not more than 5 years; and
                    ``(B) will require each eligible entity seeking 
                such an award to submit a plan describing how the 
                activities to be funded through the award will continue 
                after funding under this part ends;
            ``(9) contains an assurance that funds appropriated to 
        carry out this part will be used to supplement, and not 
        supplant, other Federal, State, and local public funds expended 
        to provide programs and activities authorized under this part 
        and other similar programs;
            ``(10) contains an assurance that the State educational 
        agency will require eligible entities to describe in their 
        applications under section 4204(b) how the transportation needs 
        of participating students will be addressed;
            ``(11) describes how the State will prescreen external 
        organizations that could provide assistance in carrying out the 
        activities under this part, and develop and make available to 
        eligible entities a list of external organizations that 
        successfully completed the prescreening process;
            ``(12) provides--
                    ``(A) an assurance that the application was 
                developed in consultation and coordination with 
                appropriate State officials, including the chief State 
                school officer, and other State agencies administering 
                before and after school (or summer school) programs, 
                the heads of the State health and mental health 
                agencies or their designees, statewide after school 
                networks (where applicable) and representatives of 
                teachers, local educational agencies, and community-
                based organizations; and
                    ``(B) a description of any other representatives of 
                teachers, parents, students, or the business community 
                that the State has selected to assist in the 
                development of the application, if applicable;
            ``(13) describes the results of the State's needs and 
        resources assessment for before and after school activities, 
        which shall be based on the results of on-going State 
        evaluation activities;
            ``(14) describes how the State educational agency will 
        evaluate the effectiveness of programs and activities carried 
        out under this part, which shall include, at a minimum--
                    ``(A) a description of the performance indicators 
                and performance measures that will be used to evaluate 
                programs and activities with emphasis on alignment with 
                the regular academic program of the school and the 
                academic needs of participating students, including 
                performance indicators and measures that--
                            ``(i) are able to track student success and 
                        improvement over time;
                            ``(ii) include State assessment results and 
                        other indicators of student success and 
                        improvement, such as improved attendance during 
                        the school day, better classroom grades, 
                        regular (or consistent) program attendance, and 
                        on-time advancement to the next grade level; 
                        and
                            ``(iii) for high school students, may 
                        include indicators such as career competencies, 
                        successful completion of internships or 
                        apprenticeships, or work-based learning 
                        opportunities;
                    ``(B) a description of how data collected for the 
                purposes of subparagraph (A) will be collected; and
                    ``(C) public dissemination of the evaluations of 
                programs and activities carried out under this part; 
                and
            ``(15) provides for timely public notice of intent to file 
        an application and an assurance that the application will be 
        available for public review after submission.
    ``(b) Deemed Approval.--An application submitted by a State 
educational agency pursuant to subsection (a) shall be deemed to be 
approved by the Secretary unless the Secretary makes a written 
determination, prior to the expiration of the 120-day period beginning 
on the date on which the Secretary received the application, that the 
application is not in compliance with this part.
    ``(c) Disapproval.--The Secretary shall not finally disapprove the 
application, except after giving the State educational agency notice 
and opportunity for a hearing.
    ``(d) Notification.--If the Secretary finds that the application is 
not in compliance, in whole or in part, with this part, the Secretary 
shall--
            ``(1) give the State educational agency notice and an 
        opportunity for a hearing; and
            ``(2) notify the State educational agency of the finding of 
        noncompliance, and, in such notification, shall--
                    ``(A) cite the specific provisions in the 
                application that are not in compliance; and
                    ``(B) request additional information, only as to 
                the noncompliant provisions, needed to make the 
                application compliant.
    ``(e) Response.--If the State educational agency responds to the 
Secretary's notification described in subsection (d)(2) during the 45-
day period beginning on the date on which the agency received the 
notification, and resubmits the application with the requested 
information described in subsection (d)(2)(B), the Secretary shall 
approve or disapprove such application prior to the later of--
            ``(1) the expiration of the 45-day period beginning on the 
        date on which the application is resubmitted; or
            ``(2) the expiration of the 120-day period described in 
        subsection (b).
    ``(f) Failure To Respond.--If the State educational agency does not 
respond to the Secretary's notification described in subsection (d)(2) 
during the 45-day period beginning on the date on which the agency 
received the notification, such application shall be deemed to be 
disapproved.
    ``(g) Limitation.--The Secretary may not impose a priority or 
preference for States or eligible entities that seek to use funds made 
available under this part to extend the regular school day.

``SEC. 4204. LOCAL COMPETITIVE GRANT PROGRAM.

    ``(a) In General.--
            ``(1) Community learning centers.--A State that receives 
        funds under this part for a fiscal year shall provide the 
        amount made available under section 4202(c)(1) to eligible 
        entities for community learning centers in accordance with this 
        part.
            ``(2) Expanded learning program activities.--A State that 
        receives funds under this part for a fiscal year may also use 
        funds under section 4202(c)(1) to support those enrichment and 
        engaging academic activities described in section 4205(a) 
        that--
                    ``(A) are included as part of an expanded learning 
                program that provide students at least 300 additional 
                program hours before, during, or after the traditional 
                school day;
                    ``(B) supplement but do not supplant school day 
                requirements; and
                    ``(C) are awarded to entities that meet the 
                requirements of subsection (i).
    ``(b) Application.--
            ``(1) In general.--To be eligible to receive an award under 
        this part, an eligible entity shall submit an application to 
        the State educational agency at such time, in such manner, and 
        including such information as the State educational agency may 
        reasonably require.
            ``(2) Contents.--Each application submitted under paragraph 
        (1) shall include--
                    ``(A) a description of the activities to be funded, 
                including--
                            ``(i) an assurance that the program will 
                        take place in a safe and easily accessible 
                        facility;
                            ``(ii) a description of how students 
                        participating in the program carried out by the 
                        community learning center will travel safely to 
                        and from the center and home, if applicable; 
                        and
                            ``(iii) a description of how the eligible 
                        entity will disseminate information about the 
                        community learning center (including its 
                        location) to the community in a manner that is 
                        understandable and accessible;
                    ``(B) a description of how such activities are 
                expected to improve student academic achievement as 
                well as overall student success;
                    ``(C) a demonstration of how the proposed program 
                will coordinate Federal, State, and local programs and 
                make the most effective use of public resources;
                    ``(D) an assurance that the proposed program was 
                developed, and will be carried out--
                            ``(i) in active collaboration with the 
                        schools the students attend (including through 
                        the sharing of relevant student data among the 
                        schools), all participants in the eligible 
                        entity, and any partnership entities described 
                        in subparagraph (H), while complying with 
                        applicable laws relating to privacy and 
                        confidentiality; and
                            ``(ii) in alignment with State and local 
                        content and student academic achievement 
                        standards;
                    ``(E) a description of how the activities will meet 
                the principles of effectiveness described in section 
                4205(b);
                    ``(F) an assurance that the program will target 
                students who primarily attend schools eligible for 
                schoolwide programs under section 1114 and the families 
                of such students;
                    ``(G) an assurance that funds under this part will 
                be used to increase the level of State, local, and 
                other non-Federal funds that would, in the absence of 
                funds under this part, be made available for programs 
                and activities authorized under this part, and in no 
                case supplant Federal, State, local, or non-Federal 
                funds;
                    ``(H) a description of the partnership between a 
                local educational agency, a community-based 
                organization, and another public entity or private 
                entity, if appropriate;
                    ``(I) an evaluation of the community needs and 
                available resources for the community learning center 
                and a description of how the program proposed to be 
                carried out in the center will address those needs 
                (including the needs of working families);
                    ``(J) a demonstration that the eligible entity will 
                use best practices, including research or evidence-
                based practices, to provide educational and related 
                activities that will complement and enhance academic 
                performance, achievement, postsecondary and workforce 
                preparation, and positive youth development of the 
                students;
                    ``(K) a description of a preliminary plan for how 
                the community learning center will continue after 
                funding under this part ends;
                    ``(L) an assurance that the community will be given 
                notice of an intent to submit an application and that 
                the application and any waiver request will be 
                available for public review after submission of the 
                application;
                    ``(M) if the eligible entity plans to use 
                volunteers in activities carried out through the 
                community learning center, a description of how the 
                eligible entity will encourage and use appropriately 
                qualified persons to serve as the volunteers; and
                    ``(N) such other information and assurances as the 
                State educational agency may reasonably require.
    ``(c) Approval of Certain Applications.--The State educational 
agency may approve an application under this part for a program to be 
located in a facility other than an elementary school or secondary 
school only if the program will be at least as available and accessible 
to the students to be served as if the program were located in an 
elementary school or secondary school.
    ``(d) Permissive Local Match.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State educational agency may require 
        an eligible entity to match funds awarded under this part, 
        except that such match may not exceed the amount of the grant 
        award and may not be derived from other Federal or State funds.
            ``(2) Sliding scale.--The amount of a match under paragraph 
        (1) shall be established based on a sliding fee scale that 
        takes into account--
                    ``(A) the relative poverty of the population to be 
                targeted by the eligible entity; and
                    ``(B) the ability of the eligible entity to obtain 
                such matching funds.
            ``(3) In-kind contributions.--Each State educational agency 
        that requires an eligible entity to match funds under this 
        subsection shall permit the eligible entity to provide all or 
        any portion of such match in the form of in-kind contributions.
            ``(4) Consideration.--Notwithstanding this subsection, a 
        State educational agency shall not consider an eligible 
        entity's ability to match funds when determining which eligible 
        entities will receive awards under this part.
    ``(e) Peer Review.--In reviewing local applications under this 
part, a State educational agency shall use a rigorous peer-review 
process or other methods of assuring the quality of such applications.
    ``(f) Geographic Diversity.--To the extent practicable, a State 
educational agency shall distribute funds under this part equitably 
among geographic areas within the State, including urban and rural 
communities.
    ``(g) Duration of Awards.--Grants under this part shall be awarded 
for a period of not less than 3 years and not more than 5 years.
    ``(h) Amount of Awards.--A grant awarded under this part may not be 
made in an amount that is less than $50,000.
    ``(i) Priority.--
            ``(1) In general.--In awarding grants under this part, a 
        State educational agency shall give priority to applications--
                    ``(A) proposing to target services to--
                            ``(i) students who primarily attend schools 
                        that--
                                    ``(I) have been identified under 
                                section 1114(a) and other schools 
                                determined by the local educational 
                                agency to be in need of intervention 
                                and support to improve student academic 
                                achievement and other outcomes; and
                                    ``(II) enroll students who may be 
                                at risk for academic failure, dropping 
                                out of school, involvement in criminal 
                                or delinquent activities, or who lack 
                                strong positive role models; and
                            ``(ii) the families of students described 
                        in clause (i);
                    ``(B) submitted jointly by eligible entities 
                consisting of not less than 1--
                            ``(i) local educational agency receiving 
                        funds under part A of title I; and
                            ``(ii) another eligible entity; and
                    ``(C) demonstrating that the activities proposed in 
                the application--
                            ``(i) are, as of the date of the submission 
                        of the application, not accessible to students 
                        who would be served; or
                            ``(ii) would expand accessibility to high-
                        quality services that may be available in the 
                        community.
            ``(2) Special rule.--The State educational agency shall 
        provide the same priority under paragraph (1) to an application 
        submitted by a local educational agency if the local 
        educational agency demonstrates that it is unable to partner 
        with a community-based organization in reasonable geographic 
        proximity and of sufficient quality to meet the requirements of 
        this part.
            ``(3) Limitation.--A State educational agency may not 
        impose a priority or preference for eligible entities that seek 
        to use funds made available under this part to extend the 
        regular school day.
    ``(j) Renewability of Awards.--A State educational agency may renew 
a grant provided under this part to an eligible entity, based on the 
eligible entity's performance during the original grant period.

``SEC. 4205. LOCAL ACTIVITIES.

    ``(a) Authorized Activities.--Each eligible entity that receives an 
award under section 4204 may use the award funds to carry out a broad 
array of activities that advance student academic achievement and 
support student success, including--
            ``(1) academic enrichment learning programs, mentoring 
        programs, remedial education activities, and tutoring services, 
        that are aligned with--
                    ``(A) State and local content and student academic 
                achievement standards; and
                    ``(B) local curricula that are designed to improve 
                student academic achievement;
            ``(2) core academic subject education activities, including 
        such activities that enable students to be eligible for credit 
        recovery or attainment;
            ``(3) literacy education programs, including financial 
        literacy programs;
            ``(4) programs that support a healthy, active lifestyle, 
        including nutritional education and regular, structured 
        physical activity programs;
            ``(5) services for individuals with disabilities;
            ``(6) programs that provide after school activities for 
        students who are English learners that emphasize language 
        skills and academic achievement;
            ``(7) cultural programs;
            ``(8) telecommunications and technology education programs;
            ``(9) expanded library service hours;
            ``(10) parenting skills programs that promote parental 
        involvement and family literacy;
            ``(11) programs that provide assistance to students who 
        have been truant, suspended, or expelled to allow the students 
        to improve their academic achievement;
            ``(12) drug and violence prevention programs and counseling 
        programs;
            ``(13) programs that build skills in science, technology, 
        engineering and mathematics (referred to in this paragraph as 
        `STEM') and that foster innovation in learning by supporting 
        nontraditional STEM education teaching methods; and
            ``(14) programs that partner with in-demand fields of the 
        local workforce or build career competencies and career 
        readiness and ensure that local workforce and career readiness 
        skills are aligned with the Carl D. Perkins Career and 
        Technical Education Act of 2006 and the Workforce Innovation 
        and Opportunity Act.
    ``(b) Measures of Effectiveness.--
            ``(1) In general.--For a program or activity developed 
        pursuant to this part to meet the measures of effectiveness, 
        monitored by the State educational agency as described in 
        section 4203(a)(14), such program or activity shall--
                    ``(A) be based upon an assessment of objective data 
                regarding the need for before and after school programs 
                (including during summer recess periods) and activities 
                in the schools and communities;
                    ``(B) be based upon an established set of 
                performance measures aimed at ensuring the availability 
                of high quality academic enrichment opportunities;
                    ``(C) if appropriate, be based upon evidence-based 
                research that provides evidence that the program or 
                activity will help students meet the State and local 
                student academic achievement standards;
                    ``(D) ensure that measures of student success align 
                with the regular academic program of the school and the 
                academic needs of participating students and include 
                performance indicators and measures described in 
                section 4203(a)(14)(A); and
                    ``(E) collect the data necessary for the measures 
                of student success described in subparagraph (D).
            ``(2) Periodic evaluation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The program or activity shall 
                undergo a periodic evaluation in conjunction with the 
                State educational agency's overall evaluation plan as 
                described in section 4203(a)(14), to assess the 
                program's progress toward achieving the goal of 
                providing high quality opportunities for academic 
                enrichment and overall student success.
                    ``(B) Use of results.--The results of evaluations 
                under subparagraph (A) shall be--
                            ``(i) used to refine, improve, and 
                        strengthen the program or activity, and to 
                        refine the performance measures;
                            ``(ii) made available to the public upon 
                        request, with public notice of such 
                        availability provided; and
                            ``(iii) used by the State to determine 
                        whether a grant is eligible to be renewed under 
                        section 4204(j).

``SEC. 4206. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this part 
such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2016 through 
2021.''.
    (b) Transition.--The recipient of a multiyear grant award under 
part B of title IV of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 
1965 (20 U.S.C. 7171 et seq.), as such Act was in effect on the day 
before the date of enactment of this Act, shall continue to receive 
funds in accordance with the terms and conditions of such award.

SEC. 4004. ELEMENTARY SCHOOL AND SECONDARY SCHOOL COUNSELING PROGRAMS.

    Title IV (20 U.S.C. 7101 et seq.), as amended by section 4001, is 
further amended by inserting after part B the following:

  ``PART C--ELEMENTARY SCHOOL AND SECONDARY SCHOOL COUNSELING PROGRAMS

``SEC. 4301. ELEMENTARY SCHOOL AND SECONDARY SCHOOL COUNSELING 
              PROGRAMS.

    ``(a) Grants Authorized.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary is authorized to award 
        grants to eligible entities to enable such agencies to 
        establish or expand elementary school and secondary school 
        counseling programs that comply with the requirements of 
        subsection (c).
            ``(2) Special consideration.--In awarding grants under this 
        section, the Secretary shall--
                    ``(A) give special consideration to applications 
                describing programs that--
                            ``(i) demonstrate the greatest need for new 
                        or additional counseling services among 
                        children in the schools served by the eligible 
                        entity, in part by providing information on 
                        current ratios, as of the date of application 
                        for a grant under this section, of students to 
                        school counselors, students to school social 
                        workers, and students to school psychologists;
                            ``(ii) propose promising and innovative 
                        approaches for initiating or expanding school 
                        counseling; and
                            ``(iii) show strong potential for 
                        replication and dissemination; and
                    ``(B) give priority to--
                            ``(i) schools that serve students in rural 
                        and remote areas;
                            ``(ii) schools in need of improvement and 
                        schools that are the persistently lowest 
                        achieving schools; or
                            ``(iii) schools with a high percentage of 
                        students aged 5 through 17 who--
                                    ``(I) are in poverty, as counted in 
                                the most recent census data approved by 
                                the Secretary;
                                    ``(II) are eligible for a free or 
                                reduced priced lunch under the Richard 
                                B. Russell National School Lunch Act 
                                (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.);
                                    ``(III) are in families receiving 
                                assistance under the State program 
                                funded under part A of title IV of the 
                                Social Security Act; or
                                    ``(IV) are eligible to receive 
                                medical assistance under the Medicaid 
                                program.
            ``(3) Equitable distribution.--In awarding grants under 
        this section, the Secretary shall ensure an equitable 
        geographic distribution among the regions of the United States 
        and among eligible entities located in urban, rural, and 
        suburban areas.
            ``(4) Duration.--A grant under this section shall be 
        awarded for a period not to exceed 3 years.
            ``(5) Maximum grant.--A grant awarded under this section 
        shall not exceed $400,000 for any fiscal year.
    ``(b) Applications.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each eligible entity desiring a grant 
        under this section shall submit an application to the Secretary 
        at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such 
        information as the Secretary may reasonably require.
            ``(2) Contents.--Each application for a grant under this 
        section shall--
                    ``(A) describe the school population to be targeted 
                by the program, the particular counseling needs of such 
                population, and the current school counseling resources 
                available for meeting such needs;
                    ``(B) include the information described in 
                subparagraphs (B) through (D) of section 4104(b)(4), 
                with respect to the grant under this part;
                    ``(C) document that the eligible entity has 
                personnel qualified to develop, implement, and 
                administer the program; and
                    ``(D) document how the eligible entity will engage 
                in meaning consultation with parents and families in 
                the development of such program.
    ``(c) Use of Funds.--Each eligible entity receiving a grant under 
this part shall use grant funds to develop, implement, and evaluate 
comprehensive, evidence-based, school counseling programs through 
activities which incorporate evidence-based practices, such as--
            ``(1) the implementation of a comprehensive school 
        counseling program to meet the counseling and educational needs 
        of all students;
            ``(2) increasing the range, availability, quantity, and 
        quality of counseling services, provided by qualified school 
        counselors, school psychologists, school social workers, and 
        other qualified school-based mental health service providers, 
        in the elementary schools and secondary schools of the eligible 
        entity;
            ``(3) the implementation of innovative approaches to 
        increase children's understanding of peer and family 
        relationships, peer and family interaction, work and self, 
        decisionmaking, or academic and career planning;
            ``(4) the implementation of academic, postsecondary 
        education and career planning programs;
            ``(5) the initiation of partnerships with community groups, 
        social service agencies, or other public or private non-profit 
        entities in collaborative efforts to enhance the program and 
        promote school-linked integration of services, as long as the 
        eligible entity documents how such partnership supplements, not 
        supplants, existing school-employed school-based mental health 
        service providers and services, in accordance with subsection 
        (f);
            ``(6) the implementation of a team approach to school 
        counseling in the schools served by the eligible entity by 
        working toward ratios of school counselors, school social 
        workers, and school psychologists to students recommended to 
        enable such personnel to effectively address the needs of 
        students; and
            ``(7) any other activity determined necessary by the 
        eligible entity that meets the purpose of this part
    ``(d) Limitation on Administrative Costs.--Not more than 4 percent 
of the amounts made available under this section for any fiscal year 
may be used for administrative costs to carry out this section.
    ``(e) Report.--Not later than 2 years after assistance is made 
available to eligible entities under subsection (a), the Secretary 
shall make publicly available a report--
            ``(1) evaluating the programs assisted pursuant to each 
        grant under this section; and
            ``(2) outlining the information from eligible entities 
        regarding the ratios of students to--
                    ``(A) school counselors;
                    ``(B) school social workers; and
                    ``(C) school psychologists.
    ``(f) Supplement, Not Supplant.--Funds made available under this 
section shall be used to supplement, and not supplant, other Federal, 
State, or local funds used for providing school-based counseling and 
mental health services to students.
    ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means--
                    ``(A) a local educational agency;
                    ``(B) an educational service agency serving more 
                than 1 local educational agency; or
                    ``(C) a consortium of local educational agencies.
            ``(2) School-based mental health service provider.--The 
        term `school-based mental health service provider' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 4102.
            ``(3) School counselor.--The term `school counselor' means 
        an individual who meets the criteria for licensure or 
        certification as a school counselor in the State where the 
        individual is employed.
            ``(4) School psychologist.--The term `school psychologist' 
        means an individual who is licensed or certified in school 
        psychology by the State in which the individual is employed.
            ``(5) School social worker.--The term `school social 
        worker' means an individual who is licensed or certified as a 
        school social worker for the State in which the individual is 
        employed.
    ``(h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section such sums as may be necessary 
for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2021.''.

SEC. 4005. PHYSICAL EDUCATION PROGRAM.

    Title IV (20 U.S.C. 7101 et seq.), as amended by sections 4001 and 
4004, is further amended by adding at the end the following:

                  ``PART D--PHYSICAL EDUCATION PROGRAM

``SEC. 4401. PURPOSE.

    ``The purpose of this part is to award grants and contracts to 
initiate, expand, and improve physical education programs for all 
students in kindergarten through grade 12.

``SEC. 4402. PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

    ``(a) Authorization.--From amounts made available to carry out this 
part, the Secretary is authorized to award grants or contracts to local 
educational agencies and community-based organizations to pay the 
Federal share of the costs of initiating, expanding, and improving 
physical education programs (including after-school programs) for 
students in kindergarten through grade 12, by--
            ``(1) providing materials and support to enable students to 
        participate actively in physical education activities; and
            ``(2) providing funds for staff and teacher training and 
        education relating to physical education.
    ``(b) Program Elements.--A physical education program that receives 
assistance under this part may provide for 1 or more of the following:
            ``(1) Fitness education and assessment to help students 
        understand, improve, or maintain their physical well-being.
            ``(2) Instruction in a variety of motor skills and physical 
        activities designed to enhance the physical, mental, and social 
        or emotional development of every student.
            ``(3) Development of, and instruction in, cognitive 
        concepts about motor skill and physical fitness that support a 
        lifelong healthy lifestyle.
            ``(4) Opportunities to develop positive social and 
        cooperative skills through physical activity participation.
            ``(5) Instruction in healthy eating habits and good 
        nutrition.
            ``(6) Opportunities for professional development for 
        teachers of physical education to stay abreast of the latest 
        research, issues, and trends in the field of physical 
        education.
    ``(c) Special Rule.--For purposes of this part, extracurricular 
activities, such as team sports and Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
program activities, shall not be considered as part of the curriculum 
of a physical education program assisted under this part.

``SEC. 4403. APPLICATIONS.

    ``(a) Submission.--Each local educational agency or community-based 
organization desiring a grant or contract under this part shall submit 
to the Secretary an application that contains a plan to initiate, 
expand, or improve physical education programs in order to make 
progress toward meeting State standards for physical education.
    ``(b) Private School and Home-schooled Students.--An application 
for a grant or contract under this part may provide for the 
participation, in the activities funded under this part, of--
            ``(1) students enrolled in private nonprofit elementary 
        schools or secondary schools, and their parents and teachers; 
        or
            ``(2) home-schooled students, and their parents and 
        teachers.

``SEC. 4404. REQUIREMENTS.

    ``(a) Annual Report to the Secretary.--In order to continue 
receiving funding after the first year of a multiyear grant or contract 
under this part, the administrator of the grant or contract for the 
local educational agency or community-based organization shall submit 
to the Secretary an annual report that--
            ``(1) describes the activities conducted during the 
        preceding year; and
            ``(2) demonstrates that progress has been made toward 
        meeting State standards for physical education.
    ``(b) Administrative Expenses.--Not more than 5 percent of the 
funds made available under this part to a local educational agency or 
community-based organization for any fiscal year may be used for 
administrative expenses.

``SEC. 4405. ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS.

    ``(a) Federal Share.--The Federal share under this part may not 
exceed--
            ``(1) 90 percent of the total cost of a program for the 
        first year for which the program receives assistance under this 
        part; and
            ``(2) 75 percent of such cost for the second and each 
        subsequent such year.
    ``(b) Proportionality.--To the extent practicable, the Secretary 
shall ensure that grants awarded under this part shall be equitably 
distributed among local educational agencies, and community-based 
organizations, serving urban and rural areas.
    ``(c) Report to Congress.--Not later than June 1, 2017, the 
Secretary shall submit a report to Congress that--
            ``(1) describes the programs assisted under this part;
            ``(2) documents the success of such programs in improving 
        physical fitness; and
            ``(3) makes such recommendations as the Secretary 
        determines appropriate for the continuation and improvement of 
        the programs assisted under this part.
    ``(d) Availability of Funds.--Amounts made available to the 
Secretary to carry out this part shall remain available until expended.

``SEC. 4406. SUPPLEMENT, NOT SUPPLANT.

    ``Funds made available under this part shall be used to supplement, 
and not supplant, any other Federal, State, or local funds available 
for physical education activities.

``SEC. 4407. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this part 
such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2016 through 
2021.''.

     TITLE V--EMPOWERING PARENTS AND EXPANDING OPPORTUNITY THROUGH 
                               INNOVATION

SEC. 5001. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

    Title V (20 U.S.C. 7201 et seq.) is amended--
            (1) by striking the title heading and inserting 
        ``EMPOWERING PARENTS AND EXPANDING OPPORTUNITY THROUGH 
        INNOVATION'';
            (2) by striking part A;
            (3) by striking subparts 2 and 3 of part B;
            (4) by striking part D;
            (5) by redesignating parts B and C as parts A and B, 
        respectively;
            (6) in part A, as redesignated by paragraph (5), by 
        striking ``Subpart 1--Charter School Programs'';
            (7) by redesignating sections 5201 through 5211 as sections 
        5101 through 5111, respectively;
            (8) by redesignating sections 5301 through 5307 as sections 
        5201 through 5207, respectively;
            (9) by striking sections 5308 and 5310; and
            (10) by redesignating sections 5309 and 5311 as sections 
        5208 and 5209, respectively.

SEC. 5002. PUBLIC CHARTER SCHOOLS.

    Part A of title V (20 U.S.C. 7221 et seq.), as redesignated by 
section 5001(5), is amended--
            (1) by striking sections 5101 through 5105, as redesignated 
        by section 5001(7), and inserting the following:

``SEC. 5101. PURPOSE.

    ``It is the purpose of this part to--
            ``(1) provide financial assistance for the planning, 
        program design, and initial implementation of charter schools;
            ``(2) increase the number of high-quality charter schools 
        available to students across the United States;
            ``(3) evaluate the impact of such schools on student 
        achievement, families, and communities, and share best 
        practices among charter schools and other public schools;
            ``(4) encourage States to provide support to charter 
        schools for facilities financing in an amount more nearly 
        commensurate to the amount the States have typically provided 
        for traditional public schools;
            ``(5) expand opportunities for children with disabilities, 
        students who are English learners, and other traditionally 
        underserved students to attend charter schools and meet the 
        challenging State academic standards under section 1111(b)(1); 
        and
            ``(6) support efforts to strengthen the charter school 
        authorizing process to improve performance management, 
        including transparency, monitoring, including financial audits, 
        and evaluation of such schools.

``SEC. 5102. PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary is authorized to carry out a 
charter school program that supports charter schools that serve early 
childhood, elementary school, and secondary school students by--
            ``(1) supporting the startup of charter schools, the 
        replication of high-quality charter schools, and the expansion 
        of high-quality charter schools;
            ``(2) assisting charter schools in accessing credit to 
        acquire and renovate facilities for school use; and
            ``(3) carrying out national activities to support--
                    ``(A) the startup of charter schools, the 
                replication of high-quality charter schools, and the 
                expansion of high-quality charter schools;
                    ``(B) the dissemination of best practices of 
                charter schools for all schools;
                    ``(C) the evaluation of the impact of the charter 
                school program under this part on schools participating 
                in such program; and
                    ``(D) stronger charter school authorizing.
    ``(b) Funding Allotment.--From the amount made available under 
section 5111 for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) reserve 12.5 percent to support charter school 
        facilities assistance under section 5104;
            ``(2) reserve not less than 25 percent to carry out 
        national activities under section 5105; and
            ``(3) use the remaining amount after the reservations under 
        paragraphs (1) and (2) to carry out section 5103.
    ``(c) Prior Grants and Subgrants.--The recipient of a grant or 
subgrant under this part (as such part was in effect on the day before 
the date of enactment of the Every Child Achieves Act of 2015) shall 
continue to receive funds in accordance with the terms and conditions 
of such grant or subgrant.

``SEC. 5103. GRANTS TO SUPPORT HIGH-QUALITY CHARTER SCHOOLS.

    ``(a) State Entity Defined.--For purposes of this section, the term 
`State entity' means--
            ``(1) a State educational agency;
            ``(2) a State charter school board;
            ``(3) a Governor of a State; or
            ``(4) a charter school support organization.
    ``(b) Program Authorized.--From the amount available under section 
5102(b)(3), the Secretary shall award, on a competitive basis, grants 
to State entities having applications approved under subsection (f) to 
enable such entities to--
            ``(1) award subgrants to eligible applicants to enable such 
        eligible applicants to--
                    ``(A) open new charter schools;
                    ``(B) replicate high-quality charter school models; 
                or
                    ``(C) expand high-quality charter schools; and
            ``(2) provide technical assistance to eligible applicants 
        and authorized public chartering agencies in carrying out the 
        activities described in paragraph (1), and work with authorized 
        public chartering agencies in the State to improve authorizing 
        quality, including developing capacity for and conducting 
        fiscal oversight and auditing of charter schools.
    ``(c) State Entity Uses of Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State entity receiving a grant under 
        this section shall--
                    ``(A) use not less than 90 percent of the grant 
                funds to award subgrants to eligible applicants, in 
                accordance with the quality charter school program 
                described in the State entity's application pursuant to 
                subsection (f), for the purposes described in 
                subparagraphs (A) through (C) of subsection (b)(1);
                    ``(B) reserve not less than 7 percent of such funds 
                to carry out the activities described in subsection 
                (b)(2); and
                    ``(C) reserve not more than 3 percent of such funds 
                for administrative costs, which may include the 
                administrative costs of providing technical assistance.
            ``(2) Contracts and grants.--A State entity may use a grant 
        received under this section to carry out the activities 
        described in paragraph (1)(A) directly or through grants, 
        contracts, or cooperative agreements.
            ``(3) Rules of construction.--
                    ``(A) Use of lottery mechanisms.--Nothing in this 
                Act shall prohibit the Secretary from awarding grants 
                to State entities, or State entities from awarding 
                subgrants to eligible applicants, that use a weighted 
                lottery, or an equivalent lottery mechanism, to give 
                better chances for school admission to all or a subset 
                of educationally disadvantaged students if--
                            ``(i) the use of a weighted lottery in 
                        favor of such students is not prohibited by 
                        State law, and such State law is consistent 
                        with the laws described in section 5110(2)(G); 
                        and
                            ``(ii) such weighted lottery is not used 
                        for the purpose of creating schools exclusively 
                        to serve a particular subset of students.
                    ``(B) Students with special needs.--Nothing in this 
                paragraph shall be construed to prohibit schools from 
                specializing in providing specific services for 
                students with a demonstrated need for such services, 
                such as students who need specialized instruction in 
                reading, spelling, or writing.
    ``(d) Program Periods; Peer Review; Distribution of Subgrants; 
Waivers.--
            ``(1) Program periods.--
                    ``(A) Grants.--A grant awarded by the Secretary to 
                a State entity under this section shall be for a period 
                of not more than 3 years, and may be renewed by the 
                Secretary for one additional 2-year period.
                    ``(B) Subgrants.--A subgrant awarded by a State 
                entity under this section--
                            ``(i) shall be for a period of not more 
                        than 3 years, of which an eligible applicant 
                        may use not more than 18 months for planning 
                        and program design; and
                            ``(ii) may be renewed by the State entity 
                        for one additional 2-year period.
            ``(2) Peer review.--The Secretary, and each State entity 
        awarding subgrants under this section, shall use a peer-review 
        process to review applications for assistance under this 
        section.
            ``(3) Distribution of subgrants.--Each State entity 
        awarding subgrants under this section shall award subgrants in 
        a manner that, to the extent practicable and applicable, 
        ensures that such subgrants--
                    ``(A) prioritize eligible applicants that plan to 
                serve a significant number of students from low-income 
                families;
                    ``(B) are distributed throughout different areas, 
                including urban, suburban, and rural areas; and
                    ``(C) will assist charter schools representing a 
                variety of educational approaches.
            ``(4) Waivers.--The Secretary may waive any statutory or 
        regulatory requirement over which the Secretary exercises 
        administrative authority under this Act with respect to charter 
        schools supported under this part, except any such requirement 
        relating to the elements of a charter school described in 
        section 5110(2), if--
                    ``(A) the waiver is requested in an approved 
                application under this section; and
                    ``(B) the Secretary determines that granting such 
                waiver will promote the purposes of this part.
    ``(e) Limitations.--
            ``(1) Grants.--A State entity may not receive more than 1 
        grant under this section at a time.
            ``(2) Subgrants.--An eligible applicant may not receive 
        more than 1 subgrant under this section for each individual 
        charter school for each grant period or renewal period, unless 
        the eligible applicant demonstrates to the State entity that 
        such individual charter school has demonstrated a strong track 
        record of positive results over the course of the grant period 
        regarding the elements described in subparagraphs (A) and (D) 
        of section 5110(8).
    ``(f) Applications.--A State entity desiring to receive a grant 
under this section shall submit an application to the Secretary at such 
time and in such manner as the Secretary may require. The application 
shall include the following:
            ``(1) Description of program.--A description of the State 
        entity's objectives in running a quality charter school program 
        under this section and how the objectives of the program will 
        be carried out, including--
                    ``(A) a description of how the State entity will--
                            ``(i) support the opening of new charter 
                        schools and, if applicable, the replication of 
                        high-quality charter schools and the expansion 
                        of high-quality charter schools, including the 
                        proposed number of charter schools to be 
                        opened, replicated, or expanded under the State 
                        entity's program;
                            ``(ii) inform eligible charter schools, 
                        developers, and authorized public chartering 
                        agencies of the availability of funds under the 
                        program;
                            ``(iii) work with eligible applicants to 
                        ensure that the eligible applicants access all 
                        Federal funds that such applicants are eligible 
                        to receive, and help the charter schools 
                        supported by the applicants and the students 
                        attending those charter schools--
                                    ``(I) participate in the Federal 
                                programs in which the schools and 
                                students are eligible to participate; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) receive the commensurate 
                                share of Federal funds the schools and 
                                students are eligible to receive under 
                                such programs;
                            ``(iv) in the case of a State entity that 
                        is not a State educational agency--
                                    ``(I) work with the State 
                                educational agency and the charter 
                                schools in the State to maximize 
                                charter school participation in Federal 
                                and State programs for charter schools; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) work with the State 
                                educational agency to operate the State 
                                entity's program under this section, if 
                                applicable;
                            ``(v) ensure each eligible applicant that 
                        receives a subgrant under the State entity's 
                        program--
                                    ``(I) is opening or expanding 
                                schools that meet the definition of a 
                                charter school under section 5110; and
                                    ``(II) is prepared to continue to 
                                operate such charter schools once the 
                                subgrant funds under this section are 
                                no longer available;
                            ``(vi) support charter schools in local 
                        educational agencies with schools that have 
                        been identified by the State under section 
                        1114(a)(1)(A);
                            ``(vii) work with charter schools to 
                        promote inclusion of all students and support 
                        all students upon enrollment in order to 
                        promote retention of students in the school;
                            ``(viii) work with charter schools on 
                        recruitment practices, including efforts to 
                        engage groups that may otherwise have limited 
                        opportunities to attend charter schools;
                            ``(ix) share best and promising practices 
                        among charter schools and other public schools;
                            ``(x) ensure that charter schools receiving 
                        funds under the State entity's program meet the 
                        educational needs of their students, including 
                        children with disabilities and students who are 
                        English learners; and
                            ``(xi) support efforts to increase charter 
                        school quality initiatives, including meeting 
                        the quality authorizing elements described in 
                        paragraph (2)(D);
                    ``(B) a description of how the State will actively 
                monitor and hold authorized public chartering agencies 
                accountable to ensure high-quality authorizing 
                activity, including by establishing authorizing 
                standards and by approving, reapproving, and revoking 
                the authority of an authorized public chartering agency 
                based on the performance of the charter schools 
                authorized by such agency in the areas of student 
                achievement, student safety, financial and operational 
                management, and compliance with all applicable 
                statutes;
                    ``(C) a description of the extent to which the 
                State entity--
                            ``(i) is able to meet and carry out the 
                        priorities described in subsection (g)(2);
                            ``(ii) is working to develop or strengthen 
                        a cohesive statewide system to support the 
                        opening of new charter schools and, if 
                        applicable, the replication of high-quality 
                        charter schools, and the expansion of high-
                        quality charter schools; and
                            ``(iii) will solicit and consider input 
                        from parents and other members of the community 
                        on the implementation and operation of each 
                        charter school receiving funds under the State 
                        entity's charter school program under this 
                        section;
                    ``(D) a description of how the State entity will 
                award subgrants, on a competitive basis, including--
                            ``(i) a description of the application each 
                        eligible applicant desiring to receive a 
                        subgrant will be required to submit, which 
                        application shall include--
                                    ``(I) a description of the roles 
                                and responsibilities of eligible 
                                applicants, and of any charter 
                                management organizations or other 
                                organizations with which the eligible 
                                applicant will partner to open charter 
                                schools, including the administrative 
                                and contractual roles and 
                                responsibilities of such partners;
                                    ``(II) a description of the quality 
                                controls agreed to between the eligible 
                                applicant and the authorized public 
                                chartering agency involved, such as a 
                                contract or performance agreement, 
                                financial audits to ensure adequate 
                                fiscal oversight, and how a school's 
                                performance on the State's 
                                accountability system and impact on 
                                student achievement (which may include 
                                student academic growth) will be one of 
                                the most important factors for renewal 
                                or revocation of the school's charter;
                                    ``(III) a description of how the 
                                autonomy and flexibility granted to a 
                                charter school is consistent with the 
                                definition of a charter school in 
                                section 5110; and
                                    ``(IV) a description of the 
                                eligible applicant's planned activities 
                                and expenditures of subgrant funds for 
                                purposes of opening a new charter 
                                school, replicating a high-quality 
                                charter school, or expanding a high-
                                quality charter school, and how the 
                                eligible applicant will maintain fiscal 
                                sustainability after the end of the 
                                subgrant period; and
                            ``(ii) a description of how the State 
                        entity will review applications from eligible 
                        applicants;
                    ``(E) in the case of a State entity that partners 
                with an outside organization to carry out the entity's 
                quality charter school program, in whole or in part, a 
                description of the roles and responsibilities of the 
                partner; and
                    ``(F) a description of how the State entity will 
                help the charter schools receiving funds under the 
                State entity's program address the transportation needs 
                of the schools' students.
            ``(2) Assurances.--Assurances that--
                    ``(A) each charter school receiving funds through 
                the State entity's program will have a high degree of 
                autonomy over budget and operations, including autonomy 
                over personnel decisions;
                    ``(B) the State entity will support charter schools 
                in meeting the educational needs of their students, as 
                described in paragraph (1)(A)(x);
                    ``(C) the State entity will ensure that the 
                authorized public chartering agency of any charter 
                school that receives funds under the entity's program--
                            ``(i) ensures that the charter school under 
                        the authority of such agency is meeting the 
                        requirements of this Act, part B of the 
                        Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 
                        title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and 
                        section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973; 
                        and
                            ``(ii) adequately monitors and provides 
                        adequate technical assistance to each charter 
                        school under the authority of such agency in 
                        recruiting, enrolling, retaining, and meeting 
                        the needs of all students, including children 
                        with disabilities and students who are English 
                        learners;
                    ``(D) the State entity will promote quality 
                authorizing, such as through providing technical 
                assistance to support each authorized public chartering 
                agency in the State to improve such agency's ability to 
                monitor the charter schools authorized by the agency, 
                including by--
                            ``(i) using annual performance data, which 
                        may include graduation rates and student 
                        academic growth data, as appropriate, to 
                        measure a school's progress toward becoming a 
                        high-quality charter school;
                            ``(ii) reviewing the schools' independent, 
                        annual audits of financial statements conducted 
                        in accordance with generally accepted 
                        accounting principles, and ensuring any such 
                        audits are publically reported; and
                            ``(iii) holding charter schools accountable 
                        to the academic, financial, and operational 
                        quality controls agreed to between the charter 
                        school and the authorized public chartering 
                        agency involved, such as through renewal, non-
                        renewal, or revocation of the school's charter; 
                        and
                    ``(E) the State entity will ensure that each 
                charter school in the State makes publicly available, 
                consistent with the dissemination requirements of the 
                annual State report card, including on the website of 
                the school, information to help parents make informed 
                decisions about the education options available to 
                their children, including information on the 
                educational program, student support services, parent 
                contract requirements (as applicable), including any 
                financial obligations or fees, enrollment criteria (as 
                applicable), and annual performance and enrollment data 
                for each of the categories of students, as defined in 
                section 1111(b)(3)(A).
            ``(3) Requests for waivers.--
                    ``(A) Federal statute and regulation.--A request 
                and justification for waivers of any Federal statutory 
                or regulatory provisions that the State entity believes 
                are necessary for the successful operation of the 
                charter schools that will receive funds under the 
                entity's program under this section.
                    ``(B) State and local rules.--A description of any 
                State or local rules, generally applicable to public 
                schools, that will be waived, or otherwise not apply, 
                to such schools or, in the case of a State entity 
                defined in subsection (a)(4), a description of how the 
                State entity will work with the State to request 
                necessary waivers, if applicable.
    ``(g) Selection Criteria; Priority.--
            ``(1) Selection criteria.--The Secretary shall award grants 
        to State entities under this section on the basis of the 
        quality of the applications submitted under subsection (f), 
        after taking into consideration--
                    ``(A) the degree of flexibility afforded by the 
                State's public charter school law and how the State 
                entity will work to maximize the flexibility provided 
                to charter schools under such law;
                    ``(B) the proposed number of new charter schools to 
                be opened, and, if applicable, the number of high-
                quality charter schools to be replicated or expanded 
                under the program, and the number of new students to be 
                served by such schools;
                    ``(C) the likelihood that the schools opened, 
                replicated, or expanded by eligible applicants 
                receiving subgrant funds will increase the academic 
                achievement of the school's students and progress 
                toward becoming high-quality charter schools; and
                    ``(D) the quality of the State entity's plan to--
                            ``(i) monitor the eligible applicants 
                        receiving subgrants under the State entity's 
                        program;
                            ``(ii) provide technical assistance and 
                        support for--
                                    ``(I) the eligible applicants 
                                receiving subgrants under the State 
                                entity's program; and
                                    ``(II) quality authorizing efforts 
                                in the State.
            ``(2) Priority.--In awarding grants under this section, the 
        Secretary shall give priority to a State entity to the extent 
        that the entity meets the following criteria:
                    ``(A) The State entity is located in a State that--
                            ``(i) allows at least one entity that is 
                        not the local educational agency to be an 
                        authorized public chartering agency for each 
                        developer seeking to open a charter school in 
                        the State; or
                            ``(ii) in the case of a State in which 
                        local educational agencies are the only 
                        authorized public chartering agencies, the 
                        State has an appeals process for the denial of 
                        an application for a charter school.
                    ``(B) The State entity is located in a State that 
                ensures that charter schools receive equitable 
                financing, as compared to traditional public schools, 
                in a prompt manner.
                    ``(C) The State entity is located in a State that 
                provides charter schools one or more of the following:
                            ``(i) Funding for facilities.
                            ``(ii) Assistance with facilities 
                        acquisition.
                            ``(iii) Access to public facilities.
                            ``(iv) The ability to share in bonds or 
                        mill levies.
                            ``(v) The right of first refusal to 
                        purchase public school buildings.
                            ``(vi) Low- or no-cost leasing privileges.
                    ``(D) The State entity is located in a State that 
                uses best practices from charter schools to help 
                improve struggling schools and local educational 
                agencies.
                    ``(E) The State entity supports charter schools 
                that support at-risk students through activities such 
                as dropout prevention or dropout recovery.
                    ``(F) The State entity ensures that each charter 
                school has a high degree of autonomy over the charter 
                school's budget and operations, including autonomy over 
                personnel decisions.
                    ``(G) The State entity has taken steps to ensure 
                that all authorizing public chartering agencies 
                implement best practices for charter school 
                authorizing.
    ``(h) Local Uses of Funds.--An eligible applicant receiving a 
subgrant under this section shall use such funds to carry out 
activities related to opening a new charter school, replicating a high-
quality charter school, or expanding a high-quality charter school, 
which may include--
            ``(1) supporting the acquisition, expansion, or preparation 
        of a charter school building to meet increasing enrollment 
        needs, including financing the development of a new building 
        and ensuring that a school building complies with applicable 
        statutes and regulations;
            ``(2) paying costs associated with hiring additional 
        teachers to serve additional students;
            ``(3) providing transportation to students to and from the 
        charter school;
            ``(4) providing instructional materials, implementing 
        teacher and principal or other school leader professional 
        development programs, and hiring additional nonteaching staff;
            ``(5) supporting any necessary activities that assist the 
        charter school in carrying out this section, such as preparing 
        individuals to serve as members of the charter school's board; 
        and
            ``(6) providing early childhood education programs for 
        children, including direct support to, and coordination with 
        school- or community-based early childhood education programs.
    ``(i) Reporting Requirements.--Each State entity receiving a grant 
under this section shall submit to the Secretary, at the end of the 
third year of the grant period and at the end of any renewal period, a 
report that includes the following:
            ``(1) The number of students served by each subgrant 
        awarded under this section and, if applicable, the number of 
        new students served during each year of the grant period.
            ``(2) The number and amount of subgrants awarded under this 
        section to carry out each of the following:
                    ``(A) The opening of new charter schools.
                    ``(B) The replication of high-quality charter 
                schools.
                    ``(C) The expansion of high-quality charter 
                schools.
            ``(3) The progress the State entity made toward meeting the 
        priorities described in subparagraphs (E) through (G) of 
        subsection (g)(2).
            ``(4) A description of--
                    ``(A) how the State entity complied with, and 
                ensured that eligible applicants complied with, the 
                assurances described in the State entity's application;
                    ``(B) how the State entity worked with authorized 
                public chartering agencies, and how the agencies worked 
                with the management company or leadership of the 
                schools that receive subgrant funds, if applicable; and
                    ``(C) how each recipient of a subgrant under this 
                section uses the subgrant funds on early childhood 
                education programs described in subsection (h)(6), if 
                such recipient chooses to use such funds on such 
                programs.

``SEC. 5104. FACILITIES FINANCING ASSISTANCE.

    ``(a) Grants to Eligible Entities.--
            ``(1) In general.--From the amount reserved under section 
        5102(b)(1), the Secretary shall use not less than 50 percent to 
        award not less than 3 grants, on a competitive basis, to 
        eligible entities that have the highest-quality applications 
        approved under subsection (d) to demonstrate innovative methods 
        of helping charter schools to address the cost of acquiring, 
        constructing, and renovating facilities by enhancing the 
        availability of loans or bond financing.
            ``(2) Eligible entity defined.--For the purposes of this 
        section, the term `eligible entity' means--
                    ``(A) a public entity, such as a State or local 
                governmental entity;
                    ``(B) a private nonprofit entity; or
                    ``(C) a consortium of entities described in 
                subparagraphs (A) and (B).
    ``(b) Grantee Selection.--The Secretary shall evaluate each 
application submitted under subsection (d), and shall determine whether 
the application is sufficient to merit approval.
    ``(c) Grant Characteristics.--Grants under subsection (a) shall be 
of a sufficient size, scope, and quality so as to ensure an effective 
demonstration of an innovative means of enhancing credit for the 
financing of charter school acquisition, construction, or renovation.
    ``(d) Applications.--
            ``(1) In general.--An eligible entity desiring to receive a 
        grant under this section shall submit an application to the 
        Secretary in such form as the Secretary may reasonably require.
            ``(2) Contents.--An application submitted under paragraph 
        (1) shall contain--
                    ``(A) a statement identifying the activities that 
                the eligible entity proposes to carry out with funds 
                received under subsection (a), including how the 
                eligible entity will determine which charter schools 
                will receive assistance, and how much and what types of 
                assistance charter schools will receive;
                    ``(B) a description of the involvement of charter 
                schools in the application's development and the design 
                of the proposed activities;
                    ``(C) a description of the eligible entity's 
                expertise in capital market financing;
                    ``(D) a description of how the proposed activities 
                will leverage the maximum amount of private-sector 
                financing capital relative to the amount of government 
                funding used and otherwise enhance credit available to 
                charter schools, including how the entity will offer a 
                combination of rates and terms more favorable than the 
                rates and terms that a charter school could receive 
                without assistance from the entity under this section;
                    ``(E) a description of how the eligible entity 
                possesses sufficient expertise in education to evaluate 
                the likelihood of success of a charter school program 
                for which facilities financing is sought; and
                    ``(F) in the case of an application submitted by a 
                State governmental entity, a description of the actions 
                that the entity has taken, or will take, to ensure that 
                charter schools within the State receive the funding 
                that charter schools need to have adequate facilities.
    ``(e) Charter School Objectives.--An eligible entity receiving a 
grant under this section shall use the funds deposited in the reserve 
account established under subsection (f) to assist one or more charter 
schools to access private sector capital to accomplish one or more of 
the following objectives:
            ``(1) The acquisition (by purchase, lease, donation, or 
        otherwise) of an interest (including an interest held by a 
        third party for the benefit of a charter school) in improved or 
        unimproved real property that is necessary to commence or 
        continue the operation of a charter school.
            ``(2) The construction of new facilities, including 
        predevelopment costs, or the renovation, repair, or alteration 
        of existing facilities, necessary to commence or continue the 
        operation of a charter school.
            ``(3) The predevelopment costs required to assess sites for 
        purposes of paragraph (1) or (2) and which are necessary to 
        commence or continue the operation of a charter school.
    ``(f) Reserve Account.--
            ``(1) Use of funds.--To assist charter schools in 
        accomplishing the objectives described in subsection (e), an 
        eligible entity receiving a grant under subsection (a) shall, 
        in accordance with State and local law, directly or indirectly, 
        alone or in collaboration with others, deposit the funds 
        received under subsection (a) (other than funds used for 
        administrative costs in accordance with subsection (g)) in a 
        reserve account established and maintained by the eligible 
        entity for this purpose. Amounts deposited in such account 
        shall be used by the eligible entity for one or more of the 
        following purposes:
                    ``(A) Guaranteeing, insuring, and reinsuring bonds, 
                notes, evidences of debt, loans, and interests therein, 
                the proceeds of which are used for an objective 
                described in subsection (e).
                    ``(B) Guaranteeing and insuring leases of personal 
                and real property for an objective described in such 
                subsection.
                    ``(C) Facilitating financing by identifying 
                potential lending sources, encouraging private lending, 
                and other similar activities that directly promote 
                lending to, or for the benefit of, charter schools.
                    ``(D) Facilitating the issuance of bonds by charter 
                schools, or by other public entities for the benefit of 
                charter schools, by providing technical, 
                administrative, and other appropriate assistance 
                (including the recruitment of bond counsel, 
                underwriters, and potential investors and the 
                consolidation of multiple charter school projects 
                within a single bond issue).
            ``(2) Investment.--Funds received under this section and 
        deposited in the reserve account established under paragraph 
        (1) shall be invested in obligations issued or guaranteed by 
        the United States or a State, or in other similarly low-risk 
        securities.
            ``(3) Reinvestment of earnings.--Any earnings on funds 
        received under subsection (a) shall be deposited in the reserve 
        account established under paragraph (1) and used in accordance 
        with this subsection.
    ``(g) Limitation on Administrative Costs.--An eligible entity may 
use not more than 2.5 percent of the funds received under subsection 
(a) for the administrative costs of carrying out its responsibilities 
under this section (excluding subsection (k)).
    ``(h) Audits and Reports.--
            ``(1) Financial record maintenance and audit.--The 
        financial records of each eligible entity receiving a grant 
        under subsection (a) shall be maintained in accordance with 
        generally accepted accounting principles and shall be subject 
        to an annual audit by an independent public accountant.
            ``(2) Reports.--
                    ``(A) Grantee annual reports.--Each eligible entity 
                receiving a grant under subsection (a) annually shall 
                submit to the Secretary a report of the entity's 
                operations and activities under this section.
                    ``(B) Contents.--Each annual report submitted under 
                subparagraph (A) shall include--
                            ``(i) a copy of the most recent financial 
                        statements, and any accompanying opinion on 
                        such statements, prepared by the independent 
                        public accountant reviewing the financial 
                        records of the eligible entity;
                            ``(ii) a copy of any report made on an 
                        audit of the financial records of the eligible 
                        entity that was conducted under paragraph (1) 
                        during the reporting period;
                            ``(iii) an evaluation by the eligible 
                        entity of the effectiveness of its use of the 
                        Federal funds provided under subsection (a) in 
                        leveraging private funds;
                            ``(iv) a listing and description of the 
                        charter schools served during the reporting 
                        period, including the amount of funds used by 
                        each school, the type of project facilitated by 
                        the grant, and the type of assistance provided 
                        to the charter schools;
                            ``(v) a description of the activities 
                        carried out by the eligible entity to assist 
                        charter schools in meeting the objectives set 
                        forth in subsection (e); and
                            ``(vi) a description of the characteristics 
                        of lenders and other financial institutions 
                        participating in the activities carried out by 
                        the eligible entity under this section 
                        (excluding subsection (k)) during the reporting 
                        period.
                    ``(C) Secretarial report.--The Secretary shall 
                review the reports submitted under subparagraph (A) and 
                shall provide a comprehensive annual report to Congress 
                on the activities conducted under this section 
                (excluding subsection (k)).
    ``(i) No Full Faith and Credit for Grantee Obligation.--No 
financial obligation of an eligible entity entered into pursuant to 
this section (such as an obligation under a guarantee, bond, note, 
evidence of debt, or loan) shall be an obligation of, or guaranteed in 
any respect by, the United States. The full faith and credit of the 
United States is not pledged to the payment of funds which may be 
required to be paid under any obligation made by an eligible entity 
pursuant to any provision of this section.
    ``(j) Recovery of Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary, in accordance with 
        chapter 37 of title 31, United States Code, shall collect--
                    ``(A) all of the funds in a reserve account 
                established by an eligible entity under subsection 
                (f)(1) if the Secretary determines, not earlier than 2 
                years after the date on which the eligible entity first 
                received funds under this section (excluding subsection 
                (k)), that the eligible entity has failed to make 
                substantial progress in carrying out the purposes 
                described in subsection (f)(1); or
                    ``(B) all or a portion of the funds in a reserve 
                account established by an eligible entity under 
                subsection (f)(1) if the Secretary determines that the 
                eligible entity has permanently ceased to use all or a 
                portion of the funds in such account to accomplish any 
                purpose described in such subsection.
            ``(2) Exercise of authority.--The Secretary shall not 
        exercise the authority provided in paragraph (1) to collect 
        from any eligible entity any funds that are being properly used 
        to achieve one or more of the purposes described in subsection 
        (f)(1).
            ``(3) Procedures.--The provisions of sections 451, 452, and 
        458 of the General Education Provisions Act shall apply to the 
        recovery of funds under paragraph (1).
            ``(4) Construction.--This subsection shall not be construed 
        to impair or affect the authority of the Secretary to recover 
        funds under part D of the General Education Provisions Act.
    ``(k) Per-pupil Facilities Aid Program.--
            ``(1) Definition of per-pupil facilities aid program.--In 
        this subsection, the term `per-pupil facilities aid program' 
        means a program in which a State makes payments, on a per-pupil 
        basis, to charter schools to provide the schools with 
        financing--
                    ``(A) that is dedicated solely for funding charter 
                school facilities; or
                    ``(B) a portion of which is dedicated for funding 
                charter school facilities.
            ``(2) Grants.--
                    ``(A) In general.--From the amount reserved under 
                section 5102(b)(1) and remaining after the Secretary 
                makes grants under subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
                make grants, on a competitive basis, to States to pay 
                for the Federal share of the cost of establishing or 
                enhancing, and administering, per-pupil facilities aid 
                programs.
                    ``(B) Period.--The Secretary shall award grants 
                under this subsection for periods of not more than 5 
                years.
                    ``(C) Federal share.--The Federal share of the cost 
                described in subparagraph (A) for a per-pupil 
                facilities aid program shall be not more than--
                            ``(i) 90 percent of the cost, for the first 
                        fiscal year for which the program receives 
                        assistance under this subsection;
                            ``(ii) 80 percent for the second such year;
                            ``(iii) 60 percent for the third such year;
                            ``(iv) 40 percent for the fourth such year; 
                        and
                            ``(v) 20 percent for the fifth such year.
                    ``(D) State share.--A State receiving a grant under 
                this subsection may partner with 1 or more 
                organizations, and such organizations may provide not 
                more than 50 percent of the State share of the cost of 
                establishing or enhancing, and administering, the per-
                pupil facilities aid program.
                    ``(E) Multiple grants.--A State may receive more 
                than 1 grant under this subsection, so long as the 
                amount of such grant funds provided to charter schools 
                increases with each successive grant.
            ``(3) Use of funds.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A State that receives a grant 
                under this subsection shall use the funds made 
                available through the grant to establish or enhance, 
                and administer, a per-pupil facilities aid program for 
                charter schools in the State of the applicant.
                    ``(B) Evaluations; technical assistance; 
                dissemination.--From the amount made available to a 
                State through a grant under this subsection for a 
                fiscal year, the State may reserve not more than 5 
                percent to carry out evaluations, to provide technical 
                assistance, and to disseminate information.
                    ``(C) Supplement, not supplant.--In accordance with 
                the method of determination described in section 1117, 
                funds made available under this subsection shall be 
                used to supplement, and not supplant, State and local 
                public funds expended to provide per-pupil facilities 
                aid programs, operations financing programs, or other 
                programs, for charter schools.
            ``(4) Requirements.--
                    ``(A) Voluntary participation.--No State may be 
                required to participate in a program carried out under 
                this subsection.
                    ``(B) State law.--
                            ``(i) In general.--To be eligible to 
                        receive a grant under this subsection, a State 
                        shall establish or enhance, and administer, a 
                        per-pupil facilities aid program for charter 
                        schools in the State, that--
                                    ``(I) is specified in State law; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) provides annual financing, 
                                on a per-pupil basis, for charter 
                                school facilities.
                            ``(ii) Special rule.--A State that is 
                        required under State law to provide its charter 
                        schools with access to adequate facility space 
                        may be eligible to receive a grant under this 
                        subsection if the State agrees to use the funds 
                        to develop a per-pupil facilities aid program 
                        consistent with the requirements of this 
                        subsection.
            ``(5) Applications.--To be eligible to receive a grant 
        under this subsection, a State shall submit an application to 
        the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and containing such 
        information as the Secretary may require.

``SEC. 5105. NATIONAL ACTIVITIES.

    ``(a) In General.--From the amount reserved under section 
5102(b)(2), the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) use not less than 80 percent of such funds to award 
        grants in accordance with subsection (b); and
            ``(2) use the remainder of such funds to--
                    ``(A) disseminate technical assistance to State 
                entities in awarding subgrants under section 
                5103(b)(1)(A);
                    ``(B) disseminate best practices regarding public 
                charter schools;
                    ``(C) evaluate the impact of the charter school 
                program carried out under this part, including the 
                impact on student achievement; and
                    ``(D) award grants, on a competitive basis, for the 
                purpose of carrying out the activities described in 
                section 5103(h), to eligible applicants that desire to 
                open a charter school, replicate a high-quality charter 
                school, or expand a high-quality charter school in--
                            ``(i) a State that did not apply for a 
                        grant under section 5103; or
                            ``(ii) a State that did not receive a grant 
                        under section 5103.
    ``(b) Grants for the Replication and Expansion of High-quality 
Charter Schools.--The Secretary shall make grants, on a competitive 
basis, to eligible entities having applications approved under 
paragraph (2) to enable such entities to replicate a high-quality 
charter school or expand a high-quality charter school.
            ``(1) Definition of eligible entity.--For purposes of this 
        subsection, the term `eligible entity' means--
                    ``(A) a charter management organization that, at 
                the time of the application, operates or manages one or 
                more high-quality charter schools; or
                    ``(B) a nonprofit organization that oversees and 
                coordinates the activities of a group of such charter 
                management organizations.
            ``(2) Application requirements.--An eligible entity 
        desiring to receive a grant under this subsection shall submit 
        an application to the Secretary at such time and in such manner 
        as the Secretary may require. The application shall include the 
        following:
                    ``(A) A description of the eligible entity's 
                objectives for implementing a high-quality charter 
                school program with funding under this subsection, 
                including a description of the proposed number of high-
                quality charter schools to be replicated or expanded 
                with funding under this subsection.
                    ``(B) A description of the educational program that 
                the eligible entity will implement in the charter 
                schools that the eligible entity proposes to replicate 
                or expand, including information on how the program 
                will enable all students to meet the challenging State 
                academic standards under section 1111(b)(1), the grade 
                levels or ages of students that will be served, and the 
                instructional practices that will be used.
                    ``(C) A multi-year financial and operating model 
                for the eligible entity, including a description of how 
                the operation of the charter schools to be replicated 
                or expanded will be sustained after the grant under 
                this subsection has ended.
                    ``(D) A description of how the eligible entity will 
                inform all students in the community, including 
                children with disabilities, students who are English 
                learners, and other educationally disadvantaged 
                students, about the charter schools to be replicated or 
                expanded with funding under this subsection.
                    ``(E) For each charter school currently operated or 
                managed by the eligible entity--
                            ``(i) student assessment results for all 
                        students and for each category of students 
                        described in section 1111(b)(2)(B)(xi); and
                            ``(ii) attendance and student retention 
                        rates for the most recently completed school 
                        year and, if applicable, the most recent 
                        available 4-year adjusted cohort and extended-
                        year adjusted cohort secondary school 
                        graduation rates (as such rates were calculated 
                        on the day before enactment of the Every Child 
                        Achieves Act of 2015).
                    ``(F) Information on any significant compliance 
                issues encountered, within the last 3 years, by any 
                school operated or managed by the eligible entity, 
                including in the areas of student safety and financial 
                management.
                    ``(G) A request and justification for any waivers 
                of Federal statutory or regulatory requirements that 
                the eligible entity believes are necessary for the 
                successful operation of the charter schools to be 
                replicated or expanded with funding under this 
                subsection.
            ``(3) Selection criteria.--The Secretary shall select 
        eligible entities to receive grants under this subsection, on 
        the basis of the quality of the applications submitted under 
        paragraph (2), after taking into consideration such factors 
        as--
                    ``(A) the degree to which the eligible entity has 
                demonstrated success in increasing academic achievement 
                and attainment for all students attending the charter 
                schools the eligible entity operates or manages;
                    ``(B) the degree to which the eligible entity has 
                demonstrated success in increasing academic achievement 
                and attainment for each of the categories of students, 
                as defined in section 1111(b)(3)(A);
                    ``(C) the quality of the eligible entity's 
                financial and operating model as described under 
                paragraph (2)(C), including the quality of the eligible 
                entity's plan for sustaining the operation of the 
                charter schools to be replicated or expanded after the 
                grant under this subsection has ended;
                    ``(D) a determination that the eligible entity has 
                not operated or managed a significant proportion of 
                charter schools that--
                            ``(i) have been closed;
                            ``(ii) have had a school charter revoked 
                        due to problems with statutory or regulatory 
                        compliance; or
                            ``(iii) have had the school's affiliation 
                        with the eligible entity revoked; and
                    ``(E) a determination that the eligible entity has 
                not experienced significant problems with statutory or 
                regulatory compliance that could lead to the revocation 
                of a school's charter.
            ``(4) Priority.--In awarding grants under this section, the 
        Secretary shall give priority to eligible entities that operate 
        or manage charter schools that, in the aggregate, serve 
        students at least 60 percent of whom are eligible for a free or 
        reduced price lunch under the Richard B. Russell National 
        School Lunch Act.
            ``(5) Terms and conditions.--Except as otherwise provided 
        in this subsection, grants awarded under subsection (a)(2)(D) 
        and this subsection shall have the same terms and conditions as 
        grants awarded to State entities under section 5103.'';
            (2) in section 5106 (20 U.S.C. 7221e), as redesignated by 
        section 5001(7), by adding at the end the following:
    ``(c) New or Significantly Expanding Charter Schools.--For purposes 
of implementing the hold harmless protections in sections 1122(c) and 
1125A(g)(3) for a newly opened or significantly expanded charter school 
under subsection (a), a State educational agency shall calculate a 
hold-harmless base for the prior year that, as applicable, reflects the 
new or significantly expanded enrollment of the charter school.'';
            (3) in section 5108 (20 U.S.C. 7221g), as redesignated by 
        section 5001(7), by inserting ``as quickly as possible and'' 
        before ``to the extent practicable'';
            (4) in section 5110 (20 U.S.C. 7221i), as redesignated by 
        section 5001(7)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) 
                as paragraphs (2), (5), and (6), respectively;
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph 
                (1), and moving such paragraph so as to precede 
                paragraph (2), as redesignated by subparagraph (A);
                    (C) in paragraph (2), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (G), by striking ``, 
                        and part B'' and inserting ``, the Americans 
                        with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12101 
                        et seq.), section 444 of the General Education 
                        Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1232g) (commonly 
                        referred to as the `Family Educational Rights 
                        and Privacy Act of 1974'), and part B'';
                            (ii) by striking subparagraph (H) and 
                        inserting the following:
                    ``(H) is a school to which parents choose to send 
                their children, and which--
                            ``(i) admits students on the basis of a 
                        lottery, if more students apply for admission 
                        than can be accommodated; or
                            ``(ii) in the case of a school that has an 
                        affiliated charter school (such as a school 
                        that is part of the same network of schools), 
                        automatically enrolls students who are enrolled 
                        in the immediate prior grade level of the 
                        affiliated charter school and, for any 
                        additional student openings or student openings 
                        created through regular attrition in student 
                        enrollment in the affiliated charter school and 
                        the enrolling school, admits students on the 
                        basis of a lottery as described in clause 
                        (i);'';
                            (iii) by striking subparagraph (I) and 
                        inserting the following:
                    ``(I) agrees to comply with the same Federal and 
                State audit requirements as do other elementary schools 
                and secondary schools in the State, unless such State 
                audit requirements are waived by the State;'';
                            (iv) in subparagraph (K), by striking 
                        ``and'' at the end;
                            (v) in subparagraph (L), by striking the 
                        period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                            (vi) by adding at the end, the following:
                                    ``(M) may serve students in early 
                                childhood education programs or 
                                postsecondary students.'';
                    (D) by inserting after paragraph (2), as 
                redesignated by subparagraph (A), the following:
            ``(3) Charter management organization.--The term `charter 
        management organization' means a nonprofit organization that 
        operates or manages multiple charter schools by centralizing or 
        sharing certain functions or resources.
            ``(4) Charter school support organization.--The term 
        `charter school support organization' means a nonprofit, 
        nongovernmental entity that is not an authorized public 
        chartering agency and provides, on a statewide basis--
                    ``(A) assistance to developers during the planning, 
                program design, and initial implementation of a charter 
                school; and
                    ``(B) technical assistance to operating charter 
                schools.'';
                    (E) in paragraph (6)(B), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (A), by striking ``under section 
                5203(d)(3)''; and
                    (F) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(7) Expansion of a high-quality charter school.--The term 
        `expansion of a high-quality charter school' means increasing 
        the enrollment at a high-quality charter school by not less 
        than 50 percent or adding 2 or more grades to a high-quality 
        charter school.
            ``(8) High-quality charter school.--The term `high-quality 
        charter school' means a charter school that--
                    ``(A) shows evidence of strong academic results, 
                which may include strong student academic growth, as 
                determined by a State;
                    ``(B) has no significant issues in the areas of 
                student safety, financial management, or statutory or 
                regulatory compliance;
                    ``(C) has demonstrated success in significantly 
                increasing student academic achievement, including 
                graduation rates where applicable, for all students 
                served by the charter school; and
                    ``(D) has demonstrated success in increasing 
                student academic achievement, including graduation 
                rates where applicable, for each of the categories of 
                students, as defined in section 1111(b)(3)(A), except 
                that such demonstration is not required in a case in 
                which the number of students in a group is insufficient 
                to yield statistically reliable information or the 
                results would reveal personally identifiable 
                information about an individual student.
            ``(9) Replication of a high-quality charter school.--The 
        term `replication of a high-quality charter school' means the 
        opening of a charter school--
                    ``(A) under an existing charter or an additional 
                charter, if permitted by State law;
                    ``(B) based on the model of a high-quality charter 
                school; and
                    ``(C) that will be operated or managed by the same 
                nonprofit organization that operates or manages such 
                high-quality charter school under an existing 
                charter.''; and
            (5) by striking section 5111 (20 U.S.C. 7221j), as 
        redesignated by section 5001(7), and inserting the following:

``SEC. 5111. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this part 
such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2016 through 
2021.''.

SEC. 5003. MAGNET SCHOOLS ASSISTANCE.

    Part B of title V (20 U.S.C. 7231 et seq.), as redesignated by 
section 5001(5), is amended--
            (1) in section 5201(b), as redesignated by section 
        5001(8)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by inserting ``and the increase of 
                        socioeconomic integration'' before ``in 
                        elementary schools and secondary schools''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``low-income and'' before 
                        ``minority students'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) by striking ``and implementation'' and 
                        inserting ``, implementation, and expansion''; 
                        and
                            (ii) by striking ``content standards and 
                        student academic achievement standards'' and 
                        inserting ``standards under section 
                        1111(b)(1)'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and design'' 
                and inserting ``, design, and expansion'';
                    (D) in paragraph (4), by striking ``vocational'' 
                and inserting ``career''; and
                    (E) in paragraph (6), by striking ``productive 
                employment'' and inserting ``to enter into the 
                workforce without the need for postsecondary 
                education'';
            (2) in section 5202, as redesignated by section 5001(8), by 
        striking ``backgrounds'' and inserting ``, ethnic, and 
        socioeconomic backgrounds'';
            (3) in section 5205(b), as redesignated by section 
        5001(8)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``any 
                        available evidence on'' before ``how the 
                        proposed magnet school programs'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``, 
                        including any evidence available to support 
                        such description'' before the semicolon;
                            (iii) by redesignating subparagraphs (D) 
                        and (E) as subparagraphs (E) and (F), 
                        respectively;
                            (iv) by inserting after subparagraph (C) 
                        the following:
                    ``(D) how the applicant will assess, monitor, and 
                evaluate the impact of the activities funded under this 
                part on student achievement and integration;''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in the manner preceding subparagraph 
                        (A), by striking ``will'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) by inserting ``will'' before 
                                ``use grant funds''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``section 
                                5301(b)'' and inserting ``section 
                                5201(b)'';
                            (iii) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                        ``employ highly qualified'' and inserting 
                        ``will employ effective'';
                            (iv) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``not 
                        engage in'' and inserting ``is not currently 
                        engaging in and will not engage in'';
                            (v) in subparagraph (D), by inserting 
                        ``will'' before carry out; and
                            (vi) in subparagraph (E), by inserting 
                        ``will'' before ``give students'';
            (4) in section 5206, as redesignated by section 5001(8), by 
        striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
            ``(2) propose to--
                    ``(A) carry out a new, evidence-based magnet school 
                program;
                    ``(B) significantly revise an existing magnet 
                school program, using evidence-based methods and 
                practices, as available; or
                    ``(C) expand an existing magnet school program that 
                has a demonstrated record of success in increasing 
                student academic achievement, reducing isolation of 
                minority groups, and increasing socioeconomic 
                integration; and'';
            (5) in section 5207, as redesignated by section 5001(8)--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) in paragraph (3), by striking ``who are 
                        highly qualified'';
                            (ii) in paragraph (6), by striking ``and'' 
                        at the end;
                            (iii) in paragraph (7), by striking the 
                        period and inserting ``; and''; and
                            (iv) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(8) to enable the local educational agency, or consortium 
        of such agencies, or other organizations partnered with such 
        agency or consortium, to establish, expand, or strengthen 
        inter-district and regional magnet programs.''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b), by striking ``the State's 
                challenging academic content'' and all that follows 
                through the period and inserting ``the challenging 
                State academic standards under section 1111(b)(1) or 
                are directly related to improving student academic, 
                career, or technological skills and professional 
                skills.'';
            (6) in section 5208, as redesignated by section 5001(10)--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``for a period'' 
                and all that follows through the period and inserting 
                ``for an initial period of not more than 3 fiscal 
                years, and may be renewed for not more than an 
                additional 2 years if the Secretary finds that the 
                recipient of a grant under this part is achieving the 
                intended outcomes of the grant and shows improvement in 
                increasing student academic achievement, reducing 
                minority group isolation, and increasing socioeconomic 
                integration, or other indicators of success established 
                by the Secretary.''; and
                    (B) in subsection (d), by striking ``July'' and 
                inserting ``June''; and
            (7) in section 5209, as redesignated by section 5001(10)--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``$125,000,000'' 
                and all that follows through the period and inserting 
                ``such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal 
                years 2016 through 2021.'';
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection 
                (c); and
                    (C) by inserting after subsection (a) the 
                following:
    ``(b) Reservation for Technical Assistance.--The Secretary may 
reserve not more than 1 percent of the funds appropriated under 
subsection (a) for any fiscal year to provide technical assistance and 
carry out dissemination projects with respect to magnet school programs 
assisted under this part.''.

SEC. 5004. SUPPORTING HIGH-ABILITY LEARNERS AND LEARNING.

    Title V (20 U.S.C. 7201 et seq.), as amended by section 5001, is 
further amended by inserting after part B the following:

        ``PART C--SUPPORTING HIGH-ABILITY LEARNERS AND LEARNING

``SEC. 5301. SHORT TITLE.

    ``This part may be cited as the `Jacob K. Javits Gifted and 
Talented Students Education Act of 2015'.

``SEC. 5302. PURPOSE.

    ``The purpose of this part is to initiate a coordinated program of 
evidence-based research, demonstration projects, innovative strategies, 
and similar activities designed to build and enhance the ability of 
elementary schools and secondary schools nationwide to meet the special 
educational needs of gifted and talented students.

``SEC. 5303. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

    ``Nothing in this part shall be construed to prohibit a recipient 
of funds under this part from serving gifted and talented students 
simultaneously with students with similar educational needs, in the 
same educational settings, where appropriate.

``SEC. 5304. AUTHORIZED PROGRAMS.

    ``(a) Establishment of Program.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary (after consultation with 
        experts in the field of the education of gifted and talented 
        students) is authorized to make grants to, or enter into 
        contracts with, State educational agencies, local educational 
        agencies, institutions of higher education, other public 
        agencies, and other private agencies and organizations to 
        assist such agencies, institutions, and organizations in 
        carrying out programs or projects authorized by this part that 
        are designed to meet the educational needs of gifted and 
        talented students, including the training of personnel in the 
        education of gifted and talented students and in the use, where 
        appropriate, of gifted and talented services, materials, and 
        methods for all students.
            ``(2) Application.--Each entity seeking assistance under 
        this part shall submit an application to the Secretary at such 
        time, in such manner, and containing such information as the 
        Secretary may reasonably require. Each such application shall 
        describe how--
                    ``(A) the proposed gifted and talented services, 
                materials, and methods can be adapted, if appropriate, 
                for use by all students; and
                    ``(B) the proposed programs can be evaluated.
    ``(b) Use of Funds.--Programs and projects assisted under this 
section may include each of the following:
            ``(1) Conducting evidence-based research on methods and 
        techniques for identifying and teaching gifted and talented 
        students and for using gifted and talented programs and methods 
        to serve all students.
            ``(2) Establishing and operating model projects and 
        exemplary programs for serving gifted and talented students, 
        including innovative methods for identifying and educating 
        students who may not be served by traditional gifted and 
        talented programs (such as summer programs, mentoring programs, 
        service learning programs, and cooperative programs involving 
        business, industry, and education).
            ``(3) Implementing innovative strategies, such as 
        cooperative learning, peer tutoring, and service learning.
            ``(4) Carrying out programs of technical assistance and 
        information dissemination, including assistance and information 
        with respect to how gifted and talented programs and methods, 
        where appropriate, may be adapted for use by all students.
    ``(c) Special Rule.--To the extent that funds appropriated to carry 
out this part for a fiscal year beginning with fiscal year 2016 exceed 
such funds appropriated for the program under subpart 6 of part D of 
title V, as in effect for fiscal year 2010, the Secretary shall use 
such excess funds to award grants, on a competitive basis, to State 
educational agencies, local educational agencies, or both, to implement 
activities described in subsection (b).
    ``(d) Center for Research and Development.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary (after consultation with 
        experts in the field of the education of gifted and talented 
        students) shall establish a National Research Center for the 
        Education of Gifted and Talented Children and Youth through 
        grants to, or contracts with, one or more institutions of 
        higher education or State educational agencies, or a 
        combination or consortium of such institutions and agencies and 
        other public or private agencies and organizations, for the 
        purpose of carrying out activities described in subsection (b).
            ``(2) Director.--The National Center shall be headed by a 
        Director. The Secretary may authorize the Director to carry out 
        such functions of the National Center as may be agreed upon 
        through arrangements with institutions of higher education, 
        State educational agencies, local educational agencies, or 
        other public or private agencies and organizations.
            ``(3) Funding.--The Secretary may use not more than 30 
        percent of the funds made available for fiscal year 2010 under 
        subpart 6 of part D of title V, as in effect for such fiscal 
        year, to carry out this subsection.
    ``(e) Coordination.--Evidence-based research activities supported 
under this part--
            ``(1) shall be carried out in consultation with the 
        Institute of Education Sciences to ensure that such activities 
        are coordinated with and enhance the research and development 
        activities supported by the Institute; and
            ``(2) may include collaborative evidence-based research 
        activities which are jointly funded and carried out with such 
        Institute.

``SEC. 5305. PROGRAM PRIORITIES.

    ``(a) General Priority.--In carrying out this part, the Secretary 
shall give highest priority to programs and projects designed to 
develop new information that--
            ``(1) improves the capability of schools to plan, conduct, 
        and improve programs to identify and serve gifted and talented 
        students; and
            ``(2) assists schools in the identification of, and 
        provision of services to, gifted and talented students 
        (including economically disadvantaged individuals, individuals 
        who are English learners, and children with disabilities) who 
        may not be identified and served through traditional assessment 
        methods.
    ``(b) Service Priority.--The Secretary shall ensure that not less 
than 50 percent of the applications approved under section 5304(a)(2) 
in a fiscal year address the priority described in subsection (a)(2).

``SEC. 5306. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

    ``(a) Participation of Private School Children and Teachers.--In 
making grants and entering into contracts under this part, the 
Secretary shall ensure, where appropriate, that provision is made for 
the equitable participation of students and teachers in private 
nonprofit elementary schools and secondary schools, including the 
participation of teachers and other personnel in professional 
development programs serving such students.
    ``(b) Review, Dissemination, and Evaluation.--The Secretary shall--
            ``(1) use a peer-review process in reviewing applications 
        under this part;
            ``(2) ensure that information on the activities and results 
        of programs and projects funded under this part is disseminated 
        to appropriate State educational agencies, local educational 
        agencies, and other appropriate organizations, including 
        nonprofit private organizations; and
            ``(3) evaluate the effectiveness of programs under this 
        part in accordance with section 9601, in terms of the impact on 
        students traditionally served in separate gifted and talented 
        programs and on other students, and submit the results of such 
        evaluation to Congress not later than 2 years after the date of 
        enactment of the Every Child Achieves Act of 2015.
    ``(c) Program Operations.--The Secretary shall ensure that the 
programs under this part are administered within the Department by a 
person who has recognized professional qualifications and experience in 
the field of the education of gifted and talented students and who 
shall--
            ``(1) administer and coordinate the programs authorized 
        under this part;
            ``(2) serve as a focal point of national leadership and 
        information on the educational needs of gifted and talented 
        students and the availability of educational services and 
        programs designed to meet such needs;
            ``(3) assist the Director of the Institute of Education 
        Sciences in identifying research priorities that reflect the 
        needs of gifted and talented students; and
            ``(4) disseminate, and consult on, the information 
        developed under this part with other offices within the 
        Department.

``SEC. 5307. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this part 
such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2016 through 
2021.''.

SEC. 5005. EDUCATION INNOVATION AND RESEARCH.

    Title V (20 U.S.C. 7201 et seq.), as amended by section 5001, is 
further amended by inserting after part C, as added by section 5004, 
the following:

              ``PART D--EDUCATION INNOVATION AND RESEARCH

``SEC. 5401. GRANTS FOR EDUCATION INNOVATION AND RESEARCH.

    ``(a) Program Authorized.--From funds appropriated under subsection 
(e), the Secretary shall make grants to eligible entities for the 
development, implementation, replication, or scaling and rigorous 
testing of entrepreneurial, evidence-based, field-initiated innovations 
to improve student achievement and attainment for high-need students, 
including--
            ``(1) early-phase grants to fund the development, 
        implementation, and feasibility testing of a program that prior 
        research suggests has promise, for the purpose of determining 
        whether the program can successfully improve student 
        achievement or attainment for high-needs students;
            ``(2) mid-phase grants to fund implementation and a 
        rigorous evaluation of a program that has been successfully 
        implemented under an early-phase grant or other effort meeting 
        similar criteria, for the purpose of measuring the program's 
        impact and cost effectiveness, if possible using existing 
        administrative data; or
            ``(3) expansion grants to fund implementation and a 
        rigorous replication evaluation of a program that has been 
        found to produce sizable, important impacts under a mid-phase 
        grant or other effort meeting similar criteria, for the purpose 
        of determining whether such impacts can be successfully 
        reproduced and sustained over time, and identifying the 
        conditions in which the program is most effective.
    ``(b) Eligible Entity.--In this section, the term `eligible entity' 
means any of the following:
            ``(1) A local educational agency.
            ``(2) A State educational agency.
            ``(3) A consortium of States educational agencies or local 
        educational agencies.
            ``(4) A State educational agency or a local educational 
        agency, in partnership with--
                    ``(A) a nonprofit organization;
                    ``(B) a small business;
                    ``(C) a charter management organization;
                    ``(D) an educational service agency; or
                    ``(E) an institution of higher education.
    ``(c) Rural Areas.--In awarding grants under subsection (a), the 
Secretary shall ensure that not less than 25 percent of the funds for 
any fiscal year are awarded for projects that meet both of the 
following requirements:
            ``(1) The grantee is--
                    ``(A) a local educational agency with an urban-
                centric district locale code of 32, 33, 41, 42, or 43, 
                as determined by the Secretary;
                    ``(B) a consortium of such local educational 
                agencies; or
                    ``(C) an educational service agency or a nonprofit 
                organization in partnership with such a local 
                educational agency.
            ``(2) A majority of the schools to be served by the project 
        are designated with a school locale code of 32, 33, 41, 42, or 
        43, or a combination of such codes, as determined by the 
        Secretary.
    ``(d) Matching Funds.--In order to receive a grant under subsection 
(a), an eligible entity shall demonstrate that the eligible entity will 
provide matching funds in an amount equal to 10 percent of the funds 
provided under a grant under this part, except that the Secretary may 
waive the matching funds requirement, on a case-by-case basis, upon a 
showing of exceptional circumstances, such as--
            ``(1) the difficulty of raising matching funds for a 
        project to serve a rural area;
            ``(2) the difficulty of raising matching funds in areas 
        with a concentration of local educational agencies or schools 
        with a high percentage of students aged 5 through 17--
                    ``(A) who are in poverty, as counted in the most 
                recent census data approved by the Secretary;
                    ``(B) who are eligible for a free or reduced priced 
                lunch under the Richard B. Russell National School 
                Lunch Act;
                    ``(C) whose families receive assistance under the 
                State program funded under part A of title IV of the 
                Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 601 et seq.); or
                    ``(D) who are eligible to receive medical 
                assistance under the Medicaid program; and
            ``(3) the difficulty of raising funds in designated tribal 
        areas.
    ``(e) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section such sums as may be necessary 
for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2021.''.

SEC. 5006. ACCELERATED LEARNING.

    Title V (20 U.S.C. 7201 et seq.), as amended by section 5001, is 
further amended by inserting after part D, as added by section 5005, 
the following:

                     ``PART E--ACCELERATED LEARNING

``SEC. 5501. SHORT TITLE.

    ``This part may be cited as the `Accelerated Learning Act of 2015'.

``SEC. 5502. PURPOSES.

    ``The purposes of this part are--
            ``(1) to raise student academic achievement through 
        accelerated learning programs, including Advanced Placement and 
        International Baccalaureate programs, dual enrollment programs, 
        and early college high schools that provide postsecondary-level 
        instruction, examinations, or sequences of courses that are 
        widely accepted for credit at institutions of higher education;
            ``(2) to increase the number of students attending high-
        need schools who enroll and succeed in accelerated learning 
        courses, accelerated learning examinations, dual enrollment 
        programs, and early college high school courses;
            ``(3) to support efforts by States and local educational 
        agencies to increase the availability of, and enrollment in, 
        accelerated learning courses, pre-accelerated learning courses, 
        dual enrollment programs, and early college high school courses 
        in high-need schools; and
            ``(4) to provide high-quality professional development for 
        teachers of accelerated learning courses, pre-accelerated 
        learning courses, dual enrollment programs, and early college 
        high school courses in high-need schools.

``SEC. 5503. FUNDING DISTRIBUTION RULE.

    ``From amounts appropriated under section 5508 for a fiscal year, 
the Secretary shall give priority to funding activities under section 
5504 and shall distribute any remaining funds under section 5505.

``SEC. 5504. ACCELERATED LEARNING EXAMINATION FEE PROGRAM.

    ``(a) Grants Authorized.--From amounts made available under section 
5503 for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall award grants to State 
educational agencies having applications approved under this section to 
enable the State educational agencies to reimburse low-income students 
to cover part or all of the costs of accelerated learning examination 
fees, if the low-income students--
            ``(1) are enrolled in accelerated learning courses; and
            ``(2) plan to take accelerated learning examinations.
    ``(b) Award Basis.--In determining the amount of the grant awarded 
to a State educational agency under this section for a fiscal year, the 
Secretary shall consider the number of children eligible to be counted 
under section 1124(c) in the State in relation to the number of such 
children so counted in all States.
    ``(c) Information Dissemination.--A State educational agency that 
is awarded a grant under this section shall make publicly available 
information regarding the availability of accelerated learning 
examination fee payments under this section, and shall disseminate such 
information to eligible high school students and parents, including 
through high school teachers and counselors.
    ``(d) Applications.--Each State educational agency desiring to 
receive a grant under this section shall submit an application to the 
Secretary at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such 
information as the Secretary may require. At a minimum, each State 
educational agency application shall--
            ``(1) describe the accelerated learning examination fees 
        the State educational agency will pay on behalf of low-income 
        students in the State from grant funds awarded under this 
        section;
            ``(2) provide an assurance that any grant funds awarded 
        under this section shall be used only to pay for accelerated 
        learning examination fees; and
            ``(3) contain such information as the Secretary may require 
        to demonstrate that the State educational agency will ensure 
        that a student is eligible for payments authorized under this 
        section, including ensuring that the student is a low-income 
        student.
    ``(e) Regulations.--The Secretary shall prescribe such regulations 
as are necessary to carry out this section.
    ``(f) Report.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each State educational agency awarded a 
        grant under this section shall, with respect to each 
        accelerated learning course subject, annually report to the 
        Secretary the following data for the preceding year:
                    ``(A) The number of students in the State who are 
                taking an accelerated learning course in such subject.
                    ``(B) The number of accelerated learning 
                examinations taken by students in the State who have 
                taken an accelerated learning course in such subject.
                    ``(C) The number of students in the State scoring 
                at each level on accelerated learning examinations in 
                such subject, disaggregated by race, ethnicity, sex, 
                English proficiency status, and socioeconomic status.
                    ``(D) Demographic information regarding students in 
                the State taking accelerated learning courses and 
                accelerated learning examinations in such subject, 
                disaggregated by race, ethnicity, sex, English 
                proficiency status, and socioeconomic status.
            ``(2) Report to congress.--The Secretary shall annually 
        compile the information received from each State educational 
        agency under paragraph (1) and report to the authorizing 
        committees of Congress regarding the information.
    ``(g) Bureau of Indian Education as State Educational Agency.--For 
purposes of this section, the Bureau of Indian Education shall be 
treated as a State educational agency.

``SEC. 5505. ACCELERATED LEARNING INCENTIVE PROGRAM GRANTS.

    ``(a) Grants Authorized.--
            ``(1) In general.--From amounts made available under 
        section 5503 for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall award 
        grants, on a competitive basis, to eligible entities to enable 
        such entities to carry out the authorized activities described 
        in subsection (e).
            ``(2) Duration, renewal, and payments.--
                    ``(A) Duration.--The Secretary shall award a grant 
                under this section for a period of not more than 3 
                years.
                    ``(B) Renewal.--The Secretary may renew a grant 
                awarded under this section for an additional period of 
                not more than 2 years, if an eligible entity--
                            ``(i) is achieving the objectives of the 
                        grant; and
                            ``(ii) has shown improvement against 
                        baseline data on the performance measures 
                        described in subparagraphs (A) through (E) of 
                        subsection (g)(1).
                    ``(C) Payments.--The Secretary shall make grant 
                payments under this section on an annual basis.
    ``(b) Definition of Eligible Entity.--In this section, the term 
`eligible entity' means--
            ``(1) a State educational agency;
            ``(2) a local educational agency; or
            ``(3) a partnership consisting of--
                    ``(A) a national, regional, or statewide nonprofit 
                organization, with expertise and experience in 
                providing accelerated learning course services, dual 
                enrollment programs, and early college high school 
                courses; and
                    ``(B) a State educational agency or local 
                educational agency.
    ``(c) Application.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each eligible entity desiring a grant 
        under this section shall submit an application to the Secretary 
        at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such 
        information as the Secretary may require.
            ``(2) Contents.--The application shall, at a minimum, 
        include a description of--
                    ``(A) the goals and objectives for the project 
                supported by the grant under this section, including--
                            ``(i) increasing the number of teachers 
                        serving high-need schools who are qualified to 
                        teach accelerated learning courses, dual 
                        enrollment programs, and early college high 
                        school courses;
                            ``(ii) increasing the number of accelerated 
                        learning courses, dual enrollment programs, and 
                        early college high school courses that are 
                        offered at high-need schools; and
                            ``(iii) increasing the number of students 
                        attending a high-need school, particularly low-
                        income students, who enroll and succeed in--
                                    ``(I) accelerated learning courses;
                                    ``(II) if offered by the school, 
                                pre-accelerated learning courses;
                                    ``(III) dual enrollment programs; 
                                and
                                    ``(IV) early college high school 
                                courses;
                    ``(B) how the eligible entity will ensure that 
                students have access to courses that will prepare 
                students to enroll and succeed in accelerated learning 
                courses, pre-accelerated learning courses, dual 
                enrollment programs, and early college high school 
                courses;
                    ``(C) how the eligible entity will provide 
                professional development for teachers that will further 
                the goals and objectives of the grant project;
                    ``(D) how the eligible entity will ensure that 
                teachers serving high-need schools are qualified to 
                teach accelerated learning courses, dual enrollment 
                programs, and early college high school courses;
                    ``(E) how the eligible entity will provide for the 
                involvement of business and community organizations and 
                other entities, including institutions of higher 
                education, in carrying out the activities described in 
                subsection (e);
                    ``(F) how the eligible entity will use funds 
                received under this section; and
                    ``(G) how the eligible entity will evaluate the 
                success of the grant project.
    ``(d) Priority.--In awarding grants under this section, the 
Secretary shall give priority to applications from eligible entities 
that propose to carry out activities in a local educational agency that 
is eligible under the small rural school achievement program or the 
rural and low-income school program authorized under subpart 1 or 2 of 
part B of title VI.
    ``(e) Authorized Activities.--Each eligible entity that receives a 
grant under this section may use grant funds for--
            ``(1) high-quality teacher professional development, in 
        order to expand the pool of teachers in the participating 
        State, local educational agency, or high-need school who are 
        qualified to teach accelerated learning courses, dual 
        enrollment programs, and early college high school courses, 
        including through innovative models such as online academies 
        and training institutes;
            ``(2) teacher and counselor high-quality professional 
        development in high school to prepare students for success in 
        accelerated learning courses, dual enrollment programs, and 
        early college high school courses;
            ``(3) coordination and articulation between grade levels to 
        prepare students to enroll and succeed in accelerated learning 
        courses, dual enrollment programs, and early college high 
        school courses;
            ``(4) the purchase of instructional materials for 
        accelerated learning courses, dual enrollment programs, and 
        early college high school courses;
            ``(5) activities to increase the availability of, and 
        participation in, online accelerated learning courses, dual 
        enrollment programs, and early college high school courses;
            ``(6) carrying out the requirements of subsection (g); or
            ``(7) in the case of an eligible entity described in 
        subsection (b)(1), awarding subgrants to local educational 
        agencies to enable the local educational agencies to carry out 
        authorized activities described in paragraphs (1) through (6).
    ``(f) Contracts.--An eligible entity that is awarded a grant to 
provide online courses under this section may enter into a contract 
with an organization to provide accelerated learning courses, dual 
enrollment programs, and early college high school courses, including 
contracting for necessary support services.
    ``(g) Collecting and Reporting Requirements.--
            ``(1) Report.--Each eligible entity receiving a grant under 
        this section shall collect and report to the Secretary annually 
        such data regarding the results of the grant as the Secretary 
        may reasonably require, including--
                    ``(A) the number of students served by the eligible 
                entity enrolling in accelerated learning courses, pre-
                accelerated learning courses, dual enrollment programs, 
                and early college high school courses, disaggregated by 
                grade level of the student, and the grades received by 
                such students in the courses;
                    ``(B) the number of students taking an accelerated 
                learning examination and the distribution of scores on 
                those examinations, disaggregated by the grade level of 
                the student at the time of examination;
                    ``(C) the number of teachers who are currently, as 
                of the date of the report, receiving training to teach 
                accelerated learning courses, dual enrollment programs, 
                and early college high school courses, and will teach 
                such courses in the next school year;
                    ``(D) the number of teachers becoming qualified to 
                teach accelerated learning courses, dual enrollment 
                programs, and early college high school courses; and
                    ``(E) the number of qualified teachers who are 
                teaching accelerated learning courses, dual enrollment 
                programs, and early college high school courses in 
                high-need schools served by the eligible entity.
            ``(2) Reporting of data.--Each eligible entity receiving a 
        grant under this section shall report the data required under 
        paragraph (1)--
                    ``(A) disaggregated by subject area;
                    ``(B) in the case of student data, disaggregated in 
                the same manner as information is disaggregated under 
                section 1111(b)(2)(B)(xi); and
                    ``(C) in a manner that allows for an assessment of 
                the effectiveness of the grant program.
    ``(h) Evaluation.--The Secretary, acting through the Director of 
the Institute of Education Sciences, shall, in consultation with the 
relevant program office at the Department, evaluate the implementation 
and impact of the activities supported under this section, including 
progress as measured by the performance measures established under 
subparagraphs (A) through (E) of subsection (g)(1).
    ``(i) Matching Requirement.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each eligible entity that receives a 
        grant under this section shall provide toward the cost of the 
        activities assisted under the grant, from non-Federal sources, 
        an amount equal to 100 percent of the amount of the grant, 
        except that an eligible entity that is a high-need local 
        educational agency, as determined by the Secretary, shall 
        provide an amount equal to not more than 50 percent of the 
        amount of the grant.
            ``(2) Matching funds.--The eligible entity may provide the 
        matching funds described in paragraph (1) in cash or in-kind, 
        fairly evaluated, but may not provide more than 50 percent of 
        the matching funds in-kind. The eligible entity may provide the 
        matching funds from State, local, or private sources.
            ``(3) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive all or part of the 
        matching requirement described in paragraph (1) for any fiscal 
        year for an eligible entity if the Secretary determines that 
        applying the matching requirement to such eligible entity would 
        result in serious hardship or an inability to carry out the 
        authorized activities described in subsection (e).

``SEC. 5506. SUPPLEMENT, NOT SUPPLANT.

    ``Grant funds provided under this part shall supplement, and not 
supplant, other non-Federal funds that are available to assist low-
income students to pay for the cost of accelerated learning fees or to 
expand access to accelerated learning and pre-accelerated learning 
courses.

``SEC. 5507. DEFINITIONS.

    ``In this part:
            ``(1) Accelerated learning course.--The term `accelerated 
        learning course' means--
                    ``(A) a course of postsecondary-level instruction 
                provided to middle or high school students, terminating 
                in an Advanced Placement or International Baccalaureate 
                examination; or
                    ``(B) another highly rigorous, evidence-based, 
                postsecondary preparatory program terminating in--
                            ``(i) an examination or sequence of courses 
                        that are widely accepted for credit at 
                        institutions of higher education; or
                            ``(ii) another examination or sequence of 
                        courses approved by the Secretary.
            ``(2) Accelerated learning examination.--The term 
        `accelerated learning examination' means an Advanced Placement 
        examination administered by the College Board, an International 
        Baccalaureate examination administered by the International 
        Baccalaureate, an examination that is widely accepted for 
        college credit, or another such examination approved by the 
        Secretary.
            ``(3) Dual enrollment program.--The term `dual enrollment' 
        means a program through which a high school student--
                    ``(A) takes courses offered through an institution 
                of higher education while the student is enrolled in 
                high school; and
                    ``(B) earns both secondary school and postsecondary 
                credit for the courses described in subparagraph (A).
            ``(4) Early college high school.--The term `early college 
        high school' means a high school that provides a course of 
        study that enables a student to earn a high school diploma and 
        either an associate's degree or 1 to 2 years of postsecondary 
        credit toward a postsecondary degree or credential.
            ``(5) High-need school.--The term `high-need school' means 
        a high school--
                    ``(A) with a demonstrated need for Advanced 
                Placement or International Baccalaureate courses, dual 
                enrollment programs, or early college high school 
                courses; and
                    ``(B) that--
                            ``(i) has a high concentration of low-
                        income students; or
                            ``(ii) is a local educational agency that 
                        is eligible, as determined by the Secretary, 
                        under the small, rural school achievement 
                        program, or the rural and low-income school 
                        program, authorized under subpart 1 or 2 of 
                        part B of title VI.
            ``(6) Low-income student.--The term `low-income student' 
        means a student who is eligible for a free or reduced-price 
        lunch under the school lunch program established under the 
        Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et 
        seq.).

``SEC. 5508. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this part 
such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2016 through 
2021.''.

SEC. 5007. READY-TO-LEARN TELEVISION.

    Title V (20 U.S.C. 7201 et seq.), as amended by section 5001, is 
further amended by inserting after part E, as added by section 5006, 
the following:

                  ``PART F--READY-TO-LEARN TELEVISION

``SEC. 5601. READY-TO-LEARN.

    ``(a) Program Authorized; Ready-To-Learn.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary is authorized to award 
        grants to, or enter into contracts or cooperative agreements 
        with, eligible entities described in paragraph (3) to enable 
        such entities--
                    ``(A) to develop, produce, and distribute 
                educational and instructional video programming for 
                preschool and elementary school children and their 
                parents in order to facilitate student academic 
                achievement;
                    ``(B) to facilitate the development, directly or 
                through contracts with producers of children and family 
                educational television programming, of educational 
                programming for preschool and elementary school 
                children, and the accompanying support materials and 
                services that promote the effective use of such 
                programming;
                    ``(C) to facilitate the development of programming 
                and digital content containing Ready-to-Learn-based 
                children's programming and resources for parents and 
                caregivers that is specially designed for nationwide 
                distribution over public television stations' digital 
                broadcasting channels and the Internet;
                    ``(D) to contract with entities (such as public 
                telecommunications entities) so that programs developed 
                under this section are disseminated and distributed to 
                the widest possible audience appropriate to be served 
                by the programming, and through the use of the most 
                appropriate distribution technologies; and
                    ``(E) to develop and disseminate education and 
                training materials, including interactive programs and 
                programs adaptable to distance learning technologies, 
                that are designed--
                            ``(i) to promote school readiness; and
                            ``(ii) to promote the effective use of 
                        materials developed under subparagraphs (B) and 
                        (C) among parents, teachers, Head Start 
                        providers, providers of family literacy 
                        services, child care providers, early childhood 
                        development personnel, elementary school 
                        teachers, public libraries, and after-school 
                        program personnel caring for preschool and 
                        elementary school children.
            ``(2) Availability.--In awarding or entering into grants, 
        contracts, or cooperative agreements under this section, the 
        Secretary shall ensure that eligible entities make programming 
        widely available, with support materials as appropriate, to 
        young children, parents, child care workers, Head Start 
        providers, and providers of family literacy services to 
        increase the effective use of such programming.
            ``(3) Eligible entities.--To be eligible to receive a 
        grant, contract, or cooperative agreement under this section, 
        an entity shall be a public telecommunications entity that is 
        able to demonstrate each of the following:
                    ``(A) A capacity for the development and national 
                distribution of educational and instructional 
                television programming of high quality that is 
                accessible by a large majority of disadvantaged 
                preschool and elementary school children.
                    ``(B) A capacity to contract with the producers of 
                children's television programming for the purpose of 
                developing educational television programming of high 
                quality.
                    ``(C) A capacity, consistent with the entity's 
                mission and nonprofit nature, to negotiate such 
                contracts in a manner that returns to the entity an 
                appropriate share of any ancillary income from sales of 
                any program-related products.
                    ``(D) A capacity to localize programming and 
                materials to meet specific State and local needs and to 
                provide educational outreach at the local level.
            ``(4) Coordination of activities.--An entity receiving a 
        grant, contract, or cooperative agreement under this section 
        shall consult with the Secretary and the Secretary of Health 
        and Human Services--
                    ``(A) to maximize the utilization of quality 
                educational programming by preschool and elementary 
                school children, and make such programming widely 
                available to federally funded programs serving such 
                populations; and
                    ``(B) to coordinate activities with Federal 
                programs that have major training components for early 
                childhood development, including programs under the 
                Head Start Act (42 U.S.C. 9831 et seq.) and State 
                training activities funded under the Child Care and 
                Development Block Grant Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 9858 et 
                seq.), regarding the availability and utilization of 
                materials developed under paragraph (1)(E) to enhance 
                parent and child care provider skills in early 
                childhood development and education.
    ``(b) Applications.--To be eligible to receive a grant, contract, 
or cooperative agreement under subsection (a), an entity shall submit 
to the Secretary an application at such time, in such manner, and 
containing such information as the Secretary may reasonably require.
    ``(c) Reports and Evaluations.--
            ``(1) Annual report to the secretary.--An entity receiving 
        a grant, contract, or cooperative agreement under this section 
        shall prepare and submit to the Secretary an annual report that 
        contains such information as the Secretary may require. At a 
        minimum, the report shall describe the program activities 
        undertaken with funds received under the grant, contract, or 
        cooperative agreement, including each of the following:
                    ``(A) The programming that has been developed, 
                directly or indirectly, by the eligible entity, and the 
                target population of the programs developed.
                    ``(B) The support and training materials that have 
                been developed to accompany the programming, and the 
                method by which the materials are distributed to 
                consumers and users of the programming.
                    ``(C) The means by which programming developed 
                under this section has been distributed, including the 
                distance learning technologies that have been utilized 
                to make programming available, and the geographic 
                distribution achieved through such technologies.
                    ``(D) The initiatives undertaken by the entity to 
                develop public-private partnerships to secure non-
                Federal support for the development, distribution, and 
                broadcast of educational and instructional programming.
            ``(2) Report to congress.--The Secretary shall prepare and 
        submit to the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and 
        Pensions of the Senate and the Committee on Education and the 
        Workforce of the House of Representatives a biannual report 
        that includes the following:
                    ``(A) A summary of the activities assisted under 
                subsection (a).
                    ``(B) A description of the education and training 
                materials made available under subsection (a)(1)(E), 
                the manner in which outreach has been conducted to 
                inform parents and child care providers of the 
                availability of such materials, and the manner in which 
                such materials have been distributed in accordance with 
                such subsection.
    ``(d) Administrative Costs.--An entity that receives a grant, 
contract, or cooperative agreement under this section may use up to 5 
percent of the amount received under the grant, contract, or agreement 
for the normal and customary expenses of administering the grant, 
contract, or agreement.
    ``(e) Funding Rule.--Not less than 60 percent of the amount 
appropriated under subsection (f) for each fiscal year shall be used to 
carry out activities under subparagraphs (B) through (D) of subsection 
(a)(1).
    ``(f) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this part such sums as may be necessary for 
each of fiscal years 2016 through 2021.''.

SEC. 5008. INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY EXPANDS CHILDREN'S HORIZONS (I-TECH).

    Title V (20 U.S.C. 7201 et seq.), as amended by section 5001, is 
further amended by inserting after part F, as added by section 5007, 
the following:

  ``PART G--INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY EXPANDS CHILDREN'S HORIZONS (I-TECH)

``SEC. 5701. PURPOSES.

    ``The purposes of this part are--
            ``(1) to improve the achievement, academic growth, and 
        college and career readiness of all students;
            ``(2) to ensure all students have access to personalized, 
        rigorous learning experiences that are supported through 
        technology;
            ``(3) to ensure that educators have the knowledge and 
        skills to use technology, including computer-based assessments 
        and blended learning strategies, to personalize learning;
            ``(4) to ensure district and school leaders have the skills 
        required to implement, and support school- and district-wide 
        approaches for using technology to inform instruction, support 
        teacher collaboration, and personalize learning;
            ``(5) to ensure that students in rural, remote, and 
        underserved areas have the resources to take advantage of high-
        quality digital learning experiences, digital resources, and 
        access to online courses taught by effective educators;
            ``(6) to ensure that students have increased access to 
        online dual and concurrent enrollment opportunities, career and 
        technical courses, and programs leading to a recognized 
        postsecondary credential (as defined in section 3 of the 
        Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3102)), and 
        courses taught by educators, including advanced coursework; and
            ``(7) to ensure that State educational agencies, local 
        educational agencies, elementary schools, and secondary schools 
        have the technological capacity, infrastructure, and technical 
        support necessary to meet purposes described in paragraphs (1) 
        through (6).

``SEC. 5702. DEFINITIONS.

    ``In this part:
            ``(1) Digital learning.--The term `digital learning' means 
        any instructional practice that effectively uses technology to 
        strengthen a student's learning experience and encompasses a 
        wide spectrum of tools and practices, including--
                    ``(A) interactive learning resources that engage 
                students in academic content;
                    ``(B) access to online databases and other primary 
                source documents;
                    ``(C) the use of data, data analytics, and 
                information to personalize learning and provide 
                targeted supplementary instruction;
                    ``(D) student collaboration with content experts 
                and peers;
                    ``(E) online and computer-based assessments;
                    ``(F) digital learning content, software, or 
                simulations;
                    ``(G) access to online courses;
                    ``(H) mobile devices for learning in school and at 
                home;
                    ``(I) learning environments that allow for rich 
                collaboration and communication;
                    ``(J) hybrid or blended learning, which occurs 
                under direct instructor supervision at a school or 
                other location away from home and, at least in part, 
                through online delivery of instruction with some 
                element of student control over time, place, path, or 
                pace;
                    ``(K) access to online course opportunities for 
                students in rural or remote areas; and
                    ``(L) discovery, modification, and sharing of 
                openly licensed digital learning materials.
            ``(2) Eligible technology.--The term `eligible technology' 
        means modern computer, and communication technology software, 
        services, or tools, including computer or mobile devices, 
        software applications, systems and platforms, and digital 
        learning content, and related services and supports.
            ``(3) Technology readiness survey.--The term `technology 
        readiness survey' means a survey completed by a local 
        educational agency that provides standardized information on 
        the quantity and types of technology infrastructure and access 
        available to the students and in the community served by the 
        local educational agency, including computer devices, access to 
        school libraries, Internet connectivity, operating systems, 
        related network infrastructure, data systems, educator 
        professional learning needs and priorities, and data security.
            ``(4) Universal design for learning.--The term `universal 
        design for learning' has the meaning given the term in section 
        103 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1003).

``SEC. 5703. TECHNOLOGY GRANTS PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

    ``(a) In General.--From the amounts appropriated under section 
5708, the Secretary may reserve not more than 1.5 percent for national 
activities to support grantees and shall award the remainder to State 
educational agencies to strengthen State and local technological 
infrastructure and professional learning that supports digital learning 
through State activities under section 5705(c) and local activities 
under section 5706(c).
    ``(b) Grants to State Educational Agencies.--
            ``(1) Reservations.--From the amounts appropriated under 
        section 5708 for any fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve--
                    ``(A) three-fourths of 1 percent for the Secretary 
                of the Interior to provide assistance under this part 
                for schools operated or funded by the Bureau of Indian 
                Education; and
                    ``(B) 1 percent to provide assistance under this 
                part to the outlying areas.
            ``(2) Grant allotments.--From the amounts appropriated 
        under section 5708 for any fiscal year and remaining after the 
        Secretary makes reservations under paragraph (1), the Secretary 
        shall make a grant for the fiscal year to each State 
        educational agency with an approved application under section 
        5704 in an amount that bears the same relationship to such 
        remainder as the amount the State educational agency received 
        under part A of title I for such year bears to the amount all 
        State educational agencies with an approved application under 
        section 5704 received under such part for such year.
    ``(c) Minimum.--The amount of a grant to a State educational agency 
under subsection (b)(2) for a fiscal year shall not be less than one-
half of 1 percent of the total amount made available for grants to all 
State educational agencies under such subsection for such year.
    ``(d) Reallotment of Unused Funds.--If any State educational agency 
does not apply for a grant under section 5704 for a fiscal year, or 
does not use the State educational agency's entire grant allotment 
under subsection (b)(2) for such year, the Secretary shall reallot the 
amount of the State educational agency's grant, or the unused portion 
of the grant allotment, to the remaining State educational agencies 
that use their entire grant amounts under subsection (b)(2) for such 
year.
    ``(e) Matching Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State educational agency that receives 
        a grant under subsection (b)(2) shall provide matching funds, 
        from non-Federal sources, in an amount equal to 10 percent of 
        the amount of grant funds provided to the State educational 
        agency to carry out the activities supported by the grant. Such 
        matching funds may be provided in cash or in-kind, except that 
        any such in-kind contributions shall be provided for the 
        purpose of supporting the State educational agency's activities 
        under section 5705(c).
            ``(2) Waiver.--The Secretary may waive the matching 
        requirement under paragraph (1) for a State educational agency 
        that demonstrates that such requirement imposes an undue 
        financial hardship on the State educational agency.

``SEC. 5704. STATE APPLICATIONS.

    ``(a) Application.--To receive a grant under section 5703(b)(2), a 
State educational agency shall submit to the Secretary an application 
at such time and in such manner as the Secretary may require and 
containing the information described in subsection (b).
    ``(b) Contents.--Each application submitted under subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
            ``(1) A description of how the State educational agency 
        will meet the following goals:
                    ``(A) Use technology to ensure all students achieve 
                college and career readiness and digital literacy, 
                including by providing high-quality education 
                opportunities to economically or geographically 
                isolated student populations.
                    ``(B) Provide educators, school leaders, and 
                administrators with the professional learning tools, 
                devices, content, and resources to--
                            ``(i) personalize learning to improve 
                        student academic achievement; and
                            ``(ii) discover, adapt, and share relevant 
                        high-quality open educational resources.
                    ``(C) Enable local educational agencies to build 
                the technological capacity and infrastructure.
            ``(2) An assurance that each local educational awarded a 
        subgrant under this part has conducted a technology readiness 
        survey and will take steps to address the readiness gaps 
        identified not later than 3 years after the completion of the 
        survey by the local educational agency.
            ``(3) An assurance that the State educational agency will 
        ensure that the State educational agency's technology systems 
        and school-based technology systems are interoperable.
            ``(4) An assurance that the State educational agency will 
        consider making content widely available through open 
        educational resources when making purchasing decisions with 
        funds received under this part.
            ``(5) A description of how the State educational agency 
        will award subgrants to local educational agencies under 
        section 5706.
            ``(6) A description of the process, activities, and 
        performance measures that the State educational agency will use 
        to evaluate the impact and effectiveness of the grant and 
        subgrant funds awarded under this part across the State and in 
        each local educational agency.
            ``(7) An assurance that the State educational agency 
        consulted with local educational agencies in the development of 
        the State educational agency's application under this 
        subsection.
            ``(8) An assurance that the State educational agency will 
        provide matching funds as required under section 5703(e).
            ``(9) An assurance that the State educational agency will 
        protect the privacy and safety of students and teachers, 
        consistent with requirements of section 444 of the General 
        Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1232g) (commonly known as 
        the `Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974') and 
        section 445 of the General Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 
        1232h).
            ``(10) An assurance that funds made available under this 
        part shall be used to supplement, and not supplant, any other 
        Federal, State, or local funds that would otherwise be 
        available to carry out the activities assisted under this part.

``SEC. 5705. STATE USE OF GRANT FUNDS.

    ``(a) Reservation for Subgrants To Support Technology 
Infrastructure.--Each State educational agency that receives a grant 
under section 5703(b)(2) shall expend not less than 90 percent of the 
grant amount for each fiscal year to award subgrants to local 
educational agencies in accordance with section 5706.
    ``(b) Reservation for State Activities.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State educational agency shall reserve 
        not more than 10 percent of the grant received under section 
        5703(b)(2) for the State activities described in subsection 
        (c).
            ``(2) Grant administration.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), of 
                the amount reserved by a State educational agency under 
                paragraph (1), the State educational agency may reserve 
                for the administration of the grant under this part not 
                more than--
                            ``(i) 1 percent in the case of a State 
                        educational agency awarding subgrants under 
                        section 5706(a)(1); or
                            ``(ii) 3 percent in the case of a State 
                        educational agency awarding subgrants under 
                        section 5706(a)(2).
                    ``(B) Special rule.--Notwithstanding subparagraph 
                (A), a State educational agency that forms a State 
                purchasing consortium under subsection (d)--
                            ``(i) may reserve an additional 1 percent 
                        to carry out the activities described in 
                        subsection (d)(1); and
                            ``(ii) may reserve amounts in addition to 
                        the percentage described in clause (i) if the 
                        State purchasing consortium receives direct 
                        approval from the local educational agencies 
                        receiving subgrants under section 5706(a) from 
                        the State educational agency prior to reserving 
                        more than the additional percentage authorized 
                        under clause (i).
    ``(c) State Activities.--A State educational agency may use funds 
described in subsection (b) to carry out each of the following:
            ``(1) Except for the awarding of subgrants in accordance 
        with section 5706, activities described in the State 
        educational agency's application under section 5704(b).
            ``(2) Providing technical assistance to local educational 
        agencies to--
                    ``(A) identify and address technology readiness 
                needs, as determined by the technology readiness 
                surveys;
                    ``(B) use technology, consistent with the 
                principles of universal design for learning, to support 
                the learning needs of all students, including children 
                with disabilities and English learners;
                    ``(C) build capacity for principals and local 
                educational agency administrators to support teachers 
                in using data and technology to improve teaching and 
                personalize learning;
                    ``(D) ensure that contractual requirements for 
                third parties that have access to student data, its 
                storage, or provide analytics on student data provide 
                privacy protections consistent with the requirements of 
                section 444 of the General Education Provisions Act (20 
                U.S.C. 1232g) (commonly known as the `Family 
                Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974'); and
                    ``(E) provide tools and processes to support the 
                creation, modification, and distribution of open 
                educational resources.
            ``(3) Developing or utilizing research-based or innovative 
        strategies for the delivery of specialized or rigorous academic 
        courses and curricula through the use of technology, including 
        digital learning technologies and assistive technology.
            ``(4) Integrating and coordinating activities under this 
        part with other educational resources and programs across the 
        State.
            ``(5) Disseminating information, including making publicly 
        available on the website of the State educational agency, 
        promising practices to improve technology instruction, best 
        practices for data security, and acquiring and implementing 
        technology tools and applications.
            ``(6) Ensuring that teachers, paraprofessionals, library 
        and media personnel, specialized instructional support 
        personnel, and administrators possess the knowledge and skills 
        to use technology to meet the goals described in section 
        5704(b)(1).
            ``(7) Coordinating with teacher, principal, and other 
        school leader preparation programs to ensure that preservice 
        teachers, principals, and other school leaders have the skills 
        to implement digital learning programs effectively.
            ``(8) Supporting schools in rural and remote areas to 
        expand access to high-quality digital learning opportunities.
    ``(d) Purchasing Consortia.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State educational agency receiving a 
        grant under section 5703(b)(2) may--
                    ``(A) form a State purchasing consortium with 1 or 
                more State educational agencies receiving such a grant 
                to carry out the State activities described in 
                subsection (c), including purchasing eligible 
                technology;
                    ``(B) encourage local educational agencies to form 
                local purchasing consortia under section 5706(c)(4); 
                and
                    ``(C) promote pricing opportunities to local 
                educational agencies for the purchase of eligible 
                technology that are--
                            ``(i) negotiated by the State educational 
                        agency or the State purchasing consortium of 
                        the State educational agency; and
                            ``(ii) available to such local educational 
                        agencies.
            ``(2) Restrictions.--A State educational agency receiving a 
        grant under section 5703(b)(2) shall not--
                    ``(A) except for promoting the pricing 
                opportunities described in paragraph (1)(C), make 
                recommendations to local educational agencies for, or 
                require, use of any specific commercial products and 
                services by local educational agencies;
                    ``(B) require local educational agencies to 
                participate in a State purchasing consortia or local 
                purchasing consortia; or
                    ``(C) use more than the amount reserved under 
                subsection (b) to carry out the activities described in 
                paragraph (1), unless the State educational agency 
                receives approval in accordance with subsection 
                (b)(2)(B).

``SEC. 5706. LOCAL SUBGRANTS.

    ``(a) Subgrants.--
            ``(1) Grants to local educational agencies.--From the grant 
        funds provided under section 5703(b)(2) to a State educational 
        agency that are remaining after the State educational agency 
        makes reservations under section 5705(b) for any fiscal year 
        and subject to paragraph (2), the State educational agency 
        shall award subgrants for the fiscal year to local educational 
        agencies served by the State educational agency and with an 
        approved application under subsection (b) by allotting to each 
        such local educational agency an amount that bears the same 
        relationship to the remainder as the amount received by the 
        local educational agency under part A of title I for such year 
        bears to the amount received by all such local educational 
        agencies under such part for such year, except that no local 
        educational agency may receive less than $20,000 for a year.
            ``(2) Competitive grants to local educational agencies.--If 
        the amount of funds appropriated under section 5708 is less 
        than $300,000,000 for any fiscal year, a State educational 
        agency--
                    ``(A) shall not award subgrants under paragraph 
                (1); and
                    ``(B) shall--
                            ``(i) award subgrants, on a competitive 
                        basis, to local educational agencies based on 
                        the quality of applications submitted under 
                        subsection (b), including--
                                    ``(I) the level of technology 
                                readiness, as determined by the 
                                technology readiness surveys completed 
                                by local educational agencies 
                                submitting such applications; and
                                    ``(II) the technology plans 
                                described in subsection (b)(4) and how 
                                the local educational agencies with 
                                such plans will carry out the alignment 
                                and coordination described in such 
                                subsection;
                            ``(ii) give priority to local educational 
                        agencies that have demonstrated substantial 
                        need for assistance in acquiring and using 
                        technology, based on the agency's technology 
                        readiness survey; and
                            ``(iii) give priority to schools that serve 
                        students in rural and remote areas, schools 
                        identified under section 1114 as in need of 
                        intervention and support and the persistently 
                        lowest achieving schools, or schools with a 
                        high percentage of students aged 5 through 17 
                        who are in poverty, as counted in the most 
                        recent census data approved by the Secretary, 
                        who are eligible for a free or reduced priced 
                        lunch under the Richard B. Russell National 
                        School Lunch Act, in families receiving 
                        assistance under the State program funded under 
                        part A of title IV of the Social Security Act, 
                        or eligible to receive medical assistance under 
                        the Medicaid program.
            ``(3) Definition of local educational agency for certain 
        fiscal years.--For purposes of awarding subgrants under 
        paragraph (2), the term `local educational agency' means--
                    ``(A) a local educational agency;
                    ``(B) an educational service agency; or
                    ``(C) a local educational agency and an educational 
                service agency.
    ``(b) Application.--A local educational agency that desires to 
receive a subgrant under subsection (a) shall submit an application to 
the State at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such 
information as the State educational agency may require, such as--
            ``(1) a description of how the local educational agency 
        will carry out the goals described in subparagraphs (A) through 
        (C) of section 5704(b)(1);
            ``(2) a description of the results of the technology 
        readiness survey completed by the local educational agency and 
        a description of the plan for the local educational agency to 
        meet the goals described in paragraph (1) within 3 years of 
        completing the survey;
            ``(3) a description of the local educational agency's 
        technology plan to carry out paragraphs (1) and (3) and how the 
        agency will align and coordinate the activities under this 
        section with other activities across the local educational 
        agency;
            ``(4) a description of the team of educators who will 
        coordinate and carry out the activities under this section, 
        including individuals with responsibility and expertise in 
        instructional technology, teachers that specialize in 
        supporting students who are children with disabilities and 
        English learners, other school leaders, library and media 
        personnel, technology officers, and staff responsible for 
        assessments and data;
            ``(5) a description of how the local educational agency 
        will build capacity for principals, other school leaders, and 
        local educational agency administrators to support teachers in 
        developing data literacy skills and in implementing digital 
        tools to support teaching and learning;
            ``(6) a description of how the local educational agency 
        will procure content and ensure content quality; and
            ``(7) an assurance that the local educational agency will 
        protect the privacy and safety of students and teachers, 
        consistent with requirements section 444 of the General 
        Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1232g) (commonly known as 
        the `Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974').
    ``(c) Use of Funds.--
            ``(1) Professional development in digital learning.--
        Subject to paragraph (3), a local educational agency receiving 
        a subgrant under subsection (a) shall use not less than 50 
        percent of such funds to carry out professional development in 
        digital learning for teachers, principals, other school 
        leaders, paraprofessionals, library and media personnel, 
        specialized instructional support personnel, technology 
        coordinators, and administrators in the use of technology to 
        support student learning.
            ``(2) Technology infrastructure.--Subject to paragraph (3), 
        a local educational agency receiving a subgrant under 
        subsection (a) shall use not less than 25 percent of such funds 
        to support activities for the acquisition of eligible 
        technology needed to--
                    ``(A) except for the activities described in 
                paragraph (1), carry out activities described in the 
                application submitted under subsection (b), including 
                purchasing devices, equipment, and software 
                applications; and
                    ``(B) address readiness shortfalls identified under 
                the technology readiness survey completed by the local 
                educational agency.
            ``(3) Modification of funding allocations.--A State 
        educational agency may authorize a local educational agency to 
        modify the percentage of the local educational agency's 
        subgrant funds required to carry out the activities described 
        in paragraph (1) or (2) if the local educational agency 
        demonstrates that such modification will assist the local 
        educational agency in more effectively carrying out such 
        activities.
            ``(4) Purchasing consortia.--Local educational agencies 
        receiving subgrants under subsection (a) may--
                    ``(A) form a local purchasing consortia with other 
                such local educational agencies to carry out the 
                activities described in this subsection, including 
                purchasing eligible technology; and
                    ``(B) use such funds for purchasing eligible 
                technology through a State purchasing consortia under 
                section 5706(d).
            ``(5) Blended learning projects.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A local educational agency 
                receiving a subgrant under subsection (a) may use such 
                funds to carry out a blended learning project, which 
                shall include at least 1 of the following activities:
                            ``(i) Planning activities, which may 
                        include development of new instructional models 
                        (including blended learning technology software 
                        and platforms), the purchase of digital 
                        instructional resources, initial professional 
                        development activities, and one-time 
                        information technology purchases, except that 
                        such expenditures may not include expenditures 
                        related to significant construction or 
                        renovation of facilities.
                            ``(ii) Ongoing professional development for 
                        teachers, principals, other school leaders, or 
                        other personnel involved in the project that is 
                        designed to support the implementation and 
                        academic success of the project.
                    ``(B) Non-federal match.--A local educational 
                agency that carries out a blended learning project 
                under this paragraph shall provide non-Federal matching 
                funds equal to not less than 10 percent of the amount 
                of funds used to carry out such project that shall be 
                used to carry out such project.
                    ``(C) Definition of blended learning.--In this 
                paragraph, the term `blended learning' means a formal 
                education program that leverages both technology-based 
                and face-to-face instructional approaches that--
                            ``(i) include an element of online or 
                        digital learning, combined with supervised 
                        learning time, and student-led learning, in 
                        which the elements are connected to provide an 
                        integrated learning experience; and
                            ``(ii) where students are provided some 
                        control over time, path, or pace.

``SEC. 5707. REPORTING.

    ``(a) Local Educational Agencies.--Each local educational agency 
receiving a subgrant under section 5706 shall submit to the State 
educational agency that awarded such subgrant an annual report the 
meets the requirements of subsection (c).
    ``(b) State Educational Agencies.--Each State educational agency 
receiving a grant under section 5703(b)(2) shall submit to the 
Secretary an annual report that meets the requirements of subsection 
(c).
    ``(c) Report Requirements.--A report submitted under subsection (a) 
or (b) shall include, at a minimum, a description of--
            ``(1) the status of the State educational agency's plan 
        described in section 5704(b) or the local education agency's 
        technology plan under section 5706(b)(3), as applicable;
            ``(2) the categories of eligible technology acquired with 
        funds under this part and how such technology is being used;
            ``(3) the professional learning activities funded under 
        this part, including types of activities and entities involved 
        in providing such professional learning to classroom teachers 
        and other staff, such as school librarians; and
            ``(4) the types of programs funded under this part.

``SEC. 5708. AUTHORIZATION.

    ``There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be 
necessary to carry out this part.''.

SEC. 5009. LITERACY AND ARTS EDUCATION.

    Title V (20 U.S.C. 7201 et seq.), as amended by section 5001, is 
further amended by inserting after part G, as added by section 5008, 
the following:

                 ``PART H--LITERACY AND ARTS EDUCATION

``SEC. 5801. LITERACY AND ARTS EDUCATION.

    ``(a) In General.--From funds made available under subsection (c), 
the Secretary may award grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements, 
on a competitive basis, to eligible entities for the purposes of--
            ``(1) promoting arts education for disadvantaged students 
        and students who are children with disabilities, through 
        activities such as--
                    ``(A) professional development for arts educators, 
                teachers, and principals;
                    ``(B) development and dissemination of 
                instructional materials and arts-based educational 
                programming, including online resources, in multiple 
                arts disciplines; and
                    ``(C) community and national outreach activities 
                that strengthen and expand partnerships among schools, 
                local educational agencies, communities, or national 
                centers for the arts; and
            ``(2) promoting literacy programs that support the 
        development of literacy skills in low-income communities, 
        including--
                    ``(A) developing and enhancing effective school 
                library programs, which may include providing 
                professional development for school librarians, books, 
                and up-to-date materials to low-income schools;
                    ``(B) early literacy services, including pediatric 
                literacy programs through which, during well-child 
                visits, medical providers trained in research-based 
                methods of early language and literacy promotion 
                provide developmentally appropriate books and 
                recommendations to parents to encourage them to read 
                aloud to their children starting in infancy; and
                    ``(C) programs that provide high-quality books on a 
                regular basis to children and adolescents from 
                disadvantaged communities to increase reading 
                motivation, performance, and frequency.
    ``(b) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means--
                    ``(A) a local educational agency in which 20 
                percent or more of the students served by the local 
                educational agency are from families with an income 
                below the poverty line;
                    ``(B) a consortium of such local educational 
                agencies; or
                    ``(C) an eligible national nonprofit organization.
            ``(2) Eligible national nonprofit organization.--The term 
        `eligible national nonprofit organization' means an 
        organization of national scope that--
                    ``(A) is supported by staff, which may include 
                volunteers, or affiliates at the State and local 
                levels; and
                    ``(B) demonstrates effectiveness or high-quality 
                plans for addressing childhood literacy activities for 
                the population targeted by the grant.
    ``(c) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section such sums as may be necessary 
for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2021.''.

SEC. 5010. EARLY LEARNING ALIGNMENT AND IMPROVEMENT GRANTS.

    Title V (20 U.S.C. 7201 et seq.), as amended by section 5001, is 
further amended by inserting after part H, as added by section 5009, 
the following:

       ``PART I--EARLY LEARNING ALIGNMENT AND IMPROVEMENT GRANTS

``SEC. 5901. PURPOSES; DEFINITIONS.

    ``(a) Purposes.--The purposes of this part are to assist States 
with--
            ``(1) more efficiently using existing Federal resources to 
        improve, strengthen, and expand existing high-quality early 
        childhood education, as determined by the State;
            ``(2) coordinating existing funding streams and delivery 
        models to promote--
                    ``(A) program quality, while maintaining services;
                    ``(B) parental choice among high-quality early 
                childhood education program providers; and
                    ``(C) early care and learning access for children 
                from birth to kindergarten entry; and
            ``(3) improving access for children from low-income 
        families to high-quality early childhood education programs in 
        order to enhance school readiness.
    ``(b) Definitions.--In this part:
            ``(1) Center of excellence.--The term `Center of 
        Excellence' means a local public or private nonprofit agency, 
        including a community-based or faith-based organization, or a 
        for-profit agency, within a community, that provides early 
        learning and care services in the State, including the use of 
        best practices for--
                    ``(A) achieving school readiness, including the 
                development of early literacy and mathematics skills;
                    ``(B) acquisition of English language skills; and
                    ``(C) providing high-quality comprehensive services 
                for eligible children and their families.
            ``(2) Eligible child.--The term `eligible child' means an 
        individual--
                    ``(A) who is less than 6 years of age; and
                    ``(B) whose family income does not exceed--
                            ``(i) 200 percent of the poverty line;
                            ``(ii) 85 percent of the State median 
                        income for a family of the same size, and whose 
                        family assets do not exceed $1,000,000 (as 
                        certified by a member of such family); or
                            ``(iii) a State-determined threshold for 
                        eligibility that does not exceed the thresholds 
                        in clauses (i) and (ii).
            ``(3) Eligible partnership.--The term `eligible 
        partnership' means a partnership that, at a minimum, includes, 
        as applicable and appropriate, the State Advisory Council on 
        Early Childhood Education and Care established under section 
        642B(b) of the Head Start Act, and all of the following 
        partners, which may be represented on the Council:
                    ``(A) One or more public and private (including 
                nonprofit or for-profit) providers of early childhood 
                education that serve eligible children residing in the 
                State and meet applicable standards of licensing and 
                quality as determined by the State.
                    ``(B) One or more Head Start agencies, which may 
                include Early Head Start, migrant and seasonal Head 
                Start, and Indian Head Start agencies that serve 
                eligible children residing in the State.
                    ``(C) The State educational agency.
                    ``(D) Other relevant State agencies with oversight 
                of preschool, early education, and child care in the 
                State.
                    ``(E) One or more local educational agencies in the 
                State.
                    ``(F) One or more institutions of higher education 
                in the State.
                    ``(G) One or more representatives of business in 
                the State.
            ``(4) Institution of higher education.--The term 
        `institution of higher education' has the meanings given the 
        term in section 101 and subparagraphs (A) and (B) of section 
        102(a)(1) of the Higher Education Act of 1965.
            ``(5) State.--The term `State' means each of the 50 States, 
        the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

``SEC. 5902. EARLY LEARNING ALIGNMENT AND IMPROVEMENT GRANTS.

    ``(a) Grants Authorized.--
            ``(1) In general.--From amounts made available under 
        section 5903, the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary 
        of Health and Human Services, shall award grants, on a 
        competitive basis, to States to enable the States to carry out 
        the activities described in subsection (d).
            ``(2) Reservation for states serving rural areas.--From the 
        amounts appropriated under section 5903 for a fiscal year, the 
        Secretary shall reserve not less than 30 percent for grants to 
        States that propose to carry out the activities described in 
        subsection (d) for eligible children living in rural areas. The 
        Secretary shall reduce the amount described in the preceding 
        sentence if the Secretary does not receive a sufficient number 
        of applications that are deserving of a grant under this part 
        for such purpose.
            ``(3) Priority.--In awarding grants under this section, the 
        Secretary shall give priority to a State that will use funds 
        under this grant to focus on eligible children--
                    ``(A) who are 3 and 4 years of age; and
                    ``(B) whose family income does not exceed 130 
                percent of the poverty line.
            ``(4) Duration of grants.--A grant awarded under this 
        section shall be for a period of not more than 3 years and may 
        not be renewed by the Secretary.
            ``(5) Limitation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), a State may receive a grant under 
                this section only once.
                    ``(B) Exception.--Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), 
                a State may receive more than 1 grant under this 
                section only--
                            ``(i) if the State is proposing, for such 
                        additional grants, to carry out activities for 
                        eligible children living in rural areas; or
                            ``(ii) after all States, which meet the 
                        requirements and have submitted an application 
                        under this section, have received a grant, to 
                        the extent that funds for a grant are still 
                        available.
            ``(6) Equitable distribution.--To the extent practicable, 
        the Secretary shall ensure an equitable geographic distribution 
        of grants under this section.
    ``(b) State Requirements.--
            ``(1) Lead agency.--
                    ``(A) Designation.--A State desiring a grant under 
                this section shall designate an agency (which may be an 
                appropriate collaborative agency) or establish a joint 
                interagency office, that complies with the requirements 
                of subparagraph (B), to serve as a lead agency for the 
                State under this section.
                    ``(B) Duties.--The lead agency designated under 
                subparagraph (A) shall--
                            ``(i) administer, directly or through other 
                        governmental or nongovernmental agencies, the 
                        Federal assistance received under this section 
                        by the State;
                            ``(ii) develop the application submitted to 
                        the Secretary under subsection (c); and
                            ``(iii) coordinate the provision of 
                        activities under this section with existing 
                        Federal, State, and local early childhood 
                        education programs.
            ``(2) Partners.--In order to be eligible for a grant under 
        this section, a State shall partner with an eligible 
        partnership.
            ``(3) Matching requirement.--Each State that receives a 
        grant under this part shall provide from Federal or non-Federal 
        sources (which may be provided in cash or in-kind) to carry out 
        the activities supported by the grant, an amount equal to--
                    ``(A) 30 percent of the amount of the grant in the 
                first year of such grant; and
                    ``(B) not less than 30 percent of the amount of the 
                grant in the second and third year of such grant, 
                respectively.
    ``(c) Applications.--A State desiring a grant under this section 
shall submit an application at such time, in such manner, and 
containing such information as the Secretary may reasonably require. 
The application shall include--
            ``(1) an identification of the lead agency that the 
        Governor of the State has appointed to be responsible for the 
        grant under this section;
            ``(2) a description of the eligible partnership required 
        under subsection (b)(2), which will assist the State in 
        developing the plan and implementing the activities under this 
        part;
            ``(3) to the extent practicable, the unduplicated counts of 
        the number of eligible children served using existing Federal, 
        State, and local resources and programs that the State will 
        coordinate to meet the purposes of this part, including--
                    ``(A) programs carried out under the Head Start 
                Act, including the Early Head Start programs carried 
                out under such Act;
                    ``(B) programs carried out under section 619 and 
                parts B and C of the Individuals with Disabilities 
                Education Act;
                    ``(C) child care programs carried out under the 
                Child Care and Development Block Grant Act of 1990 (42 
                U.S.C. 9858 et seq.) or section 418 of the Social 
                Security Act (42 U.S.C. 618);
                    ``(D) other Federal, State, local, and Indian tribe 
                or tribal organization programs of early learning, 
                childhood education, child care, and development in the 
                State; and
                    ``(E) as applicable--
                            ``(i) programs carried out under other 
                        provisions of this Act;
                            ``(ii) programs carried out under subtitle 
                        A of title XX of the Social Security Act (42 
                        U.S.C. 1397 et seq.);
                            ``(iii) programs carried out under the 
                        Community Services Block Grant Act (42 U.S.C. 
                        9901 et seq.);
                            ``(iv) programs serving homeless children 
                        and services of local educational agency 
                        liaisons for homeless children and youths 
                        designated under section 722(g)(1)(J)(ii) of 
                        the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 
                        U.S.C. 11432(g)(1)(J)(ii));
                            ``(v) State agencies and programs serving 
                        children in foster care and the foster families 
                        of such children; and
                            ``(vi) child care programs funded through 
                        State veterans affairs offices;
            ``(4) a description of how the State proposes to coordinate 
        such resources and programs identified under paragraph (3) in 
        order to meet the purposes of this part;
            ``(5) a description of how the State will identify early 
        childhood education program providers that demonstrate a high 
        level of quality;
            ``(6) a description of how the State will define eligible 
        children, in accordance with section 5901(b)(2);
            ``(7) a description of how the State will expand access to 
        existing high-quality early learning and care for eligible 
        children in the State, or if no high-quality early learning and 
        care is accessible for eligible children, expand access to 
        high-quality early learning and care for such children;
            ``(8) in the case of a State that has elected to use funds 
        under this section to designate Centers of Excellence--
                    ``(A) assurances that the State will designate an 
                entity, such as an agency, an institution of higher 
                education, a consortium of local educational agencies 
                or Head Start centers, or another entity, to designate 
                early childhood education programs as Centers of 
                Excellence;
                    ``(B) assurances that the designee will meet the 
                definition of a Center of Excellence;
                    ``(C) descriptions of the process by which an 
                entity that carries out an early childhood education 
                program would be designated as a Center of Excellence, 
                including evidence that the early childhood education 
                program involved has demonstrated excellence in program 
                delivery in a manner designed to improve the school 
                readiness of children who have participated in the 
                program; and
                    ``(D) descriptions of how the State will assist 
                Centers of Excellence in the dissemination of best 
                practices;
            ``(9) an assurance that the State will provide technical 
        assistance to partners on methods by which Federal and State 
        early learning and care funding can be coordinated and lead to 
        cost-saving and efficiencies strategies, and other methods that 
        will enhance the quality of the early childhood education 
        programs in the State;
            ``(10) a description of how the State will sustain early 
        learning and care activities coordinated under this section, 
        including for rural areas in the State, if applicable, once 
        grant funding is no longer available under this section;
            ``(11) a description of the process that the State proposes 
        to use to collect and disseminate, to parents and the general 
        public, consumer information that will promote informed early 
        learning and care choices in the State;
            ``(12) a description of how the State will serve eligible 
        children residing in rural areas, if applicable; and
            ``(13) an assurance that funds made available under this 
        part shall be used to supplement, and not supplant, any other 
        Federal, State, or local funds that would otherwise be 
        available to carry out the activities assisted under this part.
    ``(d) Use of Funds.--
            ``(1) In general.--A State that receives a grant under this 
        part shall use the grant funds to develop, implement, or 
        improve a coordinated statewide or locally implemented system 
        of voluntary early care and learning, which includes a plan--
                    ``(A) for coordinating funding available through 
                existing Federal, State, and local sources; and
                    ``(B) which is designed in collaboration with an 
                eligible partnership.
            ``(2) Authorized activities.--Grant funds under this 
        section may be used for the following:
                    ``(A) Aligning existing Federal, State, and local 
                funding and resources with a statewide or locally 
                designed system for delivering high-quality early 
                learning and care for eligible children in the State, 
                including developing evidence-based practices to 
                improve staff quality, instructional programming, and 
                time in program.
                    ``(B) Analyzing needs for expanded access to 
                existing high-quality early childhood education 
                programs in the State, including child care, preschool, 
                and Early Head Start, Head Start, and special education 
                for all children, particularly low-income children.
                    ``(C) Developing or expanding eligible partnerships 
                to--
                            ``(i) expand access for eligible children 
                        to existing high-quality providers or programs 
                        or, if no high-quality early learning and care 
                        is accessible for eligible children, expand 
                        access to high-quality early learning and care 
                        for eligible children;
                            ``(ii) share best practices; and
                            ``(iii) ensure that parents have maximum 
                        choices in selecting the providers that meet 
                        their individual needs, consistent with State 
                        and local laws.
                    ``(D) Developing or expanding Centers of Excellence 
                for the purposes of--
                            ``(i) disseminating best practices for 
                        achieving early academic success in the State, 
                        including best practices for--
                                    ``(I) achieving school readiness, 
                                including developing early literacy and 
                                mathematics skills;
                                    ``(II) the acquisition of the 
                                English language for English learners; 
                                or
                                    ``(III) providing high-quality 
                                comprehensive services to low-income 
                                and at-risk children and their 
                                families;
                            ``(ii) coordinating early education, child 
                        care, and other social services available in 
                        the State and local communities for low-income 
                        and at-risk children and families; or
                            ``(iii) providing effective transitions 
                        between preschool programs and elementary 
                        schools, including by facilitating ongoing 
                        communication between early education and 
                        elementary school teachers and by improving the 
                        ability of teachers to work effectively with 
                        low-income and at-risk children and their 
                        families.
                    ``(E) Expanding existing high-quality early 
                education and care for infants and toddlers, or if no 
                high-quality early education and care is accessible for 
                infants and toddlers, expand access to high quality 
                education and care.
                    ``(F) Carrying out other strategies determined by 
                the State to improve access to and expand the overall 
                quality of a coordinated State or locally designed 
                system of voluntary early learning and care services in 
                the State.
            ``(3) Priority.--The activities implemented by a State 
        under this subsection shall prioritize parental choice of 
        providers and evidence-based practices for improving early 
        learning program quality and access to the extent permitted 
        under State and local law.
    ``(e) Reporting.--A State that receives a grant under this part 
shall submit to the Secretary, at such time and in such manner as the 
Secretary may reasonably require, an annual report that includes--
            ``(1) the number and percentage of children who are served 
        in high-quality early childhood education programs, as 
        identified by the State, during each year of the grant duration 
        using funds from--
                    ``(A) only this part, as applicable;
                    ``(B) the Child Care and Development Block Grant 
                Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 9858 et seq.) or section 418 of 
                the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 618);
                    ``(C) the Head Start Act; and
                    ``(D) other public and private providers, as 
                applicable;
            ``(2) the quality improvements undertaken at the State 
        level;
            ``(3) the extent to which funds are being blended with 
        other public and private funding; and
            ``(4) any other ways in which funds are used to meet the 
        purposes of this part.
    ``(f) Report to Congress.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall prepare and submit to the 
Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate and 
the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House of 
Representatives a biennial report containing the information described 
in subsection (e) for all States receiving funds under this part.
    ``(g) Limitations on Federal Interference.--Nothing in this part 
shall be construed to authorize the Secretary to establish any 
criterion that specifies, defines, or prescribes--
            ``(1) early learning and development guidelines, standards, 
        or specific assessments, including the standards or measures 
        that States use to develop, implement, or improve such 
        guidelines, standards, or assessments;
            ``(2) specific measures or indicators of quality early 
        learning and care, including--
                    ``(A) the systems that States use to assess the 
                quality of early childhood education programs and 
                providers, school readiness, and achievement; and
                    ``(B) the term `high-quality' early learning or 
                care;
            ``(3) early learning or preschool curriculum, program of 
        instruction, or instructional content;
            ``(4) teacher and staff qualifications and salaries;
            ``(5) class sizes and child-to-instructional staff ratios; 
        and
            ``(6) any aspect or parameter of a teacher, principal, 
        other school leader, or staff evaluation system within a State 
        or local educational agency.

``SEC. 5903. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    ``There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this part 
such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2016 through 
2021.''.

                  TITLE VI--INNOVATION AND FLEXIBILITY

SEC. 6001. PURPOSES.

    Title VI (20 U.S.C. 7301 et seq.) is amended by inserting before 
part A of title VI, the following:

``SEC. 6001. PURPOSES.

    ``The purposes of this title are--
            ``(1) to support State and local innovation in preparing 
        all students to meet challenging State academic standards under 
        section 1111(b);
            ``(2) to provide States and local educational agencies with 
        maximum flexibility in using Federal funds provided under this 
        Act; and
            ``(3) to support education in rural areas.''.

SEC. 6002. IMPROVING ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT.

    Part A of title VI (20 U.S.C. 7301 et seq.) is amended--
            (1) by striking subparts 1 and 4;
            (2) by redesignating subpart 2 as subpart 1;
            (3) by redesignating sections 6121 through 6123 as sections 
        6111 through 6113, respectively;
            (4) in section 6113, as redesignated by paragraph (3)--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1)--
                                    (I) in the matter preceding 
                                subparagraph (A), by striking ``not 
                                more than 50 percent of the 
                                nonadministrative State funds'' and 
                                inserting ``all, or any lesser amount, 
                                of State funds''; and
                                    (II) by striking subparagraphs (A) 
                                through (D) and inserting the 
                                following:
                    ``(A) Part A of title II.
                    ``(B) Part A of title IV.
                    ``(C) Part G of title V.''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (2), by striking ``and 
                        subject to the 50 percent limitation described 
                        in paragraph (1)''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1)--
                                    (I) in subparagraph (A), by 
                                striking ``(except'' and all that 
                                follows through ``subparagraph (C))'' 
                                and inserting ``may transfer all, or 
                                any lesser amount, of the funds 
                                allocated to it'';
                                    (II) by striking subparagraph (B);
                                    (III) by redesignating subparagraph 
                                (C) as subparagraph (B); and
                                    (IV) in subparagraph (B), as 
                                redesignated by subclause (III), by 
                                striking ``and subject to the 
                                percentage limitation described in 
                                subparagraph (A) or (B), as 
                                applicable''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (2)--
                                    (I) by striking ``subparagraph (A), 
                                (B), or (C)'' and inserting 
                                ``subparagraph (A) or (B)''; and
                                    (II) by striking subparagraphs (A) 
                                through (D) and inserting the 
                                following:
                    ``(A) Part A of title II.
                    ``(B) Part A of title IV.
                    ``(C) Part G of title V.''; and
            (5) by striking subpart 3 and inserting the following:

    ``Subpart 2--Weighted Student Funding Flexibility Pilot Program

``SEC. 6121. WEIGHTED STUDENT FUNDING FLEXIBILITY PILOT PROGRAM.

    ``(a) Purpose.--The purpose of the pilot program under this section 
is to provide local educational agencies with flexibility to 
consolidate Federal, State, and local funding in order to create a 
single school funding system based on weighted per pupil allocations 
for low-income and otherwise disadvantaged students.
    ``(b) Authority.--The Secretary may, on a competitive basis, enter 
into local flexibility demonstration agreements--
            ``(1) for not more than 2 years with local educational 
        agencies that are selected under subsection (c) and submit 
        proposed agreements that meet the requirements of subsection 
        (d); and
            ``(2) under which such agencies may consolidate and use 
        funds in accordance with subsection (d) in order to develop and 
        implement a school funding system based on weighted per pupil 
        allocations for low-income and otherwise disadvantaged 
        students.
    ``(c) Selection of Local Educational Agencies.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may enter into local 
        flexibility demonstration agreements with not more than 25 
        local educational agencies, reflecting the size and geographic 
        diversity of all such agencies nationwide to the maximum extent 
        feasible.
            ``(2) Selection.--Each local educational agency shall be 
        selected on a competitive basis from among those local 
        educational agencies that--
                    ``(A) submit a proposed local flexibility 
                demonstration agreement under subsection (d) to the 
                Secretary;
                    ``(B) demonstrate to the satisfaction of the 
                Secretary that the agreement meets the requirements of 
                subsection (d); and
                    ``(C) agree to meet the continued demonstration 
                requirements under subsection (e).
    ``(d) Required Terms of Local Flexibility Demonstration 
Agreement.--
            ``(1) Application.--Each local educational agency that 
        desires to participate in the pilot program under this section 
        shall submit, at such time, in such form, and including such 
        information as the Secretary may prescribe, an application to 
        enter into a local flexibility demonstration agreement with the 
        Secretary in order to develop and implement a school funding 
        system based on weighted per pupil allocations that meets the 
        requirements of this section, including--
                    ``(A) a description of the school funding system 
                based on weighted per pupil allocations, including how 
                the system will meet the requirements under paragraph 
                (2);
                    ``(B) a list of funding sources, including eligible 
                Federal funds the local educational agency will include 
                in such system;
                    ``(C) a description of the amount and percentage of 
                total local educational agency funding, including 
                State, local, and eligible Federal funds, that will be 
                allocated through such system;
                    ``(D) the per-pupil expenditures (including actual 
                personnel expenditures, including staff salary 
                differentials for years of employment, and actual 
                nonpersonnel expenditures) of State and local funds for 
                each school served by the agency for the preceding 
                fiscal year;
                    ``(E) the per-pupil amount of eligible Federal 
                funds each school served by the agency, disaggregated 
                by program, received in the preceding fiscal year;
                    ``(F) a description of how the system will continue 
                to ensure that any eligible Federal funds allocated 
                through the system will continue to meet the purposes 
                of each Federal funding stream, including serving 
                students from low-income families, English learners, 
                migratory children, and children who are neglected, 
                delinquent, or at risk, as applicable;
                    ``(G) a description of how the local educational 
                agency will develop and employ a weighted student 
                funding system to support public elementary schools and 
                secondary schools in order to improve the academic 
                achievement of students, including low-income students, 
                the lowest achieving students, English learners, and 
                students with disabilities;
                    ``(H) an assurance that the local educational 
                agency developed and will implement the local 
                flexibility demonstration agreement in consultation 
                with teachers, principals, other school leaders, 
                administrators of Federal programs impacted by the 
                agreement, parents, civil rights leaders, and other 
                relevant stakeholders;
                    ``(I) an assurance that the local educational 
                agency will use fiscal control and sound accountability 
                procedures that ensure proper disbursement of, and 
                accounting for, eligible Federal funds consolidated and 
                used under such system;
                    ``(J) an assurance that the local educational 
                agency will continue to meet the fiscal provisions in 
                section 1117; and
                    ``(K) an assurance that the local educational 
                agency will meet the requirements of all applicable 
                Federal civil rights laws in carrying out the agreement 
                and in consolidating and using funds under the 
                agreement.
            ``(2) Requirements of system.--A local educational agency's 
        school funding system based on weighted per pupil allocations 
        shall meet each of the following requirements:
                    ``(A) The system shall--
                            ``(i) allocate a significant portion of 
                        funds, including State, local, and eligible 
                        Federal funds, to the school level through a 
                        formula that determines per-pupil weighted 
                        amounts based on individual student 
                        characteristics;
                            ``(ii) use weights or allocation amounts 
                        that allocate substantially more funding to 
                        students from low-income families and English 
                        learners than to other students; and
                            ``(iii) demonstrate to the Secretary, that 
                        each high-poverty school received at least as 
                        much total per-pupil funding, including from 
                        Federal, State, and local sources, for low-
                        income students and at least as much total per-
                        pupil funding, including from Federal, State, 
                        and local sources, for English learners as the 
                        school received in the year prior to carrying 
                        out the pilot program.
                    ``(B) The system shall be used to allocate a 
                significant portion, including all school level 
                personnel expenditures for instructional staff and 
                nonpersonnel expenditures, but not less than 65 
                percent, of all the local educational agency's local 
                and State funds to schools.
                    ``(C) After allocating funds through the school 
                funding system, the local educational agency shall 
                charge schools for the per-pupil expenditures of 
                Federal, State, and local funds, including actual 
                personnel expenditures for instructional staff and 
                actual nonpersonnel expenditures.
                    ``(D) The system may include weights or allocation 
                amounts according to other characteristics.
    ``(e) Continued Demonstration.--Each local educational agency that 
is selected to participate in the pilot program under this section 
shall annually--
            ``(1) demonstrate to the Secretary, that no high-poverty 
        school served by the agency received less total per-pupil 
        funding, including from Federal, State, and local sources, for 
        low-income students or less total per-pupil funding, including 
        from Federal, State, and local sources, for English learners 
        than the school received in the previous year;
            ``(2) make public and report to the Secretary the per-pupil 
        expenditures (including actual personnel expenditures that 
        include staff salary differentials for years of employment, and 
        actual non-personnel expenditures) of State, local, and Federal 
        funds for each school served by the agency, and disaggregated 
        by student poverty quartile and by minority student quartile 
        for the preceding fiscal year; and
            ``(3) make public the total number of students enrolled in 
        each school served by the agency and the number of students 
        enrolled in each such school disaggregated by each of the 
        categories of students, as defined in section 1111(b)(3)(A).
    ``(f) Eligible Federal Funds.--In this section, the term `eligible 
Federal funds' means funds received by a local educational agency under 
titles I, II, III, and IV of this Act.
    ``(g) Limitations on Administrative Expenditures.--Each local 
educational agency that has entered into a local flexibility 
demonstration agreement with the Secretary under this section may use, 
for administrative purposes, from eligible Federal funds not more than 
the percentage of funds allowed for such purpose under any of titles I, 
II, III, or IV.
    ``(h) Peer Review.--The Secretary may establish a peer-review 
process to assist in the review of a proposed local flexibility 
demonstration agreement.
    ``(i) Noncompliance.--The Secretary may, after providing notice and 
an opportunity for a hearing (including the opportunity to provide 
information as provided for in subsection (j)), terminate a local 
flexibility demonstration agreement under this section if there is 
evidence that the local educational agency has failed to comply with 
the terms of the agreement and the requirements under subsections (d) 
and (e).
    ``(j) Evidence.--If a local educational agency believes that the 
Secretary's determination under subsection (i) is in error for 
statistical or other substantive reasons, the local educational agency 
may provide supporting evidence to the Secretary, and the Secretary 
shall consider that evidence before making a final termination 
determination.
    ``(k) Program Evaluation.--From the amount reserved for evaluation 
activities in section 9601, the Secretary, acting through the Director 
of the Institute of Education Sciences, shall, in consultation with the 
relevant program office at the Department, evaluate the implementation 
and impact of the local flexibility demonstration agreements under this 
section, consistent with section 9601 and specifically on improving the 
equitable distribution of State and local funding and increasing 
student achievement.
    ``(l) Renewal of Local Flexibility Demonstration Agreement.--The 
Secretary may renew for additional 3-year terms a local flexibility 
demonstration agreement under this section if--
            ``(1) the local educational agency has met the requirements 
        under subsections (d)(2) and (e) and agrees to and has a high 
        likelihood of continuing to meet such requirements; and
            ``(2) the Secretary determines that renewing the local 
        flexibility demonstration agreement is in the interest of 
        students served under titles I and III, including students from 
        low-income families, English learners, migratory children, and 
        children who are neglected, delinquent, or at risk.
    ``(m) Definition of High-poverty School.--In this section, the term 
`high-poverty school' means a school that is in the highest 2 quartiles 
of schools served by a local educational agency, based on the 
percentage of enrolled students from low-income families.''.

SEC. 6003. RURAL EDUCATION INITIATIVE.

    Part B of title VI (20 U.S.C. 7341 et seq.) is amended--
            (1) in section 6211--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(1), by striking subparagraphs 
                (A) through (E) and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) Part A of title I.
                    ``(B) Part A of title II.
                    ``(C) Title III.
                    ``(D) Part A or B of title IV.
                    ``(E) Part G of title V.'';
                    (B) in subsection (b)(1)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A)(ii), by striking 
                        ``7 or 8, as determined by the Secretary; or'' 
                        and inserting ``41, 42, or 43, as determined by 
                        the Secretary;'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking the 
                        period at the end and inserting ``; or''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(C) the local educational agency is a member of 
                an educational service agency that does not receive 
                funds under this subpart and the local educational 
                agency meets the requirements of this part.''; and
                    (C) in subsection (c), by striking paragraphs (1) 
                through (3) and inserting the following:
            ``(1) Part A of title II.
            ``(2) Part A of title IV.'';
            (2) in section 6212--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking paragraphs (1) 
                through (5) and inserting the following:
            ``(1) Part A of title I.
            ``(2) Part A of title II.
            ``(3) Title III.
            ``(4) Part A or B of title IV.
            ``(5) Part G of title V.'';
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting 
                        the following:
            ``(1) Allocation.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph 
                (3), the Secretary shall award a grant under subsection 
                (a) to a local educational agency eligible under 
                section 6211(b) for a fiscal year in an amount equal to 
                the initial amount determined under paragraph (2) for 
                the fiscal year minus the total amount received by the 
                agency under the provisions of law described in section 
                6211(c) for the preceding fiscal year.
                    ``(B) Special determination.--For a local 
                educational agency that is eligible under section 6211 
                and is a member of an educational service agency, the 
                Secretary may determine the award amount by subtracting 
                from the initial amount determined under paragraph (2), 
                an amount that is equal to that local educational 
                agency's per-pupil share of the total amount received 
                by the educational service agency under titles II and 
                IV, as long as a determination under this subparagraph 
                would not disproportionately affect any State.'';
                            (ii) by striking paragraph (2) and 
                        inserting the following:
            ``(2) Determination of initial amount.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The initial amount referred to 
                in paragraph (1) is equal to $100 multiplied by the 
                total number of students in excess of 50 students, in 
                average daily attendance at the schools served by the 
                local educational agency, plus $20,000, except that the 
                initial amount may not exceed $60,000.
                    ``(B) Special rule.--For any fiscal year in which 
                the amount made available to carry out this part is 
                $252,000,000 or more, subparagraph (A) shall be 
                applied--
                            ``(i) by substituting `$25,000' for 
                        `$20,000'; and
                            ``(ii) by substituting `$80,000' for 
                        `$60,000'.''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Hold harmless.--For a local educational agency that 
        is not eligible under this subpart but met the eligibility 
        requirements under section 6211(b) as such section was in 
        effect on the day before the date of enactment of the Every 
        Child Achieves Act of 2015, the agency shall receive--
                    ``(A) for fiscal year 2016, 75 percent of the 
                amount such agency received for fiscal year 2015;
                    ``(B) for fiscal year 2017, 50 percent of the 
                amount such agency received for fiscal year 2015; and
                    ``(C) for fiscal year 2018, 25 percent of the 
                amount such agency received for fiscal year 2015.''; 
                and
                    (C) by striking subsection (d);
            (3) by striking section 6213 and inserting the following:

``SEC. 6213. ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT ASSESSMENTS.

    ``Each local educational agency that uses or receives funds under 
this subpart for a fiscal year shall administer an assessment that is 
consistent with section 1111(b)(2).'';
            (4) in section 6221--
                    (A) in subsection (b)(1)(B), by striking ``6, 7, or 
                8'' and inserting ``32, 33, 41, 42, or 43''; and
                    (B) in subsection (c)(1), by striking ``Bureau of 
                Indian Affairs'' and inserting ``Bureau of Indian 
                Education'';
            (5) in section 6222(a), by striking paragraphs (1) through 
        (7) and inserting the following:
            ``(1) Activities authorized under part A of title I.
            ``(2) Activities authorized under part A of title II.
            ``(3) Activities authorized under title III.
            ``(4) Activities authorized under part A of title IV.
            ``(5) Parental involvement activities.
            ``(6) Activities authorized under part G of title V.'';
            (6) in section 6223--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``at such time, 
                in such manner, and accompanied by such information'' 
                and inserting ``at such time and in such manner''; and
                    (B) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the 
                following:
    ``(b) Contents.--Each application submitted under subsection (a) 
shall include information on--
            ``(1) program objectives and outcomes for activities under 
        this subpart, including how the State educational agency or 
        specially qualified agency will use funds to help all students 
        meet the challenging State academic standards under section 
        1111(b);
            ``(2) if the State educational agency or specially 
        qualified agency will competitively award grants to eligible 
        local educational agencies, as described in section 
        6221(b)(2)(A), the application under the section shall 
        include--
                    ``(A) the methods and criteria the State 
                educational agency or specially qualified agency will 
                use for reviewing applications and awarding funds to 
                local educational agencies on a competitive basis; and
                    ``(B) how the State educational agency or specially 
                qualified agency will notify eligible local educational 
                agencies of the grant competition; and
            ``(3) a description of how the State educational agency or 
        specially qualified agency will provide technical assistance to 
        eligible local educational agencies to help such agencies 
        implement the activities described in section 6222.'';
            (7) in section 6224--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
                        by inserting ``or specially qualified agency'' 
                        after ``Each State educational agency'';
                            (ii) by striking paragraph (1) and 
                        inserting the following:
            ``(1) if the report is submitted by a State educational 
        agency, the method the State educational agency used to award 
        grants to eligible local educational agencies, and to provide 
        assistance to schools, under this subpart;''; and
                            (iii) by striking paragraph (3) and 
                        inserting the following:
            ``(3) the degree to which progress has been made toward 
        meeting the objectives and outcomes described in the 
        application submitted under section 6223, including having all 
        students in the State or the area served by the specially 
        qualified agency, as applicable, meet the challenging State 
        academic standards under section 1111(b).'';
                    (B) by striking subsection (b) and (c) and 
                inserting the following:
    ``(b) Report to Congress.--The Secretary shall prepare a summary of 
the reports under subsection (a) and submit a biennial report to the 
Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate and 
the Committee on Education and the Workforce of the House of 
Representatives.'';
                    (C) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection 
                (c);
                    (D) in subsection (c), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (C), by striking ``assessment that is 
                consistent with section 1111(b)(3)'' and inserting 
                ``assessment that is consistent with section 
                1111(b)(2)''; and
                    (E) by striking subsection (e);
            (8) by inserting after section 6224 the following:

``SEC. 6225. CHOICE OF PARTICIPATION.

    ``(a) In General.--If a local educational agency is eligible for 
funding under both subparts 1 and 2 of this part, such local 
educational agency may receive funds under either subpart 1 or subpart 
2 for a fiscal year, but may not receive funds under both subparts for 
such fiscal year.
    ``(b) Notification.--A local educational agency eligible for 
funding under both subparts 1 and 2 of this part shall notify the 
Secretary and the State educational agency under which of such subparts 
the local educational agency intends to receive funds for a fiscal year 
by a date that is established by the Secretary for the notification.''; 
and
            (9) in section 6234, by striking ``$300,000,000 for fiscal 
        year 2002 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the 5 
        succeeding fiscal years,'' and inserting ``such sums as may be 
        necessary for each of the fiscal years 2016 through 2021,''.

SEC. 6004. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

    Part C of title VI (20 U.S.C. 7371) is amended to read as follows:

                      ``PART C--GENERAL PROVISIONS

``SEC. 6301. PROHIBITION AGAINST FEDERAL MANDATES, DIRECTION, OR 
              CONTROL.

    ``Nothing in this title shall be construed to authorize an officer 
or employee of the Federal Government to mandate, direct, or control a 
State, local educational agency, or school's specific instructional 
content, academic standards and assessments, curriculum, or program of 
instruction, as a condition of eligibility to receive funds under this 
Act.

``SEC. 6302. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION ON EQUALIZED SPENDING.

    ``Nothing in this title shall be construed to mandate equalized 
spending per pupil for a State, local educational agency, or school.''.

    TITLE VII--INDIAN, NATIVE HAWAIIAN, AND ALASKA NATIVE EDUCATION

SEC. 7001. INDIAN EDUCATION.

    Part A of title VII (20 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.) is amended--
            (1) by striking sections 7132, 7133, 7134, and 7136;
            (2) by redesignating section 7135 as section 7132;
            (3) by striking section 7102 and inserting the following:

``SEC. 7102. PURPOSE.

    ``It is the purpose of this part to support the efforts of local 
educational agencies, Indian tribes and organizations, postsecondary 
institutions, and other entities--
            ``(1) to ensure the academic achievement of American Indian 
        and Alaska Native students by meeting their unique culture, 
        language, and educational needs, consistent with section 1111;
            ``(2) to ensure that American Indian and Alaska Native 
        students gain knowledge and understanding of Native 
        communities, languages, tribal histories, traditions, and 
        cultures; and
            ``(3) to ensure that teachers, principals, other school 
        leaders, and other staff who serve American Indian and Alaska 
        Native students have the ability to provide effective 
        instruction and supports to such students.'';
            (4) by striking section 7111 and inserting the following:

``SEC. 7111. PURPOSE.

    ``It is the purpose of this subpart to support local educational 
agencies in developing elementary school and secondary school programs 
for American Indian and Alaska Native students that are designed to--
            ``(1) meet the unique cultural, language, and educational 
        needs of such students; and
            ``(2) ensure that all students meet the challenging State 
        academic standards adopted under section 1111(b).'';
            (5) in section 7112--
                    (A) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the 
                following:
    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may make grants, from allocations 
made under section 7113, and in accordance with this section and 
section 7113, to--
            ``(1) local educational agencies;
            ``(2) Indian tribes; and
            ``(3) consortia of 2 or more local educational agencies, 
        Indian tribes, Indian organizations, or Indian community-based 
        organizations, provided that each local educational agency 
        participating in such a consortium--
                    ``(A) provides an assurance that the eligible 
                Indian children served by such local educational agency 
                receive the services of the programs funded under this 
                subpart; and
                    ``(B) is subject to all the requirements, 
                assurances, and obligations applicable to local 
                educational agencies under this subpart.'';
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by striking ``A local 
                        educational agency shall'' and inserting 
                        ``Subject to paragraph (2), a local educational 
                        agency shall'';
                            (ii) by redesignating paragraph (2) as 
                        paragraph (3); and
                            (iii) by inserting after paragraph (1) the 
                        following:
            ``(2) Cooperative agreements.--A local educational agency 
        may enter into a cooperative agreement with an Indian tribe 
        under this subpart if such Indian tribe--
                    ``(A) represents not less than 25 percent of the 
                eligible Indian children who are served by such local 
                educational agency; and
                    ``(B) requests that the local educational agency 
                enters into a cooperative agreement under this 
                subpart.''; and
                    (C) by striking subsection (c) and inserting the 
                following:
    ``(c) Indian Tribes and Indian Organizations.--
            ``(1) In general.--If a local educational agency that is 
        otherwise eligible for a grant under this subpart does not 
        establish a committee under section 7114(c)(4) for such grant, 
        an Indian tribe, an Indian organization, or a consortium of 
        such entities, that represents more than one-half of the 
        eligible Indian children who are served by such local 
        educational agency may apply for such grant.
            ``(2) Unaffiliated indian tribes.--An Indian tribe that 
        operates a public school and such tribe is not affiliated with 
        either a local educational agency or the Bureau of Indian 
        Education shall be eligible to apply for a grant under this 
        subpart.
            ``(3) Special rule.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall treat each 
                Indian tribe, Indian organization, or consortium of 
                such entities applying for a grant pursuant to 
                paragraph (1) or (2) as if such tribe, Indian 
                organization, or consortium were a local educational 
                agency for purposes of this subpart.
                    ``(B) Exceptions.--Notwithstanding subparagraph 
                (A), such Indian tribe, Indian organization, or 
                consortium shall not be subject to the requirements of 
                subsections (b)(7) or (c)(4) of section 7114 or section 
                7118(c) or 7119.
            ``(4) Assurance to serve all indian children.--An Indian 
        tribe, Indian organization, or consortium of such entities that 
        is eligible to apply for a grant under paragraph (1) shall 
        include, in the application required under section 7114, an 
        assurance that the entity will use the grant funds to provide 
        services to all Indian students served by the local educational 
        agency.
    ``(d) Indian Community-based Organization.--
            ``(1) In general.--If no local educational agency pursuant 
        to subsection (b), and no Indian tribe, Indian organization, or 
        consortium pursuant to subsection (c), applies for a grant 
        under this subpart, an Indian community-based organization 
        serving the community of the local educational agency may apply 
        for such grant.
            ``(2) Applicability of special rule.--The Secretary shall 
        apply the special rule in subsection (c)(3) to an Indian 
        community-based organization applying or receiving a grant 
        under paragraph (1) in the same manner as such rule applies to 
        an Indian tribe, Indian organization, or consortium.
            ``(3) Definition of indian community-based organization.--
        In this subsection, the term `Indian community-based 
        organization' means any organization that--
                    ``(A) is composed primarily of Indian parents and 
                community members, tribal government education 
                officials, and tribal members from a specific 
                community;
                    ``(B) assists in the social, cultural, and 
                educational development of Indians in such community;
                    ``(C) meets the unique cultural, language, and 
                academic needs of Indian students; and
                    ``(D) demonstrates organizational capacity to 
                manage the grant.
    ``(e) Consortia.--
            ``(1) In general.--A local educational agency, Indian 
        tribe, or Indian organization that meets the eligibility 
        requirements under this section may form a consortium with 
        other eligible local educational agencies, Indian tribes, or 
        Indian organizations for the purpose of obtaining grants and 
        operating programs under this subpart.
            ``(2) Requirements.--In any case where 2 or more local 
        educational agencies, Indian tribes, or Indian organizations 
        that are eligible under subsection (b) form or participate in a 
        consortium to obtain a grant, or operate a program, under this 
        subpart, each local educational agency, Indian tribe, and 
        Indian organization participating in such a consortium shall--
                    ``(A) provide, in the application submitted under 
                section 7114, an assurance that the eligible Indian 
                children served by such local educational agency, 
                Indian tribe, and Indian organization will receive the 
                services of the programs funded under this subpart; and
                    ``(B) agree to be subject to all requirements, 
                assurances, and obligations applicable to a local 
                educational agency, Indian tribe, and Indian 
                organization receiving a grant under this subpart.'';
            (6) in section 7113--
                    (A) in subsection (b)(1), by striking ``Bureau of 
                Indian Affairs'' and inserting ``Bureau of Indian 
                Education''; and
                    (B) in subsection (d)--
                            (i) in the subsection heading, by striking 
                        ``Indian Affairs'' and inserting ``Indian 
                        Education''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (1)(A)(i), by striking 
                        ``Bureau of Indian Affairs'' and inserting 
                        ``Bureau of Indian Education'';
            (7) in section 7114--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by inserting ``Indian tribe, 
                or consortia as described in section 7113(b)(2)'' after 
                ``Each local educational agency,'';
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) in paragraph (2)--
                                    (I) in subparagraph (A), by 
                                striking ``is consistent with the State 
                                and local plans'' and inserting 
                                ``supports the State, tribal, and local 
                                plans''; and
                                    (II) by striking subparagraph (B) 
                                and inserting the following:
                    ``(B) includes program objectives and outcomes for 
                activities under this subpart that are based on the 
                same challenging State academic standards developed by 
                the State under title I for all students;'';
                            (ii) by striking paragraph (3) and 
                        inserting the following:
            ``(3) explains how the local educational agency, tribe, or 
        consortium will use funds made available under this subpart to 
        supplement other Federal, State, and local programs that meet 
        the needs of such students;'';
                            (iii) in paragraph (5)(B), by striking 
                        ``and'' after the semicolon;
                            (iv) in paragraph (6)--
                                    (I) in subparagraph (B)--
                                            (aa) in clause (i), by 
                                        striking ``and'' after the 
                                        semicolon;
                                            (bb) by adding at the end 
                                        the following:
                            ``(iii) the Indian tribes whose children 
                        are served by the local educational agency, 
                        consistent with section 444 of the General 
                        Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 1232g) 
                        (commonly referred to as the `Family 
                        Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974'); 
                        and''; and
                                    (II) in subparagraph (C), by 
                                striking the period at the end and 
                                inserting ``; and''; and
                            (v) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(7) describes the process the local educational agency 
        used to collaborate with Indian tribes located in the community 
        in the development of the comprehensive programs and the 
        actions taken as a result of such collaboration.'';
                    (C) in subsection (c)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by striking ``the 
                        education of Indian children,'' and inserting 
                        ``services and activities consistent with those 
                        described in this subpart,'';
                            (ii) in paragraph (2)--
                                    (I) in subparagraph (A), by 
                                striking ``and'' after the semicolon;
                                    (II) in subparagraph (B), by 
                                striking ``served by such agency;'' and 
                                inserting ``served by such agency, and 
                                meet program objectives and outcomes 
                                for activities under this subpart; 
                                and''; and
                                    (III) by adding at the end the 
                                following:
                    ``(C) determine the extent to which such activities 
                address the unique cultural, language, and educational 
                needs of Indian students;'';
                            (iii) in paragraph (3)(C)--
                                    (I) by inserting ``representatives 
                                of Indian tribes on Indian lands 
                                located within 50 miles of any school 
                                that the agency will serve if such 
                                tribe has any children in such 
                                school,'' after ``parents of Indian 
                                children and teachers,''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``and'' after the 
                                semicolon;
                            (iv) in paragraph (4)--
                                    (I) in subparagraph (A)--
                                            (aa) in clause (i), by 
                                        inserting ``and family 
                                        members'' after ``parents'';
                                            (bb) by redesignating 
                                        clauses (ii) and (iii) as 
                                        clauses (iii) and (iv), 
                                        respectively; and
                                            (cc) by inserting after 
                                        clause (i) the following:
                            ``(ii) representatives of Indian tribes on 
                        Indian lands located within 50 miles of any 
                        school that the agency will serve if such tribe 
                        has any children in such school;'';
                                    (II) by striking subparagraph (B) 
                                and inserting the following:
                    ``(B) a majority of whose members are parents and 
                family members of Indian children and representatives 
                of Indian tribes described in subparagraph (A)(ii), as 
                applicable;'';
                                    (III) in subparagraph (C), by 
                                inserting ``and family members'' after 
                                ``, parents'';
                                    (IV) in subparagraph (D)(ii), by 
                                striking ``and'' after the semicolon;
                                    (V) in subparagraph (E), by 
                                striking the period at the end and 
                                inserting ``; and''; and
                                    (VI) by adding at the end the 
                                following:
                    ``(F) that will determine the extent to which the 
                activities of the local educational agency will address 
                the unique cultural, linguistic, and educational needs 
                of Indian students;''; and
                            (v) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) the local educational agency will coordinate 
        activities under this title with other Federal programs 
        supporting educational and related services administered by 
        such agency;
            ``(6) the local educational agency conducted outreach to 
        parents and family members to meet the requirements under this 
        paragraph; and
            ``(7) the local educational agency will use funds received 
        under this subpart only for activities described and authorized 
        in this subpart.''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(d) Outreach.--The Secretary shall monitor the applications for 
grants under this subpart to identify eligible local educational 
agencies and schools operated by the Bureau of Indian Education that 
have not applied for such grants, and shall undertake appropriate 
outreach activities to encourage and assist eligible entities to submit 
applications for such grants.
    ``(e) Technical Assistance.--The Secretary shall, directly or by 
contract, provide technical assistance to a local educational agency or 
Bureau of Indian Education school upon request (in addition to any 
technical assistance available under other provisions of this Act or 
available through the Institute of Education Sciences) to support the 
services and activities provided under this subpart, including 
technical assistance for--
            ``(1) the development of applications under this subpart;
            ``(2) improvement in the quality of implementation, 
        content, and evaluation of activities supported under this 
        subpart; and
            ``(3) integration of activities under this subpart with 
        other educational activities carried out by the local 
        educational agency.'';
            (8) in section 7115--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``solely 
                        for the services and activities described in 
                        such application'' after ``under section 
                        7114(a)''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``to be 
                        responsive to the unique learning styles of 
                        Indian and Alaska Native children'' after 
                        ``Indian students'';
                    (B) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the 
                following:
    ``(b) Particular Activities.--The services and activities referred 
to in subsection (a) may include--
            ``(1) activities that support Native American language 
        programs and Native American language restoration programs, 
        which may be taught by traditional leaders;
            ``(2) culturally related activities that support the 
        program described in the application submitted by the local 
        educational agency;
            ``(3) high-quality early childhood and family programs that 
        emphasize school readiness;
            ``(4) enrichment programs that focus on problem solving and 
        cognitive skills development and directly support the 
        attainment of challenging State academic standards described in 
        1111(b);
            ``(5) integrated educational services in combination with 
        other programs that meet the needs of Indian children and their 
        families, including programs that promote parental involvement 
        in school activities and increase student achievement;
            ``(6) career preparation activities to enable Indian 
        students to participate in programs such as the programs 
        supported by the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education 
        Act of 2006, including programs for tech-prep education, 
        mentoring, and apprenticeship;
            ``(7) activities to educate individuals so as to prevent 
        violence, suicide, and substance abuse;
            ``(8) the acquisition of equipment, but only if the 
        acquisition of the equipment is essential to achieve the 
        purpose described in section 7111;
            ``(9) activities that promote the incorporation of 
        culturally responsive teaching and learning strategies into the 
        educational program of the local educational agency;
            ``(10) family literacy services;
            ``(11) activities that recognize and support the unique 
        cultural and educational needs of Indian children, and 
        incorporate appropriately qualified tribal elders and seniors; 
        and
            ``(12) dropout prevention strategies and strategies to--
                    ``(A) meet the educational needs of at-risk Indian 
                students in correctional facilities; and
                    ``(B) support Indian students who are transitioning 
                from such facilities to schools served by local 
                educational agencies.'';
                    (C) in subsection (c)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and'' 
                        after the semicolon;
                            (ii) in paragraph (2), by striking the 
                        period and inserting ``; and''; and
                            (iii) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) the local educational agency identifies in its 
        application how the use of such funds in a schoolwide program 
        will provide benefits to Indian students.''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Funds provided to a grantee 
under this subpart may not be used for long-distance travel expenses 
for training activities available locally or regionally.'';
            (9) in section 7116--
                    (A) in subsection (g)--
                            (i) by striking ``No Child Left Behind Act 
                        of 2001'' and inserting ``Every Child Achieves 
                        Act of 2015'';
                            (ii) by inserting ``the Secretary of Health 
                        and Human Services,'' after ``the Secretary of 
                        the Interior,''; and
                            (iii) by inserting ``and coordination'' 
                        after ``providing for the implementation''; and
                    (B) in subsection (o)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Not 
                        later than 2 years after the date of enactment 
                        of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001,'' and 
                        inserting ``Not later than 2 years after date 
                        of enactment of the Every Child Achieves Act of 
                        2015, and every 5 years thereafter,''; and
                            (ii) by striking paragraph (2) and 
                        inserting the following:
            ``(2) Contents.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
        shall identify--
                    ``(A) any statutory barriers to the ability of 
                participants to more effectively integrate their 
                education and related services to Indian students in a 
                manner consistent with the objectives of this section; 
                and
                    ``(B) the effective practices for program 
                integration that result in increased student 
                achievement, graduation rates, and other relevant 
                outcomes for Indian students.'';
            (10) in section 7117--
                    (A) in subsection (b)(1)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A)(ii), by inserting 
                        ``or membership'' after ``the enrollment''; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``or 
                        membership'' after ``the enrollment'';
                    (B) by striking subsection (e) and inserting the 
                following:
    ``(e) Documentation.--
            ``(1) In general.--For purposes of determining whether a 
        child is eligible to be counted for the purpose of computing 
        the amount of a grant award under section 7113, the membership 
        of the child, or any parent or grandparent of the child, in a 
        tribe or band of Indians (as so defined) may be established by 
        proof other than an enrollment number, notwithstanding the 
        availability of an enrollment number for a member of such tribe 
        or band. Nothing in subsection (b) shall be construed to 
        require the furnishing of an enrollment number.
            ``(2) No new or duplicate determinations.--Once a child is 
        determined to be an Indian eligible to be counted for such 
        grant award, the local educational agency shall maintain a 
        record of such determination and shall not require a new or 
        duplicate determination to be made for such child for a 
        subsequent application for a grant under this subpart.
            ``(3) Previously filed forms.--An Indian student 
        eligibility form that was on file as required by this section 
        on the day before the date of enactment of the Every Child 
        Achieves Act of 2015 and that met the requirements of this 
        section, as this section was in effect on the day before the 
        date of enactment of such Act, shall remain valid for such 
        Indian student.'';
                    (C) in subsection (g), by striking ``Bureau of 
                Indian Affairs'' and inserting ``Bureau of Indian 
                Education''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(i) Technical Assistance.--The Secretary shall, directly or 
through contract, provide technical assistance to a local educational 
agency or Bureau of Indian Education school upon request, in addition 
to any technical assistance available under section 1114 or available 
through the Institute of Education Sciences, to support the services 
and activities described under this section, including for the--
            ``(1) development of applications under this section;
            ``(2) improvement in the quality of implementation, content 
        of activities, and evaluation of activities supported under 
        this subpart;
            ``(3) integration of activities under this title with other 
        educational activities established by the local educational 
        agency; and
            ``(4) coordination of activities under this title with 
        programs administered by each Federal agency providing grants 
        for the provision of educational and related services and 
        sharing of best practices.'';
            (11) in section 7118, by striking subsection (c) and 
        inserting the following:
    ``(c) Reduction of Payment for Failure To Maintain Fiscal Effort.--
Each local educational agency shall maintain fiscal effort in 
accordance with section 9521 or be subject to reduced payments under 
this subpart in accordance with such section 9521.'';
            (12) in section 7121--
                    (A) by striking the section header and inserting 
                the following:

``SEC. 7121. IMPROVEMENT OF EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES FOR INDIAN 
              CHILDREN AND YOUTH.'';

                    (B) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``and 
                        youth'' after ``Indian children''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (2)(B), by inserting 
                        ``and youth'' after ``Alaska Native children'';
                    (C) in subsection (b), by striking ``Indian 
                institution (including an Indian institution of higher 
                education)'' and inserting ``a Tribal College or 
                University (as defined in section 316(b) of the Higher 
                Education Act of 1965)'';
                    (D) in subsection (c)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1)--
                                    (I) in subparagraph (A), by 
                                inserting ``and youth'' after 
                                ``disadvantaged children'';
                                    (II) in subparagraph (B), by 
                                inserting ``and youth'' after ``such 
                                children'';
                                    (III) in subparagraph (D), by 
                                inserting ``and youth'' after ``Indian 
                                children'';
                                    (IV) in subparagraph (E), by 
                                inserting ``and youth'' after ``Indian 
                                children'' both places the term 
                                appears;
                                    (V) by striking subparagraph (G) 
                                and inserting the following:
                    ``(G) high-quality early childhood education 
                programs that are effective in preparing young children 
                to be making sufficient academic progress by the end of 
                grade 3, including kindergarten and prekindergarten 
                programs, family-based preschool programs that 
                emphasize school readiness, and the provision of 
                services to Indian children with disabilities;''; and
                                    (VI) in subparagraph (L)--
                                            (aa) by striking 
                                        ``appropriately qualified 
                                        tribal elders and seniors'' and 
                                        inserting ``traditional 
                                        leaders''; and
                                            (bb) by inserting ``and 
                                        youth'' after ``Indian 
                                        children'';
                            (ii) in paragraph (2), by striking 
                        ``Professional development'' and inserting 
                        ``High-quality professional development'';
                    (E) in subsection (d)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1)(C), by striking ``make 
                        a grant payment for a grant described in this 
                        paragraph to an eligible entity after the 
                        initial year of the multiyear grant only if the 
                        Secretary determines'' and inserting ``award 
                        grants for an initial period of not more than 3 
                        years and may renew such grants for not more 
                        than an additional 2 years if the Secretary 
                        determines''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (3)(B)--
                                    (I) in clause (i), by striking 
                                ``parents of Indian children'' and 
                                inserting ``parents and family of 
                                Indian children''; and
                                    (II) in clause (iii), by striking 
                                ``information demonstrating that the 
                                proposed program for the activities is 
                                a scientifically based research 
                                program'' and inserting ``evidence 
                                demonstrating that the proposed program 
                                is an evidence-based program''; and
                    (F) by adding at the end the following:
    ``(f) Continuation.--Notwithstanding any other provision of this 
section, a grantee that is carrying out activities pursuant to a grant 
awarded under this section prior to the date of enactment of the Every 
Child Achieves Act of 2015 may continue to carry out such activities 
after such date of enactment under such grant in accordance with the 
terms of such grant award.'';
            (13) in section 7122--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by striking 
                        ``individuals in teaching or other education 
                        professions that serve Indian people'' and 
                        inserting ``teachers and administrators serving 
                        Indian students''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (2)--
                                    (I) by inserting ``and support'' 
                                after ``to provide training''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``ancillary 
                                educational personnel'' and inserting 
                                ``specialized instructional support 
                                personnel'';
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by striking 
                        ``including an Indian institution of higher 
                        education'' and inserting ``including a Tribal 
                        College or University, as defined in section 
                        316(b) of the Higher Education Act of 1965''; 
                        and
                            (ii) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``in a 
                        consortium with at least one Tribal College or 
                        University, as defined in section 316(b) of the 
                        Higher Education Act of 1965, where feasible'' 
                        before the period at the end;
                    (C) in subsection (d)(2), by adding at the end the 
                following:
                    ``(C) Continuation.--Notwithstanding any other 
                provision of this section, a grantee that is carrying 
                out activities pursuant to a grant awarded under this 
                section prior to the date of enactment of the Every 
                Child Achieves Act of 2015 may continue to carry out 
                such activities under such grant in accordance with the 
                terms of that award.'';
                    (D) by striking subsection (e) and inserting the 
                following:
    ``(e) Application.--Each eligible entity desiring a grant under 
this section shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, 
in such manner, and accompanied by such information, as the Secretary 
may reasonably require. At a minimum, an application under this section 
shall describe how the eligible entity will--
            ``(1) recruit qualified Indian individuals, such as 
        students who may not be of traditional college age, to become 
        teachers, or principals, or school leaders;
            ``(2) use funds made available under the grant to support 
        the recruitment, preparation, and professional development of 
        Indian teachers or principals in local educational agencies 
        that serve a high proportion of Indian students; and
            ``(3) assist participants in meeting the requirements under 
        subsection (h).'';
                    (E) in subsection (f)--
                            (i) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) 
                        as paragraphs (2) and (3), respectively;
                            (ii) by inserting before paragraph (2), as 
                        redesignated by clause (i), the following:
            ``(1) may give priority in making grants to tribally-
        chartered and federally-chartered institutions of higher 
        education;''; and
                            (iii) in paragraph (3), as redesignated by 
                        clause (i), by striking ``basis of'' and all 
                        that follows through the period at the end and 
                        inserting ``basis of the length of any period 
                        for which the eligible entity has received a 
                        grant.'';
                    (F) by striking subsection (g) and inserting the 
                following:
    ``(g) Grant Period.--The Secretary shall award grants under this 
section for an initial period of not more than 3 years, and may renew 
such grants for an additional period of not more than 2 years if the 
Secretary finds that the grantee is achieving the objectives of the 
grant.''; and
                    (G) in subsection (h)(1)(A)(ii), by striking 
                ``people'' and inserting ``students in a local 
                educational agency that serves a high proportion of 
                Indian students'';
            (14) by striking section 7132, as redesignated by section 
        7001(2), and inserting the following:

``SEC. 7132. GRANTS TO TRIBES FOR EDUCATION ADMINISTRATIVE PLANNING, 
              DEVELOPMENT, AND COORDINATION.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may award grants under this 
section to eligible applicants to enable the eligible applicants to--
            ``(1) promote tribal self-determination in education;
            ``(2) improve the academic achievement of Indian children 
        and youth; and
            ``(3) promote the coordination and collaboration of tribal 
        educational agencies with State and local educational agencies 
        to meet the unique educational and culturally related academic 
        needs of Indian students.
    ``(b) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Eligible applicant.--In this section, the term 
        `eligible applicant' means--
                    ``(A) an Indian tribe or tribal organization 
                approved by an Indian tribe; or
                    ``(B) a tribal educational agency.
            ``(2) Indian tribe.--The term `Indian tribe' means a 
        federally recognized tribe or a State-recognized tribe.
            ``(3) Tribal educational agency.--The term `tribal 
        educational agency' means the agency, department, or 
        instrumentality of an Indian tribe that is primarily 
        responsible for supporting tribal students' elementary and 
        secondary education.
    ``(c) Grant Program.--The Secretary may award grants to--
            ``(1) eligible applicants described under subsection 
        (b)(1)(A) to plan and develop a tribal educational agency, if 
        the tribe or organization has no current tribal educational 
        agency, for a period of not more than 1 year; and
            ``(2) eligible applicants described under subsection 
        (b)(1)(B), for a period of not more than 3 years, in order to--
                    ``(A) directly administer education programs, 
                including formula grant programs under this Act, 
                consistent with State law and under a written agreement 
                between the parties;
                    ``(B) build capacity to administer and coordinate 
                such education programs, and to improve the 
                relationship and coordination between such applicants 
                and the State educational agencies and local 
                educational agencies that educate students from the 
                tribe;
                    ``(C) receive training and support from the State 
                educational agency and local educational agency, in 
                areas such as data collection and analysis, grants 
                management and monitoring, fiscal accountability, and 
                other areas as needed;
                    ``(D) train and support the State educational 
                agency and local educational agency in areas related to 
                tribal history, language, or culture;
                    ``(E) build on existing activities or resources 
                rather than replacing other funds; and
                    ``(F) carry out other activities, subject to the 
                approval of the Secretary.
    ``(d) Grant Application.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each eligible applicant desiring a grant 
        under this section shall submit an application to the Secretary 
        at such time, in such manner, containing such information, and 
        consistent with such criteria, as the Secretary may reasonably 
        prescribe.
            ``(2) Contents.--Each application described in paragraph 
        (1) shall contain--
                    ``(A) a statement describing the activities to be 
                conducted, and the objectives to be achieved, under the 
                grant;
                    ``(B) a description of the method to be used for 
                evaluating the effectiveness of the activities for 
                which assistance is sought and for determining whether 
                such objectives are achieved; and
                    ``(C) for applications for activities under 
                subsection (c)(2), evidence of--
                            ``(i) a preliminary agreement with the 
                        appropriate State educational agency, 1 or more 
                        local educational agencies, or both the State 
                        educational agency and a local educational 
                        agency; and
                            ``(ii) existing capacity as a tribal 
                        educational agency.
            ``(3) Approval.--The Secretary may approve an application 
        submitted by an eligible applicant under this subsection only 
        if the Secretary is satisfied that such application, including 
        any documentation submitted with the application--
                    ``(A) demonstrates that the eligible applicant has 
                consulted with other education entities, if any, within 
                the territorial jurisdiction of the applicant that will 
                be affected by the activities to be conducted under the 
                grant;
                    ``(B) provides for consultation with such other 
                education entities in the operation and evaluation of 
                the activities conducted under the grant; and
                    ``(C) demonstrates that there will be adequate 
                resources provided under this section or from other 
                sources to complete the activities for which assistance 
                is sought.
    ``(e) Restrictions.--
            ``(1) In general.--A tribe may not receive funds under this 
        section if such tribe receives funds under section 1144 of the 
        Education Amendments of 1978.
            ``(2) Direct services.--No funds under this section may be 
        used to provide direct services.
    ``(f) Supplement, Not Supplant.--Funds under this section shall be 
used to supplement, and not supplant, other Federal, State, and local 
programs that meet the needs of tribal students.'';
            (15) in section 7141(b)(1), by inserting ``and the 
        Secretary of the Interior'' after ``advise the Secretary'';
            (16) in section 7151, by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Traditional leaders.--The term `traditional leaders' 
        has the meaning given the term in section 103 of the Native 
        American Languages Act (25 U.S.C. 2902).''; and
            (17) in section 7152--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``$96,400,000 
                for fiscal year 2002 and such sums as may be necessary 
                for each of the 5 succeeding fiscal years'' and 
                inserting ``such sums as may be necessary for each of 
                fiscal years 2016 through 2021''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b) by striking ``$24,000,000 for 
                fiscal year 2002 and such sums as may be necessary for 
                each of the 5 succeeding fiscal years'' and inserting 
                ``such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal 
                years 2016 through 2021''.

SEC. 7002. NATIVE HAWAIIAN EDUCATION.

    Part B of title VII (20 U.S.C. 7511 et seq.) is amended--
            (1) in section 7202, by striking paragraphs (14) through 
        (21);
            (2) by striking section 7204 and inserting the following:

``SEC. 7204. NATIVE HAWAIIAN EDUCATION COUNCIL.

    ``(a) Grant Authorized.--In order to better effectuate the purposes 
of this part through the coordination of educational and related 
services and programs available to Native Hawaiians, including those 
programs that receive funding under this part, the Secretary shall 
award a grant to the education council described under subsection (b).
    ``(b) Education Council.--
            ``(1) Eligibility.--To be eligible to receive the grant 
        under subsection (a), the council shall be an education council 
        (referred to in this section as the `Education Council') that 
        meets the requirements of this subsection.
            ``(2) Composition.--The Education Council shall consist of 
        15 members, of whom--
                    ``(A) 1 shall be the President of the University of 
                Hawaii (or a designee);
                    ``(B) 1 shall be the Governor of the State of 
                Hawaii (or a designee);
                    ``(C) 1 shall be the Superintendent of the State of 
                Hawaii Department of Education (or a designee);
                    ``(D) 1 shall be the chairperson of the Office of 
                Hawaiian Affairs (or a designee);
                    ``(E) 1 shall be the executive director of Hawaii's 
                Charter School Network (or a designee);
                    ``(F) 1 shall be the chief executive officer of the 
                Kamehameha Schools (or a designee);
                    ``(G) 1 shall be the Chief Executive Officer of the 
                Queen Liliuokalani Trust (or a designee);
                    ``(H) 1 shall be a member, selected by the other 
                members of the Education Council, who represents a 
                private grant-making entity;
                    ``(I) 1 shall be the Mayor of the County of Hawaii 
                (or a designee);
                    ``(J) 1 shall be the Mayor of Maui County (or a 
                designee from the Island of Maui);
                    ``(K) 1 shall be the Mayor of the County of Kauai 
                (or a designee);
                    ``(L) 1 shall be appointed by the Mayor of Maui 
                County from the Island of Molokai or the Island of 
                Lanai;
                    ``(M) 1 shall be the Mayor of the City and County 
                of Honolulu (or a designee);
                    ``(N) 1 shall be the chairperson of the Hawaiian 
                Homes Commission (or a designee); and
                    ``(O) 1 shall be the chairperson of the Hawaii 
                Workforce Development Council (or a designee 
                representing the private sector).
            ``(3) Requirements.--Any designee serving on the Education 
        Council shall demonstrate, as determined by the individual who 
        appointed such designee with input from the Native Hawaiian 
        community, not less than 5 years of experience as a consumer or 
        provider of Native Hawaiian education or cultural activities, 
        with traditional cultural experience given due consideration.
            ``(4) Limitation.--A member (including a designee), while 
        serving on the Education Council, shall not be a direct 
        recipient or administrator of grant funds that are awarded 
        under this part.
            ``(5) Term of members.--A member who is a designee shall 
        serve for a term of not more than 4 years.
            ``(6) Chair, vice chair.--
                    ``(A) Selection.--The Education Council shall 
                select a Chairperson and a Vice-Chairperson from among 
                the members of the Education Council.
                    ``(B) Term limits.--The Chairperson and Vice-
                Chairperson shall each serve for a 2-year term.
            ``(7) Administrative provisions relating to education 
        council.--The Education Council shall meet at the call of the 
        Chairperson of the Council, or upon request by a majority of 
        the members of the Education Council, but in any event not less 
        often than every 120 days.
            ``(8) No compensation.--None of the funds made available 
        through the grant may be used to provide compensation to any 
        member of the Education Council or member of a working group 
        established by the Education Council, for functions described 
        in this section.
    ``(c) Use of Funds for Coordination Activities.--The Education 
Council shall use funds made available through a grant under subsection 
(a) to carry out each of the following activities:
            ``(1) Providing advice about the coordination of, and 
        serving as a clearinghouse for, the educational and related 
        services and programs available to Native Hawaiians, including 
        the programs assisted under this part.
            ``(2) Assessing the extent to which such services and 
        programs meet the needs of Native Hawaiians, and collecting 
        data on the status of Native Hawaiian education.
            ``(3) Providing direction and guidance, through the 
        issuance of reports and recommendations, to appropriate 
        Federal, State, and local agencies in order to focus and 
        improve the use of resources, including resources made 
        available under this part, relating to Native Hawaiian 
        education, and serving, where appropriate, in an advisory 
        capacity.
            ``(4) Awarding grants, if such grants enable the Education 
        Council to carry out the activities described in paragraphs (1) 
        through (3).
            ``(5) Hiring an executive director who shall assist in 
        executing the duties and powers of the Education Council, as 
        described in subsection (d).
    ``(d) Use of Funds for Technical Assistance.--The Education Council 
shall use funds made available through a grant under subsection (a) 
to--
            ``(1) provide technical assistance to Native Hawaiian 
        organizations that are grantees or potential grantees under 
        this part;
            ``(2) obtain from such grantees information and data 
        regarding grants awarded under this part, including information 
        and data about--
                    ``(A) the effectiveness of such grantees in meeting 
                the educational priorities established by the Education 
                Council, as described in paragraph (6)(D), using 
                metrics related to these priorities; and
                    ``(B) the effectiveness of such grantees in 
                carrying out any of the activities described in 
                paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 7205(a) that are 
                related to the specific goals and purposes of each 
                grantee's grant project, using metrics related to these 
                priorities;
            ``(3) assess and define the educational needs of Native 
        Hawaiians;
            ``(4) assess the programs and services available to address 
        the educational needs of Native Hawaiians;
            ``(5) assess and evaluate the individual and aggregate 
        impact achieved by grantees under this part in improving Native 
        Hawaiian educational performance and meeting the goals of this 
        part, using metrics related to these goals; and
            ``(6) prepare and submit to the Secretary, at the end of 
        each calendar year, an annual report that contains--
                    ``(A) a description of the activities of the 
                Education Council during the calendar year;
                    ``(B) a description of significant barriers to 
                achieving the goals of this part;
                    ``(C) a summary of each community consultation 
                session described in subsection (e); and
                    ``(D) recommendations to establish priorities for 
                funding under this part, based on an assessment of--
                            ``(i) the educational needs of Native 
                        Hawaiians;
                            ``(ii) programs and services available to 
                        address such needs;
                            ``(iii) the effectiveness of programs in 
                        improving the educational performance of Native 
                        Hawaiian students to help such students meet 
                        challenging State academic standards under 
                        section 1111(b)(1); and
                            ``(iv) priorities for funding in specific 
                        geographic communities.
    ``(e) Use of Funds for Community Consultations.--The Education 
Council shall use funds made available through the grant under 
subsection (a) to hold not less than 1 community consultation each year 
on each of the islands of Hawaii, Maui, Molokai, Lanai, Oahu, and 
Kauai, at which--
            ``(1) not less than 3 members of the Education Council 
        shall be in attendance;
            ``(2) the Education Council shall gather community input 
        regarding--
                    ``(A) current grantees under this part, as of the 
                date of the consultation;
                    ``(B) priorities and needs of Native Hawaiians; and
                    ``(C) other Native Hawaiian education issues; and
            ``(3) the Education Council shall report to the community 
        on the outcomes of the activities supported by grants awarded 
        under this part.
    ``(f) Funding.--For each fiscal year, the Secretary shall use the 
amount described in section 7205(c)(2), to make a payment under the 
grant. Funds made available through the grant shall remain available 
until expended.'';
            (3) in section 7205--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(1)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (C), by striking 
                        ``and'' after the semicolon;
                            (ii) by redesignating subparagraph (D) as 
                        subparagraph (E); and
                            (iii) by inserting after subparagraph (C) 
                        the following:
                    ``(D) charter schools; and''; and
                    (B) in subsection (c)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by striking ``for 
                        fiscal year 2002 and each of the 5 succeeding 5 
                        fiscal years'' and inserting ``for each of 
                        fiscal years 2016 through 2021''; and
                            (ii) in paragraph (2), by striking ``for 
                        fiscal year 2002 and each of the 5 succeeding 
                        fiscal years'' and inserting ``for each of 
                        fiscal years 2016 through 2021''; and
            (4) in section 7207--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (6) as 
                paragraphs (2) through (7), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting before paragraph (2), as 
                redesignated by subparagraph (A), the following:
            ``(1) Community consultation.--The term `community 
        consultation' means a public gathering--
                    ``(A) to discuss Native Hawaiian education 
                concerns; and
                    ``(B) about which the public has been given not 
                less than 30 days notice.''.

SEC. 7003. ALASKA NATIVE EDUCATION.

    Part C of title VII (20 U.S.C. 7541 et seq.) is amended--
            (1) in section 7302 by striking paragraphs (1) through (7) 
        and inserting the following:
            ``(1) It is the policy of the Federal Government to 
        maximize the leadership of and participation by Alaska Native 
        peoples in the planning and the management of Alaska Native 
        education programs and to support efforts developed by and 
        undertaken within the Alaska Native community to improve 
        educational opportunity for all students.
            ``(2) Many Alaska Native children enter and exit school 
        with serious educational disadvantages.
            ``(3) Overcoming the magnitude of the geographic 
        challenges, historical inequities, and other barriers to 
        successfully improving educational outcomes for Alaska Native 
        students in rural, village, and urban settings is challenging. 
        Significant disparities between academic achievement of Alaska 
        Native students and non-Native students continues, including 
        lower graduation rates, increased school dropout rates, and 
        lower achievement scores on standardized tests.
            ``(4) The preservation of Alaska Native cultures and 
        languages and the integration of Alaska Native cultures and 
        languages into education, positive identity development for 
        Alaska Native students, and local, place-based, and culture-
        based programming are critical to the attainment of educational 
        success and the long-term well-being of Alaska Native students.
            ``(5) Improving educational outcomes for Alaska Native 
        students increases access to employment opportunities.
            ``(6) The programs and activities authorized under this 
        subpart give priority to Alaska Native organizations as a means 
        of increasing Alaska Native parents' and community involvement 
        in the promotion of academic success of Alaska Native students.
            ``(7) The Federal Government should lend support to efforts 
        developed by and undertaken within the Alaska Native community 
        to improve educational opportunity for Alaska Native students. 
        In 1983, pursuant to Public Law 98-63, Alaska ceased to receive 
        educational funding from the Bureau of Indian Affairs. The 
        Bureau of Indian Education does not operate any schools in 
        Alaska, nor operate or fund Alaska Native education programs. 
        The program under this subpart supports the Federal trust 
        responsibility of the United States to Alaska Natives.'';
            (2) in section 7303--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``and address'' 
                after ``To recognize'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (3);
                    (C) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (4) 
                and paragraph (4) as paragraph (5);
                    (D) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following:
            ``(2) To recognize the role of Alaska Native languages and 
        cultures in the educational success and long term well-being of 
        Alaska Native students.
            ``(3) To integrate Alaska Native cultures and languages 
        into education, develop Alaska Native students' positive 
        identity, and support local place-based and culture-based 
        curriculum and programming.'';
                    (E) in paragraph (4), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (C), by striking ``of supplemental 
                educational programs to benefit Alaska Natives.'' and 
                inserting ``of supplemental educational programs to 
                benefit Alaska Native peoples.''; and
                    (F) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(6) To ensure the maximum participation by Alaska Native 
        educators and leaders in the planning, development, 
        implementation, management, and evaluation of programs designed 
        to serve Alaska Native students, and to ensure Alaska Native 
        tribes and tribal organizations play a meaningful role in 
        providing supplemental educational services to Alaska Native 
        students.'';
            (3) by striking section 7304 and inserting the following:

``SEC. 7304. PROGRAM AUTHORIZED.

    ``(a) General Authority.--
            ``(1) Grants and contracts.--The Secretary is authorized to 
        make grants to, or enter into contracts with, Indian tribes or 
        tribal organizations that are in partnership with a State 
        educational agency or a local educational agency to carry out 
        programs that meet the purposes of this subpart, or with Indian 
        tribes or tribal organizations that operate programs that 
        fulfill the purposes under this subpart.
            ``(2) Mandatory activities.--Activities provided through 
        the programs carried out under this part shall include the 
        following:
                    ``(A) The development and implementation of plans, 
                methods, strategies and activities to improve the 
                educational outcomes of Alaska Native peoples.
                    ``(B) The collection of data to assist in the 
                evaluation of the programs carried out under this 
                subpart.
            ``(3) Permissible activities.--Activities provided through 
        programs carried out under this subpart may include the 
        following:
                    ``(A) The development of curricula and programs 
                that address the educational needs of Alaska Native 
                students, including the following:
                            ``(i) Curriculum materials that reflect the 
                        cultural diversity, languages, history, or the 
                        contributions of Alaska Native people.
                            ``(ii) Instructional programs that make use 
                        of Alaska Native languages and cultures.
                            ``(iii) Networks that develop, test, and 
                        disseminate best practices and introduce 
                        successful programs, materials, and techniques 
                        to meet the educational needs of Alaska Native 
                        students in urban and rural schools.
                            ``(iv) Methods to evaluate teachers' 
                        inclusion of diverse Alaska Native cultures in 
                        their lesson plans.
                    ``(B) Training and professional development 
                activities for educators, including the following:
                            ``(i) Pre-service and in-service training 
                        and professional development programs to 
                        prepare teachers to develop appreciation for 
                        and understanding of Alaska Native history, 
                        cultures, values, and ways of knowing and 
                        learning in order to effectively address the 
                        cultural diversity and unique needs of Alaska 
                        Native students and incorporate them into 
                        lesson plans and teaching methods.
                            ``(ii) Recruitment and preparation of 
                        teachers who are Alaska Native.
                            ``(iii) Programs that will lead to the 
                        certification and licensing of Alaska Native 
                        teachers, principals, other school leaders, and 
                        superintendents.
                    ``(C) Early childhood and parenting education 
                activities designed to improve the school readiness of 
                Alaska Native children, including--
                            ``(i) the development and operation of home 
                        visiting programs for Alaska Native preschool 
                        children, to ensure the active involvement of 
                        parents in their children's education from the 
                        earliest ages;
                            ``(ii) training, education, and support, 
                        including in-home visitation, for parents and 
                        caregivers of Alaska Native children to improve 
                        parenting and caregiving skills (including 
                        skills relating to discipline and cognitive 
                        development, reading readiness, observation, 
                        storytelling, and critical thinking);
                            ``(iii) family literacy services;
                            ``(iv) activities carried out under the 
                        Head Start Act;
                            ``(v) programs for parents and their 
                        infants, from the prenatal period of the infant 
                        through age 3;
                            ``(vi) early childhood education programs; 
                        and
                            ``(vii) Native language immersion within 
                        early childhood, Head Start, or preschool 
                        programs.
                    ``(D) The development and operation of student 
                enrichment programs, including those in science, 
                technology, engineering, and mathematics that--
                            ``(i) are designed to prepare Alaska Native 
                        students to excel in such subjects;
                            ``(ii) provide appropriate support services 
                        to enable such students to benefit from the 
                        programs; and
                            ``(iii) include activities that recognize 
                        and support the unique cultural and educational 
                        needs of Alaska Native children and incorporate 
                        appropriately qualified Alaska Native elders 
                        and other tradition bearers.
                    ``(E) Research and data collection activities to 
                determine the educational status and needs of Alaska 
                Native children and adults and other such research and 
                evaluation activities related to programs funded under 
                this subpart.
                    ``(F) Activities designed to increase Alaska Native 
                students' graduation rates and assist Alaska Native 
                students to be prepared for postsecondary education or 
                the workforce without the need for postsecondary 
                remediation, such as--
                            ``(i) remedial and enrichment programs;
                            ``(ii) culturally based education programs 
                        such as--
                                    ``(I) programs of study and other 
                                instruction in Alaska Native history 
                                and ways of living to share the rich 
                                and diverse cultures of Alaska Native 
                                peoples among Alaska Native youth and 
                                elders, non-Native students and 
                                teachers, and the larger community;
                                    ``(II) instructing Alaska Native 
                                youth in leadership, communication, 
                                Native culture, arts, and languages;
                                    ``(III) inter-generational learning 
                                and internship opportunities to Alaska 
                                Native youth and young adults;
                                    ``(IV) cultural immersion 
                                activities;
                                    ``(V) culturally informed 
                                curriculum intended to preserve and 
                                promote Alaska Native culture;
                                    ``(VI) Native language instruction 
                                and immersion activities;
                                    ``(VII) school-within-a-school 
                                model programs; and
                                    ``(VIII) college preparation and 
                                career planning; and
                            ``(iii) holistic school or community-based 
                        support services to enable such students to 
                        benefit from the supplemental programs offered, 
                        including those that address family 
                        instability, school climate, trauma, safety, 
                        and nonacademic learning.
                    ``(G) The establishment or operation of Native 
                language immersion nests or schools.
                    ``(H) Student and teacher exchange programs, cross-
                cultural immersion programs, and culture camps designed 
                to build mutual respect and understanding among 
                participants.
                    ``(I) Education programs for at-risk urban Alaska 
                Native students that are designed to improve academic 
                proficiency and graduation rates, utilize strategies 
                otherwise permissible under this subpart, and 
                incorporate a strong data collection and continuous 
                evaluation component.
                    ``(J) Strategies designed to increase parents' 
                involvement in their children's education.
                    ``(K) Programs and strategies that provide 
                technical assistance and support to schools and 
                communities to engage adults in promoting the academic 
                progress and overall well-being of Alaska Native people 
                such as through--
                            ``(i) strength-based approaches to child 
                        and youth development;
                            ``(ii) positive youth-adult relationships; 
                        and
                            ``(iii) improved conditions for learning 
                        (school climate, student connection to school 
                        and community), and increased connections 
                        between schools and families.
                    ``(L) Career preparation activities to enable 
                Alaska Native children and adults to prepare for 
                meaningful employment, including programs providing 
                tech-prep, mentoring, training, and apprenticeship 
                activities.
                    ``(M) Provision of operational support and 
                purchasing of equipment, to develop regional vocational 
                schools in rural areas of Alaska, including boarding 
                schools, for Alaska Native students in grades 9 through 
                12, or at higher levels of education, to provide the 
                students with necessary resources to prepare for 
                skilled employment opportunities.
                    ``(N) Regional leadership academies that 
                demonstrate effectiveness in building respect and 
                understanding, and fostering a sense of Alaska Native 
                identity to promote their pursuit of and success in 
                completing higher education or career training.
                    ``(O) Other activities, consistent with the 
                purposes of this subpart, to meet the educational needs 
                of Alaska Native children and adults.
    ``(b) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section such sums as may be necessary 
for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2021.'';
            (4) by striking section 7305 and inserting the following:

``SEC. 7305. FUNDS FOR ADMINISTRATIVE PURPOSES.

    ``Not more than 5 percent of funds provided to an award recipient 
under this part for any fiscal year may be used for administrative 
purposes.''; and
            (5) in section 7306--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``(43 U.S.C. 
                1602(b)) and includes the descendants of individuals so 
                defined'' after ``Settlement Act''; and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (2), the 
                following:
            ``(3) Indian tribe.--The term `Indian tribe' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 4 of the Indian Self-
        Determination and Education Assistance Act.
            ``(4) Tribal organization.--The term `tribal organization' 
        has the meaning given the term in section 4 of the Indian Self-
        Determination and Education Assistance Act.''.

SEC. 7004. NATIVE AMERICAN LANGUAGE IMMERSION SCHOOLS AND PROGRAMS.

    Title VII (20 U.S.C. 7401) is further amended by adding at the end 
the following:

``PART D--NATIVE AMERICAN AND ALASKA NATIVE LANGUAGE IMMERSION SCHOOLS 
                              AND PROGRAMS

``SEC. 7401. NATIVE AMERICAN AND ALASKA NATIVE LANGUAGE IMMERSION 
              SCHOOLS.

    ``(a) Purposes.--The purposes of this section are--
            ``(1) to establish a grant program to support schools that 
        use Native American and Alaska Native languages as the primary 
        language of instruction;
            ``(2) to maintain, protect, and promote the rights and 
        freedom of Native Americans and Alaska Natives to use, 
        practice, maintain, and revitalize their languages, as 
        envisioned in the Native American Languages Act (25 U.S.C. 2901 
        et seq.); and
            ``(3) to support the Nation's First Peoples' efforts to 
        maintain and revitalize their languages and cultures, and to 
        improve student outcomes within Native American and Alaska 
        Native communities.
    ``(b) Definition.--In this part, the term `Native American' has the 
meaning given the term in section 103 of the Native American Languages 
Act (25 U.S.C. 2902).
    ``(c) Program Authorized.--
            ``(1) In general.--From the amounts made available to carry 
        out this part, the Secretary may award grants to eligible 
        entities to develop and maintain, or to improve and expand, 
        programs that support schools, including prekindergarten 
        through postsecondary education sites and streams, using Native 
        American and Alaska Native languages as the primary language of 
        instruction.
            ``(2) Eligible entities.--In this section, the term 
        `eligible entity' means any of the following entities that has 
        a plan to develop and maintain, or to improve and expand, 
        programs that support the entity's use of Native American or 
        Alaska Native languages as the primary language of instruction:
                    ``(A) An Indian tribe.
                    ``(B) A Tribal College or University (as defined in 
                section 316 of the Higher Education Act of 1965).
                    ``(C) A tribal education agency.
                    ``(D) A public elementary school or secondary 
                school (including a public charter school).
                    ``(E) A school operated by the Bureau of Indian 
                Education.
                    ``(F) An Alaska Native Regional Corporation (as 
                defined in section 3 of the Alaska Native Claims 
                Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1602)).
                    ``(G) A private, tribal, or Alaska Native nonprofit 
                organization.
    ``(d) Application.--
            ``(1) In general.--An eligible entity that desires to 
        receive a grant under this section shall submit an application 
        to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and containing 
        such information as the Secretary may require, including the 
        following:
                    ``(A) The name of the Native American or Alaska 
                Native language to be used for instruction at the 
                school supported by the eligible entity.
                    ``(B) The number of students attending such school.
                    ``(C) The number of present hours of instruction in 
                or through 1 or more Native American or Alaska Native 
                languages being provided to targeted students at such 
                school, if any.
                    ``(D) A description of how the applicant will--
                            ``(i) use the funds provided to meet the 
                        purposes of this part;
                            ``(ii) implement the activities described 
                        in subsection (f);
                            ``(iii) ensure the implementation of 
                        rigorous academic content; and
                            ``(iv) ensure that students progress 
                        towards high-level fluency goals.
                    ``(E) Information regarding the school's 
                organizational governance or affiliations, including 
                information about--
                            ``(i) the school governing entity (such as 
                        a local educational agency, tribal education 
                        agency or department, charter organization, 
                        private organization, or other governing 
                        entity);
                            ``(ii) the school's accreditation status;
                            ``(iii) any partnerships with institutions 
                        of higher education; and
                            ``(iv) any indigenous language schooling 
                        and research cooperatives.
                    ``(F) An assurance that--
                            ``(i) the school is engaged in meeting 
                        State or tribally designated proficiency levels 
                        for students, as may be required by applicable 
                        Federal, State, or tribal law;
                            ``(ii) the school provides assessments of 
                        students using the Native American or Alaska 
                        Native language of instruction, where possible;
                            ``(iii) the qualifications of all 
                        instructional and leadership personnel at such 
                        school is sufficient to deliver high quality 
                        education through the Native American or Alaska 
                        Native language used in the school; and
                            ``(iv) the school will collect and report 
                        to the public data relative to student 
                        achievement and, if appropriate, rates of high 
                        school graduation, career readiness, and 
                        enrollment in postsecondary education or job 
                        training programs, of students who are enrolled 
                        in the school's programs.
            ``(2) Limitation.--The Secretary shall not give a priority 
        in awarding grants under this part based on the information 
        described in paragraph (1)(E).
            ``(3) Submission of certification.--
                    ``(A) In general.--An eligible entity that is a 
                public elementary school or secondary school (including 
                a public charter school) or a non-tribal for-profit or 
                nonprofit organization shall submit, along with the 
                application requirements described in paragraph (1), a 
                certification described in subparagraph (B) indicating 
                that the school has the capacity to provide education 
                primarily through a Native American or Alaska Native 
                language and that there are sufficient speakers of the 
                target language at the school or available to be hired 
                by the school.
                    ``(B) Certification.--The certification described 
                in subparagraph (A) shall be from one of the following 
                entities, on whose land the school is located, that is 
                an entity served by such school, or that is an entity 
                whose members (as defined by that entity) are served by 
                the school:
                            ``(i) A Tribal College or University.
                            ``(ii) A federally recognized Indian tribe 
                        or tribal organization.
                            ``(iii) An Alaska Native Regional 
                        Corporation or an Alaska Native nonprofit 
                        organization.
                            ``(iv) A Native Hawaiian organization.
    ``(e) Awarding of Grants.--In awarding grants under this section, 
the Secretary shall--
            ``(1) determine the amount of each grant and the duration 
        of each grant, which shall not exceed 3 years; and
            ``(2) ensure, to the maximum extent feasible, that 
        diversity in languages is represented.
    ``(f) Activities Authorized.--
            ``(1) Required activities.--An eligible entity that 
        receives a grant under this section shall use such funds to 
        carry out the following activities:
                    ``(A) Supporting Native American or Alaska Native 
                language education and development.
                    ``(B) Providing professional development for 
                teachers and, as appropriate, staff and administrators 
                to strengthen the overall language and academic goals 
                of the school that will be served by the grant program.
                    ``(C) Carrying out other activities that promote 
                the maintenance and revitalization of the Native 
                American or Alaska Native language relevant to the 
                grant program.
            ``(2) Allowable activities.--An eligible entity that 
        receives a grant under this section may use such funds to carry 
        out the following activities:
                    ``(A) Developing or refining curriculum, including 
                teaching materials and activities, as appropriate.
                    ``(B) Creating or refining assessments written in 
                the Native American or Alaska Native language of 
                instruction that measure student proficiency and that 
                are aligned with State or tribal academic standards.
    ``(g) Report to Secretary.--Each eligible entity that receives a 
grant under this part shall provide an annual report to the Secretary 
in such form and manner as the Secretary may require.
    ``(h) Authorization of Appropriations.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out this section such sums as may be necessary 
for fiscal years 2016 through 2021.''.

                         TITLE VIII--IMPACT AID

SEC. 8001. PURPOSE.

    Section 8001 (20 U.S.C. 7701) is amended in the matter preceding 
paragraph (1), by striking ``challenging State standards'' and 
inserting ``the same challenging State academic standards''.

SEC. 8002. AMENDMENT TO IMPACT AID IMPROVEMENT ACT OF 2012.

    Section 563(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1748; 20 U.S.C. 6301 note) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking paragraphs (1) and (4); and
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs 
        (1) and (2), respectively.

SEC. 8003. PAYMENTS RELATING TO FEDERAL ACQUISITION OF REAL PROPERTY.

    Section 8002 (20 U.S.C. 7702) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(3), by striking subparagraph (B) and 
        inserting the following:
                    ``(B) Special rule.--In the case of Federal 
                property eligible under this section that is within the 
                boundaries of 2 or more local educational agencies that 
                are eligible under this section, any of such agencies 
                may ask the Secretary to calculate (and the Secretary 
                shall calculate) the taxable value of the eligible 
                Federal property that is within its boundaries by--
                            ``(i) first calculating the per-acre value 
                        of the eligible Federal property separately for 
                        each eligible local educational agency that 
                        shared the Federal property, as provided in 
                        subparagraph (A)(ii);
                            ``(ii) then averaging the resulting per-
                        acre values of the eligible Federal property 
                        from each eligible local educational agency 
                        that shares the Federal property; and
                            ``(iii) then applying the average per-acre 
                        value to determine the total taxable value of 
                        the eligible Federal property under 
                        subparagraph (A)(iii) for the requesting local 
                        educational agency.'';
            (2) in subsection (e)(2), by adding at the end the 
        following: ``For each fiscal year beginning with fiscal year 
        2015, the Secretary shall treat local educational agencies 
        chartered in 1871 having more than 70 percent of the county in 
        Federal ownership as meeting the eligibility requirements of 
        subparagraphs (A) and (C) of subsection (a)(1). For each fiscal 
        year beginning with fiscal year 2015, the Secretary shall treat 
        local educational agencies that serve a county chartered or 
        formed in 1734 having more than 24 percent of the county in 
        Federal ownership as meeting the eligibility requirements of 
        subparagraphs (A) and (C) of subsection (a)(1).'';
            (3) by striking subsection (f) and inserting the following:
    ``(f) Special Rule.--Beginning with fiscal year 2015, a local 
educational agency shall be deemed to meet the requirements of 
subsection (a)(1)(C) if the agency was eligible under paragraph (1) or 
(3) of this subsection, as such subsection was in effect on the day 
before the date of enactment of the Every Child Achieves Act of 
2015.'';
            (4) in subsection (h)(4), by striking ``For each local 
        educational agency that received a payment under this section 
        for fiscal year 2010 through the fiscal year in which the 
        Impact Aid Improvement Act of 2012 is enacted'' and inserting 
        ``For each local educational agency that received a payment 
        under this section for fiscal year 2010 or any succeeding 
        fiscal year'';
            (5) by striking subsection (k); and
            (6) by redesignating subsections (l), (m), and (n), as 
        subsections (j), (k), and (l), respectively.

SEC. 8004. PAYMENTS FOR ELIGIBLE FEDERALLY CONNECTED CHILDREN.

    Section 8003 (20 U.S.C. 7703) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(5)(A), by striking ``to be children'' 
        and all that follows through the period at the end and 
        inserting ``or under lease of off-base property under 
        subchapter IV of chapter 169 of title 10, United States Code, 
        to be children described under paragraph (1)(B) if the property 
        described is within the fenced security perimeter of the 
        military facility or attached to and under any type of force 
        protection agreement with the military installation upon which 
        such housing is situated.'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking subparagraph (E); and
                            (ii) by redesignating subparagraphs (F) and 
                        (G) as subparagraphs (E) and (F), respectively;
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking subparagraphs (B) 
                through (H) and inserting the following:
                    ``(B) Eligibility for heavily impacted local 
                educational agencies.--
                            ``(i) In general.--A heavily impacted local 
                        educational agency is eligible to receive a 
                        basic support payment under subparagraph (A) 
                        with respect to a number of children determined 
                        under subsection (a)(1) if the agency--
                                    ``(I) is a local educational 
                                agency--
                                            ``(aa) whose boundaries are 
                                        the same as a Federal military 
                                        installation or an island 
                                        property designated by the 
                                        Secretary of the Interior to be 
                                        property that is held in trust 
                                        by the Federal Government; and
                                            ``(bb) that has no taxing 
                                        authority;
                                    ``(II) is a local educational 
                                agency that--
                                            ``(aa) has an enrollment of 
                                        children described in 
                                        subsection (a)(1) that 
                                        constitutes a percentage of the 
                                        total student enrollment of the 
                                        agency that is not less than 45 
                                        percent;
                                            ``(bb) has a per-pupil 
                                        expenditure that is less than--

                                                    ``(AA) for an 
                                                agency that has a total 
                                                student enrollment of 
                                                500 or more students, 
                                                125 percent of the 
                                                average per-pupil 
                                                expenditure of the 
                                                State in which the 
                                                agency is located; or

                                                    ``(BB) for any 
                                                agency that has a total 
                                                student enrollment less 
                                                than 500, 150 percent 
                                                of the average per-
                                                pupil expenditure of 
                                                the State in which the 
                                                agency is located or 
                                                the average per-pupil 
                                                expenditure of 3 or 
                                                more comparable local 
                                                educational agencies in 
                                                the State in which the 
                                                agency is located; and

                                            ``(cc) is an agency that--

                                                    ``(AA) has a tax 
                                                rate for general fund 
                                                purposes that is not 
                                                less than 95 percent of 
                                                the average tax rate 
                                                for general fund 
                                                purposes of comparable 
                                                local educational 
                                                agencies in the State; 
                                                or

                                                    ``(BB) was eligible 
                                                to receive a payment 
                                                under this subsection 
                                                for fiscal year 2013 
                                                and is located in a 
                                                State that by State law 
                                                has eliminated ad 
                                                valorem tax as a 
                                                revenue for local 
                                                educational agencies;

                                    ``(III) is a local educational 
                                agency that--
                                            ``(aa) has an enrollment of 
                                        children described in 
                                        subsection (a)(1) that 
                                        constitutes a percentage of the 
                                        total student enrollment of the 
                                        agency that is not less than 20 
                                        percent;
                                            ``(bb) for the 3 fiscal 
                                        years preceding the fiscal year 
                                        for which the determination is 
                                        made, the average enrollment of 
                                        children who are not described 
                                        in subsection (a)(1) and who 
                                        are eligible for a free or 
                                        reduced price lunch under the 
                                        Richard B. Russell National 
                                        School Lunch Act constitutes a 
                                        percentage of the total student 
                                        enrollment of the agency that 
                                        is not less than 65 percent; 
                                        and
                                            ``(cc) has a tax rate for 
                                        general fund purposes which is 
                                        not less than 125 percent of 
                                        the average tax rate for 
                                        general fund purposes for 
                                        comparable local educational 
                                        agencies in the State;
                                    ``(IV) is a local educational 
                                agency that has a total student 
                                enrollment of not less than 25,000 
                                students, of which--
                                            ``(aa) not less than 50 
                                        percent are children described 
                                        in subsection (a)(1); and
                                            ``(bb) not less than 5,000 
                                        of such children are children 
                                        described in subparagraphs (A) 
                                        and (B) of subsection (a)(1); 
                                        or
                                    ``(V) is a local educational agency 
                                that--
                                            ``(aa) has an enrollment of 
                                        children described in 
                                        subsection (a)(1) including, 
                                        for purposes of determining 
                                        eligibility, those children 
                                        described in subparagraphs (F) 
                                        and (G) of such subsection, 
                                        that is not less than 35 
                                        percent of the total student 
                                        enrollment of the agency;
                                            ``(bb) has a per-pupil 
                                        expenditure that is less than 
                                        the average per-pupil 
                                        expenditure of the State in 
                                        which the agency is located or 
                                        the average per-pupil 
                                        expenditure of all States 
                                        (whichever average per-pupil 
                                        expenditure is greater), except 
                                        that a local educational agency 
                                        with a total student enrollment 
                                        of less than 350 students shall 
                                        be deemed to have satisfied 
                                        such per-pupil expenditure 
                                        requirement, and has a tax rate 
                                        for general fund purposes which 
                                        is not less than 95 percent of 
                                        the average tax rate for 
                                        general fund purposes of local 
                                        educational agencies in the 
                                        State; and
                                            ``(cc) was eligible to 
                                        receive assistance under 
                                        subparagraph (A) for fiscal 
                                        year 2001.
                            ``(ii) Loss of eligibility.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--Subject to 
                                subclause (II), a heavily impacted 
                                local educational agency that met the 
                                requirements of clause (i) for a fiscal 
                                year shall be ineligible to receive a 
                                basic support payment under 
                                subparagraph (A) if the agency fails to 
                                meet the requirements of clause (i) for 
                                a subsequent fiscal year, except that 
                                such agency shall continue to receive a 
                                basic support payment under this 
                                paragraph for the fiscal year for which 
                                the ineligibility determination is 
                                made.
                                    ``(II) Loss of eligibility due to 
                                falling below 95 percent of the average 
                                tax rate for general fund purposes.--In 
                                a case of a heavily impacted local 
                                educational agency that is eligible to 
                                receive a basic support payment under 
                                subparagraph (A), but that has had, for 
                                2 consecutive fiscal years, a tax rate 
                                for general fund purposes that falls 
                                below 95 percent of the average tax 
                                rate for general fund purposes of 
                                comparable local educational agencies 
                                in the State, such agency shall be 
                                determined to be ineligible under 
                                clause (i) and ineligible to receive a 
                                basic support payment under 
                                subparagraph (A) for each fiscal year 
                                succeeding such 2 consecutive fiscal 
                                years for which the agency has such a 
                                tax rate for general fund purposes, and 
                                until the fiscal year for which the 
                                agency resumes such eligibility in 
                                accordance with clause (iii).
                                    ``(III) Taken over by state board 
                                of education.--In the case of a heavily 
                                impacted local educational agency that 
                                is eligible to receive a basic support 
                                payment under subparagraph (A), but 
                                that has been taken over by a State 
                                board of education in 2 previous years, 
                                such agency shall be deemed to maintain 
                                heavily impacted status for 2 fiscal 
                                years from after the date of enactment 
                                of the Every Child Achieves Act of 
                                2015.
                            ``(iii) Resumption of eligibility.--A 
                        heavily impacted local educational agency 
                        described in clause (i) that becomes ineligible 
                        under such clause for 1 or more fiscal years 
                        may resume eligibility for a basic support 
                        payment under this paragraph for a subsequent 
                        fiscal year only if the agency meets the 
                        requirements of clause (i) for that subsequent 
                        fiscal year, except that such agency shall not 
                        receive a basic support payment under this 
                        paragraph until the fiscal year succeeding the 
                        fiscal year for which the eligibility 
                        determination is made.
                    ``(C) Maximum amount for heavily impacted local 
                educational agencies.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in 
                        subparagraph (D), the maximum amount that a 
                        heavily impacted local educational agency is 
                        eligible to receive under this paragraph for 
                        any fiscal year is the sum of the total 
                        weighted student units, as computed under 
                        subsection (a)(2) and subject to clause (ii), 
                        multiplied by the greater of--
                                    ``(I) four-fifths of the average 
                                per-pupil expenditure of the State in 
                                which the local educational agency is 
                                located for the third fiscal year 
                                preceding the fiscal year for which the 
                                determination is made; or
                                    ``(II) four-fifths of the average 
                                per-pupil expenditure of all of the 
                                States for the third fiscal year 
                                preceding the fiscal year for which the 
                                determination is made.
                            ``(ii) Calculation of weighted student 
                        units.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--
                                            ``(aa) In general.--For a 
                                        local educational agency with 
                                        respect to which 35 percent or 
                                        more of the total student 
                                        enrollment of the schools of 
                                        the agency are children 
                                        described in subparagraph (D) 
                                        or (E) (or a combination 
                                        thereof) of subsection (a)(1), 
                                        and that has an enrollment of 
                                        children described in 
                                        subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) 
                                        of such subsection equal to at 
                                        least 10 percent of the 
                                        agency's total enrollment, the 
                                        Secretary shall calculate the 
                                        weighted student units of those 
                                        children described in 
                                        subparagraph (D) or (E) of such 
                                        subsection by multiplying the 
                                        number of such children by a 
                                        factor of 0.55.
                                            ``(bb) Exception.--
                                        Notwithstanding item (aa), a 
                                        local educational agency that 
                                        received a payment under this 
                                        paragraph for fiscal year 2013 
                                        shall not be required to have 
                                        an enrollment of children 
                                        described in subparagraph (A), 
                                        (B), or (C) of subsection 
                                        (a)(1) equal to at least 10 
                                        percent of the agency's total 
                                        enrollment.
                                    ``(II) Enrollment of 100 or fewer 
                                children.--For a local educational 
                                agency that has an enrollment of 100 or 
                                fewer children described in subsection 
                                (a)(1), the Secretary shall calculate 
                                the total number of weighted student 
                                units for purposes of subsection (a)(2) 
                                by multiplying the number of such 
                                children by a factor of 1.75.
                                    ``(III) Enrollment of more than 100 
                                children but less than 1000.--For a 
                                local educational agency that is not 
                                described under subparagraph (B)(i)(I) 
                                and has an enrollment of more than 100 
                                but not more than 1,000 children 
                                described in subsection (a)(1), the 
                                Secretary shall calculate the total 
                                number of weighted student units for 
                                purposes of subsection (a)(2) by 
                                multiplying the number of such children 
                                by a factor of 1.25.
                    ``(D) Maximum amount for large heavily impacted 
                local educational agencies.--
                            ``(i) In general.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--Subject to 
                                clause (ii), the maximum amount that a 
                                heavily impacted local educational 
                                agency described in subclause (II) is 
                                eligible to receive under this 
                                paragraph for any fiscal year shall be 
                                determined in accordance with the 
                                formula described in paragraph (1)(C).
                                    ``(II) Heavily impacted local 
                                educational agency.--A heavily impacted 
                                local educational agency described in 
                                this subclause is a local educational 
                                agency that has a total student 
                                enrollment of not less than 25,000 
                                students, of which not less than 50 
                                percent are children described in 
                                subsection (a)(1) and not less than 
                                5,000 of such children are children 
                                described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) 
                                of subsection (a)(1).
                            ``(ii) Factor.--For purposes of calculating 
                        the maximum amount described in clause (i), the 
                        factor used in determining the weighted student 
                        units under subsection (a)(2) with respect to 
                        children described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) 
                        of subsection (a)(1) shall be 1.35.
                    ``(E) Data.--For purposes of providing assistance 
                under this paragraph the Secretary shall use student, 
                revenue, expenditure, and tax data from the third 
                fiscal year preceding the fiscal year for which the 
                local educational agency is applying for assistance 
                under this paragraph.
                    ``(F) Determination of average tax rates for 
                general fund purposes.--
                            ``(i) In general.--Except as provided in 
                        clause (ii), for the purpose of determining the 
                        average tax rates for general fund purposes for 
                        local educational agencies in a State under 
                        this paragraph, the Secretary shall use 
                        either--
                                    ``(I) the average tax rate for 
                                general fund purposes for comparable 
                                local educational agencies, as 
                                determined by the Secretary in 
                                regulations; or
                                    ``(II) the average tax rate of all 
                                the local educational agencies in the 
                                State.
                            ``(ii) Fiscal years 2010-2015.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--For fiscal years 
                                2010 through 2015, any local 
                                educational agency that was found 
                                ineligible to receive a payment under 
                                subparagraph (A) because the Secretary 
                                determined that it failed to meet the 
                                average tax rate requirement for 
                                general fund purposes in subparagraph 
                                (B)(i)(II)(bb), shall be considered to 
                                have met that requirement, if its State 
                                determined, through an alternate 
                                calculation of average tax rates for 
                                general fund purposes, that such local 
                                educational agency met that 
                                requirement.
                                    ``(II) Subsequent fiscal years 
                                after 2015.--For any succeeding fiscal 
                                year after 2015, any local educational 
                                agency identified in subclause (I) may 
                                continue to have its State use that 
                                alternate methodology to calculate 
                                whether the average tax rate 
                                requirement for general fund purposes 
                                under subparagraph (B)(i)(II)(bb) is 
                                met.
                                    ``(III) Availability of funds.--
                                Notwithstanding any other provision of 
                                law limiting the period during which 
                                the Secretary may obligate funds 
                                appropriated for any fiscal year after 
                                2012, the Secretary shall reserve an 
                                amount equal to a total of $14,000,000 
                                from funds that remain unobligated 
                                under this section from fiscal years 
                                2013 or 2014 in order to make payments 
                                under this clause for fiscal years 2011 
                                through 2014.
                    ``(G) Eligibility for heavily impacted local 
                educational agencies affected by privatization of 
                military housing.--
                            ``(i) Eligibility.--For any fiscal year, a 
                        heavily impacted local educational agency that 
                        received a basic support payment under this 
                        paragraph for the prior fiscal year, but is 
                        ineligible for such payment for the current 
                        fiscal year under subparagraph (B), (C), (D), 
                        or (E), as the case may be, due to of the 
                        conversion of military housing units to private 
                        housing described in clause (iii), or as the 
                        direct result of base realignment and closure 
                        or modularization as determined by the 
                        Secretary of Defense and force structure change 
                        or force relocation, shall be deemed to meet 
                        the eligibility requirements under subparagraph 
                        (B) or (C), as the case may be, for the period 
                        during which the housing units are undergoing 
                        such conversion or during such time as 
                        activities associated with base closure and 
                        realignment, modularization, force structure 
                        change, or force relocation are ongoing.
                            ``(ii) Amount of payment.--The amount of a 
                        payment to a heavily impacted local educational 
                        agency for a fiscal year by reason of the 
                        application of clause (i), and calculated in 
                        accordance with subparagraph (C) or (D), as the 
                        case may be, shall be based on the number of 
                        children in average daily attendance in the 
                        schools of such agency for the fiscal year and 
                        under the same provisions of subparagraph (C) 
                        or (D) under which the agency was paid during 
                        the prior fiscal year.
                            ``(iii) Conversion of military housing 
                        units to private housing described.--For 
                        purposes of clause (i), `conversion of military 
                        housing units to private housing' means the 
                        conversion of military housing units to private 
                        housing units pursuant to subchapter IV of 
                        chapter 169 of title 10, United States Code, or 
                        pursuant to any other related provision of 
                        law.''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (B), by striking clause 
                        (iii) and inserting the following:
                    ``(iii) In the case of a local educational agency 
                providing a free public education to students enrolled 
                in kindergarten through grade 12, that enrolls students 
                described in subparagraphs (A), (B), and (D) of 
                subsection (a)(1) only in grades 9 through 12, and that 
                received a final payment in fiscal year 2009 calculated 
                under this paragraph (as this paragraph was in effect 
                on the day before the date of enactment of the Every 
                Child Achieves Act of 2015) for students in grades 9 
                through 12, the Secretary shall, in calculating the 
                agency's payment, consider only that portion of such 
                agency's total enrollment of students in grades 9 
                through 12 when calculating the percentage under clause 
                (i)(I) and only that portion of the total current 
                expenditures attributed to the operation of grades 9 
                through 12 in such agency when calculating the 
                percentage under clause (i)(II).'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking 
                        ``subparagraph (D) or (E) of paragraph (2),'' 
                        and inserting ``paragraph (2)(D)''; and
                            (iii) by striking subparagraph (D) and 
                        inserting the following:
                    ``(D) Ratable distribution.--For fiscal years 
                described in subparagraph (A), for which the sums 
                available exceed the amount required to pay each local 
                educational agency 100 percent of its threshold 
                payment, the Secretary shall distribute the excess sums 
                to each eligible local educational agency that has not 
                received its full amount computed under paragraphs (1) 
                or (2) (as the case may be) by multiplying--
                            ``(i) a percentage, the denominator of 
                        which is the difference between the full amount 
                        computed under paragraph (1) or (2) (as the 
                        case may be) for all local educational agencies 
                        and the amount of the threshold payment (as 
                        calculated under subparagraphs (B) and (C)) of 
                        all local educational agencies, and the 
                        numerator of which is the aggregate of the 
                        excess sums, by
                            ``(ii) the difference between the full 
                        amount computed under paragraph (1) or (2) (as 
                        the case may be) for the agency and the amount 
                        of the threshold payment as calculated under 
                        subparagraphs (B) and (C) of the agency.
                    ``(E) Insufficient payments.--For each fiscal year 
                described in subparagraph (A) for which the sums 
                appropriated are insufficient to pay each local 
                educational agency all of the local educational 
                agency's threshold payment described in subparagraph 
                (D), the Secretary shall ratably reduce the payment to 
                each local educational agency under this paragraph.
                    ``(F) Increases.--If the sums appropriated are 
                sufficient to increase the threshold payment above the 
                100 percent threshold payment described in subparagraph 
                (D), then the Secretary shall increase payments on the 
                same basis as such payments were reduced, except no 
                local educational agency may receive a payment amount 
                greater than 100 percent of the maximum payment 
                calculated under this subsection.
                    ``(G) Provision of tax rate and resulting 
                percentage.--The Secretary shall provide the local 
                educational agency's tax rate and the resulting 
                percentage to each eligible local educational agency 
                immediately following the payments of funds under 
                paragraph (2).'';
            (3) in subsection (c), by striking paragraph (2) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(2) Exception.--Calculation of payments for a local 
        educational agency shall be based on data from the fiscal year 
        for which the agency is making an application for payment if 
        such agency--
                    ``(A) is newly established by a State, for the 
                first year of operation of such agency only;
                    ``(B) was eligible to receive a payment under this 
                section for the previous fiscal year and has had an 
                overall increase in enrollment (as determined by the 
                Secretary in consultation with the Secretary of 
                Defense, the Secretary of Interior, or the heads of 
                other Federal agencies)--
                            ``(i) of not less than 10 percent, or 100 
                        students, of children described in--
                                    ``(I) subparagraph (A), (B), (C), 
                                or (D) of subsection (a)(1); or
                                    ``(II) subparagraphs (F) and (G) of 
                                subsection (a)(1), but only to the 
                                extent such children are civilian 
                                dependents of employees of the 
                                Department of Defense or the Department 
                                of Interior; and
                            ``(ii) that is the direct result of closure 
                        or realignment of military installations under 
                        the base closure process or the relocation of 
                        members of the Armed Forces and civilian 
                        employees of the Department of Defense as part 
                        of the force structure changes or movements of 
                        units or personnel between military 
                        installations or because of actions initiated 
                        by the Secretary of the Interior or the head of 
                        another Federal agency; or
                    ``(C) was eligible to receive a payment under this 
                section for the previous fiscal year and has had an 
                increase in enrollment (as determined by the 
                Secretary)--
                            ``(i) of not less than 10 percent of 
                        children described in subsection (a)(1) or not 
                        less than 100 of such children; and
                            ``(ii) that is the direct result of the 
                        closure of a local educational agency that 
                        received a payment under subsection (b)(1) or 
                        (b)(2) in the previous fiscal year.'';
            (4) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by striking 
                ``Children'' and inserting ``Students'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``children'' both 
                places the term appears and inserting ``students''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``children'' and 
                inserting ``students'';
            (5) in subsection (e), by striking paragraph (1) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(1) In general.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In the case of any local 
                educational agency whose payment under subsection (b) 
                for a fiscal year is determined to be reduced by an 
                amount greater than $5,000,000 or by 20 percent, as 
                compared to the amount received in the previous fiscal 
                year, the Secretary shall, subject to subparagraph (B), 
                pay a local educational agency, for each of the 3 years 
                following the reduction under subsection (b), the 
                amount determined under subparagraph (B).
                    ``(B) Amount of reduction.--Subject to subparagraph 
                (C), a local educational agency described in 
                subparagraph (A) shall receive--
                            ``(i) for the first year for which the 
                        reduced payment is determined, an amount that 
                        is not less than 90 percent of the total amount 
                        that the local educational agency received 
                        under paragraph (1) or (2) of subsection (b) in 
                        the fiscal year prior to the reduction 
                        (referred to in this paragraph as the `base 
                        year');
                            ``(ii) for the second year following such 
                        reduction, an amount that is not less than 85 
                        percent of the total amount that the local 
                        educational agency received under paragraph (1) 
                        or (2) of subsection (b) in the base year; and
                            ``(iii) for the third year following such 
                        reduction, an amount that is not less than 80 
                        percent of the total amount that the local 
                        educational agency received under paragraph (1) 
                        or (2) of subsection (b) in the base year.
                    ``(C) Special rule.--For any fiscal year for which 
                a local educational agency would be subject to a 
                reduced payment under clause (ii) or (iii) of 
                subparagraph (B), but the total amount of the payment 
                for which the local educational agency is eligible 
                under subsection (b) for that fiscal year is greater 
                than the amount that initially subjected the local 
                educational agency to the requirements of this 
                subsection, the Secretary shall pay the greater amount 
                to the local educational agency for such year.''; and
            (6) by striking subsection (g).

SEC. 8005. POLICIES AND PROCEDURES RELATING TO CHILDREN RESIDING ON 
              INDIAN LANDS.

    Section 8004(e)(9) (20 U.S.C. 7704(e)(9)) is amended by striking 
``Affairs'' both places the term appears and inserting ``Education''.

SEC. 8006. APPLICATION FOR PAYMENTS UNDER SECTIONS 8002 AND 8003.

    Section 8005 (20 U.S.C. 7705) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by striking ``, and shall contain such information,'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
        (d) and (e), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (b) the following:
    ``(c) Student Count.--In collecting information to determine the 
eligibility of a local educational agency and the number of federally 
connected children for the local educational agency, the Secretary 
shall, in addition to any options provided under section 222.35 of 
title 34, Code of Federal Regulations, or a successor regulation, allow 
a local educational agency to count the number of such children served 
by the agency as of the date by which the agency requires all students 
to register for the school year of the fiscal year for which the 
application is filed.''.

SEC. 8007. CONSTRUCTION.

    Section 8007(b) (20 U.S.C. 7707(b)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (3)(C)(i)(I), by adding at the end the 
        following:
                                    ``(cc) Not less than 10 percent of 
                                the property in the agency is exempt 
                                from State and local taxation under 
                                Federal law.''; and
            (2) in paragraph (6), by striking subparagraph (F).

SEC. 8008. STATE CONSIDERATION OF PAYMENTS IN PROVIDING STATE AID.

    Section 8009(c)(1)(B) (20 U.S.C. 7709(c)(1)(B)) is amended by 
striking ``and contain the information''.

SEC. 8009. DEFINITIONS.

    Section 8013(5)(A) (20 U.S.C. 7713(5)(A)) is amended--
            (1) in clause (ii), by striking subclause (III) and 
        inserting the following:
                            ``(III) conveyed at any time under the 
                        Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act to a Native 
                        individual, Native group, or village or 
                        regional corporation (including single family 
                        occupancy properties that may have been 
                        subsequently sold or leased to a third party), 
                        except that property that is conveyed under 
                        such Act--
                                    ``(aa) that is not taxed is, for 
                                the purposes of this paragraph, 
                                considered tax-exempt due to Federal 
                                law; or
                                    ``(bb) is considered Federal 
                                property for the purpose of this 
                                paragraph, only if the property is 
                                located within a Regional Educational 
                                Attendance Area that has no taxing 
                                power;''; and
            (2) in clause (iii)--
                    (A) in subclause (II), by striking ``Stewart B. 
                McKinney Homeless Assistance Act'' and inserting 
                ``McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 
                11411)''; and
                    (B) by striking subclause (III) and inserting the 
                following:
                            ``(III) used for affordable housing 
                        assisted under the Native American Housing 
                        Assistance and Self-Determination Act of 1996 
                        (25 U.S.C. 4101 et seq.); or''.

SEC. 8010. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Section 8014 (20 U.S.C. 7714) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``$32,000,000 for fiscal 
        year 2000 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the 
        seven succeeding fiscal years'' and inserting ``such sums as 
        may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2021'';
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``$809,400,000 for 
        fiscal year 2000 and such sums as may be necessary for each of 
        the seven succeeding fiscal years'' and inserting ``such sums 
        as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2016 through 
        2021'';
            (3) in subsection (c), by striking ``$50,000,000 for fiscal 
        year 2000 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the 
        seven succeeding fiscal years'' and inserting ``such sums as 
        may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2021'';
            (4) by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) as subsections 
        (d) and (e), respectively;
            (5) in subsection (d), as redesignated by paragraph (4), by 
        striking ``$10,052,000 for fiscal year 2000 and such sums as 
        may be necessary for fiscal year 2001, $150,000,000 for fiscal 
        year 2002, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the 
        five succeeding fiscal years'' and inserting ``such sums as may 
        be necessary for each of fiscal years 2016 through 2021''; and
            (6) in subsection (e), as redesignated by paragraph (4), by 
        striking ``$5,000,000 for fiscal year 2000 and such sums as may 
        be necessary for each of the seven succeeding fiscal years'' 
        and inserting ``such sums as may be necessary for each of 
        fiscal years 2016 through 2021''.

                      TITLE IX--GENERAL PROVISIONS

SEC. 9101. DEFINITIONS.

    Section 9101 (20 U.S.C. 7801) is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraphs (3), (19), (35), (36), (37), and 
        (42);
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), (17), (18), (20), 
        (21), (22), (23), (24), (25), (26), (27), (28), (29), (30), 
        (31), (32), (33), (34), (38), (39), (41), and (43) as 
        paragraphs (2), (3), (18), (19), (24), (25), (26), (27), (28), 
        (20), (29), (30), (32), (33), (34), (35), (36), (37), (38), 
        (40), (41), (44), and (45), respectively, and by transferring 
        such paragraph (20), as so redesignated, so as to follow such 
        paragraph (19), as so redesignated;
            (3) by inserting before paragraph (2), as redesignated by 
        paragraph (2), the following:
            ``(1) 4-year adjusted cohort graduation rate.--The term `4-
        year adjusted cohort graduation rate' has the meaning given the 
        term `four-year adjusted cohort graduation rate' in section 
        200.19(b)(1) of title 34, Code of Federal Regulations, as such 
        section was in effect on November 28, 2008.'';
            (4) by striking paragraph (11) and inserting the following:
            ``(11) Core academic subjects.--The term `core academic 
        subjects' means English, reading or language arts, writing, 
        science, technology, engineering, mathematics, foreign 
        languages, civics and government, economics, arts, history, 
        geography, computer science, music, and physical education, and 
        any other subject as determined by the State or local 
        educational agency.'';
            (5) in paragraph (13)--
                    (A) by striking subparagraphs (B), (E), (G), and 
                (K);
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (C), (D), (F), 
                (H), (I), (J), and (L), as subparagraphs (B), (C), (D), 
                (E), (F), (G), and (I), respectively; and
                    (C) by inserting after subparagraph (G), as 
                redesignated by subparagraph (B), the following:
                    ``(H) part G of title V; and'';
            (6) by inserting after paragraph (16) the following:
            ``(17) Early childhood education program.--The term `early 
        childhood education program' has the meaning given the term in 
        section 103 of the Higher Education Act of 1965.'';
            (7) in paragraph (20), as redesignated and moved by 
        paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``Limited 
                english proficient'' and inserting ``English learner'';
                    (B) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``limited English proficient'' and inserting 
                ``English learner''; and
                    (C) in subparagraph (D)(i), by striking ``State's 
                proficient level of achievement on State assessments 
                described in section 1111(b)(3)'' and inserting 
                ``challenging State academic standards described in 
                section 1111(b)(1)'';
            (8) by inserting after paragraph (20), as transferred and 
        redesignated by paragraph (2), the following:
            ``(21) Evidence-based.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), the term `evidence-based', when used 
                with respect to an activity, means an activity that--
                            ``(i) demonstrates a statistically 
                        significant effect on improving student 
                        outcomes or other relevant outcomes based on--
                                    ``(I) strong evidence from at least 
                                1 well-designed and well-implemented 
                                experimental study;
                                    ``(II) moderate evidence from at 
                                least 1 well-designed and well-
                                implemented quasi-experimental study; 
                                or
                                    ``(III) promising evidence from at 
                                least 1 well-designed and well-
                                implemented correlational study with 
                                statistical controls for selection 
                                bias; or
                            ``(ii)(I) demonstrates a rationale that is 
                        based on high-quality research findings that 
                        such activity is likely to improve student 
                        outcomes or other relevant outcomes; and
                            ``(II) includes ongoing efforts to examine 
                        the effects of such activity.
                    ``(B) Definition for part a of title i.--For 
                purposes of part A of title I, the term `evidence-
                based', when used with respect to an activity, means an 
                activity that meets the requirements of subclause (I) 
                or (II) of subparagraph (A)(i).
            ``(22) Expanded learning time.--The term `expanded learning 
        time' means using a longer school day, week, or year schedule 
        to significantly increase the total number of school hours, in 
        order to include additional time for--
                    ``(A) instruction and enrichment in core academic 
                subjects, other academic subjects, and other activities 
                that contribute to a well-rounded education; and
                    ``(B) instructional and support staff to 
                collaborate, plan, and engage in professional 
                development (including professional development on 
                family and community engagement) within and across 
                grades and subjects.
            ``(23) Extended-year adjusted cohort graduation rate.--The 
        term `extended-year adjusted cohort graduation rate' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 200.19(b)(1)(v) of title 34, 
        Code of Federal Regulations, as such section was in effect on 
        November 28, 2008.'';
            (9) by striking paragraph (27), as redesignated by 
        paragraph (2), and inserting the following:
            ``(27) High school.--The term `high school' means a 
        secondary school that--
                    ``(A) grants a diploma, as defined by the State; 
                and
                    ``(B) includes, at least, grade 12.'';
            (10) in paragraph (29), as redesignated by paragraph (2), 
        in subparagraph (C)--
                    (A) in the subparagraph heading, by striking 
                ``BIA'' and inserting ``BIE''; and
                    (B) by striking ``Affairs'' both places the term 
                appears and inserting ``Education'';
            (11) by inserting after paragraph (30), as redesignated by 
        paragraph (2), the following:
            ``(31) Multi-tier system of supports.--The term `multi-tier 
        system of supports' means a comprehensive continuum of 
        evidence-based, system-wide practices to support a rapid 
        response to academic and behavioral needs, with frequent data-
        based monitoring for instructional decisionmaking.'';
            (12) in paragraph (33), as redesignated by paragraph (2), 
        by striking ``pupil services'' and inserting ``specialized 
        instructional support'';
            (13) in paragraph (34), as redesignated by paragraph (2), 
        by striking ``includes the freely associated states'' and all 
        that follows through the period at the end and inserting 
        ``includes the Republic of Palau except during any period for 
        which the Secretary determines that a Compact of Free 
        Association is in effect that contains provisions for education 
        assistance prohibiting the assistance provided under this 
        Act.'';
            (14) in paragraph (36), as redesignated by paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (C), by inserting ``and'' after 
                the semicolon; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``section 
                1118'' and inserting ``section 1115'';
            (15) by striking paragraph (38), as redesignated by 
        paragraph (2), and inserting the following:
            ``(38) Professional development.--The term `professional 
        development' means activities that--
                    ``(A) are coordinated and aligned to support 
                educators (including teachers, principals, other school 
                leaders, specialized instructional support personnel, 
                paraprofessionals, and, as applicable, early childhood 
                educators); and
                    ``(B) are designed and implemented to improve 
                student achievement and classroom practice, which may 
                include activities that--
                            ``(i) improve and increase teachers'--
                                    ``(I) knowledge of the academic 
                                subjects the teachers teach;
                                    ``(II) understanding of how 
                                students learn; and
                                    ``(III) ability to analyze student 
                                work and achievement from multiple 
                                sources, including how to adjust 
                                instructional strategies, assessments, 
                                and materials based on such analysis;
                            ``(ii) are an integral part of broad 
                        schoolwide and districtwide educational 
                        improvement plans;
                            ``(iii) allow personalized plans for each 
                        educator to address the educator's specific 
                        needs identified in observation or other 
                        feedback;
                            ``(iv) give teachers, principals, other 
                        school leaders, and administrators the 
                        knowledge and skills to provide students with 
                        the opportunity to meet challenging State 
                        academic standards;
                            ``(v) improve classroom management skills;
                            ``(vi)(I) are high-quality, sustained, 
                        intensive, collaborative, job-embedded, data-
                        driven, and classroom-focused in order to have 
                        a positive and lasting impact on classroom 
                        instruction and the teacher's performance in 
                        the classroom; and
                            ``(II) are not 1-day or short-term 
                        workshops or conferences;
                            ``(vii) support the recruiting, hiring, and 
                        training of effective teachers, including 
                        teachers who became certified through State and 
                        local alternative routes to certification;
                            ``(viii) advance teacher understanding of--
                                    ``(I) effective instructional 
                                strategies that are evidence-based; and
                                    ``(II) strategies for improving 
                                student academic achievement or 
                                substantially increasing the knowledge 
                                and teaching skills of teachers;
                            ``(ix) are aligned with and directly 
                        related to--
                                    ``(I) challenging State academic 
                                standards and assessments under section 
                                1111(b);
                                    ``(II) the curricula and programs 
                                tied to the standards described in 
                                subclause (I); and
                                    ``(III) related academic goals of 
                                the school or local educational agency;
                            ``(x) are developed with extensive 
                        participation of teachers, principals, other 
                        school leaders, parents, and administrators of 
                        schools to be served under this Act;
                            ``(xi) are designed to give teachers of 
                        children who are English learners, and other 
                        teachers and instructional staff, the knowledge 
                        and skills to provide instruction and 
                        appropriate language and academic support 
                        services to those children, including the 
                        appropriate use of curricula and assessments;
                            ``(xii) to the extent appropriate, provide 
                        training for teachers, principals, and other 
                        school leaders in the use of technology so that 
                        technology and technology applications are 
                        effectively used in the classroom to improve 
                        teaching and learning in the curricula and 
                        academic subjects in which the teachers teach;
                            ``(xiii) as a whole, are regularly 
                        evaluated for their impact on increased teacher 
                        effectiveness and improved student academic 
                        achievement, with the findings of the 
                        evaluations used to improve the quality of 
                        professional development;
                            ``(xiv) are designed to give teachers of 
                        children with disabilities or children with 
                        developmental delays, and other teachers and 
                        instructional staff, the knowledge and skills 
                        to provide instruction and academic support 
                        services, to those children, including positive 
                        behavioral interventions and supports, multi-
                        tiered systems of supports, and use of 
                        accommodations;
                            ``(xv) include instruction in the use of 
                        data and assessments to inform and instruct 
                        classroom practice;
                            ``(xvi) include instruction in ways that 
                        teachers, principals, other school leaders, 
                        specialized instructional support personnel, 
                        and school administrators may work more 
                        effectively with parents and families;
                            ``(xvii) involve the forming of 
                        partnerships with institutions of higher 
                        education to establish school-based teacher, 
                        principal, and other school leader training 
                        programs that provide prospective teachers, 
                        novice teachers, principals, and other school 
                        leaders with an opportunity to work under the 
                        guidance of experienced teachers, principals, 
                        other school leaders, and faculty of such 
                        institutions;
                            ``(xviii) create programs to enable 
                        paraprofessionals (assisting teachers employed 
                        by a local educational agency receiving 
                        assistance under part A of title I) to obtain 
                        the education necessary for those 
                        paraprofessionals to become certified and 
                        licensed teachers;
                            ``(xix) provide follow-up training to 
                        teachers who have participated in activities 
                        described in this paragraph that are designed 
                        to ensure that the knowledge and skills learned 
                        by the teachers are implemented in the 
                        classroom; and
                            ``(xx) where applicable and practical, 
                        provide jointly for school staff and other 
                        early childhood education program providers, to 
                        address the transition to elementary school, 
                        including issues related to school 
                        readiness.'';
            (16) by inserting after paragraph (38), as redesignated by 
        paragraph (2), the following:
            ``(39) School leader.--The term `school leader' means a 
        principal, assistant principal, or other individual who is--
                    ``(A) an employee or officer of an elementary 
                school or secondary school, local educational agency, 
                or other entity operating an elementary school or 
                secondary school; and
                    ``(B) responsible for the daily instructional 
                leadership and managerial operations in the elementary 
                school or secondary school building.'';
            (17) by inserting after paragraph (41), as redesignated by 
        paragraph (2), the following:
            ``(42) Specialized instructional support personnel; 
        specialized instructional support services.--
                    ``(A) Specialized instructional support 
                personnel.--The term `specialized instructional support 
                personnel' means --
                            ``(i) school counselors, school social 
                        workers, and school psychologists; and
                            ``(ii) other qualified professional 
                        personnel, such as school nurses and speech 
                        language pathologists, involved in providing 
                        assessment, diagnosis, counseling, educational, 
                        therapeutic, and other necessary services 
                        (including related services as that term is 
                        defined in section 602 of the Individuals with 
                        Disabilities Education Act) as part of a 
                        comprehensive program to meet student needs.
                    ``(B) Specialized instructional support services.--
                The term `specialized instructional support services' 
                means the services provided by specialized 
                instructional support personnel.'';
            (18) by inserting after paragraph (45), as redesignated by 
        paragraph (2), the following:
            ``(46) Universal design for learning.--The term `universal 
        design for learning' has the meaning given the term in section 
        103 of the Higher Education Act of 1965.''; and
            (19) by striking the undesignated paragraph between 
        paragraphs (41) and (44), as redesignated by paragraph (2), and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(43) State.--The term `State' means each of the 50 
        States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto 
        Rico, and each of the outlying areas.''.

SEC. 9102. APPLICABILITY TO BUREAU OF INDIAN EDUCATION OPERATED 
              SCHOOLS.

    Section 9103 (20 U.S.C. 7803) is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``bureau of indian 
        affairs'' and inserting ``bureau of indian education''; and
            (2) by striking ``Bureau of Indian Affairs'' each place the 
        term appears and inserting ``Bureau of Indian Education''.

SEC. 9103. CONSOLIDATION OF FUNDS FOR LOCAL ADMINISTRATION.

    Section 9203(b) (20 U.S.C. 7823(b)) is amended by striking ``Within 
1 year after the date of enactment of the No Child Left Behind Act of 
2001, a State'' and inserting ``A State''.

SEC. 9104. RURAL CONSOLIDATED PLAN.

    Section 9305 (20 U.S.C. 7845) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
    ``(e) Rural Consolidated Plan.--
            ``(1) In general.--Two or more eligible local educational 
        agencies, a consortium of eligible local education service 
        agencies, or an educational service agency on behalf of 
        eligible local educational agencies may submit plans or 
        applications for 1 or more covered programs to the State 
        educational agency on a consolidated basis, if each eligible 
        local educational agency impacted elects to participate in the 
        joint application or elects to allow the educational service 
        agency to apply on its behalf.
            ``(2) Eligible local educational agency.--For the purposes 
        of this subsection, the term `eligible local educational 
        agency' means a local educational agency that is an eligible 
        local educational agency under part B of title VI.''.

SEC. 9105. WAIVERS OF STATUTORY AND REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 9401 (20 U.S.C. 7861) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:
    ``(a) In General.--
            ``(1) Request for waiver by state or indian tribe.--A State 
        educational agency or Indian tribe that receives funds under a 
        program authorized under this Act may submit a request to the 
        Secretary to waive any statutory or regulatory requirement of 
        this Act.
            ``(2) Local educational agency and school requests 
        submitted through the state.--
                    ``(A) Request for waiver by local educational 
                agency.--A local educational agency that receives funds 
                under a program authorized under this Act and desires a 
                waiver of any statutory or regulatory requirement of 
                this Act shall submit a request containing the 
                information described in subsection (b)(1) to the 
                appropriate State educational agency. The State 
                educational agency may then submit the request to the 
                Secretary if the State educational agency determines 
                the waiver appropriate.
                    ``(B) Request for waiver by school.--An elementary 
                school or secondary school that desires a waiver of any 
                statutory or regulatory requirement of this Act shall 
                submit a request containing the information described 
                in subsection (b)(1) to the local educational agency 
                serving the school. The local educational agency may 
                then submit the request to the State educational agency 
                in accordance with subparagraph (A) if the local 
                educational agency determines the waiver appropriate.
            ``(3) Receipt of waiver.--Except as provided in subsection 
        (b)(4) or (c), the Secretary may waive any statutory or 
        regulatory requirement of this Act for which a waiver request 
        is submitted to the Secretary pursuant to this subsection.'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph 
                        (A)--
                                    (I) by striking ``, local 
                                educational agency,'' and inserting ``, 
                                acting on its own behalf or on behalf 
                                of a local educational agency in 
                                accordance with subsection (a)(2),''; 
                                and
                                    (II) by inserting ``, which shall 
                                include a plan'' after ``to the 
                                Secretary''; and
                            (ii) by striking subparagraphs (C) and (D) 
                        and inserting the following:
                    ``(C) describes the methods the State educational 
                agency, local educational agency, or Indian tribe will 
                use to monitor and regularly evaluate the effectiveness 
                of the implementation of the plan;
                    ``(D) includes only information directly related to 
                the waiver request on how the State educational agency, 
                local educational agency, or Indian tribe will maintain 
                and improve transparency in reporting to parents and 
                the public on student achievement and school 
                performance, including the achievement of students 
                according to each category of students described in 
                section 1111(b)(2)(B)(xi); and'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(B)(i)(II), by striking ``(on 
                behalf of, and based on the requests of, local 
                educational agencies)'' and inserting ``(on behalf of 
                those agencies or on behalf of, and based on the 
                requests of, local educational agencies in the 
                State)'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) in the matter preceding clause 
                                (i), by inserting ``or on behalf of 
                                local educational agencies in the State 
                                under subsection (a)(2),'' after 
                                ``acting on its own behalf,''; and
                                    (II) in clause (i)--
                                            (aa) by striking ``all 
                                        interested local educational 
                                        agencies'' and inserting ``any 
                                        interested local educational 
                                        agency''; and
                                            (bb) by inserting ``, to 
                                        the extent that the request 
                                        impacts the local educational 
                                        agency'' before the semicolon 
                                        at the end; and
                            (ii) in subparagraph (B)(i), by striking 
                        ``reviewed by the State educational agency'' 
                        and inserting ``reviewed and approved by the 
                        State educational agency in accordance with 
                        subsection (a)(2) before being submitted to the 
                        Secretary''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Waiver determination, demonstration, and revision.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall issue a 
                written determination regarding the approval or 
                disapproval of a waiver request not more than 90 days 
                after the date on which such request is submitted, 
                unless the Secretary determines and demonstrates that--
                            ``(i) the waiver request does not meet the 
                        requirements of this section; or
                            ``(ii) the waiver is not permitted under 
                        subsection (c).
                    ``(B) Waiver determination and revision.--If the 
                Secretary determines and demonstrates that the waiver 
                request does not meet the requirements of this section, 
                the Secretary shall--
                            ``(i) immediately--
                                    ``(I) notify the State educational 
                                agency, local educational agency and 
                                State educational agency, or Indian 
                                tribe, as applicable, of such 
                                determination; and
                                    ``(II) provide detailed reasons for 
                                such determination in writing and in a 
                                public manner, such as posting to the 
                                Department's website in a clear and 
                                easily accessible manner;
                            ``(ii) offer the State educational agency, 
                        local educational agency (through the State 
                        educational agency), or Indian tribe an 
                        opportunity to revise and resubmit the waiver 
                        request by a date that is not more than 60 days 
                        after the date of such determination; and
                            ``(iii) if the Secretary determines that 
                        the resubmission does not meet the requirements 
                        of this section, at the request of the State 
                        educational agency, local educational agency, 
                        or Indian tribe, conduct a public hearing not 
                        more than 30 days after the date of such 
                        resubmission.
                    ``(C) Waiver disapproval.--The Secretary may 
                disapprove a waiver request if--
                            ``(i) the State educational agency, local 
                        educational agency, or Indian tribe has been 
                        notified and offered an opportunity to revise 
                        and resubmit the waiver request, as described 
                        under clauses (i) and (ii) of subparagraph (B); 
                        and
                            ``(ii) the State educational agency, local 
                        educational agency (through the State 
                        educational agency), or Indian tribe--
                                    ``(I) does not revise and resubmit 
                                the waiver request; or
                                    ``(II) revises and resubmits the 
                                waiver request, and the Secretary 
                                determines that such waiver request 
                                does not meet the requirements of this 
                                section after a hearing conducted under 
                                subparagraph (B)(iii).
                    ``(D) External conditions.--The Secretary shall not 
                disapprove a waiver request under this section based on 
                conditions outside the scope of the waiver request.'';
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (8), by striking ``subpart 1 of 
                part B of title V'' and inserting ``part A of title 
                V''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (10), by striking ``subsections 
                (a) and (b) of section 1113'' and insert ``section 
                1113(a)'' both places the term appears;
            (4) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by adding ``; 
                Limitations'' after ``Waiver''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(3) Specific limitations.--The Secretary shall not place 
        any requirements on a State educational agency, local 
        educational agency, or Indian tribe as a condition, criterion, 
        or priority for the approval of a waiver request, unless such 
        requirements are--
                    ``(A) otherwise requirements under this Act; and
                    ``(B) directly related to the waiver request.'';
            (5) by striking subsection (e) and inserting the following:
    ``(e) Reports.--A State educational agency, local educational 
agency, or Indian tribe receiving a waiver under this section shall 
describe, as part of, and pursuant to, the required annual reporting 
under section 1111(d)--
            ``(1) the progress of schools covered under the provisions 
        of such waiver toward improving the quality of instruction to 
        students and increasing student academic achievement; and
            ``(2) how the use of the waiver has contributed to such 
        progress.''; and
            (6) in subsection (f), by striking ``if the Secretary 
        determines'' and all that follows through the period at the end 
        and inserting the following: ``if, after notice and an 
        opportunity for a hearing, the Secretary--
                    ``(A) presents substantial evidence that clearly 
                demonstrates that the waiver is not contributing to the 
                progress of schools described in subsection (e)(1); or
                    ``(B) determines that the waiver is no longer 
                necessary to achieve its original purposes.''.

SEC. 9106. PLAN APPROVAL PROCESS.

    Title IX (20 U.S.C. 7801 et seq.) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating parts E and F as parts F and G, 
        respectively;
            (2) in section 9573--
                    (A) in subsection (b)(1), by striking ``early 
                childhood development (Head Start) services'' and 
                inserting ``early childhood education programs'';
                    (B) in subsection (c)(2)--
                            (i) in the paragraph heading by striking 
                        ``development services'' and inserting 
                        ``education programs''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``development (Head Start) 
                        services'' and inserting ``education 
                        programs''; and
                    (C) in subsection (e), as redesignated by section 
                4001(5), in paragraph (3), by striking subparagraph (C) 
                and inserting the following:
                    ``(C) such other matters as justice may require.''; 
                and
            (3) by inserting after section 9401 the following:

      ``PART E--APPROVAL AND DISAPPROVAL OF STATE PLANS AND LOCAL 
                              APPLICATIONS

``SEC. 9451. APPROVAL AND DISAPPROVAL OF STATE PLANS.

    ``(a) Deemed Approval.--A plan submitted by a State pursuant to 
section 2101(d), 4103(d), or 9302 shall be deemed to be approved by the 
Secretary unless--
            ``(1) the Secretary makes a written determination, prior to 
        the expiration of the 90-day period beginning on the date on 
        which the Secretary received the plan, that the plan is not in 
        compliance with section 2101(d) or 4103(d) or part C, 
        respectively; and
            ``(2) the Secretary presents substantial evidence that 
        clearly demonstrates that such State plan does not meet the 
        requirements of section 2101(d) or 4103(d) or part C, 
        respectively.
    ``(b) Disapproval Process.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall not finally 
        disapprove a plan submitted under section 2101(d), 4103(d), or 
        9302, except after giving the State educational agency notice 
        and an opportunity for a hearing.
            ``(2) Notifications.--If the Secretary finds that the plan 
        is not in compliance, in whole or in part, with section 2101(d) 
        or 4103(d) or part C, as applicable, the Secretary shall-
                    ``(A) immediately notify the State of such 
                determination;
                    ``(B) provide a detailed description of the 
                specific provisions of the plan that the Secretary 
                determines fail to meet the requirements, in whole or 
                in part, of such section or part, as applicable;
                    ``(C) offer the State an opportunity to revise and 
                resubmit its plan within 45 days of such determination, 
                including the chance for the State to present 
                substantial evidence to clearly demonstrate that the 
                State plan meets the requirements of such section or 
                part, as applicable;
                    ``(D) provide technical assistance, upon request of 
                the State, in order to assist the State to meet the 
                requirements of such section or part, as applicable;
                    ``(E) conduct a public hearing within 30 days of 
                the plan's resubmission under subparagraph (C), with 
                public notice provided not less than 15 days before 
                such hearing, unless a State declines the opportunity 
                for such public hearing; and
                    ``(F) request additional information, only as to 
                the noncompliant provisions, needed to make the plan 
                compliant.
            ``(3) Response.--If the State educational agency responds 
        to the Secretary's notification described in paragraph (2)(A) 
        during the 45-day period beginning on the date on which the 
        State educational agency received the notification, and 
        resubmits the plan with the requested information described in 
        paragraph (2)(B), the Secretary shall approve or disapprove 
        such plan prior to the later of--
                    ``(A) the expiration of the 45-day period beginning 
                on the date on which the plan is resubmitted; or
                    ``(B) the expiration of the 90-day period described 
                in subsection (a).
            ``(4) Failure to respond.--If the State educational agency 
        does not respond to the Secretary's notification described in 
        paragraph (2)(A) during the 45-day period beginning on the date 
        on which the State educational agency received the 
        notification, such plan shall be deemed to be disapproved.
    ``(c) Peer-review Requirements.--Notwithstanding any other 
requirements of this part, the Secretary shall ensure that any portion 
of a consolidated State plan that is related to part A of title I is 
subject to the peer-review process described in section 1111(a)(3).

``SEC. 9452. APPROVAL AND DISAPPROVAL OF LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCY 
              APPLICATIONS.

    ``(a) Deemed Approval.--An application submitted by a local 
educational agency pursuant to section 2102(b), 4104(b), or 9305 shall 
be deemed to be approved by the State educational agency unless--
            ``(1) the State educational agency makes a written 
        determination, prior to the expiration of the 90-day period 
        beginning on the date on which the State educational agency 
        received the application, that the application is not in 
        compliance with section 2102(b) or 4104(b), or part C, 
        respectively; and
            ``(2) the State presents substantial evidence that clearly 
        demonstrates that such application does not meet the 
        requirements of section 2102(b) or 4104(b), or part C, 
        respectively.
    ``(b) Disapproval Process.--
            ``(1) In general.--The State educational agency shall not 
        finally disapprove an application submitted under section 
        2102(b), 4104(b), or 9305 except after giving the local 
        educational agency notice and opportunity for a hearing.
            ``(2) Notifications.--If the State educational agency finds 
        that the application submitted under section 2102(b), 4104(b), 
        or 9305 is not in compliance, in whole or in part, with section 
        2102(b) or 4104(b), or part C, respectively, the State 
        educational agency shall--
                    ``(A) immediately notify the local educational 
                agency of such determination;
                    ``(B) provide a detailed description of the 
                specific provisions of the application that the State 
                determines fail to meet the requirements, in whole or 
                in part, of such section or part, as applicable;
                    ``(C) offer the local educational agency an 
                opportunity to revise and resubmit its application 
                within 45 days of such determination, including the 
                chance for the local educational agency to present 
                substantial evidence to clearly demonstrate that the 
                application meets the requirements of such section or 
                part;
                    ``(D) provide technical assistance, upon request of 
                the local educational agency, in order to assist the 
                local educational agency to meet the requirements of 
                such section or part, as applicable;
                    ``(E) conduct a public hearing within 30 days of 
                the application's resubmission under subparagraph (C), 
                with public notice provided not less than 15 days 
                before such hearing, unless a local educational agency 
                declines the opportunity for such public hearing; and
                    ``(F) request additional information, only as to 
                the noncompliant provisions, needed to make the 
                application compliant.
            ``(3) Response.--If the local educational agency responds 
        to the State educational agency's notification described in 
        paragraph (2)(B) during the 45-day period beginning on the date 
        on which the local educational agency received the 
        notification, and resubmits the application with the requested 
        information described in paragraph (2)(C), the State 
        educational agency shall approve or disapprove such application 
        prior to the later of--
                    ``(A) the expiration of the 45-day period beginning 
                on the date on which the application is resubmitted; or
                    ``(B) the expiration of the 90-day period described 
                in subsection (a).
            ``(4) Failure to respond.--If the local educational agency 
        does not respond to the State educational agency's notification 
        described in paragraph (2)(B) during the 45-day period 
        beginning on the date on which the local educational agency 
        received the notification, such application shall be deemed to 
        be disapproved.''.

SEC. 9107. PARTICIPATION BY PRIVATE SCHOOL CHILDREN AND TEACHERS.

    Section 9501 (20 U.S.C. 7881) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking subparagraphs (A) 
                through (H) and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) part C of title I;
                    ``(B) part A of title II;
                    ``(C) part A of title III; and
                    ``(D) title IV.''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (3); and
            (2) in subsection (c)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (E)--
                            (i) by striking ``and the amount'' and 
                        inserting ``, the amount''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``services; and'' and 
                        inserting ``services, and how that amount is 
                        determined;'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (F), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(G) whether the agency, consortium, or entity 
                shall provide services directly or assign 
                responsibility for the provision of services to a 
                separate government agency, consortium, or entity, or 
                to a third-party contractor.''.

SEC. 9108. MAINTENANCE OF EFFORT.

    Section 9521 (20 U.S.C. 7901) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``, subject to the 
        requirements of subsection (b)'' after ``for the second 
        preceding fiscal year'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(1), by inserting before the period at 
        the end the following: ``, if such local educational agency has 
        also failed to meet such requirement (as determined using the 
        measure most favorable to the local agency) for 1 or more of 
        the 5 immediately preceding fiscal years''; and
            (3) in subsection (c)(1), by inserting ``or a change in the 
        organizational structure of the local educational agency'' 
        after ``, such as a natural disaster''.

SEC. 9109. SCHOOL PRAYER.

    Section 9524(a) (20 U.S.C. 7904(a)) is amended by striking ``on the 
Internet'' and inserting ``by electronic means, including by posting 
the guidance on the Department's website in a clear and easily 
accessible manner''.

SEC. 9110. PROHIBITIONS ON FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND USE OF FEDERAL FUNDS.

    Section 9527 (20 U.S.C. 7907) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 9527. PROHIBITIONS ON FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND USE OF FEDERAL 
              FUNDS.

    ``(a) General Prohibition.--
            ``(1) In general.--Nothing in this Act shall be construed 
        to authorize an officer or employee of the Federal Government, 
        through grants, contracts, or other cooperative agreements 
        (including as a condition of any waiver provided under section 
        9401) to--
                    ``(A) mandate, direct, or control a State, local 
                educational agency, or school's curriculum, program of 
                instruction, instructional content, specific academic 
                standards or assessments, or allocation of State or 
                local resources, or mandate a State or any subdivision 
                thereof to spend any funds or incur any costs not paid 
                for under this Act;
                    ``(B) incentivize a State, local educational 
                agency, or school to adopt any specific instructional 
                content, academic standards, academic assessments, 
                curriculum, or program of instruction, including by 
                providing any priority, preference, or special 
                consideration during the application process for any 
                grant, contract, or cooperative agreement that is based 
                on the adoption of any specific instructional content, 
                academic standards, academic assessments, curriculum, 
                or program of instruction; or
                    ``(C) make financial support available in a manner 
                that is conditioned upon a State, local educational 
                agency, or school's adoption of any specific 
                instructional content, academic standards, academic 
                assessments, curriculum, or program of instruction 
                (such as the Common Core State Standards developed 
                under the Common Core State Standards Initiative, any 
                other standards common to a significant number of 
                States, or any specific assessment, instructional 
                content, or curriculum aligned to such standards).
    ``(b) Prohibition on Endorsement of Curriculum.--Notwithstanding 
any other prohibition of Federal law, no funds provided to the 
Department under this Act may be used by the Department directly or 
indirectly, including through any grant, contract, cooperative 
agreement, or waiver provided by the Secretary under section 9401, to 
endorse, approve, or sanction any curriculum (including the alignment 
of such curriculum to any specific academic standard) designed to be 
used in an early childhood education program, elementary school, 
secondary school, or institution of higher education.
    ``(c) Prohibition on Requiring Federal Approval or Certification of 
Standards.--
            ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        Federal law, no State shall be required to have academic 
        content or academic achievement standards approved or certified 
        by the Federal Government, in order to receive assistance under 
        this Act.
            ``(2) Rules of construction.--
                    ``(A) Applicability.--Nothing in this subsection 
                shall be construed to affect requirements under title 
                I.
                    ``(B) State or local authority.--Nothing in this 
                section shall be construed to prohibit a State, local 
                educational agency, or school from using funds provided 
                under this Act for the development or implementation of 
                any instructional content, academic standards, academic 
                assessments, curriculum, or program of instruction that 
                a State, local educational agency, or school chooses, 
                as permitted under State and local law, as long as the 
                use of such funds is consistent with the terms of the 
                grant, contract, or cooperative agreement providing 
                such funds.
            ``(3) Building standards.--Nothing in this Act shall be 
        construed to mandate national school building standards for a 
        State, local educational agency, or school.''.

SEC. 9111. ARMED FORCES RECRUITER ACCESS TO STUDENTS AND STUDENT 
              RECRUITING INFORMATION.

    Section 9528 (20 U.S.C. 7908) is amended by striking subsection 
(d).

SEC. 9112. PROHIBITION ON FEDERALLY SPONSORED TESTING.

    Section 9529 (20 U.S.C. 7909) is amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 9529. PROHIBITION ON FEDERALLY SPONSORED TESTING.

    ``(a) General Prohibition.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
Federal law and except as provided in subsection (b), no funds provided 
under this Act to the Secretary or to the recipient of any award may be 
used to develop, incentivize, pilot test, field test, implement, 
administer, or distribute any federally sponsored national test in 
reading, mathematics, or any other subject, unless specifically and 
explicitly authorized by law, including any assessment or testing 
materials aligned to the Common Core State Standards developed under 
the Common Core State Standards Initiative or any other academic 
standards common to a significant number of States.
    ``(b) Exceptions.--Subsection (a) shall not apply to international 
comparative assessments developed under the authority of section 
153(a)(5) of the Education Sciences Reform Act of 2002 and administered 
to only a representative sample of pupils in the United States and in 
foreign nations.
    ``(c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to prohibit a State, local educational agency, or school from 
using funds provided under this Act for the development or 
implementation of any instructional content, academic standards, 
academic assessments, curriculum, or program of instruction that a 
State or local educational agency or school chooses, as permitted under 
State and local law, as long as the use of such funds is consistent 
with the terms of the grant, contract, or cooperative agreement 
providing such funds.''.

SEC. 9113. LIMITATIONS ON NATIONAL TESTING OR CERTIFICATION FOR 
              TEACHERS.

    Section 9530(a) (20 U.S.C. 7910(a)) is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``, principals,'' after ``teachers''; and
            (2) by inserting ``, or incentive regarding,'' after 
        ``administration of''.

SEC. 9114. CONSULTATION WITH INDIAN TRIBES AND TRIBAL ORGANIZATIONS.

    Subpart 2 of part F of title IX (20 U.S.C. 7901 et seq.), as 
amended by section 4001(3), and redesignated by section 9106(1), is 
further amended by adding at the end the following:

``SEC. 9538. CONSULTATION WITH INDIAN TRIBES AND TRIBAL ORGANIZATIONS.

    ``(a) In General.--To ensure timely and meaningful consultation on 
issues affecting American Indian and Alaska Native students, an 
affected local educational agency shall consult with appropriate 
officials from Indian tribes or tribal organizations approved by the 
tribes located in the area served by the local educational agency 
during the design and development of the affected local educational 
agency's programs under this Act, with the overarching goal of meeting 
the unique cultural, language, and educational needs of American Indian 
and Alaska Native students.
    ``(b) Timing.--The consultation described in subsection (a) shall 
include meetings of officials from the affected local educational 
agency and the tribes or tribal organizations approved by the tribes 
and shall occur before the affected local educational agency makes any 
decision regarding how the needs of American Indian and Alaska Native 
children will be met in covered programs or in services or activities 
provided under title VII.
    ``(c) Documentation.--Each affected local educational agency shall 
maintain in the agency's records and provide to the State educational 
agency a written affirmation signed by officials of the participating 
tribes or tribal organizations approved by the tribes that the 
consultation required by this section has occurred. If such officials 
do not provide such affirmation within a reasonable period of time, the 
affected local educational agency shall forward documentation that such 
consultation has taken place to the State educational agency.
    ``(d) Affected Local Educational Agency.--In this section, the term 
`affected local educational agency ' means a local educational agency--
            ``(1) with an enrollment of American Indian or Alaska 
        Native students that is not less than 50 percent of the total 
        enrollment of the local educational agency; or